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PROFILE 2D DE

LAILE DAVION

Profils de laile :

Le profil de laile est le contour de la voilure, vu de ct, sur une section donne.
Nous obtenons ce profil si nous coupons laile et que lon regarde la dcoupe.
Le profil dune aile est spcifique lapplication de lavion (de tourisme, de
chasse, de ligne ou de transport). Les diffrents types de profils sont classs par
familles, suivant la forme gnrale quils ont. Ces familles sont au nombre de 6.
I.

Les diffrents types de profil :


1. Profil biconvexe symtrique :
Lintrados et lextrados convexes sont symtriques
La ligne moyenne et la corde de rfrence sont confondues, la flche est
nulle ainsi que la courbure relative
Ces profils sont utiliss pour les empennages verticaux et horizontaux

2. Profil biconvexe dissymtrique :


La courbure de lextrados est plus accentue que celle de lintrados
Ces profils sont les plus employs pour les ailes davion

3. Plan convexe :
Lextrados est convexe et lintrados plan
Plus gure utilis

4. Profil creux :
Lextrados est convexe et lintrados concave
Plus gure utilis, sauf :
Aubes de turbine
Dispositifs de bord dattaque

5. Profil double courbure :


La ligne moyenne coupe la corde du profil
Contrairement aux autres profils qui sont instables et ncessitent un
empennage horizontal pour la stabilit longitudinal de lavion, ces profils
sont auto stables
Aile volante

II.

Paramtres dun profil :

Segment EI : paisseur maximale


Segment AI : corde du profil
f : flche maximale (distance maxi entre la ligne moyenne et la corde)
III.

Choix du profil :

Lorsque l'on se lance dans la conception d'une aile, on se retrouve trs vite
confront la question du choix du profil, ou plutt, des profils qui donneront sa
forme notre aile.
Pour choisir un profil arodynamique ou hydrodynamique, il faut que nous
puissions valuer ses performances dans la situation de fonctionnement qui nous
intresse.
1. Caractristiques dun profil :
Plus un profil est pais ou creux, plus la portance est leve mais
entrane une hausse de la trane.
Plus lpaisseur relative (paisseur max/corde) est faible, plus il est
difficile dobtenir une aile rsistante
Un profil mince ou un faible rayon du bord dattaque provoquent un
dcrochage brutal
Sur les avions dassez grande envergure, on prfrera utiliser un profil
de plus faible paisseur relative afin damliorer le rendement
arodynamique de laile
Le Cx est plus fort pour un profil creux que pour un biconvexe de mme
paisseur
2. Choix du profil partir de lpaisseur :
Epaisseur
Moins de 6%
Entre 6% et 12%
Plus de 12%

Profil
Mince (avion de chasse)
Semi pais (avion de ligne)
Epais (avion de transport basse
vitesse)

a. Profil mince : (paisseur infrieure 6%) :


A partir du catalogue NACA, on relve les diffrentes caractristiques des
profils ayant une paisseur infrieure ou gale 6%.
Le seul profil ayant cette paisseur est le profil NACA 0006 :

Airfoil
naca0006-il

Reynold
s#
50,000

naca0006-il

50,000

5 22.8 at =3

naca0006-il

100,000

9 32.9 at =3

naca0006-il

100,000

5 27.3 at =2.5

naca0006-il

200,000

9 38.9 at =2.5

naca0006-il

200,000

5 34 at =4.25

Ncrit Max Cl/Cd


9 24.9 at =3.5

Description
Mach=0
Ncrit=9
Mach=0
Ncrit=5
Mach=0
Ncrit=9
Mach=0
Ncrit=5
Mach=0
Ncrit=9
Mach=0
Ncrit=5

naca0006-il

500,000

5 47.6 at =4.5

naca0006-il

9 56.6 at =4.5

naca0006-il

1,000,00
0
1,000,00
0
Reynold
s#
50,000

naca0006-il

50,000

5 22.8 at =3

naca0006-il

100,000

9 32.9 at =3

naca0006-il

100,000

5 27.3 at =2.5

naca0006-il

200,000

9 38.9 at =2.5

naca0006-il

200,000

5 34 at =4.25

naca0006-il

500,000

5 47.6 at =4.5

naca0006-il

1,000,00
0
1,000,00
0

9 56.6 at =4.5

naca0006-il
Airfoil

naca0006-il

b. Profil semi-pais :
Profil NACA 0008 :

5 60.3 at =5.75
Ncrit Max Cl/Cd
9 24.9 at =3.5

5 60.3 at =5.75

Mach=0
Ncrit=5
Mach=0
Ncrit=9
Mach=0
Ncrit=5
Description
Mach=0
Ncrit=9
Mach=0
Ncrit=5
Mach=0
Ncrit=9
Mach=0
Ncrit=5
Mach=0
Ncrit=9
Mach=0
Ncrit=5
Mach=0
Ncrit=5
Mach=0
Ncrit=9
Mach=0
Ncrit=5

Airfoil
naca0008-il

Reynold
s#
50,000

naca0008-il

50,000

naca0008-il

100,000

naca0008-il

100,000

naca0008-il

200,000

naca0008-il

200,000

naca0008-il

500,000

naca0008-il

500,000

naca0008-il

1,000,000

naca0008-il

1,000,000

Ncrit Max Cl/Cd

Description

9 26.1 at =4 Mach=0 Ncrit=9


5 24.6 at
=3.75
9 34.6 at
=3.75
5 30.4 at
=3.75
9 41.1 at
=3.25
5 38.5 at
=5.25
9 50.2 at
=5.75
5 56.2 at =7

Mach=0 Ncrit=5

9 68.3 at
=6.75
5 69.9 at
=7.5

Mach=0 Ncrit=9

Mach=0 Ncrit=9
Mach=0 Ncrit=5
Mach=0 Ncrit=9
Mach=0 Ncrit=5
Mach=0 Ncrit=9
Mach=0 Ncrit=5

Mach=0 Ncrit=5

Profil NACA 1408 :

Airfoil

Reynolds #

naca1408-il

50,000

naca1408-il

50,000

naca1408-il

100,000

naca1408-il

100,000

naca1408-il

200,000

Ncrit

Max Cl/Cd

9 32.3 at
=4.75
5 31.5 at
=4.5
9 44.2 at
=4.25
5 40.7 at
=3.75
9 54.9 at
=3.75

Description

Mach=0
Ncrit=9
Mach=0
Ncrit=5
Mach=0
Ncrit=9
Mach=0
Ncrit=5
Mach=0
Ncrit=9

naca1408-il

200,000

naca1408-il

500,000

naca1408-il

500,000

naca1408-il

1,000,000

naca1408-il

1,000,000

5 47.3 at
=3.25
9 66.6 at
=3.25
5 62.3 at =7
9 72.7 at
=2.75
5 77.2 at =7

Mach=0
Ncrit=5
Mach=0
Ncrit=9
Mach=0
Ncrit=5
Mach=0
Ncrit=9
Mach=0
Ncrit=5

Profil NACA 2408 :

Airfoil

Reynolds #

naca2408-il

50,000

naca2408-il

50,000

naca2408-il

100,000

naca2408-il

100,000

naca2408-il

200,000

naca2408-il

200,000

naca2408-il

500,000

naca2408-il

500,000

naca2408-il

1,000,000

naca2408-il

1,000,000

Profil NACA 0009 :

Ncrit

Max Cl/Cd

Description

9 37.4 at
=5.5
5 36.7 at
=5
9 52.6 at
=5
5 48.9 at
=4.5
9 66.6 at
=4
5 58.9 at
=3.75
9 80.6 at
=3.25
5 67.5 at
=2.75

Mach=0
Ncrit=9
Mach=0
Ncrit=5
Mach=0
Ncrit=9
Mach=0
Ncrit=5
Mach=0
Ncrit=9
Mach=0
Ncrit=5
Mach=0
Ncrit=9
Mach=0
Ncrit=5

9 86.8 at
=2.5
5 82.1 at
=7.5

Mach=0
Ncrit=9
Mach=0
Ncrit=5

Airfoil

Reynolds #

Ncrit Max Cl/Cd

n0009sm-il

50,000

9 27 at =4

n0009sm-il

50,000

5 25.6 at =4

n0009sm-il

100,000

n0009sm-il

100,000

n0009sm-il

200,000

n0009sm-il

200,000

n0009sm-il

500,000

n0009sm-il

500,000

n0009sm-il

1,000,000

9 37.3 at
=3.5
5 33.4 at
=3.75
9 45.6 at
=3.25
5 42.2 at
=5.75
9 55.9 at
=5.25
5 60.2 at
=7.5
9 74.7 at =8

n0009sm-il

1,000,000

Profil NACA 6409 :

5 75.6 at
=7.25

Description
Mach=0
Ncrit=9
Mach=0
Ncrit=5
Mach=0
Ncrit=9
Mach=0
Ncrit=5
Mach=0
Ncrit=9
Mach=0
Ncrit=5
Mach=0
Ncrit=9
Mach=0
Ncrit=5
Mach=0
Ncrit=9
Mach=0
Ncrit=5

Airfoil

Reynolds #

Ncrit Max Cl/Cd

5 144.3 at
=4.75

Descriptio
n
Mach=0
Ncrit=9
Mach=0
Ncrit=5
Mach=0
Ncrit=9
Mach=0
Ncrit=5
Mach=0
Ncrit=9
Mach=0
Ncrit=5
Mach=0
Ncrit=9
Mach=0
Ncrit=5
Mach=0
Ncrit=9
Mach=0
Ncrit=5

n6409-il

50,000

n6409-il

50,000

9 27.1 at
=10.75
5 36 at =9

n6409-il

100,000

n6409-il

100,000

9 61.6 at
=8.5
5 63.7 at =6

n6409-il

200,000

9 87.1 at =7

n6409-il

200,000

5 87.4 at =6

n6409-il

500,000

n6409-il

500,000

n6409-il

1,000,000

9 122.4 at
=5.5
5 118.6 at
=5
9 151 at =5

n6409-il

1,000,000

Ncrit Max Cl/Cd

Description

Profil NACA 0010 :

Airfoil

Reynolds #

naca0010-il

50,000

naca0010-il

50,000

naca0010-il

100,000

naca0010-il

100,000

naca0010-il

200,000

9 25.9 at
=4.5
5 25.7 at
=4.75
9 35.8 at
=4.25
5 33.5 at
=4.75
9 44.4 at
=4.25

Mach=0
Ncrit=9
Mach=0
Ncrit=5
Mach=0
Ncrit=9
Mach=0
Ncrit=5
Mach=0
Ncrit=9

naca0010-il

200,000

naca0010-il

500,000

naca0010-il

500,000

naca0010-il

1,000,000

naca0010-il

1,000,000

5 42.2 at
=6.25
9 55.2 at
=4.25
5 57.8 at
=8.5
9 70.2 at
=9.75
5 74.1 at
=9

Mach=0
Ncrit=5
Mach=0
Ncrit=9
Mach=0
Ncrit=5
Mach=0
Ncrit=9
Mach=0
Ncrit=5

Profil NACA 1410 :

Airfoil
naca1410-il

Reynolds #
50,000

naca1410-il

50,000

naca1410-il

100,000

naca1410-il

100,000

naca1410-il

200,000

naca1410-il

200,000

naca1410-il

500,000

5 42.2 at
=4.5
9 56.6 at
=4.75
5 50.6 at
=3.75
9 70.8 at =4

naca1410-il

500,000

5 63.6 at =7

naca1410-il

1,000,000

naca1410-il

1,000,000

Profil NACA 2410 :

Ncrit Max Cl/Cd


9 31.2 at
=5.5
5 31.6 at
=5.25
9 44.6 at =5

9 78.9 at
=3.5
5 78.3 at
=8.75

Description
Mach=0
Ncrit=9
Mach=0
Ncrit=5
Mach=0
Ncrit=9
Mach=0
Ncrit=5
Mach=0
Ncrit=9
Mach=0
Ncrit=5
Mach=0
Ncrit=9
Mach=0
Ncrit=5
Mach=0
Ncrit=9
Mach=0
Ncrit=5

Airfoil
naca2410-il

Reynolds #
50,000

naca2410-il

50,000

Ncrit Max Cl/Cd


9 35.3 at
=6.5
5 36.1 at =6

naca2410-il

100,000

9 51.8 at =6

naca2410-il

100,000

naca2410-il

200,000

naca2410-il

200,000

naca2410-il

500,000

naca2410-il

500,000

naca2410-il

1,000,000

naca2410-il

1,000,000

5 49.9 at
=5.25
9 67.3 at
=5.25
5 62 at
=4.25
9 86.3 at
=4.5
5 75.4 at
=3.5
9 98.5 at
=3.75
5 83.7 at
=3.25

Description
Mach=0
Ncrit=9
Mach=0
Ncrit=5
Mach=0
Ncrit=9
Mach=0
Ncrit=5
Mach=0
Ncrit=9
Mach=0
Ncrit=5
Mach=0
Ncrit=9
Mach=0
Ncrit=5
Mach=0
Ncrit=9
Mach=0
Ncrit=5

Ncrit Max Cl/Cd


9 34.3 at
=7.75
5 35.9 at
=6.75
9 52.9 at

Description
Mach=0
Ncrit=9
Mach=0
Ncrit=5
Mach=0

Profil NACA 2411 :

Airfoil
naca2411-il

Reynolds #
50,000

naca2411-il

50,000

naca2411-il

100,000

=6.75
52.2 at
=5.75
71.2 at
=5.75
67.4 at
=5.25
95.6 at =5

naca2411-il

100,000

naca2411-il

200,000

naca2411-il

200,000

naca2411-il

500,000

naca2411-il

500,000

5 86.6 at =4

naca2411-il

1,000,000

naca2411-il

1,000,000

9 113.7 at
=4
5 97.7 at
=4.25

Ncrit=9
Mach=0
Ncrit=5
Mach=0
Ncrit=9
Mach=0
Ncrit=5
Mach=0
Ncrit=9
Mach=0
Ncrit=5
Mach=0
Ncrit=9
Mach=0
Ncrit=5

Profil NACA 0012 :

Reynolds #
Airfoil
naca0012h-sa

50,000

naca0012h-sa

50,000

naca0012h-sa

100,000

naca0012h-sa

100,000

naca0012h-sa

200,000

naca0012h-sa

200,000

naca0012h-sa

500,000

naca0012h-sa

500,000

naca0012h-sa

1,000,000

Ncrit Max Cl/Cd


9 20.3 at
=4.25
5 22.8 at
=6.75
9 28.2 at =6
5 33.5 at
=7.75
9 41.5 at
=7.5
5 46.6 at
=8.5
9 63.7 at =8
5 66.2 at
=9.25
9 82 at
=9.25

Description
Mach=0
Ncrit=9
Mach=0
Ncrit=5
Mach=0
Ncrit=9
Mach=0
Ncrit=5
Mach=0
Ncrit=9
Mach=0
Ncrit=5
Mach=0
Ncrit=9
Mach=0
Ncrit=5
Mach=0
Ncrit=9

naca0012h-sa

1,000,000

5 81.9 at =9

Mach=0
Ncrit=5

Profil NACA 1412 :

Airfoil

Reynolds #

naca1412-il

50,000

naca1412-il

50,000

naca1412-il

100,000

naca1412-il

100,000

naca1412-il

200,000

naca1412-il

200,000

naca1412-il

500,000

naca1412-il

500,000

naca1412-il

1,000,000

naca1412-il

1,000,000

Profil NACA 2412 :

Ncrit Max Cl/Cd


9 29.6 at
=6.25
5 31.2 at
=6
9 44.1 at
=5.75
5 43 at
=5.5
9 57.6 at
=5.25
5 53.3 at
=4.75
9 73.5 at
=5
5 66 at
=5.75
9 83.8 at
=5
5 78.6 at
=8.5

Description
Mach=0 Ncrit=9
Mach=0 Ncrit=5
Mach=0 Ncrit=9
Mach=0 Ncrit=5
Mach=0 Ncrit=9
Mach=0 Ncrit=5
Mach=0 Ncrit=9
Mach=0 Ncrit=5
Mach=0 Ncrit=9
Mach=0 Ncrit=5

Airfoil
naca2412-il

Reynolds #
50,000

naca2412-il

50,000

naca2412-il

100,000

naca2412-il

100,000

naca2412-il

200,000

naca2412-il

200,000

naca2412-il

500,000

naca2412-il

500,000

naca2412-il

1,000,000

naca2412-il

1,000,000

Ncrit Max Cl/Cd


9 32.5 at
=7.25
5 34.6 at
=6.5
9 50 at
=6.75
5 49.4 at
=6
9 66.6 at
=6
5 62.6 at
=5.25
9 87.3 at
=5
5 78.3 at
=4
9 101.4 at
=4.5
5 87 at
=4.5

Description
Mach=0 Ncrit=9

Ncrit Max Cl/Cd


9 33.4 at
=9.75
5 36.1 at
=8.5
9 56.1 at
=8.5
5 57.4 at
=6.75
9 78.1 at

Description
Mach=0 Ncrit=9

Mach=0 Ncrit=5
Mach=0 Ncrit=9
Mach=0 Ncrit=5
Mach=0 Ncrit=9
Mach=0 Ncrit=5
Mach=0 Ncrit=9
Mach=0 Ncrit=5
Mach=0 Ncrit=9
Mach=0 Ncrit=5

Profil NACA 4412 :

Airfoil
naca4412-il

Reynolds #
50,000

naca4412-il

50,000

naca4412-il

100,000

naca4412-il

100,000

naca4412-il

200,000

Mach=0 Ncrit=5
Mach=0 Ncrit=9
Mach=0 Ncrit=5
Mach=0 Ncrit=9

naca4412-il

200,000

naca4412-il

500,000

naca4412-il

500,000

naca4412-il

1,000,000

naca4412-il

1,000,000

=7
76.6 at
=6
107.5 at
=6
101.1 at
=5
129.4 at
=5.25
119.2 at
=4.25

Mach=0 Ncrit=5
Mach=0 Ncrit=9
Mach=0 Ncrit=5
Mach=0 Ncrit=9
Mach=0 Ncrit=5

Profil NACA 6412 :

Airfoil
naca6412-il

Reynolds #
50,000

naca6412-il

50,000

naca6412-il

100,000

naca6412-il

100,000

naca6412-il

200,000

naca6412-il

200,000

naca6412-il

500,000

naca6412-il

500,000

naca6412-il

1,000,000

naca6412-il

1,000,000

c. Profils pais :

Ncrit Max Cl/Cd


9 9.8 at
=3.75
5 29.6 at
=4.25
9 53.1 at
=10.25
5 58.7 at
=6.75
9 80 at
=8.25
5 81.2 at
=6.5
9 114.2 at
=6.25
5 111.3 at
=6.25
9 142.7 at
=5.75
5 136.6 at
=5

Description
Mach=0 Ncrit=9
Mach=0 Ncrit=5
Mach=0 Ncrit=9
Mach=0 Ncrit=5
Mach=0 Ncrit=9
Mach=0 Ncrit=5
Mach=0 Ncrit=9
Mach=0 Ncrit=5
Mach=0 Ncrit=9
Mach=0 Ncrit=5

Profil NACA 2414 :

Airfoil

Reynolds #

n2414-il

50,000

n2414-il

50,000

n2414-il

100,000

n2414-il

100,000

n2414-il

200,000

n2414-il

200,000

n2414-il

500,000

n2414-il

500,000

n2414-il

1,000,000

n2414-il

1,000,000

Ncrit Max Cl/Cd


9 29.2 at
=8.75
5 32.7 at
=7.25
9 47.8 at
=7.5
5 48.1 at
=6.5
9 65.1 at
=6.75
5 62.1 at =6
9 87.6 at
=5.75
5 79.4 at =5
9 103.7 at
=5
5 90 at
=5.75

Description
Mach=0
Ncrit=9
Mach=0
Ncrit=5
Mach=0
Ncrit=9
Mach=0
Ncrit=5
Mach=0
Ncrit=9
Mach=0
Ncrit=5
Mach=0
Ncrit=9
Mach=0
Ncrit=5
Mach=0
Ncrit=9
Mach=0
Ncrit=5

Profil NACA 0015 :

Airfoil
naca0015-il

Reynolds #
50,000

naca0015-il

50,000

Ncrit Max Cl/Cd


9 24.7 at
=6.25
5 26.9 at

Description
Mach=0
Ncrit=9
Mach=0

naca0015-il

100,000

naca0015-il

100,000

naca0015-il

200,000

naca0015-il

200,000

naca0015-il

500,000

naca0015-il

500,000

naca0015-il

1,000,000

naca0015-il

1,000,000

=6.25
9 37.5 at =6
5 37.8 at
=6.25
9 49.6 at
=6.25
5 48.6 at =7
9 66.4 at
=7.5
5 63.2 at
=8.75
9 77.9 at =9
5 75.1 at
=10.25

Ncrit=5
Mach=0
Ncrit=9
Mach=0
Ncrit=5
Mach=0
Ncrit=9
Mach=0
Ncrit=5
Mach=0
Ncrit=9
Mach=0
Ncrit=5
Mach=0
Ncrit=9
Mach=0
Ncrit=5

Profil NACA 2415 :

Airfoil

Reynolds #

Ncrit Max Cl/Cd

naca2415-il

50,000

9 27.4 at =9

naca2415-il

50,000

naca2415-il

100,000

naca2415-il

100,000

naca2415-il

200,000

naca2415-il

200,000

naca2415-il

500,000

naca2415-il

500,000

naca2415-il

1,000,000

5 31.4 at
=7.5
9 46.7 at
=7.75
5 47.2 at
=6.75
9 64.1 at
=6.75
5 61.5 at
=6.25
9 86.3 at
=5.5
5 79.5 at
=5.5
9 102.2 at

Description
Mach=0
Ncrit=9
Mach=0
Ncrit=5
Mach=0
Ncrit=9
Mach=0
Ncrit=5
Mach=0
Ncrit=9
Mach=0
Ncrit=5
Mach=0
Ncrit=9
Mach=0
Ncrit=5
Mach=0

naca2415-il

1,000,000

=5.75
5 88.6 at
=6.25

Ncrit=9
Mach=0
Ncrit=5

Profil NACA 4415 :

Airfoil

Reynolds #

naca4415-il
naca4415-il

50,000
50,000

naca4415-il

100,000

naca4415-il

100,000

naca4415-il

200,000

naca4415-il

200,000

naca4415-il

500,000

naca4415-il

500,000

naca4415-il

1,000,000

naca4415-il

1,000,000

Ncrit Max Cl/Cd

Description

9 7.4 at =9
5 27.4 at
=8.25
9 48.4 at
=9
5 50.7 at
=6.25
9 71.1 at
=6.5
5 68.2 at
=5.75
9 97 at
=5.75
5 90.4 at
=5.5
9 119.4 at
=5.5
5 109.1 at
=4.75

Mach=0 Ncrit=9
Mach=0 Ncrit=5

Ncrit Max Cl/Cd


9 22.1 at
=5.75
5 26.4 at
=6.75
9 37.5 at

Description
Mach=0 Ncrit=9

Mach=0 Ncrit=9
Mach=0 Ncrit=5
Mach=0 Ncrit=9
Mach=0 Ncrit=5
Mach=0 Ncrit=9
Mach=0 Ncrit=5
Mach=0 Ncrit=9
Mach=0 Ncrit=5

Profil 0018 :

Airfoil
naca0018-il

Reynolds #
50,000

naca0018-il

50,000

naca0018-il

100,000

Mach=0 Ncrit=5
Mach=0 Ncrit=9

naca0018-il

100,000

naca0018-il

200,000

naca0018-il

200,000

naca0018-il

500,000

naca0018-il

500,000

naca0018-il

1,000,000

naca0018-il

1,000,000

=6.75
38.1 at
=7
50.1 at
=7
48 at
=8.75
65.8 at
=9.25
61.5 at
=10
77.9 at
=10
73.7 at
=9.5

Mach=0 Ncrit=5
Mach=0 Ncrit=9
Mach=0 Ncrit=5
Mach=0 Ncrit=9
Mach=0 Ncrit=5
Mach=0 Ncrit=9
Mach=0 Ncrit=5

Profil NACA 2418 :


Airfoil

Reynolds #

naca2418-il
naca2418-il

50,000
50,000

naca2418-il

100,000

naca2418-il

100,000

naca2418-il

200,000

naca2418-il

200,000

naca2418-il

500,000

naca2418-il
naca2418-il
naca2418-il

500,000
1,000,000
1,000,000

Profil NACA 4418 :

Ncrit Max Cl/Cd

Description

9 8.6 at =6
5 27.3 at
=7.75

Mach=0 Ncrit=9
Mach=0 Ncrit=5

9 42.9 at
=8.5
5 44 at
=6.75
9 60.8 at
=6.75
5 58.6 at =6

Mach=0 Ncrit=9

9 83.4 at
=6.5
5 75.3 at =7
9 97.1 at =7
5 87.5 at
=7.25

Mach=0 Ncrit=9

Mach=0 Ncrit=5
Mach=0 Ncrit=9
Mach=0 Ncrit=5

Mach=0 Ncrit=5
Mach=0 Ncrit=9
Mach=0 Ncrit=5

Airfoil
naca4418-il

Reynolds #
50,000

naca4418-il

50,000

naca4418-il

100,000

naca4418-il

100,000

naca4418-il
naca4418-il

200,000
200,000

naca4418-il

500,000

naca4418-il
naca4418-il

500,000
1,000,000

naca4418-il

1,000,000

Ncrit Max Cl/Cd


9 5.3 at
=4.75
5 23.1 at
=5.75
9 43.3 at
=10
5 47.7 at
=7.25
9 67 at =7.5
5 65.4 at
=6.5
9 93.3 at
=6.5
5 88 at =6
9 115.8 at
=5.75
5 107.5 at
=5.75

Description
Mach=0 Ncrit=9

Ncrit
9
5
9

Description
Mach=0 Ncrit=9
Mach=0 Ncrit=5
Mach=0 Ncrit=9

Mach=0 Ncrit=5
Mach=0 Ncrit=9
Mach=0 Ncrit=5
Mach=0 Ncrit=9
Mach=0 Ncrit=5
Mach=0 Ncrit=9
Mach=0 Ncrit=5
Mach=0 Ncrit=9
Mach=0 Ncrit=5

Profil NACA 0021 :

Airfoil
naca0021-il
naca0021-il
naca0021-il

Reynolds #
50,000
50,000
100,000

naca0021-il

100,000

naca0021-il

200,000

Max Cl/Cd
19.1 at =5
25.2 at =7
36.6 at
=7.25
5 35.6 at
=8.5
9 48 at

Mach=0 Ncrit=5
Mach=0 Ncrit=9

naca0021-il

200,000

naca0021-il

500,000

naca0021-il

500,000

naca0021-il

1,000,000

naca0021-il

1,000,000

=8.75
43.6 at
=9.5
60.6 at
=10.25
56.8 at
=8.75
74.7 at
=8.5
71 at =9

Mach=0 Ncrit=5
Mach=0 Ncrit=9
Mach=0 Ncrit=5
Mach=0 Ncrit=9
Mach=0 Ncrit=5

Profil NACA 2421 :

Airfoil

Reynolds #

Ncrit Max Cl/Cd

Description

naca2421-il

50,000

9 6.9 at =2

naca2421-il

50,000

5 23.8 at =5 Mach=0 Ncrit=5

naca2421-il

100,000

naca2421-il

100,000

naca2421-il

200,000

naca2421-il

200,000

naca2421-il

500,000

naca2421-il

500,000

naca2421-il

1,000,000

naca2421-il

1,000,000

Profil NACA 4421 :

9 39.5 at
=8.5
5 41.1 at
=6.25
9 57.5 at
=6.5
5 53.3 at
=7.25
9 75.5 at
=7.75
5 67.6 at
=7.5
9 89.5 at
=7.5
5 81.1 at
=6.5

Mach=0 Ncrit=9
Mach=0 Ncrit=9
Mach=0 Ncrit=5
Mach=0 Ncrit=9
Mach=0 Ncrit=5
Mach=0 Ncrit=9
Mach=0 Ncrit=5
Mach=0 Ncrit=9
Mach=0 Ncrit=5

Airfoil

Reynolds #

naca4421-il

50,000

naca4421-il

50,000

naca4421-il

100,000

naca4421-il

100,000

naca4421-il

200,000

naca4421-il

200,000

naca4421-il

500,000

naca4421-il

500,000

naca4421-il
naca4421-il

Ncrit Max Cl/Cd

Description

9 3.6 at
=10.75
5 15.3 at
=2.25
9 36.1 at
=9.75
5 41.9 at
=5.5
9 61.2 at
=7.5
5 58.4 at
=6.5
9 83.3 at
=5.75
5 78.1 at =6

Mach=0 Ncrit=9

1,000,000

9 103.1 at
=5.75

Mach=0 Ncrit=9

1,000,000

5 93.2 at
=5.75

Mach=0 Ncrit=5

Mach=0 Ncrit=5
Mach=0 Ncrit=9
Mach=0 Ncrit=5
Mach=0 Ncrit=9
Mach=0 Ncrit=5
Mach=0 Ncrit=9
Mach=0 Ncrit=5

Profil NACA 0024 :

Airfoil
naca0024-il
naca0024-il
naca0024-il

Reynolds #
50,000
50,000
100,000

Ncrit
9
5
9

Max Cl/Cd
15.4 at =5
21.6 at =8
34.7 at

Description
Mach=0 Ncrit=9
Mach=0 Ncrit=5
Mach=0 Ncrit=9

=8.5
30.6 at
=9.75
43 at =10
37 at
=9.75
52.1 at
=10.25

naca0024-il

100,000

Mach=0 Ncrit=5

naca0024-il
naca0024-il

200,000
200,000

9
5

naca0024-il

500,000

naca0024-il

500,000

Mach=0 Ncrit=5

naca0024-il
naca0024-il

1,000,000
1,000,000

5 50.8 at
=8.75
9 68.8 at =9
5 64.1 at
=9.25

Ncrit Max Cl/Cd


9 1.8 at
=9.75
5 15.6 at
=5.75
9 36.8 at
=6.75
5 33.2 at =8
9 49 at
=8.25
5 40.3 at =9
9 55 at =9.5
5 49.9 at =8
9 65.9 at
=7.25
5 58.3 at
=8.75

Description
Mach=0 Ncrit=9

Mach=0 Ncrit=9
Mach=0 Ncrit=5
Mach=0 Ncrit=9

Mach=0 Ncrit=9
Mach=0 Ncrit=5

Profil NACA 2424 :

Airfoil
naca2424-il

Reynolds #
50,000

naca2424-il

50,000

naca2424-il

100,000

naca2424-il
naca2424-il

100,000
200,000

naca2424-il
naca2424-il
naca2424-il
naca2424-il

200,000
500,000
500,000
1,000,000

naca2424-il

1,000,000

Profil NACA 4424 :

Mach=0 Ncrit=5
Mach=0 Ncrit=9
Mach=0 Ncrit=5
Mach=0 Ncrit=9
Mach=0
Mach=0
Mach=0
Mach=0

Ncrit=5
Ncrit=9
Ncrit=5
Ncrit=9

Mach=0 Ncrit=5

Airfoil
naca4424-il
naca4424-il

Reynolds #
50,000
50,000

naca4424-il

100,000

naca4424-il

100,000

naca4424-il
naca4424-il

200,000
200,000

naca4424-il

500,000

naca4424-il

500,000

naca4424-il

1,000,000

naca4424-il

1,000,000

IV.

Ncrit Max Cl/Cd


9 2 at =9.75
5 8.8 at
=3.75
9 30.8 at
=4.5
5 33.5 at
=5.5
9 53.6 at =6
5 45.9 at
=6.5
9 64.3 at
=6.75
5 55.6 at
=6.5
9 73.6 at
=7.75
5 64.5 at
=7.5

Description
Mach=0 Ncrit=9
Mach=0 Ncrit=5
Mach=0 Ncrit=9
Mach=0 Ncrit=5
Mach=0 Ncrit=9
Mach=0 Ncrit=5
Mach=0 Ncrit=9
Mach=0 Ncrit=5
Mach=0 Ncrit=9
Mach=0 Ncrit=5

Equations des profils :


1. Profil symtrique 00xx :

La demi-paisseur d'un profil NACA 00xx est calcule avec l'quation suivante :

Avec :

c est la longueur de la corde de profil

x est la position le long de la corde variant de 0 c

y est la moiti de l'paisseur pour une valeur donne de x (axe de surface)

t est l'paisseur maximale en tant que fraction de la corde

noter que dans cette quation, au (x / c) = 1 (le bord de fuite du profil),


l'paisseur n'est pas exactement zro. Si un bord de fuite d'paisseur zro est
ncessaire, par exemple pour du calcul informatique, l'un des coefficients doit
tre modifie de telle sorte que leur somme soit gale zro. La modification du
dernier coefficient (-0,1036) se traduira par le plus petit changement de la forme
globale de la surface portante. Le bord d'attaque est peu prs quivalent un
cylindre de rayon :
r= 1.1019 t2
Comme le profil est symtrique, la forme externe du profil est dduite
directement de l'paisseur du profil
xU = xL = x

yU=+y

yL=-yt

Avec :

(xU,yU) : coordonnes de l'extrados

(xL,yL) coordonnes de l'intrados

2. Profil cambr :

Les profils NACA asymtriques les plus simples sont les sries 4 chiffres, qui
utilisent la mme formule que les profils 00xx, symtriques, mais avec une ligne
moyenne courbe. La cambrure moyenne du profil est dfinie en deux sections :

Avec :

m est gal la cambrure maximale (dfinit par le premier des quatre

chiffres)
p est la position de la cambrure maximale (dfinit par le deuxime chiffre)

Pour la forme de l'extrados et de l'intrados, l'paisseur doit tre appliqu


perpendiculairement la ligne de cambrure, les coordonnes (x U,yU) et (xL,yL) ,
sont calcules avec les quations suivantes

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