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Interactive and Integrative Lesson Plan

Common Ailments of the Circulatory System


(Date)

I.

II.

Objectives
Cognitive

Psychomotor

Affective

Integration
A.
B.

III.

Value: Concern for others.


Makabayan: Coping with emergencies.

Subject Matter

1.

Unit
Topic
Sub-topic
Reference
Materials

2.

Concepts/Related Ideas
1.

2.

3.
IV.

Describe the common ailments affecting the circulatory system, including their symptoms,
causes, and treatment
Practice desirable health habits that help prevent/control common ailments of the
circulatory system.
Demonstrate ways of caring for the circulatory system
Endorse appropriate medication to people in need of health care and assistance.

Circulatory System
:
Common Ailments of the Circulatory System.
:
First aid: How to apply CPR and other life-saving procedures.
:
iTextbook 6, Science and Health 6, Jessie A. Villegas, pages 20
:
pressure points diagram, red marking pen, handkerchief, stick

Blood diseases.
a.
Anemia.
Cause: lack of the substance necessary for the production of red corpuscles.
Treatment: iron-rich diet and intake of Vit. B-12.
b.
Leukemia. This is also known as the cancer of the blood.
Cause: overproduction of white corpuscles.
Treatment: radiation, chemotherapy + blood transfusion
c.
Hemophilia. This disease, known as the bleeder's disease, is hereditary.
Cause: failure of the blood to clot when a blood vessel is cut or injured.
Treatment: Vitamin K
d.
Gangrene. It is the death of tissues, usually in the arm and leg.
Cause: lack of blood flowing to the affected tissues.
Prevention: Allow the free flow of blood to the affected area.
Diseases of the heart.
a.
Hypertension or high blood pressure: one of the top killers of our time.
Causes: anxiety, anger, overeating, drugs, excessive stimulants, etc.
Prevention: maintain normal weight, avoid too much protein, sweets, salt, fatty foods, and
stimulants. Have a good rest.
Treatment: drugs prescribed only by doctors.
b.
Coronary thrombosis: commonly known as heart attack.
Cause: clot in the coronary artery.
Symptoms: difficulty in breathing, weakening, vomiting.
First aid treatment: Let the victim recline with his head and shoulders slightly elevated.
Loosen his clothes. Let him breath fresh air. Do not allow him to move even a finger. Then
call a doctor. If the patient's heart stops, or if he's not breathing, immediately apply CPR.
c.
Stroke.
Cause: lack of blood supply to certain parts of the brain.
Symptoms: unconsciousness, vomiting, paralyses of the muscles on one side of the face or
the body.
First aid: Keep the patient at complete bed rest, with head and shoulder slightly raised.
Apply ice bag on forehead and face. Call a doctor.

Process Skills
Observation, inference, first aid skill

Procedure
A. Preparatory Activities
Greeting
Checking of attendance

Checking of assignments
1.

Review
1. How does blood clot?
2. What is the importance of clotting?
3. How can bleeding be stopped?

2.

Motivation
Suppose you are alone with your father and all of a sudden he experiences a heart attack. Are you prepared to
handle the situation? What will you do? Unfortunately we dont have 911 in the Philippines.

3.

Presentation
To be able to act properly, it is important that we discuss today the various ailments affecting the circulatory
system.

4.

Concept Formation
1.
2.
3.
4.

5.

What are the common diseases of the blood?


Describe each one by stating its cause or causes, symptoms, and treatment (medication or first aid)
What are the common diseases of the heart?
How can you apply CPR when a person stops breathing and no pulses?

Enhancement Activity
Role playing. How is CPR administered?

6.

Generalizations
1.
2.

7.

Name the diseases of the blood and heart.


Enumerate their causes, symptoms, and suggested treatments.

Application/Integration
Heroes are made in times of extreme emergency and danger. Be ready to help save lives especially when no
other person is available. Your competence in administering first aid will be very much appreciated.

8.

Evaluation
Multiple Choice. Choose the correct answer.
1.

2.
3.
4.

5.

9.

LDL is low density lipoprotein. It is found in saturated fats, egg yolk, liver, coconut oil and all meats. It
accumulates on artery walls resulting in the narrowing and hardening of blood vessels. This reduces blood flow
and increases the risk of a heart attack. Which of the following is the common name of LDL?
a)
creatinine
c)
bile
b)
fat
d)
bad cholesterol..
If you have a history of heart disease, which of the following food must you avoid?
a)
vegetables
c)
fruits
b)
fish
d)
fatty meat
A person with hemophilia needs
a)
Vit K
c)
Vit A
b)
Vit C
d)
Vit E
The lack of blood flowing through a tissue may result in
a)
the bodys inability to clot blood.
b)
gangrene.
c)
the overproduction of white corpuscles.
d)
a severe paralysis of the tissue.
CPR must be immediately administered to a person who
e)
is suffering from heart attack.
f)
stops breathing and the heart stops beating.
g)
shows the first sign of a stroke.
h)
has a very high blood pressure.

Assignment
1.
2.
3.

Make a report of other ailments affecting the circulatory system.


Name the major organs of the nervous system
Describe the human brain.

4.

Name the parts of the human brain and their respective functions.