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Text: Nils Langer, Gerhard Maier
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Artwork and layout: Gerhard Maier, Horst Rau
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Copyright 2007 by DataPhysics Instruments GmbH, Filderstadt
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A b o u tH i sD
ataPhysics
tor y of the company

The company DataPhysics Instruments GmbH was founded in


1997 in Filderstadt near Stuttgart,
Germany, by specialists with many
years of experience in surface
chemistry. Since then our scientists and engineers have been
developing in close cooperation
with customers throughout the
world, including science and
research institutes, new measuring instruments and systems for
investigating the processes of surface chemistry in laboratory and
process applications. Our primary
objective is to translate the power
of innovation into the advancement of measurement and interfacial engineering and to develop
superior products for demanding customers. As a result, we
have created a corporate culture
that motivates competent and
creative staff in all departments
to join forces for the best results
in a common goal: perfection. If
you want to know more about
surface chemistry or the company
DataPhysics, simply ask for our
booklet Surface Chemistry An
attractive science or download
the PDF file from our web site. In
this booklet, the DataPhysics team
escorts you through the fascinating world of surface chemistry,
with a wealth of background
information on engineering, the
measuring techniques, and references to key literature on a multitude of applications.

Visit our web site at


www.dataphysics.de
to learn much more about other
important aspects of our company,
e.g. your contacts in each of our
divisions, road maps to our head
office, the addresses of our representatives abroad, etc. Do you have
any questions? Just contact us.
Wel l b e t h e r e f o r yo u
gu ar an t e e d!

Ta b l e o f c o n t e n t s

Page

Optical contact angle measuring instruments

OCA 15EC / OCA 15 plus / OCA 20 / OCA 30


Video-based optical contact angle measuring instruments

OCA 35


Automatic, video-based contact angle measuring instrument

10

OCA 40 Micro

12
Automatic , video-based contact angle measuring instrument for microstructures




Accessories for OCA



A construction kit for various combinations

Temperature and environmental control

To generate and control atmosphere according to your needs

14
16

Special accessories for OCA



Special-purpose extensions to the modular system

18

PCA 100M



Video-based portable contact angle measuring instrument

20

PCA 100R


Robot-assisted contact angle measuring instrument for process control

22

Tensiometers



DCAT 11EC / DCAT 11 / DCAT 21
Dynamic contact angle measuring instruments and tensiometers

24

SVT 20N


Spinning drop video tensiometer

26

28

The application center for surface chemistry


Customized applications
Database and internet information
Seminars and workshops
Hotline and services

30

Data sheets

Specifications of OCA
Specifications of PCA/ DCAT/ SVT

32

DataPhysics is specialised in the


development of high-precise and
reliable methods for evaluating drop
contours in combination with statistical error analysis. Our physicists
and software development engineers produce all their experience
and creativity into the development
of the software modules of the SCA
series just for an outright start.
The available software modules are:
SCA 20 Main program, including
video based measurement and
presentation of the static and
dynamic contact angle on plane,
convex, and concave surfaces,
automatic measurement of the
contact angle hysteresis,
store of image sequences,
menu controlled generation of
data sets, management, and
execution of automatic measuring procedures,
statistics and measurement error
analysis,

Optical contact angle


measuring instruments

Video -based measuring with method and precision

In most diverse engineering


applications the ability of liquids
to wet solids affects the quality
of the products and their manufacturing processes. Important
examples for this are the production and application of paints and
varnishes, the development and
optimization of composite materials, the use of adhesives and
suitable solvents for engineer-

submicroscopic level.
State-of-the-art optics, highprecise mechanical systems,
fast electronic controllers, and
high-resolution video cameras
guarantee to the user of these
DataPhysics instruments the correct view for any analytical task.
After all, our development engineers profit from more than two
decades of practical experience in
these measurement techniques.
We would like to invite you to use

liquids and solids database with


currently more than 170 records
for all surface energy analysis
methods including related citations.
SCA 21 surface free energy
analysis of the surface free
energy of solids as well as their
components (e.g. dispersive, polar
and hydrogen bond parts, acid
and base portions, respectively)
according to nine different theories,
representation of wetting envelopes and work of adhesion/contact angle diagrams.

NEURTEK S.A.

this knowledge incorporated in


our measurement equipment.
Software for efficient work
Intuitive software designed for
Windows XP/Vista assists you
in the use of the optical contact
angle measuring instruments
from DataPhysics by specifying
measurement procedures and in
collecting, assessing, and evaluating the measured data.
Polg.Ind.Azitain, Parcela 3 A

SCA 26 oscillating/relaxing drop


analysis of the real and imagi-

nary part of the interfacial dilatational modulus based on the


oscillating or relaxing contour of
pendant drops.

Electrical field in
an electro wetting
platform EWP 100

Accessories and customized


modifications
All OCA systems can be upgraded
to higher configurations within
this series. Standard and special
accessories are available in a wide
range. If you dont find a solution for your specific needs in
our standard product range, just
contact us for special variants of
our instruments or system components.

SCA 23 lamella contour


analysis of the surface and interfacial tension based on the evaluation of the lamella contour.
Fl e x i b i l i t y i s o n e o f
Da t a Phy si c s p r i o r i t y
o b j e c ti ve s

Apdo.399

Emails: comercial@neurtek.es

SCA 24 drop on fiber


analysis of the static contact
angle according to the generalized length-width-method for
the drop-on-fiber or wetted fiber
setup and the dynamic contact
angle according to the lamellaring-method.

SCA 22 pendant drop


analysis of the surface and interfacial tension, as well as their
polar and dispersive contributions, based on the analysis of the
drop shape.

OCA 35 with software controlled tilting base unit TBU 90E

ing materials, and the biocompatibility of medical implants.


Analytical values are provided by
the precise investigations of static
and dynamic contact angles, the
surface free energy of solids as
well as the surface and interfacial
tension of liquids. Last but not
least the rapid advanc ments in
nanotechnology and biotechno
logy profit from the exact know
ledge of wetting processes in the

SCA 20 software for analyzing contact angles


(e.g. on an ultra-hydrophobic substrate)

20600 EIBAR

sat@neurtek.es

SPAIN

902 42 00 82

SCA 23 software for evaluating liquid lamella

FAX 943 82 01 57

www.neurtek.com

O C A 1 5 E C / O C A 1 5 p l u s
O C A 2 0 / O C A 3 0
Video -based optical contac t angle
measuring instruments

Properties of the OCA 15EC and


OCA 15 plus
The video-based optical contact
angle measuring system OCA 15EC
and OCA 15 plus are the instruments for the budget-priced starting into the contact angle measuring technique and drop shape
analysis for users who can work
with only one electronic syringe
unit ES/2-D, e.g. to determine the
surface tensions of viscous liquids
such as printing inks and adhesives.
The sample table of the OCA 15EC
is designed for easy manual movement in the y-, x-, and z-axis.
In addition the OCA 15 plus offers
a sample table with high precise
manual adjustment in three axis
for the accurate positioning of the
sample and is easily upgradeable
to an OCA 20 / OCA 30.
For bigger samples the OCA 15L
with a long x- and y-axis and the
OCA 15 LHT with a long x-axis and
a special sample table for higher

and heavier samples


(foremost high temperature furnaces) are
available too.
All OCA 15 models can
be equi ped with the
single direct dosing
system SDDM that can
also easily work with
disposable needles and
syringes.
The available software
modules for the OCA 15
instruments are
SCA 20, 21, 22, and 23.

Features of the OCA 20


The video-based optical contact
angle measuring system OCA 20
is the standard instrument for the
contact angle measuring technique and drop shape analysis for
applications which require up to
six electronic syringe units, temperature control and measurement, or automatic needle selection and positioning. It facilitates
the measurement of the surface
free energy, too.
The sample table of the OCA 20 is
manually adjustable in three axis
for the accurate positioning of
the sample and easily upgradable
with a motorized y- and z-axis.
For larger samples the OCA 20L
with a long x- and y-axis and the
OCA 20 LHT with a long x-axis and
a special sample table for higher
and heavier samples (foremost

OCA 15 LHT with


high temperature furnace MTF 1200

Advantages of the OCA 30


The automatic video-based optical contact angle measuring
system OCA 30 is the affordable
instrument for the automatic
determination of the wettability of solid surfaces, the surface
free energy of solids and other
components. It provides meas
urements with a high degree of
reproducibility and is expandable

NEURTEK S.A.

ped with the complete range of


the OCA accessories construction
kit (incl. high-speed image processing system UpOCAH).
For a comfortable work with the
OCA 30 instruments the software
modules SCA 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, and
26 are available.
Common features
The instruments of the OCAseries
share the following common
features:
high performance 6x parfocal
zoom lens with an integrated
continuous fine focus, and
adjustable observation angle,
video measuring system with
high-resolution camera with up
to 87 images per second,
halogen lighting with software
controlled continuous adjustable
intensity without hysteresis for
a homogeneous back lighting,
serial or USB interface to PC

SP 100 suction plate


for vacuum fixation

OCA 20 with electronic multiple dosing


system E-MD/6

high temperature furnaces or


pressure cells) are available.
All OCA 20 models can be equip
ped with the complete range of
the OCA accessories construction
kit (incl. high-speed image processing system UpOCAH).
The available software modules
for the OCA 20 instruments are
SCA 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, and 26.

with up to six electronic syringe


units, automatic needle selection
and positioning, and temperature
control units. It also facilitates the
automatic measurement of the
surface free energy.
The sample table of the OCA 30 is
software controlled adjustable in
Y- and Z- axis; the X-axis is manually adjustable.
For larger samples the OCA 30L with
a long x- and y-axis is available.
Both OCA 30 models can be equip

OCA 15 plus with single


direct dosing system SD-DM

SCA 20 measuring and evaluating


wetting properties of solids

Polg.Ind.Azitain, Parcela 3 A

Apdo.399

Emails: comercial@neurtek.es

20600 EIBAR

sat@neurtek.es

SPAIN

902 42 00 82

FAX 943 82 01 57

www.neurtek.com

OCA 30 with electronic turn tables with vacuum fixation


ETT/VAC electronic multiple dosing system E-MD/4

O C AA u3t o5m a t i c c o n t a c t a n g l e m e a s u r i n g
and contour analysis instrument

Features of the OCA 35


The OCA 35 is a fully automated
instrument for the comfortable
measurement of wetting properties. It is available in a standard
and a long version.
The extensive control and analysis
software developed for Windows
XP/Vista is available in various
configurations and provides in

SCA 20 defining advancing and


receeding contact angle

automatic needle selection and


positioning,
auto focus,
automatic measurement and
analysis of static and dynamic
contact angles according to the
Sessile Drop-method on plane,
convex, and concave surfaces,
automatic determination of
absorption properties,
generation, management, and
execution of automated measuring procedures (e.g. wafer and
X/Y mapping),
easy repetition of measurements,
automatic calculation and presentation of surface free energies on solids and liquids as well
as their contributions,

Refill and rinse system with


liquid pump cleaner RRSLPC 3/1

The automatic sequence of


measurements and the optical
image processing facilitate fast
and highly reproducible measurements on simple and complex
sample structures at the push of
a button.
Components and accessories
The OCA 35 models can be equi ped
with the complete range of the OCA
accessories construction kit.
high performance 6x parfocal
zoom lens with an integrated
continuous fine focus and
adjustable observation angle,
video measuring system with
high-resolution CCD/CMOS
camera with up to 87 images
per second (optional up to
1000, 1600 or 2200 images per
second),

Halogen back lighting with


software controlled adjustable
intensity without hysteresis for
a homogeneous back lighting,
Serial or USB interface to PC,
measuring stage motorized
adjustable in X, Y- and Z-axis,
E-MD electronic multiple dosing
systems with up to six dosing
needles and up to six ES electronic syringe units,
electronic tilting base units
(TBA 60E and TBU 90E), electronic turn tables with vacuum
fixation ETT/VAC up to 300 mm
diameter, temperature and environmental control systems,
refill and rinse system with
liquid pump cleaner RRSLPC 3/1.

WTP 6, 8 and 12 wafer


top plates for ETT/VAC

OCA 35/6 on tilting base unit TBU 90E 35 with electronic turn table with vacuum fixation
ETT/VAC and electronic multiple dosing system E-MD/6

combination with the OCA 35 the


following functions:
automated control of the
sample position in x-y-z direction, the electronic dosing units,
the tilting units, the electronic
turn tables, and the electric
temperature and environmental
control systems,

10

determination of surface and


interfacial tensions based on the
shape of pendant and sessile
drops and on the interaction
between liquid lamella and test
spheres or rods,
generation of wetting envelope
diagrams and work of adhesion /
contact angle diagrams derived
from surface free energies.

NEURTEK S.A.

Polg.Ind.Azitain, Parcela 3 A

SCA 20 fully automatic wafer mapping


Apdo.399

Emails: comercial@neurtek.es

20600 EIBAR

sat@neurtek.es

SPAIN

902 42 00 82

FAX 943 82 01 57

www.neurtek.com

11

O C AF u l4l y 0a u t M
icro
omatic contac t angle and contour

analysis instrument for microstruc tures

Interfacial measurement techniques in a world of micro and


nano dimensions
In many new technical applications the wetting behavior of
micron size liquid drops or even
tinier droplets on solids affects
the quality of recent products and
the related production processes.
Wetting and dewetting on a very
small scale and now even in sub-

The software for Windows


XP/Vista is available in various
configurations and provides in
combination with the OCA 40
Micro the following functions:
controlling of the sample position in x-y-z direction, enhanced
auto focus and observation
angle, electronic dosing units,
tilting units, electronic turn
tables, and electric temperature
control systems,
automatic measurement of
static and dynamic contact
angles according to the generalized Length-Height-method for
the drop on fiber and wetted
fiber arrangement and for the
sessile drop-method on micro
and macro structured samples,

contributions (e.g. dispersive,


polar and hydrogen bond force
contribution, acid and base portions respectively) according
to nine different theories with
specified error limits,
determination of surface and
interfacial tensions based on the
contour of macroscopic pendant and sessile drops and on
the interaction between liquid
lamella and test spheres or rods,
generation of wetting envelope
diagrams and work of adhesion /
contact angle diagrams derived
from surface free energies.
The automatic sequence of measurements including the enhanced
auto focus and the optical image
processing facilitate fast and
highly reproducible measurements
on simple and complex sample
structures at the push of a button.
Components and accessories
measuring lens with 55-fold
(optional 137.5-fold) zoom lens
and software controlled auto
focus and adjustment of the
observation angle,
video measuring system with
high-resolution CCD/CMOS
camera with up to 87 images per
second,
high-speed image processing
system UpOCAH with up to 1000

Software modules SCA 20 and SCA 24 analyzing


a single droplet wetting a human hair

images per second, UpHSC 1000


with up to 1600 images per
second , or UpHSC 2000 with up
to 2200 images per second,
sample stage software controlled adjustable in X, Y- and
Z-axis,
E-MD electronic multiple dosing
systems with max. six dosing
needles and six ES electronic
syringe units,
electronic tilting base units
(TBA 60E and TBU 90E), electronic turn tables up to 200 mm
diameter, and temperature control systems,
electronic micro dosing systems
for the precise dosing of the test
liquids in the nanoliter and picoliter range.

Software controlled
picoliter dosing system

OCA 40 Micro with high-speed camera system UpHSC 2000, top view video system TV-VS
and electronic picoliter dosing system

microscopic dimensions play a key


role frequently.
The fully automatic contact angle
measuring system OCA 40 Micro
is the optical instrument with
the highest degree of automatic
comfort for the measurement of
wetting properties on microscopic
and macroscopic structures.

12

static and dynamic contact


angles on plane, convex, and
concave surfaces,
generation, management, and
execution of automated measuring procedures (i.e. wafer mapping),
automatic calculation of surface
free energies on solids and their

NEURTEK S.A.

Polg.Ind.Azitain, Parcela 3 A

SCA 21 surface free energy and work of adhesion analysis of printer ink
Apdo.399

Emails: comercial@neurtek.es

20600 EIBAR

sat@neurtek.es

SPAIN

902 42 00 82

FAX 943 82 01 57

www.neurtek.com

13

Accessories for OCA

A construc tion kit for various combinations

The electronic multiple dosing


unit E-MD/x is the ideal dosing
unit for sessile drop measurements using liquids with a viscosity up to 3000 mPas. It is available
in different variants for the precise automatic positioning of the
dosing needles. For use in combination with nanodrop or picodrop
dosing systems the E-MD/x plus
with an improved positioning
accuracy of 0.6 m is available.

Selection of measuring accessories

The electronic syringe unit ES in


combination with a syringe and a
needle is the standard device for
dosing drops with volumes down
to 50 nl. The dosed liquid volume
and the dosing rate can be precisely pre-defined by the the SCA
software.

The contact angle measuring


instruments from the OCA series
share a common feature the successful OCA accessories construction kit, designed to help solving
your interfacial problem. This
extensive range of accessories
consists of various dosing systems,
temperature and environment
control systems, turn and tilting
tables, sample positioning systems, and tilting base units.
Advanced dosing technology
The most important accessories
in the construction kit are electronic syringe units in combina-

The innovative picodrop dosing


system comprising a dosing unit
picodrop DUP/xx and a Picodrop
dispenser head PDH xx enables
the surface analysis in sub-micro-

SD-DE single dosing direct


system for E-MD

Paints, varnishes, glues and latex


dispersions are typical applications
for the SD-DM and SD-DE direct
dosing systems. Both direct dosing
systems can be used to dose either
pendant or sessile liquid drops (on
a substrate) through disposable

syringes and needles without the


need for tubing. The SDDE is an
attachment on the E-MD electronic multiple dosing system,
whereas the SD-DM is mounted
as a stand-alone system directly
on the illumination housing of all
OCA instruments.

E-MD/4 electronic multiple dosing unit

tion with single or multiple dosing


units.
The instruments of the OCA series
can be equipped with up to six
electronic syringe units ES and
with an electronic multiple dosing
unit E-MD for the precise automatic positioning of two, three,
four or six dosing needles.
For the smaller budget manual
syringes MS and manual dosing
units SD and MD/4 are an option.

14

The nanodrop dosing system


comprising a pressure control
unit PCU Nanodrop and up to
four nanodrop dosing valves
NDV xx enables the automatic
measurement of wetting properties of microscopic samples using
droplets in the nanoliter range
(1500 nl).

Nanodrop dosing system

scopic dimensions by dispensing


single droplets of 15400 pl precisely to the pre-defined position.
Sample positioning units
Our wide range of sample holding and positioning units is easily
adaptable to your special applications.
For the wafer mapping or for
the automated measurement of
the surface free energy of other
samples like coated glass slides or

FSC 80 film sample holder

NEURTEK S.A.

Polg.Ind.Azitain, Parcela 3 A

Apdo.399

Emails: comercial@neurtek.es

20600 EIBAR

sat@neurtek.es

SPAIN

902 42 00 82

lenses the electronic turn tables


with vacuum fixation ETT/VAC
can be equipped with lots of different top plates.
Other special attachments are
holders for foils or papers FSH 30
and FSC 80/150, for single fibers
and hairs FHO 40, or the suction plate SP 100 for holding thin
flexible samples flat on the stage
with an adjustable suction area.
Tilting units
For the measurement of contact
angles of deforming and rolling drops on inclined surfaces
DataPhysics provides manual or
electronic tilting base assemblies and tilting base units. The
tilting base assemblies TBA 60M
(manual) and TBA 60E (electronic)
with a maximum tilt angle of 60
can be used with every instrument of the OCA series.
The tilting base unit TBU 90E was
designed for a maximum tilt angle
of 90 and a variable tilt speed of
0.032.8 /s. The TBA 60E and the
TBU 90E can be controlled by SCA
software.

Optical standards for inspection


equipment monitoring
For its optical contact angle measuring instruments, DataPhysics
provides several sets of optical standards OCAS on glass
substrates with standard drop
contours (pendant and sessile
drops according to YoungLaplace or height/width
method) as well as liquid
lamella. They have been
manufactured with the
highest precision, as per
ISO 9001, in a controlled
photolithographic process
to serve as reliable references for the precision of
measured data.

TBA 60E electric tilting


base assembly

OCAS glass substrates with


standard drop contours

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15

The NHD 400 an NHD 700 are


electrical needle heating devices
for generating drops at temperatures up 400 C respectively 700 C
(i.e. polymer and hot melts, molten
metals, dosing of high viscous
liquids etc.). Also extremely tenacious copolymers with viscosities in
the kPas range, e.g. with elastomer
constituents, can be dosed easily.

Te m p e r a t u r e a n d
e n v iTor goe nne rm
ental control
ate and control athmosphere
according to your needs

Needle heating device NHD 400 in combination with heating chamber TEC 400

Dataphysics offers a wide range of


temperature and environmental
control systems that operate in
conjunction with the OCA instruments. These systems allows the
measurement of all interfacial
parameters, for the most diverse
applications, at temperatures from
301800 C and from high-vacuum to high-pressure atmosphere.
Temperature, pressure, humidity,

ment for working temperatures


below room temperature to prevent condensation by directing a
dry gas flow towards the chamber
windows. The TFC 100 is expandable with a humidity sensor.

be stored, presented and analyzed


(in Celsius, Fahrenheit or Kelvin).
Individually programmable tem
perature sequences allow the
automatic control, analysis, and
presentation of temperature
sweeps for sessile drop, pendant
drop, and lamella analysis without
user interaction.

The MTF 1200 and HTFC 1800 are


electrical heated high temperature furnaces for the manual or
software controlled temperature
setting up to 1800 C under pro-

The TPC 150 is a temperature control


chamber with a peltier system for
the software controlled temperature setting from -30160 C (heat
up and cool down rate 1 K/s), also
under protective atmosphere (inert
gas inlet). The triple diffuser TDI 150
is a recommended attachment

The software module SCA 23 is


an unique way to determine the
surface tension of high-viscous
materials by analyzing the lamella
contour. In particular, the analysis
of polymer and metal melts or

Electrical thermal chamber TEC 700


with controller TC 700

tective atmosphere. The special


LHT versions of the OCAseries
are designed for use with the high
temperature furnaces.

Devices for environmental and


temperature control
The TFC 100 is a liquid temperature control unit for the temperature setting from - 10130 C by
an optional liquid circulator bath
and under protective atmosphere
(inert gas inlet). The triple diffuser
TDI 100 is a recommended attach-

Liquid temperature
control unit TFC 100

16

Software for environmental and


temperature control
The SCA 20 software, developed
for Windows XP/Vista, supports
all the temperature and environ
mental control systems. This
software features simple and
intuitive usability and control of
all har ware components. Up to
four measured temperatures can

The TEC 400 and TEC 700 are temperature control chambers with
twin electric resistance heater for
the software controlled temperature setting up to 400 C respectively 700 C, also under protective atmosphere (inert gas inlet).
Polg.Ind.Azitain, Parcela 3 A

Molten glass
drop on a solid
substrate

The PMC-50S is a high pressure system for up to 80 C and


5106 Pa.

for working temperatures below


room temperature to prevent condensation by directing a dry gas
towards the chamber windows.
The TPC 150 is expandable with a
humidity sensor.

NEURTEK S.A.

pressure sensitive adhesives can


be carried out very fast and with
much less effort in comparison to
the traditional methods, even at
high temperatures.

The HTFQ 1200 HV is a high temperature (up to 1200 C) and high


vacuum system (down to 1 mPa).

Thermal chamber TPC 150 with controller TC 150, test piece


for the lamella method and sample vessel

and other physical parameters can


be acquired directly by the OCA
instruments or with additional meters, directly connected to the PC.

High temperature-high vacuum


system HTFQ 1200 HV

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17

High speed camera system Absorption of a water drop

S p e Scp ie cai all - pau r cp ocs eeesx tse nos i ornise s

to the modular system

In close cooperation with customers, research institutes, and


universities we have developed
a wide range of special-purpose
extensions to the OCA instruments, to broaden the range of
surface chemistry applications in
laboratory and process applications.
LIA-MD liquid injection system
The relaxation properties of
drops on the addition of a second
liquid constituent can be studied

LIA-MD liquid injection system on an OCA 30

with the LIA-MD liquid injection


system. In this case, a dose of a
different surface-active or chemically reactive phase is added to
an existing drop in a very short
time. The primary drop must now

18

return to the equ librium on its


interface. In the ensuing response
time the surface and interfacial
tensions can be measured and
their behavior investigated. Developments of synthetic eye and
lung fluids for medical purposes
have already profited from this
idea, and more innovative applications are expected in the field of
protein and surfactant engineering.

angular or arbitrary),
constant volume mode with
axis-symmetric drop shape oscillations,
relaxational mode following the
instant increase/decrease of the
drop volume.
pressure measuring mode with
automatic drop volume tracking
and an increased accuracy and
resolution of the dilatational
modulus,
analysis of the real and imaginary part of the interfacial dilatational modulus based on the
oscillating or relaxing contour of
pendant drops.
analysis of the relaxational
modulus.

Oscillating drops
For the measurement of surface
elasticities and for relaxational
studies at phase boundaries,
DataPhysics has developed the
oscillating drop generator ODG 20
and the innovative oscillating
drop generator ODG 20P with a
high resolution pressure sensor.
This extension to the optical contact angle measuring and drop
contour analysis systems of the
OCA series based on a piezoelectric transducer excites oscillating
drops with a wide range of frequencies and amplitudes. Periodic
variations in the drop volume, or
alternatively in the drop shape
with constant volume, can be performed. The excitation frequency
ranges up to 50 Hz, depending on
the density and viscosity of the
fluid. The amplitude of the axissymmetric oscillations varies from

High-speed camera systems


All OCA systems can be extended
with the high-speed image processing system UpOCAH with up
to 1000 images per second.
The OCA 20, 30, 35 and 40 can
be upgraded with the highspeed image processing system
UpHSC 1000 (up to 1600
images per second), or with the
UpHSC 2000 (up to 2200 images
per second). Both UpHSC uses

Polg.Ind.Azitain, Parcela 3 A

TV-VS top view


video system for
all OCA systems

Electro wetting platform


The altering wetting and adsorption behavior under a defined
electric field becomes more and
more relevant for a wide range of
applications. The EWP 100 facilitates the analysis of sessile and
pendant drops under a well definable electrical field.

ODG 20 oscillating drop generator on an OCA 30

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Top view video system


All OCA systems can be equipped
with the top view video system
TV-VS, to observe the positioning of the dispensed drop on the
surface. The CMOS-USB camera
with up to 87 images per second
together with the high performance 6x parfocal zoom lens and
the adjustable observation angle
enables a detailed view to your
sample.

EWP 100 electro


wetting platform

micrometers to millimeters. The


oscillating drops can be analyzed
by conventional drop contour
analysis and by the new approach
of pressure measurement with
the high-performance pressure
sensor (ODG 20P).
Together with the SCA 26 the
ODG 20 and ODG 20P offers the
following measurement and calculation options:
software controlled amplifier for
pre-defined waveforms (sinusoidal, saw tooth, rectangular, tri-

NEURTEK S.A.

a software controlled intensity


adjustable high performance illumination unit without hysteresis
for an homogeneous cold background lighting.

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19

frame grabber, enables the measurement of surface properties


almost everywhere including
the usage in cleanrooms (US FED
STD 209E cleanroom standard
class 10).

PCA 100M

Video -based por table contac t angle


measuring instrument

Contact angle measurement


techniques almost everywhere
The video-based portable contact
angle measuring instrument PCA
100M is the ideal system for measuring wetting properties on site
during the production process.
Whether for large or small substrate areas, the PCA 100M is the
handheld instrument for controlling the qualities of coatings,
examining the surface energies of

execution of automatic measuring procedures,


video based measurement and
presentation of the static and
dynamic contact angle on plane,
convex, and concave surfaces,
automatic measurement of the
contact angle hysteresis,
record/store of image sequences,
statistical evaluations and error
analysis (statistical process control) with averaging, standard
deviation, consistency checks
within the specified limits, histograms, etc.,
liquids and solids database with
currently more than 170 records
for all surface energy analysis
methods including related citations.

Components and accessories


high-performance telecentric
lens with integrated aperture
and adjustable observation
angle,
software controlled continuous
adjustable back lighting without
hysteresis,
video-based measuring system
with high-resolution CMOS
USB camera with 52 images per
second,
integrated multiple dosing
system, alternatively with two
dosing needles (PCA 100M/2)
or four dosing needles
(PCA 100M/4),
software controlled automatic
needle selection and positioning,
integrated automatic refill
system with flushing and cleaning functions for dosing up to
5000 drops per filling and per
liquid receptacle,
USB controller interface to notebook or PC,
Power supply with automatic
voltage adjustment,

PCA 100M/4 with measuring stand PCA-MS

SCA 22 pendant drop


analysis of the surface and
interfacial tension, as well as
their polar and dispersive contributions, based on the analysis
of the drop shape.

combination with the PCA-MS


measuring stand for laboratory
table top applications,
adapter for pendant drop measurements.

Dosing and refill system of the PCA 100M/4

pre-treated polymer films in the


production process, or testing the
qualities of cleaned or adhesionpromoted glass surfaces prior to
the next processing stage.
The compact design and the
plug and play connectivity to
any notebook or on-site available
PC without the need for special

20

PCA 100M/4 on a glass substrate

Software for mobile contact


angle measurement
The extensive control and analysis
software for Windows XP/Vista ,
is designed for ease of use and fast
access to all control elements and
can be used on a notebook or PC.
The available software modules
for the PCA 100M are:
SCA 20 Main program, including
controlling of selection and positioning of the dosing needles in
horizontal and vertical direction
and of the electronic syringe units
with automatic refill function,
menue controlled generation
of data sets, management, and

NEURTEK S.A.

Polg.Ind.Azitain, Parcela 3 A

SCA 21 surface free energy


analysis of the surface free
energy of solids as well as their
components (e.g. dispersive, polar
and hydrogen bond parts, acid
and base portions, respectively)
according to nine different theories,
representation of wetting envelopes and work of adhesion/contact angle diagrams,
Software modules SCA 20 and SCA 21 analyzing
the wetting properties of a front windshield
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21

PCA 100R

Ro b o t- as sis t e d c o n t a c t an g l e m e asur in g
instrument for process control

Wetting properties in the production process


In conjunction with the singleand multi-axis robots of the RCC
series, the PCA 100R contact
angle measuring instrument is a
specialized system for measuring
wetting properties on substrates
of very large surface areas on site
during the production process.
The fully automatic-controlled
PCA 100R / RCC enables the
reduction of subjective factors
and the time involved for contact
angle measurements.

PCA 100R/2 with RCC-Z 230 for 24 TFT LCD substrates

Some important applications for


the robotized PCA 100R contact
angle measuring instrument are:
determination of the surface
cleanliness of semi-conductor
wafers and of glass substrates
for flat panel displays prior to
the next processing stage,
examining the surface energies

22

of pre-treated polymer films in


the production process,
development of high-performance composites,
the surface finishing and the
cleaning of textiles.
The PCA 100R and the robots of
the RCC series are designed for
the usage in cleanrooms according the US FED STD 209E cleanroom standard class 10.

Mapping on a glass substrate


with the PCA 100R/2

Software for measurement an


robot control
The extensive control and analysis
software SCA and SRC for Windows XP/Vista, are designed for
ease of use and fast access to all
control elements.
The available software modules
for the PCA 100R in combination
with a robot system are:
SCA 20/SRC Main programs
controlling of selection and positioning of the dosing needles in
horizontal and vertical direction
and of the electronic syringe
units with automatic refill function, as well as the movement
of the sample table and the PCA
measuring head,
menu controlled generation of
data sets, management, and execution of automatic measuring
procedures,
video based measurement and
presentation of the static and
dynamic contact angle,
automatic measurement of the
contact angle hysteresis,
statistical evaluations and error

Components and accessories


high-performance telecentric
lens with integrated aperture
and adjustable observation
angle,
software controlled continuous
adjustable intensity without
hysteresis for a homogeneous
back lighting,
video-based measuring system
with high-resolution CCD
camera and high-performance
digitizing adapter with 50
images per second,
integrated multiple dosing
system, alternatively with two
dosing needles (PCA 100R/2)
or four dosing needles
(PCA 100R/4),
software controlled automatic
needle selection and positioning,
integrated automatic refill
system with flushing and cleaning functions for dosing up to
5000 drops per filling, and per
liquid receptacle,
automatic measuring head
travel, automatic needle selection and positioning,
The PCA 100R can be combined
with the following structural

SCA 20/SRC measuring


contact angles

analysis (statistical process control) with averaging, standard


deviation, consistency checks
within the specified limits, histograms, etc.,
liquids and solids database with
currently more than 170 records
for all surface energy analysis
methods including related citations,
graphical mapping of the contact angle, the drop base diameter, and other derived quantities,
determination of the spreading behavior on glass or ceramic
substrates,
SCA 21 surface free energy
analysis of the surface free
energy of solids as well as their
components (e.g. dispersive,
polar and hydrogen bond parts,
acid and base portions, respectively) according to nine different theories,
representation of wetting envelopes and work of adhesion/contact angle diagrams.

components:
RCC-Z (z-axis system),
RCC-XY (x/y-axis system) with
fully or semi-automatic measuring modes,
MT FPD easy-travel, manual
sample tables for positioning the
measuring head manually and
with a one-button controller for
initiating automatic procedures
of contact angle measurements.

NEURTEK S.A.

PCA 100R/2 with RCC-XY 1600 and RCC-Z 230 for 60 TFT LCD substrates
Polg.Ind.Azitain, Parcela 3 A

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23

Te n s i o m e t e r s

Advanced instrumentation engineered


for classical and new measuring techniques

The wetting properties of com


mon solids can be measured with
electronic tensiometers which has
been evolved to dynamic contact
angle meters. The ease of use
in providing highly reproducible
results with these instruments
has been achieved by extensive
application of internal and external computer control. In addition,
instruments such as the tensiometers DCAT 11EC, DCAT 11, or
DCAT 21 provide a very high level
of automation in the determination of wetting properties
exhibited by powders, fibers, and

Selection of measuring bodies and accessories for the DCAT 11EC, DCAT 11, and DCAT 21

video-based measuring instruments from DataPhysics. In a


compact design, the SVT 20N is
intended to supersede the traditionally manual operation of these
tensiometer systems.
With the additional feature of
video contour recognition and
evaluation technology, an important contribution can now be
made to research in raw materials for emulsions, encapsulated
drops, and tertiary oil recovery to
the advantage of product quality
and the preservation of the environment.

Specifically the SVTS software


package for the SVT 20N spinning
drop video tensiometer has profited from the wealth of precise
and reliable methods to evaluate
drop contours, e.g. the YoungLaplace method with statistical
error analysis, which is also used
for the optical contact angle measuring instruments of DataPhysics.
U ti l ize t h e s e gai n s i n
t e c hn o l o g y t o yo u r
a d v an t ag e
Accessories and customized
modifications
The tensiometers from
DataPhysics can be modified with
standard accessories to a wide
range of measuring situations and
sample geometries. The accessories for the DCAT modular system
always provide a solution suitable
for the diverse needs of our users,
whether for films, sheets, fibers,
powders, or magnetic and fabric
materials. And if they do not, just

24

Software for efficient work


The DCAT and SVT tensiometer
systems are delivered with an
intuitive PC software with many
graphical elements to assist you in
specifying both simple and complex measurement procedures
and in collecting, assessing, and
evaluating measured data.

NEURTEK S.A.

Polg.Ind.Azitain, Parcela 3 A

Fl e x i b i l i t y i s o n e o f
Da t a Phy si c s p r i o r i t y
o b j e c ti ve s f o r
t e n si o m e t e r s

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The DCAT 21, DCAT 11, and


DCAT 11EC are fitted with 100 g
reference masses of class E2
(0.15 mg) as specified under R111
of the OIML (International Organization of Legal Metrology). This
ensures that all tensiometer readings comply with national and
international standards.

ask us for special-purpose variants


of our instruments and accessories. In most cases we can modify
our components to your particular
needs.

SCAT 33 software module for measuring surfactant properties (CMC)

fabrics as well as the thermodynamic properties of surfactant


solutions.
The spinning drop video tensiometer SVT 20N is a special
instrument for measuring high
to extremely low interfacial tensions. It is featuring the optical
technology of the contact angle

References for national and international standards


The dynamic contact angle measuring devices and tensiometers
DCAT 11EC, DCAT 11, and DCAT 21
are based on the latest balance
technologies developed by the
company Sartorius AG, Germany.
The monolith balance systems
used by our instruments operate on the principle of electrodynamic compensation to combine
the maximum precision with the
greatest possible stability.

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Monolith precision balance module

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25

D C AT
1 1 E C / D C AT 1 1 / D C AT 2 1
Dynamic contac t angle measuring
devices and tensiometers

Properties of the DCAT 11EC


The dynamic contact angle measuring device and tensiometer
DCAT 11EC is the budget-priced
instrument for the weight-based
measurement of contact angle,
surface and interfacial tension,
critical micelle formation concentration, density, sedimentation
and penetration rate, and yield
force.
Features of the DCAT 11
The DCAT 11 is the standard instrument for applications which
require a ten times improved
measurement precision compared

SCAT 32 measuring
the contact angle

Software for control, measurement, and analysis


The SCAT software, developed for
Windows XP/Vista, is available
in various discrete usable modules.
Every software module includes the
control of the DCAT and its accessories, the measurement, analysis and
the presentation of the results.

Components and accessories


The dynamic contact angle measuring devices and tensiometers
of the DCAT series share the following common features:
high-precision electrodynamic
compensation weighing system
with automatic calibration and
a maximum data rate of 50 measured values per second,
software controlled, motor-driven
height positioning of the sample
receptacles with variable speed,
automatic coupling lock for the
balance,
integrated measurement and
control electronics with connections for two Pt 100 temperature
sensors,
graphical display for weighing
data, temperature and other
informations,
thermal chamber with diameters of 50, 70 or 100 mm with
integrated magnetic stirrer and
Pt100 probe,
non-magnetic thermal chamber
with a removable microelectronic stirrer system with 70 mm
diameter,
illuminated sample chamber
with inert gas or vapor inlet,
automatic dosing and refill
system LDU.

SCAT 31
measurement of the static, timeand temperature-dependent
surface and interfacial tensions
according to the Du-Noy ring
method, the Wilhelmy plate and
the wire hoop method,
lamella breakpoint test to determine the surface elasticity,
automatic ring corrections according to Zuidema & Waters, Mason
&Huh and Harkins & Jordan,
gas-, liquids- and solids data base.
SCAT 32
force-based measurement of the
dynamic contact angle of prismatic and cylindrical solids (e.g.
plates, films, rods and single fibers)
as well as the wetted length accor
ding to the Wilhelmy method,
adsorption measurement on
powders and fiber bundles with
the determination of the average contact angle according to
the modified and the extended
Washburn method,
analysis of the surface free
energy of solids as well as their

26

components (e.g. dispersive,


polar and hydrogen bond parts,
acid and base portions, respectively) according to nine different
theories,
calculation of work of adhesion.

SCAT 33
fully automatic determination
of the critical micelle formation
concentration (CMC) of surfactants in forward, reversed and
extended mode,
calculation of the minimum
surface tension in case of synergistic effects of surfactant
mixtures,
calculation of the head space
required by molecules on the
surface,
calculation of the free adsorption energy after Gibbs,
calculation of the surface excess,
automatic control of the dosing
devices LDU x/x for additive and
subtractive dosing .
SCAT 34
determination of the density of
liquids.

SCAT 35
determination of the sedimentaLDU 2/2 liquid dosing unit
tion rate,
measuring of the yield forces on
soft gels, pastes etc.,
measuring of the penetration
resistance and penetration rate.

to the DCAT 11EC and an increased


travel speed range and travel resolution for the sample table.
Advantages of the DCAT 21
The DCAT 21 is the all-purpose
dynamic contact angle measuring device and tensiometer. It
offers a 30 mm longer travel for
the sample stage than the DCAT
11 and DCAT 11EC and allows
therefore the use of the optional
electrical temperature control
unit TEC 250/DCAT.

Electrical temperature control unit


TEC 250/DCAT

Standards and norms


The high degree of accuracy of
the DCAT devices complies with
all related international standards;
for example:
ISO 6295 ASTM D 0971-91
ASTM D 1417-83 ISO 6889
DIN EN 14210
DCAT 21 with FO 11
special sample holder for films

NEURTEK S.A.

Polg.Ind.Azitain, Parcela 3 A

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27

SVT 20N

Spinning drop video tensiometer

SVT 20N capillary with spinning drops

Properties of the SVT 20N


The spinning drop video tensio
meter SVT 20N is a special-purpose
optical instrument for measuring
high to extremely low interfacial
tensions. The controll software is
designed for ease of use and fast
access to all control elements.
Combined with the software
packages SVTS 20 and SVTS 21 the
SVT 20N provides the following
functions:
measurement of static, time-,
and temperature-dependent
interfacial tensions and dilatational elasticities between two
not completely miscible liquids,

SVTS 21 determination of interfacial dilatational elasticity

automatic movement of the


electronically controlled tilting
base for positioning the spinning
drops along the optical axis of
the instrument,
measurement of 2D and 3D extensional relaxation of visco-elastic
liquids and liquid drops encapsulated or enclosed in membranes
at varying speeds of rotation,

28

Software for control, measurement, and analysis


The SVTS software for Windows
XP/Vista is designed for simple
use and fast access to all control
elements and is available in the
following modules:
SVTS 20 IFT
video based measurement and
presentation of the time and

determination of yield stresses


on liquid crystalline substances,
calculation of dispersive and polar
contributions of liquids based on
measured surface and interfacial
tensions with error limits.
Components and accessories
high-performance 6-fold power
zoom lens with an integrated
continuous fine focus and
adjustable observation angle,
video-based measuring system
with high-resolution CCD
camera and high-performance
digitizing adapter with 50
images per second,
precise fast and easy exchangeable capillary system with electronically commuted DC drive,
electronic tilting base for the
measuring cell, software-controlled motor-driven position
and tilt adjustments,
liquid/gas-temperature controlled capillary chamber
MCTFC 130 for -10130 C or peltier/gas-temperature controlled
capillary chamber MCTPC 180 for

-30180 C; 0.1 K with a heat up


and cool down rate of 1 K/s,
LED illumination with software
controlled adjustable intensity
without hysteresis for a homogeneous back lighting,
integrated graphics display with
touch panel functions,
fast-exchangeable special hightemperature (up to 180 C) glass
capillaries,
calibration tools for correcting
optical distortions caused by the
glass capillaries (cylindrical lens
effects),
automatic dosing systems.

NEURTEK S.A.

Polg.Ind.Azitain, Parcela 3 A

calculation of interfacial tension based on spinning drop


contours according to various
methods including the YoungLaplace method,
automatic calibration of the
drop size,
automatic drop hold function,
automatic temperature recording,
automatic compensation of
density and refractive index as
well as of temperature dependent changes,
statistical evaluations and error
analysis.

Fast exchange
capillary FEC

SVTS 21 Oscillation
calculation of surface and interfacial tensions based on spinning drop contours, predefined
speed increments and sinusoidal

SVT 20N with temperature controlled measuring chamber MCTFC 130

temperature-dependent interfacial tension,


presentation of measurement
values as well as the storage of
video sequences for the calculation of fast processes,
control of the rotational speed,
the inclination of the tilting base
with the measuring cell and the
camera position,
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speed variations for relaxation


measurements,
recording and evaluation of
video sequences for analyzing
fast relaxational oscillations and
elongations of drops,
determination of dilatational
interfacial elasticity of visco-elastic and viscoplastic materials.
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29

Where other experts find interfaces


remain a phenomenon,
we help to understand them
Customized applications
At the DataPhysics application
center surface chemistry specialists utilize state-of-the-art technology to investigate problems
our customers encounter and to
find viable solutions. With access
to latest technologies for a major-

DataPhysics application laboratory

ity of problems, our specialists not


only perform the common tasks,
but also develop new ways in material investigations. This comprises wetting and adhesive properties of paints and varnishes, surfactant and polymer solutions,
powders, fibers, and non-wovens.
The elaboration of detailed measuring and testing instructions,
development of analytical methods, and novel measuring techniques is one of our main focus.
Furthermore, we analyze your solid and molten polymers, metals
and adhesives, cosmetic and pharmaceutical products, engineering

30

surfaces, coatings, electronic components, micro- and nano-structures .


The results of our investigations
are presented in test reports not
only with a full description of
the methodology, but also with
graphical summaries and detailed
result discussions. These results
can even include specific suggestions towards optimizing the
product or process.

Seminars and workshops


Our surface chemistry specialists are pleased to organize
application-oriented seminars or
workshops on your premises on
request. This gives a large group
of colleagues an opportunity
to become acquainted with the
theory and practice of instrumentation engineering and measuring
techniques.

Database and Internet


information
DataPhysics can provide you with
the information relevant to your
application from an extensive collection of electronic publications
on surface chemistry. Application
reports and database information round off this offer. For many
applications there are important
material parameters available
that can be used, for example, to
determine surface energies over a
wide temperature range.
At the DataPhysics web site you
are also provided with an updated
overview of relevant references, a
glossary, and a selection of links.
Here you can also find an overview of the most important european and international standards
on investigations into surface
chemistry and a selection of tips
and tricks.

Moreover, special instrument


training on site or in our application laboratory paves the way
towards an intensive exchange of
experience and assistance in the
translation of practice-relevant
problems into suitable application
programs.

Workshop

I n t h e ar e a s o f s e r v i c e
an d su p p o r t we go
b eyo n d t h e l i mi t s
Hotline and services
If you need fast help with issues
concerning the configuration
of instrumentation, software,
or computers, please turn to
the service departments of our
representatives or directly to the
DataPhysics service department
service@dataphysics.de
or to the hotline
+49 (0)711 770556-55.
Our specialists will be pleased to
assist you with any questions you
have.

We p r ov i d e yo u w i t h
ma x i mu m su p p o r t
p r i o r an d a f t e r s al e s an d
i n s t al l a ti o n

NEURTEK S.A.

Polg.Ind.Azitain, Parcela 3 A

Apdo.399

Emails: comercial@neurtek.es

Even though all our instruments are


continuously rated, you can extend
the warranty period and ensure the
unchanging quality of the measuring instruments and devices over
many years of operation with a service and repair contract. The short
term supply of spare parts, accessories and incidentals is essential for a
long and reliable life of the instruments, too. Accessories and incidentals are in stock and will be delivered
at short notice at reasonable prices.

20600 EIBAR

sat@neurtek.es

SPAIN

902 42 00 82

System service
FAX 943 82 01 57

www.neurtek.com

31

Technical data
OCA 15EC and OCA 15 plus
with L- and LHT-variants

OCA 20 with L and LHT-variants

OCA 30 with L-variant

OCA 35 with L-variant

OCA 40 Micro

motorized Y- and Z- axis


X-axis manual adjustable

motorized X-, Y- and Z-axis

motorized X-, Y- and Z-axis as well as auto focus and motorized adjustment
of the observation angle,

220 x x 70 mm, 8-Wafer on


WTP 8/VAC
450 x x 70 mm, 12-Wafer on
WTP 12/VAC 1)

Sample table dimensions:

220 x x 70 mm, 8-Wafer on


WTP 8/VAC
330 x x 70 mm, 12-Wafer on
WTP 12/VAC 1)
. 100 x 100 mm

Traversing range in x-y-z


direction of sample table:

100 x 100 x 42 mm
220 x 300 x 42 mm 1)

100 x 100 x 42 mm
300 x 300 x 42 mm 1)

Electronic positioning
accuracy:

0.01 mm in the sample plane


0.005 mm perpendicular to the sample plane

Max. sample weight:

3.0 kg

Measuring range for


contact angles:

0180; 0.1 measuring precision of the video system

X-, Y- and Z-axis manual adjustable


Max. sample dimensions
(L x W x H):
Sample table dimensions:

220 x x 70 mm, 8-Wafer on WTP 8/VAC


330 x x mm, 12-Wafer on WTP 12/VAC 1)
330 x x 70 mm, MTF 1200 or HTFC 15002)
. 100 x 100 mm

Traversing range in x-y-z


direction of sample table:

100 x 100 x 42 mm
220 x 155 x 42 mm 1)
220 x 155 x 42 mm 2)

Max. sample weight:

3.0 kg; 15.0 kg clamped

Measuring range for


contact angles:

0180; 0.1 measuring precision of the video system

Max. sample dimensions


(L x W x H):

Measuring range for surface


and interfacial tensions:

110-2... 2103 mN/m; resolution: 0.01 mN/m

Optics:

6-fold zoom lens (0.74.5 magnification) with integrated fine focus ( 6 mm)
Halogen lighting with software controlled continuous adjustable intensity
without hysteresis

Video system:

Analog 1/2 CCIR CCD camera with


PCI frame grabber with 50 images
per second, field of view 1.32 x 0.99
8.50 x 6.38 mm or
USB 1/3 Wide-VGA CMOS camera
with 87 images per second, field of view
1.05 x 0.666.72 x 4.25 mm
Image distortion < 0.05 %
Optional: High speed camera system
UpOCAH (up to 1000 images/second)

Analog 2/3 CCIR CCD camera with PCI frame


grabber with 50 images per second, field of
view 1.75 x 1.411.7 x 9 mm
Image distortion < 0.05 %
Optional: High speed camera system UpOCAH
(up to 1000 images/second), UpHSC 1000 (up
to 1600 images/second) or UpHSC 2000 (up to
2200 images/second)

Sessile and captive drop method, tilting


table method
Pendant drop method
Lamella method on test spheres and rods

Sessile and captive drop method, tilting table/


base method
Pendant and oscillating/relaxing drop method
Lamella method on test spheres and rods

Measuring
techniques:
Software SCA 20:

Video based measurement of static and dynamic contact angles according to the sessile and captive drop as well as tilting table / base methods, measurement of drop and
lamella contours.
Operation of one ES/2 electronic
syringe unit and of one temperature
control system MTF 1200 or HTFC 1800

Operation of up to six ES electronic syringe units


and other system components (E-MD, ETT/VAC,
TBA 60E, TBU 90E, RRS-LPC) and of temperature
control systems (TPC 150, TEC 400/700, NHD
400/700, MTF 1200, HTFC 1800), User level management system

Max. sample dimensions


(L x W x H):

195 x x 70 mm

Sample table dimensions:

100 x 100 mm

Traversing range of x-y-z


sample table:

100 x 100 x 50 mm

Electronic positioning
accuracy:

0.01 mm in the sample plane


0.005 mm perpendicular to the sample plane

Max. sample weight:

3 kg

Measuring range for


contact angles:

0...180; 0.1 measuring precision of the video system

Measuring range for


surface
and interfacial tensions:

110-2... 2103 mN/m; resolution: 0.01 mN/m

Optics:

Automatic 7-fold zoom lens with integrated fine focus ( 4 mm) and
- Mikro lens 20-fold with 7.555 magnification; FoV with 1/2 standard
camera 0.85 x 0.640.116 x 0.087 mm or optional
- Mikro lens 50-fold with 18.75137.5 magnification; FoV with 1/2 standard
camera 0.34 x 0.2560.046 x 0.035 mm

Video system:

CCD camera with a resolution of 768 x 576 pixel


Optical distortion: < 0.05 %
Frame grabber compatible with Euronorm CCIR 50 images per second and
US standard RS-170 60 images per second
Optional: High speed camera system with up to 1024 x 1024 pixel
UpOCAH (up to 1000 images/second), UpHSC 1000 (up to 1600 images/
second) or UpHSC 2000 (up to 2200 images/second)

Measuring range for


surface
and interfacial tensions:

110 -22103 mN/m; resolution: 0.01 mN/m

Optics:

6-fold zoom lens (0.74.5 magnification) with integrated continuous fine


focus ( 6 mm)
Halogen lighting with software controlled continuous adjustable intensity
without hysteresis

Video system:

Analog 2/3 CCIR CCD camera with PCI frame grabber with 50 images per
second, field of view 1.75 x 1.411.7 x 9 mm
image distortion < 0.05 %
Optional: High speed camera system with up to 1024 x 1024 pixel UpOCAH (up
to 1000 images/second), UpHSC 1000 (up to 1600 images/second) or UpHSC
2000 (up to 2200 images/second)

Measuring
techniques:

Sessile and captive drop method, tilting table/base method


Pendant and oscillating/relaxing drop method
Lamella method on test spheres and rods

Measuring techniques:

Software SCA 20:

Video based measurement of static and dynamic contact angles according to


the sessile and captive drop as well as tilting table / base methods, measurement of drop and lamella contours.
Operation of up to six ES electronic syringe units and other system components (E-MD, ETT/VAC, TBA 60E, TBU 90E, RRS-LPC) and of temperature control
systems (TPC 150, TEC 400/700, NHD 400/700), User level management
system

Sessile and captive drop method, tilting table/base method


Pendant and oscillating drop method,
Static and dynamic contact angles after the generalized Length-Heightmethod for the Drop on Fiber arrangement
Lamella method on test spheres and rods

Software SCA 20:

Video based measurement of static and dynamic contact angles according


to the sessile and captive drop as well as tilting table / base methods, measurement of drop and lamella contours.
Operation of up to six ES electronic syringe units and other system components (E-MD , ETT/VAC, TBA 60E, TBU 90E 40, RRS-LPC) and of temperature
control systems (TPC 150, TEC 400/700, NHD 400/700), User level management system

Software SCA 21:

Calculation of surface free energies on solids and their contributions with


error limits based on measured contact angles, evaluation according to
Fowkes (geometric mean), Wu (harmonic mean), extended Fowkes (including H bonds), Zisman (critical surface tension), Owens-Wendt (dispersive and
polar), van Oss and Good (acid-base theory), Schultz I + II (two-liquid method),
Neumanns Equation of State (EOS), calculation of dispersive and polar contributions of liquids based on measured surface and interfacial tensions as well
as contact angles with error limits, calculation of wetting envelopes, work of
adhesion, and other diagrams

Software SCA 21:

Calculation of surface free energies on solids and their contributions with


error limits based on measured contact angles, evaluation according to Fowkes
(geometric mean), Wu (harmonic mean), extended Fowkes (including H bonds),
Zisman (critical surface tension), Owens-Wendt (dispersive and polar), van Oss
and Good (acid-base theory), Schultz I + II (two-liquid method), Neumanns
Equation of State (EOS), calculation of dispersive and polar contributions of
liquids based on measured surface and interfacial tensions as well as contact
angles with error limits, calculation of wetting envelopes, work of adhesion,
and other diagrams

Software SCA 21:

Calculation of surface free energies on solids and their contributions with error limits based
on measured contact angles, evaluation according to Fowkes (geometric mean), Wu (harmonic
mean), extended Fowkes (including H bonds), Zisman (critical surface tension), Owens-Wendt
(dispersive and polar), van Oss and Good (acid-base theory), Schultz I + II (two-liquid method),
Neumanns Equation of State (EOS), calculation of dispersive and polar contributions of liquids
based on measured surface and interfacial tensions as well as contact angles with error limits,
calculation of wetting envelopes, work of adhesion, and other diagrams

Software SCA 22:

Calculation of surface and interfacial tensions based on pendant drop contours and
rising bubbles

Software SCA 22:

Calculation of surface and interfacial tensions based on pendant drop contours and rising bubbles

Software SCA 23:

Calculation of surface and interfacial tensions of liquids based on liquid lamellae on test
spheres and rods

Software SCA 23:

Calculation of surface and interfacial tensions of liquids based on liquid


lamellae on test spheres and rods

Software SCA 22:

Software SCA 26:

Software SCA 26:

Calculation of complex interfacial dilatational moduli based on oscillating or


relaxing drop contours
Control of oscillating drop generator ODG 20 and ODG 20P

Calculation of surface and interfacial tensions based on pendant drop contours and rising bubbles

Software SCA 23

Calculation of surface and interfacial tensions of liquids based on liquid


lamellae on test spheres and rods

Temperature measurement:

Integrated temperature measurement and digital display 2 x Pt 100 inputs for


60700 C Pt 100 (as option), 0.1 K resolution, precision 1/3 DIN IEC 751 (0.03
%), Class B

Software SCA 24:

Static and dynamic contact angle on fibers for the automatic, software controlled measurement and analysis of the static contact angle according to the
generalized Length-Height-method for the Drop-on-Fiber setup

Dimensions
(L x W x H):

590 x 220 x 550 mm


700 x 470 x 550 mm 1)

620 x 220 x 550 mm


880 x 470 x 550 mm 1)

Software SCA 26:

Weight:

20 kg
22 kg 1)

20 kg
26 kg 1)

Control of oscillating drop generator ODG 20 and ODG 20P


Calculation of complex interfacial dilatational moduli based on oscillating or
relaxing drop contours

Power supply:

100240 Vac; 5060 Hz; 70 W

100240 Vac; 5060 Hz; 70 W

Temperature measurement:

Integrated temperature measurement and digital display 2 x Pt 100 inputs


for 60700 C Pt 100 (as option), 0.1 K resolution, precision 1/3 DIN IEC 751
(0.03 %), Class B

Dimensions (L x W x H):

590 x 220 x 550 mm

Temperature measurement:

Calculation of complex interfacial dilatational


moduli based on oscillating or relaxing drop
contours
Control of oscillating drop generator ODG 20
and ODG 20P

external with TDU 450

Integrated temperature measurement and


digital display 2 x Pt 100 inputs for 60700 C
Pt 100 (as option), 0.1 K resolution, precision 1/3
DIN IEC 751 (0.03 %), Class B

Dimensions
(L x W x H):

590 x 220 x 550 mm


700 x 280 x 550 mm 1)
700 x 280 x 620 mm 2)

Weight:

16 kg
18 kg 1)
19 kg 2)

18 kg
20 kg 1)
21 kg 2)

100240 Vac; 5060 Hz; 55 W

100240 Vac; 5060 Hz; 70 W

Power supply:

32

1) L-variant

2) LHT-variant

33

1) L-variant

Weight:

30 kg

Power supply:

100...240 Vac; 50...60 Hz; 350 W

34

Te c h n i c a l d a t a O C A

Te c h n i c a l d a t a
PCA 100M

PCA 100R and RCC

Unrestricted, min. convex diameter of


sample 50 cm, min. concave diameter of
sample 100 cm

400 x 400 to 1600 x 1600 mm sample size


standardized, bigger sample sizes on request,
min. convex curve diameter of the sample
100 cm, min. concave curve diameter of the
sample 200 cm

Dimensions of PCA-MS
sample table

on
100
and
request
receivers,
x 100 mm;
e.gspecial
for printing
sample
rollers,
tables

Measuring range for


contact angles:

DCAT 11EC / DCAT 11 / DCAT 21

SVT 20N

Measuring range for


contact angles:

0180
resolution: 0.0v1

Measuring range for


interfacial tension:

110-62103 mN/m

Measuring range for


surface and interfacial
tensions:

DCAT 11EC: 11000 mN/m; 0.01 mN/m


DCAT 11 / DCAT 21: 11000 mN/m; 0.0o1 mN/m

Speed range:

Measuring range for


densities:

0.502.50 g/cm3
Resolution: 0.002 g/cm3

020000 rpm, speed resolution 0.001rpm, speed stability in long-term


tests 0.5 rpm, speed increments max. 2000 rpm/s, oscillating frequency
0.00550 Hz at min. 3000 rpm

Traversing range of optics:

50 mm, positioning accuracy 0.01 mm,

0180; 0.1 measuring precision of the video system

Weighing range:

DCAT 11EC: 100 g210 g


DCAT 11 / DCAT 21: 10 g210 g

Tilting range :

-12+12, accuracy 0.01

Optics:

Optics:

High-performance telecentric lens with integrated aperture and adjustable observation


angle
Back light with software controlled adjustable intensity without hysteresis

Measuring value range:

Up to 50 weighing values per second

Video system:

Analog 1/2 CCIR CCD camera with PCI frame grabber with 50 images per second, field
of view 6.4 x 4.8 mm or
USB 1/2 CCIR-CCD camera with 52 images per second, field of view 6,4 x 4,8 mm
Image distortion < 0.05 %

Travel speed of sample


table:

DCAT 11EC: 2 m/s60 mm/min


DCAT 11 / DCAT 21: 0.7 m/s500 mm/min

6-fold zoom lens (0.74.5 magnification) with integrated continuous fine


focus ( 6 mm)
CCD camera with a resolution of max. 768 x 576 pixels, field of view 1.9 x
1.412.1 x 9.1 mm, image distortion < 0.05 %

Video system:

Programmable travel
for sample table:

DCAT 11EC /DCAT 11: 74 mm


DCAT 21: 105 mm

high-performance image processing system with 132 MB/s data transfer


rate (compatible with Euronorm CCIR and US standard RS-170)
variable digitizing rate 50 (optionally 60) images per second

Travel resolution:

DCAT 11EC: 1.0 m


DCAT 11 / DCAT 21: 0.1 m

Measuring techniques:

Spinning drop method, oscillating spinning drop method

Capillary diameters:

Receiver for sample vessels:

Optionally 50 mm, 70 mm, or 100 mm diameter (TV 50...TV 100)

Balance lock:

Electronic, software-controlled (auto balance locking)

inner capillary diameter 4.0 mm of borosilicate glass


special accessory: QGC / QGW quartz glass capillaries and quartz glass
windows, UV irradiation attachment for measuring cell (UVC)

Online display for status,


weight, and temperature:

Integrated

Software SVTS 20 IFT:

Self-check and system


diagnostics:

Integrated

Video measurement of drop contours, manipulation of the measuring


objectives axis, the tilting table, and the capillary drive, control of
stroboscopic and steady illumination, activation of the video system
synchronised with the stroboscopic illumination for observing drops in
various angular positions

Automatic stirrer for CMC


measurements:

Magnetic stirrer integrated in TV 50 / 70 / 100; (optional non-magnetic version


TV 70-NM with a removable microelectronic stirrer)

Software SVTS 21 Oscillation:

Calculation of surface and interfacial tensions based on spinning drop


contours, predefined speed increments and sinusoidal speed variations for
relaxation measurements

Software SCAT 31:

Measurement of the static, time- and temperature-dependent surface and interfacial tensions of and/or between liquids using the Du-Noy ring method (to DIN 53915 and ASTM971), the Wilhelmy plate and the wire hoop method, tension and pressure on the interface
Lamella breakpoint test
Automatic ring corrections according to Zuidema & Waters, Mason &Huh and Harkins &
Jordan

Temperature range:

-10130 C with MC-TFC 130


-30180 C 0.1 K with MC-TPC 180

Temperature measurement :

integrated temperature measurement and digital display 2 x Pt 100 inputs


for 60+450 C (1 x Pt 100 installed), 0.1 K resolution, precision 1/3 DIN IEC
751 (0.03 %), Class B

Dimensions (L x W x H):

390 x 390 x 400 mm

Weight:

25 kg

Power supply:

100240 VAC; 5060 Hz; 600 W

Max. sample dimensions


(L x W x H):

Measuring techniques:

Sessile drop method static and dynamic contact angle measurement

Software SCA 20:

Video based measurement of static and dynamic contact angles according to the sessile
and captive drop as well as tilting table / base methods, measurement of drop and lamella
contours.
Operation of up to four electronic syringe units with automatic refill function, automatic
measuring procedures, User level management system

Software SRC:

Software SCA 21:

Available variants:

programmed control of all RCC components


for defining fully automatic, semi-automatic,
and direct command measurement procedures, definition of measuring grids and dosing
sequences, visualization of measuring results
in color-coded 2D presentations (mapping),
database of samples and measuring results,
interface to other robot systems (SECS II)

Calculation of surface free energies on solids and their contributions with error limits
based on measured contact angles, evaluation according to Fowkes (geometric mean), Wu
(harmonic mean), extended Fowkes (including H bonds), Zisman (critical surface tension),
Owens-Wendt (dispersive and polar), van Oss and Good (acid-base theory), Schultz I + II
(two-liquid method), Neumanns Equation of State (EOS), calculation of dispersive and
polar contributions of liquids based on measured surface and interfacial tensions as well
as contact angles with error limits, calculation of wetting envelopes, work of adhesion,
and other diagrams
PCA 100M/2: portable handheld instru- PCA 100R/2: for use with robot systems with
multiple dosing system for two test liquids
ment with multiple dosing system for
PCA 100R/4: for use with robot systems with
two test liquids
multiple dosing system for four test liquids
PCA 100M/4: portable handheld
.
instrument with multiple dosing system RCC-Z 230: z-axis robot with max. 230 mm
for four test liquids
travel
. RCC-XY 400, 800, 1200, 1600: x/y-axis robot
with max. 1600 mm travel
. MT FPD 400, 600: manual x-y sample tables
with max. 600 mm travel
other variants on request

Dimensions
(L x W x H):

206 x 150 x 205 mm

RCC footprint: subject to version

Weight:

PCA 100M/2: 5.2 kg


PCA 100M/4: 5.6 kg

PCA 100/R2: 5.2 kg


PCA 100/R4: 5.6 kg
combined RCC-XY1600 RCC-Z230: 1200 kg
combined FPD-800 RCC-Z230: 800 kg
. 100...240 VAC; 50...60 Hz; 55 W
(internal supply from switch cabinet with
integrated PC and control system for the RCC
components),
RCC system 100240 VAC, 5060 Hz, approx.
8001200 W depending on equipment

Power supply:

100240 VAC; 5060 Hz; 55 W

35

Software SCAT 32:

Force-based measurement of the dynamic contact angle of prismatic and cylindrical solids
as well as on single coated plates and the wetted length according to the Wilhelmy method
Adsorption measurement on powders and fiber bundles with the determination of the
average contact angle according to the modified and the extended Washburn method
Calculation of the surface free energy of solids and their components from measured
contact angles, evaluation according to the methods of Fowkes, Wu, Extended Fowkes,
Zismann, Owens-Wendt, van Oss & Good, Neumanns Equation of State
Calculation of Work of Adhesion

Software SCAT 33:

Fully automatic determination of the critical micelle formation concentration of surfactants (CMC) in forward, reversed, and extended mode
Interfacial CMC
Calculation of the minimum surface tension in case of synergistic effects of surfactant
mixtures
Calculation of the head space required by molecules on the surface
Calculation of the free adsorption energy after Gibbs
Calculation of the surface excess
Automatic ring corrections according to Zuidema & Waters, Mason & Huh and Harkins &
Jordan
Control of the dosing devices LDU x/x for additive and subtractive dosing

Software SCAT 34:

Determination of the density of liquids with the optional available density determination
set DIS 11

Software SCAT 35:

Determination of sedimentation rate with the optional sedimentation cone SC 11


Measuring of the penetration resistance and the penetration rate with the optional
penetration probe PP 11
Measuring of the yield forces on soft gels, pastes etc.

Temperature measurement:

Integrated temperature measurement and digital display for 60450 C


with 2 x Pt 100 inputs

Dimensions (L x W x H):

DCAT 11EC / DCAT 11: 340 x 230 x 500 mm


DCAT 21: 340 x 230 x 565 mm

Weight:

DCAT 11EC / DCAT 11: 23 kg


DCAT 21: 25 kg

Power supply:

100240 VAC; 5060 Hz; 55 W

36

37

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