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ARCHITECTURE & PLANNING GROUP

PO Box 47673 Doha-Qatar, Tel: 44311235, Fax: 44436762

MECHANICAL SPECS
GENERAL SPACIFICATION
FOR

AIR CONDITIONING AND VENTILATION


FOR

PROPOSED (2B+G++M+7)
COMMERICIAL & RESIDENTIAL PROJECT
AT

DOHA, QATAR

BY

ARCHITECTURE & PLANNING GROUP


PLANNERS ARCHITECTS ENGINEERS INTERIOR DESIGN
Doha Office, Qatar
Abu Dhabi, UAE
Dubai,UAE
Al Ain,UAE
Cairo, Egypt
Alexandria, Egypt
Khartoum, Sudan
Amman, Jordan

P.O. BOX 47673


P.O. Box 2833
P.O Box 34471
P.O Box 16001
P.O Box 11341
P.O Box 2242
P.O Box 10490
P.O Box 35178

Tel.: +974 4 4311235


Tel. +971 2 6333 022
Tel. +971 4 3326 115
Tel. +971 3 7650 293
Tel. +20 2 2453 4088
Tel. +20 3 582 4451
Tel. +249 18324 3781
Tel. + 962 6592 8347

AUGUST 2013

Fax. :
Fax. :
Fax. :
Fax. :
Fax. :
Fax.:

+974 4 4436762
+971 2 6332 883
+971 4 3326 145
+971 3 7518 069
+20 2 2259 2057
+20 3 582 7276

Fax . + 962 6592 8347

ARCHITECTURE & PLANNING GROUP


PO Box 47673 Doha-Qatar, Tel: 44311235, Fax: 44436762

MECHANICAL SPECS
SECTION 22
AIR CONDITIONING AND VENTILATION
1.

EXTENT OF CONTRACT
The work under this section of the specification shall include for the supply, delivery to site,
installation, testing and commissioning and setting to work the new Air conditioning and
Ventilation systems for the Project.

1. All air conditioning and ventilation system complete with all accessories and controls,
as per specifications, schedules and drawings.
2. Complete air distribution system, return air collecting system, fresh air and ventilation
system as shown on the drawings and as specified.
3. Various controls, instruments and their connections, electrical works related to air
conditioning and ventilation systems as detailed in the specifications.
The Contractor shall provide all the materials, labour, cartage, plant and appliances
necessary for the supply, installation, testing and commissioning of the work and all other
minor and incidental works necessary for the system.
The specifications and drawings are intended to indicate the nature and scope of the
project. The Contractor shall be responsible for the installation of plant of the correct
capacity and shall guarantee the efficient performance of the equipment.
2.

EXCLUSIONS
Items necessary for the completion of the plant but not included in the tender are to be
listed as exclusions. It will be assumed that any items or services necessary to the air
conditioning plant and not specifically excluded will be provided by the Contractor even if
not mentioned in the tender.

3.

STANDARD OF WORKS
Unless otherwise specified, all equipment is to comply with the current K AHRAMA
regulations, relevant British and American codes of practice as listed below. However, the
KAHRAMA / local latest regulations shall take precedence over all other regulations.
1.

ASHRAE

American Society of Heating, Refrigeration and


Air conditioning Engineer

2.

IHVE

The Institute of Heating and Ventilation Engineers (UK)

3.

ASME

American Society of Mechanical Engineers

4.

ARI

Air conditioning Refrigeration Institute (USA)

5.

ASTM

American Society of Testing and Materials

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ARCHITECTURE & PLANNING GROUP


PO Box 47673 Doha-Qatar, Tel: 44311235, Fax: 44436762

MECHANICAL SPECS
6.

AWS

American Welding Society

7.

DW142

Specification for Sheet metal ductwork

8.

SMACNA

Sheet Metal and Air conditioning Contractor's


National Association, Vienna

9.

QCS

Qatar Construction Specification

The workmen employed must be accustomed to the highest class of air conditioning
installation.
A competent Engineer must be in regular attendance throughout the whole contract. The
whole of the installation shall be executed in conformity with the drawings, specifications,
internationally accepted codes of practice and local regulations.
4.

PROGRAMME
Immediately on receipt of an order the Contractor shall prepare a programme detailing the
services and sequence of installation.
Approval of programme by the Engineer or Client shall not relieve the Contractor from his
obligations to execute and complete the works in conformity with the directions and
requirements of the Engineer.

5.

6.

DATA TO BE SUPPLIED WITH TENDER


a.

Full description of equipment's and system proposed.

b.

Exclusions and departures from specifications.

c.

Guarantee particulars.

d.

Letter of compliance confirming that the offer fully complies wit h the tender
documents, specifications and tender drawings and that there are no deviations.

PRACTICAL COMPLETION
The Contractor shall deliver the Operation and Maintenance Manuals along with the 'As built' drawings and loose items if any to the Client before practical completion. The
completion certificate will be issued by the Engineer after obtaining the Operation and
Maintenance manuals.
Recommendation for release or the release of Practical Completion Certificate would not
absolve the Contractor of his responsibility to provide the installation complete in all
respects and in satisfactory working order. If any item is discovered later during
commissioning, maintenance period or at F.C.C. stage to be short supplied or not in
working order, the Contractor shall be liable to make good the same to the satisfaction of
the Engineer.

7.

DESIGN DATA
The broad design parameters of air conditioning system shall be as follows:

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ARCHITECTURE & PLANNING GROUP


PO Box 47673 Doha-Qatar, Tel: 44311235, Fax: 44436762

MECHANICAL SPECS
Latitude

25 North

46C. DB, 30C. WB

Outside design conditions

a.

Summer

(115F. DB, 86F. WB)

b.

Winter

10C. DB, 90% RH


(50F. DB, 90% RH)

Inside design conditions


a.

Living / Office

231C DB, 50% RH

b.

Dining

231C DB, 50% RH

c.

Masters Bedroom

231C DB, 50% RH

d.

Bedroom

23C DB, 50% RH

e.

Majlis

231C DB, 50% RH

f.

Gym

23C DB, 50% RH

g.

Mosque

23C DB, 50% RH

Note: Humidity control and winter heating is not required.

Occupancy
a.

Living

3 sq.m. / person

Dining

1 person / chair

c.

Bedroom

2 persons max.

d.

Majlis

1 person / chair

e.

Gym

3.5 sq.m. / person

f.

Kitchen

3 persons max.

Page | 4

ARCHITECTURE & PLANNING GROUP


PO Box 47673 Doha-Qatar, Tel: 44311235, Fax: 44436762

MECHANICAL SPECS
Lighting load

a.

Living

20 watts/sq.m.

Dining

20 watts/sq.m.

c.

Majlis

30 watts/sq.m.

d.

Bedroom

20 watts/sq.m.

e.

Gym, Reception

20 watts/sq.m.

f.

Mosque

20 watts/sq.m.

Equipment Load
As per room equipment details (PC, Printers in Administration room, Cookers in Housekeeping,
Sewing Machines in Needlework room, etc.)

Fresh air

a.

Living

15 cfm/person

b.

Dining

15 cfm/person

c.

Majlis

15 cfm/person

d.

Bedroom

15 cfm/person

e.

Gym, Reception

15 cfm/person

f.

Office

15 cfm/person

g.

Mosque

15 cfm/person

Noise level

a.

Guest Hall

25-30 NC

Offices, Study Room

25-30 NC

c.

Bedroom & Living

25-30 NC

d.

Reception & Lobby

25-30 NC

e.

Gym, Reception

30-35 NC

f.

Majlis, Mosque, Pray Room

25-30 NC

Ventilation (Exhaust)

Page | 5

ARCHITECTURE & PLANNING GROUP


PO Box 47673 Doha-Qatar, Tel: 44311235, Fax: 44436762

MECHANICAL SPECS
a.

Bath Area

8-10 air changes per hour

b.

Toilets

10-12 air changes per hour

c.

Pantries

10-12 air changes per hour

d.

Kitchen

10-12 ACH

Electric Supply

415 V, 3 Ph, 50 Hz, 4 wire and

General

a.

240 V, 1 Ph, 50 Hz A.C. supply


b.

'U' Factors

Heat Transmission Co-efficient

(U) value for the roofs

0.1 Btu/ft. sq.hr.F


(0.57 watts/m.sq.C)

(As per KAHRAMA Circular)

Heat Transmission Co-efficient

(U) value for the walls

0.13 Btu/ft. sq.hr.F


(0.741 watts/m.sq.C)

(As per KAHRAMA Circular)

All Windows

Double glazed / solar reflective


glass (3.20 watts/m.sq.C)

c. Rating for Continuous Service & Local Ambient Conditions


The outside air temperature may occasionally rise to 50C (122F). All apparatus shall be rated for
continuous service, twenty four hours a day, seven days a week throughout its normal rated life
except for necessary routine maintenance. The Contractor shall offer equipment which is capable
of operating at the ambient temperature of 50C without any failure.

Page | 6

ARCHITECTURE & PLANNING GROUP


PO Box 47673 Doha-Qatar, Tel: 44311235, Fax: 44436762

MECHANICAL SPECS
8.

GENERAL REQUIREMENTS
Quality of Equipment and Materials
All equipment and materials shall be brand new, of a quality accepted by the Engineer and
presenting no dent, damage or breakage during transportation or installation. All metal
parts shall be protected on site from rust, corrosion and dirt by properly storing, packing
and covering. All rusted parts of metal, subject to the Engineer's approval shall be cleaned
of corrosion products and given two coats of anti-rust paint before installation.

Instructions for Operation and Routine Maintenance


The Contractor shall provide written instructions both in Arabic and English languages as to
the method of operation of equipment and the routine maintenance works (cleaning of air
filters etc.). Six copies of such instructions shall be handed over to the Engineer.
Painting, Tags, Nameplates
All steel works in connection with supports for pipes, cable trays etc., exposed to the
elements are to be painted with two coats of an approved rust preventive paint, preferably
zinc rich primer and two coats of enamel paint of gray colour or as approved by the
Engineer.
All exposed metal surfaces of refrigeration and electrical apparatus, motors, guards,
insulated pipe work etc., must be painted with one coat of under-coat and two coats of
enamel paint finish to approved colour. Identification bands, colour codes (refer BS 1710 :
1975) and directional flow arrows shall be painted on piping or insulation at frequent
intervals indicating the unit services and the fluid conveyed. Lettering shall be in English.
Identification of ductwork, colour codes, directional flow arrows and application of symbols
shall be carried out in accordance with DW 142. Internal surfaces of ducts at the grille or
diffuser terminals and connections visible to occupants in rooms shall be painted with two
coats of dull black paint.
All power supply switches shall be tagged identifying the area served, the capacity of
switching and equipment they feed. Same identification must appear on the wiring diagram
submitted with the operating instructions. All wires shall bear identification numbered tags
corresponding to the same wiring diagram mentioned above.
Drawings, Submittals, Instructions, Manuals and Samples
General
All drawings and material submissions, other information and samples must be supplied to
the Engineer as laid down in the specifications and as and when agreed during the site
meetings, in the progress chart or as instructed by the Engineer.
Submittals and Engineers Approval
The Contractor shall submit for approval a detailed information data for all the equipment
he proposes to install. Such submittals shall contain the following information:
i.

Model number

ii.

Name of manufacturer and country of origin.

iii.

Manufacturer's data showing the capacity of equipment, physical dimensions, list of


all components and their characteristics.

Page | 7

ARCHITECTURE & PLANNING GROUP


PO Box 47673 Doha-Qatar, Tel: 44311235, Fax: 44436762

MECHANICAL SPECS
The Engineer shall check, if he so requires, all parts of installation and materials. Any part
rejected shall be immediately dismantled, removed from site and replaced or repaired to
conform to the specifications and to the full satisfaction of the Engineer. Any part requiring
realignment or repositioning in co-ordination with the decoration, false ceilings, carpentry or
finishing works as required by the Engineer shall be carried out without delay.
Any interim approval given by the Engineer does not relieve the Contractor of his
obligations under this contract.
Shop Drawings to be prepared by the Contractor
The Contractor shall prepare and submit for approval, detailed shop drawings for all
equipment or distribution services described herein. Such drawings shall indicate:
i.

All civil works, openings, bases, position of sleeves etc.

ii.

The physical dimensions of the equipment.

iii.

The sizes of foundation base wherever required.

iv.

Location of center bolts to base.

v.

Position of motors, controls, air duct connections etc.

vi.

Detailed wiring diagram of all electrical systems consisting of control wiring diagram
for various controls, instruments, sensors, step controllers etc., and their
connections, power wiring diagram from isolator / control panel in various equipment
etc., as detailed elsewhere in the specification.

vi.

Refrigerant piping for the complete piping layout.

vii.

Co-ordinated drawings with all other services, structure space frame and finishes or
any other drawing found necessary or requested by the Engineer for co-ordination of
works.

viii.

The following drawings shall be provided by the A.C. Contractor for each panel:
a.

General arrangement of control panel

b.

Control schematics

c.

Single line diagram

d.

Circuit diagram

e.

Terminal block connection diagram

f.

Cable schedule

g.

Material list

The work described on any shop drawing submitted shall be properly checked by the
Contractor for all clearance, field conditions, maintenance space and proper co-ordination.
Equipment layout is to be detailed on drawings showing the exact method of installing and
clearly illustrating components to be used in making all connections.

Page | 8

ARCHITECTURE & PLANNING GROUP


PO Box 47673 Doha-Qatar, Tel: 44311235, Fax: 44436762

MECHANICAL SPECS
The Contractor shall submit to the Engineer, shop drawings of all sheet metal ductwork for
approval before work is fabricated and installed.
Ductwork drawings must show clearances between the ductwork and masonry. All
dampers, fresh air inlets, exhaust outlets, connections to equipment and methods of
support and any other details necessary for the satisfactory installation of the system must
be indicated. Each type of register, diffuser and louver is to be referenced in a schedule
and the type and size clearly indicated at each location.
Position of hangers and supports with reference numbers must be indicated and large
scale detail must be given showing the type and method of installation of each type of
hanger. A schedule is to be included on each drawing, detailing the type of hanger fixing
with a reference number for each type.
All general layout drawings are to be drawn in 1 : 50 scale. Details of hangers, method of
fixing of pipes and ducts, ducts and risers, details of control and piping connections to
equipment are to be drawn in 1 : 25 scale.
In case the Contractor fails to produce the shop drawings and co-ordinated shop drawings
in accordance with the specified/agreed time schedule, the Engineer reserves the right to
engage an outside agency to undertake this work and debit the entire cost to the
Contractor's account.
At all places where multiple services cross over, the Contractor shall submit specific details
on the drawings of all services on a larger scale, which should be thoroughly checked by
the A.C. Contractor for their location, clearances, method of fixing etc., before submitting to
the Engineer for approval.
The Contractor shall prepare drawings and schedules showing precise details of holes in
concrete, masonry etc., and necessary wooden frames required for passage of ducts, pipes
and fittings of grilles, registers, diffusers, louvers, etc. Drawings and schedules approved
by the Engineer must be available before any structural work requiring holes or other
modification is constructed. This schedule is to be submitted in a form to be agreed with the
Engineer.
All drawings prepared by the Contractor shall be submitted in the form of three sets of blue
prints to the Engineer for approval, who in turn, after making his comments will return one
set of the same to the Contractor for necessary revisions if any. Thereafter the Contractor
shall submit five sets of blue prints for the Engineer's final approval. Once the drawings are
finally approved, the Contractor shall submit in reproducible copy negative for Engineer's
signature and the same shall be kept on site for execution.
It is the Contractor's responsibility to co-ordinate all grilles, equipment, pipes, light fittings,
false ceiling layout and all other services to be affected to allow a completely symmetrical,
proper and neat installation.
The Contractor shall supply to the Engineer a set of 'As -installed' drawings showing the
works 'As-installed' together with any other information necessary for operation and
maintenance. Six copies of each such drawing shall be supplied. In addition, two sets of
copy negatives for each drawing shall be handed over to the Client.
Manuals

Page | 9

ARCHITECTURE & PLANNING GROUP


PO Box 47673 Doha-Qatar, Tel: 44311235, Fax: 44436762

MECHANICAL SPECS
The Contractor shall make provision for the supply of three copies of the Instruction Manual
before issue of Practical Completion Certificate. This manual shall include the followin g
items:
i.

Complete list of all items of equipment, controls and accessories as actually supplied
including serial nos. and all name plate details.

ii.

A set of 'As-built' drawings showing equipment layout foundation details, ducting


layout and details, electrical wiring and drain piping. The drawings shall show plans
and sections necessary to show all required information correctly.

iii.

A set of manufacturer's catalogues, wiring diagram and installation drawings relevant


only to the particular item of air conditioning and ventilation equipment concerned.
General catalogues will not be acceptable.

iv.

Manufacturer's printed spare parts list for all items of equipment.

v.

Operational description of the air conditioning plant including starting, s topping and
seasonal shut-down.

vi.

Preventive maintenance routine at weekly, monthly and yearly


maintenance procedures for all plant and equipment.

vii.

Manufacturer's full name and address together with telephone, fax numbers.

viii.

Name, address, telephone and fax numbers of local agents / suppliers.

intervals and

Storage of Materials and Equipment


All materials and equipment must be stored properly so as to prevent damage, corrosion,
deterioration or dirt penetration.
All duct outlets must be adequately closed to prevent dust and dirt penetration during the
course of erection.

9.

TEST AT SITE
General
The Contractor shall submit to the Engineer, one month prior to the date of commencement
of the tests, six (6) copies of the complete test procedures to be used. The procedure,
method of calculation etc., shall be approved by the Engineer before any test is carried out.
Six (6) copies of the test results shall be furnished to the Engineer for his approval.
The Contractor shall supply skilled staff and all necessary instruments and carry out tests
of any kind on a piece of equipment, apparatus, part of system or a complete system if the
Consultant requests such a test, for determining specified or guaranteed data as given in
the specifications or in the schedule of equipment filled in by the Contractor.
Any damage resulting from the tests shall be repaired and/or damaged material replaced,
all to the satisfaction of the Engineer. In the event of any repair or adjustment required to
be made, other than the normal running adjustment, the tests shall be void and shall be

Page | 10

ARCHITECTURE & PLANNING GROUP


PO Box 47673 Doha-Qatar, Tel: 44311235, Fax: 44436762

MECHANICAL SPECS
recommended after the adjustments or repairs have been completed. The tests shall not be
void due to circumstances beyond the Contractor's control.
All testing, balancing and final adjustment shall be in accordance with the provision of the
applicable 'ASHRAE' standards.
Condensate Piping
Installation of approved Copper piping, sized as per same opening for the Packaged unit
drain provision and properly sloped as well as gravity test shall be applied to piping only
before connection to equipment. In no case shall, piping, equipment or appliances be
subjected to pressure exceeding their rating. If necessary, piping shall be taken down and
reassembled and no make-shift method of temporarily repairing leaks etc., will be
permitted.
Tests shall be completed and approved before any insulation is applied or pipes and fittings
have been concealed. Tests shall be performed in the presence of and to the satisfaction
of the Engineer. Any leaks or defects uncovered by the tests shall be repaired and the
system retested as above, at no additional cost to the Employer.
Ductwork
All branches and outlets shall be tested for air quantity and the total of the air quantities
shall be within five percent of fan capacity. Volume control dampers and splitter dampers
shall be tested for proper operation.
Equipment
All air handling and ventilating equipment, ductwork and air outlets shall be adjusted and
balanced to deliver the specified air quantities indicated at each inlet and outlet on the
drawings.
Where the equipment or systems depend upon controls for proper operation, functioning
and performance, the latter shall be operated simultaneously with the equipment or system
during tests.
If air quantities cannot be delivered without exceeding the speed range of the sheaves or
the available horse-power, the Engineer shall be notified before proceeding with the
balancing of air distribution system.
Other tests as specified under the specific equipment headings are to be completed to the
satisfaction of the Engineer.
Electrical Equipment
All electrical equipment shall be cleaned and tested on site before applicat ion of power as
mentioned below:
i.

Wire and cable tests

ii.

Insulation resistance test, phase to phase and phase to earth on all circuits and
equipment's using a 500 volt meager. The insulation resistance shall not be less
than one (1) meg. ohm.

iii.

Earth resistance between conduit system and earth must not exceed five (5) ohms.

iv.

Phasing out and phase rotation tests.

Page | 11

ARCHITECTURE & PLANNING GROUP


PO Box 47673 Doha-Qatar, Tel: 44311235, Fax: 44436762

MECHANICAL SPECS
v.

Operating tests on all protective relays to prove their correct operation before
energizing the main equipment.

vi.

Operating tests on all starters, circuit breakers etc.

vii.

Any other test required as per KAHRAMA regulations.

Test on Completion
After finishing the above tests and adjustments, the Contractor shall be responsible for
running a reliability trial test for the whole plant installed. The whole of the trial of the plant
shall take place during the appropriate seasons when design conditions are met or
approximated. The trial shall take place at any reasonable time subject to the approval of
the Engineer. The trial shall last for a period of thirty one (31) consecutive days during
which time the whole of the plant shall operate continuously without readjustments or repair
to the satisfaction of the Engineer.
During the reliability trial test, performance tests shall be conducted on the refrigerating and
air conditioning equipment. The test data shall not deviate by more than three percent from
the guaranteed capacity data. Temperature readings shall be taken for the entering and
leaving air of each air handling unit. Should any part of the apparatus or system fail to
meet with the specification requirements, it shall be adjusted, repaired or replaced to the
satisfaction of the Engineer. The complete performance test shall then be repeated. The
date of commencement of the above said tests shall be subject to agreement with the
Engineer. As soon as all tests prescribed in this clause are carried out satisfactorily in the
opinion of the Engineer, a formal letter of completion shall be drawn up in three (3) copies
and signed by the Engineer.
During the maintenance period, the Contractor shall demonstrate that all equipment and
apparatus fulfill the requirements of the specifications and he shall operate all fans,
refrigeration and air conditioning equipment for a sufficient time to adjust all dampers,
thermostats and controls and shall provide the Engineer with a complete log and report
indicating air quantities, fan speed etc., throughout each of the various systems for the
operating seasons.
Maintenance Test
During 400 days maintenance period, the operation and day to day routine maintenance of
the plant and equipment shall be carried out by the owner's staff whereas the defects /
failure in the plant and equipment not as a result of inadequate maintenance, shall be part
of the Contractor's responsibility and shall be rectified free of cost by the Contractor. After
testing and commissioning, first set of filters for all the Packaged Units shall be provided by
the Contractor.
During the last month of the Maintenance period, the Contractor shall demonstrate to the
Engineer that all equipment and systems are operating according to the capacities and the
manner set down in the specifications. On completion of these tests, the Engineer shall
issue a formal letter of acceptance for the equipment and system or parts of the syst em
satisfactorily tested and approved.
The Maintenance Certificate will not be issued to the Contractor by the Engineer until all
plant has received the above mentioned letter of acceptance and/or unless a bank
guarantee is provided by the Contractor for the performance of that part of the plant and
equipment not formally tested and accepted.

Page | 12

ARCHITECTURE & PLANNING GROUP


PO Box 47673 Doha-Qatar, Tel: 44311235, Fax: 44436762

MECHANICAL SPECS
10. AIR CONDITIONING PACKAGE UNITS

N/A
11.

VIBRATION ISOLATORS
All plant shall be isolated from the building structure and the supports isolated from other items of
equipment.

The Units shall be provided with anti -vibration mountings. The anti -vibration mountings shall be
installed in accordance with the maker's recommendations and the Mechanical

Contractor shall ensure that the performance and type of isolator is suitable for the machinery to
be installed.

The AC Equipments shall have anti -vibration mountings in the following form :

Multi-layer rubber pads with square grid convolutions on both sides, spaced with steel shims and of
a thickness to suit the poi nts of uniform loading of the plant item, but of a minimum thickness of 32
mm spaced not more than 750 to 1000 mm apart.

12.

CONDENSATE DRAIN PIPES


Condensate drains shall be provided in copper pipes to BS 2871 Part 1 Table 'X' above ground and
in UPVC to BS 5255 for vertical drops buried in the walls, in floors or below ground and shall be
adequately supported along their length. All condensate drains shall be fitted with 75 mm deep
trap with dirt pocket and removable plug provided and extended to th e nearest drains/soakaways
as shown on the drawings. Removable plugs shall be provided at every change in direction to allow
rodding access.

13.

ALL SURFACE MOUNTED CONDENSATE DRAINS WITHIN THE BUILDING SHALL BE


INSULATED WITH 10 MM THICK RUBBER FOAM AND WEATHER PROOFED TO THE
SATISFACTION OF THE ENGINEER.
ALL EXPOSED PIPES EXTERNAL TO THE
BUILDING SHALL BE PAINTED WITH TWO COATS OF PAINT MATCHING WITH THE
BUILDING COLOUR.
DUCTED SPLIT AIR CONDITIONING UNIT

Page | 13

ARCHITECTURE & PLANNING GROUP


PO Box 47673 Doha-Qatar, Tel: 44311235, Fax: 44436762

MECHANICAL SPECS
General
The plant required shall consist of air cooled split type air conditioning unit of ceiling mounted
type. The unit shall be composed of an indoor unit with refrigerant circuit and an air cooled
outdoor unit for application with R. 22 refrigerant.

Indoor Unit
The indoor well mounted type A.C unit shall comprise of an evaporator, evaporator fan, fan
motor, air filter, liquid and gas inlets, strainer/drier, controls, internal wiring and piping all
housed in a decorative sheet steel cabinet with banked resin paint. The cabinet interior shall be
fully insulated to prevent sweating and to muffle the sound.

The evaporator coils shall be the multi -pass, cross-finned tube type, equipped with aluminum
plate fins, mechanically bonded to seamless oxygen free copper tubes. The fins shall be spaced
at not more than 16 fins per 25.4 mm. The coil shall be cleaned, dehydrated and tested for
leakage at the factory. Coil face velocity shall not exceed 500 FPM.

The evaporator fan shall be forward curved, centrifugal type, statically and dynamically balanc ed
and directly driven by the motor. The fan motor shall be permanently lubricated. The
evaporator fan must be selected to operate quietly with no overloading of fan motors.

The air filter shall be washable type, long life as per manufacturers standar d. The panels should
be easily removable to provide access for servicing.

The refrigerant circuit shall have one shot coupling for liquid and gas inlets, a strainer, a capillary
tube and an evaporator coil.

Outdoor Unit
The outdoor unit shall comprise of air cooled condenser, condenser fan and fan motor, suction
and discharge outlets, liquid line shut-off valves and necessary safety controls such as crank-case
heater, solid state motor protector, anti -recycling control etc., all as per manufacturers
standard. The outdoor unit shall be factory assembled, piped internally, pre-wired, charged with
R. 22 refrigerant and shall be designed to operate at outdoor ambient temperatures as high as
50C.

Page | 14

ARCHITECTURE & PLANNING GROUP


PO Box 47673 Doha-Qatar, Tel: 44311235, Fax: 44436762

MECHANICAL SPECS
The cabinet shall be constructed of steel, finished with baked synthetic resin paint. The fan
guard wire net shall be mounted on top or side of the unit and shall be adequately protected
against corrosion.

The unit shall contain a hermetic multi -cylinder reciprocating compressor from the same
manufacturer. The hermetic compressor shall be welded shell type and spring suspended
internally. The compressor shall be protected against breakdown by the mercury over current
relay, pressure switch and an in-built internal thermostat.

The condenser coil shall be the multi-pass, cross-finned type, equipped with aluminum plate fins
(max. 14 fins per 25.5 mm) mechanically bonded to seamless oxygen free copper tubes. The coil
shall be cleaned, dehydrated and tested for leakage at the factory. The condenser fan shal l be
propeller type with aluminum blades, statically and dynamically, balanced and driven directly by
the motor for up flow or horizontal air discharge. The motor shall be permanently lubricated
and shall be protected from water invasion. The refrigerant circuit shall be composed of a gas
inlet, one shot coupling, a condenser coil and a liquid outlet one shot coupling.

Unit Control
The indoor unit shall be equipped with an operation switch, fan speed selector switch and a
thermostat mounted on the remove control switch for wall mounted units. The operation
switch shall have the function of OFF-FAN-COOL. The operation control shall conform to manual
starting, automatic continuous operation whenever the thermostat requires and protection
devices allow. The unit shall be restarted by resetting the operation switch if any one of the
protection devices trips.

Protection Devices
The magnetic switch box incorporated in the outdoor or indoor unit shall contain magnetic
contractor for all motors, including condenser fan motor, over current relays and auxiliary relays.

Noise Level and Sound Isolation (for Split Unit)

Page | 15

ARCHITECTURE & PLANNING GROUP


PO Box 47673 Doha-Qatar, Tel: 44311235, Fax: 44436762

MECHANICAL SPECS
Noise level inside the conditioned area resulting from the unit shall not exceed 50 dbA (NC45) at
low speed and 55 dbA (NC50) at high speed when measured at one meter distance in a room
with normal occupancy and furnishing.

All the running equipments shall be isolated from the building structure and the support
isolated from other items of equipment. All the units shall have anti -vibration mountings of
approved make and shall be as described elsewhere.

Electrical Works
The electrical works shall include the following:

a. Provide all power and control wiring from isolator to outdoor unit, from outdoor unit to
indoor D.P switch, from D.P switch to indoor unit and the control panel.

b.

Provide earthen for A.C. equipment as per KAHRAMA regulations.

All electrical works shall be carried out in conformity with the current I.E.E and KAHRAMA
regulations.

Refrigerant Pipes
Refrigerant pipework between the condensing unit and indoor unit shall be installed as per
applicable ASHRAE standards and to the satisfaction of the Engineer.

Refrigerant quality seamless cold drawn copper piping shall be used. Silver brazing alloy shall b e
used for making joints. The pipework will be run as indicated on the drawings and as per
instructions. All necessary unions, flanged valves or fittings should be provided for
disconnecting.

Page | 16

ARCHITECTURE & PLANNING GROUP


PO Box 47673 Doha-Qatar, Tel: 44311235, Fax: 44436762

MECHANICAL SPECS
In case the refrigerant piping is fabricated at site, the system shall be pressure tested with
nitrogen to at least 1 times the working pressure for leaks, vacuum dried and then charged
with refrigerant in accordance with manufacturers recommendations.

In case the refrigerant piping is fabricated at site, the s ystem shall be pressure tested with
nitrogen to at least 1 times the working pressure for leaks, vacuum dried and then charged
with refrigerant in accordance with manufacturer's recommendations.

Factory supplied, pre insulated, pre-charged refrigerant pi ping kit may be used for the split unit
of smaller capacity (up to 2.5 TR nominal). But this refrigerant piping shall be additionally
wrapped with glass cloth and finished with two coats of vapor barrier compound.

Thermal Insulation for Pipes


The thermal insulation shall be con-corrosive to the metal, water repellent and fire resistant.

Refrigerant suction lines and liquid lines (wherever required) shall be insulated with 19 mm thick
foam rubber insulation. The insulation materials shall be submitted to the Engineer for approval
prior to ordering.

All pipe surfaces shall be thoroughly cleaned and treated with approved corrosion inhibitor
before applying insulation.

The pipe insulation shall be stuck to the pipework with an approved adhesive. The insulation
shall be applied to the pipes with longitudinal joints staggered; laps and sealing strips shall be
sealed applying adhesive on circumferential joints.

Insulation shall be covered externally with 200 gm/sq.m quality glass cloth and painted with two
coats of approved weather proofing compound forming minimum thickness of 1 mm as per
KAHRAMA regulations.

Pipe Supports

Page | 17

ARCHITECTURE & PLANNING GROUP


PO Box 47673 Doha-Qatar, Tel: 44311235, Fax: 44436762

MECHANICAL SPECS
All refrigerant piping shall be supported to prevent deflection, buckling and vibration.

Piping shall be supported at all changes in direction and at intervals of not more than 1.5 metres
on straight runs. Pipe supports and clamps shall be subject to approval of the Engineer.

Pipework on roof shall be supported on off-set clamps, floor or rikker stands. The pipe support
stands shall be bolted to the concrete slab/base.

Condensate drain pipe supports shall be capable of vertical adjustment after installation of
piping.

14.

DUCTWORK
The Contractor shall provide and erect all ductwork including controls, isolating/balancing
dampers, grilles, diffusers and vapour proof insulation to form a complete air distribution system as
indicated on the tender drawings. The Contractor shall balance, test and commission all
installations prior to the Engineer issuing a Completi on Certificate. Shop drawings shall be
submitted to the Engineer prior to the commencement of works.

All sheet metal ductwork shown on the drawings, specified or required for various air conditioning
and ventilating systems, shall be fabricated and fini shed from best quality, cold rolled annealed
galvanized mild steel sheets of soft bending quality specially suitable for air conditioning works.
Materials used for ductwork, shall be free from blisters, pits and imperfections in coating.

All bracing and reinforcement angles shall be preferably galvanized or made of black steel properly
cleaned from rust and painted with two prime coats of zinc -chromate paint prior to installation, as
approved by the Engineer. Angles shall be carried around all four sides of ducts.

Reinforcing angles shall be fixed to the ducts by means of bolted joints made with cadmium plated
or galvanized steel hexagonal nuts and bolts with flat steel washers to the following sizes :

25 mm angles

6 mm diameter bolts at 10 cm centres

Page | 18

ARCHITECTURE & PLANNING GROUP


PO Box 47673 Doha-Qatar, Tel: 44311235, Fax: 44436762

MECHANICAL SPECS
*

38 mm angles

8 mm diameter bolts at 10 cm centres

Pockets, locks, deflectors and all branch ducts which need joints between two sheet metal pieces,
shall be made by aluminum rivets 5 mm diameter by 10 mm length minimum size having head at
one side. Rivets will be as specified in HVAC/DW/142.

Ductwork shall be so constructed that when erected, it shall be made air tight by tightly sealing
after fabrication and free from movement, sagging or drumming under all operating conditions. It
shall be true to size and accurately lined-up.

While the tender drawings shall be adhered to as closely as possible, runs and sizes of ductwork
may be varied only by the Engineer, at no extra cost to the Client, when deemed necessary for co ordination purpose with other works.

All duct elbows having an inside radius smaller than the width of the elbow shall be equipped with
approved vanes tightly riveted to the duct and in general as shown on the details of the tender
drawings.

Approved duct-turn shall be installed i n all cases where 90 degree square elbows are used and
short take-offs are used on large ducts. Guide splitter vanes shall not be spaced more than 15 cm
apart.

Take-offs from main ducts shall be conical. All take-offs and connections shall be constructed to
minimize pressure loss. All raw edges of ductwork seams, rivets and areas where galvanizing has
been destroyed shall be cleaned, prepared and painted with zinc rich paint at works and a further
coat shall be applied after erection.

Allowances shall be made in ductwork construction for instruments and control connections and
adequate local stiffening shall be incorporated to provide rigid mountings.

The fabrication of ductwork shall be carried out in accordance with HVAC/DW/142, ASHRAE or
SMACNA standards.

Page | 19

ARCHITECTURE & PLANNING GROUP


PO Box 47673 Doha-Qatar, Tel: 44311235, Fax: 44436762

MECHANICAL SPECS
Material

15.

Galvanized Sheet

Hot dip galvanized steel shall be to ASTM-A527-87 standard,


steel shall be of lock forming quality, zinc coating designation
Z-27 or equivalent approved standard.

Flexible Ducting

Pre-insulated flexible ducting for the linear diffusers shall be


suitable for low / medium pressure. The inner core shall shield
the fibre glass insulation from the air stream. The outer jacket
shall be of very tough spirally reinforced multi-layer aluminum
laminated construction.

Duct Sealant

Duct sealant shall be non hardening, non migrating mastic or


liquid sealant as compounded and recommended by the
manufacturer specially for sealing joint and seams in the duct.

Aluminum

Aluminum alloy sheet shall be easy to form and to join and


shall have extra resistance to moist atmosphere (BS 1470).

PVC / Polyethylene/
GRP

Suitable material shall be proposed by the Contractor for


Engineers approval.

MANUAL DAMPERS

Damper Quadrants
All dampers other than dampers behind registers shall be fitted with substantial locking cast metal
quadrants. Quadrants shall be mounted outside the duct in an accessible position. On insulated
ducts, the quadrants shall be fastened to bearing plates flush with the outside finish of the
insulation.

Volume Control Dampers


Manual volume control dampers shall be provided as shown on the drawings or as required
additionally for balancing purposes. The dampers shall have sturdy corrosion resistant
construction. All dampers shall have multi -leaf double skin aerofoil section opposed blades.
Individual blades should not exceed 1200 mm in length or 175 mm in width. Double skin blades
shall be made out of minimum 22 gauge galvanized steel sheet. Damper frames shall be galvanized
made out of 16 gauge steel sheet.

Single blade dampers with single skin blade section may be used for damper sizes up to 300 x 150
mm. Single skin blades shall be fabricated from 18 gauge galvanized steel sheet. The blades shall
be securely bolted to plated steel spindles, the ends of which shall be extended to the outside of
the duct with a groove in line with the blade. Spindles shall be carried in brass or nylon bearings.

Page | 20

ARCHITECTURE & PLANNING GROUP


PO Box 47673 Doha-Qatar, Tel: 44311235, Fax: 44436762

MECHANICAL SPECS
The control linkage shall be outside the air stream. Clear air flow area equal to the duct size shall
be maintained within the damper frame. Maximum clearance between the blades and between
the blades and the frame shall be limited to 3 mm. It should be noted that the dampers shall be
separate and independent from the dampers, here-after specified to be set behind registers and
diffusers.

Splitter Dampers
At each point of division in a supply duct, where a branch is taken off a trunk, an adjustment
splitter or deflecting damper shall be fitted; two gauges heavier than the duct, with the operating
rod and locking quadrant as above, with length extending through the duct to externally mounted
bearing plates. These deflecting dampers shall be permanently set and locked in position after
completion of the installation and adjustment.

Motorized dampers shall also be provided in the curb for smoke extract fans. These dampers
should open in the event of smoke detection.

16.

FIRE DAMPERS
Fire dampers shall be of the galvanized steel curtain type.

The steel blades of the damper curtain shall fold completely upon themselves and be stacked at
one end of the damper outside the air stream. The dampers shall be arranged for vertical or
horizontal operation as detailed on the drawing.

The damper fusible links shall be rated at 72C.

The fire dampers shall be constructed generally to the same standards of air tightness as the rest of
the system. Both the curtain and the fusible link shall be accessible for servicing through air tight
inspection doors placed up and down stream wherever possible.

Each access door shall be of a minimum size of 450 mm square or full duct width on ducts less than
450 mm.

Page | 21

ARCHITECTURE & PLANNING GROUP


PO Box 47673 Doha-Qatar, Tel: 44311235, Fax: 44436762

MECHANICAL SPECS

Each damper shall be rated at 2 hours fire resistance.

Dampers shall be fitted in all fire-break walls and other fire barriers as indicated on the
contract drawings.

Ducting dampers and casings are to be manufactured in strict compliance with BS 476 Part 8 and
appropriate fire and other statutory regulations for fire damper specifications where such exist
(otherwise to HVAC specifications DW/142). The fire damper frame shall not be less than 18 G
thick.

Any necessary fixing framework shall be supplied and installed by the Contractor.

17.

TEST HOLES
The test holes shall be provided in the horizontal side of the duct and shall be of 22 mm diameter
fitted with an effective removable seal. The test holes shall be located at the following locations:

i.

ii.

At fans (in the straight section of duct near to fan outlet)

At cooling coils

iii. At main branches after regulating dampers

iv. At any other position as per Engineer's requirements.

v. Location of test holes shall be marked on the duct surface or on the insulation.

Page | 22

ARCHITECTURE & PLANNING GROUP


PO Box 47673 Doha-Qatar, Tel: 44311235, Fax: 44436762

MECHANICAL SPECS
18.
FRESH AIR INTAKE AND OUTLET LOUVRES
All fresh air inlets shall be fitted with double skin opposed blade volume control dampers, sand
traps, insect wire mesh and filter as indicated on the drawings.

All fresh air inlets shall be fitted with aluminum mesh bird screens and louvers in addition to 50
mm thick washable synthetic fiber filters. Filter media thickness shall not be less than 45 mm,
having same efficiency as filters for PACU.

Fresh air louvers shall be of extruded aluminum having colour / finish as approved by the
Engineer.

Louvre blade extrusion shall be of a design to prevent ingress of r ain and shall be approved by the
Engineer.

Exhaust air outlets shall be fitted with aluminum mesh bird screens.

19.

FLEXIBLE CONNECTIONS
Flame proof flexible connections shall be fitted on all intake and discharge connections of fans and
air conditioning units for preventing the transmission of vibration through the ducts to occupied
spaces.

Flexible connections shall also be provided where ductwork passes across building expansion
joints.

Flexible connections shall be factory fabricated from chemically impregnated canvas.


Connections shall fit closely and be secured in airtight fashion to connections to ductwork, fans
and apparatus.

Page | 23

ARCHITECTURE & PLANNING GROUP


PO Box 47673 Doha-Qatar, Tel: 44311235, Fax: 44436762

MECHANICAL SPECS
The material shall have a penetration time of at least fifteen minutes when tested in accordance
with BS 476 and shall remain flexible and without strain or distortion. Flexible connections shall
be 150 mm minimum and 250 mm maximum in length.

20.

DUCT HANGERS AND SUPPORTS


Ductwork shall be supported by means of pre-galvanized fully threaded drop rods and also preferably
galvanized mild steel angle/channel sections, with spacing between supports not exceeding 2.4 m
and projecting 100 mm on either side to allow for proper insulation.

Rectangular Duct

Maximum

Supporting

Alternative

Rod

Bolt

Duct size

bottom angle

flat iron

hanger

dia. mm

(longer side) mm

iron - mm

mm

dia. mm

400

25x25x1.5

25x0.8

600

25x25x3

25x3

1000

30x30x3

30x3

1500

40x40x3

40x5

10

10

2000

40x40x4

40x5

10

10

3000

According to

40x6

12

12

circumstances

Circular Duct

Maximum Duct
dia.

Supporting stirrup
mm

Rod hanger
mm

Bolt.
dia. mm

Page | 24

ARCHITECTURE & PLANNING GROUP


PO Box 47673 Doha-Qatar, Tel: 44311235, Fax: 44436762

MECHANICAL SPECS
305

25x0.8

813

30x4.0

1016

40x5.0

10

1524

50x5.0

15

15

All channels and angles shall be preferably galvanized or mild steel, painted with on e coat of zinc
chromate paint prior to erection and a further two coats of gray paint on exposed metal parts
after erection. Ductwork supports shall preferably be positioned close to dampers, diffusers and
all similar equipment. Ductwork supports shall i n general conform to HVAC/DW/142 or SMACNA
standards. Galvanized serrated band with insulating band type supports shall also be acceptable
up to duct size of 600 mm except in the Plant room. Contractor to submit complete details for
approval before fixing.

21.

GRILLES, REGISTERS AND DIFFUSERS

General
Air outlets and air inlets of an approved make, type and model shall be provided with sizes as
indicated on the drawings. They shall be fitted with sponge rubber gasket behind the frames and
nylon bushings at the blades connection to the frame. All air outlets and inlets shall be of white
powder coated extruded aluminum / custom proprietary finish and a sample of all air devices
must be approved by the Engineer prior to ordering.

Grilles and Registers


Supply and return air registers in any case shall have individually adjustable horizontal front
blades, vertical rear blades and shall be equipped with opposed blade dampers. Exhaust air
registers shall be single deflection fixed horizontal blades and be equipped with opposed blade
volume control damper. Exhaust air grilles shall be similar to exhaust air registers but without
volume control dampers.

Outside air louvers shall be equipped with insect screen.

Page | 25

ARCHITECTURE & PLANNING GROUP


PO Box 47673 Doha-Qatar, Tel: 44311235, Fax: 44436762

MECHANICAL SPECS
Wooden frames with grooved jointed pattern shall be used with all grilles and registers and shall
be supplied and installed by the Contractor.

Diffusers
The diffusers shall be fitted with opposed blade volume control dampers as furnished by the
manufacturer. Volume controls for these outlets shall be accessible through the outlet from below
the ceiling and shall maintain their setting, when adjusted. Each diffuser shall be provided with
sponge rubber or felt gasket and angle ring or frame for securing to ductwork.

Return air diffusers shall be identical to supply air diffusers except that the equalizing grid can be
eliminated.

Diffusers shall be of the type and shape indicated on the drawings, a sample of which must be
approved by the Engineer prior to ordering.

Door Grilles/Undercuts
Door grilles shall be of the inverted 'V' blade type, not permitting vision through the grille blades
and not more than 12 mm apart. Minimum free area shall be at least 50%. Louvres shall be of the
double frame type with a frame on each side of the door.

Undercuts shall be provided on doors wherever indicated on the drawings.

Note :

i.

22.

All diffusers, grilles, registers, linear diffusers etc., shall be powder coated including the
pattern adjustment and volume control elements in linear diffusers to match the interior
finish or as advised by the Engineer

ACCESS DOORS
Wherever necessary, the Contractor shall provide suitable access openings to permit inspection,
operation and maintenance of all filters, controls, dampers, fire dampers, bearings or other
apparatus. Doors shall be of double skin construction of not less than 20 gauge metal sheet and

Page | 26

ARCHITECTURE & PLANNING GROUP


PO Box 47673 Doha-Qatar, Tel: 44311235, Fax: 44436762

MECHANICAL SPECS
shall have sponge rubber gaskets around their entire perimeter. On insulated ductwork, the
space between the inner and outer door sheets shall be insulated as specified for ductwork and
insulation thickness be equal to duct insulation. All access doors in sheet metal shall be air tight
and shall be hinged or lift-off type and secured in the closed position by means of cam latches.
23.

SOUND ATTENUATORS
All air ductworks shall be attenuated to limit the noise level to the values specified in the design
criteria. The method of fabrication and supporting ducts should be such as to avoid generation of
noise because of air movement or drumming of sheet metal.

The silencers shall be provided in the supply and return air ducts as shown on the tender
drawings.The silencers shall be constructed and tested according to BS 4718 for dynamic insertion
loss, self generated noise and aerodynamic performance.

The silencers shall be complete with flanges to facilitate their removal for inspection. Externally,
the silencers shall be insulated in the same manner as the adjoining air ducting. The Contractor
shall carry out sound absorption calculations with respect to the characteristics and the duct
system to ensure the proper selection of silencers.

24.

INSULATION

General
All insulating materials required for mechanical equipment, ductwork etc., shall be furnished and
installed under this section of the specifications. The thermal insulation shall be non-corrosive to
the metal, water repellent and fire-retardant.

All metal surfaces shall be thoroughly cleaned and treated with approved corrosion inhibitor
before applying insulation. Inhibitor coating will not be required for galvanized surfaces. All
surfaces to be insulated shall be dry and free of loose scale, dirt, oil or water, when insulation is
applied. Application and completion shall be of highest quality and shall comply with BS 5244 and
CP 3005.

Insulation shall be carried out neatly and to a high standard by skilled workers, experienced in the
trade. Insulation shall be applied in such a manner that there will

Page | 27

ARCHITECTURE & PLANNING GROUP


PO Box 47673 Doha-Qatar, Tel: 44311235, Fax: 44436762

MECHANICAL SPECS
be no air circulation within the insulation or between the insulation and the applied surface.

Surface imperfections in the insulation such as chipped edges, small joints or cracks and small
voids not over 25 mm square shall be filled with light insulating material or with insulating
cement. Samples of all materials proposed for use shall be submitted.

All duct flanges, stiffeners and inspection doors etc., shall be insulated in accordance with the
recommended practices and to the Engineer's approval. Where a vapour barrier is fixed at site, it
shall be fixed in such a manner as to obviate the possibility of moisture penetration.

No ducts or equipment shall be insulated until tested and approved for air/water tightness

Insulation for all services shall be continued through sleeves. The insulation on exp osed risers
extends through the floor slab. All materials including fixing and furnishing materials shall be
rated Grade 'P' when tested for ignitability as defined in BS 476 - Part 4.

Thermal Insulation to Ductwork (Internal) and Exhaust Ducts (Internal / External)


Ductwork internal to the building shall be insulated with 25 mm thick rigid fibre glass insulation of
3
48 kg/m density covered with re-inforced aluminum foil. The insulation for the round ductwork
3
shall be flexible fibre glass blanket of not less than 24 kg/m density with reinforced aluminum foil
and thickness of 50 mm compressed to 25 mm during application. The Contractor shall ensure
that the surface to be insulated is completely cleaned and free from dust before applying th e
insulation. The method of application shall be as follows:
An approved adhesive material shall be applied on the entire surface of duct-wall and entire
surface of insulation. In addition, adhesive shall also be applied on insulation butt and lap joi nts.
The adhesive applied to the insulation shall cover evenly the faces to be fixed, the surfaces
forming the longitudinal joint and the surfaces forming the circumferential joint. Upon the
application of the approved adhesive, the insulation shall be fixed in position immediately and
permanently.

Page | 28

ARCHITECTURE & PLANNING GROUP


PO Box 47673 Doha-Qatar, Tel: 44311235, Fax: 44436762

MECHANICAL SPECS
Adhesive tape, not less than 75 mm wide, shall be used to seal both the circumferential and
longitudinal joints. Suitable GI angle edges shall be applied on the four corners of square and
rectangular ducts as an additional protection.

Cover and secure 200 g/sq. metre high quality canvas cloth while it is wet (soaked in approved
vapour sealant) and then wrap carefully to become a vapour seal with a smooth surface free from
wrinkling and gaps. Ensure that the overlap shall be 50 mm minimum. After it is dry, apply
further brush coats of vapour seal to the Engineer's satisfaction. The vapour seal material shall be
fire-resistant, non-toxic, weather resistant and of anti -fungus quality.

Thermal Insulation to External Ductwork


Ductwork external to the building shall be insulated in the same manner as the internal ductwork
but the insulation thickness shall be 50 mm and covered with glass cloth.

For insulating the underside of the internal and external ducts whos e longest side is more than
600 mm, apply plastic hangers and washers riveted to the duct as additional supports. Hangers
shall be provided at 300 mm centers.

Thermal Conductivity
The duct insulation (both internal and external) shall have a thermal cond uctivity of 0.036
W/MC. at a mean temperature of 24C.

The details of the above fan shall be submitted for Engineers approval. .
25.

EXHAUST FANS
General:
Exhaust fans shall be supply and installed by the Contractor as shown in the drawing.
Capacity type and rating of the fans shall be as indicated in the schedule. The fan motors
and switches shall be in accordance with this specification regarding electrical works.
Fixing details shall be in accordance with manufactures recommendation.
Wall Mounted Fans
A. The wall mounted extract fans shall be sheet metal propeller type having totally
enclosed, Class B insulation, shaded pole/capacitor, start/run motor in aluminum alloy
casing protected by thermal overload cut out having he following components.

Page | 29

ARCHITECTURE & PLANNING GROUP


PO Box 47673 Doha-Qatar, Tel: 44311235, Fax: 44436762

MECHANICAL SPECS
i.

Box enclosure including electrical terminal box.

ii.

Non lubricating ball bearing.

iii.

Fan casing, fan impeller and tightly sealed dust proof fan motor.

iv.

Automatic shutter and outer grille.

v.

Fans shall be low speed for silent operation.

As an alternative, heat resistant fans, if offered shall have the above components
except for the fan casing and impeller construction, the contractor shall also produce
a certificate of approval from Qatar Fire Department and further it shall be subject to
the approval of the engineer.

Roof Extract Fans


The fan unit shall comprise of a fan assembly complete with motors and drives mounted on
a heavy duty unit base plate by anti-vibration mountings. The fans shall be direct/belt
driven with double inlet forward curved centrifugal impellers running on two life-long
lubricated bearings.
The fan unit shall be fitted with automatic shutters to prevent air blow back when not in use.
The fan unit electric motors shall be manufactured in accordance with BS 5000 and be of
the shaded pole or capacitor start and run type suitable for an electrical supply of 240
volts, single phase, 50 Hz and capable of operating in ambient conditions as described
earlier.
The fan unit shall be prewired with switches and isolators to a single terminal box on the
casing. The unit casing shall be constructed from aluminium alloy with centrally positioned
inlet spigot and access panel to allow ease of service.

26.

iNSTRUMENTS AND GAUGES


Manometers
Dial type differential pressure manometers shall be installed to measure the pressure drop across
the filters. The manometers shall be provided across mixed return air filters at each air handling
unit.

Test Plugs
Self-sealing test plugs of 6 mm size shall be installed and shall be suitable for receiving pressure
and temperature probes. The test plugs shall have brass body and neoprene core. Self -sealing
type test plugs shall be installed at inlet and outlet of each chiller, cooling coil, across control
valves and at other locations indi cated on the drawings/specifications.

Page | 30

ARCHITECTURE & PLANNING GROUP


PO Box 47673 Doha-Qatar, Tel: 44311235, Fax: 44436762

MECHANICAL SPECS
27.

ELECTRICAL WORKS
General
All electrical works and materials shall be as described under the Electrical specifications
and shall conform to the regulations of Ministry of Electricity and Water.
All electrically operated equipment shall be so designed that it will continue to function
without damage to itself or otherwise, if the voltage and/or frequency vary within the
following tolerances:
i.

Voltage

6%

ii.

Frequency

0.3%

All electrically operated equipment shall be suitable for continuous and prolonged
operation within the ambient temperature or exposed condition to the atmosphere where
they are installed to operate. Allowance for the local high ambient temperature shall be
made by reducing the permitted rise of temperature above ambient or by
de rating the capacity and ratings.

Electrical Motors
All motors shall be designed to suit the maximum temperature of air passing over the
motors and the additional temperature rise caused by expos ure to the sun. The type of
winding insulation shall, however, be not less than Class 'B'. The motors for exhaust fans
shall have the insulation suitable to operate on 50C. ambient temperature.

All motors smaller than 0.50 kW shall be designed to operate on single phase. All motors
0.75 kW and above shall be designed to operate on three phase. All motors shall be
wound for 240 volts, single phase, or 415 volts, 3 phases, 50 Hz, A.C. system.
Any motors brought to site not complying with above ment ioned voltage and insulation
requirements shall not be accepted.

Electrical Wiring
All power cabling up to and including isolators to the control panels on the roof and fan
controlled isolator as indicated on the drawing shall be carried out by the Electrical
Contractor. The electric supply shall be terminated into the main incomer of the control
panel/isolator. It is the A.C. Contractor's responsibility to continue the connections from the
isolator up to all the air conditioning and ventilation units.
The A.C. Contractor shall be responsible for complete electrical equipment/controls
associated with the Air conditioning and Ventilation works. A.C. Contractor's scope of
works shall include but not be limited to the following:
All control wiring including necessary conduits, cables, cable trays etc., for the air
conditioning equipment, controls and remote emergency push buttons (if required), etc.
All HVAC control components such as flow switches, temperature sensors, thermostats

Page | 31

ARCHITECTURE & PLANNING GROUP


PO Box 47673 Doha-Qatar, Tel: 44311235, Fax: 44436762

MECHANICAL SPECS
etc., are to be wired to control panel and other associated components using armoured
cable on galvanized cable rack / tray.
Power cabling from PACU control panel to isolator and power cabling from isolators to
fans etc. shall be carried out by the A.C. Contrac tor. In case of remote installed A.C.
control panels, the power cabling from the control panel up to the isolator near the A.C.
equipment shall be carried out by the Electrical Contractor. (For continuity, refer electrical
drawings and specifications).
Specifications for conduits, cables, cable trays to conform to electrical specifications.
Power cabling from the controller of twin extracts fans to the actual fan units.

Starters
All three phase motors for A.C. units shall be provided with D.O.L. / St ar Delta starters
having the following facilities:
i.
ii.
iii.
iv.
v.

To disconnect the supply in the event of power failure or voltage drop.


To protect the motor from overload in each phase.
Start/stop push button.
ON/OFF/TRIP indicating lamp.
Single phase preventer

All three phase starters shall have thermal overload protection in each phase as well as
under voltage reset plus two auxiliary normal open contacts.

Isolators
All electrical drives shall have local isolators, weather proof to IP 55. Isolators shall be of
reputed manufacturers, up to Engineer's approval.
Earthen
All motors starting equipment panels shall have their frames, carcasses and all metal
parts effectively and continuously connected to the general mass of the earth.
Testing
All wiring within control panels shall be works checked, prior to dispatch, for loose
connections, correct terminations and compliance with wiring diagrams. In addition,
functional checks shall be carried out in the works to ens ure that all interlocking and
sequencing is in accordance with the performance requirements of the specification. The
Engineer shall be given 7 days written notice of such tests so that he may attend if he so
desires.
With all control circuits disconnected but with all isolators closed and power fuses fitted,
the panels shall be subjected to a voltage test of 2.5 kV for one minute, across the
following point
a.

Phase to phase

b.
c.

Phase to neutral
Phase to earth

Page | 32

ARCHITECTURE & PLANNING GROUP


PO Box 47673 Doha-Qatar, Tel: 44311235, Fax: 44436762

MECHANICAL SPECS
d.

Neutral to earth

Certified schedules detailing all tests and their results shall be submitted to the Engineer
within fourteen days of the test.
Approval of Workmanship Standards
The standard of workmanship shall comply with the requirements of the Engineer who
shall carry out periodic inspections of completed work and work in progress.
Any work not to the Engineer's satisfaction during such inspection shall be replaced to a
standard satisfactory to the Engineer at no cost to the contract for the subsequent
inspection.
Tags, Colour Coding
All equipment shall be properly identified by means of permanent tags. All components
shall be labeled in the control panel as per the approved drawings. All wires shall be
colour coded in accordance with the Electrical regulations of the KAHRAMA. Labeling
system shall be agreed with the Engineer.
Wiring and Regulation
All installation shall comply with the Electrical regulations of KAHRAMA.

28.

CONTROL SYSTEM
The air conditioning installation shall be capable of complete automatic operation.
Necessary operational and safety controls shall be provided for the package units,
exhaust fans etc. Low voltage control system shall be preferred. The location of controls
should permit easy access for calibration, adjustment and maintenance. The control
system as a whole shall be submitted to the Engineer for his approval.
Exhaust Fan Controls
Wall mounted type exhaust fans shall have local switches. Duct mounted exhaust fans
shall be controlled from automatic controllers installed as shown on the drawings.
The Air-conditioning Contractor is to coordinate with the Electrical Contractor for the sizes
of starters, cable sizes, protection fuses etc. Means of local isolation shall be provided to
th
conform to I.E.E regulations 16 Edition.
Manometers
U/inclined tube type manometers shall be installed to measure the pressure drop across
the filters. The manometers shall have coloured fluid for easy readability and the tube shall
be protected by a metal or study plastic casing. The manometers shall be provided across
mixed fresh and return air filters of package units.

29.

BUILDERS WORK
The Contractor shall carry out the cutting of holes and making them good where pipes,
conduits, cable and cable trays are passing through the walls, floor and roof slabs as
measured in the Bill of Quantities.
Two sets of builders work drawings shall be submitted to the Engineer for his approval.

Page | 33

ARCHITECTURE & PLANNING GROUP


PO Box 47673 Doha-Qatar, Tel: 44311235, Fax: 44436762

MECHANICAL SPECS
30.

PAINTING AND FINISHING


After completion of the installation, the entire work shall be checked for finish and
appearance. Any portion of work found damaged, unpainted or not finished to the
satisfaction of the Engineer shall be rectified, painted and finished satisfactorily.

31.

CLEANING AND FLUSHING


Each system shall be thoroughly flushed and all extraneous material removed from the
ducts to the Engineer's satisfaction prior to the pressure test as the case maybe.
Upon the completion of pressure tests in any case, and prior to putting the system into
operation. The ductwork shall be thoroughly cleaned. This operation should be carried
out strictly in accordance with the manufacturer's recommendations.
Any ductwork, fittings or accessories which may be prone to damage during the cleaning
and flushing operation should be isolated or removed and subsequently refitted upon
completion.

32.

IDENTIFICATION/COLOUR CODING
All insulation, exposed ductwork shall be identified by colour codes/safety indicated and
basic colour identification bands to B.S. 1710.
The safety colour and colour code indication bands shall be 100 mm wide between two
basic colour identification bands each of length 150 mm. The identification shall be at
centers of not more than 6 meters and adjacent to all dampers, items of plant, changes in
direction, and all service access points.
The safety colour, contents, code and colour identification bands shall be applied by
means of self adhesive coloured or printed tape.
Flow and return (F & R) and direction of flow arrows shall be in black with letters 25 mm
high on 50 mm wide white self adhesive tape applied in a continuous band around the
pipe insulation.
All ductwork whether insulated or exposed shall be identified in accordance with DW/142
Appendix 'A' together with descriptive lettering approved by the Engineer.
The materials employed shall be as for pipe work identification, i.e. self-adhesive plastic.
All the lettering and wording shall be in Arabic and English.

33.

INSPECTION,TESTING AND COMMISSIONING


All works shall be inspected at any stage during the progress of work and after the
completion of works. All works shall be tested and commissioned in accordance with the
relevant British Standards, Specifications and Codes of practice to the entire satisfaction
of the Engineer. Any defects pointed out at any time during the progress of work during
the test or occurring after the test shall be rectified and retested at no additional cost to
the contract.

Page | 34

ARCHITECTURE & PLANNING GROUP


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MECHANICAL SPECS
No insulation shall be carried out on any section of the works or concealed in any other
way prior to testing and inspection.
At least two copies of Test Certificates of the tests carried out at manufacturer's works
shall be forwarded to the Engineer prior to dispatch of the materials to site.
All the test points required for carrying out the tests and commissioning of the system
including the measuring instruments to measure pressure, temperature, pressure drop,
velocity, volume, flow rate or any conditions to be measured shall be provided by the
Contractor.
The Contractor shall carry out all the performance tests initially before requesting the
Engineer to witness the tests in order to avoid unnecessary delay. All the necessary
labour force, skilled or unskilled, required during the test, prior to or after the test shall be
provided by the Contractor.
It shall be ensured that the system is free from any dirt, welding snag or any other foreign
matter before the system is finally filled with working fluid. The system shall be properly
vented for bringing it to operating conditions. The system shall then run at full load and
the flow rate then regulated to specifications and design conditions. All readings on air,
water and electrical power consumption shall be recorded every hour and details
forwarded to the Engineer.
The system shall be regulated and balanced for flow rates, temperature and pressure
drop tests. A copy of the test showing the final operating point shall be submitted to the
Engineer.
During the tests, all the readings of pressure, temperature, flow rates, pressure drop,
power consumption, noise level or any other, as advised by the Engineer shall be
tabulated and at least two copies submitted to the Engineer.
34.

WARRANTY
The Contractor shall guarantee for a period of 400 days after the practical completi on of
the installation that all plant and equipment shall operate free of any defects due to
defective material and bad workmanship and that any part found defective during this
period shall be replaced free of cost by the Contractor.
All the compressors up to and including 15 HP shall be guaranteed for a period of 5 years
from the date of practical completion. The Contractor shall also guarantee the
performance and efficiency of the plant and equipment as per the specifications for a
similar period of 400 days after the practical completion and if the services of Contractor's
personnel are requisitioned during this period, such works shall be made available free of
cost to the Client.
If the defects are not rectified within a reasonable period, the Client may proceed to do so
by another agency at the Contractor's entire risk and expense without prejudice to any
rights of the Client.

35.

SCHEDULES, EXPLANATORY NOTES


i.
The schedules have been prepared for the purpose of facilitating selection of
equipment and evaluating the tenders. The reference given against each item in the
schedules refers to the appropriate references in the drawings.

Page | 35

ARCHITECTURE & PLANNING GROUP


PO Box 47673 Doha-Qatar, Tel: 44311235, Fax: 44436762

MECHANICAL SPECS

36.

1.

ii.

Technical details of the equipment offered by the Contractor should be furnished, as


asked for in the technical schedules enclosed.

iii.

The external static pressure for fans, where given are approximate and the Contractor
will be required to supply equipment to handle the requirements of his installation
without extra cost to the contract.

iv.

Should the Contractor wish to amplify any information to be provided, this should be
set out on separate sheets and submitted with his tender together with explanatory
manufacturer's catalogues, curves and selection charts.

v.

If the equipment selected by the tenderer should require any special alteration or
addition to the architectural or structural work, he must list the requirements
separately.

SCHEDULE OF DRAWING
Sheet No.
05017-00-M001

Description
GENERAL NOTES, LEGENDS AND ABBREVIATIONS

COMMISSIONING SHEET OF PACKAGE AIR CONDITIONERS


Package A.C. No.

Sheet No

Manufacturers Name

Model

Name Plate Details

Operation of Controls
Flow Switch (if applicable)

Satisfactory/Not Satisfactory

High Pressure Cutout

(i)

(ii)

Low Pressure Cutout

(i)

(ii)

Oil Pressure Cutout

(i)

(ii)

Crankcase Oil heater

Satisfactory/Not Satisfactory

Selector Switch
Pump Down Cycle

Satisfactory/Not Satisfactory
:

Satisfactory/Not Satisfactory

Page | 36

ARCHITECTURE & PLANNING GROUP


PO Box 47673 Doha-Qatar, Tel: 44311235, Fax: 44436762

MECHANICAL SPECS
Compressor 1

Compressor 2

Time

...

Ambient DB

Ambient WB

Incoming Voltage

Full load amperes

...

..

Fan Motor Operation


Rated Current/Actual Current

Satisfactory/Not Satisfactory

Thermostat Operation

Satisfactory/Not Satisfactory

Condensate Drainage

Satisfactory/Not Satisfactory

Smoke Detector Operation

Satisfactory/Not Satisfactory

Filter Inspection and Removal

Satisfactory/Not Satisfactory

Air Temp. (Return)

deg. C (deg. F) DB/WB

Air Temp (Supply)

deg. C (deg. F) DB/WB

Inlet Face Area

sq. m (sq.ft)

Average Air Velocity

m/s (fpm)

Actual Air Flow

l/s (cfm)

Specified Air Flow

l/s (cfm)

Air Volume

Page | 37

ARCHITECTURE & PLANNING GROUP


PO Box 47673 Doha-Qatar, Tel: 44311235, Fax: 44436762

MECHANICAL SPECS
Space Temperatures
Time:

Room

Room

Room

Room

Amb. Temp.

..AM/PM
..AM/PM
..AM/PM
..AM/PM
..AM/PM
..AM/PM

Fresh Air

Inlet Area

sq. m (sq.ft)

Face Velocity

m/s (fpm)

Actual Fresh Air Velocity :

l/s (cfm)

Specified Fresh Air Velocity

l/s (cfm)

(i)

Filter Details
Size

(ii)
(iii)

Quantity

(i)
(ii)
(iii)

Page | 38

ARCHITECTURE & PLANNING GROUP


PO Box 47673 Doha-Qatar, Tel: 44311235, Fax: 44436762

MECHANICAL SPECS
Make

(i)
(ii)
(iii)

Type

(i)
(ii)

Split Air-conditioning Units


General:
Make

Type

Model/size

No. of Units offered

: ...

Net cooling capacity of each

Refrigerant used

Power supply

Power consumption

Indoor Unit
Model

: ..

Nominal Capacity

: ..

Nett Weight

: H.
: W.
: D.

Refrigerant

: .

No. of Circuits
Flow Control
F.L Current

: .

Page | 39

ARCHITECTURE & PLANNING GROUP


PO Box 47673 Doha-Qatar, Tel: 44311235, Fax: 44436762

MECHANICAL SPECS
Evaporator Fan

: .

Nominal air flow

: .

High

: .

Low

: .

Motor

: .

Evaporator

Coil Construction

Type of blower
Outdoor Unit
Model
Outer dimension

:
:

Net Weight

Refrigerant

Number of Circuits

Compressor Model

Motor

Quantity

: ..

F.L Current

: ..

Condenser

: ..

Condenser Fan
Motor

: ..
: ..

Page | 40

ARCHITECTURE & PLANNING GROUP


PO Box 47673 Doha-Qatar, Tel: 44311235, Fax: 44436762

MECHANICAL SPECS
Quantity

: ..

Coil Construction

: ..

Insulation
Manufacturer

Type

Density

Finish

Ventilation/exhaust Fans
Reference

Location

Services

Type

Make

Model

Size

CFM

Static Pressure

Motor Rating

Page | 41

ARCHITECTURE & PLANNING GROUP


PO Box 47673 Doha-Qatar, Tel: 44311235, Fax: 44436762

MECHANICAL SPECS
DUCT VOLUME TEST SHEET
Project
System

Date

Reference

Design Vol.

Duct Size

Duct Area

Mtr. cube/s

mm

Mtr. sq. M/s.

Velocity Profile (Taken .Airflow)


1

Sheet No. of

Velocity

Units
4

A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
J
K
Correction Factor of Meter
Total of Velocities
Average Velocity Test Volume

Design

Static Pressure

Remarks

Certified By:

Page | 42

ARCHITECTURE & PLANNING GROUP


PO Box 47673 Doha-Qatar, Tel: 44311235, Fax: 44436762

MECHANICAL SPECS
DCUT VOLUME TEST SHEET (FRESH AIR)
Project
System

Date

Reference

Design Vol.

Duct Size

Mtr. Cube/s

mm

Velocity Profile (Taken ..Airflow)


1

Sheet No.

of

Duct Area
Mtr.sq.

Velocity
M/s.

Units
3

A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
J
K
Correction Factor of Meter
Total of Velocities
Average Velocity Test Volume

Design

Static Pressure

Remarks
Certified By

Page | 43

ARCHITECTURE & PLANNING GROUP


PO Box 47673 Doha-Qatar, Tel: 44311235, Fax: 44436762

MECHANICAL SPECS
GRILLES AND DIFFUSERS
Project
System Reference
Terminal

Date
Location

No.

Sheet

Design

Measured

Free Area Volume


M2

of

M3/S

Comments

Velocity Volume
M/S

% of

M3/S

Design

Correction Factor of Meter


Remarks
Certified By .

Miscellaneous Information
Type of filters and thickness

: ..

Type of Insulation and density

: ..

Controls provided

: ..

Insulation
Manufacturer

Type

Density
Finish

:
:

Ventilation/Exhaust Fans
Reference

: ..

Location

: ..

Service

: ..

Type

: ..

Make

: ..

Page | 44

ARCHITECTURE & PLANNING GROUP


PO Box 47673 Doha-Qatar, Tel: 44311235, Fax: 44436762

MECHANICAL SPECS
Model

: ..

Size

: ..

CFM

: ..

Static Pressure

: ..

Motor Rating

: ..

38. LIST OF MANUFACTURER

END OF SECTION

Page | 45