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Standards and Calibration Laboratory

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pound ()= ?? kilogram ()


meter () = ?? inch ()
Celsius () = ?? Fahrenheit ()
year () = ?? minute ()

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pound = 0.45 kilogram


meter = 39.3 inch
Celsius = 33.8 Fahrenheit
year = 525960 minute

SI is decimal

SI is internationally accepted

SI is a rational system of units

Definition of SI units

Approved by General Conference on Weights and


Measures (CGPM)

Booklet The International System of Units (SI)


published
by International Bureau of Weights and Measures
8th edition 2006

7 Base
Quantities

SCL

SI Base Units

Well-defined units which by convention are regarded


as dimensionally independent
Example:

Luminance
Intensity

SI Derived Units

Expressed in terms of base units by means of the


mathematical symbols of multiplication and division
Example:

Kilogram
(kg)

SCL

Amount of
Substance

Time
Second (s)

Mole (mol)

kg/m3

mass density :
Force : newton (N)=m.kg.s-2
Frequency : hertz (Hz)= s-1

SCL

SCL

Mass

Meter (m)

Candela (cd)

meter: m
current : A

Length

Thermodynamic
Temperature

Electric
Current

kelvin (K)

Ampere (A)

SCL

Unit of length

Unit : meter
Definition: The meter is the length of the path
travelled by light in vacuum during a time interval
of 1/299 792 458 of a second

Unit of mass

Unit: kilogram
Definition : The kilogram is the unit of mass; it is
equal to the mass of the international prototype of
the kilogram.

Unit of time

Unit : second
Definition : The second is the duration of 9 192 631
770 periods of the radiation corresponding to the
transition between the two hyperfine levels of the
ground state of the cesium 133 atom.

Unit of electric current

Unit : ampere
Definition : The ampere is that constant current
which, if maintained in two straight parallel
conductors of infinite length, of negligible circular
cross-section, and placed 1 meter apart in vacuum,
would produce between these conductors a force
equal to 2 x 10-7 newton per meter of length

Unit of thermodynamic temperature

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Unit : kelvin
Definition : The kelvin, unit of thermodynamic
temperature, is the fraction 1/273.16 of the
thermodynamic temperature of the triple point of
water

Unit of amount of substance

Unit : mole
Definition :

1. The mole is the amount of substance of a system


which contains as many elementary entities as there
are atoms in 0.012 kilogram off carbon 12; its symbol
is "mol.
2. When the mole is used, the elementary entities must
be specified and may be atoms, molecules, ions,
electrons, other particles, or specified groups of such
particles

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Unit of luminous intensity

Unit : candela
Definition : The candela is the luminous intensity, in
a given direction, of a source that emits
monochromatic radiation of frequency 540 x 1012
hertz and that has a radiant intensity in that
direction of 1/683 watt per steradian.

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Factor

Symbol

Factor

Name

Symbol

yotta

10-1

deci

zetta

10-2

centi

1018

exa

10-3

milli

1015

Peta

10-6

micro

1012

tera

10-99

nano

109

giga

10-12

pico

1024
1021

Name

106

mega

10-15

femto

103

kilo

10-18

atto

102

hecto

10-21

zepto

101

deka

da

10-24

yocto

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10-6 kg

1 mg
(one milligram)

1 kg
(one microkilogram)

!multiple refixes may not be used


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Example

Committee on Data for Science and


Technology (CODATA)

periodically provide a self-consistent set of internationally


recommended values of the basic constants and conversion
factors of physics and chemistry based on all of the
relevant data available at a given point in time.
time

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Latest updated published in 2007


Next meeting : July 2010 at KRISS

http://www.codata.org

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Speed of light in vacuum

Planck Constant
6.62606896 x 10-34 Js

Elementary Charge
1.602176487
1.602176487 x10-19 C

KJ

Josephson constant
483597.891 x109 HzV-1

RK

Von Klitzing Constant


25812.807557

Boltzmann Constant
1.3806504 x10-23 JK-1

299792458 ms-1

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