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Vocabulary Unit 5

5A
dwarf
noun [C]

/dwf/

an imaginary creature like a little man, in children's stories: Snow White and the Seven Dwarves

abbreviation
noun [C]

/brivien/

a shorter form of a word or phrase, especially used in writing: A doctor is often called a 'GP', an abbreviation
for 'general practitioner'.

to allow
verb [T]

/la/

to give someone permission for something:[often passive] Smoking is not allowed in the restaurant. Are dogs allowed in
the hotel?[+ to do sth] You are not allowed to use calculators UK in the exam/US on the exam.[+ two objects] Patients are not
allowed visitors after nine o'clock.

average
adjective

/vrd/

usual and like the most common type: an average person, an average day
AMOUNT [always before noun] An average amount is calculated by adding some amounts together and then dividing by
the number of amounts: an average age/temperature

Communicative Exercise Pg 101

frustrated
adjective

/frstretd/ /frstretd/

annoyed because things are not happening in the way that you want, or in the way that they should: I'm very frustrated
at/with my lack of progress.

irritable
adjective

/rtbl/

becoming annoyed very easily: Jack's been irritable all day.

compared to/with sb/sth


used when saying how one person or thing is different from another: This room is very tidy compared to mine.

to take it/things easy


to relax and not use too much energy: After his heart attack, he had to take things easy for a while.

easy-going
adjective

/izi/

relaxed and not easily upset or worried

life in the fast lane


a way of living that is full of excitement, activity, and often danger: Parties and women - his was a life in the fast lane.

to rush
verb

/r/

to hurry or move quickly somewhere, or to make someone or something hurry or move quickly some where: We rushed
out into the street to see what all the noise was. The UN has rushed medical supplies to the war zone.[+ to do sth] We had to rush
to catch the bus.

project
noun [C]

/prdekt/

a carefully planned piece of work that has a particular purpose: a research project The new building project will cost $45 million.
My next project will be to paint the bedrooms.

productive
adjective

/prdktv/

producing a good or useful result: We had a very productive meeting and sorted out a lot of problems.

to suffer
verb

/sfr/

to experience pain or unpleasant emotions: I can't bear to see animals suffering.

Listening Pg 37

tip
noun [C]

/tp/

a piece of useful advice: gardening tips, Emma was giving me some tips on how to grow tomatoes.
MONEY

in practice
If something is true in practice, this is the real situation: In practice, the new laws have had little effect.

to slow down
phrasal verb with slow
/sl/ /slo/ verb [I or T]
to be less active and relax more: The doctor has told him to slow down or he'll have a heart attack.

priority
noun

/prarti/

[C] something that is very important and that must be dealt with before other things: My first/top priority is
to find somewhere to live.

to multitask
noun [U] (PERSON) /ml.tits.k/ /-t ts-/
a person's ability to do more than one thing at a time: Women are often very good at multitasking.

bench
/bent/

noun [C]

a long seat for two or more people, usually made of wood or metal: a park bench

to go by
phrasal

verb with go

// verb [I] (PRESENT PARTICIPLE going, PAST TENSE went, PAST PARTICIPLE gone)

If time goes by, it passes: The days went by really slowly.

to focus (sth) on sth


phrasal

verb with focus

/fks/ verb (PRESENT PARTICIPLE focusing, PAST TENSE AND PAST PARTICIPLE focused)

to give a lot of attention to one particular subject or thing: The research focused on men under thirty.
WB Pg 31

village
noun [C]

/vld/

a place where people live in the countryside that includes buildings such as shops and a school but which is smaller than
a town: She lives in a small village outside Oxford.

to interrupt
verb

/ntrpt/

to stop someone while they are talking or doing something, by saying or doing something yourself: Sorry to interrupt, but
what time is it? I was trying to work but the children were interrupting me.

MBA
noun [C]

/embie/

ABBREVIATION FOR

Master of Business Administration: an advanced degree in business, or a person who has this degree:

the stock exchange


noun

(ALSO the stock market,

the place where stocks and shares in companies are bought and sold

to retire
verb [I]

/rtar/

to leave your job and stop working, usually because you are old: She retired from the company in 2010.

to direct
verb

/drekt, darekt/

to organize and control the way something is done: He directed the building of the new art gallery.

5B
to dress up
to wear special clothes in order to change your appearance, usually for a game or party:He dressed up as Superman for
the party.

inhabitant
noun [C]

/nhbtnt/

someone who lives in a particular place: a city with 10 million inhabitants

to pretend
verb [I, T]

/prtend/

to behave as if something is true when it is not:[+ (that)] I can't pretend that I like him.[+ to do sth] Were you just pretending to
be interested? She's not really hurt - she's only pretending.
Vocab Pg 156

temple
noun [C]

/templ/

a building where people in some religions go to pray or worship: a Buddhist temple

cathedral
noun [C]

/kidrl/

the largest and most important church in a particular area

to pollute
/plut/

verb [T]

to make water, air, soil, etc dirty or harmful: We need a fuel that won't pollute the environment.

key ring
noun [C]
a metal ring used for keeping keys together

greengrocer's
a shop where you buy fruit and vegetables
Writing Pg 114

industry
noun

/ndstri/

the production of goods in factories: heavy industry

block
noun [C]

/blk/

a large building containing many apartments or offices: UK a block of flats

residential
adjective

/rezdenl/

A residential area has only houses and not offices or factories.

famous (for)
adjective

/fems/

known or recognized by many people: a famous actress, New York is a city famous for its shopping and nightlife.

symbol
noun [C]

/smbl/

a sign or object that is used to represent something: A heart shape is the symbol of love.

well-known
adjective

/welnn/

famous: a well-known actor

paragliding
noun [U]

/pr.la.d/ /per-/

the sport of jumping out of an aircraft with a special parachute that allows you to travel a long horizontal distance before
you land

championship
noun [C]

/tmp np/

a competition to find the best team or player in a particular game or sport: The world championship will be held in
this country next year.

speciality
noun [C] /speilti/ UK (US specialty,

/spelti/)

a product, skill, etc that a person or place is especially known for:We tasted a local speciality made from goat's cheese.

spice
noun

/spas/

a substance made from a plant, which is used to give a special taste to food: herbs and spices

waterfall
noun [C]

/wtfl/

a stream of water that flows from a high place, often to a pool below

5C
sunscreen
noun [C, U]

/snskrin/

a substance that protects your skin in the sun

habit
noun (REPEATED ACTION) /hb.t/
something that you do often and regularly, sometimes without knowing that you are doing it: I always buy the
same brand of toothpaste just out of (= because of) habit.

brain
noun

/bren/

the organ inside the head that controls thought, memory, feelings, and activity:
Doctors tried desperately to reduce the swelling in her brain. The accident left him with permanent brain damage.

to prevent
/prvent/

verb [T]

to stop something from happening or someone from doing something: Label your suitcases to prevent confusion.[+ -ing
verb] His disability prevents him (from) driving.

anxious
adjective (WORRIED) /k.s/
worried and nervous: My mother always gets a bit anxious if we don't arrive when we say we will.

diabetes
noun [U]

/dabi.tiz/ /-ts/

a disease in which the body cannot control the level of sugar in the blood

disease
noun

/dziz/

an illness of people, animals, plants, etc., caused by infection or a failure of health rather than by
an accident:a contagious/infectious diseasea common/rare/incurable/fatal diseaseThey reported a sudden outbreak of the disease in
the south of the country.

cancer
a serious disease that is caused when cells in the body grow in a way that is uncontrolled and
not normal, killing normal cells and often causing death: He died of liver cancer.

immune system
noun [C usually singular]
the cells and tissues in the body that make it able to protect itself against infection

immune
adjective

/mjun/

protected against a particular disease by particular substances in the blood: Most people who've had chickenpox once are
immune to it for the rest of their lives. He seems to be immune to colds - he just never gets them.

invention
noun [C or U] (NEW DESIGN) /nven.n/
something that has never been made before, or the process of creating something that has never been made before:
The world changed rapidly after the invention of the phone.

Necessity is the mother of invention


SAYING

an expression that means that if you really need to do something, you will think of a way of doing it

antioxidant
/n.t k.s.dnt/ /-t -/

noun [C]

a substance that slows down the rate at which something decays because of oxidization (= combining with oxygen)

heart disease
noun [U]
a medical condition affecting the heart: Heart disease is the leading cause of death in many Western countries.

As a result of sth
because of something: Profits have declined as a result of the recent drop in sales.

intellectual
/n.tlek.tju.l/ /-tlek.tu-/

adjective

relating to your ability to think and understand things, especially complicatedideas:Looking after
a baby at home all day is nice but it doesn't provide much intellectual stimulation. I like detective stories and romances - nothing too
intellectual.

stimulating
/stm.j.le.t/ /-t/

adjective

If something is stimulating, it encourages new ideas: a stimulating discussion Universities have been asked to
make their courses more attractive and stimulating. describes someone who makes you feel enthusiastic and full of ideas: a
really stimulating teacher If an activity is stimulating, it causes your body to be active: Aerobics is one of the most
stimulating forms of exercise.

psychology
/sakl..di/ /-k.l-/

noun [U]

the scientific study of the way the human mind works and how it influences behaviour, or the influence of
a particular person's character on their behaviour: She studied psychology at Harvard.

to behave
verb [I]

/bhev/

to act in a particular way: She always behaves well/badly when her aunts come to visit.

to have sth in common


to share interests, experiences, or other characteristics with someone or something: We don't really have much in common.

Practical English

keep up (with sb/sth)


phrasal

verb with keep

/kip/ verb (kept, kept) to do whatever is necessary to stay level or equal with someone or

something: He started to walk faster and the children had to run to keep up. Wages are failing to keep up with inflation.

to be in good/bad/great, etc shape


in good/bad, etc health or condition: She runs every day so she's in pretty good shape.

portion
noun [C]

/pn/

the amount of food served to one person, especially in a restaurant:Breakfast was delicious - and the portions were huge!

enormous
adjective

/nms/

extremely large:This living room is enormous.They spent an enormous amount of money on the project.

keen
adjective

/kin/

very interested or enthusiastic: a keen golfer/photographerHe's very keen on travelling.

fit
adjective

/ft/ (fitter, fittest)

healthy, especially because you exercise regularly: He's very fit for his age. OPPOSITE unfit

to impress
verb [I or T, not continuous]

/mpres/

to cause someone to admire or respect you: I remember when I was a child being very impressed with how many toys she had.
Your mother was clearly not impressed by our behaviour in the restaurant. He tried to impress
me with his extensive knowledge of wine.

to come by (somewhere)
phrasal

verb with come

/km/ verb (came, come)

to visit a place for a short time, often when you are going somewhere else:I'll come by (the office/your house)
one day this week and we can have a chat.

refund
noun [C]

/ri.fnd/

an amount of money that is given back to you, especially because you are nothappy with a product or service that you
have bought:I took the radio back to the shop and asked for/demanded/got/was given a refund.