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Aim High Reading | Level 3-B

Chapter 06

Passage 21_
Seeds of the Future
Passage 22_
Teen Years
Passage 23_
The Cosmos and Numbers
Passage 24_
The Cause of Acne

Vocabulary Pre-check

acne

adapt

adolescence

adulthood

animation

be saturated with
bluntly

break down
bush

,
catalogue v.

collapse

concerned

consequently

crop

dire

distinct

extinct

impart

()

longitudinal

manifestation

parkland

particular
perceive

physical education
profitable

puberty
rarely

related

remission
reservoir

interconnection

neutralize

revived

indeterminate

geography

myriad

fundamental

metabolize

restore

filter out

ecological

matrix

savior


scar v.

species

statement
subject

, ,

suburban

suspend ,

topical

undergrowth
vine

Passage

Social Culture Business

The purpose of a seed farm near New York City is not to


plant seeds so they will grow into profitable crops, but to
store the seeds so that they can be used sometime in the
distant future. In order to store these seeds for an
indeterminate time, the seeds must be put into suspended
animation, a sleeplike state in which the seeds do not age. These seeds are being
stored in the belief that they will be needed to bring back plant species to areas
in which they have become extinct. (A) The seeds are thus being stored so that
they can become ecological saviors. (B) When planted in the future, these seeds
could help restore damaged parklands and forests. Revived plants could also
protect reservoirs of drinking water by filtering out pollution.
(C) The sad fact is that many plant species are threatened by various human
activities. Forested areas with their undergrowth of bushes and wild flowers are
being cut down for suburban roads and houses. (D)
Furthermore, plant species native to one particular area in the world are being
threatened by non-native species, which have been introduced knowingly or
unknowingly by humans into a new place. (E) For example, a vine native to
Asia called Oriental Bittersweet was introduced into America knowingly by
people who admired the Oriental Bittersweets colorful leaves and berries. But
it is now threatening to destroy a similar but not as seemingly beautiful vine
called American Bittersweet. If any of these threats do result in the extinction of
any plant species, biologists will turn to the Seed Farm for help in reintroducing
that species.

indeterminate [ndit;mnit]

ecological [kld,ikl]

revived [rivivd]

reservoir [rzvw;]

bush [bu] ,

Level 3-B

animation [nmin] ,

parkland [p;klnd] ,

filter out ~

suburban [sb;bn] ,

Bittersweet [btsw;t]

18

suspend [sspnd] ,

extinct [ikst\t]

vine [vain]

extinction [ikst\n] ,

undergrowth [=ndgru^]
oriental [;rintl]

turn to ~

Aim High Reading

Info Scan

1.

According to the passage, which of the following is true?

Botanists are collecting all the seeds that are present in the
world.
The seeds stored in the farm can bring a fortune in the
future.
The saved seeds will be planted to fight against all foreign
species.
The seeds are stored to replant where there are less
pollutants.
The stored seeds will be revived to help the damaged
environment.

Analysis

2.

these threats .

Detail

3.


.
.
.

Coherence

4.

(A)~(E) , ?

Pollution from cars, factories and cities is poisoning


numerous other plants.
(A)

(B)

(D)

(E)

(C)

Chapter 06

19

Grammar

do

If any of these threats do result in the extinction of any plant species, biologists
will turn to the Seed Farm.
+

I do like you.

Tips do . OP
, do . do,
.

Quiz

do .

1. . Do come again

, please.

2. . I do hope

you will get better.

3. , . He said he would come and he did come

Structure

A vine native to Asia called Oriental Bittersweet was introduced into America
knowingly by people who admired the Oriental Bittersweets colorful leaves and
berries.
A vine( ) .

native to Asia
called Oriental Bittersweet

()

()

()

()

A vine native to Asia called

20

Oriental Bittersweet

()

knowingly

was

()

by people

introduced

()

who admired the Oriental Bittersweets

()

into America

Level 3-B

colorful leaves and berries

Passage 21

Writing

1. The seeds

, a sleeplike state in which

the seeds do not age.


must be put into suspended animation

2.

, these seeds could help restore damaged parklands

and forests.
When planted in the future

3. Forested areas with their undergrowth of bushes and wild flowers


~ suburban roads and houses.
are being cut down for

4. But it is now threatening to destroy a similar but

vine called American Bittersweet.


not as seemingly beautiful

5. Biologists

~ the Seed Farm for help in

reintroducing that species.


will turn to

Chapter 06

21

Passage

Social Culture Business

It wasnt until the 1950s that people started identifying the teenage years as a
distinct stage in life. Before the 1950s, there were only kids and grownups and
no teenagers. People didnt think a child turning fifteen was significantly
different than one turning ten. As you grew up you jumped from childhood into
adulthood; but not anymore. These days, the 20 percent of the worlds
population that is experiencing adolescence is going through something distinct
and separate from childhood, and something of great importance to adult life.
The theory is quite simple: if a persons teens are scarred by family, health or
financial problems, that person will be handicapped by these problems in
adulthood. Likewise if a person is blessed with good health in his or her teens,
he or she will have a greater chance of having a healthy adulthood.
(A) Researchers are trying hard to catalogue the
myriad changes that young people are going
through at this time in their life by conducting
longitudinal studies that collect enormous amounts
of data. (B) One longitudinal study of 3,000
people, the Birth to Twenty Study, began in 1990
in South Africa. (C) The subjects in this study are
now in their late teens and the researchers believe
the data will show strong connections between
teenage years and adulthood. (D) These and other
points, however, cannot be proven until subjects in the study reach adulthood.
And that is still a long time off. (E)

not ~ until ... ~ , ~


scar [sk;]
go through ~

22

Level 3-B

identify [aidntfi] ,

adulthood [d=lthd]
subject [s=bd,ikt]

adolescence [dlsns] ,

catalogue [ktl;g] ,

myriad [mrid]

Aim High Reading

Info Scan

1.

According to the passage which of the following is NOT true?

The teenage years were not considered important before


the 1950s.
One fifth of the world population is people in their teenage
years.
There are studies on how teenage years affect their later life.
Many studies on teenagers tend to fail because they take
a long time.
It is believed that teenagers experience many changes in
their life.

Analysis

2.

Explain the purpose of the study mentioned in paragraph 2 in Korean.


Vocabulary

3.

longitudinal ?

broad
serious
long-term
well planned
memorable

Coherence

4.

(A)~(E) , ?

For example, healthy eating in teenage years is believed


to set a persons physical health in their adulthood.
(A)

(B)

(D)

(E)

(C)

Chapter 06

23

Grammar

not ~ until ...

It wasnt until the 1950s that people started identifying the teenage years.
These and other points cannot be proven until subjects in the study reach
adulthood.
Tips until ~ , ~ ... .

Quiz

1. 30 .
It was not until

he was thirty that he started to paint.

2. . (take effect)
The traffic laws didnt take effect until the end of the year.
3. 1911 .
It was not until 1911

Structure

that the first of the vitamins was identified.

The 20 percent of the worlds population that is experiencing adolescence is going


through something distinct and separate from childhood, and something of great
importance to adult life.
20% 20% ?

that is experiencing adolescence

The 20 percent of the worlds population that is experiencing adolescence

is going through

something distinct and separate from childhood

2 something of great importance to adult life

Rgo through , is going going .

24

Level 3-B

Passage 22

Writing

1. They are going through

~ childhood, and

something of great importance to adult life.


something distinct and separate from

2. He or she

~ having a healthy adulthood.

will have a greater chance of

3. Researchers are trying hard to catalogue the myriad changes

at this time in their life.


that young people are going through

4. The researchers believe the data will show

teenage years and adulthood.


strong connections between

5. These and other points, however, cannot be proven

.
until subjects in the study reach adulthood

Chapter 06

25

Passage

Social Culture Business

Students study a lot of subjects at school, but rarely do teachers explain to their
students how the subjects are related to one another. The biology teacher
doesnt explain clearly how his subject can be connected to geography; and
neither does the physical education teacher explain how his subject is related to
biology. In fact, there are huge interconnections among almost all subjects; we
just arent being taught what they are. In the last decades, however, this term
connection has become a big topic all over the world.
The facts that the different manifestations of our
reality are connected, and that everything we
perceive on earth is tied together in a secret
matrix, have always been part of basic knowledge
ever since old civilizations. The ancient scholars
discovered that there was one subject that connects to all the others: Math!
Ancient scholars saw numbers in everything. Pythagoras is famous for stating
bluntly that Everything contains numbers. Augustinus took Pythagoras
statement a step further, uttering a dire warning about the necessity of using
numbers in daily life: Without numbers everything would collapse. And
Novalis believed so strongly in the importance of mathematics that he related it
to religion: Life of Gods is mathematics. Pure mathematics is religion.
These ancient scholars were concerned about the quality not the quantity of
numbers. They realized that numbers could tell us about creation, growth and
life itself. They tried to impart the knowledge that numbers are not simple facts
but the basis of all life.

biology [baild,i]

geography [d,i;grfi] ()

interconnection [ntknkn]
perceive [ps;v]

26

term [t;m]

matrix [mitriks] ,

physical education

bluntly [bl=ntli] ,

statement [stitmnt]

dire [dai] ,

quantity [kwntti] ,

impart [imp;t] ,

Level 3-B

manifestation [mnfestin] ,

quality [kwlti] , ,

Aim High Reading

Info Scan

1.

Which of the following is correct according to the passage?


(choose two)

Teachers rarely teach their students how things are


interconnected.
Students are learning mathematics as a subject that connects
all other subjects.
Every subject that is taught in most schools has a certain
amount of math section.
The ancient scholars thought numbers could be the
connection of the all subjects.
Students can do further research on a topic outside of
school as independent studies.

Inference

2.

Why does the author mention the statements of ancient scholars?

to insist that math is the most important subject of all


to explain how important mathematics is in modern society
to prove that math was thought to be the key to everything
to illustrate how math is interconnected with other subjects
to show that math was developed by many ancient scholars

Reference

3.

the knowledge .

Coherence

4.

The secret of numbers should be revealed.


There is no need to count numbers.
Without numbers, there would be no life.
We shouldnt learn math for only practical uses.
No subject can be more important than math.

Chapter 06

27

Grammar

that

The fact that the different manifestations of our reality are connected has been
part of basic knowledge. that
They tried to impart the knowledge that numbers are the basis of all life.
that

The ancient scholars discovered that there was one subject that connects to
all the others: Math! that / that
Tips that . ,
. .

Quiz

that .

1. I know the very person that will do the job quickly. <

>

that

2. There was no hope that she would recover her health. <

that

>

3. Edwin Hubble discovered that the universe is getting bigger. < that >

Structure

The facts that the different manifestations of our reality are connected, and that
everything we perceive on earth is tied together in a secret matrix, have always
been part of basic knowledge ever since old civilizations.
The fact .

the different manifestations of our reality are connected


everything we perceive on earth is tied together in a secret matrix

()

The facts that the different ~, and

28

that everything ~ in a secret matrix

part of basic knowledge

have always been

()

ever since old civilizations

Level 3-B

Passage 23

Writing

1.

to their students how the subjects are

related to one another.


Rarely do teachers explain

2. Neither does the physical education teacher explain

biology.

how his subject is related to

3. Novalis

~ the importance of mathematics that

he related it to religion.
believed so strongly in

4. They tried to impart the knowledge that numbers

.
are not simple facts but the basis of all life

5. Without numbers,

there would be no life

Chapter 06

29

Passage

Life Sport Music

The main cause of acne is actually the failure of the body to


break down skin oil before it reaches the surface of the skin.
Why we get it, and consequently, how we can cure it are now
well-understood processes.
Our body makes a chemical called Coenzyme A, which is used
to neutralize skin oil below the surface of the skin. Two of the
three chemicals which make up Coenzyme A are produced by
the body on its own, but the third chemical which makes up Coenzyme A must
come from the food we eat. If we dont eat food which supplies this chemical
then, our bodies will not be able to break down the skin oil that causes acne.
But the process of breaking down skin oil before turning into acne is further
complicated by the fact that Coenzyme A is needed to make testosterone and
estrogen, the sex hormones. When there is very little Coenzyme A in the body,
it has to choose what to use it for. And since sex hormones are far more
important for the survival of the species, the body reduces the amount of
Coenzyme A available for metabolizing skin oil, the skin becomes saturated
with oil, and you get acne.
This imbalance usually starts in puberty and can continue for decades. Most of
this occurs below the surface of the skin, so no topical system such as pads or
creams can address this fundamental problem. The key to fighting acne is to
supply our body with the right foods so that it has enough of the chemical
supplied through food which it uses to make Coenzyme A. Research has shown
that this diet related treatment is the only way to get 100% remission of ones
acne.

acne [kni]

break down

neutralize [n;trliz]

testosterone [teststrun] ( )
species [sp;i(;)z]
puberty [pj;bti]

30

Level 3-B

estrogen [strd,n] ( )

metabolize [mtbliz]
topical [tpikl] ,

be saturated with ~

remission [rimn] ,

Aim High Reading

Info Scan

1.

Which of the following is true according to the passage?

The body produces enough Coenzyme A on its own.


It is a certain food that causes acne-like skin problems.
Sex hormones prevent Coenzyme A from resolving skin oil.
Acne is mainly caused when the body lacks Coenzyme A.
Coenzyme A causes many spots on a persons face and neck.

Analysis

2.

Coenzyme A .
.

Detail

3.

.
Coenzyme A .

Reference

4.

topical system ?

a treatment of the most popped out pimples on the face


a treatment of the most currently appeared spots
a medicine that you apply to a localized part
a treatment of the most chronic parts of acne
a medicine that you take to treat your acne

Chapter 06

31

Grammar

Two of the three chemicals which make up Coenzyme A are produced by the
body on its own, but the third chemical which makes up Coenzyme A must
come from the food we eat.
Tips .
.

Quiz

1. 1920 . They live in a house which was built


2. . Those who want to

Structure

in 1920.
go to college should study hard.

()

The process of breaking down skin oil before turning into acne is further
complicated by the fact that Coenzyme A is needed to make testosterone and
estrogen, the sex hormones.
process ?

breaking down skin oil before turning into acne


?

by the fact that ~ hormones


the fact that ?

()

()

( that)

The process of breaking down

32

skin oil

further complicated

()

before turning into acne

()

by the fact

is

( that)

that Coenzyme A is needed to make ~ hormones

Level 3-B

Passage 24

Writing

1.

, and consequently, how we can cure it are now

well-understood processes.
Why we get it

2. Our body makes a chemical called Coenzyme A, which

skin oil below the surface of the skin.


is used to neutralize

3. When there is very little Coenzyme A in the body, it has to choose


.
what to use it for

4. The key to fighting acne

~ the right foods

so that it has enough of the chemical.


is to supply our body with

5. Research has shown that this diet related treatment is

get 100% remission of ones acne.


the only way to

Chapter 06

33

Review
A

01. acne

07. impart

02. adolescence

08. neutralize

03. be used to

09. quality

, , (cf. quantity , )

04. biology

10. scar

v.

05. extinct

11. suburban

06. filter out

12. suspend

A .

01.

experience adolescence

02.

filter out pollution

03.

the main cause of acne

04.

the quality of numbers

05.

be used to neutralize

06.

suburban roads and houses

A .

01. Antacids relieve pain by


02.

Biology

neutralizing

gastric acid.

is the science of life in all its manifestations and is the key to all

our futures.
03. A species of animal or plant that is

extinct

no longer has any living

members, either in the world or in a particular place.


04. If you

suspend

something, you delay it or stop it from happening for a

while or until a decision is made about it.


05. If an unpleasant physical or emotional experience

scars

you, it has a

permanent effect on your mind.


06. Teaching is much more than the ability to
todays world.

34

Level 3-B

impart

knowledge or skill in

Passages 21-24

01. Heaven helps those

themselves.

who help

who helps

who are helped

02. I dont know how it works, but it


work

is work

does work

03. The pronunciation of Japanese is often compared


with this of
04. It

with that of

with which of

I came to China that I learned calligraphy.

was not

was not until

05. Rowlings books

was not without

supernatural creatures.

do contain

are contain

contain doing

06. There was something in her eyes


that made
07. It

her meaning clear.

where made

08. There is no possibility


what does he say

will not be after

will not be until

may have any truth in it.


that what he says

09. She works for the company

10. It has not been

that was made

2010 that the new policy is fully implemented.

will be until

that make

Korean.

which what he says

vending machines.
that makes

that is made

that we have begun serious inquiries into

our own nature.


until quite recently

quite until recently

quite recently until

Chapter 06

35

Aim High Reading | Level 3-B

Chapter 07

Passage 25_
Oldest Writing
in the New World
Passage 26_
Mental Health Services
Reduce School Violence
Passage 27_
Cloud Formation
Passage 28_
Testing the Water

Vocabulary Pre-check
abstract
adopt

myriad

no-go zone


orbit v.

algae-filled

artifact

back up

blob

bulk

carve

choke

civilization

overwhelm

participate in
pit

pollutant
pristine

question v.

ravage

climactic

,
repel

resemble

reside

commitment

comprehensively

,
concrete ,

concur

condensation
discipline
emit

self-esteem

stable

eventually

formation

incidence

smelly

evaporate

halt

scholar

gravel

reveal ,

for instance

()

statistics
stench

()

sufficient

sulfur dioxide
suspension
tackle

( )

take place

infest

the Northern Hemisphere

the Southern Hemisphere

initial

linguist

vapor

marked ,

variable n.

()

weather-beaten

measurement

microscopic particles

mineral ,

whopping

without a doubt

Passage

Person History

A stone block, Cascajal block, with letters and symbols


carved into it, is believed to be the oldest known piece of
writing in the New World. The block was found in a
gravel mine in Mexico. It is believed to have been carved
by people living in Mexico and Central America before
Columbus discovered the New World. These people,
called the Olmecs, lived in the oldest known civilization
in that part of the world.
The block itself looks extremely weather-beaten as if it
had gone through the ravages of years and years of rain.
The rain has created pits in the blocks and minerals have
formed in some of the symbols and signs. But this piece of
evidence has been backed up with more concrete chemical
testings, which have proven without a doubt that the block
is about 3,000 years old.
Scholars are studying the block, but no one really knows what it says. Linguists
think the carvings on this block are part of a written language, even though very
different symbols are used. The block holds a total of 62 symbols, some of
which resemble plants such as corn, or animals such as insects and fish. Many
of the symbols are more abstract boxes or blobs. Scholars have also noted that
some of the symbols and signs seem like other images found on artifacts from
the Olmec civilization. Also of note is that the writing on the blocks seems to be
composed of several sentences. Essentially the discovery of the block means
that their society had progressed to the point whereby they were keeping
records.

carve [k;v] ,
ravage [rvid,] ,
blob [blb]

38

Level 3-B

gravel [grvl] ,
pit [pit]

weather-beaten [w"b;tn]

mineral [mnrl] ,

artifact [;tfkt] ,

of note

without a doubt

Aim High Reading

Info Scan

1.

According to the passage which of the following is correct?

The block is assumed to be the oldest piece of writing in


the world.
The contents of the stone have been interpreted by some
scholars.
None of the symbols on the block are similar to ones found
earlier.
The Cascajal block was seriously harmed and broken into
pieces when found.
Scholars assume its age from signs of having been out in
the weather.

Analysis

2.

Cascajal block Olmec


.
:
:
:

Analysis

3.

Cascajal block Olmec .


Vocabulary

4.

concrete ?

thorough
broad
definite
general
time consuming

Chapter 07

39

Grammar

Some symbols resemble plants such as corn, or animals such as insects and
fish.
+

I must apologize to her for his rudeness.

Tips account for , arrive inOat P, complain aboutOof P, consent to ,


graduate from, interfere with, proceeded with, reply to, wait for .
answer , apologize, approach, attend , describe, discuss, enter, explain, mention, marry,

resemble .

Quiz

1. Will you join with me for a party? Will you join me for a party?
2. She wanted to marry with a rich man. She wanted to marry a rich man.
3. She discussed about her plans with her mother.

Structure

She discussed her plans with her mother.

This piece of evidence has been backed up with more concrete chemical testings,
which have proven without a doubt that the block is about 3,000 years old.
.

without a doubt
which .

()

and they(more concrete chemical testings)

()

()

This piece of evidence

()

with more concrete chemical testings

has been backed up

()

which have proven without a doubt


that the block is about 3,000 years old

40

Level 3-B

Passage 25

Writing

1. The Cascajal block

~ the oldest known piece of writing

in the New World.


is believed to be

2. It is believed

~ people living in Mexico and

Central America.
to have been carved by

3. The block itself looks extremely weather-beaten

the ravages of years and years of rain.


as if it had gone through

4. More concrete chemical testings have proven

that

the block is about 3,000 years old.


without a doubt

5.

~ the writing on the blocks seems to be

composed of several sentences.


Also of note is that

Chapter 07

41

Passage

Social Culture Business

Overwhelmed by problems and lacking sufficient resources, evidence-based


practices have recently increased in popularity as a way to use available
resources as efficiently as possible. A school is one governmental institution
which has these characteristics. Schools have a myriad of problems and often
lack sufficient resources to tackle all of their problems. However, as evidence
shows that school-based mental health (SBMH) services are effective at helping
troubled teenagers feel better about themselves and do better at school, more
and more schools are adopting mental health programs.
There is strong evidence that SBMH services
work. After one year in an initial test program, the
troubled students who participated in it showed
marked improvements in their behavior at school
and in their school work. (a)
, these
students improved school attendance records by 15%. Moreover, incidences in
which the schools had to discipline these kids decreased by 50% as did
incidences of these youths using violence at school. (b)
,
suspensions of these former troubled kids by the school decreased by a
whopping 54%. These statistics clearly showed that the students self-esteem as
well as their attitudes towards their teachers, their school and their school work
had significantly improved. Most youth self-reported significantly improved
commitment to school and the parents of these children concurred. Their
childrens mental health and school work were both much better.
With the reporting of the results of the initial study, more and more schools
have been adopting SBMH service programs. The evidence from these other
programs backs up the conclusions made from the initial study.

overwhelm [uvwlm]
participate in ~

discipline [dsplin] ,
statistics [stitistiks] ()

42

Level 3-B

a myriad of

marked [m;kt] ,

tackle [tkl] ( )

adopt [dpt]

incidence [nsdns] ()

suspension [sspnn] ,

commitment [kmtmnt] ,

whopping [wpi\] ,

concur [knk;] ,

Aim High Reading

Coherence

1.

(a) (b) ?

(a)

Analysis

2.

(b)

In short

As a result

First of all

In other words

As a result

First of all

First of all

As a result

In short

In other words

SBMH .
15%
50%
54%

Summary

3.

2 .
, , .

Info Scan

4.

According to the passage, which of the following is NOT true?

The first year of the SBMH test service had been a great
success.
Those who had troubles in school had participated in the
program.
Most of the parents agreed that their children had much
improved.
The effectiveness of the service was supported by other
schools.
The kids reported to school that the program should
improve more.

Chapter 07

43

Grammar

Evidence-based practices have recently increased in popularity.


More and more schools have been adopting SBMH service programs.
These statistics clearly showed that the students self-esteem had significantly
improved.
Tips . , ,
, . when
. , .

Quiz

1. How long [ was you / have you been ] looking for a job?
2. He [ is / was ] tired because he had been working since dawn.
3. I recognized him at once since I [ have seen / had seen ] him before.
4. I [ have left / had left ] my purse on the train, so I had to walk home.

Structure

()

The students self-esteem as well as their attitudes towards their teachers, their
school and their school work had significantly improved.
?

towards their teachers, their school and their school work

44

The students self-esteem as well as their attitudes ~ school work

had significantly improved

Level 3-B

Passage 26

Writing

1. Evidence-based practices have recently increased in popularity as a


way to use available resources .
as efficiently as possible

2. Schools

and often lack sufficient resources

to tackle all of their problems.


have a myriad of problems

3. SBMH services are effective at

better about themselves and do better at school.


helping troubled teenagers feel

4. The troubled students

showed marked improvements

in their behavior at school and in their school work.


who participated in it

5. Moreover, incidences in which the schools had to discipline these


kids decreased by 50% ~ these youths using
violence at school.
as did incidences of

Chapter 07

45

Passage

Science Technology Nature

Many of us have been taught that when water is heated, it evaporates into the
air, rising up into the sky and eventually forming clouds. It was a simple
concept involving just water, the Sun, and the sky. This idea was accepted as a
basic truth which we never questioned, as we never doubt whether the Earth
orbits around the Sun or not. But as it turns out, weve all been misled. The
whole process of cloud formation depends on the presence of aerosols,
microscopic particles, which are needed for the process of condensation to take
place in the atmosphere. In short, water vapor will not turn into clouds, mist or
fog without aerosols.
It is hard to test theories of cloud formation
since some variables cannot be evenly
controlled. (A) For instance, there are
different pollutants in the atmosphere above
different urban areas. (B) Since the
atmosphere above the worlds oceans is
more stable than that above most cities, scientists have been testing theories of
cloud formation by studying ship tracks, which are clouds created by the
aerosols emitted by tankers and other large ships. (C) Research has revealed that
the sulfur dioxide emitted from the smokestacks of these ships creates sulfate
aerosol particles in the atmosphere, which cause clouds to reflect more sunlight
and carry a greater amount of water. (D) The study will move on towards
explaining some of the climactic mysteries, such as why the Southern
Hemisphere is being affected by global warming much more quickly than the
Northern Hemisphere. (E)

evaporate [ivprit]

turn out

condensation [kndnsin] ,
pollutant [pl;tnt]
sulfur dioxide

stable [stibl]

smokestack [smukstk]

the Southern Hemisphere

46

Level 3-B

aerosol [rs;l] , ()

take place ,

emit [imt] ,
sulfate [s=lfeit]

the Northern Hemisphere

microscopic particles

variable [vribl]
()

reveal [riv;l] ,
climactic [klaimktik]

Aim High Reading

Info Scan

1.

Which of the following is true about cloud formation? (choose two)

It turned out that water evaporation is not needed in forming


clouds.
It was found that aerosols allow water vapor to condense into
clouds.
Many people thought it was a just simple process without any
doubts.
Scientists found that cloud formation is closely related to the
Earths orbit.
Different particles in the atmosphere can lead to different
forms of clouds.

Analysis

2.

.
.

Detail

3.

ship tracks .

Coherence

4.

(A)~(E) , ?

This is proof that humans have been creating and modifying


clouds for generations through the burning of fossil fuels.
(A)

(B)

(D)

(E)

(C)

Chapter 07

47

Grammar

The presence of aerosols, microscopic particles, which are needed for the
process of condensation to take place in the atmosphere.
Ship tracks, which are clouds created by the aerosols emitted by tankers and
other large ships.
Tips ( , ) ,
.

Quiz

1. , .
She wrote her father a long letter, which he sent back

unopened.

2. , .
The teacher met his old student, who didn't recognize him

Structure

at first.

The sulfur dioxide emitted from the smokestacks of these ships creates sulfate
aerosol particles in the atmosphere, which cause clouds to reflect more sunlight
and carry a greater amount of water.
the sulfur dioxide ?

emitted from the smokestacks of these ships

()

which ?

sulfate aerosol particles in the atmosphere

()

The sulfur dioxide emitted from the

48

smokestacks of these ships

sulfate aerosol particles in the atmosphere

creates

()

which cause clouds ~ of water

Level 3-B

Passage 27

Writing

1. This idea

which we never questioned, as

we never doubt whether the Earth orbits around the Sun or not.
was accepted as a basic truth

2. In short, water vapor

~ clouds, mist or fog

without aerosols.
will not turn into

3.

~ theories of cloud formation since some variables

cannot be evenly controlled.


It is hard to test

4. The atmosphere above the worlds oceans is

~ that

above most cities.


more stable than

5. Sulfate aerosol particles in the atmosphere

and carry a greater amount of water.


cause clouds to reflect more sunlight

Chapter 07

49

Passage

Science Technology Nature

The fish tank hasnt been cleaned in months; its a


smelly, algae-filled tank that is choking the life out
of the few remaining fish. When you finally have
the time to clean it, you lift open the top and the
stench repels you. So you want to leave the job for
another time and go do something else. The stench
of a polluted, algae-filled lake is not different. No one wants to live or play near
one. Everyone wants a clean, crystal-clear lake to reside by or swim in.
In the Upper Midwest, lakes are so important to peoples livelihoods that they
want to halt the process of lakes becoming algae-infested no-go zones before
its too late. Not only do they provide an outlet for recreation and an ideal
setting to connect with nature, but they also draw in the bulk of the tourist trade.
No one wants to see the pristine lake they fish on or swim in become polluted.
But its not easy to monitor water quality, for example, in the Upper Great
Lakes region of Michigan State where there are over 30,000 lakes and, where,
until recently, all measurements were done by hand. Testing 30,000 lakes by
hand is quite simply an impossible job.
Scientists have started using satellite
imagery to solve the problem of being unable to visit every lake. They have
found that satellite imagery is a good tool to monitor certain types of pollution
and levels of algae in the water. While hand-testing might more
comprehensively reveal myriad types of pollutants, satellite imagery does have
the benefit of having every lake included in the pollution report.

smelly [smli]

reside [ri;sid] ,

infest [infst] ,

no-go [nougou]

pristine [prsti;n]

reveal [riv;l]

50

algae-filled [ld,ifld]

repel [ripl] ,

Level 3-B

measurement [m,mnt]

pollutant [pl;tnt]

choke [touk]

stench [stent]

halt [h;lt] ,
draw in

()

bulk [b<lk] ,

comprehensively [kmprihnsivli]

Aim High Reading

Info Scan

1.

Which of the following is NOT true?

Satellite images can help people evaluate the water clarity of


many lakes.
It is impossible to measure the water quality of all the lakes
by hand.
Lakes are central to the lives of those who reside in the Upper
Midwest.
Many of the lakes in the Upper Midwest have been badly
contaminated.
Tests done by hand can give more detailed information on
water pollution.

Coherence

2.

But things are getting worse in the Upper Midwest.


Moreover, people seem reluctant to solve this problem.
The situation, however, has recently improved a lot.
But environmentalists have been paying attention.
Even technology failed to improve the situation.

Vocabulary

3.

myriad ?

many

minute

exact

essential

frequent

Detail

4.

the Upper Midwest


.
.

Chapter 07

51

Grammar

They want to halt the process of lakes becoming algae-infested no-go zones.
+

Do you mind my closing the window?

Tips . .

Quiz

1. . There is little chance of the plane being late

2. . My boss doesnt mind my being late

for work.

3. . (make calls)
He dislikes his secretary making

Structure

private calls.

to

Scientists have started using satellite imagery to solve the problem of being unable
to visit every lake.
?

to solve the problem of ~ every lake


(unable) ?

to visit every lake

52

( to)

Scientists

()

using satellite imagery

have started

()

to solve ~ every lake

Level 3-B

Passage 28

Writing

1. Everyone wants a clean, crystal-clear lake

to reside by or swim in

2. Lakes are

they want to halt the process of

lakes becoming algae-infested no-go zones.


so important to peoples livelihoods that

3.

~ an outlet for recreation and an ideal

setting to connect with nature, but they also draw in the bulk of the
tourist trade.
Not only do they provide

4. Until recently, all measurements

were done by hand

5. Satellite imagery

~ having every lake

included in the pollution report.


does have the benefit of

Chapter 07

53

Review
A

01. abstract

07. participate in

02. choke

08. pollutant

03. discipline

09. reside

04. evaporate

10. stable

05. formation

11. statistics

()

06. halt

12. variable

n.

A .

01.

the whole process of cloud formation

02.

the pollutant emitted from cars

03.

control some variables

04.

the troubled students who participated in the test

05. a clean and clear lake to reside by


06. .

The water evaporates into the air.

A .
disciplined

01. If someone is

for something that he or she has done wrong, he or

she is punished for it.


02.

Statistics

are facts which are supported by numbers that show the percentage

of people affected by a certain fact.


03. If an object is

stable

, it is firmly fixed in position and is not likely to move

or fall.
04. A(n)

abstract

idea or way of thinking is based on general ideas rather than

on real things and events.


05. When something

chokes

you, you cannot breathe properly or get enough

air into your lungs.


06. When a vehicle
stands still.

54

Level 3-B

halts

, it stops moving in the direction it was going and

Passages 25~28

01. Have you ever heard of

like that?

me speaking

me to speak

02. He

for me to speak

on the forehead.

kissed his baby

kissed in his baby

kissed to his baby

03. The childs mother thanked me for


what I will do

for her son.

what I have done

04. The firefighers

what I had done

the tall building by the back door.

entered

entered to

entered into

05. Im falling in love with myself,


who is

a wonderful feeling.
that is

06. We are looking forward


his returning

which is
to Rome.

to his returning

07. Until now, planetary scientists

for him to return


for years over an apparent

contradiction on Mars.
were puzzled

have been puzzled

had puzzled

08. Many substantive ideas and proposals had been expressed,


he would follow up carefully.
that
09.

what

which

is the past perfect form of have when it is used as a main

verb to describe our experiences and actions.


Had

Have had

Had had

10. He frees us from ill-will and fills us with kindness,

every man

should follow with sweet hymns in his praise.


whom

what

that

Chapter 07

55

Aim High Reading | Level 3-B

Chapter 08

Passage 29_
Baby Signing
Passage 30_
The Remarkable Bee
Passage 31_
Scuba Diving
in Boracay Islands
Passage 32_
Saturn

Vocabulary Pre-check

amino acid

asteroid

be composed of ~


be prone to -ing ~

~
bound

breath-taking

by instinct

cap off

carbohydrate

celestial ,


challenging ,

combine
comet

connection ,


consistently ,

,
deadly

defend ,

B
distinguish A from B A

drift ,

drone

dwarf

enhance ,

evaporate

,
experienced

expert

explore

exquisite ,

eye-catching

frequency

grain

helium

hemisphere ()

hive

honeycomb

immense

in conjunction with ~

in particular

ingest

inquisitive

intriguing

invader

(pl. larvae)
larva

, (~)
lay ()

lifespan

mimic ,

mimicry ,

nectar

Neptune

novice ,

, , ,
order n.

orientation

overall

participate


pelagic ,

pollen

pouch

protein

protrusion ,

Saturn

()
saw ,

shark


shattered ,

,
speck

sponge


sterile

(pl. stimuli)
stimulus

stinger ,

stunning ,

tempestuous
terrestrial

venom

vibration

Passage

Life Sport Music

By instinct babies try to mimic adults behaviors.


One form of mimicry that can be used as a
teaching and developmental tool by parents is
sign language. Child development experts are
recommending that parents teach their babies
how to sign so that they can communicate with
their babies even before those babies can speak.
Not only is signing thought to be a useful step in the direction toward full oral
communication, the process of signing itself can also help develop and improve
the overall capabilities of the brains of babies.
(A) The process of learning sign language enhances the development of the
babys brain. In the process of learning speech, information such as words is
stored in the brains left hemisphere. (B) In the process of learning sign
language, a baby must first recognize visual stimuli which are processed by the
right hemisphere, then transfer the knowledge or information about that sign to
the left hemisphere of the brain for storage and later reference. (C) Therefore,
the process of signing helps develop the capacity of a babys brain since the
connections between the left and right hemispheres of a babys brain are being
developed by this process.
(D) Recent studies have proven that babies who have learned sign language
have more well-developed language skills. The sign-trained children already
have the ability to remember words visually in conjunction with their real
meaning, so they are less prone to forgetting the meaning of words when they
start to learn to read. (E)

by instinct
oral [;rl] ,

mimic [mmik] ,
overall [uvr;l]

hemisphere [hmisf] ()
be prone to -ing

58

Level 3-B

mimicry [mmikri] ,

expert [ksp;t]

enhance [inhns] ,

stimuli [stmjlai] (stimulus )


connection [knkn]

in conjunction with ~

Aim High Reading

Info Scan

1.

Which of the following is true according to the passage?

Most babies learn sign language before they learn how to


speak.
Parents should learn sign language to communicate with
the babies.
Many adults with language skill problem didnt learn sign
language.
Sign language is usually not necessary when babies learn
to speak.
Learning sign language helps babiess brian development
as they grow.

Analysis

2.

sign language
.

right hemisphere:
left hemisphere:

Coherence

3.

(A)~(E) ?

The stronger and larger these connections are made when


they are little, the better they will be able to process
information between the two hemispheres as they grow.

Detail

4.

(A)

(B)

(D)

(E)

(C)

Explain why sign-trained children are less likely to forget the


meaning of words. (in Korean)

Chapter 08

59

Grammar

should

Child development experts are recommending that parents (should) teach their
babies how to sign.
+

He insisted that she (should) pick him up at the airport.

He suggested that we (should) finish our report tomorrow.

Tips , , , (recommend, suggest, demand, insist, order, command ) that


<should > should . should
. 3 s .

Quiz

1. . (go on a diet) The doctor suggested that I (should) go on a diet


2. . His words suggested that she leave now

Structure

.
.

()

A baby must first recognize visual stimuli which are processed by the right
hemisphere, then transfer the knowledge or information about that sign to the left
hemisphere of the brain for storage and later reference.
visual stimuli ?

which are processed by the right hemisphere

()

transfer , ?

the knowledge or information about that sign

to the left hemisphere of the brain

+ + , then + + + () + ()
the knowledge or information about

A baby

that sign

must first recognize

()

to the left hemisphere of the brain

()

for storage and later reference

visual stimuli which are processed


by the right hemisphere
then +

60

Level 3-B

then transfer

Passage 29

Writing

1. By instinct babies

~ adults behaviors.

try to mimic

2.

~ to be a useful step, the process of signing

itself can also help develop and improve the capabilities of the
brains.
Not only is signing thought

3. The stronger and larger these connections are made,

~ process information between the two hemispheres.


the better they will be able to

4. The sign-trained children already have the ability to remember words


visually .
in conjunction with their real meaning

5. They

the meaning of words.

are less prone to forgetting

Chapter 08

61

Passage

Science Technology Nature

Between 20,000 and 60,000 bees live in a single hive. The queen bees main
activity is laying eggs, approximately 1,500 eggs a day and it lives for up to 2
years. The drone is the bee whose only job is to mate with her and has a lifespan
of around 24 days they have no stinger. And the worker bees, all sterile
females, usually work to death, collecting pollen and nectar within 40 days in
summer. Worker bees fly up to 14 km (9 miles) to find pollen and nectar, flying
at 24 km/h (15 mph).
Pollen is the main source of protein and vitamins for bees, with the 10 amino
acids they require. Nectar is up to 80% sugar but less than 0.2% in protein, so
nectar is the carbohydrate supply for the hive. Bees place the nectar in
honeycomb cells and then evaporate the water from the nectar by rapid wing
movement. When the amount of water comes down to 20%, this is called honey
and the bees cap off the cells. A mixture of honey and pollen is called bee
bread and is the food for larvae and bees.
A worker bee communicates her floral findings by
performing a dance on the honeycomb. The
orientation of her wing movements and the frequency
of her vibrations indicate the direction and distance of
the flowers. The worker bees defend the hive. The
strong stinger quickly saws into the skin of the
invader and the venom pouch begins to contract
rhythmically to pump venom into the intruder.

hive [haiv]
pollen [pln]

lay [lei] ()

carbohydrate [k;bouhidreit]

sterile [stril]

amino acid

honeycomb [h=nikum]

cell [sel] ()

orientation [;rientin]

defend [difnd] ,

saw [s;] , ()

Level 3-B

stinger [st\g] ,

protein [pruti;n]

larva [l;v] (pl. larvae)


pouch [paut]

62

drone [droun]

nectar [nkt]

contract [kntrkt]

frequency [fr;kwnsi]
invader [invid]

venom [vnm]

Aim High Reading

Info Scan

1.

Which of the following is NOT true about honey bees?

None of the bees can live longer than the queen bee.
Worker bees are females and live longer than the drone.
The drone dies immediately after mating with the queen.
The majority of the bees are the drone and worker bees.
The drone does not have any venom to kill enemies.

Analysis

Analysis

2.

3.

, .

: 80

: 0.2

: 20

Vocabulary

4.

contract ?

pledge
expand
inject
swallow
constrict

Chapter 08

63

Grammar

- to

The venom pouch begins to contract rhythmically. (=begins contracting)


+

He is considering going abroad to study.

I decided to purchase the apartment.

Tips agree, claim, decide, demand, expect, intend, pretend, promise, prove,
tend, want, wish, fail, proceed, manage, hesitate, afford, manage ,
admit , advise , appreciate , avoid , consider , deny , enjoy , finish , give up , mention , mind , miss ,
postpone . begin, continue, intend, like, love,
mean, plan, cease, endure, start .

Quiz

1. . She enjoys surfing the Internet

2. . I decided to study hard

from now on.

3. ? Would you mind turning the radio down

Structure

The worker bees, all sterile females, usually work to death, collecting pollen and
nectar within 40 days in summer.
The worker bees ?

all sterile females


?

collecting pollen and nectar

64

()

()

()

The worker bees, all sterile females, () collecting pollen and nectar

usually work

()

to death

Level 3-B

()

within 40 days in summer

Passage 30

Writing

1. The queen bees main activity

, approximately 1,500

eggs a day.
is laying eggs

2. The drone is the bee

with her.

whose only job is to mate

3. The worker bees, all sterile females,

collecting pollen and nectar.


usually work to death

4. When the amount of water

~ 20%, this is called honey.

comes down to

5. The strong stinger quickly saws into the skin of the invader and the
venom pouch begins to contract rhythmically
.
to pump venom into the intruder

Chapter 08

65

Passage

Life Sport Music

Boracay, an island 315 km south of Manila, has consistently


been rated as having the best scuba diving sites in the world.
Not only can experienced divers find challenging and breathtaking dive sites to test themselves, but there are also
numerous easier sites for those with no experience or for
those who wish to snorkel rather than scuba dive.
Experienced divers, who wish to explore top-rated dive sites, can visit such
areas as the Sibuyan Sea, Tablas, Romblon, Semirara and Laurel Island. In
particular Laurel Island has strong undercurrents surrounding it, making it
dangerous for novice divers but challenging for experienced divers. What
happens near Laurel Island is that the strong undercurrents allow skilled divers
to participate in what is known as drift diving, drifting along with the fastmoving undercurrent. Also near Laurel Island, divers are likely to see brightly
colored yellow and orange coral polyps opening up fully so that they can ingest
plankton passing by in the fast moving water. In addition to coral, divers can see
huge sponges in many colors as well as numerous other pelagic fish such as
sharks and barracudas.
Boracay itself has excellent dive sites which offer challenges to divers with less
experience. One great site for divers to explore is Fridays Rock, a great
protrusion of rocks from under the sea. It is home to brilliantly colored coral of
the hard and soft variety. Other fish you are bound to see are darting butterfly
fish, inquisitive wrasses, fast-moving damsels, playful blue tangs, and deadly
stingrays.

breath-taking [bre^tiki\]
drift [drift] ,
sponge [sp<nd,]

66

snorkel [sn;kl] ( )

coral [k;rl]

pelagic [peld,ik]

ingest [ind,st]

barracuda [brk;d] ()

protrusion [protr;,n] ,

bound [baund] ~

inquisitive [inkwztiv]

wrasse [rs]

deadly [ddli] ,

stingray [st\ri]

Level 3-B

undercurrent [=ndk;rnt]

polyp [plip] ; ( )

butterfly fish

damsel [dmzl]

tang [t\]

Aim High Reading

Analysis

1.

Which is NOT mentioned as a reason for the popularity of


Boracay Islands?

There are many scuba diving places for divers of varying


diving skills.
There are many islands where experts can enjoy
challenging diving trips.
There are fascinating sea creatures to see under water near
the islands.
People can have various choices among many islands for
scuba diving.
There are various scuba diving lessons for less or non
experienced people.

Vocabulary

2.

novice .
those with no experience

Analysis

3.

What is Laurel Island NOT famous for among scuba divers?

drift diving in fast undercurrents


various types of coral with beautiful colors
big sponges with various colors
huge rocks that came from the deep sea
many different fish living deep in the sea

Detail

4.

Explain why coral polyps near Laurel Island are fully opened up?
(in Korean)

Chapter 08

67

Grammar

to

One great site for divers to explore is Fridays Rock.


+

It was rude of you to go away without a word.

Tips to . <for> ,
<of > . kind, good, wise, foolish, nice

() .

Quiz

1. . It is necessary for us to recycle waste

2. . It was careless of you to lose your cell phone

again.

3. .
It is hard for a rich man to enter

Structure

the kingdom of heaven.

what/if/whether

What happens near Laurel Island is that the strong undercurrents allow skilled
divers to participate in what is known as drift diving.
skilled divers ?

what is known as drift diving

68

()

What happens near Laurel Island

is

that the strong undercurrents ~ as drift diving

Level 3-B

Passage 31

Writing

1. There are also numerous easier sites

or for

those who wish to snorkel rather than scuba dive.


for those with no experience

2. In particular Laurel Island has strong undercurrents surrounding it,


making it dangerous for novice divers but .
challenging for experienced divers

3. What happens near Laurel Island is that the strong undercurrents


allow skilled divers to participate in .
what is known as drift diving

4. Divers can see huge sponges in many colors

~ numerous

other pelagic fish such as sharks and barracudas.


as well as

5. Other fish

are darting butterfly fish, inquisitive

wrasses, and deadly stingrays.


you are bound to see

Chapter 08

69

Passage

Science Technology Nature

The Solar System consists of the Sun and the other celestial objects: the eight
planets, the hundreds of moons, three dwarf planets including Pluto, and
millions of small bodies. In order of their distance from the Sun, the planets are
Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune.
In broad terms, the planets can be divided into four
terrestrial or rocky inner planets including Earth and
four gas giant outer planets. And, with its stunning rings
and dozens of moons, Saturn is the most intriguing
among outer planets. Saturn is similar to Jupiter, Uranus
and Neptune since, like those outer planets, it is composed of two gases: helium
and hydrogen. On the other hand, it is unlike those planets because of its
fascinating and eye-catching rings. Saturns exquisite rings without a doubt are
what distinguish it from all the other planets in the Solar System.
Saturn has the most wide-ranging ring system in our Solar System, stretching
out hundreds of thousands of miles from the planet. The rings are composed of
billions of small specks, which are no bigger than a grain of salt, and billions of
huge pieces, which can be as big as a house, of ice and rock orbiting Saturn at
different speeds. The rocks come from shattered moons, comets and asteroids.
Each tiny or immense piece of ice or rock making up a ring, orbits the planet on
its own path.
The giant planet has a tempestuous atmosphere with winds which can reach
speeds of up to 1,800 km an hour. These hyper-speed winds, combined with
heat rising from within the planets interior, cause the yellow and gold bands
visible in its atmosphere.

celestial [silstl] ,
stunning [st=ni\] ,
helium [h;lim]
speck [spek]

70

Level 3-B

moon [mu;n] ()

eye-catching [aikti\]

dwarf [dw;f]

intriguing [intr;gi\]
comet [kmit]

terrestrial [trstril]

be composed of ~

exquisite [ikskwzit] ,

asteroid [strid]

tempestuous [tempstus]

Aim High Reading

Info Scan

1.

Which of the following is NOT true about Saturn?

It is categorized into the outer planets of the Solar System.


It is the biggest among the planets in the Solar System.
It is characterized by strong wind in a stormy atmosphere.
It is an outer planet that has wide rings and many moons.
It is mainly composed of the gases as outer planets.

Analysis

Detail

2.

3.

inner planets outer planets .

inner planets:

outer planets:

Which of the following is NOT correct about Saturn


s rings?

They extend hundreds of thousands of miles from the


planet.
The components are in a variety of sizes.
The components are from broken bodies.
It is composed of grains of salt, ice and rock.
Each ring orbits the planet at varying speed.

Analysis

4.

Saturn
.

Chapter 08

71

Grammar

what

Saturns exquisite rings are what distinguish it from all the other planets.
+

My best friend gave me what I wanted.

My best friend gave me the book that I wanted.

Tips what who, which, that , .

Quiz

1. All [ that / what ] I know is that I know nothing.


2. He always does [ that / what ] he believes is right.
3. [ That / What ] is learned in the cradle is carried to the grave.

Structure

The planets can be divided into four terrestrial or rocky inner planets including
Earth and four gas giant outer planets.
inner planets .

four

/ terrestrial or rocky / ( including Earth )

outer planets .

four

72

/ gas giant

()

The planets

divided

can be

()

into ~ outer planets

Level 3-B

Passage 32

Writing

1.

~ the Sun, the planets are Mercury, Venus, Earth,

Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune.


In order of their distance from

2. Saturns exquisite rings

are what distinguish it from

all the other planets in the Solar System.


without a doubt

3. The rings are composed of billions of small specks,

~ a grain of salt, and billions of huge pieces, which

can be as big as a house.


which are no bigger than

4. Each tiny or immense piece of ice or rock making up a ring, orbits


the planet ().
on its own path

5. These hyper-speed winds, combined with heat rising from within


the planets interior, in its atmosphere.
cause the yellow and gold bands visible

Chapter 08

73

Review
A

01. be prone to -ing

07. ingest

02. distinguish A from B

A B

08. inquisitive

03. explore

09. intriguing

04. exquisite

10. mimic

05. frequency

11. novice

, ( expert )

06. immense

12. sterile

A .

01. (dangerous)

be dangerous for a novice

02.

be less prone to forgetting

03. ~

mimic ones behavior

04. ( pulse)

the frequency of pulse

05. ( the Antarctic)

explore the Antarctic Continent

06.

distinguish Saturn from all the other planets

A .
sterile

01. A person or animal that is

is unable to produce babies.

immense

02. If you describe something as

, you mean that it is extremely large

or great.
03. When animals or plants

ingest

a substance, they take it into themselves,

for example by eating or absorbing it.


04. A(n)

inquisitive

person likes finding out about things, especially secret things.

05. Something that is

exquisite

is extremely beautiful or pleasant, especially in a

delicate way.
06. My art style has been described as
strangely attractive.

74

Level 3-B

intriguing

, eerie and, sometimes,

Passages 29~32

01. Its time


your acting

like an intellectual.
of you to act

02. I insisted that he


had resigned

for you to act

as chairman. ( )
should resign

would resign

03. It is often said that education makes us


that we are

what we are

04. It will be helpful


their to live

their happy life even a little.


of them to live

05. Aesops fables teach humans


what to live

how to live

08. It was wise


your refusing

09. This year they


gave up creation

has not heard

had not heard

too much at night.


avoid to eat

to avoid eating

the companys offer.


of you to refuse

for you to refuse

all the fantastic content.


gave up creating

10. When doing anything, just focus on


what

how to living

me. ( )

07. You had better


avoid eating

for them to live

their lives well.

06. She insisted that she


should not hear

which we are

that

gave up to create

you are doing.


which

Chapter 08

75

Aim High Reading | Level 3-B

Chapter 09

Passage 33_
Math Naturals
Passage 34_
Crystals
Passage 35_
The Language of
Weight Control
Passage 36_
Christmas to Come Together

Vocabulary Pre-check

)
aid (

appliance

archeologist

internal

be supposed to
carve


intensify ~

around the corner


complicate v.

confusion

date back

dedicated

distraction

extensively
fallout

heal

hallway

ill-will

imply

inevitable

originate

potentially

prehistoric

property

psychologist

purpose ,

quartz


result in ~

get rid of

orderly

genius

meditation


resist ,

gene

festering

archeological

instinct

ritual

scatter
smirk
split

squabble

subconscious

subtract ,

value

worn-out

Passage

Social Culture Business

Its probably too much to say that kids are


natural math geniuses. But researchers feel
that it is safe to say that kids can solve
some math problems even without
knowing how to add or subtract. By using
their instincts to estimate values, kids can
avoid the confusion of exact calculations.
Some psychologists recently tested kids from a variety of backgrounds to make
sure that wealth or level of education didnt affect the results.
In the first study, 20 of 5 to 6-year-olds from wealthy, well-educated families sat
in front of computers that showed a split computer screen which displayed a
boys face on one side and a girls face on the other. Above the girls face was a
bag with the number 21 printed on it. The screen read, She has 21 candies.
Then the picture of the girl changed. Above her was a bag with the number 30
on it. The screen read, She gets 30 more candies. Above the picture of the boy
was a bag marked 34. The screen read, He has 34 candies. Now, kids were
asked Who has more? Nearly three-quarters of kindergartners got the answer
right. If the kids had just guessed who had more candies, only half of them
would have been correct.
For the second experiment, the scientists tested 37 kindergartners from poor and
middle-class families. The kids had to answer questions in a hallway outside
their school classroom, where it was very noisy, to see if more distractions than
in the first study could affect the result. Still, more than 75% of these kids got
the answers right.

too ~ to do ~
psychologist [saikld,ist]

subtract [sbtrkt] ,
affect [fkt]

kindergartner [kndg;tn] ,

78

Level 3-B

instinct [nsti\t] ,
split [split] ,

hallway [h;lwi]

distraction [distrkn]

Aim High Reading

Info Scan

1.

Which of the following is correct?

The kids from well-educated families got a better result


on the test.
Kindergartners from poor families got the lowest scores in the
experiment.
Half of the kindergartners in both experiments got the correct
answer.
All the kindergartners have gotten the same math problems
in the test.
It has turned out that many of the kindergartners just guessed
the answer.
Inference

2.

Why does the author mention the possible result of mere guesses?

to make sure that the kids werent cheating on each other


on the test
to point out that the result was higher than researchers had
thought
to emphasize that the kindergartners didnt just guess the answer
to show how intelligent those kids from well-educated
families are
to compare the result with the result from the regular
kindergartners
Analysis

3.


.
:
:

Summary

4.

Regardless of their backgrounds , kids can use their instincts


to estimate values without knowing how to calculate

Chapter 09

79

Grammar

If the kids had just guessed who had more candies, only half of them would
have been correct.
+

If it had not snowed, we could have climbed the mountain.

Tips . <( had )>


, < have > .

Quiz

1 . . (catch the plane)


If we had got up earlier, we could have caught the plane

2. . (wear a seat belt)


He would have been seriously injured if he hadnt been wearing

a seat belt.

3. , . (Cleopatra, short)
If Cleopatras nose had been shorter , the whole face of the earth would have changed.

Structure

()

20 of 5 to 6-year-olds from wealthy, well-educated families sat in front of


computers that showed a split computer screen which displayed a boys face on
one side and a girls face on the other.
20 ?

5 to 6-year-olds from wealthy,


well-educated families

()

5~6 20

computers ?

showed a split computer screen


screen ?

displayed a boys face on one side and a girls face on the other

80

()

()

()

20 of 5 to 6-year-olds from
wealthy, well-educated families

()

that showed a split computer screen

sat

()

which displayed a boys face on one

()

in front of computers

Level 3-B

side and a girls face on the other

Passage 33

Writing

1.

~ that kids are natural math geniuses.


Its probably too much to say

2. But researchers feel that it is safe to say that kids can solve some
math problems even .
without knowing how to add or subtract

3.

with the number 21 printed on it.


Above the girls face was a bag

4.

, She gets 30 more candies.


The screen read

5. The kids had to answer questions in a hallway

more distractions than in the first study could affect the result.
to see if

Chapter 09

81

Passage

Person History

The history of crystal dates back thousands of years to Mesopotamian times. As


we study history we find crystals were in use for other purposes than jewelry.
Crystals make beautiful jewelry because by definition they have an orderly
internal structure that is reflected by light. Furthermore, it is believed that
specific crystals can aid specific physical and mental health problems. All we
have to do is place them near us to get these health benefits. Lastly, there has
always been a strong spiritual connection with crystals which is partly related to
both their beauty and their mental health benefits.
In Boyne Valley in Ireland, there is an
ancient grave, which is older than the
pyramids, built by prehistoric people.
The grave is a kind of solar temple
which has a roof covered in white quartz,
representing the White Goddess. It was
built to allow the sun to shine through on
the Winter Solstice. There has also been archeological evidence that crystals
were used by the Egyptians. Archeologists have concluded that crystals were
extensively used for numerous purposes, including spiritual purposes in North,
Central, and South America. In Asia, quartz has a long tradition of being carved
and admired for its beauty. The heart of the dragon which in Asian tradition is
admired for its wisdom and intelligence is frequently represented by a crystal
ball. Lastly, ancient India also has a rich tradition of using crystals. Indians were
the first to place crystals on the body for healing and meditation purposes. This
is where the idea of using crystals for their energy giving properties originated.

date back

orderly [;dli] ,

prehistoric [pr;ist;rik]

quartz [kw;ts]

archeological [;kild,ikl]
meditation [mdtin]

82

Level 3-B

internal [int;nl]
Winter Solstice ()

extensively [ikstnsivli]

originate [rd,nit] ,

carve [k;v] ,

Aim High Reading

Info Scan

1.

Which of the following can be the best topic of the passage?

ancient evidence of using crystals in structures


the origin of using crystals as meditation purpose
the spiritual power of crystals in prehistoric religions
ancient proofs of using crystals for various purposes
ancient nations where crystals were greatly respected

Analysis

2.

What are the three main purposes of crystals in ancient times?


(in Korean)
,

Inference

3.

Which of the following can be inferred from the passage?

There is a lack of proof for using crystals in ancient times.


Crystals were not very popular in some ancient civilizations.
The use of crystals was not limited to particular cultures.
Only people in certain hierarchy benefited from crystals.
Most crystals were mined in countries in Europe and
America.

Vocabulary

4.

properties ?

structures

assets

qualities

substance

jewels

Chapter 09

83

Grammar

to to

All we have to do is (to) place them near us to get these health benefits.
+

All we did was (to) say hello to them.

Tips be to to . do .

Quiz

to .

1. I decided to study hard from now on. <

>

2. What I really wanted to do was to gain honor from other people. < / >
3. The best we can do is to help them to get rid of the oil from the sea. < / >

Structure

The heart of the dragon which in Asian tradition is admired for its wisdom and
intelligence is frequently represented by a crystal ball.
, , ?

the dragon

in Asian tradition

for its wisdom and intelligence

()

The heart of the dragon

which in Asian tradition is admired


() for its wisdom and intelligence

84

Level 3-B

is

()

frequently represented

()

by a crystal ball

Passage 34

Writing

1. The history of crystal

thousands of years to

Mesopotamian times.
dates back

2. As we study history we find crystals were

~ other

purposes than jewelry.


in use for

3.

is place them near us to get these health

benefits.
All we have to do

4. It was built

through on the Winter Solstice.

to allow the sun to shine

5.

~ the idea of using crystals for their energy giving

properties originated.
This is where

Chapter 09

85

Passage

Life Sport Music

When we program a computer, we are telling it exactly what we want it to do.


And it will do exactly what we want it to do. It is exactly the same with humans
and every day you are programming yourself even if you dont know it.
Whenever you tell yourself something about your expectations and goals, you
are programming your internal, sub-conscious computer. If you look at your
class schedule and say, Math is hard. I hate it,
sure enough you wont do well in math. Youve
programmed your brain to think that its too hard
for you, so you have almost no chance of ever
succeeding at math.
Do you often tell people that you are trying to lose
weight? When you say you are trying that means
that you arent actually doing it. It means that you
are only trying. When you say something like this,
it is inevitable that you will fail.
The word lose is also bound to lead you to failure if you go around telling
others that I am trying to lose weight. The word lose implies that you want
to find whatever has been lost. Do you want to find your lost weight? Not
really. But what is happening is that your subconscious is being programmed to
accept failure.
So what should you say when you have old, worn-out clothes that you no longer
wear? Or what do you do with them? You GET RID OF them. Why not try
doing the same thing with your weight? Say

internal [int;nl] ,

sub-conscious [s<bkns]

inevitable [invitbl] ,
imply [impli] ,

86

Level 3-B

weight [weit]

bound [baund] ~ , ~

worn-out [w;naut] ,

get rid of ~

Aim High Reading

Info Scan

1.

According to the passage, which of the following is true?

Our mind is programmed to do what it desires to do.


Our mind functions only when the command is precise.
Our mind avoids things that are beyond what it can do.
Our mind is designed to accept what is considered easy.
Our mind is directed exactly by what is said or thought.

Analysis

2.

try to lose weight try lose


.

try:

lose: .

Detail

3.

.
I will get rid of my weight.

Vocabulary

4.

sub-conscious computer
.
yourself

your brain

Chapter 09

87

Grammar

Do you want to find whatever has been lost?


+

I have just finished my work.

I have lived here for ten years.

Have you ever read this book?

Tips 12 < haveO`hasP> .


. , , ,
4 .
when .

Quiz

1. 21 . (achieve)
Hes only 21, but he has already achieved

worldwide fame.

2. . (take off)
The plane has just taken off

from Gimpo International Airport.

3. . (get thinner)
Scientist have noticed that the ozone layer has been getting thinner

Structure

what/if/whether

When we program a computer, we are telling it exactly what we want it to do.


?

a computer

it(a computer)

what we want it to do

88

it ?

()

()

()

When we program a computer

it

we

()

exactly

are telling

what we want it to do

Level 3-B

Passage 35

Writing

1. It will do exactly

what we want it to do

2. You

~ ever succeeding at math.

have almost no chance of

3. When you

, it is inevitable that you will fail.

say something like this

4. The word lose

~ you to failure.

is also bound to lead

5. But

is that your subconscious is being

programmed to accept failure.


what is happening

Chapter 09

89

Passage

Life Sport Music

Christmas comes once a year, but as far as commercial


interests and town centres are concerned, you can safely
say that about two months a year are dedicated to it. With
families chasing their careers all over the country, its often
difficult to get to know the people we share most of our
genes with. All of a sudden Christmas is around the corner.
Its probably one of the few times of the year when people get to meet and catch
up especially now families are scattered all over the country. And it is quite
common that festering ill-will for an aunt, an uncle or whomever
. How is Theresa supposed to react to a smirking
uncle who wonders why a 35-year-old woman isnt married yet? Yes, Christmas
is a time for spread-out families to come together and meet, but its also a
potentially dangerous situation and family members often intensify their
fallouts with each other during this time of year.
And the Christmas gift giving ritual can further complicate existing squabbles.
We share our genes with these people, but still how are we to know what the
perfect gift is? Whatever you buy for your aunt, it can be a potentially sore
point for her. How can we possibly know what color she hates or what kitchen
appliances she uses? This whole process results in what might be considered a
type of writers block. The writer cannot write out of fear that he has nothing
to say and the gift giver cannot buy out of fear that the gift will say I know
nothing about you! So we walk around the city, looking into windows and
resisting the calls of saleswomen. We are blocked up!
Rwriters block ( )

as far as ~ ()

dedicated [ddikitid]

around the corner


be supposed to ~
fallout [f;lut] ,

90

Level 3-B

scatter [skt]

all of a sudden

festering [fsti\]

smirk [sm;k]
sore [s;] ,

gene [d,i;n]

intensify [intnsfi] ~

appliance [plins] ,

resist [rizst]

Aim High Reading

Info Scan

1.

Which of the following is the main idea of the article?

Family members should avoid any possible argument on


Christmas.
People need to be cautious when preparing gifts for family
members.
Christmas can be a miserable time of the year for some people.
Christmas should be the most memorable family gathering of
year.
The true meaning of Christmas has been distorted as time
passes.

Coherence

2.

can be eased to some degree


can be discussed with family
is ignored during Christmas
can come to the surface
helps improve family relations

Analysis

3.

We are blocked up! .


Vocabulary

4.

squabbles ?

families

quarrels

holidays

relationships

gifts
Chapter 09

91

Grammar

But still how are we to know what the perfect gift is?
How can we possibly know what color she hates or what kitchen appliances
she uses?
+

I dont know ifO whetherPhe is a student.

Tips ()
. . < ifOwhetherP
++
>, <> .

Quiz

1. . I wonder ifOwhetherPthey will come

to our party tonight.

2. .
He wanted to know what her father was like and how long her mother had been dead .

Structure

what/if/whether

This whole process results in what might be considered a type of writers block.
?

what might be considered a type of writers block

This whole process

results in

what might be considered a type of writers block

Rresult in 3 .

92

Level 3-B

Passage 36

Writing

1. You

~
O``P that about two months a year

are dedicated to it.


can safely say

2. All of a sudden Christmas

is around the corner

3. Christmas is a time

and meet.

for spread-out families to come together

4.

for your aunt, it can be a potentially sore point for her.


Whatever you buy

5. The gift giver

~ that the gift will say I know

nothing about you!


cannot buy out of fear

Chapter 09

93

Review
A

01. appliance

07. meditation

02. archeologist

08. originate

03. date back

()

09. prehistoric

04. distraction

10. purpose

05. inevitable

11. subtract

06. instinct

12. too ~ to do

A .

01.

home appliances

02. 10 7

subtract 7 from 10

03.

prehistoric people

04. ~ , ~

forOwithPthe purpose of

05. .

Death is inevitable.

06. .

This stone is too heavy (for me) to lift.

A .

01. Total concentration is required with no


02.

Instinct

distractions .

is the inherent disposition of a living organism toward a particular

behavior.
03. Archaeologists study the remains left behind by people in the past.
04. When something

originates

or when someone

originates

it, it begins to

happen or exist.
05. If something

dates back

to a particular time, it started or was made at that

time.
06.

Meditation

is a discipline in which the mind is focused on an object of

thought or awareness.

94

Level 3-B

Passages 32~36

01. If we

by car, we would have saved time.

went

had gone

02. My best friend

have gone

China. So, he isnt here.

has been to

has gone to

had gone to

or not is up to you.

03.
If you will do it

What you will do it

04. What hes done

Whether you will do it

the whole thing.

spoil

is to spoil

05. If I

to spoil

longer legs, Id be able to run faster at the race.

had

have

06. My brother

had had

a car before.

will never drive

has never driven

07. What you have to do


is wait

was never driving

for her to come to see you.


be waited

be waiting

the meaning of this word is?

08.
What you think

09. If he had helped us, we


would finish

10. No one really knows


that happened to

Do you think what

What do you think

this project.
would be finished

would have finished

the dinosaurs.
what happened to

whether happened to

Chapter 09

95

Aim High Reading | Level 3-B

Chapter 10

Passage 37_
Anti-Social Behavior
Passage 38_
Emotions Controlling
Inner Peace
Passage 39_
Furniture Designer
on the Cutting Edge
Passage 40_
How to Make
Your Own Weather Vane

Vocabulary Pre-check
acknowledge
adjustment

alternatively

approximately

arrangement

as a consequence of


aside from ~

block out
broom

burdensome

carpentry

controversial

(),

craftsman

revolutionary
routine
sanity
slit

spin

subconscious

tip

tremendous
triangular

minimize

nuisance

upholstery ()

uplifted

victimize

unsympathetic

lozenge

victim

intrigue

observe

respectful

obligation

put up with

the latter

functionalism ,

mediate

mechanics

precise

intense

the former

fence

horizontal

harassment

pervasive
post

decry

glue

out-of-place

take action

for generations

creep

flat

on edge

weather vane
weigh ~ down
width
woe

wooden

woodworking ,

wreck

Passage

Social Culture Business

Any given society by definition must have


rules of behavior which define what is
socially acceptable. While many people
today say that our society is becoming more
anti-social, the issue is still controversial.
On the one hand, when people decry anti-social behavior these days, they are
really saying that the rules of acceptable or social behavior seem to be
changing and that they dont like the new rules. This line of thinking may lead
us to say that young people are no longer as respectful of their elders and thus
they are being anti-social.
On the other hand, it can be argued that anti-social behavior is not increasing,
but it is merely being acknowledged more and more. This may be related to the
fact that people dont put up with things that they used to think were normal.
For instance, in general women no longer stand for certain types of harassment
endured by them for generations.
Anti-social behavior by definition has a broad range. It can be anything from
serious harassment from a close one to nuisances brought on by anti-social
neighbours. When the anti-social behavior of others victimizes us, we must not
blame ourselves but get help. The worst thing any victim can do is to keep his
or her victimization to himself or herself. Alternatively, victims of anti-social
behavior can talk to others. A person from outside can look at the situation with
fresh eyes. Support, encouragement and tips from others can also make a
tremendous difference. And, they can also help you decide whether to take
action or not.

define [difin]

controversial [kntrv;l] ,

decry [decry] ,
for generations

on the other hand


nuisance [n;sns] ,

alternatively [;lt;ntivli]
take action

98

Level 3-B

on the one hand

harassment [hrsmnt] ,
victimize [vktimiz]

make a difference

tremendous [trimnds]

Aim High Reading

Info Scan

1.

Which of the following is NOT true about anti-social behavior?

Every society has its own rules of being social and anti-social.
Being social means the behaviors are accepted by society.
The range of social or anti-social behavior can be very broad.
It is important not to keep it to yourself when you are victimized.
The victim of every anti-social behavior should be compensated.

Analysis

2.


.
.

Analysis

3.

Why does the author recommend talking to others when you are
victimized? (in Korean)
.
, , .

Vocabulary

4.

put up with
.
stand for
endure

Chapter 10

99

Grammar

< + be>

Women no longer stand for certain types of harassment (which were) endured
by them for generations.
Tips , < be> . be
-ible, -able , ( ) .

Quiz

1. He has a lovely daughter who is called Pam. < who is >


2. This is the man about whom I was speaking. <

>

3. The house which he lives in is very large. < which >


4. Of those who were invited only a few came to the party. < who were >

Structure

It can be anything from serious harassment from a close one to nuisances brought
on by anti-social neighbours.
anything ?

serious harassment from a close one

nuisances brought on by anti-social neighbours

100

()

()

It

()

from serious harassment from a close one

can be

()

to nuisances brought on by anti-

anything

Level 3-B

social neighbours

Passage 37

Writing

1. Any given society by definition must have rules of behavior which


define .
what is socially acceptable

2. They are really saying that the rules of acceptable or social


behavior .
seem to be changing

3. Women no longer stand for certain types of harassment

.
endured by them for generations

4.

is to keep his or her victimization to

himself or herself.
The worst thing any victim can do

5. They can also help you decide

whether to take action or not

Chapter 10

101

Passage

Life Sport Music

Stressed by unsympathetic bosses and routine but burdensome family


obligations we feel on edge. And then as we commute between our families and
our jobs, we listen to the news of the woes of environmental destruction,
financial ruin and murderous criminal activity. Just when we need to be
emotionally uplifted, we get weighted down with more worries.
You wouldnt want these things to
weigh you down any longer. The
key to maintaining your sanity
throughout the day is to minimize
the news the media throws at you.
Yes, the media is all-pervasive,
creeping in wherever you are,
entering your space when you turn
on your computer, your TV, your radio, or when you open up the daily
newspaper. (A) Since there is no way you dont turn these things on or open
them up forever, you have to take control of your mind. (B) You cannot afford
the emotional trouble of renting out space in your head to the mass media. (C)
What you truly need to do is to find some inner peace. You should sit back,
mediate and get rid of the emotions of jealousy, desire, anger and hate, which
are in your subconscious mind. (D) To do that you must realize that you are not
perfect and neither is anyone else. If you think your boss wants a perfect report
or your family wants a perfect holiday, you feel more stress and strain. And you
will never be able to find that inner peace you desire. (E)

unsympathetic [>nsimp^tik] ,
burdensome [b;dnsm]
woe [wou] ,
sanity [snti]

Level 3-B

obligation [blgin]

financial ruin

on edge

uplifted [<plftid] ,

pervasive [pvisiv] ,

mediate [m;diit] ,

102

routine [ru;t;n] ,

block out ~

weigh ~ down ~

creep [kri;p]
wreck [rek] ,

Aim High Reading

Coherence

1.

Even if you block out the emotions the media is throwing at


you, you might feel you are becoming an emotional wreck.

Analysis

2.

(A)

(B)

(D)

(E)

(C)

List the three main sources of stress mentioned in this passage.


(in Korean)


Detail

3.

What is recommended to control subconscious emotions? (in Korea)


Info Scan

4.

According to the passage which of the following is NOT correct?

Controlling the news from the media is one way to reduce


stress.
Relaxation and meditation can help you relieve your stress.
It is impossible to get rid of the media completely in your
daily life.
Complete inner peace can be obtained by blocking out the
news.
Jealousy, desire, anger and hate could be in your
subconsciousness.

Chapter 10

103

Grammar

`+`

You wouldnt want these things to weigh you down no longer.


You turn on your computer, or your TV, or your radio.
Tips <> .
. ,
.

Quiz

1. Put on your hat. Put it on.


2. He used to take off his socks when he came back home.
He used to take them off when he came back home.
3. You should try to turn off the light whenever you go out.
You should try to turn it off whenever you go out.

Structure

Stressed by unsympathetic bosses and routine but burdensome family obligations


we feel on edge.
Stressed() .

SinceO WhenPwe are


?

unsympathetic bosses
routine but burdensome family obligations

()

Stressed by unsympathetic bosses

104

and ~ obligations

feel

we

()

on edge

Level 3-B

Passage 38

Writing

1. Stressed by unsympathetic bosses and routine but burdensome


family obligations .
we feel on edge

2. The key to maintaining your sanity throughout the day

the media throws at you.


is to minimize the news

3. You

( ) of renting out space in

your head to the mass media.


cannot afford the emotional trouble

4.

is to find some inner peace.


What you truly need to do

5. To do that you must realize that you are not perfect and

.
neither is anyone else

Chapter 10

105

Passage

Person History

Furniture designer Bruno Mathsson, who was born in Varnamo, Sweden in


1907, was greatly influenced by the woodworking traditions of his family.
Carpentry, especially cabinet making, was his fathers trade so Mathsson grew
up learning about wood from his father. By watching and helping his father, he
acquired all the precise skills of a master craftsman. Thus, having become
interested in furniture making techniques, he gathered as much information as
he could from all the additional sources, aside from his father, that he knew of.
He learned a lot by borrowing books from libraries, museums and friends who
shared his intense passion for designing.
Mathsson became fascinated by functionalism in furniture
design as a consequence of this self-education in designing. He
wanted to create more functional and modern furniture than the
flat board furniture his father and the rest of his woodworking
family members had been creating for centuries. His furniture
was designed with clean, elegant lines including some chairs
with positional adjustability. Some of the chairs he worked on didnt have
springs or upholstery. His ideas were revolutionary for his time.
Mathsson was so intrigued by what he termed the mechanics of sitting that he
conducted experiments to learn what repeated patterns humans made when they
sat down. He even conducted some experiments in snow to observe the results.
Some of his designs have become classics such as the Bruno Mathsson Pernilla
llbord table. The latter is a table which can be
chair and the Bruno Mathsson Fo
folded and made into several different arrangements. While it was designed in
1935, it would not be out-of-place in many homes today.

woodworking [wdw;ki\] ,
aside from ~
spring [spri\]

upholstery [<phulstri] ()

mechanics [mkniks]

106

Level 3-B

carpentry [k;pntri] ,

intense [intns] ,

craftsman [krftsmn] (),

functionalism [f=\nlzm] ,
intrigue [intr;g]

classics [klsik] ,

the latter ( the former)

Aim High Reading

Info Scan

1.

Which of the following is true about Mathsson? (Choose two)

He applied for patents for his artistic furniture designs.


He was more interested in making functional furniture.
He studied furniture making techniques all by himself.
His revolutionary design ideas didnt pay off at the time.
He grew up learning the technical skills to make furniture.

Analysis

Detail

2.

3.

Mathsson .

chair:

table:

the mechanics of sitting .


Inference

4.

Which of the following can be inferred about Mathsson?

The idea of functionalism in furniture was first created by


him.
He took over his fathers business after he became skillful
enough.
Some of his designs are still popular among many people.
His furniture was more expensive than other furniture at the
time.
He didnt really enjoy the furniture his father had been
creating.

Chapter 10

107

Grammar

He wanted to create more functional and modern furniture than the flat board
furniture his father had been creating for centuries.
+

I had the book that he had given me.

Tips , . < had p.p.> .

Quiz

1. When I woke up, the sun [ already rose / had already risen ].
2. I recognized the lady at once though we [ didnt meet / hadnt met ] for years.
3. It was difficult to determine exactly where the accident [ took / had taken ] place.

Structure

He wanted to create more functional and modern furniture than the flat board
furniture his father and the rest of his woodworking family members had been
creating for centuries.
the flat board furniture ?

his father and the rest of ~ for centuries

()

()

()

He

()

than the flat board furniture

wanted

()

his father ~ for centuries

to create more functional and modern furniture

R to more functional and modern furniture to


.

108

Level 3-B

Passage 39

Writing

1. He gathered

from all the additional sources,

aside from his father, that he knew of.


as much information as he could

2. Mathsson

in furniture design as a consequence

of this self-education in designing.


became fascinated by functionalism

3. His ideas were

revolutionary for his time

4. He conducted experiments to learn

when they sat down.


what repeated patterns humans made

5. The latter is a table

~ several different

arrangements.
which can be folded and made into

Chapter 10

109

Passage

Life Sport Music

Lets make our own weather vane. Start with an


approximately 30 cm long piece of wood. This piece of
wood should be approximately 1 cm in width and 2 cm in
height. Cut a horizontal slit about 1 cm deep on each end
of the piece of wood. In the middle of the piece of wood,
hammer one nail all the way through it. Spin the piece of
wood around the nail until
.
Cut a triangular head and a lozenge-shaped tail for the
weather vane from a piece of aluminum such as a pie
plate. Glue the head into one slit and the tail into the
other slit. Allow time for the glue to dry.
Get a long wooden dowel to put the weather vane onto. A dowel is a long,
round piece of wood like the one that is used for broom handles. Before
hammering the weather vane on top of the dowel, place a metal washer on the
end of the dowel which the weather vane is going to be attached to. Now
hammer the nail in the middle of the weather vane, into the end of the dowel.
Make sure that it moves freely and easily around the nail.
Now you can put your weather vane outside. A good place to put it is on a fence
post using nails. Try to get the vane as high above the fence as you can while
still keeping the dowel steady and secure. The triangular head will always point
in the direction the wind is blowing from. For example, if the head points to the
Southwest, then the wind is blowing from the Southwest. Its as simple as that.
A common mistake is to think that the wind is blowing toward the Southwest.
Rlozenge: a shape with four corners:
The two corners that point up and down are further away than the two pointing sideways.

weather vane

approximately [prksmitli]

hammer [hm]
glue [glu;] ,

110

Level 3-B

spin [spin] ,
wooden [wdn]

horizontal [h;rzntl] ,
triangular [trai\gjl]
broom [bru(;)m]

slit [slit] ,

lozenge [lzind,]

washer [w] ()

Aim High Reading

Analysis

1.

Which of the following is NOT mentioned as a material


you will need?

glue and a wooden dowel


a long piece of wood
aluminum plates
wire and scissors
nails and a hammer

Coherence

2.

the stick doesnt turn around the nail


the stick breaks exactly in two pieces
the stick has a hole to put glue into
the stick turns easily around the nail
the stick can fit into a wooden dowel

Reference

3.

it ?

hammer

dowel

vane

washer

nail

Analysis

4.

The head of the weather vane points to the Northwest.


Explain the direction of the wind in Korean.
.

Chapter 10

111

Grammar

to

A common mistake is to think that the wind is blowing toward the Southwest.

To read a lot of books broadens our mind.

She promised to call me every month.

Tips to , , , . to
.

Quiz

to .

1. I decided to study hard from now on. < >


2. To cram for a test is a bad study strategy. <

>

3. Educations purpose is to replace an empty mind with an open one. <

Structure

>

A dowel is a long, round piece of wood like the one that is used for broom handles.
like the one ?

that is used for broom handles

112

()

()

A dowel

a long, round piece of wood

is

()

like the one that is used for broom handles

Level 3-B

Passage 40

Writing

1. Start with

30cm piece of wood.

an approximately 30 cm long

2. This piece of wood should be approximately

1cm 2cm .

1 cm in width and 2 cm in height

3. Allow time

for the glue to dry

4. A dowel is a long, round piece of wood

like the one that is used for broom handles

5.

(, ) is on a fence post using nails.


A good place to put it

Chapter 10

113

Review
A

01. intense

07. intrigue

02. pervasive

08. mediate

03. make a difference

09. observe

04. tremendous

10. decry

05. put up with

11. get rid of

06. nuisance

12. take action

A .

01.

tremendous amount of money

02.

decried the campaign

03.

get rid of the car

04. .

Sorry to be a nuisance.

05. ( ) put up with his insults


Lets take action.

06. .

A .
intense

01. The word

describes something that is very great in strength or

degree.
02. If something

you, it interests you and you want to know more

intrigues

about it.
03. If something makes a difference, it affects you and helps you in what you are doing.
04. If someone

mediates

an agreement between two groups of people, he or

she tries to settle an argument between them.


05. If you

observe

a person or thing, you watch it carefully, in order to learn

something about it.


06. If something is

114

Level 3-B

pervasive

, it is present or felt throughout a place or thing.

Passages 36~40

01. I have been to the station


off to see him

.
to see off him

02. The photos

to see him off

you are looking were taken by my sister.

which

at which

at that

03. When I entered the classroom, the lesson


had already begun

had begun already

04. The friend

with whom

whom with

in the dictionary.

looked it up

up the word looked

06. I lost the MP3 player that I


was bought

looked up it

last weekend.
had been bought

07. It is natural for a boy of his age


be interested in

have already begun

I was traveling could speak French.

whom
05. He

had bought
girls.

being interested in

to be interested in

08. The only way to find out the experiences of humanity was to read
how to write
09. He

what had been written that is written


in the distance.

who his brother looked at looked his brother at


10. Few people

looked at his brother

experienced an earthquake or witnessed a volcanic

eruption doubt that our planet is alive.


have

who have

whose have

Chapter 10

115

Level

3-B

AIM HIGH
READING
Answer Keys

Chapter 06
Vocabulary Pre-check
remission ,
acne

reservoir

adapt ,

restore ,

adolescence ,

revived

adulthood

savior

animation ,

scar

be saturated with ~

species

bluntly ,

statement

break down

subject , ,

bush ,

suburban ,

catalogue ,

suspend ,

collapse ,

topical ,

concerned

undergrowth

consequently ,

vine

crop ,
dire ,
distinct ,

21

ecological
extinct
filter out ~
fundamental

Passage

| |

geography ()
impart ,
indeterminate ,
interconnection
longitudinal ,
manifestation ,
matrix ,
metabolize

3. . /
.

4.

myriad

| |

neutralize

1. , The seeds are thus

parklands ,

being stored so that they can become ecological

particular

saviors. , The stored seeds will

perceive

be revived to help the damaged environment.(

physical education

profitable ,

.) .

puberty

rarely ~

, ?

related

1.
2. /

Aim High Reading | Level 3-B


.

.

.

.

2. these threats
. ,
.

3. ,
.

4. cars, factories and cities


, (D)
.

| |
The purpose of a seed farm near New York City
is not to plant seeds so they will grow into
profitable crops, but to store the seeds so that
they can be used sometime in the distant future.
In order to store these seeds for an
indeterminate time, the seeds must be put into
suspended animation, a sleeplike state in which
the seeds do not age. These seeds are being
stored in the belief that they will be needed to
bring back plant species to areas in which they
have become extinct. The seeds are thus being
stored so that they can become ecological
saviors. When planted in the future, these seeds
could help restore damaged parklands and
forests. Revived plants could also protect
reservoirs of drinking water by filtering out
pollution.
The sad fact is that many plant species are
threatened by various human activities. Forested
areas with their undergrowth of bushes and wild
flowers are being cut down for suburban roads
and houses. Pollution from cars, factories and
cities is poisoning numerous other plants.
Furthermore, plant species native to one

particular area in the world are being threatened


by non-native species, which have been
introduced knowingly or unknowingly by
humans into a new place. For example, a vine
native to Asia called Oriental Bittersweet was
introduced into America knowingly by people
who admired the Oriental Bittersweets colorful
leaves and berries. But it is now threatening to
destroy a similar but not as seemingly beautiful
vine called American Bittersweet. If any of these
threats do result in the extinction of any plant
species, biologists will turn to the Seed Farm
for help in reintroducing that species.
| |

,
.
,
,
.

.
. ,
.

.

.

. ,
.
,
,
.
,

.

.

,

.

Answer Keys

| |

WRITING

The purpose of a seed farm ~ is not to plant

1. The seeds must be put into suspended

seeds ~, but to store the seeds ~.

animation, a sleeplike state in which the seeds

is to .

do not age. ( )

not ~ but ... ~



.

2. When planted in the future, these seeds could


help restore damaged parklands and forests.

a sleeplike state in which the seeds do not age /


areas in which they have become extinct
in which <+> where
.

The sad fact is that many plant species are


threatened by various human activities.
The sad fact, is, that .

( )

3. Forested areas with their undergrowth of


bushes and wild flowers are being cut down for
suburban roads and houses.
(~ )

4. But it is now threatening to destroy a similar but


not as seemingly beautiful vine called American
Bittersweet. ( )

GRAMMAR Quiz
1. .

Do come again, please.

5. Biologists will turn to the Seed Farm for help in


reintroducing that species.
(~ )

2. .

I do hope you will get better.


3. , .

22

He said he would come and he did come.

Passage

STRUCTURE
A vine native to Asia called Oriental Bittersweet
was introduced into America knowingly by
people who admired the Oriental Bittersweets
colorful leaves and berries.
A vine( ) .

native to Asia

| |
1.
2.

3.
4.

called Oriental Bittersweet

| |

< >

A vine native to Asia called Oriental

1.

Bittersweet

was
introduced

. Many
studies on teenagers tend to fail because they

() into America

take a long time.(

knowingly
() by people
() who admired the Oriental

.) .

()

, ?
1950 .

Bittersweets colorful leaves and

5 1 .

berries

Aim High Reading | Level 3-B

2. 1990 the researchers believe


the data will show strong connections between
the teenage years and adulthood
,
.

.

3. longitudinal(), ; ()
,
.
long`-term .

4.

(D)
.

| |
It wasnt until the 1950s that people started
identifying the teenage years as a distinct stage
in life. Before the 1950s, there were only kids
and grownups and no teenagers. People didnt
think a child turning fifteen was significantly
different than one turning ten. As you grew up
you jumped from childhood into adulthood; but
not anymore. These days, the 20 percent of the
worlds population that is experiencing
adolescence is going through something distinct
and separate from childhood, and something of
great importance to adult life. The theory is quite
simple: if a persons teens are scarred by family,
health or financial problems, that person will be
handicapped by these problems in adulthood.
Likewise if a person is blessed with good health
in his or her teens, he or she will have a greater
chance of having a healthy adulthood.
Researchers are trying hard to catalogue the
myriad changes that young people are going
through at this time in their life by conducting
longitudinal studies that collect enormous
amounts of data. One longitudinal study of 3,000
people, the Birth to Twenty Study, began in

1990 in South Africa. The subjects in this study


are now in their late teens and the researchers
believe the data will show strong connections
between teenage years and adulthood. For
example, healthy eating in teenage years is
believed to set a persons physical health in their
adulthood. These and other points, however,
cannot be proven until subjects in the study
reach adulthood. And that is still a long time off.
| |
1950
. 1950 ,
. 15 10
.
,
. ,
20%
.
. ,
,
.
,
.

,
. 3,000
the Birth to Twenty
Study 1990 .
10 ,

. , 10
.

.
.

| |
something distinct and separate from childhood,
and something of great importance to adult life
something something
.

Answer Keys

the myriad changes that young people are going

3. Researchers are trying hard to catalogue the


myriad changes that young people are going

through
that are going through

through at this time in their life.

the myriad changes .

( )

4. The researchers believe the data will show

GRAMMAR Quiz

strong connections between teenage years and

1. 30 .

adulthood. (~ )

It was not until he was thirty that he started


to paint.

5. These and other points, however, cannot be


proven until subjects in the study reach

2. .

The traffic laws didnt take effect until the

adulthood.
( )

end of the year.


3. 1911 .

It was not until 1911 that the first of the

23

vitamins was identified.

Passage

STRUCTURE
The 20 percent of the worlds population that is
experiencing adolescence is going through
something distinct and separate from childhood,
and something of great importance to adult life.
20% 20% ?

that is experiencing adolescence


< >

The 20 percent of the worlds


population that is experiencing
adolescence

is going through
something distinct and separate
from childhood

something of great importance to


adult life

| |
1. /
2.
3.

4.
| |
1. but rarely do teachers explain to their students
how the subjects are related to one another
, Teachers rarely teach students how
things are interconnected.(

.) . The ancient scholars
discovered that there was one subject that
connects to all the others: Math!

WRITING
1. They are going through something distinct and
separate from childhood, and something of
great importance to adult life.
( ~ )

2. He or she will have a greater chance of having a


healthy adulthood.
(~ )

Aim High Reading | Level 3-B

The ancient scholars thought numbers could be


the connection of the all subjects.(
.)
.
? (2)

.

.

2.
to prove that Math was thought to be the key to
everything(
).
?






3. the knowledge that .


the knowledge numbers are not simple
facts but the basis of all life . ,

.

4. .

. Without
numbers, there would be no life.( ,
.) .
.
.

The facts that the different manifestations of our


reality are connected, and that everything we
perceive on earth is tied together in a secret
matrix, have always been part of basic
knowledge ever since old civilizations. The
ancient scholars discovered that there was one
subject that connects to all the others: Math!
Ancient scholars saw numbers in everything.
Pythagoras is famous for stating bluntly that
Everything contains numbers. Augustinus took
Pythagoras statement a step further, uttering a
dire warning about the necessity of using
numbers in daily life: Without numbers
everything would collapse. And Novalis
believed so strongly in the importance of
mathematics that he related it to religion: Life of
Gods is mathematics. Pure mathematics is
religion.
These ancient scholars were concerned about
the quality not the quantity of numbers. They
realized that numbers could tell us about
creation, growth and life itself. They tried to
impart the knowledge that numbers are not
simple facts but the basis of all life. Without
numbers, there would be no life.
| |

| |
Students study a lot of subjects at school, but
rarely do teachers explain to their students how
the subjects are related to one another. The
biology teacher doesnt explain clearly how his
subject can be connected to geography; and
neither does the physical education teacher
explain how his subject is related to biology. In
fact, there are huge interconnections among
almost all subjects; we just arent being taught
what they are. In the last decades, however, this
term connection has become a big topic all
over the world.

,
. ,
.
.


.



.
,
. .
.

Answer Keys

.
,

< >

The facts that the different ~, and

that everything ~ in a secret matrix


have always been
part of basic knowledge

,
. .
.

. .

() ever since old civilizations


. , ,

WRITING

1. Rarely do teachers explain to their students how

the subjects are related to one another.

. , .

( )

| |
rarely do teachers explain to their students how
the subjects are related to one another / neither
does the physical education teacher explain how
his subject is related to biology
(rarely, neither)
(teachers, the physical education teacher)
(do, does) .

GRAMMAR Quiz
1. I know the very person that will do the job

2. Neither does the physical education teacher


explain how his subject is related to biology.
( ~ )

3. Novalis believed so strongly in the importance


of mathematics that he related it to religion.
(~ )

4. They tried to impart the knowledge that


numbers are not simple facts but the basis of all
life. ( )
5. Without numbers, there would be no life.
( )

quickly. that
2. There was no hope that she would recover her
health. that

24

3. Edwin Hubble discovered that the universe is


getting bigger. that

STRUCTURE
The facts that the different manifestations of our
reality are connected, and that everything we
perceive on earth is tied together in a secret
matrix, have always been part of basic
knowledge ever since old civilizations.
The fact .

the different manifestations of our reality are


connected
everything we perceive on earth is tied
together in a secret matrix

Passage

| |
1.
2. . / .
3. Coenzyme A
.

4.
| |
1. Coenzyme A
, Coenzyme A ,
,
Acne is mainly caused when the body lacks
Coenzyme A.( Coenzyme A
.) .

Aim High Reading | Level 3-B

?
Coenzyme A .

.
Coenzyme A
.
Coenzyme A
.

2. Coenzyme A, which is used to neutralize skin oil


below the surface of the skin Coenzyme A is
needed to make testosterone and estrogen, the
sex hormones Coenzyme A
. , ,
.

3. Research has shown that this diet


related treatment is the only way to get 100%
remission of one
s acne.
Coenzyme A
.

4. ,

topical system
. topical system a
medicine that you apply to a localized part(
) .

the food we eat. If we dont eat food which


supplies this chemical then, our bodies will not
be able to break down the skin oil that causes
acne.
But the process of breaking down skin oil before
turning into acne is further complicated by the
fact that Coenzyme A is needed to make
testosterone and estrogen, the sex hormones.
When there is very little Coenzyme A in the body,
it has to choose what to use it for. And since sex
hormones are far more important for the survival
of the species, the body reduces the amount of
Coenzyme A available for metabolizing skin oil,
the skin becomes saturated with oil, and you get
acne.
This imbalance usually starts in puberty and can
continue for decades. Most of this occurs below
the surface of the skin, so no topical system
such as pads or creams can address this
fundamental problem. The key to fighting acne is
to supply our body with the right foods so that it
has enough of the chemical supplied through
food which it uses to make Coenzyme A.
Research has shown that this diet related
treatment is the only way to get 100% remission
of ones acne.

| |

| |

The main cause of acne is actually the failure of


the body to break down skin oil before it
reaches the surface of the skin. Why we get it,
and consequently, how we can cure it are now
well-understood processes.

Our body makes a chemical called Coenzyme A,


which is used to neutralize skin oil below the
surface of the skin. Two of the three chemicals
which make up Coenzyme A are produced by
the body on its own, but the third chemical
which makes up Coenzyme A must come from

Coenzyme A
,
. Coenzyme A
, Coenzyme
. ,

.

Coenzyme A ( )

Answer Keys

( )

process ?

. Coenzyme A

breaking down skin oil before turning into

, .

acne

Coenzyme A

by the fact that ~ hormones

, ,
.

.
,
.
Coenzyme A

. ,
100% .

the fact that ?


< >

The process of breaking down

()

skin oil
before turning into acne
is

()

( that) that Coenzyme A is needed to

make ~ hormones

| |
Why we get it, and consequently, how we can
cure it are now well-understood processes.
(Why we get it, how we can cure it)
. are .

Our body makes a chemical called Coenzyme A,


which is used to neutralize skin oil below the
surface of the skin
which
a chemical called Coenzyme A

further complicated
by the fact

WRITING
1. Why we get it, and consequently, how we can
cure it are now well-understood processes.
( )

2. Our body makes a chemical called Coenzyme


A, which is used to neutralize skin oil below the
surface of the skin. (~ )
3. When there is very little Coenzyme A in the

, <be used+to>~

body, it has to choose what to use it for.

( )

4. The key to fighting acne is to supply our body

GRAMMAR Quiz
1. 1920 .

They live in a house which was built in 1920.


2. .

Those who want to go to college should


study hard.

STRUCTURE
The process of breaking down skin oil before
turning into acne is further complicated by the
fact that Coenzyme A is needed to make
testosterone and estrogen, the sex hormones.

10

Aim High Reading | Level 3-B

with the right foods so that it has enough of the


chemical. ( ~ )
5. Research has shown that this diet related
treatment is the only way to get 100% remission
of ones acne. (~ )

Review
|A|
01.
02. ,
03. ~
04.
05.
06. ~
07. ,
08.
09. , , (cf. quantity , )
10.
11. ,
12. ,
|B|
01. experience adolescence
02. filter out pollution
03. the main cause of acne
04. the quality of numbers
05. be used to neutralize
06. suburban roads and houses

|C|
01. neutralizing
02. Biology
03. extinct
04. suspend
05. scars
06. impart
|D|
01.
02.
03.
04.
05.
06.
07.
08.
09.
10.

Answer Keys

11

Chapter 07
Vocabulary Pre-check
pollutant
abstract

pristine ,

adopt

question

algae-filled

ravage ,

artifact ,

repel ,

back up ,

resemble

blob

reside ,

bulk ,

reveal ,

carve ,

scholar

choke

self-esteem

civilization

smelly

climactic

stable

commitment ,

statistics ()

comprehensively

stench

concrete , ,

sufficient

concur ,

sulfur dioxide

condensation ,

suspension ,

discipline ,

tackle ( )

emit ,

take place ,

evaporate

the Northern Hemisphere

eventually

the Southern Hemisphere

for instance

vapor

formation

variable

gravel ,

weather-beaten

halt ,

whopping ,

incidence ()

without a doubt

infest ,
initial ,
linguist
marked ,
measurement ()
microscopic particles
mineral ,
myriad ,
no-go zone
orbit
overwhelm
participate in ~
pit

12

Aim High Reading | Level 3-B

25

Passage

| |
1.
2. :
:
:

3.
4.
| |
1. Scholars assume its
age from signs of having been out in the
weather.(
.) .
.
. olmec
.
.
, ?

.
.

.
Cascajal block
.

2. Cascajal block Olmec




,

| |
A stone block, Cascajal block, with letters and
symbols carved into it, is believed to be the
oldest known piece of writing in the New World.
The block was found in a gravel mine in Mexico.
It is believed to have been carved by people
living in Mexico and Central America before
Columbus discovered the New World. These
people, called the Olmecs, lived in the oldest
known civilization in that part of the world.
The block itself looks extremely weather-beaten
as if it had gone through the ravages of years
and years of rain. The rain has created pits in the
blocks and minerals have formed in some of the
symbols and signs. But this piece of evidence
has been backed up with more concrete
chemical testings, which have proven without a
doubt that the block is about 3,000 years old.
Scholars are studying the block, but no one
really knows what it says. Linguists think the
carvings on this block are part of a written
language, even though very different symbols
are used. The block holds a total of 62 symbols,
some of which resemble plants such as corn, or
animals such as insects and fish. Many of the
symbols are more abstract boxes or blobs.
Scholars have also noted that some of the
symbols and signs seem like other images found
on artifacts from the Olmec civilization. Also of
note is that the writing on the blocks seems to
be composed of several sentences. Essentially
the discovery of the block means that their
society had progressed to the point whereby
they were keeping records.

3. Essentially the discovery of the block

| |

means that their society had progressed to the

Cascajal block

point whereby they were keeping records. ,

Cascajal block Olmec

. .

. Olmecs


4. concrete, ,
. definite.

Answer Keys

13


.
,
.
, 3,000
.
,
.
,
. 62
,
.
.

STRUCTURE
This piece of evidence has been backed up with
more concrete chemical testings, which have
proven without a doubt that the block is about
3,000 years old.
.

without a doubt
which
.
:

and they(more concrete chemical testings)


< >

This piece of evidence


has been backed up

Olmec

() with more concrete chemical

testings

()
which have proven without a doubt

that the block is about 3,000 years

old

| |
It is believed to have been carved by people

WRITING

living in Mexico and Central America

1. The Cascajal block is believed to be the oldest

known piece of writing in the New World.

(~ )

Also of note is that the writing on the blocks

2. It is believed to have been carved by people

seems to be composed of several sentences.

living in Mexico and Central America.

<(of note)+(is)+

(~ )

that> .

3. The block itself looks extremely weather-beaten


as if it had gone through the ravages of years

GRAMMAR Quiz
1. Will you join with me for a party?

Will you join me for a party?


2. She wanted to marry with a rich man.

She wanted to marry a rich man.


3. She discussed about her plans with her mother.

She discussed her plans with her mother.

14

Aim High Reading | Level 3-B

and years of rain. ( ~ )


4. More concrete chemical testings have proven
without a doubt that the block is about 3,000
years old. ( )
5. Also of note is that the writing on the blocks
seems to be composed of several sentences.
(~ )

26

Passage

| |
1.
2. 15% /
50% /
54%

3. , ,
.

4.
| |
1.
, .
(a) (b) Moreover (a) First of
all, (b) As a result .

2. SBMH 15%
, 50%
, 54%
.

3. These
statistics clearly showed that the studentsself`esteem as well as their attitudes towards their
teachers, their school and their school work had
significantly improved. . ,
, ,
.

4. Most youth self`-reported significantly improved


commitment to school ,
.
, The kids reported to school that the program
should improve more.(
.) .
, ?
SBMH .

.

| |
Overwhelmed by problems and lacking sufficient
resources, evidence-based practices have
recently increased in popularity as a way to use
available resources as efficiently as possible. A
school is one governmental institution which has
these characteristics. Schools have a myriad of
problems and often lack sufficient resources to
tackle all of their problems. However, as
evidence shows that school-based mental
health (SBMH) services are effective at helping
troubled teenagers feel better about themselves
and do better at school, more and more schools
are adopting mental health programs.
There is strong evidence that SBMH services
work. After one year in an initial test program,
the troubled students who participated in it
showed marked improvements in their behavior
at school and in their school work. First of all,
these students improved school attendance
records by 15%. Moreover, incidences in which
the schools had to discipline these kids
decreased by 50% as did incidences of these
youths using violence at school. As a result,
suspensions of these former troubled kids by
the school decreased by a whopping 54%.
These statistics clearly showed that the
students self-esteem as well as their attitudes
towards their teachers, their school and their
school work had significantly improved. Most
youth self-reported significantly improved
commitment to school and the parents of these
children concurred. Their childrens mental
health and school work were both much better.
With the reporting of the results of the initial
study, more and more schools have been
adopting SBMH service programs. The evidence
from these other programs backs up the
conclusions made from the initial study.


.
.

Answer Keys

15

| |

GRAMMAR Quiz

1. How long have you been looking for a job?

2. He was tired because he had been working

.
.

. (SBMH)
, 10

since dawn.
3. I recognized him at once since I had seen him

before.
4. I had left my purse on the train, so I had to walk

home.


,
.

STRUCTURE
The students self-esteem as well as their

SBMH .

attitudes towards their teachers, their school and

their school work had significantly improved.


.
15% .
,
50% .
54%

towards their teachers, their school and their


school work
< >

The students self-esteem as well as

their attitudes ~ school work


had significantly improved

. ,

.
.

WRITING

1. Evidence-based practices have recently

, SBMH

increased in popularity as a way to use available

resources as efficiently as possible.

( )

2. Schools have a myriad of problems and often

| |
A school is one governmental institution which
has these characteristics. / the troubled
students who participated in it showed marked

lack sufficient resources to tackle all of their


problems. ( )
3. SBMH services are effective at helping troubled
teenagers feel better about themselves and do

improvements

better at school.

which who .

( ~ )

at helping troubled teenagers feel better about

4. The troubled students who participated in it

themselves and do better at school

showed marked improvements in their behavior

at helping , helping

at school and in their school work.

troubled teenagers, feel do

( )

and . help to
.

5. Moreover, incidences in which the schools had


to discipline these kids decreased by 50% as
did incidences of these youths using violence
at school. (~ )

16

Aim High Reading | Level 3-B

27

Passage

| |
1. /
2.
.

3.

4.
| |
1. In short, water vapor will not turn into clouds, mist
or fog without aerosols. It was found that
aerosols allow water vapor to condense into
clouds.(
.) . It
was a simple concept ~. This idea was accepted
as a basic truth which we never questioned ~.
Many people thought it was a just
simple process without any doubts.(
.)
.
? (2)
.

.

.

.
s oceans
2. Since the atmosphere above the world
is more stable than that above most cities
. ,
.

3.ship tracks
which are clouds created by the
aerosols emitted by tankers and other large ships
. , ship tracks

.

4. This

,

.
, (D)
.

| |
Many of us have been taught that when water is
heated, it evaporates into the air, rising up into
the sky and eventually forming clouds. It was a
simple concept involving just water, the Sun,
and the sky. This idea was accepted as a basic
truth which we never questioned, as we never
doubt whether the Earth orbits around the Sun
or not. But as it turns out, weve all been misled.
The whole process of cloud formation depends
on the presence of aerosols, microscopic
particles, which are needed for the process of
condensation to take place in the atmosphere.
In short, water vapor will not turn into clouds,
mist or fog without aerosols.
It is hard to test theories of cloud formation
since some variables cannot be evenly
controlled. For instance, there are different
pollutants in the atmosphere above different
urban areas. Since the atmosphere above the
worlds oceans is more stable than that above
most cities, scientists have been testing theories
of cloud formation by studying ship tracks,
which are clouds created by the aerosols
emitted by tankers and other large ships.
Research has revealed that the sulfur dioxide
emitted from the smokestacks of these ships
creates sulfate aerosol particles in the
atmosphere, which cause clouds to reflect more
sunlight and carry a greater amount of water.
This is proof that humans have been creating and
modifying clouds for generations through the
burning of fossil fuels. The study will move on
towards explaining some of the climactic
mysteries, such as why the Southern Hemisphere
is being affected by global warming much more
quickly than the Northern Hemisphere.

Answer Keys

17

| |

2. ,

The teacher met his old student, who didn't

, , .

recognize him at first.

STRUCTURE

, .

The sulfur dioxide emitted from the smokestacks

of these ships creates sulfate aerosol particles in

the atmosphere, which cause clouds to reflect

. ,

more sunlight and carry a greater amount of

water.

the sulfur dioxide ?

. ,

emitted from the smokestacks of these ships

which ?

, ship tracks

sulfate aerosol particles in the atmosphere

,
. ,

,

.

.

.

< >

The sulfur dioxide emitted from the

smokestacks of these ships


creates
sulfate aerosol particles in the

atmosphere
() which cause clouds ~ of water

WRITING
1. This idea was accepted as a basic truth which

| |
the atmosphere above the worlds oceans is
more stable than that above most cities
. the

we never questioned, as we never doubt


whether the Earth orbits around the Sun or not.
( )

2. In short, water vapor will not turn into clouds,

atmosphere above the world


s oceans the

mist or fog without aerosols.

atmosphere above most cities ,

(~ )

the atmosphere that .

3. It is hard to test theories of cloud formation


since some variables cannot be evenly

GRAMMAR Quiz
1. ,

controlled. (~ )
4. The atmosphere above the worlds oceans is

more stable than that above most cities.

She wrote her father a long letter, which he

(~ )

sent back unopened.

5. Sulfate aerosol particles in the atmosphere


cause clouds to reflect more sunlight and carry
a greater amount of water.
( )

18

Aim High Reading | Level 3-B

. , the Upper Midwest

28

Passage

| |
1.
2.
3.
4.

| |

. /
.

| |
1.
Upper Midwest .
Many of the lakes in the Upper
Midwest have been badly contaminated.(Upper
Midwest .)
.
?

.

.
Upper Midwest
.

.

2.
, The situation, however, has recently
improved a lot.(
.) .
Upper Midwest .
, .
.
.

3. myriad, ; 1;
. many .

4. Not only do they provide an outlet for recreation

The fish tank hasnt been cleaned in months; its


a smelly, algae-filled tank that is choking the life
out of the few remaining fish. When you finally
have the time to clean it, you lift open the top
and the stench repels you. So you want to leave
the job for another time and go do something
else. The stench of a polluted, algae-filled lake is
not different. No one wants to live or play near
one. Everyone wants a clean, crystal-clear lake
to reside by or swim in.
In the Upper Midwest, lakes are so important to
peoples livelihoods that they want to halt the
process of lakes becoming algae-infested no-go
zones before its too late. Not only do they
provide an outlet for recreation and an ideal
setting to connect with nature, but they also
draw in the bulk of the tourist trade. No one
wants to see the pristine lake they fish on or
swim in become polluted. But its not easy to
monitor water quality, for example, in the Upper
Great Lakes region of Michigan State where
there are over 30,000 lakes and, where, until
recently, all measurements were done by hand.
Testing 30,000 lakes by hand is quite simply an
impossible job.
The situation, however, has recently improved a
lot. Scientists have started using satellite
imagery to solve the problem of being unable to
visit every lake. They have found that satellite
imagery is a good tool to monitor certain types
of pollution and levels of algae in the water.
While hand-testing might more comprehensively
reveal myriad types of pollutants, satellite
imagery does have the benefit of having every
lake included in the pollution report.

and an ideal setting to connect with nature, but


they also draw in the bulk of the tourist trade.

Answer Keys

19

| |

satellite imagery does have the benefit of having

every lake included in the pollution report

does have do do.

. ,
.

GRAMMAR Quiz

1. .

.
.
.

There is little chance of the plane being late.


2. .

My boss doesnt mind my being late for

Upper Midwest,

.

work.
3. .

He dislikes his secretary making private

calls.

, .

.
, , Upper Great Lakes
3 , ,
. 3
.
.

Scientists have started using satellite imagery to


solve the problem of being unable to visit every
lake.
?
to solve the problem of ~ every lake

(unable) ?

to visit every lake

< >

()

| |
Not only do they provide an outlet for recreation

Scientists
have started
using satellite imagery
to solve ~ every lake

WRITING
1. Everyone wants a clean, crystal-clear lake to

and an ideal setting to connect with nature, but

reside by or swim in.

they also draw in the bulk of the tourist trade.

( )

<not only ~, but also ...> Not only


(they) (do)
.

No one wants to see the pristine lake (that) they


fish on or swim in become polluted.
lake they fish on or swim in
that .
see the pristine lake [(that) they fish on
or swim in], become
.

20

STRUCTURE

Aim High Reading | Level 3-B

2. Lakes are so important to peoples livelihoods


that they want to halt the process of lakes
becoming algae-infested no-go zones.
( )

3. Not only do they provide an outlet for recreation


and an ideal setting to connect with nature, but
they also draw in the bulk of the tourist trade.
( ~ )

4. Until recently, all measurements were done by


hand. ( )
5. Satellite imagery does have the benefit of
having every lake included in the pollution
report. (~ )

Review
|A|
01.
02.
03. ,
04.
05.
06. ,
07. ~
08.
09. ,
10.
11. ()
12.

|C|
01. disciplined
02. Statistics
03. stable
04. abstract
05. chokes
06. halts
|D|
01.
02.
03.
04.
05.
06.
07.
08.
09.
10.

|B|
01. the whole process of cloud formation
02. the pollutant emitted from cars
03. control some variables
04. the troubled students who participated in the
test

05. a clean and clear lake to reside by


06. The water evaporates into the air.

Answer Keys

21

Chapter 08
Vocabulary Pre-check
inquisitive
amino acid

intriguing

asteroid

invader

be composed of ~

larva (pl. larvae)

be prone to -ing ~

lay () , (~)

bound ~

lifespan

breath-taking

mimic ,

by instinct

mimicry ,

cap off

nectar

carbohydrate

Neptune

celestial ,

novice ,

challenging ,

order , , ,

combine

orientation

comet

overall

connection ,

participate

consistently ,

pelagic ,

deadly ,

pollen

defend ,

pouch

distinguish A from B A B

protein

drift ,

protrusion ,

drone

Saturn

dwarf

saw , ()

enhance ,

shark

evaporate

shattered ,

experienced ,

speck ,

expert

sponge

explore

sterile

exquisite ,

stimulus (pl. stimuli)

eye-catching

stinger ,

frequency

stunning ,

grain

tempestuous

helium

terrestrial

hemisphere ()

venom

hive

vibration

honeycomb
immense
in conjunction with ~
in particular
ingest

22

Aim High Reading | Level 3-B

29

Passage

| |
1.
2. right hemisphere:

4. .


.

. ()

| |

left hemisphere:

By instinct babies try to mimic adults behaviors.


One form of mimicry that can be used as a
teaching and developmental tool by parents is
sign language. Child development experts are
recommending that parents teach their babies
how to sign so that they can communicate with
their babies even before those babies can
speak. Not only is signing thought to be a useful
step in the direction toward full oral
communication, the process of signing itself can
also help develop and improve the overall
capabilities of the brains of babies.

3.
4.

| |
1. Learning sign language helps
babies
s brian development as they grow.(

.) .
The process of learning sign language
enhances the development of the baby
s brain.
.
Sign language

.
?

.

.

.
,
.

2. ,
,
.

3.
,
(D) .
these connections
.

The process of learning sign language enhances


the development of the babys brain. In the
process of learning speech, information such as
words is stored in the brains left hemisphere. In
the process of learning sign language, a baby
must first recognize visual stimuli which are
processed by the right hemisphere, then transfer
the knowledge or information about that sign to
the left hemisphere of the brain for storage and
later reference. Therefore, the process of signing
helps develop the capacity of a babys brain
since the connections between the left and right
hemispheres of a babys brain are being
developed by this process.
The stronger and larger these connections are
made when they are little, the better they will be
able to process information between the two
hemispheres as they grow. Recent studies have
proven that babies who have learned sign
language have more well-developed language
skills. The sign-trained children already have the
ability to remember words visually in conjunction
with their real meaning, so they are less prone to

Answer Keys

23

forgetting the meaning of words when they start


to learn to read.
| |
.

.

GRAMMAR Quiz
1. .

The doctor suggested that I (should) go on a


diet.
2. .

His words suggested that she leave now.


STRUCTURE

A baby must first recognize visual stimuli which

are processed by the right hemisphere, then

transfer the knowledge or information about that

sign to the left hemisphere of the brain for

storage and later reference.

. ,

visual stimuli ?

. ,

which are processed by the right hemisphere

transfer , ?

: the knowledge or information about

that sign


,
.

: to the left hemisphere of the brain


< >

A baby
must first recognize

visual stimuli which are processed


by the right hemisphere

then+ then transfer

the knowledge or information

about that sign


to the left hemisphere of the brain
() for storage and later reference
()

| |
Not only is signing thought to be a useful step

WRITING

Not only

1. By instinct babies try to mimic adults behaviors.

(signing) (is) .

The stronger and larger these connections are

(~ )

2. Not only is signing thought to be a useful step,

made ~, the better they will be able to process

the process of signing itself can also help

information ~.

develop and improve the capabilities of the

<the+ ..., the+ ...> ~

brains. ( ~ )

3. The stronger and larger these connections are


made, the better they will be able to process
information between the two hemispheres.
( ~ )

24

Aim High Reading | Level 3-B

4. The sign-trained children already have the


ability to remember words visually in
conjunction with their real meaning.
( )

5. They are less prone to forgetting the meaning of


words. ( )

30

Passage

| |
1.
2. : 80%
: 0.2%
: 20%

3. /
4.
| |
1. The drone ~ has a lifespan of around 24 days
, The drone dies immediately after
mating with the queen.(
.) .
?
.
.
.
.

2. Nectar is up to 80% sugar but

| |
Between 20,000 and 60,000 bees live in a single
hive. The queen bees main activity is laying
eggs, approximately 1,500 eggs a day and it
lives for up to 2 years. The drone is the bee
whose only job is to mate with her and has a
lifespan of around 24 days they have no
stinger. And the worker bees, all sterile females,
usually work to death, collecting pollen and
nectar within 40 days in summer. Worker bees
fly up to 14 km (9 miles) to find pollen and
nectar, flying at 24 km/h (15 mph).
Pollen is the main source of protein and vitamins
for bees, with the 10 amino acids they require.
Nectar is up to 80% sugar but less than 0.2% in
protein, so nectar is the carbohydrate supply for
the hive. Bees place the nectar in honeycomb
cells and then evaporate the water from the
nectar by rapid wing movement. When the
amount of water comes down to 20%, this is
called honey and the bees cap off the cells. A
mixture of honey and pollen is called bee
bread and is the food for larvae and bees.
A worker bee communicates her floral findings
by performing a dance on the honeycomb. The
orientation of her wing movements and the
frequency of her vibrations indicate the direction
and distance of the flowers. The worker bees
defend the hive. The strong stinger quickly saws
into the skin of the invader and the venom
pouch begins to contract rhythmically to pump
venom into the intruder.

less than 0.2% in protein, 20%


,
80%, 0.2%, 20%.

3. The orientation of her wing movements and the


frequency of her vibrations indicate the direction
and distance of the flowers. ,
,
.

constrict.

2 6 .
, 1,500
, 2 .
, 24
. , ,
40

,
4. contract,

| |

.
24km 14km .

Answer Keys

25

10

< >

The worker bees, all sterile females,


usually work

. 80%

0.2% ,

. ()

() to death

collecting pollen and nectar

. 20%

()

, ,

() within 40 days in summer

. bee bread

.

WRITING

1. The queen bees main activity is laying eggs,

approximately 1,500 eggs a day.

. .

( )

| |
The drone is the bee whose only job is to mate
with her
whose
. ex. He has a
sister whose name is Mary.

with the 10 amino acids (that) they require


acids they that
.

GRAMMAR Quiz
1. .

She enjoys surfing the Internet.


2. .

I decided to study hard from now on.


3. ?

Would you mind turning the radio down?


STRUCTURE
The worker bees, all sterile females, usually work
to death, collecting pollen and nectar within 40
days in summer.
The worker bees ?

all sterile females


?

collecting pollen and nectar

26

Aim High Reading | Level 3-B

2. The drone is the bee whose only job is to mate


with her. ( )
3. The worker bees, all sterile females, usually
work to death, collecting pollen and nectar.
( )

4. When the amount of water comes down to


20%, this is called honey. (~ )
5. The strong stinger quickly saws into the skin of
the invader and the venom pouch begins to
contract rhythmically to pump venom into the
intruder. ( )

31

Passage

| |
1.
2. those with no experience
3.
4.
| |
1. There are various scuba diving lessons for less
or non experienced people.(
.)
.
?

.

.

.

.
.
2. novice,
those with no experience.

3. , huge rocks that came from


the deep sea( )
.
Laurel Island
?



4. brightly colored yellow and orange coral polyps

| |
Boracay, an island 315 km south of Manila, has
consistently been rated as having the best
scuba diving sites in the world. Not only can
experienced divers find challenging and breathtaking dive sites to test themselves, but there
are also numerous easier sites for those with no
experience or for those who wish to snorkel
rather than scuba dive.
Experienced divers, who wish to explore toprated dive sites, can visit such areas as the
Sibuyan Sea, Tablas, Romblon, Semirara and
Laurel Island. In particular Laurel Island has
strong undercurrents surrounding it, making it
dangerous for novice divers but challenging for
experienced divers. What happens near Laurel
Island is that the strong undercurrents allow
skilled divers to participate in what is known as
drift diving, drifting along with the fast-moving
undercurrent. Also near Laurel Island, divers are
likely to see brightly colored yellow and orange
coral polyps opening up fully so that they can
ingest plankton passing by in the fast moving
water. In addition to coral, divers can see huge
sponges in many colors as well as numerous
other pelagic fish such as sharks and
barracudas.
Boracay itself has excellent dive sites which
offer challenges to divers with less experience.
One great site for divers to explore is Fridays
Rock, a great protrusion of rocks from under the
sea. It is home to brilliantly colored coral of the
hard and soft variety. Other fish you are bound
to see are darting butterfly fish, inquisitive
wrasses, fast-moving damsels, playful blue
tangs, and deadly stingrays.

opening up fully so that they can ingest planktons


passing by in the fast moving water

| |

. so that .

315km ,

, Laurel Island

Answer Keys

27

STRUCTURE
What happens near Laurel Island is that the

strong undercurrents allow skilled divers to

Sibuyan Sea, Tablas, Romblon, Semirara Laurel

participate in what is known as drift diving.

Island . Laurel Island


,
, . Laurel
Island

.
Laurel Island ,

.
,

skilled divers
?

what is known as drift diving


:

< >

What happens near Laurel Island


is
that the strong undercurrents ~ as drift

diving

WRITING

1. There are also numerous easier sites for those

with no experience or for those who wish to

Friday
s Rock.

snorkel rather than scuba dive.

( )

, , ,
.

2. In particular Laurel Island has strong


undercurrents surrounding it, making it
dangerous for novice divers but challenging for

| |
Not only can experienced divers find challenging
and breath-taking dive sites to test themselves
Not only can
experienced divers .

experienced divers.
( )

3. What happens near Laurel Island is that the


strong undercurrents allow skilled divers to
participate in what is known as drift diving.
( )

GRAMMAR Quiz
1. .

It is necessary for us to recycle waste.


2. .

It was careless of you to lose your cell phone


again.
3. .

It is hard for a rich man to enter the kingdom


of heaven.

28

Aim High Reading | Level 3-B

4. Divers can see huge sponges in many colors as


well as numerous other pelagic fish such as
sharks and barracudas. (~ )
5. Other fish you are bound to see are darting
butterfly fish, inquisitive wrasses, and deadly
stingrays. ( )

32

Passage

| |
1.
2. inner planets:
outer planets:

3.
4. /
| |
1.
. It is the biggest among the
planets in the Solar System. .
?
.
.
.
.

2. the planets can be divided into four terrestrial or


rocky inner planets including Earth and four gas
giant outer planets inner planets
, outer planets
.

3.
.
, It is
composed of grains of salt, ice and rock.(
, .) .
?
.
.
.
.

4. These hyper-speed winds, combined


with heat rising from within the planet
s interior,
cause the yellow and gold bands visible in its

| |
The Solar System consists of the Sun and the
other celestial objects: the eight planets, the
hundreds of moons, three dwarf planets
including Pluto, and millions of small bodies. In
order of their distance from the Sun, the planets
are Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn,
Uranus, and Neptune.
In broad terms, the planets can be divided into
four terrestrial or rocky inner planets including
Earth and four gas giant outer planets. And, with
its stunning rings and dozens of moons, Saturn
is the most intriguing among outer planets.
Saturn is similar to Jupiter, Uranus and Neptune
since, like those outer planets, it is composed of
two gases: helium and hydrogen. On the other
hand, it is unlike those planets because of its
fascinating and eye-catching rings. Saturns
exquisite rings without a doubt are what
distinguish it from all the other planets in the
Solar System.
Saturn has the most wide-ranging ring system in
our Solar System, stretching out hundreds of
thousands of miles from the planet. The rings
are composed of billions of small specks, which
are no bigger than a grain of salt, and billions of
huge pieces, which can be as big as a house, of
ice and rock orbiting Saturn at different speeds.
The rocks come from shattered moons, comets
and asteroids. Each tiny or immense piece of ice
or rock making up a ring, orbits the planet on its
own path.
The giant planet has a tempestuous atmosphere
with winds which can reach speeds of up to
1,800 km an hour. These hyper-speed winds,
combined with heat rising from within the
planets interior, cause the yellow and gold
bands visible in its atmosphere.

atmosphere.
.

Answer Keys

29

| |

GRAMMAR Quiz

1. All that I know is that I know nothing.

, ,

2. He always does what he believes is right.

, .

3. What is learned in the cradle is carried to the

, , , , , ,

grave.

, , .
,

STRUCTURE

The planets can be divided into four terrestrial or

. ,

rocky inner planets and four gas giant outer

planets.


, ,
. ,
.

.
,
.

inner planets .

four / terrestrial or rocky / (including Earth)


outer planets .

four / gas giant


< >

The planets
can be

divided
() into ~ outer planets

. ,
, .

WRITING

1. In order of their distance from the Sun, the

planets are Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars,

1,800km

Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune.

(~ )

2. Saturns exquisite rings without a doubt are


what distinguish it from all the other planets in
the Solar System. ( )

| |

3. The rings are composed of billions of small

Saturn has the most wide-ranging ring system in

specks, which are no bigger than a grain of salt,

our Solar System, stretching out hundreds of

and billions of huge pieces, which can be as big

thousands of miles from the planet.

as a house. ( ~ )

stretching .

4. Each tiny or immense piece of ice or rock

These hyper-speed winds, combined with heat

making up a ring, orbits the planet on its own

rising from within the planets interior, cause the

path. ( ())

yellow and gold bands visible in its atmosphere.


combined with ~ the planet
s interior
, .

5. These hyper-speed winds, combined with heat


rising from within the planets interior, cause the
yellow and gold bands visible in its atmosphere.
( )

30

Aim High Reading | Level 3-B

Review
|A|
01. ~
02. A B
03.
04. ,
05. ,
06.
07.
08.
09.
10. ,
11. , ( expert )
12.
|B|
01. be dangerous for a novice
02. be less prone to forgetting
03. mimic ones behavior
04. the frequency of pulse
05. explore the Antarctic Continent
06. distinguish Saturn from all the other planets

|C|
01. sterile
02. immense
03. ingest
04. inquisitive
05. exquisite
06. intriguing
|D|
01.
02.
03.
04.
05.
06.
07.
08.
09.
10.

Answer Keys

31

Chapter 09
Vocabulary Pre-check
scatter
aid ( )

smirk

appliance ,

split ,

archeological

squabble

archeologist

subconscious

around the corner

subtract ,

be supposed to ~

value ,

carve ,

worn-out ,

complicate
confusion
date back
dedicated
distraction
extensively
fallout ,

33

Passage

| |

festering
gene
genius
get rid of ~
hallway
heal
ill-will
imply ,
inevitable ,

4. their backgrounds / their instincts / knowing


how to calculate

instinct ,

| |

intensify ~

1. to see if more distractions than in

internal ,

the first study could affect the result ,

meditation

orderly ,

. All the kindergartners have

originate ,

gotten the same math problems in the test.(

potentially ,

.) .

prehistoric

property ,

psychologist

purpose ,

quartz

resist ,

result in ~

ritual ,

32

1.
2.
3. :

Aim High Reading | Level 3-B

2.

.
to emphasize that the kindergartners didn
t just
guess the answer(
) .
?






3.
, ,

.

4.

a bag with the number 21 printed on it. The


screen read, She has 21 candies. Then the
picture of the girl changed. Above her was a bag
with the number 30 on it. The screen read, She
gets 30 more candies. Above the picture of the
boy was a bag marked 34. The screen read, He
has 34 candies. Now, kids were asked Who
has more? Nearly three-quarters of
kindergartners got the answer right. If the kids
had just guessed who had more candies, only
half of them would have been correct.
For the second experiment, the scientists tested
37 kindergartners from poor and middle-class
families. The kids had to answer questions in a
hallway outside their school classroom, where it
was very noisy, to see if more distractions than
in the first study could affect the result. Still,
more than 75% of these kids got the answers
right.

,
. , .

| |

Regardless of their backgrounds, kids can use

their instincts to estimate values without knowing

how to calculate.

( ,

.)

, .

| |

Its probably too much to say that kids are


natural math geniuses. But researchers feel that
it is safe to say that kids can solve some math
problems even without knowing how to add or
subtract. By using their instincts to estimate
values, kids can avoid the confusion of exact
calculations. Some psychologists recently
tested kids from a variety of backgrounds to
make sure that wealth or level of education
didnt affect the results.

In the first study, 20 of 5 to 6-year-olds from


wealthy, well-educated families sat in front of
computers that showed a split computer screen
which displayed a boys face on one side and a
girls face on the other. Above the girls face was

34 .

, 5~6
20

. 21
. 21
.
. .
30
. 30 .

. 34 .
. , ?

. 4 3
.
, .

Answer Keys

33

,
37 .
, ,

. ,
75% .

| |
But researchers feel that it is safe to say that
kids can solve some math problems
feel that that feel that .
that it , to say
. say that .

Above her was a bag with the number 30 on it. /


Above the picture of the boy was a bag marked

STRUCTURE
20 of 5 to 6-year-olds from wealthy, well-educated
families sat in front of computers that showed a
split computer screen which displayed a boys
face on one side and a girls face on the other.
20 ?

5 to 6-year-olds from wealthy, well-educated


families
: 5~6 20
computers ?

showed a split computer screen


screen ?

displayed a boys face on one side and a


girls face on the other
< >

34.
<++> .

The kids had to answer questions in a hallway to


~ see if more distractions than in the first study
could affect the result.
to see to
. see
. if~ ()
.

20 of 5 to 6-year-olds from wealthy,

well-educated families
sat
() in front of computers
() that showed a split computer

screen
() which displayed a boys face on

one side and a girls face on the


other

GRAMMAR Quiz
1.
.

If we had got up earlier, we could have


caught the plane.
2.
.

He would have been seriously injured if he


hadnt been wearing a seat belt.
3. ,
.

If Cleopatras nose had been shorter, the


whole face of the earth would have changed.

WRITING
1. Its probably too much to say that kids are
natural math geniuses.
(~ )

2. But researchers feel that it is safe to say that


kids can solve some math problems even
without knowing how to add or subtract.
( )

3. Above the girls face was a bag with the number


21 printed on it. ( )
4. The screen read, She gets 30 more candies.
( )

5. The kids had to answer questions in a hallway


to see if more distractions than in the first study
could affect the result.
(~ )

34

Aim High Reading | Level 3-B

34

Passage

| |
1.
2. , / /

3.
4.
| |
1.
, ancient
proofs of using crystals for various purposes(
).
?



2. .
jewelry , Furthermore
specific physical and mental health problems
, Lastly a strong spiritual
connection . ,
, , .
? (
)

3. , , , ,
, The
use of crystals was not limited to particular
cultures.(
.) .
?
.

.

.

.
4. properties,
qualities.

| |
The history of crystal dates back thousands of
years to Mesopotamian times. As we study
history we find crystals were in use for other
purposes than jewelry. Crystals make beautiful
jewelry because by definition they have an
orderly internal structure that is reflected by
light. Furthermore, it is believed that specific
crystals can aid specific physical and mental
health problems. All we have to do is place them
near us to get these health benefits. Lastly, there
has always been a strong spiritual connection
with crystals which is partly related to both their
beauty and their mental health benefits.
In Boyne Valley in Ireland, there is an ancient
grave, which is older than the pyramids, built by
prehistoric people. The grave is a kind of solar
temple which has a roof covered in white quartz,
representing the White Goddess. It was built to
allow the sun to shine through on the Winter
Solstice. There has also been archeological
evidence that crystals were used by the
Egyptians. Archeologists have concluded that
crystals were extensively used for numerous
purposes, including spiritual purposes in North,
Central, and South America. In Asia, quartz has
a long tradition of being carved and admired for
its beauty. The heart of the dragon which in
Asian tradition is admired for its wisdom and
intelligence is frequently represented by a
crystal ball. Lastly, ancient India also has a rich
tradition of using crystals. Indians were the first
to place crystals on the body for healing and
meditation purposes. This is where the idea of
using crystals for their energy giving properties
originated.

Answer Keys

35

| |

GRAMMAR Quiz

1. I decided to study hard from now on.

. ,
.

. ,

.
. ,

.
Boyne Valley, ,

.
, .


2. What I really wanted to do was to gain honor
from other people.

/
3. The best we can do is to help them to get rid of
the oil from the sea.

/
STRUCTURE
The heart of the dragon which in Asian tradition
is admired for its wisdom and intelligence is
frequently represented by a crystal ball.

, , ?

: the dragon

: in Asian tradition

, , ,

: for its wisdom and intelligence

. ,

. ,

< >

The heart of the dragon


() which in Asian tradition is admired

. ,

for its wisdom and intelligence


is
frequently represented

() by a crystal ball

WRITING
| |

1. The history of crystal dates back thousands of

they have an orderly internal structure (that is)

years to Mesopotamian times.

reflected by light / with crystals (which is) partly

( )

related to both their beauty and their mental


health benefits
< +be> .

The grave is a kind of solar temple which has a


roof covered in white quartz / The heart of the
dragon which in Asian tradition is admired for its
wisdom and intelligence
which , <
+be> ,
.

2. As we study history we find crystals were in use


for other purposes than jewelry.
(~ )

3. All we have to do is place them near us to get


these health benefits. ( )
4. It was built to allow the sun to shine through on
the Winter Solstice. ( )
5. This is where the idea of using crystals for their
energy giving properties originated.
( ~ )

36

Aim High Reading | Level 3-B

35

Passage

| |
1.
2. try:
.

lose: .

3. I will get rid of my weight.


4. yourself / your brain
| |
1.
, Our mind is
directed exactly by what is said or thought.(
.)
.
, ?

.
.
.

.

2. try
, lose

programming yourself even if you dont know it.


Whenever you tell yourself something about
your expectations and goals, you are
programming your internal, sub-conscious
computer. If you look at your class schedule and
say, Math is hard. I hate it, sure enough you
wont do well in math. Youve programmed your
brain to think that its too hard for you, so you
have almost no chance of ever succeeding at
math.
Do you often tell people that you are trying to
lose weight? When you say you are trying that
means that you arent actually doing it. It means
that you are only trying. When you say
something like this, it is inevitable that you will
fail.
The word lose is also bound to lead you to
failure if you go around telling others that I am
trying to lose weight. The word lose implies
that you want to find whatever has been lost. Do
you want to find your lost weight? Not really. But
what is happening is that your subconscious is
being programmed to accept failure.
So what should you say when you have old,
worn-out clothes that you no longer wear? Or
what do you do with them? You GET RID OF
them. Why not try doing the same thing with
your weight? Say I will get rid of my weight.

3. try lose ,

| |

I will get rid of my weight.

4.

computer

,
. .

| |

.
,

When we program a computer, we are telling it


exactly what we want it to do. And it will do
exactly what we want it to do. It is exactly the
same with humans and every day you are

.
,
.

Answer Keys

37

? ,
.
. ,
.
.

,lose

.lose

. ?
. ( )

.
,
? , ?
.
? .
.

STRUCTURE
When we program a computer, we are telling it
exactly what we want it to do.
?
: it(a computer)
: what we want it to do
it ?

a computer
< >
()

When we program a computer


we

are telling
it
exactly
()

what we want it to do

| |
we are telling it exactly what we want it to do /
And it will do exactly what we want it to do. / But
what is happening is that your subconscious is
being programmed to accept failure.
what
. what tell to do
. what do
to do . what is
happening is .
is
is .

GRAMMAR Quiz
1. 21 .

Hes only 21, but he has already achieved


worldwide fame.
2. .

The plane has just taken off from Gimpo


International Airport.
3.
.

Scientist have noticed that the ozone layer


has been getting thinner.

38

Aim High Reading | Level 3-B

WRITING
1. It will do exactly what we want it to do.
( )

2. You have almost no chance of ever succeeding


at math. (~ )
3. When you say something like this, it is inevitable
that you will fail. ( )
4. The word lose is also bound to lead you to
failure. ( ~ )
5. But what is happening is that your
subconscious is being programmed to accept
failure. ( )

36

Passage

| |
1.
2.
3.

4.
| |
1.

. , Christmas can be a
miserable time of the year for some people.(

.) .
?
.
,
.

.

.

2.
,
can come to the surface .



3. ,

. ,
.

| |
Christmas comes once a year, but as far as
commercial interests and town centres are
concerned, you can safely say that about two
months a year are dedicated to it. With families
chasing their careers all over the country, its
often difficult to get to know the people we
share most of our genes with. All of a sudden
Christmas is around the corner.
Its probably one of the few times of the year
when people get to meet and catch up
especially now families are scattered all over the
country. And it is quite common that festering illwill for an aunt, an uncle or whomever can come
to the surface. How is Theresa supposed to
react to a smirking uncle who wonders why a
35-year-old woman isnt married yet? Yes,
Christmas is a time for spread-out families to
come together and meet, but its also a
potentially dangerous situation and family
members often intensify their fallouts with each
other during this time of year.
And the Christmas gift giving ritual can further
complicate existing squabbles. We share our
genes with these people, but still how are we to
know what the perfect gift is? Whatever you buy
for your aunt, it can be a potentially sore point
for her. How can we possibly know what color
she hates or what kitchen appliances she uses?
This whole process results in what might be
considered a type of writers block. The writer
cannot write out of fear that he has nothing to
say and the gift giver cannot buy out of fear that
the gift will say I know nothing about you! So
we walk around the city, looking into windows
and resisting the calls of saleswomen. We are
blocked up!

,
4. squabbles ,
quarrels.

Answer Keys

39

| |

GRAMMAR Quiz

1. .

,
.
,
.
.
,

I wonder ifOwhetherPthey will come to our


party tonight.
2.
.

He wanted to know what her father was like


and how long her mother had been dead.


. ,
. 35

Theresa ? ,

,

.

.
,

STRUCTURE
This whole process results in what might be
considered a type of writers block.
?

what might be considered a type of writers


block
< >

This whole process


results in
what might be considered a type of

writers block

? ,
.

WRITING

1. You can safely say that about two months a

year are dedicated to it.

(~
OP )

!

.
,
. !

| |
Christmas is a time for spread-out families to
come together and meet
to come together and meet for
spread-out families.

So we walk around the city, looking into


windows and resisting the calls of saleswomen.
looking ~ resisting ~
,~ , ~

.

40

Aim High Reading | Level 3-B

2. All of a sudden Christmas is around the corner.


( )

3. Christmas is a time for spread-out families to


come together and meet.
( )

4. Whatever you buy for your aunt, it can be a


potentially sore point for her. ( )
5. The gift giver cannot buy out of fear that the gift
will say I know nothing about you!
(~ )

Review
|A|
01. ,
02.
03. ()
04.
05. ,
06. ,
07.
08. ,
09.
10. ,
11. ,
12. ~
|B|
01. home appliances
02. subtract 7 from 10
03. prehistoric people
04. for[with] the purpose of
05. Death is inevitable.
06. This stone is too heavy (for me) to lift.

|C|
01. distractions
02. Instinct
03. Archaeologists
04. originates
05. dates back
06. Meditation
|D|
01.
02.
03.
04.
05.
06.
07.
08.
09.
10.

Answer Keys

41

Chapter 10
Vocabulary Pre-check
revolutionary
acknowledge

routine ,

adjustment ,

sanity

alternatively

slit ,

approximately

spin ,

arrangement

subconscious

as a consequence of ~

take action

aside from ~

the former

block out ~

the latter

broom

tip

burdensome ,

tremendous

carpentry ,

triangular

controversial ,

unsympathetic ,

craftsman (),

upholstery ()

creep

uplifted ,

decry ,

victim

fence

victimize

flat

weather vane

for generations

weigh ~ down ~

functionalism ,

width

glue ,

woe ,

harassment ,

wooden

horizontal ,

woodworking ,

intense ,

wreck ,

intrigue
lozenge
mechanics
mediate ,
minimize

37

nuisance ,

Passage

obligation

| |

observe
on edge
out-of-place
pervasive ,
post ,
precise ,
put up with ~
respectful

42

Aim High Reading | Level 3-B

1.
2. . /
.

3. . / , ,
. /
.

4. stand for / endure

| |
1. The victim of every anti`-social behavior should
be compensated.(
.) .
?

.

.

.
.

2. the rules of acceptable orsocial


behavior seem to be changing

.
but it is merely being acknowledged
more and more
.

3. . ,
, , ,
,
.

? ()
.
4. put up with~ ,
stand for endure.

| |
Any given society by definition must have rules
of behavior which define what is socially
acceptable. While many people today say that
our society is becoming more anti-social, the
issue is still controversial.
On the one hand, when people decry anti-social
behavior these days, they are really saying that
the rules of acceptable or social behavior seem
to be changing and that they dont like the new
rules. This line of thinking may lead us to say
that young people are no longer as respectful of
their elders and thus they are being anti-social.
On the other hand, it can be argued that antisocial behavior is not increasing, but it is merely

being acknowledged more and more. This may


be related to the fact that people dont put up
with things that they used to think were normal.
For instance, in general women no longer stand
for certain types of harassment endured by them
for generations.
Anti-social behavior by definition has a broad
range. It can be anything from serious
harassment from a close one to nuisances
brought on by anti-social neighbours. When the
anti-social behavior of others victimizes us, we
must not blame ourselves but get help. The
worst thing any victim can do is to keep his or
her victimization to himself or herself.
Alternatively, victims of anti-social behavior can
talk to others. A person from outside can look at
the situation with fresh eyes. Support,
encouragement and tips from others can also
make a tremendous difference. And, they can
also help you decide whether to take action or
not.
| |


.
.
, ,
,

.

.
,

.
.
,
.
.

Answer Keys

43

.
,
.
.
.
.
, , .

.

WRITING
1. Any given society by definition must have rules
of behavior which define what is socially
acceptable.
( )

2. They are really saying that the rules of


acceptable or social behavior seem to be
changing. ( )
3. Women no longer stand for certain types of
harassment endured by them for generations.

| |
the fact that people dont put up with things that
they used to think were normal

( )

4. The worst thing any victim can do is to keep his

the fact that that that. things that

or her victimization to himself or herself.

(they used to think) were normal that

( )

they used to think .

5. They can also help you decide whether to take


action or not. ( )

GRAMMAR Quiz
1. He has a lovely daughter (who is) called Pam.
2. This is the man about whom I was speaking.
()
3. The house (which) he lives in is very large.
4. Of those (who were) invited only a few came to

38

Passage

| |

the party.

1.
2. /

STRUCTURE
It can be anything from serious harassment from
a close one to nuisances brought on by antisocial neighbours.
anything ?

3.

4.

: serious harassment from a close

one
: nuisances brought on by anti-

social neighbours

It
can be

anything
() from serious harassment from a

close one
() to nuisances brought on by anti-

social neighbours

44

1.
,
( ),

< >

| |

Aim High Reading | Level 3-B

.
(C) .

2. unsympathetic bosses, routine but burdensome


family obligations, the news of the woes
.
, ,
.

. (
)

3.
,
.

? ()

4. 1 Even if you block out the


emotions the media is throwing at you, you might
feel you are becoming an emotional wreck.
, Complete inner peace can be obtained by
blocking out the news.(
.) .
?

.

renting out space in your head to the mass


media. Even if you block out the emotions the
media is throwing at you, you might feel you are
becoming an emotional wreck. What you truly
need to do is to find some inner peace. You
should sit back, mediate and get rid of the
emotions of jealousy, desire, anger and hate,
which are in your subconscious mind. To do that
you must realize that you are not perfect and
neither is anyone else. If you think your boss
wants a perfect report or your family wants a
perfect holiday, you feel more stress and strain.
And you will never be able to find that inner
peace you desire.
| |

, .

, ,

, , .

,
.

| |
Stressed by unsympathetic bosses and routine
but burdensome family obligations we feel on
edge. And then as we commute between our
families and our jobs, we listen to the news of
the woes of environmental destruction, financial
ruin and murderous criminal activity. Just when
we need to be emotionally uplifted, we get
weighted down with more worries.
You wouldnt want these things to weigh you
down any longer. The key to maintaining your
sanity throughout the day is to minimize the
news the media throws at you. Yes, the media is
all-pervasive, creeping in wherever you are,
entering your space when you turn on your
computer, your TV, your radio, or when you
open up the daily newspaper. Since there is no
way you dont turn these things on or open them
up forever, you have to take control of your
mind. You cannot afford the emotional trouble of


.
. ,
, ,
, TV, , ,
.
, .

.
,
.
. ()
, , , .

.
,
.
.

Answer Keys

45

| |

WRITING

The key to maintaining your sanity throughout

1. Stressed by unsympathetic bosses and routine

the day is to minimize the news the media

but burdensome family obligations we feel on

throws at you. / To do that you must realize that

edge. ( )

you are not perfect


to minimize is to
. To do that
to .

What you truly need to do is to find some inner


peace.
What you truly need to do is
. What do
, is .

2. The key to maintaining your sanity throughout


the day is to minimize the news the media
throws at you. ( )
3. You cannot afford the emotional trouble of
renting out space in your head to the mass
media. ( ( ))
4. What you truly need to do is to find some inner
peace. ( )
5. To do that you must realize that you are not

GRAMMAR Quiz
1. Put on your hat.

perfect and neither is anyone else.


( )

Put it on.
2. He used to take off his socks when he came
back home.

He used to take them off when he came


back home.
3. You should try to turn off the light whenever you
go out.

You should try to turn it off whenever you go


out.

39

Passage

| |
1. /
2. chair:

table:

STRUCTURE
Stressed by unsympathetic bosses and routine
but burdensome family obligations we feel on
edge.

| |

Stressed() .

SinceO WhenPwe are

1. He wanted to create more functional and modern


furniture He was more interested in

making functional furniture.(

unsympathetic bosses

.) .

routine but burdensome family obligations

he acquired all the precise skills of a master

< >

craftsman He grew up learning the

Stressed by unsympathetic bosses


and ~ obligations

we
feel

() on edge

46

3.
4.

Aim High Reading | Level 3-B

technical skills to make furniture.(


.)
.
Mathsson ?
.

.

.

2. Mathsson some chairs with


positional adjustability, Some of the chairs he
worked on didn
t have springs or upholstery.,
The latter is a table which can be
folded and made into several different
arrangements. . ,
,
.

3. what repeated patterns humans made when they


sat down . , the mechanics of
sitting
.

4. While it was designed in 1935, it would


not be out`-of`-place in many homes today.
Some of his designs are still popular among many
people.(
.) .
Mathsson ?

.
.
.
.

Mathsson became fascinated by functionalism


in furniture design as a consequence of this selfeducation in designing. He wanted to create
more functional and modern furniture than the
flat board furniture his father and the rest of his
woodworking family members had been creating
for centuries. His furniture was designed with
clean, elegant lines including some chairs with
positional adjustability. Some of the chairs he
worked on didnt have springs or upholstery. His
ideas were revolutionary for his time.
Mathsson was so intrigued by what he termed
the mechanics of sitting that he conducted
experiments to learn what repeated patterns
humans made when they sat down. He even
conducted some experiments in snow to
observe the results. Some of his designs have
become classics such as the Bruno Mathsson
Pernilla chair and the Bruno Mathsson Follbord
table. The latter is a table which can be folded
and made into several different arrangements.
While it was designed in 1935, it would not be
out-of-place in many homes today.
| |
Bruno Mathsson 1907

| |
Furniture designer Bruno Mathsson, who was
born in Varnamo, Sweden in 1907, was greatly
influenced by the woodworking traditions of his
family. Carpentry, especially cabinet making,
was his fathers trade so Mathsson grew up
learning about wood from his father. By
watching and helping his father, he acquired all
the precise skills of a master craftsman. Thus,
having become interested in furniture making
techniques, he gathered as much information as
he could from all the additional sources, aside
from his father, that he knew of. He learned a lot
by borrowing books from libraries, museums
and friends who shared his intense passion for
designing.

Varnamo ,
. ,
Mathsson
. ,
.
,

. ,

.
Mathsson
.

.

.

Answer Keys

47

< >

Mathsson

He
wanted

to create more functional and


modern furniture

.
.

() than the flat board furniture

Bruno Mathsson Pernilla Bruno

() his father ~ for centuries

llbord .
Mathsson Fo

( )

WRITING

. 1935 ,

1. He gathered as much information as he could

from all the additional sources, aside from his

| |

( )

father, that he knew of.


having become interested in furniture making
techniques, he gathered as much information as

2. Mathsson became fascinated by functionalism


in furniture design as a consequence of this

he could

self-education in designing.

having ~ techniques as he had

( )

become interested ~ techniques .

Mathsson was so intrigued by what he termed


the mechanics of sitting that he conducted
experiments to learn ~
<so ~ that > ~

.

3. His ideas were revolutionary for his time.


( )

4. He conducted experiments to learn what


repeated patterns humans made when they sat
down. ( )
5. The latter is a table which can be folded and

GRAMMAR Quiz

made into several different arrangements.


( ~ )

1. When I woke up, the sun had already risen.


2. I recognized the lady at once though we hadnt

met for years.


3. It was difficult to determine exactly where the

40

accident had taken place.

Passage

STRUCTURE

| |

He wanted to create more functional and modern


furniture than the flat board furniture his father
and the rest of his woodworking family members
had been creating for centuries.
the flat board furniture
?

his father and the rest of ~ for centuries


:

48

Aim High Reading | Level 3-B

1.
2.
3.
4.

| |
1. wire and scissors(
) .
?

2. ,
the stick turns easily around the
nail( ) .



3. it vane .

()

4. ,
,
.
.
.

| |
Lets make our own weather vane. Start with an
approximately 30 cm long piece of wood. This
piece of wood should be approximately 1 cm in
width and 2 cm in height. Cut a horizontal slit
about 1 cm deep on each end of the piece of
wood. In the middle of the piece of wood,
hammer one nail all the way through it. Spin the
piece of wood around the nail until the stick
turns easily around the nail.
Cut a triangular head and a lozenge-shaped tail
for the weather vane from a piece of aluminum
such as a pie plate. Glue the head into one slit
and the tail into the other slit. Allow time for the
glue to dry.
Get a long wooden dowel to put the weather
vane onto. A dowel is a long, round piece of
wood like the one that is used for broom
handles. Before hammering the weather vane on
top of the dowel, place a metal washer on the
end of the dowel which the weather vane is
going to be attached to. Now hammer the nail in
the middle of the weather vane, into the end of
the dowel. Make sure that it moves freely and
easily around the nail.

Now you can put your weather vane outside. A


good place to put it is on a fence post using
nails. Try to get the vane as high above the
fence as you can while still keeping the dowel
steady and secure. The triangular head will
always point in the direction the wind is blowing
from. For example, if the head points to the
Southwest, then the wind is blowing from the
Southwest. Its as simple as that. A common
mistake is to think that the wind is blowing
toward the Southwest.
| |
. 30cm
. 1cm 2cm
. 1cm
.
.
.

.
, .
.
.
.
,
() .
.
.
.
.
,
.
. ,
, .
.
.

| |
Allow time for the glue to dry.
to dry for the glue .

Answer Keys

49

A good place to put it is on a fence post using

Review

nails.
to put it A good place to
. A good place to put it ,
is.

GRAMMAR Quiz
1. I decided to study hard from now on.
2. To cram for a test is a bad study strategy.
3. Education
s purpose is to replace an empty mind
with an open one.

STRUCTURE
A dowel is a long, round piece of wood like the

|A|
01. ,
02. ,
03.
04.
05. ~
06. ,
07.
08.
09.
10. ,
11. ~
12.

one that is used for broom handles.


like the one ?

that is used for broom handles


:
< >

A dowel
is

a long, round piece of wood

|B|
01. tremendous amount of money
02. decried the campaign
03. get rid of the car
04. Sorry to be a nuisance.
05. put up with his insults
06. Lets take action.

() like the one that is used for broom

handles

WRITING
1. Start with an approximately 30 cm long piece of
wood. ( 30cm )
2. This piece of wood should be approximately

|C|
01. intense
02. intrigues
03. makes a difference
04. mediates
05. observe
06. pervasive

1 cm in width and 2 cm in height.


(1cm 2cm )

3. Allow time for the glue to dry. ( )


4. A dowel is a long, round piece of wood like the
one that is used for broom handles.
( )

5. A good place to put it is on a fence post using


nails. ( (, ) )

50

Aim High Reading | Level 3-B

|D|
01.
02.
03.
04.
05.
06.
07.
08.
09.
10.

memo