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# BABASAHEB BHIMRAO AMBEDKAR

## UNIVERSITY (BBAU) LUCKNOW

B. TECH. FIRST TEST EXAM 2014-15
BASIC ELECTRONICS
NETWORK ANALYSIS AND SYNTHESIS
UNIT-1
SYLLABUS: signal analysis, complex frequency, network analysis, network synthesis, general
characteristics and description of signals, step function and associated waveforms, unit impulse,
introduction to network analysis: network elements, initial and final conditions, step and impulse
responses, solution of network equation
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

6.
7.
(a)
(b)
(c)
(d)
(e)
(f)
(g)
(h)
(i)

## Question 1 to 7 each carries (3 marks)

Explain the concept of complex frequency.
Explain the Standard or singularities function
Explain how sinusoidal signal is represented in time domain as well as frequency domain.
Explain various characteristics of a signal
Find the amplitude and phase spectrum of the signal given by
i)x(t)= 50
+100
)
ii)x(t)=9
+4
)+8
What is significances of initial conditions? Write down initial conditions in basic circuits.
Define following term with help of examples:
Network
Network element
ranch
Loop or mesh
Node or junction
Passive and active element
Ideal and practical voltage sources with symbols
Ideal and practical current sources with symbols
Unilateral and bilateral networks

## (j) Lumped and distributed network.

(k) Open and short circuit
(l) Even and odd signal
(m) Periodic sand non periodic signal.

## Question 1 to 10 each carries (5marks or 10marks)

1. a) Explain various parameter of signal used to describe it.
b) Find RMS, average value; crest factor, and duty cycle of signal Shown in fig (a).

2. Consider a series R-L circuit. The switch S is closed at time t=0, find the current i(t) through
and voltage across the resister and inductor using classical method of solution of differential
equation.
3. In the circuit shown fig.(b) switch is closed at t=0. Obtain the expression for the current in
circuit and find i(t) & t = 0.25 sec .

Fig(b)

[ ans i=0.2719]

4. For the circuit shown in fig (c) find the current equation for t>0,when the switch k is moved
at t=0 from position a to b. Assume that circuit is in steady state before t=0 instant.

Fig(c)

## [ ans i=2e -150t ]

5. In the network shown in fig(d), switch k is closed at t=o .assuming no initial current through
inductor, find current at t=0.3 sec. Find instant of time at which voltage across R equal
voltage across L.

Fig(d)

## [ans i=0.9502 amp, VL=100e-10t,t=69.314msec]

6. Consider a series R-C circuit. The switch S is closed at time t=0, find the current i(t) through
and voltage across the resister and capacitor using classical method of solution of differential
equation.
7. In the network shown in fig(e), switch k is kept open for very long time. On closing switch, after
10msec, capacitors voltage attains a value of 80V.Then the switch is kept closed for a very long
time. When switch is again opened, capacitor voltage becomes 90V.after half second. Calculate
values R and C for given circuit .

Fig(e)

[ans C=62.133

,R=76.273]

8. Consider a series R-C circuit. Find the value of Vc (t) for t>0 in the circuit shown in fig
(f).assume initial Condition Vc(0-) = 9 volt.

Fig(f)

9. Consider RLC series circuit of fig (g) with R=2 ,L=0.5H,C=0.1F.The circuit is initially
relaxed. When the switch is closed at t=0.calculatethe transient current and voltage across
capacitor.

Fig(g)

[ans i(t)=15

A]

10. Using classical method, find current i(t) for t=0 from fig (h).

fig(h)

## [ans i(t)=2.0408sin 979.99t

A]

11. Derive homogeneous and non- homogeneous equation for the first and second order of
differential equation of such network. (classical method).
12. Derive expression for the instantaneous current through series R-L-C circuit fort=0

UNIT-2
Syllabus: Review Of Laplace Transform, Poles And Zeros, Initial Value Theorems,
Thetransform Circuit, Thevenins And Nortons Theorem, The System Function ,Step And
Impulses Responses,The Convolution Integral.
1. State and prove convolution theorem of Laplace transform. : (3marks)
2. Find Laplace transform of the following : (3marks each parts)
(a) f(t)=
(b) f(t)=t3+3t-6t+4
(c) f(t) =
(d)
(a) f(t)=

for

(a) F(S) =
(b) F(S) =

(c) F(S) =
(d) F(S) =

## using convolution integral

4. Find Laplace transform of the following wave form shown in(3marks each part)

i.

ii.

(iii)

## 5. Find the final value theorem for the function f(t)=

(3mark)
6. Find the initial and final value theorem for the following function(3marks each parts)
a)
b)

7. Finds the response of a continuous time LTI system described by the differential eqn
with initial conditions i+(0) =3 and

(0+)

= -4. : (5mark)

[ans i(t)=
A]
8. Solve differential equation : (5marks )
, where x(0-) =1 and

9.
[ans i(t)=

= x (0-) = -1.

10. Finds the response of a continuous time LTI system described by the differential eqn
with initial conditions y (0) =2 and
= y (0) =1.
Also given input f(t)=2u(t). : (5marks )
11. Define and explain the characteristics of : (15mark)
(i) Unit step function
(ii) unit ramp function
(iii) Unit impulse function.
12. Explain the procedure to find the solution of s differential equation using Laplace transform
method. (10mark)

13. Consider a series R-L circuit, the switch is closed at t=0.calculate of the resulting current
using Laplace transform. (10mark)
14. Determine current i(t) in the RL circuit shown in fig (a).the input voltage applied is
v(t)=10sin25t V using Laplace transform(5mark)

Fig(a)
15. Consider a series R-C circuit, the switch is closed at t=0.calculate of the resulting current
using Laplace transform. (10mark)
16. Find the particular solution for the current i(t) after switch is closed for the circuit shown in
fig(b) . , the switch is closed at t=0.calculate of the resulting current assuming there is no
charge in the capacitor C before switching using Laplace transform. (5mark)

Fig(b)
14. Consider a series R-L-C circuit, the switch is closed at t=0.calculate of the resulting current
using Laplace transform. (10mark)
15.A series RLC circuit shown in fig(c) the values of varies components are V=10 V , R=5,
L=1H,C=0.25F.The switch k is closed at t=0.find the i(t) through series circuit. Assume that
there is zero current through inductor L and zero charge across the capacitor C before switching.
(5mark)

## 16. State and prove Norton theorem.

17. State and prove thevenins theorem .write down limitation of thevenins theorem.
18. Obtain the thevenins equivalent of network shown in fig(d).between terminal X and Y.

Fig(d)

[ans VXY=3.676
[ansRth=2.969-j7.83]

=V TH]

19. Determine the Nortons equivalent of network shown in fig(e).between terminal a and b.

[ans Ix=5A,IN=5A],RN=6]

Fig(e)

20. For the circuit shown in fig (f) determine the I(B-D) through the 10 resistance by using
thevenins and Norton theorem.

Fig(f)
21. Determine driving point admittance function and transform function admittance Y(S) for the
network fig (i) and fig (ii)

22. find the expression of the voltage, current ,impedance and admittance transfer function for
the network given below

## 23. Obtain the pole zero locations of the following functions:

a)
b) F(t)= cos
c)

; decaying exponential
; a sinusoid

d)
e)

## use partial fraction also find h(t).

and also obtain magnitude phase

24. Determine stability of the system using Routh Hurwitz stability method whose
characteristics equation are as following:
a)
b)
c)
d)

s4+8s3+18s2+16s+5=0
s4+2s3+13s2+16s+5=0
s5 +4s4+8s3+8s2+7s+4=0
s3+3Ks2+(K+2)s+4=0