Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 11

1

Table 5.1 shows a result which are obtained when a student investigated the reaction
between 3.09 g of zinc granules and excess dilute sulphuric acid at 30oC .The gas
was collected and its volume is measured every 20 seconds.
Jadual 5.1 menunjukkan keputusan yang diperolehi bila seorang pelajar mengkaji
tindakbalas antara 3.09 g kepingan zink dengan asid sulfurik cair berlebihan pada
suhu 30oC.Gas dikumpul dan isipadunya diukur setiap 20 saat.
Time/s
Vol/cm3

0
0

20
30

40
48

60 80
64 74
Table 5.1

100
82

120
88

140
90

160
90

Use information from Table 5.1 to answer the following questions.


Gunakan maklumat dari Jadual 5.1 untuk menjawab soalan berikut
(a)

Complete the diagram to show how the gas could be collected and its
volume measured.
Lengkapkan rajah berikut untuk menunjukkan bagaimana gas dikumpul
dan isipadunya disukat.
.

Sulphuric acid
Asid sulfurik
Zinc
Zink
(b)

(i)

5(a)
2

[ 2 marks ]
Draw the graph of volume of gas collected against the time on the graph
paper provided based on the result at Table 5.1.
Lukiskan graf isipadu gas yang dikumpul melawan masa diatas kertas
graf yang disediakan berdasarkan keputusan pada Jadual 5.1.
[ 3 marks ]

5(b)(i)
3

(ii)

Based on the graph, calculate the rate of reaction at 40 seconds.


Show the tangent on the graph at (b)(i) .
Berdasarkan graf yang diplot, kira kadar tindakbalas pada masa 40
saat. Tunjukkan tangen diatas graf pada (b)(i).

5(b)(ii)
2

[ 2 marks ]
(c)

(d)

The above experiment is repeated using the same mass of zinc powder and
excess dilute sulphuric acid at the same temperature. Sketch the graph of the
volume of gas produced against time on the same graph paper in (b)(i).
Eksperimen diatas diulang menggunakan serbuk zink yang sama jisimnya dan
asid sulfurik cair yang berlebihan pada suhu yang sama . Lakarkan graf
isipadu gas yang dikumpul melawan masa pada kertas graf yang sama pada
(b)(i).
[ 2 marks ]

5(c)
2

Explain why the rate of reaction decrease with time ?


Terangkan mengapa kadar tindakbalas berkurang dengan masa ?
5(d)
..
..
[ 1 mark ]

Total A5
10

Diagram 6.1 shows the conversion of organic compounds from one homologous
series to another and its chemical properties.
Rajah 6.1 menunjukkan perubahan bagi sebatian organik dari satu siri homolog
kepada siri homolog lain dan sifat kimianya.

Carbon dioxide + water


Karbon dioksida + air

Propan-1-ol
Propan-1-ol
II

Oxidation
Pengoksidan

Compound X
Sebatian X

AluminiumOxide,Al
oxide, Al
2O
Aluminium
2O
3 3
Aluminium
oksida,
Al
O
Aluminium oxida, Al2O23 3

Hydrocarbon Y
Hidrokarbon Y
+ H2(g) / Ni / Heat
+ H2(g) / Ni / Panaskan
Hydrocarbon Z
Hidrokarbon Z
Diagram 6.1
Rajah 6.1
(a)

(i)

Name the homologous series for propan-1-ol.


Namakan siri homolog bagi propan-1ol.

6(a)(i)
1

.......
[ 1 mark ]
(ii)

Draw the structural formula for propan-1-ol


Lukiskan formula struktur bagi propan-1-ol
6(a)(ii)
1

[ 1 mark ]
(b)

Write the chemical equation for conversion I


Tuliskan persamaan kimia bagi perubahan I
...
[ 2 marks ]

6(b)
2

(c)

(d)

Name compound X
Namakan sebatian X
...
[ 1 mark ]
(i) Name the reaction for conversion II
Namakan tindak balas bagi perubahan II

(ii)
.

6(c)

...
[ 1 mark ]
Draw the set- up of apparatus that can be used in conversion II.
Lukiskan susunan radas yang boleh digunakan perubahan II.

6(d)(i)
1

6(d)(ii)
[ 2 marks ]
2

(e)

Hexene and hexane are compounds in the same homologous series as


hydrocarbon Y and hydrocarbon Z.
Diagram below shows the burning of hexene and hexane in air.
Heksena dan heksana adalah sebatian dalam siri homolog yang sama seperti
hidrokarbon Y dan hidrokarbon Z
Rajah di bawah menunjukkan pembakaran heksena dan heksana dalam udara
Soot
Jelaga
Filter paper
Kertas turas

Porcelain dish
Mangkuk pijar

Hexene
Heksena

Hexane
Heksana

Compare the sootiness of hexane and hexene. Explain.


Bandingkan kejelagaan bagi heksana dan heksena. Terangkan.

6(e)
2

[ 2 marks ]
Total A6
10

Section B ( 20 marks )
(Choose either 3 or 4)
3.

( a ) Fried rice stored in a refrigerator lasts longer than fried rice stored in a kitchen
cabinet. Explain why.
( 4 marks )
( b) A group of pupils carried out three experiments to investigate the factors
affecting the rate of a reaction.
Table 7 shows information about the reactants and the temperature used in each
experiment.
Experiment
I
II
III

Reactants
Excess zinc granules and 25 cm of 0.5 mol dm-3
hydrochloric acid
Excess zinc granules and 25 cm of 0.5 mol dm-3
hydrochloric acid
Excess zinc powder and 25cm of 0.5 mol dm-3
hydrochloric acid

Temperature /
C
30
40
40

TABLE 7
The graph shows the result of these experiments.
Volume of gas
collected (cm3)

50

III

II
I

25

10

20

30

40
7

50

60

Time(s)

(i)

Calculate the average rate of reaction for Experiment I.

[ 2 marks ]

( ii )

Based on the table and graph, compare the rate of reaction between :
Experiment I and II
Experiment II and III
In each case, explain the difference in rate of reaction with reference to the
collision theory.
[10 marks ]

( iii ) The chemical equation below shows the reaction between zinc and
hydrochloric acid.
Zn

+ 2HC1

ZnC1 + H
2

Given that the relative atomic mass of Zn = 65, and the molar volume of any gas
is 24 dm mol- at room conditions.
Calculate the maximum volume of hydrogen gas produced in Experiment III.
[4
marks ]
4

(a)

(i)

.What is the functional group of alkenes?

(ii)

(b)

Write the molecular formula and the name for the fourth member of
alkenes.
(iii) Based on your answer in (a) (ii), draw the structural formulae of three
possible isomers.
[ 6 marks ]
The flow chart below shows the chemical conversion of propan-1-ol to gas X
and then gas X to gas Y.

Propan-1-ol
(i)

dehydration

Gas X

hydrogenation

Gas Y

With the help of suitable diagrams, describe a laboratory experiment to


prepare gas X from the dehydration reaction of propan-1-ol.
In your answer, include the chemical equation and explanation on how to
ensure that gas X is already produced.
[ 10 marks ]

(ii)

Name gas Y.
Gas X burns with a more sooty flame than gas Y. Explain why.
Given that the relative atomic mass of C = 12 and H = 1.
8

[ 4 marks ]
SULIT
4541/2
Chemistry
Mac 2014
2 hours

Name
Form

SMK KATHOLIK BENTONG


____________________________________________________________
PENILAIAN KURIKULUM 1
TINGKATAN 5 2014

CHEMISTRY
Two hours

PREPARED BY
.............................
(PN SURIATI A RASHID)
GURU MATAPELAJARAN
& MATEMATIK

CHECKED BY
......................................
(PN POZIAH MD YUSOFF)
KP SAINS

APPROVED BY
.............................
(EN LAI HAI TAI)
GKMP SAINS

SULIT
4541/2
Chemistry
Mac 2014
2 hours

Name
Form

SMK KATHOLIK BENTONG


____________________________________________________________
PENILAIAN KURIKULUM 1
TINGKATAN 4 2014

CHEMISTRY
Two hours

PREPARED BY
.............................
(PN SURIATI A RASHID)
GURU MATAPELAJARAN

CHECKED BY
......................................
(PN POZIAH MD YUSOFF)
KP SAINS

10

APPROVED BY
.............................
(EN LAI HAI TAI)
GKMP SAINS
& MATEMATIK

11