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STANDARD OPERATING

PROCEDURES

PART B AEROPLANE OPERATING MATTERS

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ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

This ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES is published


under the authorization of the Cambodia Angkor Air, Chief Operation
Officer. Any questions with respect to the use of this manual or
information contained herein should be addressed to:
Flight Operations Department
Cambodia Angkor Air
206A Norodom Blvd, Phnom Penh, Cambodia
Tel: +855.23666787
Fax:+855.23224164
Email: ducna.opr@cambodiaangkorair.com.

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SOP APPENDIX
INTERNAL INSPECTION &
PRELIMINARY COCKPIT
PREPARATION
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PAGE 4A
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PAGE 4D
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FINAL COCKPIT PREPARATION
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APPENDIX
FINAL COCKPIT PREPARATION
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SECTION 3 ABNORMAL
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DEVIATION LIST
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LIST
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EQUIPMENT
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EVACUATION PROCEDURES
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SYSTEMS
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OPERATING PROCEDURES

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TITLE
State Secretariat of Cambodia Aviation
Aircraft
Aircraft

LOCATION

COPY No

PhnomPenh

01 HC

VN-B227

01 HC

VN-B231

01 HC

Safety Quality and Security Division

PhnomPenh

01 CD

Technical Division

PhnomPenh

01 CD

Flight & Cabin Crew Department

PhnomPenh

01 CD

Flight Operation Department

PhnomPenh

01 HC

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OPERATING PROCEDURES

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ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

SECTION 0
INTRODUCTION

ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

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OPERATING PROCEDURES

INTRODUCTION

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0.1

INTRODUCTION

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0.1.1

Manual Policy

0.1/P1

0.1.2

General Aircraft Information

0.1/P1

INTRODUCTION

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OPERATING PROCEDURES

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INTRODUCTION
ATR-72 STANDARD
OPERATING PROCEDURES

0.1

INTRODUCTION

0.1.1

Manual Policy
This ATR-72 Standard Operating Procedures Manual conforms to
the CCAR manual format for Aeroplane Operating Matters Type
Related.
This manual contains the Company ATR-72 Standard Operating
Procedures and additional Company information and procedures
that are to be used in conjunction with the ATR-72 Flight Crew
Operating Manuals Volumes 1, 2 and 3 and the Quick Reference
Handbook.
In the interests of standardisation these Standard Operating
Procedures do not duplicate, except where considered necessary,
information available in the ATR-72 Flight Crew Operating
Manuals.
Amendment and revision of this manual shall be in accordance with
Company Policy and Administration Manual, Chapter 0.2. It is the
responsibility of all manual holders and offices holding copies of
the manual to update them when revisions or bulletins are received,
in accordance with the instructions included in the revision or
bulletin.

0.1.2

General Aircraft Information

0.1.2.1

Units of Measurement
Company operations are based upon the use of metric units of
measurement.

0.1.2.2

Abbreviations
Refer ATR-72 Flight Crew Operating Manual Volume 1 for a
listing of standard abbreviations.

0.1.2.3

Aircraft Dimensions
Refer ATR-72 Flight Crew Operating Manual Volume 1, 1.00.10
for aircraft dimensions.

0.1.2.4

Conversion Tables
Refer Company Policy and Administration Manual, Chapter 0.1,
page 21 for conversion tables.

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INTRODUCTION
ATR-72 STANDARD
OPERATING PROCEDURES

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OPERATING PROCEDURES

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SECTION 1
LIMITATIONS

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LIMITATIONS

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1.1

LIMITATIONS

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1.1.1

General

1.1/P1

1.1.2

Passenger Configuration

1.1/P1

1.1.3

Mass and Centre of Gravity

1.1/P1

1.1.4

Speed and Weight Limitations

1.1/P1

1.1.5

Performance Limitations

1.1/P1

LIMITATIONS

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LIMITATIONS
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1.1

LIMITATIONS

1.1.1

General
Refer ATR-72 Flight Crew Operating Manual, Chapter 2.01 for applicable
limitations.

1.1.2

Passenger Configuration
The aircraft seating capacity is 68 passengers in an all economy class configuration.

1.1.3

Mass and Centre of Gravity


Refer Part B Section 9 Mass and Balance

1.1.4

Speed and Weight Limitations

1.1.4.1

General
Refer ATR-72 Flight Crew Operating Manual, Chapter 2.01 for applicable speed
and weight limitations.

1.1.4.2

Crosswind Limitations
Company crosswind limitations are as follows:
Runway Width (m)

Dry Runway (Kt)

Wet Runway (Kt)

45

30

25

30

25

15

Maximum cross wind 20 kts must be applied when aircraft stopping


capability is degraded (ground spoiler and/or one brake is inoperative).
Maximum cross wind 20 kts must be applied and visibility is degraded
(RVR is 400 m or less).

Friction coeficient
0.4 and above

1.1.5

Breaking Action
Good

Crosswind component(kt)
Apply above mentioned table

0.39 -0.36

Good/medium

15

0.35 -0.30

Medium

15

0.29 -0.26

Medium/poor

10

0.25 -0.10

Poor

Performance Limitations
Refer Part B Section 4 Performance and Runway Analysis Manual

1.1/P2

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OPERATING PROCEDURES

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NORMAL PROCEDURES

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2.1

OPERATING POLICY

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2.1.1

General

2.1/P1

2.1.2

Crew Coordination Concept (CCC)

2.1/P1

2.1.3

Checklists

2.1/P4

2.1.4

Task Sharing

2.1/P5

2.1.5

Standard Calls

2.1/P7

2.1.6

Briefings

2.1/P14

2.2

PRE-DEPARTURE

2.2/P1

2.2.1

Departure Clearance

2.2/P1

2.2.2

Flap Selection for Takeoff

2.2/P1

2.2.3

Takeoff Data

2.2/P1

2.2.4

First Officer Takeoff and Landing

2.2/P2

2.3

TAXI OUT

2.3/P1

2.3.1

ATC Clearance

2.3/P1

2.4

TAKEOFF

2.4/P1

2.4.1

Takeoff Minima

2.4/P1

2.4.2

Monitoring During Takeoff

2.4/P1

2.5

AFTER TAKEOFF

2.5/P1

2.5.1

Clean Up and Thrust Reduction Altitudes

2.5/P1

2.5.2

Maximum Angle of Bank

2.5/P1

2.5.3

Turns after Takeoff

2.5/P1

2.5.4

Departure Terrain Awareness

2.5/P1

2.5.5

Autopilot Engagement

2.5/P1

2.5.6

Fight Mode Annunciation (FMA) Mode Changes

2.5/P1

2.5.7

Flight in Turbulence

2.5/P2

2.5.8

Fuel Management

2.5/P2

NORMAL PROCEDURES

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2.6

CRUISE FLIGHT AND DESCENT

2.6/P1

2.6.1

Cruise Flight

2.6/P1

2.6.2

Descent

2.6/P2

2.7

APPROACH AND LANDING

2.7/P1

2.7.1

General

2.7/P1

2.7.2

Deceleration Sequence

2.7/P1

2.7.3

CAT I ILS Procedure

2.7/P2

2.7.4

Non-Precision Approach

2.7/P3

2.7.5

Turns onto Final Approach

2.7/P4

2.7.6

Stabilised Approach Requirements

2.7/P4

2.7.7

Mandatory Missed Approach

2.7/P5

2.7.8

Monitoring During Approach

2.7/P6

2.7.9

Aiming Point

2.7/P6

2.7.10

Crosswind Landing

2.7/P6

2.7.11

Heavy Landing

2.7/P6

ATR-72 SOP APPENDIX

NORMAL PROCEDURES

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OPERATING POLICY

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2.1
2.1.1

OPERATING POLICY
General
It is Company policy to operate the ATR-72 aircraft in accordance with the
applicable ATR Flight Crew Operating Manuals and Quick Reference Handbook.
The standard operating procedures outlined in this section are to be applied in
conjunction with the procedures detailed in the ATR Flight Crew Operating
Manuals.
The following sets out the abbreviations used in this manual for the assignment of
flight crew duties:
(a)

CM 1 - Refers to the flight crew member in the left hand seat;

(b)

CM 2 - Refers to the flight crew member in the right hand seat;

(c)

PF Refers to the pilot flying; and

(d)

PNF Refers to the pilot not flying.

At the end of this Section there is a Standard Operating Procedures Appendix that
provides a summary of standard operating procedures for the ATR-72.
To improve the service life on duplicated systems, system 1 should be used when
operating on odd number days and system 2 when operating on even number days.
2.1.2
2.1.2.1

Crew Coordination Concept (CCC)


General
Standard operating procedures have been established to ensure that flight deck
operations are conducted in a safe and efficient manner. It is essential that flight
deck crew members are fully aware of the procedures outlined in this section and
that they are adhered to in normal and emergency/abnormal operations.
Standard Operating Procedures are designed to be:
(a)

Simple;

(b)

Similar;

(c)

Self-explanatory; and

(d)

Safe

NORMAL PROCEDURES

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OPERATING POLICY

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To apply Standard Operating Procedures in a modern two crew aircraft, a


coordinated effort must be made to fully utilize the available technology and is
called - Crew-Coordination-Concept (CCC)
2.1.2.2

Purpose
The purpose of the Crew Coordination Concept (CCC) is to ensure the full
leadership/responsibility of the Pilot-in-Command (PIC) regardless of whether
he/she is the PF or the PNF.
Tasks between PF and PNF must be shared such that the PF is able to pay full
attention to flight manipulation and that both pilots work as a team to provide
mutual supervision, information and assistance.

2.1.2.3

Subdivision of CCC
CCC is generally subdivided into the following:
(a)

Operation of Flight Deck Switches and/or Levers


(i)

If a switch or lever can only to be reached by ONE CM, then this


CM shall only operate it;

(ii)

If a switch or lever is to be reached by both CMs, the CM who is


assigned, as the PNF shall operate such switch or lever;

(iii)

Once a CM is responsible for the operation of a particular switch


or lever he shall continue to be responsible for its operation under
all normal operation conditions. This procedure shall only be
altered if the workload under a specific condition becomes too high
for the actions of the normally scheduled CM;

(iv)

The PIC can at any time give a command to the other CM to


transfer the responsibility for a certain action to that crewmember
for a limited action.

NORMAL PROCEDURES

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OPERATING POLICY

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(b)

Communications
Communication between CMs must be systematic and standardized and is
divided into the following three categories:
(i)

Call-outs
Call-outs are necessary for:

(ii)

The transferring of information;

Acknowledgment of a certain situation; and

Checking for any incapacitation

Announcements
CMs must provide announcements if deviation(s) from normal are
experienced. These announcements serve the purpose of alerting
the CM responsible for the deviation(s) from normal that a
corrective action must be carried out (e.g. a below glide slope
announcement should result in a corrective action to decrease the
rate of descent).
There must be a response to any announcement from the addressed
CM. If there is no response the announcement shall be repeated. If
there is still no response from the addressed CM this CM has to be
considered incapacitated and control shall be taken by the other
CM using the call out I have control.

(iii)

Commands
A command is an order given to change the aircrafts configuration
such as flap setting, power setting and landing gear position. After
a command is received, the addressed CM (the PNF) must
acknowledge the actions required by the command and report the
status of the new configuration. As a final confirmation the CM
giving the command must confirm the new configuration. For
example:
1.

Command

PF:

FLAPS 15

2.

Acknowledgment

PNF:

FLAPS 15 selected

3.

Report

PNF:

FLAPS 15 set

4.

Confirm

PF:

Check

NORMAL PROCEDURES

2.1/P4

OPERATING POLICY

Rev 00
15 Jul 09

ATR-72 STANDARD
OPERATING PROCEDURES

2.1.3

Checklists

2.1.3.1

General
The normal checklist is used to make sure that the aircraft is safely prepared for the
next flight phase. It serves to verify actions already performed and shall be used as
a DO-AND-READ list.
Individual checklists for the particular phase of flight are kept as short as possible
and include all safety and other necessary items. The checklist items generally
follow the panel scan sequence.
Individual checklists should be read in their entirety and should not be interrupted.
If interruption cannot be avoided the complete particular checklist must be re-read
from its beginning.

2.1.3.2

Requesting a Checklist
Prior to requesting a checklist, PF (on ground always CM 1) shall ensure:
(a)

That the other CM is at their station;

(b)

That all required panel scan actions have been completed.

The PF can then request the appropriate checklist by announcing XXXXX


Checklist
2.1.3.3

Reading a Checklist
All checklists are read by PNF (on ground always CM 2).
Reading shall start with the complete checklist title. Only the left side of the print is
to be read. The reader shall verify that the answers comply with the right side of the
print before proceeding.
Upon completion of the checklist the PNF shall announce XXXXX Checklist
completed

2.1.3.4

Responding to a Checklist
For each item one or both CMs are assigned to respond. Assignment depends on
role (PF/PNF) or seat location (CM 1/CM 2) and is printed behind each checklist. If
more than one CM is assigned, the response sequence is PF first followed by the
PNF. The assigned CM shall only respond after having checked the existing
configuration/condition. The other CM shall, whenever feasible, crosscheck the
validity of the response to provide redundancy.

NORMAL PROCEDURES

2.1/P5

OPERATING POLICY

Rev 00
15 Jul 09

ATR-72 STANDARD
OPERATING PROCEDURES

2.1.3.5

Deviations from Standard


If the actual configuration/condition is inadvertently not in accordance with the
checklist standard, corrective action shall be initiated before proceeding.
If the actual configuration/condition is purposely not in accordance with the
checklist standard (e.g. abnormal operation or MEL procedure) the response must
be modified to reflect the actual situation. Any such deviation(s) from the standard
position must be fully understood by all CMs.

2.1.4

Task Sharing

2.1.4.1

General
Normal procedures describe actions that are necessary for the routine operation of
the aircraft. While the sequence of procedures follows the natural phases of flight
the sequence of actions in a procedure normally follows the standardized scan of
panels or equipment except in the case where out of sequence priority actions are
required.
All actions of a procedure are either required to operate the aircraft safely in the
related phase of flight or to prepare the aircraft for the following phase of flight.
Each action is assigned to a specific crewmember to ensure coordinated operation.
Basic principle during preparation is the Lights Out Concept.
For all procedures the general task sharing stated below is applicable and assumes
that the PF remains as the pilot flying throughout the procedure:
(a)

PF Responsibilities
(i)

PLs

(ii)

Flight path and airspeed control

(iii)

Aircraft configuration

(iv)

Navigation

NORMAL PROCEDURES

2.1/P6

OPERATING POLICY

Rev 00
15 Jul 09

ATR-72 STANDARD
OPERATING PROCEDURES

(b)

2.1.4.2

PNF Responsibilities
(i)

Reading of the checklist

(ii)

Execution of required actions

(iii)

Actions on the overhead panel

(iv)

Communications

Principles of Normal Checklist Application


Normal cockpit scan patterns are first performed by memory rather than by direct
reference to the checklist.
There are two versions of the Final Cockpit Preparation checklist:
(a)

Complete Procedure Checklist


This checklist is used for the first flight of the day, after any routine
maintenance, if the aircraft has been left unattended by qualified personnel,
if the previous crew completed the Leaving Aircraft Procedure or if there
is any doubt about the status of the aircraft.

(b)

Transition Procedure Checklist


This checklist follows the same scan pattern as the Complete Procedure but
omits system functionality checks that are not required and is used in
during transit stops or a series of flights.

NORMAL PROCEDURES

2.1/P7

OPERATING POLICY

Rev 00
15 Jul 09

ATR-72 STANDARD
OPERATING PROCEDURES

2.1.5

Standard Calls

2.1.5.1

General
Standard calls are an established method of ensuring that the flight deck crew
operates as a team and that both pilots are "in the loop" at all times. Standard calls
are also an essential method of ensuring that undetected subtle incapacitation does
not occur, particularly during critical stages of flight.

2.1.5.2

Takeoff
Condition

Positive climb indicated on VSI


and altimeter after lift off.
2.1.5.3

Response
PNF

PF

Positive Climb

Gear Up

Climb and/or Descent


Condition

Response
PNF

PF

1,000 feet to go

Check

Transition altitude during climb:

Transition altitude
___Flight level
(Call out deviation)

_____Flight level
now

Transition level during descent.

Transition level
___Feet (Call out
deviation)

_____Feet now

10,000 FT/FL100 during climb


or descent.

Crossing 10,000 or
FL100

Checked

1,000 FT to any assigned or


limiting altitude or until
established inbound on an
instrument approach.

NORMAL PROCEDURES

2.1/P8

OPERATING POLICY

Rev 00
15 Jul 09

ATR-72 STANDARD
OPERATING PROCEDURES

2.1.5.4

Visual Approach
Condition

When radio altitude displays at


2,500 FT
When cleared for a visual
approach:

Response
PNF

PF

Radio altitude
alive

Checked

Missed approach
feet set

Checked

Five hundred
stable or
Five hundred
unstable________(
name of deviation)

Checked continue
or Correcting____
(name of deviation)

Go-around

Going around

The altitude selector should be


set to 1,500 FT once
commencing final approach.
500 FT AGL

If deviation not corrected after


two announcements.
100 FT

One hundred
Eighty
Sixty
Forty
Twenty
Ten

NORMAL PROCEDURES

2.1/P9

OPERATING POLICY

Rev 00
15 Jul 09

ATR-72 STANDARD
OPERATING PROCEDURES

2.1.5.5

CAT I ILS Manual or Autopilot Approach


Condition

Response
PNF

PF

Radio altitude
alive

Checked

LOC* displayed

Loc star

Checked

Set runway heading

Checked

Runway
heading___set

When radio altitude displays at


2,500 FT

GS* displayed
Missed approach altitude set on
ADU
Passing Outer Marker or
Locator.
1,000 FT AGL

If deviation not corrected after


two announcements.

Glide slope star

Checked

Checked

Missed approach
altitude_____feet set

Final altitude
checked

Checked_____feet

One thousand stable Checked continue or


or
Correcting____
One thousand
(name of deviation)
unstable_________
(name of deviation)
Go-around

Going around

500 FT above minima

Five hundred to
minimum

Checked

100 FT above minima.

One hundred to
minimum

Checked

At minimum.

Minimum

If visual contact established.

Landing

If no visual contact.
At minimums No response
from PF
Positive climb indicated on VSI
and altimeter.

Go-around
I have control____
State intentions
Positive climb

Gear up

NORMAL PROCEDURES

2.1/P10

OPERATING POLICY

Rev 00
15 Jul 09

ATR-72 STANDARD
OPERATING PROCEDURES

Condition

Response
PNF

100 FT

One hundred
Eighty
Sixty
Forty
Twenty
Ten

PF

NORMAL PROCEDURES

2.1/P11

OPERATING POLICY

Rev 00
15 Jul 09

ATR-72 STANDARD
OPERATING PROCEDURES

2.1.5.6

Non Precision Approach Manual or Autopilot


CONDITION

RESPONSE
PNF

PF

Timing

Timing__minutes

ALT* (Step down altitude)

ALT star

Checked

ALT HOLD

ALT hold

Checked

Setting of next step down


altitude

Checked

Pre-set
altitude____feet

Radio altitude alive

Checked

Time ____out
My side set

Final
course____set

FAF/FAP

Final approach fix

Checked
Timing__minutes
(if required)

Established on final descent

Rate of
descent____feet per
minute set

Checked

1,000 FT AGL

One thousand
stable or
One thousand
unstable________(n
ame of deviation)

Checked continue
or Correcting____
(name of deviation)

Go-around

Going around

500 FT above MDA

Five hundred to
MDA

Checked

100 FT above MDA

One hundred to
MDA

Checked

Over station outbound

When radio altitude displays at


2,500 FT
Inbound turn

If deviation not corrected after


two announcements.

NORMAL PROCEDURES

2.1/P12

OPERATING POLICY

Rev 00
15 Jul 09

ATR-72 STANDARD
OPERATING PROCEDURES

CONDITION

RESPONSE
PNF

At MAP.

Minimum

If visual contact established.

Landing

If no visual contact.
At MAP No response from
PF
Positive climb indicated on VSI
and altimeter.
100 FT

PF

Go-around
I have control____
State intentions
Positive climb
One hundred
Fifty
Forty
Thirty
Twenty
Ten

Gear up

NORMAL PROCEDURES

2.1/P13

OPERATING POLICY

Rev 00
15 Jul 09

ATR-72 STANDARD
OPERATING PROCEDURES

2.1.5.7

Out of Tolerance Calls


CONDITION

RESPONSE
PNF

PF

Localiser

Check

Glideslope

Check

VOR approach:
Course bar deviation exceeds
dot.

Track

Check

NDB/Locator approach:
Track outside +/- 5 degrees.

Track

Check

Below 500 feet with airspeed


+10/-0 knots from required
speed.

Speed

Check

Sink rate

Check

Localiser:
When localiser deviation
exceeds one dot.
Glideslope:
When glideslope deviation
exceeds one dot.

Below 500 feet with rate of sink


in excess of 1,000 feet per
minute.

The PNF should continue to repeat the appropriate call(s) until it is obvious that the
PF has corrected the deviation and the flight path is returning to within tolerance.

NORMAL PROCEDURES

2.1/P14

OPERATING POLICY

Rev 00
15 Jul 09

ATR-72 STANDARD
OPERATING PROCEDURES

2.1.6

Briefings

2.1.6.1

General
In order to ensure a safe, efficient and coordinated operation, briefings must be
conducted as defined below. Briefings should be concise and only address
important safety items. Prolonged briefings with unnecessary secondary
information should be avoided.

2.1.6.2

Pre-Flight
(a)

Flight Deck Crew and Cabin Crew Briefing


Prior to the first flight with new crew members or at a crew change the
Commander is responsible to assemble together and brief other flight deck
crew members, the Purser and all cabin crew on the following:
(i)

Information relating to the flight such as flight time, cruise altitude,


en-route and destination weather conditions and any other pertinent
information;

(ii)

Any additional security measures (if applicable) for the flight(s);

(iii)

Other relevant information.

The Purser in turn is to advise the Commander on any special passengers


such as deportees, stretcher case, etc.
At transit stops with the same cabin crew the Commander should brief the
Purser only on the information relating to the next flight sector and the
Purser should in turn advise the Commander of any non-standard
information.
(b)

Flight Deck Technical Log Briefing


Prior to the first flight on a particular aircraft the Commander must review
the Technical Log and brief the First Officer on any MEL or ADD items, if
applicable.

NORMAL PROCEDURES

2.1/P15

OPERATING POLICY

Rev 00
15 Jul 09

ATR-72 STANDARD
OPERATING PROCEDURES

(c)

Pre-Takeoff Briefing
Prior to takeoff the Commander or PF will ensure that all flight deck crew
members are briefed on the procedures to be followed in the event of an
emergency. A full briefing covering the items detailed in Standard
Emergency Briefing below should be given on a flight deck crews first
flight at the commencement of a tour of duty. On subsequent takeoffs with
the same crew items (i), (ii), (iii) and (v) below should be covered. The
term standard emergency procedures can be used to cover item (iv).
Standard Emergency Briefing
(i)

Runway to be used including any weather considerations such as


wet runway, possible windshear, cross-wind, etc;

(ii)

Obstacle information, if applicable;

(iii)

Normal departure procedure including the anticipated departure


track (SID), MSA considerations, radio aid settings and transition
altitude;

(iv)

Emergency procedure including:


Up to 70 Kt takeoff may be rejected for less significant
malfunctions;
Between 70 Kt and V1 a rejected takeoff should only be conducted
in the event of an engine failure (identified by at least two
instruments), fire warning and/or severe damage or any
malfunction or condition where there are unambiguous indications
that the aircraft will not fly safely.
Note:

Either pilot may call STOP. However, in all cases


the rejected takeoff procedure shall be carried out by
the pilot in the left hand seat.

No action will be taken up to acceleration altitude, except in the


case of an engine flame out when the PNF must confirm
Engine 1 or 2 (as applicable) Up trim and Auto
feather;(confirm manually if necessary) ,or engine fire when
memory items must be execute immediately above an 400ft AGL.

NORMAL PROCEDURES

2.1/P16

OPERATING POLICY

Rev 00
15 Jul 09

ATR-72 STANDARD
OPERATING PROCEDURES

(v)
(d)

2.1.6.3

Acceleration altitude

Single engine procedure

Checklist sequence

Any other additional information.

Jumpseat/Observer Briefing
A briefing is to give to any approved observers traveling in the jumpseat
and it is the PICs responsibility to ensure that this is completed. The
briefing may be given by either pilot and is to include safety equipment
located in the cockpit and the procedures for the observer to adhere to in
the event of an emergency. The briefing is to include in the cockpit and
how to use the cockpit overhead emergency exit.

Approach
Prior to commencement of descent the PF must brief the PNF on the salient points
of the arrival including STAR (if applicable) and the instrument approach. An
instrument approach briefing should include the following:
(a)

Chart number and runway;

(b)

Chart date;

(c)

Transition level;

(d)

MSA;

(e)

Initial approach altitude and holding procedures including holding pattern


entry, minimum altitude, time/distance limits, wind corrections;

(f)

Altitude at outer marker, locator or any limiting altitude on the approach;

(g)

Minimum altitude and visibility including radio altimeter setting (if


applicable);

(h)

Field/touch down elevation;

(i)

Missed approach procedure and if applicable, circling altitude and


anticipated manoeuvring;

(j)

Glideslope and VASI angle;

(k)

Runway length and condition.

The briefing should also include the Vref setting and the wind and gust additive.

NORMAL PROCEDURES

2.1/P17

OPERATING POLICY

Rev 00
15 Jul 09

ATR-72 STANDARD
OPERATING PROCEDURES

2.1.6.4

Post Flight
Following a flight or the last flight in a series of flights the Commander should
assemble the flight deck crew and the cabin crew to:

2.1.7

(a)

Conduct a review of the flight(s) including a review of any matters


applicable for inclusion in the Captains or the Pursers Report; and

(b)

Complete and agree the crew duty and rest time data sheet.

Automation of the flight


The automation for the task can be followed by AP or manually.
(a)

With HDG mode (Heading)

(b) With NAV mode ( Radial, Localizer, LNAV)


(c)

With APP mode (ILS approach)

The AFCS and any automation task have to be monitored by:


(a)

Cross-checking the status with other sources

(b) Observing the result of any change


(c)

Supervising the resulting guidance and aircraft performance

NORMAL PROCEDURES

2.1/P18

OPERATING POLICY

Rev 00
15 Jul 09

ATR-72 STANDARD
OPERATING PROCEDURES

INTENTIONAL BLANK PAGE

NORMAL PROCEDURES

2.2/P1

PRE-DEPARTURE

Rev 00
15 Jul 09

ATR-72 STANDARD
OPERATING PROCEDURES

2.2

PRE-DEPARTURE

2.2.1

Departure Clearance
Both pilots must be in the flight deck for the receipt of the ATC clearance.
The clearance must be recorded on the computer flight plan adjacent to the
route line.
After ATC clearance has been received both pilots must be absolutely
certain that the clearance is understood before "read back" to ATC.
The review of the clearance must be conducted in the following manner,
assuming expected SID or departure tracking has already been entered into
the GNSS;

2.2.2

(a)

The First Officer will read the clearance while the Commander will
observe the GNSS to ensure compatibility with the actual ATC
clearance received;

(b)

If the comparison between the ATC clearance and the data in the
GNSS are different the Commander will re-program the GNSS for
the clearance received;

(c)

The Commander will set the MCP altitude selector to the initial
cleared altitude, which is to be cross checked by the First Officer;

(d)

The Commander will set the HDG select to the required initial
after takeoff heading.

Flap Selection for Takeoff


The standard Company flap setting for takeoff is Flaps 15.

2.2.3

Takeoff Data
Takeoff performance should be calculated in accordance with the
following:
(a)

Reference the RTOW charts to obtain the maximum takeoff weight


for the airport at the actual temperature and enter this as the
MTOW on the takeoff data card. The Commander shall inform the
Station Manager or Load Controller of the MTOW;

(b)

On the takeoff data card, note whether takeoff will be conducted as


a bleeds ON or bleeds OFF takeoff, in accordance with the
departure temperature and wind conditions;

NORMAL PROCEDURES

2.2/P2

PRE-DEPARTURE

Rev 00
15 Jul 09

ATR-72 STANDARD
OPERATING PROCEDURES

2.2.4

(c)

Once the load sheet has been received, cross checked and signed
by the Commander the First Officer shall obtain the takeoff speeds
for that particular weight from the QRH and enter on the takeoff
data card;

(d)

The First Officer should read out the V1, VR and V2 speeds which
shall be set and cross checked;

(e)

The F/O shall enter the zero fuel weight (ZFW) on the GNSS
performance page which shall be cross checked by the
Commander.

First Officer Takeoff and Landing


Commanders are approved, at their discretion, to give First Officers
takeoffs and landings with the exception that initial command
Commanders must complete a minimum of 50 hours or 10 landings, which
ever occurs first, before giving First Officers takeoffs or landings.
Prior to giving a First Officer a takeoff or landing the Commander should
assess the existing conditions and the First Officer's experience; both total
and recent. If there are any doubts the Commander must conduct the
takeoff or landing.
During takeoff and landing the Commander must always be in a position
to take over control of the aircraft with feet lightly on the rudder pedals,
one hand adjacent to the control column and the other hand adjacent to the
thrust levers.
In the event of an engine failure after V1, the First Officer should continue
to fly the aircraft until the Commander, at his discretion, takes over
control. Such take over, if required, should not take place before the
landing gear has been selected up.
Any transfer of control should be clearly understood between both pilots
with the Commander (CM1) stating "I have control" or You have control
and the First Officer (CM2) responding with the words "You have control"
or I have control.

NORMAL PROCEDURES
TAXI
ATR-72 STANDARD
OPERATING PROCEDURES

2.3

TAXI

2.3.1

ATC Clearance

2.3/P1
Rev 00
15 Jul 09

Prior to takeoff the PF will brief the PNF on the salient points of the
ATC clearance. If the ATC clearance has not been obtained prior to
taxi it should be reviewed in accordance with 2.2.1 Departure
Clearance.
2.3.2

Taxi consideration
(a) Taxi operations must be conducted by the pilot in the left hand
seat
(b) Maintain outside vigilance during taxi
(c) PM will advise taxi route by airport diagram.
(d) In case of captain incapacipitation, the first officer requests to
tow the aircraft to parking bay.

NORMAL PROCEDURES
TAXI
ATR-72 STANDARD
OPERATING PROCEDURES

INTENTIONAL BLANK PAGE

2.3/P2
Rev 00
15 Jul 09

NORMAL PROCEDURES

2.4/P1

TAKEOFF

Rev 00
15 Jul 09

ATR-72 STANDARD
OPERATING PROCEDURES

2.4

TAKEOFF

2.4.1

Takeoff Minimum
Takeoff minima are not less than the minima specified in the Jeppesen
chart 10-9.
The lowest authorised takeoff minima for the ATR-72 aircraft is 400 m
provided the runway is equipped with operational runway edge lighting
operational and the runway centreline markings are clearly visible.
Note: The Commander is solely responsible for ensuring the applicable
takeoff minima exists when conducting reduced visibility takeoffs.
The visibility minima must be available at the threshold and in the
lift-off zone. Where visibility information is not available for the
lift-off zone, the latter is deemed to be between 1,300 m and 1,500
m from the threshold.

2.4.2

Monitoring During Takeoff


The PF must observe his/her airspeed during takeoff with the "V1" and
"Rotate" calls from the PNF serving as backup only.
During all instrument takeoffs the PNF must positively monitor flight
instruments to at least 500 FT and alert the PF if tolerances are being
exceeded.

NORMAL PROCEDURES

2.4/P2

TAKEOFF

Rev 00
15 Jul 09

ATR-72 STANDARD
OPERATING PROCEDURES

INTENTIONAL BLANK PAGE

NORMAL PROCEDURES

2.5/P1

AFTER TAKEOFF

Rev 00
15 Jul 09

ATR-72 STANDARD
OPERATING PROCEDURES

2.5

AFTER TAKEOFF

2.5.1

Clean Up and Thrust Reduction Altitudes


It is required that thrust reduction, flap retract and clean up heights as
promulgated in the Flight Crew Operating Manual or Runway Analysis
Manual be adhered to.
Subject to published exceptions, 800 FT (AGL) should be used as the
standard thrust reduction altitude.

2.5.2

Maximum Angle of Bank


Twenty-five degrees is the normal angle of bank with a maximum of thirty
degrees that must be closely monitored, particularly during instrument
flight.

2.5.3

Turns after Takeoff


Turns after takeoff at altitudes below 500 FT (AGL), except for noise
abatement procedures, are to be avoided. An appropriate cockpit PA
announcement should be made advising passengers when such a turn is
necessary.

2.5.4

Departure Terrain Awareness


On all IMC departures, without a published SID, speed should be held at
normal climb speed as published in the Flight Crew Operating Manual,
unless in icing conditions. In icing conditions, the speed shall be red bug
speed for that particular weight, until reaching the Minimum Sector
Altitude (MSA) the Minimum Off-route Altitude (MORA) or the
Minimum En-route Altitude (MEA). Pilots must always assess departure
terrain and at some airports it may be necessary to climb in the circuit area
to set heading over the top at the MSA, MORA or MEA, as applicable.

2.5.5

Autopilot Engagement
The PF must advise the PNF when the autopilot is engaged and the
selected active modes.
Note: Autopilot is not to be engaged below 100 FT (AGL).

2.5.6

Fight Mode Annunciation (FMA) Mode Changes


During any flight phase any change in FMA annunciation must be called
by the pilot first observing this change.

ATR-72 STANDARD
OPERATING PROCEDURES

2.5.7

NORMAL PROCEDURES

2.5/P2

AFTER TAKEOFF

Rev 00
15 Jul 09

Flight in Turbulence
Refer Flight Crew Operating Manual, Chapter 2.01.03 for turbulence
penetration speed.

2.5.8

Fuel Management
At any time that the configuration of the fuel system is changed from
normal operation, e.g. Cross-feeding, both pilots are to be aware of the
changed configuration and an estimated time calculated and recorded to
return the fuel system to normal operation.

NORMAL PROCEDURES

2.6/P1

CRUISE FLIGHT AND DESCENT

Rev 00
15 Jul 09

ATR-72 STANDARD
OPERATING PROCEDURES

2.6

CRUISE FLIGHT AND DESCENT

2.6.1

Cruise Flight

2.6.1.1

Flight Level Check


On reaching initial cruise flight level (and any subsequent amended flight
level) the crew must conduct a positive check between the altimeters and
the flight level displayed in the altitude alert window.

2.6.1.2

Oxygen Masks
Both crew members must wear oxygen masks with the diluter demand
regulator in the NORMAL position at all times while the cabin altitude
exceeds 10,000 FT.

2.6.1.3

En-Route Weather Monitoring


Pilots shall regularly monitor the weather reports of suitable en-route
alternates, the destination and the destination alternate(s).

2.6.2

Descent

2.6.2.1

Arrival Procedures
In IMC or VMC (day or night) on a track without a published STAR, the
aircraft must maintain the MEA, MORA or MSA, as applicable, until
commencement of the instrument approach procedure. Under VMC (day
or night) the aircraft should complete the appropriate instrument approach
procedure except at airports where it is safe to conduct a visual approach
once the aircraft is within the relevant circling area.
Under radar vectoring the aircraft may be assigned altitudes below the
MEA, MORA or MSA. Under these circumstances pilots must continue to
remain aware of terrain clearance requirements.

2.6.2.2

Rate of descent at lower heights


At the lower altitudes the rates of descent are restricted as:
Bellow 3.000ft..

3.000ft/min or less

Bellow 2.000 ft

2.000ft/min or less

Bellow 1.000ft.1.000ft/min or less

NORMAL PROCEDURES

2.6/P2

CRUISE FLIGHT AND DESCENT

Rev 00
15 Jul 09

ATR-72 STANDARD
OPERATING PROCEDURES

INTENTIONAL BLANK PAGE

NORMAL PROCEDURES

2.7/P 1

APPROACH AND LANDING

Rev 00
15 Jul 09

ATR-72 STANDARD
OPERATING PROCEDURES

2.7
2.7.1

APPROACH AND LANDING


General
In preparation for any instrument approach the briefing requirements as set out in
2.6.3 and the Standard Calls, including the Out of Tolerance Calls, as set out in
2.1.5 apply.
Whenever weather conditions are such that an instrument approach is necessary the
autopilot(s) should be engaged to fly the approach.
Operations are permitted to CAT I minima all engines or one engine out, with or
without the autopilot and/or flight director engaged.
First Officers are not permitted to operate as the PF during an instrument approach
where the reported landing minima are below 200 FT and visibility is less than 800
m, or 550 m RVR.
In the event of an engine out go-around following an instrument approach the level
off altitude listed for the takeoff on the particular runway should be used as the
acceleration altitude.

2.7.2

Deceleration Sequence

2.7.2.1

IMC Approach Deceleration Sequence


Commence deceleration on glide slope (30) and:
Maintain IAS=240 Kt

2.7.2.2

(a)

At 180 Kt extend flaps 15;

(b)

At 170 Kt select landing gear down;

(c)

At 150 Kt select flaps 30;

(d)

Adjust speed to Vapp - Vapp + 10 Kt not later than 1,000 FT (AGL).

VMC Approach Deceleration Sequence


Maintain a 30 descent path with IAS=240 Kt, retard PL to FI at altitude = (IAS x
10), adjusted for head or tailwind, and:
(a)

At 180 Kt extend flaps 15;

(b)

At 170 Kt select landing gear down;

(c)

At 150 Kt select flaps 30;

(d)

Adjust speed to Vapp - Vapp + 10 Kt not later than 500 FT (AGL).

ATR-72 STANDARD
OPERATING PROCEDURES

2.7.3

NORMAL PROCEDURES

2.7/P2

APPROACH AND LANDING

Rev 00
15 Jul 09

CAT I ILS Procedure


During the briefing for the approach the DH should be set, for reference only, to the
CAT I minimum.
The PF will nominate whether the approach will be conducted as a manual or
autopilot approach.
The aircraft should be configured for the ILS approach in accordance with the
Normal Procedures detailed in the ATR-72 Flight Crew Operating Manual.
The PNF must primarily monitor flight instruments throughout the approach and
provide the appropriate standard calls.
The PF must primarily monitor flight instruments until after the 500 feet to
minimum call. After this call the PF should expand instrument scan to include
outside visual cues.
The PNF should call visual any time visual reference is established above the
minimum.
At the minimum call by the PNF the PF should assess outside conditions and
declare either landing or go-around as the case may be.
The landing call at the minimum by the PF must be based upon the observation of
the approach lights, runway lights, runway or touchdown zone lights and that the
approach can be continued in visual conditions on the normal approach profile to a
safe landing.
After the landing call, by the PF the PNF MUST maintain concentration on the
flight instruments in order to monitor the glideslope and localiser for the remainder
of the approach.
If the PF calls go-around at the minimum, or if visual contact is lost after the
minimum, an immediate go-around in accordance with the Normal Procedures
detailed in the ATR-72 Flight Crew Operating Manual must be conducted.

ATR-72 STANDARD
OPERATING PROCEDURES

2.7.4

Non Precision Approach

2.7.4.1

Procedure

NORMAL PROCEDURES

2.7/P3

APPROACH AND LANDING

Rev 00
15 Jul 09

During the briefing for the approach the applicable minimum should noted on the
Landing Data Pad. The DH should be set to zero for non-precision approaches.
The PF will nominate whether the approach will be conducted as a manual or
autopilot approach.
The aircraft should be configured for the non-precision approach in accordance
with the Normal Procedures detailed in the ATR-72 Flight Crew Operating Manual.
The final segment of a non-precision approach should be flown at a constant
descent profile.
The PNF must primarily monitor flight instruments throughout the approach and
provide the appropriate standard calls.
The PF must primarily monitor flight instruments until the 500 feet to minimum
call. After this call the PF should expand instrument scan to include outside visual
cues.
The PNF should call visual any time visual reference is established above the
minimum.
At the minimum call by the PNF the PF should assess outside conditions and
declare either landing or go-around as the case may be.
The landing call at the minimum by the PF must be based upon the observation of
the approach lights, runway lights, runway or touchdown zone lights and that the
approach can be continued in visual conditions on the normal approach profile to a
safe landing.
After the landing call, by the PF the PNF MUST continue to maintain
concentration on the flight instruments to monitor the remainder of the approach.
If the PF calls go-around, at the minimum, or if visual contact is lost after the
minimum, an immediate go-around in accordance with the Normal Procedures
detailed in the ATR-72 Flight Crew Operating Manual.

NORMAL PROCEDURES

2.7/P4

APPROACH AND LANDING

Rev 00
15 Jul 09

ATR-72 STANDARD
OPERATING PROCEDURES

2.7.4.2

Circling Approach
The aircraft should be configured for the circling approach in accordance with the
procedures detailed in the ATR-72 Flight Crew Operating Manual.
During a circling approach the PNF must primarily monitor the flight instruments
and alert the PF to any out of tolerance manoeuvring.

2.7.5

Turns onto Final Approach


Turns on to final approach are to be made by at least 800 FT AGL (except for a
circling approach when the minimum altitude is 500 FT AGL).

2.7.6

Stabilised Approach Requirements


Any significant deviation from the planned flight path, airspeed, or descent rate
must be announced.
The decision to execute a go-around is no indication of poor performance.
Note:

Do not attempt a landing from an unstable approach.

All approaches must be stabilised by 1,000 FT above airport elevation in IMC and
500 FT above airport elevation in VMC.
An approach is considered stabilised when all of the following criteria are met:
(a)

The aircraft is on the correct flight path;

(b)

Only small changes of heading/pitch are required to maintain the correct


flight path;

(c)

The aircraft speed is not more than Vref + 20 Kt IAS and not less than
Vref;

(d)

The aircraft is in the correct landing configuration;

(e)

Rate of descent is no greater than 1,000 feet per minute (if an approach
requires a rate of descent greater than 1,000 feet per minute a special
briefing should be conducted);

(f)

Power setting is appropriate for the aircraft configuration;

(g)

All briefings and checklists have been completed.

NORMAL PROCEDURES

2.7/P5

APPROACH AND LANDING

Rev 00
15 Jul 09

ATR-72 STANDARD
OPERATING PROCEDURES

Specific types of approaches are stabilised if they also meet the following
additional criteria:
(a)

ILS approaches should be flown within one (1) dot of the glideslope and
localizer;

(b)

During a circling approach wings should be level on final when the aircraft
reaches 300 feet above airport elevation.

Note:

An approach that becomes unstabilised below 1,000 FT above airport


elevation in IMC or below 500 feet above airport elevation in VMC
requires an immediate go-around.

The above criteria should be maintained through the rest of the approach for it to be
considered a stabilised approach. If the above criteria cannot be established and
maintained at and below 500 FT above airport elevation an immediate go-around
should be initiated.
At 100 FT above airport elevation for all visual approaches the aircraft should be
positioned so that the flight deck is within, and tracking so as to remain within, the
lateral confines of the runways extended centre-line.
As the aircraft crosses the threshold it should be:
(a)

Stabilised on target airspeed to within 10 Kt until arresting descent rate at


flare;

(b)

On a stabilised flight path using normal manoeuvring;

(c)

Positioned to make a normal landing in the touch down zone.

If the above criteria cannot be maintained a go-around should be initiated.


2.7.7

Mandatory Missed Approach


On all instrument approaches execute an immediate missed approach if any of the
following occurs:
(a)

A navigation radio aid or flight instrument failure occurs that affects the
ability to safely complete the approach in instrument conditions;

(b)

When on ILS final approach in IMC and either the localiser and/or
glideslope indicator shows full deflection;

(c)

When the navigation instruments show significant disagreement and visual


contact with the runway has not been established;

NORMAL PROCEDURES

2.7/P6

APPROACH AND LANDING

Rev 00
15 Jul 09

ATR-72 STANDARD
OPERATING PROCEDURES

2.7.8

(d)

On a radar approach radio communication is lost;

(e)

On reaching the minima the required visual contact is not established.

Monitoring During Approach


On all approaches the PNF must monitor airspeed and rate of descent, particularly
below 500 FT and call if either is outside tolerance.
In adverse conditions the PNF should call height, airspeed and rate of descent each
100 FT below 500 FT.

2.7.9

Aiming Point
An aiming point of 300 m should be used.

2.7.10

Crosswind Landing
Prior to landing in crosswind conditions consideration must be given to the
following factors:
(a)

Cross wind limitations;


Note:

Any crosswind corrections (e.g. for a wet or slippery runway)


must be applied to the steady state wind speed.

(b)

Runway length;

(c)

Runway width;

(d)

Runway conditions;

(e)

Wind gust factor;

(f)

Expected turbulence on approach;

(g)

Correct crosswind landing technique.

The PF must be prepared to conduct a go around if the aircraft is not positioned for
a safe landing.
2.7.11

Heavy Landing:
A heavy landing whether above or below the structural landing weight limit must
be reported in the Technical Log with all relevant information such as actual
weight, sink rate, touch down forces etc.

2.7.12

Minimum Fuel expected for Landing


When the minimum fuel quantity of 320 kgs or equipvalent of 30 is expected upon
crossing the threhold of the arrival/alternate airport, the PIC must declare an
emergency using appropriate terminology and file a report immediately upon
landing.

ATR72
FINAL COCKPIT PREPARATION

GROUND PHASE EVENT


Starting engine 2 in HOTEL mode should be
postponed until the all passengers are on board
(with GPU and Ground A/C) or 10 min before if
ground A/C is not available (with or without GPU)
Both pilots on their stations and cleared by ground staff
to start engine number 2 in Hotel Mode.

CM 1
- Command Start engine number 2 in hotel
mode

- Monitor starting
- When NH increases announce NH rising or
No NH

CM 2
-

Parking brake ON
Check FU value at zero
Check EEC 2 FAULT light extinguished
Check PWRMGT is in TO position
Check PROP/BRAKE is ON
Service door closed
Select fuel PUMP ENG 2 to RUN
Select start rotary selector to START A
or START B (according to day). If any
malfunction use START A & B
- Check right side clear and announce
Right side clear
- Announce Starting engine number 2
- Select START 2, check ON light
illuminates and announce Starter on
- *Monitor NH and announce Check.
When NH passes 10%, advance CL 2 to
FTR
*Passing from FUEL SO to FTR is
recommended between 10%-19% and
when ITT>200C
Command Timing

- Start timing and respond Timing

ATR-72 SOPs

15 Jul 09 - REV 00

FINAL COCKPIT PREPARATION PAGE 1

GROUND PHASE EVENT


Engine number 2 in hotel mode(continued)

CM 1
- When fuel flow increases announce Fuel flow
rising or No fuel flow
- When ITT rising announce ITT rising or No
ITT
- When positive oil pressure indicated announce
Oil pressure rising or No oil pressure

- Check start light extinguished and announce


Starter light off or Starter light not off
- Stop timing

Ground power unit disconnection

- Check DC GEN 2 on line and BTC NORM


illuminates
- Request ground staff to Disconnect GPU

ATR-72 SOPs

15 Jul 09 - REV 00

CM 2
- Monitor and respond Checked
- Monitor and respond Checked
- Monitor and respond Checked
- When NH passing 45% announce NH 45
- Check ITT drop and engine number 2 idle
parameters stabilized and announce ITT
drop. Stable
- Select start rotary selector to OFF &
START ABORT

- Release EXT PWR switch and verify DC


GEN 2 on line and BTC NORM
illuminates
- Select ENG 2 BLEED to ON
- Select EMERG light to ON
- Conduct engine number 1 fire test
- Conduct CVR test
- Select oxygen MAIN SUPPLY to ON
- Select FDU RESET

FINAL COCKPIT PREPARATION PAGE 2

GROUND PHASE EVENT


Load sheet on board

Takeoff briefing:
PF takeoff briefing to include:

Read takeoff data card

Any red light before V1, Captain will stop


aircraft

Any failure after V1, takeoff will continue. No


action EXCEPT in case of engine flame out
when gear up, up-trim and auto-feather must
be confirmed; and in case of eng fire the
memory items must be done immediately
above 400ft AGL.

Acceleration altitude is ..

Single engine procedure is...


Final cockpit preparation checklist

CM 1
- Load sheet check and sign

CM 2

- Set takeoff data bugs

- Load sheet copy received


- Takeoff Data Card file
- Set takeoff data bugs

- PF gives takeoff briefing

- PF gives takeoff briefing

- Command Final cockpit preparation checklist


RESPONSE:
- Prop brake, no smoking, seat belts on

READ:
- Memo panel

- Three on board

- Gear pins and covers

- ___kilograms checked

- Fuel quantity

- Left side set

- Takeoff data bugs


- Right side set

ATR-72 SOPs

15 Jul 09 - REV 00

FINAL COCKPIT PREPARATION

PAGE 3

GROUND PHASE EVENT

CM 1

CM 2
- Trims

- ____Set
- Altimeters
- ___set (cross check)

- ___set (cross check)


- Landing elevation

- ___set
- COM/NAV
- ______Set
- Engine test
- Performed
- Parking brake
- Set/PRESS CHK
- Takeoff briefing
- Completed
Ground air-conditioning truck disconnected and
clear of aircraft

- Checked
* Request from ground staff to start engine number
2 in Hotel Mode (Refer page 1).
* Can be done before receipt of load sheet

- Announce Final cockpit preparation


checklist completed
- Start engine number 2 in Hotel Mode (Refer
page 1)

Passengers on board:
Purser to inform We have ___passengers, tail
prop on board, may I close the door?

- Check passenger number agrees with load sheet


and if correct command Close the door

Start, or push back and start clearance

- Command Request start clearance or


Request push back and start

ATR-72 SOPs

15 Jul 09 - REV 00

- Request start, or push back and start


clearance from ATC
FINAL COCKPIT PREPARATION-PAGE 4

GROUND PHASE EVENT


Push back procedure:

Ground: Ground to cockpit

CM 1
-

- Call ground:
Cockpit to ground
Ready for push back and start

Ground: Parking brake release

Ground: Commencing push back

Release of PROP BRAKE


Ground: Clear to release prop brake

CM 2

Select NOSE WEEL STEERING to OFF

- Release parking brake


Parking brake released
-

Select DC AUX PUMP to ON


Check DOOR lights extinguished
Select BEACON to ON
Check PROP BRAKE green light illuminates
Command Check right side

- Check right side area clear and announce


Right side clear

- After request from ground staff Release prop


brake
- Announce Releasing number 2
- Set PROP BRAKE to OFF, check red UNLK
light and both blue Lights extinguished (On both
MEMO and overhead panel)
- Select flap lever to 15 position
- Select ANTI SKID test (All 4 lights F should
Illuminate and then extinguish)
- Set RADAR to STBY
ATR-72 SOPs

15 Jul 09 - REV 00

FINAL COCKPIT PREPARATION-PAGE 4a

GROUND PHASE EVENT


Start engine number 1

Ground: Clear to start engine No.1

CM 1
- Request ground engineer for permission to start
engine number 1: Request to start
Engine No.1
- Check EEC 1 FAULT light extinguished
- Select fuel PUMP ENG 1 to RUN
- Select start rotary selector to START A or
START B (according to day). if any malfunction
use START A & B
- Check left side clear and announce Left side
clear
- Announce Starting engine number 1
- Select START 1, check ON light illuminates and
announce Starter on
- *Monitor NH and respond Check. When NH
passes 10%, advance CL 1 to FTR
* Passing from FUEL SO to FTR is
recommended Between 10%-19% and when
ITT>200C

CM 2

- Monitor starting
- When NH increases announce NH Rising
or No NH

- Command Timing
- Start timing and respond Timing

- Monitor and respond Checked


- Monitor and respond Checked
- Monitor and respond Checked
ATR-72 SOPs

15 Jul 09 - REV 00

- When fuel flow increases announce Fuel


flow rising or No fuel flow
- When ITT rising announce ITT rising or
No ITT
- When positive oil pressure indicated announce
Oil pressure rising or No oil pressure
FINAL COCKPIT PREPARATION-PAGE 4b

GROUND PHASE EVENT

CM 1
- When NH passing 45% announce NH 45

When push back completed


Ground: Parking brake ON

Ground staff disconnect interphone, remove


chocks and stand on the side of aircraft and show
the nose gear PIN. Disconnecting

ATR-72 SOPs

- Check ITT drop and engine number 1 idle


parameters stabilized and announce ITT drop.
Stable
- Select start rotary selector to OFF & START
ABORT
Set parking brake ON
Announce: Parking brake ON
Set Nose Wheel Steering ON
Check NP >14% and stable
CL 2 then CL 1 to AUTO (or MAX RPM ATR72 200)
- Check both SGL CH lights illuminate and then
extinguish and announce SGL channel
- Check both LO PITCH lights illuminate and
announce Low pitch
- Check ACW BUS TIE (after CL2)
- Check ACWILD ELEC PWR panel on line and
hydraulic pressure
- Select Windshield HTG to ON
- Select Anti-icing as RQD
- Announce to ground staff You may
disconnect

CM 2
- Check start light extinguished and announce
Starter light off or Starter light not
off
- Stop timing

- Announce Testing radar. Test radar and set to


STBY mode

15 Jul 09 - REV 00

- Check both SGL CH lights illuminate and


then extinguish and respond Checked
- Check both LO PITCH lights illuminate and
respond Checked

- Respond Checked

FINAL COCKPIT PREPARATION-PAGE 4c

GROUND PHASE EVENT


Push back procedure
At TAN SON NHAT AIRPORT ONLY

CM 1
-

CM 2

Select NOSE WEEL STEERING to OFF

- Call ground:
Cockpit to ground
Ground: Ground to cockpit
Ground: Parking brake release

Ready for push back and start


- Release parking brake
Parking brake released

Ground: Commencing push back

When push back completed


Ground: Parking brake on

ATR-72 SOPs

- Set Parking brake


-Announce: Parking brake on
-Set Nose wheel steering ON

15 Jul 09 - REV 00

FINAL COCKPIT PREPARATION-PAGE 4d

GROUND PHASE EVENT


Release of PROP BRAKE:
1. ( Without push back procedure)
or
2. (After push back procedure, when push back
car disconnect at TAN SON NHAT airport
ONLY)

ATR-72 SOPs

CM 1
-

Select DC AUX PUMP to ON


Check DOOR lights extinguished
Select BEACON to ON
Check PROP BRAKE green light illuminates
Command Check right side

CM 2

- Check right side area clear and announce


Right side clear

- After request from ground staff to Release prop


brake
- Announce Releasing number 2
- Set PROP BRAKE to OFF, check red UNLK
light and both blue Lights extinguished (On both
MEMO and overhead panel)
- Select flap lever to 15 position
- Select ANTI SKID test (All 4 lights F should
Illuminate and then extinguish)
- Set RADAR to STBY

15 Jul 09 - REV 00

FINAL COCKPIT PREPARATION-PAGE 5

GROUND PHASE EVENT


Start engine number 1

CM 1
- Request ground engineer for permission to start
engine number 1:
- Check EEC 1 FAULT light extinguished
- Select fuel PUMP ENG 1 to RUN
- Select start rotary selector to START A or
START B (according to day). if any malfunction
use START A & B
- Check left side clear and announce Left side
clear
- Announce Starting engine number 1
- Select START 1, check ON light illuminates and
announce Starter on
- *Monitor NH and respond Check. When NH
passes 10%, advance CL 1 to FTR
* Passing from FUEL SO to FTR is
recommended Between 10%-19% and when
ITT>200C
- Command Timing

- Monitor and respond Checked


- Monitor and respond Checked

CM 2

- Monitor starting
- When NH increases announce NH Rising
or No NH

- Start timing and respond Timing


- When fuel flow increases announce Fuel
flow rising or No fuel flow
- When ITT rising announce ITT rising or
No ITT
- When positive oil pressure indicated announce
Oil pressure rising or No oil pressure

- Monitor and respond Checked


ATR-72 SOPs

15 Jul 09 - REV 00

FINAL COCKPIT PREPARATION-PAGE 6

GROUND PHASE EVENT

CM 1
- When NH passing 45% announce NH 45
- Check ITT drop and engine number 1 idle
parameters stabilized and announce ITT drop.
Stable
- Select start rotary selector to OFF & START
ABORT
- Check NP >14% and stable
- CL 2 then CL 1 to AUTO (or MAX RPM ATR72 200)
- Check both SGL CH lights illuminate and then
extinguish and announce SGL channel
- Check both LO PITCH lights illuminate and
announce Low pitch
- Check ACW BUS TIE (after CL2)
- Check ACW ELEC PWR panel on line and
hydraulic pressure, 3 x 3000psi
- Select Windshield HTG to ON
- Select Anti-icing as RQD

Ground staff disconnect interphone, remove


chocks and stand on LEFT side of aircraft

- Check start light extinguished and


announce Starter light off or Starter
light not off
- Stop timing

- Check both SGL CH lights illuminate and


then extinguish and respond Checked
- Check both LO PITCH lights illuminate and
respond Checked

- Announce to ground staff You may


disconnect
- Announce Testing radar. Test radar and set to
STBY mode

ATR-72 SOPs

CM 2

15 Jul 09 - REV 00

- Respond Checked

FINAL COCKPIT PREPARATION-PAGE 7

GROUND PHASE EVENT


Before taxi checklist

CM 1

CM 2

- Command Before taxi checklist


READ:
RESPONSE:
- Tail prop
- Removed and on-board
- Cockpit door
- Locked
- Doors
- Closed
- Beacon
- On
- Prop brake
- Released
- Windshield HTG
- On
- Anti-icing
- ON or OFF (As RQD)
- CLs
- Auto or Max RPM
- Flaps
- 15/15
- Antiskid
- Tested
- Radar
- Tested and standby
- Announce Before taxi checklist
completed

- Checked

ATR-72 SOPs

15 Jul 09 - REV 00

FINAL COCKPIT PREPARATION-PAGE 8

GROUND PHASE EVENT

CM 1

CM 2

Before taxi checklist completed

- Command Request taxi clearance

- Request taxi clearance from ATC

Taxi clearance obtained

- Obtain taxi release from ground staff


- Check left side clear and announce Left side
clear. Check right side

- Check right side clear and announce


Right side clear

Taxi

- Taxi & TO light select to ON


- Conduct normal brake check
- Conduct emergency brake check and announce
Left side brake checked. Check right side

- Conduct normal brake check and announce


Right side brake checked
- Receive ATC clearance

ATC clearance obtained


PF departure briefing to include:

- PF reviews key points from ATC clearance and if


necessary reviews the takeoff briefing

- PF reviews key points from ATC clearance


and if necessary reviews the takeoff
briefing

Departure clearance is..


FL.
Squawk

ATR-72 SOPs

15 Jul 09 - REV 00

FINAL COCKPIT PREPARATION-PAGE 9

GROUND PHASE EVENT


Taxi checklist

CM 1

CM 2

- Command Taxi checklist


READ:
RESPONSE:
- Taxi & TO lights
- ON
- Brakes
- Checked
- Cockpit com hatch
- Closed
- AFCS
- _______Set
- Takeoff configuration
- Tested
- Departure briefing
- Completed
- Announce Taxi checklist completed
- Checked

Purser report to Captain Cabin ready for takeoff

ATR-72 SOPs

- Receive Purser report

15 Jul 09 - REV 00

FINAL COCKPIT PREPARATION-PAGE10

GROUND PHASE EVENT


Before takeoff actions Line up and wait

CM 1
- Command Before takeoff actions
- Check left spoiler by looking outside and announce
Left spoiler up

- Check spoiler light panel and announce Light on


- Check full rudder travel to the left then to the right
and announce Rudder checked
- Set rudder CAM (Rudder pedals centered and brief
action on rudder trim)
- Line up runway HDG and check lateral FD bars
centered
- Select radar as required

PA announcement

ATR-72 SOPs

15 Jul 09 - REV 00

CM 2
- Release gust lock and announce Flight control
check
- Turn control wheel to full forward and to the
left
- Check spoiler light panel and announce Light
on
- Turn control wheel to full forward and to the
right
- Check right spoiler by looking outside and
announce Right spoiler up
- Pull control wheel without any bank input fully
backwards and release to the neutral position
- Select ENG 1 BLEED and ENG 2 BLEED as
required with FLOW to NORM
- Select Probe HTG to ON
- Select start rotary selector CONT RELIGHT as
RQD
- Select LAND L, LAND R, TAXI & TO and
STROBE lights ON
- Press TO INHI on CCAS
- Select transponder to ALT
- Select TCAS to AUTO
- Make PA announcement Cabin crew be
seated for takeoff
- Announce Before takeoff actions completed

FINAL COCKPIT PREPARATION-PAGE11

GROUND PHASE EVENT


Before takeoff checklist

CM 1

CM 2

- Command Before takeoff checklist


READ:
RESPONSE:
- Gust lock
- Released
- Flight controls Right side checked
- Left side checked

- Bleed valves
- Air flow

- ON or OFF (As RQD)


- Probe HTG
- Normal
- Continuous relight
- ON
- External lights
- ON or OFF (As RQD)
- CCAS
- ON
- Radar
- Takeoff inhibit
- Transponder
- Standby or On (As RQD)
- Rudder
- ALT
- TCAS
- Centered and CAM
- FD bars
- AUTO
- Centered
ATR-72 SOPs

15 Jul 09 - REV 00

FINAL COCKPIT PREPARATION-PAGE12

GROUND PHASE EVENT

CM 1

Before takeoff checklist (continued)


- Completed

- Announce Before takeoff checklist


completed

- Checked
Takeoff clearance

Takeoff run

CM 2
- PA

- Receive takeoff clearance and announce


Cleared for takeoff. Wind
_____0/______knots
- Announce Takeoff, timing, flight control left or
right
- Advance PLs to notch position and announce
Notch

- Select clock to RUN and CHR


- Hold control column forward and into
wind
- Check ATPCS ARM light illuminates and
announce ATPCS arm
- Check FDAU bars on RTO value
- Check engine parameters TQ, NP, ITT,
NH oil and announce Power set
- Continue to scan airspeed and engine
instruments throughout takeoff and
announce Engine instruments checked
normal
- Announce Seventy knots

At 70 Kt
Note: If CM2 is PF takeoff power is set by CM1.
CM1must keep his/her hands on the PLs until
reaching V1 in order to be ready to retard the
PLs in the case of an aborted takeoff
ATR-72 SOPs

- Release nose wheel steering and announce I have


control or You have control (CM2 as PF)

15 Jul 09 - REV 00

- Confirm You have control or I have


control (CM2 as PF)

FINAL COCKPIT PREPARATION-PAGE13

FLIGHT PHASE EVENT

PF

PNF

V1

- Check speed
- Release hand from PLs

- Announce V1

VR

- Check speed
- Rotate aircraft

- Announce Rotate

Positive climb established on VSI


- Command Gear up
- Command Yaw damper on
- Check no lights on LDG GEAR panel and respond
Checked
- Command Taxi light off
Acceleration altitude
- Command Speed to white bug or Speed to red
bug (icing conditions)
- Check selected speed on ADU and respond
Checked
Speed at white or red bug speed
- Check ASI speed and command Flaps zero
- Check flap indicator shows 00 and respond
Checked
ATR-72 SOPs

15 Jul 09 - REV 00

- Announce Positive climb


- Select gear lever to the UP position and
announce Gear up selected
- Engage yaw damper and announce Yaw
damper on
- Check no lights on LDG GEAR panel and
announce Gear up set
- Select TAXI & TO light OFF and
announce Taxi light off
- Announce Acceleration altitude
- Increase IAS to white or red bug speed (as
applicable) and announce White bug
speed set or Red bug speed set (as
applicable)
- Announce White bug or Red bug (as
applicable)
- Select flap lever to 00 and announce Flaps
zero selected
- Check flap indicator shows 00 and
announce Flaps zero set
FINAL COCKPIT PREPARATION-PAGE14

FLIGHT PHASE EVENT

PF

Climb sequence

- Command Climb sequence

Climb

- Command Speed 170 knots or White bug


(obstacle clearance) or Red bug (icing
conditions)
- Check selected speed on ADU and respond
Checked

After takeoff checklist

- Command After takeoff checklist

PNF
- Set PWR MGT to CLB
- Retard CLs to 86%
- Select ENG BLEED 1 and ENG BLEED 2
to ON (if not already selected ON prior to
takeoff)
- Select start rotary selector as required and
announce Climb sequence completed
- Select speed as requested and announce
170 knots set or White bug set or
Red bug set

READ:
RESPONSE:

- Landing gear

- Up

- Taxi light

- Off

- Power management and condition


levers

- Climb auto or Climb 86%


- Flaps
- Zero, zero
ATR-72 SOPs

15 Jul 09 - REV 00

FINAL COCKPIT PREPARATION-PAGE15

FLIGHT PHASE EVENT

PF

PNF

After takeoff checklist (continued)

- Bleed valves
- On
- Continuous relight
- ON or OFF (As RQD)
- Announce After takeoff checklist
completed to altimeters

- Checked
- At 5,000 FT select SEAT BELTS sign OFF to
signal cabin crew that cabin service activities can be
commenced. If not possible to select the SEAT
BELTS sign OFF due turbulence advise Purser by
interphone to remain seated or can commence
service with the SEAT BELTS sign ON
Transition altitude
- Set QNE (29.92/1013) and cross check and
announce _____Flight level, now

10,000 FT or FL100

- Check crossing 10,000 FT or FL100 and


command Landing lights off
- Check landing lights off and respond

After takeoff checklist (continued)


RESPONSE:
- Set QNH 29.92/1013
- Checked

ATR-72 SOPs

15 Jul 09 - REV 00

Checked

- Announce Transition altitude


- Set QNE (29.92/1013) and cross check.
Announce _____Flight level (call out
deviation)
- Announce Crossing ten thousand or
Crossing flight level 100
- Select landing lights off and announce
Landing lights off
READ:
- Altimeters
- Memo panel
FINAL COCKPIT PREPARATION-PAGE 16

FLIGHT PHASE EVENT

PF

PNF
- LAND lt

- OFF

- Announce After takeoff checklist


completed

- Checked
1,000 FT to any assigned altitude or flight level
(climb or descent)
Level off (climb or descent)

- Announce One thousand to go


- Check EADI with amber light ON and respond
Checked
- Check ALT* on ADU illuminates and respond
Checked
- Check ALT HOLD illuminates on ADU and
respond Checked

- Set speed inner bug and respond Checked

- Check ALT* illuminates on ADU and


announce ALT star
- Check ALT HOLD illuminates on ADU and
announce Altitude hold
- Check SAT, compute delta ISA and cruise
parameters. Announce Cruise target
speed____knots
- Set speed inner bug
- Announce Cruise target TQ___%, set
- Set TQ bug to target %

- Check TQ bug set to target % and respond


Checked
At target speed

ATR-72 SOPs

- Select PWR MGT to CRZ and command Power


management to cruise

15 Jul 09 - REV 00

- Check PWR MGT to CRZ and respond


Checked

FINAL COCKPIT PREPARATION-PAGE 17

FLIGHT PHASE EVENT


Cruise checklist

PF
- Command Cruise checklist
RESPONSE:

- Power management

- OFF or ON (as required)

- Seat belts

- Observed
- If entering icing conditions:
Select anti-ice ON
Set CLs to AUTO/ 82% (ATR-72-500)
Set CLs to Set 86%
Set CLs to AUTO/ 86% (ATR-72-500PEC)
MIN icing speed observed

- Flight conditions

- Compute top of descent


-

Approach briefing to include:

TOD, weather and runway information

Read Landing Data card details

Brief in accordance with 2.2.1

ATR-72 SOPs

READ:

- Cruise

- Checked
Descent preparation

PNF

Set speed bugs


* DA (DH) set
Set NAVAIDS
GA TQ bugs set (100%)

- Transfer monitoring flight path


- Make Approach briefing
* The DH is only to be set for precision approach
for reference only
15 Jul 09 - REV 00

- Announce Cruise checklist completed

- Obtain airport landing information (ATIS or


ATC) and complete Landing Data card
- Set speed bugs
- * DA (DH) set
- Set NAVAIDS
- Monitoring flight path (navigate)
- Confirm briefing
* The DH is only to be set for precision
approach for reference only

FINAL COCKPIT PREPARATION-PAGE 18

FLIGHT PHASE EVENT

PF

Top of descent

- Command Request descent

Descent clearance obtained

Select cleared FL/Altitude on ADU


Select calculated rate of descent on ADU
Select RCL on CCAS
SEAT BELTS sign ON (PIC only)

PA announcement
Descent checklist

PNF
- Request descent clearance

- Make PA announcement Cabin crew


prepare for landing
- Command Descent checklist
READ:
RESPOND:
- CCAS
- Recall
- Landing data Right side set
- _______Left side set
- GA TQ bugs
- ______%Set
- Seat belts
- On
- PA
- Completed
- Approach briefing
- Completed
- Announce Descent checklist complete
- Checked

ATR-72 SOPs

15 Jul 09 - REV 00

FINAL COCKPIT PREPARATION-PAGE 19

FLIGHT PHASE EVENT


Descent path

PF

10,000 FT or FL100
- Check crossing 10,000 FT or FL100 and command
Ldg lts ON, Cont relight ON or OFF (As
RQD)
- Check LAND L and LAND R LIGHTS ON
- Check CONT relight ON or OFF and response:
- Checked
Transition level or when cleared to an altitude by
ATC

Approach checklist (after setting QNH)

PNF

- Maintain 30 path whenever possible

- Set QNH and cross check and respond ____feet,


now

- Announce Crossing ten thousand or


Crossing flight level 100
- Select LAND L and LAND R lights ON
- Select CONT relight as RQD(ATR72-200)
and announce Ldg lights ON and Cont
relight ON or OFF
- Announce Transition level
- Set QNH and cross check. Announce
____feet (call out deviation)

- Command Approach checklist


READ:
RESPONSE:
- Landing Lights (bellow FL 100)
- On
- Altimeters
- QNH____set. Cross checked
- Cabin altitude/ELEVATION
- Checked
- Icing angle of attack light (speed versus)
- Checked on or off

ATR-72 SOPs

15 Jul 09 - REV 00

FINAL COCKPIT PREPARATION-PAGE 20

FLIGHT PHASE EVENT

PF

Approach checklist (continued)


- ON or OFF (As RQD)
- Checked
Radar vectoring

PRECISION APPROACH:
When clearance for approach, or last heading to
intercept final course is received:
Both left and right VLF selected: PF on ILS
PNF on VOR frequency. ADFs selected to OM
frequency and audio selector panel MKR switch
selected ON
When radio altimeter displays at 2,500 FT
LOC*

GS*

ATR-72 SOPs

PNF
- Continuous relight

- Select assigned altitude(s) and heading(s) on ADU


and announce Altitude____set and/or Heading
_____set
- Select APP mode on ADU and check LOC and GS
armed, announce Approach mode armed

- Announce Approach checklist complete


- Confirm ADU settings and respond
Checked

- Check APP mode on ADU and respond


Checked
- Crosscheck NAV settings

- Crosscheck NAV settings


- Announce Radio altitude alive
- Check and respond Checked

- Check LOC* on ADU and EHSI and


announce Loc star

- Check LOC* on ADU and EHSI and respond


Checked
- Select runway heading and announce Runway
heading____set
- Select second VLF on ILS frequency

- Check runway heading and respond


Checked

Check GS* on ADU and EHSI and respond


Checked
- Select missed approach altitude on ADU and
announce Missed approach ____feet set
15 Jul 09 - REV 00

- Check GS* on ADU and EHSI and announce


Glide slope star
- Check missed approach altitude and respond
Checked
FINAL COCKPIT PREPARATION-PAGE21

FLIGHT PHASE EVENT

PF

FAF
- Cross check altitude and respond
Checked_____feet
Altitude 1,800 FT (AGL) and IAS not above 180
Kt

- PL retard to FI position and command Flaps


15

- Check flap indicator shows 150 and respond


Checked
Speed 170 Kt

- Command Gear down

PNF
- Cross check altitude and announce Final
altitude checked

- Check IAS not above 180 Kt and announce


Speed checked
- Select flap lever to 150 position and announce
Flaps 15 selected
- Check flap indicator shows 150 and announce
Flaps 15 set
- Check IAS not above 170 Kt and announce
Speed checked
- Select gear lever to the DOWN position and
announce Landing gear down selected
- Set PWR MGT to MCT(3s) then TO
- Select TAXI & TO light to ON
- Check start rotary selector CONT RELIGHT
AS RQD
- Check CL 1 and CL 2 to AUTO-100% or MAX
RPM-100%
- Check landing gear down with three green
lights and announce Landing gear down,
three green on

- Check landing gear down with three green lights


and respond Checked
ATR-72 SOPs

15 Jul 09 - REV 00

FINAL COCKPIT PREPARATION-PAGE 22

FLIGHT PHASE EVENT


Speed 150 Kt

PF
- Command Flaps 30

- Check flap indicator shows 300 and respond


Checked

- Make PA announcement Cabin crew be seated for


landing

PA announcement

Before landing checklist

PNF
- Check IAS not above 150 Kt and announce Speed
checked
- Select flap lever to 300 position and announce
Flaps 30 selected
- Check flap indicator shows 300 and announce Flaps
30 set

- Adjust PL to maintain Vapp Vapp + 10 Kt


- Command Before landing checklist
READ:
RESPONSE:
- Landing gear
- Down three greens
- TLU green light
- ON
- Flaps
- 30/30
- Power management
- Takeoff
- CLs
- Auto-100% or MAX RPM-100%
- External lights
- ON

ATR-72 SOPs

15 Jul 09 - REV 00

FINAL COCKPIT PREPARATION-PAGE 23

FLIGHT PHASE EVENT

PF

PNF
- PA

- Completed
- Checked
Altitude 1,000 FT AGL
In IMC conditions

Rate of descent not greater than 1,000 fpm

Speed Vapp -0 to +15 Kt

No abrupt power changes

Localizer within ONE dot

Glide slope within ONE dot

Final phase
During the final phase when visual reference is
established it should be announced

- Respond Checked continue


or
- Correcting ______(name of
deviation(s))

- Announce Before landing checklist completed


- Check 1,000 FT AGL and announce One
thousand stable or
- One thousand unstable______ (name of
deviation(s))
- If deviation continues announce _____(name of
deviation(s)) unstable
- If deviation(s) not corrected after two
announcements, announce
- Go-around

- Respond Going around

- Announce Ground contact or Approach lights


in sight or Runway in sight

- Respond Checked continue

- Announce Five hundred to minimum

500 FT above minimum


Expand instrument scan to include outside visual
cues

- Respond Checked

- Announce One hundred to minimum

100 FT above minimum


- Respond Checked
ATR-72 SOPs

15 Jul 09 - REV 00

FINAL COCKPIT PREPARATION-PAGE 24

FLIGHT PHASE EVENT

PF

At DA

PNF
- Announce Minimum

- Respond Landing (if visual contact


established) or Go-around (no visual
contact established)
Altitude from 100 FT (AGL)

- Maintain 30 glide slope

- Visual flare to touchdown. Reduce PLs to


FI position.
Touchdown

- Select PLs to GI position

Both LO PITCH lights illuminated

- Announce(not RQD if EGPWS calls):


One hundred
Fifty
Forty
Thirty
Twenty
Ten
- Check IDLE GATE
- Check both LO PITCH lights ON and announce
Low pitch lights on

- PLs to REV (as required)


- Announce Seventy knots
Speed 70 Kt
CM2
GROUND PHASE EVENT

ATR-72 SOPs

CM1
- Command Hold flight column

- Hold flight control wheel as required and announce


Flight column hold

- Respond I have control

- Confirm that CM1 takes control of the aircraft and


announce You have control

15 Jul 09 - REV 00

FINAL COCKPIT PREPARATION-PAGE 25

FLIGHT PHASE EVENT


NON - PRECISION APPROACH:

PF

Approaching holding over IAF

- Set inbound holding course on EHSI


- Maintain holding speed of 175 Kt
- Maintain MSA or ATC assigned altitude

Clearance for non-precision approach obtained

- Set outbound course on EHSI and announce


Outbound course set
- Set next step-down altitude on ADU and
announce Pre-set altitude_____feet

Over station

- Command Timing______minutes
- Initiate a descent at 1,000 fpm or a constant
descent profile of 30

Outbound procedure (1.000 FT to step-down


altitude)

- Check altitude and respond Checked

ALT* (Step-down altitude)

- Check ALT* on ADU and respond


Checked
- Check ALT HOLD on ADU and respond
Checked
- Set next step-down altitude or FAF altitude
on ADU (after * disappears) and announce
Pre-set altitude_____feet

Inbound turn
ATR-72 SOPs

PNF

- Check selected course and respond Checked


- Check pre-set altitude and respond Checked
- Select CHR on the clock and respond Timing
- Check altitude alert audio signal and amber light and
announce One thousand to go
- Check ALT* on ADU and announce ALT star
- Check ALT HOLD on ADU and announce ALT
hold
- Check pre-set altitude and respond Checked
- Announce Time____out
- Select final course and announce My
side_____set

- Select final course and announce Final


course_____set
15 Jul 09 - REV 00

FINAL COCKPIT PREPARATION-PAGE 26

FLIGHT PHASE EVENT


When radio altimeter displays at 2,500 FT
Inbound procedure Established on final course
(IAS 180 Kt)

PF
- Check and respond Checked
- PLs retard to FI
- Command Flaps 15

- Check flap indicator shows 150 and respond


Checked
- Command Gear down
Speed 170 Kt

PNF
- Announce Radio altimeter alive
-- Check IAS not above 180 Kt and announce Speed
checked
- Select flap lever to 150 position and announce
Flaps 15 selected
- Check flap indicator shows 150 and announce Flaps
15 set
- Check IAS not above 170 Kt and announce Speed
checked
- Select gear lever to the DOWN position and
announce Landing gear down selected
- Set PWR MGT to MCT(3s) than TO
- Select TAXI & TO light to ON
- Check start rotary selector: CONT RELIGHT AS
RQD
- Check CL1 and CL2 to AUTO or 100%

- Check landing gear down with three green


lights and respond Checked
- Command Flaps 30
Speed 150 Kt
- Check flap indicator shows 300 and respond
Checked
ATR-72 SOPs

15 Jul 09 - REV 00

- Check landing gear down with three green lights and


announce Landing gear down, three green on
- Check IAS not above 150 Kt and announce Speed
checked
- Select flap lever to 300 position and announce
Flaps 30 selected
- Check flap indicator shows 300 and announce Flaps
30 set
FINAL COCKPIT PREPARATION-PAGE 27

FLIGHT PHASE EVENT

PF

PA announcement

PNF
- Make PA announcement Cabin crew be
seated for landing

- Adjust PL to maintain Vapp Vapp + 10 Kt


Before landing checklist

- Command Before landing checklist


READ:
RESPONSE:
- Landing gear
- Down three greens
- TLU green light
- On
- Flaps
- 30/30
- Power management
- Take off
- CLs
- Auto-100% or MAX RPM
- External lights
- ON
- AP
- Disengaged
- PA
- Completed
- Announce Before landing checklist
completed

- Checked

ATR-72 SOPs

15 Jul 09 - REV 00

FINAL COCKPIT PREPARATION-PAGE 28

FLIGHT PHASE EVENT

PF

FAF/FAP with MDA pre-selected


- Confirm FAF and respond Checked
- Command Timing______minutes (if required)
- Initiate a descent at 1,000 fpm or a constant descent
profile of 30
- Announce Rate of descent _____feet per minute
set
Altitude 1,000 FT (AGL)
In IMC conditions

Rate of descent not greater than


1,000 fpm

Speed Vapp -0 to +15 Kt

No abrupt power changes

PNF
- Announce Final approach fix

- Respond Checked continue


or
- Correcting ______(name of deviation(s))

- Select CHR on the clock and announce


Timing (if required)
- Check rate of descent on ADU and respond
Checked
- Check 1,000 FT (AGL) and announce One
thousand stable or
- One thousand unstable______ (name of
deviation(s))
- If deviation continues announce
_____(name of deviation(s)) unstable
- If deviation(s) not corrected after two
announcements, announce
- Go-around

- Respond Going around

Final phase
During the final phase when visual
reference is established it should be
announced

ATR-72 SOPs

- Respond Checked continue

15 Jul 09 - REV 00

- Announce Ground contact or


Approach lights in sight or Runway in
sight

FINAL COCKPIT PREPARATION-PAGE 29

FLIGHT PHASE EVENT

PF

500 FT above MDA

PNF
- Announce Five hundred to MDA

- Respond Checked
Expand instrument scan to include outside
visual cues
100 FT above MDA

- Announce One hundred to minimum


- Respond Checked

Minimum MDA
- Check ALT* illuminates on ADU and respond
Checked
- Check ALT HOLD illuminates on ADU and
respond Checked
- Select missed approach altitude on ADU and
announce Missed approach altitude set

- Check ALT* illuminates on ADU and


announce ALT star. MDA
- Check ALT HOLD illuminates on ADU and
announce Altitude hold
- Confirm missed approach altitude on ADU
and respond Checked
- Advise PF of distance or time to MAP by
announcing ___miles to missed approach
point or ____seconds to missed
approach point

- Respond Checked
- Announce Missed approach point

MAP
- Respond Landing (if visual contact established)
or Go-around (no visual contact established)
ATR-72 SOPs

15 Jul 09 - REV 00

FINAL COCKPIT PREPARATION-PAGE 30

FLIGHT PHASE EVENT


Altitude from 100 FT (AGL)

PF
- Maintain 30 glide slope

- Visual flare to touchdown. Reduce PLs to FI


position.
Touchdown

- Select PLs to GI position

Both LO PITCH lights illuminated

PNF
- Announce(not RQD if EGPWS calls):
One hundred
Fifty
Forty
Thirty
Twenty
Ten

- Check IDLE GATE


- Check both LO PITCH lights ON and
announce Low pitch lights on

- PLs to REV (as required)


Speed 70 Kt

GROUND PHASE EVENT

ATR-72 SOPs

- Announce Seventy knots

CM1

CM2

- Command Hold flight column

- Hold flight control wheel as required and


announce Flight column hold

- Respond I have control

- Confirm that CM1 takes control of the


aircraft and announce You have control

15 Jul 09 - REV 00

FINAL COCKPIT PREPARATION-PAGE 31

7FLIGHT PHASE EVENT


CIRCLING APPROACH
(When ever weather conditions permit always
use higher visual circuit pattern)

MAP
Any runway environment in sight.
For a circling approach the required visual
reference are

The runway environment

Runway end/or runway lights

Approach lights
In view at all time

PF
- Check ALT* illuminates on ADU and respond
Checked
- Check ALT HOLD illuminates on ADU and
respond Checked
- Select missed approach altitude on ADU and
announce Missed approach altitude set

- Confirm missed approach altitude on ADU


and respond Checked
- Announce Missed approach point

- Respond Circling (if visual contact established)


or Go-around (no visual contact established)
- Set heading 450 from runway heading and command
Heading____, timing 30 seconds
- Turn on downwind heading and announce
Downwind heading set (adjust for wind)

Downwind leg
Abeam threshold

PNF
- Check ALT* illuminates on ADU and
announce ALT star. MDA
- Check ALT HOLD illuminates on ADU and
announce Altitude hold

- Command Timing____seconds (for reference


use three seconds for every 100 FT wind
component)
- Keep runway in sight

- Start timing and respond Timing


- At the end of 30 seconds announce 30
seconds time out
- Check downwind heading and respond
Checked
Start timing and respond Timing
- At the end of 30 seconds announce
___seconds time out

Turning base

ATR-72 SOPs

15 Jul 09 - REV 00

FINAL COCKPIT PREPARATION-PAGE 32

FLIGHT PHASE EVENT


Commencing descent

PF
- Command Flaps 30

- Check flap indicator shows 300 and respond


Checked

PNF
- Check IAS not above 150 Kt and announce
Speed checked
- Select flap lever to 300 position and
announce Flaps 30 selected
- Check flap indicator shows 300 and
announce Flaps 30 set
- Make PA announcement Cabin crew be
seated for landing

PA announcement
Adjust PL to maintain Vapp Vapp + 10 Kt

Before landing checklist

- Command Before landing checklist


READ:
RESPONSE:
- Landing gear
- Down three greens
- TLU green light
- ON
- Flaps
- 30/30
- Power management
- Takeoff
- Auto-100% or MAX RPM

- CLs
- External lights

- ON
- AP
- Disengaged
ATR-72 SOPs

15 Jul 09 - REV 00

FINAL COCKPIT PREPARATION-PAGE 33

FLIGHT PHASE EVENT

PF

PNF
- PA

- Completed

- Announce Before landing checklist


completed

- Checked
400 FT (AGL) on final

Rate of descent not greater than 1,000


fpm

Speed Vapp -0 Kt to +15 Kt

No abrupt power lever changes

- Respond Landing
or
- Go-around
- Maintain 30 glide slope

Altitude from 100 FT (AGL)

Touchdown

- Visual flare to touchdown. Reduce PLs to FI


position.
- Select PLs to GI position

Both LO PITCH lights illuminated

- PLs to REV (as required)

Speed 70 Kt
GROUND PHASE EVENT

ATR-72 SOPs

CM1

- Announce 400 feet stable


or
- 400 feet unstable go-around
- Announce(not RQD if EGPWS calls):
One hundred
Fifty
Forty
Thirty
Twenty
Ten
- Check IDLE GATE
- Check both LO PITCH lights ON and
announce Low pitch lights on
- Announce Seventy knots
CM2

- Command Hold flight column

- Hold flight control wheel as required and


announce Flight column hold

- Respond I have control

- Confirm that CM1 takes control of the


aircraft and announce You have control

15 Jul 09 - REV 00

FINAL COCKPIT PREPARATION-PAGE 34

FLIGHT PHASE EVENT

PF

PNF

VISUAL CIRCUIT PATTERN


Downwind at 1,500 FT (AGL). Speed 180 Kt
Upwind end of runway

- PLs retard to FI
- Command Flaps 15

- Check flap indicator shows 150 and respond


Checked
Speed 170 Kt

- Command Gear down


- Adjust PLs to maintain IAS=140Kt

- Check IAS not above 180 Kt and announce


Speed checked
- Select flap lever to 150 position and
announce Flaps 15 selected
- Check flap indicator shows 150 and
announce Flaps 15 set

- Check IAS not above 170 Kt and announce


Speed checked
- Select gear lever to the DOWN position and
announce Landing gear down selected
- Set PWR MGT to MCT(3s) than TO
- Select TAXI & TO light to ON
- Check start rotary selector: CONT
RELIGHT As RQD
- Check CL1 and CL2 to AUTO or 100%
- Check landing gear down with three green
lights and announce Landing gear down,
three green on

- Check landing gear down with three green lights and


respond Checked
ATR-72 SOPs

15 Jul 09 - REV 00

FINAL COCKPIT PREPARATION-PAGE 35

FLIGHT PHASE EVENT

PF

PNF

Abeam threshold. Speed 140 Kt

- Command Timing____seconds (for reference


use three seconds for every 100 FT wind
component)

Start timing and respond Timing


- At the end of timing announce ___seconds
time out

Base leg

- Select HDG to 900 to final, Retard PLs to Vapp


commence descent and Command Flaps 30

- Check IAS not above 150 Kt and announce


Speed checked
- Select flap lever to 300 position and
announce Flaps 30 selected
- Check flap indicator shows 300 and
announce Flaps 30 set

- Check flap indicator shows 300 and respond


Checked
- Adjust PLs to maintain Vapp Vapp+10kt

- Make PA announcement Cabin crew be


seated for landing

PA announcement

Before landing checklist

- Command Before landing checklist


READ:
RESPONSE:
- Landing gear
- Down three greens
- TLU green light
- On
- Flaps
- 30/30
- Power management
- Takeoff
- CLs
- Auto-100% or MAX RPM
- External lights
- On

ATR-72 SOPs

15 Jul 09 - REV 00

FINAL COCKPIT PREPARATION-PAGE 36

FLIGHT PHASE EVENT

PF

PNF
- AP

- Disengaged
- PA
- Completed

- Announce Before landing checklist


completed

- Checked
Turning final
500 FT (AGL) on final

Rate of descent not greater than 1,000


fpm

Speed Vapp -0 Kt to +15 Kt

No abrupt power lever changes


Altitude from 100 FT (AGL)

- Set HDG to runway heading

- Respond Landing
or
- Go-around
- Maintain 30 glide slope

- Announce 500 feet stable


or
- 500 feet unstable go-around

- Announce (not RQD if EGPWS calls):


One hundred
Fifty
Forty
Thirty
Twenty
Ten

- Visual flare to touchdown. Reduce PLs to FI


position.
- Select PLs to GI position
Touchdown
ATR-72 SOPs

15 Jul 09 - REV 00

- Check IDLE GATE

FINAL COCKPIT PREPARATION-PAGE 37

FLIGHT PHASE EVENT

PF

Both LO PITCH lights illuminated

PNF
- Check both LO PITCH lights ON and
announce Low pitch lights on

- PLs to REV (as required)


Speed 70 Kt

GROUND PHASE EVENT

ATR-72 SOPs

- Announce Seventy knots

CM1

CM2

- Command Hold flight column

- Hold flight control wheel as required and


announce Flight column hold

- Respond I have control

- Confirm that CM1 takes control of the


aircraft and announce You have control

15 Jul 09 - REV 00

FINAL COCKPIT PREPARATION-PAGE 38

FLIGHT PHASE EVENT

PF

PNF

GO-AROUND
Go-around required

- Command Go-around and simultaneously:

PLs advance to the RAMP position

Press the GA switch

Rotate aircraft to go-around attitude (90)

Command Flaps 15

Positive climb established on VSI


- Command Gear up
- Check flap indicator shows 150 and no lights on
LDG GEAR panel and respond Checked

Established in stable climb

- Check PLs at the RAMP position and


announce Go-around power set
- Select flap lever to 150 position and
announce Flap 15 selected
- Announce Positive climb
- Select gear lever to the UP position and
announce Gear up selected
- Check flap indicator shows 150 and no lights
on LDG GEAR panel and announce Flaps
15, gear up set

- Command Taxi light off

- Select TAXI & TO light to OFF and


announce Taxi light off

- Command Heading, low bank IAS

- Select HDG, BANK to low and adjust IAS


to VGA on ADU and announce Heading,
low bank and IAS set

- Check settings and respond Check

ATR-72 SOPs

15 Jul 09 - REV 00

FINAL COCKPIT PREPARATIONPAGE 39

FLIGHT PHASE EVENT

PF

PNF

- Command Speed to white bug or Speed to red


bug (icing conditions)

- Announce Acceleration altitude


- Increase IAS to white or red bug speed (as
applicable) and announce White bug speed
set or Red bug speed set (as applicable)

Acceleration altitude

- Check selected speed on ADU and respond


Checked
Speed at white or red bug speed
- Check ASI speed and command Flaps zero

- Announce White bug or Red bug (as


applicable)
- Select flap lever to 00 and announce Flaps
zero selected
- Check flap indicator shows 00 and announce
Flaps zero set

- Check flap indicator shows 00 and respond


Checked

PLs back to NOTCH position

Climb sequence

ATR-72 SOPs

- Retard PLs to NOTCH position and announce


Power levers back to notch
- Command Climb sequence

15 Jul 09 - REV 00

- Check PLs at NOTCH position and


announce Notch checked
- Set PWR MGT to CLB
- Retard CLs to 86%
- Select ENG BLEED 1 and ENG BLEED 2
to ON (if not already selected ON prior to
takeoff)
- Select start rotary selector as required and
announce Climb sequence completed

FINAL COCKPIT PREPARATION-PAGE 40

GROUND PHASE EVENT

CM 1

CM 2

AFTER LANDING:
Below 70 Kt

- Maintain direction with nose-wheel steering


- Use brakes and reverse as required

- Hold control wheel as required

Vacating runway

- Command Gust lock engage

- Engage gust lock (flight controls to neutral)


- Select clock to HLD position

Runway vacated

- Command After landing checklist

ATR-72 SOPs

15 Jul 09 - REV 00

- Complete after landing scan as follows:

TCAS Standby

Transponder, ADF 1 and 2 and Com 2


Off

Flaps 00

Trims Reset

EHSI 1 and 2, EADI 1 and 2, RA, radar


contrast Off

TQ Bug Set 90%

ADU Standby

ALT pre-select 0

VOR 1 and 2 Off

LAND L, LAND R and STROBE


lights Off

Cont relight Off

Anti-icing level 1 Off

FINAL COCKPIT PREPARATION-PAGE 41

GROUND PHASE EVENT


Engine cool down time (PL between FI and GI for
one to two minutes

CM 1
-- Command CL number 1 to feather

CM 2
- Select CL 1 to FTR position (timing 20
seconds for oil check),
- Select ENG 1 BLEED to OFF and announce
CL number one to feather

- Respond Checked
Engine 1 fuel shut off

- Command CL number 1 to shut off


(After 1-2min with PL between FI and GI)
- Respond Checked

Select CL 1 to FUEL SO position,


Check hydraulic crossfeed-open
Reset fuel used(FU)
Select PUMP ENG 1 to OFF
Announce CL number one to shut off

- Silently read and cross check After Landing


Checklist and when complete announce
After landing checklist completed
- Respond Checked
Marshall in sight

- Follow marshallers instructions

PARKING:
At the final parking position

ATR-72 SOPs

Select TAXI & TO light to OFF


Set parking brake to ON
Select CL 2 to FTR position
Open communication hatch

15 Jul 09 - REV 00

FINAL COCKPIT PREPARATION-PAGE 42

GROUND PHASE EVENT


Propeller brake on

Engine 2 fuel shut off (On night flights wait for GPU
to be connected before shutting down engine 2)

CM 1
- Check green READY light illuminates and NP stable
(20 seconds timing)
- Select PROP BRAKE switch ON and check PROP
BRK light illuminated
- Select BEACON to OFF
- Select SEAT BELTS to OFF
- Select EMERG EXIT LT to DISARM
- Select ENG 2 BLEED to OFF
- Select CL 2 to FUEL SO position and announce CL
number 2 to shut off

CM 2

- Check right hand side engine 2 and announce


Prop brake on

- Select COM 1 to OFF, cockpit door main


switch to OFF and oxygen MAIN SUPPLY
to OFF.

Parking checklist
-Command Parking checklist
READ:
RESPONSE:
- Parking brake
- On
- CL 2
- Fuel shut off
- COM 1
- Off
- Prop brake
- On, locked
- Bleed valves
- Off
- Emergency exit lights/ Seat belts
- Disarmed/Off
- Beacon
- Off
ATR-72 SOPs

15 Jul 09 - REV 00

FINAL COCKPIT PREPARATION-PAGE 43

GROUND PHASE EVENT

CM 1

Parking checklist (continued)

CM 2
- Fuel pumps

- Off
- Cockpit door main switch
- Off
- Parking checklist completed
- Checked
LEAVING THE AIRCRAFT:
Contact ground crew and confirm chocks set

- Release parking brake

Complete flight documentation

- Complete Technical Log entries

- Complete required post flight documentation

- Select BAT to OFF and announce Battery


switch off
- Select NAV to OFF
Leaving the aircraft checklist

- Command Leaving the aircraft checklist


RESPONSE:

READ:
- Parking brake

- Released

- NAV light

- Off

- EXT lights

- Off

- Battery

- Off

- Documentation

- Completed

- Leaving the aircraft checklist completed

- Checked
ATR-72 SOPs

15 Jul 09 - REV 00

FINAL COCKPIT PREPARATION-PAGE 44

ATR 72
STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES
APPENDIX

ATR 72
INTERNAL INSPECTION
=
PRELIMINARY COCKPIT PREPARATION

GROUND PHASE EVENT

CM 1

INTERNAL INSPECTION
(Prior to the powering the aircraft
with GPU)

CM 2
Lateral and overhead panel C/Bs
-Check that all C/Bs are set (IN)
Emergency equipment check
-Exit hatch: closed
handle locked & secured
Escape rope stowed
-L/G emergency handle: stowed and cover closed
-Axe stowed
-Portable fire extinguisher: secured and pressure within the
green area
-Check 3 gear pins stowed behind F/O seat
-Protective gloves
-Oxygen masks stowed (both side)
-Flash lights stowed (both side)
-Smoke goggles stowed (both side)
-Life jackets stowed (bellow both seat)
Documentation
-Check on board

ATR-72 SOPs

15 Jul 09 - REV 00

INTERNAL INSPECTION & PRELIMINARY COCKPIT


PREPARATION
PAGE 01

GROUND PHASE EVENT


INTERNAL INSPECTION
(cont)

CM 1

CM 2
Batteries
-Set BAT toggle switch to ON
-Check:
MFC1A and MFC2A flashes then extinguish
-Check:
MFC1B and MFC2B flashes then extinguish
-Check EMER BUS and ESS BUS supply indication arrows
illuminate
-Check UNDV light extinguished
PROP BRAKE(hotel mode only)
-Check ON light illuminate
-Check PROP BRK light illuminate on MEMO panel
Landing gear
-Check control lever DOWN
Engine
-Both EEC selected ON
-Both PEC selected ON(ATR72-500)
-Both PL on GI
-Both CL on fuel SO

ATR-72 SOPs

15 Jul 09 - REV 00

INTERNAL INSPECTION & PRELIMINARY COCKPIT


PREPARATION
PAGE 02

GROUND PHASE EVENT

CM 1

INTERNAL INSPECTION
(cont)

CM 2
Parking brake
-Check ACCUM. pressure(3000psi)
-Use HYD AUX PUMP if necessary
-Set Parking handle to PARKING-ON

Flight Controls
-Check GUST LOCK engaged
-Check/Set Flaps control lever to agree with actual flaps
position

GPU connected (green AVAIL on)

GPU AVAIL
-Push GPU AVAIL green light P/B and check that only DC
GEN 1 & DC GEN 2 amber FAULT lights illuminates.
Lights
-NAV light ON
-NO SMKG light ON
-Seat Belts signs ON

ATR-72 SOPs

15 Jul 09 - REV 00

INTERNAL INSPECTION & PRELIMINARY COCKPIT


PREPARATION
PAGE 03

GROUND PHASE EVENT

CM 1

PRELIMINARY COCKPIT
PREPARATION
(Cont)

CM 2

OVERHEAD PANEL

Annunciator light
-Annunciator light switch select to TEST and check ALL
lights (except Fuel LO LEVEL) illuminate.
F/O wiper
-Check wiper rotary selector as OFF
Bleed & Air condition panel
-Extinguish any white light except BLEED 1 & BLEED 2
-Select TEMP selectors to 12 oclock
Avionics ventilation
-Check OVBD VALVE in AUTO position and no amber or
white light

ATR-72 SOPs

15 Jul 09 - REV 00

INTERNAL INSPECTION & PRELIMINARY COCKPIT


PREPARATION
PAGE 04

GROUND PHASE EVENT

CM 1

CM 2
Oxygen panel
-Check oxygen high pressure sufficient for the scheduled flight
-Check PAX supply OFF
-Select MAN supply ON

PRELIMINARY COCKPIT
PREPARATION
(cont)

COMP SMK
Depress SMK TEST p/b to check Smoke detectors. When the
test is Over, reset AVIONIX VENT EXH.MODE p/b to restart
extract fan.
ENG 2 FIRE Protection-test
-Check FIRE HANDLE 2 IN latched
-Extinguish any white light
-Depress SQUIB TEST pb and check both AGENT SQUID light
illuminate
-Select TEST switch on FIRE , and check:
ENG FIRE red lt illuminates into associated fire handle;
-CCAS is activated:(CRC+MW+ENG 2 FIRE on CAP+ Red
light in CL-out off S/O position)
-Select TEST switch on FAULT and check both LOOP
A&LOOP B light illuminate
(MC+SC+LOOP light on CAP)

ATR-72 SOPs

15 Jul 09 - REV 00

INTERNAL INSPECTION & PRELIMINARY COCKPIT


PREPARATION
PAGE 05

GROUND PHASE EVENT


PRELIMINARY COCKPIT
PREPARATION
(cont)

CM 1

CM 2
Signs panel
-Check NO SMKG is to ON
-Check SEAT BELTS is to ON
De-icing/Anti-icing panel
-Check all lights extinguished
PROBS/Windshield htg panel
-Check all white lights illuminated
ACW electric panel
-Check all white lights extinguished
HYD panel
-Check all white light extinguished
-BLUE & GREEN PUMP LO PR lt illuminates
EMER LOC XMTR
-Check switch AUTO, guarded
External lights
-Check NAV light ON
-WING & LOGO lights ON (night flights only)

ATR-72 SOPs

15 Jul 09 - REV 00

INTERNAL INSPECTION & PRELIMINARY COCKPIT


PREPARATION
PAGE 06

GROUND PHASE EVENT

CM 1

PRELIMINARY COCKPIT
PREPARATION
(cont)

CM 2
PROP BRK (engaged ON)
-Check ON lt illuminate(MEMO panel also)
-UNLK lt extinguished
DC/AC electric panel
-Check no amber light except both
GEN FAULT lights
CVR-TEST
-With GPU can be performed only by pressing the RCDR p/b on
the pedestal
-Check ON blue lgt illuminates in p/b
-Depress the TEST ,check needle in green arc
-Stop the CVR by depressing RESET on the pedestal
CAPT. Wiper
-Check wiper at OFF position
STORM light
-As RQD
STDBY Compass light
-Check light is OFF

ATR-72 SOPs

15 Jul 09 - REV 00

INTERNAL INSPECTION & PRELIMINARY COCKPIT


PREPARATION
PAGE 07

GROUND PHASE EVENT


PRELIMINARY COCKPIT
PREPARATION
(cont)

CM 1

CM 2
DOME light
-As RQD
MIN CAB light
-Check switch is in OFF
FUEL panel
-ENG 1 PUMP ON=FEED LO PR1 extinguish
-FUEL X-FEED on line=FEED LO PR2 extinguished
-FUEL X-FEED closed = FEED LO PR 2 illuminated
-ENG 2 PUMP ON=FEED LO PR2 extinguish
-Both ENG FUEL PUMP select OFF
DOORS
Test: Depress TEST sw
-Check CAB OK & SVCE OK lights illuminates (provided doors
are open)
Spoiler lights
-Check lights OFF
LDG indicators
-Check LDG lever down and 3 green lights

ATR-72 SOPs

15 Jul 09 - REV 00

INTERNAL INSPECTION & PRELIMINARY COCKPIT


PREPARATION
PAGE 08

GROUND PHASE EVENT

CM 1

PRELIMINARY COCKPIT
PREPARATION
(cont)

CM 2
TLU
-Check TLU in AUTO position no amber light

ENG 1 FIRE Protection-test


-Check FIRE HANDLE 1 IN latched
-Extinguish any white light
-Depress SQUIB TEST pb and check both AGENT SQUID light
illuminate
-Select TEST switch on FIRE , and check:
ENG FIRE red light illuminates into associated fire handle;
-CCAS is activated:(CRC+MW+ENG 1 FIRE on CAP+Red light
in CL-out off S/O position)
-Select TEST switch on FAULT and check Both LOOP A &
LOOP B light illuminates (MC+ SC+ LOOP light on CAP)

ATR-72 SOPs

15 Jul 09 - REV 00

INTERNAL INSPECTION & PRELIMINARY COCKPIT


PREPARATION
PAGE 09

GROUND PHASE EVENT


PRELIMINARY COCKPIT
PREPARATION
(cont)

CM 1

CM 2
PEDASTAL

Lights
-Adjust lights as RQD
ATPCS-test
-Set ATPCS selector (Left)to ARM check ATPCS green light
illuminate
-Set ATPCS selector to ENG 1 check ENG 2 UPTRIM illuminate,
after 2.15s ARM light extinguishes
-Do the same for ENG 2 (Right)
TCAS
-Test: Select ATC to STBY
Select TCAS to STBY
Press TEST button on TCAS
Check aural message and visual
Display on VSI.
-TCAS selector stays at STBY
FDEP
- Enter flight number on data panel

ATR-72 SOPs

15 Jul 09 - REV 00

INTERNAL INSPECTION & PRELIMINARY COCKPIT


PREPARATION
PAGE 10

GROUND PHASE EVENT

CM 1

PRELIMINARY COCKPIT
PREPARATION
(cont)

CM 2
TRIMS
First flight of the day:
-Check PITCH, ROLL and YAW trim
Operation in both direction to full deflections.
-Check STBY PITCH trim operation, check SW guarded in OFF
position
Before each flight:
-Check PITCH,ROLL and YAW trim
-Check STBY PITCH operation, SW check guarded in OFF
position.
VHFs,
-ON than TEST
ADFs,
-ON than TEST
ATC
-STBY than TEST
IDLE GATE
-Check amber band visible on the lever, and IDLE GATE FAIL
amber light extinguished.

ATR-72 SOPs

15 Jul 09 - REV 00

INTERNAL INSPECTION & PRELIMINARY COCKPIT


PREPARATION
PAGE 11

GROUND PHASE EVENT


PRELIMINARY COCKPIT
PREPARATION
(cont)

CM 1

CM 2
EMER AUDIO CANCEL
-Check SW guarded and lock wired
PLs
-Check in GI position
CLs
-Check in S/O position
-Engines oil press LOW warning test
(First flight of the day):
-Select both CLs out of S/O position
-After 30s timing check:
Both local alert oil LOW press
CCAS OIL LOW PRESS
Master warning light with CRC
-Select both CLs to S/O position
GUST LOCK
-Check engaged ON
AIL LOCK light
-Check extinguished

ATR-72 SOPs

15 Jul 09 - REV 00

INTERNAL INSPECTION & PRELIMINARY COCKPIT


PREPARATION
PAGE 12

GROUND PHASE EVENT

CM 1

PRELIMINARY COCKPIT
PREPARATION
(cont)

CM 2
F/O- EFIS control panel
-TEST /SET: *Select EADI to ON
(Check composite mode),
*Select EADI to OFF
*Select EHSI to ON (Check comp mode),
*Select EADI to ON
-Test DH by depressing DH TEST p/b, check RA increasing to
100ft, and three boxes on
bottom right of EADI displaying O, M, I side
by side
-EHSI inner knob select to max radar brightness (
recommended),check WX amber light on EHSI
-Select one of ADF/VOR/LNAV EHSI pointer
SECURITY DOOR panel
-Check FAULT lgt lit (if main SW is OFF)
GPS
-Select ON (if installed)
CAPT- EFIS control panel
-Same as for F/O side

ATR-72 SOPs

15 Jul 09 - REV 00

INTERNAL INSPECTION & PRELIMINARY COCKPIT


PREPARATION
PAGE 13

GROUND PHASE EVENT


PRELIMINARY COCKPIT
PREPARATION
(cont)

CM 1

CM 2
F/O LATERAL CONSOLE
MAINTENANCE panel
-Check that rotary selector is in NORM FLT
position before flight.
EXTRACT AIR FLOW
--Check forward and guarded
OXIGEN MASK/Test First flight of the day:
-Set audio control panel to INT
-Depress and hold PRESS TO TEST AND RESET pb, (observe
blinker momentarily turns yellow and must turn dark (if no leak )
-HOLD the PRESS TO TEST AND RESET pb, and press the
red grips on each side of the hose (oxygen press inflates the
harness), observe blinker momentarily turns yellow and must turn
dark if there is no leak.
-HOLD the PRESS TO TEST AND RESET pb, and select the
EMERG knob(test flow)
observe blinker turns yellow during the oxygen flow and must turn
dark when the knob is released.

ATR-72 SOPs

15 Jul 09 - REV 00

INTERNAL INSPECTION & PRELIMINARY COCKPIT


PREPARATION
PAGE 14

GROUND PHASE EVENT

CM 1

PRELIMINARY COCKPIT
PREPARATION
(cont)

CM 2
-Check that oxygen flow sounds through loudspeakers.
-Check OXY LO PR light not lit
-Set N/100% rocker lever to 100%
AHRS
-Check AHRS 2 light extinguished
F/O SWITCHING
-Check ATT/HDG, VOR/ILS, and EFIS/SG: depress then reset
-Check lights extinguished
AUDIO
-Check AUDIO 2 light extinguished
F/O INSTRUMENT PANEL
VSI
-Check no flags and pointer indicates zero.
-Set 12nm TCAS distance and above
ALTIMETER
-Check no flag-Set QNH

ATR-72 SOPs

15 Jul 09 - REV 00

INTERNAL INSPECTION & PRELIMINARY COCKPIT


PREPARATION
PAGE 15

GROUND PHASE EVENT


PRELIMINARY COCKPIT
PREPARATION
(cont)

CM 1

CM 2
E/GPWS
-Push GPWS/GS pushbutton for TEST
EHSI/RMI
-Crosscheck heading information
-Select RMI on VORs or ADFs pointers.
EADI
-Check no flags
ASI
-Check no flags, pointer indicates zero
, VMO pointer indicates 250kt
CLOCK
-Check time, adjust if necessary
CENTRAL PANEL
CAB PRESS panel
-Check no light illuminated
-Check rotary selector facing to green mark
AUTO PRESS panel
TEST: Depress TEST pb, and check:
-MC+SC+AIR on CAP

ATR-72 SOPs

15 Jul 09 - REV 00

INTERNAL INSPECTION & PRELIMINARY COCKPIT


PREPARATION
PAGE 16

GROUND PHASE EVENT

CM 1

PRELIMINARY COCKPIT
PREPARATION
(cont)

CM 2
-FAUL amber light lit in MODE selector pb,
-display cycling between -8800 and 18800
CAB PRESS indicators
-Check : DIFF = 0
RATE= 0
ALT = pressure altitude
HYDRAULIC gauges
-BLUE and GREEN pressure = 0
-ACCUMULATOR pressure=3000psi
ANTI-SKID
-Check no light illuminated
LANDING GEAR
-Check lever DOWN 3 green ON
BRK TEMP
-Check no light illuminated
FLAPS indicator
-Check position according to flaps lever position and external
inspection.

ATR-72 SOPs

15 Jul 09 - REV 00

INTERNAL INSPECTION & PRELIMINARY COCKPIT


PREPARATION
PAGE 17

GROUND PHASE EVENT


PRELIMINARY COCKPIT
PREPARATION
(cont)

CM 1

CM 2
TLU
-Green light lit ON
STICK PUSHER
-Check no light illuminated
TRIM indicator
-Check neutral setting for YAW and ROLL axis.
MEMO panel
-NO SMOKE - SEAT BELTS ON
-PROP BRAKE ON (If engaged)
FUEL USED
-Pull knob to reset fuel used value
ENG 1 & 2 instruments
-Oil press = 0
-Oil temp = realistic indication
-FF/FU = 0
-NH = 0
-ITT = realistic indication
-NP = 0
-TQ = 0

ATR-72 SOPs

15 Jul 09 - REV 00

INTERNAL INSPECTION & PRELIMINARY COCKPIT


PREPARATION
PAGE 18

GROUND PHASE EVENT

CM 1

PRELIMINARY COCKPIT
PREPARATION
(cont)

CM 2
ENG panel
-ECU 1 & 2 ,and ATPCS pbs depress IN
STBY instruments
-Check no flags
-Pull knob to erect STBY horizon if necessary.
-Set QNH on STBY ALT
PWR MGT
-Check rotary selector in TO position
SYNPHR
-Check synphr off white lt extinguished.
PEC 1 & 2 (ENG 127F)
-Check no amber light illuminated
CAP
-Check amber light extinguished
ICE DETECT panel
-Check no any white light illuminate

ATR-72 SOPs

15 Jul 09 - REV 00

INTERNAL INSPECTION & PRELIMINARY COCKPIT


PREPARATION
PAGE 19

GROUND PHASE EVENT

CM 1

PRELIMINARY COCKPIT
PREPARATION
(cont)

CM 2
FUEL QTY panel
Depress TEST pb, and check:
- MC+SC+FUEL on CAP
-All lights and displays
-Both LO LVL lights illuminated
-Both RUN green lights illuminated in fuel pumps pb

CAPT. INSTRUMENT PANEL


ADC
-odd days :ADC 1
-even days : ADC 2
-FAULT light extinguished
TAT/SAT/TAS
-Check TAT value with weather information
VSI
-Check no flags and pointer indicates zero.
-Set 12nm TCAS distance and above

ATR-72 SOPs

15 Jul 09 - REV 00

INTERNAL INSPECTION & PRELIMINARY COCKPIT


PREPARATION
PAGE 20

GROUND PHASE EVENT


PRELIMINARY COCKPIT
PREPARATION
(cont)

CM 1

CM 2
ALTIMETER
-Check no flag-Set QNH
EHSI/RMI
-Crosscheck heading information
-Select VORs or ADFs pointers (RMI)
EADI
-Check no flags
ASI
-Check no flags, pointer indicates zero
, VMO pointer indicates 250kt
CLOCK
-Check time, adjust if necessary

CAPT. LATERAL CONSOLE

(E)GPWS switch
-Check switch guarded in normal position
-TERR amber lgt lit (when radar in OFF)

ATR-72 SOPs

15 Jul 09 - REV 00

INTERNAL INSPECTION & PRELIMINARY COCKPIT


PREPARATION
PAGE 21

GROUND PHASE EVENT


PRELIMINARY COCKPIT
PREPARATION
(cont)

CM 1

CM 2

CAPT SWITCHING
-Check ATT/HDG, VOR/ILS, EFIS SG lights extinguished
AHRS
-Check AHRS 1 light extinguished
AUDIO
-Check AUDIO 1 SEL light not lit
MKR
-Set MKR sw to LO
OXYGEN MASK
-Test (once a day), same like F/O side
N/W STEERING
-Check N/W steering sw. guarded on normal position.

ATR-72 SOPs

15 Jul 09 - REV 00

INTERNAL INSPECTION & PRELIMINARY COCKPIT


PREPARATION
PAGE 22

GROUND PHASE EVENT


PRELIMINARY COCKPIT
PREPARATION
(cont)

CM 1

CM 2

GLARESHIELD
FD bars
-Check FD bars switches (CAPT/FO) in ON position.
NAV 1 & 2
-Set ON and TEST
ADU
-Select HDG, LO BANK, IAS and check FD bars appearing
on both EADI
-Select first altitude on ALT PRESEL
-Select COUPLING to PF side

ATR-72 SOPs

15 Jul 09 - REV 00

INTERNAL INSPECTION & PRELIMINARY COCKPIT


PREPARATION
PAGE 23

ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

SECTION 3
ABNORMAL PROCEDURES

ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

INTENTIONAL BLANK PAGE

ABNORMAL PROCEDURES

TOC/P1

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Rev 00
15 Jul 09

ATR-72 STANDARD
OPERATING PROCEDURES

3.1

ABNORMAL PROCEDURES

3.1/P1

3.1.1

General

3.1/P1

3.1.2

Procedures

3.1/P1

3.1.3

Notification and Verification of Condition

3.1/P3

3.1.4

Initiation of Procedure

3.1/P3

3.1.5

Reading of Checklist

3.1/P3

3.1.6

Acceleration Height

3.1/P4

3.1.7

Engine Shutdown Procedure

3.1/P4

3.1.8

Flight with an Engine Inoperative

3.1/P4

3.1.9

Emergency Airports

3.1/P5

3.1.10

Depressurisation

3.1/P5

3.1.11

Cabin Fire Procedures

3.1/P7

3.1.12

Interception Procedures

3.1/P7

3.1.13

Ground Proximity Warning System (GPWS)

3.1/P8

3.1.14

TCAS

3.1/P8

ABNORMAL/EMERGENCY PROCEDURES APPENDIX

ABNORMAL PROCEDURES

TOC/P2

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Rev 00
15 Jul 09

ATR-72 STANDARD
OPERATING PROCEDURES

INTENTIONAL BLANK PAGE

3.1/P1

ABNORMAL PROCEDURES
ATR-72 STANDARD
OPERATING PROCEDURES

3.1

ABNORMAL PROCEDURES

3.1.1

General

Rev 00
15 Jul 09

Refer ATR-72 Flight Crew Operating Manual, Section 2.04.00, Introduction, for
non-normal procedures.
Pilots must be sufficiently familiar with the QRH to ensure that they can, if
necessary, expeditiously and accurately locate any required non-normal procedure.
Selection of transponder codes for emergency situations (7700) and the making of
emergency radio calls to ATC is a normal crew function and should be actioned by
crew members in appropriate circumstances.
It is Company policy that on all aircraft fire detector warnings are treated as
genuine and the appropriate emergency procedure is completed.
Abnormal or/and emergency procedures describe actions to be taken that are
necessary to deal with a pending or already effective failure of any of the aircraft
systems or its components. These actions are required to protect the occupants
or/and the aircraft from impending or even critical harm.
The main objective of the flight crew must be to:
MAINTAIN POSITIVE CONTROL OF THE AIRCRAFT
The conduct of any emergency procedures or the analysis of any technical problems
should not normally take place until:

3.1.2

(a)

The vertical and lateral flight path is under positive control;

(b)

Possible ground contact is no longer a threat; and

(c)

Altitude is above 400 FT (AGL)

Procedures
The presentation of the emergency procedures assumes a standard cockpit
composition in which CM 1 is PIC and PF, and the CM 2 is PNF.
Under some circumstances a different task distribution may be more appropriate in
applying these procedures. Therefore, it is essential that the PIC assesses the
situation and clearly determines the task distribution for the different phases of
flight.

3.1/P2

ABNORMAL PROCEDURES
Rev 00
15 Jul 09

ATR-72 STANDARD
OPERATING PROCEDURES

Since abnormal and/or emergency operation is non-routine, all actions in abnormal


and/or emergency procedures have to be announced before they are performed.
The actions prescribed in abnormal and/or emergency procedures are classified
according to their mode of application, as follows:
(a)

Memory Actions
Some specific actions during the application of abnormal and/or
emergency procedures must be carried out as soon as the situation permits.
It is not acceptable to refer to any document due to the inherent time delay.
In these cases crewmembers must be able to act by memory. After
completion
of
memory
actions
the
complete
applicable
abnormal/emergency checklist must be completed including the memory
items.

(b)

Monitored Actions
Some abnormal and/or emergency procedures contain non-reversible
actions, which may lead to imminent danger if they are incorrectly
executed. Such actions have to be monitored and shall only be executed
when monitoring is confirmed by the other crewmember. These actions
include:

(c)

(i)

Power lever reduction of a failed engine;

(ii)

Selection of the condition lever to FTR/FUEL SO position;

(iii)

Activation of the fire handle and extinguisher switch.

Read-and-Do Actions
With the exception of the memory items most of the abnormal and/or
emergency actions shall only be executed after being read from the
appropriate documentation. Some of the procedures contain configuration
changes of the aircraft. Therefore, proper crew coordination must be
carried out before executing such action(s).

(d)

Review Actions
For flight phases where the read-and-do concept is not possible to follow,
review actions are presented for the flight crew to read in advance of what
has to be done, thus enabling the flight crews to memorize these items
when they are needed.

3.1/P3

ABNORMAL PROCEDURES
ATR-72 STANDARD
OPERATING PROCEDURES

3.1.3

Rev 00
15 Jul 09

Notification and Verification of Condition


Any crewmember detecting an abnormal and/or emergency shall immediately
inform the other crewmember.

3.1.4

(a)

Aural warnings shall be silenced by pressing Warning/Caution light;

(b)

The affected system shall be recognized on the CAP;

(c)

The systems local fault shall be identified on the overhead panel;

(d)

The PF must call for the appropriate checklist which must be confirmed by
the PNF as the checklist applicable for the particular abnormal/emergency
situation.

(e)

The PIC will designate the PF.

Initiation of Procedure
After the PF is ready he shall initiate application by using the wording Start
Procedure.

3.1.5

(a)

Memory actions are then performed by the PNF on commands from the
PF;

(b)

Upon completion of the memory items the PF will call for the complete
checklist on a Read-And-Do basis including previously completed memory
items.

Reading of Checklist
Abnormal and/ or emergency procedures are read by PNF starting with the
procedure title and shall be read once the PF is ready to follow the execution of the
procedures.
Memory actions must be read and confirmed.
Except for memory items and irreversible actions (e.g. engine shut down) the
required action must be read first, then executed and reported to PF, who shall cross
check whenever feasible.
Any abnormal or emergency has to be continued to its end and upon reaching the
end of the checklist the PNF must announce that the applicable checklist is
COMPLETED.

3.1/P4

ABNORMAL PROCEDURES
Rev 00
15 Jul 09

ATR-72 STANDARD
OPERATING PROCEDURES

Note:

3.1.6

There may be special situations in which it is of benefit to stop an


abnormal and/or emergency procedure. The decision to do so rests solely
with the PIC and such decision should be based upon sound analysis of the
situation.

CAUTION 1:

The main goal is to maintain positive aircraft control. All action


shall be done as soon as possible but never in a hurry. Strict
adherence to the checklists is mandatory.

CAUTION 2:

According to CCARs regulations and Company policy the


Cockpit Voice Recorder (CVR) circuit breaker should be pulled
after landing on any flight where a significant
abnormal/emergency situation has occurred.

Acceleration Height
A standard acceleration height (AGL) of 800 FT should be used or such height as
published in the pre-computed takeoff charts whichever is the higher, in the event
of an engine failure on takeoff.

3.1.7

Engine Shutdown Procedure


Refer ATR 72 Abnormal/Emergency Procedures Appendix at the end of this
Section.

3.1.8

Flight with an Engine Inoperative


Following an engine shutdown in flight it is the commander's responsibility to
decide whether:
(a)

The flight should be continued to destination;

(b)

The flight should return to the departure airport; or

(c)

A landing should be made at the nearest suitable airport.

Factors that need to be considered for flight with an inoperative engine include the
following:
(a)

Nature of the malfunction which preceded the engine shutdown and any
further mechanical difficulties which may arise from the shutdown;

(b)

Availability of the inoperative engine for use;

(c)

Altitude, aircraft weight and useable fuel at the time of engine shutdown;

Deleted:

3.1/P5

ABNORMAL PROCEDURES
ATR-72 STANDARD
OPERATING PROCEDURES

Rev 00
15 Jul 09

(d)

Distance to be flown;

(e)

Relative characteristics of suitable airports available for landing;

(f)

Weather conditions en route and at suitable airports available for landing;

(g)

Air traffic congestion;

(h)

Type of terrain; and

(i)

Familiarity of pilot with airport to be used.

It is expected that the commander will, at all times, operate the aircraft with full
regard to safety. No undue emphasis should be placed on the continuation of a
flight to the destination unless the commander is satisfied that this is a desirable and
safe course of action.
Following an engine shutdown a two engine aircraft should normally proceed to the
nearest suitable airport, although there is no objection to the aircraft proceeding to
the destination provided the increased flying time is not significant.
When runway approach slope guidance is not available the aircraft should carry out
a normal circuit unless circumstances or terrain make this unadvisable.
3.1.9

Emergency Airports
Pilots must maintain an adequate knowledge of airports, suitable for an emergency
landing, which are on, or adjacent to, the aircraft's flight path.
The appropriateness of a particular airport is related to the urgency of the situation.
However, in general, an airport should be considered suitable, depending upon the
nature of the emergency, even if it does not meet normal operational standards and
if it can reasonably assumed that a safe landing can be made.

3.1.10
3.1.10.1

Depressurisation
General
In the event of a depressurisation the requirement for the donning of oxygen masks
is immediate. The following table of Times of Useful Consciousness are
representative of a person in normal health in a seating position.

3.1/P6

ABNORMAL PROCEDURES
Rev 00
15 Jul 09

ATR-72 STANDARD
OPERATING PROCEDURES

ALTITUDE (FT)

TIME

22,000

5 minutes

25,000

2 minutes

28,000

1 minute

30,000

45 seconds

35,000

30 seconds

40,000

18 seconds

The above times can be reduced by approximately 50% with moderate activity and
by approximately 33% in a rapid depressurization. If oxygen is applied
expeditiously the debilitating effects of oxygen deprivation are removed within 20
seconds.
3.1.10.2

Emergency Descent Procedures


If an emergency descent is required the procedures as detailed in the Flight Crew
Operating Manual should be followed. Following completion of the applicable nonnormal procedure(s), the First Officer should select transponder code 7700 and
advise ATC through the use of a PAN call.
The commander should make the following PA announcement:
COCKPIT SPEAKING, CABIN CREW SEATED AND FASTENED
Flight deck crews must be aware of the height of the terrain in the vicinity of the
descent and must limit the descent to the MSA (or grid MORA) for the sector or
10,000 FT whichever is the higher.
During the descent, the First Officer should call each 5,000 FT, 2,000 FT and 1,000
FT prior to the nominated level off altitude.
When the aircraft attains the required level off altitude, the commander should
make a PA announcement indicating that the use of oxygen masks (if used by the
passengers) is no longer required and/or explain the reason for the emergency
descent. Based upon this PA announcement the purser shall enter the flight deck to
report on the condition of passengers and cabin crew.

3.1/P7

ABNORMAL PROCEDURES
ATR-72 STANDARD
OPERATING PROCEDURES

Rev 00
15 Jul 09

The flight deck crew should assess the situation with respect to:

3.1.11

(a)

The state of any structural damage (if required);

(b)

Distance to and weather conditions at suitable diversion airport(s);

(c)

Any intervening terrain between the aircrafts position and suitable


diversion airport(s); and

(d)

Diversion fuel requirements.

Cabin Fire Procedures


In the case of a fire in the cabin, a cabin crew member will contact the flight deck
either personally or via the interphone providing the following information:
(a)

What is actually on fire and its location;

(b)

If the fire is in the galley area, request that galley power be removed;

(c)

The amount and the colour of the smoke and the effect it is having on the
passengers; and

(d)

The ferocity of the fire and whether it can be contained.

The purser should keep the commander updated as to the progress in containing the
fire and if at any time the situation appears out of control an immediate face to face
report will be made.
In this case a landing at the nearest adequate airport should be considered.
3.1.12

Interception Procedures
ICAO standard procedures are to be followed in the event of in-flight interception.
These procedures, including the State variations are detailed in the Jeppesen
Airway Manual together with an appropriate NOTAM for any variations from
standard procedures.
In the event of an in-flight interception proceed as follows;
(a)

Do not perform any manoeuvre that may be construed as hostile. Maintain


straight and level flight;

3.1/P8

ABNORMAL PROCEDURES
ATR-72 STANDARD
OPERATING PROCEDURES

Rev 00
15 Jul 09

(b)

Select transponder to 7700 and where possible notify the appropriate ATC
centre;

(c)

Attempt to establish communication with the interceptor or with the


appropriate intercept control unit by making a general call on 121.5 MHZ
giving the identity and position of the aircraft and the nature of the flight;
and

(d)

Follow instructions from intercepting aircraft responding as appropriate to


instructions.

If any instructions received by radio from any source conflict with those given by
the intercepting aircraft request immediate clarification whilst complying with the
instructions given by the intercepting aircraft.
3.1.13

Ground Proximity Warning System (GPWS)

3.1.14

TCAS

Refer Flight Crew Operating Manual, Page 2.02.16.

Refer Flight Crew Operating Manual, Page 2.02.15

ATR 72
ABNORMAL/EMERGENCY PROCEDURES
APPENDIX

GROUND PHASE EVENT

CM 1

CM 2

ENGINE FIRE BEFORE V1


Takeoff run

- Receive takeoff clearance and announce


Cleared for takeoff. Wind
_____0/______knots
- Announce Takeoff, timing, flight control left or
right
- Advance PLs to notch position and announce
Notch

- Select clock to RUN and CHR


- Hold control column forward and into
wind
- Check ATPCS ARM light illuminates and
announce ATPCS arm
- Check FDAU bars on RTO value
- Check engine parameters TQ, NP, ITT,
NH oil and announce Power set
- Continue to scan airspeed and engine
instruments throughout takeoff and
announce Engine instruments checked
normal

- Announce Seventy knots


At 70 knots
- Release nose wheel steering and announce I have
control or You have control (CM2 as PF)

ATR-72 ABNORMAL/EMERGENCY PROC

15 JUL 09 REV 00

- Confirm You have control or I have


control (CM2 as PF)

PAGE 1

GROUND PHASE EVENT

CM 1

Fire warning occurs

CM 2
- Engine Fire

- STOP
- Engine 1 fire, wind from (left or right)
- Rejected takeoff:
Retard PLs to FI then GI
Reverse as required
Full braking
Stop aircraft with good engine into the wind (00 to
900)

Aircraft stopped

- Parking brake ON

Memory Items

- Command:
Both condition levers to feather, then shut off
Fire handle (1 or 2) pull
Agent 1 discharge
Timing 30 seconds

or
-

Engine 2 fire, wind from (left or right)


Cancel fire warning
Hold control column
Notify ATC

- Retard both CLs to FTH then SO and


announce Both condition levers to
feather and shut off
- Pull fire handle (1 or 2) and announce
Fire handle (1 or 2) pulled
- Activate AGENT 1 push button and
announce Agent 1 discharged
- Commence timing and announce Timing
started

- Make PA announcement Cockpit speaking,


cabin crew to your stations

ATR-72 ABNORMAL/EMERGENCY PROC

15 JUL 09 REV 00

PAGE 2

GROUND PHASE EVENT


On Ground Engine Fire checklist

CM 1

CM 2

Command On ground engine fire checklist


Read On Ground Engine Fire checklist

After 30 seconds and fire warning continues

- Announce 30 seconds fire continues


- Command Agent 2 discharge

- If fire warning continues announce Fire


continues

If fire warning continues or there is external evidence of


fire
- Command Fire handle (1 or 2) pull

Evacuation

- Pull second fire handle and announce


Fire handle (1 or 2) pulled

- Make PA announcement Evacuate left/right,


evacuate left/right, evacuate left/right

- Command Emergency evacuation checklist


Emergency evacuation checklist

ATR-72 ABNORMAL/EMERGENCY PROC

- Activate AGENT 2 push button and


announce Agent 2 discharged

15 JUL 09 REV 00

- Read and do Emergency Evacuation


checklist
- When complete announce Emergency
evacuation checklist completed

PAGE 3

FLIGHT PHASE EVENT

PF

ENGINE FIRE AFTER V1


Note: No any action relating to the engine fire are to be
made until the landing gear has been selected UP
V1

PNF

- Announce: V1

VR

- Check speed
- Release hand from PLs

ENGINE FIRE

- Check speed
- Rotate aircraft

- Announce: Rotate

- Respond: Continue

Positive climb established on VSI

- Announce: ENGINE FIRE


(Immediately after fire warning sounds, cancel
CRC by pressing the MW or EMER AUDIO
CANCEL)

- Check no lights on LAND GEAR panel and


respond: Checked

- Announce: Positive climb


- Select gear lever to the UP position and
announce: Gear up selected
- Check no lights on LAND GEAR panel and
announce: Gear up set

- Identify engine: Confirm (1 or 2)

- Confirm: Engine fire (1 or 2)

- Command: Gear up

Identify engine
Notify ATC

- Notify ATC

400Ft AGL

- Announce: 400 Feet


- Check altitude and order: Memory items

Memory items
PLs

ATR-72 ABNORMAL/EMERGENCY PROC

- Hold non-affected engine PL


- Command: Power lever (1 or 2) to flight
idle
15 JUL 09 REV 00

- Confirm correct engine and retard affected PL


to FI position and announce: Power lever (1
or 2) to flight idle
PAGE 4

FLIGHT PHASE EVENT

PF

PNF

Memory items(cont)
CLs

- Hold non-affected engine CL


- Command: Condition lever (1 or 2) to feather,
then shut off

- Confirm correct engine and retard affected CL


to FTH then SO and announce: Condition
lever (1 or 2) to feather(wait
one second) and shut off

Fire handle

- Command: Fire handle (1 or 2) pull

- Place hand on applicable fire handle


- When confirmed pull fire handle (1 or 2) and
announce: Fire handle (1 or 2) pulled

Timing 10 seconds

- Command: Timing 10 seconds

Agent discharge

- Command: Agent 1 discharge

- Monitor Fire handle red light


If Fire continue
30 seconds
- Command: Agent 2 discharge

- Monitor Fire handle red light

- Respond: Timing
- After 10 seconds announce: 10 seconds time
out
- Activate AGENT 1 push button and announce:
Agent 1 discharged
Note: Light comes ON when bottle is
Empty.
- After 30 seconds announce: 30 seconds time
out
- Activate AGENT 2 push button and announce:
Agent 2 discharged
- Announce: Memory items completed

- Respond: Checked
- Announce: Acceleration altitude
Acceleration altitude
- Command: Altitude Hold

ATR-72 ABNORMAL/EMERGENCY PROC

15 JUL 09 REV 00

- Select ALT HOLD on ADU and announce:


Altitude hold

PAGE 5

FLIGHT PHASE EVENT


In-Flight engine fire check list

PF

PNF

- Command: In-flight engine fire checklist

- Read and do In-Flight Engine Fire checklist

- Monitor and confirm items

- When complete announce: In-flight engine


fire checklist competed

Speed at white or red bug speed


- Check ASI speed and command: IAS, flaps zero
(fifteen icing), MCT

- Check IAS, flap indicator shows 00 (or 150)) and


PWR MGT to MCT and respond: Checked

- Announce: White bug or Red bug (as


applicable)
- Select IAS and announce:
IAS set
- Select flap lever to 00 and announce: Flaps
zero ( fifteen) selected
- Set PWR MGT to MCT and announce: MCT
set
- Check flap indicator shows 00 (150 icing) and
announce: Flaps zero (fifteen) set
- Adjust IAS to white/red bug speed

After Takeoff checklist

- Command: After takeoff checklist


- Monitor and confirm items

- Read and do After Takeoff checklist


- When complete announce: After takeoff
checklist completed

Single Engine Operation checklist

- Command: Single engine operation checklist


- Monitor and confirm items

- Read and do Single Engine Operation checklist


- When complete announce: Single engine
operation checklist completed

ATR-72 ABNORMAL/EMERGENCY PROC

15 JUL 09 REV 00

PAGE 6

FLIGHT PHASE EVENT

PF

PNF

- Command: Clear CAP


- Push CLR on CAP
Decision Land ASAP

- Announce intentions and diversion airport.

PA announcement

- Make PA announcement to passengers

ATR-72 ABNORMAL/EMERGENCY PROC

15 JUL 09 REV 00

PAGE 7

FLIGHT PHASE EVENT

PF

PNF

ENGINE FLAMEOUT AFTER V1


Note: No any action relating to the engine flame-out
are to be made until the landing gear has been selected
UP
V1

- Check speed
- Release hand from PLs

- Announce: V1

VR

- Check speed
- Rotate aircraft

- Announce: Rotate

ENGINE FLAME OUT AT TAKE-OFF

- Announce: ENGINE FLAME OUT


- Respond: CONTINUE

Positive climb established on VSI


- Command: Gear up
- Check no lights on LAND GEAR panel and respond:
Checked
CONT RELIGHT (ATR72 -200 only)
UP TRIM

- Check CONT Relight ON and respond:


Checked
- If no UP trim , both PLs advance to RAMP

AUTO FEATHER

- If no AUTO FTHR command: CL (1 or 2) to


Feather
- Check TQ=100% on live engine and NP=0% on
failed engine
- Respond: Checked

ATR-72 ABNORMAL/EMERGENCY PROC

15 JUL 09 REV 00

- Announce: Positive climb


- Select gear lever to the UP position and
announce Gear up selected
- Announce: CONT RELIGHT ON
(select if not)
(ATR72-200 only)
- Check UP trim on live engine and
announce:
UP TRIM or NO UP TRIM

- Check NP=0% on failed engine and


announce:
AUTO Feather , if not NO AUTO
Feather
- Retard CL (1 or 2) to feather position and
announce: CL (1 or 2) Feather

PAGE 8

FLIGHT PHASE EVENT

PF

LAND GEAR
- Check no lights on LAND GEAR panel and
respond: Checked
Notify ATC

PNF
- Check no lights on LAND GEAR panel and
announce: Gear up set
- Notify ATC

Acceleration altitude
- Command: Altitude hold

- Announce :Acceleration altitude


- Select ALT mode on ADU and announce:
Altitude hold

Identify engine

- Announce: Engine flame out (1 or 2)

- Respond: Confirm engine ( 1 or2), if


identification incorrect.

Memory items

- Announce: Memory Items

PL

- Hold non-affected engine PL


- Command: Power lever (1 or 2) to flight idle
(Retard PL to NOTCH on good engine if it was on
RAMP)
- Hold non-affected engine CL
- Command: Condition lever (1 or 2) to feather,
then shut off

CL

- Respond: Checked

- Confirm correct engine and retard affected PL


to FI position and announce: Confirm power
lever (1 or 2) to flight idle
- Confirm correct engine and retard affected CL
to FTH (wait one second) then SO and
announce: Condition lever (1 or 2) to
feather and shut off
- Announce: Memory items completed

Speed at white or red bug speed


- Check ASI speed and command: IAS, flaps zero
(fifteen icing), MCT

ATR-72 ABNORMAL/EMERGENCY PROC

15 JUL 09 REV 00

- Announce: White bug or Red bug (as


applicable)
- Select IAS and announce:
IAS set
- Select flap lever to 00 and announce Flaps
zero ( fifteen) selected
- Set PWR MGT to MCT and announce: MCT
set
PAGE 9

FLIGHT PHASE EVENT

PF

PNF
- Check flap indicator shows 00 (150 icing) and
announce: Flaps zero (fifteen) set

- Check IAS, flap indicator shows 00 (or 150)) and


PWR MGT to MCT and respond: Checked

Engine Flame Out At Takeoff checklist

- Command Engine flameout at takeoff


checklist
- Monitor and confirm items

After Takeoff checklist

- Command After takeoff checklist


- Monitor and confirm items

Single Engine Operation checklist

- Command Single engine operation checklist


- Monitor and confirm items

- Adjust IAS to white/red bug speed

- Read and do Engine Flame Out At Takeoff


checklist
- When complete announce Engine flame out
at takeoff checklist completed

- Read and do After Takeoff checklist


- When complete announce After takeoff
checklist completed

- Read and do Single Engine Operation checklist


- When complete announce Single engine
operation checklist completed

- Command Clear CAP


- Push CLR on CAP
Decision Land ASAP
- Announce intentions and diversion airport.
PA announcement
- Make PA announcement to passengers

ATR-72 ABNORMAL/EMERGENCY PROC

15 JUL 09 REV 00

PAGE 10

FLIGHT PHASE EVENT


SINGLE ENGINE GO-AROUND
Go-around

PF
-- Command Go-around and simultaneously:

PLs advance to the RAMP position

Press the GA switch

Rotate aircraft to go-around attitude (80)

Command Flaps 15

Positive climb established on VSI


- Command Gear up

- Check flap indicator shows 150 and no lights on


LDG GEAR panel and respond Checked

Established in stable climb

PNF

- Check PLs at the RAMP position and


announce Go-around power set
- Select flap lever to 150 position and
announce Flap 15 selected
- Announce Positive climb
- Select gear lever to the UP position and
announce Gear up selected
- Check flap indicator shows 150 and no
lights on LDG GEAR panel and announce
Flaps 15, gear up set

- Command Taxi light off

- Select TAXI light to OFF and announce


Taxi light off

- Command Heading, low bank IAS

- Select HDG, BANK to low and adjust IAS


to VGA on ADU and announce Heading,
low bank and IAS set

- Check settings and respond Check


- Notify ATC

Notify ATC
Acceleration altitude
- Command Altitude hold
PLs back to NOTCH position

ATR-72 ABNORMAL/EMERGENCY PROC

-Retard PLs to NOTCH position and announce


-Power levers back to notch

15 JUL 09 REV 00

- Announce Acceleration altitude


- Select ALT mode on ADU and announce
Altitude hold
-Check PLs at notch position, announce
-Notch checked
PAGE 11

FLIGHT PHASE EVENT

PF

Speed at white or red bug speed

PNF
- Announce White bug or Red bug (as
applicable)

- Check ASI speed and command IAS, flaps zero


(fifteen icing), MCT

- Check IAS, flap indicator shows 00 (or 150)) and


PWR MGT to MCT and respond Checked

- Select IAS and announce


IAS set
- Select flap lever to 00 and announce Flaps
zero ( fifteen) selected
- Set PWR MGT to MCT and announce
MCT set
- Check flap indicator shows 00 (150 icing)
and announce Flaps zero (fifteen) set
- Adjust IAS to white/red bug speed

- Command After takeoff checklist


- Read and do After Takeoff checklist
- When complete announce After takeoff
checklist completed

After Takeoff Checklist

- Make PA announcement to passengers


PA announcement

ATR-72 ABNORMAL/EMERGENCY PROC

15 JUL 09 REV 00

PAGE 12

FLIGHT PHASE EVENT

PF

PNF

EMERGENCY DESCENT
According to flight event

Autopilot remains engaged

-Order:
Emergency descent
Memo items
:Do
- Mask/Crew communication(as RQD)
- Select minimum altitude on ALT SEL
- Select IAS mode and set 245kts
- Turn with HDG knob 45
- PLs to FI
- Cont relight on (ATR72-200 only)
- CLs to 100 OVRD or
MAX RPM (ATR72-200 only)
-Order:
Emergency descent checklist
- Emergency checklist response

:Do
- Emergency checklist read

- Order:
Masks off
:Do
- Oxygen mask remove
- Oxygen hatch close
- Oxygen test P/B depress

ATR-72 ABNORMAL/EMERGENCY PROC

Memo items completed

Emergency descent checklist completed

- Monitor R/D
Approaching FL 100

:Do
- Mask/Crew communication(as RQD)
- Seat belts on
- PA:
- XPDR 7700 set
- ATC: Mayday, mayday, mayday
- Oxygen pax supply on
- Oxygen pressure check

15 JUL 09 REV 00

:Do
- Oxygen mask remove
- Oxygen hatch close
- Oxygen test P/B depress

PAGE 13

ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

SECTION 4
PERFORMANCE

ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

INTENTIONAL BLANK PAGE

PERFORMANCE

TOC/P1

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Rev 00
15 Jul 09

ATR-72 STANDARD
OPERATING PROCEDURES

4.1

COMPUTER TAKEOFF CHARTS

4.1/P1

4.1.1

General

4.1/P1

4.1.2

Takeoff Chart Format

4.1/P2

4.1.3

De-Code of Takeoff Chart

4.1/P3

PERFORMANCE

TOC/P2

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Rev 00
15 Jul 09

ATR-72 STANDARD
OPERATING PROCEDURES

INTENTIONAL BLANK PAGE

4.1/P1

PERFORMANCE
ATR-72 STANDARD
OPERATING PROCEDURES

4.1
4.1.1

Rev 00
15 Jul 09

COMPUTER TAKEOFF CHARTS


General
The Company produces computer generated runway takeoff and landing charts for
the ATR-72 aircraft.
Airport analyses facilitate the determination of the maximum allowable takeoff for
specific airport conditions and aircraft configurations with the failure of the most
critical engine. The limitations observed are those specified in the approved
Airplane Flight Manual (AFM).
The maximum allowable takeoff weight is determined by the most limiting of the
following:

4.1.2

(a)

Maximum Certified Takeoff Weight: The structural limit weight;

(b)

Climb Limit Weight: The maximum weight at which the required


minimum climb gradients are available in the second and final segment
based on the airport elevation and temperature;

(c)

Runway Limit Weight: The maximum weight at which the aircraft


complies with the certification requirements under the rules governing
required runway length. The runway limited weight is a function of runway
length, slope, airport elevation, temperature and wind;

(d)

Obstacle Limited Weight: The maximum weight at which obstacle


clearance required by ICAO can be demonstrated. The obstacle limited
weight is a function of obstacle height and distance, temperature, airport
elevation, runway slope and wind. Unless otherwise specified on the
airport analysis, a straight flight out path along the extended runway center
line is assumed;

Takeoff Chart Format


Set out below is a facsimile of the Company standard computer generated takeoff
chart for ATR-72 aircraft.

4.1/P2

PERFORMANCE
Rev 00
15 Jul 09

ATR-72 STANDARD
OPERATING PROCEDURES

1.

F15

13/07/2004

TANSONNHAT

VVTS 25R

2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.

ELEVATION= 33.0 (FT)


LIMITATION CODES
T.O.R.A = 10000.0 (FT)
0-DRY CHECK
5-TYRE SPEED
A.S.D.A = 11017.0 (FT)
1-STRUCTURE
6-BRAKE ENERGY
T.O.D.A = 11017.0 (FT)
2-2ND SEGMENT 7-RWY 2 ENGINE
SLOPE =
-0.08 (%)
3-RUNWAY
8-FINAL TO
LARGE WIDTH ASSUME 4-OBSTACLE
9-VMC
NO OBSTACLE AVAILABLE

ATR72-500
JAR-DGAC
V2/VS OPTIMIZED
V1/VR OPTIMIZED
AIR COND. ON
NORMAL CONDITIONS
WITHOUT REVERSE

9.
10.
11.

- WIND
O KT
A

DRY RUNWAY
SCREEN HEIGHT 35 FT

12.

13.
14.
15.

(DC)
5.0

TOW (KG) CODES


V1 VR V2 (IAS KT)

QNH = 1013.2 (HPA)

-10

-5

10

22500 1-1
98 110 114

22500 1-1
100 110 114

22500 1-1
100 110 114

22500 1-1
100 110 114

22500 1-1
100 110 114

22500
98 110
22500
97 110
22500
97 110

1-1
114
1-1
114
1-1
114

22500 1-1
100 110 114
22500 1-1
101 110 114
22500 1-1
101 110 114

22500 1-1
100 110 114
22500 1-1
101 110 114
22500 1-1
101 110 114

22500 1-1
100 110 114
22500 1-1
101 110 114
22500 1-1
101 110 114

22500 1-1
100 110 114
22500 1-1
101 110 114
22500 1-1
101 110 114

22.0

22500 0-0
96 110 114

22500 1-1
101 110 114

22500 1-1
101 110 114

22500 1-1
101 110 114

22500 1-1
101 110 114

24.0

22500 1-1
96 110 114

22500 1-1
101 110 114

22500 1-1
101 110 114

22500 1-1
101 110 114

22500 1-1
101 110 114

10.0
15.0
20.0

DATA INTENTIONALLY NOT DISPLAYED (EXAMPLE ONLY)


44.0

21866 2-4
98 113 117

22257 2-4
107 122 125

22231 2-2
115 129 132

22231 2-2
115 129 132

22231 2-2
115 129 132

46.0

21582 2-4
98 113 117

21922 2-4
107 122 125

21965 2-2
115 127 131

21965 2-2
115 127 131

21965 2-2
115 127 131

48.0

21285 2-4
99 114 117
20991 2-4
100 114 117

21574 2-4
109 123 126
21220 2-4
110 123 126

21596 2-2
114 126 129
21228 2-2
114 125 128

21596 2-2
115 126 129
21228 2-2
115 125 128

21596 2-2
115 126 129
21228 2-2
115 125 128

50.0

16. /NO OBSTACLE


17. /MINI. ACCELERATION HEIGHT:
18. /MAXI. ACCELERATION HEIGHT:

800. (FT)
2184.(FT)

QNH ALT:
QNH ALT:

833 (FT)
2217 (FT)

4.1/P3

PERFORMANCE
Rev 00
15 Jul 09

ATR-72 STANDARD
OPERATING PROCEDURES

4.1.3

De-Code of Takeoff Chart

1.

F15......
13/07/2004.
TANSONNHAT.
VVTS 25R.

Flap setting
Date chart prepared
Name of airport
IATA code and runway direction

2.

ELEVATION = 33.0 (FT).


LIMITATION CODES.
ATR72-500
JAR-DGAC

Airport elevation
Title
Aircraft type and model
Certifying authority

3.

T.O.R.A = 10000.0 (FT)


0-DRY CHECK.
5-TYRE SPEED
V2/VS OPTIMIZED..

Takeoff run available


Program checks both dry and wet conditions and if a
dry limit shows this limit code
Tyre speed limit code
Basis of chart calculation

4.

A.S.D.A = 11017.0 (FT)


1-STRUCTURE
6-BRAKE ENERGY.
VI/VR OPTIMIZED

Accelerate stop distance available


Structural limit code
Brake energy limit code
Basis of chart calculation

5.

T.O.D.A = 11017.0 (FT)


2-2ND SEGMENT
7-RWY 2 ENGINE
AIR COND. ON.

Takeoff distance available


Second segment limit code
Two engine runway lengthy limit code
Air conditioning on

6.

SLOPE = -0.08%.............
3-RUNWAY
8-FINAL TO...

Runway slope
Runway limit code
Program checks fourth segment and if a limit shows
this limit code
Statement on conditions

NORMAL CONDITIONS.

4.1/P4

PERFORMANCE
Rev 00
15 Jul 09

ATR-72 STANDARD
OPERATING PROCEDURES

7.

LARGE WIDTH
ASSUMED.
4-OBSTACLE
9-VMC....
WITH OUT REVERSE.

Program has the capability to enter runway width. If


not entered displays this text meaning a default
width of 30 m
Obstacle limit code
VMC (G) limit code
Operation with out reverser assumed for dry runway.
With reverser for wet runway

8.

NO OBSTACLE
AVAILABLE

Obstacle data is presented in this field

9.

WIND.
TOW (KG).
CODES.
QNH=1013.2 (HPA).
DRY RUNWAY.

Title
Title
Title
QNH pressure used for chart
Runway condition

10.

O KT
V1 VR V2 (IAS KT)..
SCREEN HEIGHT

Title
Title
Text on dry runway screen height

11.

A..

Title

12.

T..

Title

13

DC...
-10, -5, 0, 5, 10..

Degrees C
Wind speed

14.

5.0
22500 1-1.

OAT
Maximum takeoff weight and limitation code

15.

98 110 114.

V1, VR and V2 speeds

16.

/NO OBSTACLE

Statement on obstacle

4.1/P5

PERFORMANCE
Rev 00
15 Jul 09

ATR-72 STANDARD
OPERATING PROCEDURES

17.

18.

MINI. ACCELERATION
HEIGHT.
800. (FT)
QNH ALT: 833 (FT)..

Title
Minimum acceleration height (AGL)
Minimum acceleration height (QNH)

MAXI. ACCELERATION
HEIGHT.
2184. (FT)..
QNH ALT: 2217 (FT)

Title
Minimum acceleration height (AGL)
Minimum acceleration height (QNH)

4.1/P6

PERFORMANCE
Rev 00
15 Jul 09

ATR-72 STANDARD
OPERATING PROCEDURES

INTENTIONAL BLANK PAGE

ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

SECTION 5
FLIGHT PLANNING

ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

INTENTIONAL BLANK PAGE

FLIGHT PLANNING

TOC/P1

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Rev 00
15 Jul 09

ATR-72 STANDARD
OPERATING PROCEDURES

5.1

FLIGHT PLANNING

5.1/P1

5.1.1

Sample Computer Flight Plan

5.1/P1

5.1.2

De-Code of Computer Flight Plan

5.1/P4

5.1.3

Fuel Calculations

5.1/P11

FLIGHT PLANNING

TOC/P2

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Rev 00
15 Jul 09

ATR-72 STANDARD
OPERATING PROCEDURES

INTENTIONAL BLANK PAGE

5.1/P1

FLIGHT PLANNING
ATR-72 STANDARD
OPERATING PROCEDURES

5.1
5.1.1

FLIGHT PLANNING
Sample Computer Flight Plan

1
2

PLAN 1660 K6XXX/PNHSGN VDSR TO VVTS AT72 HSC/F IFR 15/07/09


NONSTOP COMPUTED 0258Z FOR ETD 0800Z PROGS 0000ADF VNB212 KGS

3
4
5

ATTN CAPT
FLT RELEASE XXXXXX VDSR/REP 1500L/0800Z/. . . . BLOFF . . . .
VVTS/SGN 1608L/0908Z/. . . . BLON . . . .

GCD 0228 G/D 0279 A/D 0285 W/C M007 TEMP M13 TDV/P18 MAXS 4/POPET

7
8
9
10
11
13
14
15
16

23

E.FL A.FUEL E.TIME


TRIP
702 . . . . 1.08
ROUTE RES 5PCT
50 . . . . 0.05 FUEL BURN ADJUSTMENT FOR
ALTERNATE VDPP 392 . . . . 0.35
FINAL RES
250 . . . . 0.30
1000 KGS INCR/DECR
EXTRA
0 . . . . 0.00
IN TOW +/- 10 KGS
TAKE OFF
1394 . . . . 2.18
TAXI
40 . . . .
BLOCK
1434 . . . . 2.18 BLOCK FUEL . . . .
------------------ --------------E.WT CORR. OP.LIMIT STRUC. REASONS FOR OP.LIMIT
DOW 013640 ... ..
EPLD 004000 ... ..
EZFW 013640 ... .. MZFW ... .. 020300 / . . . . . . . . .
ETOW 015034 ... .. MTOW ... .. 022500 / . . . . . . . . .
ELAW 014332 ... .. MLAW ... .. 022350 / . . . . . . . . .
------------------ --------------FUEL CONSUMPTION - 0.0 PCT/HR/ENG

24
25

COMPANY ROUTE R01


FL230
VDSR W15 PNH R468 TSN..VVTS

17
18
19
20
21
22

------------------ --------------26

CAPT. . . . . . . . . . FO . . . . . . . . DISP. . . . . . . . . .
------------------ ---------------

27
28

29
30
31

32
33
34
35
36

DEST ALTERNATE
MSA TTK GDIST ADIST FL W/C TIME FUEL
ALTN - 1 VDPP/PNH 073 292 138 139 180 P001 00.35 392
TIME TO
DIST
W/C CFR FOB XFR ETP / ALT
ETP1 VDSR/VDPP 0066/0066 P003/M003 0 001160 00000 00.19/00.16
N12378E104366
ETP2 VDPP/VVTS 0059/0056 P004/M017 0 000875 00000 00.49/00.14
N11108E105468
------------------ --------------VDSR ELEV 00059FT
REMAINING
AWY FIX OAT FL TAS GS MCSE ZDIST ZTIME ETA ECBO TIME EFOB
FREQ MSA WIND ITCS RDIST CTIME ATA ACBO
AFOB
---------------------------------W15 SATON P00 15 239 241 123 0057 00/14 .... 000.2 00/54 001.2
082 053/003 122 0222 00/14 .... .....
.....
----------------------------------

Rev 00
15 Jul 09

5.1/P2

FLIGHT PLANNING
Rev 00
15 Jul 09

ATR-72 STANDARD
OPERATING PROCEDURES

37

38

W15 ETP1 M13 23 269 263 169 0020 00/05 .... 000.2 00/49 001.2
082 114/011 169 0202 00/19 .... .....
.....
---------------------------------W15 TOC M13 23 269 263 169 0028 00/07 .... 000.3 00/42 001.1
082 114/011 169 0174 00/26 .... .....
.....
---------------------------------W15 PNH M13 23 269 263 169 0038 00/09 .... 000.4 00/33 001.0
114.3 082 114/011 169 0136 00/35 .... .....
.....
---------------------------------R468 ETP2 M13 23 269 258 113 0060 00/13 .... 000.5 00/20 000.9
073 116/011 112 0076 00/48 .... .....
.....
---------------------------------R468 TOD M13 23 269 258 113 0007 00/02 .... 000.5 00/18 000.9
073 116/011 112 0069 00/50 .... .....
.....
---------------------------------R468 POPET M11 22 346 336 113 0003 00/01 .... 000.5 00/17 000.9
073 141/011 112 0066 00/51 .... .....
.....
---------------------------------R468 SAPEN M04 17 322 319 110 0015 00/03 .... 000.6 00/14 000.8
046 053/005 109 0051 00/54 .... .....
.....
---------------------------------R468 CUCHI P06 11 293 292 114 0017 00/04 .... 000.6 00/10 000.8
046 082/000 114 0034 00/58 .... .....
.....
---------------------------------R468 TSN P15 07 272 275 114 0013 00/04 .... 000.6 00/06 000.8
116.7 016 264/004 114 0021 01/02 .... .....
.....
---------------------------------.. VVTS P18 00 269 258 079 0021 00/06 .... 000.7 00/00 000.7
.../...
0000 01/08 .... .....
.....
---------------------------------VVTS ELEV 00033FT

VDSR N13247E103487 SATON N12570E104336 ETP1 N12378E104366


PNH N11326E104506 ETP2 N11108E105468 POPET N11060E105570
SAPEN N11012E106110 CUCHI N10542E106269 TSN N10490E106387
VVTS N10492E106397

------------------ --------------FIRS VVTS/0054


------------------ --------------39
40

ALTERNATE DATA
-N0272F180 SAP1C SAPEN R468

41
42

CPT LAT LONG


MCS
D249D N10474 E106348 251
SAPEN N11012 E106108 300
POPET N11060 E105570 290
VDPP N11330 E104516 293

43
44
45

(FPL-XXXXXX-IS
-AT72/M-SGDH/S
-VDSR0800

DIST
0005
0028
0015
0090

5.1/P3

FLIGHT PLANNING
ATR-72 STANDARD
OPERATING PROCEDURES

46
47
48
49
50
51
52

-N0269F230 W15 PNH R468 TSN DCT


-VVTS0108 VDPP
-EET/VVTS0054
REG/VN-B212 SEL/CFMR
-E/0218 P/TBN R/UV S/MJ J/L D/0 0 C N/A
A/BLUE)
C/......)

53

END OF JEPPESEN DATAPLAN


REQUEST NO. 1660
END OF PLAN 1660

Rev 00
15 Jul 09

5.1/P4

FLIGHT PLANNING
Rev 00
15 Jul 09

ATR-72 STANDARD
OPERATING PROCEDURES

5.1.2

Decode of Computer Flight Plan

1.

PLAN 1660...
K6XXX/PNHSGN
VDSR...........
VVTS........
ATR72.........
HSC/F.......
IFR........
15/07/09

Flight plan with reference number.


Title (Flight number/sector)
Departure airport (ICAO).
Arrival airport (ICAO).
Data plan aircraft type.
Primary cruise mode/fuel conservation.
Instrument Flight Rules.
Day/month/year flight plan computed

2.

NONSTOP....
COMPUTED 0258Z.......
FOR ETD 0800Z........
PROGS........
0000ADF...........................
VNB-212.........
KGS..

Non stop flight plan.


Time flight plan was computed.
Estimated Time of Departure.
Bracknell winds prognostics.
Date time collection weather data, ADF Aviation
Digital Format
Customer aircraft data base file.
Kilos (Flight plan in kilos).

3.

ATTN CAPT........

Send to responsible person

4.

XXXXXX..
VDSR/REP..
1500L/0800z.......
BLOFF.........

Call sign
Departure airport (ICAO/IATA).
Estimated Time of Departure - Local/Zulu time
Block off time

5.

VVTS/SGN
1608L/0908Z ..........
BLON....

Arrival airport (ICAO/IATA).


Estimated Time of Arrive Local/Zulu time
Block on time

5.1/P5

FLIGHT PLANNING
Rev 00
15 Jul 09

ATR-72 STANDARD
OPERATING PROCEDURES

6.

GCD 0228.......
G/D 0279.........
A/D 0285...
W/C M007............
TDV/P18...
MAXS 4/POPET.........

Great Circle Distance.


Ground Distance.
Air Distance.
Average Wind Component.
Average Temperature Deviation.
Maximum wind shear at waypoint.

7.

E.FL..........
A.FUEL
E.TIME......

Estimated fuel burn values.


Actual fuel burn values.
Estimated time values.

8.

TRIP..........
702..........
1.08...........

Estimated trip fuel burn.


Estimated time en-route.

9.

ROUTE RES 5PCT


50......
0.05.......

Variable reserve =
0.05 x (TRIP+ALTERNATE).
Reserve fuel value.
Estimated time value of reserve fuel.

10.

ALTN VDPP.....
392........
0.35..........

Alternate (ICAO)
Estimated fuel burn to alternate.
Estimated time to alternate.

11.

FINAL RES........
250.......
0.30........

Holding fuel and time values.


Hold fuel
30 minutes holding at alternate (1500 FT AGL).

12

FUEL BURN
ADJUSTMENT FOR 1000
KGS INCR/DECR
IN TOW +/ 9 KGS....

Fuel burn for each 1000 kg increase or decrease in


take-off weight.

5.1/P6

FLIGHT PLANNING
Rev 00
15 Jul 09

ATR-72 STANDARD
OPERATING PROCEDURES

13.

EXTRA..

Extra fuel and time values.

14.

TAKE OFF...
1394.........
2.18..........

Take-off fuel and time values.


Estimated take-off fuel.
Estimated total time.

15.

TAXI..
40.........

Taxi fuel
Taxi fuel quantity

16.

BLOCK........
1434.........
2.18..........
BLOCK FUEL..

Ramp fuel and time values.


Estimated ramp fuel.
Estimated total time.
Actual ramp fuel fill in area

17.

E.WT........
CORR......
OP.LIMIT..
STRUC.........
REASONS FOR
OP.LIMIT..

Estimated weight
Correct
Operations limit
Structure limit

18.

DOW

013640

Dry operating weight

19.

EPLD

4000

20.

EZFW
MZFW

013640
020300

Estimated zero fuel weight


Maximum zero fuel weight

21.

ETOW
MTOW

015034
022500

Estimated takeoff weight


Maximum takeoff weight

22.

ELAW
MLAW

014332
022350

Estimated landing weight


Maximum landing weight

Reasons for operations limit

Estimated payload

5.1/P7

FLIGHT PLANNING
Rev 00
15 Jul 09

ATR-72 STANDARD
OPERATING PROCEDURES

23.

FUEL CONSUMPTION
0.0 PCT/HR/ENG....

24.

COMPANY ROUTE
R01...

25.

VDSR W15 PNH..............

Route summary with airway and significant


waypoint

26.

CAPT.....
FO..
DISP.....

Signature of Captain
Signature of First Officer
Signature of Dispatcher

27.

DEST ALTERN.......
MSA..
TTK......
GDIST......
ADIST...
FL..
W/C......
TIME........
FUEL........

Destination alternate.
Minimum Safe Altitude (grid MORA data).
True track to alternate
Ground distance to alternate
Air distance to alternate.
Flight Level.
Wind component.
Estimated time en-route.
Estimated fuel burn en-route.

28.

ALTN - 1......
VDPP/PNH.......
MSA 073 .
TTK 292.......
GDIST 138.......
ADIST 139.........................
FL 180........
W/C P001........
TIME 00.35..
FUEL 392........

Primary alternate (up to 4 permitted)


Alternate airport (ICAO/IATA)
Minimum safe altitude (grid MORA data).
True track to alternate
Ground distance to alternate.
Air distance to alternate.
Flight level to alternate.
Average wind speed to alternate
Time to alternate.
Fuel to alternate.

Primary cruise mode fuel degradation


Name of company route in route database file

5.1/P8

FLIGHT PLANNING
Rev 00
15 Jul 09

ATR-72 STANDARD
OPERATING PROCEDURES

29.

DIST..
W/C......
CFR......
FOB......
XFR......

Distance to en-route alternate from ETP.


Wind component to en-route alternates.
Critical fuel required.
Fuel on board.
Extra fuel required.

30.

ETP1........
VDSR/VDPP.......
0066/0066.......
P003/M003..
00000.......
001160.
00000......

Equal time point 1.


En-route alternate airports.
Distance from ETPs to en-route alternates.
Average wind component from ETPs to en-route
alternates.
Fuel required from ETPs to en-route alternates.
Fuel on board at ETPs.
Extra fuel required.

31.

N12378E104366.......

Lat/long coordinates of ETP.

32.

VDSR ELEV 00059FT......

VVNB elevation (departure elevation).

33.

AWY..
FIX.....
OAT..
FL..
TAS......
GS....
MCSE...
ZDIST......
ZTIME...............................
ETA......
ECBO................................
TIME........
EFOB.......

Airway identifier.
Waypoint identifier.
Outside air temperature
Flight level.
True airspeed.
Ground speed.
Magnetic course.
Zone distance Between check points
Zone time
Estimated Time of Arrival fill in area.
Estimate cumulative burn off fuel
Remaining time.
Estimated fuel remaining on board

5.1/P9

FLIGHT PLANNING
Rev 00
15 Jul 09

ATR-72 STANDARD
OPERATING PROCEDURES

34.

FREQ.......
MSA..
WIND.......
ITCS..
RDIST......
CTIME..
ATA......
ACBO......
AFOB..

Navaid frequency.
Minimum Safe Altitude (grid MORA data).
Wind direction and speed.
Indicated true course
Remaining distance
Cumulative time
Actual Time of Arrival fill in area.
Actual cumulative burn off fuel fill in area.
Actual fuel remaining on board fill in area.

35.

Body of flight plan......

Includes all relevant data.

36.

Body of flight plan......

Includes all relevant data.

37.

VVDN ELEV 00033FT......

VVDN elevation (arrive elevation).

38.

VVNB N21133E105483..

Name and coordinates of flight plan waypoints.

39.

ALTERNATE DATA.......

Header line for alternate data.

40.

-N0245F080 W2.........

Route summary from arrival airport to alternate


airport.

41.

CPT
LAT.......
LONG.......
MCS..
DIST..

Checkpoint.
Latitude.
Longitude.
Route segment magnetic course.
Route segment distance.

42.

Body of alternate plan

Includes all relevant data.

43.

FPL-XXXXXX-IS........

Flight Plan Call Sign IFR Scheduled.

5.1/P10

FLIGHT PLANNING
Rev 00
15 Jul 09

ATR-72 STANDARD
OPERATING PROCEDURES

44.

AT72/M- SGDH/S..............

Type of aircraft/wake turbulence category


Equipment and transponder code.

45.

VDSR0800.......

Departure airport and ETD.

46.

N0269F230 W15 PNH.......

Speed, Flight Level and route of flight.

47.

VVTS0108 VDPP...

Arrival airport, trip time and alternate airport.

48.

EET/VVTS0054......

Estimated Elapsed Time to FIR boundaries.

49.

REG/VN-B212
SEL/LSCF........

Aircraft registration and SELCAL code.

50.

E/0218..
P/TBN......
R/UV...........
S/MJ......
J/L..........
D/ C ..................................

Endurance time.
Persons on Board.
Radio.
Survival equipment.
Life jackets.
Dinghies, number, capacity and colour.

51.

A/BLUE..

Aircraft colours.

52.

C/......

Name of pilot in command.

53.

END
OF
JEPPESEN
DATAPLAN..

Jeppesen end statement.

5.1/P11

FLIGHT PLANNING
ATR-72 STANDARD
OPERATING PROCEDURES

5.1.3

Rev 00
15 Jul 09

Fuel Calculations
Refer Company Policy & Administration Manual, Chapter 8.1.7 for Company
fuel policy.

5.1/P12

FLIGHT PLANNING
Rev 00
15 Jul 09

ATR-72 STANDARD
OPERATING PROCEDURES

INTENTIONAL BLANK PAGE

ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

SECTION 6
MASS AND BALANCE

ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

INTENTIONAL BLANK PAGE

MASS AND BALANCE


TABLE OF CONTENTS
ATR-72 STANDARD
OPERATING PROCEDURES

TOC/P1
Rev 00
15 Jul 09

6.1

MASS AND BALANCE

6.1/P1

6.1.1

General

6.1/P1

6.1.2

Departure Control System (DCS)

6.1/P1

6.1.3

Load Sheet and Balance Chart

6.1/P1

MASS AND BALANCE


TABLE OF CONTENTS
ATR-72 STANDARD
OPERATING PROCEDURES

INTENTIONAL BLANK PAGE

TOC/P2
Rev 00
15 Jul 09

6.1/P1

MASS AND BALANCE


Rev 00
15 Jul 09

ATR-72 STANDARD
OPERATING PROCEDURES

6.1
6.1.1

MASS AND BALANCE


General
Aircraft mass and balance information including Dry Operating Weight(s) and Dry
Operating Indices for each particular ATR-72 aircraft is included in the aircrafts
library.

6.1.2

Departure Control System (D.C.S)


Aside from the Company standard format DCS generated load and balance sheet
there are also a number of different formats of Departure Control Systems in use by
ground handling companies. These systems are self evident in the presentation of
the weight and balance data necessary for the calculation of takeoff performance.

6.1.3

Load Sheet and Balance Chart


The ATR-72 aircraft utilises a combined Load Sheet and Balance Chart that is
compiled as follows:
(a)

Enter the DOW (Dry Operating Weight) in the DOW field, make any
appropriate adjustments and determine the ADJ DOW;

(b)

Enter the fuel load in the TAKEOFF FUEL field and sum to ADJ DOW to
determine the OPERATING WEIGHT;

(c)

Complete the fields MAX-ZFW, MAX-TOW and MAX LW to determine


ALLOWED TFC LOAD;

(d)

Calculate the TOTAL TRAFFIC LOAD and enter the DRY OPER
WEIGHT to determine ZERO FUEL WEIGHT;

(e)

Enter TAKEOFF FUEL and sum to ZERO FUEL WEIGHT to determine


TAKEOFF WEIGHT;

(f)

Enter TRIP FUEL and deduct from TAKEOFF WEIGHT to determine


LANDING WEIGHT;

(g)

Make any appropriate adjustments to the DOI (Dry Operating Index) in the
field designed for this purpose then enter the balance grid with the ADJ
DOI and draw down through the index scale (in the direction of the slope)
to account for:
(i)

Passengers in compartments A, B and C;

(ii)

Baggage and cargo in the forward and aft cargo compartments.

6.1/P2

MASS AND BALANCE


ATR-72 STANDARD
OPERATING PROCEDURES

Rev 00
15 Jul 09

(h)

From the last obtained point draw a vertical line to intercept the horizontal
line corresponding to the actual zero fuel weight and check that the
intersection point is within the zero fuel weight operation limits (dotted
lines) and not above the maximum zero fuel weight for the aircraft without
fuel;

(i)

From the point after passengers and baggage have been accounted for,
enter the fuel grid and account for the planned fuel load;

(j)

From this point draw a vertical line to intercept the horizontal line
corresponding to the actual takeoff weight and check that the intersection
point is within the takeoff and landing certified limits and not above the
maximum takeoff weight;

(k)

Determine the takeoff weight centre of gravity in percentage MAC and


continue down to the determine the stabilizer setting at the takeoff weight;

(l)

Following the vertical line associated with the takeoff condition return
upwards to the fuel zone, subtract the trip fuel quantity then return back to
the centre of gravity grid to ensure that the landing weight is within the
takeoff/landing certified limits and not above the maximum landing
weight.

6.1/P3

MASS AND BALANCE


ATR-72 STANDARD
OPERATING PROCEDURES

6.1.4

Rev 00
15 Jul 09

LAST MINUTE CHANGE PROCEDURE


Last minute change means any change concerning passengers, baggage, cargo,
mail, fuel occurring after the using of the load sheet. This LMC must
immediately be communicated as soon as noticed by traffic agent if take- off
weigh variation exceeds 300 kg.
The following must be checked:
No weight limitation is exeeded.
MACTON and MACZFW remain within the limit.
If the LMC exeed 300kg , the new Loadsheet and Balance sheet have to be
issued.

6.1/P4

MASS AND BALANCE


Rev 00
15 Jul 09

ATR-72 STANDARD
OPERATING PROCEDURES

INTENTIONAL BLANK PAGE

ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

SECTION 7
LOADING

ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

INTENTIONAL BLANK PAGE

7.1/P1

LOADING
ATR-72 STANDARD
OPERATING PROCEDURES

7.1

LOADING
Refer Company ATR-72 Weight and Balance Manual.

Rev 00
15 Jul 09

7.1/P2

LOADING
Rev 00
15 Jul 09

ATR-72 STANDARD
OPERATING PROCEDURES

INTENTIONAL BLANK PAGE

ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

SECTION 8
CONFIGURATION DEVIATION LIST

ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

INTENTIONAL BLANK PAGE

8.1/P1

CONFIGURATION DEVIATION LIST


ATR-72 STANDARD
OPERATING PROCEDURES

8.1

Rev 00
15 Jul 09

CONFIGURATION DEVIATION LIST


Refer Company Policy and Administration Manual, Chapter 8.6.
SSCA approved ATR-72 Configuration Deviation List is included in the flight deck
documentation library.

8.1/P2

CONFIGURATION DEVIATION LIST


Rev 00
15 Jul 09

ATR-72 STANDARD
OPERATING PROCEDURES

INTENTIONAL BLANK PAGE

ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

SECTION 9
MINIMUM EQUIPMENT LIST

ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

INTENTIONAL BLANK PAGE

9.1/P1

MINIMUM EQUIPMENT LIST


ATR-72 STANDARD
OPERATING PROCEDURES

9.1

Rev 00
15 Jul 09

MINIMUM EQUIPMENT LIST


Refer Company Flight Operations Manual, Chapter 8.6.
SSCA approved ATR-72 Minimum Equipment List is included in the flight deck
documentation library.

9.1/P2

MINIMUM EQUIPMENT LIST


Rev 00
15 Jul 09

ATR-72 STANDARD
OPERATING PROCEDURES

INTENTIONAL BLANK PAGE

ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

SECTION 10
EMERGENCY EQUIPMENT

ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

INTENTIONAL BLANK PAGE

EMERGENCY EQUIPMENT

TOC/P1

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Rev 00
15 Jul 09

ATR-72 STANDARD
OPERATING PROCEDURES

10.1

EMERGENCY EQUIPMENT

10.1/P1

10.1.1

General

10.1/P1

10.1.2

Emergency Equipment Location

10.1/P1

10.1.3

Portable Oxygen

10.1/P3

10.1.4

Water (H20) Extinguisher

10.1/P6

10.1.5

HALON Fire Extinguisher (Type 1)

10.1/P8

10.1.6

HALON Fire Extinguisher (Type 2)

10.1/P10

10.1.7

Protective Breathing Equipment (PBE)

10.1/P12

10.1.8

Life Vests

10.1/P21

10.1.9

Miscellaneous Safety Equipment

10.1/P25

EMERGENCY EQUIPMENT

TOC/P2

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Rev 00
15 Jul 09

ATR-72 STANDARD
OPERATING PROCEDURES

INTENTIONAL BLANK PAGE

10.1/P 1

EMERGENCY EQUIPMENT
ATR-72 STANDARD
OPERATING PROCEDURES

10.1
10.1.1

Rev 00
15 Jul 09

EMERGENCY EQUIPMENT
General
Cabin crew is responsible for the serviceability checking of all cabin emergency
equipment in accordance with procedures detailed in the Cabin Crew Manual. The
Purser shall report to the Commander prior to departure that this check has been
satisfactorily completed.
The flight deck crew is responsible for the serviceability checking the flight deck
emergency equipment.

10.1.2

Emergency Equipment Location


Portable emergency equipment is stowed at strategic locations throughout the
aircraft. This may include:
(a)

Life vests;

(b)

Portable breathing equipment;

(c)

Emergency locator transmitter(s) (ELTs);

(d)

Halon fire extinguishers;

(e)

Water fire extinguishers;

(f)

First aid kits;

(g)

Megaphone(s);

(h)

Flashlights;

(i)

Crash axe(s)/crow bar(s);

(j)

Flight deck escape ropes;

(k)

Life rafts.

Refer the following flight deck and passenger cabin emergency equipment layout
diagrams specific for locations.

10.1/P 2

EMERGENCY EQUIPMENT
Rev 00
15 Jul 09

ATR-72 STANDARD
OPERATING PROCEDURES

EMERGENCY EQUIPMENT LAYOUT VN-B227, B231

FWD ATTENDANT SEAT STW


01 Water Fire extinguisher bottle

Flight desk
03 Crew lifevests
03 Crew oxygen masks
03 Smoke goggles
02 Flash lights
01 Crash Axe
01 Emer Escape rope
01 Fire flighting gloves
01 Fire extinguisher BCF (halon
1211)
FWD PARTITION SAFETY STW
01 FWD
Protective
breathing equip(PBE)
ATTENDANT
01 (underseat
First aid kit stowage)
01 Oxygen bottle with first aid mask
01 Flash lights
01 ATTENDANT
Crew life vest
FWD
(underseat stowage)
01 Oxygen bottle with first aid
mask
01 Flash lights
01 Crew life vest
02 Oxygenmask keys

AFT LEFT STOWAGE


01 First
kit STOWAGE
LHaid
AFT
01 Fire
BCF bag
01extinguisher
First aid oxygen
(Halon
1211) ng 4 oxygen masks
containi
01 Protective Breathing
equipment(PBE)
01 Megaphone
01 Emer medical kit (EMK)

C/A SEAT
AFT AFT
PARTITION
SAFETY STW
01 Fire
BCF(4.25 cuft) with
01extinguisher
Oxygen bottle
(halonfirst
1211)
aid mask
01 Protective
01 Flashbreathing
lights equip(PBE)
01 Crew life vest
01 Fire extinguisher BCF
(halon 1211)

10.1/P 3

EMERGENCY EQUIPMENT
Rev 00
15 Jul 09

ATR-72 STANDARD
OPERATING PROCEDURES

10.1.3

Portable Oxygen

10.1.3.1

General
Portable oxygen bottles are installed with oxygen masks that include a moulded
face-piece, re-breather bag and elastic restraining strap that are individually
wrapped for hygienic reasons. A supply tube is also provided.
Portable oxygen bottles can be used by passengers with breathing difficulties or by
cabin crew as a walk around bottle following a depressurisation and an emergency
descent.
Portable oxygen bottles are not suitable for use during the fighting of an in-flight
fire because the masks have holes in the sides that allow cabin air to enter the mask.
The portable oxygen cylinder is fitted with a HI outlet and a LO outlet, a
quantity/contents gauge and a yellow ON-OFF control knob.
The following table details flow rate and duration based upon oxygen bottle 100%
full:
Bottle Size

10.1.3.2

Flow Rate (litres/min)

Duration (minutes)

HI

LO

HI

LO

310 litre (passenger)

77

155

120 litre (crew)

30

60

Pre-Flight Check
During the pre-flight inspection of oxygen bottles the following should be
observed:
(a)

The bottle quantity/contents gauge indicates 3/4 full or 1500 psi;

(b)

The bottle is secured in its brackets;

(c)

The dust caps are in position;

(d)

There is no oil or grease on the fittings;

(e)

There is a mask taped to each bottle; and

(f)

There is a serviceable shoulder strap.

10.1/P 4

EMERGENCY EQUIPMENT
Rev 00
15 Jul 09

ATR-72 STANDARD
OPERATING PROCEDURES

10.1.3.3

Operation
(a)

Push aside or remove dust cover and insert metal connector of mask tube
into the HI outlet ensuring that it clicks into position;

(b)

Turn yellow control knob ON;


Note: With the yellow control knob ON, inserting the mask connector into
one of the two outlets starts the oxygen flowing. Removal of the mask
connector stops the oxygen flow.

(c)

After using oxygen turn yellow control knob OFF (finger tight) and
remove the mask connector.
SCOTT PORTABLE OXYGEN BOTTLE

10.1/P 5

EMERGENCY EQUIPMENT
ATR-72 STANDARD
OPERATING PROCEDURES

10.1.3.4

Rev 00
15 Jul 09

Precautions When Using Oxygen


When using a portable oxygen bottle the following precautions should be taken:
(a)

As oxygen promotes combustion there is to be no smoking within a 3


metres radius of the passenger using oxygen (approximately 3 passenger
rows either side);

(b)

Ensure that the oxygen bottle fittings are free from any oil or grease as
such contaminants can cause combustion;

(c)

Turn the ON/OFF valve slowly and do not over tighten when closing;

(d)

Before putting on the mask wipe away any heavy lipstick or grease from
the mouth area;

(e)

Ensure tubing is not kinked and that oxygen is flowing (filling of rebreather bag) before fitting the mask with an efficient seal to the
passenger's face. Some oxygen masks are fitted with a green indicator
flow valve. When oxygen is flowing to the mask, the indicator (normally
clear or sometimes red) will turn green;

(f)

If it is necessary to use a portable oxygen mask on an infant, reverse the


mask (nose part under the chin) and hold gently against the face. The rebreather bag should be held vertically to ensure the free flow of oxygen;

(g)

Oxygen therapy is rarely detrimental to a patient and its value far


outweighs the very rare problems caused by its use. The passenger will
normally be able to advise the position in which he/she breathes easiest. If
required and available, cabin crew should seek assistance from a medically
qualified passenger(s); and

(h)

When the pressure gauge indicates less than 200 psi the valve should be
turned off and the bottle considered empty.

10.1/P 6

EMERGENCY EQUIPMENT
ATR-72 STANDARD
OPERATING PROCEDURES

10.1.4

Water (H2O) Fire Extinguisher

10.1.4.1

General

Rev 00
15 Jul 09

Water (H2O) extinguishers are designed for extinguishing smouldering fabric or


waste fires and should NEVER be used on a fire originating from an electrical
source. Accordingly, water (H2O) extinguishers should never be used for a fire in
the galley area.
10.1.4.2

10.1.4.3

10.1.4.4

Pre-Flight Check
(a)

Ensure that the extinguisher is secured in its brackets;

(b)

The lock-wire seal is intact; and

(c)

That the CO2 cartridge is visible though the hole in the handgrip.

Note:

If the locking wire is broken unscrew the handgrip by turning it anticlockwise and check the cartridge for puncture.

Operation
(a)

Remove from bracket;

(b)

Hold extinguisher upright;

(c)

Turn handle clockwise rapidly to the limit of its travel, breaking the
locking wire; and

(d)

Holding the extinguisher upright aim at the base of the fire and depress the
trigger with the thumb.

Precautions
(a)

Do not discharge directly at a person;

(b)

Do not use to fight a fire in the flight deck;

(c)

Do not drink contents in a survival situation.

10.1/P 7

EMERGENCY EQUIPMENT
Rev 00
15 Jul 09

ATR-72 STANDARD
OPERATING PROCEDURES

WATER (H2O) FIRE EXTINGUISHER

10.1/P 8

EMERGENCY EQUIPMENT
ATR-72 STANDARD
OPERATING PROCEDURES

10.1.5

HALON Fire Extinguisher (Type 1)

10.1.5.1

General

Rev 00
15 Jul 09

This type of fire extinguisher is designed for extinguishing electrical and flammable
liquid fires and is suitable for ALL types of fires in an aircraft.
The extinguishing agent is a vaporising liquid that interrupts the chemical reaction
taking place in the flames thereby extinguishing the fire. It is a colourless, noncorrosive liquefied gas that can give off an acrid odour that can cause running of the
eyes and nose.
10.1.5.2

Pre-Flight Check
(a)

Check that the pressure indicator is positioned in the green range indicating
acceptable pressure charge; and

(b)

That the ring pin is in place with the seal intact.


Note:
The extinguisher is serviceable even if the plastic seal of the ring
pin is broken, provided that the pressure gauge is in the green band.

10.1.5.3

10.1.5.4

Operation
(a)

Remove from bracket;

(b)

Remove ringed safety pin from the lever and handle;

(c)

Hold the extinguisher upright with the fingers of one hand under the handle
and the thumb on the top of the lever. The other hand should be placed on
the bottom of the bottle to steady it if necessary; and

(d)

Aim the extinguisher at the base of the fire and press the lever down with
the thumb.

Note:

Duration of discharge from the small size bottle is approximately six (6)
seconds and twelve (12) seconds from the large size bottle.

Precautions
(a)

Do not discharge directly at a person;

(b)

Discharge distance should be between 1.5 and 2 metres with an open fire in
the cabin. In the case of a fire in a confined space the extinguisher should
be held as close as possible.

10.1/P 9

EMERGENCY EQUIPMENT
ATR-72 STANDARD
OPERATING PROCEDURES

HALON FIRE EXTINGUISHER (TYPE 1)

Rev 00
15 Jul 09

10.1/P 10

EMERGENCY EQUIPMENT
ATR-72 STANDARD
OPERATING PROCEDURES

10.1.6

HALON Fire Extinguisher (Type 2)

10.1.6.1

General

Rev 00
15 Jul 09

The extinguishing agent has the same properties as the HALON fire extinguisher
(Type 1) above.
10.1.6.2

Pre-Flight Check
Check the red indicator disc is in place and that the sealing wire is intact.
Note: If the red disc or sealing wire are missing the weight of the extinguisher
should be compared with a serviceable bottle to determine if the contents are still
intact. If not, the extinguisher must be replaced.

10.1.6.3

10.1.6.4

Operation
(a)

Remove from bracket;

(b)

Raise safety catch on the back of the operating head by pushing up with the
thumb;

(c)

Grasp the operating handle and put the forefinger through the loop
provided at the same time firmly pressing the trigger at the back of the
handle with the heel of the hand;

(d)

Initial depression of the trigger will cause the red disc to fall out and a little
additional effort is required to break the sealing disc of the extinguisher;

(e)

Hold extinguisher at an angle within 600 of vertical position;

(f)

Firmly squeeze the actuation trigger; and

(g)

Ensure that the discharge nozzle head is pointing toward the fire before
operating.

Note:

Duration of discharge is approximately thirteen (13) seconds.

Precautions
(a)

Do not discharge directly at a person;

(b)

Discharge distance should be between 1.5 and 2 metres with an open fire in
the cabin. In the case of a fire in a confined space the extinguisher should
be held as close as possible.

10.1/P 11

EMERGENCY EQUIPMENT
ATR-72 STANDARD
OPERATING PROCEDURES

HALON FIRE EXTINGUISHER (TYPE 2)

Rev 00
15 Jul 09

10.1/P 12

EMERGENCY EQUIPMENT
ATR-72 STANDARD
OPERATING PROCEDURES

10.1.7

Protective Breathing Equipment (PBE)

10.1.7.1

General

Rev 00
15 Jul 09

Protective breathing equipment (PBE) is a breathing apparatus designed to protect


the wearer's eyes and respiratory tract from the effects of smoke and toxic fumes
while fighting an in-flight fire.
The following general features apply to all types of PBEs installed on Company
aircraft:
(a)

They are designed to enclose the head within an elastic neck seal and
provide for a minimum of 15 20 minutes (depending upon the
manufacturer) of breathable air from a chemical generator;

(b)

They can be worn by persons with glasses, jewellery, a beard or a hair bun;

(c)

They are installed with a neck shield (of varying length depending upon
manufacturer) that extends downward from the hood to protect the collar
and upper shoulder area; and

(d)

They have features that permit the wearers voice to be heard outside the
PBE.

Note:

Excess make-up should be removed before donning a PBE as contact


between grease and oxygen can cause burns.

Wearers should be aware that although the head area is protected, the rest of the
body is not and the wearer should guard against a feeling of invincibility.
Company aircraft are installed with one of three types of protective breathing
equipment as detailed below.

10.1/P 13

EMERGENCY EQUIPMENT
Rev 00
15 Jul 09

ATR-72 STANDARD
OPERATING PROCEDURES

10.1.7.2

Puritan Bennett PBE


This PBE is a demand device which means that more strenuous the work the more
oxygen will be produced.
(a)

(b)

Pre-Flight Check:
(i)

Inspect that the PBE unit is visible through access door;

(ii)

Confirm that the white tamper proof seals located at the top and
bottom of the access door are intact; and

(iii)

Ensure that the foil pouch is in place and is not obviously


expanded.

Operation:
(i)

Open the container by pulling the red handle. Pull the red tag to
open the foil pouch and pull out on the blue aural/nasal cone and
remove the hood;

(ii)

Place both hands inside the neck seals, palms facing each other
and visor facing downward. Guide the hood over the head and
down over the face using the hands to shield the face and glasses
from the blue cone ensuring that hair clothing and jewellery is
clear of the neck seal;

(iii)

Using both hands pull the neck shield down over the collar and
shoulders; and

(iv)

Grasp both adjustment straps at the lower corner of the visor and
pull forward simultaneously to activate the oxygen canister, then
backward to seal the cone over the nose and mouth. Oxygen will
inflate the hood.

(v)

If required, adjust glasses through the fabric, not through the


neck seal.
Note:
The blue cone must be positioned high on the nose
with a firm seal otherwise fogging may occur.
If the hood begins to deflate and becomes hot and moist the
oxygen supply is depleted and the PBE must be removed.

10.1/P 14

EMERGENCY EQUIPMENT
Rev 00
15 Jul 09

ATR-72 STANDARD
OPERATING PROCEDURES

(c)

Abnormal Operation
(i)

Failure of Starter Candle


If the starter candle fails to activate when the adjustment strap is
pulled an additional sharp pull on the strap may be adequate to
actuate the device. If the device still fails the hood will continue
to function. Placing fingers into the neck seal may be required to
enable sufficient breathing volume until the chemical generator
begins supplying oxygen.

(ii)

Loss of Neck Seal


The continued presence of strong irritating odours inside the
hood that results in eye and respiratory tract discomfort is an
indication of an ineffective neck seal. Ensure that the neck seal
is in contact with the skin and that the seal is not disrupted by
hair or jewellery. If the condition persists or there is evidence of
a tear in the neck seal, the wearer should quickly go to a safe
area and remove the hood and don an alternative unit.

(d)

Removal
(i)

Move away from fire and/or toxic fumes area;

(ii)

Push adjustment buckles forward with thumbs to release straps;

(iii)

Place both hands under neck seal and ease up over face;

(iv)

Stow PBE in a safe dry place and allow it to cool; and

(v)

Brush hair with hands to break down any oxygen build up.

10.1/P 15

EMERGENCY EQUIPMENT
Rev 00
15 Jul 09

ATR-72 STANDARD
OPERATING PROCEDURES

PURITAN BENNETT PBE

10.1/P 16

EMERGENCY EQUIPMENT
Rev 00
15 Jul 09

ATR-72 STANDARD
OPERATING PROCEDURES

10.1.7.3

Drager PBE
The oxygen canister can be activated by just breathing into the oral-nasal mask but
to start the chemical reaction by this method takes a few seconds, therefore pulling
the black quick-start toggle is the more immediate method of activation.
(a)

(b)

(c)

Pre-Flight Check:
(i)

Check container seal is intact and the yellow serviceability


indicator is not broken; and

(ii)

The container is not broken.

Operation:
(i)

Open container and remove foil bag containing the hood;

(ii)

Pull red tear strip at top of foil bag and remove hood;

(iii)

Place hood over head ensuring that the breathing bag cover is to
the front over the chest;

(iv)

Ensure that the neck seal is free of obstruction (e.g. hair, clothes
collar, etc) and that the head harness is pulled down for a secure
fit;

(v)

Fit oral-nasal mask securely to the nose and mouth and pull
black quick start toggle to activate; and

(vi)

Fit tie strap around the waist.

Abnormal Operations:
If the hood collapses onto the head during inhalation or there is an
increased breathing resistance check the fitting of the oral-nasal mask as
the cause may be an incomplete respiration back to the breathing back due
to leakage or an empty oxygen source.
After correcting the fitment of the oral-mask check the equipment by
making five (5) deep breaths. If the collapsing of the hood or increased
resistance occurs again either the oxygen reserve has been used up or the
hood is defective and should be removed.

10.1/P 17

EMERGENCY EQUIPMENT
Rev 00
15 Jul 09

ATR-72 STANDARD
OPERATING PROCEDURES

(d)

Removal:
(i)

Move away from fire and/or toxic fumes area;

(ii)

Release the tie strap;

(iii)

Place both hands under neck seal and ease up over face;

(iv)

Stow PBE in a safe dry place and allow it to cool; and

(v)

Brush hair with hands to break down any oxygen build up.
DRAGER PBE

10.1/P 18

EMERGENCY EQUIPMENT
Rev 00
15 Jul 09

ATR-72 STANDARD
OPERATING PROCEDURES

10.1.7.4

Scott PBE
(a)

Pre-Flight Check:
(i)

A date/month/year stamp should be visible, but set back through


the round inspection window.
Note:
If the date/month/year stamp appears to be firmly
pressed against the inspection window, as if the inside of the
container is pressurised, the PBE should be further checked for
serviceability.

(ii)

(b)

If the vacuum sealed bag is soft and not tightly formed around
the hood, or if the humidity indicator inside the bag has changed
colour from blue to pink, the unit is unserviceable.

Operation:
(i)

Open the storage case by lifting the latch marked LIFT and
remove sealed unit from the storage case;

(ii)

Grasp the red strip and tear open the sealed bag and remove the
PBE from bag;

(iii)

Hold the hood and pack firmly against the body with one hand
and with the other hand pull the ring marked PULL TO
ACTUATE in the direction indicated. The unit will be actuated
when the ring and the pin pull free;
Note:
unit.

A flow of oxygen should be audible, if not discard the

(iv)

Grip the hood around the neck seal edge with the oxygen pack
away from the body, bend forward from the waist and pull hood
over the chin, across the face and over the head. Stand upright
and pull hood down until the headband engages the forehead;
and

(v)

Ensuring that hair, jewellery or clothing is clear of the neck seal


in order to make a tight seal around the neck pull the skirt of the
hood fully down over the chest and shoulders.

10.1/P 19

EMERGENCY EQUIPMENT
Rev 00
15 Jul 09

ATR-72 STANDARD
OPERATING PROCEDURES

Note:
It is normal to hear the sound of oxygen rushing into
the hood, indicating that the oxygen generator is operating
correctly. Once the noise ceases move to a safe area and
immediately remove the hood. Heat is produced by the
generator and may cause minor discomfort inside the hood, but
it is no cause for alarm.
The generator pack should not be touched during and after
operation due to heat build-up.
(c)

Removal:
(i)

Move away from the fire or toxic area; and

(ii)

Pull the hood from the back forwards and over the head.

(iii)

Stow PBE in a safe dry place and allow it to cool; and

(iv)

Brush hair with hands to break down any oxygen build up.

10.1/P 20

EMERGENCY EQUIPMENT
Rev 00
15 Jul 09

ATR-72 STANDARD
OPERATING PROCEDURES

SCOTT PBE

10.1/P 21

EMERGENCY EQUIPMENT
ATR-72 STANDARD
OPERATING PROCEDURES

10.1.8

Life Vests

10.1.8.1

General

Rev 00
15 Jul 09

Life vests are carried on all Company aircraft and are normally stowed in a
container attached to the underside of the passenger seats.
The following section contains information on life vests from various
manufacturers that may be installed on Company aircraft.
Life vests installed on Company aircraft consist of the following components:
(a)

Pressurised cylinder(s) as the primary means of inflation, activated by


pulling on one or two (depending upon the number if chambers) red
toggles that hangs from the bottom of the vest;

(b)

A mouth inflation valve for secondary inflation that can be used to inflate
the life jacket by blowing into one or two (depending upon the number of
chambers) mouthpieces. The life jacket can be deflated by depressing the
pin in the centre of the mouthpiece(s);

(c)

A whistle for attracting attention; and

(d)

A light, with a continuous life of approximately 20 hours that is connected


to a water sensitive battery and activated automatically immediately on
contact with water.

Life vests are designed to ensure that an unconscious or injured person will
automatically roll face upward in the water.
10.1.8.2

Double Chamber Life Vest Operation


(a)

Remove vest from its stowage, tear off the plastic container and un-roll the
vest;

(b)

Put the vest over the head with the larger portion of it in the front over the
chest;

(c)

Secure the tapes around the waist by the clip(s) provided;

(d)

To inflate the vest, pull down firmly on both red toggles.

10.1/P 22

EMERGENCY EQUIPMENT
Rev 00
15 Jul 09

ATR-72 STANDARD
OPERATING PROCEDURES

Note:
Life vests worn by adults must not be inflated in the aircraft
cabin. It may be impossible for an adult wearing an inflated life jacket to
evacuate through a window exit. If a passenger is evacuating through a
door exit the jacket may be inflated just prior to leaving the aircraft.
Life vests worn by small children and persons incapable of inflating the
life jacket may be inflated at the exit area, just prior to leaving the aircraft.
DOUBLE CHAMBER LIFE VEST

10.1/P 23

EMERGENCY EQUIPMENT
Rev 00
15 Jul 09

ATR-72 STANDARD
OPERATING PROCEDURES

10.1.8.3

Single Chamber Life Vest Operation


(a)

Adult:
(i)

Remove vest from its stowage, tear off the plastic container and unroll the vest;

(ii)

Put the vest over the head with the larger portion of it in the front
over the chest;

(iii)

Secure the tapes around the waist and tie them in the front towards
the side of the body with double knots;

(iv)

To inflate the vest, pull down firmly on the red toggle.


Note:
Life vests worn by adults must not be inflated in the
aircraft cabin. It may be impossible for an adult wearing an
inflated life jacket to evacuate through a window exit. If a
passenger is evacuating through a door exit the jacket may be
inflated just prior to leaving the aircraft.
Life vests worn by small children and persons incapable of
inflating the life jacket may be inflated at the exit area, just prior
to leaving the aircraft.

(b)

Use on a Child
(i)

Remove vest from its stowage, tear off the plastic container and unroll the vest;

(ii)

Inflate the vest by pulling the red toggle;

(iii)

Place vest over childs head (partially deflate, if necessary);

(iv)

Cross tapes at the back and tie in a single knot over the inflated life
vest and a double knot at the back.

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SINGLE CHAMBER LIFE VEST (ADULT AND CHILD USE)

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10.1.9

Miscellaneous Safety Equipment

10.1.9.1

Megaphone
Portable battery operated megaphones (loud hailers) are carried on board Company
aircraft to provide the means for cabin crew (and flight deck crew, if necessary) to
control passengers during evacuation when the PA system is inoperative or to
control passengers when outside the aircraft following an evacuation.
The megaphone may be used in the cabin only in emergency situations when the
PA system has failed. It is not to be used for normal passenger briefing or for
making non safety related announcements.
The megaphone consists of a microphone, amplifier, battery, trumpet shaped loud
speaker and a carrying strap.
The following general rules apply to megaphone use:

10.1.9.2

(a)

When used inside the aircraft the megaphone should be pointed down the
central length of the cabin;

(b)

When used outside the aircraft announcements should be made and


repeated a number of times in different directions as the sound is emitted in
a narrow beam which is not easily audible on either side;

(c)

Speak slowly, calmly and do not shout as this can distort the speech.

Emergency Torch
All Company aircraft are fitted with emergency torches (flashlights) that are located
near cabin crew seats and in the flight deck. These torches are for emergency use
only. The torch is waterproof, but will not float and has a wrist strap attached to the
base. When activated, the torch will operate for approximately six hours.
(a)

Pre-Flight Check
(i)

Ensure torch correctly positioned in stowage with the plastic


guard in place and with the lead seal intact; and

(ii)

That the red light is flashing in 3 to 10 seconds intervals.

Note:

If the interval is longer than 10 seconds, the battery power is low


and they should be replaced.

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(b)

Operation
(i)

Pull the torch out from its stowage mount. This action turns the
light on;

(ii)

Wear the wrist-strap over the wrist to prevent from loss during
evacuation.

Note 1:

In survival situations (when a torch needs to be carried unilluminated), unscrew the bottom cap of the torch, disconnect
the plug inside and replace the cap. Reverse this procedure to
reactivate the torch when required.

Note 2:

On some aircraft, the torch is fitted with an ON/OFF switch.


During the pre-flight check the switch should be turned on to
ensure the torch operates correctly.
EMERGENCY TORCH

10.1.9.3

Heat Resistant Gloves


One set of heat resistant gloves are stowed in the flight deck and are to be used for
protection in the case of an in-flight fire.

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10.1.9.4

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Crash Axe
Company aircraft have a crash axe installed in the flight deck that can be used to
open panels in the case of an in-flight fire.
The handle is insulated to prevent electric shock if a cable is cut during fire
fighting.

10.1.9.5

First Aid Kit


There are first aid kits of varying sizes containing at least the following basic first
aid supplies that can be used in the case of a medical emergency:
(i)

Compressed Wound Dressings;

(ii)

Bandages and splints;

(iii)

Triangular bandages;

(iv)

Adhesive strapping;

(v)

Tablets and medicines for head ache and other common ailments;

(vi)

A pair of scissors, burn ointment and antiseptic swabs;

(vii)

Latex gloves.

If an emergency first aid kit is opened, the purser must submit a report to the Cabin
Crew Unit outlining the circumstances requiring its use. Additionally, an entry
should be made in the Cabin Technical Log for the supply of a replacement
emergency first aid kit.

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EMERGENCY EVACUATION PROCEDURES

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11.1

EMERGENCY EVACUATION PROCEDURES

11.1/P1

11.1.1

Categorisation of Emergency Landings

11.1/P1

11.1.2

Flight Deck Procedures

11.1/P2

11.1.3

Evacuation Responsibility

11.1/P3

11.1.4

Evacuation PA Announcements

11.1/P4

11.1.5

Evacuation

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ATR-72 STANDARD
OPERATING PROCEDURES

11.1

EMERGENCY EVACUATION PROCEDURES

11.1.1

Categorisation of Emergency Landings:

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Emergency landings are categorised as follows:


(a)

Prepared Emergency Landing


An emergency landing where there is sufficient time for cabin and
passenger preparation.

(b)

Unprepared Emergency Landing


Is an emergency landing where it is necessary to land the aircraft as soon
as possible.

An emergency landing is further defined as follows:


(a)

Forced landing
Is a landing, on land away from an airport

(b)

Ditching
Is a landing on water

(c)

Abnormal Landing
An abnormal landing is a landing at an airport in which some aircraft
damage is anticipated.
An abnormal landing is to be considered if the landing gear cannot be
locked fully down or some other malfunction exists and it is known or
considered possible that the aircraft will be damaged during landing.
In an abnormal landing, preparation for rapid evacuation should be as for
either a forced landing or ditching, with the exception that it is not
necessary to have passengers remove and stow certain items or loosen tight
clothing.
If landing gear standby indicators indicate that the landing gear is down
and locked then normal procedures will apply. A tower fly past should
only be conducted if there is reason to doubt that the landing gear is not
fully down or there is known damage to the landing gear.

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ATR-72 STANDARD
OPERATING PROCEDURES

11.1.2

Flight Deck Procedures

11.1.2.1

Prepared Emergency Landing

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15 Jul 09

In all emergency situations it is important that the cabin crew are given adequate
time in which to complete their passenger cabin preparation duties.
As soon as it is expected that an emergency landing will be required, the SEAT
BELT and NO SMOKING signs should be selected ON and the Purser summoned
to the flight deck by the following PA announcement:
COCKPIT SPEAKING, PURSER REQUIRED IN COCKPIT
The Purser is to be informed of the emergency in the following format:
(a)

Nature of the emergency;

(b)

Approximate flight time available;

(c)

Type of emergency landing (forced landing, ditching or abnormal landing);


and

(d)

Any other relevant information such as whether the Commander intends to


make a PA announcement prior to cabin preparation or if a BRACE
command will be given.

The Purser will repeat the Commanders instructions to ensure that everything is
completely understood prior to returning to the cabin to commence the cabin
preparation.
As the flight deck crew will be occupied dealing with the emergency situation the
Purser is responsible for the PA announcement to the passengers detailing the
nature of the emergency, the time available and the steps required in cabin
preparation.
If time and/or duties permit the Commander (or First Officer) should make a PA
announcement providing additional appropriate information on the emergency and
the anticipated landing. It is essential that this PA announcement does not over-ride
the cabin preparation PA announcement being made by the Purser.

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ATR-72 STANDARD
OPERATING PROCEDURES

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In the case of a forced landing or ditching both pilots should loosen their collar, tie
and shoe laces, remove sharp objects from pockets and, in the case of a ditching, fit
a life jacket (do not inflate).
The Purser must advise, or the Commander must confirm, that passenger cabin
preparation has been completed prior to the commencement of final approach.
All appropriate checklists must be completed.
11.1.2.2

Unprepared Emergency Landing


In the case of an unprepared emergency landing the degree of cabin preparation will
depend upon the time available. As a situation requiring an unprepared landing is
most likely to occur shortly after takeoff or during approach and landing the cabin
should be secure with respect to cabin service items, cabin crew and passengers
seated with seat belts fastened.
If possible, the Commander should communicate the situation to the Purser by
summoning him/her to the flight deck in accordance. If there is insufficient time the
Commander (or First Officer) should make an appropriate PA announcement which
will alert the cabin crew and the passengers to the emergency situation.

11.2.2.3

Brace Instructions
At approximately 1,500 FT the First Officer should make the following PA
announcement:
CABIN CREW TAKE YOUR SEATS FOR LANDING
At 30 seconds or approximately 300 FT before landing the First Officer should
make the following PA announcement:
BRACE FOR IMPACT, BRACE FOR IMPACT
Whenever there is a possibility of a runway overrun on a rejected takeoff or of an
unanticipated abnormal landing involving abnormal decelerations cabin crew
should be alerted by a PA announcement:
BRACE FOR IMPACT, BRACE FOR IMPACT

11.1.3

Evacuation Responsibility
The Commander is responsible for the evacuation PA announcement. Cabin crew
will only initiate evacuation when it is obvious that the aircraft must be
immediately evacuated due to catastrophic circumstances.

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Following a rejected takeoff or a landing that does not appear normal and there are
visible signs inside or outside of the cabin of an emergency situation, that may not
be apparent to the flight deck crew (e.g. smoke and/or fire) the Purser shall make
the following PA announcement:
PASSENGERS
REMAIN
INSTRUCTIONS

SEATED

AND

AWAIT

FURTHER

The Purser will then enter the flight deck and advise the Commander of the
emergency situation. The Commander will assess the situation and be responsible
for the evacuation PA announcement.
11.1.4

Evacuation PA Announcements
Immediately the aircraft comes to a stop the Commander (or First Officer) shall
make the following PA announcement:
COCKPIT SPEAKING, CABIN CREW TO YOUR STATIONS
Once the Passenger Evacuation checklist is completed and evacuation is required
the Commander (or First Officer) will make the following PA announcement:
EVACUATE, EVACUATE!

11.1.5

Evacuation
If possible, pilots should proceed to the passenger cabin to assist in the emergency
evacuation as follows:
(a)

Assist in the opening of any suitable doors and exits.

(b)

Assist in the evacuation by directing passengers to the most suitable exit


avoiding congestion and by calling in a loud, clear voice urge passengers
to:
HURRY, COME THIS WAY

(c)

In the case of a ditching instruct passengers to inflate life jackets when


outside the aircraft;

(d)

If possible, the Commander or the Purser should check that all passengers
have evacuated the aircraft.

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ATR-72 STANDARD
OPERATING PROCEDURES

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When no significant aircraft damage has occurred and cabin crew have prepared the
passenger cabin for evacuation the speed of the evacuation should be a
consideration. Passenger safety is the prime consideration in any emergency
evacuation. The flight deck crew and cabin crew will usually be able to determine
whether or not the evacuation requires utmost speed at the increased risk of injuries
to individual passengers.

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AIRCRAFT SYSTEMS

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AIRCRAFT SYSTEMS
ATR-72 STANDARD
OPERATING PROCEDURES

12.1

AIRCRAFT SYSTEMS
Refer FCOM, Volume 1 for information on aircraft systems.

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