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Winter-2014
Master of Business Administration- MBA Semester 1
MB0041Financial and Management Accounting-4 Credits
(Book ID: B1624)
Assignment (60 Marks)
Note: Answer all questions (with 300 to 400 words each) must be
written within 6-8 pages. Each Question carries 10 marks 6 X 10=60
Q1. Analyze the following transaction under traditional approach.
18.1.2011 Received a cheque from a customer, Sanjay at 5 p.m.
Rs.20,000
19.1.2011 Paid Ramu by cheque Rs.1,50,000
20.1.2011 Paid salary Rs. 30,000
20.1.2011 Paid rent by chequeRs. 8,000
21.1.2011 Goods withdrawn for personal use Rs. 5,000
25.1.2011 Paid an advance to suppliers of goods Rs. 1,00,000
26.1.2011 Received an advance from customers Rs. 3,00,000
31.1.2011 Paid interest on loan Rs. 5,000
31.1.2011 Paid instalment of loan Rs. 25,000
31.1.2011 Interest allowed by bank Rs. 8,000
Analysis of transaction with accounts involved-nature of accountaffects and debit/credit
Answer: Analysis of Transaction under Traditional Approach

Date

Accounts

Nature of

Affects

Debit/

18.1.20
11

19.1.20
11

Involved

Account

Credit

Shyam a/c

Personal

Shyam is the
receiver

Debit

Bank a/c

Personal

Bank is the giver

Credit

Rams a/c

Personal

Ram is the
receiver

Debit

Bank a/c

Personal

Bank is the giver

Credit

Q2. The trial balance of Nilgiris Co Ltd., as taken on 31st December, 2002
did not tally and the difference was carried to suspense account. The
following errors were detected subsequently.
a) Sales book total for November was under cast by Rs. 1200.
b) Purchase of new equipment costing Rs. 9475 has been posted to
Purchases a/c.
c) Discount received Rs.1250 and discount allowed Rs. 850 in September
2002 have been posted to wrong sides of discount account.
d) A cheque received from Mr. Longford for Rs. 1500 for goods sold to him
on credit earlier, though entered correctly in the cash book has been
posted in his account as Rs. 1050.
e) Stocks worth Rs. 255 taken for use by MrDayananda, the Managing
Director, have been entered in sales day book.
f) While carrying forward, the total in Returns Inwards Book has been
taken as Rs. 674 instead of Rs. 647.
g) An amount paid to cashier, Mr. Ramachandra, Rs. 775 as salary for the
month of November has been debited to his personal account as Rs. 757.
Answer: Journal Proper of Evergreen Co Ltd.

Date

Particulars

LF

Debit

Credi
t

Rs.

Rs.

31-122002

Suspense account Dr

1,200

To Sales account

1,200

(Being under casting of sales book


rectified)
Q3. From the given trial balance draft an Adjusted Trial Balance.
Trial Balance as on 31.03.2011

Debit balances
Furniture

Rs.
and

Fittings
Buildings
Sales Returns
Bad Debts
Sundry Debtors
Purchases
Advertising
Cash
Taxes and Insurance
General Expenses
Salaries
TOTAL
Adjustments:

10000
500000
1000
2000
25000
90000
20000
10000
5000
7000
20000
690000

Credit balances
Bank Over Draft

Rs.

Capital Account
Purchase Returns
Sundry Creditors
Commission
Sales

400000
4000
30000
5000
235000

TOTAL

690000

16000

1. Charge depreciation at 10% on Buildings and Furniture and fittings.


2. Write off further bad debts 1000
3. Taxes and Insurance prepaid 2000
4. Outstanding salaries 5000
5. Commission received in advance1000
Answer. Ledger accounts
Furniture and fittings A/C

Particulars

Rs.

Particulars

Rs.

To bal b/d

10000

By Depreciation By bal c/d

10009000

Total

10000

To bal b/d

9000

Total

10000

Q4. Compute trend ratios and comment on the financial performance of


Infosys Technologies Ltd. from the following extract of its income
statements of five years. (in Crore)

Answer. Infosys Technologies Ltd.

Q5. Give the meaning of cash flow analysis and put down the
objectives of cash flow analysis. Explain the preparation of cash flow
statement.
Answer: DEFINITION OF 'CASH FLOW'
1. An accounting statement called the "statement of cash flows", which shows
the amount of cash generated and used by a company in a given period. It is
calculated by adding noncash charges (such as depreciation) to net income
after taxes. Cash flow can be attributed to a specific
Q6. Write the assumptions of marginal costing. Differentiate between
absorption costing and marginal costing.
Answer: Marginal Costing is ascertainment of the marginal cost which varies
directly with the volume of production by differentiating between fixed costs and
variable costs and finally ascertaining its effect on profit.
The basic assumptions made by marginal costing are following:
- Total variable

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