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FlowCon

AB/ABV

The adjustable automatic


flow control valves

FlowCon
AB and ABV

Dynamic Balancing Valve with internal adjustable flow cartridge

he FlowCon AB and ABV automatic


balancing valves are designed for
balancing heating and air-conditioning
terminal units by providing a constant
flow rate with the added feature of being
adjustable.
The AB / ABV automatic balancing
valves contain an internal composite flow
control cartridge which keeps the flow
rate constant, even with system pressure
conditions changing.
The main difference between these and
other automatic balancing valves is that
each flow control cartridge can be easily
removed and adjusted to one of eight
different flow rates.

Each cartridge is easily


adjusted.

There are 14 different adjustable


cartridges, totalling nearly 100 different
flow rates available in sizes 15mm
through 40mm. The adjustable
feature, along with the builtin ball valve, enables
the contractor or
maintenance
engineer to
easily change
the flow rate
to the terminal
unit on the job
site or after
installation.

Features and Benefits


- Automatic balancing, the correct
flow rate for each circuit is achieved
automatically.
- Dynamic balancing, the correct flow
rate is maintained as each valve
compensates for pressure fluctuations in
the system.
- Field adjustable, flow rate can be
changed on demand.
- Elimination of branch or partner
balancing valves (fewer total valves
used in each project).
- Easily accessible cartridge for flow
rate adjustment or maintenance.
- Accuracy of +/- 10%.
- Built-in isolation ball valve.
- Pressure / temperature measurement
plugs for verifying operating pressure
differential range or checking T across
the coil.
- Double union end connection for ease
of installation and wide selection of end
fittings.

A total of 14 cartridges available, each


covering a range of flow rates, ensures
the flow rate required is obtainable.

Principle of Operation
The flow control cartridge of FlowCon AB /
ABV contains two interacting components;
one that has an adjustable orifice, and
one that regulates the pressure differential
across the adjustable orifice.

in reaction to P1 in the upper diaphragm


chamber. Interacting with the spring, P1P2 remains constant, keeping a constant
P across the orifice areas. The result is
a constant flow rate through the valve,
independent of pressure fluctuations.

The principle of operation and the principle


of construction is shown in figures above.
P1 and P3 are system pressures, P1P3 is the total pressure drop across the
valve. P2 is set by the diaphragm acting

Below its pressure differential range, the


valve acts as a fixed orifice. This allows
a temperature control valve in the same
circuit to operate with valve authority up to
the set flow rate maximum.

Automatic vs. Manual System


Layout Comparison
Manually balanced system

Automatic balanced system

Each branch is
automatically balanced
due to the correct
balance of each coil.
Sum total of 0.31 l/s
(branch).
Total number of valves (manual) 40.

Total number of valves (automatic) 27

In addition to terminal unit valves, manual


balancing requires partner valves
located on the branches.
Technical Data
For further information and part number
selection pls. see FlowCon technote.
AB 15/20
ABV 15/20/25
Cartridge Type
Pressure Differential
Flow Rate
Static Pressure
Temperature Rating

(kPa)
(psi)
(l/sec)
(GPM)
(kPa)
(psi)
(C)
(F)

Pressure Drop Data


Automatic Flow Control (kPa)
Valve
(Kv-value)

Y
15-130
2.2-18.9
0.0081-0.2733
0.13-4.33
2500
360

ABV 25/32/40

G
X
30-400
15-130
4.35-58
2.2-18.9
0.0117-0.4078 0.17-0.85
0.19-6.46
2.7-13.5
2500
2500
360
360
-30 to +100
-22 to +212

C
22-300
3.2-43.5
0.23-1.21
3.65-19.2
2500
360

D
30-410
4.35-59.5
0.27-1.43
4.28-22.7
2500
360

NOTE: For pump head calculations, add the minimum pressure differential for
the index circuit to the other componenets pressure losses (i.e. valves, coil, etc.)

15

2.6

30

15

22
12.5

30

NOTE: The location of


the FlowCon ABV does
not require lengths of
pipe before or after the
valve.

Cartridge Selection Chart


Y-TYPE
G-TYPE
(15-130 kPa)* (20-130 kPa)
(30-400 kPa)* (40-400 kPa)
l/s
grey*
red
blue black green grey*
red
blue black green
0.0081
1
0.0113
2
0.0117
1
0.0175
3
0.0189
2
0.0222
4
0.0247
3
0.0311
5
0.0325
4
0.0353
6
0.0383
7
0.0431
8
0.0450
3
0.0472
5
0.0528
6
0.0564
3
0.0575
4
0.0597
3
0.0619
4
0.0639
7
0.0669
4
0.0694
8
0.0781
4
0.0908
4
0.0922
5
0.0958
4
0.0978
1
0.1050
6
0.1136
7
0.1153
5
0.1183
2
0.1194
8
0.1358
3
0.1367
6
0.1369
5
0.1383
4
0.1456
7
0.1461
8
0.1469
1
0.1547
5
0.1614
6
0.1733
7
0.1764
6
0.1797
7
0.1811
5
0.1814
8
0.1861
2
0.1931
8
0.2097
3
0.2164
6
0.2181
7
0.2200
8
0.2306
5
0.2369
5
0.2372
6
0.2414
4
0.2525
7
0.2658
6
0.2689
7
0.2733
8
0.2772
8
0.3653
5
0.3692
6
0.3919
7
0.4078
8
flow

flow
l/s
0.17
0.23
0.26
0.27
0.31
0.33
0.36
0.38
0.39
0.42
0.44
0.47
0.48
0.5
0.52
0.54
0.58
0.6
0.60
0.62
0.63
0.64
0.66
0.67
0.68
0.74
0.76
0.78
0.83
0.84
0.85
0.9
0.93
0.99
1.07
1.17
1.21
1.28
1.39
1.43

X-type
(15-130 kPa)
white
red
1
2
1

C-type
(22-300 kPa)
white
red

1
1

3
2

4
2

4
5
6

3
4

D-type
(30-410 kPa)
white
red

2
3

6
7
8

5
4
5
6
7
8

Accuracy +/- 10%

7
8

4
5
6
7
8

Accuracy +/- 10%

No. 37, Geylang Lorong 23, #04-04


Yu Li Industrial Building
SINGAPORE 388371
Phone: +65 6841 8849
Fax: +65 6841 8843
Mail: flowcon1@singnet.com.sg

Kongstedvej 2
DK-4200 Slagelse
DENMARK
Phone: +45 5850 5230
Fax: +45 5850 5730
Mail: flowcon@flowcon.dk

Denmark
July 2003

Singapore

USA