18th Century Material Culture

Brick & Plaster

Making Brick

“Briqueterie” (Brick Maker)
 Encyclopédie, ou Dictionnaire raisonné des sciences, des métiers et des arts by Diderot & d'Alembert 1763

“Briqueterie” (Brick Maker)
 Encyclopédie, ou Dictionnaire raisonné des sciences, des métiers et des arts by Diderot & d'Alembert 1763

“Briqueterie” (Brick Maker)
 Encyclopédie, ou Dictionnaire raisonné des sciences, des métiers et des arts by Diderot & d'Alembert 1763

“Briqueterie” (Brick Maker)
 Encyclopédie, ou Dictionnaire raisonné des sciences, des métiers et des arts by Diderot & d'Alembert 1763

Recreated Brick Yard
(Colonial Williamsburg)

Recreated Brick Maker forming a Brick in a Wooden Mold
(Colonial Williamsburg)

Recreated Brick Maker forming a Brick in a Wooden Mold
(Colonial Williamsburg)

Recreated Brick Yard
(Colonial Williamsburg)

Recreated Brick Yard
(Colonial Williamsburg)

Recreated Brick Yard
(Colonial Williamsburg)

Portion of English Brick Containing a Mid 17th Century Pipe to Act as a Temper
Tempers were added to Pots & Other Ceramic Products to Prevent Them From Cracking or Shrinking During Firing
Albion Place
(Museum of London)

Portion of English Brick Containing an 18th Century Pipe to Act as a Temper
Tempers were added to Pots & Other Ceramic Products to Prevent Them From Cracking or Shrinking During Firing
(London Mudlark)

Bricklayers

“Metzelaar”
1605
(The British Museum)

by Jan van Viet 1635
(The British Museum)

Old Bricklayer
by Anne Claude Philippe de Tubières, Comte de Caylus after Edme Bouchardon 1737
(Metropolitan Museum of Art)

“THE MACARONI BRICKLAYER, PRIOR to any other Macaroni”
by M. Darly 1772
(Lewis Walpole Library)

“A Bricklayer”
Late 18th Century

Bricklayer
Trade Cards

Trade Card
18th Century
(The British Museum)

Trade Card
18th Century
(The British Museum)

Trade Card
1789
(The British Museum)

Trade Card
18th Century
(The British Museum)

Trade Card
1791
(The British Museum)

Brick
Laying

“Architecture, Maconnerie”
 The Encyclopedia of Diderot & d'Alembert 1763

“Architecture, Maconnerie”
 The Encyclopedia of Diderot & d'Alembert 1763

“Architecture, Maconnerie”
 The Encyclopedia of Diderot & d'Alembert 1763

“Architecture, Maconnerie”
 The Encyclopedia of Diderot & d'Alembert 1763

“Architecture, Maconnerie”
 The Encyclopedia of Diderot & d'Alembert 1763

“Architecture, Maconnerie”
 The Encyclopedia of Diderot & d'Alembert 1763

“Architecture, Maconnerie”
 The Encyclopedia of Diderot & d'Alembert 1763

“Architecture, Maconnerie”
 The Encyclopedia of Diderot & d'Alembert 1763

“Architecture, Maconnerie”
 The Encyclopedia of Diderot & d'Alembert 1763

“Architecture, Maconnerie”
 The Encyclopedia of Diderot & d'Alembert 1763

“Architecture, Maconnerie”
 The Encyclopedia of Diderot & d'Alembert 1763

“Architecture, Maconnerie”
 The Encyclopedia of Diderot & d'Alembert 1763

“Architecture, Maconnerie”
 The Encyclopedia of Diderot & d'Alembert 1763

“Architecture, Maconnerie”
 The Encyclopedia of Diderot & d'Alembert 1763

“Architecture, Maconnerie”
 The Encyclopedia of Diderot & d'Alembert 1763

“Architecture, Maconnerie”
 The Encyclopedia of Diderot & d'Alembert 1763

“Architecture, Maconnerie”
 The Encyclopedia of Diderot & d'Alembert 1763

English Bond Bricklaying

Alternating Rows of Bricks that are Laid End to End then Side to Side
(Colonial Williamsburg)

Flemish Bond Bricklaying

Staggered Rows of Bricks that are Laid End to Side
(Colonial Williamsburg)

Trowels

Masonry Trowel
18th Century
(Fort Ticonderoga)

Masonry Trowel
c. 1700 - 1820
(Will West Collection)

Masonry Trowel
c. 1700 - 1820
(Will West Collection)

Plaster

Trade Card
1788
(The British Museum)

Trade Card
1788
(The British Museum)

Plaster Molds

French Soapstone Plaster Mold
18th Century
(Jim Bode Antique Tools)

French Soapstone Plaster Mold
18th Century
(Jim Bode Antique Tools)

French Soapstone Plaster Mold
18th Century
(Jim Bode Antique Tools)

French Soapstone Plaster Mold
18th Century
(Jim Bode Antique Tools)

Acknowledgements
The material contained within these slideshows is presented for educational purposes only. The
18th Century Material Culture Resource Center does not personally own any of the items
depicted herein and is indebted to the countless museums, libraries, and private collectors who
willingly share their collections with the public through the internet. Every attempt has been
made to credit these organizations and individuals for their contributions as best as possible.
If there is a question you have regarding a particular item featured within a presentation, please
contact the 18th Century Material Culture Resource Center and we will try to answer your
inquiry as best as possible. If for any reason you feel there is any item that should not be
presented here, or if there is an error in any listing, or if you know the source for any item whose
credit is unknown, please inform us and we will make sure your concern is addressed as soon as
possible.
Thank you!
- The 18th Century Material Culture Resource Center

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