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Xrm1integrationwithquickbooks

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AutomaticAntennaTunerANT09
OnceIgotabrandtransceiverICOMwasaquestionontheharmonizationofitwithitsasymmetricaldipolewhoseVSWRband
receivingfrom1.5to3.0.Tocollectandusethemanualantennatunerinanageoframpantcomputerization

decidednot

advisable,aswellasatthetransceiverhasaconnectorforautomaticantennatunerAH4,itwasdecidedtoconstructitautomatictuner.
Immediatelywantedtobeabletocontrolthetunerusingacomputer.AfterseeingseveraldesignsfoundontheInternetandnotfinding
anythingsuitableforyourselfstarteddevelopingtunerowndesign.Asaresult,turnedoutprettysimpledesignwithgreatfunctionality
(throughtheuseofacomputer).
Thetunerhasasingleendedinputandoutputandallowsyoutocoordinateawiderangeofloadimpedancesinbothautomaticand
manualmodes.Forexample,myantenna(unbalanced4band(80,40,20,10M)dipole)tunerautomaticallynegotiatesonallHFbands
withSWRbetterthan1.3(160MforVSWR1.8).Inmanualmode,thetunercanbeconfiguredwithanSWRof1.0.Themaximumtimethe
tunerisintheautomaticmodeisnotmorethan8seconds.Themaximuminputpowerof100W,butcanbeincreasedbyapplyingahigherqualitycomponents.Inputimpedance
tuner(fromthetransceiver)50ohms.ThecontrolsystemissimilartothetunertunerAH4andothers.transceiverICOM.Thistunercanalsobeusedwithothercompaniesand
transceiverswithhomemadetransceivers.Thetunerdoesnothaveanycontrols,allcontroliscarriedoutusingacomputerandaspeciallywrittenprogramme.However,the
presenceofacomputerisnotnecessarysincethedefaultantennatunerworksonlyinautomaticmode.Thetunerispowered13.8directlyfromthetransceiverviaaspecial
connectortoconnectanantennatuner.Ifyouhavesuchaconnectorinthetransceiverisnotpresent,thetunercanbepoweredbyanyothermeans.
ThematchingpartofthetunerisLshapedcircuitinwhichtheinductanceandcapacitancevariesaccordingtothebinarylaw,thusproviding256values
ofinductanceand

capacitancevalues
256.Dependingontheantennaresistancecapacitanceconnectedtothe"cold"or"hot"endofthecircuit.HFblockdiagramshowninFig.1.Itisprettystandard,

usedinmanyconstructionsanddoesnothaveanyfeatures.ThequalityoftheSWRmeteraccuracydependsonthetunerautomatically.Relayanyhighvoltageresponseof12V.
Fig.1BlockHF

Thebasisofthetunerisdesignedmicrocontrollermecontrolunit.BlockdiagramisshowninFig.2.drawingPCBinFig.3.TheunitisassembledonamicrocontrollerPIC16F874
companyMicrochip.MaybereplacedwiththismicrocontrollerPIC16F877(A)withoutanychangesinthescheme.MicrocircuitADM202JNdesignedforconvertingsignalsStandard
RS232andcouldbereplacedbyasimilar(e.g.,MAX232withchangingswitchingcircuits).ChipsDD2DD5performkeyrolesrelaycontrolunitHF.ClockBQ1microcontrollercan
beanyoperatingvoltageof5Vandafrequencyof16MHz,IusedCOTC50.
Fig.2PowerMicrocontroller

Fig.3PCBmicrocontrollerunit

Thedeviceoperatesasfollows.Whenpowerisapplied,alltherelaysaredeenergized,twoseconds,bothLEDswillflashindicatingserviceabilitymicrocontroller.Inautomatic
mode(thedefaultsetting)whenapplyingazeropulseinTSTRcontrollersetsalogic0outputTKEYtherebytranslatingtransceiverconfigurationmodewithreducedpoweroutput.
Next,thepresenceoftheRFsignalattheoutputofthetransceiverandtheSWR.IftheRFsignalispresentandtheSWRmorethan1.1,thetunergoesintosetupmode.Tuneris
terminatedifthelevelreachedSWR=1.0.DuringtunermicrocontrollerstoresminimallyachievedlevelofSWRandifintheprocessofsettingisnotpossibletoachieveanSWRof
1.0,thedevicewillestablishacircuitconfigurationinwhichtheSWRwasminimal.IfduringtunerresubmitzeroinputTSTR,thesettingisterminatedandthetransceiverswitchesto
reception.Whenyou'refinished(inautomaticmode)lightsupgreenLEDVD1"OK."IfthetunertotransfertheconfigurationmodeVSWR<=1.1,thetransceiverjustbrieflyswitch
tothetransfer,andthegreenLEDflashes.Sincetheimpedanceoftheantennaisnotautomaticallydetected,therelayK9switchcapacitorintheoppositeendoftheLshapedpath
everytimeyoutransfertunersettingmode(supplyzeroinputTSTR).Therefore,youmayneedtoreconfigurethetunerwhenthefirsttimehefailedtodo.LEDVD2"K"redglow
indicatesthepositionoftherelayK9andthereforethesituationofthecapacitorcircuit.Ifmanualsettings,whenapplyingzeroinputTSTRtransceiverwillalsobetransferredtothe
transfer,reducedpower,butthetunerwillnotbeautomaticallyconfigured.Resubmissionofzeroforthisentrytranslatedtransceivertothereception.
Structurally,thetunerisassembledinametalhousingisdividedintotwocompartments.InonecompartmentisRFunit,anotherunitofthemicrocontroller.ChainfromtheRFunit
tounitmicrocontrollerisdesirabletounleashthecouplingcapacitor.Ontherearpanelconnectorsarelocatedcoaxialconnectorandconnecttothetransceiver,thefrontpanel
connectorCOMportandtwoLEDs.NodeSWRIlocatedonasingleprintedcircuitboardwiththeLshapedcontour,butitishighlydesirabletoimplementitinaseparateshielded
box.SWRtransformerwoundonaferriteringhavinganouterdiameterof8mmandapermeabilityof400andHH2x10turnsofwirehasadiameterof0.3mm.Theprimarywinding
isformedasapieceofwirethreadedthroughthering.IfyoudoSWRmeterasaseparateunit,theprimarywindingshouldbemade
ofathin50ohmcoaxialcable,whichinthe

middleofthebraidremovedhereanditshouldbe"put"ring.QualityconstructionSWRcansearchontheInternet.CoilL1L8frameless,woundwirediameter1.2mmmandrel
diameterof15mm.ThenumberofturnsareshowninTable1.OperatingvoltagecapacitorsC1C8circuitshouldnotbelessthan250V.YoucanapplyCSRtypecapacitors.Diodes
connectedinparallelrelayscanbeanysiliconorgermanium.
Table1
Coil Numberofturns
L1

L2

L3

L4

L5

11

L6

12

L7

18

L8

28

Ifyouhaveahomemadetransceiverorthetransceiverisnoconnectorfortheantennatuner,thisantennatunershouldbeslightlymodified.Furtherdevelopmentisreducedto
installadditionalbuttonswitchtunertuningmode.OnetouchbuttonconnectstotheTSTR,andothercommonwiretothecircuit.TheoutputTKEY,thus,shouldbeusedtoconvert
thetransceivertotransmitmodewiththefilingcarrier.
Exchangeofinformationbetweenthetunerandthecomputerismade
throughCOMport(oradapterUSBCOM)formespeciallydesignedprotocolat9600baud.Inautomatic

tuningmodecommunicationwithCOMIRportisinterrupted(atthetimeofthesetting).Switchmodesettingsandmanualtuningtunerspecialprograms.Thisprogramisdistributed
intheformofaplughomehardwaremagazine"LoggerXP".Toconfigurethetunerisdesirabletohaveaseparateattorney(reference)SWRmeter(egSWRmeterbuiltintothe
transceiver).TunercomesdowntobalancingtheSWRmeter,installationlevelADCOffsettrimmerR9andsettinglevelsofdirectandreflectedsignalrespectivelyTrimmerR6and
R7.Connectthetunerinputtothetransceiver,anditsoutputisequivalenttotheantenna(50ohmresistorsufficientcapacity).Reducethepowerofyourtransceiverto1020watts
andtranslateittosendasupplycarrier(eg,RTTYandCW).ConnectavoltmeterorammetertopinSWR2(Uneg.)RFblockoracontrollerandtrimmerC25Achievezero
readings.Furtheradjustmentisconvenienttocarrywiththehelpoftheprogram"Tuning.exe".Thisprogramcanbedownloadedattheendofthearticle,itdoesnotrequireany

installation,justrunitforexecution.IntheprogramshouldindicateCOMportofthecomputer,whichisconnectedtotheantennatuner.Fornormaloperationofthisprogramshould
beconfiguredtodisableCOMportFIFObuffersandrestartthecomputer.Iftheconnectiontothetunerinstalled,youwillseethevalueofdirectandreflectedwaves(inquanta),and
theSWR.TrimmerR9settheoffsetvoltageoftheADCintherange3.04.0(measuredontheleg5ofthemicrocontroller).TrimmerR6setthesignallevelofthedirectwave80
100quanta.Turnontheradioreception.Equivalenttoa50ohmantennachange,forexample100200Ohm(toraiseCWS)or,evenbetter,arealantennawithahighSWR.Reset
thetransceivertotransmit(atreducedpower!).TrimmerR7shouldensureSWRreadingsintheprogramequaltothereadingofthereferenceSWR.Thisoperationis
recommendedtobeonallHFbands.Ifthedifferencebetweenthereadingsonrangeswillvary(indicatingpoorperformanceSWRtunerdesignRFblock),settheaveragevalueof
theSWRonallbands.Inthissettingcanbeconsideredfinished.
CircuitpatternintheformatWMF,projecttunerformatPCADfilesandfirmwareofthemicrocontrollerPIC16F874(PIC16F877)canbedownloadedfromthelinkatthebottomof
thispage.
Revisedversionofthisarticlecanbereadinthemagazine"Radio",2,3,2010
Iwishyousuccessintherepetitionofthisdesign!73,UA3GDW.
Downloadtheprojectfiles

Whenyoupublishthisarticleonothersiteslinktothesourcehttp://radiosoft.inforequired!

(C)2013"RSDesign"

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