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BMP-3 Infantry Fighting Vehicle

The BMP-3 infantry combat vehicle entered production in the late 1980s. About 120
BMP-3 vehicles are in service with the Russia Army and over 600 have been exported to
a number of countries, including United Arab Emirates (390 vehicles), Cyprus (40),
Indonesia (30), Kuwait (110) and South Korea (70).

"About 120 BMP-3 vehicles are in service with the Russia Army."

Kurganmashzavod of Kurgan, Russian Federation manufactures the chassis and the


Instrument Design Bureau (KBP) of Tula is responsible for the turret. It is a tracked,
armoured, amphibious vehicle designed to engage armoured ground and air targets while
stationary, on the move and afloat.

In 2007, the Russian Army placed an order with Kurganmashzavod for a number of new-
build BMP-3 vehicles.

A command version, the BMP-3K, is available, which is the same as the basic BMP-3,
but with additional communications and navigation equipment. A version designed for
more sustained amphibious operation is the BMP-3F. Changes in construction allow
movement afloat in sea state three and firing with necessary accuracy in sea state two.
The BMP-3F can endure continuous amphibious operation for seven hours. A
reconnaissance version, the BRM-3K, is in service with the Russian Army.

UPGRADED BMP-3M VEHICLE

KBP and Kurganmashzavod have upgraded the vehicle with a new turret and engines.
The upgraded vehicle is called the BMP-3M and the new turret includes a new automatic
fire control system with digital computer, new BZS1 gunner's sight with SAGEM thermal
imager and laser illuminator,
TKN-AI commander's periscope
with laser infrared illuminator
and new ammunition loading
system.

The BMP-3M will also be able to


fire ammunition types including
new 100mm laser-guided
projectiles, new 100mm HE-
FRAG (High-Explosive
Fragmentation) rounds and new
30mm APSDS (Armour-Piercing
Discarding Sabot) rounds.

Additional passive armour


protection is effective against 12.7mm armour-piercing rounds from a range of 50m.
Explosive reactive armour is available as an option. The new uprated engine is the UTD-
32, which is rated at 660hp.

BMP-3 ARMAMENT

The main armament of the BMP-3 is a 100mm 2A70 semi-automatic rifled gun / missile
launcher, which is stabilised in two axes and can fire either 3UOF HE-FRAG (High
Explosive-Fragmentation) rounds or 3UBK10 anti-tank guided missiles. Effective range
for the HE-FRAG round is 4,000m. Muzzle velocity is 250m/s. 22 HE-FRAG rounds can
be carried in the automatic loader, total ammunition load being 40 rounds. Rate of fire is
10 rounds a minute.

"The BMP-3F can endure continuous amphibious operation for seven hours."

The gun fires the 3UBK10 anti-tank guided missile round, which consists of the 9M117
laser beamriding missile and container. This missile is used in the Bastion missile system
(NATO designation AT-10 Stabber). It can engage tanks with Explosive Reactive Armour
(ERA) as well as slow, low-flying targets such as helicopters. Range is 100m to 4,000m.
Hit probability is given as at least 0.8 with armour penetration of 600mm. Ammunition
load is eight rounds.

Armament also includes a 30mm 2A72 automatic gun, stabilised in two axes, which fires
3UOR-6 and 3UOR-8 rounds. Ammunition load is 500 AP (Armour-Piercing) or HE-
FRAG rounds. Rate of fire is more than 300 rounds a minute and range is 1,500m to
2,000m. There is also one 7.62mm PKT coaxial machine gun and two 7.62 bow machine
guns.
SELF-PROTECTION

The BMP-3 can be fitted with the Arena Defensive Aids suite, developed by KBM
Kolumna. The system consists of target detection and tracking radar, computer and
processing unit and protective ammunition.

The system is automatic: the radar passes tracking data to the computer, which selects the
number of ammunition rounds and controls firing. The selected ammunition is then
expelled as a directed field. The vehicle can also be fitted with the Shtora defensive aids
system which counters anti-tank guided weapons with SACLOS (Semi-Automatic
Command-to-Line-of-Sight).

The hull and turret are constructed from aluminium alloy armour. Protection also includes
steel external straps fitted on the turret, side armour displacement panels and a double-
bottom at the front of the vehicle.

NBC equipment includes a filter ventilation unit as well as hermetic sealing. This system
is located in the rear of the vehicle, as is the ejection cooling system which, coupled with
the reduced length of the gas ventilation system exhaust, serves to reduce the tank's
thermal signature.

FIRE CONTROL AND OBSERVATION

The fire control system is automatic with manual override for both gunner and
commander. It includes a 1V539 ballistic computer, 2E52 electro-mechanical armament
stabiliser and 1D16 laser rangefinder. The gunner has a 1K13-2 main sight, a combined
image-intensified day / night sight and PPD-1 standby day sight. The commander has a
1PZ-10 day sight and TKN-3 combined day and image-intensified night sight.

"The main BMP-3 armament is a 100mm 2A70 semi-automatic rifled gun / missile
launcher."
The French company SAGEM, with Kurganmashzavod and Peleng of Belarus, have
developed the Namut thermal sight for the BMP-3.

This sight is based on the SAGEM Athos eight – 12 micron three field of view thermal
imager and is fitted to the BMP-3 ICV's delivered to the United Arab Emirates.

PROPULSION

The engine is the V-shaped UTD-29 diesel engine, which produces 500hp. The
transversal mount of the engine enables the wheel drive, cardan shaft for the waterjet
drives and electric bilge pump to be located underneath. Transmission is
hydromechanical with a hydrostatic gearbox for the steering gear and power take-off for
the water jets.

The BMP-3 vehicle weighs 18.7t and is capable of a maximum speed of 70km/h and
range of 600km on roads.

SPECIFICATIONS

Key Data
Crew 3
Dimensions
Length (Gun Forwards) 7.2m
Length (Over Hull) 6.7m
Width (Over Tracks) 3.15m
Width (Over Gill-Type Armour
3.3m
Panels)
Maximum Height 2.65m
Height Overall 2.45m
Clearance Operations 450mm
Maximum Clearance 510mm
Minumum Clearance 190mm
Engines
Engine UTD-29 diesel engine developing 500hp
Power-to-Weight Ratio 25hp/t
Performance
Paved road - 70km/h
Maximum Speed
Afloat - 10km/h
Road Range on Highway 600km
Air Transportability 1-76, AN-22, An-124
Combat Weight 18.7t
Troop Carrying Capacity 7 with 2 additional
VHF R-173 radio, VHF R-173P receiver, R-124
Communications
intercom
Armament
30mm Gun 2A72 automatic
100m Gun Launcher 2A70 gun mount
1 x 7.62 PKT coaxial
Machine Guns
2 x 7.62mm bow machine guns
Firing Ball-Swivel Ports for Troops 5
Armour Protection
Gives protection from 30mm AP rounds of 2A42
Front Armour
gun at a range of 300m at ±40°
Gives protection from 7.62mm AP bullets at point-
Side Armour
blank range
Ammunition
HE-Frag (3UOF) Rounds for
17
100mm Gun Launcher
3UBK10 Anti-Tank Guided
3
Missiles
30mm Gun 500 rounds
100m Gun Launcher 22 HE-frag rounds in loader, 8 missiles
Machine Guns 6,000 cartridges
1K13-2 day sight
Gunner's Sights Combined day / night sight
PPD-1 standby day sight
1PZ-10 day sight
Commander's Sights
TKN-3 day / night sight
Armament Stabiliser 2E52 electromechanical
Ballistic Computer 1V539
Laser Rangefinder 1D16