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CPC 100 Training Course

Agenda

Abdulla Hakeem abdulla.hakeem@omicron.at

CPC 100 Training Course Agenda Abdulla Hakeem abdulla.hakeem@omicron.at 18 March 2014

18 March 2014

Agenda of the training course

(CPC100)

> Safety of the CPC 100 Training course

> CPC 100 Hardware

> CPC 100 Basic Operations

> CPC 100 Tool Set (Start Page)

> CPC 100: CT Testing

> Power Transformer Diagnostics - Introduction

> Power Transformer Testing with CPC 100

> Primary Test Manager (PTM)

Transformer Diagnostics - Introduction > Power Transformer Testing with CPC 100 > Primary Test Manager (PTM)

Safety of the CPC 100 course

Abdulla Hakeem abdulla.hakeem@omicron.at

Safety of the CPC 100 course Abdulla Hakeem abdulla.hakeem@omicron.at 18 March 2014

18 March 2014

General Safety Information's

Read the reference manual carefully! Only trained

personnel is allowed to operate the CPC 100

Work in accordance with the general and local safety

regulations (DIN EN 50191, VDE104 ) • Always follow the five safety rules! • Important:
regulations (DIN EN 50191, VDE104
)
• Always follow the five safety rules!
• Important: You are responsible for safety!
(DIN EN 50191, VDE104 ) • Always follow the five safety rules! • Important: You are

Working with CPC 100

IMPORTANT: Connect CPC100 ground terminal securely

to a location near the device BEFORE testing!

In case of DANGER press the EMERGENCY stop button

• In case of DANGER press the EMERGENCY stop button • Before touching any terminals or
• In case of DANGER press the EMERGENCY stop button • Before touching any terminals or

Before touching any terminals or connecting /

disonnecting wires, check the warning lights on

the front panel of the CPC 100

Lock the device with the safety key lock when you

leave the CPC unattended!

lights on the front panel of the CPC 100 • Lock the device with the safety
lights on the front panel of the CPC 100 • Lock the device with the safety
lights on the front panel of the CPC 100 • Lock the device with the safety

The five safety rules

Important! Switching off the HV in the substation

and the grounding procedure is the job of the utility

personnel!

Isolate

Protect against re-connecting

Check isolation

Earth and short circuit

Cover neighbouring live parts

• Protect against re-connecting • Check isolation • Earth and short circuit • Cover neighbouring live
• Protect against re-connecting • Check isolation • Earth and short circuit • Cover neighbouring live

Safety Briefing for Training

> Please read the safety instructions carefully and sign it afterwards

Safety Briefing for Training > Please read the safety instructions carefully and sign it afterwards
Safety Briefing for Training > Please read the safety instructions carefully and sign it afterwards

CPC 100 Hardware

Abdulla Hakeem abdulla.hakeem@omicron.at

CPC 100 Hardware Abdulla Hakeem abdulla.hakeem@omicron.at 18 March 2014

18 March 2014

CPC 100 The Facts

> 4,8 kVA maximum power

> 800 A AC

> 400 A DC

> 2 kV AC

> Variable Frequency 15 Hz 400 Hz

> Frequency selective measurement

> Complex measurement

> Easy Data processing

> Main Weight: 29 kg

400 Hz > Frequency selective measurement > Complex measurement > Easy Data processing > Main Weight:
400 Hz > Frequency selective measurement > Complex measurement > Easy Data processing > Main Weight:

Left hand side

Left hand side
Left hand side

Front Panel

Binary Input

Front Panel Binary Input Lock AC Output LEDs for easy connection Warning Lights DC Output Emergency

Lock

Front Panel Binary Input Lock AC Output LEDs for easy connection Warning Lights DC Output Emergency
Front Panel Binary Input Lock AC Output LEDs for easy connection Warning Lights DC Output Emergency
Front Panel Binary Input Lock AC Output LEDs for easy connection Warning Lights DC Output Emergency

AC Output

Front Panel Binary Input Lock AC Output LEDs for easy connection Warning Lights DC Output Emergency

LEDs for

easy

connection

Warning

Lights

Panel Binary Input Lock AC Output LEDs for easy connection Warning Lights DC Output Emergency Button

DC Output

Emergency

Button

Measurement

Inputs

Panel Binary Input Lock AC Output LEDs for easy connection Warning Lights DC Output Emergency Button

Right hand side

Serial Port (CP TD1,

CP SB1)

USB Port (Only for

Flash memory)

Right hand side Serial Port (CP TD1, CP SB1) USB Port (Only for Flash memory) Connection
Right hand side Serial Port (CP TD1, CP SB1) USB Port (Only for Flash memory) Connection
Right hand side Serial Port (CP TD1, CP SB1) USB Port (Only for Flash memory) Connection

Connection

to a PC

Safety Port

Right hand side Serial Port (CP TD1, CP SB1) USB Port (Only for Flash memory) Connection

Block Diagram of the CPC 100

Ext. Booster 500 V Mains 500 V Filter / Rectifier / 2 kV Converter 500
Ext. Booster
500
V
Mains
500
V
Filter / Rectifier /
2 kV
Converter
500
V
500 V
4 A
500
V
1 kV
2 A
2 kV
1 A
65
V
130 V / 6 A AC
65
V
3.1
A
Data Processing
65 V / 6 A DC
6.3
A
6
V / 800 A AC
5
V / 400 A DC
300 V AC
3 V AC
10 A AC / DC
10 V DC
BIN IN
Inp.
Outputs
65 V / 6 A DC 6.3 A 6 V / 800 A AC 5 V

Kelvin clamps: 4 wire measurement

Contact resistances V
Contact resistances
V
Kelvin clamps: 4 wire measurement Contact resistances V A Z test
Kelvin clamps: 4 wire measurement Contact resistances V A Z test
Kelvin clamps: 4 wire measurement Contact resistances V A Z test
Kelvin clamps: 4 wire measurement Contact resistances V A Z test
A
A
Kelvin clamps: 4 wire measurement Contact resistances V A Z test

Z test

Kelvin clamps: 4 wire measurement Contact resistances V A Z test
Kelvin clamps: 4 wire measurement Contact resistances V A Z test

Kelvin clamps: 4-wire measurement

Kelvin clamps: 4-wire measurement V V Test Test R Contact A V Contact Z V Test

V

V

Test

Test

R Contact A V Contact Z V Test V Contact
R
Contact
A
V
Contact
Z
V
Test
V
Contact

R Contact

R

Contact A
Contact
A
R Contact A V Contact Z V Test V Contact R Contact R Contact A Z
R Contact A V Contact Z V Test V Contact R Contact R Contact A Z

Z Test

V V
V
V
R Contact A V Contact Z V Test V Contact R Contact R Contact A Z

Contact

R Contact A V Contact Z V Test V Contact R Contact R Contact A Z
R Contact A V Contact Z V Test V Contact R Contact R Contact A Z
R Contact A V Contact Z V Test V Contact R Contact R Contact A Z
V
V
R Contact A V Contact Z V Test V Contact R Contact R Contact A Z

Contact

R Contact

R Contact A V Contact Z V Test V Contact R Contact R Contact A Z

CPC 100 Basic Operations

Abdulla Hakeem abdulla.hakeem@omicron.at

CPC 100 Basic Operations Abdulla Hakeem abdulla.hakeem@omicron.at 18 March 2014

18 March 2014

Test Card and Test Procedure

Test Card

Test Procedure = saved in one xml-file

Test Card and Test Procedure Test Card Test Procedure = saved in one xml-file Test Card

Test Card Functions

Test Card and Test Procedure Test Card Test Procedure = saved in one xml-file Test Card

Front Panel

Add new

test card

Context

depending soft

keys

View Selector Keys

Add new test card Context depending soft keys View Selector Keys Switch between test cards Start
Add new test card Context depending soft keys View Selector Keys Switch between test cards Start
Add new test card Context depending soft keys View Selector Keys Switch between test cards Start
Add new test card Context depending soft keys View Selector Keys Switch between test cards Start

Switch between

test cards

Add new test card Context depending soft keys View Selector Keys Switch between test cards Start

Start / Stop test

Navigating

Add new test card Context depending soft keys View Selector Keys Switch between test cards Start

View Selector Keys

View Selector Keys T e s t C a r d V i e w File

Test Card View

View Selector Keys T e s t C a r d V i e w File
View Selector Keys T e s t C a r d V i e w File
View Selector Keys T e s t C a r d V i e w File

File Operations View

T e s t C a r d V i e w File Operations View Test

Test Procedure View

Settings View

Language

Date / Time

IP Configuration

Contrast

etc.

View Test Procedure View Settings View • Language • Date / Time • IP Configuration •

File Operations

xmt-files hier noch xmt und xml files aufmachen, noch ein paar ordner mehr auto save
xmt-files
hier noch
xmt und xml
files aufmachen, noch
ein paar ordner mehr
auto save file rein!!
und xml files aufmachen, noch ein paar ordner mehr auto save file rein!! Settings View →
und xml files aufmachen, noch ein paar ordner mehr auto save file rein!! Settings View →

Settings View → Device Setup → Autosave:

und xml files aufmachen, noch ein paar ordner mehr auto save file rein!! Settings View →
und xml files aufmachen, noch ein paar ordner mehr auto save file rein!! Settings View →
und xml files aufmachen, noch ein paar ordner mehr auto save file rein!! Settings View →

Test Card: Quick

Output

Test Card: Quick Output Frequency 2 measured values Actual value Test current / voltage Assessment OK

Frequency

2 measured

values

Actual

value

Test current / voltage

Frequency 2 measured values Actual value Test current / voltage Assessment OK Failed Calculated value Device
Frequency 2 measured values Actual value Test current / voltage Assessment OK Failed Calculated value Device
Frequency 2 measured values Actual value Test current / voltage Assessment OK Failed Calculated value Device

Assessment

OKFrequency 2 measured values Actual value Test current / voltage Assessment Failed Calculated value Device temperature

FailedOutput Frequency 2 measured values Actual value Test current / voltage Assessment OK Calculated value Device

Calculated

value

Frequency 2 measured values Actual value Test current / voltage Assessment OK Failed Calculated value Device

Device

temperature

Frequency 2 measured values Actual value Test current / voltage Assessment OK Failed Calculated value Device

Quick Card: Measurement Options

Quick Card: Measurement Options sel: frequency selective measurement CT / VT / Clamp: measurement via CT
Quick Card: Measurement Options sel: frequency selective measurement CT / VT / Clamp: measurement via CT

sel: frequency selective measurement CT / VT / Clamp: measurement via CT / VT / clamp

CPC Out: internal measurement (AC 800A, DC 400A, AC 2KV)

f: frequency measurement

/ Clamp: measurement via CT / VT / clamp CPC Out: internal measurement (AC 800A, DC

Frequency selective measurement

U

U

0 dB Interference Injection -60 dB 50 Hz f Shifted Injection 0 dB -60 dB
0 dB
Interference
Injection
-60 dB
50 Hz
f
Shifted
Injection
0 dB
-60 dB
50 Hz
70 Hz
f
measurement U U 0 dB Interference Injection -60 dB 50 Hz f Shifted Injection 0 dB

Interpolation to 50 Hz

Example: Line impedance measurement with parallel live system

Interpolation to 50 Hz Example: Line impedance measurement with parallel live system
Interpolation to 50 Hz Example: Line impedance measurement with parallel live system

Measurement via CT, VT or clamp

Measurement via CT, VT or clamp Choose Input Set Calculation Factor
Measurement via CT, VT or clamp Choose Input Set Calculation Factor
Measurement via CT, VT or clamp Choose Input Set Calculation Factor
Measurement via CT, VT or clamp Choose Input Set Calculation Factor
Measurement via CT, VT or clamp Choose Input Set Calculation Factor

Choose Input

Set Calculation Factor

Measurement via CT, VT or clamp Choose Input Set Calculation Factor

Quick Card: Calculation Options

Measurement:

2 voltages or 2 currents

Calculation Options Measurement: 2 voltages or 2 currents • Bin/Time (Trigger Event) • Ratio (for 1A

Bin/Time (Trigger Event)

Ratio (for 1A and 5A

sec. current)

Diff (Difference

between two measurements)

Measurement:

1 voltage and 1 current

and 5A sec. current) • Diff (Difference between two measurements) Measurement: 1 voltage and 1 current

Power

and 5A sec. current) • Diff (Difference between two measurements) Measurement: 1 voltage and 1 current

Impedance

and 5A sec. current) • Diff (Difference between two measurements) Measurement: 1 voltage and 1 current
and 5A sec. current) • Diff (Difference between two measurements) Measurement: 1 voltage and 1 current

Sequencer: Test Card

Sequencer: Test Card Define sequence Similar to Quick Card V, I, f 90 V 60 V
Sequencer: Test Card Define sequence Similar to Quick Card V, I, f 90 V 60 V

Define sequence

Similar to Quick Card

V, I, f 90 V 60 V 30 V 2 s 4 s 9 s
V, I, f
90 V
60 V
30 V
2 s
4 s
9 s
t
State 1
State 2
State 3
Test Card Define sequence Similar to Quick Card V, I, f 90 V 60 V 30

Comment: Test Card

Comment: Test Card ASCII-coded txt-file
Comment: Test Card ASCII-coded txt-file

ASCII-coded txt-file

Comment: Test Card ASCII-coded txt-file

CPC 100 Tool Set (Start Page)

Abdulla Hakeem abdulla.hakeem@omicron.at

CPC 100 Tool Set (Start Page) Abdulla Hakeem abdulla.hakeem@omicron.at 18 March 2014

18 March 2014

CPC 100 Start Page

Double click on

desktop symbol

CPC 100 Start Page Double click on desktop symbol Main Section Tools Templates
CPC 100 Start Page Double click on desktop symbol Main Section Tools Templates

Main Section

Tools

Templates

CPC 100 Start Page Double click on desktop symbol Main Section Tools Templates

Main Section

Main Section Software Version Version 2.00 (Build 1246) Version 2.00 (1246) Connected Device Firmware Version Phrase
Main Section Software Version Version 2.00 (Build 1246) Version 2.00 (1246) Connected Device Firmware Version Phrase

Software

Version

Version 2.00 (Build 1246) Version 2.00 (1246)
Version 2.00 (Build 1246)
Version 2.00 (1246)
Section Software Version Version 2.00 (Build 1246) Version 2.00 (1246) Connected Device Firmware Version Phrase Editor
Section Software Version Version 2.00 (Build 1246) Version 2.00 (1246) Connected Device Firmware Version Phrase Editor
Section Software Version Version 2.00 (Build 1246) Version 2.00 (1246) Connected Device Firmware Version Phrase Editor
Section Software Version Version 2.00 (Build 1246) Version 2.00 (1246) Connected Device Firmware Version Phrase Editor

Connected

Device

Firmware

Version

Section Software Version Version 2.00 (Build 1246) Version 2.00 (1246) Connected Device Firmware Version Phrase Editor

Phrase Editor

Section Software Version Version 2.00 (Build 1246) Version 2.00 (1246) Connected Device Firmware Version Phrase Editor

Phrase Editor

One line = one phrase Transfer button
One line =
one phrase
Transfer
button

Display of CPC 100

One line = one phrase Transfer button Display of CPC 100 Two possibilities: 1) Edit phrases
One line = one phrase Transfer button Display of CPC 100 Two possibilities: 1) Edit phrases

Two possibilities:

1) Edit phrases in Phrase Editor

2) Edit phrases in Notepad, save as .txt and import

Display of CPC 100 Two possibilities: 1) Edit phrases in Phrase Editor 2) Edit phrases in

Tools

Tools > Primary Test Manager (PTM) > CPC Editor > Allows Test Procedure and Test Card

> Primary Test Manager (PTM)

> CPC Editor

> Allows Test Procedure and Test Card View on the PC

> For easy and convenient preparation of test cards and templates

> Display test report

> .xml-file is transfered to Word or HTML format

> CPC Excel File Loader

> Converts .xml-files (CPC 100 data) to Excel

> OMICRON Device Browser (ODB)

> Access to OMICRON Device via PC

> Converts .xml-files (CPC 100 data) to Excel > OMICRON Device Browser (ODB) > Access to

CPC Editor

CPC Editor Test Procedure View Test Card View Main Page Settings
CPC Editor Test Procedure View Test Card View Main Page Settings

Test Procedure View

CPC Editor Test Procedure View Test Card View Main Page Settings

Test Card View

Main Page

Settings

CPC Editor Test Procedure View Test Card View Main Page Settings

OMICRON Device Browser (ODB)

OMICRON Device Browser (ODB)
OMICRON Device Browser (ODB)

Display test report

Right click on .xml-file

Display test report Right click on .xml-file
Display test report Right click on .xml-file
Display test report Right click on .xml-file

CPC Excel File Loader

CPC Excel File Loader Welcome: Load .xml-file Overview: List of all Test Cards Other Tabs: One

Welcome: Load .xml-file

CPC Excel File Loader Welcome: Load .xml-file Overview: List of all Test Cards Other Tabs: One

Overview: List of all Test Cards Other Tabs: One Tab = One Test Card

CPC Excel File Loader Welcome: Load .xml-file Overview: List of all Test Cards Other Tabs: One
CPC Excel File Loader Welcome: Load .xml-file Overview: List of all Test Cards Other Tabs: One

Test Templates

Test Templates Transfer templates t o C P C 1 0 0 filtered by language and

Transfer templates to CPC 100

filtered by language and frequency

Transfer templates t o C P C 1 0 0 filtered by language and frequency Help
Transfer templates t o C P C 1 0 0 filtered by language and frequency Help
Transfer templates t o C P C 1 0 0 filtered by language and frequency Help
Transfer templates t o C P C 1 0 0 filtered by language and frequency Help

Help

CPC 100 Template

Excel Template

Transfer templates t o C P C 1 0 0 filtered by language and frequency Help

Template Workflow

measure &

save .xmt .xml CPC 100 equal Computer .xlt .xlsm save load
save
.xmt
.xml
CPC 100
equal
Computer
.xlt
.xlsm
save
load

1) Open Template on the CPC 100 from the Template folder (.xmt) 2) Perform measurement and save (.xml) 3) Open the corresponding Excel Template (.xlt) from Start Page 4) Load the saved .xml-file and save the excel report (.xlsm)

Open the corresponding Excel Template (.xlt) from Start Page 4) Load the saved .xml-file and save

Structure of a Template

Predefined report sheets:

Further calculation

Added Diagrams

Presentable Design for Report

Structure of Excel File Loader

sheets: • Further calculation • Added Diagrams • Presentable Design for Report Structure of Excel File
sheets: • Further calculation • Added Diagrams • Presentable Design for Report Structure of Excel File
sheets: • Further calculation • Added Diagrams • Presentable Design for Report Structure of Excel File
sheets: • Further calculation • Added Diagrams • Presentable Design for Report Structure of Excel File
sheets: • Further calculation • Added Diagrams • Presentable Design for Report Structure of Excel File

CPC 100: CT Testing

Abdulla Hakeem abdulla.hakeem@omicron.at

CPC 100: CT Testing Abdulla Hakeem abdulla.hakeem@omicron.at 18 March 2014

18 March 2014

CT Test Cards

CT Test Cards
CT Test Cards

CT Ration (and Burden): Setup

P1 1S1 800 A 1S2 AC 2S1 2S2 P2 A V Voltage I AC/DC V1
P1
1S1
800 A
1S2
AC
2S1
2S2
P2
A
V
Voltage
I AC/DC
V1 AC
measurement is
ALL other secondary windings
must be closed!!!
optional!
Burden
2S2 P2 A V Voltage I AC/DC V1 AC measurement is ALL other secondary windings must

CT Ratio (and Burden): Test Card

Nameplate data

Test Current

Measurement

results

Test Card Nameplate data Test Current Measurement results Burden VA  Z  I  

Burden VA Z I

2

sec, nominal

V sec, measured

I sec, measured

I

2

sec, nominal

results Burden VA  Z  I   2 sec, nominal  V sec, measured

Connection: CP CB2 <-> CPC 100

Connection: CP CB2 <-> CPC 100 High-current cable with a plug on one end and a

High-current cable with a plug on one end and

a clamp on the

other end

Connection cable CP CB2↔CPC 100

Current

booster

CP CB2

cable with a plug on one end and a clamp on the other end Connection cable

1)

2)

cable with a plug on one end and a clamp on the other end Connection cable
cable with a plug on one end and a clamp on the other end Connection cable
cable with a plug on one end and a clamp on the other end Connection cable

CP CB2: 1000A and 2000A mode

2000 A mode

CP CB2: 1000A and 2000A mode 2000 A mode 1000 A mode

1000 A mode

CP CB2: 1000A and 2000A mode 2000 A mode 1000 A mode
CP CB2: 1000A and 2000A mode 2000 A mode 1000 A mode

CTBurden: Setup

P1 1S1 800 A 1S2 AC 2S1 2S2 P2 Burden
P1
1S1
800 A
1S2
AC
2S1
2S2
P2
Burden
CTBurden: Setup P1 1S1 800 A 1S2 AC 2S1 2S2 P2 Burden
CTBurden: Setup P1 1S1 800 A 1S2 AC 2S1 2S2 P2 Burden

CTBurden: Test Card

Test stops

automatically nominal secondary current test current & test frequency V Burden VA  Z 
automatically
nominal
secondary
current
test current &
test frequency
V
Burden VA  Z  I
2
sec, measured
 I
2
sec, nominal
sec, nominal
I sec, measured
V Burden VA  Z  I   2  sec, measured  I 2

CTExcitation: Setup

P1 1S1 1S2 CT 2S1 2S2 P2 Burden
P1
1S1
1S2
CT
2S1
2S2
P2
Burden

High voltage at the output!!

CTExcitation: Setup P1 1S1 1S2 CT 2S1 2S2 P2 Burden High voltage at the output!!

CTExcitation: Test Card

frequency value of each measurement point Standard for kneepoint determination Demagnetisation
frequency
value of each
measurement point
Standard for
kneepoint
determination
Demagnetisation

kneepoint data

function

value of each measurement point Standard for kneepoint determination Demagnetisation kneepoint data function

CTEcxitation: Adjust Scaling

3 1 2
3
1
2

Bad scaling

Adjust scaling

CTEcxitation: Adjust Scaling 3 1 2 Bad scaling Adjust scaling Adjusted scaling

Adjusted scaling

CTEcxitation: Adjust Scaling 3 1 2 Bad scaling Adjust scaling Adjusted scaling

RWinding: Setup

1S1 1S2 2S1 2S2 Burden
1S1
1S2
2S1
2S2
Burden

P1

CT

P2

Attention!!:

DO NOT interrupt the current path!!

ONLY use the RWinding Test Card!!

2S1 2S2 Burden P1 CT P2 Attention!!: • DO NOT interrupt the current path!! • ONLY

RWinding: Current profile

R-displayed R max Dev. R min Dev.  R  R max min Δt =
R-displayed
R max
Dev.
R min
Dev.  R  R
max
min
Δt = 10 s
time
RWinding: Current profile R-displayed R max Dev. R min Dev.  R  R max min

RWinding: Test Card

Test is stopped

automatically if Dev. < 0,1 % 0, 2 mV R  min I test 10
automatically if Dev. < 0,1 %
0, 2 mV
R
min
I
test
10 V
R
max
I
test
Measurement
Actual deviation
V
R
DC
meas .
I
DC
Main measuring
time
235  T
R
R
ref .
(IEC 60076-1)
ref
. meas
.
235  T
meas .
meas . I DC Main measuring time 235  T R  R  ref .

PolCheck: Setup

AC 800A

P1 CT P1
P1
CT
P1

1S1

S1

1S1 S1 1S2

1S2

1S1 S1 1S2 S2

S2

PolCheck: Setup AC 800A P1 CT P1 1S1 S1 1S2 S2 S1 S2 green LED r
S1 S2
S1
S2

green LED

PolCheck: Setup AC 800A P1 CT P1 1S1 S1 1S2 S2 S1 S2 green LED r

red LED

PolCheck: Setup AC 800A P1 CT P1 1S1 S1 1S2 S2 S1 S2 green LED r

PolCheck: Test Card

Intermittent mode

Assessment for

each test point

PolCheck: Test Card Intermittent mode Assessment for each test point
PolCheck: Test Card Intermittent mode Assessment for each test point

CTRatioV: Setup

CTRatioV: Setup W V U • Short-circuit all terminals of other windings • Shorten remaining phases
W

W

V

U

• Short-circuit all terminals of other windings • Shorten remaining phases and neutral
Short-circuit all terminals of
other windings
Shorten remaining phases
and neutral

N

CTRatioV: Setup W V U • Short-circuit all terminals of other windings • Shorten remaining phases

CTRatioV: Test Card

Nameplate data

V  2 V test 3 knee  f f test mains Measurement results I
V
2 V
test
3 knee
 f
f test
mains
Measurement
results
I prim
Ratio 
V sec
I sec
V prim

Test is stopped

automatically

 f f test mains Measurement results I prim Ratio   V sec I sec

CT Templates

> Accuracy Limiting Factor (ALF)

> ALF is calculated from

> Winding resistance

> Excitation

> Burden (nominal or operating)

> Automated assessment for the protection class

> Comprehensive CT Test Report (3-phase CT Test)

> Polarity

> Ratio

> Burden

> Winding Resistance

> Excitation (Kneepoint)

> Table and Diagram

> Polarity > Ratio > Burden > Winding Resistance > Excitation (Kneepoint) > Table and Diagram
Power Transformer Diagnostics - Introduction Abdulla Hakeem abdulla.hakeem@omicron.at 18 March 2014

Power Transformer Diagnostics - Introduction

Abdulla Hakeem abdulla.hakeem@omicron.at

18 March 2014

Transformer Breakdowns

Transformer Breakdowns
Transformer Breakdowns
Transformer Breakdowns
Transformer Breakdowns

Sources of faults in Transformers

Source: Cigre_WG 12-05 „An international survey on failures in large power Winding Core Bushing Vessel
Source: Cigre_WG 12-05 „An international
survey on failures in large power
Winding
Core
Bushing
Vessel & Oil
Accessories
Tap
Changer

transformers in service“, Electra No. 88, 1983

Winding Core Bushing Vessel & Oil Accessories Tap Changer transformers in service“, Electra No. 88, 1983

Condition and Time based maintenance

New condition Condition based maintenance Diagnostic level Time based maintenance Operating stress Insulation strength
New condition
Condition based maintenance
Diagnostic level
Time based maintenance
Operating stress
Insulation strength

Time

Condition based maintenance requires reliable diagnostic tools

Operating stress Insulation strength Time  Condition based maintenance requires reliable diagnostic tools

Possible Impacts by lack of maintenance

Baseline data not recorded

Problems during warranty period not detected

OLTC contacts wear

Oil oxidation begins

Fan and Pump bearing wear

Visible effects of weathering and UV

Oil decay products affect paper insulation

Miss oportunity to intercept accelerated ageing

Oxidation and hydrolysis enters accelerated ageing state

OLTC and bushing failure rates increase

Dielectric withstand diminishes

Expensive failure (bushing, OLTC)

failure rates increase • Dielectric withstand diminishes • Expensive failure (bushing, OLTC) Life of the Transformer
failure rates increase • Dielectric withstand diminishes • Expensive failure (bushing, OLTC) Life of the Transformer
failure rates increase • Dielectric withstand diminishes • Expensive failure (bushing, OLTC) Life of the Transformer
failure rates increase • Dielectric withstand diminishes • Expensive failure (bushing, OLTC) Life of the Transformer
failure rates increase • Dielectric withstand diminishes • Expensive failure (bushing, OLTC) Life of the Transformer
failure rates increase • Dielectric withstand diminishes • Expensive failure (bushing, OLTC) Life of the Transformer
failure rates increase • Dielectric withstand diminishes • Expensive failure (bushing, OLTC) Life of the Transformer
Life of the Transformer
Life of the Transformer
failure rates increase • Dielectric withstand diminishes • Expensive failure (bushing, OLTC) Life of the Transformer

Maintenance Intervals

Action

 

Task Interval

 

Remark

 

Light

 

Regular

Intensive

Visit

6

m

1

m

1

d

In service

Detailed inspection (visual)

1

y

3

m

2 w

In service

DGA

2

y

1

y

3 m

Task interval may differ with monitoring

Oil Test

6 y

 

2 y

1 y

 

Cooling system cleaning

Conditional

Conditional

Any interval

Outage may be required

Accessories

12

y or

6-8 y

1-2 y

Outage required

verification

conditional

Electrical basic

Conditional

Conditional

Any interval

Outage required

tests

Insulation tests (DF)

Conditional

6-8 y

2-4 y

Outage required

OLTC inspection

12

y

6-8 y

4

y

 
tests (DF) Conditional 6-8 y 2-4 y Outage required OLTC inspection 12 y 6-8 y 4

Diagnostic Techniques

Type of Problem

 

Magnetic Circuit Integrity

Magnetic Circuit Insulation

 

Winding Geometry

 

Winding/Bushing/OLTC Continuity

 

Winding/Bushing Insulation

 

Winding Turn to Turn Insulation

 

Diagnostic Technique

 
 

Winding Ratio

x

         

Basic Electrical

Winding Resistance

   

x

     

Magnetisation Current

x

       

x

Capacitance and DF/PF

 

x

 

x

x

x

Leakage Reactance

     

x

   

Insulation Resistance

 

x

   

x

 
 

Core Ground Test

       

x

 

Advanced Electrical

Frequency Response of Stray Losses

   

x

x

   

Frequency Response Analysis

x

   

x

x

x

Polarisation/Depolarisation

 

x

       

Frequency Domain Spectroscopy

 

x

       

Recovery Voltage Method

 

x

       

Electrical Detection of PD

x

x

       

Acoustical detection of PD

x

x

       

UHF Detection of PD

x

x

       
 

Dissolved Gas Analysis

x

x

x

 

x

x

Detection of PD x x           Dissolved Gas Analysis x x x

Overview: Transformer Measurements

> Turns Ratio + Exciting Current

> Winding Resistance (Dynamic and Static)

> Short Circuit Impedance (+FRSL)

> C & DF (Winding, Bushing and Oil sample)

> Moisture Determination in liquid and solid insulation (DIRANA)

> Frequency Response Analysis (FRAnalyzer)

> Partial Discharge (MPD 600)

CPC 100

CPC 100 + CP TD1

(DIRANA) > Frequency Response Analysis (FRAnalyzer) > Partial Discharge (MPD 600) CPC 100 CPC 100 +

Power Transformer Testing

with CPC 100

Abdulla Hakeem abdulla.hakeem@omicron.at

Power Transformer Testing with CPC 100 Abdulla Hakeem abdulla.hakeem@omicron.at 18 March 2014

18 March 2014

Power Transformer Test Cards

Power Transformer Test Cards
Power Transformer Test Cards

Ratio and excitation current measurement: Motivation

> Detectable failures

> Shorted winding sections or turns

> Core faults (shorted laminations)

> Indication

> Tripping of the buchholz relays

> Incorrect DGA

> Comment

> Do not perform winding resistance tests before this test

of the buchholz relays > Incorrect DGA > Comment > Do not perform winding resistance tests

TRRatio (per Tap): Setup

TRRatio (per Tap): Setup High voltage at the output!! Do not perform the resistance measurement before

High voltage at the output!!

Do not perform the resistance measurement

before the Ratio test!

TRRatio (per Tap): Setup High voltage at the output!! Do not perform the resistance measurement before

TRRatio (per Tap): Vector Group

1. Example: YNd5

V

TRRatio (per Tap): Vector Group 1. Example: YNd5 V U W 2. Example: Dy5 V U

U

W

2. Example: Dy5

V

U W
U
W
Vector Group 1. Example: YNd5 V U W 2. Example: Dy5 V U W w u

w

u

v

u

v

YNd5 V U W 2. Example: Dy5 V U W w u v u v w

w

Alternative: Look up the connection in the User Manual.

Corresponding pairs are in parallel!

No parallel pairs:

-> Shorten 2 terminals

up the connection in the User Manual. Corresponding pairs are in parallel! No parallel pairs: ->

TRRatio (per Tap): Test Card

nominal ratio (3-phase)

nominal ratio (1-phase)

Test Voltage

nominal ratio (3-phase) nominal ratio (1-phase) Test Voltage magnitude phase V prim Options for C P
nominal ratio (3-phase) nominal ratio (1-phase) Test Voltage magnitude phase V prim Options for C P
magnitude phase
magnitude
phase

V prim

ratio (1-phase) Test Voltage magnitude phase V prim Options for C P S B 1 to

Options for

CP SB1

to Settings (ratio table)

V sec

Deviation from nominal ratio (1-phase)

phase V prim Options for C P S B 1 to Settings (ratio table) V sec

TRRatio (per Tap): Test Card Settings

CP SB1

Options

TRRatio (per Tap): Test Card Settings CP SB1 Options manage Taps back to Main Page nominal
TRRatio (per Tap): Test Card Settings CP SB1 Options manage Taps back to Main Page nominal

manage Taps

back to Main

Page

nominal voltage

TRRatio (per Tap): Test Card Settings CP SB1 Options manage Taps back to Main Page nominal

Transformer Ratio: Template

Transformer Ratio: Template
Transformer Ratio: Template
Transformer Ratio: Template

TRRatio + Exciting Current: Interpretation

> TRRatio:

> meaurement is OK if ± 0,5 % from nominal ratio

> Exciting current:

> difference between the outer phases: +/- 5 %

> results of middle phase could be up to 30 % lower

current: > difference between the outer phases: +/- 5 % > results of middle phase could

Resistance Measurement: Motivation

> Detectable Failures

> Static resistance measurement

> Bad internal contacts (diverter switch and tap selector switch contacts, connection clamps)

> Short circuits between conductors of a winding

> Damaged conductor (due to overheating, mechanical stress during fault)

> Dynamic Resistance measurement

> Bad, bouncing contacts in the OLTC

> Checks, if the OLTC is operating without interruption

> Indication

> High internal temperatures

> DGA

> Checks, if the OLTC is operating without interruption > Indication > High internal temperatures >

Resistance Measurement: Setup

Resistance Measurement: Setup A B C N a b c n

A

B C N
B
C
N
Resistance Measurement: Setup A B C N a b c n
Resistance Measurement: Setup A B C N a b c n
Resistance Measurement: Setup A B C N a b c n

a

b

Resistance Measurement: Setup A B C N a b c n

c

Resistance Measurement: Setup A B C N a b c n

n

Resistance Measurement: Setup A B C N a b c n
Resistance Measurement: Setup A B C N a b c n
Resistance Measurement: Setup A B C N a b c n

RWinding: Current profile

I R-displayed R max Dev. R min Dev.  R  R max min Δt
I R-displayed
R max
Dev.
R min
Dev.  R  R
max
min
Δt = 10 s
time
RWinding: Current profile I R-displayed R max Dev. R min Dev.  R  R max

RWinding: Test Card

Test is stopped automatically if

Dev. < 0,1 % 0, 2 mV R  min I test 10 V R
Dev. < 0,1 %
0, 2 mV
R
min
I
test
10 V
R
max
I
test
Measurement
Actual deviation
V
R
DC
meas .
I
DC
Main measuring
time
235  T
R
R
ref .
(IEC 60076-1)
ref
. meas
.
235  T
meas .
meas . I DC Main measuring time 235  T R  R  ref .

OLTC Principle

Tap Selector Diverter Switch R Resistors A B
Tap
Selector
Diverter
Switch
R
Resistors
A
B

Commutating

1. Step:

Tap Selector changes tap position

Tap Selector Diverter Switch R Resistors A B
Tap
Selector
Diverter
Switch
R
Resistors
A
B

Commutating

2. Step:

Diverter Switch moves from A to B

tap position Tap Selector Diverter Switch R Resistors A B Commutating 2. Step: Diverter Switch moves

Definition of Ripple and Slope

Definition of Ripple and Slope
Definition of Ripple and Slope

TR Tap Check: Test Card

Measurement

choose Settings to edit Dynamic Resistance to settings 235  T smallest R  R
choose Settings
to edit
Dynamic
Resistance
to settings
235  T
smallest
R
R
ref .
ref
. meas
.
235  T
deviation
meas .
Dynamic Resistance to settings 235  T smallest R  R  ref . ref .

TR Tap Check: Test Card Settings

CP SB1

options

TR Tap Check: Test Card Settings CP SB1 options back to main page

back to main page

TR Tap Check: Test Card Settings CP SB1 options back to main page

Transformer Tap Changer: Template

Transformer Tap Changer: Template
Transformer Tap Changer: Template
Transformer Tap Changer: Template
Transformer Tap Changer: Template

Winding Resistance, Ripple and Slope: Interpretation

> Maximum difference of 1 % to factory test report (values corrected to 75 °C)

> Difference between phases < 3 %

> The behavior of ripple and slope of the 3 phases for up is similar

> The behavior of ripple and slope of the 3 phases for down is similar

Ripple 18,0% 16,0% 2,0% 0,0% 000 005 010 015 020 025 030 Taps
Ripple
18,0%
16,0%
2,0%
0,0%
000
005
010
015
020
025
030
Taps

14,0%

A

UP

12,0%

A

DOWN

10,0%

B

UP

8,0%

B

DOWN

6,0%

C

UP

4,0%

C

DOWN

Slope 0,0A/s -2,0A/s A UP B UP -6,0A/s B DOWN C DOWN -10,0A/s -12,0A/s 000
Slope
0,0A/s
-2,0A/s
A
UP
B
UP
-6,0A/s
B
DOWN
C
DOWN
-10,0A/s
-12,0A/s
000
005
010
015
020
025
030
Taps

-4,0A/s

A

DOWN

-8,0A/s

C

UP

B DOWN C DOWN -10,0A/s -12,0A/s 000 005 010 015 020 025 030 Taps -4,0A/s A

CP SB1 Hardware

Transformer

CPC 100

CP SB1 Hardware Transformer CPC 100 Tests performed by CP SB1: • Ratio • Winding Resistance

Tests performed by CP SB1:

Ratio

Winding Resistance

OLTC test

CP SB1 Hardware Transformer CPC 100 Tests performed by CP SB1: • Ratio • Winding Resistance

CP SB1 Setup

CP SB1 Setup
CP SB1 Setup

Short Circuit Impedance Leakage Reactance + FRSL

A V
A
V
Short Circuit Impedance – Leakage Reactance + FRSL A V Trans- former Z Short Circuit Impedance

Trans-

former

Z

Short Circuit

Impedance Leakage Rectance

FRSL
FRSL
Z Short Circuit Impedance – Leakage Rectance FRSL 15 50 400 f 2 different measurements: >
Z Short Circuit Impedance – Leakage Rectance FRSL 15 50 400 f 2 different measurements: >
Z Short Circuit Impedance – Leakage Rectance FRSL 15 50 400 f 2 different measurements: >
Z Short Circuit Impedance – Leakage Rectance FRSL 15 50 400 f 2 different measurements: >

15

50

400

f

2 different measurements:

> Three-phase equivalent test (Short Circuit Impedance)

> Per phase test (For Winding Diagnosis)

measurements: > Three-phase equivalent test (Short Circuit Impedance) > Per phase test (For Winding Diagnosis)

Equivalent Circuit: Neglection of the core

L 1 R 1AC R 1DC L 2 R 2AC R 2DC L m R
L 1
R 1AC
R 1DC
L 2
R 2AC
R 2DC
L m
R Fe
n 1 :n 2
L
||
R

L
R
R
m
Fe
2
2
AC
2
DC
L 1 R 1AC R 1DC
L 1
R 1AC
R 1DC

Core can be neglected!

L 2 R 2AC R 2DC
L 2
R 2AC
R 2DC
2 L || R  L  R  R m Fe 2 2 AC 2

Setup: Three-phase equivalent test

Measure all combinations:

H1-H2

H2-H3

• H3-H1
H3-H1

Short-circuit all 3 phases

Use a big cross-section for low

resistance!!

all combinations: • H1-H2 • H2-H3 • H3-H1 Short-circuit all 3 phases Use a big cross-section

Setup: Per phase test

Measure all 3 combinations according to ratio measurement!

Measure all 3 combinations according to ratio measurement! Short-circuit only the corresponding terminals! According to

Short-circuit only the corresponding terminals!

According to ratio measurement.

Inject according to

ratio measurement

Short-circuit only the corresponding terminals! According to ratio measurement. Inject according to ratio measurement

TR Short Circuit Impedance Leakage Reactance: CPC

Template

> TR Data: Comment Test Card

> Add Transformer Data for Comparison

> 3 Phase Test: Comment Test Card

> Connection Scheme for 3-phase test

> Zk AB, Zk BC and Zk AC: Sequencer Test Cards

> Test Cards for 3-phase tests

> Per-Phase Test: Comment Test Card

> Connection Scheme for per-phase test

> Zk A, Zk B and Zk C: Sequencer Test Cards

> Test Cards for per-phase test

> Version: Comment Test Card

test > Zk A, Zk B and Zk C: Sequencer Test Cards > Test Cards for

TR Short Circuit Impedance Leakage Reactance: Excel

Template

>

Calculation of Z k

> Comparison with data from 3-phase factory test with W-Meter

> Consideration wether Injection on HV- or LV-side

> Consideration of Vector Group

>

R k (f)

> 3 x three-phase equivalent test in one diagram

> 3 x per phase test in one diagram

> Deviation limits for ΔL k and ΔR k

>

L k (f)

> Same structure as R k (f)

> Deviation limits for Δ L k and Δ R k > L k (f) >

Interpretation: Short Circuit Impedance

> Measured value should not differ more than 2 % from factory value

> Difference between phases is usually less than 2 %

Measured value should not differ more than 2 % from factory value > Difference between phases

Interpretation: FRSL

yes no Reference results available? Comparison with reference results yes no 3-Phase-Transformer? ΔL (%) 0
yes
no
Reference results
available?
Comparison with
reference results
yes
no
3-Phase-Transformer?
ΔL (%)
0
- 0,5
0,5 – 1,0
> 1,0
and
or
or
ΔR (%)
0
- 5
5 - 10
> 10
Comparison with
nameplate impedance
No FRSL diagnostic
yes
no
Transformer in its Tank?
Comparison between
phases
Comparison between
phases
ΔL (%)
0-1,5
1,5 - 2,5
> 2,5
ΔL (%)
0-1,5
1,5 - 2,5
> 2,5
and
or
or
and
or
or
ΔR (%)
ΔR (%)
0 - 10
10 - 15
or
> 15
0 - 5
5 -10
> 10
R b > R a or
R b > R c
or and or or ΔR (%) ΔR (%) 0 - 10 10 - 15 or >

Case Study: FRSL (Description)

After gaz production and analysis which indicated a hot spot involving paper:

> Turns Ratio was correct

> Excitation current was normal

> DC resistance was normal

> Comparison between Short Circuit Impedances was normal (less than 3

%)

was normal > DC resistance was normal > Comparison between Short Circuit Impedances was normal (less

Case Study: FRSL (Assessment)

Case Study: FRSL (Assessment)
Case Study: FRSL (Assessment)
Case Study: FRSL (Assessment)

Primary Test Manager (PTM)

Abdulla Hakeem abdulla.hakeem@omicron.at

18 March 2014

Transformer Test Types

1.

DGA/Oil Screen

2.

Standard Electrical Test

3.

Advanced Diagnostic Test

4.

SFRA

5.

DFR

6.

IR

7.

Partial Discharge

109

Test 4. SFRA 5. DFR 6. IR 7. Partial Discharge 109 Covered by the Primary Test

Covered by the

Primary Test Manager (PTM)

Starting PTM

1
1
2
2

Welcome Screen

1 2 3 4 Workflow
1
2
3
4
Workflow
Welcome Screen 1 2 3 4 Workflow Settings Connected Products © OMICRON Page 111

Settings

Connected

Products

Welcome Screen 1 2 3 4 Workflow Settings Connected Products © OMICRON Page 111

Settings

Settings 1 © OMICRON Page 112
1
1
Settings 1 © OMICRON Page 112

Structure

Define a Location

Define a Transformer

Define a Job

Structure Define a Location Define a Transformer Define a Job Overview: All Locations, Transformers, Jobs and
Structure Define a Location Define a Transformer Define a Job Overview: All Locations, Transformers, Jobs and
Structure Define a Location Define a Transformer Define a Job Overview: All Locations, Transformers, Jobs and
Structure Define a Location Define a Transformer Define a Job Overview: All Locations, Transformers, Jobs and
Structure Define a Location Define a Transformer Define a Job Overview: All Locations, Transformers, Jobs and
Structure Define a Location Define a Transformer Define a Job Overview: All Locations, Transformers, Jobs and
Structure Define a Location Define a Transformer Define a Job Overview: All Locations, Transformers, Jobs and

Overview: All Locations, Transformers, Jobs and Reports

Execute a Measurement

Create a Report

Location

1 2 1
1
2
1

New Transformer

Location 1 2 1 New Transformer 2 © OMICRON Page 114
2
2

Transformer Data

Main Transformer

Tap Changer

Bushing

Surge Arrester

Data Data Data Data Must be filled in Settings for Vector Group
Data
Data
Data
Data
Must be
filled in
Settings for
Vector Group

Tap Changer

OLTC or DETC

Located: HV or LV Tap Scheme No. of Taps Calculation of Tap Voltage
Located:
HV or LV
Tap
Scheme
No. of Taps
Calculation
of Tap
Voltage

Job I

1 2 Kind of Selection Test already Test of Test: executed? Yes / No On
1
2
Kind of
Selection
Test already
Test
of Test:
executed? Yes / No
On / Off
Assessment:
Test Failed /
Passed

Job II

> 1. Info (Administration Data)

> Job Number

> Tester

> Date

> etc.

> 2. Conditions

> Weather

> Humidity

> Temperature

> etc.

> 3. Tap Changer State

2. Conditions > Weather > Humidity > Temperature > etc. > 3. Tap Changer State ©

Measurement

Available Tests

Red Flashing during

Operation

Wiring Diagram

Available Tests Red Flashing during Operation Wiring Diagram Test specific Data Note: Measurement has to be
Available Tests Red Flashing during Operation Wiring Diagram Test specific Data Note: Measurement has to be
Available Tests Red Flashing during Operation Wiring Diagram Test specific Data Note: Measurement has to be
Available Tests Red Flashing during Operation Wiring Diagram Test specific Data Note: Measurement has to be
Available Tests Red Flashing during Operation Wiring Diagram Test specific Data Note: Measurement has to be
Available Tests Red Flashing during Operation Wiring Diagram Test specific Data Note: Measurement has to be

Test specific Data

Note: Measurement has

to be started from the

CPC

© OMICRON

Page 119

Report

Main Data

Measured

Data

Diagrams

© OMICRON

Report Main Data Measured Data Diagrams © OMICRON Page 120
Report Main Data Measured Data Diagrams © OMICRON Page 120

Page 120

Advantages with PTM

> Intuitive user interface

> Better preparation of the tests

> Easy to enter Vector Group and Tap Changer data

> Bread Crumb Navigation

> Better administration of the measured data

> Fully automized generation of test reports

> Remote operation via PC

> Measurement is executed via the PC (Final Initialization from CPC)

> PTM offers connection diagrams

© OMICRON

Page 121

Thank you for your attention!

Questions?

18 March 2014