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Acoustic Emission Test System

Specification: -

It is linked to the area of


Materials Evaluation

Research Area:-

Non-destructive Evaluations

Resolution & Range:- 32- channels of AE, 150KHz


Sensors, AEWin Disp32
Application:- Condition monitoring of in-service
components/pressure

containment

vessels/structures

It is a condition monitoring technique and

Equipment location:- MST


Make & Model:- 32-channel DISP Acoustic

can be used to detect and locate dynamic defects,

emission

and therefore, can assess the health of an in-

Test

system,

Physical

Acoustic

Corporation, USA

Contact:-

Director , National Metallurgical


Laboratory, Jamshedpur

Contact ID:-

director@nmlindia.org

Contact No:-

0657- 2345202/28

service component/structure.

Anodic stripping voltammeter


Specification:-

The

instrument

is

portable,

lightweight, and field ready with long battery life (up


to 40hours).good detection limit (0.1g/L) as it can
measure arsenic at low levels.
Application:-

This method is suitable for detection

in liquid samples such as groundwater. It can be


applied to solid samples as well..ASV is also suitable
for measuring dissolved arsenic in drinking water.

Ultra trace analysis of metal ions in drinking


water including speciation analysis of metals
having multiple oxidation states such as arsenic,
chromium etc. is critically important for a realistic
risk assessment. Water Research Laboratory at
NML, Jamshedpur is housing a Metrohm 797 VA
Computrace anodic stripping voltameter for trace
Contact:-

Director , National Metallurgical


Laboratory, Jamshedpur

Contact ID:-

director@nmlindia.org

Contact No:-

0657- 2345202/28

and speciation analysis of various metal ions in


drinking water. NML invites proposals from
industries, research organizations and academic
institutions for using this facility for testing as well
as research purpose

Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer


Specification:-

It is related to the area of Applied


& Analytical Chemistry

Research Area:-

Chemical Analysis

Resolution & Range:- 100 ppb to 1000 ppm

Application:-

Trace

elemental

analysis

in

metallurgical and water samples.

Atomic absorption spectrometry (AAS) is an


analytical

technique

that

measures

the

concentrations of elements. Atomic absorption is so


sensitive that it can measure down to parts per
billion of a gram (ppb) in a sample. The technique
Equipment location:- ANC
Make & Model:- Thermo

makes use of the wavelengths of light specifically


absorbed by an element. They correspond to the
energies needed to promote electrons from one
energy level to another higher energy level.

Contact:-

Director , National Metallurgical


Laboratory, Jamshedpur

Contact ID:-

director@nmlindia.org

Contact No:-

0657- 2345202/28

AAS has many uses for measurement of


metals for Clinical analysis: blood and urine;
Environmental analysis: Water, drinks such as
wine, beer and fruit drinks; Industry: Raw materials,
toxic impurities; Mining: Ores, Minerals etc.

Attrition Mill
Specification:- It is related to the area of Materials
Processing.
Research Area:-Metallurgical/Mineral Waste
Utilization

Application:- Fine grinding, mechanical activation

Equipment location:- MST

Suitable for fine (wet) grinding of brittle


materials like ores, minerals, ceramic raw materials,

Make & Model:-

Model: PE075

slag, fly ash, dyes and chemicals etc in . Milling can


be carried out at elevated temperatures (up to 80C)

Contact:-

Director , National Metallurgical


Laboratory, Jamshedpur

Contact ID:-

director@nmlindia.org

Contact No:-

0657- 2345202/28

Attrition Mill
Specification:- It is related to the area of Materials

Processing
Research Area:-Metallurgical/Mineral Waste

Utilization

Application:- Fine grinding, mechanical activation.

Equipment location:- MST


Make & Model:-

Labstar, Netzsch, Germany

It is continuous type attrition mill and can be


used for fine (wet) grinding of brittle materials such
as ores, ceramic raw materials, slag, fly ash, dyes
and chemicals .

Contact:-

Director , National Metallurgical


Laboratory, Jamshedpur

Contact ID:-

director@nmlindia.org

Contact No:-

0657- 2345202/28

Auto Tirator

Application:- Measurement of pH and


Potentiometric titration.

Equipment location:- ACC

PH and potentiometric titration of drinking


water. Water Research

Make & Model:-

Laboratory

at NML,

Jamshedpur is housing a Metrohm: auto-titrator


coupled stirrer for the potentiometric titration in
drinking

Contact:-

water.

NML

invites

proposals

from

Director , National Metallurgical


Laboratory, Jamshedpur

industries, research organizations and academic

Contact ID:-

director@nmlindia.org

research programmes.

Contact No:-

0657- 2345202/28

institutions for using this facility for testing as well as

Autoclave
Specification:-

It is related to the area of


Extractive Metallurgy

Research Area:-

Electrometallurgy

Resolution & Range:- 450 mL to 50 L

Application:- For carrying out dissolution and


precipitation reactions at high temperaturea and
pressure.

Equipment location:- MEF


Make & Model:-

PARR Autoclave

To carryout dissolution and precipitation


reactions at high temperature and pressure,
autoclaves of different capacities are available at
NML. Most of them are from PARR Instrument
Company Ltd.

Contact:-

Director , National Metallurgical


Laboratory, Jamshedpur

Contact ID:-

director@nmlindia.org

Contact No:-

0657- 2345202/28

Automated Water Analyser


Specification:-

It is related to the area of


Applied & Analytical Chemistry

Research Area:-

Water Chemistry

Resolution & Range:- 0to5000S/cmfor


conductivity detectors of ICs.
Application:-

Equipment location:- ANC


Make & Model:-

TitrIC ( Metrohm )

Water analysis

Complete and precise profiling of water


quality is important for ascertaining conformance of
water quality

with

established

norms. Water

Research Laboratory at NML, Jamshedpur is


housing a Metrohm automated water analyzer for
Contact:-

Director , National Metallurgical


Laboratory, Jamshedpur

Contact ID:-

director@nmlindia.org

Contact No:-

0657- 2345202/28

operator free water quality profiling comprising pH,


conductivity, hardness and cation and anion content
in water. NML invites proposals from industries,
research organizations and academic institutions for
using this facility for testing and research purpose.

Basic Raman Spectroscopy


Specification:-

It is related to the area of Surface

Engineering, surface chemistry


Research Area:- Corrosion.
Resolution & Range:- spectral range: 100 4000
cm-1 Raman shift.

Raman spectroscope is a versatile and


simple analytical technique for identifying the
bonding structure of samples and determining their
composition. Using this instrument an unknown
substance whether inorganic or organic can be
identified by getting its Raman spectra within normal
Equipment location:- ACC
Make & Model:-

Almega XR, Thermo electron

scientific instrument corporation (USA)


Application:-

Identification of phases/compounds in

an unknown sample, Changes in bond structure of a

operating range of the microscope and comparing


the position of its peaks against a catalog of Raman
spectra of known elements and compounds. The
instrument does not need any specific sample
preparation or generation of any vacuum / inert
atmosphere inside of the sample compartment.

material caused due to any treatment, Quantitative


determination of inorganic/organic phases in a
sample
Contact:-

By using microscope one can mark the


desired location / phases of the sample and direct

Director , National Metallurgical


Laboratory, Jamshedpur

the laser to fall at the selected point. The instrument


equipped with software collects Raman spectra and
selected part can be identified by comparing the

Contact ID:-

director@nmlindia.org

Contact No:-

0657- 2345202/28

spectra available in inbuilt library.

Bet Surface Area and Pore Size Analyser


Specification:-

Minimum surface area: 0.01m 2/g

Resolution & Range:- Pore size range:3.5 to 4000A

Application:- Minerals, Porous materials, ceramics,


catalyst and absorbents.

Equipment location:- ACC


Make & Model:-

BET surface area and pore size analysis


based on the principle of N2 adsorption-desorption
method at liquid nitrogen temperature. Equipment
offers rapid, high throughput analysis.

Contact:-

Director , National Metallurgical


Laboratory, Jamshedpur

Contact ID:-

director@nmlindia.org

Contact No:-

0657- 2345202/28

Bomb Calorimeter
Specification:- It is related to the area of Applied &
Analytical Chemistry
Reseaarch Area:- Chemical Analysis
Range & Resolution:- 100 to 10000 Kcal/g

Bomb calorimeter is used to determine the


calorific value of fuels. A known amount of the fuels
(coal, petroleum products) is burnt inside a stainless
steel bomb placed in a water bucket containing known
volume of water in presence of excess oxygen. The
heat
Equipment location:- ANC
Make & Model:- Parr

Contact:-

Director , National Metallurgical


Laboratory, Jamshedpur

Contact ID:-

director@nmlindia.org

Contact No:-

0657- 2345202/28

produced

by

the

combustion

raise

the

temperature of the water which is used to calculate the


calorific value of the fuel.

Application:- Calorific value of coal/oils

CHNSO Analyser of Coal


Specification:- It is related to the area of Applied &

Analytical Chemistry
Research Are:- Chemical Analysis
Resolution & Range:- 0.1% to 99%

Application:- Ultimate analysis of coal.

The elemental analyzer vario EL works


Equipment location:- ANC
Make & Model:-

Elemental Vario EL

according

to

the

principle

of

catalytic

tube

combustion in an oxygenated atmosphere and high


temperatures. The combustion gases are freed from
foreign gases (for instance volatile halogen). The

Contact:-

Director , National Metallurgical


Laboratory, Jamshedpur

desired measuring components are separated from


each other with the help of specific adsorption

Contact ID:-

director@nmlindia.org

columns and determined in succession with a

Contact No:-

0657- 2345202/28

thermal conductivity detector (TCD). Helium (He)


serves as flushing and carrier gas. Some useful
applications include ultimate analysis of coal,
determining elemental composition of organic
compounds to determine molecular formula etc.

C,S Analyzer in metals


Specification:- It is related to the area of Applied &
Analytical Chemistry
Reseaarch Area:- Chemical Analysis
Range & Resolution:- 0.1 ppm to 20 ppm

C and S in metals can simultaneously be


determined with this equipment. The equipment is
fitted with an induction furnace where the samples are
burnt in presence of O2. The C and S of the steel are
converted to CO2 and SO2, which are measured in the
IR Cell.
Equipment location:- ANC
Make & Model:- Leco CS444, Eltra

Contact:-

Director , National Metallurgical


Laboratory, Jamshedpur

Contact ID:-

director@nmlindia.org

Contact No:-

0657- 2345202/28

Application:- C, S analysis in metals

Capillary Electrophoresis
Specification:- It is related to the area of Applied &

Analytical Chemistry
Research Are:- Chemical Analysis
Resolution & Range:- 1 ppm to 1000 ppm

Application:- Cation and anion analysis

Capillary electrophoresis (CE) is used to


Equipment location:- ANC
Make & Model:-

Agilent 7100

separate ionic species by their charge and frictional


forces and hydrodynamic radius. Neutral molecules
can also be separated using a charged surfactant in
the background electrolyte. CE is used for

Contact:-

Director , National Metallurgical


Laboratory, Jamshedpur

separation and quantification of anions (Cl-, F-,


NO3-, PO43-, SO42- etc.), cations, pesticides, water

Contact ID:-

director@nmlindia.org

analysis, chiral drug analysis and analysis of

Contact No:-

0657- 2345202/28

biomolecules. The technique is complementary to


HPLC but has the advantage that only aqueous
solutions are needed for these separations instead
of costly organic solvents. The analysis is fast,
accurate and reproducible.

Creep Testing Facility


Specification:- It is linked to the area of Materials
Evaluation
Research Are:- Mechanical Behaviour of Materials
Resolution & Range:- 3 Ton

NML has the largest creep testing facility in


South-East Asia with a total of 193 creep testing
points. Out of these 61 units are 3T single creep
points with a maximum temperature capability of
950C to 1100C and 11 units are multi creep points
in which 12 specimens can be tested simultaneously
in each unit at a temperature of 900C.

All the furnaces are with 3 zone PID


Equipment location:- MST
Make & Model:-

controllers for precise control of temperature. A host

Elemental Vario EL

of LVDT units are available for measurement of


creep strain. All the creep points are attached to a

Application:-

To

materials/stress

evaluate
rupture

creep

life,

data

remaining

of
life.

master data logger for continuous storage of data.


The creep testing facility has an uninterrupted power
supply and a back-up power generator system to
ensure quality data generation.

Contact:-

Director , National Metallurgical


Laboratory, Jamshedpur

Other

than

conventional

creep

life

evaluation, the facility has been extensively used for


Contact ID:-

director@nmlindia.org

generating stress rupture data to evaluate the

Contact No:-

0657- 2345202/28

remaining life assessment of high temperature


materials. Apart from this battery of creep machines,
NML also possess a impression creep machine as
well. This unit is useful for evaluating the creep
behaviour of small volume of material in vacuum

Particle Size Analyser with Autotirator


Specification:-

It is linked to the area of Mineral

Processing
Research Are:- Surface Chemistry
Resolution & Range:- Particlesize:7mdownto1
nm,ZetapotentialParticlesize:Below25m,Zeta
Potential range. -100mV to +100 mV

The DelsaNano C is a new generation of


instruments that use photon correlation
spectroscopy (PCS), which determines particle size
by measuring the rate of fluctuations in laser light
Equipment location:- MNP

intensity scattered by particles as they diffuse

Make & Model:-

through a fluid, for size analysis measurements

DelsaNano C submicron

particle size analyzer , Beckman Coulter

and/or electrophoretic light scattering (ELS), which


determines electrophoretic movement of charged
particles under an applied electric field from the

Application:- To determine the zeta potential and

Doppler shift of scattered light, for zeta potential


determination.

particlesizedistributionforfineparticlesbelow7m.
Tag Keywords:Analyzer of Coal

This instrument has an advantage of


Contact:-

Director , National Metallurgical


Laboratory, Jamshedpur

determining iso-electric-point (iep) of minerals


suspension by using an autotitrator whwerin the zeta
potential is plotted against pH of the medium of the

Contact ID:-

director@nmlindia.org

Contact No:-

0657- 2345202/28

suspension.

Down Draft Sinter Pot


Equipment location:- MEF

Capacity : 10kg/ batch for iron ore mix,

Make & Model:-

Dimension : 350x160mm (HxD),


Charging and ignition facility: From the top,
Discharging: From side wall,

Specification:- It is linked to the area of Extractive


Metallurgy
Research Area:- Pyrometallurgy

Temperature measurement: 5 thermocouples at


the different height of bed for studying flame

Range & Resolution:- Capacity : 10kg/ batch for iron

front movement and one more for exit gas

ore mix

temperature measurement,

Application:-Sintering of iron ore fines, micro-pellets

Suction:

etc

measuring facility.,

Suction

from

the

bottom

with

It is facilitated with digital measuring system


of inlet air from the top. There is provision of oxygen
or other gas injection from the top along with digital
Contact:-

Director , National Metallurgical


Laboratory, Jamshedpur

Contact ID:-

director@nmlindia.org

Contact No:-

0657- 2345202/28

ratio controller. Other features: It is integrated with


pelletizers which facilitate to accept fines in form of
micro-pellets; Pressure drop in bed is also
measurable by the compound pressure gauges at
the inlet and out let

Eccentric vibration mill


Specification:- It is linked to the area of Materials
Processing
Research Area:- Metallurgical/Mineral Waste
Utilization
Application:-High energy milling

Eccentric vibrating mill (Model: ESM234-1bs,


Siebtechnik, Germany) is a highly efficient grinding
mill in which comminution is brought about by impact
and abrasive action between grinding bodies and
between the grinding bodies and mill container wall.
Accelerated/efficient grinding in the mill results from
the multi-axis vibratory movement of the mill
container (circulatory, elliptical and linear).
Equipment location:- MST
Make & Model:- ESM234-1bs, Siebtechnik,
Germany

The mill is suitable for dry and wet fine


grinding brittle materials of all degree of hardness,
such as ores, low grade hard metal raw materials,
ceramic raw materials, slag, fly ash, dyes and
chemicals. The mill can be used for mechanical

Contact:-

Contact ID:-

Director , National Metallurgical


Laboratory, Jamshedpur
director@nmlindia.org

activation as well as dry homogenizing of powders


and doping agents The maximum feed particle size
can be up to 20 mm. Size reduction down to 0-5
micron is possible. Up to about kg material can be

Contact No:-

0657- 2345202/28

ground per batch.

Electric Arc Furnace


Specification:- It is linked to the area of Extractive
Metallurgy
Research Area:- Pyrometallurgy.
Range & Resolution:- 50 kVA, 175 kVA and 500 kVA
Application:-Experimental works viz. melting of steel
and iron for casting, alloy steel making, smelting of
minerals, making of Ferro-alloys etc

Rating: 50 kVA, Capacity: 30 kg steel or iron,


Electrodes: 2 Nos of adjustable graphite electrodes
, Arcing: Submerged arcing, direct arcing and
indirect arcing is possible, Working temperature of
melt:

up

to

1750C,

Measurement:

Power

consumption in kWh, voltage, rating, power factor


etc at the control panel, Other features: Removable
Equipment location:- MEF

top cover with replaceable and tilting type shell.

Make & Model:-

Shell is lined with magnetite refractory. Top cover is


facilitated with a hole for collecting sample, viewing,
adding additives and temperature measurement.
Use: Experimental works viz. melting of steel

Contact:-

Director , National Metallurgical


Laboratory, Jamshedpur

Contact ID:-

director@nmlindia.org

Contact No:-

0657- 2345202/28

and iron for casting, alloy steel making, smelting of


minerals, making of Ferro-alloys etc. NML is also
having 175kVA and 500kVA EAF with conventional
features for melting of of high carbon Ferro - alloys
of different grades namely FeCr, FeMn, SiMn,
FeSi, CaSi, etc possible .

Electron Probe Micro analyser(EPMA)


Specification:- It is linked to the area of Materials
Characterization

and

Microstructural

Characterization.
Range & Resolution:- Boron to Uranium elements.
The minimum probe size is 0.5 micron.

Application:-Micro elemental analysis of interface,


inclusions, coating, ores and minerals, metal-slags

Electron Probe Micro Analyzer (EPMA) at


NML was installed in the year July, 2010. JXA-8230,
JEOL, Japan, the fifth generation of Super Probes,
is a high resolution, highly stable wavelength
dispersive X-ray spectrometers (WDS) /energy
Equipment location:- MEF
Make & Model:- JXA-8230, JEOL, Japan

dispersive (EDS) analyzer. It can analyze elements


both qualitative and quantitatively. Depending on
requirement W and LaB6 filament can be used.
Point, line and area analyses are possible, also
elemental distribution can be identified by map

Contact:-

Director , National Metallurgical


Laboratory, Jamshedpur

Contact ID:-

director@nmlindia.org

Contact No:-

0657- 2345202/28

analysis. The minimum probe size is 0.5 micron.

Electron spectroscopy for Chemical analysys


Specification:- It is linked to the area of Materials
Characterization

and

Microstructural

Characterization.
Range & Resolution:- XPS energy resolution; 0.85
eV for Al K-alpha , 1.00 eV for Mg Kalpha and 1.4 eV
for Ag K-alpha , minimum element detection limit is
0.5% using XPS, energy resolution of UPS is131
meV.

The high resolution and high temperature


X-ray diffractometer equipped with reflectometry at
NML was installed in the year 2008. The main
important feature of the system is its high resolution
Equipment location:- MST
Make & Model:- M/s SPECS, Germany
Application:- Identification of elements, oxidation
states of elements, band gap, Valence electron
density and element distribution as a function of

capabilities.
Apart from the routine quality & quantitative
phase analysis, the available software, TOPAS, can
be used to determine micros strain and crystallite
size. The reflectometry attachment along with the
LEPTOS

depth size.

software

can

be

used

for

the

characterization of thin films. The high temperature


camera (up to 1600 degree C) with facilities to
Contact:-

Contact ID:-

operate under controlled atmosphere and vacuum is

Director , National Metallurgical


Laboratory, Jamshedpur

used for high temperature phase transformation

director@nmlindia.org

studies. The Euclerian Cradle available with the


diffratometer

Contact No:-

0657- 2345202/28

gives

it

addition

capability

crystallographic texture measurements.

for

Extrusion Press

Equipment location:- MST

Specification:- IIt is linked to the area of Materials

Make & Model:- Hydropress, INC. Lowey, New

Processing.
Research Area:- Metal Forming.

York

Range & Resolution:- Direct horizontal extrusion press,


capacity 500 ton

Application:- INon ferrous extrusion.

Contact:-

Director , National Metallurgical


Laboratory, Jamshedpur

Contact ID:-

director@nmlindia.org

Contact No:-

0657- 2345202/28

Direct extrusion is carried out in horizontal


hydraulic extrusion press of 500 ton capacity. It can
be used for non-ferrous extrusion only. Extrusion
ratio is 1:36

Forging Hammers
Specification:- It is linked to the area of Materials
Processing.
Research Area:- Metal Forming.
Range & Resolution:- 10CWT, hammer speed 110,
Flywheel speed 544, HP 60(max)

Application:- open die forging

Equipment location:- MST

Three Pneumatic power hammers of 1 ton, 0.5

Make & Model:- Pneumatic Power Hammers, B &

ton and 0.1 ton capacities have been used for open die

S Massy Ltd. England.

forging.

Contact:-

Director , National Metallurgical


Laboratory, Jamshedpur

Contact ID:-

director@nmlindia.org

Contact No:-

0657- 2345202/28

H2, N2, O2 analyser in Metal


Specification:- It is linked to the area of Applied &

Analytical Chemistry
Research Area:- Chemical Analysis

Range & Resolution:- 0.1ppm to 20 ppm

Application:- Gas analysis in metals.

Equipment location:- ANC


Make & Model:- Leco TC 436, HF 402

O2, H2 and N2 in metal can be determined by


this equipment by fusing the sample in an impulse
furnace eluting the O2 and N2 present in the sample
which is kept in a graphite crucible. Eluted O2

Contact:-

Director , National Metallurgical


Laboratory, Jamshedpur

Contact ID:-

director@nmlindia.org

Contact No:-

0657- 2345202/28

converts into CO2 and is measured in an IR Cell. N2


is determined in a TCD bridge. The equipments are
calibrated with known standards before measuring
the sample.

High Power High Frequency Ultrasonic System


Specification:- It is linked to the area of Applied &

Analytical Chemistry
Research Area:- Chemical Analysis

Range & Resolution:- 0.1ppm to 20 ppm

Application:- Gas analysis in metals.

Equipment location:- ANC


Make & Model:- Leco TC 436, HF 402

O2, H2 and N2 in metal can be determined by


this equipment by fusing the sample in an impulse
furnace eluting the O2 and N2 present in the sample
which is kept in a graphite crucible. Eluted O2 converts

Contact:-

Director , National Metallurgical


Laboratory, Jamshedpur

Contact ID:-

director@nmlindia.org

Contact No:-

0657- 2345202/28

into CO2 and is measured in an IR Cell. N2 is


determined in a TCD bridge. The equipments are
calibrated with known standards before measuring the
sample.

High resolution and high temperature diffractometer


Specification:- It is linked to the area of Materials
Characterization

and

Microstructural

Characterization.
Range & Resolution:- 2 theta measuring range 0 to
+1600, angular reproducibility+/- 0.0001 deg or
better, minimum step size 0.0001deg. Output - Plot

Application:- To characterize minerals, metals, and


alloys

The high resolution and high temperature Xray diffractometer equipped with reflectometry at NML
was installed in the year 2008. The main important
feature of the system is its high resolution capabilities.
Apart from the routine quality & quantitative phase
analysis, the available software, TOPAS, can be used
to determine micros strain and crystallite size. The
Equipment location:- MST

reflectometry attachment along with the LEPTOS

Make & Model:- D8 Discover, Bruker AXS

software can be used for the characterization of thin

GmbH, Germany

films.
The high temperature camera (up to 1600

Contact:-

Director , National Metallurgical


Laboratory, Jamshedpur

Contact ID:-

director@nmlindia.org

Contact No:-

0657- 2345202/28

degree C) with facilities to operate under controlled


atmosphere and vacuum is used for high temperature
phase transformation studies. The Euclerian Cradle
available with the diffratometer gives it addition
capability for crystallographic texture measurements.

High temperature oxidation furnace


Specification:- It is related to the area of Surface
Engineering
Reseaarch Area:- Corrosion
Range & Resolution:- size: Balance: 1g,
Temperature Range: room temperature to 1700 C

Application:- Weight change measurement for nonisothermal, isothermal and cyclic oxidation conditions
.

Equipment location:- ACC


Make & Model:- Thermo Electron (Karlsruche),

Gmbh, Germany

The operating temperature up to 1700C


combined with a sample capacity of 100 grams makes
this instrument ideal for analyzing ceramics and metal
powder injection molded parts exposed for varying
temperature and time. It is a very sensitive instrument

Contact:-

Director , National Metallurgical


Laboratory, Jamshedpur

Contact ID:-

director@nmlindia.org

Contact No:-

0657- 2345202/28

for the accurate measurement (in micron level) of


change in weight of the materials/components or any
large heterogeneous sample per unit time.

High Temperature Viscometer


Specification:- It is related to the area of Extractive

Metallurgy
Reseaarch Area:- Pyrometallurgy
Range & Resolution:- Temperature range: 1300-

1550 oC; Viscosity range: up to 5x10E5 cp


Application:- To measure the viscosity of molten

metal, slag, glass.

Equipment location:- MEF


Make & Model:-

Viscosities of molten metals and slag play vital


role in high temperature phenomena and important for
process control and product quality in molten
metal/slag processing. The equipment can be used for
measuring high temperature viscosity of molten metal

Contact:-

Director , National Metallurgical


Laboratory, Jamshedpur

Contact ID:-

director@nmlindia.org

Contact No:-

0657- 2345202/28

or slag samples from iron & steel making industries.


Can also be used for measuring viscosity of molten
glass samples and other liquids.

Hot modulus of rupture


The hot modulus of rupture (HMOR) is an
important variable in the characterization of refractory
materials. Determination of the maximum load at high
temperatures is an important parameter for quality
control and development of furnace linings.

The modulus of rupture is defined as the


maximum stress of a rectangular test piece of specific
dimensions which can withstand maximum load until it
breaks, expressed in N/mm2 or MPa. For HMOR load
is applied at a high temperature. The International
Standard Test Method is described in ISO 5013; test
piece dimensions: 150 mm x 25 mm x 25 mm.
Equipment location:- MST
Make & Model:- HMOR-422 D/3 & NETZSCH
With this model hot modulus of rupture of
Specification:- It is related to the area of Materials
Characterization and Thermo Mechanical Behavior
of Ceramics/Refractories

refractories up to a temperature of 1500C and a


maximum load of 5000 N (60 N/mm2) can be
measured.

Reseaarch Area:- Microstructural Characterization


Range & Resolution:- Range - up to 1500C
Contact:-

Director , National Metallurgical


Laboratory, Jamshedpur

Contact ID:-

director@nmlindia.org

Contact No:-

0657- 2345202/28

Application:- High resolution microscopy

Induction melting facilities


Specification:- It is related to the area of Extractive
Metallurgy
Reseaarch Area:- Pyrometallurgy
Range & Resolution:- 3 nos Vacuum induction
furnace and 2 nos Air induction furnace

2- 40 Kg vacuum induction furnace: 15-75 KW


medium frequency induction furnaces with casting
facility in vacuum. Vacuum system has rotatory pump,
backing pump, mechanical booster and diffusion
pump. The furnace equipped with alloy addition
system and vacuum gauges.5-20 Kg Air induction
furnace: 50 KW medium frequency induction furnaces.
The have three separate furnace shell of 5, 10 & 20 Kg
Equipment location:- MEF
Make & Model:- Inductotherm

capacity.

These furnaces can be used for alloy


development as well as smelting reduction study.

Contact:-

Director , National Metallurgical


Laboratory, Jamshedpur

Contact ID:-

director@nmlindia.org

Contact No:-

0657- 2345202/28

Application:- These furnaces can be used for alloy


development as well as smelting reduction study.

Instumented impact test system


Specification:- It is linked to the area of Materials
Evaluation
Reseaarch Area:- Mechanical Behaviour of Materials
Range & Resolution:-Energy: 300 J, Temp.: -80 to
150 deg C

The fracture behaviour of metallic materials is


normally evaluated under static and quasi-static
loading

conditions.

However,

in

real

life

the

components may experience dynamic loading during


events such as accidental overload/earth quake. It is
therefore imperative to study and understand the
crack resistance behaviour of materials during such
dynamic loading conditions.
Equipment location:- MST

In the installed system at NML the hammer is

Make & Model:- Manufacturer: Zwick/Roell,


Model: RKP 450 IWI, Environmental Chamber:
LAUDA RP 890 refrigeration unit

mounted with a replaceable ASTM E23 instrumented


tup

for

conducting

Charpy

impact

tests.

The

equipment has two transducers: (a) load cell


connected to the hammer (ASTM tup) (b) Angle
encoder. Load-Displacement (Hammer) and LoadContact:-

Director , National Metallurgical


Laboratory, Jamshedpur

Time plots can be obtained for a test. TeXpert s/w is


integrated to the machine, which collects the load
displacement and load time data through a data logger.

Contact ID:-

director@nmlindia.org

Contact No:-

0657- 2345202/28

Application:- Dynamic fracture characterization (KID)


of metallic materials and alloys, Ductile Brittle
Transition Temperature (DBTT) determination

Integrated high power diode laser


Specification:- It is linked to the area of Surface
Engineering, Surface modification
Reseaarch Area:- Corrosion

Tailoring the surface to achieve enhanced


engineering properties such as wear, erosion,
cavitations, and corrosion resistance, laser is fast
becoming material processing technique. Laser
surfacing cladding can also be used for reclamation or
repair of expansive service worn component.

Equipment location:- ACC

Application:- .It is commonly used for

Make & Model:- Customized by: Suresh Indu

Surface cladding: Depositing different metal/alloy

Laser (P) Ltd. Pune

powder on target components,


Surface alloying: Alloying the outer surface with
desired metallic elements/ powders
Surface melting: For changing the microstructure of
outer surface.

Contact:-

Director , National Metallurgical


Laboratory, Jamshedpur

Contact ID:-

director@nmlindia.org

Contact No:-

0657- 2345202/28

Surface hardening: hardening of the outer surface

Ion Chromatograph
Specification:- : 762 IC Interface

709 IC Pump
732 IC Detector
733
Anions present in water are as important as
cations as they occur as conjugates. Like cations,
anions also influence the nutrient or toxicity status of
drinking water. Water Research Laboratory at NML,
Jamshedpur is housing a Metrohm 882 compact ion
chromatograph that can analyze both cations and
anions present in drinking water at ppb-ppm level.
It can also carry out speciation analysis for
some elements such as arsenic, selenium etc. NML
invites

proposals

from

industries,

research

Equipment location:- ACC

organizations and academic institutions for using this

Make & Model:-

facility for testing and research purpose.

Contact:-

Application:- . Determination of Anions present in

Director , National Metallurgical


Laboratory, Jamshedpur

Contact ID:-

director@nmlindia.org

Contact No:-

0657- 2345202/28

water.
Determination and speciation of metal
ions in water including heavy metals

Laser flash thermal diffusivity instruments


Specification:- : It is linked to the area of Materials
Characterization and Thermal Analysis
Range & Resolution:- Thermal Diffusivity ranging
from 10-7 to 10-3 m2/s.

Laser Flash Thermal Diffusivity Instrument is


used to determine the thermal by the flash method
(ASTM E-1461) and thereby specific heat and thermal
conductivity.

Equipment location:- MST

Application:- Determination of Thermal Diffusivity,

Make & Model:- FL-5000, Anter Corporation, USA

Specific Heat and Thermal Conductivity of solids from


room temperature to 1500 degree C in inert
atmosphere.

Contact:-

Director , National Metallurgical


Laboratory, Jamshedpur

Contact ID:-

director@nmlindia.org

Contact No:-

0657- 2345202/28

LC MS/MS (Triple Quadrupol)


Specification:- : Varian320-MS
ProStar 240 Solvent delivery
system
ProStar 410 Autosampler
ProStar 325 dual-path

Analytical estimation of non bio degradable


residual pesticides present in drinking water in ppt
level is challenging. Even at this level these pollutants
are potentially hazardous for living organisms. Water
Research Laboratory at NML, Jamshedpur is housing
a state of the art Triple Quadrupole LC-MS/MS
capable of residual pesticide and much other organic
pollutant analysis in drinking water. NML invites
proposals from industries, research organizations and
Equipment location:- ACC

academic institutions for using this facility for testing

Make & Model:-

and research purpose.

Contact:-

Application:- Determination of residual pesticides and

Director , National Metallurgical


Laboratory, Jamshedpur

Contact ID:-

director@nmlindia.org

Contact No:-

0657- 2345202/28

other organic pollutants in drinking water

Magnetic barkhausen emission analyzer


Specification:- : It is linked to the area of Materials
Characterization.
Research Area:- Non-destructive Evaluation

The Magnetic Barkhausen emission (MBE) is


measured by the the instrument Rollscan 300 which is
a digital Barkhausen noise analyzer. This instrument
can

be

used

for

measurement

of

Magnetic

Barkhausen Emission (MBE) signal. The effect of


Equipment location:- MST
Make & Model:- RollScan- 300

Contact:-

Director , National Metallurgical


Laboratory, Jamshedpur

Contact ID:-

director@nmlindia.org

Contact No:-

0657- 2345202/28

residual stress, creep and fatigue on MBE signals of


ferromagnetic materials can be studied.

Application:- Magnetic Barkhausen signal in ferritic


steel, Iron, Cobalt and nickel.

Mass Spectrometer(ICP-MS)
Specification:- It is related to the area of Applied &
Analytical Chemistry
Reseaarch Area:- Chemical Analysis
Range & Resolution:-1 ppb to 100 ppm

Inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry


(ICP-MS) is a type of mass spectrometry that is highly
sensitive and capable of the determination of a range
of metals and several non-metals at concentrations
below parts per trillion (ppt). It is based on coupling
together inductively coupled plasma as a method of
producing ions (ionization) with a mass spectrometer
as a method of separating and detecting the ions.
Equipment location:- ANC
Make & Model:- Perkin-Elmer

ICP-MS is also capable of monitoring isotopic


speciation for the ions of choice. Unlike atomic
absorption spectroscopy, which can only measure a
single element at a time ICP-MS has the capability to
scan for all elements simultaneously. This allows
rapids ample processing.

Contact:-

Director , National Metallurgical


Laboratory, Jamshedpur

Contact ID:-

director@nmlindia.org

Contact No:-

0657- 2345202/28

Application:- Trace and ultra trace elemental analysis


in metallurgical and water samples.
.

Milli Q water purification system


Ultra pure water is a prime requirement in both
instrumental

as

well

conventional

analytical

techniques, especially where aqueous chemistry is


involved. MILLI-Q Gradient water purification system
produceswater withresistivityminimum18Mcmat
25C, which meets the ASTM Type I standard
specifications for reagent grade water, essential for
standard preparation and other applications in highly
sensitive analytical equipments.

Equipment location:- ACC


Make & Model:- MILLIPORE with RiOs 5 and Milli-Q
Gradient and the Water resistivity is 18.2Mcm at 25C
TOC3ppb

Contact:-

Director , National Metallurgical


Laboratory, Jamshedpur

Application:- Production of ASTM Type 1 reagent

Contact ID:-

director@nmlindia.org

LC-MS/MS, AAS etc.

Contact No:-

0657- 2345202/28

grade water for the applications in Ion Chromatograph,

Miniature specimen test system


Often, the component size puts limit on the
fabrication of conventional specimens to study
mechanical behaviour of materials. Efforts are
therefore going on for quite sometime to evaluate the
mechanical behaviour of materials using sub-sized or
even miniature sized specimens.
NML has recently procured a dynamic testing
machine

exclusively

to

study

the

mechanical

behaviour of materials using small specimens. The


system is capable of performing both static and
dynamic testing of a variety of materials. Due to the
high dynamic performance, the system can operate
even at frequencies grater than 100Hz that makes the
fatigue testing easy.
Equipment location:- MST
Make & Model:- Elecropuls 3000, Instron UK

Various types of testing that are possible with


this system are tensile, high and low cycle fatigue,
fracture toughness (KIC, JIC) and fatigue crack growth

Specification:- It is linked to the area of Materials

rate (FCGR) studies-all using really a small volume of

Evaluation

material. The system is ideal for industries that cannot

Research Area:- Mechanical Behaviour of Materials

spare large volume of material that are typically

Resolution & Range:- Dynamic Capacity: 3kN; Static

required in destructive experiments and for those

Capacity: 2.1kN; (load cells with 1000N 500N are also

research organizations who are desirous to know the

available);Freq: < 0.1Hz to 300Hz

behaviour of materials across the length scale.

Contact:- Director , National Metallurgical


Laboratory, Jamshedpur

Application:- tensile, high and low cycle fatigue,

Contact ID:-

director@nmlindia.org

rate (FCGR).

Contact No:-

0657- 2345202/28

fracture toughness (KIC, JIC) and fatigue crack growth

Mixer Settler unit

Specification:- It is linked to the area of Extractive


Metallurgy
Research Area:- Hydrometallurgy

Multistage mixer settler units of two different


capacities are available for carrying out metal
separation study in continuous mode. The solution
containing different metals together can be separated
from each other effectively using suitable organic
solvents. Mixer/settler volume of 620/860 mL and
1000/6000 mL capacities are available for continuous
counter current extraction of different metals.

Equipment location:- MEF


Make & Model:-

Contact:-

Director , National Metallurgical


Laboratory, Jamshedpur

Contact ID:-

director@nmlindia.org

Contact No:-

0657- 2345202/28

Application:- Separation of different metals in solution

Multi channel eddy current system


Specification:- It is linked to the area of Materials
Evaluation
Research Area:- Non-destructive Evaluation
Application:-This technique is suitable for detecting
and sizing metal discontinuities such as corrosion,
erosion, wear, pitting, baffle cuts, wall loss, and
cracks in nonferrous materials.

Eddy current testing is a noncontact method


used to inspect non ferromagnetic tubing.
MS5800 system offers:
4 simultaneous frequencies per input. This feature
Equipment location:- MST

allows inspection speeds up to 2 m/s with 4

Make & Model:- MS5800, RD Tech. Olympus

frequencies on absolute and differential channels,


without signal distortion.
Electronic probe balancing. No separate external

Contact:-

Contact ID:-

reference probe is required for absolute channel

Director , National Metallurgical


Laboratory, Jamshedpur

operation

director@nmlindia.org

4 ECT inputs and up to 64 multiplexed channels.


The MultiScan MS 5800E can support a large

Contact No:-

0657- 2345202/28

number of ECT channels to perform array probe


inspections.

Compared

to

single-channel

inspection, the array probe technology allows faster


and easier surface coverage.

Nanoparticle size analyzer

Specification:- It is linked to the area of Applied &


Analytical Chemistry
Research Area:- Surface Chemistry
Resolution & Range;- Particle size analysis in
suspensionintherangeof0.6nmto6m,Molecular
weight determination in the range 1000-2x107 Dalton

Particle Size and zeta potential are important


for the stability of a colloidal suspension. These
parameters become critical in stabilizing sol, synthesis
of nanoparticles suspension and water treatment
processes involving adsorption, precipitation and
coagulation.

NML, Jamshedpur is housing a Malvern


particle size analyzer coupled with a multi purpose
Equipment location:- ANC

titrator for the determination of particle size, zeta

Make & Model:- Nanoparticles Size Analyzer, NanoZS

potential, isoelectric point (IEP) and molecular weight


in colloidal suspensions. Instrument operates on the

(Malvern)

basis of dynamic light scattering technique and can


Contact:-

Director , National Metallurgical


Laboratory, Jamshedpur

Contact ID:-

director@nmlindia.org

Contact No:-

0657- 2345202/28

provide the total particle size distribution with average


particle size.

Application:- Particle size analysis in suspension, Zeta


potential measurement, Molecular weight , isoelectric
point (IEP)

12/25/2014

NationalMetallurgicalLaboratoryAdvancedMaterialsProcessing

AboutNML

Director'sDesk

Events

HR&Training

Resources

Tender

ResearchAreas
MineralProcessing
ExtractiveMetallurgy
SurfaceEngineering
Applied&AnalyticalChemistry
MaterialsEngineering
MaterialsEvaluation
Energy&Environment

R&DServices
Consultancy
TestingandAnalysis
Calibration
CerifiedReferenceMaterials
TechnologiesOffer
CustomerServices

Infrastructure/Facilities
Analytical/Characterization
PilotPlant

QuickLinks
NMLMadrasCentre
MajorProjects
IPRHelpdesk
KnowledgeResourceCentre
KnowledgeNetworking

BiomimeticSynthesis
BiomimeticGroupofNMLhassuccessfully
developed
Magneticandbioceramicnanoparticlesand
nanofluids
Threedimensionalbiomimeticnanocomposite
scaffoldsand
Biomimeticcoatingsonmetallicsurfaces
Ourongoingstudiesinclude
Development of selfsetting injectable
nanocomposite scaffolds for bone tissue
engineering
Nanofluidsforbiomedical/industrialapplications
Biomimetic coatings of calcium silicate and calcium phosphate coating on Ti substrate and
developmentofAlSiZrbasedalloysforbiomedicalapplications.
Details

BrazingFoils

FacilitiesAvailable

The Magnetics Group of the laboratory is designing and developing of Cu based brazing alloys
bymeltspinningtechniqueafteroptimizationofprocessingparametersandtocharacterizethe
SSSSassemblybrazedbythedevelopedalloys.
Details

FerromagneticShapeMemoryAlloys

Magneticfieldinducedreorientationofthetwinstructuresoccursinaclassofmaterials called
Ferromagnetic Shape Memory Alloys (FSMAs). A well known NiMnGa FSMA, a promising
actuator material is conventionally prepared by crystal growth technique that is not only
expensive and time consuming but involves concern for defect free crystals. In the present
program a rapid solidification route has been adopted whereby NiMnGa alloys have been
preparedintheformofribbonsbymeltspinningtechnique.
Details

NanostructuredAdvancedMaterials
CSIR Network project on Nanostructured Advanced Materials involves interrelated
research on biomaterials, ceramic, composites and hard coatings, magnetic materials and
structural materials. NML is collaborating with NAL, Bangalore, NCL, Pune, IMMT
Bhubaneshwar, CGCRI Kolkata, CMERI Durgapur, CEERI Pilani and AMPRI Bhopal in executing
theprogramme.
Details

Developmentandformingofperformancedrivenspecialsteels
The Supra Institutional Project titled Development and forming of performance driven special
steels is a programme encompassing the different competencies of the laboratory. This is a
project laying emphasis on networking within the laboratory and has as its deliverables:
ultrahigh strength steels, high strength high formable steels, advanced joining and surface
modificationprotocols,steelfoamsandvirtualplatformsforprocessandmaterialoptimization
Details
AdvancedLightWeightMetallicMaterialsforEngineeringApplications

This program is a part of the Network project with AMPRI Bhopal as Nodal Agency. The main
activities under this program are i) Development of high temperature creep resistant Mg
alloys for automotive applications, ii) Development of Amorphous light metallic alloys:
Amorphous and nanocrystalline Al based alloys have possessed high strength combined with
good ductility, which are about 2 to 2.5 times more than that of conventional crystalline high
strength alloys iii) Aluminium foams, iv) Development of TiB2 coated electrode for Al
extraction v) Development and characterization of aluminide coating for Ti based alloys for
compressordiscapplicationsandvi)Ultrafinegrainedlightmetallicalloys
Details

http://www.nmlindia.org/advancedmaterialsandprocessing.html

1/2

12/25/2014

NationalMetallurgicalLaboratoryAdvancedMaterialsProcessing
Selfpropagatinghightemperaturesynthesis(SHS)

UnderthisprogrammeZrB2,TiB2,Al2O3ZrB2TiB2composites,ZrO2ZrB2composite,TiC,
boridecarbidecompositehavebeenprepared
Details

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NationalMetallurgicalLaboratory
Jamshedpur831007|Tel:+916572345000001,2345028,2345205|Fax:916572345213,2345153,EMail:director@nmlindia.org
Copyright@2010NationalMetallurgicalLaboratory

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12/25/2014

NationalMetallurgicalLaboratoryAlloyDevelopment

AboutNML

Director'sDesk

Events

HR&Training

Resources

Tender

ResearchAreas
MineralProcessing
ExtractiveMetallurgy
SurfaceEngineering
Applied&AnalyticalChemistry
MaterialsEngineering
MaterialsEvaluation
Energy&Environment

R&DServices
Consultancy
TestingandAnalysis
Calibration
CerifiedReferenceMaterials
TechnologiesOffer
CustomerServices

Infrastructure/Facilities
Analytical/Characterization
PilotPlant

QuickLinks
NMLMadrasCentre
MajorProjects
IPRHelpdesk
KnowledgeResourceCentre
KnowledgeNetworking

NMLisengagedinthedevelopmentofvariousalloysandprocessesencompassingawiderange
of application areas in automotive and aerospace industries, power sectors, electronic
industries, biomedical industries etc. A wide range of alloys and processes have been
developedthatincludeAlandMgalloysandcompositesforautomotive applications, Febased
alloysformagneticapplication,ferromagneticshapememoryalloys,TWIPsteel,high strength
high formable steels for automotives, wear resistant steels for hydrogenerators, Al, Fe, Cu
and Zrbased amorphous and nanostructured materials, high strength Alalloys by semisolid
processing,Cualloysforhighstrengthandhighconductivityapplicationsandbrazingalloys for
joiningofstainlesssteels.

MajorActivities
Synthesisofferromagneticshapememoryalloys(NiMnGabased)bymeltspinning
Copperalloysforhighstrengthandhighconductivityapplications
Albased amorphous alloys with good glass forming abilities combined with high strength and
ductility,
HighstrengthAlalloysbysemisolidprocessing
NanoquasicrystallineAlFeTiCr/Valloysforairframeandautomotiveapplications
AlandMgalloysandcompositesusingconventionalaswellasrheocastingprocesses,
HightemperaturecreepresistantMgalloysforautomotiveapplications
DevelopmentofSilterosionresistantmaterialsforhydrogenerators

FacilitiesAvailable

DevelopmentofHighstrengthhighformablesteelforautomobiles
Zrbased bulk metallic glasses (BMGs) and production of nanocrystalline composites through
crystallization
Cubasedbrazingalloyforstainlesssteeljoining

MajorFacilities
Melt spinning System under inert atmosphere, Differential Scanning Calorimeter, Vibrating
sample magnetometer, Portable electrical conductivity meter, Controlled atmosphere
resistance furnace (Max temperature 1200 C), Forging hammer and rolling mill, Resistance
heatingvacuumfurnace(Max.temperature800),Meltingandcastingfurnace,Rheocastingset
up, Hard Material Cutter, High Temperature Rheometer, Sliding wear testing machine,
Cavitationerosionsetup,ArcMeltingfurnaceunderinertatmosphere

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Jamshedpur831007|Tel:+916572345000001,2345028,2345205|Fax:916572345213,2345153,EMail:director@nmlindia.org
Copyright@2010NationalMetallurgicalLaboratory

http://www.nmlindia.org/alloydevelopment.html

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12/25/2014

NationalMetallurgicalLaboratoryBiometallurgy

AboutNML

Director'sDesk

Events

HR&Training

Resources

Tender

ResearchAreas
MineralProcessing
ExtractiveMetallurgy
SurfaceEngineering
Applied&AnalyticalChemistry
MaterialsEngineering
MaterialsEvaluation
Energy&Environment

R&DServices
Consultancy
TestingandAnalysis
Calibration
CerifiedReferenceMaterials
TechnologiesOffer
CustomerServices

Infrastructure/Facilities
Analytical/Characterization
PilotPlant

QuickLinks

NMLMadrasCentre
MajorProjects
IPRHelpdesk
KnowledgeResourceCentre
KnowledgeNetworking

KeyMandates
Developing an Energy Efficient and Environmentally Benign Technological Option for Extraction
ofMetalsfromLowGrade&ComplexMineralandWasteResources
Beneficiationofores/Bioremediation/BioreclamationofMetalsfromWasteStreams.
Focus
Finding more robust bioleaching organisms and understanding and monitoring the impact of
bioleaching conditions and mineralogy on microbial performance with the aim of identifying
and promoting those conditions within an ore bed that are conducive to microbial growth and
activity.
MajorAchievements
Bioleaching of
converterslag

copper

from

copper

Bioprocessing for treating Zn tailings/


Complex/Leanores
Selective biodissolution of Ni from
copperconcentrates
BioleachingofIndianOceannodulesby
differentmicrobes
Bioleaching of copper from low grade
Indianores

FacilitiesAvailable

Biobeneficiationofchromiteores
BioleachingofuraniumfromlowgradeIndianores
Bioremediationofchromiumfromtanneryeffluents
MajorFacilities
CentrifugeLaminarAirFlowDevice,B.O.D.Incubator,ShakerIncubators,GelElectrophoresis
Unit, Sonicator, Uv Spectrophotmeter, Fluorimeter, Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer,
LabScaleColumnLeachingSetUp

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Jamshedpur831007|Tel:+916572345000001,2345028,2345205|Fax:916572345213,2345153,EMail:director@nmlindia.org

Copyright@2010NationalMetallurgicalLaboratory

http://www.nmlindia.org/biometallurgy.html

1/1

12/25/2014

NationalMetallurgicalLaboratoryChemicalAnalysis

AboutNML

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ResearchAreas
MineralProcessing
ExtractiveMetallurgy
SurfaceEngineering
Applied&AnalyticalChemistry
MaterialsEngineering
MaterialsEvaluation
Energy&Environment

R&DServices
Consultancy
TestingandAnalysis
Calibration
CerifiedReferenceMaterials
TechnologiesOffer
CustomerServices

Infrastructure/Facilities
Analytical/Characterization
PilotPlant

QuickLinks
NMLMadrasCentre
MajorProjects
IPRHelpdesk
KnowledgeResourceCentre
KnowledgeNetworking

Analytical Chemistry Centre (ANC) of NML is a pioneer in providing worldclass analytical


solutions. We provide analytical solutions to various industries involved with Mining &
Exploration, Metals & Alloys, and Ceramics & Refractory etc. by developing custom built
analytical protocols and also analyzing the samples using standard ASTM/BIS procedures. To
producereliableandaccurateresults,ourscientistsusestateoftheartinstrumentsthat meet
international standards and industry requirements and validate the results with Certified
Reference Materials (ANC has more than 200 primary CRMs for metallurgical products). Our
USPissinglewindowvalidatedanalysisof
Metals&Alloys
Ores&Minerals
Clay&Slag
Ceramics&Refractory
Water&Soil
Coal
Gas&Air
We perform (1) Major & Minor Elemental Analysis, (2) Trace (ppb) & Ultra trace (ppt) Metal
Analysis, (3)Ultimate, Proximate Analysis & Calorific Value of Coal, (4) Analysis of Gases in
Metals,(5)MetalMappingand(6)Cation&AnionAnalysis
MajorAchievements
Wehaveaclientbaseof~350smallandlargescaleindustriesanditisincreasingeveryyear.
OurreputationastheMOSTTRUSTEDinchemicalanalysisofmetallurgical and coal samples
issecondtononeinIndia.SomeofourmajorclientsincludeTATASTEEL,SAIL,USHAMARTYN,
AryanMines,HindustanCopper,UCIL,etc.
MajorFacilities
Analyzer Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer (AAS), Inductively Coupled Plasma Optical
Emission Spectrometer (ICPOES), Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometer (ICPMS),
DirectReadingSpectrograph(DRS),LecoO2/N2AnalyzerforSteel,LecoH2AnalyzerforSteel,
UVVis Spectrophotometer, High Performance Liquid and Ion Chromatograph (HPLC/IC), XRay
FluorescenceSpectrometer(XRF),XRayAnalyticalMicroscope,CandSSimultaneousAnalyzer
forSteel.CHNSOAnalyzerforCoal,BombCalorimeter, Capillary Electrophoresis (CE), Gas
Chromatograph(GC)Colorimeter

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Jamshedpur831007|Tel:+916572345000001,2345028,2345205|Fax:916572345213,2345153,EMail:director@nmlindia.org
Copyright@2010NationalMetallurgicalLaboratory

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12/25/2014

NationalMetallurgicalLaboratoryCoalandIronOres

AboutNML

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ResearchAreas
MineralProcessing
ExtractiveMetallurgy
SurfaceEngineering
Applied&AnalyticalChemistry
MaterialsEngineering
MaterialsEvaluation
Energy&Environment

R&DServices
Consultancy
TestingandAnalysis
Calibration
CerifiedReferenceMaterials
TechnologiesOffer
CustomerServices

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PilotPlant

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NMLMadrasCentre
MajorProjects
IPRHelpdesk
KnowledgeResourceCentre
KnowledgeNetworking

CoalandIronOres
The natural resources for high quality coking coal are fast depleting. In addition, the steel
industriesrequirelowerlevelsofashinthefeedcoaltoenhancetheirproductivity.
Mandates
Development of technology for treating poorer quality coking coals to achieve relatively lower
ashproduct
Theresponseofthecoalinvariousunitoperationsincrushing,grinding,gravityseparationand
flotation are examined, process optimized and a flow sheet developed for coal cleaning.
Studiesaretakenupfornoncokingcoaltoo.Removalofashformingmaterialandbringingthe
ashleveldowntoaspecifiedleveltosuittherequirementsofthethermal power plants is the
keyissueinthesestudies.
Beneficiationofironores
A combination of gravity and magnetic separation along with froth flotation are the unit
operationsusedinthesestudies.Alargenumberofgravityseparationtechniquesstarting from
flowing film concentration to enhanced gravity separations in centrifugal force fields are
examined regularly to develop a feasible flow sheet for iron ore beneficiation. Agglomeration
studies including brequetting, sintering and pelletization are also routinely taken us in this
program.
MajorAchievements
Nearly250studiesonironorebeneficiationhasbeencompletedatNML
Over50investigationsondifferentcoalshavebeencarriedandflowsheetsdeveloped
Many iron ore processing plants in India are running presently with technical knowhow
developedbyNML

FacilitiesAvailable

Ourknowhowoncleancoaltechnologyhasbenefitedmanycoalpreparationplants

MajorFacilities
Bench and pilot scale equipment for carrying out planned research on beneficiation and
agglomeration of coal and iron ores. Some typical laboratory/ pilot scale facilities include
Wilfleytable,Spiralconcentrator,Wateronlycyclone,Floatexdensityseparator,Mechanical&
Column Flotation Cells, Centrifugal/Enhanced gravity separators, Dry and Wet High Intensity
MagneticSeparators,IronOreWashingPlantandAgglomerationfacilitiescoveringBrequetting,
SinteringandPelletization

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NationalMetallurgicalLaboratory
Jamshedpur831007|Tel:+916572345000001,2345028,2345205|Fax:916572345213,2345153,EMail:director@nmlindia.org
Copyright@2010NationalMetallurgicalLaboratory

http://www.nmlindia.org/coalandironore.html

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12/25/2014

NationalMetallurgicalLaboratoryCorrosion

AboutNML

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ResearchAreas
MineralProcessing
ExtractiveMetallurgy
SurfaceEngineering
Applied&AnalyticalChemistry
MaterialsEngineering
MaterialsEvaluation
Energy&Environment

R&DServices
Consultancy
TestingandAnalysis
Calibration
CerifiedReferenceMaterials
TechnologiesOffer
CustomerServices

Infrastructure/Facilities
Analytical/Characterization
PilotPlant

QuickLinks
NMLMadrasCentre
MajorProjects
IPRHelpdesk
KnowledgeResourceCentre
KnowledgeNetworking

Activities in this area are focused towards providing industrial research solutions to a wide
rangeofcorrosionrelatedissues

Domainexpertise
Hightemperaturecorrosion
Modelinghightemperaturecorrosion
Hightemperaturecorrosionexperimentsundersimulatedgasatmospheres
Aqueouscorrosionandprevention
Pittingcorrosion
Sensitization
Galvaniccorrosion
Developmentofinhibitors
WiderangeofcoatingsdevelopmentincludingPVD,CVD,thermalandplasmaspray

MajorAchievements

FacilitiesAvailable

Duringthelast23years,NMLhashelpedtoreducethelossesofzincduringgalvanizingand
improvement in quality of produced coatings in a number of galvanizing industries. Plant
studiesshowedthatmorethan35%ofthetotalconsumedzincwaswastedintheformofby
products. 2025% of wasted zinc could be saved by providing proper inputs to the plant
resulting in several hundred tons of saving. NML proposes to undertake similar studies for
othergalvanizerssothattheycanincreaseutilizationfactorofzincwhichhaslimitednatural
resourcesinourcountryandisalsoexpensive.

MajorFacilities
For industrial consultancy, a battery of portable instruments are available for onsite
evaluations: XRF, pH meter, thermometer, conductivity meter, salinity meter, gravity
meter, flux analyzer, reflectivity meter, thickness meter, micro volt meter fitted with
electrodesandsensors,chemicalkitsespeciallydevelopedforonthespotstudy.Labfacilities
include depth analysis by using Micro Raman spectrometer, image analyzer, impedance
system,saltsprayexposuretests,humiditytestsandultravioletradiationtests.

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NationalMetallurgicalLaboratory
Jamshedpur831007|Tel:+916572345000001,2345028,2345205|Fax:916572345213,2345153,EMail:director@nmlindia.org
Copyright@2010NationalMetallurgicalLaboratory

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NationalMetallurgicalLaboratoryHydrometallurgy

AboutNML

Director'sDesk

Events

HR&Training

Resources

Tender

ResearchAreas
MineralProcessing
ExtractiveMetallurgy
SurfaceEngineering
Applied&AnalyticalChemistry
MaterialsEngineering
MaterialsEvaluation
Energy&Environment

R&DServices
Consultancy
TestingandAnalysis
Calibration
CerifiedReferenceMaterials
TechnologiesOffer
CustomerServices

Infrastructure/Facilities
Analytical/Characterization
PilotPlant

QuickLinks
NMLMadrasCentre
MajorProjects
IPRHelpdesk
KnowledgeResourceCentre
KnowledgeNetworking

Hydrometallurgical Research at NML encompasses the strategy for developing an energy


efficient and environmentally benign technological option for extraction of metals from low
gradeores,complexmineralsandwasteresources.Alignedunitoperationsinbeneficiation of
ores,remediation/reclamationofmetalsfromwastestreamsarealsopromoted.Inviewof the
depletion of high grade ore deposits, it is necessary to recover metals from low grade raw
materialsandsecondaries.However,appropriatetechnologeisarewanting
Expertise
Treatmentandrecyclingofvariouswastes/secondaries
Developed many energy efficient and environmental friendly
processes for extraction of metals from various lean ores,
concentrates, tailings, dusts, slags, dross, spent catalysts,
residues, spent batteries, electronic wastes, pickle liquors,
spentelectrolyte/bleedsolution,etc.
RecentThrusts
Development of hydro(bio) metallurgical technological
processes to recover various metals such as Cu, Ni, Co, Zn, U,
Sn, Cd, Mo, V, W, Pb, Sb, As, Ag, Au, Se from various
resources.
Use several microbial species for enhanced recovery of
valuablesfromlowtenormineralresources.
MajorAchievements
Copperandnickelpowderfromcopperbleedsolution

FacilitiesAvailable

Copperpowderfromvarioussolidwastecontainingcopper
Recoveryofzincfromzincconcentrate,zincdross/residue
Recoveryofnickelasnickelsulphateandferronickelfromspentnickelcatalyst
RecoveryofCu,Ni,Cofromseanodulesbyreductionroastingandammoniacalleaching
Recoveryofvaluablemetalsfromseanodulesbyreductionsmeltingmatteformationammoniacalpressure
leachinghydrothermalreductionroute
MolybdenumandvanadiumrecoveryfromspentHDScatalyst
Uniformsubmicronsizemonodispersedironoxide(hematite)fromwastechloridepickleliquor/ironcontaining
waste
Nanosizemanganesezincferritefromspentpickleliquorofsteelindustries

Processforsynthesisofnonmetallurgicalgradealuminumoxide/oxyhydroxide
Recoveryofleadfromleadcontainingresidues,RecoveryofPbandSnfromtheliberatedresinofPCBsswelled
byorganic
Processingofspentnickelcadmiumbatteries,Preciousandothermetalrecoveryfromelectronicwastes
Selectivereductionofcopper,nickel,cobalttoproducehighpuremetalpowder
Recoveryoftungstenfromalloyscraps
Vanadiumrecoveryfromvanadiumsludge
Leadrecoveryfromspentleadacidbatteries
NickleSulphatefromSpent
NickleCatalyst

Goldrecoveryfromdorefurnacelining
ElectrolyticandChemicalmanganesedioxidefromlow/highgradeMnore
Recoveryofnickelandchromiumfromstainlesssteelpicklingbath
Biorecoveryofcopperfromcopperconverterslag
BioprocessingfortreatingZntailings/Complex/Leanores
SelectivebiodissolutionofNifromcopperconcentrates
BioleachingforrecoveryofCu,Ni,Co,MnfromIndianOceannodules

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NationalMetallurgicalLaboratoryHydrometallurgy
BioleachingofcopperfromlowgradeIndianores
BioleachingofuraniumfromlowgradeIndianores
Bioremediationofchromiumfromtanneryeffluents,Biobeneficiationofchromiteores
MajorFacilities
Continuous counter current solvent extraction facilities, 0.45L, 1.0L, 1.5L, 2.0L, 7.5L and 50L
Autoclaves, MicroSYNTH Lab Station, Autocontroller magnetic hot plates, High resolution
microscope (TM1000), Carbon coater, sputter coater, Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometers,
MoistureanalyzerandDryingovens,0.5Lto500Lleachingreactor,2LBioreactor,1.0Lto500 L
Electrowinning facilities, UV Visible spectrophotometers, Table top FTIR with diamond ATR,
Fluorimeter,Ionexchangecolumns,Sparklerfilterpress220 kg, Vertical retort furnace, High
temperature muffle furnace, 50 kVA Electric Arc Furnace, Phase Contrast Microscope with
Image Analysis Software, Preparative Analytical Ultra Centrifuge, SmalltoLarge Shaker
Incubators,Sonicator,ColumnLeachingFacility

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NationalMetallurgicalLaboratory
Jamshedpur831007|Tel:+916572345000001,2345028,2345205|Fax:916572345213,2345153,EMail:director@nmlindia.org
Copyright@2010NationalMetallurgicalLaboratory

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12/25/2014

NationalMetallurgicalLaboratoryMaterialsForming

AboutNML

Director'sDesk

Events

HR&Training

Resources

Tender

ResearchAreas
MineralProcessing
ExtractiveMetallurgy
SurfaceEngineering
Applied&AnalyticalChemistry
MaterialsEngineering
MaterialsEvaluation
Energy&Environment

R&DServices
Consultancy
TestingandAnalysis
Calibration
CerifiedReferenceMaterials
TechnologiesOffer
CustomerServices

Infrastructure/Facilities
Analytical/Characterization
PilotPlant

QuickLinks
NMLMadrasCentre
MajorProjects
IPRHelpdesk
KnowledgeResourceCentre
KnowledgeNetworking

MajorDevelopments
High strength Alalloys by semisolid processing: Modification of dendritic structure to
nearly globular one by stirring the alloy in between the solidus and liquidus temperatures
(rheocasting). The alloys were further processed through Straininduced meltactivation to
achievebettermechanicalproperties.
Aluminumalloymatrixcompositeplatesfordefenseapplications:secondaryprocessing of
AlSiC composite plates were carried out by forging and rolling techniques. The problem of
edge cracking and failure of composites was solved to a large extent by optimizing the
homogenizationandheattreatmentschedules.
ThermomechanicaltreatmentforTWIPandTRIPsteels
Closed cell steel and aluminum foams for
automotive and nonload bearing structural
applications: The aim of this program is to develop
sandwich foams, foam filled tubes and small size
foam elements employing powder metallurgy
technique using nonconventional foaming agents and
additivestoachieveuniformandlargesizepores.

MajorFacilities
Resistanceheatingvacuumfurnace(Max.temperature800)

FacilitiesAvailable

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NationalMetallurgicalLaboratory
Jamshedpur831007|Tel:+916572345000001,2345028,2345205|Fax:916572345213,2345153,EMail:director@nmlindia.org
Copyright@2010NationalMetallurgicalLaboratory

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12/25/2014

NationalMetallurgicalLaboratoryMaterialsJoining

AboutNML

Director'sDesk

Events

HR&Training

Resources

Tender

ResearchAreas
MineralProcessing
ExtractiveMetallurgy
SurfaceEngineering
Applied&AnalyticalChemistry
MaterialsEngineering
MaterialsEvaluation
Energy&Environment

R&DServices
Consultancy
TestingandAnalysis
Calibration
CerifiedReferenceMaterials
TechnologiesOffer
CustomerServices

Infrastructure/Facilities
Analytical/Characterization
PilotPlant

QuickLinks

NMLMadrasCentre
MajorProjects
IPRHelpdesk
KnowledgeResourceCentre
KnowledgeNetworking

AtNML,materialjoininggroupisfocusedonjoiningofmaterialsbydifferenttechniqueslike:
LiquidphaseDiffusionBonding
(1)Cutodifferentcontactmaterials,(2)CutoCu/steel/nonferrousmetals,(3)AluminatoAlumina/Silicon,
(4)Carbide/Steel/Cu,(5)Graphitetographite/Steel/Cu
SolidstateDiffusionBonding
HighCarbon/highMnSteeltohighalloysteelandothervarietyofsteels
Soldering
Developmentofleadfreesoldersforelectronicpackaging
FrictionStirWelding(FSW)
(1)Al/AlalloystoAl/Alalloys,(2)Al/Alalloystosteeland(3)Ferroustoferrousalloys
Currentresearchprojects
FSWofdissimilarAlalloysand304SStoAlalloysforAerospace&Automotiveapplications
Advancedjoiningtechniquesforhighperformancesteelsincludingfrictionstirwelding
MajorAchievements
Fillermetalsdevelopment:Cu,Ag,NibasedalloysactivefilleralloyscontainingTiforceramicmaterialsjoining
LeadfreeSolders:SnCuAg,SnCuAgIn,SnCuAgNi
LowcostFSWequipment,Design&fabricationofcarbideandceramictoolshoulderforFSW
MajorFacilities

FacilitiesAvailable

(i)Joining/bondingfacilitiessuchas(a)hightemperaturegraphiteresistancefurnace,(b)highvacuumbrazing
furnace(HVBF),(ii)Jointcharacterizationfacilities:(a)differenttypeofmechanicaltestingfacilitiesincluding
sheartests,tensiletest,microandnanoindentationfordeterminingjointquality,(b)microstructural
characterizationbySEMEDS,EPMA,XRD,TEMetc.

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NationalMetallurgicalLaboratory
Jamshedpur831007|Tel:+916572345000001,2345028,2345205|Fax:916572345213,2345153,EMail:director@nmlindia.org
Copyright@2010NationalMetallurgicalLaboratory

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12/25/2014

NationalMetallurgicalLaboratoryMaterialsModeling

AboutNML

Director'sDesk

Events

HR&Training

Resources

Tender

ResearchAreas
MineralProcessing
ExtractiveMetallurgy
SurfaceEngineering
Applied&AnalyticalChemistry
MaterialsEngineering
MaterialsEvaluation
Energy&Environment

R&DServices
Consultancy
TestingandAnalysis
Calibration
CerifiedReferenceMaterials
TechnologiesOffer
CustomerServices

Infrastructure/Facilities
Analytical/Characterization
PilotPlant

QuickLinks
NMLMadrasCentre
MajorProjects
IPRHelpdesk
KnowledgeResourceCentre
KnowledgeNetworking

Objectives
To develop the tools necessary for modeling and simulation of the materials behavior and
properties
To validate the tools by application to properties and systems amenable to experimental
verification
Toillustratethestrategiesandtechniquesinusingthesemodelingtoolsbyapplyingthemto
relevantindustrialproblems
MajorAchievements
Bilateral research program between National Metallurgical Laboratory and Imperial College
(UK)entitledPhysicallyBasedConstitutiveEquationsforDesignandLifePredictionatElevated
TemperatureModelingandValidation,fundedbyEngineeringandPhysicalScienceResearch
Council,wassuccessfullyexecuted.Thisworkfocusedonintegratingthecurrentunderstanding
ofmaterialanisotropywithfiniteelementanalysisthroughasynergybetweentheactivities of
theIndoBritishgroupsfacilitatingdisseminationofknowledgetoIndianandUKindustries.
Material models developed to characterize the time evolution of creep strain in collaboration
withtheexperimentalgroupofDefenceMetallurgicalResearchLaboratory(DMRL),Hyderabad.
Creep modeling and remaining life estimation softwares developed and transferred to the
industry(BHEL): (i) RELIEF A software for Remaining Life Estimation Framework for Boiler
components,(ii)CLIPWINAmenudrivensoftwareforcreeplifeprediction

Computation of the Fractal Dimensions from microstructural images of materials has been
carriedoutthroughadvancedsignalprocessingtechniquessuchasWaveletanalysisandPower
Spectral Density analysis. A bilateral collaborative project with Czech republic in fractal
applicationstomaterialsbehaviorisunderprogress

FacilitiesAvailable

Coupled modeling of deformation, heat transfer and phase transformation have been carried
for simulation of hot forging, rolling and heat treatment operations. Soft computing models
using Artificial Neural Network, Fuzzy logic in conjunction with micro scale modeling for
prediction of mechanical properties and microstucture evolution have been developed and
validatedwithoperatingdata
MajorFacilities
Finite Element Based General purpose code for modeling materials behaviour [ABAQUS,
ANSYS] Finite element code for modeling heat treatment, deformation and forming
operations [DEFORM3D & DEFORMHT] Computational Fluid dynamic code [FLUENT]
DiscreteElementcodeformodelinggranularmechanicsofmaterials[EDEM]

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NationalMetallurgicalLaboratory
Jamshedpur831007|Tel:+916572345000001,2345028,2345205|Fax:916572345213,2345153,EMail:director@nmlindia.org
Copyright@2010NationalMetallurgicalLaboratory

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12/25/2014

NationalMetallurgicalLaboratoryMechanicalBehaviour

AboutNML

Director'sDesk

Events

HR&Training

Resources

Tender

ResearchAreas
MineralProcessing
ExtractiveMetallurgy
SurfaceEngineering
Applied&AnalyticalChemistry
MaterialsEngineering
MaterialsEvaluation
Energy&Environment

R&DServices
Consultancy
TestingandAnalysis
Calibration
CerifiedReferenceMaterials
TechnologiesOffer
CustomerServices

Infrastructure/Facilities
Analytical/Characterization
PilotPlant

QuickLinks
NMLMadrasCentre
MajorProjects
IPRHelpdesk
KnowledgeResourceCentre
KnowledgeNetworking

ProgrammeChronology
1970s: Creep deformation behavior of materials initiated with the support of (UNIDO)
creatingthesinglelargestcreeptestingfacilityinsouthAsia
1980s:Fracturecharacterisationandfracturemechanicsofengineeringmaterialswasinitiated
early 1990s: Component Integrity Evaluation Program launched with cosponsorship from
WorldBankandfiveotherpremiumindustrialorganizations.
2002: Technology for Engineering Critical Assessment program launched [10th Five year Plan
programme]:establishednetworkswithresearchorganizationsandindustries
2008:TechnologyforAssessmentandRefurbishmentofEngineeringMaterialsandComponents
programinitiated[11thfiveyearplanprogram]:focusedonselectedindustrialsectors,tosolve
criticallifeassessmentandlifeenhancementissuesofcomponents.
Today: The mechanical behaviour group at NML is one of the best experimental groups
anywherewithworldclassinfrastructuralfacilitiesandexpertise.
Scope:
Industrialresearch: sponsor specific mandates executed in a limited time frame in order to
provide a research/industrial solution. A number of industrial investigations for a variety of
industrieshavebeencarriedoutunderthiscategory.Someofthebeneficiariesarethermal and
nuclear power plants, fertilizer and petrochemical industries, steel industries, railways and
aviationindustries.
Basicresearch: often the offshoot of the industrial problems that require to be scientifically
understood.

FacilitiesAvailable

Knowledgedisseminationandmentoring:throughtieups with different academia students


are inducted for doctoral, postgraduation and graduation work. To cater to the industrial
sector,thegroupperiodicallyorganizessymposia,workshopandspecializedtraining programs.
Oftenthethemesoftheseprogramshavedirectrelevancetoindustrialapplicationsandaimsto
educatetheplantengineerstohandlethedaytodayproblemsrelatedtobehaviorofmaterials.
MajorAchievements

LongtermstressruptureevaluationforIBRcertification
Remainingcreeplifeassessmentofserviceexposedcomponentmaterials
Creepandstressrupturedatabaseonboltsteel,hightemperatureferriticsteels,stainlesssteel
andnickelbasesuperalloys
Creepbehaviourassessmentofhightemperaturealloys
DevelopmentofCCLrelationsforvariousspecimengeometries
Accelerated corrosion fatigue crack growth test procedure, (7) Methodology to study crack tip
bluntingCyclicfractureprocedureforseismicloadingconditions
Specimensizeandconstrainteffectonfracture
Ratchettingfatiguecharacterizationofnuclearpipingmaterials
Determinationoffracturetoughnessfromstretchzones
Fatiguebehaviourofmaterialsundermultiaxial,nonproportionalloading
Fatigueanalysisofspotweldedjoints
Developmentofportableballindentationtechniqueforevaluationofmechanicalproperties
MajorFacilities
210 creep loading points Indentation creep testing system 50 T servohydraulic test system
410T/5Tservohydraulictestsystems210TservoelectrictestframesInstrumentedimpact
test system with low/high temperature facility Environmental chambers for high/low
temperaturetests3electromechanicalCreepFatigueTestmachines100kN/1000NmTension
TorsiontestframewithinternalpressurizationarrangementHighstrainratetest system up to
20m/s Table top miniature fatigue test system EMR fatigue testing system Portable ball
indentationsystem

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NationalMetallurgicalLaboratoryMechanicalBehaviour

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NationalMetallurgicalLaboratory
Jamshedpur831007|Tel:+916572345000001,2345028,2345205|Fax:916572345213,2345153,EMail:director@nmlindia.org
Copyright@2010NationalMetallurgicalLaboratory

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12/25/2014

NationalMetallurgicalLaboratoryMicrostructuralCharacterization

AboutNML

Director'sDesk

Events

HR&Training

Resources

Tender

ResearchAreas
MineralProcessing
ExtractiveMetallurgy
SurfaceEngineering
Applied&AnalyticalChemistry
MaterialsEngineering
MaterialsEvaluation
Energy&Environment

R&DServices
Consultancy
TestingandAnalysis
Calibration
CerifiedReferenceMaterials
TechnologiesOffer
CustomerServices

Infrastructure/Facilities
Analytical/Characterization
PilotPlant

QuickLinks
NMLMadrasCentre
MajorProjects
IPRHelpdesk
KnowledgeResourceCentre
KnowledgeNetworking

NML has stateofthe art microstructural characterization facilities, with its arsenal of various
types optical microscopes, electron microscopes (SEM, TEM, FEG SEM), auger spectroscope,
electronprobemicroanalyzer,variousXRDinstruments,andatomforcemicroscopes.
MajorAchievements

Mechanical
Behaviour
Industrialproblemsolving,failureanalysisandmetallurgicalinvestigationsofalargenumberof
Microstructural
componentsfromvariousexternalagencies,likeIndianAirForce,Powerplants,petrochemicals,
Characterization
multinationals,steelcompanies,etc
NonDestructive
Evaluation
RLAofvariousplantcomponents
MaterialsModeling

Developmentofnano/ultrafinegrainedmaterials
Stretchzonemeasurementsandcorrelationswithfracturetoughness
Fractalquantificationofmicrostructuralimages
Threedimensionalvisualizationoffracturesurfaces
Orientationimagingandtexturedeterminationofprocessedmaterials
Microstructuralcorrelationswithphysical,chemical,mechanicalandelectrochemicalproperties

MajorFacilities
Variousopticalmicroscopewithimageanalyzer,IntegratedSEMEBSDEDXSystems,FEGSEM,
SEM,EPMA,ESCAAugerSystem,AFM,XRD,TEM(200kV)withEDS

FacilitiesAvailable

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NationalMetallurgicalLaboratory
Jamshedpur831007|Tel:+916572345000001,2345028,2345205|Fax:916572345213,2345153,EMail:director@nmlindia.org
Copyright@2010NationalMetallurgicalLaboratory

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12/25/2014

NationalMetallurgicalLaboratoryMineralProcessingAgglomeration

AboutNML

Director'sDesk

Events

HR&Training

Resources

Tender

ResearchAreas
MineralProcessing
ExtractiveMetallurgy
SurfaceEngineering
Applied&AnalyticalChemistry
MaterialsEngineering
MaterialsEvaluation
Energy&Environment

R&DServices
Consultancy
TestingandAnalysis
Calibration
CerifiedReferenceMaterials
TechnologiesOffer
CustomerServices

Infrastructure/Facilities
Analytical/Characterization
PilotPlant

QuickLinks

NMLMadrasCentre
MajorProjects
IPRHelpdesk
KnowledgeResourceCentre
KnowledgeNetworking

This program encompasses R&D activities related to briquetting, pelletization and sintering of
iron ore fines. Normally briquetting is performed on coarser materials using binders and
additivesandisalsocarriedoutonfineconcentratefordifferentminerals.
Conventional pelletisation of the concentrates from hematite and magnetite ores are routinely
carried out. Other investigations include nonconventional pelletization of the concentrates
while incorporating coal, dolomite, lime etc. and minimization of the bentonite dosage. Pre
heating and induration of the pellets through combustion of fuels is an integral part of this
program.
In this program significant activities are focused on conventional sintering of the ore fines at
differentbasicityrangesandincorporationofbluedustandmetallurgicalwastesthroughsinter
mix. Reducing the energy consumption, improvement in quality parameters and productivity
are the targets in this program. Enhanced process of sintering to incorporate ultrafines
(concentrates) through microballing/pelletization followed by sintering is a strength area of
NMLinthisprogram.
MajorAchievements
NML knowhow on agglomeration has helped several plants in the private & public sectors to
finetunetheiroperations.
MajorFacilities
(i) Continuous Briquetting press, (ii) Bench & pilot scale pelletization unit, (iii) Pot sintering
machine, (iv) Facilities for the measurement of physical and physicochemical parameters of
theagglomerateslikeShatter&TumblerIndices,RI,RDI,Softening&Meltdownetc.

FacilitiesAvailable

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NationalMetallurgicalLaboratory
Jamshedpur831007|Tel:+916572345000001,2345028,2345205|Fax:916572345213,2345153,EMail:director@nmlindia.org
Copyright@2010NationalMetallurgicalLaboratory

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12/25/2014

NationalMetallurgicalLaboratoryMineralProcessing

AboutNML

Director'sDesk

Events

HR&Training

Resources

Tender

ResearchAreas
MineralProcessing
ExtractiveMetallurgy
SurfaceEngineering
Applied&AnalyticalChemistry
MaterialsEngineering
MaterialsEvaluation
Energy&Environment

R&DServices
Consultancy
TestingandAnalysis
Calibration
CerifiedReferenceMaterials
TechnologiesOffer
CustomerServices

Infrastructure/Facilities
Analytical/Characterization
PilotPlant

QuickLinks

Thethrustisonbeneficiationoflowgradeoresandmineralstomeettherequirementsofquality
rawmaterialsforprocessindustries.Therunofmineorenormallycontainsvaluableminerals
associated with unwanted gangue minerals. Beneficiation/upgradation of the low grade ores and
minerals generally involves combinations of the ore to achieve liberation of valuable minerals
fromtheganguesfollowedbytheirseparationexploitingthedifferenceinphysical and physico
chemical properties. Laboratory/bench scale studies involve beneficiation involving
classification, gravity separation, magnetic separation, electrostatic/high tension separation and
froth flotation. Subsequently process flowsheets are developed and further validated through
pilotscaletrials.Underthisprogramextensivestudieshavebeencarriedoutforbeneficiationof
ferrous,nonferrous&nonmetallicandcoalsfordifferentsourcesinthecountryandmanyover
seassamples.Inadditiontobeneficiation,agglomerationcomprisingofBriquetting,Sinteringand
Pelletizationoffinegrainedconcentrateisalsoanactiveareaofourresearch.
R&DServices
Characterizationoflowgradeoresandminerals
Benchandpilotscalebeneficiation

NMLMadrasCentre
MajorProjects
IPRHelpdesk
KnowledgeResourceCentre
KnowledgeNetworking

Agglomeration(Briquetting,Sintering&
Pelletization)
Developmentofprocessflowsheet
Planttroubleshooting
Educationandtrainingofpersonnel

MajorAchievements:

FacilitiesAvailable

morethan750investigationshavecarriedoutondifferenttypesoflowgradeoresandmineral
andtechnicalknowhowprovidedforcommissioningofmineralprocessingplantsintheareas
offerrous,nonferrous,metallic&nonmetallicmineralsandcoaltopublicandprivatesectors
inthecountry.
MajorFacilities
Benchscaleequipment
Equipment for comminution (crushing and grinding), classification, gravity separation,
magnetic separation, electrostatic/ high tension separation, froth flotation, dewatering and
agglomeration.Manyadvancedseparationequipmentsuchasenhancedgravityseparators,high
intensitymagneticseparator,columntypeflotationcells,drybeneficiationequipmenthavebeen
addedtothefacilities

PilotPlantfacilities(clickhere)
Knowhowdeveloped
Iron ore washing plants at: Noamundi for Tata Steel, DalliRajhara for Bhilai Steel Plant,
Barsua for Rourkela Steel Plant, Gua for Indian Iron and Steel Company, Bolani for Durgapur
Steel Plant, Kiriburu for Bokaro Steel Plant, Bailadila for Rastriya Ispat Nigam Ltd.
Visakhapatnam, Donimalai for export and for ijayanagar Steel Plant, Kudremukh for export,
KanjamalaiforSalemSteelPlant,DaitariGandhamardanforproposedParadeepSteelPlant, Goa
IronOrefinesforexportandpelletisingplant.
Fornonferrousores:MalanjkhandCopperConcentratorforHCL,RakhaCopperConcentratorfor
HCL, Bandalamattu Lead Zinc Ore Concentrator for Hindustan Zinc Ltd, Copper Lead Zinc
ConcentratorforSikkimMiningCorpn.,

Fornonmetallicminerals:FluorsparConcentratorforGujaratMineralDevelopmentCorpn.Ltd.,
Fluorspar Concentrator for Madhya Pradesh & Maharashtra Minerals & Chemicals Pvt.Ltd.,
Graphite Plant at Titlagrh, Orissa. Flotation circuits for the coal washeries at Jamadoba for
TISCO,WestBokaroforTISCO,GidiforCentralCoalfieldsLtd.,DugdaforBharatCokingCoalLtd.
InternationalAssignmentcompleted: Iron ores from Egypt, Syria, Nepal, Ukraine, Canada
Copper ores from Nepal and Zambia Manganese ores from Burma and Phillipines LeadZinc
Graphites from Malaysia and Bhutan Chromite from Syria Beach sand from South Korea
LimestonefromSaudiArabia,SyriaandThailandPhosphatefromUgandaCoalfromIndonesia
ZincorefromThailandIndianIronorebyHamersley,Australia
MajorFacilities
Image Analysis System, Wild Zoom Stereo Microscope, Micro Hardness Tester, DTA/DTG
Analyser, System For Thin S, Reflectivity Measurement, Isodynamic Separator, Heavy Liquid
Centrifuge, Laser Particlr Sizer , Laser Zee Meter, Viscometer, Contact Angle, Zeta Potential,

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NationalMetallurgicalLaboratoryMineralProcessing
Porosimeter, Heating Microscope, Carbon Coating, Crushing: Jaw crusher, Roll crusher
Grinding: Ball mill, Rod mill, Vibroenergy mill Classification: Automatic sieve shaker (wet &
dry), Micro Sieves, Tyler sieves, Mozley cyclone Gravity Sepn.: Harz jig, Mineral jig, Wilfley
tables, Mozley Vanner & Mineral separator, Mullti gravity separator, Kelsey jig, Falcon
concentratorFlotation:DenverD12cells,wemcofagergren,deisterflotationColumnsystem,
Jameson cell, NML Column Set up Electrostatic: High tension, Plate type, & Tribo Separator
Magnetic Sepn.:Dey & wet high intensity separator,low intensity drum separator, Davis tube,
Iuduced roll & Permroll. Dewatering: Thickner,Drum filter, Wemco filter Kit, Larox pressure
filter Fine Grinding: Planetary Mill (RETSCH),Centrifugal mill ,Vibrating cup mill, Vibro energy
mill
PlotPlantFacilities

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Jamshedpur831007|Tel:+916572345000001,2345028,2345205|Fax:916572345213,2345153,EMail:director@nmlindia.org
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12/25/2014

NationalMetallurgicalLaboratoryNonDestructiveEvaluationCentre

AboutNML

Director'sDesk

Events

HR&Training

Resources

Tender

ResearchAreas
MineralProcessing
ExtractiveMetallurgy
SurfaceEngineering
Applied&AnalyticalChemistry
MaterialsEngineering
MaterialsEvaluation
Energy&Environment

R&DServices
Consultancy
TestingandAnalysis
Calibration
CerifiedReferenceMaterials
TechnologiesOffer
CustomerServices

A nondestructive evaluation centre has been established at National Metallurgical Laboratory


(NML)withpartialfundingfromDepartmentofScience&Technology(DST),Govt.ofIndia.The
Centre has a wide range of Non Destructive Evaluation (NDE) systems including acoustic
emission, electromagnetic/magnetic techniques, thermography, ultrasonic and xray
radiography for pursuing focused application oriented research. Development of NDE sensors
andtechniquesforspecialisedapplicationsformanintegralpartofthecentreactivities.Italso
provides training on advanced NDE to various industries on a regular basis. The objectives of
the centre are (i) to carry out R&D on NDE fundamentals(ii) to provide Consultancy and
Services and (iii) to organise Training Programmes related to nondestructive evaluation of
materials.TheR&DactivitiesoftheCentrearecurrentlyfocusedinthefollowingmajorareas:
Acousticemission

Infrastructure/Facilities
Analytical/Characterization
PilotPlant

QuickLinks
NMLMadrasCentre
MajorProjects
IPRHelpdesk
KnowledgeResourceCentre
KnowledgeNetworking

Electromagnetic/Magnetic
Thermography
Ultrasonic&advancedultrasonic
XrayRadiography
Sensordevelopment
The main emphasis is on the development tools and techniques to extract maximum
information on the health of the components from the signals and images recorded during
investigations. The Training Activities of the Centre focuses on high level value added
applications of emerging tools and techniques. Training is provided through either tailor made
coursesforanorganizationorthroughregularcourses.Seminarandworkshopareorganizedto
educate people about the recent trends of NDE. Such courses/ seminar/ workshop maintain a
highstandardandtargetthemiddleandthetoplevelmanagersofvariousorganizations.

FacilitiesAvailable

MajorAchievements
Expertise and facility have been created for structural health monitoring, remaining life
assessment,andmicrostructuralcharacterizationthroughnondestructivetechniques
MajorFacilities

(1) High, low frequency and conventional ultrasonic systems, (2) Ultrasonic Cscan system,
(3) Phased array ultrasonic system, (4) Time of flight diffraction (TOFD), (5) System for the
study of nonlinear acoustic phenomena (SNAP), (6) Multichannel acoustic emission system,
(7)MagneticBarkhaussenemissionsystem,(8)Eddycurrentsystem,(9)Xrayresidualstress
measurementsystem,(10)Infraredthermographyand,(11)Realtimeradiography.

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Jamshedpur831007|Tel:+916572345000001,2345028,2345205|Fax:916572345213,2345153,EMail:director@nmlindia.org
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12/25/2014

NationalMetallurgicalLaboratoryOrePetrography

AboutNML

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Events

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Resources

Tender

ResearchAreas
MineralProcessing
ExtractiveMetallurgy
SurfaceEngineering
Applied&AnalyticalChemistry
MaterialsEngineering
MaterialsEvaluation
Energy&Environment

R&DServices
Consultancy
TestingandAnalysis
Calibration
CerifiedReferenceMaterials
TechnologiesOffer
CustomerServices

Infrastructure/Facilities
Analytical/Characterization
PilotPlant

QuickLinks
NMLMadrasCentre
MajorProjects
IPRHelpdesk
KnowledgeResourceCentre
KnowledgeNetworking

Mineral characterization and ore petrographic studies encompass the identification of minerals
present in the ore, their relative abundance, modes of occurrence, structures, textural
relationships and modal distribution in different processing steps. These studies also reveal
quantitativeinsitumineralogicalphasecompositions.Theseareveryimportantandbasicsteps
that are undertaken before processing/beneficiating any kind of ore. From mineral processing
point of view, it is important to identify the ore and gangue minerals present in an ore, study
theirtexturalrelationships,andfindouttheliberation characteristics of the ore. Sometimes it
becomes imperative to know the origin or genesis of the ore and the process of formation in
nature. Thermal behavior of the minerals that plays an important role during their reduction
processes are determined as and when required. These objectives are met through thorough
characterization of the ores by using optical petrological microscopes (both RL and TL), Zoom
Stereo Microscopes, Image Analysis System, XRay Diffraction, Scanning Electron Microscope
(+WDS/EDAX), Electron Probe MicroAnalyzer, Heating Microscope, TGDTA etc. The petrology
sectionhasfacilitiesandexpertisetocharacterizeanykindofeconomicmineral/orefrom coal
togold.
MajorAchievements
It has extended services to various industries/institutions dealing with metallic minerals such
as iron, manganese, aluminium, chromium, copper, lead, zinc, gold, titanium and industrial
mineralssuchaslimestone,dolomite,barite,garnet,sillimanite,silicasand,soapstone,mica,
feldsparetc.

MajorFacilities

FacilitiesAvailable

(i)OpticalPetrologicalMicroscopes,(ii)ZoomStereoMicroscopes,(iv)ImageAnalysisSystem,

(v)HeatingMicroscope(Dilatometric)and(v)TGDTA

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Jamshedpur831007|Tel:+916572345000001,2345028,2345205|Fax:916572345213,2345153,EMail:director@nmlindia.org
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12/25/2014

NationalMetallurgicalLaboratoryPilotPlants

AboutNML

Director'sDesk

Events

HR&Training

Resources

Tender

ResearchAreas
MineralProcessing
ExtractiveMetallurgy
SurfaceEngineering
Applied&AnalyticalChemistry
MaterialsEngineering
MaterialsEvaluation
Energy&Environment

R&DServices
Consultancy
TestingandAnalysis
Calibration
CerifiedReferenceMaterials
TechnologiesOffer
CustomerServices

Infrastructure/Facilities
Analytical/Characterization
PilotPlant

QuickLinks
NMLMadrasCentre
MajorProjects
IPRHelpdesk
KnowledgeResourceCentre
KnowledgeNetworking

SolventExtractionUnitLeachingUnitinSeaNodulesPilotPlantAmmoniaStrippingUnit

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NationalMetallurgicalLaboratory
Jamshedpur831007|Tel:+916572345000001,2345028,2345205|Fax:916572345213,2345153,EMail:director@nmlindia.org
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12/25/2014

NationalMetallurgicalLaboratoryProcessModeling

AboutNML

Director'sDesk

Events

HR&Training

Resources

Tender

ResearchAreas
MineralProcessing
ExtractiveMetallurgy
SurfaceEngineering
Applied&AnalyticalChemistry
MaterialsEngineering
MaterialsEvaluation
Energy&Environment

R&DServices
Consultancy
TestingandAnalysis
Calibration
CerifiedReferenceMaterials
TechnologiesOffer
CustomerServices

Infrastructure/Facilities
Analytical/Characterization
PilotPlant

QuickLinks
NMLMadrasCentre
MajorProjects
IPRHelpdesk
KnowledgeResourceCentre
KnowledgeNetworking

Various types of modeling techniques including, Physical, Mathematical, Pilot plant and Data
based models are used to simulate the metallurgical processes, including mineral processing,
iron making, steelmaking, nonferrous materials processing, metal forming, heat treatment,
etc.
MajorAchievements
Optimization and Design simulations of metal forming operations (Forging and Rolling) and
HeattreatmentofHighperformancesteels
Thermodynamicmodelingandsimulationofsmeltingofpolymetallicseanodules
Watermodelingofcontinuouscastingtundishforministeelplanttoevaluateflow visualization
andRTD
Physical and mathematical simulation of metallurgical vessels for optimizing the process
parametersforenhancingthemixing
Applicationoffractalstofractographsforthepredictionoftoughnessofsteels
Useoffuzzylogicmethodstopredicthardnessofheattreatedsteels
PredictionofFormingLimitDiagram(FLD)fordifferentgradesofsteel
Montecarlosimulationforpredictionofgraingrowthkineticsinsteels
Softwaredeveloped

"HYDROSIMaGUIbasedcomputersoftwareforevaluationofperformanceofhydrocyclones,
PSMIS"asoftwareforcomputerizationofmaterialsdatabase
MajorFacilities

FacilitiesAvailable

PARAM super computer along with numerous latest configurations of Dualcore and Quad core
workstations. Software: CFD Softwares Phoenics & FLUENT Solvers for PDEs Diffpack
Kernel,IMSLC&Fortranlibraries, FEM Softwares ANSYS Multiphysics, ABAQUS & DEFORM
3D (Forming & Heat Treatment), CGM Software EDEM Discrete Element Method,
Thermodynamics & Kinetics FACTSAGE & THERMOCALC, Statistical softwares SPSS, Systat
and Statistica, Other utility softwares MATLAB, AutoCAD, DELPHI, Visual Studio 8.0, Oracle,
andPLCbasevirtualprocesssimulator

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Jamshedpur831007|Tel:+916572345000001,2345028,2345205|Fax:916572345213,2345153,EMail:director@nmlindia.org
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12/25/2014

NationalMetallurgicalLaboratorySurfaceChemistry

AboutNML

Director'sDesk

Events

HR&Training

Resources

Tender

ResearchAreas
MineralProcessing
ExtractiveMetallurgy
SurfaceEngineering
Applied&AnalyticalChemistry
MaterialsEngineering
MaterialsEvaluation
Energy&Environment

R&DServices
Consultancy
TestingandAnalysis
Calibration
CerifiedReferenceMaterials
TechnologiesOffer
CustomerServices

Infrastructure/Facilities
Analytical/Characterization
PilotPlant

QuickLinks
NMLMadrasCentre
MajorProjects
IPRHelpdesk
KnowledgeResourceCentre
KnowledgeNetworking

Aboutthisprogram:

Surface and interfacial chemistry examine the chemical processes that occur at the phase boundary
between solid/ solid liquid/ solid, liquid/ liquid and gas/ solid interfaces. Surface chemistry branch
conduct experiments to study the surface of a solid/ liquid and their interfaces before, during and
after reaction. The understanding is used to develop new or improved surfaces, coatings and
materialsfordifferentapplication.Researchprogramincludesmodifyingsurfacetoreducecorrosion,
understanding dynamics on surfaces as they pertain to film deposition, nanomaterial synthesis,
adsorptionandcatalysis.
Objectives

Develop different oxide material with high surface area through different technique like
hydrothermal,solgelandreversemicroemulsionetc
New technique development for the synthesis of oxide nanomaterials with uniform size and
variablesurfaceproperties.Materialmodificationtoimprovethesurfacepropertiessothatthe
materialcanbeusedascoating,adsorbentandcatalyst.
Developmentofhydrophilic,hydrophobic,selfcleaningandcorrosionresistantoxidecoatingon
metal/glasssurfacesthroughsolgeltechnique.
Facility for BET surface area, pore size, average pore diameter and pore volume analysis.
Detail surface functional group and chemical environment of the element in a material can be
characterizedusingavailablefacilitieslikeFTIR,RamanspectroscopyandXPSatNML.
MajorDevelopments

HighsurfaceareaoxidematerialslikeTiO2,Al 2O3andmixedoxides
Nitrogendopedtitaniazirconiabinaryoxidewithhighsurfaceareaandenhanced photocatalytic
activity

FacilitiesAvailable

Different thermally stable transition metal oxide pillared clays for use as adsorbent and
catalysts
Stable,nontoxicnanosilverandgolddispersioninaqueoussolution
DevelopmentofcorrosionresistantoxidecoatingonSSandmildsteelmaterial
MajorFacilities

(i) BET Surface area and pore size analyzer, (ii) FTIR spectroscopy, (iii) UVvisible
Spectroscopy with defused reflectance facility, (iv) Ultrasonic processor for synthesis, (v)
Nanoparticlesizeanalyzer,(vi)Contactanglemeterand(vii)Xrayphotoelectronspectroscopy
(XPS)

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NationalMetallurgicalLaboratory
Jamshedpur831007|Tel:+916572345000001,2345028,2345205|Fax:916572345213,2345153,EMail:director@nmlindia.org
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12/25/2014

NationalMetallurgicalLaboratorySurfaceModification

AboutNML

Director'sDesk

Events

HR&Training

Resources

Tender

ResearchAreas
MineralProcessing
ExtractiveMetallurgy
SurfaceEngineering
Applied&AnalyticalChemistry
MaterialsEngineering
MaterialsEvaluation
Energy&Environment

R&DServices
Consultancy
TestingandAnalysis
Calibration
CerifiedReferenceMaterials
TechnologiesOffer
CustomerServices

Infrastructure/Facilities
Analytical/Characterization
PilotPlant

QuickLinks
NMLMadrasCentre
MajorProjects
IPRHelpdesk
KnowledgeResourceCentre
KnowledgeNetworking

SurfaceEngineeringactivitiesatNMLtargetswear&oxidationresistance,corrosionresistance,
high temperature resistance through Plasma processing by different PVD processes such as
sputtering, electron beam evaporation, arc evaporation, plasma ion immersion, Laser cladding
andsurfacemedication,SelfpropagatingHighTemperatureSynthesis(SHS)andthermalspray
techniques. Additionally through shot peening and SMAT processings the fatigue, wear and
fracture resistance of functional tools like automotive appliances are enhanced and optimized.
Development of speciality powders and coatings from such powders for surface property
enhancementisbeingcarriedoutatNML.
MajorAchievements
NanocompositehardandfunctionalcoatingsofSiCNandTiSiCBN,TiBN,TiB2systemby
sputtering with tailored mechanical properties (Hardness:4 to 45 GPa, Modulus: 100 to 500
GPa),withlowcoefficientoffriction
NanosizeddiborideandcarbidespowderbySHSroutefortargetpreparationandforspraying
CoatingsoninsideofpipesbycentrifugalSHS
Wearandcorrosionresistantcladdingsbylaserandsurfacemodificationbylaser
Thermal sprayed (Plasma and high velocity oxyfuel) coatings of diborides & composites,
oxides
Diamond reinforced composite coatings on different surfaces such as graphite, SS, tool steel
andaluminum
SurfacemodificationbySMAT
Plasmanitridingofsteelandaluminumalloysurfaces

FacilitiesAvailable

Solgelandotherdipcoatingsforcorrosionprotection

MajorFacilities
XPS,PECVD,PlasmaNitridingUnit,DiodeLaser,Nanoindentor,SHSReactor,AirPlasmaspray,
HVOF,Thermalpowderspray,Adhesiontester,surfaceprofilometer,FEGSEM,nanotribometer,
corrosiontesting

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NationalMetallurgicalLaboratory
Jamshedpur831007|Tel:+916572345000001,2345028,2345205|Fax:916572345213,2345153,EMail:director@nmlindia.org
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12/25/2014

NationalMetallurgicalLaboratoryTribology

AboutNML

Director'sDesk

Events

HR&Training

Resources

Tender

ResearchAreas
MineralProcessing
ExtractiveMetallurgy
SurfaceEngineering
Applied&AnalyticalChemistry
MaterialsEngineering
MaterialsEvaluation
Energy&Environment

R&DServices
Consultancy
TestingandAnalysis
Calibration
CerifiedReferenceMaterials
TechnologiesOffer
CustomerServices

Infrastructure/Facilities
Analytical/Characterization
PilotPlant

QuickLinks

NMLMadrasCentre
MajorProjects
IPRHelpdesk
KnowledgeResourceCentre
KnowledgeNetworking

Activities
Diamond reinforced composite (DRC) coatings for Diamond polishing wheel without using Ni
andCoasbinders.
DevelopmentofSiltErosionResistantMaterialforTurbinesofHydrogenerators:
MitigationofErosionOxidationdamageondifferentboilergradesteels
Wear and oxidation resistant diboride reinforced dense coatings by insitu SHS dynamic
compactionprocess
WearresistantAlalloyswithhighstrength
MajorAchievements
Wehavedevelopedorareintheprocessofdevelopingthefollowing:
Developeddiamondreinforcedcomposite(DRC)coatedDiamondpolishingwheel
DevelopedSiltErosionResistantsteelforTurbinesofHydrogenerators:Thedevelopedmaterial
hasimprovedwearanderosionresistancecomparedtostandard13Cr4Nistainlesssteel.
Developedmathematicalmodelandapplicationsoftwareforerosionoxidationofboilersteelsi
WearandoxidationresistantdiboridereinforceddensecompositesbySHSdynamiccompaction

MajorFacilities

FacilitiesAvailable

Air jet erosion tester, 3body wear test system, Thermogravimetric analyzer for high
temperatureoxidationstudy,Pin/ballondiscweartester(loadrange:10gto10kg),Fretting
wearmonitor,CavitationerosionmonitorandNanoTribometer

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NationalMetallurgicalLaboratory
Jamshedpur831007|Tel:+916572345000001,2345028,2345205|Fax:916572345213,2345153,EMail:director@nmlindia.org
Copyright@2010NationalMetallurgicalLaboratory

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12/25/2014

NationalMetallurgicalLaboratory

AboutNML

Director'sDesk

Events

HR&Training

Resources

Tender

ResearchAreas
MineralProcessing
ExtractiveMetallurgy
SurfaceEngineering
Applied&AnalyticalChemistry
MaterialsEngineering
MaterialsEvaluation
Energy&Environment

An integrated mineral processing pilot plant was installed in 1962 to study the feasibility of
commercial exploitation of the techniques, process flowsheets and products developed in the
laboratory. Studies have been undertaken on pilot scale research on beneficiation and
agglomeration of ferrous, nonferrous metallic and non metallic ores and coal samples from
varioussources.

R&DServices
Consultancy
TestingandAnalysis
Calibration
CerifiedReferenceMaterials
TechnologiesOffer
CustomerServices

Infrastructure/Facilities
Analytical/Characterization
PilotPlant

QuickLinks
NMLMadrasCentre
MajorProjects
IPRHelpdesk
KnowledgeResourceCentre
KnowledgeNetworking

Pilotscalestudiesexecuted(selectedfew)
Washingandbeneficiationoflowgradeironores
Flotationbasedprocessforbeneficiationoflowgradecopperores
Separationofleadandzincbearingmineralsbydifferentialflotation
Concentrationofgraphitebyfrothflotation
Columnflotationforseparationofsillimanitefrombeachsand
Columnflotationoflimestoneandironores
Concentrationoflowgradefluorsparbyfrothflotation
Processingofwastedumpforrecoveryofbarite
Separationofcopper,leadandzincfromcomplexsulphideore
Briquetting,SinteringandPelletizationofironores
Deashingofcoalsbyfrothflotation
Pilotscalebeneficiationofkyniteandtungstenore

Beneficiationandpelletizationoflimestone

FacilitiesAvailable

The activities are backed up by strong characterization and laboratory studies. The major pilot
scalestudiesatNMLaresupportedbybothprivate&publicsectorindustries.
MajorAchievements
Numerous technical knowhows have been provided for commissioning of mineral processing
plantsintheareasofferrous,nonferrous,nonmetallicandcoalinpublicandprivatesectorsin
thecountryaswellasinothercountries.
MajorFacilities
Thepilotscalebeneficiationfacilitiesconsistsofequipmentwithtreatmentcapacityof0.5to2
tph. The plant is divided into different sections viz., Crushing and Screening Washing and
Grinding Gravity Separation, Magnetic separation Electrostatic separation Froth flotation
DewateringandAgglomeration.

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NationalMetallurgicalLaboratory
Jamshedpur831007|Tel:+916572345000001,2345028,2345205|Fax:916572345213,2345153,EMail:director@nmlindia.org
Copyright@2010NationalMetallurgicalLaboratory

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12/25/2014

NationalMetallurgicalLaboratory

AboutNML

Director'sDesk

Events

HR&Training

Resources

Tender

ResearchAreas
MineralProcessing
ExtractiveMetallurgy
SurfaceEngineering
Applied&AnalyticalChemistry
MaterialsEngineering
MaterialsEvaluation
Energy&Environment

R&DServices
Consultancy
TestingandAnalysis
Calibration
CerifiedReferenceMaterials
TechnologiesOffer
CustomerServices

Infrastructure/Facilities
Analytical/Characterization
PilotPlant

QuickLinks

NMLMadrasCentre
MajorProjects
IPRHelpdesk
KnowledgeResourceCentre
KnowledgeNetworking

FacilitiesAvailable

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Jamshedpur831007|Tel:+916572345000001,2345028,2345205|Fax:916572345213,2345153,EMail:director@nmlindia.org
Copyright@2010NationalMetallurgicalLaboratory

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Nicolet 5700 FTIR spectroscopy

Specification:-Spectral range: 12000 to 5300 cm-1 ;


4000 to 400 cm-1

Instrument is useful in detecting the chemical


bond vibration of organic and inorganic materials.
Obtained spectra helps in identifying the chemical
nature of the bond and the functional group present
qualitatively.

Equipment location:Make & Model:-

Contact:-

Director , National Metallurgical


Laboratory, Jamshedpur

Contact ID:-

director@nmlindia.org

Contact No:-

0657- 2345202/28

Optical emission spectrometer (ICP-OES)


Specification:- It is related to the area of Applied &
Analytical Chemistry
Reseaarch Area:- Chemical Analysis
Range & Resolution:-100 ppb to 1000 ppm

Inductively coupled plasma optical emission


spectrometry (ICP-OES), is an analytical technique
used for the detection of trace metals (ppb). It is a type
of emission spectroscopy that uses the inductively
coupled plasma to produce excited atoms and ions
that emit electromagnetic radiation at wavelengths
characteristic of a particular element.
The intensity of this emission is indicative of
Equipment location:- ANC

the concentration of the element within the sample.

Make & Model:- Varian

Unlike atomic absorption spectroscopy, which can


only measure a single element at a time ICP-OES has
the capability to scan for all elements simultaneously.
This allows rapid sample processing.

Contact:-

Director , National Metallurgical


Laboratory, Jamshedpur

Contact ID:-

director@nmlindia.org

Contact No:-

0657- 2345202/28

Application:- Trace elemental analysis in metallurgical


and water samples
.

Particle size analyzer with autotirator

Specification:- The system measures particles and


molecules from 0.6 nanometers to 6
microns.
Zeta potential measurement
Measurement of isoelectric point
Auto titration measurement

Particle Size and zeta potential are important


for the stability of a colloidal suspension. These
parameters become critical in water treatment
processes involving adsorption, precipitation and
coagulation.
Equipment location:- ACC
Make & Model:-

Water

Research

Laboratory

at

NML,

Jamshedpur is housing a Malvern particle size


analyzer coupled with a multi purpose titrator for the
determination

of

particle

size,

zeta

potential,

isoelectric point (IEP) and molecular weight in colloidal


suspensions. NML invites proposals from industries,
research organizations and academic institutions for
using this facility for testing and research purpose.
Contact:-

Director , National Metallurgical


Laboratory, Jamshedpur

Contact ID:-

director@nmlindia.org

Contact No:-

0657- 2345202/28

Application:-Particle size analyzers have found uses


in quality control, process material evaluation, and
research and development for dozens of applications.

Plasma enhanced chemical vapour deposition unit

Specification:- It is related to the area of Materials


Processing
Research Area:- Surface Chemistry
Range & Resolution :- Thin Film Coating

Advance Process Technology, Pune. Plasma


CVD with substrate temperature 500C, RF power 500
Watt, possibility of 3 precursor gases together..
Equipment location:- MST
Make & Model:- Advance Process Technology, Pune

Contact:-

Director , National Metallurgical


Laboratory, Jamshedpur

Contact ID:-

director@nmlindia.org

Contact No:-

0657- 2345202/28

Application:-For deposition of thin film by CVD


process. Used in development of carbonitride thin
films for wear and optical application.

POROSIMETRY ANALYSER
Specification: - It is related to the area of Materials
Processing and Research Area: Other
areas
Application:-

Surface area and pore size analysis

Surface area and pore size distributions


are important properties that determine reactivity of
solids. The Accelerated Surface Area and
Porosimetry
Analyzer
(Model
ASAP2020:
Micromeritics Instrument Corporation, USA) can
measure surface area and pore size distribution of
powder sample of metal, ceramic, ores etc using
nitrogen adsorption.
The equipment capabilities include:
Equipment location:- MST
Make & Model:ASAP2020: Micromeritics
Instrument Corporation, USA

Contact:-

Director , National Metallurgical


Laboratory, Jamshedpur

Contact ID:-

director@nmlindia.org

Contact No:-

0657- 2345202/28

Surface area: The equipment can be used to


measure specific surface area from as low as 0.01
m2/g for powdered glass, glass fibers etc to >1000
m2/g for very high surface area materials such as
MCM41 etc. Isotherm, single point BET surface
area and multipoint BET (and/or Langmuir) surface
Pore size analysis: Porosity and pore size
distribution can be measured for pores in the range
3.5-5000Angstrom. Complete isotherm comprising
the adsorption and desorption, BET (and/or
Langmuir) surface area report and plot, total pore
volume, t-plot micropore analysis, BJH pore
distribution analysis (based on adsorption and/or
desorption data) reports and plots can be obtained.
5-10 g of solid sample is required for
measurement. Measurement time may vary
between a 2-4 hours for specific surface area
analysis and up to 24 h or more, depending on the
nature of the sample, for pore size analysis.

Precision impedance analyzer

The 4294A precision impedance analyzer is an


integrated

solution

for

efficient

impedance

measurement and analysis of components and


circuits. The 4294A covers a broader test-frequency
range (40 Hz to 110 MHz) with Basic impedance
accuracy: +/-0.08 %.
Excellent High Q/Low D accuracy enables
analysis of lowloss components. The wide signal-level
ranges

enable

device

evaluation

under

actual

operating conditions. The test signal level range is 5


mV to 1 V rms or 200 uA to 20 mA rms, and the DC bias
range is 0 V to +/-40 V or 0m A to +/-100m A. Advanced
Equipment location:- MST
Make & Model:- 4294 A, Agilent

calibration and error compensation functions eliminate


measurement

error

factors

when

performing

measurements on in-fixture devices.


The 4294A is a powerful tool for design,
Specification:- It is related to the area of Materials

qualification and quality control, and production testing

Characterization and Electrical properties evaluation

of electronic components.
Application:-To measure Impedance, Phase, Parallel
and

Contact:-

Director , National Metallurgical


Laboratory, Jamshedpur

Contact ID:-

director@nmlindia.org

Contact No:-

0657- 2345202/28

Series

Capacitance,

Parallel

and

Series

Inductance, Dielectric loss, Q-factor, Dissipation


Factor, Permeability etc. of electric/Ferro-electric
materials.

Pulsed plasma iron nitriding

Specification:-It is related to the area of Surface

Engineering, Surface modification


Research Area:- Corrosion
Range & Resolution :- size: 600 mm x 600 mm,

Pulsed plasma ion nitriding, a modern and


environmentally clean method of nitriding, permits a
fully automated and controlled nitrogen-diffusion
process, which makes it possible to nitride the steel
surfaces even without white layer formation thus,
reducing finishing cost of the component.

By controlling the pulse duration and repetition


time, arc discharge can be effectively suppressed,
treatment temperature can be varied without altering
Equipment location:- ACC
Make & Model:- Plasmon 600, Milman, Pune

plasma parameters and phase constitution of the layer


can be altered. Very complex shapes can be treated
successfully and the active species can also enter
blind holes, producing completely uniform modified
layers on all parts in a heavily loaded chamber

Contact:-

Director , National Metallurgical


Laboratory, Jamshedpur

Contact ID:-

director@nmlindia.org

Application:-Enhance the performance, in terms of


fatigue and wear resistance, of highly stressed

Contact No:-

0657- 2345202/28

mechanical components

Real time X-Ray radiography system


Specification:-It is related to the area of Materials
Characterization and Microstructural Characterization.
Range & Resolution :- Penetration up to 20mm thick
steel/non-ferrous

Real time x-ray radiography system at NML


was installed in the year 2004. System is suitable to
tackle quality assurance task in areas such as
production, incoming inspections or research and
development.
Key features:
Work piece manipulator with 5 axes.
Equipment location:- MST

Work piece diameter up to 60cm

Make & Model:- Agfa NDT Pantak Seifert GmbH & Co. KG,

Work piece height up to 30cm

Ahrensburg

Work piece weight up to 50kg.


Imaging system VISTAPLUS3_V277
High voltage range from 5KV to 225 KV.
Tube current range from 0.5mA to 7mA

Application:-Radioscopic
Contact:-

Director , National Metallurgical


Laboratory, Jamshedpur

Contact ID:-

director@nmlindia.org

Contact No:-

0657- 2345202/28

materials/components

inspection

of

Roasting furnace
Specification:-It is related to the area of Extractive
Metallurgy
Research Area:- Pyrometallurgy

A vertical retort furnace of capacity 100 kg/day


is available at NML for carrying out continuous
roasting experiment at different temperature up to
1000 oC. The furnace is having variable screw
discharge system with cooling arrangement.

Equipment location:- MEF


Make & Model:-

Application:-Reduction roasting of various ores,


Contact:-

Director , National Metallurgical


Laboratory, Jamshedpur

Contact ID:-

director@nmlindia.org

Contact No:-

0657- 2345202/28

residues

Rolling mills
Specification:-It is related to the area of Materials
Processing
Research Area:- Metal Forming
Resolution & Range:- 2 High Rolling Mill (6" diameter
& 8" face rolls), and 2/4 High rolling mill (2.5/10"

Two high rolling mill: A two high rolling mill for


hot and cold rolling for ferrous and non-ferrous metals
was built by Hydro-press.Inc. The mill stand shown
has a pair of 6in. diameter x 10in. face rolls made of
special harden forged steel to with stand hot or cold
rolling. Maxim roll gap is 50mm.

Equipment location:- MST


Make & Model:- 2 high rolling mills, Hydropress, INC, New
York 22, and 2/4 high rolling mill, Albert Mann's Engg. Co.
Ltd. Basildon Industrial Estate - Essex, England.

Two as well as four high rolling mill: A two as


well as four high rolling mill have been used for hot
and cold rolling of ferrous and nonferrous metals. The
size of the rolls is a pair of 3.5in. & 18in. diameter X 20
in. face rolls. The capacity of machine is 100 ton.
Maxim roll gap is 50mm.

Contact:-

Director , National Metallurgical


Laboratory, Jamshedpur

Contact ID:-

director@nmlindia.org

Contact No:-

0657- 2345202/28

Application:-Rolling ferrous as well as non ferrous


materials

Scanning electron microscope


The HITACHI S-3400N SEM is used for low to
medium

magnification

studies

of

variety

of

specimens; starting from failure analysis to microcompositional analysis . Samples of all shapes, sizes
and types can be examined using the SEM and it the
most heavily used microscope in the laboratory. This
SEM is in operation at NML from January 2006.
Technical Specifications/Features:
Variable accelerating voltage: 200 to 30,000V
Variable probe current: 1x10E-8 to 1x10E-12 Amps
Maximum sample size: 127 mm
Working distances: 5 to 65mm
Sample rotation: 360
Equipment location:- MST

Sample tilting: -20 to + 90

Make & Model:- HITACHI S-3400N

Variable magnification: 10x to 300,000x


Maximum resolution: 3 nm

Specification:- It is related to the area of Materials


Characterization
Reseaarch Area:- Microstructural Characterization
Range & Resolution:- Variable magnification: 10x to
300,000x

Detectors: ET Secondary Electron (SE), Solid state,


Backscattered Electron (BSE) detectors and Energy
Dispersive X-ray Spectrometry (EDS),HKL-EBSD
Detector.
Equipped with Thermo NORAN EDS capable of
detecting Ba to U and forming Xray maps/line of

Contact:-

Director , National Metallurgical


Laboratory, Jamshedpur

Contact ID:-

director@nmlindia.org

Contact No:-

0657- 2345202/28

composition; composition to within 0.1 wt%


Integrated digital imaging system
Application:- High resolution microscopy
.

Scanning probe microscope(SPM)


Scanning Probe Microscope at NML was
installed in the year 2004. It works at ambient
conditions, is mounted on a vibration free table and
has vibration proof chamber to reduce noise. The tip
vibrations are monitored by a laser diode based
detection system.
There are seven different modes of operations
for capturing images of the surfaces of solid samples
by Scanning Probe Microscope (SPM). Atomic Force
Microscope (AFM), Deflection Force Microscope
(DFM), Magnetic Force Microscope (MFM), ViscoElasticity Atomic Force Microscope(VE-AFM), ViscoElasticity-

Dynamic

Force

Microscope(VE-DFM),

Scanning Tunneling Microscope(STM) and Electro


Equipment location:- MST

Chemical- Scanning Tunneling Microscope(EC-STM).

Make & Model:- SPA 400, Seiko, Japan


These are modes which require appropriate
Specification:-It is related to the area of Materials
Characterization
Research Area:- Microstructural Characterization

selection of probes for capturing very high resolution


images.Twoscannersareavailable:20and100m
which scans down to atomic resolution.

Resolution & Range:- The XY resolution is 1 and


Zresolutionis0.1.

Application:-To characterize Metallic, Ceramic and


Biological samples in sub micron and nano range.

Contact:-

Director , National Metallurgical


Laboratory, Jamshedpur

Contact ID:-

director@nmlindia.org

Contact No:-

0657- 2345202/28

Servo electric dynamic test machines

Similar to servo-hydraulic test machines, the


servo-electric dynamic test frames are also with closed
loop controllers and capable of performing all kinds of
tests as in former. The difference, however, is being
the closed loop DC servo-motor that makes the
system suitable for long term operations.

NML has 2 Nos of 10 T servoelectric dynamic


machines with all accessories and high temperature
(up to 900oC) and environmental chamber (300oC to
-150oC). Due to its long-term operational capabilities,
the system is very useful for studying, creep-fracture
interaction, corrosion fatigue crack growth studies,

Equipment location:- MST

low cycle fatigue or any such tests that involves long

Make & Model:- Instron 8865

Specification:-related

to

the

test duration and/or require low frequency cycling.


area

of

Materials
Application:-Evaluate

Evaluation
Research Area:-Mechanical Behaviour of Materials
Resolution & Range:- 100kN

Director , National Metallurgical


Laboratory, Jamshedpur

Contact ID:-

director@nmlindia.org

Contact No:-

0657- 2345202/28

variety

of

mechanical

properties such as tensile, fatigue crack growth,


fracture toughness and low cycle fatigue at a range of
temperatures.

Contact:-

Tension torsion test system

This unique facility is first of its kind in the


country. Deformation behaviour of materials can be
studied under combined axial-torsional load paths with
or without applying an internal pressure on tubular
specimens. The two load paths can be controlled
either in-phase or out of phase. The information
generated is useful for understanding the deformation
behaviour

of

material

under

multiaxial

loading

conditions in stress state situations analogues to those


of actual components.
The system has an axial capacity of +/- 100kN
and torsional capacity of 1000Nm. The maximum
Equipment location:- MST

internal pressure that can be applied using a special

Make & Model:- Instron 8850

unit is 600 bar. The system also has bi-axial


extensometer for precise control/measurement of
axial and torsional strains.

Specification:- It is linked to the area of Materials

Evaluation

Application:-To

Research Area:-Mechanical Behaviour of Materials,

behaviour

Resolution & Range:- 100kN axial; 1000Nm torque

proportional/nonproportional loading conditions

Contact:-

Director , National Metallurgical


Laboratory, Jamshedpur

Contact ID:-

director@nmlindia.org

Contact No:-

0657- 2345202/28

characterize
under

cyclic

deformation
multiaxial

Thermal conductivity tester


It is the most important thermo physical
parameters for characterization of the thermal
transport properties of a material or component,
especially for refractories which are normally used at
high temperature.
The hot-wire method is an absolute method for
direct determination of the thermal conductivity, based
on the measurement of the temperature increase of a
linear heat source/hot wire (cross-wire technique) or
at a specific distance from a linear heat source
(parallelwire

technique).

The

hot

wire

and

thermocouple are embedded between two test


pieces, which make up the actual test assembly. The
Equipment location:- MST

time-dependent

Make & Model:- TCT-426 & NETZSCH

heating current is switched on is a measure of the

Specification:- It is linked to the area of Materials

temperature

increase

after

the

thermal conductivity of the material being tested.

Materials Characterization

Another variation, the so-called "Platinum

Research Area:-Thermal Conductivity measurement

Resistance

at high temperature of Refractories

Technique", is described in ASTM-C 1113. Here an

Resolution & Range:- RT to 1500C

integral temperature measurement is carried out over

Thermometer

Technique"

or

"T(R)

the entire length of the hot wire; i.e. the hot wire is both
Application:-Thermal Conductivity measurement of

heat source and temperature sensor at the same time.

Refractories.
The TCT 426 thermal conductivity tester
Contact:-

Director , National Metallurgical


Laboratory, Jamshedpur

enables the use of all three of the methods described


in

easily

interchangeable,

pre-wired

measuring

frames. Controller unit is connected with measuring


Contact ID:-

director@nmlindia.org

Contact No:-

0657- 2345202/28

frame inside a SiC Thercouple bearing furnace. With


this instrument Thermal conductivity of refractories
can be measured at room temperature as well as high
temperature. (1500oC).

Thermal electrical resistivity system (TER)


Specification:- It is linked to the area of Materials
Materials Characterization Phase transformation

The Thermal electrical resistivity instrument


performs

to

measure

temperature

vs.

electric

resistivity change of the materials by four probe


method using a programmable infra red gold image
furnace. Measurement can be carried out in vacuum /
inert atmosphere.
Electrical resistivity variation can be measured
at temperature Ranges:
(i) High temperature: Room temperature to 1000
(ii) Low temperature: 80K to 400 K.

Equipment location:- MST


Make & Model:- Model: TER-2000RH/L, Make : Ulvac Inc,

Application:-For the measurement of resistivity

Japan

variations

during

recrystallisation

Contact:-

Director , National Metallurgical


Laboratory, Jamshedpur

Contact ID:-

director@nmlindia.org

Contact No:-

0657- 2345202/28

phase

transformations

and

Three container water filter


Specification:- It is linked to the area of Water
purification, Arsenic removal.

National
Jamshedpur

Metallurgical

has

developed

Laboratory,
a

three

CSIR,

container

domestic water purification unit specifically designed


to address iron and arsenic contamination in water.

The top container is the reactor in which


contaminated water is treated with chemicals and the
impurities are precipitated out which quickly settle at
the bottom of the top container. Once the impurities
settle the supernatant liquid is taken to the middle
container through a connecting pipe.

Equipment location:Make & Model:- National Metallurgical Laboratory, CSIR,

Application:-The process is used for water purification

Jamshedpur

and Arsenic removal from ground water and make it


suitable for the purpose of drinking.

Contact:-

Director , National Metallurgical


Laboratory, Jamshedpur

Contact ID:-

director@nmlindia.org

Contact No:-

0657- 2345202/28

TOC/TIC Analyzer
Specification:- Analytical, Aurora 1030W water TOC
Analyzer and Solids TOC Analyzer.

Dissolved carbon in water and solid may be of


both organic and inorganic nature which is critically
important in many high end applications. Also,
presence of carbon in water and solid may be a direct
indicator of industrial pollution.

Water

Research

Laboratory

at

National

Metallurgical Laboratory, Jamshedpur is housing a


state of the art TOC/TIC analyzer that can estimate
organic carbon from 2 ppb to 30000 ppm in water and
50gto30mginsolids.NMLinvitesproposalsfrom
industries, research organizations and academic
institutions for using this facility for testing as well as
Equipment location:- CSE

research purpose.

Make & Model:Application:-Analysis of total organic, inorganic


carbon and non-purgeable organic carbon in water
Contact:-

Director , National Metallurgical


Laboratory, Jamshedpur

Contact ID:-

director@nmlindia.org

Contact No:-

0657- 2345202/28

and solid samples

Transmision electron microscope

Specification:-

Related

to

the

Micro

structural

Characterization

Transmission

Electron

Microscope

is

powerful instrument in the field of characterizations. It


is capable to investigate microstructure, phase
analysis, study of defects and crystal structure from
small volumes of materials.

Equipment location:Make & Model:-

Contact:-

Director , National Metallurgical


Laboratory, Jamshedpur

Contact ID:-

director@nmlindia.org

Contact No:-

0657- 2345202/28

Application:-Investigation of microstructure, phase


analysis, study of defects and crystal structure from
small volumes of materials

UHR Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscope


Specification:- IIt is linked to the area of Materials

Characterization.
Research Area:- Micro structural Characterization

FEI

Nova

NanoSEM

430,

an

ultra-high

resolution field-emission SEM which is specifically


configured to get the most information out of the largest
selection of samples, down to the nanometer level. The
Nova NanoSEM 430 has the capabilities of very low kV
characterization as well as its analytical capabilities.
A

SE/BSE

in-lens

detection

and

beam

deceleration technology, the Nova NanoSEM 430 is a


complete

solution

for

ultra-high

resolution

characterization at high and low voltage in high


vacuum. Ultra-high resolution can be achieved even on
nonconductive

nano-materials

and

devices.

Spectacular results can be obtained on a variety of


Equipment location:- MST

challenging materials such as metals, magnetic

Make & Model:-

materials, nano-particles and powders, nano-tubes and


-wires, porous materials, plastic, electronics, glass
substrates, organic materials, diamond films, etc.

Contact:-

Director , National Metallurgical


Laboratory, Jamshedpur

Contact ID:-

director@nmlindia.org

Contact No:-

0657- 2345202/28

Available nanoanalysis capabilities such as EDS and


EBSD with Nova NanoSEM 430 will provide a powerful
solution for the most demanding characterization needs
at the nanoscale. This SEM is in operation at NML from
January 2010.

Ultrasonic system with time of flight diffraction

Specification:- It is linked to the area of Materials


Evaluation
Research Area:-Non destructive Evaluation

Ultrasonic system with Time-of-flight diffraction


(TOFD) is a technique that uses two probes in pitchcatch mode and detects and records signals diffracted
from defect tips allowing both detection and sizing.
The TOFD data is displayed in a gray scale B-scan
view. TOFD offers wide coverage and amplitudeindependent sizing complying with the ASME 2235
code.
One-line scan for full-volume inspection
Setup independent of weld configuration
Equipment location:- MST

Very sensitive to all kinds of defects and unaffected

Make & Model:- OMNISCAN, RD Tech, Olympus

by defect orientation

Contact:-

Director , National Metallurgical


Laboratory, Jamshedpur

Application:-Girth Weld Inspection, Pressure vessel


weld inspection

Contact ID:-

director@nmlindia.org

Contact No:-

0657- 2345202/28

Vaccume innert melt spinning unit

Specification:-It is linked to the area of Materials


Processing
Research Area:-Advanced Materials(Structural,
Bio, Magnetic) & Processing

The

Melt

spinning

unit

involves

rapid

solidification processing route through melt spinning


technique for the preparation of the ribbons directly
from the melt.
In this technique the molten metal is induction melted
and ejected into a rotating Copper wheel. The
process can be carried out in air or in inert
atmosphere. The instrument has the capability of
melting 1kg of Fe-based alloy.
Equipment location:- MST
Make & Model:- Designed by NML: Fabricated at Vacuum
Techniques, Bangalore

The process parameters include nozzle slit


geometry, separation of nozzle slit and copper wheel,
wheel speed, ejection melt temperature and pressure.

Contact:-

Director , National Metallurgical


Laboratory, Jamshedpur

Contact ID:-

director@nmlindia.org

Contact No:-

0657- 2345202/28

Application:-Production

of

amorphous

and

nanostructured ribbons directly from the melt of


ferrous and non-ferrous alloys.

Vibrating sample magnetometer

Specification:-It is linked to the area of Materials


Characterization
Research Area:-Advanced Materials (Structural, Bio,
Magnetic) & Processing.

The Vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM)


can be used to measure the change of magnetization
with applied field and temperature.

Measurement can be carried out at low and high


temperature ranges:
(i)Hightemperature:Roomtemperatureto1000and
(ii) Low temperature : 80K to 400 K. Thermal
measurements can be carried out in vacuum / inert
Equipment location:- MST

atmosphere.

Make & Model:- Lakeshore Model: 7404, USA

12kilogauss (1.2Tesla)

Contact:-

Application:-Measurement

Director , National Metallurgical


Laboratory, Jamshedpur

Contact ID:-

director@nmlindia.org

Contact No:-

0657- 2345202/28

Maximum

magnetizing

of

field

is

saturation

magnetization, initial magnetization and Curie


temperature.

Wire drawing machine

Specification:-It is linked to the area of Materials

Processing
Research Area:-Metal Forming. & Processing

Range & Resolution:-up to 0.315mm or 30SWG

Bench type and Drum type wire drawing


machines are used for drawing ferrous as well as
nonferrous materials. In the present setup, wire up to
0.3mm diameter can be drawn.

Equipment location:- MST


Make & Model:- FN2AP & FN3B, Sir James Farmer Norton
& Co.Ltd. Manchester, England

Contact:-

Director , National Metallurgical


Laboratory, Jamshedpur

Contact ID:-

director@nmlindia.org

Contact No:-

0657- 2345202/28

Application:-Wire Drawing

X Ray analytical microscope

Specification:-It is linked to the area of Applied &


Analytical Chemistry
Research Area:-Chemical Analysis,& Processing
Range & Resolution:-0.1 mm to 10 mm

Using

X-ray

Analytical

Microscope,

instantaneous 2-dimensional analysis of element


composition and structure can be performed at the
sample location being viewed by the operator and the
acquired data simultaneously records information for
the optical image, element map, and transmitting
image.
Various types of qualitative and semiquantitative analysis can be done without damaging
the sample. Some useful applications include locating
Equipment location:- ANC

a malfunction in the circuit board without destroying it;

Make & Model:- Horiba XGT 5000

a foreign substance can be identified without


removing it from its location, etc.

Contact:-

Director , National Metallurgical


Laboratory, Jamshedpur

Contact ID:-

director@nmlindia.org

Contact No:-

0657- 2345202/28

Application:-Metal mapping, qualitative surface


analysis, semi-quantitative analysis

X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometer (XRF)

Specification:-It is linked to the area of Applied &


Analytical Chemistry.
Research Area:-Chemical Analysis,& Processing
Range & Resolution:-10 ppm to 100 %.

Using

X-ray

Analytical

Microscope,

instantaneous 2-dimensional analysis of The primary


advantage of X-ray fluorescence (XRF) analysis is
that it is independent of the chemical bonding of the
elements in the sample. In XRF, the sample is excited
with a primary X-ray beam, causing the sample to
fluorescence.

The primary X-rays eject electrons out of the


inner atomic shells (K-and L-shell). The resulting
vacancy is filled by an electron from an outer atomic
Equipment location:- ANC

shell. This electron transition takes place only between

Make & Model:- Bruker/ SRS 3400

the inner shells of the atom, which are not involved in


chemical bonding. Due to the independency of
chemical bonding, the samples can be analyzed
directly without advanced sample preparation. This

Contact:-

Director , National Metallurgical


Laboratory, Jamshedpur

Contact ID:-

makes XRF one of the best methods for elemental


analysis.

director@nmlindia.org
Application:-Elemental analysis of metallurgical

Contact No:-

0657- 2345202/28

samples

Zeta probe analyzer


Using

X-ray

Analytical

Microscope,

instantaneous 2-dimensional analysis of Zeta probe


(Make: Colloidal Dynamics USA) is used for
measuring zeta potential of particles which is an
extremely important parameter across a wide range
of

industries

including

brewing,

ceramics,

pharmaceuticals, medicine, mineral processing and


water treatment. It gives a measure of the stability of
the colloidal system.
Its measurement brings detailed insight into
the dispersion mechanism and is the key to
electrostatic dispersion control. This equipment
Equipment location:- MST
Make & Model:- Zeta Probe, Colloidal Dynamics USA

measures the zeta potential in colloidal suspensions


and emulsions.
The equipment works on multifrequency

Specification:-It is linked to the area of Materials

electro acoustic method. Its automatic titration facility

Characterization

facilitates determination of isoelectric point. It has

Research Area:-Surface Chemistry

provision for correction for particle size and double


layer distortion. Data can be made available in MS
Excel format contains zeta potential, dynamic
mobility, conductivity, pH, temperature and isoelectric

Contact:-

Director , National Metallurgical


Laboratory, Jamshedpur

Contact ID:-

director@nmlindia.org

Contact No:-

0657- 2345202/28

point.
Application:-zeta potential, isoelectric point