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I-MAG Website: www.i-mag.org Issue no.

7 SPRING 2006/1427

Enlighten Your "I"

Free Online Non-profit


Quarterly P.D.F. M agazine

Mu'hammad
Issue Theme:
Who Was Mu’hammad?
Who Was

Video Clip Inside! ?

To Take a Bullet
for Him
Giving Freedom of
Speech a Bad Name

New Section:
Questing Questions 1

Spring 2006/1427
Revamped
Free Online
Non-profit
Quarterly
P.D.F. Magazine
Editorial Team
Hayat Alyaqout [’Hayaat Alyaa’qoot]
Founder and Editor-in-Chief
hayat@i-mag.org
I-MAG is a free online non-profit quarterly magazine. The first issue of the
Ibrahim Babelli [Ibraaheem Baabilly] magazine was published in February 2005; three more issue came on a
Editor monthly basis. A pause of three months followed for evaluating and reno-
babelli@i-mag.org vating the magazine. I-MAG became a quarterly in the Fall (September) of
Ahmad Konash [A’hmad Konash] 2005.
Visual Arts Sections Editor
konash@i-mag.org I-MAG is an acronym of Islaamic Magazine. I-MAG is pronounced in two
Hicham Maged [Hishaam Maajid] syllables; “I” as in “eye” and “mag” as in the first three sounds of magazine.
Editor
hicham@i-mag.org I-MAG aims at presenting a fair and objective image of Islaam. Our maga-
zine is not a dogmatic one, we believe in critique and critical thinking in
Copy Editor: hopes of presenting intellectual enlightenment in the areas that we cover
Ibrahim Babelli while adhering to the code of ethics of journalism.

Graphics Designers, Layout Artisits I-MAG sees itself not merely as an electronic publication but rather as an
and Photographers: intellectual enlightenment project that plays a part in the social economy;
Ahmad Konash an economy in which responsible and free (free of charge and free of parti-
Ahmad Al-Abdullatif [A’hmad Al‘abd Alla’teef] ality) information is the main merchandise.
Assistant Layout Artist:
Osman Gazali [‘Uthmaan ’Gazaaly] I-MAG’s slogan “Enlighten Your I” tells a lot about the magazine. “I” stands
for Islaam, but it also refers to the first speaker pronoun since we hope
Cover Design that we all would enlighten our “I”s or ourselves. “I” also refers to the “eye”
Ahmad Konash which the design of I-MAG for sure pleases.

Website Design:
Hayat Alyaqout

More information about our team:


Contact I-MAG All articles published in I-MAG are the personal opinions of their writers. I-MAG takes
http://team.i-mag.org Website: www.i-mag.org no responsibility for the views expressed in the magazine or the website in general.
Write in I-MAG: Complete issues: © All rights are reserved; no part of this magazine may be republished without a
http://join.i-mag.org
http://issues.i-mag.org written permission. Printing hard copies of I-MAG and distributing them is however
allowed and welcomed. I-MAG is a free magazine, please do not sell it.
E-mail: editor@i-mag.org

2
Table of
Contents

4 Sarah Wonders: Macrophone: 39 Fair View:


“In Shaa- Allaah”: What Does It 17 . To Take a Bullet for Him Islaam as a Pastoral in the Life of
Mean? 19 . Finding a Breeze in Chaos Malcolm X
21 . In the Name of Miss Liberty:
5 Graph-Art: Hunting the Bird of Freedom 44 Lofty-Toons
Should We Get Angry? 25 . Where Have All the Morals
Gone? In Depth:
6 Photo-Great: 45 . Islaamic Consciousness:
“Sultan A’hmad Mosque” Pinnacle: Nationalism or Anti-nationalism?
Malaysian Mosque 26 . Evening of Enlightenment: part 2
A “Crusade” on Ignorance!
8 Photo-Tips: 28 . Mu’hammad (P.B.U.H) 48 Letter to the Editor:
16
Party It! Vedio Clip A Caricature of Academic
29 . Mu’hammad (P.B.U.H): Freedom
10 Capita: Legacy of a Prophet
Mu’hammad (P.B.U.H) 49 Calligraphy
In Others’ Words 30 Non-Profit Organisations:
Muslim Professionals, UK Questing Questions:
Occidental View: 50 . Prophets & Messengers
11 . Giving “Freedom of Speech” 32 Insight 51 . Mu’hammadans & Muslims
a Bad Name The High Morality of the Prohet
13 . T.V. Images Don’t Bring Change (P.B.U.H)

15 Muslim Without Borders: 36 Obituaty


Beyond Boycott Sheikh Jaber
39

Spring 2006/1427
SARAH WONDERS

Sa
ra
h
Re
Sarah

dr
aw
Wonders

n
Q.
Sarah is a nine-year-old
girl with an inquisitive I frequently hear Muslims
mind. She has a lot of ques- say “in shaa- Allaah.” What does it
tions about Islaam. She mean? Is it a way to put someone off
attempts to sort out the or eluding a responsibility?
myth from the stereotype Sarah
from the truth. When in
doubt, she asks.

In each issue, we will pub- A. Dear Sarah,


lish one of Sarah’s ques- I die, it does not mean that the person
tions about Islaam and the “In shaa- Allaah” literally means feels that he/she is going to die, the
answer to it. “If Allaah wills.” In contrast speaker is just acknowledging his/her
to what you think, in shaa- deep faith as well as his/her deep
Allaah is a sort of pledge; commitment to the task.
the speaker when following

Exclusively illustrated by Nasser: designernasser@hotmail.com


his/her promise by in shaa- To your surprise, in some Gulf
Allah, he/she means that countries, in shaa- Allaah means
“I’ll totally ready to do it “yes sir” or “yes ma’am” if said in
unless a God-brought bar- a certain intonation. It can also
rier comes in my way.” The mean “I’ll do it with pleasure” if
frequent use of the phrase said in another intonation.
reveal the deep faith that
If you have any question about no matter how well you Its ubiquitous appearance might
Islaam, do not hesitate to e-mail it to plan, there is always a di- have made some people take it
Sarah. She will make sure that we vine course of action that lightly, but misuse I always there
answer it! :) can intervene and you should in all languages, cultures, and re-
take into consideration. Some ligions.
Sarah’s e-mail address is: people also use other variations
sarah@i-mag.org of this such as “if Allaah kept us Yours in humanity,
alive”, which means I’ll do it unless I-MAG Team

Enlighten Your "I"


GRAPH-ART

Graph
Art
If you have any
nice designs that
you would like
to share with us,
please contact:
konash@i-mag.org

Should We Get Angry?

By
Ahmad Al-Amoodi
m3koos@hotmail.com

Spring 2006/1427
PHOTO-GREAT

Photo by
Ahmad Konash
[A’hmad Konash]
konash@i-mag.org
www.konash.com

Sultan A’hmad Mosque


(The Blue Mosque)
Istanbul, Turkey
Summer 2005

In
cooperation
with
lqta.com

archive:
http://www.lqta.com/gallery/categories.php?cat_id=26

If you have any nice photos


that you would like to share
with us, please contact:
konash@i-mag.org

Enlighten Your "I"


PHOTO-GREAT

Malaysian Mosque
Photo by
Ahmad Kamal Mat Zain
Kelantan, Malaysia
aremalzz@gmail.com

This Picture was taken by Fuji


FinePix S7000 at Pasir Mas,
Kelantan, Malaysia at night.
ISO 200 1.5" and F2.8

This Photograph Won


I-MAG's Photography
Contest!
This Article Won
The photographer will
receive a collection Photo. Contest!
Islaamic nasheeds (songs)

Spring 2006/1427
PHOTO-TIPS

By
Party It!
Ahmad Konash
konash@i-mag.org

. Idea
Capture the Light !
The concept of this “party”
is all about long shutter
. Tools
speed; with movement. If
Knowing that a photograph is as you remember the “ghost”
simple as a piece of light captured tip we covered in the . A camera (S.L.R. - Semi S.L.R.)
on a film, we can then play around it previuos issue, thid is very . An object/person
generating a lot of creative, fun, and close in principle to this . Different sources of light
amazing things resulting a “party.” :) one. . and of course, darkness :)
© Photograph by konash, lqta.com

Enlighten Your "I"


PHOTO-TIPS

. Steps
First of all, this can be done in many
ways, let your imagination work. We
1. . Example
will present here one way of doing it.
Understand the concept behind it,
and share with us your experiance,
© Photograph by Ahmad Konash from lqta.com
who knows.. maybe it’ll end up
published in “Photo-Great.” :)

1. Set up your different sources of 2.


light.

2. Set the shutter speed to 2”, or


more.

3. Focus on different sources of


light.

4. and shoot!
3.
5. After you press the “shoot” button,
start “partying”; get crazy, move your
hands everywhere, go up and down,
right and left.
And you’ll get some nice shots!

If you liked this issue’s tip, please


share your experiments with us.
Send your works to:
konash@i-mag.org 4.

Spring 2006/1427
CAPITA

Mu’hammad (P.B.U.H.)
In Others’ Words

“I believe that if a man like him “The verses talked about other
[Mu’hammad] were to assume the Prophets as brothers preaching the
dictatorship of the modern world he same unifying script of mankind,
would succeed in solving its prob- showing every man and woman the
lems in a way that would bring it way to Paradise. I saw the names
the much needed peace and happi- of Jesus, of Moses, of Abraham,
ness: I have prophesied about the of Jacob, of Noah and of course,
faith of Mu'hammad that it would.” crucially, the name of this last mes-
George Bernard Shaw senger, the last Messenger of God,
Mu'hammad.”
Yusuf Islam (Cat Stevens)

"My choice of Mu’hammad to "Mu'hammed was not an


lead the list of the world's most in- apparent failure. He was a
fluential persons may surprise some dazzling success, politically “I wanted to know the best of fearlessness, his absolute trust in
readers and may be questioned by as well as spiritually, and the life of one who holds today an God and in his own mission. These
others, but he was the only man in Islam went from strength undisputed sway over the hearts of and not the sword carried every-
history who was supremely success- to strength to strength." millions of mankind...I became more thing before them and surmounted
ful on both the religious and secular Karen Armstrong than ever convinced that it was every obstacle. When I closed the
level." not the sword that won a place for second volume [of the Prophet’s
Michael H. Hart, The 100: A Rank- Islam in those days in the scheme biography], I was sorry there was
ing of the Most Influential Persons in of life. It was the rigid simplicity, the not more for me to read of that
History utter self-effacement of the Prophet great life.”
the scrupulous regard for pledges, Mahatma Gandhi, published in
his intense devotion to his friends “Young India” 1924
and followers, his intrepidity, his

10

Enlighten Your "I"


OCCIDENTAL VIEW

Giving “Freedom This Article Won I-MAG's


Writing Contest!

The writer will receive a

of Speech”
This Article Won
copy of Muhammad Asad's
translation of the Holy ’Qura~n
and a book by John Esposito Writing Contest!

By Edwin Anthony
to.inquisitor@gmail.com
a Bad Name
The Sanctity of the freedom of ex- respect of the Freedom of Speech, as such stances will inevitably and ridicule is an essential and indivisible
pression is validated by reason and or, according to Reporters Without predictably undermine the propensity component of the Freedom of Speech
is not a reason in itself to exercise it. Borders, illustrating “an essential ac- to focus on this most important of as much as systematic and analytical
complishment of democracy.” all facts in this episode. The same critique. The equation of both will
“…one of the founding principles of applies to all those who deem this only serve to promote the most base
our E.U.rope is freedom of expres- R.W.B. and the culturally Incorpo- episode as an opportunity to speak of the two amongst the masses when
sion, including the right to criticise. rated also tellingly overlook the most up for the Freedom of Speech rather one takes on board the fact that such
It should be crystal clear to all that important fact in this episode which than focus on the fact that this is an approach requires little thought
violence, intimidation, and the calls ought to be the basis upon which the little more than a libelous attack, and and yet has much more appeal than
for boycotts or for restraints on the cartoon, the intentions of the editors, thus, an abuse of the Freedom of those “tiresome” and “long-winded”
freedom of the press are completely and their claim that the freedom of Speech. analyses written by “academics”.
unacceptable.” speech allows them to proceed with To give as much prominence in our
- E.U. Justice Commissioner impunity ought to be questioned Whilst I will not deny the “artist” of mainstream newspapers to these
- that the caricatures of Mu’hammad the right to the dementia required to malicious and misrepresentative
Upon the release of what seemed are a gross misrepresentation of Is- produce such cartoons, or to have caricatures alongside analyses and
to myself to be a most injudicious laam and seek to equate and reduce it occupy a prominent place in the objective reports is akin to celebrat-
statement by the E.U. Justice Com- Islaam to nothing more than a finish- publication of some ultra right-wing ing both as essential and equally
missioner, I was led to wonder how ing school for transnational militants periodical in the periphery of the laudatory parts of the Freedom of
the honourable “Justice” Commis- by linking the Prophet himself with media, its publication by more than Speech. Even worse is that this im-
sioner would take it if newspapers their activities. In this “oversight”, 50 newspapers – many of them plies the objectivity of these cartoons
across the E.U. were to republish the one may not be blamed for alleg- “mainstream” - across E.U.rope, is by its being forwarded by mainstream
anti-Semitic “cartoons” that were in ing pervasive E.U.rocentrism or a indeed objectionable. By doing so, newspapers which are generally
fashion in the 1930s in das Vaterland subconscious and unstated disdain they promote the notion that simple taken to be objective in their stance.
whilst purporting to be doing so in for Islaam and Muslims as a whole and thoughtless schoolyard-type The “artists” behind these cartoons

11

Spring 2006/1427
OCCIDENTAL VIEW

should have the right to scrawl away ern” counterparts are now. sion, and, like Voltaire, “defend it it with its most base characteristic –
as they like, but to provide these to the death”, are simply excusing thoughtless critique. If left unchecked,
thoughtless and malicious doodles On the Use and Abuse of the Free- the inexcusable simply because it is the former of the two – thoughtless
prominence in the mainstream media dom of Speech being expressed by someone who is - will become an essential component
is akin to forwarding these views as adult in appearance, if not in thought. and qualification of the validity of the
plausible and thus worthy of mass To all those who dissent on the basis By doing so, they are ensuring that it latter, whilst thoughtful and systemati-
consumption. that Free Speech must stand despite, will continue to be an inevitable and cally pursued critique is left for those
I ask, why do you impose sanctions defensible outcome of the Freedom portions of the social experience that
As the Prophet Mu’hammad is a of any sort upon your children in of Expression. They are fixated on produces profit, or the academic pe-
representative and conceptual catch- their more self-centred or superfi- the Freedom of Expression at the riphery – not that this process hasn’t
all of, and self-identificatory symbol cial of expressions? Why have any expense of considering the possibility already started or attained an accel-
for all Muslims, to depict him in such standard at all in schools in terms that such a Freedom could possi- erated momentum.
a fashion cannot but be interpreted of the appropriateness of language bly be abused to the point where it
as a slur on the entire Nation of and perspectival approach? Why leads to the general diminution of the To do thus is to undo the standards
Islaam [not to be confused with the award higher grades to systematic human collective’s ability to express that we strive to maintain in our edu-
U.S. based Nation of Islam]; a gross argument and critical profundity in itself intelligently. This serves as the cational centres and to imprudently
oversimplification of a highly complex universities as opposed to superficial backdoor via which the sanctity of the deny the fact that the educational
religion/perspective; a reduction of and purely diatribel ones? Are these Freedom of Expression is compro- and social developmental experience
the temporal guide of Muslims to curbs on Free Speech? Are these mised by the psychological tendency is not confined solely to officially des-
nothing more than a psychotic with not, in fact, efforts to curtail abuses of the current version of humanity to ignated academic centres. Whilst I
murder and mayhem on his mind, of this right and a move calculated to choose the path of least resistance am all for the Freedom of Speech, to
and by association, all adherents to realise its ideal form? Are these not - that is, to make the least effort in abuse via speech does little but de-
the Way; and this being yet another attempts to encourage an internalisa- any activity prior to action, and in this tract us from the beautiful potentials
mainstream, and all too western me- tion of the customs and conventions, case, engaging in the least amount of of this Freedom. We ought not to
dia effort to imply that Transnational via various sanctions and accolades, thought prior to making statements or equate taking on the hallowed via our
Militancy finds its root in nothing that enable one to do the topic in considering them. Freedom of Speech with doing so in
other than Islaam, instead of, per- question justice in view of the need unhallowed and unsystematic ways.
haps, the self-determination and self- to take on board all available facts in What we have witnessed in this Rather than stoop to such misrepre-
preservation instincts being activated considering phenomena, and to do so episode, in effect, is not an illustra- sentative caricaturing as witnessed
by the historical actions and inactions for the good of all? If we think it ap- tion of the Freedom of Speech but in this episode, I would rather that
of the west. This is nothing short propriate to impose various sanctions its degenerative diminution. If left the alleged “liberals” in the west take
of malicious vilification of the kind on children due to the application of unchecked, the future generations, to inquiring after those aspects of
that is reminiscent of representations bad methodology, then we should not and those currently undergoing Islaam that may perhaps have served
of the Jews in popular publications hesitate to do so when those in the socialisation, will stand to become as fuel to the ire of the transnational
and posters prior to the establish- guise of relatively superior maturity the perspectival victims and legacy militants in tandem with a considera-
ment of the 3rd Reich. No doubt the exhibit similar or worse deficiencies. of the small-mindedness of our times tion of how their own actions and un-
so-called champions of Free Speech as illustrated by the E.U.ropean derlying attitudes may have supplied
surrounding Herr Hitler would have Those who choose to focus on how newspapers’ vainglorious attempt to the logs to an otherwise non-volatile
spewed similar justifications then as this is an inevitable and defensible extol the virtues of their version of the and illuminating fire.
their allegedly enlightened and “mod- outcome of the Freedom of Expres- Freedom of Speech by associating

12

Enlighten Your "I"


OCCIDENTAL VIEW
© Photograph by Kylesatori from www.sxc.hu

T.V.
Images Don't Bring Change

By Robert Jensen*
rjensen@uts.cc.utexas.edu

For weeks after the racialized collectively ashamed that the ques- has an inequality problem? In a ous inequality persists despite the
poverty of New Orleans was laid tion is being asked in this form, for country in which racialized dispari- gains of the civil-rights movement
bare in the aftermath of Hurricane two simple reasons. ties in wealth and well-being are of the 1950s and ‘60s. Even for
Katrina, people in the United States First, it’s true that the television readily evident to anyone who the measures on which there has
asked, “Could this be a turning coverage of the people who were cares to pay attention, what does been some improvement -- for
point? Is this a moment when Amer- the most vulnerable during the flight it say about us as a nation that example, black-white poverty gap
ica might wake up to the inequality from Katrina and the aftermath we needed dramatic images on has narrowed somewhat in recent
and racism in our own country?” -- largely poor and disproportion- television to force us to confront the decades -- the underlying reality is
The question itself -- posed most ately black -- did shock many. As issue? grim; at the current rate it will take
often by people living comfortably the evacuation proceeded, it was Even a cursory scan of the data 150 years to reach parity on that
in the white middle class -- is an impossible to avoid noticing that on such things as health (infant poverty measure.
indication of just how deeply in who got out fairly easily and who mortality is twice as high in the Anyone who wants to know these
denial the vast majority of privi- got stuck -- who lived and who died black as the white community) or things -- any white middle class
leged Americans are about these -- was largely a function of race and employment (black unemployment person with a computer, for exam-
fundamental injustices, their role in class. is double that of whites, a gap that ple -- can figure it out quickly. The
perpetuating them, and how real But did we really need those im- has actually widened in the past data are not state secrets.
change might come. We should be ages to know that the United States three decades) reveals that seri- More importantly, the cold data

13

Spring 2006/1427
OCCIDENTAL VIEW

come to life dramatically when one tweaked consciences are notorious Orleans will have a long-term effect take the risks necessary to push
listens to the experiences of virtu- for lapsing back into complacency on systems, structures, or institu- change.
ally everyone in non-white com- quickly when no political pressure is tions. The hand-wringing that the white
munities, not just in New Orleans applied. Lots of well-off white peo- In the United States we have been affluent segment of the United
but anywhere in the United States. ple may have felt bad about what through this before. In 1991, all of States indulged in after the hur-
Perhaps no term captures this more they saw in New Orleans, but such America watched the videotape of ricane was a common way middle-
painfully that “driving while black,” feelings are not morally admirable the savage beating of Rodney King, class people deal with their sense
a reference to the routine harass- unless they lead to action that can a black man, by Los Angeles police of guilt when they are confronted
ment through traffic stops that so change things. That means mov- officers. We watched and emoted. by what they have largely cho-
many black people, especially black ing from an emotional reaction to a We asked the question: “Could this sen to ignore. But this problem is
men who are so commonly seen as political analysis, and from specu- be a turning point? Is this a mo- hardly unique to the United States.
inherently criminal, endure at the lation about whether things might ment when America wakes up to It happens in virtually every coun-
hands of law enforcement. In Latino change to a commitment to making the inequality in our own country?” try in which some segment of the
communities, it’s called “driving things change. Meanwhile, as we pondered that elite has convinced itself that the
while brown.” Racism and racialized poverty in question in the 1990s, the United grotesque levels of inequality are
The data is clear. The testimony is the United States are systemic States intensified the racist crimi- acceptable.
clear. We shouldn’t need pictures. and structural problems. They are nal-justice practices that dispropor-
The fact that so many seemed to not simply the result of confusion tionately target black and brown
be shocked by the pictures is a sign on the part of people in power; Americans. We built prisons to
not just of the society’s inequality, they are institutionalized. Progress house the disproportionately black
but of the routine complacency in comes when those systems, and brown inmates who would be
the most privileged sectors of our structures, and institutions change. casually tossed into jail to reas-
society. That requires collective action, not sure the white affluent majority
But the question of whether the individual fretting. that things were safe. As a result, if
aftermath of Katrina will “change It’s true that the collective political current incarceration rates contin-
America” is perhaps most objection- project of overcoming racism is ue, one of three black males born
able for the way it allows those with intertwined with the very personal today will be imprisoned at some *Robert Jensen is a journalism professor
the responsibility to help change struggle to overcome our com- point in their lifetimes.
at the University of Texas at Austin, a
society -- that is, those who benefit placency. It’s true that history can So, it is self-indulgence to even ask
founding member of the Nowar Collective,
from the inequality -- to escape into provide dramatic moments in which the question whether an emotion-
emotions and speculation, rather things can change quickly. But it is ally intense event such as the and a member of the board of the Third
than analysis and action. naïve -- to a degree that suggests aftermath of Katrina will change Coast Activist Resource Centre. He is
Yes, dramatic and painful images of purposeful ignorance -- to believe U.S. society. The answer is pain- the author of “Citizens of the Empire: The
black people packed into a sports that a single emotionally charged fully obvious: These events don’t Struggle to Claim Our Humanity.”
arena-turned-shelter have tweaked experience such as viewing the im- create change. Progressive change His website:
the consciences of many. But ages of racialized suffering in New comes when people commit to http://uts.cc.utexas.edu/~rjensen/home.htm

14

Enlighten Your "I"


MUSLIM WITHOUT BORDERS

Beyond Boycott:
Imitating the Prophet’s Declination
to the Angel-borne Offer
© Photograph from sxc.hu

By Hayat Alyaqout [’Hayaat Alyaa’qoot] might even lead the publications ignorance; a long-term cognitive
hayat@i-mag.org that already published them to therapy is needed here. The only
apologise. However, that would be a “copy” of Islaam the West knows, is
lame apology; an apology to curtail a pirated and illegal copy, the copy
“caricatures” because we want to
our anger and its consequences, disseminated by Osama Bin Laden
undermine their economy. No, it is
an apology that stems out of and the likes. Again, how can we
not about revenge. It is mainly due
The domino effect is spreading, intimidation not out of respect blame them for sneeringly defaming
to the lack of mass media-based
beginning with Denmark, passing and understanding. This is not our what they think the prophet of Ibn
resources available to Muslims that
by Norway, stopping at France, and mission as Muslims: Our mission in Laden? I am afraid that we are being
boycott has become our means to
finding its way to others countries to enlighten people, not to bulldoze unfair to the Westerners. Islaam is a
attract the attention of people in
that are expected to be infected with them. great message, but its case is in the
those countries in order to convey
the “caricatures” virus. hands of bad lawyers; us, that is.
a message to them: “what you did
Boycott should be merely a launching
was wrong; we are boycotting you
I can not conceal my delight pad to a long-term far-reaching Deep in my heart, I feel that we
because we have been hurt.”
that almost every Muslim is campaign to educate and enlighten might be held accountable in the
enthusiastically taking part in the people about Mu’hammad (P.B.U.H.). Day of Judgment for what happened,
We are not doing this to rejoice over
boycott campaigns, nor can I conceal What happened was a symptom not the Danish caricaturist! He did
diminishing sales of, say, Danish
my fear that a feeling of victory and of lack of enlightenment (a.k.a. what he did because he was ignorant
dairy products, and if we ever think
sufficiency will engulf us and make ignorance). Why blame them for about our Prophet, and we – thanks
that this is why we are boycotting,
us think that we did what we had to defaming a person they do not to our passiveness and irrationality
then we must be completely
do, and this is the end of the story. know? Knowledge is a legitimate – are the reason people around
deluded.
human right, so why have we the globe are ignorant about the
We are not boycotting countries relinquished our role in educating Prophet.
Boycott campaigns might prevent
in which elements of the media other peoples about this great man?
many other publications from
printed or reprinted the offensive The good news is that even though
republishing the “caricatures”, and
Painkillers will not undo this we stumbled and fell, we have fallen

15

Spring 2006/1427
MUSLIM WITHOUT BORDERS

standing on our feet, and we should of Makkah ) to present the message


either use this opportunity or lose it. of Islaam to its people, they refused
What I mean is that the character to listen to him and stoned him to
at the centre of this controversy , force him out of their city. When
i.e., the Prophet (P.B.U.H.) was a he despondently left Taa-if, he was
person of impeccable manners; even so bruised from the walk and the
his worst foes acknowledged his harsh treatment that his feet were
greatness. So, would we ever find a bleeding. When the archangel Jibreel
better chance to introduce the real (Gabriel) descended accompanied by
message of Islaam than presenting the angel custodian of mountains,
it through educating the peoples Jibreel communicated to the
about the Prophet (P.B.U.H.)? Had Prophet that Allaah had given him,
the “caricatures” been about our Mu’hammad, the choice of punishing
mistakes with which we tarnish the people of Taa-if by squashing
Islaam, we would have mutedly them in between the two mountain
withdrew to within our shells, I that surround their city. The Prophet
daresay. declined the offer and said that he
hopes that some of their offspring
An agenda should be formulated would worship Allaah one day.
to educate the world about the
Prophet. Let us not indulge ourselves The angel empowered the Prophet
in the widespread naïve presumption to revenge, but Prophet Mu’hammad
that “boycott will force them to was even more angelic than the
inquire and search to discover who angel. That is a lesson of compassion
this great man was.” The lack of we all need to learn.

© Photograph from www.middle-east-online.com


even-minded material on Islaam
is appalling, and if we leave it to The stoners of Taa-if were much
their personal quests, it will backfire worse than the perpetrators of the
in our faces. Our agenda should defaming “caricatures.” The stoners
include various media-based tools refused to listen; yet their offspring
that are rational, even-handed, and are now Muslims. Europeans have
professionally produced. We should had no one to compassionately
speak the language of the West in convey the message of Islaam to
addressing the West. We need to use them and, if necessary, be patient
our senses, enough with sensibility. if they choose to stone him/her,
in hopes that their offspring might
When the Prophet climbed some listen to the message.
sixty kilometres on foot to visit Taa-if
(a mountainous resort to the east Let us imitate the Prophet.

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Back in 1993, when I was sharing


an apartment with John during the
school year, he suggested that I see
the newly released movie “Dave”
starring Kevin Kline and Sigourney
Weaver. The storyline of the movie
was about an affable car salesman
with uncanny resemblance to the
U.S. President who finds himself
forced to replace the real President
in an attempt by the White House
staff to avoid a potentially explosive
scandal.

I found the movie slightly amusing,


but there was one scene, actually
two, that I always remember. Dave,
the imposter in the movie, had the
following conversation with Duane,
the secret service agent:

Dave: You know, I’ve always won-


dered about you guys. You know,
about how you’re trained to take a
bullet for the president?
Duane: What about it?
Dave: Is that really true? I mean,
would you let yourself be killed to
save his life?
Duane: Certainly.
Dave: So, now that means you’d get
killed for me too.
By Ibrahim Babelli [Ibraaheem Baabilly]
babelli@i-mag.org

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Duane did not answer this question reaction of many Muslims to the now, by Allaah, you are dearer to Muslims may differ on a lot of
immediately, but it was so obvious offensive portrayal of the Prophet me than my own self.” The Prophet things, but they would all agree
that he felt its heaviness. Later on (P.B.U.H.) in cartoons published by said, “Now, O ‘Umar, (now you are a on one thing, namely, their abso-
towards the end of the movie when a Danish daily newspaper, reminded believer).” [Albu’kary: Book of Oaths lute and unwavering love of the
Duane discovered the real charac- me of this issue. Many Muslims lost and Vows] Prophet (P.B.U.H.). Muslims can-
ter of Dave he finally answered the their lives in violent protests that not take a bullet for the Prophet
question: turned deadly in Afghanistan, Paki- I cannot be absolutely certain of the (P.B.U.H.) now, since no bullet can
stan and Libya. exact mental arguments that ‘Umar hit him physically in his grave, but
Duane: I would have taken a bullet entertained before he gave his they would take bullets for his sake
for you. Several of my non-Muslim col- final answer, but I am almost sure anytime to protect his sanctity from
leagues did not understand why that he asked himself the follow- anything that might tarnish it.
I wondered then about whom would would Muslims be so angry with ing question: “Would I take a fatal
I take a bullet for. Several years lat- those cartoons, and why would they blow to save the Prophet?” And his Is this an extreme reaction to a
er, I was having coffee in the office go so far as to sacrifice their own entire self, mind and soul, answered trivial offence? After all, derogatory
of Rumaih (my colleague and good lives. And I immediately remem- emphatically: “YES”. and outright offensive cartoons are
friend) when he and I discussed this bered what Duane said to Dave at commonplace these days. But no-
topic again: Who would I/he take a the end of the movie: I would have The companions of the Prophet body reacts the same way Muslims
bullet for? We both agreed that this taken a bullet for you. (P.B.U.H.) held him dearer to them- do when their Prophet (P.B.U.H.) is
person must be someone whom we selves, to the point that they would offensively portrayed in cartoons.
hold dear, whose life we regard as Muslims are taking bullets for the rather suffer the most horrible
more important than our own lives, Prophet (P.B.U.H.). That was my deaths than wish upon the Prophet The reason is that no offense is
and for whom we would sacrifice answer. (P.B.U.H.) the slightest pain. When trivial in the eyes of Muslims when
anything, including our own lives. ’Kubayb, a companion of the Proph- it is directed to Prophet Mu’hammed
Our fathers were identified as ones ‘Umar Ibn Alkhattaab told the et (P.B.U.H.) was captured and was (P.B.U.H.). Muslims would take bul-
for whom we would take bullets, for Prophet (P.B.U.H.) once: “O Allah’s about to be executed, his execution- lets willingly to protect the sanctity


example. But I would not take a bul- Apostle! You are dearer to me than ers asked him: “Would you want of the Prophet (P.B.U.H.), for his
let for Rumaih’s father and he would everything except my own self.” Mu’hammed to be in your lieu?” sanctity is much more valuable to
not take a bullet for my father. The Prophet said, “No, by Him in He answered them: “I would suffer them than the life of the U.S. Presi-
Whose Hand my soul is, (you will being hacked to death to spare the dent to his secret service agent.
I had not thought about this topic not have complete faith) till I am Prophet a thorn prick in his home.”
for a while. dearer to you than your own self.” He, ’Kubayb, was hacked to death, I would take a bullet for him.
Then ‘Umar said to him [having re- but did not waver in his love for the
Recently, however, the violent flected upon the matter], “However, Prophet (P.B.U.H.).

18

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MACROPHONE

on people’s values and morals.

Finding a
The values and morals in Islaam
place certain limits on the defini-
tion of freedom of speech for
the goodwill of society. Respect-

Breeze in Chaos
ing each other is an important
value in Islaam. When Islaam,
the Prophet (P.B.U.H.), or Allaah
is mocked, Muslims cannot di-
gest that as freedom of speech
because it is regarded as disre-

© Photograph from sxc.hu


This Article Won I-MAG's spect to our beliefs and the same
Writing Contest!
applies to mocking other religions.
The writer will receive a
This Article Won
By setting these limits, Islaam
copy of Muhammad Asad's
does not belittle the value of
By Rym Aoudia translation of the Holy ’Qura~n
and a book by John Esposito Writing Contest!
freedom of speech but elevates its
[Reem Awdee‘]
status by giving it a useful role in
rymaoudia@yahoo.com
society.

Islaam sees freedom of speech as


We all have the right to make our Freedom of speech has become limited: he must not make himself a tool to bring justice and truth
voices heard. Practicing this is a a magical phrase. It has been a nuisance for other people.” forward. Prophet Mu’hammad
basic human right that all peo- used to cast its power and justify
(P.B.U.H.) said, “Whoever among
ple, from childhood and onwards, certain situations. While some see Under the banner of freedom of you sees something which is
should enjoy. It is our freedom of freedom of speech as a tool to speech, hatred and racism were munkar (hateful or evil in Islaam)
speech. Yet freedom of speech bring justice and truth forward, given room. If such offensive char- should change it with his hand; if
has at times caused chaos when others see it as a tool for any type acteristics found a home in such a he is unable to do so, then with
it was detached from a sense of of expression and even those that glorious concept, then it’s time for his tongue; if he is unable to do
social responsibility. In light of the are purposely offensive. Freedom a reality check to limit this chaos. even this, then by his heart – and
Danish anti-Prophet cartoons and of speech would then be regarded
that is the weakest kind of faith.”
in describing them as freedom of as unconditional and absolute, The idea of a limitless freedom of (Muslim. Reported on the author-
speech, a wave of chaos hit our but others would disagree and as speech is a myth. Everyone puts ity of Abu Sa‘eed Al’kudry.)
shores. John Stuart Mill said, “The liberty a limit to this freedom, but where
of the individual must be thus far the limit is put differs depending This ’hadeeth by the Prophet

19

Spring 2006/1427
MACROPHONE

(P.B.U.H.) shows that taking action made to distract us from reality. is what we need. This breeze is and he who is defined is subju-
and speaking up for what is right The cartoons in reality are about found by realizing how this inci- gated and may be killed.”
is a necessary task. The least pre- prejudice and racism and these dent united many Muslims as they
ferred method is remaining silent, should not be tolerated or lightly expressed their love for Prophet Islaam also calls for people to
by the heart, which indicates that passed as a form of freedom. This Mu’hammad (P.B.U.H.). People are know one another and it is a
freedom of speech is advocated was a deliberate offence on Islaam expressing themselves in honour universal religion that embraces all
in Islaam. It is the freedom to and the Prophet (P.B.U.H.). It is of the Prophet (P.B.U.H.) and races. Allaah says in the ’Qura~n,
speak up against what is wrong in also at a time when the Muslim’s reflecting more on his great char- what can be translated as, “We
hope of changing it, and not the situation is sensitive with feelings acter. This breeze is also found by have made you into nations and
freedom to insult for the sake of of Islamophobia. reminding ourselves that there are tribes that ye may know one an-
insulting. voices in the West and worldwide other.” (Chapter of Al’hujuraat:13).
However, amid this frenzy, we that preach mutual respect, un-
The concept of freedom of speech Muslims should pause to reflect on derstanding, and communication. We each have our faults, but we
as a tool for justice is also empha- our situation. The cartoons offend- This should therefore be taken as are here to know one another, to
sized in the following ’Qur a~nic ed many of us, and to look at our- an opportunity to talk about the see beauty in our diversity, and to
verse, “O you who believe! Stand selves critically seems difficult at Prophet (P.B.U.H.), to explain what become aware of our similarities,
out firmly for justice, as witnesses this point. Nevertheless, some of Islaam is, and to reach an under- not to despise each other. And
to Allaah, even as against your- the reactions only helped illustrate standing. as long as there’s chaos in the
selves, or your parents, or your the violent stereotypes related to world, we will continue to stand up
kin, and whether it be (against) Muslims as depicted in some of We will define our true Muslim against injustice and find within it
rich or poor: for Allaah can protect the cartoons. Yes, we’re humans identity by applying it to our lives the much-needed breeze that will
both. Follow not the lusts (of your and it is human to err and to get and expressing it to others. Yes, help us make it through.
hearts), lest you swerve, and if emotional, but we should always there are people out there who
you distort (justice) or decline to examine our actions. We do want will listen and we should define
do justice, verily Allaah is well- to portray the accurate image of ourselves by ourselves.
acquainted with all that you do.” Islaam to the West, but we should


(Chapter of Annissaa- :135) do this first and foremost for our On the power of defining, from Rym Aoudia is a writer and trans-
oummah because that is what The Second Sin, the American lator from Algeria who lives in
The anti-Prophet cartoons were Islaam calls for. Times can get psychiatrist Thomas Szazs wrote, Oman. She is a member of the
justified as freedom of speech, tough, but to endure such situa- “In the animal kingdom, the rule Islamic Writer’s Alliance (IWA), a
and this proves how magical the tions, we should find the breeze in is: eat or be eaten. In the human member of Dar Al-Tarjama (DAT),
phrase can be and particularly how this chaos, that silver lining in the kingdom: define or be defined…he and the Founder and Director of
magical it is in hiding the depth of cloud. who first seizes the word imposes Atfaluna Project for Children’s
the issue at hand. It seems as if reality on the other; he who de- Literature and Culture
talk about freedom of speech was Finding a breeze amid the chaos fines thereby dominates and lives; (www.atfaluna.tk)

20

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MACROPHONE

By Hicham Maged [Hishaam Maajid]


In the Name of Miss Liberty:
Hunting the Bird of
hicham@i-mag.org

Freedom
This is the first article published within an article about
in a series titled “In self-censorship and freedom of
the name of Miss speech, describing - criticising - the
Liberty” which difficulty that faced Kaare Bluitken
seeks to highlight - a Danish writer - on finding
various issues artists to illustrate his educational
humanity face today children’s book about Prophet
regarding the case of Mu’hammad (P.B.U.H.)
Liberty. I shall start with
the case of freedom of On October 9th, leaders of the
speech. Muslim minority in Denmark - who
represent about 3.7% of the total
1. Brief Chronology population - demanded an apology
On September 30th, 2005, a from the newspaper, but there was
Danish newspaper called Jyllands- no response.
Posten - which represents the
right wing in Denmark - published Later, the ambassadors of 11 Arab
12 cartoons illustrating Prophet and Islamic countries in Denmark
Mu’hammad (P.B.U.H.) in offensive tried to resolve this issue with the
and insulting ways. Danish government by sending a
letter to Anders Fogh Rasmussen
The 12 cartoons were submitted -the Danish Prime Minister- dated
to the newspaper following on October 12th, but he refused to
an invitation from Flemming meet them and sent a written reply
Rose - the magazine’s cultural - on October 21st - mentioning
editor - to a group of illustrators that he can’t do nothing as this
© www.laqta.com

in order to illustrate Prophet will violate freedom of speech in


Mu’hammad (P.B.U.H.), and were Denmark.

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MACROPHONE

This was another point that served published a statement of apology between the Western and Islaamic humankind.
to heighten the crisis. The Islaamic to Muslims. The same statement of worlds - including the Arab one
world began to know about this apology was re-published again on - and has not stopped by the time 3. The Matrix of Irresponsibility
issue, and demonstrations started February 10th, but the majority of this article was written. This crisis revealed that humanity
everywhere: from the Middle East, Muslims did not accept it because - in the 21st century - still has
passing by Africa, Asia and ending the magazine didn’t apologise for 2. Freedom: as a whole package mentalities that don’t understand
within Europe itself. the insulting cartoons; rather they First of all, I want to start with the previously mentioned wide
apologised for making Muslims feel defining the word Freedom. Away concept of freedom.
Muslims protested against those angry. The English version of this from any formal definitions, I see Such mentalities try to deal with
insulting cartoons, calling the apology read as follows: freedom as a bird; such a bird issues from their own perspective,
Danish people to apologise. Neither “On 30 September last year, needs two wings plus a medium to even if their acts caused serious
the Danish newspaper nor the Morgenavisen Jyllands-Posten fly, and a final destination to reach. problems or affected the freedom
Danish government listened to published 12 different cartoonists’ Therefore, freedom itself is not the of the others.
reasonable calls, and therefore a idea of what the Prophet goal; rather it is the only right path I wonder how an editor-in-chief,
popular - not governmental - call Mohammed might have looked to reach such destination. In the and cultural editor of a widely read
for boycotting Danish goods started like. The initiative was taken as light of this concept, terms can be newspaper in a civilised country
to materialize throughout many part of an ongoing public debate on easily defined as follows: didn’t try to read something real
Islaamic nations worldwide as of freedom of expression, a freedom * The two wings are sense and about Islaam before criticising it,
January 26th, 2006. much cherished in Denmark. responsibility; or publishing illustrative cartoons
* The medium is the freewill of about its symbol. The newspaper
Such boycott - accompanied by In our opinion, the 12 drawings people; and just concentrated on extremists
the demonstrations - started in were sober. They were not * The destination is the welfare of Muslims who don’t represent
the Middle East at first, and then intended to be offensive, nor were the humankind. Islaam. I also wonder how a book
quickly spread to other countries they at variance with Danish law, author didn’t read something
within the predominantly Islaamic but they have indisputably offended Only when communities - real about Prophet Mu’hammad
world as a spontaneous reaction many Muslims for which we individuals, governments and (P.B.U.H.) before trying to
from Muslims towards insulting apologize.” organisations - understand this introduce him for Danish kids. I
their symbol, Prophet Mu’hammad wide meaning, real freedom will finally wonder how some people do
(P.B.U.H.). Some violent actions More than 60 major European take place among the whole not understand the wide concept
took place, however, like torching newspapers re-published those community, and will guide it to the of freedom; it is very scary how
the Danish embassy in Syria cartoons - after this crisis began - destination of the productivity by they hide behind Miss Liberty and
and the Danish consulate in in order to support Jyllands-Posten, all means; either intellectually or act - in the name of her - in such
Lebanon on February 4th and 5th, hiding behind freedom of speech, physically. In parallel, it will guide irresponsible ways. Poor Miss
respectively. while some other Middle Eastern such community to establish strong Liberty!
newspapers re-published them bonds with other communities
On January 30th, Jyllands-Posten too. This cartoon row led to a crisis worldwide for the welfare of Maybe some westerns are not

22

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MACROPHONE

aware that Islaam decries any articles 19 & 20 of the Universal However when it comes to the from Felmming Rose when he
kind of threats towards any human Declaration of Human Rights prophets - all prophets - limits stated that he might re-print
being; Muslim or otherwise. (1948) and the Article 10 of the should be placed. Prophets are not Iranian cartoons of the Holocaust,
Therefore what had been European Convention on Human normal people whose actions are and therefore he was sent on leave
illustrated in those cartoons did not Rights which applies to all means subject to our criticism. They are February 10th. Even if he returns
represent the real Islaamic faith of expressing opinion like books, the messengers of Allaah Almighty back: sorry sir, you’ve missed the
and, consequently, is regarded a articles, cartoons, plays, websites/ to humankind, and Islaam ordered whole point.
racist view of Muslims. In parallel, blogs...etc. Muslims to believe and respect all
torching the European embassies of. Another point: If those Jyllands-
- by some angry protesters - is not This is the core of Islaam, which Posten insulting cartoons were
accepted from true Islaamic values. Prophet Mu’hammad (P.B.U.H.) This is why Islaam rejects any criticising normal Muslims - in this
That’s why Alqaeda acts are not came with - as the last messenger kind of criticism for any and all unacceptable and insulting way
welcomed among the majority of from Allaah Almighty to Mankind. prophets by any mean, in addition - the majority of Muslims would felt
Muslims, as violence never solves I don’t believe in generalising to its prohibition of portraying angry as this is not the real image
a problem. therefore I’m not afraid to say that their images by any mean. This is of Islaam, so what about insulting
some Muslims didn’t understand a basic fact of the Islaamic faith Prophet Mu’hammad (P.B.U.H.)
On the other hand, maybe some those basic facts themselves; that should be understood by the himself, who is considered the
westerns are not aware also that however this is not the fault of western people. most important symbol of Islaam in
Islaam - as a lifestyle not only Islaam or the majority of Muslims parallel with Holy ’Qur a~n?!
religion for 1.5 billon Muslims - had as I mentioned before [4th issue.] In light of this simple fact, I don’t
granted freedom - by all means agree with the some voices which Furthermore, it’s not our problem
- for all people who live within the 4. Mix and Match compare publishing those insulting that westerns criticise Jesus on
state, no matter the colour of their On the other hand, I want to cartoons to publishing cartoons a daily bias - as the magazine
skins, their races, and wither they highlight a basic fact, which we about Holocaust. The two cases mentioned in its apology - or that
are Muslims or Not. Furthermore, forgot through this controversy. are completely different, as we are they are secular communities. They
freedom of speech is an integral People - whoever they are - are talking here about prophets. This are free to choose whatever they
part of this freedom package; bound to act either rightly or doesn’t mean I deny the holocaust, like, however freedom doesn’t’
therefore it is granted in Islaam wrongly , therefore, criticising simply because no one can deny mean that you apply your own
according to the wide vision of their acts is not bad; it is another such genocide against innocent values to other civilisations.
freedom I explained above. healthy sign for freedom of speech people - both Jewish and others.
as long as it respects the people That’s why Muslims felt angry,
For that matter, I do believe that themselves, and aims for the On the other hand, I don’t see insulted and started boycotting
no one should be persecuted welfare of the community. This cartooning Holocaust as freedom because you - Flemming Rose
for his opinion as much as it applies to all people, from all races of speech, simply because this was and your magazine - didn’t try
respects the freedom of others. and religions. genocide against innocent humans. to understand those basic facts
This was clearly mentioned in the Here we see another wrong idea before publishing your article and

23

Spring 2006/1427
MACROPHONE

cartoons. knows well is that people are not Ages. However civilisations rise and insulting our prophet (P.B.U.H.) or
thinking the same way because fall as we know. our ’Qura~n is unacceptable no
5. A Call for Solution they come from diverse and matter what.
As the crisis expanded, I believe different cultures. However I do Today we are living within the
that a package of reasonable and believe that nations should sustain Western Civilisation, which we - Anyway, George Bernard
serous actions should be taken in each other, not only cooperate with Muslims - don’t have problem with Shaw stated; “Liberty means
order to reach a solution: each other. on contrary to what some people responsibility. That is why most
A. The U.N. Role: In a previous think; we do respect the others, men dread it.” I totally agree
article - in the 6th issue of I- Therefore I don’t agree with and don’t force anyone to join with him and want to add: when
MAG - I suggested that the U.N. Samuel Huntington’s theory about Islaam. The issue, therefore, is the someone makes real apology for a
should take an effective role in The Clash of Civilisations which he attempt to apply Western values fault he made, he is really civilised,
the welfare of Humanity, as this introduced in 1993. I don’t agree to our societies. Every civilisation even if he doesn’t read or write.
was the main goal of establishing about the concept of clashing has its own values that must be Finally, what I’m pretty and truly
this organisation. For that matter, because Islaam came with a global respected. sure of: the world after September
not only Articles 19 & 20 of the message of urbanising Earth. Such 30th, 2005, will never become
Universal Declaration of Human urbanisation will never take place In parallel, who said that again like the day before. I wish
Rights must be clearly defined unless civilisations start to find civilisation is only the technology? to see it changing for the better of
but also international laws should effective ways to sustain relations Civilisation is a complete humankind, not the contrary.
be legislated and enacted to with each other for the welfare of package which contains morals,
prosecute anyone who insults humankind. cooperation, and understanding
any prophets and other religious each other. Without this package,
symbols, not only prosecuting This principle of cooperation humanity will face dark future,
those who deny the Holocaust. and sustainability was clearly and will face worse actions in the
mentioned in the Holy ’Qura~n: future, but only if we didn’t find a
Quotes:
B. People’s Role: Beside those “O mankind! Lo! We have created better way to communicate and
“The arrow belongs not to the
laws, people - whether individuals, you male and female, and have interact.
archer when it has once left the
governments or organisations made `you nations and tribes that
bow; the word no longer belongs
- must totally understand the wide ye may know one another. Lo! D. Humankind: We are in need of
to the speaker when it has once
concept of freedom as mentioned The noblest of you, in the sight real efforts from people - Muslims
passed his lips.”
early in this article. It’s a matter of of Allaah, is the best in conduct. and Westerns - who still care about
Heinrich Heine
finding the meeting points as I’d Lo! Allaah is Knower, Aware.” humankind to overcome this crisis.
previously mentioned [I-MAG’s 6th [The Holy ’Qura~n, the chapter of It’s very sad that we are still facing
“The world is a dangerous place to
issue.] Al’hujuraat: 13]. It was successfully problems of misunderstanding in
live, not because of the people who
applied during the Islaamic the 21st century. Muslims want are evil, but because of the people
C. Civilisations’ Role: Another civilisation when Europeans were to guarantee that this will not who don’t do anything about it.”
basic fact which I think everyone living in the darkness of Middle take place in the future, because Albert Einstein

24

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Where
Have All the Morals Gone?
By Jinan Shbat [Jinaan Shabt] true believer must possess. avenge the publishing of cartoons truly are a peaceful religion, we
jinan_shbat@yahoo.com Some people came to the Prophet depicting him in a negative light? have to maintain our dignity and
(P.B.U.H.) once and asked him, No, he wouldn’t have. The Prophet work together to create effective,
As Muslims, we are extremely “Amongst the servants of God, (P.B.U.H.) always believed in alternate solutions. Hurting people
blessed to have an example to who is the dearest to Him?” The approaching someone with love and having people die in protests
help guide us in our daily lives, and Prophet (P.B.U.H.) replied, “The and kindness, and felt that it was do not make us look peaceful, no
that is the example of our beloved one who has the best moral more effective than retaliating with matter what excuse we have.
Prophet Mu’hammad (P.B.U.H.). character.” (Ibn ’Hibban) Another hate.
Prophet Mu’hammad (P.B.U.H.) ’hadeeth stated that the Prophet We need to remember our beloved
was a man of utmost character. He (P.B.U.H.) was asked, “Which It is so easy to get angry and Prophet (P.B.U.H.) at all times. It
was kind, gentle, understanding, Muslim has the perfect faith?” to wreak havoc on the world, but seems that we have lost interest
yet at the same time, people did which he replied, “One who has it takes a real Muslim to hold in what is right, and work for our
not take advantage of him because the best moral character.” that anger inside, and channel it own selfish everyday life needs.
he was respectful, considerate, towards something greater. “Kill The Prophet (P.B.U.H.) is the best
and tolerant. Reading these ’hadeeths brings them with kindness” is a saying, example for all Muslims. Working
about a much-needed question and it couldn’t be more right. The on perfecting our character will
It is important to understand nowadays, when the Muslims in world was watching all Muslims to help eliminate all the negative
before this article proceeds that this world have used the name of see their reaction to the cartoons, images of us. We won’t even have
I am not suggesting that we Islaam to avenge and justify their and what did we do? We gave to try. As we better ourselves,
abandon our everyday duties as anger. Looking back at the Prophet them what they wanted. We fell we better those around us, and
Muslims such as prayer and fasting (P.B.U.H.), ask yourselves, would into the trap, and allowed them the world will see that. As a
in order to focus on reaching the he have reacted in the way many to justify the wrongs they did. I favourite quote of mine states,
level of morality that our Prophet are reacting today? Burning down am in no way saying that these “Human beings, by changing the
(P.B.U.H.) displayed. We need to embassies, burning flags, and cartoons were justified by any inner attitudes of their minds, can
find the balance between actions attacking people? No, he wouldn’t means; that newspaper was wrong change the outer aspects of their
and character, and only then will have. Would he have started for publishing it. However, in order lives.” Once we change the way
we be able to fully comprehend a contest for the best cartoon for the rest of the world to take we think, the rest will just fall into
the elite character status of what a poking fun at the Holocaust to us seriously, and believe that we place.

25

Spring 2006/1427
PINNACLE

Evening of Enlightenment:
A “Crusade” on Ignorance!
An evening of enlightenment was
organised on February 22nd, 2006
jointly by the Journalistic Club of the
national union of Kuwait students
and I-MAG Magazine.

The evening was an attempt to


shed light on the life of the Prophet
of Islam Muhammad (P.B.U.H.). A
documentary titled “Mu’hammad: A
Legacy of a Prophet” was screened.
Further more, a premiere of Ahmad
Alhajry’s video clip (Muhammad
P.B.U.H) with English subtitle pro-
duced by Gulf Media was screened
to the audience and was also dis-
patched via Bluetooth for free to the
attendants mobile phones towards
the end of the evening.
John (Yahya) Edrer from AWARE
Center then gave a speech and
comments on the topic.

The aim of the event was “to exer-


cise a legitimate human right, that is
understanding and enlightenment...
we are here to launch -and please
don’t take it literally- a crusade on
ignorance!” the organisers said.

For extended coverage:


www.i-mag.org/light

26

Enlighten Your "I"


PINNACLE

© Photographs by Sa‘d Aldosiry 27

Spring 2006/1427
PINNACLE

Mu’hammad (P.B.U.H)

The heart abounds with love and yearning.


Craving and longing over the Beloved and the Chosen [Prophet].
Performed & composed by: Ahmad Alhaajiry
Our hearts verily throb [in love] for the Messenger. Lyrcis by: Hamad Almeer
And once the heart throbs, deeds heed. Directed by: Abdulah Alhamad
Executive Producer: Gulf Media
Translated into English by: I-MAG Team
Neither he who reveals his passion is an exaggerator.
Nay! Nor he who is consumed by love is an extravagant.

VideoCLip!
Verily, the loving [believer] follows whom he loves.
And once he beholds a trace of his beloved, he follows.

Our hands are extended to the guidance of Mu’hammad,


and promptly embraced what he came with. In cooperation with Gulf Media
Production, I-MAG presents to its
He is the beloved, and we love whomever he loved. readers an English subtitled version of
With honesty, neither with extravagance nor with affectation. "Mu'hammad (P.B.U.H.)" video clip.
We all hasten to drink from his [pure] source,
while casting aside whatever contradicts [his teachings].

We pass the love of our Prophet on to the posterity. Special Thanks to:
As he came to us with mercy and compassion. Abdullah Alhamad the director of
the video clip, and Ali Alqenai from
O my beloved, O Messenger of Allah. www.fanateq.com
The heart is filled with your love. O Messenger of Allaah.
You are the beloved, O Mu’hammad.

To watch the video clip:


www.i-mag.org/clip
28

Enlighten Your "I"


PINNACLE

Commended &
Recommended
by

MU’HAMMAD:
Legacy of a Prophet
“Mu’hammad: Legacy of a Mu’hammad’s legacy in action.
A transcript of the
Prophet” is the name of a This is achieved by interviewing
documentary produced by the several American Muslims
documentary is available for
P.B.S. and it is a documentary (a nurse, a fire-fighter, a free at:
http://www.pbs.org/muhammad/
that lives up to its name. congressional assistant, and transcripts/muhammad_script.pdf
The documentary recounts the imaam, a calligrapher, and an
life of Prophet Muhammad, yet immigrant) and through them
it goes beyond the historical the legacy of the Prophet in
narrative to depicting Prophet reborn in every sphere of life.

Submit your original article for publication and win an original D.V.D.
copy of the documentary. E-mail: contests@i-mag.org

29

Spring 2006/1427
NON-PROFIT ORGANISATIONS

A
n organisation set up three cultural activities. For example, believe we can only give so much in
years ago by a socially by offering mentoring services to charity financially. By giving others
conscience individual is young people Hanif believes it helps practical help, my knowledge, time
seeing his efforts go from them realise their career ambitions and experiences can also be char-
strength to strength. Hanif Reh- and reach their full potential in life. ity.” Work that the organisation has
man, from Dewsbury set up Muslim Those who are already qualified carried out in the past and currently
Professionals UK (MPUK), in 2002. and working in industry can also does so:
It is a network of professionals and contribute by working with MPUK
community organisations that work and will find it enormously gratifying > Organised Seminars
together to benefit the community. and rewarding and knowing their A number of seminars have been
What started off initially as a small involvement will be making a huge conducted with the main aim of
service offering advice to immedi- difference. these being to develop MPUK mem-
ate friends and family on personal bers. Many of these seminars focus
development to help with C.V. and Hanif says: “There are organisations on key issues that are faced by
career advice has now mushroomed like this in America, Europe in fact organisation members, for example:
into an organisation that holds over all over the world, where profession- Leadership at work, management
a thousand members, has links with als get together to volunteer their and self development.
various networks. skills and knowledge for the greater
good of the community.” The idea > Professional
The organisation raises awareness was born three years ago following & Personal
of key employment issues and helps his graduation from University. “I Develop-
to develop its members through felt the need to put something back ment
workshops, seminars, lectures and into the community,” says Hanif. “I

30

Enlighten Your "I"


NON-PROFIT ORGANISATIONS

One of the key aims of the organisa- ples of their faith. MPUK is able to in size and have a reasonable
tion is the continuous development provide a wholesome avenue where representation or links with other
of the members and MPUK carry members can participate fully in like-minded community groups and
this out via a mentoring and the exchange of knowledge, skills, individuals up and down the U.K.
coaching scheme. It offers information and experience without The organisation is very eager espe-
a great way to help others compromising their values and faith. cially to hear from those residents
and provides self-develop- and organisations where a relation-
ment opportunities as well > Charity & Social Events ship can be formed by working to-
as providing a forum for MPUK is also active in raising money gether to provide a platform where
like-minded individuals for charity by organising events MPUK can successfully grow and
to share experiences, and setting up emergency appeals help others in the community.
interests and aspirations. where necessary. MPUK worked with
MPUK will also offer the Doctors World Wide to highlight Hanif feels the work provides a
first Muslim Develop- the impact of the Asian Tsunami to greater good than just to the indi-
ment workshop on the working with other network partners vidual: “Every youngster who goes
16th, 17th and 18th managed to raise over £21,000 for on to have achieve something, who
of June 2006. Further the Kashmir relief fund. becomes a doctor or accountant or
information about lawyer will immediately benefit him-
the workshop will be > Act as a voice for people’s self, then obviously his family and
posted soon on the faith and dispel misconcep- over time the local community, as
MPUK website. tions and improve diversity his professional services will be put
The network allows a forum for back into the community and he will
> Networking members and non members, the automatically become a role model
Events government, employers and em- for others. Success today will bring
MPUK helps mem- ployees of any U.K. organisation success for future generations.”
bers build up to share their concerns and learn Muslim Professionals UK, despites it
contacts in the about Islam. MPUK strongly sup- name is not exclusive to Muslims. At
professional and ports the government’s recent its heart the organisation is broadly
social context. regulation outlawing discrimination based around Muslim values but as
The majority of on the grounds of religion or belief. Hanif stresses: “Our organisation is
the members MPUK also has a monthly newsletter open to people of all faiths and no
find that they that covers that above aspect and a faith, everybody is welcome.
cannot take website discussion board that allows
part in social its members to contribute to topics > For further information
events and learn from each other. www.muslimprofessionals.org.uk
info@muslimprofessionals.org.uk
where they
go against > Future Aims or call Hanif Rehman: founder of Muslim
the princi- The organisation wishes to grow Professionals U.K. on 07970590749

31

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INSIGHT

The
High Morality
of
the Prophet (P.B.U.H.)
By Harun Yahya*[Haroon Ya’hya] themselves, they lack proper morality to learn about and practice the very best
info@harunyahya.com and attitudes. It is therefore a serious examples of it.
responsibility to lead people to the truth The Prophet’s (P.B.U.H.) trust in Allaah:
and the best morality and behaviour. A An example to all people
Muslim needs to try to emulate the be-
As a verse of the ’Qur a~n reveals, responsibility in the best possible way, haviour and the morality of the Prophet Those situations the Prophet (P.B.U.H.)
“… Mu’hammad is the Messenger of called mankind to the path of Allaah and Mu’hammad (P.B.U.H.). Allaah confirms was involved in, as they are related in
Allaah and the Final Seal of the Proph- Islaam, and illuminated the way for all that in a verse: the ’Qur a~n, demonstrate his resig-
ets.” (Surat ala’hzaab: 40), the Prophet believers. nation, and submission to Allaah. For
Mu’hammad (P.B.U.H.) was sent to You have an excellent model in the instance, the Prophet’s (P.B.U.H.) words
mankind as the last prophet. He was a Although we have never seen the Messenger of Allaah, for all who put their when he and his friend were hiding in a
living example of the sublime morality of Prophet (P.B.U.H.), we can still do our hope in Allaah and the Last Day and re- cave after leaving Makkah are one of the
Allaah’s last revelation. He was a friend very best to come to know his exemplary member Allaah much. (Surat ala’hzaab: finest examples of that submission. The
of Allaah and inspired humanity by his behaviour, his sayings and the pleas- 21) ’Qur a~n says:
nearness to Him. He was His representa- ing morality he displayed, by means
tive, noble in His eyes, and a friend to all of the verses of the ’Qur a~n and the Those Muslims who follow the way of the If you do not help him, Allaah did help
believers. A’haadith (the sayings and teachings of Prophet (P.B.U.H.) need to be foremost him when those who disbelieved drove
the Prophet (P.B.U.H.). We can try to in their morality and behaviour, and to him out and there were two of them
As Allaah has revealed in another be like him, in order to be close to him invite others to adopt that same morality. in the Cave. He said to his companion,
verse, “We will impose a weighty Word in the hereafter. People today, and the As the Prophet’s (P.B.U.H.) words, viz. “Do not be despondent, Allaah is with
upon you...” (Surat almuzzammil: 5), he young in particular, take many individu- “The most perfect believer in respect of us.” Then Allaah sent down His serenity
charged His last prophet, Mu’hammad als as role models, imitate the way they faith is he who is best of them in man- upon him and reinforced him with troops
(P.B.U.H.) with a heavy responsibil- behave, speak and dress, and try to be ner,.” make it clear, morality is one the you could not see. He made the word of
ity. Due to the Prophet’s (P.B.U.H.) like them. Yet, since the great majority most important components of true faith. those who disbelieved undermost. It is
strong faith in Allaah, he fulfilled that of these people are not on the right road It is therefore an important religious duty the word of Allaah which is uppermost.

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INSIGHT

Allaah is Almighty, All-Wise. (Surat at- life on the love and fear of Allaah, and of all backgrounds and cultures about give thanks to Him, adopt the superior
Tawbah: 40) carry out all his obligations solely to win the ’Qura~n, and therefore about proper morality of the Prophet (P.B.U.H.), and
Whatever the situation might have been, the good will and mercy of Allaah and to morality and good behaviour. hope for the mercy, compassion and
the Prophet (P.B.U.H.) always submitted attain His Paradise. In one verse, Allaah Paradise of our Lord.
to Allaah, in the knowledge that there tells believers: “Say: ‘My prayer and my As is revealed in the verses of the
was beauty and goodness in all that He rites, my living and my dying, are for ’Qura~n, some people had not the slight- The Prophet (P.B.U.H.) was always toler-
created. These words of the Prophet Allaah alone, the Lord of all the worlds.’” est idea of the basics of good manners, ant of those around him
(P.B.U.H.) to his people as related in (Surat alan‘aam: 162) for which reason it never entered their
the ’Qura~n are a telling instance of that minds that they might appal someone Throughout his life, he showed an inter-
submission: In the following verse, believers are told who possessed superior morality. The est in each and every one, warned them
to live their religion solely for Allaah, Prophet (P.B.U.H.) displayed the greatest about their mistakes and failings, and
If good happens to you it galls them. If and not for any other purpose: “Except patience in these circumstances, turn- tried to educate them in all matters, from
a mishap occurs to you, they say, “We those who repent and put things right ing to Allaah and asking for His help in cleanliness to matters of faith. That com-
made our preparations in advance,” and and hold fast to Allaah and dedicate their all situations and encouraging believ- passionate, tolerant, understanding and
they turn away rejoicing. Say: “Nothing religion to Allaah alone, they are with the ers to patience and submission. In the patient attitude of his was the means by
can happen to us except what Allaah has believers. Allaah will give the believers ’Qura~n, Allaah advises the Prophet which many peoples’ hearts warmed to
ordained for us. He is Our Master. It is in an immense reward.” (Surat an-Nisaa-: (P.B.U.H.) to be patient despite the Islaam and developed a genuine love for
Allaah that the believers should put their 146) Anyone who holds fast to Allaah, words of unbelievers: the Prophet (P.B.U.H.). Allaah describes
trust.” (Surat at-Tawbah: 50-51) knows that there is no other god than this pleasing attitude adopted by the
Allaah, lives his life solely to gain His So be patient in the face of what they Prophet (P.B.U.H.) towards those around
The Prophet (P.B.U.H.), by his submis- good pleasure, and never, ever abandons say and glorify your Lord with praise him in the ’Qura~n:
sion to Allaah, was an example to all his faith in Him, shows he has true faith. before the rising of the sun and before it
Muslims, and he warned that people sets. (Surah ’Qaaf: 39) It is a mercy from Allaah that you were
would never have the power to alter No sincere believer tries to gain the love, gentle with them. If you had been rough
anything that came from Allaah: good will, praise of anyone other than Do not be grieved by what they say. or hard of heart, they would have scat-
Allaah in his actions and religious duties. All might belongs to Allaah. He is the tered from around you. So pardon them
“… When you ask for anything ask it The finest examples of such sincere All-Hearing, the All-Knowing. (Surah and ask forgiveness for them… (Surah Al
from Allaah, and if you seek help seek believers are the Prophet Mu’hammad Younus: 65) ‘Imraan: 159)
it from Allaah. Know that if the people (P.B.U.H.) and other prophets (peace be
were to unite to do you some benefit upon them all). Believers must remember the kind of The Prophet (P.B.U.H.) never pressured
they could benefit you only with what things Allaah’s Messenger (P.B.U.H.) those around him to accept the religion,
Allaah had recorded for you, and that if The patience exhibited by the Prophet was patient for, and take him as a model nor imposed conditions on them. Instead
they were to unite to do you some injury (P.B.U.H.) in the face of difficulty when dealing with their own difficul- he always used the pleasantest ways to
they could injure you only with what ties. Those who despair at the slightest tell them about it. He always supported
Allaah had recorded for you. The pens Throughout the period of his mission, the problem, who are unable to bear the the community of the faithful with his
are withdrawn and the pages are dry.” Prophet Mu’hammad (P.B.U.H.) expe- smallest objection, who stop preaching strong conscience, and was a benefactor
rienced all manner of difficulty. Deniers the religion of Allaah, or who lose hope to them at all times. On account of these
The Prophet (P.B.U.H.) ever only sought and polytheists, from among his own when their business dealings go wrong, traits, the Prophet (P.B.U.H.) is described
to please Allaah, expecting nothing in people, insulted him most terribly, even must be aware that such behavior is in many verses as “your companion.”
return from others calling him a magician or a madman. incompatible with Allaah’s holy book and (Surah Saba-: 46: Surat an-Najm: 2,
Others wanted to kill him and even the sayings and deeds of the Prophet Surat at-Takweer: 22).
One of the fundamental tenets of Islaam schemed to do so. Despite all that, the (P.B.U.H.). Believers must always be
is that a person must found his whole Prophet (P.B.U.H.) tried to teach people patient, take Allaah as their helper and Those believers who were able to

33

Spring 2006/1427
INSIGHT

comprehend the conscientiousness of rules he imposed on Muslims, his just the world is to adopt the morality of the and persevering in their labours in the
the Prophet (P.B.U.H.) regarded him and tolerant attitude towards those of ’Qura~n, and, like the Prophet (P.B.U.H.), way of Allaah. Someone who hopes to
as closer to them than all others, and other religions, languages, races and never to depart from the path of justice, be rewarded with Paradise will of course
humbled themselves towards him. In one tribes, and his way of not discriminat- making no distinction between different have a very different attitude and state of
verse, Allaah states: ing between rich and poor, but treating religions, languages, or races. mind than someone who regards those
everybody equally, Allaah’s Messenger labours as monotonous, or carries them
The Prophet has closer ties to the believ- (P.B.U.H.) is a great example to all of The Prophet (P.B.U.H.) was a bearer of out of habit or a sense of obligation.
ers than their own selves, and his wives mankind. glad tidings That is why Allaah has commanded His
are their mothers… (Surat ala’hzaab: 6) Messenger (P.B.U.H.) to: “Spur on the
The Prophet (P.B.U.H.) abided by Al- In the verse “O Prophet! We have sent believers.” (Surat an-Nisaa-: 84)
Imam Ghazaali, the great Islaamic schol- laah’s commands, even with such difficult you as a witness, and a bringer of good
ar, summed up the Prophet’s (P.B.U.H.) people, and never made any conces- news and a warner” (Surat ala’hzaab: The Prophet (P.B.U.H.) relieved Muslims
treatment of those around him in light of sions in his implementation of justice. 45), Allaah describes the Prophet of difficulties
the information found in the A’haadith: He became an example for all times with (P.B.U.H.) as a bearer of glad tidings and
the words, “My Lord has commanded a warner. The Prophet (P.B.U.H.) always The Prophet (P.B.U.H.) lifted burdens
“... Everyone thought that the Prophet justice…” (Surat ala‘raaf: 29). warned people against the sufferings to from the faithful, and was a guide to them
honoured him more. Whoever came be experienced in Hell, and told them in tasks that they failed to understand
to him could see his face... He used to During the time of the Prophet (P.B.U.H.), of the desirable future that awaited the properly, which, otherwise, had been
call his companions by their titles with Christians, Jews and pagans were all good in this world, and of the infinite life too difficult. People are easily prone to
honour and he used to give one title treated equally. The Prophet (P.B.U.H.) of the Paradise in the hereafter. This making their lives difficult, and to impos-
to whoever had no title... He was very abided by the verse “There is no compul- characteristic of the Prophet (P.B.U.H.) is ing rules upon themselves, by which
affectionate and kind in dealing with the sion where the religion is concerned…” revealed in the ’Qura~n thus: they falsely believe they have solved
people... Nobody could speak loudly in (Surat alba’qarah: 256), explaining the their problems. This particular human
his assembly.” true religion to everyone, but leaving We have sent you with the Truth, bring- characteristic is one of the reasons why
them free to make up their own minds. ing good news and giving warning. Do the religion has been distorted through
The Prophet’s (P.B.U.H.) human love, The noble attitude of the Prophet not ask about the inhabitants of the Blaz- the years. Many societies have dreamed
kind thoughts and compassion, which (P.B.U.H.), being in total harmony with ing Fire. (Surat alba’qarah: 119) up rules that did not actually exist in the
turned those around him to true religion the morality of the ’Qura~n, should be religion, and then made themselves and
and warmed their hearts to faith, is that taken as an example of how members Those who take the Prophet (P.B.U.H.) others believe that they would only be
superior morality which all Muslims of different religions today should be as a model and abide by his Sunnah truly god-fearing when they adhered to
should seek to reproduce. treated. During his final sermon, the must, like him, give people the same them. One of the Prophet’s (P.B.U.H.)
Prophet (P.B.U.H.) called on Muslims in glad tidings and warn them. The Prophet most important qualities was the way
The exemplary justice of the Prophet these terms: (P.B.U.H.) himself described how such he lifted such burdens that people had
(P.B.U.H.) people ought to behave: imposed on themselves. Allaah speaks
“There is no superiority for an Arab over of that quality of the Prophet (P.B.U.H.)
In the ’Qura~n, Allaah commands believ- a non-Arab and for a non-Arab over an “Make things easy for the people, and do in a verse:
ers to “Be upholders of justice, bearing Arab; nor for white over the black nor for not make it difficult for them, and make
witness for Allaah alone, even against the black over the white except in piety. them calm (with glad tidings) and do not Those who follow the Messenger, the
yourselves or your parents and relatives. Verily the noblest among you is he who repulse (them).” Ummi [illiterate], whom they find written
Whether they are rich or poor, Allaah is is the most pious.” down with them in the Torah and the
well able to look after them. Do not follow Giving welcome news increases be- Gospel, commanding them to do right
your own desires and deviate from the In our day, the only solution to the lievers’ enthusiasm and morale, and and forbidding them to do wrong, permit-
truth...” (Surat an-Nisaa-: 135). With the fighting and conflict going on all over encourages them to be more determined ting them good things and prohibiting

34

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INSIGHT

them bad things, relieving them of their from our Lord a glowering, calamitous were and that their behaviour could make was never seen to put forward his knees
heavy loads and the chains which were Day.” (Surat alinsaan: 8-10) others uncomfortable. For instance, in front of one with whom he was sitting.”
around them. Those who believe in him verses speak of people entering houses
and honour him and help him, and follow The Prophet (P.B.U.H.) reminded his by the back instead of the front, arriving The Prophet (P.B.U.H.) taught thousands
the Light that has been sent down with companions to be compassionate, and when the Prophet (P.B.U.H.) was dining, of people during his life, and was a
him, they are the ones who are success- was the greatest model for them in that or else taking up his time by talking for means by which those who knew nothing
ful. (Surat ala‘raaf: 157) regard: a long time. The Prophet Mu’hammad of religion and morality came to be mor-
(P.B.U.H.), on the other hand, was very ally superior, well behaved, thoughtful
The Prophet (P.B.U.H.) was most con- “Those who have mercy will receive the thoughtful, courteous, patient and civi- and self-sacrificing. Even after his death,
siderate and compassionate towards the mercy of the Most Merciful. Have mercy lized, and treated such people neverthe- the Prophet (P.B.U.H.) is still teaching
faithful on those who are on earth, the One in less with the greatest tolerance. Also, in by means of his words, attitudes and
heavens will have mercy on you.” the most pleasant manner, he warned behaviour, and is a most noble guide and
The Prophet (P.B.U.H.) was a compas- those around him against behaviour that teacher.
sionate man, full of love and understand- The importance the Prophet (P.B.U.H.) would make others uncomfortable, and
ing. He took an interest in the physical attributed to cleanliness thus won their sympathy, teaching them
and spiritual problems of his friends, through patience and perseverance. That i Sunan Abo Daawood, Book 40, Number 4665
relatives and all those around him, and As well as their purity of heart and comportment made him an excellent ii Tirmith>y ’Hadeeth
took all appropriate measures to ensure morality, Muslims are also known for example for all believers. iii Imaam ’Gazzaly’s I’hyaa- ‘uloom Addeen, The
their health, security and happiness. He the cleanliness of their bodies, clothes, Book of Religious Learnings, Islaamic Book Service,
took them under his wing, and always homes and the food they eat. A Muslim’s Because of his being both a Messen- New Delhi, 2001, Volume II, p.240
iv Prophet Mu’hammad’s Last Sermon (http://www.
bore in mind their lot in the hereafter hair, hands, face and body must always ger of Allaah and a head of state, the
stanford.edu/~jamila/Sermon.html)
by encouraging them to remain godly. be clean. His clothes must always be Prophet (P.B.U.H.) was in constant v ’Sa’hee’h Albu’kaary, Volume 8, Number 146
These features of the Prophet (P.B.U.H.), clean, neat and well cared for. The contact with people from all walks of life, vi irmith>y ’Hadeeth
that are an example for all of humanity, places where he works or lives must from the wealthy leaders of states and vii A’hmad ’diyaa’ Addeen Alkamushkhanaawy,
are revealed in verses: always be clean, tidy, sweet smelling and tribes to poor, defenceless women and Ramuz Ala’haadeeth, vol.1, 96/2
be a relaxing atmosphere. Once again, it orphans. He was able to communicate vii Maulana Mu’hammad Manzoor No’maany, Ma’aarif
A Messenger has come to you from is the Prophet (P.B.U.H.) who is the best with and win the hearts of people whose Al’hadeeth, (Meaning and Message of the Traditions),
among yourselves. Your suffering is dis- example of this characteristic of Muslims. social status, ways of life and customs Darul – Ishaat Publications, Karachi, Volume 4, p.334
tressing to him; he is deeply concerned The Prophet also advises the faithful to were very different from one another, and
for you; he is gentle and merciful to the be clean in one of the A’haadith: he exhibited understanding, patience and *The author, under the pen-name Harun
believers. (Surat attawbah: 128) a desirable attitude. Yahya, has written more than 200 books
“Surely, Islaam is pure, therefore be which are published in 37 languages all
The faithful, who were taught by the pure, because he can never enter Para- Anas Ibn Maalik, who was raised in the over the world. Harun Yahya’s books
Prophet (P.B.U.H.), and abided by the dise who is not pure.” Prophet’s (P.B.U.H.) household and appeal to all people, Muslims and non-
verses of the ’Qura~n, behaved compas- served him for many years, spoke of his Muslims alike, regardless of their age,
sionately even towards prisoners of war. The Prophet (P.B.U.H.) was always con- matchless kindness: race and nationality, as they centre
Verses speak of this, too: siderate and courteous around one goal: to open the readers’
“When Allaah’s Messenger (P.B.U.H.) mind by presenting the signs of God’s
They give food, despite their love for it, to Some of those who surrounded the shook hands with anyone he did not eternal existence to them.
the poor and orphans and captives: “We Prophet (P.B.U.H.) were less than well withdraw his hands till the other man
feed you only out of desire for the sake mannered and cultured. It can be seen withdrew his. Similarly, he did not turn
Harun Yahya Website:
of Allaah. We do not want any repayment from a number of verses that they could away his face from anyone till that man
www.harunyahya.com
from you or any thanks. Truly we fear not understand how thoughtless they turned his face to the other side. And he
Harun Yahya official bookstore:
www.bookglobal.net
35

Spring 2006/1427
OBITUARY

Sheikh Jaber
A Man with a Rare Blend of Qualities
Generosity, Modesty and Wisdom

By Rima Mneimneh [Reemah Munayminah]


rmneimneh@hotmail.com

The late Emir Sheikh Jaber al- experts who had worked closely with plary, unique and quite rare. Many citizens, yet this small country was
Ahmed Al-Sabah [Jaabir Ala’hmad him, had awakened the eyes of the would argue that the incredible able to engrave its name with pride
Al’sabaa’h], who passed away on Kuwaitis and the world at large to influx of wealth from petrodollars and assurance in the world scene at
January 15 , 2006 was a man of a fact that the Emir was a man of that the country had made all the political, economic and social levels.
rare qualities. The entire nation a special calibre, an extraordinary difference, and there was no need
wholeheartedly mourned him, and figure. to struggle to get projects of de- The late Emir had humble educa-
his absence will be missed at all velopment in progress. That is not tion, and no wealth early on . When
levels in Kuwait forever, the country He was not only a ruler but a genu- true at all. Many countries in the his nation was destined to become
he had dedicated his life to serve ine compassionate father who cared world enjoy larger oil revenues by one of the wealthiest nations in
sincerely in times of need and abun- for every citizen as if he were his far, have massive populations that the world, that new status did not
dance. He was an extraordinary own son or daughter. How many would create a real effective work- blur his vision and did not deter his
man with a vision and a mission. citizens in this world could address force if educated and enlightened, determination and strong belief in
Listening and reading about his their leaders by that name and call larger lands, countries with vast God and his people to pursue his
achievements in the media - dur- them that? I guess very few. His civilisations deep-rooted in history, plans to secure brighter and secure
ing the mourning days after the love and compassion for Kuwait and greater fortunes, highly-educated future for the people he was en-
shocking news of his departure - by the people of Kuwait were exem-

36

Enlighten Your "I"


OBITUARY

trusted to rule. Driven by a strong invasion of our beloved country Ku- leaders who love their countries
will, armoured with a belief in God wait occurred on the black of Thurs- would have found ways - even with
Almighty and inspired by the holy day August 2nd, 1990. He, with his limited resources - to secure decent
book of ‘Qura~n, (a book laden with wisdom and patience, and with all and stable lives for their people.
remarkable humanitarian values), the nation supporting him and be-
with complete honesty with himself lieving in his genuine intentions had I hope that the myriad of achieve-
and in his people, with the genu- led the way back to safety marking ments and the qualities this leader
ine humility of a believer in God, the re-birth of a war-stricken land. had, which enabled him to lead
the late Emir was able to practice His efforts and strong belief in the his country, would be documented
genuine human kindness and spread abilities of his people to rebuild the and made available to Kuwaitis and
it amongst his people. He loved us country never wavered. readers from all around the world.
and we loved him back, not only in The leader who has brought the
words but also in deeds, without Truly he was a rare man of rare name of a small land to the lime-
false pretences. Thanks to this qualities. Leaders must be chosen light, and had it recognised and
great leader who had a rare blend of to be like that, and better. De- respected by the wealthiest and
qualities: generosity, modesty and mocracy, the power of people as it the greatest powers in the world
wisdom; who had left a country, af- stands for, or Al-Shoura, allow the in the twentieth century - the age
ter a reign of thirty years, with well people to choose and elect rulers of greed, selfishness and materi-
established institutions and doc- like his calibre and even better. Of alistic interests - must be indeed a
trines ensuring many comforts to its course, the oil revenues had helped phenomenon worth examining and
citizens in all fields and at all ages. enormously and the legislations or recording.
opposing opinions had hampered
We all love him and respect him the progress of execution of laws He was indeed a unique man. The
and will always cherish his memory in many instances, but with sincere most vicious and malicious men of
as long as we will live. He was intentions and a talent to rule with the world would only bow with re-
part of our lives. We could sense compassion, he had utilised the oil spect to this humble man, who with
his concern for our daily needs as revenues or surpluses to finance few words, but with outstanding
ordinary human beings. The basic long-sighted plans that would en- vision and innumerable remarkable
needs for Kuwaitis are well guarded: sure security and decent lives for his deeds, gave a global recognition to
housing, education, hospitalization people. a small country called … Kuwait.
and old age. The simple formula of
what human decency in this life is Such wise and fair rulers should be May God Almighty bestow His
all about. Simple words that require studied to discover how they have mercy upon our late Emir and rest
hard work and genuine selfless secured their people’s dignity and his soul in peace: His name will be
dedication that leaders like the late stability at all levels at all times: in engraved in our hearts and in the
Jaber Al-Ahmed were endowed with. times of need and times of abun- hearts of our children as the man
His relentless struggle in all circles dance. I strongly believe, even who loved his country uncondition-
regionally and worldwide when the without the oil revenues such wise ally.

37

Spring 2006/1427
Do you wonder
why we spell
Arabic Words
Different than
other Publications?

Do you wonder why some Arabic names have


another spelling between square brackets?

I-MAG Others
Allaah Allah
Islaam Islam
Mu’hammad Mohamad Ckeck our Arabic phonemes transcription
’Hijaab Hijab guide to learn how we transcribe Arabic
'Qura~n Qur'an sounds in to the English writing system:
Madeenah Madinah
Makkah Mecca
In Shaa- Allaah Insha'Allah www.i-mag.org/arabic.pdf
Oummah Ummah
’Hadeeth Hadith

38

Enlighten Your "I"


FAIR VIEW

Islaam
Malcolm saw. Malcolm did not see
the seamy side of the Islaamic-Arab
as

© Photograph from http://americansongbook.blogs.com


world because he was dealing with

a Pastoral in the Life of


totalities. He discovered that as far

Malcolm X
as he, the Afro-American, was con-
cerned, the Arab-Islaamic world as a
totality did not stunt human potenti-
alities. That is why he could abstract
his pastoral ideal from this Muslim
world. White Protestant America
for him was devoid of such human
idealistic possibilities. He found it
totally destructive.

The Islaamic-Arab world, in spite of


all its historical tensions, provided
Malcolm with a pastoral vision of a
By Abdelwahab Elmessiri
world morally superior to America,
[‘Abd Alwahhaab Almiseery]
at least insofar as human and racial
relationships are concerned. By re-
The Autobiography of Malcolm X ized by simplicity and purity, and is pastoral. It provided him with an turning to America to realize his new
is a hymn of praise to the soul of considered superior to the norm or idealistic or visionary frame of refer- vision through social action, Malcolm
man, which can survive in the face statistical average predominant in a ence that liberated him from the showed that he belonged to the
of the most corrupting circumstanc- sophisticated culture. The pastoral racist assumptions of his society tradition of historical revolutionar-
es. This heroic achievement is pos- ideal is used by the revolutionary or of which he was the victim, and ies who want to alter reality, not by
sible because man is always capable visionary writer to undercut and ex- to which he must subscribe. But transcending or breaking away from
of dreaming of a world of pastoral pose a complex yet stagnant status why did I choose the term “pasto- it, but by reshaping it according to
innocence and of maintaining a quo. He may not believe that such ral” to describe the Islaamic-Arab their vision of the “good life.”
measure of spiritual purity even an ideal actually exists; yet he be- world Malcolm personally saw, and
after becoming the most cynical of lieves in the possibility of vision and the Islaamic beliefs he eventually The structure of the Autobiography
all cynics. its superiority over fact and reality. embraced? Arabia and Cairo, after as a whole could be seen as the
In this sense the pastoral mode is as all, do exist, and Islaamic culture development of Malcolm from be-
The pastoral, whether in the inevitable as history and revolution. is indeed devoid of racial tensions. ing a practical, soulless hustler to
Thousand and One Nights or in This is admittedly true, but the Arab becoming a visionary who discovers,
ancient Rome, is an ideal character- Islaam, for Malcolm, was such a world is not exactly the paradise through the help of an Islaamic,

39

Spring 2006/1427
FAIR VIEW

pastoral norm, “idealistic tenden- he was sent to jail. His number cause, in order to survive, he was victim rather than a victimizer, the
cies” in himself. The Autobiography became a part of him, “stencilled on “out there constantly preying upon hustler had “less respect for the
begins with a reference to the preg- his brain” (p. 152). Malcolm discov- others, probing for any human white power structure than any
nancy of Malcolm’s mother: a clear ered that the conversion of men into weakness like a ferret” (p. 311). The other Negro in North America” (p.
symbol of fertility and new life. The numbers is a cultural necessity for hustler, in competitive white Ameri- 311). As a matter of fact, Malcolm
father, a preacher of a form of Black America, because while this country ca, could never trust anyone (p. 87), implicitly suggests that the moral
Nationalism, is also an emblem of a can solve the problem of sending and had to keep on the go, shoving standards of the community of
new national birth. Yet the very sec- man into outer space, it cannot deal and pushing. hustlers are in a sense superior to
ond line of the Autobiography tells with human beings (p. 268). those of white Protestant America.
of the hooded Ku Klux Klan riders Reduced to the status of a hustler, The relationship between Shorty and
who surrounded Malcolm’s house If the relationship is between object a gambler, or even an object, man Malcolm is characterized by a certain
in the night and taunted his father. and other objects, rather than loses what distinguishes him as a warmth totally absent in the rest
The very fact that Malcolm survived between a man and other human human being. In the Autobiogra- of the world of dollarism. For one
and that he wrote his Autobiography beings, manipulation replaces social phy, the many references to man thing, the hustlers form a commu-
is a testimony that map, by refusing responsibility and love. Everyone as an animal serve to dramatize the nity. For another, their code of ethics
to sell his soul to the devil of race preys on everyone else. The early reductive brutality of white society. is consistent because it applies to
and materialism, and by maintain- part of the Autobiography tells of Malcolm found that white people both blacks and whites - an ethical
ing a belief in the superiority of the lust replacing love (p. 121), of white considered him, at first, a pet canary height yet to be reached by these
possible over the actual, can achieve and black men exploiting white and (p. 26). Later he became, for them, United States.
salvation. black prostitutes, and vice versa. It a fine colt, a pedigreed pet (p. 27),
also tells of the legion of gamblers and a pink poodle (p. 30). This Bashaa-er Al-Ba‘th or the
At Jaahiliyyah: The Pre-Is- who preferred doing nothing to real useless pet became a mere parasite Emergence of the Pastoral
laamic Phase human struggle. In their heart of (p. 75), only to become a vulture in
hearts, they discovered that human Chapter Six. If even the hustlers of the Autobiog-
Everything in Malcolm’s society labour, “slave” they called it, did not raphy kept their souls, the mass of
conspired against him and his hu- really pay in exploitative, manipula- But not for a moment did Malcolm people showed a remarkable cultural
manity. Once the father died, the tive, capitalist America. In the capi- surrender his innocence, for he stamina. They did not only survive,
welfare people moved in to convert talist gospel it says, do unto others, knew all along that he became a but they also had visions in a world
Malcolm’s little community into before they do unto you. vulture through living in “this com- of crass materialism. It is ultimately
fragmented economic units. They petitive, materialistic, dog-eat-dog the capacity to have visions of a
looked at the members of the family The most manipulative of all the white man’s world” (p. 267). Mal- world of pastoral beauty that saved
“as numbers and as a case in their characters was the hustler. Malcolm colm, with his sharp analytical mind, Malcolm.
book, not at human beings” (p. 22)! noticed that the ghetto hustler, a discovered that this awareness
Later in life, Malcolm was once more product of white racism, had no made the ghetto hustler a potential The first reference in the Autobi-
literally converted to a number when inner restraints whatsoever be- revolutionary. Seeing himself as a ography to any visions of salvation

40

Enlighten Your "I"


FAIR VIEW

is made in the first few pages of he was dancing (p. 57). References elements in the world of the Afro- Malcolm’s liberation and redemp-
the first chapter. Malcolm remem- to Afro-American music and songs American preserved his soul and tion, it was, like the other pastoral
bered very well his father’s favourite are just too many to enumerate. But saved him from being crushed by elements in his pre-Islaamic life,
sermon: “That little black train is a- they stand as some kind of emblem the racist ethics of white America. morally and psychologically inad-
comin’ . . an’ you better get all your of the triumph of the Afro-Ameri- Though they all implied a degree of equate. For this reason let us move
business rightl” (p. 4). The images can soul and its desire to reach the rejection of the stagnant status quo, on directly to discuss Malcolm’s
used show the stubbornness of the skies. (The music and the dance they never liberated the Afro-Ameri- conversion to “orthodox” Islaam,
black man in America. He converts are in sharp contrast to the animal can completely because they did not demonstrating in the course of the
the most mundane of activities, imagery which points to the vora- provide him with a new total vision discussion the ways in which he
business, and the least poetical ciousness of the white man’s culture which could serve as a total critique transcended the beliefs of the Elijah
of objects, a train, into spiritual and its desire to reduce and fetter of American culture. Islaam, a total Muhammad group.
symbols. Malcolm also remembered the Afro-American.) Nowhere is this ethical system, was for Malcolm
his father invoking the myth of an emblematic significance of music both the total critique and the pas- Malcolm showed an intuitive un-
African Adam “driven out of the Gar- made clearer than in Chapter Five, toral ideal. derstanding of Islaam and its God.
den into the caves of Europe” and when a reefer-smoking Negro, hear- Many Americans have studied Is-
using the cleansing metaphor of the ing Lionel Hampton’s “Flyin’ Home,” Islaam laam before, but they were satisfied
coming storm to describe Africa’s believed he could fly and actually with their culture and its underlying
redemption (p. 6). No wonder, with jumped from the second balcony, The process of conversion to Islaam assumptions, while Malcolm was un-
this capacity to resist entrapment breaking his leg. Both the incident of began with small ritualistic steps dergoing a moral crisis and dream-
in mere matter, that the Negroes, the temporary “spiritual liberation” such as the refusal to eat pork in ing of a better world. That is why
when in church, “threw their souls and its tragic aftermath were im- prison (p. 156) and the ablution (p. after hundred of years of theological
and bodies wholly into worship” (p. mortalized in another Afro-American 193). Yet it ended with the revolu- studies and European missionaries,
35). White America did not obliter- song: Earl Hines’ hit tune “Second tionary adoption of a new system of no Westerner as yet has captured
ate their souls the way it did to their Balcony Jump” (p.74). Malcolm was values. the essence of the Islaamic God
white brethren, who, as Malcolm ob- detached enough to see the futility the way Malcolm did. Malcolm, for
served, “Just sat and worshiped with and While still in jail, Malcolm was instance, discovered the egalitari-
words” (p. 35) - a sad sight indeed! moral inadequacy of this kind of introduced to the version of Islaam anism and universalism of Allaah.
flying, but he was also compassion- advocated by Elijah Muhammad’s The Christian God is universal, yet
But it was through music and ate enough to see its beauty. Later group. He embraced it and felt its Malcolm knew that He was appro-
dance that the Afro-American could in life, Malcolm himself would fly moral superiority. But Malcolm went priated by a Western culture that
transcend his agony and achieve like the “boy Icarus,” but with wings beyond the group’s moral assump- gave Him specific colours and defi-
specific selfhood and identity. In given to him by Allaah and the reli- tions because of their failure to nite cultural attributes. A Harvard
the Autobiography, Malcolm joyfully gion of Islaam (p. 287). reject America’s ethical values com- seminary student, lecturing on the
asserts that his long-suppressed pletely. Although the Black Muslim’s Christian religion, grew very evasive
African instincts broke through when The music and the other redeeming creed did undoubtedly contribute to and embarrassed when Malcolm told

41

Spring 2006/1427
FAIR VIEW

him about the real colour of Jesus judgments to ethical evaluations In the Christian world, people have Nowhere in his Autobiography does
and St. Paul (p.190). Allaah, on (p. 333). The term “white man” to have images and icons to be able he talk about the form of Allaah or
the other hand, remains free from loses its racial content because he to see their gods. In the Islaamic His personal attributes.
human prejudices and false distinc- saw people with white complexions tradition, God can never be repre-
tions. He is the God of all people, who were genuinely brotherly. He sented nor is He ever incarnated in One and Unique He is, but He is
in all places, and of all colours. so thoroughly exorcised the devil of any human or superhuman form. never alien to the human self. The
Malcolm reached this conclusion racism that when he noticed that The Muslim prophet is also the Islaamic God refused to endow his
not through theological ratiocina- people who looked alike stayed Iconoclast, the breaker of statues prophet with supernatural pow-
tion, but through personal experi- together, he could see it not as and images. The reasons are not ers which could contravene natural
ence. In the Islaamic-Arab world, racial segregation but as a voluntary hard to discover. To paint an im- processes. Mu’hammad stubbornly
people insisted on seeing him as an action of people who simply have age of God is to impose a human refused to yield to the temptations
American. Isn’t that his nationality, something in common with each limitation or prejudice on Him. The of becoming an ordinary, supernatu-
after all? The Egyptian pilot, whose other (p. 344). Islaamic God is universalistic and ral prophet, and remained a man liv-
complexion was darker than Mal- prefers to remain this way. Malcolm ing among men. If the messenger of
colm’s, invited him to the cockpit as This personal interaction with showed his remarkable acumen in Allaah, a casual speaker with Him, is
an “American Muslim” (p. 324), not Muslims enabled him to grasp the his rejection of the elaborate mythi- an ordinary human being, then any-
as a Black Muslim. A Persian Muslim revolutionary implications of the cal scheme, Protestant in origin, one can speak to Allaah. Allaah tells
in Malcolm’s compartment greeted Islaamic concept of the Oneness of devised by the Black Muslims (p. Mu’hammad in the ’Qura~n that
him saying, “Amer . . . American” God. Whites standing in front of the 368). They believe that God was if people asked the prophet about
(p. 329). The astonishment was One God ceased to be mere whites incarnated in the person of a half- Him, they should know that Allaah
complete and the realization of the and became full human beings (p. white, half-black man named Mr. W. is near, and that He will answer all
nature of the Islaamic God became 360). He, an Afro-American, also Fard. The whole idea of incarnation, their prayers. Malcolm was almost
final when Dr. Azzam, who “would stood before the “Creator of All” which has many anti-humanistic and echoing the ’Qura~n when he said,
have been called a white man,” did and also felt like a complete human antidemocratic implications, is totally “Allaah always gives you signs,
not act white in the least (p. 331). being (p. 365). He could achieve alien to the spirit of Islaam. Malcolm when you are with Him, that He is
To his utter dismay, Malcolm dis- this completeness because to ac- grasped this fact, and pointed out with you” (p. 319). It is this humane
covered that he was the only one cept the Oneness of God means the dangers of deifying the human. God whom Malcolm had in mind
who was colour-conscious. This new to accept the Oneness of Man (P. He believed in Elijah Muhammad as whenever he reiterated the sentence
outlook signalled the beginning of 341). Consistent and generous as a leader not in the ordinary human “I knew Allaah was near” which
his total liberation from American ever, Malcolm embraced the logi- sense but also “as a divine leader.” runs like a refrain throughout the
values. Malcolm, in a very significant cal conclusion of his new Islaamic In Makkah, on the hilltop, and in the Autobiography, especially in Chapter
passage, which begins with a refer- position; later in life he rejected the presence of the One and the Unique Seventeen.
ence to the morning, tells us about pseudo-Islaamic myth of the white he realized how very dangerous it
his reappraisal of the term “white,” man being the devil. is to believe in the “divinely guided” The Muslim prophet was not only a
and his heroic leap from racist and “protected” person (p. 365). messenger of God, but also a politi-

42

Enlighten Your "I"


FAIR VIEW

cal leader of Arabia. He did not only social activist, like the messenger of consciousness. Malcolm embraced the new man Malcolm could now
offer a new vision of life, but he also Allaah. the communitarian ideal and the discover himself and his real and
fought for the liberation of slaves. ideal of social action. His life after beautiful soul. The Autobiography
That is why Bilaal, one of his first One final characteristic of the his actual conversion to Islaam testi- reaches its climax when liberated
converts, was at once a religious Islaamic ideal which Malcolm fies to this fact. Malcolm, in his new pastoral world,
follower and fighter for freedom. perceived and fully appreciated is in the Holy City of Makkah, discov-
In short, the separation between a its communitarianism. The Is- Though he left a part of himself in ers “idealistic tendencies” (p. 333) in
religious and ethical ideal, on the laamic Sabbath is on Friday, Yawm the Holy City of Makkah, and though him. This is a far cry from the pink
one hand, and social and politi- Aljumu‘ah, or the day of the com- he took away with him a part of poodle, the vulture, and the hustler
cal practice, on the other, is not a munity. Allaah in the ’Qura~n says Makkah (p. 349), he refused to de- white America wanted him to be.
Muslim phenomenon. The Imaam in that His hand is always with the generate into any form of escapism The Autobiography is indeed a hymn
Islaamic culture still plays the role community rather than with the or desire to “return.” He went back of praise for the soul of man, which
of the minister and the leader of the individual. In his first encounter to his people to fight with them for can endure and even triumph.
community, and his Friday sermon with Muslims, Malcolm immediately their rights. The separatism of the
is still both religious and political. felt “the atmosphere of warmth early nationalist groups was rejected
The Islaamic view of social action as and friendliness” (p. 321). Coming in favour of a more sophisticated All references are to page numbers
being inseparable from ethical and from a racist, competitive society it concept of return to Africa. The in The Autobiography of Malcolm
religious beliefs was not lost upon was almost like stepping “out of a “return,” from that point on, came X with the assistance of Alex Haley
Malcolm. It seems to me that this is prison” (p. 321). People loved him, to mean a philosophical and cultural (New York: Grove Press, 1966).
the single most important point that and accepted him “as a brother” “return,” rather than a purely physi-
caused Malcolm to break away from (p. 322); and they offered him cal one. The physical going back to
the Black Muslims. Moving among their food and even their beds. An America, however, was as important
the Afro-American masses, he Egyptian wife, incapable of seeing as the psychological return to Africa. Abdelwahab Elmessiri is an Arab
discovered that the Nation of Islam competitiveness as the sole motiva- This dual “return” reveals Malcolm’s thinker and writer. He has a Ph.D. in
English and comparative literature
could be a significant force only tion of man’s behaviour, innocently commitment to his community and
from Rutgers University, U.S.A.
when it is “engaged in more action” asks, “Why are people in the world his desire to bring salvation to it. He published scores of books and
in the overall struggle of the masses starving when America has so much It also reveals his insistence on his articles. Amongst which is “The
(p. 289). When his efforts at reori- surplus food?” (p. 322). He who dual, complex identity as an African Encyclopaedia of Jews, Judaism, and
enting the Nation of Islam to social comes from a capitalist, sophisticat- and as an American. He was no mad Zionism” which has eight volumes
and is a result of 25 years research
action failed, he decided to build ed society knows better: In America prophet who wanted to break all
and critical inquiry with a team of 30
his own organization which would they let the surplus rot, according historical and human limits. researchers.
carry into practice what the Nation to the most advanced technological
of Islam preached (p. 315). He was methods, of course! Islaamic com- Having accepted the Islaamic ethi- This article is published in
too much of a Muslim to be a mere munitarianism makes social action cal ideal, and having exorcised the cooperation with
www.elmessiri.com
priest; he could not help being a an inevitable outgrowth of moral ghost of white Protestant America,

43

Spring 2006/1427
LOFTY-TOONS

ToOns
So he called you these He said it was freedom of speech Stop him! Stand up for your rights!
really horrible abusive names? and got away with it? Don’t...

Yup! Yup! Wait, I did not finish


the story, it happened
in my dream.

© Created and written by Rym Aoudia and illustrated by Shirley Gavin.

44

Enlighten Your "I"


IN DEPTH

cup doing so seemingly according to We must remember that there was


Islaamic Consciousness: its own volition is a cause for much
fear and terror. It cannot move
a time when “Empire” was seen as
the only logical and natural state of
across the table simply because it existence. At that time, the “na-

Nationalism or
has no body that we recognise to be tionalists” would inevitably have
a body to argue for the legitimacy been thought of as “terrorists” or
and naturalness of the cup’s move- “savages” despite many amongst

Anti-nationalism?
ment. That is exactly how the idea them using the same methods and
of the “terrorist” can gain as much means as the “legitimate” armies
conceptual currency as it has to- of the Empire. Now, of course, we
date. It has no legitimate “body” or see them as nationalists. These
(Part 2 of 2)
“state” that can legitimise the exist- “terrorists” are Transnationalists in
ence of a militant wing of a transna- their being a logical reaction to the
tional consciousness that is yet to nation-based global framework that
materialise. We must not forget that expects people to feel familial affin-
“terrorism” was always perceived ity on the basis of contiguous space.
By Edwin Anthony as such whether it was violence And like the proponents of the
to.inquisitor@gmail.com directed at the civilian, military naturalness of the Empires of old,
installations or political ones. This is our perception of these militants as
a strong indicator of the conceptual nothing more than psychotic “terror-
“Terrorism” action” is assumed when it comes basis and biases upon which much ists” emerging from a “dysfunction-
That is why, for instance, there is from a nation-state but it is “ter- of the world uses the word “terror- al” ideology or faith is derived from
a propensity to view the violence ror” when it does not come from a ist” and its other derivatives in an our belief that the nation-state is
perpetrated by Transnational Mili- state. Thus, logically, all actions not authoritative fashion. the only logical state of existence. It
tants simply as “terrorism” – which being forwarded by a state are seen is the only familial form within which
indicates a focus on its methods to be borne of psychosis or cul- The best way to understand the one is supposed to form a familial
and effects – rather than transna- tural deficiencies. It has no “cause” idea of Transnational Militancy is to bond. It is the only form from which
tionalism – which is a corollary of, because it does not have the “body” appreciate, not its methods or mo- one can act militarily, politically and
and reaction to, the illogicality of of a state which is perceived to be tives, but what it is an unconscious institutionally - Just like a human
the nation-state given the current the first amongst causes in the na- reaction to. That is, a reaction body being a prerequisite for life,
advanced state of technology. The tion-based geopolitical system. That against the inability of the contigu- thought and action. Well, this could
masses, in other words, do not is why the phenomenon of “tran- ous nation-state to represent a peo- perhaps be argued to be “natural”,
possess the necessary concepts snationalism” is reduced to nothing ple who are spread across the whole provided real-time technology, a
or the mindset to produce words more than what it makes us feel globe. Of course, the first step that technology that enables me to feel
that describe the phenomena in a – terror. ought to be taken is to term this familial sentiments with another on
cause-effect manner contextual- phenomenon in a way that would the other side of the globe did not
ised within a broad historical milieu This is not unlike the “terror” one contextualize it within a geopoliti- exist. The absence of this technol-
because the nation-state is viewed feels upon being confronted with cal and historical stage and not use ogy in the past had enabled me to
as the only body from which any objects moving by itself. A cup being highly egocentric words like “terror” only feel familial sentiments with a
phenomena can come about or can carried across the table by a person and “terrorist”. fellow villager or a citizen. With mi-
have any meaning. Hence, “military is not worth a raised eyebrow. But a gration, globalisation, and real-time

45

Spring 2006/1427
IN DEPTH

technology, a “fellow villager” is just continuous compromising of the “bodies” are formed. I say “unnatu- a period in history, not of the “Clash
a click away. “Cultural space” – a Islaamic “family’s” interests by this ral” because the state’s boundaries of Civilisations”, but of the “Clash
conscientious counterpart of physi- “other” for it to ossify and produce ought to coincide with the extent to of Consciousness”. It is a clash
cal space - is “folded” and “patri- a militant wing. This is not unlike which a sense of unity can be fa- between two civilisations with a dif-
otic” feelings can be garnered with the military wing formed by the now cilitated. With real-time technology, ferent conception of cultural space.
a browser, a click of a remote or “United States of America” in the the state’s boundaries must coincide Religion, or Islaam, is incidental to
the “send” button in mobile device. initial phase of the now-legitimised with the locality of the furthest indi- this phenomenon, though, if this
The myopia induced by the previous “American” Revolution. Loyalties vidual who identifies with a culture. is illogically handled via “wars on
state of technology disabled enough were then called upon on the basis In a globalised village, this can only terror”, it may increasingly serve
to enable nationalism whilst our of shared physical space. There mean the entirety of the globe. to define it in religious and cultural
real-time transnational vision of to- it was against “Empire”; here it is terms. Islaam is not the cause of
day disables the national monopoly against the “nationalism”. How- For instance, the UN is an institution the scourge of “terrorism” but rather
over our senses. ever, it is unfortunate that these produced by the Relations of Con- the means through which underlying
Transnationalists do not know, as sciousness as expressed in the idea propensities towards self-preserva-
As the Muslims, unlike many other mentioned, what they are a reaction of the nation-state. These provide tion and self-determination on the
forms of familial consciousness to. That is why these Transnational infrastructural support to enable the basis of familial loyalties is articulat-
such as the Proletarian or Christian Muslims are seeking for a nation- globally nation-centred conscious- ed. When the contradiction between
ones, had never been dismembered state of their own. ness to express itself within and the antiquated national variant of
by the borders of the nation-state. between national selves. Where the Relations of Consciousness
They had, in effect, remained in Sum consciousness transcends the na- - founded upon previous technol-
stasis across separate nation-states Consciousness is not a phenomenon tion-state, as witnessed in Islaamic ogy - and the emerging Relations
over the ages and maintained existing apart from social realities. Transnationalism, it will necessarily of Consciousness – a corollary of
intravenously by the observance It is a psychological state that is ex- strain against, amongst others, the new “real-time” technology - are
of a similar faith that denied, from pressed and ordered institutionally infrastructural status quo as exist- removed, such a conflict will suffer
its outset, the state any monopoly and experienced via the adaptation ing institutions will not have been significant cessation. However, the
over human consciousness. This of culture to these circumstances. created to accommodate it. It will effectiveness of such a solution will
was achieved by Mu’hammad These in turn envelope human- be rendered voiceless and formless be increasingly compromised if we
supposedly “failing” to bequeath ity paradigmatically and supplies though it might comprise members do not realise this soon enough.
his religious role to a state which notions and concepts of reality. more numerous than most recog- People are defined not only by what
basically meant that society was to What is natural and legitimate; nised states or many of them put they are or what they are a reac-
be the end and not the means for what is true and what is false; what together. Such consciousness natu- tion to, but also by ongoing circum-
the glorification of the state. If he are liabilities and assets; what are rally, given the human propensity to stances that continuously determine
had done so, it would just legitimise natural and legitimate goals and feel aggrieved when those consid- what they become and what they
any stat’s claim over the religious aspirations; what can be considered ered to be “our own” are made to will be a reaction to. In every step
conscience of its “citizenry” which as natural and legitimate means and suffer, evolves into insurgence when of our counteraction of a problem,
would in turn demolish the univer- methods; arise from and dynami- its grievances can find no podium the application of a flawed solution
sality as the heart of Islaam. cally interact with Consciousness. It as significant as the ones created will result in the evolution of the
is here that “bodies” such as nation- for and by the previous Relations of problem into forms that we will not
All that was required was the states can be formed, and it is here Consciousness. be able to solve with solutions that
aforementioned advances, a histori- that the potential for conflict arises Thus, contrary to the views of some would be most effective at an earlier
cally definable Western “other” and in the event illegitimate or unnatural quarters, what we are now facing is stage.

46

Enlighten Your "I"


ENLIGHTENMENT
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I-MAG: Enlighten Your "I"
LETTER TO THE EDITOR

By Richard Seymour
richardseymour700@googlemail.com A Caricature of Academic Freedom
Nasser Amin and the reality of free expression for Europe’s Muslims

Axiomatically, leading academic was guilty of anti-Semitism. The cal struggle by defenders of Israel to defend him from “Islamophobia, bully-
institutions involve intense and varied broadsheets in the UK were joined in curtail the scope of anti-Zionism on ing, racism, harassment and slander”,
debate over a variety of topics, and coverage of this claim by American campus. Some staff at SOAS spoke they instead acceded to the bullying,
some of that debate ranges over ter- far right website FrontPage magazine out on Amin’s behalf, including his tu- slapped him down and made him a
ritory that mainstream conversation and Campus Watch, the former run tor Dr Mark Laffey, who said “It is part scapegoat on their website.
often misses. The School of Orien- by David Horowitz and the latter by of the job description of an academic
tal and African Studies (SOAS), a Daniel Pipes, an anti-Muslim bigot. institution that you are willing to give This is not an isolated story. Campus
prestigious higher learning institution Gavin Gross, the SOAS student who offence. Our job is to seek out the Watch has been behind the hounding
in the centre of London, would appear had been most involved in pressing truth, no matter how uncomfortable or of a number of pro-Palestinian aca-
to have a defender of free and open these claims, was given a glowing unpleasant for various groups or inter- demics in the United States, including
discussion in head Colin Bundy. In the interview by FrontPage in which he ests.” Another member of staff, John Professors Joel Beinin and Rashid
last month, the Director and Principal dragged Amin’s name through the Game, circulated an open letter con- Khalidi. The website has a page invit-
has openly defended the right of an mud. David Winnick MP raised the demning Bundy for giving in to such ing students to tell on teachers who
apologist for the Uzbekistan regime, possibility in parliament that Amin pressure. The Islamic Human Rights are insufficiently supportive of Israel.
Shirin Akiner, to speak at SOAS, should be charged with incitement to Commission said a word or two on It attacked a professor named Joseph
rejecting calls for reconsideration by racial hatred. Finally, Bundy suc- Amin’s behalf, demanding that Bundy Massad who was falsely accused of
former British ambassador the dicta- cumbed to the pressure and issued explain why the reprimand was issued bullying pro-Israeli students. In part,
torship, Craig Murray. Amin with a formal reprimand, without without Amin being given the chance this is happening because the is-
even informing him of it or why he was to defend himself, and also demand- sues surrounding Israel-Palestine are
He previously overturned a ban being reprimanded. ing that the reprimand be retracted. becoming more urgent, while at the
imposed by the Student Union on same time a decades-long pro-Israel
the attendance of Israeli embassy Professors Richard Falk and Ted Yet, Bundy’s impressive dedication to consensus is eroding. There is also
counsellor Roey Gilad: the students Honderich have referred in the past free _expression continues to elude a vast gulf between what is academi-
have an anti-racist policy, and con- to a right to violence – Honderich has him on this issue. Answer came there cally known about the Israel-Palestine
sider Zionism to be in practise a form gone further, suggesting that on the none, and Amin still has an official conflict and the picture generally
of racism. Bundy has expounded an basis of present realities, the Pal- reprimand to remind him of just what presented in the media. This has pro-
heroic Voltairean dedication to free estinians are entitled to their terror. commonplace argument he may not duced a climate in which pro-Zionists
speech in defence of these actions. Professor Michael Neumann uses articulate in mixed company. He also and right-wingers feel compelled to try
Yet, one glaring exception renders similar arguments to Amin. These has an MP who’d like to see him face and rein in academic discourse. The
the rule absurd: the treatment of a are public intellectuals, and so are in jail for up to seven years. And he has treatment of Nasser Amin is a small
student named Nasser Amin. Amin some position to defend themselves. American rightists accusing him of introduction to that trend, one which
had written an article for a student Amin, by contrast, is a student. He is “Jew-hatred” for the benefit of audi- began in America and is gathering
magazine arguing that Palestinians almost entirely defenceless. As a Mus- ences whom he may never address. pace in the UK. So the story is, if you
had the right to use force against Is- lim, he belongs to a community that is Amin, for his part, feels that the article like, about all students and their right
rael’s occupation. Instantly, this issue subject to calumny and extraordinary was “selectively misquoted” by the to argue points of view that are contro-
was used alongside a clutch of others scrutiny of its every word and gesture. media and that he has been misused versial in mainstream discourse.
by some right-wingers and pro-Zion- His academic freedom was sacrificed for political purposes. Further, just
ist students who insisted that SOAS to the exigencies of an urgent politi- when he hoped the college would

48

Enlighten Your "I"


CALLIGRAPHY

Davud Bektaş
is a Turkish calligrapher who won
several national and international
prizes and participted in more than
15 exhibitions worldwide. He was
born in the village Akoluk near
Adana in 1963 and has a degree
in law from Istanbul University. He
took calligraphy lessons with several
calligraphers such as Yusuf Ergun
Erzincani and Hasan Celebi. Bektaş
has a deep interest in the thuluth
script but is now also exploring the
avenues of other scripts, such as
the ’tali’q and the deewaany scripts.
Bektaş teaches Islaamic calligraphy
classes in Istanbul.

davudbektas@yahoo.com

“No god but Allaah and Mu’hammad is the Messenger of Allaah” in


thuluth script by Davud Bektaş

49

Spring 2006/1427
QUESTING QUESTIONS

n
io
ct
Se

Prophets &
ew
N

Messengers
What is the difference between a prophet and a messen-
ger, and was Mu’hammad a prophet or a messenger?

A prophet (nabbiy in Arabic) is a ton Heston, you know, the great


person who is chosen to receive big beard and the winds always
words from Allaah. A Messenger (ra- blowing. And he’s, wearing raggedy
sool in Arabic) also receives words clothes, and they’re ranting people
from Allaah, but he is also required …and raving. In the Islamic view, a
to convey these words to his people, prophet isn’t this kind of person at
in other words, these words be- all.”
come a public message he under- The number of prophets and mes-
takes. Therefore, every messenger senger Allaah sent to mankind is
is a prophet, but not vice versa. not exactly known, but amongst
Mu’hammad was a messenger and the prophets and messengers
subsequently also a prophet in the mentioned in the Holy ’Qura~n
same time. are: Adam (A~dam) who is the
father of prophets, Abraham (Ib-
An issue that is worth noticing raheem) Noah (Noo’h), Jacob
here is that the concept of proph- (ya‘’qoob), Joseph (Yoosuf), Jonah
ecy in the West is not the same (Yoonus), John (Ya’hya), Solomon
as in Islaam. Mohamed Zakariya (Sulaymaan), David (Daawood),
[Mu’hammad Zakariyya], a Muslim Mosses (Moosa), Jesus (‘Eesa) , and
calligrapher says, “When we think of Mu’hammad, the seal of prophets
prophecy, we come from a tradition and messengers. I
in America where we think of Charl-

50

Enlighten Your "I"


QUESTING QUESTIONS

Mu’hammadans
& Muslims

What does the name Mu'hammad mean? And are


Mu’hammadans equivalent to Muslims?

The name Mu’hammad means with, so they prefer to be named


praised one, and it also means a after the message itself. Prophet
person with many good manners. Mu’hammad himself warned his
The germination in the name (the followers of deifying him.
double m) reflects that the quality is
eminent. When mentioning his name, Mus-
lism always say, “peace be upon
Despite the deep respect and the him” or “peace and blessing of
unprecedented love Muslims have Allaah be upon him to show their
for Prophet Mu’hammad, Muslims deep love for him. In a nutshell,
are not comfortable being called “our reverence is to God. And our
Mu’ammadans; they consider him reference is to [Muhammad]” as
only a Prophet, not a God. They Najah Bazzy, an American Muslim
follow the message God sent him says.I

51

Spring 2006/1427
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