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CHE 304 (Spring 2007)

__________________
LAST NAME,
FIRST
Quiz #1
Note: Your answers must be correct to 3 significant figures and have the appropriate units.
I.Forthegasphasereaction

2A+BC+3D

Thereactionisreversibleatconstanttemperatureandpressure.ThefeedistwomolesofAper
onemoleofB.
1.WritetheconcentrationofAintermofCA0andX.
CA=

C A0 (1 X )
(1 X / 3)

2.WritetheconcentrationofCintermofCA0andX.
CC=

______________

______________

C A0 ( X )
2(1 X / 3)

II The irreversible elementary reaction 2A B takes place in the gas phase in an isothermal
tubular reactor. ThefeedistwomolesofAperonemoleofC,aninert. The entering temperature
and pressure are 427oC and 10 atm, respectively. Gas constant R = 0.082 atmL/moloK.
3. Determine the concentration of A at the entrance to the reactor.

____________

CA0=0.116mol/L
4. If CA0 = 1.0 mol/L, the concentration of A at 90% conversion of A is

____________

CA=0.143mol/L

III. (5) Hydrogen gas is fed to a burner, where it is combusted with 300% excess air (21% O 2).
Moles of nitrogen required for each mole of hydrogen is
______________
H2 + 0.5O2 H2O
Moles of nitrogen = 7.52 moles

IV. The chemical species A is known to decompose according to


A(g) = B(g) + C(g)
A rigid container is filled with pure gaseous A at 300 oK and 760 mmHg and then heated. Assume
ideal-gas behavior and chemical equilibrium.
(6) If the pressure was observed to be 1610 mmHg at 510oK, the mole fraction of A is
yA = 0.605
(7) If the fractional conversion of A is 0.50 at 650oK, determine the pressure of the reactor.
P = 2470 mmHg
V. (8) TheirreversiblefirstorderreactionABiscarriedoutinatubularreactorinwhichthe
volumetricflowrateQisconstant.Determinethereactorvolumenecessarytoreducetheexiting
concentrationto5%oftheenteringconcentrationwhenthevolumetricflowrateis30liters/min
andthespecificrateconstant,k,is0.20min1.
V = 449 liters

VI. The exothermic reaction


A B + C
was carried out adiabatically and the following data are given:

The entering molar flow rate of A was 400 mol/min.


9) The volume of a CSTR required for 20% conversion is

____________

V =4.8 L

10) The volume of a PFR required for 20% conversion is


V = 6.4 L

____________

CHE 304 (Spring 2007)


__________________
LAST NAME,
FIRST
Quiz #2
Note: Your answers must be correct to 3 significant figures and have the appropriate units.
I. The gas phase reaction

A + 4B 2C

which is first-order in A and first-order in B is to be carried out isothermally in a plug flow


reactor. The entering volumetric flow rate is 4.0 L/min, and the feed is equimolar in A and B. The
entering temperature and pressure are 527oC and 8 atm, respectively. You can neglect pressure
drop in the reactor. The specific reaction rate at this temperature is 5 L/molmin and the activation
energy is 12,000 cal/mol. Gas constant R = 0.082 atmL/moloK = 1.987 cal/moloK
1) Determine the volumetric flow rate when the conversion of A is 25%.

____________

Q = 2.5 L/min
2) Determine the concentration of A at the entrance to the reactor.

____________

CA0=0.061mol/L
3) Write the concentration of A in terms of CA0, and X.
CA=

____________

C A0 (1 X )
(1 1.5 X )

II. For a gas phase reaction where rA = kCACB


What is the effect on the reaction rate of increasing the reaction pressure by 10% while
maintaining constant temperature?
The reactio rate increase by:
A. 10%

B. 100%

C. 121%

D. None of the above

III. Dibutyl phthalate (DBP), a plasticizer, is to be produced by reaction of n-butanol phthalate


(MBP). The liquid reaction follows an elementary rate law and is catalyzed by H2SO4.
MBP + n-butanol DBP + H2O
A stream containing MBP and butanol is to be mixed with the H 2SO4 catalyst immediately before
the stream enters the reactor. The concentration of MBP in the stream entering the reactor is 0.4
lbmol/ft3 and the molar feed rate of butanol is five times that of MBP. The specific reaction rate at
100oF is 1.2 ft3/lbmolhr. There is a 1000-gallon CSTR and associated peripheral equipment
available for use on this project for 30 day a year (operating 24 h/day).
5) Determine the flow rate in lbmol/hr of DBP leaving the available CSTR to produce 6 million
lb/year of DBP (Mw = 278)
____________
30 lbmol/hr
6) Determine the exit conversion in the available 1000-gal reactor if the DBP flow rate is 20
lbmol/hr (1 ft3 = 7.48 gal.)
X = 0.814
7) If the MBP feed rate is 60 lbmol/hr and the exit conversion in the CSTR is 0.4, what
conversion would be achieved if a second 1000-gal CSTR were placed in series with the first
CSTR?
X = 0.786
3A B

IV) For the reaction

The reaction is irreversible at constant temperature and pressure with pure gas A fed to the
reactor. Write the concentration of A in terms of CA0, and X.
1 X
CA = CA0 1 2 X / 3
V) For the reaction

2A B

The reaction is reversible, non-isothermal with pure gas A fed to the reactor. Write the
concentration of A in terms of CA0, T0, T, P0, P, and X.
1 X P T0

P
CA = CA0 1 0.5 X 0 T

VI) Calculatethepartialpressureofmonatomichydrogengasat1000oKand1atmpressure.
ForH2(g)H(g)
o

G1000 K =120,000J/mol,gasconstantR=8,314J/moloK

PH=5.39107atm

_______________

CHE 304 (Winer 2007)


__________________
LAST NAME,
FIRST
Quiz #3
Note: Your answers must be correct to 3 significant figures and have the appropriate units.
I. We have a mixture with 2 moles of CH4 for every mole of O2 at 10 atm. Estimate the adiabatic
reactor temperature if all of the available O 2 react to form CO2 and H2O. The feed is at 300oC
(HRx = 152 kcal/mol, Cp = 7 cal/moloK.).
T = 3919oC = 4192oK
II.Forthegasphasereaction

2A+BC+3D

Thereactionisreversibleatconstanttemperatureandpressure.ThefeedistwomolesofAper
onemoleofB.
2.WritetheconcentrationofAintermofCA0andX.

______________

(1 X )
CA=CA0 1 X / 3
3.WritetheconcentrationofCintermofCA0andX.

CC=CA0

______________

X
2 1 X / 3

III. Dibutyl phthalate (DBP), a plasticizer, is to be produced by reaction of n-butanol phthalate


(MBP). The liquid reaction follows an elementary rate law and is catalyzed by H2SO4.
MBP + n-butanol DBP + H2O
A stream containing MBP and butanol is to be mixed with the H 2SO4 catalyst immediately before
the stream enters the reactor. The concentration of MBP in the stream entering the reactor is 0.2
lbmol/ft3 and the molar feed rate of butanol is five times that of MBP. The specific reaction rate at
100oF is 1.5 ft3/lbmolhr. There is a 500 ft3 CSTR and associated peripheral equipment available
for use on this project for 30 day a year (operating 24 h/day).
4) Determine the exit conversion in the available 500 ft 3 reactor if the DBP flow rate is 40
lbmol/hr (1 ft3 = 7.48 gal.)
X = 0.691

5) If the MBP feed rate is 60 lbmol/hr and the exit conversion in the CSTR is 0.4, what
conversion would be achieved if a second 500 ft3 CSTR were placed in series with the first
CSTR?
X = 0.806
6) What CSTR volume would be necessary to achieve a conversion of 95% for a molar feed rate
of MBP of 60 lbmol/hr?
V = 4691 ft3
II. A solute diffuses through a membrane that separates two compartments A and B that have
different initial concentrations. The solute concentrations in the two compartments as a function
of time, CA and CB are shown below. The volumes of the two compartments are VA and VB.
(A) VA > VB

(B) Solute diffuses from compartment B to A.

a.AandBaretrueb.OnlyAistruec.OnlyBistrued.AandBarefalse
10

IV.Forthereaction A(g)+2B(g)C(g)+D(g,l)
ThefeedcontainsonlyAandBinstoichiometricamounts.Thetotalpressureis101.3kPaand
species D hasavaporpressureof30.39kPaattheisothermalreactiontemperatureof300 oK.
Calculatetheconversionatwhichcondensationbegins.
X=0.9/1.3=0.692
V.ThegasphasereactionA(g)3B(g)obeyszerothorderkineticswithr=0.25moles/literhr
at200oC.GasconstantR=0.082Latm/moloK.StartingwithpureAat1atm,calculatethe
timefor95%oftheAtobereactedawayin
9)aconstantvolumebatchreactor
t = 0.098 hr = 5.88 min = 353 s

____________

10)aconstantpressurebatchreactor
t= 0.0549 hr = 3.29 min = 198 s

______________

CHE 304 (Spring 2007)


__________________
LAST NAME,
FIRST
Quiz #4
Note: Your answers must be correct to 3 significant figures and have the appropriate units.
I. The gas phase reaction

AB

has a unimolecular reaction rate constant of 0.0025 min-1 at 90oF. This reaction is to be carried out
in parallel tubes 10 ft long and 1 in. inside diameter under a pressure of 150 psia at 260 oF. A and B
each have molecular weights of 64. Ideal gas constant R = 10.73 psiaft3/lbmoloR = 1.99
Btu/lbmoloR. The conversion of A is 80%.
1) If 1500 lb/hr of B is required, determine the feed flow rate of A in lbmol/min
____________
FA0 = 0.488 lbmol/min
2) If the activation energy of the reaction is 35,000 Btu/lbmol, the rate constant at 260oF is
k = 4.75 min-1
3) If the reaction rate constant at 260oF is 52.6 min-1 and the feed flow rate of A is 1.0 lbmol/min,
the required volume of the reactor is
V = 1.58 ft3
4) If the reaction rate constant at 260oF is 52.6 min-1, the feed flow rate of A is 1.0 lbmol/min, and
there is also an inert flow rate of 1.0 lbmol/min, the required volume of the reactor is
V =3.16 ft3
5) If the required volume of the reactor is 1.5 ft3, the number of tubes needed is____________
nt = 28

II. Thegasphasecatalyzedhydrogenationofocresolto2methylcyclohexanoneisgivenby
ocresol(A)+2H2(B)2methylcyclohexanone(C)
Thereactionrateonanickelsilicacatalystwasfoundtobe
rA=kPB,wherek=1.74molofocresol/(kgcatminatm)at170oC
Thereactionmixtureentersthepackedbedreactoratatotalpressureof5atm.Themolarfeed
consistsof67%H2and33%ocresolatatotalmolarrateof40mol/min.
6) Neglectingpressuredrop,writetheconcentrationofCAintermofCA0andX.
CA = CA0

(1 X )
(1 2 X / 3)

7) If the pressure drop is not negligible, we need to solve the following ODEs
(1 X )
(1 2 X / 3)
dX
dy
= 0.435
y, and
= 0.34
, where y = P/P0
2y
(1 2 X / 3)
dw
dw

The above two ODEs can be solved using the following Matlab statements and function
A) wspan=0:.1:4.8;
[w,xy]=ode45('f4d22b',wspan,[0 0]);

B) wspan=0:.1:4.8;
[w,xy]=ode45('f4d22b',wspan,[0 1]);

function wx = f4d22b(W,xy)
X=xy(1);y=xy(2);
wx(1,1)=0.435*(1-X)*y/(1-2*X/3);
wx(2,1)=-0.34*(1-2*X/3)/(2*y);

function wx = f4d22b(W,xy)
X=xy(1);y=xy(2);
wx(1,1)=0.435*(1-X)*y/(1-2*X/3);
wx(2,1)=-0.34*(1-2*X/3)/(2*y);

C) wspan=0:.1:4.8;
[w,xy]=ode45('f4d22b',wspan,[0 1]);

D) None of the above

function wx = f4d22(W,xy)
X=xy(1);y=xy(2);
wx(1,1)=0.435*(1-X)*y/(1-2*X/3);
wx(2,1)=-0.34*(1-2*X/3)/(2*y);

III. Afermentationbrothconsistsofanaqueoussolutionofnutrientsandcells.Asthecells
grow,theyclusterintosphericalpelletsofradiusR(t).Onaverage,thecelldensityinsidea
pelletis0.04mgofcellmasspercubicmillimeterofpelletvolume.Thedissolvedoxygen
concentrationinthebrothis5 g/cm3.Thecellsutilizeoxygenatarateof1.2mmolof
oxygenperhourpergramofcellmass,viaazeroorderreaction.Thediffusioncoefficient
DABofoxygenwithinthepelletis1.8105cm2/s.Thecellsandbrothhavedensitiescloseto
thatofwater.Thereisafiniteconvectiveresistancetomasstransfertothesurfaceofthe
pellet,suchthatthefluxtothesurfaceisgivenby
molarflux=kc(CBCP)
whereCBisthebrothoxygenconcentrationandCPisthe(unknown)concentrationofoxygen
atthepelletsurface.

8) Determine the reaction rate, R, per unit volume of the cell in mol/(cm3s)
R = 1.3310-8 mol/(cm3s)

9) IfR = 2.5109mol/(cm3s),R=5.0102cmand2kcR/DAB=4determineCP(g/cm3)
CP = 3.15106g/cm3

10) If R is the reaction rate per unit cell volume, the differential equation for the concentration of
oxygen, CA, in the spherical pellet is
d 2 dC A
d 2 dC A
D
D
A) AB
r
+R = 0
r
R = 0
B) AB
2
dr
dr
dr
dr
r
r
C)

D AB d 2 dC A
r
R = 0 Ans
dr
r 2 dr

D)Noneoftheabove

CHE 304 (Spring 2007)


__________________
LAST NAME,
FIRST
Quiz #5
Note: Your answers must be correct to 3 significant figures and have the appropriate units.
I.Awellmixedsewagelagoon(ashallowpond)isreceiving430m3/dofsewageoutofasewer
pipe.Thelagoonhasasurfaceareaof10 5m2andadeptof1.0m.Thepollutantconcentrationin
therawsewagedischargingintothelagoonis250g/m 3.Theorganicmatter(pollutant)inthe
sewagedegradesbiologicallyinthelagoonaccordingtofirstorderkinetics.Thereactionrate
constantis0.070/d.Assumingnootherwaterlossesorgains,findthesteadystateconcentration
ofthepollutantinthelagooneffluent.
CA = 14.5 g/m3
II.Anairbornesphericalcellularorganism,0.015cmindiameter(D),utilizes40.0molO2per
hour,pergramofcellmass.Assume Sh = kmD/DAB =4(basedon DAB inthegasphase.)
Assume zeroorder kinetics for respiration. The diffusion coefficient for O2 through the
cellularmaterialis105cm2/sandthediffusioncoefficientforO2inairis0.18cm2/sat298oK.
Theequilibriumconcentration(CA)ofO2inthecellularmaterialsisrelatedtothepartialO 2
pressure(pA)bytherelationCA(mol/cm3)=7.0106pA(atm).Densityofcellis1g/cm3.Air
isat1atmwith21mole%oxygen.GasconstantRg=82.06cm3atm/moloK
2)Atsteadystate,determinetheconcentrationofoxygen(mol/cm 3)inairatthesurfaceofthe
cellularorganism.
km = 8.01106g/cm3

3) If the concentration of oxygen in air at the surface of the cellular organism is 8.5106
mol/cm3,theconcentration ofoxygen(mol/cm3)inthecell atthesurfaceofthecellular
organismis
___________
6
3
CAs|cell = 1.45510 mol/cm

III.Hexamethylenetetraamnie,N4(CH2)6,istobeproducedinawellstirredsemibatchreactor
byadding20oCaqueousammoniasolutionataconstantrateof25liters/mintoaninitialcharge
offormalinsolution:
6HCHO+4NH3>N4(CH2)6+6H2O
(A)(B)
The reaction is instantaneous, irreversible, and exothermic. The initial charge of formalin
solution is 5000 liters with a formaldehyde concentration, CAi, of 20.0 mol/liter. The
concentrationofammoniainthesolutionisCB=12.0mol/liter.Heatcapacityofbothammonia
andformalinsolutionis1000cal/liter oC.Heatofreactionis74.6kcal/molofN4(CH2)6.The
initialtemperatureofformalinsolutioninthereactoris25oC.
4)Therateofheatgeneratedbythechemicalreactionis

____________

5595kcal/min
5)Timerequiredforcompleteconsumptionofformaldehydeis

____________

t = 222 min
IV.ThefirstorderreactionABiscarriedoutinanadiabaticCSTRwithCA0=2mol/liter
andT0=300oK.Itisfoundthat50%conversionisobtainedwith(=V/Q)=4min,andthe
reactortemperatureis350oK.
6)Thereactionrateconstantkat350oKis
k=0.25min

___________

7)ThereactionisinwaterwithCp=1000cal/literoK.Findtheheatofreaction.
___________

Hr = 50kcal/mol

V.Theirreversible,liquidphasereactionABistobecarriedoutinanidealPFR.Theinlet
concentrationofA, CA0,is2,500mol/m3,andthefeedtemperature is150oC.Thefractional
conversion of A in the reactor effluent must be at least 0.90. The reactor will operate
isothermallyat150oC.ThereactionissecondorderinA.Therateconstantat150 oCis1.40104
m3/(molAs).At150oCHRx=165kJ/mol.Theflowratetothereactoris0.01m3/s.
8)DeterminethevolumeofthePFRrequiredfor90%conversion.

___________

V= 0.257m3
9)Determinetherate(kJ/min)atwhichheatisremovedfromthewholereactor. ___________
Q&=2.23105 kJ/min

10

VI)(10)ThefollowingMATLABprogramcanevaluate ( 1) n
n 0

A.
x = 2;
sum = 1;
For n=0:10
sum = sum + (1)^n*x^n/factorial(2*n+1);
end
B. (Ans.)
x = 2;
sum = 1; z = 1;
For n=1:10
z = z*x/(2*n)/(2*n+1); sum = sum+z
end

xn
forx=2
( 2n 1)!

C.
x = 2;
sum = 1; z = x;
For n=1:10
z = z*x/(2*n+1); sum = sum+z
end
D.
None of the above