INDEX TOPICAL GUIDE TO CONVERSATIONS alcoholic beverages 9. suppl. C. animals 10.C.1., 10.C.2. apartment 4.E. asking about a mutual friend 4.A.

asking about food 7.E.1 asking about someone's car 1. suppl. asking about someone's family 3.B., 3 suppl. A asking about someone's fiancé(e) 6 suppl. B., 9.A. asking about the time 5.E., 8.E. asking about vacation plans 11.A. asking about work 3.C. asking for advice 10.A.1., 11.E. asking for directions 9.B. asking for money 10.A.1. asking how old someone is 12. suppl. B. asking how someone likes Poland/America 7 suppl. C asking how to say something 8.D.2. asking someone out 5.A., 6.C., 7.C. asking someone to close the window, door 7.E.2. asking someone's opinion about clothing 7.D., 7. suppl. D. asking what kind of dog it is 10.B. asking what someone is doing 4.A. asking what something is 1.C. asking what something means 2.E. asking what the difference is 9. suppl. C. asking where someone is from 3.E. asking where someone was 5.C. asking whether someone is at home 9.D. asking whether someone is free 5.B. asking whether something works 2.D. asking who someone is 1.D., 6.A., 6.B., 9.C., 10.E. 623 at the university 3.B. automobile 1 suppl., 6.E.. 9. suppl. A. being bored 8.D.1., 11. suppl. A. being hungry or thirsty 9.E. being late 8.E. birthday 10.D. borrowing money 10.A.1 buying and selling 11.D.1., 11.E, calling for a taxi 5.E. camping car 11.E. Christmas 6. suppl. A. cleaning 7.A.1. clothing 4.B., 7.D., 7. suppl. D. coffee and tea 8. suppl. C. colleagues and friends 3.D. colors of clothing 4 suppl. B. coming by for someone 6.C. commuting 6.D. congratulations 12. suppl. C. cooking 4 suppl. A., 7.A.1., 7.E.1., 12.D. dancing 7. suppl. E. delicatessen 11.B.1. doctor's visit 11.C.2 drawing, painting 5. suppl. B. dressing warmly 11. suppl. D.,11. suppl. E. eating 9.E. eating out 12.A.1. examinations 5 suppl. C. farm 10.C.1. fiance(e) 9.A. first names 2.B. food store 12.A.2. food 12.A.1., 12.A.2., 12.B.1., 2.C., 12.D. fruits and vegetables 6.A., 12.B.2. gardening 6.A., 12.b.2. getting married 12.E. getting ready for a party 11.C.1.

INDEX getting ready to go out 3.A. getting up 8. suppl. A., 8. suppl. B. giving directions 9.B. going on a walk 2. suppl. A., 11. suppl. A. going to bed 8. suppl. B. greetings 1.A., 2.A. guests 11.C. health 11.C.2. helping someone clean up 11.C. helping someone look for something 10.A.2. helping someone with a heavy object 11.D.2. hobby 10.C.1. home and apartment 4.E., 8.A. home cooking 12.D. homesickness 7. suppl. C. hotel 3 suppl. C. household help 11.C.1. husband and wife of 9.C. introductions 1.E., 2.B., 3.D., 3.E., 4.D., 8.B. invitations 7.C. keys to someplace 11.D.2. kiosk 12. suppl. A. living, working, studying 2.A. looking for a lost item 4.C. looking for a lost item 7. suppl. A., 10.A.2. looking for a place 8.B. looking for a present 9. suppl. B. making a train 8.E. making money 3. suppl. A. meeting someone 3.D., 3.E., 4.D., 8.C. milk bar 12.A.1. money 11.D.1. movies 6. suppl. C., 7.C. moving 8.A. music 7. suppl. E. nameday 10.D. neighbors 6.A., 8.C., 10.D., 10.E. old friends 8.B.. ordering food. 12.C. parties 5.C., 7.A.1., 8,D.1., 10.D., 11.C.1. personal appearance 6. suppl. B., 10.E., 12. suppl. B. pets (dogs) 4 suppl. C., 10.B. plans for the day 7.B. plans for the future 12.E. problems with tradesmen 8.A. putting in storage 11.D.2. reading something 7. suppl. B. recommending a movie 6. suppl. C. renting a summer home 11.B. repairing something 11.C.1. restaurant 12.C. retirement 6.B. riding the bus or trolley 1.E., 5.E., 6.D. right and left 3.D. school 3.B. seashore 11.A. selling and buying 11.D.1., 11.E, shopping 1.A. for clothes 4.B., for a present 9. suppl. B., 12.A.2., 12.B.1., 12. suppl. A. sickness 3 suppl. B. singing, playing the guitar 2 suppl. C sleeping 8. suppl. A., 8. suppl. B. smoking 5 suppl. D. speaking Polish 2 suppl. B. sports 5 suppl. A. studies 8.A., 12,E. summer home 11.D. surprise meeting 8.C. sweets 12.B.2. taking one's car 6.E. taking the bus or train 6.E. taste in food 8. suppl. C. telephone conversation 9.D. television 5.D., 7.B., 11. suppl. A. trains 6.E., 8.E.

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INDEX vacations 11.A., 11.B. visiting someone at work 10.A.1. waiting for a bus 1.E. waiting for someone 2.A., 6.C. watching television 5.D. weather 11. suppl. A., 11. suppl. B., 11. suppl. C., 11. suppl. D.,11. suppl. E. what would one do if one were rich 11.D.1. wine, vodka 9. suppl. C. work 3.C. zoo 10.C.2.

625

INDEX

INDEX OF TOPICS accusative case. of personal pronouns 3.D. 95, of nouns (sg.) 4.B. special accusative instances 4.C. adjectival nouns 1.A. 6, 4.C. genitive of 9.B. adjective-noun order 11.A. adjectives 1.A. nominative plural of 10.C masculine personal 10.D. predicate adjectives 1.C. 18, 1.D. , comparison of 6.E. adverbs, placement in sentence 2.E., useful adverbs 3.E., predicative adverbs 6.E. ambient use of 11.A. experiential 11.A. factual use of 11.A. age, giving your age 5.E. 'ago' (temu, przed+I) 6.C. 'all night' (ca∏à noc), etc. 5.B. alphabet ixff. 'already' (ju˝) 3.A. ambient adverbs 11.A. amount, genitive of 9.B. 'angry at' (z∏y na) 5.B. animals, expressions using 10.B. 'any at all' (jakikolwiek) 4.D. apartment 4.E. apparel 4.B. 'arrive', 'leave', 'depart' (on foot, by vehicle, by plane, by boat) 11.A. 'as soon as' (jak tylko) 7.C. aspect 7.A., 7.B. aspect pairs 7.A., 7.B. review of 7.E. b´d´, functions of 8.B. 'be' (byç b´d´) 5.A. 157. 'be' sentences 6.B. 8.B. beverages 12.A. birthdays 10.A. bodies of water, prepositions used with 9.D. body, parts of the 10.B. 'both' (obydwa, obydwie, obydwaj) 10.D. 'both... and' (i... i)1.D. 'by a lot' (o wiele) 2.E. 'by an hour' (o godzin´), etc. 5.B. 'can' (móc, mog´, mo˝esz) case forms of pronouns 9.E. case, grammatical 4.B., names of cases 4.B., word order and case 4.E. 141, questions as guide to case 4.E. see also under nominative, genitive, dative, instrumental, locative classroom expressions xv ff. clock time 5.B. 164, 5.E. clothing 4.B. collective numerals 12.C. colors 4.D. 10.C. exs. comparison of adjectives 6.E. compass directions 11.B. compound future tense 3.A. 76, 5.D. conditional mood, uses and formation 11.D. of modal verbs 5.D. of 'want' 5.B. conjugation, 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th 8.B. 8.B. consonant spelling rules 9.A. consonants. sounds and letters 1.A. 4, devoicing of voiced consonants 5.A containers 12.A. contrary-to-fact conditional 11.D. counting 12.C. daily routine, verbs of 8.E. dates, expressing 12.C.

626

INDEX dative case. of nouns and adjectives, formation 7.D. of pronouns 7.D. days of the week 5.A. definite and indefinite articles, absence of 1.A. depersonalizing function of si´ 8.D. desserts 12.A. detachable past-tense endings 8.C. determinate and indeterminate verbs of motion 6.D. devoicing of voiced consonants 5.A. 'different' (inny) 4.D. double destinations 9.D. double negative 2.D. 'each' (ka˝dy) 3.C. 87, 4.D. 'either... or' (albo... albo) 1.D. equational 'be' sentences 6.B. 'even' (nawet) 2.E. events 5.A. events, prepositions used with 9.D. 'every' (ka˝dy) 3.C. existential, negative 9.B. feminine nouns 1.A. see under cases and case formation fields of study 10.E. supplement 'first' (pierwszy), 'last' (ostatni), 'next' (nast´pny) 12.D. first-person plural of verb 2.B. food 12.A., 12.C., 12.D. food adjectives 12.A. formal address 1.B., 8.A., 11.C. free time 5.E. 'friend' (przyjaciel), 'colleague' (kolega), 'acquaintance' (znajomy) 3B. function words 1.D. functionally hard and soft consonants 10.A. future tense, compound 3.A., 5.D., of to jest 5.D. gender. of nouns 1.A genitive case, singular 9.A. of possession 9.A. of attribute 9.A. of negation 9.A. formation of singular 9.A. of adjectival nouns and last names 9.A. of negated existential 9.B. of amount 9.B. idioms using 9.B. after prepositions 9.C. verbs requiring the 9.C. genitive plural of nouns, uses and formation 12.B. 'good' (dobry), 'better' (lepszy), 'best' (najlepszy) 2.E. grammatical case 4.B., names of cases 4.B. greetings 5.A. hair and eye color 10.E. 'happen', 'occur' zdarzyç si´, staç si´, dziaç si´ 7.C. hard and soft consonants 10.A. helping verbs, lack of 2.C. 'here' (tu) and 'there' (tam) 1.A. home and apartment 4.E. household routine, verbs of 8.E. identity statements (to jest) 1.C. 18, (to sà) 4.B. 'if' (jeÊli) 2.C. 5 imperative mood, uses and formation 11.C. imperfective aspect. see under aspect 'in an hour' (za godzin´), etc. 5.B. inclusional 'be' sentences 6.B. indefinite pronouns 2.D. infinitives, verbs followed by 7.C. instrumental case. uses 6.A., 6.B., formation 6.A., after verbs 6.B. , in expressions 6.B., of personal pronouns (sg.) 6.C., question types 6.E. instrumental prepositions expressing to and from 11.A.

627

INDEX interrogative pronouns (jaki, który) 6.C. intonation. 7.A intransitivizing function of si´ 8.D. introducing statements 1.C. k/g spelling rule 9.A., 10.A. 'know' (wiedzieç vs. znaç) 2.C. kreska consonants 3.A. 76, 4.C. 10.A. language adjectives and adverbs 2.C. last names 4.C. 126, 6.A. genitive of 9.B. letter c 3.A. letter w, pronunciation 4.A. 'like' (podobaç si´ vs. lubiç) 4.B., 7.D. location, prepositions of 9.D. locative case 3.C. locative case of town names 9.D. locative phrases 3.C. locative-compatible verbs 3.C. manner adverbs, intonation of 7.A 'married' (˝onaty, zam´˝na) 4.A. 1 getting married 12.D. masculine nouns 1.A. see under cases and case formation masculine personal nouns and adjectives, nominative plural of 10.D. meals 12.A. modal verbs. future tense 5.D. 177, conditional mood 5.D. money, counting Polish 10.A. things to do with 10.A. exs.. months 11.B. 'morning' (rano), 'afternoon' (po po∏udniu), 'evening' (wieczorem), 'night' (nocà) 5.A. motion to and from, prepositions of 9.D. with instrumental prepositions 11.A. motion verbs 6.D., 11.A. namedays 10.A. nasal vowels intro xi, before consonants 6.A. negated existential 9.B. negation, genitive of 9.B. negative, double 2.D. 'neither... nor' (ani... ani) 1.D. neuter nouns 1.A. 'next Friday' (w nast´pny piàtek), etc. 5.D. nominative plural of nouns 10.B. of masculine personal nouns and adjectives 10.D. of adjectives and pronominal adjectives 10.C. equals accusative plural 10.C. 'none', 'no', 'not any' (˝aden ˝adna ˝adne) 3.C. 87, 4.D. noun gender 1.A. nouns, nominative plural of 10.B. numbers 12.C. 1, 2, 3, 4 5.B., 10.D., 12.D. numbers 1-20 5.E., 12.C. o co chodzi? 10.A. obligation, expressions of 11.E. 'one' (jeden jedna jedno) 4,D. 'one more' (jeszcze) 2.E. 'one's own' (swój swoja swoje) 4.C. 'only just' (dopiero co) 7.C. 'other' (drugi) 4.D. paraphrasing a dialogue 2.D. parts of the body 10.B. past tense 5.C. of to jest 5.D. plural forms 8.C. detachment of endings 8.C. people, names for 1.A. plurals 10.E. prepositions used with 9.D. perfective verbs 7.A. see under aspect personal grooming, verbs of 8.E. personal pronouns, third-person sg. 1.A., 2.A. 9. accusative case (sg.) 3.D. 95, instrumental case (sg.)

628

INDEX 6.C. , reflexive 6.C. see under pronouns persons, relations, friends 4.A. , accusative case of 4.D., plurals 10.E., prepositions used with 9.D. plural of nouns 10.B. of masculine personal nouns and adjectives 10.D. plural-only nouns 10.A. Polish money, counting 10.A., 11.C. polite address 8.A. possessive pronouns, singular 3.A., summary 10.E. pragmatic conjugational system 8.A., 11.C. predicate adjectives 1.C. 18, 1.D. , case form of 6.B. predicate adverbs 6.E. predicate nouns 6.A. preposition w, pronunciation 3.A. prepositions, plus genitive 9.C. plus the instrumental 6.B. present tense 2.B., formation, summary 8.B. professions 3.D., 10. suppl. pronominal adjectives 1.A. 7, 4.C. , 4.D. plural of 10.C. pronouns, third-person sg. 1.A. 13, 2.A.. indefinite 2.D.. negative 2.D., accusative (sg.) 3.D. , accusative after prepositions 4.A., of polite address, relative pronouns 6.D., 8.A., dative case of 7.D., plural pronouns 8.A., summary of case forms 9.E. pro-verb 'do', lack of 2.C. purpose phrases with conditional 11.D. question tag 1.D. question words 2.D. questions. yes-no 1.C. as a guide to case 4.E. 'rather' (doÊç) 1.D. reading matter 4.B. reciprocal use of si´ 8.D. reflexive use of si´ 6.D., 8.D. reflexive verbs of emotion 8.D. reflexive-only verbs 8.D. relative pronouns (jaki, który) 6.C. 'remember' (pami´taç) 2.C. reporting verbs 2.C. , 3.B. review of verbs 2.B. 'same' (ten sam, ta sama, to samo) 4.D. seasons 11.B. second-person form of the verb, uses 2.C. sentence intonation 7.A. sequence of tenses 7.A. si´, uses of 8.D. soft and hard consonants 10.A. sound changes xii ff. sounds ixff. spelling. and pronunciation x ff. of borrowed words in -ja 10.A. rules for consonants 9.A. statement intonation 7.A stem-changes. before -0 in genitive plural 12.B. in masculine nouns 10.C. 'still' (jeszcze) 2.E., 3.A. stress of negated one-syllable verbs 8.A. subject raising and the conditional 11.D. surnames 4.C. , 6.A. tag, question 1.D. 'than' (ni˝) 2.E., (ni˝, od+G) 12.E. time. of year 11.B. time periods 5.B. counting time periods 10.A. telling time 5.B. , 5.E. to jest/to sà 10.A.

629

INDEX 'today' (dziÊ, dzisiaj), 'tomorrow' (jutro), 'yesterday' (wczoraj) 5.A. 'too' (zbyt) 1.D. 2 town-names, locative case of 9.D. true/false statements 3.E. 'understand' (rozumieç) 2.C. 'until' (dopóki nie) 7.C. verbs of motion 6.D., 11.A. verbs. review 2.B. 44., 5.D., present tense 2.B.. first-person plural 2.B. second-person form, uses 2.C.. of mental faculty 2.C. reporting verbs 2.C.. of speech 2.C., past tense 5.C., of motion 6.D., 11.A. imperative 11.C. 'very' (bardzo) 1.D. voiced consonants, devoicing of 5.A. vowel sounds intro ix ff., 2.A. weather 11.A., 11.B. conversations on 11. supplement weddings 12.E. 'whether' (czy) 1.D. 'which' (który) 3.C. 87, 4.D. wh-question intonation 7.A word order and case 4.E. word-initial prze- krze- trze- 4.A. y/i spelling rules 9.A., 10.A. years 12.C. yes-no questions 1.C. intonation 7A

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