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University of Santo Tomas

Faculty of Arts and Letters


Course Title
Course Abbreviation
Course Credit
Course Instructor

: Development of Political Thought: Ancient to Early Modern


: POL 262
: 3 units
: Dennis C. Coronacion, M.A.
e-mail: denniscoronacion@gmail.com
consultation on M-W-F, 10am-11am and 2-3pm, at faculty room

Course Description
Political Science 262 is the first of a two-part sequence in the course DEVELOPMENT OF POLITICAL
THOUGHT. The course will introduce you to some of the most influential theories of politics and the good
society articulated by a select number of ANCIENT, MEDIEVAL, and EARLY MODERN thinkers. Its ultimate
objective is to provide you an opportunity to consider past theories of politics in their relevant context and,
possibly, explore how they relate to you and your contemporary political landscape.
Course Requirements
Readings. Like other Political Theory courses, your major effort here will be given the systematic and
habitual study of the assigned texts vis--vis their respective context. By this I mean, you are expected to
read the assigned texts prior to each class session; make an honest effort, not only to know what these
texts are all about but also to understand the issues and concerns that they, collectively or individually, raise
or address; and work towards a reasoned assessment of them in class. Recommended readings are for
those interested in exploring a specific topic with greater depth.
Class discussions. Class sessions will use the discussion format, which will be supplemented by occasional
lectures by me, either to set the tone of an upcoming discussion or clarify points raised in the previous one.
Much of the discussions will focus o n each thinkers construction of the political, especially his views about
recurring political concerns such as the power relationships between the ruler and the ruled, the nature of
authority, the problems posed by social conflict, the status of certain goals or purposes as objectives of
political action, and the character of political knowledge.
Quizzes. Short objective quizzes will be given after the discussion of every topic to measure your familiarity
with the scheduled reading assignments as well as the personal circumstances of each thinker under
consideration.
Paper. You will write two (2) analytical papers (about 5-6 pages, typed single-spaced) that will primarily test
your familiarity with your thinkers political philosophies and demonstrate your analytical skill through
articulating their ideas against problems and issues that they tried to solve.
Your paper is due in class by a stated deadline. A late paper will be fined five (5) points for each day of
delay (including Saturday and Sunday).

GRADING SYSTEM
Your grade in this course will be determined on the basis of recitation (30%), quizzes (15%)
preliminary examination (20%), and the final examination (35%). In order to pass the course, you should
obtain at least 75% of the total percentage.
COURSE OUTLINE
1) INTRODUCTION: Theorizing the Political
Leo Strauss, On Classical Political Philosophy in What is Political Philosophy? And Other Essays
[1959], 78-94.
2) ANCIENT WORLD: ATHENS & SPARTA
The Political as Force
Thucydides (c.460-400 BC), The Peloponnesian War
The Political as Reason
Plato (427-347 BC), The Republic
The Political as Association
Aristotle (384-322 BC), Politics
Nicomachean Ethics
3) MEDIEVAL WORLD
The Political as Ecclesia
Augustine of Hippo (354-430 AD), City of God (De Civitate Dei)
4) EARLY MODERN WORLD
The Political as Craft
Niccolo Machiavelli (1469-1527), The Prince
Discourses on the First Ten Books of Titus Livius
The Political as Sovereign
Thomas Hobbes (1588-1679), Leviathan
The Political as Social
John Locke (1632-1704), Second Treatise of Government
The Political as Community
Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778), The Social Contract
The Political as Utility
David Hume (1771-1776), Of the Original Contract

RECOMMENDED READINGS
1) THUCYDIDES
CONTEXT OF THE PELOPONNESIAN WAR
F.E. Adcock, The Greek and Macedonian Art of War
A.Andrewes, Greek Society
V. Ehrenberg, The Greek State
M.I. Finely, The Ancient Greeks
, Aspects of Antiquity
W.G. Forrest. A History of Sparta (950-192 BC)
N.G.L. Hammond, A History of Greece
C. Hignett, A History of the Athenian Constitution to the End of 5 th BC
W. Jaeger, Paedeia: The Ideals of Greek Culture (Vol.1)
H.D.F. Kitto, The Greeks
R. Meiggs, The Athenian Empire
H. Michell, Sparta
E. Voegelin, The World of the Polis
A. Zimmern, The Greek Commonwealth: Politics and Economics in 5 th Century Athens

ON THUCYDIDES AND HIS WORK


G.F. Abbott, Thucydides, A Study in Historical Reality
F.E. Adcock, Thucydides and His History
C.N. Cochrane, Thucydides and the Science of History
P.M. Cornford, Thucydides Mythistoricus
G.E.M. de Ste Croix, The Origins of the Peloponnesian War
L. Edmunds, Chance and Intelligence in Thucydides
J.H. Finley, Jr., Thucydides; (also Three Essays on Thucydides)
P.J. Fliess, Thucydides and the Politics of Bipolarity
A.W. Gromme, A Historical Commentary on Thucidides (5 vols.)
D. Grene, Man in His Pride: A Study in the Political Philosophy of Thucydides and Plato
G.B. Grundy, Thucydides and the History of His Age (2 vols.)
B.W. Henderson, The Great War between Athens and Sparta
T. Hobbes, The History of the Grecian War in Eight Books, Written by Thucydides
V.J. Hunter, Thucydides, the Artful Reporter
D. Kagan, The Outbreak of the Peloponnesian War
,The Archidimian War
,The Peace of Nicias and the Sicilian Expedition
P.R. Pouncey, The Necessities of War: A Study of Thucydides Pessimism
W.K. Pritchett, Dionysius of Halicamassus, On Thucydides
D. Proctor, The Experience of Thucydides
H.R. Rawlings III, The Structure of Thucydides History
J. De Romilly, Thucydides and Athenian Imperialism
R. Schlatter, Hobbes Thucydides
P.A. Stadter, ed. The Speeches in Thucydides
L. Strauss, The City and Man (Ch.3)
H.D. Westlake, Individuals in Thucydides
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A.G. Woodhead, Thucydides on the Nature of Power


2) PLATO
BY PLATO: Statesman; Laws; also Euthyphro; Apolgy; Crito; and Phaedo

CONTEXT OF THE REPUBLIC


J.B. Bury and R. Meiggs, A History of Greece
V. Ehrenberg, The Greek State
M.I. Finley, Politics in the Ancient World
N.G.L. Hammond, A History of Greece
A.H.M. Jones, Athenian in Democracy
H. Michell, Sparta
C. Mosse, Athens in Decline, 404-86 BC
A. Zimmern, The Greek Commonwealth

ON THE REPUBLIC
J.Adam, ed. The Republic of Plato (2 vols.)
J. Annas, An Introduction to Platos Republic
R.C. Cross and A.D.Woozley, Platos Republic: A Philosophical Commentary
N.R. Murphy, The Interpretation of Platos Republic
R.L. Nettleship, Lectures on the Republic of Plato
J.A. Stewart, The Myths of Plato
N.P. White, A Companion to Platos Republic

PLATOS POLITICAL THOUGHT


R.E. Bambrough, ed. Plato, Popper and Politics
E. Barker, Political Thought of Plato and Aristotle
,Greek Political Theory: Plato and His Predecessors
D. Grene, Man in His Pride (Part II)
J.G. Gunnell, Political Philosophy and Time
R.W. Hall, Plato
G. Klosko, The Development of Platos Political Theory
R.B. Levinson, In Defense of Plato
K. R. Popper, The Open Society and Its Enemies (Vol.1)
G.H. Sabine, History of Political Theory (Chapters 3-4)
I. F. Stone, The Trial of Socrates
T.L. Thorson, ed. Plato: Totalitarian or Democrat?
E. Voegelin, Plato and Aristotle in Order and History (Vol.1)
S.Wolin, Politics and Vision (Ch.2)

ON PLATOS THOUGHT IN GENERAL


F.M. Cornford, Before and After Socrates
I.M. Crombie, An Examination of Platos Doctrines (2 vols.)
G.C. Field, Plato and His Contemporaries
, The Philosophy of Plato
W. Fite, the Platonic Legend
P. Friedlander, Plato (3 vols.)
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G.M.A. Grube, Platos Thought


W.K.C. Guthrie, A History of Greek Philosophy (Vols.IV and V)
G. Ryle, Platos Progress
P. Shorey, What Plato Said; (also The Unity of Platos Thought)
A.E. Taylor, Plato: The Man and His Work
3) ARISTOTLE
BY ARISTOTLE: The Constitution of Athens
ON ARISTOTLES POLITICAL THOUGHT
D.J. Allan, Philosophy of Aristotle
H. Arendt, The Human Condition
F. Barker, Political Thought of Plato and Aristotle
, The Politics of Aristotle
S.R.L. Clark, Aristotles Criticism of Plato and the Academy
W.K.C. Guthrie, A History of Greek Philosophy (Vol.VI)
G.E.R. Lloyd, Aristotle: The Growth and Structure of His Thought
J.B. Morrall, Aristotle
R.G. Mulgan, Aristotles Political Theory
W.L. Newman, The Politics of Aristotle (4 vols.)
E. Voegelin, Plato and Aristotle, Order and History (Vol.III)
4) AUGUSTINE
CONTEXT OF THE CITY OF GOD
P. Brown, Religion and Society in the Age of St. Augustine
C.N. Cochrane, Christianity and Classical Culture
E.R. Dodds, Pagan and Christian in an Age of Anxiety
A. Momigliano, ed. The Conflict Between Paganism and Christianity in the 4 th Century

ON THE CITY OF GOD


H. Arendt, The Concept of Love in St. Augustine
R. H. Barrow, Introduction to St. Augustine: The City of God
N.H. Baynes, Politicial Ideas of St. Augustines De Civitate Dei
E. H. Brooks, The City of God and the Politics of Crisis
J.N. Figgis, Political Aspects of St. Augustines City of God
J. Rickaby, St. Augustines City of God, A view of Its Contents
M. Versfeld, A Guide of the City of God

ON ST. AUGUSTINE
Augustine, Confessions
V.J. Bourke, Augustines Quest of Wisdom
P. Brown, Augustine of Hippo: A Biography
H. Chadwick, Augustine
M.C. DArcy, St. Augustine
J.J. Omeara, The Young Augustine: The Growth of St. Augustines Mind Up to His
Conversion
ON AUGUSTINES POLITICAL THOUGHT

H.Deanne, The Political and Social Ideas of St. Augustine


J.L. Keyes, Christian Faith in the Interpretation of History: A Study of St. Augustines
Philosophy of History
R.A. Markus, Saeculum: History and Society in the Thought of St. Augustine
H. Paolucci, ed. The Political Writings of St. Augustine
G.H. Sabine, History of Political Theory (Ch.10)

ON MEDIEVAL POLITICAL THOUGHT


F.C. Copplestone, Medieval Philosophy
A.P. DEntreves, Medieval Contributions to Political Thought
O. Von Gerke, Political Theories of the Middle Ages
D. Knowles, Evolution of Medieval Thought
E.K. Lewis, ed. Medieval Political Ideas
J.B. Morrall, Political Thought in Medieval Times
W. Ullmann, History of Political Thought: The Middle Ages

5) MACHIAVELLI
BY MACHIAVELLI: The Art of War; Mondragola; Letters

ON MACHIAVELLIS POLITICAL THOUGHT


S. Anglo, Machiavelli: A Dissection
I. Berlin, The Originality of Machiavelli in Against the Current
H. Butterfield, The Statecraft of Machiavelli
E. Cassirer, Myth of the State
F. Chabon, Machiavelli and the Renaissance
M. Deitz, Trapping the Prince APSR, Sept. 1986
M. Fleischer, ed. Machiavelli and the Nature of Political Thought
F. Gilbert, Machiavelli and Guicciardini: Politics and History in 16 th Century Florence
, History: Choice and Commitment
A.H. Gilbert, Machiavellis Prince and Its Forerunners
A. Gramsci, The Modern Prince
D.L. Jensen, Machiavelli: Cynic, Patriot or Political Scientist?
H. Mansfeld, Machiavellis New Modes and Orders
M. McCanless, The Discourse of Il Principe
F. Meinnecke, Machiavellianism: The Doctrine of Raison D Etat and Its Place in Modern
History
A. Parel, ed., The Political Calculus
H. Pitkin, Fortune is a Woman
J. Plamenatz, Machiavelli
J.G.A. Pocock, The Machiavellian Moment
G. Pressolini, Machiavelli
G.H. Sabine, History of Political Theory (Ch.17)
Q. Skinner, Machiavelli
, Foundations of Political Thought, The Renaissance
L. Strauss, Thoughts on Machiavelli
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C. Tartlon, Fortunes Circle


L.J. Walker, SJ, The Discourses of Niccolo Machiavelli
J.H. Whitfield, Discourses on Machiavelli
S. Wolin, Politics and Vision (Ch.7)

ON MACHIAVELLIS LIFE AND TIMES


H.C. Butters, Governors and Government of Early 16 th Century Florence, 1502-1519A.H.
F. Guicciardini, Florentine History
J.R. Hale, Machiavelli and Renaissance Italy
, Florence and the Medici
M. Hulliung, Citizen Machiavelli
G. Mattingly, Renaissance Diplomacy
D.E. Muir, Machiavelli and His Time
J. Pulver, Machiavelli: The Man, His Work, and His Times
R. Ridolfi, The Life of Niccolo Machiavelli
J.N. Stephen, The Fall of the Florentine Republic
P. Villarim, The Life and Times of Niccolo Machiavelli

6) HOBBES
BY HOBBES: The Elements of Law, Natural and Politic; Behemoth; and De Cive

ON HOBBES LIFE AND TIMES


J.Aubrey, Brief Lives
G.C. Robertson, Hobbes
A. Rogow, Thomas Hobbes
R. Tuck, Hobbes
ON HOBBES POLITICAL THOUGHT
R. Ashcraft, Hobbes Natural Man in Journal of Politics, 33 (1971)
D. Baumgold, Hobbes Political Thought
J. Bowle, Hobbes and His Critics
F. Brant, Thomas Hobbes Mechanical Conception of Nature
K.C. Brown, ed. Hobbes Studies
T. Campbell, Thomas Hobbes: Instrumental Individualism in Seven Theories of Human
Society
M. Cranston, and R.S. Peters, eds. Hobbes and Rousseau: A Collection of Critical Essays
M.M. Goldsmith, Hobbes Science of Politics
J. Hampton, Hobbes and the Social Contract Tradition
F.C. Hood, The Divine Politics of Thomas Hobbes
T.E. Jessop, Thomas Hobbes
D. Johnston, The Rhetoric of Leviathan
J. Laird, Hobbes
C.B. Macpherson, The Theory of Possessive Individualism
F.S. McNeilly, The Anatomy of Leviathan
S. Mintz, The Hunting of Leviathan
M. Oakeshott, Hobbes on Civil Association
R. Peters, Hobbes
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J. Plamenatz, Man and Society (Vol.1, Ch.4)


D.D. Rapahel, Hobbes: Morals and Politics
L. Rauch, Hobbes: in the Political Man
G.A.J. Rogers and A. Ryan, eds. Perspectives on Thomas Hobbes
G.H.Sabine, History of Political Theory (Ch.26)
T. Sorelle, Hobbes
T.A. Spragens, The Politics of Motion: The World of Thomas Hobbes
L. Strauss, The Political Philosophy of Thomas Hobbes: Its Basis and Genesis
C.D. Tartlon, The Creation and Maintenance of Government: A Neglected Dimension of
Hobbes Leviathan in Political Studies, 26 (1978)
H. Warrender, The Political Philosophy of Hobbes: His Theory of Obligation
J.W.N. Watkins, Hobbes System of Ideas
S.S. Wolin, Politics and Vision
7) LOCKE
BY LOCKE: Essays on the Law of Nature; First Treatise of Government

ON LOCKES LIFE AND TIMES


M.W. Cranston, John Locke: A Biography
H.R. Fox Bourne, The Life of John Locke
J.C.D. Clark, English Society, 1688-1832
P. King, The Life of John Locke
ON LOCKES POLITICAL THOUGHT
R.I. Aaron, John Locke
H. Aarsleff, The State of Nature and the Nature of Man in Locke
P. Abrams, John Locke: Two Tracts on Government
R. Ashcraft, Revolutionary Politics and Lockes Two Treatises
, Lockes Two Treatises of Government
M. Cherno, Locke on Property in Ethics 9 (1957)
J. Colman, Lockes Moral Philosophy
R. Cox, Locke on War and Peace
C.J. Czajowsky, The Theory of Private Property in Lockes Political Philosophy
J.P. Day, Locke on Property in Philosophical Quarterly (1982)
J. Dunn, The Political Thought of John Locke
, John Locke
R. Filmer, Patriarchia, or the Natural Power of Kings
J.H. Franklin, John Locke and the Theory of Sovereignty
J.W. Gough, John Lockes Political Philosophy
M.S. Johnson, Locke on Freedom
S.P. Lamprecht, The Moral and Political Philosophy of John Locke
P. Laslett, John Locke, Two Treatises of Government: A Critical Edition
C.B. Macpherson, The Theory of Possessive Individualism
D.J. OConnor, John Locke
K. Olivecrona, Locke on the Origin of Property in Journal of the History of Ideas (1974)
J.G.A. Pocock and R. Ashcraft, eds., John Locke
R. Polin, John Lockes Conception of Freedom
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G.H. Sabine, History of Political Theory (Ch. 26)


G. Schochett, ed., Life, Liberty and Property: Essays on Lockes Political Ideas
M. Seliger, The Liberal Politics of John Locke
, Locke, Liberalism and Nationalism
Q. Skinner, The Foundations of Modern Political Thought
L. Strauss, Natural Right and History
N. Tarcov, Lockes Education for Liberty
J. Tully, A Discourse on Property: John Locke and His Adversaries
K. Willmoore, John Locke and the Theory of Majority Rule
N. Wood, The Politics of Lockes Philosophy
J. Yolton, John Locke and the Way of Ideas
, ed., John Locke: Problems and Perspectives
8) ROUSSEAU
BY ROUSSEAU: On the Origin of Inequality; On Political Economy; Confessions

ON ROUSSEAUS POLITICAL THOUGHT


J.H. Broome, Rousseau: A Study of His Thought
E. Cassirer, The Question of Jean-Jacques Rousseau
J. Chapman, Rousseau: Totalitarian or Liberal?
J. Charvet, The Social Problem in the Philosophy of Rousseau
A. Cobban, Rousseau and the Modern State
M. Cranston and R.S. Peters, Hobbes and Rousseau
L.G. Crocker, Rousseaus Social Contract: An Interpretative Essay
S. Ellenburg, Rousseaus Political Philosophy: An Interpretation from Within
H. Gildin, Rousseaus Social Contract: The Design of the Argument
F.C. Green, Jean-Jacques Rousseau: A Critical Study
R. Grimsley, The Philosophy of Rousseau
C.W. Hendel, Jean-Jacques Rousseau: A Moralist
A. Horrowitz, Rousseau, Nature and History
R. Lemos, Rousseaus Political Philosophy: An Exposition and Interpretation
R.D. Masters, Political Philosophy of Rousseau
R.L. Meek, Social Science and the Ignoble Savage
J. Miller, Rousseau: Dreamer of Democracy
J.B. Noone, Rousseaus Social Contract: A Conceptual Analysis
C.E. Vaughan, The Political Writings of Jean-Jacques Rousseau
E.W. Wright, The Meaning of Rousseau

9) HUME
BY HUME: A Treatise of Human Nature; Essays, Moral, Political, and Literary

ON HUME AND HIS POLITICAL THOUGHT


H.D. Aiken, Humes Moral and Political Philosophy
I.L. Bongie, Davud Hume: Prophet of the Counter Revolution
A.P. Cavendish, David Hume
D. Forbes, Humes Philosophical Politics
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B.M. Laing, David Hume


I. Laird, Humes Philosophy of Human Nature
C.R. Morris, Locke, Berkeley, Hume
I. Passmore, Humes Intentions
N.K. Smith, The Philosophy of David Hume
I.B. Stewart, The Moral and Political Philosophy of David Hume
F. Zabeeh, Hume: Precursor of Modern Empiricism

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