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Vocational Education Overview

in Thailand

Contents
1. Organizational Structure of the
Ministry of Education

2. Organizational Structure and


Responsibilities of OVEC
3. Thailand Education System
4. Vision and Mission
2

Contents
5. Types and Numbers of Colleges under OVEC
6. Areas and Programs offered at OVEC
7. The Second Decade of National Education
Reform
8. Policies and Strategies

1.

Organizational Structure
of the Ministry of Education

MOEs Organizational Structure

MOE
Minister Sec. Office

11 Organizations
under Monitoring

Monitoring & Assessment


Committee

Ed. Council
Office of
Perm. Sec.

Office of
the Ed.
Council

Commission

Office of
the Basic Ed.
Commission

Commission

Office of
Commission on
Higher Ed.

Commission

Office of
Voc. Ed.
Commission

2.

Organizational Structure
and Responsibilities of OVEC

Organizational Structure
of OVEC

Voc. Ed. Commission

Office of
Vocational Education Commission

Bureau of
General
Administration

Bureau of
Policy &
Planning

Bureau of
Cooperation

Bureau of
Voc. Ed.
Standards &
Qualification

Bureau of
Voc. Ed.
Research &
Development

Bureau of
Monitoring &
Evaluation

Bureau of
Personnel
Competency
Development
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Responsibilities Bureau of General


Administration
Facilitate & operate secretarial works, general
administration, special missions, public relations, and
professional training.
- Develop work system and personnel administration.
- Operate tasks concerning finance, accounts supplies
building, budgets and assets; set up and verify
standards of building designs and construction,
including coordinate and provide support for operation
of education institutes.
- Encourage disciplines and moral system, laws, legal
actions and contracts, civil offenses, penalties,
governances cases, and other legal cases within the
authority of OVEC.
-

Responsibilities Bureau of
Cooperation
-

Develop systems, formalities, principles and procedures


of cooperation with private sector in providing voc. ed.
including monitoring and evaluation.
Encourage and support private sector and
entrepreneurs for providing voc. ed. in accordance with
curricular and standards, including the dual system.
Develop system of resources subsidy and establish
voc. ed. funds.
Support and develop professional organization,
occupational groups and associations.
Implement International cooperation, coordinate
policies and collaboration in voc. ed. with in-country
and foreign organization and authorities
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Responsibilities Bureau of
Monitoring and Evaluation
Monitor and evaluate overall voc. ed. of the
country.
- Coordinate voc. ed. monitoring and evaluation
with relevant authorities.
- Provide consultation and suggestion for
improvement of administration of voc. ed.
- Work with or provide support to work with
other relevant or assigned authorities.
-

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Responsibilities Bureau of Policy


and Planning
Propose voc. ed. policies, strategic plans,
production targets and manpower development.
- Suggest principles on resource and budget
subsidies including monitoring and evaluation.
- Develop data system of IT networks and
utilize ICT in voc. ed. administration.
- Work with or provide support to work with
other relevant or assigned authorities.
-

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Responsibilities Bureau of Personnel


Competency Development
-

Establish and evaluate standards of vocational teachers


and personnel, propose plans for competency
development.
Monitor and evaluate competency development of
vocational teachers and personnel.
Conduct training courses in cooperation with public and
private sectors for vocational teachers, personnel and
trainers in entrepreneurs.
Conduct research and develop materials, vocational
technology, professional training; develop teaching and
learning IT to enhance capacity of vocational teachers
and personnel.
Establish and develop formalities of competency
training for teachers and personnel and create training
networks
12

Responsibilities Bureau of Vocational


Education Standards & Qualification
Conduct research and development standards and core
curricular for every level of voc. ed.
- Conduct research and develop standards of prototype
materials and innovations of voc. ed.
- Support development of standard systems, provide
guidance on voc. ed. and occupations, establish
professional qualifications and certification, experience
transfer.
- Develop system, principles and procedures of quality
assurance in voc. ed. institutes, colleges, including
learning system tat integrates religions, arts, culture
and sports with voc. ed.
-

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Responsibilities Bureau of Research


and Development
Conduct research and development know-how on voc.
ed. to support suggestions on policies, work plans,
projects, vocational manpower demands and
professional training.
- Conduct research and develop teaching-learning
technology and administration of voc. ed. institutes
including monitoring and evaluation.
- Encourage, produce, develop and disseminate
innovations, vocational invents in order to upgrade voc.
ed. Technology and quality of students.
- Gather studies, analyze, synthesize, and produce
information on voc. ed. research results.
-

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More 6 internal units


OVEC has established 6 internal units:1 Student Activity & Special Project
Development Center
2 Information Technology & Vocational
Education Manpower Centre
3 Vocational Education Development for
Southern Border Provinces Centre
4 Internal Audit Unit
5 Public Sector Development Unit
6 Supervisory Unit
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3. Thailand Education System

16

Thailand Education System


Primary Ed.

Secondary Ed.
Lower

Upper

6 years

Higher Ed.

Dip.

Cert. Voc.

Dip.

10 11 12

Degree

Higher Dip.

3 4

Vocational Education
Basic Education
Higher Education
17

4.Vision and Mission

18

Vision
Office of the Vocational Education Commission
(OVEC) is the main organization making an
effort to produce and develop qualified and
standardized vocational manpower to be in line
with the social and economic development of
the country resulting in the increase of the
competitiveness.

19

Mission
To provide vocational education and
training with quality and standard
To increase the equity of the access in
vocational education
To focus on research and innovation to
improve the knowledge of personnel and
career of the graduates
20

5.Types and Numbers of


Colleges under OVEC

21

Types and Numbers of Colleges under


OVEC
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.

Technical Colleges
Vocational Colleges
Agricultural and Technological Colleges
Polytechnic Colleges
Industrial and Community Colleges
Commercial Colleges
Industrial and Ship Building
Technological Colleges
8. Arts and Crafts Colleges
9. Business Administration
and Tourism Colleges

110
37
43
53
142
5
3
2
3
22

Types and Numbers of Colleges under


OVEC
10.
11.
12.
13.

Fishery Colleges
Royal Goldsmith college
Technology and Management Colleges
Science-based Technology
Vocational College
14. Agricultural Engineering Training Centre
Total

4
1
11
1
1
416
23

6.Areas and Programs


Offered at OVEC

24

Areas and Programs Offered at OVEC

Trade & Industry


Agriculture
Home Economics
Arts & Crafts
Information
Technology
Fishery

Textile
Gem & Jewelry
Tourism & Hospitality
Ship Building
Commerce & Business
Administration

25

7. The Second Decade of National


Education Reform

26

Vocational Education in the Second


Decade of National Education Reform
(1999 2018)
Focus on the formulating an effective system
for sustainable manpower production and
improvement of the country with the following
targets: National Qualification Framework (NQF)
and the development of the manpower
producing and improving system to be in
line with the NQF
27

Establishment of the Vocational Qualification


Institute to certify vocational competencies and
skills
Extension of the Dual Vocational Education, Cooperative Education, and apprenticeship up to
30% of those students studying vocational and
tertiary education
Increase in the ratio of students studying
vocational education and general education up to
60 : 40
Increase in the number of manpower completing
secondary education with standard vocational
competencies up to 65%
28

8. Policies and Strategies

29

Policy 1 - To make an effort to produce


qualified vocational manpower to be
responsive to the need of the market

Strategy 1 the learners in the formal


and non-formal education
system as well as the public

Strategy 2 the parents


Strategy 3 End users
30

Policy 2 To develop the new generation


teachers and teachers in the areas with
shortage

Strategy 4 teachers in educational


institutes
Strategy 5 trainers in the
enterprises/companies
Strategy 6 - people with local wisdom
Strategy 7 formulation of standard
for vocational teachers
31

Policy 3 To improve the quality of


educational institutes and new learning
centres

Strategy 8 upgrading of vocational


colleges
Strategy 9 increase in the number of
vocational colleges
providing dual vocational
education system
32

Policy 4 To improve the quality of new


management system
Strategy 10 production of manpower
according to the market
demands
Strategy 11 building up the motivation
to make vocational education
worthwhile and more attractive
Strategy 12 Provision of financial support in
terms of loans
33

Thank you

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