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# 1. The only change in a lump-sum contract (with a sum of 125.

## 000) is in price cost (PC)

sum of 12.000 for wood work the actual final amount of which is 13.500. By using a
12% rate where necessary, calculate the final amount of the contract, showing and
naming clearly every step of your calculations.
2. The tender of contractor A is 1.100.000 and of contractor B is
1.000.000. According to the program of works from each contractor,
the annual flow of cash is expected to have the following pattern
based on each contractors tender:
Contractor A:
5) 10%

1) 20%

2) 20%

3) 30%

4) 20%

Contractor B:
5) 10%

1) 10%

2) 20%

3) 40%

4) 20%

## a. Calculate the actual annual cash-flow amounts for each

contractors tender.
b. Using the attached time-value table find the relevant discount
factors at an 8% rate.
c. Calculate the net-present value of each tender.
d. comment on your findings.
(show all your calculations, give answers in 0 d.p.)
3. Using the following basic information, prepare a balance-sheet
showing the headings of all sections and sub-sections as well as the
total of each side: cash 45.000, work-in-progress 120.000, property
185.000, creditors 40.000, long-term loans 170.000, estimated
taxes 30.000, share capital 90.000. Calculate the amount of
retained earnings needed for balancing purposes.
4. a. By drawing a set of supply curves, show and explain what the five
price-elasticity possibilities are.
b. By using the following data, draw a graph and explain how
equilibrium in a free market is achieved.
Price ():

90

Qdem:
Qsup:

60

80

70

60

50

20

30

40

50

50

40

30

20

60

5. Under design economics (and the use of wall-to-floor ratio) one can
compare which of the following building parameters?
a. size
b. plan shape
c. none of the above
d. both a and b

6. Which of the following are fees that a developer may need to consider
when preparing his financial budget for a project?
a. agent fees for purchasing land
b. design team fees
c. legal fees
d. agent fees for selling/renting the finished properties
e. all of the above

## 7. Which of the following should not go under the preliminaries section of

the bill of quantities?
a. insurances
b. site offices
c. material tests
d. kitchen subcontractor
e. none of the above

## 8. In a balance-sheet, equity includes the money that the owners of a

business put in it in the form of shares, the annual profits that were
retained in the business and not distributed to the shareholders, as
well as the money borrowed from the bank in the form of long-term
loans, True or False?

## 9. What does each of the following financial statements deal with?

a. cash-flow statement
owns and owes

b. balance-sheet

a..

b..

c..

## 10.Demand is the quantity of a good/service a consumer is willing to

purchase at a given price over a given period of time. Demand is not
just wanting a good/service, it is a want backed up by the ability to
pay. True or false?

11.Name two of the main types of business forms. Also, name the two
types each one is subdivided into.
12.Name the three main financial statements. Name three parties who
are likely to use these statements.
13.For an exchange in the market to take place, name the three
ingredients that need to exist.
14.Using the following amounts, calculate the Gross Profit and the Current
Ratios and briefly comment on the results:
-turnover 100.000
-cost of sales 120.000
-current assets 45.000
-current liabilities 60.000
15.You are about to buy a used house, that is estimated to have 30 years
of life left, at the price of 150.000. It is expected to need repainting
every 8 years and change of a/c every 15 years. Repainting costs
1.000 and change of a/c 2.000. It is also expected that the house
will have other annual costs-in-use of 1.500. The demolition cost is
estimated at 12.000. Given an appropriate discounting rate of 5%

what is the net present value (NPV) of the houses life-cycle costs?
(give all NPVs to 0 d.p.)

16.What is the wall - to floor ratio for a 20mX40m indoors sports hall
that has 8m height wall all around?
a. 0,45
b. 0,83
c. 1,20
d. 2,00
17.A developer wants to sell 3 identical houses for 800.000 each. He
wants to make a 300.000 profit by selling all the houses. What is the
construction budget for each house? (show all your calculations, give
answers in 0 decimal places).
18.Calculate fluctuation factor for the monthly valuation of January,
where:
=0.43+0.40 (L/Lo) + 0.02 (G/Go)+ 0.02 (S/So)+ 0.05 (C/Co) +
0.03 (B/Bo)+ 0.015(F/Fo)+0.035(St/Sto)
Base month indices: Lo=169,30,G=2,90, S=3,80, C= 25,20,
B=94,00, F=0,12, St= 131,70.
January indices: L=169,20, G= 2.90, S=3,80, C= 25,20, B=94,00,
F=0,12, St=125, 82
(show all your calculations, give your answers in 4 d.p. )