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A DETAILED LESSON PLAN IN SCIENCE

(Grade 8-Secondary)
By: Johny F. Villanueva BSE 3A
I.

Objectives
Given a short video clip of the digestive system, the Grade 8 students should be able to describe the
different organs of the digestive system that results to its tracing of how food digest and absorb by
the body.
A. States how the different organs of digestive system works;
B. Participate actively in tracing how these organs of the digestive digest foods; and
C. Expound precautionary measures to maintain healthy body.

II.

Subject Matter
Topic:
Reference:
Pages:
Instructional Materials:
Value Integration:

The Digestive System


Science Learners Module
291-306
short video clip of digestive system, DLP, net book, chalkboard,
drawings/images and flash card
Health is Wealth

III. Procedure
Teachers Activity

Students Activity

Good morning class


Good morning Sir!
Lets pray.
(one student will lead the prayer)
Checking of attendance
(Student raise their hand and say
present as the teacher calls in their name.)
Review of the past lesson.
Motivation
Class have you experience attending
occasions, such as birthday party, wedding,
fiesta, and etc?
Yes Sir!
What have you observed?
(Varied answers from the students)
As you enjoy eating different
delicious foods, do you ask yourself how
these foods be digested and absorbed by the
body?
(Varied answers from the students)
Presentation

Now class, the topic that we are


going to tackle today is all about the
digestive system.
As we continue the discussion, I have
here a short video clip regarding the
digestive system.
View and take down important facts
and information for I will ask questions later.
Yes, Sir!
Class, based from the video clip how
does digestion begins?
It starts from the mouth Sir.
Very good! That is the first stage
which undergone the process of ingestion.
What is the next organ that the food
pass through?
Sir, the esophagus.
Exactly! Youre correct! Then how
does esophagus work?
Sir, esophagus works as a passage
way of food in order to reach the stomach by
the process of peristalsis.
Excellent answer! After esophagus is
now the whats the next?
Stomach Sir!
Youre right! Whats the role of the
stomach in the system?
The stomach where it mixes with
juices and acids and where digestion takes
place.
Very good! Digestion is the second
stage/process involved in food processing.
What is the next organ?
Small intestine Sir!
Thats correct, how does small
intestine work?
Sir, it is where the absorption of
nutrients will take place to be used by the
cell.
Very good answer! Absorption is the
third stage/process kin the digestion of
foods.
What is the next organ involved in

the digestive system after small intestines?


Large intestine Sir!
How is the role of this organ in the
digestion?
The large intestine is used to
absorbed water from the waste material
leftover.
Very good!
After that whats next?

All
leftover
waste
material
compacted and stored at the end of the large
intestine called the rectum before they are
excreted out of the body through the anus.

Excellent! That is now the last stage


in the digestion, the process involved is
elimination.
There are also attached some
accessory organs that help to maximize
digestions of foods. What are they?
Sir these are the liver, gall bladder
and pancreas.
Ok! In what ways these organs help
in the digestion?
Liver helps in the production of bile
which help in the excretion of excess
cholesterol.
Gall bladder stores bile until it is
needed in the small intestines.
Pancreas secretes insulin and
glucagon, for the digestion of starch, fats and
proteins.
Very good!
Do you now understand how
digestion take place and how the different
organs of the digestive system work together
to digest foods and use by the body.
Yes Sir!
Any
supplement?

questions?

Additional

or
None Sir!

Then, may I ask the class if how


much you have understood the topic.

What are the different organs of the


digestive system? How these organs work in
the digestion of foods?
Students
answers.

responded

with

varied

Application
Ok, we have an activity group your
self by picking a piece of paper in the box.
Then find your group according to the color
you have picked.
Students
instructions.

responded

with

Ill give you 5 minutes to do and 5


minutes to present/discuss your output in
front.
Yes, Sir!
Generalization
Digestion starts when food is taken
into the mouth.
What do you call the stage/process
where in is the taking in of food through the
mouth?
Ingestion
The second stage/process which
involved in the breaking down of foods into
nutrients.
Digestion
The next stage/process in the
digestive process which involved in the
taking in of nutrients by the cell.
Absorption
And the last process that is removing
of any leftover wastes/materials from the
body.
Elimination
That you have learned and
understood how the digestive system works,
how and what practice you will do in order
to maintain healthy body?
Students raised varied answers.

the

IV. Evaluation
Direction: Use the words in the box to fill in the blanks.
stomach
rectum
waste
system
acid

chewed
liver
saliva
swallow
absorbed

food
mouth
large intestine
tongue
liquids

energy
small intestine
digestion
pharynx
esophagus

All animals need to eat _______________ to get _______________ to live. But in order to
use this food, they have to break it down in a process called _______________. And so, all animals
have a group of connected organs called the digestive _______________.
In humans, the process of digestion begins in the _______________ where food is
_______________ into small pieces by the teeth. The _______________ helps by moving these
pieces around. There pieces are covered by _______________, or spit. The saliva makes the food
slippery so that it is easier to _______________. It also helps to break down the food.
Once the food is swallowed, it passes through the _______________, which is like a gate
that sends food into the _______________ and air into the lungs. The food travels down the
esophagus and into the _______________. Once in the stomach the food is mixed with
_______________ and crushed some more.
After spending some time in the stomach, the food is sent into the _______________ where
nutrients are _______________. The _______________ helps by producing some digestive juices
called bile. Next, the remaining food goes into the _______________ where the _______________
are absorbed. The remaining food is called _______________ and it is pushed into the
_______________ where it waits before leaving the body.
V.

Assignment
Read the next lesson the Reproductive System.
a. What are the different parts and functions of male reproductive system and female reproductive
system.
b. Compare the male reproductive system from the female reproductive system.

ACTIVITY:

YELLOW GROUP
Task:
Think of ways or activity in daily life in order to become healthy.

BLACK GROUP
Task:
List down some reasons why there are some individual who keeps on eating with high cholesterol
food contents beside, of its bad effect to our health.

WHITE GROUP
Task:
Things you can do to disseminate in order to lessen bad effects of smoking, drinking liquor and
illegal drugs in our health.

BLUE GROUP
Task:
Make a slogan of good relationship in the society.

GREEN GROUP
Task:
Ways to divert the attention of a person whos a chain smoker, drunker and illegal drug user.

RED GROUP
Task:
Make a poster of healthy family.