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TANK DESIGN DETAILING Introduction

TANK DESIGN & DETAILINGIntroduction


The API 650 standard is designed to provide the petroleum industry with tanks of
adequate safety and reasonableeconomy for use in the storage of petroleum,
petroleum products, and other liquid products commonly handled and stored by
the various branches of the industry. This standard does not present or
establish a fixed series of allowable tank sizes; instead, it is intended
to permit the purchaser to select whatever size tank may best meet
hisneeds. This standard is intended to help purchasers and manufacturers in
ordering, fabricating, and erecting tanks; itis not intended to prohibit purchasers
and manufacturers from purchasing or fabricating tanks that meetspecifications other
than those contained in this standard.This standard has requirements given in
two alternate systems of units. The requirements are similar but notidentical.
These minor differences are due to issues such as numerical rounding and material
supply. Whenapplying the requirements of this standard to a given tank, the
manufacturer shall either comply with all of therequirements given in SI units
or shall comply with all of the requirements given in US Customary units.
Theselection of which set of requirements (SI or US Customary) shall apply
to a given tank shall be by mutualagreement between the manufacturer and
purchaser.
Types of tanks (based on Roof fixing)
1 . F i x e d R o o f T a n k 2 . F l o a t i n g R o o f Ta n k
Types of Tank based on Roof
1 . F l a t R o o f 2 . C o n e R o o f 3 . D o m e d Ro o f
Types of Floating Roof Tanks
1 . I n t e r n a l F l o a t i n g Ro o f Ta n k

2 . E x t e r n a l F l o a t i n g R o o f Ta n k
Mani Parts of Tank
1 . Ta n k S h e l l 2 . B o t t o m p l a t e 3 . A n n u l a r P l a t e 4 . B a
c k i n g s t r i p 5.Anchor chairs and Anchor
bolt arrangements6 . D r a w o f s u m p 7 . C l e a n o u t
c a t c h 8 . N o z z l e s 9 . S h e l l m a n w a y 1 0 . Ro o f m a n w a y
1 1 . Fi re s a f e t y 12.Primary & Secondary Wind girder 13.Curb angle or
compressen ring1 4 . Ro o f p l a t e 1 5 . C ro w n
p l a t e 16.Vent Nozzles17.Overfl ow pipes18.Roof Structures and
support structures19.Internal pipe supports 20.Internal man way rungs
and internal ladder with support clips21.External cage Ladder and
spiral Staircase ladders and platforms with support clips22.Roof handrails
For Floating Roof tanks
1 . D r a i n s y s t e m 2.Double Deck or single
Deck 3 . S A l f C a n n a b i s 4 . P a n t o o n L e g s 5 .
D e c k l e g s 6.Rim plate & rim pantoons7 . R o l l i n
ladder 8.Pa n to on to an wa y9 . D e c k m a n w a y

Standards:
API Standard 650, Welded Steel Tanks for Oil Storage API Standard
620, Recommended Rules for Design and Construction of Large Welded
LowPressure Storage Tanks API RP 2000, Venting Atmospheric and Low
Pressure Storage Tanks
Standard Selection conditions:
Atmospheric pressure no refrigerated tanks shall be designed to API
650. Closed Top subjectto low pressure shall additionally satisfy Appendix
F.Higher pressure tanks up to 15 psig shall comply with API 620 and shall
include all API 650requirements for materials and examinations. API
650 tanks with wall thickness up to and including 0.5 inch shall
be to Appendix A exceptthat Group I materials of Table 2-3 shall not be used
below 20

F.Shop assembled API 650 tanks shall comply with Appendix J except that a
minimum of spotradiography shall be applied with joint efficiency of 0.85.
1. TANK GA PREPARATION:

1. Fix the layout for tank overall dimensions in elevation, top view and side
view.2. Compare the overall dimensions and reference dimensions3. To draw
all the attachments and tank parts should be maintain completely 1:1 scale4.
Put all the orientation for Man ways , draw of sump, Nozzles and internal and
external ladder clips, earthing boss or Clips, wind girder, lightning clips,
piping support clips and etc.5. All nozzle sizes and standards,
schedules, type of flanges to be used, type of faces to Be used in flanges,
if required any blind flanges, Davit Man ways, hinged type man ways,Vent
and all nozzle elevation should be Fixed in Bottom of tank (bottom of shell
plate). Theseitems should be come in nozzle Details.6. General notes,
assembly notes are added in notes.7. Which type of materials used in tank
and attachment parts is come in material of Construction.8. Add the design
notes in Design Data table

9. Total weight of the tank and centre of gravity should be added.10. If any
internal (or) external surface preparation is there, this notes also added.11.
Client gives any standards to be follow the tank detailing, that standard
als or Should Give the Standard requirements12. If any tolerance given, that
is also added in overall dimensions13. Structural also added in the
GA drawing.14. If any legends there these items also includeMajor dimensions

specified in GA Drawing1 . Ta n k t o t a l h e i g h t 2 . T a n k
I D 3 . Ta n k
p l a t e t h i c k n e s s i n v i a c o u r s e 4.If any wind girder is there
that elevation should be added 5.Nozzle orientations and ladder
positions (internal or external), ladder clips And piping supports, all
attachments. etc6.Nozzle elevations (X,Y) minimum two dimensions7.If
Roof Nozzle there, that case angel and distance for center line
of tank 8.Structural column to column distances overall length for
columns9 . S u m p O r i e n t a t i o n
SURFACE PREPARATION AND PAINTING: (Example)
SURFACE PREPARATION AND PAINTING
Design Data
(example):

NOZZLE DATAS: (Example)STANDARDS, SPECIFICATIONS:


(Example)MATERIAL OF CONSTRUCTION
: (Example)

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