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3rd International Conference

Ohrid Vodici, 2015


Rethinking the Framework of Interdisciplinary
cooperation between Cultural Heritage, Local
Economic Development, Tourism and Media

Book of abstracts

Ohrid, Macedonia
17-19.01.2015

3rd International Conference Ohrid Vodici, 2015, Macedonia

Organizers:
Institute for Socio-cultural Anthropology of Macedonia
on partnership with:
MIRAS- Social Organization in Support of Studying of Cultural Heritage, Baku,
Azerbaijan
University EFTA - Skopje, Paris, New York
Centre for Scientific Research and Promotion of Culture HAEMUS, Skopje,
Macedonia
The Conference programme board>

Rubin Zemon Ph.D. (Institute for Socio-cultural Anthropology) Skopje,


Macedonia
Samoil Malcheski Ph.D. (Institute for Socio-cultural Anthropology), Skopje,
Macedonia
Fariz Khalili Ph.D. (MIRAS Social Organization in Support of Studying of
Cultural Heritage) Baku, Azerbaijan
Misho Netkovski Ph.D. (University for Audio- Visual Arts/ ESRA) Skopje,
Macedonia
Margarita Karamihova Ph.D. (University Ss. Cyril and Methodius), Veliko
Trnovo, Bulgaria
Jasminka Simic Ph.D. (Radio-Television of Serbia), Belgrade, Serbia
Armanda Kodra Hysa Ph.D. (Institute of Cultural Anthropology and Arts
Studies) Tirana, Albania
Marcel Courtiade Ph.D. (INALCO- Paris), Paris, France
Svetlana Antova Ph.D. (Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Institute of
Ethnology and Folklore Studies with Ethnographic Museum) Sofia, Bulgaria
Nadia Cherepan M.A.(European Humanities University), Vilnius, Lithuania
Meli Shopi Ph.D. (University of Elbasan), Elbasan, Albania
Dejan Metodijeski Ph.D. (University Goce Delchev, Stip), Skopje,
Macedonia

Contact Information:
Institute for Socio-Cultural Anthropology of Macedonia, st. Vasil Glavinov b.b.,
barrack 7, 100 Skopje
phone: +389 2 3220 472, cell: +389 72 252585 e-mail: iscanth@gmail.com
http://iscanthmk.blogspot.com/

3rd International Conference Ohrid Vodici, 2015, Macedonia

Session 1
Kubra Aliyeva Ph.D.
Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences, Institute of Architecture and Art
Deputy director of scientific work of Institute of Architecture and Art, (Baku,
Azebaijan)
The methods of resisting to evil intent and evil eye, and their
symbols in Azerbaijan archeology, art and mythology
Ancient Azerbaijanians always believed in evil eye and evil intent
and used definite means, things in order to ward off them. One of such things
are kauris, called in archeology qarniyarig (broken belly). It was sea
pruduct of shell type, brought from Indian ocean. In 1955, while excavation
in Saritepe (Qazakh region of Azerbaijan) more than 10 kauries were found.
They were connected with I millenium b.c. Azerbaijanians also used some
plant, called here uzarrik in order to ward off evil intent and evil eye. The
remains of those plants were taken from ceramic jugs, found while
archeological excavations in Azerbaijan. Besides, during excavations different
beads of eye form were found also. They were used by people, and men and
women weared them alike medallion. The evil eye was thought as actions of
monsters- devs. This informantion is given in ancient religious book of
Azerbaijan Avesta (chapter Vendidad). In this chapter the names of ten
divs are mentioned. These divs-monsters differ from each others by their bad
actions. E.g. the div Akhunan creates the conflicts among people, Kundak
makes withchcraft, Agash has the aim to cast an evil spell on smb. and
destruct him. According the investigation of London University, the
misfortunes, brought by evil eye are reflected in folkore, e.g. in proverbs. (The
evil eye devastates home, fills graves.) The investigations prove, that evil
intet and evil eye are the rays, which comes from eyes of persons with bad,
envious, perfidious character. This fact is also confirmed by Bacon. The ray,
coming from eyes can be compared with lightning, and both of them are very
strong even killing. The Russian scientists from Novosibirsk investigated very
famous phenomenon in Georgia. There are two hills, and everybody, passing
between them becomes half-dead. The investigations of Russian scientists
showed, that these hills contained too much magnets and waves, coming out
of them and entering the human body could kill him.

3rd International Conference Ohrid Vodici, 2015, Macedonia

Jasminka Ristovska-Pilichkova Ph.D.


Institute of folklore Marko Cepenkov, (Skopje, Macedonia)
The celestial character of stippled elements in the Macedonian textile
ornaments
One of the possible interpretations of the circle with a dot in its center,
on the one hand, is the representation of the symbol of the sun, the moon or of
other celestial bodies in general in their static, primordial condition; the circle
that is surrounded not by rays, but by arrays of dots, spirals on the other hand, is
a representation of the active aspect of the rays.
The semiotics of the dot as a cosmic center (omphalos), can be analyzed
in the Macedonian embroidery and tracery where the circular and stippled
elements are often used in the context of certain more complex compositions or
motives with cosmological character (the sun, the moon, etc.). Having in mind
the symbolism of the motives such as kola, kolce, tutche etc., we believe
that they are connected with similar motives (for example, the moon symbol),
which points out their relationship with the circular movement and the changes
of this celestial body, as well as the prolific cycles. As a basis for this statement
serves not only the specified terminology, but also the semiotics of the
mentioned elements, which is related to female fertility. These iconographic and
semantic aspects can be found in archaic cultures, where the artistic
representations of the tripartite model of the sky was carried out with round
forms (as an expression of its horizontal projection) and with semicircle forms
(as a manifestation of the vertical projection of the cosmos).

3rd International Conference Ohrid Vodici, 2015, Macedonia

Sabina Veseli Ph.D.


The Institute of Archaeology of Tirana, Center of Albanian Studies, Department
of Antiquity, (Tirana, Albania)
Archaeology, tourism and local community interactions in Albania
Archaeology is the study of the past and usually has been considered as
a privileged discipline of an elite society, without paying any interest of the
local population whose heritage was being dug up, explored and studied. In fact
the new theories of archaeological community has underlined that involving the
local population in the archaeological process is an ethical responsibility of the
archaeologist and the discipline of archaeology and is a tool to develop tourism
strategies for archaeological sites.
Albanian school of archaeology has just started to implement new
strategies to strengthen the links of the local community with archaeological
sites. There are some successful approaches such as those implemented in
Butrint and Antigonea with the involvement of the local communities into the
politics of site management. The local communities are engaged with different
activities such as producing handicraft to be sold on sites and objects inspired
by archaeology motives which held the logo of the sites. This integrated
approach has created a favorable environment for the setting up of small
business and in the same time at creating a favorable tourist environment. These
approaches has resulted successful in the engagement of the community to
protect the sites, in building a common space with the past and the present and
producing local communities with the sense of a shared past.
These case studies have proved that community archaeology is one of
the best ways to protect and preserve the archaeological heritage, through
creating a sense of shared history, cultural identity and cultural awareness;
developing tourism strategies and setting up local communities small
businesses.

3rd International Conference Ohrid Vodici, 2015, Macedonia

Nadzeya Charapan M.Sc.


European Humanities University (Vilnius, Lithuania)
Participatory co-creation of visitors experiences in the museums: the
contemporary museological theoretical discourse
Museums play a significant role in cultural heritage tourism by
facilitating societies representations of their history and its relation to that of
other cultures and people. In the twenty-first century they have faced
tremendous challenges. Nowadays museums are finding themselves competing
in the marketplace with other leisure, learning and educational providers within
what has been called the experience economy, defined as the wide range of
currently available educational leisure experiences. To maintain the competitive
edge, museums have to identify critical service performance factors that attract
visitors, generate customer satisfaction and enhance customer retention. The
integration of particular museum resources into the overall visitor experience,
through attractive and interactive interpretation, cultural brokerage,
interesting theming of activities and services and opportunities of co-creation
of (active learning, recreational or hedonic) experiences, potentially enhances
the quality and meaning of the overall experience and helps differentiate the
museum product. The paper will focus on the contemporary museological
theoretical discourse of visitors experience creation.

3rd International Conference Ohrid Vodici, 2015, Macedonia

Maja Andjelkovi Ph.D.


Assistant Professor (Faculty of Philology and Arts, University of Kragujevac,
Serbia)
Jelenka Pandurevi Ph.D.
Assistant Professor, Faculty of Philology, University of Banja Luka, (Banja
Luka, Republika Srpska, Bosnia and Herzogovina)
Digital monastery libraries. Possibilities and perspectives
In this paper, after a brief review of the history of the monastery Stuplje
with reference to the manuscript tradition , described the current state of the
restored monastery and the importance of this protected cultural monument,
especially from the perspective of efforts to create a virtual collection of
manuscripts which are in the science associated with this the site. Regardless of
their origin and purpose, or the place where you currently are, the books that
they wrote the monks Stuplje today are part of not only national but also
European cultural heritage.
Establishing a collection of digital copies of the literary heritage
originating from the monastery Stuplje certainly precedes detection and research
of manuscripts stored in foreign libraries, monasteries and collections,
professional philological analysis of the manuscript collection, then prepares
phototype luxury editions for SPC and organizing the scientific activities for the
purpose of presentation of this cultural heritage .
Digitization of the monastery library, past and present, is not only the
possibility of protecting cultural heritage, but also a necessity. In this paper we
speak of a library that does not exist as a real space, consisting of books without
much chance to Stuplje ever be returned, although an important part of the
identity of the monastery, which already has a steady place on the spiritual,
cultural and tourist map of the Republika Srpska.

3rd International Conference Ohrid Vodici, 2015, Macedonia

Biljana Kociska Ph.D.


Senior librarian, City Library Braka Miladinovci, (Skopje, Macedonia)
The Role of e-libraries and e-learning in promotion of Literature Cultural
Heritage
Literature, arts and cultural heritage education holds great potential for
encouraging greater participation, innovation, and creativity in learning.
Cultural institutions like museums, libraries, galleries and archives are a prime
context in which access to diverse and vibrant artistic and cultural heritage is
provided and can be used both for communication and learning purposes.
Cultural institutions collect, store and exhibit artworks and cultural artefacts.
Through targeted educational activities, libraries bridge between the past and
the present. This creates opportunities for transitions of old knowledge to our
modern times.
Cultural heritage education mainly takes place in museums, libraries
and archives and is an approach to stimulate the visitors awareness of foreign
ideas, to support accessibility to not so well known domains, and to foster the
ability to creative thinking and acting. Through this, visitors are enabled to
relate themselves to the artistic or cultural object and to develop their opinion
about it. Therefore, providing access to these objects as well as explaining them
are key priorities of arts and cultural heritage education.
E-learning is defined as those learning processes that are at least
partially supported or facilitated by information and communication
technologies (ICT).
Beginnings of e- library and the possibilities for its improvement and
upgrade depending on the existing conditions in culture in Macedonia.

3rd International Conference Ohrid Vodici, 2015, Macedonia

Yagane Eyvazova Ph.D.


Assistant Professor, Doctor on Philosophy on Pedagogy (Baku Azerbaijan)
Digitalization as modern form of cultural heritage protection
Protection of cultural heritage was the most actual and controversial issues in
all historical periods. The main reason of the problem is related to the question of what
and how to protect. Modern technology is based on the actual creation of a cultural
foundation.
Universal, regional cultural heritage and achivements in the protection of
information on carries are summed over the main priorities in this direction. One of the
key points necessary to do UNESCO is Memory of the world , Information for all
proqramm as implemented. Many enviroments which means , in particular to
highlight the advantages of multimedia content at this direction is necessary.
For Example for parallel with development of national cultures in the media
these days , thanks to the interaction of the networks have the opportunity to
demonstrate their cultural heritage . In this regard , cultural heritage networks are
starting to appear The center-state paradigm , however is getting a modern
concerning.
The date is very well known craftsman directions new art centers were away.
In the modern day based on multimedia and electronic network system for
anyone , at the any time , and at the any places have the ability to obtain information on
issues related to cultural heritage.
At this age modern art and culture used with modern technologies. One of
these service digitalization of the modern heritage.
Than previos generations did all of us gathered around knowledge , even if
they are willing to get it any time but we deprived the realisation of it.
Today desire the multimedia system based on digital resolved.
United Nations connected actively in digitalization of cultural heritage in
European countries through a global network connection actively created to become
familiar with it.
In the archive , library and museum materials , which is one of the most
important digitization.
National History Museum of NASA libraries and museums in the world , by
the Institute of Manuscripts named after M. Fizuli obtained electronic versions of
manuscripts, digital collection of cultural heritage material and the creation of the work
done in this direction.
On June 2, 2014 Heyder Aliyev foundation and the Vatican Apastolic library
sign contract between 2015-2016 about a new restoration and digitalization of
manuscripts. These facts prove that the priority is the protection of cultural heritage
based on multimedia system.

3rd International Conference Ohrid Vodici, 2015, Macedonia

Marcel Courtiade Ph.D.


INALCO, (Paris, France)
Travelling in search of dreams among sedentary Rroms
Life is full of contradictions: while only 2-3% of all Rroms lead a
mobile way of life, they are viewed by common people as "nomadic tribes". On
the other hand, more and more tourists are interested in discovering the genuine
life of different peoples and in this respect Rroms are attractive, as we can
state out of the dozens of persons who came to our place and spent for free one,
two or more weeks. This not anymore acceptable but as such it is good indicator
of what is possible: hosting non-Rroms (and possibly also Rroms in search of
their roots), combatting clichs and restoring more acurate picture of the Rroms
in their environment, valorizing the Rromani heritage, including in the eyes of
the very Rroms etc... Places for tourists could be some cosy districts with dense
Rromani population (not scattered families for example Kora would be better
than Tirana), historical places of worship like Letnica or Kali Bibi (Les Saintes)
but also of martyrdom (KL), music and theater festivals and Rromani muzeums
(Tarnw PL, Hodsz HU, Sevran F etc.). Tourists could acquire a bit of
Rromani language (and get a certificate), learn some songs with karaoke and
experiment traditional craftsmanship. They may also begin scrapbooking with
local objects and complete it after their return home. In some places,
traditional Rromani biava could be organized for foreign candidates to wedding
(mainly Japanese people). Rromani migrants could also be a link between their
country of origin and the population of their residence as in the Sevran project
of a Rromani house. In addition, one could organize tours of Rromani and nonRromani people to the Kannauj UP, in India, main craddle of the Rroms
where we have very good contacts. Due to the current scattered pattern of
Rromani populations, it is very much needed to develope this kind of tourism as
a network system administrated by a reliable secretariat.

3rd International Conference Ohrid Vodici, 2015, Macedonia

Session 2
Zoran Matevski, Ph.D.
Director of the Institute of Sociology, Faculty of Philosophy, Ss. Cyril and
Methodius University, (Skopje, R. Macedonia),
Dushka Matevska Ph.D.
Counselor Education, South East Europe University, (Tetovo, R. Macedonia)
The Globalization Processes and the Characteristic of the Modern and
Postmodern Tourists Visiting Macedonia
Generally, we make a distinction of two types of tourism perceiving in
R. Macedonia. The first type is characteristic for the era of modernism while the
second one is characteristic for the era of postmodernism. In the sphere of the
mass tourism, the adventures are a collective act. As for the individual tourism,
the tourists enjoy their privacy (alone with their partner or a family). In this way
one can make a transition from a modern towards a postmodern type of tourism
in R. Macedonia. In the contemporary sociology these types of tourists are
called "post-tourists". The globalization processes generate a sense of "lost of
the cultural identity" with certain members of the social community. In their
search for the 'lost identity", the tourists get away from the mass tourism and
accept the individual consumption of the tourist offer. Thus, they provide a sort
of a link between themselves and the nature as well as of the past, the present
and the future. In some way, the tourists of the postmodernism try to make a
contact with the past of the people to which they belong. Not only that they visit
the monumental cultural and historical monuments in R. Macedonia but, they
also express more and more interest in visiting the "common" monuments of the
culture which are related to the everyday life in the past. Expressing an interest
in the prosaic and the everyday things one can get an impression that almost any
place in R. Macedonia can be estimated as an attractive one for the tourists.

3rd International Conference Ohrid Vodici, 2015, Macedonia

Amelia Tomashevi Ph.D.


University College Nikola ubi Zrinski, (Zagreb, Croatia)
Zagreb Time Machine- Culture and history in popular manner for
tourists
Croatia is a tourist country which has been positioned as one of the
important Mediterranean destinations. It is largely known as the holiday
destination with beautiful nature, beaches and islands, outstanding gastronomy
and culture. Zagreb is the capital of Croatia, the administrative, business,
political, cultural, university and gastronomic centre. However the tourist
potentials have not been valorised in an appropriate manner for a long time and
the local media and citizens did not see Zagreb as tourist destination. In order to
change that, the Zagreb Tourist Board decided to organize events which would
be attractive both for local population and tourist and would be based on the
history and culture. The aim of those attractions was to present to foreign
visitors the historical characters that marked the past of the city, the urban and
rural images of Zagreb how once it was with authentic peasants in national
costumes, horse carriages, street organ, and antique market. The project with
few events started in 2000, due to various reasons it but almost ended in 2005,
mostly because of lack of motivation among responsible persons. In 2006 it was
given the name Zagreb Time Machine, several new programs have been
added and it was decided that it had to grow into a major tourist attraction.
Additional financing was planned and today Zagreb Time Machine includes
more than 14 programs, based mostly on presentation of Zagreb culture and
history.
The analysis proved that the initial goal has been fully reached and that
Zagreb has become actually an open theatre or living museum which enables
interaction with spectators.

3rd International Conference Ohrid Vodici, 2015, Macedonia

Valbona Kalemi Ph.D.


University Eqrem Qabej Gjirokastra (Gjirokastra, Albania)
Protection and presentation of cultural heritage of the region of Kardhiqi
(Gjirokastra) for the tourist purposes
Economic and social processes that have been developed recently have
ignored some of the carrying value predecessors have left us .Care rural areas
almost missing. Provinces of Kardhiqi is a Labe region that extends north-west
of Gjirokastra which there are plenty of historical and cultural value.
The object of this paper will be the presentation of the cultural heritage
of the region that Kardhiqi its protection and preservation for the tourist sector
and its development through the media its. Reflex multimedia is quite
importance. through this paper will present the culture of this region which is
displayed through historical monuments it has as: Castle of Kardhiqi, Zhulatit,
for cults of confidence associated with onomastiken such as Rock Hill, for the
large number of churches, mosques, mekameve (pagoda) historical sites that
assemblies were developed as Taronines assembly where is approved Canon i
Laberise, assembly we mention Cepos.Vlen Monastery Song polyphonic ison
labe with its characteristic and traditional dress white kilts etc. Disclosure of
labe song where Oration for the sister, son, brother, weight raises the hearts of
listeners hurt, shepherd's cula where we grazed cattle heard, where the dancer
throws dance alive with strong gust of internal heroic melody recitals which
highlight temperament manly.Interest researchers and linguists have begun early
on to gather much from this invaluable treasure for generations left your legacy
to be vijne.One ancillary to her presentation is best done through flows invisible
as it is seen today in the internet where the extremity this human .This memory
is very interesting from the data in the field and touching the close of this
heritage by my side.
Keywords: Cultural Heritage, social conversion, folklore, flukes
invisible, tourist image.

3rd International Conference Ohrid Vodici, 2015, Macedonia

Agasalim Azizov Ph.D.


Azerbaijan University of Architecture and Construction Department of Bases
of Architecture (Baku, Azerbaijan)
Architecture of recreation and tourism environment
One of the main development problems of recreation and tourism
environment is functionally formulated territorial and architectural planning
structure of the space.
Relaxation and leisure of townsman in the system; city -non-urban
recreation system satisfying the needs not only of its population, but also of
people from other places still not regarded as an independent task. More
promising and progressive is complex solution integration of human
recreation.
General picture of the recreation organization is that building types,
their structural and architectural art feature is not sufficiently clear. Lack of
clear future prospects in this area of life makes it difficult.
Native theorists of architecture have made notable successes in the field
of dwellings forecast and city as a whole, but problem of recreation in a big city
as a social phenomenon is not fully illuminate yet. Vacation mainly seen as a
problem of suburban recreation, often differentiated into narrow typological task
of creating a single least-developed type of complex (boarding house, motel) or
as its independent aspect (tourism, sport, prevention and ex. ). Such problems as
country house construction, some aspects of the formation of departmental
recreation facilities, also principles of organization spatial leisure environment
in the city or the type of facilities for the physical element recreation framework
of a unified system of rest have not yet received a final decision.
In solving of set tasks architect is occupying not only the role of scientist, artist
or technical specialist, but also the role of active participant of social, economic
and cultural policy of society. Recreation problem cannot be fully resolved via
one science individually, becoming an interdisciplinary problem, in solution of
which the architect is occupying one of the leading positions.

3rd International Conference Ohrid Vodici, 2015, Macedonia

Marina Vladimirova M.Sc., candidate for Ph.D.


University of Library Studies and Information Technologies (Sofia, Bulgaria)
Bulgarian Underwater Cultural Heritage in the Cultural Tourism Context
as a Factor for Sustainable Development
Cultural heritage tourism is a branch of tourism which is often a blend of
education, entertainment and preservation. It is experiential, it involves and engages the
visitor. Cultural tourism and sustainable development are the best way through which
cultural heritage can be best preserved. Conservation, protection and exploitation of the
cultural and natural resources are a factor for sustainability, which can be gained by
cultural tourism.
Cultural tourism is a broad term, which includes a wide range of cultural,
historical and natural sites, artefacts, institutions, organizations etc. Underwater cultural
heritage is part of the content of this concept. Coincidentally, UNESCO has said "The
seabed is often called "the biggest museum of the world"[1]. The sea has many stories to
tell, and there are a lot of stories that audience desires to discover. And the intersection
of both is the cultural tourism.
There are a lot of submerged artefacts in the Bulgarian Black sea aquatory that
are waiting to be displayed in situ [2] or by new multimedia technologies for the nondiving public. They are separated in three groups: submerged settlements, submerged
shipwrecks, and harbor water areas. All these objects are sources of valuable
information about the people inhabited Black sea coast millennia ago; about their life
and culture, customs and traditions; about the relationships between West Black sea
coast and the Mediterranean; about the international trade on sea. Effectively conserved,
actively managed and attentively socialized the underwater cultural heritage will bring
benefits to the local population as well as to the sustainability of the seaside region. An
important part of the process of protection and management is the cooperation of the
local people. These are the factors through which cultural tourism will build up the
economic capacity of the local area.
When Bulgarian underwater cultural and historical heritage is preserved,
managed, socialized and its value is appreciated by the local people, it will play an
important role in the cultural tourism, which will ensure the sustainable development of
the region.
Endnotes:
[1] http://www.unesco.org/new/en/culture/themes/underwater-cultural-heritage/the-underwaterheritage/ [17.12.2014; 17:10]
[2] The UNESCO Convention on the Protection of the Underwater Cultural Heritage, adopted in
2001, recommends the in situ preservation of underwater cultural heritage (i.e. in its original
location on the seafloor) as the first option before allowing or engaging in any further activities.
http://www.unesco.org/new/en/culture/themes/underwater-cultural-heritage/2001convention/official-text/ [17.12.2014; 17:30]

3rd International Conference Ohrid Vodici, 2015, Macedonia

Vasilka Dimitrovska M.Sc.


director of Center for Scientific Research and Promotion of Culture- HAEMUS
(Skopje, Macedonia),
Ivica Milevski Ph.D.
Faculty of Natural Sciences and Mathematics, Institute of Geography,
University Ss. Cyril and Methodius (Skopje, Macedonia)
Management and Promotion of the Northeast Macedonia heritage
The cultural, historical and natural heritage represent the basis for the
tourist offer of a place, region, country or a wider area. In this respect, the
Northeast region of the Republic of Macedonia is rich in contents, which have
till recently been insufficiently presented to the public and thus poorly visited
by tourists. Taking all specific spatial aspects into account, one of the most
suitable ways for initial tourist activation of this region is the management of its
natural, cultural, historical and archaeological resources.
In the period 2009 to 2014, the Northeast region of Macedonia has seen
the implementation of several projects, including the creation of strategies for
the development of tourism in general; evaluation study of natural and cultural
potentials for development of alternative tourism; and study for mapping the
travel routes and setting up information charts. These projects were mostly
focused on identification and evaluation of natural and cultural resources, at the
same time representing community values. Due to the diversity of resources, the
influence of its results was estimated to affect long-term planning in many
spheres regarding the local development.
An attempt was made to create a significant number of tourist
products, for the benefit of the tourists, as well as the local community, by
generating economic development. As a conclusion, we would like to point out
that the most important determinant in promoting natural and cultural resources
is a thematic unit based on the identification of similar or the same locations
that build a product. Thus, the main goal of any tourist product based on
heritage is to make itself recognizable in local, regional, but also international
frames.

3rd International Conference Ohrid Vodici, 2015, Macedonia

Tarana Mammudova
Teacher of history of Ismayilli secondary school, (Ismayilli, Azerbaijan)
smailly Cultural Heritage and Tourism
Being the beauty of the world, a Man is a very powerful and mighty creature
A Man changes the nature the society, turns the barren, dry deserts to the flowery
meadows, makes nearly all the areas of our planet towns, cities, villages, dceorates them
as a colourful, bright carpet. All of these people were born somewhere, at one time. The
place where he or she was born is his or her native motherland which is very sacred for
him or for her. Even if a man is very powerful, even if he affecfs the Solar system or
the srars, there are soma matters that he can`t affeet, that are beyond his will. To choose
parents or birthplaces is out of one`s power and opportunity.
Azerbaijan, where we were boru and grew up, is one of the most beautibul and
charming lands all over the wold. God gave all kinds of blessing to our motherland,
Azerbaijan. Our land Azerbaijan has mountains which are covered with snow, healing,
litegiving plateaus, valleys which are full of gardens, all kinds of boons. Azerbaijan has
rich, fertile plains, rivers full of plentiful water, lakes, flats, lowlands, thick forests,
woods, endless fields, summer pastures, winter guarters, meadows with all kinds of
flowers, icy springs. The Great Creator God, favoured Azerbaijanwith all types of
climate, That`s why the bottom and the surface of our land are rich in natural resources.
These beauties, rich natural resources create great opportunities for the
development of tourism in our country. In the result of the government`s care great
success has been made in the develepment of the national tourism. Azerbaijan`s being
the legal member of the World Tourism Organization in 2001, caused stream of tourists
to our country. Declaring the 2011 th year as a year of tourism stimulaled the
development of tourism, too. Development of the national tourism in the regions couses
toincrease economy of our contry.
There are a lot of great opporfunities for the development of tourism in smailly
which is famous fot its mysterious nature sketches, rivers that give people life and
comfort, plains, smailly Azerbaijan`s Switzerland , the land of beauties , miracles,
wonders, may be called the green covers of Azerbaijan. To include this land, smailly,
which is famous for its fauna and flora,that is surrounded by the mountais from all sides,
to the International Tourism Route gradually, places an important and great role in the
development and increase of tourism. smailly, the wonderful corner of Azerbaijan,
which is a gold bridge, has The JavanshirPortress, the Maiden Tower, The Tut Tortress,
the Girdiman Tower, The Gasimkhan Tower, Buzkhana, Basgal-the centre of sil
silkworm breeding, Lahij, which is famous for its art, handicraft. Attracting tourists to
these lands, walking there step by step, we must acquaint them with these beauties.

3rd International Conference Ohrid Vodici, 2015, Macedonia

Dragica Popovska, Ph.D,


Associate Professor at the Institute of National History, Ss. Cyril and
Methodius University, (Skopje, Macedonia)
The Impact of Cultural Events on Tourism: A case Study of the Carnival
of Vevchani
The paper deals with the impact of the cultural events on tourism. It
illustrates the relationship between tourism, culture and public policy in the
creation of attractive tourist destinations. On the example of the carnival which
is held every year on 13th and 14th January, I will show how Vevani increases
its competitiveness as a place to visit and live.
Key words: culture, tourism, Vevani, carnival.

3rd International Conference Ohrid Vodici, 2015, Macedonia

Session 3
Aktan Ago Ph.D.
Velika Stojkova Ph.D.
Institute of Foklore Marko Cepenkov (Skopje, Macedonia)
Protection of Intangible Cultural heritage on multinational level the case
of St. George/Hidrelez multinational nomination for UNESCO ICH
Representative List
In 2011, Turkey gave an initiative for possible multinational file
proposal for inscription of the Spring celebration Hidrelez/St. Georges day
on the UNESCO ICH Representative list. In December 2014, during the ninth
session of the Intergovernmental Committee of ICH UNESCO, this
multinational nomination was referred. According to the report of the
Subsidiary Body, the file did not fulfill all five criteria and has lack of evidence
in general. Yet, the case of this element in Republic of Macedonia is an
exception. The way of its protection in Republic of Macedonia represent an
excellent example how we can respect and promote one ICH element on
national, regional and multinational level. This paper will present the process of
preparing this multinational file and some objectives and challenges that came
out during the preparation and the nomination of the element in UNESCO. The
presentation will underline the outcomes of this process which provoked much
closer collaboration between the countries in the Southeastern European region
and wider.

3rd International Conference Ohrid Vodici, 2015, Macedonia

Nezaket Ismayilova Ph.D.


Nakhchivan State University, (Nakhchivan, Azerbaijan)
Ali Huseinzada symbol of national intelligence
A lot of recent research on Ali Huseinzada yaradclga aparlmsdrO
having a diversified culture, history, poet, essayist, scholar, artist, translator,
teacher and ideologue known as doctors of the twentieth century into the world
of ideas is very important and has a wonderful personality . He has been a
speaker perfectly different style of speech culture. Thirty-three years of life
lived in the home, for a total of forty-three years of the great hopes cherished by
the seventy-six years (1864-1940) lived. He is a life worthwhile sursd
controversial life was choppy conditions. Krkkukdn far from Paris, Cairo
Peterburuqa herald a wide area was known big ideas. But the truth for a long
time, covering the black prejudice lies not in its proper recognition to receive a
decent price. Obtaining mass national consciousness and of course, the media
played a major role in expanding the capacity of the literary language. In this
regard, the political ideologies of national consciousness, self-consciousness,
such as the rise in the spread of Turkism "Fuyuzat" magazine, he'd already
proven facts of the research studies. Service ideas formed in the direction of the
national language, the language of this journal, science, language, politics,
language, philosophy of language, translation and other language. Despite the
language issue was considered to be the main problem of the press. "Every
person have their feelings and views of nature and society, the cognitive process
of the invention is expressed by means of language to others." Turks living in
various regions to eliminate the differences between the languages of the largest
and muduruk Ali Bey was the goal. Ali Huseinzada ages on the latest research,
surveys, writing books, manoqrafiyalar his hard work but honorable service.
Yubleyinin over 150 years of its implementation started, its unique place in the
world of ideas of the twentieth century is undeniable. High bay Huseynzada is
the syombol of national wisdom. In this article it mainly deals with the merits of
the ideas and the cole National vhoughts Huseynzada in the press of the
Supreme bay. He is a poet Is fatmois was doctor, a teacher, a painter, a
translater and a linguist. He was one of the great masters of science in the
twentieth genturyHe be an orator who came eloquentlu distunguished
background Scill and powen of speech

3rd International Conference Ohrid Vodici, 2015, Macedonia

Borodovskii Andrey Pavlovich Ph.D.


Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography of the Academy of Sciences,
(Novosibirsk, Russia)
Measures for preserving the Archaeological Heritage Along the Projected
Altai Gas Pipeline
One of the most large-scale projects aimed at identifying the objects of the
archeological heritage of Southern Siberia in 2011-2012 became the research of the
projected route of the "Altai" mainstream gas pipeline on the territory of the Republic of
Altai within the Russian Federation. The gas pipeline will go between new gas fields of
western Siberia and Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region of China. On this territory, it
can be connected to the Chinese "East-West" gas pipeline, through which gas will be
delivered to Shanghai.
In the course of the archeological works aimed at examining the route of the
projected "Altai" mainstream gas pipeline, a number of previously unknown
archeological monuments were discovered, there modern maps were compiled enabling
to plan any protection measures. Another result of the conducted research became data
concerning various levels of location density of archeological monuments on the
territory of Russian Altai up to the Chinese border (Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous
Region). The highest location density of various archeological monuments is typical of
Central Altai (Ongudai district). The comparison of the amount of archeological
monuments identified along the route of the "Altai" gas pipeline on the territory of
various units of the Russian Federation (Novosibirsk region, the Altai Territory and
Republic of Altai) demonstrates a tendency to the considerable increase of the location
density of archeological monuments towards the Sayano-Altai mountainous area as of
the key regions of Eurasia. Overall, the study of the route of the projected "Altai"
mainstream gas pipeline on the territory of the Republic of Altai enables to discover
various archeological monuments.
The archeological studies allowed revealing several variants of the location of
the objects of the archeological heritage in relation to the route of the "Altai"
mainstream gas pipeline. One of them implies the practically full location of the
archeological monument in line with the gas pipeline route. Another variant of the
location of the objects of the archeological heritage in relation to the route of the gas
pipeline is represented by the gas pipeline route partially crossing its territory.
Another option of the location of the objects of the archeological heritage in
relation to the gas pipeline route is their mutual proximity.

3rd International Conference Ohrid Vodici, 2015, Macedonia

Marija egan Ph.D.


The Mathematical Institute of the Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts
(Belgrade, Serbia),
Milica Lajbenperger
Center for ducation Playground of Imagination (Belgrade, Serbia),
Sanja Raji
Aleksandra Ivanovi
School for Mechanical and Electrical Engineering Goa in Smederevska
Palanka (Smederevska Palanka, Serbia)
Cultural Heritage Digitalization in School Education
The paper presents the ongoing project of Mathematical Institute of the
Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts, which is dedicated to the
implementation of digitization of cultural heritage in secondary school curricula.
It promotes not only the role of digitization in the preservation of local cultural
heritage, but also the role in educational purposes. The digitization of cultural
monuments is used for the improvement of educational work in secondary
schools, which are located in the underdeveloped municipalities of Serbia.
Affordable digital technology is recognized as a good educational tool for
teaching mathematics, informatics, history, geography and linguistics in the
schools of low income. The multidisciplinarity of the digitization is used as a
motivation for the teachers to express their creativity and to apply, in addition to
traditional, the innovative models of teaching (e.g. the Integrative model and the
Project method of teaching). The paper shows how the connection between the
digitization of cultural heritage and educational work can help the young people
to take a role in the preservation of local heritage and to participate in building
of collective memory. It also shows how the schools involved in the project
activities have a competitive advantage, since they offer the potential for
development of creative economy and greater possibility of future employment
of theirs' attendees. The paper concludes with the presentation of the project
activities of 2015, which will emphasize the importance of interaction, as well
as focus on testing the effects of digitization of cultural heritage and innovative
model of teaching in homogeneous student groups.
Keywords: Educational Sciences, Cultural Heritage Digitization

3rd International Conference Ohrid Vodici, 2015, Macedonia

Galina Wood, Ph.D. Candidate


Charles University (Prague, Czech Republic)
Revitalizing the Heritage of Lahij community
Lahij is a medieval mountainous fortress, which for its original
architectural style was made a historical preserve of Azerbaijan. The homes of
white river stones on the cobbled streets are however just a shell for the real
pearl-the creative craftsmen of Lahij. The remote location was for many ages
only accessible by a narrow camel trail. Although presently it lies within 4 hour
reach by a motor vehicle north west of Baku, when one enters behind the walls
is another world from 400 years ago. The traditional community was able to
preserve the trade of coppersmith and many other crafts, authentic culture and
way of life, relict of South Western Iranian language a predecessor of Farsi of
Iran, few religious layers including ancient Zoroastria-nism especially apparent
through the Novruz equinox celebration...However the powerful storming forces
of globalism, modernism and assimilation threaten Lahij with the erosion of
their identity. Famous by the copper ornamented artifacts of the Silk Road,
which adorn many museums abroad; it was flooded by cheap manufactured
goods in the beginning of this century. The economic crisis forces migration of
youth to urban centers. In the melting pot their mother tongue and old values are
exchanged for new opportunities and conveniences. The metropolitan
environment also challenges the structure of their families, which was far more
secure within the boundaries of the caring close-knit community.
Many Lahijans would rather stay and although they can partially live
off the land, cash is so scars, that they have to pursue bread winning elsewhere.
While Lahij in the summer becomes a tourist attraction, there is still a great
unrealized potential for eco -ethno tourism. It is set in a lush mountainous
location and offers homespun hospitality. This paper will explore the grassroots
initiative on approaching sustainable development of heritage in Lahij. It will
propose restoring of training school for coppersmiths and some other trades,
which have been lost and education preparing for specialized wilderness
equestrian adventure guides. This is foreseen as a viable solution to the
economical struggle of Lahij as well as revitalizing of its remarkable heritage.

3rd International Conference Ohrid Vodici, 2015, Macedonia

Harbiba Mirshava Aliyeva Ph.D.


Epigraph, Deputy director of National Museum of History of Azerbaijan (Baku,
Azerbaijan)
The Role and problems of museums in cultural heritage preservation
Northern and southern parts of Azerbaijan from the most ancient times
have passed various degrees of development. Very ancient and rich art of
Azerbaijan, as well as history of our great people in the form of a part of
general Turkic people cultures has reached nowadays. The first rock paintings
of Kobustan and Gyamikaya, art ceramics of the Caucasian Albania, metal
products, art glassware and carving, medieval Tabriz miniature art, the
motley carpets, pleasing eyes silk fabrics and embroideries, glazing art, art of
wood engraving - shebeke, the refined jewels, works of art prove highly
developed art heritage of Azerbaijan.
Today, about 180 of the museum. This property since 1920 operating as
the National Museum of Azerbaijan History. Nowadays The National Museum
of History of Azerbaijan, is placed in the architectural building built in 18951901 by the known patron of art, the son of the nation , oil baron Gadji
Zeynalabdin Tagiyev. The building itself, as well as precious stone monument
in the history of the past. It is gratifying that the state's oldest museum of the
high level of care restored and re-opened its doors to visitors. For the
development of museums in the country, the necessary measures are taken by
the President. Not only in regions located in the reconstruction and repair work
is carried out in museums. Since 1988, more than 100 of the Armenian
aggression were collected 22 museums in the occupied territories. 762 cultural
monuments and cultural institutions in the occupied territories, was 1431.
Museums were looted objects related to the history and culture of the people,
paintings and sculptures, the world-famous Azerbaijani carpets, furnishings and
other artifacts gathered in memory of the well-known personalities. The
museums exhibits were removed from the area by the Armenians.
In March 2000 been approved Law on the museums in Parliament to
protection of cultural heritage for the previous civilization in Azerbaijan by Mr.
Heydar Aliyev, President of the Republic of Azerbaijan. It was a basic principle
of state policy support the activity for the museum as the "national wealth of
museums is supported by government for protection of Artifacts.

3rd International Conference Ohrid Vodici, 2015, Macedonia

Nargiz Aliyeva,
Deputy director for scientific affairs of National Azerbaijan Museum of History
(Baku, Azerbaijan)
Problems and the ways of their solution of making digital the cultural
heritage protected in National Azerbaijan Museum of HistoryDoctor of
historical sciences
Active museums, also museum things and collections included to the
funds of NAMH in Azerbaijan Republic are the weakth of Azerbaijani nation.
Wars, earthquakes and other natural disasters happened during history in
Azerbaijan has resulted with destruction of most of national wealth. Most of
national wealth, also mosques and churches as religious monuments in
Azerbaijan were destroyed as the remains of backwardness at period of Soviet
repressions, even the carpets with arabic writings were burnt connecting with
islamic religion.
But Today at the modern period of development of Information
technologies is very important to create electronic version of information basis.
Although digitalisation of exhibits in museums creating their figures it still
hasnt been solved as a problem. If this problem wont be solved, probability of
turning valuable books in libraries and exhibits in funds of Museum to dead
load is very big. Some works have been done in this area. So we need to
digitalise these exhibits making figures of exhibits as reflection of past of our
history of getting our material culture under and on the earth and after
delivering to museums as places of storage. It will have little space, also be
open to real and virtual audiences for a long time.
Just creating electronic information sources of the museums by using
information technologies shall give oportunities to people inerested in
Azerbaijan history to get easy access to single information base and to introduce
to the society all the information that has been collected by Museum for ages.

3rd International Conference Ohrid Vodici, 2015, Macedonia

Vuckov Dragan
Pence Kralev
Independent researchers (Valandovo, Macedonia)
Spring river bridge between the tower and our city
The main topic of our exploration is related with local area known as
Spring river , landscape situated on the slopes of the hill Plaus which tie
together us with leftovers:
- The Tower - landmark from the middle age
- Remains from the old fortress (mosaics, wall basements) - some
studies indicate that this fortress belong to the period of the late antique
and early Byzantine empire
- Monastery St. George (XIV century)
- The Spring - natural spring of cold water, sacred place dedicated to
Saints Petar ond Paul
Remains from 13 watermills and aqueduct who was connection
between them and the natural spring The Spring
- Limestone made from the spring water. The limestone between the
local population is known as Kafolj
The desire is to create study which will explain precedents from our
past, present all sacred little springs around and retell all the legends related
with this area.

3rd International Conference Ohrid Vodici, 2015, Macedonia

Session 4
Svetlana Antova Ph.D. candidate
Institute of Ethnology and Folklore Studies with the Ethnographic Museum,
Bulgarian Academy of Science (Sofia, Bulgaria)
Why the New 7th Wander did not happen? The Example of
Belogradchik
In January 2009, the Belogradchik Rocks were named as Bulgarias
nomination in the campaign for the New 7 Wonders of Nature. Despite its 60
years history of touristic destination and despite entering the list of World
Wonders Belogradchik faced loss of chance to create miracle of prosperous
touristic business. The aim of the presentation is to make an analysis of the
processes and local strategies concerning the cultural and historical heritage of a
small border town Belogradchik in the Northwest Bulgaria. The town is with
an enormously high touristic potential but still fails to create a quality touristic
product. Both the actors and the scene are subject of analyze.

3rd International Conference Ohrid Vodici, 2015, Macedonia

Nigar Karimova
master of Azerbaijan State Academy of Arts (Baku, Azerbaijan)
Propaganda of historical monuments by means of tourism
Azerbaijan Republic has very rich potential for tourism development.
The ancient monuments of national history, including fortresses, churches of
Caucasus Alban period, mosques, mausoleums of Islamic period, bath-houses,
Shirvanshakhs Palace, Maidens Tower, Shaki Khan Palace, are considered to
be tourism centres. When Azerbaijan got independence, a list of all historical
monunments of Azerbaijan was made, all of them were registered, the bank of
information was created. Our specialists conducted very much, serious work
in this sphere. But, the creation of new cultural centres is also connected whith
period of our independece. E.g. the town Gabala which was the capital of
Caucasus Albania, is the centre of great importance from this pont of view. Near
the town the five-star complex for more than 1000 men is built. Besides, there
a number of small family hotels and small rest zone also. It must be also
pointed out, that complexes built here, such as hotels Kavkaz-Resort,
Kavkaz-Riverside, Yengidge hot-water medical-health centre, Khanlar,
Chenlibel, Semerana, Duyma, Yeddi gozel (Seven Beauties), Sahil,
Selbasar and other centres of rest are included in list of modern tourism
centres. Last time different international cultural actions, such as Musical
festivals, conducted in Gabala, became so popular, that it can even compete
whith Vienna, which was musical centre of Europe. Every two years
competetion on piano music is conducted in frame of festival. Its the reason,
that the centre of Holland Beltman pianos producting is also placed in Gabala
now.
There are built many modern, new hotels, houses, reataurants and cafes
for tourists in Azerbaijan. Azerbaijan cities are reconstructed, new parks and
rest centres are open. In Guba, Shaki, Gusar and other regions many newly
built hotel, resting centres creates the best conditions for tourism development.
In different towns of Azerbaijan buildings of new design are erected on
European modern projects, according new world standards.

3rd International Conference Ohrid Vodici, 2015, Macedonia

Ilija Aceski Ph.D.


Institute of Sociology, Faculty of Philosophy, Ss. Cyril and Methodius
University, (Skopje, R. Macedonia)
Culture of tourism, identity and globalization (What it has been left from
Ohrid, on the beginning of the 21st century)
This paper is dedicated to the questions of the identity and
globalization, more specific, the question of the identity through the processes
of globalization, related to the phenomenon to the culture of tourism.
The tourism culture is formed by variety of elements along with the
visit of historical attractions and presence of the traditional manifestations that
can be only seen in one place, the journey motivated from the wish to enjoy in
the food and beverages that are characteristic only for one place, and all that can
be found in one place. It is of the great interest the contact of the tourist to the
local population, that is in its essence a contact of two cultures. From an aspect
of a tourist consumer, the prime attraction is the most important for forming an
view for attracting tourists. The question: until when the change of the ambient
and the tradition can be in motion so they can't lose their meaning, is one of the
questions that is the interest of this paper, for example, Ohrid.
What has been left form the authentic Ohrid, from 50 years ago? Is it
possible to be improved the authenticity?
Key words: culture, tourism, identity, tradition.

3rd International Conference Ohrid Vodici, 2015, Macedonia

Milo Nii, M.A. candidate


Faculty of Political Sciences (Belgrade, Serbia)
Ideology as a Driving force in Heritage Tourism
Heritage Tourism is one of the most significant type of tourism,
engaging globally hundreds of millions of visitors per annum. Taking as its
starting point Louise Althussers concept of ideology and Ideological State
Apparatus this paper aims to critically examine the notion of Heritage Tourism
by interpolating the classic binary view of supply/demand sides of Heritage
Tourism. By defining Heritage as a dynamic process rather than a finite set of
artifacts and rituals, this paper offers an alternative view of the development of
the concept of heritage, promoting its polymorphic aspects and advocating the
unlimited scope of its resources. By supporting the stand that no object, process
or space carries an inherent heritage character in itself, this paper contributes to
the understanding of the complex processes through which certain contents are
acquiring, maintaining and losing its heritage status. The inherently arbitrary
nature of heritage is demonstrated through comparison between tourism often
labeled as Cultural Heritage Tourism in former Yugoslavia and contemporary
Cultural Heritage Tourism of Serbia. Using the examples of Orthodox
Monasteries and WWII memorials in Serbia, this paper discusses the ways in
which certain sites are obtaining and losing their heritage status in socialist and
post-socialist contexts and offers potential new approaches to understanding of
the relationship between cultural heritage and tourist industry.

3rd International Conference Ohrid Vodici, 2015, Macedonia

Viktorija Momeva Altiparmakova Ph.D.


advisor and conservator, National Institution- Muzej (Bitola, Macedonia)
Intangible cultural heritage- real or fictive opportunity for development of
rural tourism in villages of Baba Mountain
The traditional rural settlements preserved on the slopes of Baba
mountain were successfully created and developed as settlements by the rural
inhabitance with authentic characteristics of its own culture and tradition.
Traditional rural houses, as an immovable rural cultural heritage are a creation
of folk craftsmenship and their building achievements. The development of
traditional rural houses in this area could be followed from its most simple form
a single ground floor house, to a developed form of it with one or more floors
with enriched content that is usual for the buildings built on the steep terrain of
Baba villages, as the village of Brajcino on the Western slopes, and Malovishta
on the Northern slopes of Baba mountain. It is considered that the authentically
preserved villages and traditional rural buildings in these villages represent one
of the conditions that could contribute to the development of rural tourism,
specifically if it is taken in account that they are characterized with rich
abundance of natural heritage, located in the buffer zone of the National Park
Pelister.
But, is the abundance of natural and cultural heritage a sufficient
resource for the tourism development, as it is often presented by the media? Do
these resources offer real possibility for its development or they are used only as
a promotional material that stay on the level of marketing of cultural resource
that is not created as tourist product?

3rd International Conference Ohrid Vodici, 2015, Macedonia

Dejan Metodijeski Ph.D.


Nako Tashkov Ph.D.
Nikola Dimitrov Ph.D.,
University Goce Delcev (Shtip, Macedonia)
Comparative Analysis of the Hostel Sector in Macedonia and
Bulgara
This article aims to present a comparative analysis of the hostel sector
in Macedonia and Bulgaria. For the purposes of the present study an exploratory
(qualitative) research was made to analyze the current condition of the hostel
sector in both countries. Secondary data sources were used, by consulting the
relevant literature from the hostel sector and Internet. Furthermore, several
informal interviews with hostel owners in Skopje and Sofia were conducted to
obtain first-hand information related to different aspects of the operation and the
development of the hostels. Moreover, a comparative analysis of the tourism
sector and the hostel tourism is graphically presented in a table.
The research is divided to several parts that cover definition of the
hostel sector; its historical development; the trends in the hostel business; the
profile of the tourists that chose hostels for accommodation; and
recommendations for the development of the sector in Bulgaria and Macedonia.
Key words: tourism, hostel, Macedonia, Bulgaria

3rd International Conference Ohrid Vodici, 2015, Macedonia

Stefan Vlahov Micov Ph.D.


Institute of National History, Ss. Cyril and Methodius University, (Skopje,
Macedonia)
Cultural heritage as ideology and business
The paper analyzes the tangible and intangible cultural heritage and its
ungraded with ideology. On the one hand It is use for politics, and on the other in business tourism.

3rd International Conference Ohrid Vodici, 2015, Macedonia

Slave Nikolovski Katin


Publicist ( Skopje, Macedonia)
Macedonian Folk Groups Makedonka and Seljani from Toronto
Canada
The folk group "Makedonka" from Toronto, is one of the oldest, the best
and the most popular ensembles in the Macedonian immigration in the world, formed by
a group of enthusiasts and lovers of the Macedonian dance and song, mostly from
Aegean Macedonia. First of all it worked as "Pelistersko oro", which in 1966 hosted the
first concert in MOC "St. Klement of Ohrid" from Toronto. Soon after the formation
already achieved popularity and reputation among Makedonians in Toronto, and
became an association to which a great number of young people became members and
to love and study the values of the Macedonian dance and song. The folk group
"Makedonka" celebrated 50 years of existence and today is one of the most active of the
North American simplicity.
The soul of this group is Alec Petlichkov, who is a dancer, choreographer and manager. The group "Makedonka" in many ways is the only dance group in the
Macedonian diaspora. Under his particular effort and work through the folklore school
of "Makedonka" spent thousands Macedonian youth who learn the Macedonian music
and folklore, and some of them are not livable be capable and leaders of dance
groups. Its efforts today are the foundation for the work of more dance group in Canada
and US.
The Macedonian folklore group "Seljani", however, was formed in late 1969 in
order to participate and present some of the Macedonian native dances, songs and
customs of the First International Caravan of Nations, held that year in Toronto. It
achieved remarkable success of Caravan, which was a good foundation and impetus for
further hard work of all members.
The first teacher, choreographer and instructor of the young folk enthusiasts
group "Seljani" was Olga Sandolovich, born Belov, which specialises in Balkan
dances and was a very famous teacher of folklore in North America. Also, a great
merit has Dr.
Timo
Rice a professor
of music
at
the
University
of
Toronto, who transfer to the group the skill of instruments bagpipes, flute, tambourine
and drum. Since 1975 director and choreographer is Jim (Mitre) Nikoloff, who along
with his wife, Dina, are the queen and soul of this very important folk group. Jim is
known in the Macedonian colony in Toronto that he is a great connoisseur and lover of
native Macedonian folklore; excellent dancer, playing the flute, singing old native
Macedonian songs and lives with national heritage of Macedonia.

3rd International Conference Ohrid Vodici, 2015, Macedonia

Vesna Matijasevic Pokupec Ph.D.


University Euro-Balkan (Skopje, Macedonia)
The Folklore in (the) Process of Adapting to the Needs of Tourism
This paper seeks to discuss the changes in represented types of folklore
for tourist purposes. Primarily, the paper refers to the folk customs and songs.
When a custom develops into a tourist attraction, it draws in one way;
therefore, instead of celebrating it more days, it lasts rather shorter (e.g.
Galichka Svadba lasts but two days). The questions being imposed are: how this
situation influences the diversity of the folk songs; how many laments of the
custom need to be kept in order to preserve the authenticity of the custom, just
enough for the custom itself not to be fully or to a great extent modified etc.
The answers to these questions would be researched while comparing
the data we have in the customs of western Macedonia (particularly in Mijaci
people) and a focal point would be given to Galichka svadba in contrast to the
popular tourist attraction; Galichka svadba, which every Petrovden (the 12th of
July) is being traditionally celebrated in Galichnik, wherein we not only observe
the traditional wedding itself, but also other customs of Mijaci people.

3rd International Conference Ohrid Vodici, 2015, Macedonia

Session 5
Imazh Hajiyev Ph.D.
assistant professor (Baku, Azerbaijan)
Non-material heritage: the traditions are continued
Azerbaijan is one of the most ancient places in the world and here the
creation of handicraft samples with reflecting the material and spiritual culture
on them had perfected since the early periods. In generally, the handicraft
traditions are plying very important role in the development of our national
culture has passed from generation to generation along the thousands years and
perfected till the present-day and could rich to us.
The samples of material and spiritual culture the kerchief is the
composition of womens dress complex, the silk kerchief (kalaghayi) has
broaden among the people both in Azerbaijan and including, in a number of
near Western and Caucasian nations. Middle Age the silk kerchief producing in
Ganja, Basqal and etc. regions have imported to the foreign countries. In the
following periods Tabriz, Ganja, Shamakha, Shaki and Basqal has made more
quality silk kerchiefs samples. The border (selvage) of silk kerchief and
sometimes their panel decorated with stamping style. Elderly and aged women
had worn the silk kerchief as turban, but young girls and women wore it as a
scarf worn over their head. Usually the elderly women used from dark colors of
silk kerchief and the young women used from white and colored kerchiefs. The
silk kerchiefs had used by old and elderly women more.

3rd International Conference Ohrid Vodici, 2015, Macedonia

Sergey Tarasov Ph.D.


Head of the Department of Archaeology of the Medieval Period (Minsk,
Belorussia)
Ancient Belarusian Polotsk. Balkan trail
Polotsk - is the oldest city in Belarus, first mentioned in 862. It is
considered to be the place, where history of statehood and Christianity in
Belarus appeared. Based on the archaeological study of the city (provided as
well as by the author), written and ethnographic materials, the article reveals
direct cultural and religious connections of Polotsk in 10-13 cc. with the Balkan.
These connections were reflected in architecture, arts and lifestyle of Polotsk.

3rd International Conference Ohrid Vodici, 2015, Macedonia

Emilija Apostolova Chaloska M.A.


Institute of Folklore Marko Cepenkov (Skopje, Macedonia)
The Exonartex of the Church of Saint Sophia, Ohrid- Origin, Typology,
Influences
One of the most characteristic architectural features of the cathedral of
Saint Sophia in Ohrid is its exonarthex, added on the western side of the older,
original narthex in 1313/14. The exonarthex is often also referred to as the
Annex of Gregorius, named after its famous founder, the archbishop Gregorius I
(~1300-1320). The building is comprised of a porch on ground level and an
open gallery above, flanked by square, massive towers, which at roof level
develop into domed structures. The western faade of the exonarthex is
particularly representative: its proportion, arrangement of mass versus light,
decoration and plastic ornament have deservingly granted it the consideration of
many as one of the most beautiful and harmonic facades of the byzantine legacy
in general one of its true architectural master-pieces.
There is no immediate model for the exonarthex of Saint Sophia, which
characterizes it as a somewhat unique occurrence in byzantine sacral
architecture. However, examples exist, although in a moderate number, with
which it can be compared in relation to its proportion, design, volume,
construction technique or decoration. Precisely in that direction, the aim of this
paper is to refer to the possible origin of the exonarthex of St. Sophia in a
stylistical, historical and typological aspect as part of the artistic production of
the Byzantine empire of the Paleologian period (XIII-XIV century), as well as
to shed a light on possible indirect influences from other civilizations. Namely,
beside some monuments of the late byzantine architecture of Constantinople,
the exonarthex of St. Sophia has other parallels with monuments of the civil
architecture of the same geographical and historical context. The analogies of
this famous faade with examples from other, more distant locations are also
very interesting: on one hand Venice and the byzantine cultural influence in
western Europe, on the other the oriental Islamic influences which byzantine
architecture and decorative art had gradually assimilated from its historical
enemy.

3rd International Conference Ohrid Vodici, 2015, Macedonia

Alexey O Pronin Ph.D.


Laboratory of humanitarian studies, Novosibirsk State University (Novosibirsk,
Russia)
The Problem of Cultural Heritage Preservation and Presentation: The
Experiecne of Cooperation with Private Collectors (Interdisciplinary
Project Devoted to the Persian Art of Metalworking)
This is the interdisciplinary project which is totally based on Persian artifacts
from Russian private collections. The number of unique items of Eastern art has been
seriously increased between the years 2000 and 2014 in Russia in hands of private
owners.
The certain number of private collectors and antiques dealers is able to search
for such relics and purchase them. As a matter of fact, private actors usually have lack
of opportunities to research items of cultural heritage correctly.
This is the first point of common interests and possible cooperation between a
private collector / dealer and an academic or cultural institution: the correct research.
The second point of common interest is the opportunity of a public exhibition.
A collector / dealer, who is looking for a best way in advertisement or finding a
potential buyer (partner), can reach a great opportunity to present his collection in
exhibition halls of a state museum. A museum is able to provide the safety of unique
items of cultural heritage accordingly to all necessary rules and regulations.
The third and probably the most important point is that any scientific research
or publication or exhibition presentation of a cultural heritage item from a private
collection may also increase its final cost. This is the peculiarity of antic market and,
moreover, an attractive idea for a private owner of an artifact.
This exhibition presents following types of decorative arts and crafts:
1) Arms (including: a) daggers kard, peskabs; b) swords saif, talwar,
shamshir; c) sword hilts),
2) Decorative items (silver and bronze dishes, laquer painted boxes, sculptures,
etc.),
3) Miniature (paintings and caligraphy),
4) Textile (carpets, belts, material),
5) Gems (stone carved seals).
All these original items have been never published before or researched by
professional archaeologists. The cooperation with private owners of these artifacts
allowed us to make a complete research and present results and artifacts itself both to
the wide audience and specialists. In our report we are glad to present this unique
collection of Iran art and results of its research.
Keywords: metalworking, Iran, Persia, exhibition, arms, sources on history of
the Eurasia, decorative art, cultural heritage preservation.

3rd International Conference Ohrid Vodici, 2015, Macedonia

Sokol Mengjesi Ph.D.


Klodjan Skenderaj Ph.D.
Faculty of Law, University of Tirana (Tirana, Albania)
Protection of Cultural Heritage According to the Albanian Criminal
Legislation
Historic cities in all countries and Mediterranean regions are a unique
cultural heritage, which represents a precious treasure not only for those states
and nations but for all the humanity.
Because of influence of historic changes and activities of man, many of
these historic values undergo the corrosion and damages caused by people and
almost all of them need protection.
The experiences of humanity, developed and elaborated in centuries are
found here, hidden in what we call "cultural heritage".
It is impossible to solve al the nowadays problems and construct a solid
and stable future, if we do not have in hand correct, reliable and real data,
documents, facts and tracks from the past.
The destruction of an object from the past must be considered as a loss
of important knowledge.
The fact is we have to undertake great responsibilities and we have to
consider the cultural and natural heritage as a treasure and a very precious
resource of information. It is indispensable for us to learn how to read, to
interpreted, to conserve and to transmit it to the future generations.
Unfortunately, the transmission of cultural heritage to future
generations is insecure, because it is under the threatening of conflicts, theft,
smuggling and robbing.
Therefore, the defense and conservation of cultural heritage of
Mediterranean for future generations presumes the establishment of ethic
principles, based on normative and enforced instruments by collective
responsibility of Mediterranean actors.
The goal of this paperwork is to make evident some of nowaday
problems, to identify the measures that must be urgently taken, to make evident
the indispensability of inter regional cooperation in order to protect the cultural
heritage by taking real measures.
Keywords: cultural heritage, protection, smuggling, criminal act, theft,
destruction.

3rd International Conference Ohrid Vodici, 2015, Macedonia

Bobrov Leonid Ph.D.


Novosibirsk State University (Novosibirsk, Russia)
Borisenko Alisa Ph.D. candidate
Novosibirsk State University (Novosibirsk, Russia)
Khudjakov Yulij Ph.D.
Institute of archeology and ethnography of Siberian branch Russian Science Academy
(Novosibirsk, Russia)

The Prospects of using science and art and subject reconstructions


of soldiers of Nomadic peoples in the museum expositions and
educational process.
The war and weapon played an important role in the whole nomadic world of
Eurasia steppe in the Antiquity and Middle Ages. Developed military art
provided for safety of the main source of living and progress of Nomadic people.
It could direct armies and forces for the subjugation the neighboring countries of
settled and agricultural and also urban civilization.
During the formation of the military history in Russia military historians
repeatedly paid particular attention for the features of the military ancient
medieval Nomad peoples. In connection with the archeological investigation to
create scientific and art reconstruction scientists became to draw not only images
of ancient soldiers but the finds of weapon items from the excavations of the
relics of ancient and medieval Nomads.
New possibilities for the reconstructions of the offensive weaponry items and
individual metal soldier's protection has appeared in connection with the using of
modern methods of mathematical simulation and determining of effectiveness of
penetrating weapon and means of protection. On the basis of archeological finds
and images of soldiers the research workers of have made subject reconstruction of
weaponry complexes of Hunns, Syanby, the ancient Turks chjurchjens and oirats.
The restored means of protection were used as a visual aids in the archeological
class of the Novosibirsk University. Such reconstructions are used in the museum
expositions. The possibility for the studying functional characteristics of restored
items of offensive and protective weapon has appeared to attract specialists of
the aerodynamics, ballistics and mathematical simulation of proceses of shaking
and destroying of metal shock means and protective surface.
Accumulated experience of making subject reconstructions of details armour, items
of protective weapon by the model made to estimate an important functional role of
constructive particulars of military protective utterly and means of individual metal
protection. At present the interest to the history of our country and especially to
the military history of ancient and medieval peoples of Central Asia historical and
cultural region has grown among ordinary people and it has shown at the highest
state level.

3rd International Conference Ohrid Vodici, 2015, Macedonia

Kamila Mehdiyeva Ph.D.


Institute of Architecture and Art, Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences
(Baku, Azerbaijan)
Azerbaijan nomads and their carpet products
Nomadic terekeme tribes live in Azerbaijan territory more than 7 000
years. The highest point of cattle-breeding developed in period of Eneolithic
period and in period of bronze, its proved by results of archeological
excavations. The menhirs and cyclopic constructions, the pictures of sheep,
horse, camel on cave walls, the bones of domestic animals, other things, found
in caves prove that carpet-making was highly developed in that time also.
Azerbaijan is country of ancient carpet-making and terekeme were the first,
who created carpets here. Terekeme lived in transitional houses, led them to
the lawns, verdurous pastures feed the cattle by fresh grass. In such way
terekeme tribes provided their everyday life and different things used in
everyday life also were from the hair of that cattle.
The information about flocks, breeding in Azerbaijan territory is given
in letters by Strabon, Claudious, Elian. In ceramic zoomorphic things, made in
Albania (it was Azerbaijani state) the pictures of sheep, goats, cows confirm this
fact also. The breeds of sheep, such as Bozag, Karabakh, Garadolag,
Mazikh, Lazgi, Herik, Shirvan, Selpak and Kesme are spread in
Azerbaijan nowadays also.
Terekeme had mobile mode of life and lived in dwellings, made by
themselves. They used quite different things in their everyday life, such as
horse-clothes, boxes for beddings (mafrash), cases for spoons, saltsellars,
pilliows, foodstuffs, sacks for grits and grain (chuval, kharal), the sacks in
which shepperds kept their food (heyba) and many other things. All of them
were producted from sheep hair and dyed by means of paints, made of plants,
which grow up in mountains. Nowadays, the things of everyday life, made by
Azerbaijani terekeme are most popular exibite-items in famous museums all
over the world. These things are exhibited in Vashington Textile museum
most often. Many interesting exibite-items are kept and demonstrated in
Azerbaijan State museum of Azerbaijan Carpet and Applied art, which is
placed in seashore park of Baku.

3rd International Conference Ohrid Vodici, 2015, Macedonia

Session 6
Fariz Khalilli Ph.D.
Arzu Soltan
Gulshan Huseynov
MIRAS Social Organization in Support of Studying of Cultural Heritage
Igbal Mikayilov
Agsu region Executive Power, Azerbaijan
Clean Village-Protection of Ecological and Ethnographic Identity with
Participation of Local Communes and Sustainable Development
Protection of environment and natural resources in Azerbaijan Republic is
regulated with different legislation acts and international contracts. The laws of the
Republic of Azerbaijan on Ecological education and enlightement of population and
environmentally friendly agriculture have specific place.
The first law determines legal, economic and organizational basis of state
policy in ecological education and enlightement of population and regulates the
relations in this field. The second law regulates the relations over production, procession
and circulation of ecologically clean agricultural and foodstuff providing health and
safety of population, ground, plants, water and animals in Azerbaijani Republic.
The project Clean Village-Protection of Ecological and Ethnographic Identity
with Participation of Local Communes and Sustainable Development realized by
MIRAS Organization in March-August, 2014 serves the duties forwarded from these
laws. The project being funded by the Council on State Support to NGOs under the
auspices of the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan is directed to the support of
population in ecological education in villages and creation of ecologically friendly
agriculture.
The purpose of the project is to gain creation of urban environment attractive in
environmentally friendly and etnographical terms in examples of Chiyni, Ulguj and
Gagali villages of Agsu region, three different villages of various social, economic and
cultural level and their recognition as exemplary village.
After the experts evaluated the situation, educational trainings were held for
municipality employees, local communes of villages involved in the project due to their
proposals.
The project is very useful from the start of its realization. Thus, much work has
been done in the solution of water problem in Ulguj Village. Natural gas line was laid
up in Gagali Village. In Chiyni village the work on establishment of archaeological and
ethnographic center has been launched.

3rd International Conference Ohrid Vodici, 2015, Macedonia

Armanda Kodra Hysa Ph.D.


StudiesCenter of Albanian Studies, Institute of Cultural Anthropology and Art
(Tirana, Albania)
Bazaars as souvenir markets. The case of Bazaar of Kruje
Souvenirs are important artifacts for the sector of tourism, but also for
the nation building process. In this paper I will try to analyze the production and
sale of souvenirs in the bazaar of Kruja during communism and after as a
connection of both tourist sector and nation building process. I will try to show
how traditions are invented upside down and sold as authentic.

3rd International Conference Ohrid Vodici, 2015, Macedonia

Irina Gusach,
Azov History, Archaeology and Paleontology Museum-Reserve, (Azov, Russia)
The Creation of a 3-D Model of the Turkish Fortress Azak for Exhibition
of the Azov Museum-reserve
The Turkish Fort Azak was once located in the 15th 18th centuries on the site of the
present day city of Azov, Rostov region, South Russia. It was the northernmost fort of
the enormous Ottoman Empire. It was situated at the mouth of the Don River, where
the Don empties into the Azov Sea, and it allowed the Turks to control the exit of
military and merchant ships into the Black and Mediterranean Seas. At this time we
rely upon only a few preserved letters and graphic sources of the 16th 18th centuries,
by which we may remember the Turkish Fortress Azak. These are orders and messages
by the sultans from the archives of Turkey (at this time only 15 documents have been
translated into Russian), graphic figures of the fortress, showing the siege of Azov in
1696 (from the journal of I. G. Korb, who participated in the event, published in 1906),
a graphic depiction of Azak from the wharf side on an engraving by I. Nachtglass (end
of the 17th century) and a cheap drawing of part of the fort in miniature from a
handwritten book by P.N. Krekshin (end of 18th century). However, these sources are
extremely few and not informative enough in order to get a full representation of how
the fort really was, and how it looked. Therefore, the notes of a Turkish traveler of the
17th century, Evlia Chelebi, who was at Azak twice and left memoirs of his visit in his
Book of Travel (separate chapters of these notes are translated into Russian) (,
Mo, 1979), are of great significance for studying the history of the Turkish Fortress
Azak.
Namely the description of E. Chelebi, as well as the research of archaeologists, who
have been conducting the excavations since the 1960s on the territory of the former
Turkish Fortress Azak (the fortress was ruined in the 18th century), provides the basis
for the creation in 2012 by programmers of 3-D models of this fortress for exhibition in
the Azov Museum-reserve. The work on the creation of 3-D models was carried out on
highly scientific level together with historians, archaeologists and artists. As a result,
specialists were able for the first time to get an image of the Turkish Fortress Azak that
was near to the original. The 3-D model, which has been created by them and is being
reproduced with the help of 15 big monitors, is successfully recorded in the virtual part
of the exhibition of the Azov Museum, significantly enriching its visual impression.

3rd International Conference Ohrid Vodici, 2015, Macedonia

Lorena Manaj Sadiku Ph.D.


Aleksander Xhuvani University (Elbasan, Albania)
Rural tourism and local economic development
Tourism is one of the industries with great success worldwide. It has
already become the main form of economic development in many countries
across the globe. This article aims to present an overview of the history of the
development of rural tourism of Korcas surroundings. Nature with its diverse
forms and cultural heritage with its mosaic are generators of tourism. Through
experience and satisfaction derived from contact with nature, art, culture and
heritage (material and spiritual) of the host countries tourism is becoming a
natural generating mechanism of exchange of cultures and the relationships
between people of all ages, beliefs and races, So much more attractive than
mechanical forms of global trade and economic development. Tourist markets
are becoming increasingly competitive with the implementation of diverse types
and forms of tourist movement. Already its traditional forms are being replaced
by new forms, giving a worldwide coverage and uncritical warmer regions
coastal resort and economically developed countries. Albania has a great
potential for the development of all forms of tourism and, together with a better
promotion, investment plans and human resources to achieve, tourists will learn
the unspoken pleasant truth for our country. Tourism can have proper weight in
the economy making a balanced growth of all sectors of the economy.
Tourism product in Korca Region has a variety of products based on its
history, culture and traditions, villages, lakes and its mountains. Villages of
Korca region are very famous. Villages constitute the majority of the region's
tourist assets. They are scattered throughout the region.
Most of the villages are situated near the city of Korca, as Boboshtica,
Voskopoja, Dardha, Vithkuq. Besides mountain climate, with dense pine forests
of fir trees, and the presence of an impressive landscape, tourists can find part of
the history and heritage of the Albanian people ranging from the period of
Byzantine rule.

3rd International Conference Ohrid Vodici, 2015, Macedonia

Nazmin Jafarova Ph.D.


National Museum of Azerbaijani Literature Nizami Ganjavi, (Baku,
Azerbaijan)
Cultural Toursim as na Important Component of Economic Development
of the State
Each city is famous for its tourist attractions. An important component
of there are museums that turn into quite a successful commercial enterprise,
living by the laws of the market economy and assesses the effectiveness of its
activities based on economic indicators. This, in turn, allows museums closely
introduced into everyday city life, to participate in the implementation of many
important projects for the city, to make the feasible contribution to the
development of urban infrastructure. At the same time, to carry out one of its
main functions function of education: information public about the cultural
heritage, achievements, literature, art and science.
However, in Azerbaijan, this problem remains unsolved. With such a
wide range of museums of different profiles could be achieved more interest to
them. This and the installation of billboards with addresses, with profiles of
buildings, photographs of some museum exhibits, distribution of guide books
with addresses and telephone numbers of museums and other cultural
institutions, use of museums' logos on various food stamps, household items,
school supplies, etc.
In addition, of course, in the age of information and computer
technologies do not use the Internet would be unforgivable. Sites of the
museums of republic is, in our view, just at unacceptable levels.
Today, cultural tourism, integral part of which are museums the second on the
yield and the first in terms of investment sector of the economy of the leading
countries of the world.
Museums are an important component of urban infrastructure, designed
to promote public awareness of tangible and intangible cultural heritage of the
country. Only competent implementation of the rules of museum management
and marketing will lead to the fact that the museum network will take its place
in the urban infrastructure.

3rd International Conference Ohrid Vodici, 2015, Macedonia

Arbr Shahu
assistant attorney, (Tirana, Albania)
Cultural Heritage, Local Economy and the Law
Cultural heritage is something that we all care about.We all want to be
connected to our ancestor and preserve the amazing cultural heritage that they
ingerited to us.On the other hand,the local economy is as much important but in
another context.If you ever wonder what connects the cultural heritage,the local
economy and the law,than this paper reveals the answer.
How law can help to preserve cultural heritage ? Should it be the same
as the other fields that are regulated by law? Which is the importance of law in
cultural heritage? How does cultural heritage affect local economy? These
question I tried to answer in this paper with examples,case-law and suggestions
about lawmaking tecnics.

3rd International Conference Ohrid Vodici, 2015, Macedonia

Etjen Agushi M.Sc.


Social worker at the District Court (Elbasan, Albania)
Causes and Consequences of Divorce in Albanian society
The phenomenon of divorce has become one of the most controversial
topics recently in the social sciences and especially in the science of psychology
and sociology. Divorce means the end of marriage, the suspension of duties and
legal responsibilities that serives from marriage.Legally,it is a right of the
husband and the wife, but in itself it is a social problem, which carries its
consequences. Divorce is a wider issue, which deserves deeper attention and
today this phenomenon is increasing due to many different factors.
Regarding divorce,the albanian press in the 30s of XX century,were
writen these phrases: divorce is something against nature, because marriage is
the law of nature; divorce is not progress, but a vice source; Divorce is an
assassination against nation; law is divine,law prohibits divorce etc.
These statements reflect the mentality of Albanian society of that time
regarding divorce. Shall we see divorce, this complex phenomenon, only with
"glasses" of dark prejudices? Do you know people who are divorced, but they
have played a very important role in the development of art, culture, national
issue? How is interpreted this phenomenon with multidimensional implications
in contemporary society? etc.
Nowadays,in an emancipated society, divorce is seen in all new
perspectives. Its concept vary depending on the new social, economical, cultural
conditions etc. This paper aims to surface in one side the causes that promote
divorce in Albanian context and on the other side its consequences not only for
family members but also throughout society. Dispite the fact that divorce is a
phenomenon quite discussed, studying new approaches are needed again and
new analyzes that lead to concrete results, in order to minimize it not just as a
phenomenon, but in terms of the consequences that it can cause to people
affected from it. At the end, moral,social and spiritual consolidation of a society
reinforce its basic core strengthening,the family.
Key words: divorce, social problems, causes, consequences, social
worker.

3rd International Conference Ohrid Vodici, 2015, Macedonia

Session 7
Msc. Klodjana Kuqi
Msc. Iva Cungu
Prof.as. dr. Meleq Shopi
UniversitetiA.Xhuvani,Elbasan
Elements of the spoken ethnography in Spanish
The language of a nation is closely connected with the caracter of its
own people. This is what happens with spanish to wich , as any other language
of the world and acording to the cultural anthrapology,modern,nation and its
own language inseparable. In the aspect of analysing of language and axatly in
its closest borders of this speech,we are going to present a part of this field,that
of ethnographic elements that are connected with greetings and wishes ,that now
,have been a little explorated about spanish language.
Through a sociolinguistic comparison of two languages , spanish and
albanian , are going to be detected diffrenses and common things in this field.
These are connected with the cultural history ,conditions and the social
environment of every nation and belongig unity. So,this article will be not only
an appendix of those studies that are related with this field , but a value for the
researchers , writers and albanologists.
Key words: albanian language, spanish , greetings , wishes ,
ethnography of speaking , differences , appointments.

3rd International Conference Ohrid Vodici, 2015, Macedonia

Zilieta Dimova
Marija Ivanovska
Vlatko Dimitrovski
Milena Dimitroska
FON University (Skopje, Macedonia)
Education important part in the fight against the modern criminal
Technology and science are continuously improving and this
improvement is also abused by the delinquents to realize their criminal purposes
and to flow into the dark figure of crime. So, the fight against security risks and
threats in a society is lead by the security services. Their main goal is to have a
quick response and to find the reasons, to be able to prevent the negative
consequences as result from the crime.
Education is very important in all walks of life and one of them is the
fight against the criminal. Without soundly knowledge of criminology like a
science and its three subsystems, we cant talk about fighting against some kind
of crime, in particular the fight against the modern crime such as terrorism and
organized crime. Today we are witness that safety like sphere includes many
incompetent people who dont have a basic knowledge of the field of
criminology. The authorities think for police officers only one year of training is
sufficient to deal with security risks and threats, but is it true?
In this labor we will try to show how the education is very important
factor in operations of the security services. Day by day, modern crime is more
complicated. In that situation people who work in a security service must have
criminal education in order to be one step ahead of delinquents and they always
must be prepared to answer. Also in this labor we will present our explore for
functionality of security system and the importance of the education in fight
against modern crime.

3rd International Conference Ohrid Vodici, 2015, Macedonia

Aurela Basha Ph.D.


Abdula Ballhysa Ph.D.
Faculty of Human Sciences, University Aleksander Xhuvani(Elbasan,
Albania)
For a Democratic Linguistic Education
It is necessary to clarify once again the vast army of people who deal
with democratic and civil education issues, the development of linguistic
abilities has a paramount importance in the educational and political terms.
By the way how are linguistically formed (formation of language skills
in general and communication in particular) the members of a society, depends
not only the presentation of their ideas and opinions, but the formation and
conception of the society where they belong, too.
In this paper we will present in depth a part of a study on the language
of nowdays politicians, about the characteristics and features of their discourse,
in our opinion there are expression of an earlier formation, which have their
origin in the earlier years of childhood and concrete work that schools have
done and continue to do in all cycles of education.
In that paper will be used quantitative research methods, ranging from
the analysis of synthethic in comparison to create a suitable environment for the
scientific debate on the various opinions on this process.
In this paper it is mentioned our experience as teachers of language and
linguistic lecturer, too.
The expected outcome is not only the discovery of the causes for the
lack that are appeared in language training, but also the attempt to give opinions
about the techniques to improve the situation in the pre-university and
university education.
Key words: democratic education, language education, language
suppression, democratic communication.

3rd International Conference Ohrid Vodici, 2015, Macedonia

Entela Kazazi ( Shingjergji), Ph.D. Candidate


Faculty of Human Sciences University Aleksander Xhuvani(Elbasan,
Albania)
Contribution and legacy of the Elbasan linguists in the field of education
Elbasan, is called by researchers from various fields "Hearth education
and the Albanian national culture". This article aims to present an overview of
the history of the development of education in the Elbasan city these last 100
years, as well as the valuable contribution of the Elbasan linguists in efforts to
reform national education in extremely difficult conditions. Albanian school
history in general and in Elbasan in particular, can not be divided separately
from the war of the Albanian people for freedom and independence. Precisely,
because of this specific, every effort in the field of education marks a milestone
in educational and cultural heritage of the Elbasan city. The article aims to bring
to the auditor heritage over 100 years from the opening of "Normal School"
(1909), the first national Albanian high school, or Pedagogical school ", which
served to prepare the first teachers , until today. A considerable place will have
in this article language teaching and cultural heritage that Elbasani linguists left
behind younger generations. This legacy is more important and beneficial, not
only to the Elbasan education, but also for it nationwide.

3rd International Conference Ohrid Vodici, 2015, Macedonia

Leodina Lumi
Faculty of Human Sciences University Aleksander Xhuvani (Elbasan,
Albania)
Particularities of Albanian Atroponyms According to a Diacronic and
Syncronic Study
In this article 3311 antroponyms talk to us about the particularities,
differences in taste, the tradition and the linguistic tendency of the Albanian
rural and urban environments. All particularities of the onomastic lexicon are
linked to the particularities of the concrete language on one hand, and with the
specifications of the local life, the culture, the nature, the climate, and with the
contacts on the other hand. The fund of personal names is part of ones
populations culture and as such, it deserves to be studied, classified, interpreted
and analysed as in this study, in a diachronic and synchronic plane. Based on
the period of time from 1965 2014 we will notice that the Albanian
antroponymy is on a transitional stage which deals very little with the relates to
religion of the individuals or their nationality It reflects a rapidly changing
mentality which leaves its mark in the Albanian history and culture. Based on
this work, the limits of this class of the language lexicon result to be quite
elastic and flexible. The phenomena of this flexibility has been studied in a
comparative plan between the previous situation and the actual one, noticing its
development. Carriers of different religious beliefs (catholic,orthodox,muslims)
from 1 75 years old, with their own names, in towns and countries, have made
us reflect on the innovations which come from their comparison in the
antroponyms class. We have meant go give life to the group of antroponyms
udes in this work, to show how we live, how messages from the past and our
ancestors are brought to us. Their own study leads us somewhere remote
Key words: antroponyms, onomastics, lexicon, language, culture,
history.

3rd International Conference Ohrid Vodici, 2015, Macedonia

Migena Shyti Kapllani, Ph.D. candidate in Linguistics


Albanian Research Center -QSA, (Tirana, Albania)
Impersonal verbs in the Albanian Language
The grammar of verb and the theory of valences represent a special
interest, especially when the language is learned as a foreign one. This is
available in verbs that do not get a subject, which are not few as considered in
this work. Acknowledging them, there is the opportunity to construct correct
structures of sentences with impersonal verbs which dont get a subject, but not
necessarily being zero valenced. The so called impersonal verbs are those verbs
which appear to be zero valenced, valenced, but do not get a subject. There are
more than thought (through a general traditional observation) verbs which do
not require a subject which exist in sentence structures, even though the subject
is not present. The examples taken from the the Albanian language dictionary
with the respective sentence models explain better this thesis. To such a group
we add the passive usage with a general meaning for the non transitive
inergative verbs (further considered in the work). To distinguish ergative verbs
from the in ergatives in the class of non transitive verbs we are based on the
theory/tests developed in the works of Hans Petter Helland and David Dowty.
Especially this last one with his well known theory of proto roles is more
convenient and useful for our language. Thus the non transitive verbs, which
contain as a semantic component agent, are inergative verbs that can appear in
passive voice in their general meaning, not requiring a subject (work-workedthey work a lot here).

3rd International Conference Ohrid Vodici, 2015, Macedonia

Monika Hoshafi (Hasani) Ph.D.


Ministry of Education and Sport (Tirana, Albania)
Linguistic traits of the lyric poetry of the region of Chamria
The folk lyric poetry of Chameria is characterized by a broad range of
themes, reflecting the open spiritual world of its people. The structure of the
Cham folk poetry is permeated by several general features of the folk lyric
poetry such as: the briefness, the density and the beauty of the expression,
personal colouring tones, the reflection of momentary spiritual status, etc. The
poetical spirit of the Cham people has given birth to hundreds of creations,
which are revealed as true artworks, which is also provided for thanks to the
flawless language realization. The poetry often makes use of figurative
language. The main literary figures are metaphor and comparison. At the
phoneme level, the poetry is full of alliteration, at the lexical level, there are
wonderful composites to catch the eye, whereas at syntactic level there is often
re-taking and resuming that produce variety and diversity effects.

3rd International Conference Ohrid Vodici, 2015, Macedonia

Meleq Shopi Ph.D.


Kristo Koli M.A.
Denis Himi M.Sc.
Faculty of Human Sciences University Aleksander Xhuvani (Elbasan,
Albania)
The beautiful Albanian language in the todays Arbresh poetry
(bilingualism and biculturalism)
The Europeanization and the globalization of the culture is heavily
reflected in language too, the written and speech styles, in the behavior
ethnography and in the new communication ethnography, so, in the spoken and
in the written language. The thorough knowledge and study of the Albanian
language of the arbresh of Italy, is important to understand its scientific values
detached earlier from the native trunk and the impact that it has suffered for five
centuries from the Italian language, as well or the current streams developments.
This article, precisely, has as main objective the analysis of "The language of
the heart " and "The language of the bread ", as it affirms the academic, prof.
Gj.Shkurtaj, in today sociolinguistic studies and conservation the Albanian
language value, in terms of bilingualism and biculturalism in these areas. As
such it will be of interest to all those researcher who deal with this area and for
many others in recognition of this literature.
Keywords: poetry, Albanian language, communication, bilingualism,
biculturalism.

3rd International Conference Ohrid Vodici, 2015, Macedonia

Session 8
Gafar Jabiyev Ph.D.
Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences (Baku, Azerbaijan)
The role of television in protection and promotion of Historical-cultural
heritage in Azerbaijan
The history of very first settlements of mankind in the territory of
Azerbaijan counts more than 2 million years. There are very many of cave
camps, ancient castles, settlements, necropolises and memorial monuments
which immortalize all stages of this 2 million year history. These monuments
have already been investigating nearly 100 years.
Azerbaijani people have also created very rich spiritual legacy during its
history. This includes rich folklore samples, wonderful music heritage, ancient
games and other numerous habits and traditions, which are raising endless
interest till now. The famous poets and scientists lived in Middle Ages like
Nizami, Fuzuli, Nasireddin Tusi, prominent state and public figures brought up
by Azerbaijani people like Javanshir, Gara Yousif, Uzun Hasan, King Khatai,
Rasulzade, Haydar Aliyev, favorite musicians like Uzeyir Hajibeyov, Gara
Garayev, Fikret Amirov, Niyazi, Arif Melikov, Bulbul, Rashid Behbudov, Alim
Gasumov played occasional role in enrichment of not only Azerbaijani culture,
but also World culture too.
There are more than 40 television and radio channels in Azerbaijan
today. Naturally, they play special role in protection and promotion of national
cultural heritage. The vast majority of the programs and projects, contests and
festivals, documentaries and films produced by Azerbaijan television are
directly serving in protection and promotion of cultural heritage. One of the
positive cases is that, Azerbaijani Government also supports these efforts.
Allocation by the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan of approximately 14
million USD to nation-wide channels for producing of national series is visual
proof of above-mentioned support.

3rd International Conference Ohrid Vodici, 2015, Macedonia

Misho Netkov Ph.D.


EFTA University (Skopje, Macedonia)
Involvement of media education in the education system
The end of the last and especially the beginning of this century brought
a completely new twist in the information and communication technologies, and
thus changes in the development of communications and the impact of mass
media.Although in the meantime from former ordinary observers we have
become somewhat participants, even in some cases creators of the media
reality, still the mass media like never before have reshaped our consciousness
and views of the world and the environment, leading us, in a world designed for
different needs, a world in which it is very difficult to understand grammar
media without prior media education. So the efford turns exactly to the need of
necessary introduction of the subject media education and media literacy, in
order to create a new critical media culture that will allow better and more
realistic understanding of the media in all their complexity.
Keywords: Media, media culture, media education, mass media

3rd International Conference Ohrid Vodici, 2015, Macedonia

Kamil Lipinski Ph.D.


Adam Mickiewicz University (Poznan, Poland)
In search for new image from the 70s till the post-medium era in
Hungary
The main aim of my article is to show how the field of Hungarian
experimental film was initiated by Gabor Bodys Language of Film series at the
Bela Belazs, and the activities of the K3 Group came into contact with the
visual arts; numerous artists (such as Donath, Haraszty, Tot, in addition to the
aforementioned) received the opportunity to make films. This underground
true to the spirit of the times aspired to interdisciplinary openness, and
wanted to expose the artistic avant-garde to the latest achievements of semiotics,
communications theory, psychology, sociology and the natural sciences. From
this point this impact of visual neo-avant garde of the 70s has developed into
various directions that spans new image of the 80s as a post-conceptual
solution and an answer to rampant capitalism in the 90s until post-medium
transformations of contemporary visual conceptualizations.

3rd International Conference Ohrid Vodici, 2015, Macedonia

Kreshnik Bajraktari
Isuf Koci
Kosovo
Represention of Cultural Heritage in Media in Kosova
Cultural Heritage as a new concept in Kosovar society emerges in postwar period, following prior mainly historical conflicting ethnic discourses
which it not only replaced, but aims to reconcile and cover up under its official
umbrella. Cultural Heritage as the concept has been forwarded into Kosovar
society by the international party (structured on administrative and military
components) that basically not only supervised and guided, but also directed
state-building processes on behalf of its subjects. By doing so, it came up with
new concepts and discourses constructed in different fields of political, social
and cultural life. One of the elements of this new social education mindset is the
concept of cultural heritage which served its purpose trying to reconcile and
leave out historical divisions of the past, thus developing new regimes of truth,
framing and meaning.
Qualitative methodology enables pursuing construction of the discourse
around the concept of cultural heritage. This will be accomplished by taking
into consideration two major media categories for the study; the local
newspapers and the international presence media publications that were or still
are active in Kosova.
International structures during the process of Cultural Heritage
development as a new concept used same historical references (features) to
reconstruct it into a different light. A relevant aspect is official position of
International administration represented by UNMIK (UN Civilian
Administration) and KFOR (NATO military presence) primarily, which was
followed by Kosova administration in serving and developing Cultural Heritage
as a new concept, presented to reconcile warring sides.
The concept of Cultural Heritage emerges in media and makes it to
the pages of newspapers and television, presented in these very terms to the
public audiences. Kosovar media presented cultural heritage as given concept
without elaborating or further desiminating it. While international
administration had precise ideas and objectives for constructing Cultural
Heritage concept, using the Top-Down model of media communication in
agenda setting with phrases as standards, decentralization, and
multiethnic which have dominated the vocabulary in media messages in
Kosova.

3rd International Conference Ohrid Vodici, 2015, Macedonia

Ljubica Topuzoska Temelkovska Ph.D.


primary school Vlado Tasevski (Skopje, Macedonia)
Elena Petreska, Ph.D.
International Centre for Migration Policy Development (Skopje, Macedonia)
The impact of social media on learning, communication and ethical
behavior on youth: Case study of Macedonia
Online social websites have achieved a phenomenal global growth over
the last decade, attracting attention by millions of people worldwide. Using
social media web sites, such as Facebook and Twitter is among the most
common activity of today's children and adolescents. Such sites have grown
exponentially and offer today's youth a gateway for entertainment and
communication. Researchers have explored the consequences of such overuse,
defining the positive and the negative impacts of the social media usage.
However, there is limited research about the direct impact of these new trends
on the daily activities of the young people, such as learning, mutual
communication as well as their ethical behavior. This paper, throughout
research among more than 300 scholars aging from 9 to 14 years would provide
an insight of the social networking influence on the behavior and the lifestyle of
the youngsters in Macedonia. The findings show that the majority of the
Macedonian youngsters use social media on a large scale, mainly for
communication purposes. Beside the positive effects, like faster and easier
communication, the results of the research show that there are several negative
impacts. Namely, many young people place too much emphasis on the virtual
interaction and ignore the real world, which leads to introversions and
influences on their learning process. Moreover, the findings show that most of
the young people are not aware that the social media usage can diminish their
privacy and thus make them vulnerable to various negative virtual impacts. The
results show that habitual social media use is the single biggest predictor of
individual victimization in such influence. Thus, this paper suggests that
frequent social media use among young people shall be monitored by the
parents and the teachers in order to avoid negative impacts like cyber bullying,
social media depression and exposure to inappropriate content.

3rd International Conference Ohrid Vodici, 2015, Macedonia

Liljana Simjanovska, Ph.D. of medical sciences


Skopje, Macedonia
Collective memory - the information field which unites us
The biggest mistake of man is that he still does not notice or does not
identify the emptiness which is not emptiness at all. It is actually the medium
which is uniting everything on our planet earth. So, although we are surrounded
with air consisting of essential elements which also contribute to the formation
of the information field that we use by means of our computers, radio or TV
receivers, without using our most sophisticates receiver - our brain - which has
natural capacity to read the contents written in the universal library wherein we
daily reside. I think that time has come for the man to recognize his own
capacities that with conscious and united actions the man can manage his own
as well as collective life on earth. This recognition is important both from
scientific point of view and from the aspect of each ones taking responsibility
for his deeds.
I will in brief try to explain what I consider as collective consciousness,
how it functions on a biological level and why the united actions are very
important for creation of life on earth.
The secret is hidden in the connection between the spiritual and the
physical, in the connection between the air and the body in the process of
breathing. My hypothesis assumes that there is an information field in the air
where all the information from the beginning of life on earth is written.
Nitrogen contributes with 78% to the atmosphere. This elements molecules are
chemically very inactive, inert and presents a very good basis for strong
information. On the other hand, man is the only living being on this planet
capable of controlling his own breathing. During the breathing process he is not
only taking energy from the oxygen in the air, but he is also able to read and to
store/record information through the nitrogen molecule. In this way he is able to
create his own life, i.e. his own universe, consciously or unconsciously. United
with other people in smaller or larger groups having the same goal, he can
imprint information in the collective information field. This information is
important as it affects the direction of the events in certain regions and they
contribute to the effects on a global level. That is why man can achieve a lot
when he gets united with other people in a network having a collective target.
Key words: collective memory, breathing, air, nitrogen

3rd International Conference Ohrid Vodici, 2015, Macedonia

Ljubomir Gajdov
Lecturer, Corporate Governance, Iustinianus Primus Law Faculty, Skopje,
Republic of Macedonia
Public-private partnership and innovativeness in cultural heritage & ecotourism protection, decisive elements of competitiveness, sustainability and
promotion of local development. Ohrid case
The tourism has proved to be a gold mine in many developing
countries. In just a few years, the number of tourists has tripled and revenue
from this area have increased in only sixteen years, over eight times! It is high
time thus Republic of Macedonia to learn from these successful stories if not
from our own failures!
The brand campaign "Macedonia Timeless" is said to be very good one
for global promotion of the country! But not enough!? Since, not clear vision
and strategies & good practices and the newest shaky experiments with
attractive beeches, for example, in Ohrid region might be fatal. Not only the
threat of losing the privilege of being on the UNESCOs World Cultural and
Natural Heritage List! But also for the very existence of eco-diversity and eco
balance of the Ohrid Lake, one of two oldest European ones! Not to mention
debacle of urban and architecture development!
The great opportunities to be fully realized paradigm shift in national
and local government therefore is urgently needed! Or plainly said, the change
of thinking and social attitude as well as creation of new vision, bold strategy,
synergy and accountability of public-private partnership. Since the regional
competition does not sleep or wait! Leadership, concentration, and motivation
might be the three secrets of awakening of the rare human and other resources in
RM, unfortunately dissipated for long!
Organizational re-structuring might also be needed: the Tourism &
Hospitality Sector of the Ministry for Economy and the Agency for Promotion
and Support of Tourism in Macedonia to be added to Ministry of Culture. Since
the best match are anyway the Culture and Tourism, History and Nature with
Humans in between!

3rd International Conference Ohrid Vodici, 2015, Macedonia

Rubin Zemon Ph.D.


Institute of Socio-cultural Anthropology of Macedonia (Skopje, Macedonia)
Multicultural heritage and intercultural communication in Macedonia
Managing of ethnic, religious, race, linguistic and other diversity in
plural/multicultural societies is one of the main challenges of contemporary
world. As Will Kymlicka says, problem is not that different nation-states with
liberal-democratic social system have different approaches to the issue of
managing of ethno-cultural heterogeneity, but in social, political and other
scientific theories, where a realm of ethno-cultural relations was neglected, until
the middle of 80s years of XX century, when few political philosophers started
to deal with issue of managing of cultural and ethnic diversity. One of reasons
for such late interest of scholars and politicians in ethno-cultural diversity we
may find on their occupation with so-called myth of ethno-cultural neutrality!
This myth and so-call majorisation of numerically small communities, as well
as processes of industrialization, urbanization and globalization brought to the
phenomenon of disappearing of a big number of cultural heritage values.
As one king of reaction against these processes and phenomenon, civil
society organizations especially those dealing with protection of identity and
cultural heritage of numerically smaller communities, are making a lot struggles
and activities to keep on life some patterns and markers of their collective
identity, with or without support of state or local authorities. But in a time of
informatics society, global village and luck of intercultural
communications, numerically smaller communities are losing a breath on
protection and presentation of their cultural heritage values.
In last opinion for Macedonia of the Advisory Committee of the
Framework Convection for Protection on National Minorities by the Council of
Europe, the issues of strengthening the tolerance and inter-cultural dialog are
identified and recommended for immediate action.
In this paper I will try to describe and analyze the context of protection
and presentation of multi-cultural heritage and exiting/non-existing of
intercultural communication in Macedonia, and will try to give my contribution
on strengthening the mutual understanding through the protection on
multicultural heritage and promotion of common values.