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Walkalator

is a slow moving conveyor


mechanism that transports
people across a horizontal or
inclined plane over a short to
medium distance. Moving
walkways can be used by
standing or walking on them.
They are often installed in
pairs, one for each direction.
History
The first moving
walkway debuted at
the Worlds Columbian
Exposition of 1893, in Chicago, Illinois.
Two Divisions:
1. passengers were seated
2. riders could stand or walk

Six years later a moving walkway was also presented to the public at the Paris Exposition
Universelle in 1900
Three Elevated Platforms:
1. stationary
2. moderate speed
3. six miles an hour

The first commercial moving walkway in the United States was installed in 1954 in
Jersey City, NJ, inside the Hudson & Manhattan RailroadErie station) at the Pavonia
Terminal

Named the "Speedwalk

built by Goodyear

it was 277 ft (84.5 m) long

moved up a 10 percent grade at a speed of 1.5 mph (2.4 km/h)

The first moving walkway in an airport was installed in 1958 at Love


Field in Dallas, Texas.

Types of Moving walkways


1. According To Inclination Angle
Horizontal and Inclined Walkways
a- Zero degrees inclination Horizontal Moving Walkways.
b- Up to 15 degrees inclination Inclined Moving Walkways.
2. According To the Flat Moving Surface
a- Pallet Type
A continuous series of flat metal plates mesh together to form a walkway. Most have a metal
surface, though some models have a rubber surface for extra traction.

2. According To the Flat Moving Surface


a- Pallet Type
A continuous series of flat metal plates mesh together to form a walkway. Most have a metal
surface, though some models have a rubber surface for extra traction.

b- Moving Belt

These are generally built with mesh metal belts or rubber walking surfaces over metal rollers.
The walking surface may have a solid feel or a "bouncy" feel.
Both types of moving walkway have a grooved surface to mesh with comb plates at the
ends. Also, all moving walkways are built with moving handrails similar to those on
escalators.

3- According To the Speed


a- Slow- speed Standard type
The speed of these walkways is determined by the need for safety upon entry and exit, which
generally limits it to approximately half normal walking speed, or 3040m/min. The slow speed
of the walkway causes impatience, and passengers often walk on the walkway itself or on the
adjacent floor rather use the slower walkway.
b- High-speed walkways
Using the high-speed walkway is like using any other moving walkway, except that for safety
there are special procedures to follow when joining or leaving.
On entering, there is a 10 m acceleration zone where the "ground" is a series of metal rollers.
Riders stand still with both feet on these rollers and use one hand to hold the handrail and let it
pull them so that they glide over the rollers. The idea is to accelerate the riders so that they will
be traveling fast enough to step onto the moving walkway belt. Riders who try to walk on these
rollers are at significant risk of falling over.
At the exit, the same technique is used to decelerate the riders. Users step on to a series of
rollers which decelerate them slowly, rather than the abrupt halt which would otherwise take
place.

Moving walkways basic components:

The moving walkways are identical to escalators in the basic components of their
construction, but they differ in the following:

Moving walkways may run horizontally or on an incline of up to 15 degrees.

The flat moving surface of the moving walkways may consist of a continuous rubber belt
or a series of jointed treads.

Moving walkways Safety Devices:

Applications
Airports
Moving walkways are commonly used in larger airports, as passengers often with
heavy luggage in tow typically need to walk considerable distances. Moving walkways may be
used:

in passageways between concourses and the terminal

within particularly long concourses

as a connector between terminals, or

as access to a parking facility or a ground transport station.

Museum exhibits
Moving sidewalks may be used:

to ensure that a museum exhibit is viewed in a certain sequence

to provide a particular aesthetic effect

to make sure the crowd moves through at a reliable pace.

Zoos
Similar to museums, some zoological park exhibits have a moving walkway to ease
guests through an animal display or habitat.

An aquarium at the Mall of America does this with a moving walkway made up of
specially rounded pallets that enable it to change directions and route

The San Diego Zoo uses moving ramps to help guests ascend steep grades.

Theme parks
Some amusement park rides, such as continuous-motion dark rides like Disney's Haunted
Mansion, make use of a moving sidewalk to assist passengers in boarding and disembarking
rides and attractions. Some examples include:

the Ultra Twister, a roller coaster at the now closed Astroworld in Houston, Texas. (It
had a moving walkway with no handrail for passengers to step on prior to boarding their
car. The walkway would move at the same speed as the approaching cars, allowing
passengers completing the ride to step off and for boarding passengers to enter the car.
A loudspeaker announced "Moving conveyor, please watch your step" to warn of the
moving walkway.

the exit from the Space Mountain attraction at Walt Disney World has a long moving
walkway which changes inclination multiple times.

the exit from the Pirates of the Caribbean attraction at Walt Disney World has an
inclined moving walkway leading towards a gift shop.

the exit from the Haunted Mansion attraction at Walt Disney World has a straight
moving walkway which leads to the ride's exit.

Theatre
The Phantom of the Opera by Andrew Lloyd Webber uses a travelator in the number
'The Phantom of the Opera' (act one, scene six), to give the illusion the Phantom and Christine
are traveling the catacombs below the Paris Opera House a great distance to the Phantom's lair
on the subterranean lake.

Public transport
Moving
walkways are useful for
remote platforms in
underground
subway/metro stations,
or assisting with
lengthier connections
between lines, for
example:

Waterloo
Underground
Station in Londo
n, United
Kingdom, and
between Central and Hong Kong stations on Hong Kong Island, Hong Kong, as well as
between Tsim Sha Tsui and East Tsim Sha Tsui sitations in Kowloon, Hong Kong.

Similar walkways exist in Singapore's Bugis MRT Station, Dhoby Ghaut MRT
Station and Serangoon MRT Station. In Glasgow, Scotland's Buchanan Street subway
station a moving walkway is used to connect the Subway station with Glasgow Queen
Street Station.

In Toronto, Canada, a moving walkway existed between Spadina station on the BloorDanforth subway line and Spadina station on the YongeUniversitySpadina line.
Installed in 1978, this series of moving walkways has since been removed (2004) and
patrons are now required to walk between the stations.

Supermarkets

REPORT IN BUILDING UTILITIES II

WALKALATORS AND
CONVEYORS

SUBMITTED BY:
AZUCENA, ANGELICA MARIE
BALUYUT, CHIARA JAYNE
TIMBANCAYA SHERNEL