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Chapter 7

CIRCLE
Standard Competence :
6. Identifying the circle and finding the measure of its parts.

Base Competence :
6.1.Recognize the circle and its part.
6.2.Finding the measure of parts of the circle.

Indicators :
a. Differentiate the circle and the area of circle and name the part of the circle ( center, radius,
diameter, arc, sector of circle, segment of circle )
b. Determining the value of π ( pi )
c. Drawing the Circumscribed circle and Inscribed circle of a triangle and drawing a circle
passing through three point are given.
d. Finding the circumference and the area of a circle
e. Finding the change of the area of circle if its radius is change.
f. Finding the length of arc, the area of sector and segment of the circle.
g. Recognize the relation of center angle and inscribed angle in the same opposite arc.
h. Finding the inscribed angle if the opposite diameter and opposite arc are same.

A. THE CIRCLE AND SOME PARTS OF IT

1. THE CIRCLE AND THE AREA OF CIRCLE


Look at the following picture.

Circle The Area of circle ( the shaded region )

2. SOME PARTS OF CIRCLE.

D O = The center of circle


E CF = Diameter
OB,OC,OD,OF = Radius
OH = Apothem
F H O C CD,EG = Chord
∩CD, ∩BC = Arc
G B Segment CD
Sector OBC
Segment is part of the circle bounded by a chord and an arc.
Sector is part of the circle bounded by two radii and an arc

B. APPROXIMATE THE VALUE OF ∏ ( PI )


Students Worksheet – Mathematics for 8th RSBI class
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The ratio of the circumference of any circle to its diameter is always a constant number ,
then called π (pi).
The value of π (pi) = 3.1415926536… ( an Irrational Number )
Look at the following table

(π )
Diameter ( d ) Circumference ( C ) C
d
5 cm 15.7 cm 3.14
8 cm 25.12 cm 3.14
10 cm 31.4 cm 3.14
12 cm 37.68 cm 3.14

Consider the table above, then we can find the approximate value of π .
Approximate the value of π = 3.14 ( round off to 2 decimal place )
π =
22
7

C. DRAWING INSCRIBED AND CIRCUMSCRIBED CIRCLE OF A TRIANGLE.

1. INSCRIBED CIRCLE OF THE TRIANGLE

C 1. Draw bisector of the angle A


bisector (with A as center, draw arc the intersection both
the angle A sides at D and E. with D as center and with E as
center draw arc in interior angle in the same radi-
E us, then its intersectioa at F. Connect A and F)
F 2. Draw bisector the angle B ( same the method 1 )
3. The center of Inscribed Circle of triangle is the in-
A D B tersection point of the bisector angles of triangle.

2. CIRCUMSCRIBED CIRCLE OF THE TRIANGLE.

C 1. Draw the perpendicular bisector of side AB


( with A as center and opning the radius greater
than half of AB, draw a semicircular arc. With B
as center and same the first radius, then draw a
semicircular too. Connect two points of intersection.
Its line is called the perpendicular bisector )
A B 2. Draw the perpendicular bisector of side AC.
( same the method 1 )
3. The Centre of Circumscribed circle of triangle is
the point of intersection of the perpendicular
bisector of triangle.

Students Worksheet – Mathematics for 8th RSBI class


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3. THE LENGTH OF THE RADIUS OF INSCRIBED CIRCLE OF THE TRIANGLE

C
The length of radius of Inscribed Circle

r r =
O
A
s
A B Note :

r = the radius of Inscribed circle


A = the Area of triangle
s = = a+b+c )
the Circumference of Circle 1
(
2 2

4. THE LENGTH OF THE RADIUS OF CIRCUMSCRIBED CIRCLE .

C The length of radius of Circumscribed Circle


P

O
abc
r =
A B 4A

Note :

r = the radius of Circumscribed circle


A = the Area of triangle
a, b, c = the sides of triangle

TASK 1
Complete :

1. Name the the following some parts of the circle below.

A O = ….
E OA,OB, OC = ….
B AB = ….
BD = ….
D O OF = ….
F AG = ….
BD = ….
G ….
C ….
….

Students Worksheet – Mathematics for 8th RSBI class


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∩ CD, ∩ AB = ….

2. The value of π ( pi ) = ….
= … ( round off to 5 decimal place )
= … ( round off to 4 decimal place )
= … ( round off to 3 decimal place )
= … ( round off to 2 decimal place )
3. Given the Δ ABC.
Proof that the length of radius of Inscribed circle of the Δ ABC is r =
A
s
Proof :

C The Area of Δ AOB =


1
.... x r
2
The Area of Δ BOC =
1
.... x r
2
r The Area of Δ COA =
1
.... x r
2
A B +
The Area of Δ ABC =
1
r ( ... + ... + ... )
2
= r =
The Area of triangle ABC
....

r=
A
....
4. Given the Δ ABC.
Proof that the length of radius of Circumcribed circle of the Δ ABC is r =
abc
4A
Proof :
Look at Δ BTC and Δ APC
C ∠ ACP = …. ( 90o )
P ∠ P = ∠ …( )
1
AC
2

Students Worksheet – Mathematics for 8th RSBI class


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O Δ BTC and Δ APC are similar
A T B Then,
AP AC
=
... ....
AP =
.... x ....
....
Look at the ∆ ABC 2 r =
... x ...
...
A = TC 2 r =
1 ... x ...
.... x
2 ...
X2

…. A = … x TC
TC = r =
... A ....
.... ....

5. Given the∆ PQR, PQ = 5 cm, QR = 4 cm and RP = 3 cm.


Find : a. the radius of Inscribed Circle of ∆ PQR
b. the radius of Circumcribed Circle of ∆ PQR
Solution :

a. p = 4 cm S = r =
1 A
(.... + .... + ....)
2 s
q = 3 cm = …. cm =
....
....
r = 5 cm r = ….
Area =
1
bh
2
4 cm 5 =
1
. ... . ....
2
= ….

3
.

Students Worksheet – Mathematics for 8th RSBI class


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b.
pqr .... x .... x ....
r= = = ....
4A 4 x ....

D. THE CIRCUMFERENCE AND THE AREA OF CIRCLE.

1. THE CIRCUMFERENCE OF A CIRCLE

The ratio of the circumference of any circle to its diameter is always constant.
Then is called π ( pi ).

= π
C
d
C = π d or C = π . 2r
C = 2π r
π π
C = π d or Note :
C = 2π r C = the Circuference
r = radius
d = diameter
π = 3.14 or
22
7

1. THE AREA OF A CIRCLE.

Take the circular carton and draw a circle with 16 sectors, then arrange like the following
figure.

about = π r
1
C
2
O R
P S

P Q
пr

Students Worksheet – Mathematics for 8th RSBI class


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The Area of Rectangle PQRO = l . w
= π r . r
= π r2
The Area of Circle = The Area of Rectangle PQRO
= π r2

π π
A circle = π r 2
A circle = π d 2
1
4

TASK 2
1. Find the circumference of the wheel whose diameter are :
a. 14 cm c. 2 cm e. 2 п cm
5
b. 20 cm d. 17.5 cm f. cm
3

2. Find the cover of long arm on o`clock for one minute if the radius are :
a. 100 mm c. 3.5 cm e. 3 п cm
b. 25 mm d. 28 mm f. 2 cm
6

2. Complete the following table.


No Radius ( r ) Diameter ( d ) Circumference( C ) Area ( A )
i … 14 cm … …
ii 40 cm … … …
iii … … 62.8 cm …
12 cm2
iv … … … 4
7
v … … … 28.26 cm2

4. The diameter of motorcycle wheel is 42 cm.


Find the distance traveled if its wheel rotates for 500 times.

5. The diameter of flat zinc is 17.5 cm. If we make 4 circular holes on it and the diameter
each hole is 7 cm. Find the area of the zinc outside the hole

3. Find the area of the circles whose :


a. radius = 5 cm c. radius = 14 cm
Students Worksheet – Mathematics for 8th RSBI class
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b. diameter = 10 cm d. diameter = 21 cm

4. Find the area of the circles whose circumferences are :


a. 44 cm c. 6 п cm
b. 154 cm d. 314 cm

5. Find the radius of Inscribed circle and circumscribed circle of :


a. the triangle ABC, AB = BC = 10 cm and AC = 13 cm
b. the square ABCD, AB = 14 cm

9. The radii of two circle are 4 cm and 6 cm. What is the ratio of :
a. their circumference
b. their area

3. Find the circumference and the area of the following shaded region :

a. b. c.

I
I I
28 cm 20 cm 14 cm

E. THE CHANGE OF THE AREA OF CIRCLE

Example :
1. The area of the circle A is 616 cm2. Find the area of circle B if its radius twice of the
radius of the circle A.

Solution :
Circle A Circle B

A = пr2 = 616 A = пr2


Students Worksheet – Mathematics for 8 RSBI class th

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= 616 = x 28x 28
22 2 22
r
7 7
r2 = 616 : = 88 x 28
22
7
r2 = 616 x = 2464 cm 2
7
22
r =
196
r = 14 cm d = 2 x 14
d = 28 cm

F. THE LENGTH OF ARC, THE AREA OF SECTOR AND SEGMENT OF CIRCLE.

1. THE LENGTH OF ARC AND THE AREA OF SECTOR.

The length of Arc, the area of circle,circumference and the area of circle have the relationIf
a circle is cut into 4 congruent sector, what is the length of Arc AB ?
Find the Area of AOB !

B
We can use the ratio :
O α
90o Arc AB Area of sector AOB
o
= =
360 Ccircle Acircle
C A

αo Arc AB Area of sector AOB


D o
= =
360 Ccircle Acircle
α = the center angle of sector , then :

The length of Arc AB =


α
x Ccircle
360
The length of Arc AB =

2. THE AREA OF SEGMENT.

Students Worksheet – Mathematics for 8th RSBI class


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B

The Area of segment AB = Asector AOB - A ∆ AOB


A O

TASK 3
1. Consider the figure on the left.
The radius of circles A and B are 3.5 cm and 7 cm.
If the wheel A rotates for 100 times, how many times
A B does the wheel B rotates ?

2. The radii of two circles are 9 cm and 4 cm. What is the ratio of their Area.

3. The diameter of a circle is 28 cm. Find the length of arc AC if its center angle are :
a. 30o c. 200o
o
b. 45 d. 22.5o

1. Find the area of the sector if Its radius and the center angle are :
a. 21 cm and 60 o
b. 10 cm and 150 o

5. The radius of a circle is 10 cm and the length of chord PQ is 10 cm, find the area of
segment PQ.

G. THE RELATION OF CENTRE ANGLE AND INSCRIBED ANGLE.

C ∠ BOC is the center angle


∠ BAC is the inscribed angle
x
(at the circumference)
x
A B
∠∠ O ∠ BOC = 2 x ∠ BAC

The center angle is twice of Inscribed angle, if


C in the same opposite arc
B 40 o 80 o
80 o ∩AC = 80 o

H. THE ANGLE BETWEEN TWO CHORDS.


1. THE INTERNAL INTERSECTION OF CHORDS

Students Worksheet – Mathematics for 8th RSBI class


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D C ∠ APD = the Internal Intersection of chords AC and BD
∩AD
x
A P ∩ BC
1
∠x = ( ∩ AC + ∩ BD )
B 2

2. THE EXTERNAL INTERSECTION OF CHORDS.

T ∠ APD = the Externmal Intersection of chords AC and BD

S
1
x ∠x = ( ∩ PQ - ∩ TS )
2
P ∠x=

∠x=
1
2
1
2
1
2
( ∩ AC - ∩ BD )
( ∩ AC + ∩ BD )

( ∩ AC + ∩ BD )

Q R
∠ 1∩ +∩
x = ( AC B D)
2

1
∠x = ∩
( A C+ ∩ B D)
2

I. CYCLIC QUADRILATERAL.

Students Worksheet – Mathematics for 8th RSBI class


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D All of sides of Cyclic Quadrilateral are Chords.
C
∠ B = ( AC minor )
1
∩ AC
2

A B ∠ D = major
1
∩ AC
2

∠ B + ∠ D = 180o

The sum of opposite angle on Cyclic Quadrilateral is 180o

TASK 4
1. Given a circle whose radius 14 cm, ∠ AOB = 72 o . Find :
a. the area of sector AOB
b. the length of Chord AB

2. Find x, y and z
a. b. c.
C

x
O x B 50o y A O C
y z 30o
x
35o

3. Look at the circle on the left.


y Find x, y and z
x
z
35 o

4.
N Given ∠ KML = 48o and arc MN = 60
M Find x

Students Worksheet – Mathematics for 8th RSBI class


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x
L
K

5.
E Given, ∠ AOE = 150o and ∠ BAD = 40o
Find ∠ ACE
D
O
C

A B

6. D C Given the circle on the left.


AE = 8 cm, EC = 3 cm and BE = 6 cm.
Find DE
E

A
B

For no. 7 – 10 Find x, y and z

7.

y 5x
y
∠ OAB = 25o


ABO = x and
80o O ∠ AOB = z
3x
A B

9. 10.
Students Worksheet – Mathematics for 8th RSBI class
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z y

C
E

30o
o
x 50
A
B A
B C

AD // BC
AC ⊥ BD
∠ DAC = 60o , ∠ ADB = x,
∠ ACB = y, ∠ CBD = z

Students Worksheet – Mathematics for 8th RSBI class


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COMPETENCE TEST

I. Choose the right answer by crossing (x) on a, b, c or d.

1. The length of arc AB is ... b. (12 π - 6 ) cm


3
a. 5.1 cm
O b. 7.3 cm c. ( 6 π - 6 ) cm
14 cm c. 10.2 cm
3
d. 14.6 cm
B d. ( 6 π - 9 ) cm
A
3
2. A Given ∠ AOB = 78 o
6. B
C B Then ∠ ACB = …. C Given the length arc
a. 12 o AB
b. 39 o = 18 cm, then the
O c. 112 o length
d. 156 o 45o 60o A arc BC = ….
O a. 12 cm
3. D C Look the circle on the b. 14 cm
left. ∠ DEC = …. c. 15 cm
E a. d. 16 cm
1 7. B ∠ ABC = ….
∠ AEB
2 a. 55o
A B b. 250 b. 65 o
1 c. 105 o
∠ ACB C d. 125 o
2 A
c. ∠ AEB
d. ∠ ADB 8. The length of arc PQ = 2.5 cm. If ∠ AOB
=45o ,then the circumference of circle is…
4. The area of a circle is 376.8 cm2. a. 20 cm c. 26 cm
∠ AOB= 30o. The area of sector AOB is b. 24 cm d. 28 cm
….
a. 125.6 cm2 c. 31.4 cm2 9. Given AC ⊥ BD
2
b. 62.8 cm d. 12.56 cm2 D The angle of arc BC is
5. Given OQ = 6 cm A …
The area of segment AB a. 80 o
B is …. 30 b. 91 o
O a. (12 π - 9 ) cm c. 120 o
3 B C d. 135 o

10. Given ∠ AOD =


120
Students Worksheet – Mathematics for 8th RSBI class
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∠ BAC = 25o, then
D ∠ ABD = …. 16. The cover of a motorcycle is 18,840 cm if
C a. 25 o its wheel rotate 100 times, then the radius
O B b. 30 o of the motorcycle wheel is ….
c. 35 o a. 20 cm c. 40 cm
A d. 60 o b. 30 cm d. 50 cm

11. D Consider the circle


A on the left, then
O C ∠ ADC = …
a. 60 o
b. 110 o 17. The circumference of a circle whose
60 c. 120 o diameter 21 cm is ….
B d. 210 o a. 66 cm c. 198 cm
b. 132 cm d. 264 cm
12. ∠ ABC = …
C a. 70 o 18. Given ∠ COB =
b. 90 o 60o,
c. 110 o B then ∠ OBA is ….
100 d. 140 o C a. 10 o
120 b. 20 o
O c. 25 o
A B d. 30 o
13. The radii of circle A and B are 3cm and A
4cm. The ratio of the area of the circles is
… 19. The angle of arc AD is ...
a. 3 : 4 c. 9 : 16 C
b. 6 : 8 d. 27 : 64 a. 30 o
b. 70 o
14. Given the triangle KLM, KL = 9 cm, LM = D c. 80 o
12 cm and KM = 15 cm. The length of o o o
70 30 d. 140
radius of the circumscribed circle of ∆
B A E
KLM
is ….
20. Given a circle on the
a. 4.5 cm c. 7.5 cm
left. The perimeter of
b. 7 cm d. 9 cm
A sector AOB is ….
15. Given the circumference of a circle is 88 cm O 21 cm B a. 100 cm
and ∠ AOB = 45o. The area of sector AOB b. 97 cm
is …. c. 95 cm
a. 11 cm 2 c. 154 cm 2 d. 90 cm
b. 77 cm 2 d. 616 cm 2

II. Do the following problems.

1. A circle whose radius 10.5 cm. Find :


a. its circumference
b. its area.

2. The diameter of a circular field is 100 m. Oktapriana run 6.28 km around it.
How many times did he run around it.
Students Worksheet – Mathematics for 8th RSBI class
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3. Given ∠ APB + ∠ AQB + ∠
A B Find :
a. ∠ APB
P b. ∠ AOB
O R

4. D C Consider the figure


on the left.
a. find the area of shaded
region
b. find the circumference
of shaded region

A 14 cm B

5. Given the circle


∠ ADE = 60 o , ∠
DEB = 30 and ∠ BDE = 110
o

E
Find :
D
a. ∠ BCD

b. ∠ EFA
O F C
B
A

Practice makes
perfect

Students Worksheet – Mathematics for 8th RSBI class


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Students Worksheet – Mathematics for 8th RSBI class
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