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AN ERROR ANALYSIS ON THE USE OF SIMPLE PRESENT

TENSE IN DESCRIPTIVE TEXT MADE BY THE EIGHTH YEAR


STUDENTS OF SMP 45 3 KEDUNGPRING IN ACADEMIC
2013/2014
CHAPTER I
A. Introduction
Language is the most important elements for human
being.

It

is

tool

communication.

People

can

communicate each other by using language. Therefore,


learning

language

is

important,

especially,

English

language. As we know, English is international language.


In Indonesia, English language is one of lessons in the
school. The students get English language is since at
Elementary School. It is proof that English language has
important role in education.
English language has four skills, they are listening,
speaking, reading, and writing. Also, English components
such as: grammar, vocabulary, pronunciation, etc. The
four skills of English are needed for learners to master
English and writing is one of important skills which has to
be mastered by students.
The students often produce mistakes and even errors
in learning English, especially when they try arranging
sentences or using tenses in their writing. As a result,
they will write sentences ungrammatically.
Structure or grammar is one of basic components of
languagees which should be mastered by learners. To
make good composition, the learners must be able to
master and apply English structurally correct. If people
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master the grammar, they can speak English correctly in


structure. Besides, grammar makes a string of words or
utterances

meaningful.

In

brief,

people

will

get

difficulties to understand what we say or write if we


disobey grammar rules in speaking or writing. In this
case, the learners always have problems in tenses used,
especially in simple present tense.
In this research, the researcher discusses students
English skill in writing descriptive text using simple
present tense. Through descriptive text, I want to find
out the students problems in learning simple present
tense. The researcher wants to analyze the errors made
by the students and tries to give solutions to overcome
their problems.
The researcher hopes this study will be useful to
provide input to English teachers and students of junior
high school.

For the teacher, it is useful to give a

guideline to them, to improve students knowledge of


simple present tense. Also, when they teach common
cases of the sentence pattern simple resent tense,
especially for the Eight Grade students of junior high
school. For the students, it is useful to show students
mistakes, after they had been given an explanation and
tested with simple test of writing a descriptive text. Also,
the writer hopes it will be useful for students to avoid
mistakes later.

B. Research Problem
Based on the background of the study above, this study
will try to answer the following questions:

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1. What errors are made by eight years students of SMP


45 3 Kedungpring in using verb form of simple present
tense?
2. What are the causes of those errors?
3. What are the teachers strategies to overcome their
students errors in using verb form of simple present
tense in writing descriptive text?
C. Research Objective
1. To find out the errors in using verb form of simple
present tense in Writing Descriptive texts made by the
eighth year students of SMP 45 3 Kedungpring.
2. To find out the causes of those errors.
3. To know the teachers strategy to overcome the
students errors using verb form of simple present
tense in writing descriptive text.
CHAPTER III
A. Research Design
In this research, the researcher will use descriptive
qualitative. This study is designed to identify and
describe the observed phenomena in error analysis on
the use of present tense in descriptive text. The
researcher cooperates with the English teacher of the
eight year students of SMP 45 3 Kedungpring in
academic 2013/2014 in this research and find out the
answer of the problem.
B. Setting and Subjects of the Study or Data source
The subjects of this study are the eighth year
students of SMP 45 3 Kedungpring. The researcher gets
data from observation, documentation, interview and
checklist of errors.

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C. Research Instruments
This study, researcher uses observation checklist,
Quiz and checklist of errors.
D. Data Collection Techniques
To get data from the research, the researcher will collect
data in three ways:
1. Observation checklist
2. Quiz
3. Checklist of errors
E. Data Analysis
The researcher uses descriptive qualitative in the
data

analysis

technique.

In

this

researcher,

the

researcher does observation to the students in the


learning process.

Then the writer analyze


1. Identification of errors
In analyzing data the researcher identify the errors
and make a list of students errors by underlying the
errors that have done by the student.
2. Classification of errors
The researcher will check and classify the sentences
that student make whether use the simple present
tense correctly or not when they describe their tests.
3. Calculation of errors
Formula:
Error percentage :
The number of error
x 100%
The total number of error
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4. Describing the source of error

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