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ACI 318/350 P-M Interaction Diagram

US Customary Units
Job Name
Job #

Subject
Orig

Chk:

Purpose:
This calculation evaluates concrete members carrying both flexure and axial load using thrust-moment,
or P-M, interaction diagrams generated per ACI 318 and ACI 350. Standard axial/flexural provisions, Ch 10,
are considered. ACI 350 durability factor is used to factor down the flexural and axial capacities instead
of factoring up the factored loads. The end result is an "inner curve" that governs for ACI 350 capacity in the
tension-controlled and transition zones.
Assumptions/Limitations:
- Only rectangular sections are supported
- Ties are provided for confinement (not spirals)
Validation:
-XLC formulae and peer review provide verification of intended functionality.
-Cross-check against software solution (SP Column)
References:
-ACI 318-11
-ACI 350-06
Figure (for illustrative purposes only):

h/2
di

si

Asi

(+)
b
Section and Material Properties:
Section Width
Section Depth
Reinforcing Yield Strength
Reinforcing Young's Modulus

b=
h=
fy =
Es =

36 in
36 in
60 ksi
29000 ksi

Concrete Compressive Strength

f'c =

4 ksi

f'c =

Concrete Young's Modulus

4000 psi
Ec = 3604996.53 psi
Ec =
3,605 ksi
1 =

Pnmax
Durability Parameters (ACI 350 only):
Allowable Steel Stress
Ratio of factored to services loads
Reinforcing:
Uniform All-Around
Total Number of Bars

Pnmax =

0.85
3843.8912 kips

fs =

24,000 psi

fs =

24 ksi

1.60
Uniform

Nuni =

16 bars

Bar Size
Bar Diameter

Db =

Bar Area

Ab =

Clear Cover

Cc =

Cover Measured To
Tie Size
Tie Diameter

Transverse bars
#4
Dt =
0.50 in

Longitudinal Bar X Spacing


Longitudinal Bar Y Spacing
Sides Different
Cover Measured to
Tie Size
Tie Diameter
Top Face
# of Bars
Bar Size
Clear Cover
Longitudinal Bar Spacing
Bottom Face
# of Bars
Bar Size
Clear Cover
Longitudinal Bar Spacing
Left Face
# of Bars
Bar Size
Clear Cover
Longitudinal Bar Spacing
Right Face
# of Bars

= 57000(f'c )

#6
0.75 in
0.44 in2
1.50 in

7.81 in
7.81 in
Longitudinal
#4
0.50
2
#18
12.00 in
29.74 in
2
#18
12.00 in
29.74 in
2
#9
2.00 in
10.87 in
2

= 0.8(0.85f'c[bh - {eg2:fd2}] + fy

Bar Size
Clear Cover
Longitudinal Bar Spacing
Manual Reinforcing Entry

#9
2.00 in
10.87 in

Bar

As

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
Loads:
Factored Loads
Pu (kips)

Mu (kip-ft)

100
500

100
100

P-M Interaction Diagram:

318 Factored Capacity


Mn
Check
649
1109

OK
OK

350 Factored Capacity


Mn/Sd
Check
498
923

OK
OK

3,500

3,000

2,500

2,000

1,500

1,000

500

0
-2,000

-1,500

-1,000

-500

500

-500

-1,000
PM ACI-350

PM ACI-318

FACTORED LOADS

1,000

Version 2.1
Legend
Input Cell
Calculation Cell
Annotation Cell

C
Mn
Pn

Fi

Forces (+)

1c

5f'c[bh - {eg2:fd2}] + fy [eg2:fd2])

20

15

10

0
-20

-15

-10

-5

0
-5

-10

-15

-20

20

15

10

0
-20

-15

-10

-5

0
-5

-10

-15

-20

ORED LOADS

20

15

10

0
-20

-15

-10

-5

0
-5

-10
1,000

1,500

2,000

-15

-20

10

15

20

10

15

20

10

15

20