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ADS-B

Flight Technical Services


February 2013

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C&PS Flight Technical Services

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Proprietary and Limitations Notice


This document and the information disclosed herein are proprietary data of Honeywell International Inc.
Neither this document nor the information contained herein shall be reproduced, used, or disclosed to others
without the written authorization of Honeywell International Inc., except for training on recipients equipment.
Notice Freedom Of Information Act (5 USC 552) And Disclosure Of Confidential Information Generally
(18 USC 1905)
This document is being furnished in confidence by Honeywell International Inc. The information disclosed
herein falls within exemption (b) (4) of 5 USC 552 and the prohibitions of 18 USC 1905.
ECCN 7E994; Schedule B Number 8524.31.0070

C&PS Flight Technical Services / Global Data Center


Notice Of Limitations
The information contained herein has been compiled for training purposes only.
Its use shall be limited to such applications. For exclusive use by Honeywell customers.
Not for reproduction or distribution to other avionic manufacturers.
Copyright Notice
Copyright 2012 Honeywell International Inc. All rights reserved. Honeywell is a registered trademark of
Honeywell International Inc. All other marks are owned by their respective companies.

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ADS-B What is it?


Automatic
Periodically transmits information with no
pilot or operator input required

Dependent
Position and velocity vector are derived from
the Global Positioning System

Surveillance
A method of determining position of
aircraft, vehicles, or other assets

Broadcast
Transmitted information available to
anyone with the appropriate receiving
equipment

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What is ADS-B?
Automatic Dependent Surveillance Broadcast
ADS-B Out - Surveillance technology that
transmits GPS based position and other aircraft or
vehicle information

Identification
GPS position
Altitude (Baro & Geometric)
Velocity
Quality and Integrity data, etc.

ADS-B In - Transmitted signals can be received


by other aircraft as well as ground stations
Traffic Situation can be depicted on Aircraft Display but
with much more information than what TCAS provides
Allows new features based on ADS-B data

Spacing & Merging


Airport Surface Management
In-Trail Procedures
VFR like separation in all weather conditions

ATC Providers and Regulators


are Interested because

Potentially allows them to decommission


expensive SSR Radars
Provides much better quality
surveillance

Position Accuracy
Aircraft State and Intent information

Ultimately will allow more aircraft to use


existing airspace with equivalent or
better safety and efficiency

Low Cost Surveillance Technology

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Benefits of ADS-B
Estimated Savings through 2016 in Hudson Bay
$158 million in fuel
436,000 metric tons of CO2 emissions

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Countries with ADS-B Projects

ASECNA (Senegal, Congo, Niger, Ivory Coast, Chad and Madagascar)


Czech Republic
Japan
Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia
Germany
Kazakhstan
United Arab Emirates
Greece
Korea
Congo
Norway
Kyrgyzstan
Ethiopia
Portugal
Myanmar
Kuwait
New Caledonia Russia
Namibia
Slovakia
Philippines
Saudi Arabia
Sweden
Singapore
South Africa
Turkey
Taiwan
Afghanistan
UK
Tajikistan
China
Ukraine
Armenia
India
Jamaica
Austria
Indonesia/Fiji/New Zealand
Peru
Bulgaria
CONCESNA (Central America)
USA
Canada
Trinidad and Tobago
Australia

Mexico

Hong Kong
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ADS-B Out Timeline

Gulf of Mexico
ADS-B Out

DO-260A or later

Hudson Bay
ADS-B Out
FL 350-400

Australia
Forward Fit (FL 290+)

Singapore
Retrofit (FL 290+)

Indonesia
Retrofit (FL 290+)

Australia
Retrofit (FL 290+)

Hong Kong
PBN Routes FL290+

Hong Kong
HKG FIR FL290+

DO-260 or later
DO-260 or later, SA Aware GPS
DO-260 or later

DO-260 or later

= Improved Access (Helo)


= Preliminary Dates

DO-260 or later

= Firm Dates

DO-260 or DO-260A
DO-260 or DO-260A

EASA
Forward Fit

DO-260B or later

EASA ADS-B Out


Retrofit

DO-260B or later

FAA ADS-B Out


Forward Fit and Retrofit

DO-260B or later
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ADS-B Out Mandate/Proposed Rule Details


Hong Kong (CAD):
ADS-B Out for FL 290 to FL410

DO-260 or DO-260A Equipage by 12-DEC-2013

Limited to HKG-Registered aircraft operating on PBN Routes L6642 and M771 in HKG FIR

ADS-B Out for FL 290 to FL410

DO-260 or DO-260A Equipage by 12-DEC-2014

Limited to HKG-Registered aircraft operating in the HKG FIR

Indonesia (DGCA):
ADS-B Out for FL 290 and Above

DO-260 Equipage by 12-DEC-2013

Singapore (CAAS):
ADS-B Out for FL 290 and Above

DO-260 Equipage by 12-DEC-2013

Limited to specific Airways in the Singapore FIR

EASA (via EUROCONTROL):


ADS-B Out

DO-260B Equipage by 7-Dec-2017

Forward fit 8-JAN-2015, Retrofit 7-DEC-2017


Requires DO-260B ADS-B Out on all aircraft with maximum certificated take-off mass
exceeding 5700 kg or having a maximum cruising true airspeed capability > 250 kts
Applicable to all IFR flights operated in Africa-Indian Ocean and European Regions
Possible exemption for aircraft built prior to 1990; they must request exemption from
EASA before 07-Jul-2017
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The Future of ADS-B In Canada


Canada:
ADS-B Out for Hudson
Bay/Minto Access, FL 350 to 400
DO-260 access benefits began
JAN-2009
Access penalties if no ADS-B by
17-NOV-2011
Must file published routes if not
Approved
Considering expanding area
and/or lowering FL
Source: Nav Canada
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Canadian ADS-B Deployments

11

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Changes in the Hudson & Minto Sectors


Effective Nov 17th, 2011
Aircraft that are not registered
with NAV CANADA as eligible to
receive ADS-B Out surveillance
services, when operating
through the Hudson and Minto
Sectors at a flight planned
altitude ranging from FL350 to
FL400 inclusive, will be required
to file flight plans on published
route structures.
A FAA LOA and Transport
Canada OpsSpec is required to
operate in this area

AIC 31/11
http://www.navcanada.ca/ContentDefinitionFiles/Publications/AeronauticalInfoProducts/AIP/Next/PDF/EN/part_5_aic/5aic_eng_2011_31.pdf
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The Future of ADS-B In Australia


Australia:
SA aware GNSSU or MMR
data source for new aircraft by
28-Jun-2012

5,000

20,000

10,000

30,000

New requirements make


fitment and operation of
approved ADS-B avionics
equipment mandatory on, and
from, 12 Dec 2013 for all
Australian aircraft operations at,
or above, FL 290
All new IFR aircraft delivered
to Australia after 6 Feb 2014
must have ADS-B out

http://newsroom.airservicesaustralia.com/releases/one-year-to-go-for-mandatory-ads-b-fitment

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The Future of ADS-B in the USA


USA :
ADS-B Out for Gulf of
Mexico Access
DO-260A benefits on 1-JAN2010
ADS-B Out for Class A, B, C
Airspace DO-260B Equipage
by 1-Jan-2020
Forward fit and retrofit

Nationwide Coverage by 2013


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ADS-B Airspace in the USA

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ADS-B Airspace in the USA


ADS-B Performance is required in the following airspace:
Class A, B, and C airspace
Class E airspace areas at or above 10,000 feet MSL over the 48
contiguous United States and the District of Columbia, excluding
the airspace at and below 2,500 feet above the surface
Airspace within 30 nautical miles (NM) of certain identified
airports that are among the nations busiest (based on annual
passenger enplanements, annual airport operations count, and
operational complexity) from the surface up to 10,000 feet MSL.
These airports are listed in appendix D to part 91.
Above the ceiling and within the lateral boundaries of a Class B
or Class C airspace area up to 10,000 feet mean sea level (MSL)
Class E airspace over the Gulf of Mexico at and above 3,000 feet
MSL within 12 NM of the coastline of the United States
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USA ADS-B Deployment

440 Operational
ADS-B Receivers

Enroute Services

As of 11/30/2012
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USA ADS-B Deployment

Advisory Services

Separation & Terminal Services

FIS-B & TIS-B


As of 11/30/2012

ADS-R

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UAT or 1090ES Requirements

19

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FAA UAT & 1090ES Dual Link System


ADS-B Dual Link System
UAT for GA (Universal Access Transceiver)
978 MHz
Cheaper installation
Provides Additional Features (TIS, FIS, Graphical WX, etc)
Reduces Congestion on 1090MHZ
Mainly USA and below 18,000
Mode-S 1090ES (Extended Squitter)
1090 MHz
Uses existing Mode-S transponder
Adds additional information (the ES)
No additional features because 1090 is already congested
Required above 18,000 and Internationally
Can be used below 18,000
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Transponders
SSR Antenna Array
Mode A/C XPNDR

PSR Antenna Array


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Mode S XPNDR
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Progression Of Mode-S XPNDR to ADS-B


Mode A/C
Mode-S

Altitude
Code
A/C Address

Elementary &
Enhanced
Surveillance
(ELS & EHS)

Flight ID
Selected ALT
Mach Number
Mag HDH
Roll Angle
Track Angle
Track Angle Rate
TAS
IAS
GS
VS

ADS-B
DO-260

ADS-B
DO-260A

ADS-B
DO-260B

Broadcast

Broadcast

Broadcast

Position
Velocity
Flight ID

Position
Velocity
Flight ID

Position
Velocity
Flight ID

Uses NUC
Navigation
Uncertainty
Category

Uses NIC &


NACp
Navigation
Integrity
Category &
Navigation
Accuracy
Category
for Position

Changed
how NIC,
NAC and
SIL are set
Length/Width
Power

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SA-Aware GPS Requirement

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How Do The Different Formats Communicate ?


UAT

1090ES Mode-S

Non ADS-B

Dual Mode ADS-B


Ground Station

Air Traffic Control

24

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How Do The Different Formats Communicate ?


UAT

1090ES Mode-S

Non ADS-B

Dual Mode ADS-B


Ground Station

Air Traffic Control

25

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How Do The Different Formats Communicate ?


UAT

1090ES Mode-S

Non ADS-B

Dual Mode ADS-B


Ground Station

Air Traffic Control

26

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How Do The Different Formats Communicate ?


UAT

FIS-B

1090ES Mode-S

Dual Mode ADS-B


Ground Station

Air Traffic Control

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FIS-B

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Cockpit Display of Traffic Information CDTI


ADS-B In functions:
(Enhanced) Traffic Situation Awareness (TSA)

Plan View

Display
Settings

ITP View

TRK 060

ITP REQUEST

Alt Band: +040/-040


Alt : REL

Formulate ITP CLNC


DAL10
+10

+20

(Enhanced) Visual Separation on Approach (VSA)


Oceanic In-Trail Procedures (ITP)

Platform for future CDTI


Airport Surface Situation Awareness (ASSA)

Status:

-20
QH13
-10

30

UAL10
-20

UAL23
+20

Flt ID:

AF320

Alt:

FL340

ITP Distance:

80 nm

Gspd Dif f:

5 kt

Equip:

ADSB

AF320
+40
ITP distance and location may not match plan view range

Cockpit Final Approach and Runway Occupancy


Awareness (FAROA)
CDTI Assisted Visual Separation (CAVS)
Interval Management (IM)
VFR-like Separation in All Weather Conditions or
Electronic Flight Rule (EFR)

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CDTI (ATSAW) in A320, A330 & A340

Courtesy of

Traffic Selectors

ADS-B Traffic from Traffic Computer


on Navigation display

Additional information
from Traffic Computer
on MCDU

Fully integrated solution


Traffic displayed on the primary field of view
Limited impact (no new equipment)
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What is ATSAW?
Traffic
Selector
EZY1845
315 M
-20
+10
IBE7274
355 M

+09
AFR6512
325 M

Airborne Traffic
Situational Awareness
+01
New Data When Selected:
Aircraft ID
Ground Speed
Wake Vortex Data (AC Wt Category)

ATSAW Applications:
Graphic Courtesy of Airbus

Certified on Airbus SA & LR

ATSA-AIRB: Airborne Traffic Situational


Awareness
ATSA-VSA: Visual Separation on Approach
ATSA-ITP: In-Trail Procedure
ATSA-SURF: Surface Situational Awareness
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ATSAW: Traffic List on MCDU

Graphics Courtesy of Airbus

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ATSAW: VSA

Courtesy of

Visual Separation on Approach


Easier for flight crews to acquire and
then to maintain own visual contact
with the preceding aircraft.
Flight crews maintain a more precise
distance from the preceding aircraft
(anticipating speed change).
Potential runway capacity
improvements in Visual
Meteorological Condition (VMC) and
Alternate VMC

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ATSAW: ITP
In-Trail Procedure:
Enhanced efficiency:
Reduced Longitudinal
separation of 15 NM will be
sufficient for a flight level
change (compared to 80
NM today)
Significant fuel saving due
to optimum flight level
Enhanced safety:
Better awareness of traffic
situation during flight level
change procedure.
Graphic Courtesy of Airbus

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ATSAW: ITP Traffic List on MCDU


Courtesy of

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ATSAW: SURF (Future)


Enhanced Traffic Situational Awareness on the Airport Surface
Awareness of Traffic situation
Collision risk anticipation

Graphics Courtesy of Airbus

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Successful ITP Trials in SOPAC


Joint FAA/UAL/Honeywell Program
Demonstrated operational benefits enabled by the ADS-B In, In Trail Procedures
Honeywell has, integrated, and certified complete ITP avionics capability as installed on United
Airlines 747-400

Avionics system consists of:


Honeywell Traffic Computer, TPA-100B with ADS-B In and ITP capability
Honeywell Transponder, TRA-67B with ADS-B Out capability
Goodrich Class 3 EFB running Honeywell ITP display software

United Airlines will operate approximately 12 Honeywell ITP avionics equipped


747-400 aircraft in the South Pacific (SOPAC) route. Successful trials
completed. FAA in final stages of approval.
ADS-B ITP Enabled Climbs
Optimal

Sub-Optimal Cruise

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Example ITP Traffic Display EFB Solution

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Issues
Implementation vs. Mature Specification (DO-260, DO-260A, DO-260B)
Different standards/equipage
Approved Lists

Flight IDs not properly installed/entered


Off lease
Juristiction change

Flight Plans
RMK/ADSB in first field of Flight Plan Block 18
Several Flight Planning services have trouble with this -> ICAO Flight Plan 2012

How do I know if its working ?


Required IFR Transponder Checks
ATC will tell you !
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Nav Canada ADS-B Update

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Nav Canada ADS-B Update


May 2, 2012 Update
1000 Approved Aircraft
2000 Capable of being approved (based on data received)

Looking at expanding Hudson and Minto areas (flight levels)


Completed new safety assessment
Excellent Reliability
GPS Position Accuracy
Looking at going from an approved list to Not Approved List
Coincident with Flight Plan 2012 that has a specific ADS-B field (Nov 2012)

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The Future Worldwide ADS-B


In June 2011 the FAA approved space based provisioning of ADS-B
surveillance over oceanic and remote areas
Several companies have announced plans
Iridium
New Iridium Next constellation
81 Low Earth Orbit Satellites
Reserving 20% for hosted payloads like ADS-B
Working on agreements with the FAA and other ANSPs
ADS-B Technologies
Globalstar second generation satellites
24 Low Earth Orbit Satellites
Receives and re-transmits back to ground stations (no smarts in satellite)
Nov 2012 Nav Canada signs agreement to invest in Aireon LLC (Iridium Next)

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The Future Worldwide ADS-B

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ADS-B Out Product Planning


Product

Application

DO-260

DO-260A

DO-260B

AESU
(A380)

Air Transport

--

Available

In Process

TRA-67A

Air Transport

Available

--

Replace with
TRA-100B

TRA-100B

Air Transport

TSO 3Q13

Epic

Regional, Helicopter
Business Aviation

--

Available

TSO 3/2012

Primus II

Regional
Business Aviation

--

--

Available
TSO 1/2011

MST-67

Regional
Business Aviation

--

--

MST-67B
TSO 4Q13

APEX

Business Aviation
General Aviation

--

--

TSO 3Q13

KT-73

General Aviation

Available

--

Planned

MILACAS

Military Transport

(non-diversity)

Available - Military unique IFF solution

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