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DCT : used to convert digital data into analog waveforms for decoding audio and video

MIMO is used. Devices have multiple connections to a single cell,

which increases stability of connection

reduces latency tremendously
increases total throughput of a connection
Works better the further apart individual carrier antennae are. On smaller phones, noise caused
by antennae being so closed to each other will cause LTE performance to drop

LTE : shift from hybrid voice and data networks to only data n/w

made to work on 700 MHz

4th generation of cellular data. It work by means of an IP n/w unlike GSM,CDMA which work by
means of Radio Waves
Uses more radio waves to allow more data to be transferred over same Bandwidth used by 3G
Packet switched n/w
Voice calls on LTE n/w are converted into small chunks of data, which eliminates the need for
separate voice circuits. Uses VoIP technology
Made for existing mobile and broadband deployments
Uses MIMO technology. Base station need additional transmitting and receiving antenna
SON (self-organizing n/w) : allows it to flexibly allocate capacity to parts of cellular n/w
Handover to WiFi
LTE n/w uses eNodeB (LTE base station), MME (mobile management entity), HSS (home
subscriber server), SGW (serving gateway), PGW (packet data n/w gateway)
Easily deployable n/w technology
Offering high speeds and low latencies over long distances
Can support up to 200 active data clients (smartphones, tablets, usb modems, mobile hotspots)
at full speed for every 5 MHz of spectrum allocated per cell
Incompatible with devices using either GSM or CDMA networks and requires LTE-specified
cellular phones for usage
Comes in 2 flavours
FDD uses separate frequencies for downlink and uplink
TDD uses one single range of frequencies
How LTE works
Uses 2 different types of air interfaces which lead to better optimized n/w and better battery
For downlink it uses OFDMA and TDMA

For uplink DFTS-OFDMA to generate a SC-FDMA signal. SC-FDMA has better peak to avg power
ratio compared to OFDMA. For every antennae on transmitting device there is 2 antennae on
base station for receiving
VoLGA voice over LTE by Generic Access
To expand LTE technology so it can support voice and SMS using existing n/w

WiMax : worldwide interoperability for microwave access


Made to work on 2.3 GHz and 3.5 GHz

Based on wireless 802.16 air interface standard
Delivers a point-to-multipoint architecture
Service range of 50 km
Doesnt require a direct LOS b/w source and endpoint
Provide a share data rate up to 70 Mbps
High speed broadband internet access over a wireless connection
Can be used over relatively long distances
Used to create wireless HOTSPOTS in airports, college campuses and small communities
Advantage over WiFi : Greater range and more BW-efficient
As opposed to ISP which divides BW among customers via wire, it uses a microwave link to
establish a connection
It is easier to setup
Is made to work with new deployments
Used to provide at-home internet connections