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American 180 Rifle

Instruction Manual
American Arms International, Inc.


RIDDLE, OR 97469
PHONE 541874-2137 FAX 541874-3107


This weapon is a precision instrument which requires proper

handling and maintenance to assure the safety of the user. At the
same time, it is a rugged weapon, fully tested in every conceivable
environment, and if properly maintained, will give many years of
satisfactory service.
Proper and safe handling is required of all weapons. This is
even more important where an automatic weapon is concerned.
Purchasers are presumed to be familiar and experienced with
weapons, nevertheless, ensure that everyone who will handle this
weapon reads and understands this preface and the manual before
attempting to use the weapon.
WARNING: If this firearm is carelessly or improperly handled,
unintentional discharge could result, and could cause injury,
death, or damage to property. This manual gives basic advice on
the proper handling and functioning of the American 180 weapon.
Safety of the firer and others in range of the weapon depends upon
mature compliance with the information given in this manual, and
on the adoption and use of accepted safety practices in handling
Keep hands and body free from ejection path and ejection port.
Expended cartridges exit from the weapon at a high rate and at a
high temperature. Firer is advised to wear long sleeve garments
when firing the weapon, and to hold the weapon by the hand grips
provided. Use only high quality ammunition in th"is weapon. Qual-
ity of ammun ition varies and "inexpensive" or poorly made ammu-
nition can cause ammunition malfunction.
NOTICE: American Arms International, Inc. or any of its affiliates
shall not be responsible for injury or death or damage to property
resulting from either intentional or accidental discharge of this
firearm, or from its function when used for purposes or subjected
to treatment for which it was not designed. American Arms Interna-
tional, Inc. will not honor claims involving this firearm which result
from carelessness or improper handliog, unauthorized adjustment
or parts replacement, modification of any type, corrosion, neglect,
or the use of ammunition other than original high qual ity commer-
cially manufactured ammunition in good condition, or any combi-
nation of the above. American Arms International, Inc. will not
honor claims involving this firearm for any reason or cause when
such claims are made by the second or subsequent owner.
This weapon was assembled from quality controlled compo-
nents, tested and inspected by quality control personnel before
leaving the factory. Please read the section of assembly/disassem-
bly instructions before examining the weapon at time of delivery.
We congratulate you on your decision to purchase the Ameri-
can 180 weapon. This weapon represents the finest quality in
firearms and we are proud to produce it.

Charles W. Goff, Jr.

Front: fixed blade type

Section 1: General
Rear: ramp-type elevation 1/2 minute
of angle windage
TheAmerican 180Submachine Gun is Laser-Lok: (Optional) pin-point direct
an air cooled, blow-back operated, illumination
magazine fed weapon weighing approx-
imately 7.40 pounds with a loaded
177-round .capacity drum magazine. 5. NOMENCLATURE OF
The exterior surface of the rear portion
of the barrel contains a series of annu-
lar flanges which serve to dissipate See Figure 1 and list on following
heat and cool the barrel during firing. page.
The hand of the firer is protected on
the underside of the barrel by a high-
impact plastic fore grip: A rear grip is
also provided. Sling swivels are att-
ached to the barrel and the rear of the
receiver for attachment of a rifle sling. CHAPTER 2
By use of a selector pin, the weapon
may be fired in either the automatic or
Section I: Assembly and Disassembly
semi-automatic mode.
1. GENERAL. The submachine gun
Section II: Description will function correctly if it is kept
clean and is properly oiled and
1. BARREL maintained. This chapter explains
disassembly, assembly, care and
Diameter of bore: .217 (5.51) cleaning, stoppages and imme-
Number of grooves: 5 diateaction.lt isa guideformech-
Twist in rifling, uniform, one turn anical training and outlines the
in: 16" procedures to be followed.
Barrel length: 16" or 9"
2. NOMENCLATURE. The names of
2. GUN the parts of the submachine gun
(figure 1) should be learned dur-
ing instruction in disassembly and
Overall length: 36'1,' with long barrel assembly by referring to the illus-
Sight radius: 23'12' trations and parts list. Generally,
Weight data: the parts are named for the job
With Laser-Lok and magazine they do-I.e. the trigger guard
(177 rounds): 12.651 Ibs. actually guards the trigger from
With loaded magazine (177 accidental or unintentional dis-
rounds): 7.40Ibs. charge. Adequate cleaning and
oiling can be accomplished with
3. MISCELLANEOUS DATA the weapon broken down into the
following groups: Receivergroup,
Initial velocity: 1255 feet/second' Barrel group, and Magazine. Some
Chamber pressure: 23,000 PSI further disassembly of the maga-
(approximate) zine is required.
Bullet weight: 40 grains
Rate of fire on automatic: 1800
rounds per minute'
'Varies with brand of ammunition used
Figure 1 The American 180 disassembled. 1. Barrel Group
- 2. Receiver Top Strap - 3. Bolt - 4. Bolt
Spring -5. Receiver Top Retainer Pin
- 6. Receiver - 7. Trigger Group - 8. Stock - 9. Feed Block.
-10. Drum Magazine -11. Winding Mechanism
Theseguidesshould be followed
when disassembling and assem- a. Before disassembling the
bling the American 180: American 180, make sure that
the weapon is CLEAR. Pull
a. Follow the step-by-step ex- back on the magazine catch
planation. (figure2) and remove the mag-
b. Do not attempt to disassemble azine. Inspect the feed block
or assemble the weapon again- and chamber to ensure no
sttime. ammunition is present in either.
c. if it is necessary to applyforce, Allow the bolt to go forward by
do it carefully so that none of squeezing on the trigger. (Note:
the parts are damaged. To pull back [retract] the bolt,
d. As the weapon is disassembl- pull back ont he bolt handle to
ed, line up the parts in the its rear-most position until it
order of their removal. This stops, then manually return it
procedure helps'in assembly forward) .
of the weapon, which is done b. Detachment of the rear stock
in reverse orderof disassembly. isdone by pushing in on detent

Figure 2
Figure 3

on top of the stock near end of d. Remove feed block by placing

receiver with your thumb, and thumb and forefinger on either
simultaneously pulling off the side of the feed block and pul-
stock (figure 3). ling up away from receiver
c. Removal of barrel is done by (figure 4).
loosening barrel locking screw, e. Removal of cover is done by
and removing the barrel by firmly holding the receiver with
pressing barrel clip and draw- one hand. With the heel of the
ing barrel away from the re- other hand, gently tap forward
ceiver. on the rearof the cover. Lift up

Figure 4
Figure 5

on the rear of the cover while forward into firing position (figure
moving slightly forward (fig- 10) the following operation checks
ure 5). may be made:
f. Remove the cover retaining
pin from either side of the a. Push the selector to the left.
receiver (figure 6). With the trigger released, pull
g. Remove the bolt by drawing the bolt handle sharply to the
back the bolt handlefarenough rear. The bolt should be en-
to get one finger on the face of gaged and held by the sear.
the bolt; by pulling back and b. Squeeze and maintain press-
up with this finger the bolt will ure on the trigger. With the
leave the receiver (figure 7). trigger depressed, the bolt will
h. Removal of the trigger hous- go forward. Pull the bolt to the
ing: depress the stop pin by rear, the sear should again
inserting a steel punch into the engage the bolt while the trig-
hole and pressing (figure 8). ger is depressed.
Simultaneously, the trigger c. With the trigger released, pull
housing has to be drawn back the bolt handle to the rear,
and the sear positioned with cocking the weapon. Push the
the forefinger so that it does selector to the right (automa-
not interfere with the removal tic) position. The bolt should
of the trigger housing (figure not move until the trigger is
9). squeezed.
d. With the selector in the auto-
matic position, pull the bolt
handle to the rear; hold the
180. Assembly is done in reverse trigger back. The bolt should
order of disassembly. move back and forth freely,
not being engaged by the sear.
6. OPERATION CHECK. With the e. Test the safety with the selec-
American 180 fully assembled and tor in both the semi-automatic
unloaded, and the safety rotated and the automatic positions.
Figure 6

Figure 7

Figure 8
Figure 9

Figure 10

Section II: How the American 180

S.M.G. Functions he will be able to keep it in
operating condition and re-
1. GENERAL. duce any stoppages which
might occur during firing. This
a. By disassembling and assem- knowledge will give the user
bling the American 180 you confidence in his weapon.
should become familiar with b. Each time a cartridge is fired.
the parts. The next step is to the parts inside the American
learn how these parts func- 180 function in a given order.
tion. If the user understands This is known as the cycle of
how the American 180 works. operation.
c. The cycle of operation of small tridge is fired the chamber pres-
arms is broken down into eight sure forces the bullet out of the
basic steps. However, in the muzzle of the barrel. At the same
American 180, two of these time, this pressure overcomes the
steps-locking and unlock- forward movement of the bolt and
ing-do not occur. The six starts it to the rear. By the time the
basic steps of the cycle of bolt and empty cartridge case
operation of theAmerican 180 have moved to the rear far enough
are listed below in the proper to open the rear end of the cham-
sequence, although more than ber, the bullet has left the barrel
one step may be occurring at and the chamber pressure has
the same time. decreased. (In the American 180,
the chamber pressure is relatively
(1) Feeding-the placing of a low and the bolt is relatively heavy,
cartridge in the feed block,
thus eliminating the need for the
in front of the bolt, so it steps of locking and unlocking.)
can be chambered. This Our; ng the rearward movement of
action takes place in the the bolt, the empty cartridge case
magazine generally, but
is extracted and ejected, the driv-
can be accomplished ing spring is compressed, and the
next round in the magazine moves
(2) Chambering-moving the into the paws of the feed block.
cartridge forward until it is The rearward movement of the
properly seated in the
bolt is stopped by the compressed
chamber. driving spring.
(3) Firing-the striking of the
primer of the cartridge by
the firing pin to ignite the 3. OPERATION OF THE TRIGGER
cartridge. AND SEAR.
(4) Extraction-removal of the a. When the trigger is pressed, it
empty cartridge case from
rotates arou nd the trigger pin
the chamber.
and forces the sear to rotate
(5) Ejection-removal of the
around the sear pin, causing
empty cartridge case from
the sear nose to be moved
the receiver.
(6) Cocking-retraction down and away from the sear
of the notch in the bottom of the bolt.
bolt far enough so that it This allows the bolt to move
will pick up a new car-
forward under the action of
tridge and, as it moves
the expanding drive spring.
forward, will have enough
b. Automatic fire-With the sel-
energy to fire the new
ector pushed to the right (auto-
matic position), if the trigger is
held to the rear, the nose of the
2. FUNCTION OF THE AMERICAN sear. cannot engage the sear
180. As the bolt is moved back to a notch of the bolt. The bolt will
cocked position, the driving spring continue to move forward and
is compressed, and the sear en- backward, firing the weapon
gages the sear notch of the bolt. automatically until the trigger
When the trigger is pressed, the is released.
sear releases the bolt, which is c. Semi-automatic fire-With the
driven forward by the drive spring. selectorpushed to the left (semi-
During this forward movement, automatic position). when the
the bolt pushes a cartridge from trigger is pulled, the nose of
the feed block into the chamber. the sear disengages from the
The bolt continues forward and sear notch on the bottom of
fires the cartridge. When the car- the bolt, allowing the bolt to
move forward. At the same 7. EXTRACTION. When the cart-
time under the action of the ridge is fired, the gas pressure
sear spring, the sear is moved forces the bullet out of the muzzle
back into position to engage and the empty cartridge case out
the bolt and hold it to the rear of the chamber, pushing the bolt
until pressure is released from to the rear. The extractor holds
the trigger. the base of the cartridge case
against the bolt. The bolt con-
4. FEEDING. tinues moving to the rear, carry-
ing the empty cartridge case with
a. When a loaded magazine is it. Extraction is completed when
placed on the weapon, the the front of the cartridge case
magazine catch holds the mag- clears the rear of the chamber. If
azine in position. The bottom the cartridge is not fired, the ex-
cartridge is held by the feed tractor will remove it from the
paws of the feed block through chamber when the bolt is manu-
the action of the magazine ally pulled to the rear.
spring and follower. When the
bolt moves forward, it removes 8. EJECTION. As the bolt moves to
the round from the feed block. the rear, the empty cartridge case
b. When the bolt moves to the is held by the extractor. When the
rear and clears the feed block, front of the cartridge case clears
the next cartridge is placed in the rear of the chamber, with the
the feed block by the action of extractor serving as a pivot point,
the magazine spring and foll- the cartridge case is deflected out
ower. of the ejection opening in the bot-
tom of the receiver.
5. CHAMBERING. The bolt, moving
forward under the action of the 9. COCKING.
expanding drive spring, pushes
the cartridge out of the feed block. a. Semi-automatic-As the bolt
The bullet ramp of the feed block moves to the rear, the drive
aids in aligning the cartridge with spring iscompressed, the nose
the chamber. As the bolt con- of the sear will move up. As the
tinues forward, the cartridge is bolt moves forward, the sear
pushed into the chamber by the nose will engage in the sear
front of the bolt. The base of the notch and hold the bolt to the
cartridge protrudes slightly from rear in a cocked position. The
the chamber when the cartridge is trigger must be released and
fully seated. pulled to fire again.
b. Automatic-If the trigger has
6. FIRING. After the cartridge is not been released, the bolt wil i
chambered, the bolt continlJes to continue forward and the cycle
move forward. The extractor of operation will be repeated.
springs out under and snaps onto
the rim of the cartridge. At the 10. OPERATION OF SAFETY. The
same time, the fixed firing pin American 180 has a positive safety
strikes the primerof the cartridge, that blocks the sear when rotated
firing the cartridge. At the instant to the safe position.
of firing the cartridge is enclosed
in the chamber, and the ri m of the
cartridge is engaged by the ex-
Figure 11

Section III: Operations if the magazine is partially filled,

the magazine winding brake
should be engaged.
1. GENERAL. Before firing the
American 180, the firer must know a. Press your thumbs upon the
how to fill the magazine; must clips of the magazine winding
know how to load, fire, and unload device and catch it with your
the weapon; and must observe fingers (figure 11).
safety precautions. These points b. Press the lock on the base and
are covered in this section. turn the magazine base until
you can see the filled chamber
2. TO FILL MAGAZINE. through the loading slot of the
CAUTION: Before attempting to base (figure 12). The marking
fill the magazine, all spring ten- arrow visible on the magazine
sion should be released from the should be positioned below
magazine winder mechanism, or, the narrow protrusion of the

Figure 12
Figure 13

c. Lay the first cartridge in the when loading. The magazine also
slot on the base of the maga- can be loaded by means of a spe-
zine (figure 13). Press the lock cial ioading device.
of the magazine and slowly
rotate the magazine base. The
e. Installation of the magazine
cartridge will go into the mag- winding device isdone by push-
azine without force of any kind. ing the clips of the magazine
Repeat this process for 59
winding device into the holes
rounds. of the base until they lock in
d. After having loaded 59 rounds, place (figure 14).
you have to turn the loading
slot over the full chamber.
(Then you will feel a resist- CAUTION: A winding device im-
properly installed may come off
ance, called step resistance.)
during firing and damage the
The loading slot will open once
again with an "empty" cham-
ber, and repeat the whole pro-
cess. Loading the second and 3. TO LOAD THE AMERICAN 160.
the third layers .is performed
just like the first one. a. I nsert the wide protrusion of
the magazine base into the
magazine guide of the barrel
CA UrtON: Do not use force when
and press the narrow protru-
inserting rounds. Do not skip a
sion tightly until the magazine
chamber. It is advisable to always snaps into place (figure 15).
load full layers of ammunition,
either load 59 rounds, 118 rounds,
orthefulilimitof 177 rounds. This Note: Pulling back the magazine
prevents the magazine from "drop- clip with your thumb facilitates
ping" loose rounds when the the installation of the magazine.
magazine is installed or removed. b. Winding th.e magazine. Wind
up clockwise until it stops,
about 3 V. turns for a full mag-
Note: It is advisable to put the azine (figure 16). Winding de-
magazine on a non-slip surface
vice stop lever must not be
under tension.
Figure \4


Figure 16

Section IV: Malfunction, Stoppages

CAUTION: If magazine is only
partially filled, do not wind com- and Immediate Action
p/etely. Wind only 1V. tu rns for
each (59 rounds) layer. 1. GENERAL.
a. A malfunction is a failure of
c. Pull back on the bolt handle the weapon to function sat-
until it stops, and push it for- isfactori Iy.
ward into its forward most b. Astoppage is any unintentional
position. The American 180 is interruption in the cycle of
now ready to fire. operation. If the American 180
stops firing through no fault or
4. UNLOADING. intention of the firer, or an
a. In order to remove a partial or attempt to fire is made and the
full magazine, the magazine weapon fails to fire, then a
winding device stop lever must stoppage has occurred. The
be placed in the position mark- firer must be able to reduce a
ed "F" (outside away from stoppage and continue firing.
center). c. Immediate action is the prompt
b. Pull back on magazine clip action taken by the firer to
and lift off magazine. Inspect. reduce a stoppage without con-
the chamber (look and feel). sidering the cause.


Safety cannot be overem phasized. a. Failure to function freely-
a. Never consider a weapon to sluggish operation of the
be safe. American 180 is usuallydueto
b. Never playfully or carelessly excessive friction caused by
point a weapon at anyone. dirt, lack of proper lubrication,
c. Load the weapon only when burred or dented guide rod or
ready to fire. dented or bent receiver.
d. Take safety off only when b. Uncontrolled automaticfire (run-
weapon is raised to fire. away gun)-uncontrolled auto-
e. Never leave any obstruction in matic fire is fire that continues
the muzzle or base. after the trigger has been re-
leased. This may be caused by

Stoppage Cause How to Reduce

Failure Dirty or dented magazine Replace magazine

to I;eed Weak or broken magazine spring Replace magazine
Deformed ammunition Replace ammunition
Worn or broken magazine catch Replace catch
Failure to Dirty chamber Clean chamber
Chamber Obstruction in chamber Remove
Weak drive spring Replace spring
Failure Defective ammunition Replace ammunition
to Fire Defective firing pin Replace bolt
Failure Weak driving spring Replace driving spring
to Extract Broken extractor Replace extractor
Failure Not likely to occur
to Eject
Failure Worn sear Replace sear
to Cock Worn sear notch Replace bolt
Bent guide rod Replace or straighten rod
Dirt behind cocking knob Clean cocking knob

the following: stoppages of submachine

guns are failure to feed,
(1) Worn sear nose.
caused by defective or dirty
(2) Worn sear notch.
(3) Broken sear. (2) Failure to Chamber-
(4) Short recoil.
cartridge from the feed
In case of uncontrolled auto- block is not seated in the
matic fire, keep the gun pointed chamber.
(3) Failure to Fire-the cart-
at the target.
ridge is chambered but
does not fire.
3. STOPPAGES. (4) Failure to Extract-if the
cartridge fires, the chamber
a. Stoppages are classified in ac-
cordance with the six steps in. pressure will usually push
the cycle of operation. Stop- the empty cartridge case
pages are usually the result of out of the chamber. If the
faulty ammunition or improper cartridge case is not com-
pletely removed from the
care of the gun. A knowledge
of how the gun functions will chamber and the bolt is
enable the firer to classify and retracted, then there is a
correct the stoppage. Listed failure to extract. This stop-
page seldom occurs.
below are the causes of stop- (5)
pages which might occur: Failureto Eject-the empty
cartridge case is not e-
(t) Failure to Feed-cartridge jected from the receiver.
from the magazine is not (6) Failureto Cock-if the bolt
positioned in the feed block is retracted and is not held
in front of the bolt. Most by the sear, or if during
firing the bolt does not and clear the jammed rounds
move to the rear far enough manually from the chamber
to clear the cartridge in area. Replace the magazine,
the feed block, the wea- remove the magazine winding
pon has failed to cock. brake, pull the bolt handle to
b. Common stoppages-the two the rear and return it to the
most common stoppages are: 'closed position and again
attempt to fire.
(1) Failure to Feed-usually b. Ifa failure to fire occurs, again,
caused by dirty magazine. move the magazine winding
or from a magazine which device to the brake "F" posi-
is not wound properly, or tion. Remove the magazine and
from a damaged magazine. inspecttheweapon in orderto
(2) Failure to Fire-usually locate and clear the stoppage.
caused by defective Replace the magazine, move
ammunition. the winding device lever to the
center and continue to fire.
a. Cause of stoppages-the chart
on the preceding page lists
common causes of various
stoppages. Section V: Care and Cleaning
d. Prevention of stoppages-
period ic inspection and proper 1. DEPENDABILITY AND ACC-
care and cleaning will reduce URACY. The American 180 will
the possibility of the American function under conditions that
180 having stoppages. would cause some automatic
weapons to fail. However, its con-
tinued dependabil ity and accuracy
depend on its receiving proper
care and cleaning. The chamber
A. IMMEDIATE ACTION. and bore, receiver and moving
a. As the first step in clearing a parts must be kept clean and very
stoppage, pull back on the bolt lightly oiled. The same care must
handle and return it to its for- be given the magazine.
ward most position. Inspect
the chamber from the bottom 2. THE FREQUENCY OF CLEAN-
of the weapon, through the e- ING. The American 180 requires
jection port for the presence of thorough cleaning after 2000
jammed ammunition. This is rounds. For this you can disas-
usually caused by defective semble the weapon as described.
ammunition. Place the maga- Prior to reassembling, all func-
zine winding brake in the "F" tional parts have to be very lightly
position, remove the magazi ne oiled.


Part Number Description

1-01 Barrel
1-02 Front Sight
1-03 Sling Ring
1-04 Barrel Band
1-06 Screw
1-07 Nut
1-09 Set Screw for Front Sight
1-10 Washer
1-12 Slot Nut


2-01 Top Strap Retaining Pin

2-03 Cocking Handle
2-04 Safety
2-05 Bolt Spring Guide
2-06 Screw for Barrel Holder.
2-07 Selector Pin .
2-08 Dowel Retaining Pins for Feed Block (2)
2-09 Steel Sleeve for Trigger Assembly Stop
2-10 Steel Sleeve for Stock Retaining Pin
2-11 Selector Retaining Pin
2-12 Stop Pin for Trigger Assembly
2-13 Bolt
2-14 Barrel Retaining Lug
2-15 Sear
2-16 Cocking Knob Bolt
2-17 Magazine Retainer
2-18 Rece{ver Housing
2-19 Top Strap Cover
2-21 Feed Block (Complete)
2-23 Magazine Retainer Release
2-24 Cocking Knob Dust Cover
2-25 Extractor
2-26 Rear Sling Ring
2-27 Bolt Spring
2-29 Selector Retaining Pin Spring
2-30 Spring for Barrel Retaining Lug
2-31 Spring for Extractor
2-32 Spring for Trigger Assembly Stop Pin
2-33 Spring for Magazine Retainer
Part Number Description

2-34 Safety Tension Spring

2-35 Set Screw for Cocking Knob
2-36 Screw for Rear Sling Ring
2-38 Sear Screw
2-39 Barrel Retaining Lug Pin
2--40 Extractor Retaining Pin
2-42 Safety Retaining Pin
2--43 Magazine Retainer Pin
2-44 Retainer Spring Pins for Feed Block (2)
2-45 Safety Bearing
2--47 Cocking Knob Lock Washer
2-49 Spring Washer


3--01 Trigger Housing

3-02 Trigger
3--03 Trigger Spring
3--04 Sear Return
3--05 Grip Retaining Bolt
3-06 Trigger Retaining Pin
3--07 Trigger Return Plunger
3--08 Sear Bearing
3--09 Grip Retaining Bolt Washer


4-01 Stock Release Pin

4-03 Stock Mounting Plate
4--04 Fore-stock
4--05 Trigger Assembly Stock
4--06 Shoulder Stock
4--08 Butt Pad
4--09 Stock Retaining Spring
4-10 Screws for Stock Mounting Plate (2)
4-11 Mounting Plate Retaining Screw
4-12 Washer for Mounting Plate Retaining Screw


5-01 Rear Sight (Complete)

5-02 Sight Mounting Rail
5--03 Sight Retaining Screw
5-04 Sight Rail Mounting Screws (2)
5-05 Sight Rail Mounting Screw Washers (2)
5-06 Sight Retaining Screw Washer


8--01 Short Barrel

8--02 Front Sight
8--03 Set Screw for Front Sight
8--04 Vertical for Fore-Stock
8-05 Retaining Screw for Vertical Fore-Stock
5-03 1

...-. 5-06{)

2-23 5-02

- 0


5,,04 ~\