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Starting Procedures for Fresh Water Generator

Before starting, the following valves are to be closed:
- Inlet and outlet valves for jacket cooling water of heat exchanger
- Vacuum breaker valve
- Outlet valve for distillate pump:
- Feed water inlet valve for heat exchanger
- Bottom blow valve


Open the ejector pump outlet and inlet valve.

Open the overboard discharge valve.
Close vacuum breaker valve.
Start the ejector pump and wait until the vacuum reaches 750 mmHg.
Open the S.W. cooling outlet and inlet valve of the condensor and carry out air
6) Open the feed water valve and control feed water quantity that is within the range
in the mark of presure guage.
7) Open the F.W.G. evaporator S.W. side chemical treatment valve.
8) Gradually open the outlet and inlet valve of evaporator heating to prevent sudden
boiling that will cause condensation or overheating of the evaporator.
9) When the sheel temperature reaches above 40 degrees, check the evaporator water
condition thru peep hole and adjust the sheel temperature by manipulating the
jacket cooling fresh water by-pass valve located beside the no.2 jacket F.W. pump.
10) When the fresh water is allready visible at the sight glass of distilate pump line,
open the distilate pump discharge valve, flowmeter inlet and outlet valve and then
start the distillate pump and regulate the pressure through the discharge valve.
11) Set the salinity sensor at least 8 ppm then switch on the salinity alarm.
1) In the beginning of the water supply after starting up the ejector pump, confirm
that the reading of the feed water compuond gauge on the panel indicates within
the green belt under the condition of full openning of the feed water valve. In case
that this feed water pump pressure does not reach the prescribed value, a clog of
dry-runing of the ejector pump is considerated as a cause.
2) A feed water orifice is provided in order to automatically feed the sea ater of three
to four times as much as the distillate to the heat exchanger, when the vacuum in
the sheel reaches about 700 mmHg.

3) In case that the temperature within the shell falls at about 35 degrees and below,
regulate the temperature to stand at about 35 to 45 degrees by decreasing the
quantity of condenser cooling sea water or by opening the vacuum breaker valve
4) In case that the inlet temperature of the jacket cooling water is lower than the
prescribed one, increase the quantity of the jacket cooling water which passes
through the heat exchanger.
5) If the outlet pressure of the pump does not reach the prescribed one after starting
up the distilate pump, stop it at once becouse there is a fear of the dryrunning of
the pump.
6) The regulation of the quantity of the jacket cooling water shall be done by the
outlet valve of the heat exchanger in order to assure the heat exchanger to be
always filled with jacket cooling water.

Regulating the capacity:

The capacity (quantity of produced water) of the Fresh Water Generator is
regulated by increasing or decreasing the quantities of jacket cooling water to the heat
The capacity of the plant is now measured-by means- of the water meter, the
quantity of the jacket cooling water shall be regulated by the by-pass valve to the fresh
water cooler until the plant produces its normal capacity.
In case that the temperature of the jacket cooling water is lower than the
prescribed one, the flow quantity passing through the heat exchanger shall be increased
The supply of cooling sea water to the condenser is regulated so that the cooling
sea water temperature rises about prescribed value when passing through the cooling
tubes of the condenser.
The evaporation temperature should be about 35 C to 50 C.
Evaporation temp, may become much lower than suitable range when ship sails in
low sea water temp. area. In such case, evaporation temp. must be raised by adjusting the
vacuum breaker valve or reducing condenser cooling sea water flow rate.
If the evaporation temperature is too high which may occur at high cooling sea
water temperature, the quantity of cooling sea water to the condenser is increased which
will make the evaporation temperature drop.
Too high evaporation temperatures increase the risk of scale formation in the
tubes of the heat exchanger, and too low evaporation temperature will owing to the
resulting great vapors volumes mean a risk that sea water drops are brought with to the
condenser resulting in fresh water with a too high salt content.