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MONTHLY REPORT ON DENGUE

ENTOMOLOGICAL SURVEILLANCE
A publication of the National Dengue Control Unit
Ministry of Health, Sri Lanka
Vol.01 Issue No 07

November 2014

57

61.29

Overall positive
containers for 100
inspected schools

No. with Larvae

93

Potential Breeding
found (%)

No of Schools
Inspected

Prevention of Aedes breeding in school


premises in Sri Lanka
Dengue vector breeding in schools continues
to be high according to the entomological
surveillance carried out by the central teams in
2014.

100.00

232

Table 01:Summary of entomological surveys in schools

The overall surveillance data indicates that the


positive breeding places were found in more
than 60% of schools. In general a school
consists of multiple components in addition to
classrooms such as office complex, library,
laboratories, hostels, toilets, play area, vehicle
parks, etc. Majority of schools also have on
going constructions.
Figure 01 shows the distribution of breeding
places found in all components of school
premises. The predominant mosquito breeding
was found in relation to discarded items (58%)
including porcelain items, bathroom fittings,
and polythene which are due to improper
disposal or storage.
Establishing an active mosquito control
committee is the first step towards overcoming
this issue. This committee should also
emphasize on regular inspection during
vacation periods. Further, the construction sites
in schools should also be closely monitored
throughout. Non-functioning toilets, water
storage tanks discarded/damages inventerized

Concrete Refrigerator
Ornamaental
Tyres
Slabs
trays 1%
2%
Roof
Roof tiles 1%
1%
Gutters
2%
3%
Cisterns
4%

Natural
12%

Discarded
Items
58%

Water
Stoage
Containers
14%

Figure 01:Distribution of positive breeding places

items and blocked drains and roof gutters are


potential breeding sites.
Regular removal or destruction of discarded
receptacles, proper storage of roof tiles,
asbestos and other goods, regular cleaning of
drainage systems, roof gutters, concrete slabs,
refrigerator trays and flower pots should be
ensured in order to sustain a mosquito breeding
free environment. Drainage systems should be
maintained to ensure the flow of water without
stagnation. Metal flag/ fence poles should be
covered with end caps and tree holes could be
permanently covered with cement as
environmental
modifications
to
ensure
prevention of mosquito breeding.
Behavioural change for positive attitudes
towards dengue breeding free environment
should be the ultimate target of all schools.
Such change will create an atmosphere for
children to have a long-lasting behavioural
impact.

Contents

1. Prevention of Aedes breeding in school premises in Sri Lanka


2. Island wide Entomological Surveillance Summary -2014 October
3. Entomological Forecast

Public Health Complex, 555/5, Elvitigala Mawatha, Narahenpita, Colombo 05.


Tel : +94(0)112368416 / 7 Fax: +94(0)11 2369893 Email: ndcu2010@yahoo.com
Web : http://www.dengue.health.gov.lk

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MRDES Sri Lanka - Vol.01 Issue No 07

November 2014
Table 1: Dengue Entomological Surveillance - 2014 October Summary

Kurunegala

NWP

Puttalam
Monaragala

UP

Badulla
Matale
CP

Nuwara Eliya
Kandy
Batticaloa
Kalmunai

EP

Trincomalee
Ampara
Anuradhapura

NCP

Polonnaruwa
Kegalle

SGP

Rathnapura
Galle
SP

Matara
Hambantota
Jaffna
Mannar

NP

Killinochchi
Vavuniya
Mullativu
Sri Lanka

3%
2%
2%
0%
3%
3%
9%
9%
20%
0%
10%
1%
4%
2%
17%
2%
11%
3%
5%
2%
4%
9%
11%
0%

7%
5%
1%
0%
2%
0%
0%
5%
3%
0%
4%
0%
1%
3%
0%
3%
1%
1%
0%
3%
0%
0%
0%
0%

6%
3%
17%
6%
18%
1%
2%
7%
8%
0%
1%
0%
4%
5%
3%
4%
2%
6%
12%
5%
2%
4%
8%
0%

0%
1%
0%
1%
0%
2%
0%
3%
1%
0%
7%
3%
0%
0%
0%
0%
0%
3%
3%
2%
3%
1%
1%
1%

3%
3%
3%
1%
2%
2%
3%
1%
1%
0%
3%
3%
4%
10%
0%
8%
2%
0%
1%
11%
1%
9%
5%
0%

0%
0%
0%
0%
0%
0%
0%
0%
0%
0%
0%
5%
7%
0%
0%
0%
0%
0%
0%
0%
0%
0%
0%
5%

39%
37%
25%
33%
8%
18%
18%
23%
18%
25%
36%
22%
26%
23%
48%
27%
9%
23%
32%
11%
8%
18%
21%
3%

284
1,310
473
33,084

34
199
9
3,744

11.97
15.19
1.90
11.31

74%
42%
64%
42%

10%
16%
29%
17%

5%
14%
0%
6%

0%
0%
0%
1%

0%
7%
0%
7%

0%
0%
0%
1%

0%
2%
0%
3%

0%
1%
0%
1%

11%
18%
7%
22%

Natural

Others

6%
11%
18%
8%
18%
15%
20%
33%
0%
50%
12%
41%
7%
47%
12%
6%
12%
12%
9%
15%
12%
26%
19%
80%

Wells

36%
38%
34%
51%
49%
59%
48%
19%
49%
25%
27%
25%
47%
10%
20%
50%
63%
52%
38%
51%
70%
33%
35%
11%

P&O

10.07
13.08
14.46
8.95
8.00
14.78
12.43
14.54
13.06
4.00
5.50
4.79
6.53
5.73
11.56
18.75
10.94
15.10
9.96
9.36
10.65
6.37
28.82
20.00

A/C & R

121
93
305
210
139
68
420
176
280
4
143
45
83
35
34
147
102
340
280
49
54
50
194
130

Concrete slab

1,201
711
2,108
2,344
1,736
460
3,378
1,210
2,143
100
2,598
939
1,270
610
294
784
932
2,251
2,811
523
507
784
673
650

Found
positive

Cement tanks

Kalutara

Water storage
containers

Gampaha

Discarded
receptacles

Colombo MC

WP

Percentage Positivity by type of containers


%
Positive

Colombo

Inspected

District

Province

No. of Premises

Key: This report is based on the weekly returns sent by Entomological Assistants (EAA) to N DCU. P & O- Ponds and Ornamentals; R
Refrigerators ; * No data ; Others- Tyres, Roof gutters and other miscellaneous places (eg. Tube wells, Earth pipes, Water meters, etc)
Entomological Forecast of High-Risk Areas
RDHS
MO(O)H

RDHS

MO(O)H

Colombo

Boralesgamuwa, Dehiwala,
Rathnapura
Moratuwa,Rathmalana,Battaramulla
Atanagalla, MC Negombo, Katana Badulla
Horana
Jaffna
Akurana,Thalathuoya,
Mullativu
Pathadumbara
Mannar
Ukuwela
Monaragala
Dehiovita,Yatiyanthota,Kegalle
Kalmunai

Gamapaha
Kalutara
Kandy
Matale
Kegalle

Kuruwita,Eheliyagoda, Weligepola
Ella,Welimada,Passara
Jaffna MC,Uduvil, Nallur,Keravaddy
Puthukkudiyiruppu
Nanathan
Monaragala
Sainthamarathu

NB:
Entomological
surveillance data for
the month of October
2014
by
MRI
entomology
teams
has not been received

Address:

Comments and contributions for publication in the MRDES Sri Lanka are welcome. Prior approval should be obtained from the NDCU before
publishing data in this publication.

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