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Exercise 7b)
Part of structure

Sheet no

one way slab


Drawing ref.

Calc by

see Ref

1/3

Date

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15/11/2010

Calculations

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Output

Exercise 6b):
Task

A 250 mm deep 6000 x 4000 mm wide rectangular slab is required to support


office loads.
fck = 30 MPa, fyk = 500 MPa.
Assume 300 mm wide supports, a 50-year design life and a requirement for
a 2-hour resistance to fre in an external but sheltered environment.

1. Load Arrangement:

Part plan of flat slab

top reinf.

top reinf.
@
corne
r

bottom reinf.
top
reinf. direction
of span

Plan View
reinf. bottom reinf.
Secti
on

top

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Exercise 7b)
Part of structure

Sheet no

one way slab


Drawing ref.

Calc by

2. Actions
Permanent
Self-weight
Finishes
Variable
Offices

Exp. 4.1

BS EN 1992-1-2,
Table 5.9

Output

qk = 4.0 kN / m2

3. Nominal cover, cnom


cnom = cmin + cdev
where

4.4.1.2

15/11/2010

0.30m 25kN/m3 = 7.5 kN / m2


= 1.0 kN / m 2
gk = 8.5 kN /
m2

Table A1

EN 1992

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BS EN 1991-1-1

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(See Tutorial 6)

cmin = max[cmin,b; cmin,dur; 10 mm]

where
cmin,b = 12 mm, assuming 12 mm
diam. reinf. cmin,dur = 15 mm for XC1
and using C30/37
cdev = 10 mm

cnom = 25 mm

Fire For 2 hours resistance, amin = 40 mm critical

cnom = 34 mm

cnom = amin - diam. of reinforcement/2 = 40mm - 12mm/2 = 34.0mm >


25.0mm
BS EN 1990
Exp. (6.10)

4. Load combination
Ultimate load, n
By inspection, Exp. (6.10) is critical.
n = 1.35 8.50kN / m2 + 1.5 4.0kN / m2 = 17.5 kN / m2
Arrangement
Choose to use all-and-alternate-spans-loaded load cases, i.e. use coefficients.
The use of Table 5.6 in BS EN 199212 is restricted to where redistribution
does not exceed 15%. (minimum cover for fre)
The coefficients used presume 0% redistribution at supports. As the amount of
redistribution is less than 20%, there are no restrictions on reinforcement grade.
5. Design moments
Moment @ support

2.2 kN m

= w l2/2 = 17.5 x (0.5m)2 /2 =

2.2 kN m Moment @ mid span = w

l2/8

= 17.5 x

(4m)2

= 35 kN m Note: Cantelever moment ignored assume


that cantelever is not Moment @ corner
17.5 x (0.7m)2 /2 = 4.3 kN m

= w l2/2 =

35.0 kN m

/8
4.3 kN m

Project

Job ref

Exercise 7b)
Part of structure

Sheet no

one way slab


Drawing ref.

Calc by

see Ref

3/3

Date

KW

Check by Date

15/11/2010

Calculations

Ref

Output

6. Flexural design
Effective depth:
Assuming 12 mm reinforcement:
mid span M

d = 250 mm- 34mm - 12mm/2 = 210mm

(b= 1m strip of slab!!!)

K = MEd / bd2 fck =35.0 kNm x 10^6 / (1000mm x (210mm)^2 x 30N/mm 2) =


0.026
OK

Klim = 0.168 > K = 0.026


from tablez / d = 0.98 (good practice is to reduce z/d = 0.95 He therefore use
0.95)

z/d =
0.95

Limitation of x/d C30 <C50 therefore


xu /d = 0.45 (elastic analysis + redistribution + assessment of rotation capacity)
x / d table = 0.05 0.45

OK

Table 5.1

z = 210mm x 0.95 = 199 mm


Standard Method
Detailing Struct.
Concrete P 179

As, req = M / (0.87 z fyk) =


404mm2

35.0 kNm x 10^6 / (0.95 x 199mm x 500N/mm 2) =

Try : H 12 250mm centre to centre therefore As, prov. = 452 mm 2


( = As, req / As, prov. = 404mm2/
452mm2 = 0.89) Reinforcement is at 89%
of its capacity.
Beam strip moment for 500mm cantilever. (worst case in corner)
OK
K = MEd / bd2 fck =4.3 x 10^6 / (1000 x 210^2 x 30) = 0.003
z/d =
0.95

Klim = 0.168 > K = 0.003


from tablez / d = 0.99 (good practice is to reduce z/d = 0.95 therefore use
Limitation of x/d C30 <C50 therefore

OK

xu /d = 0.45 (elastic analysis + redistribution + assessment of rotation capacity)


x / d table = 0.04 <
0.45 z = 210x 0.95
7. Minimum amount of reinforcement (check for whole slab)
Concrete Centre

As,min =

How to design

0.15% x 1000mm x 215mm =

322.5 mm

P19
Table 6

Therefore provide H 12 250mm As, prov. = 452mm for all fexure


reinforcement.

OK

8. Maximum amount of reinforcement(check for whole slab)


As,max =
10000mm

0.04 Ac =
2

> > 2 x 452

0.04 x 1000mm x 250mm =


2
mm

OK

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