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ELECTRICAL MACHINES II NOTES

UNIT I
SYNCHRONOUS
GENERATOR

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Introduction

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Direction of induced e.m.f

Fig. Fleming's right hand rule for direction of induced EMF

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Generated EMF in a Synchronous Generator

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Frequency of an A.C. Synchronous Generator

Constructional Details of Rotor

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Figure 14: Synchronous machines with stator slots and armature windings omitted (a)Two
pole cylindrical rotor,(b) Four-pole cylindrical rotor, (c) Developed view of two pole
cylindrical rotor field structure, (d) Salient pole and field coil

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Fig. Cylindrical rotor mmf wave and its fundamental of a synchronous machine

Excitation Systems for Synchronous Machines

Brushless Excitation System

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Fig. Conventional excitation systems for synchronous machines

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Fig. Brush less excitation system

The Action of the Synchronous Machine

Armature Reaction

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l
Figure 18: Stretched out synchronous generator

Figure 19: Stretched out synchronous motor

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Fig. Stretched out synchronous generator

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Fig. Stretched out synchronous generator

Theory of Salient-pole machines:(Blondes Two-reaction Theory)

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Experimental Determination of xd and xq

Losses and Efficiency

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Parallel Operation of two Generators

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Figure 35: Parallel operation

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UNIT 3
THREE PHASE
INDUCTION MOTOR

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Introduction

The Rotating Magnetic Field

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Principles of Torque Production

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Construction

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Equivalent Circuit

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Determination of Circuit Parameters

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The no-load test

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Blocked-rotor Test

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UNIT 4
STARTING AND SPEED
CONTROL OF THREE
PHASE INDUCTION
MOTOR

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Speed control of Induction Machines

Speed control by changing applied voltage

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Rotor resistance control

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Cascade control

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Pole changing schemes

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Stator frequency control

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