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1.

Basic Phrases / les expressions de base


NEW! If you'd like to study these phrases (and their pronunciations) individually, please go to Basic
French Phrases.
Bonjour
/bu/
Hello / Good day / Good morning

Bonsoir
/bswa/
Good evening

Salut
/saly/
Hi / Bye
Merci (beaucoup)
/msi boku/
Thank you (very much)

Au revoir
/()vwa/
Goodbye
De rien.
/d j/
You're welcome.

Bienvenu(e)
/bjvny/
Welcome (also You're welcome in
Quebec)
A plus tard
/a ply ta/
See you later
Je suis dsol(e)
/dezle/
I'm sorry

Allons-y!
/al zi/
Let's go!

Comment allez-vous ?
/km tale vu/
How are you? (formal)
a va ?
/sa va/
How are you? (informal)
Comment vous appelez-vous ?
/km vu zaple vu/
What's your name? (formal)
Enchant(e)
/te/
Nice to meet you.
Vous tes d'o ? / Vous venez
d'o ?
/vu zt du/ /vu vne du/
Where are you from? (formal)
O habitez-vous ?
/u abite vu/
Where do you live? (formal)
Quel ge avez-vous ?
/kl ave vu/
How old are you? (formal)
Parlez-vous franais ? / Tu

A bientt
/a bjto/
See you soon
Pardon !
/pad/
Excuse me! (pushing through a
crowd) / Sorry! (stepped on
someone's foot)
Je vais bien
/ ve bj/
I'm fine.
a va.
/sa va/
I'm fine. (informal response to
a va ?)
Tu t'appelles comment ?
/ty tapl km/
What's your name? (informal)
Monsieur, Madame,
Mademoiselle
/msj/ /madam/ /madwazl/
Mister, Misses, Miss
Tu es d'o ? / Tu viens d'o ?
/ty du/ /ty vj du/
Where are you from?
(informal)
Tu habites o ?
/ty abit u/
Where do you live? (informal)
Tu as quel ge ?
/ty kl /
How old are you? (informal)
Je parle allemand.

Bonne nuit
/bn ni/
Good night (only said when
going to bed)
S'il vous plat / S'il te plat
/sil vu pl/
Please (formal / informal)
Je vous en prie.
/vu z pri/
You're welcome. (formal) / Go
ahead.
A tout l'heure
/a tu ta l/
See you in a little while
A demain
/a dm/
See you tomorrow
Excusez-moi !
/ekskyze mwa/
Excuse me! (getting someone's
attention) / I'm sorry! (more
formal apology)
Trs bien / mal / pas mal
/t bj/ /mal/ /pa mal/
Very good / bad / not bad
Oui / non
/wi/ /n/
Yes / no
Je m'appelle...
/ mapl/
My name is...
Mesdames et Messieurs
/medam/ /mesj/
Ladies and gentlemen
Je suis de... / Je viens de...
/ si d/ / vj d/
I am from...
J'habite ...
/abit a/
I live in...
J'ai ____ ans.
/e __ /
I am ____ years old.
Je ne parle pas espagnol.

parles anglais ?
/pale vu frs/ /ty pal gl/
Do you speak French? (formal) /
Do you speak English? (informal)
Comprenez-vous? / Tu
comprends?
/kpne vu/ /ty kp/
Do you understand? (formal /
informal)
Pouvez-vous m'aider ? / Tu peux
m'aider ?
/puve vu mede/ /ty p mede/
Can you help me? (formal /
informal)
Tenez / Tiens
/tne/ /tj/
Hey / Here (formal / informal)
O est ... / O sont ... ?
/u / /u s/
Where is ... / Where are ... ?

/ pal alm//
I speak German.

/ n pal pa spal/
I don't speak Spanish.

Je comprends
/ kp/
I understand

Je ne comprends pas
/ n kp pa/
I don't understand

Bien sr.
/bj sy/
Of course.

Comment ?
/km/
What? Pardon?

Je sais
/ s/
I know
Voici / Voil
/vwasi/ /vwala/
Here is/are... / There it is.

Comment dit-on ____ en


franais ?
/km di t __ fs/
How do you say ____ in French?
a ne fait rien.
/sa n f j/
It doesn't matter.
Je suis fatigu(e) / Je suis
malade.
/ si fatie/ / si malad/
I'm tired / I'm sick.
Je m'ennuie.
/ mni/
I'm bored.

Qu'est-ce que c'est que a ?


/ks k s k sa/
What is that?

Je ne sais pas
/n s pa/
I don't know
Il y a ... / Il y avait...
/il i a/ /il i av/
There is / are... / There was /
were...
Qu'est-ce qu'il y a ?
/ks kil i a/
What's the matter?

Qu'est-ce qui se passe ?


/ks ki s pas/
What's happening?
J'ai faim / J'ai soif.
/e f/ /e swaf/
I'm hungry / I'm thirsty.

Je n'ai aucune ide.


/ ne okyn ide/
I have no idea.
J'ai chaud / J'ai froid.
/e o/ /e fw/
I'm hot / I'm cold.

a m'est gal. / Je m'en fiche.


/sa m teal/ / m fi/
It's the same to me / I don't
care. (informal)
J'ai oubli.
/e ublije/
I forgot.
Flicitations !
/felisitasj/
Congratulations!
Taisez-vous ! / Tais-toi !
/tze vu/ /t tw/
Shut up! / Be quiet! (formal /
informal)
Quoi de neuf ?
/kw d nf/
What's new?

Ne vous en faites pas. / Ne t'en


fais pas.
/n vu ft pa/ /n t f pa/
Don't worry (formal / informal)
Je dois y aller.
/ dwa i ale/
I must go.
Bonne chance !
/bn s/
Good luck!
Je vous aime / Je t'aime
/ vu zm/ / tm/
I love you (formal & plural /
informal)
Pas grand-chose.
/pa g oz/
Not a whole lot.

Ce n'est pas grave.


/s n pa gav/
It's no problem. / It's alright.
A vos souhaits ! / A tes souhaits !
/a vo sw/ /a te sw/
Bless you! (formal / informal)
C'est vous ! / C'est toi !
/s ta vu/ /s ta tw/
It's your turn! (formal / informal)
Tu me manques.
/ty m mk/
I miss you. (informal)

Notice that French has informal and formal ways of saying things. This is because there is more than one
meaning to "you" in French (as well as in many other languages.) The informal you is used when talking to
close friends, relatives, animals or children. The formal you is used when talking to someone you just met,
do not know well, or someone for whom you would like to show respect (a professor, for example.) There

is also a plural you, used when speaking to more than one person. Also notice that some words take an
extra e, shown in parentheses. If the word refers to a woman or is spoken by a woman, then the e is added
in spelling; but in most cases, it does not change the pronunciation. To make verbs negative, French adds
ne before the verb and pas after it. However, the ne is frequently dropped in spoken French, although it
must appear in written French.