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Defects of sewing that occur in sewing process and definition of terms

<Table 㸊-1>
No

1

Term

Uneven stitch

Definition (contents)

Stitching

is

not

Contents of defect

performed

sewn in disorder.

2

Irregular stitch

Uneven stitch

Uneven stitch

straight and a part of stitches is

Cloth

Irregular knotting points of thread

Uneven stitch

Stitch

occur on upper and lower faces

Upper

of

Lower

Upper face irregular stitch

cloth

cloths

under

a

certain

cloth

Lower face irregular stitch

tightness
3

Balloon stitch

Large

or

small

thread

loop
Stitch

suddenly occurs on upper or
lower cloth from knotting point of

Stitch skipping

Stitches

of

cloth
Lower
cloth

sewing thread.

4

Upper

sewing

thread

Lower
balloon
stitch

Stitch

partially skip and stitching is not

Upper

performed completely.

Lower

cloth
Stitch
skipping

cloth

5

Missing stitch

Stitch
skipping

Stitches are out of the sewing
Uppercloth

line.

Lower cloth

6

Stitch
skipping

Slipping seam

When the force is applied to

(slipping)

stitch, the constituent thread of Stitch

(slip-out)

the part moves and stitch opens

Missing

Cloth

Slipping seam

Cloth

or slips.
7

Thread breakage

When the force is applied to
stitch, sewing thread is cut.

Stitch

Needle

thread

Upper
cloth
Lower
cloth

Bobbin thread breakage

Upper cloth Lower cloth Grinning . 12 Sewing slippage Upper and lower cloths slip each (Uneven material other in the feeding direction. * Cloth shrinks and becomes wavy. etc. sewing Sewing wrinkle (Small shrinkage) (wavy condition) slippage. 9 Thread return The line that Stitch occurs when Cloth (Reverse) Thread return Stitch constituent thread of cloth turns and thread on the wrong side faces the right side by the shock Thread return Turn of constituent thread Needle force at the time of penetration of Dense color sewing machine needle. sewing Thread lift machine Weaving thread needle. etc. 10 Weaving thread lift The state that defective gloss or Stitch Cloth Thread lift defective pattern occurs when a part of weaving threads is shifted by stitch.No 8 Term Broken material Definition (contents) Contents of defect Constituent threads of cloth are cut by sewing machine needle at Broken material Cloth the time of sewing. Stitch opens since tension of sewing thread is insufficient. awl. Start of sewing Upper cloth feed) End of sewing Stitch Sewing slippage (Uneven material feed) Lower cloth 13 Left-to-right inclined Cloth Left-to-right inclined stitches are Stitch stitch of bobbin thread 14 Seam grinning formed. 11 Seam puckering Wrinkle that occurs near stitches (Small puckering) by shrinking by sewing.

Lower cloth Bobbin thread 21 Feed dog defect Scratch (trace of teeth) made by feed Wrong side of cloth (Rasp-cut defect) dog when feeding cloth. looseness) 19 Seam bray Hangnail Cloth The state that several pieces of yarn of Hangnail Needle thread sewing thread are cut during sewing. Upper cloth Lower cloth Bobbin thread Cloth Needle mark Needle breakage tip . Upper cloth Lower cloth Bobbin thread 20 Idle stitching Knotting point of thread is formed Needle thread Idle stitching Upper cloth (Drop stitching) without sewing product. This Cloth Pitch error Pitch error phenomenon is apt to occur between Stitch high and low speed sewings. Feed dog defect 22 Needle breakage defect needle tip when several stitches are performed in the state that needle is broken during sewing.No 15 Term Towel face Definition (contents) Knotting positions of sewing thread continuously occur on the lower side of Contents of defect Upper cloth Lower cloth in the state of large thread rings. cloth slippage. Clogged stitch Clogged stitch Stitch Upper cloth Lower cloth 17 Pitch error Stitch length is changed by change of feed force. etc. etc. 23 Needle Needle breakage defect Needle thread Scratch on sewing product made by Needle mark (Trace Trace of hole of sewing machine needle of needle)) due to re-sewing. 18 Seam bray (Thread Sewing thread gets loose and the state Seam bray of stitch skipping occurs. basting. cloth Towel face 16 Clogged stitch A certain resistance force is applied to the sewing product and stitch pitch becomes irregular.