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Utilisation de GR4J sous Excel

Application du modle pluie-dbit mensuel GR2M sous Excel


Cemagref, UR Hydrosystmes et Bioprocds, Antony
Contacts: Charles Perrin (charles.perrin@cemagref.fr), Vazken Andrassian (vazken.andreassian@cemagref.fr)
Version 1.0
Octobre 2006
Avertissement: Application propose des fins pdagogiques
Les rsultats obtenus partir de cette application sont de l'entire responsabilit de l'utilisateur
Lire les instructions ci-dessous avant utilisation
Introduction
La feuille "GR2M" permet de faire des simulations de dbit au pas de temps mensuel l'aide du modle GR2M (voir schma cidessous). La version utilise ici est celle prsente par Mouelhi (2003) et Moulehi et al. (2006). On se rfrera ces documents
pour avoir plus de dtails sur ce modle.
Mouelhi, S., 2003. Vers une chane cohrente de modles pluie-dbit conceptuels globaux aux pas de temps pluriannuel,
annuel, mensuel et journalier. Thse de Doctorat, ENGREF, Cemagref Antony, France, 323 pp.
Mouelhi, S., C. Michel, C. Perrin, and V. Andrassian (2006), Stepwise development of a two-parameter monthly water balance
model, J. Hydrol., 318, 200-214, doi:10.1016/j.jhydrol.2005.1006.1014.

P
(1)

evaporation

Production X1
store

S1

(2)

P1 P S S1

(3)

S2

(4)

(2)

(3)

S
(4)

P2
(5)

(7)
(8)

S
1 1 1
X
1

S2

(5)

60 mm

(6)

R1 R P3

Routing
store

(7)

R2 X 5 .R1

(8)

P3

X2

S 1 1

S
1 2
X

P3 P1 P2

P1

(6)

Outside of
the basin

S X 1
S
1
X1

(1)

R22
R2 60

1/ 3

X1

with

tanh

with

tanh

X1

P2 S 2 S

R R2 Q

Donnes rentrer
Pour une utilisation sur un bassin donn, l'utilisateur doit remplir les cellules en jaune avec les donnes suivantes:
- les valeurs transformes des deux paramtres (cellules D12 et D13); ce sont en fait les valeurs relles des cellules E12 et
E13 qui sont utilises dans les calculs; les transformations appliques sont donnes par les formules des cellules E12 et E13;
l'utilisation des valeurs transformes est plus commode pour le cas o l'on optimise les paramtres par le solveur;
- les valeurs initiales des taux de remplissage des deux rservoirs (cellules E16 et E17); l'effet d'une mauvaise initialisation de
ces tats internes dans le calcul des critres est en fait limit par l'utilisation d'une anne de mise en route;
- la longueur de la priode de mise en route (cellule E20). Un minimum d'une anne complte (12 mois) est gnralement
conseill;
- le nombre de pas de temps (cellule E21) sur lesquels les critres d'efficacit seront calculs;
- les chroniques de pluie (mm), ETP (mm), dbit (mm) (cellules A40:D40 et suivantes, chaque ligne reprsentant un mois);
La pluie et l'ETP sont utilises comme entres du modle. Le dbit est utilis pour le calage des paramtres et l'valuation des
performances.
La convention adopte pour les lacunes est une valeur ngative.
La priode de simulation choisie doit tre exempte de lacunes de pluie et d'vapotranspiration potentielle,
des lacunes dans les dbits n'tant, elles, pas gnantes.

Utilisation de GR4J sous Excel

Rq: les pluies correspondent aux pluies moyennes de bassin, ventuellement issue d'une moyenne de plusieurs postes

Simulations
Le tableur calcule chaque pas de temps les diffrents tats internes du modle (cellules F40 O40 et suivantes) et le dbit
(cellule P40). L'unit adopte est le mm.
Rq: les formules de la ligne 40 (qui prend en compte les valeurs initiales S0 et R0 des niveaux des rservoirs - cellules E16 et
E17) diffrent de celles de la ligne 41 et suivantes (qui doivent tre identiques). Il faut recopier les formules de la ligne 41 sur
les lignes suivantes autant de fois que ncessaire pour raliser la simulation sur toute la priode.

Critres d'efficacit
Quatre critres d'efficacit sont calculs pour juger de la qualit des simulations (cellules E32 E35):
- critre de Nash-Sutcliffe calcul sur les dbits
- critre de Nash-Sutcliffe calcul sur les racines carres des dbits
- critre de Nash-Sutcliffe calcul sur les logarithmes des dbits
- critre de bilan
Le calcul de ces critres exclut les rsultats sur les n premiers pas de temps (cellule E20) rservs pour la mise en route du
modle (l'effet d'une mauvaise initialisation de ces tats internes dans le calcul des critres est en fait limit par l'utilisation
d'une priode de mise en route).
Important: Le calcul du critre s'adapte la longueur de la priode choisie (cellule E21)

Optimisation
Les valeurs des paramtres du modle peuvent tre optimises en utilisant la fonction "Solveur" d'Excel (disponible dans le
menu Outils. Si le solveur n'est pas install, aller dans Outils\Macro complmentaires et cocher la fonction Solveur).
Dans "Cellule cible dfinir", on pourra choisir comme fonction objectif l'un des critres de Nash mentionns ci-dessus, suivant
l'application laquelle on s'intresse, et on le maximisera (le critre de Bilan seul n'est pas un bon critre d'optimisation).
Dans "Cellules variables", on choisira les valeurs transformes des paramtres, c'est--dire les cellules D12 et D13.
En dbut d'optimisation, on pourra choisir les valeurs initiales suivantes pour les paramtres transforms: x1=6, x2=1
Nota: la mthode d'optimisation utilise dans le solveur n'a pas fait l'objet de tests pralables particuliers de fiabilit
pour ce modle. Garder un oeil critique sur les rsultats de l'optimisation.

Graphiques
Quatre graphiques sont donns pour illustrer les rsultats du modle:
- feuille "S": donne l'volution du taux de remplissage du rservoir de production;
- feuille "R": donne l'volution du taux de remplissage du rservoir de routage;
- feuille "Hydrogrammes": permet de visualiser les chroniques de dbits observs et simuls;
- feuille "Dbit XY": compare les dbits observs et les dbits simuls (pour une bonne comparaison, on veillera avoir les
mmes gammes d'chelle en absisse et en ordonne.

Modle pluie-dbit mensuel GR2M (version Mouelhi et al., 2006)

(Rq: seules les cellules en jaune sont modifier, les autres sont issues de calculs; les formules des cellules F41 AE41 so
recopier sur les lignes suivantes pour les calculs des pas de temps suivants)

Nom du bassin

La Seine Paris Austerlitz

Superficie du bassin (km)


Paramtres modle
x1: Capacit rs. production (mm)
x2: Paramtre d'change (mm)

43800
Transf.
6.48
0.80

Rels
650.70
0.80

Valeurs initiales
Niveau de remplissage initial S0 (max.: x1 mm)
Niveau de remplissage initial R0 (max.: 60 mm)

325.35
30

Priode
Longueur de la priode de mise en route (mois)
Dure de la priode test (mois)
Date de dpart
Date de fin

12
50
01/1991
03/1995

Moyenne des pluies observes (mm/mois)


Moyenne des ETP observes (mm/mois)
Moyenne des dbits observs (mm/mois)
Moyenne des racines des dbits observs
Moyenne des log des dbits observs
Critres d'efficacit (%)
Nash(Q)
Nash(VQ)
Nash(ln(Q))
Bilan

Donnes
Mois
Pluie (mm)
ETP (mm) Dbit (mm)
Jan-90
52.79
10.44
9.07
Feb-90
106.52
18.42
19.99
Mar-90
16.67
44.05
16.29
Apr-90
60.44
72.97
7.37
May-90
34.25
100.41
6.64
Jun-90
90.44
114.86
5.62
Jul-90
38.61
125.19
6.95
Aug-90
54.99
103.16
5.59
Sep-90
50.85
67.37
6.18
Oct-90
94.71
31.8
8.24
Nov-90
77.96
13.07
17.63
Dec-90
93.35
9.42
19.44
Jan-91
70.02
10.44
46.36
Feb-91
28.17
18.42
13.9

68.0
57.5
17.1
3.9
2.6

86.1
85.2
81.4
103.3

Variables du modle
S1
P1
363.32
408.78
379.00
371.21
329.75
326.61
276.00
247.99
234.34
277.37
314.67
364.50
387.33
375.86

14.82
35.35
5.49
17.52
8.12
18.21
6.17
6.54
5.41
12.70
14.88
24.21
21.91
8.93

Mar-91
Apr-91
May-91
Jun-91
Jul-91
Aug-91
Sep-91
Oct-91
Nov-91
Dec-91
Jan-92
Feb-92
Mar-92
Apr-92
May-92
Jun-92
Jul-92
Aug-92
Sep-92
Oct-92
Nov-92
Dec-92
Jan-93
Feb-93
Mar-93
Apr-93
May-93
Jun-93
Jul-93
Aug-93
Sep-93
Oct-93
Nov-93
Dec-93
Jan-94
Feb-94
Mar-94
Apr-94
May-94
Jun-94
Jul-94
Aug-94
Sep-94
Oct-94
Nov-94
Dec-94
Jan-95
Feb-95
Mar-95
Apr-95
May-95
Jun-95
Jul-95
Aug-95

54.96
43.16
16.8
75.27
57.19
29.06
72.96
50.2
89.78
55.23
13.74
46.3
73.18
46.4
48.99
67.16
62.05
82.35
42.61
94.97
125.26
54.95
74.97
15.9
10.36
80.82
66.73
76.12
64.87
24.97
141.04
104.61
28.2
151.97
106.53
78.77
60.37
82.65
81.59
67.84
70.19
60.56
102.27
64.31
54.59
92.02
145.16
93.99
109.48
83.68
81.83
33.15
65.78
48.78

44.05
72.97
100.41
114.86
125.19
103.16
67.37
31.8
13.07
9.42
10.44
19.4
44.05
72.97
100.41
114.86
125.19
103.16
67.37
31.8
13.07
9.42
10.44
18.42
44.05
72.97
100.41
114.86
125.19
103.16
67.37
31.8
13.07
9.42
10.44
18.42
44.05
72.97
100.41
114.86
125.19
103.16
67.37
31.8
13.07
9.42
10.44
18.42
44.05
72.97
100.41
114.86
125.19
103.16

18.7
9.98
7.2
5.91
5.92
5.55
5.13
7.42
12.13
12.66
8.9
9.98
11.98
15.96
6.71
6.17
6.28
5.52
6.81
9.01
25.86
31.77
21.3
15.61
8.62
9.11
7.93
6.96
7.1
5.43
9.19
25.95
13.73
32.74
66.93
45.49
32.51
34.81
17.33
14.72
9.31
9.49
13.44
13.28
15.14
17.82
48.42
55.79
53.72
37.25
34.84
15.06
10.46
8.3

380.41
360.41
308.35
300.00
272.06
222.61
234.87
240.33
294.54
321.35
314.04
331.95
359.93
347.59
323.29
304.28
279.11
273.12
245.99
286.34
356.13
369.12
393.77
372.44
347.20
362.47
347.10
327.89
298.06
238.09
302.07
334.75
322.20
407.69
437.71
440.30
427.28
417.58
394.53
354.43
320.63
284.11
302.87
304.78
318.44
366.38
433.70
446.06
457.10
436.42
406.70
337.99
305.85
263.98

17.00
12.15
3.61
12.95
8.33
3.02
7.12
5.67
14.15
11.75
3.09
10.82
19.26
11.99
10.73
12.23
9.42
11.10
5.22
13.75
28.52
15.91
24.14
5.06
2.89
21.26
16.41
16.06
11.34
3.05
20.11
21.53
6.46
46.08
41.64
32.50
23.91
30.03
26.06
17.45
14.29
9.62
16.59
11.85
11.40
24.23
52.20
39.12
47.26
33.60
28.02
8.31
12.17
6.83

Sep-95
Oct-95
Nov-95
Dec-95
Jan-96
Feb-96
Mar-96
Apr-96
May-96
Jun-96
Jul-96
Aug-96
Sep-96
Oct-96
Nov-96
Dec-96
Jan-97
Feb-97
Mar-97
Apr-97
May-97
Jun-97
Jul-97
Aug-97
Sep-97
Oct-97
Nov-97
Dec-97
Jan-98
Feb-98
Mar-98
Apr-98
May-98
Jun-98
Jul-98
Aug-98
Sep-98
Oct-98
Nov-98
Dec-98
Jan-99
Feb-99
Mar-99
Apr-99
May-99
Jun-99
Jul-99
Aug-99
Sep-99
Oct-99
Nov-99
Dec-99
Jan-00
Feb-00

100.7
47.47
35.79
61.35
48.43
69.42
13.59
12.44
90.88
18.56
39.9
85.39
34.93
63.05
168.22
50.77
16.3
99.54
18.18
25.97
94.15
131.61
55.53
76.2
27.51
54.02
104.12
95.38
83.24
14.6
32.47
161.19
31.44
55.54
41.48
31.27
102.84
159.77
49.75
54.83
79.62
85.51
82.44
86.12
65.42
65.3
60.79
57.87
124.59
52.69
52.29
184.62
37.24
98.75

67.37
31.8
13.07
9.42
10.44
19.4
44.05
72.97
100.41
114.86
125.19
103.16
67.37
31.8
13.07
9.42
10.44
18.42
44.05
72.97
100.41
114.86
125.19
103.16
67.37
31.8
13.07
9.42
10.44
18.42
44.05
72.97
100.41
114.86
125.19
103.16
67.37
31.8
13.07
9.42
10.44
18.42
44.05
72.97
100.41
114.86
125.19
103.16
67.37
31.8
13.07
9.42
10.44
19.4

10.62
13.28
10.69
12.3
16.91
20.13
14.65
8.11
7.67
6.03
5.55
5.88
5.65
7.2
21.15
36.56
14.07
19.25
28.36
9.16
9.63
7.65
12.37
9.01
9.6
9.11
14.37
29.38
37.84
14.78
12.05
33.06
28.3
8.56
6.46
5.55
7.65
12.9
27.38
22.82
27.97
40.5
58.54
30.92
17.67
9.84
9.18
7.71
8.14
14.73
11.37
41.29
48.41
42.63

287.67
279.69
283.30
316.86
336.38
365.77
343.67
309.75
327.17
267.97
234.10
244.72
217.89
237.97
351.74
362.97
349.74
395.22
370.03
340.47
351.21
370.09
320.37
296.45
250.65
256.10
318.09
368.42
398.48
375.08
364.71
424.74
366.37
326.00
277.91
228.83
264.79
348.95
349.03
363.73
392.94
415.83
424.42
417.82
384.31
345.65
307.33
272.57
312.35
302.88
315.17
422.53
407.25
432.60

14.47
7.59
6.10
12.45
11.59
19.11
3.68
2.73
18.35
2.97
4.43
8.73
3.38
6.61
33.29
14.28
4.55
30.88
5.68
6.72
22.32
32.52
11.73
12.72
3.71
6.94
18.95
25.26
27.13
4.72
9.58
53.45
9.38
12.19
6.67
3.42
11.94
31.64
12.87
15.37
25.29
30.63
31.10
31.16
20.29
15.96
11.53
8.44
20.40
9.90
10.74
57.88
13.77
37.98

Mar-00
Apr-00
May-00
Jun-00
Jul-00
Aug-00
Sep-00
Oct-00
Nov-00
Dec-00
Jan-01
Feb-01
Mar-01
Apr-01
May-01
Jun-01
Jul-01
Aug-01
Sep-01
Oct-01
Nov-01
Dec-01

51.27
84.27
84.68
42.53
162.44
50.25
75.22
104.56
122.52
73
81.6
52.34
151.49
122.7
57.42
49.77
137.34
72.71
110.6
87.78
80.7
65.34

44.05
72.97
100.41
114.86
125.19
103.16
67.37
31.8
13.07
9.42
10.44
18.42
44.05
72.97
100.41
114.86
125.19
103.16
67.37
31.8
13.07
9.42

35.46
23.96
16.93
13.03
17.05
16.7
12.75
21.11
34.66
38.5
37.95
33.38
60.05
60.3
48.96
14.45
17.7
13.53
16.27
24.92
19.55
31.61

416.50
411.70
392.68
334.94
373.94
313.15
301.95
334.62
388.12
403.58
421.06
414.74
460.79
459.05
406.13
349.58
365.86
324.69
336.71
347.05
369.15
385.51

19.47
29.56
26.61
10.23
38.42
10.23
13.14
21.50
34.77
24.94
30.27
19.66
62.97
52.57
20.43
12.92
32.53
15.13
22.73
20.54
22.15
20.41

ules des cellules F41 AE41 sont

S2

S
354.97
393.07
343.68
314.66
259.66
247.97
201.49
190.46
197.15
256.63
305.19
356.95
378.66
360.91

P2
337.61
367.82
328.29
303.62
254.38
243.56
199.54
188.90
195.35
251.59
295.36
339.23
356.62
342.45

P3
17.36
25.25
15.39
11.04
5.28
4.41
1.96
1.57
1.79
5.04
9.83
17.72
22.04
18.46

R1
32.18
60.61
20.88
28.56
13.40
22.62
8.12
8.11
7.20
17.74
24.71
41.93
43.95
27.39

F
62.18
87.85
53.30
53.53
38.44
43.00
30.03
25.30
22.38
31.56
42.52
63.68
71.55
56.74

R2
-12.28
-17.35
-10.52
-10.57
-7.59
-8.49
-5.93
-5.00
-4.42
-6.23
-8.39
-12.57
-14.13
-11.20

49.90
70.51
42.77
42.96
30.85
34.51
24.10
20.31
17.96
25.33
34.12
51.11
57.42
45.53

345.01
304.97
241.68
226.28
198.41
170.02
197.61
221.77
285.49
314.40
306.46
317.43
325.76
293.50
254.22
229.75
203.93
210.94
207.31
265.11
345.83
361.52
385.02
357.57
313.84
306.81
274.36
249.02
218.87
182.46
256.71
311.03
312.56
399.63
428.44
423.96
389.36
356.68
315.13
270.95
236.86
219.96
257.43
282.57
308.87
358.81
424.47
429.61
417.80
373.94
325.74
257.34
225.06
203.47

329.39
295.17
237.69
223.20
196.57
169.02
195.80
218.91
277.88
303.40
296.48
306.01
313.18
285.04
249.35
226.48
201.88
208.60
205.12
259.39
330.08
342.94
361.60
339.73
302.91
296.78
267.83
244.54
216.16
181.14
251.67
300.46
301.80
372.82
394.04
390.82
364.96
339.00
304.03
264.73
233.17
217.19
252.32
275.25
298.59
340.74
391.19
394.88
386.34
352.89
313.15
252.24
222.04
201.44

15.61
9.80
3.99
3.09
1.84
1.00
1.81
2.85
7.61
11.00
9.98
11.41
12.59
8.47
4.86
3.28
2.05
2.34
2.19
5.72
15.75
18.58
23.42
17.84
10.93
10.03
6.53
4.49
2.71
1.32
5.05
10.56
10.76
26.81
34.40
33.14
24.40
17.67
11.10
6.22
3.69
2.76
5.10
7.32
10.29
18.07
33.28
34.74
31.46
21.04
12.58
5.10
3.02
2.03

32.61
21.95
7.61
16.04
10.17
4.02
8.93
8.52
21.76
22.76
13.08
22.23
31.85
20.45
15.60
15.51
11.47
13.45
7.40
19.47
44.27
34.48
47.55
22.90
13.82
31.29
22.94
20.55
14.05
4.37
25.16
32.09
17.22
72.89
76.04
65.65
48.31
47.71
37.17
23.67
17.98
12.38
21.70
19.17
21.69
42.29
85.48
73.85
78.72
54.64
40.60
13.41
15.19
8.86

58.50
48.29
31.15
33.69
28.81
20.71
21.94
22.13
35.47
42.06
34.68
41.25
53.18
45.39
38.26
35.82
30.91
31.00
24.99
34.50
63.22
61.97
74.75
52.89
38.68
51.75
47.49
43.85
36.24
23.95
39.72
52.91
42.09
94.50
109.54
101.31
82.83
79.24
68.04
52.26
42.66
34.18
40.52
40.26
42.69
64.10
113.18
109.98
114.43
90.93
73.53
43.16
37.15
28.78

-11.55
-9.53
-6.15
-6.65
-5.69
-4.09
-4.33
-4.37
-7.00
-8.31
-6.85
-8.14
-10.50
-8.96
-7.56
-7.07
-6.10
-6.12
-4.93
-6.81
-12.48
-12.24
-14.76
-10.44
-7.64
-10.22
-9.38
-8.66
-7.15
-4.73
-7.84
-10.45
-8.31
-18.66
-21.63
-20.00
-16.36
-15.65
-13.43
-10.32
-8.42
-6.75
-8.00
-7.95
-8.43
-12.66
-22.35
-21.72
-22.60
-17.96
-14.52
-8.52
-7.34
-5.68

46.95
38.75
25.00
27.04
23.12
16.62
17.61
17.76
28.47
33.76
27.83
33.10
42.68
36.43
30.71
28.75
24.81
24.88
20.06
27.69
50.74
49.74
59.99
42.45
31.04
41.53
38.11
35.20
29.08
19.22
31.88
42.46
33.78
75.84
87.91
81.30
66.48
63.60
54.60
41.94
34.24
27.43
32.52
32.31
34.26
51.45
90.83
88.27
91.84
72.98
59.01
34.64
29.81
23.10

243.95
258.82
274.50
309.97
328.44
350.29
310.54
259.95
257.48
200.54
169.04
187.82
182.86
219.55
341.52
355.45
341.60
379.81
335.24
287.16
277.86
284.03
236.65
230.15
211.38
236.59
308.54
360.82
389.67
360.14
330.25
363.22
290.82
247.47
202.99
175.01
223.78
324.56
338.86
356.19
384.19
399.98
386.64
356.90
306.28
263.67
226.23
210.49
265.87
280.76
305.68
414.31
398.33
415.55

239.81
253.61
267.95
299.54
315.46
333.77
300.04
254.65
252.38
198.62
168.06
186.34
181.53
216.81
326.49
338.00
326.55
357.53
321.22
279.38
271.00
276.57
232.97
226.85
209.02
232.92
298.29
342.37
365.20
341.82
317.00
344.31
282.65
243.09
200.97
173.89
220.83
312.15
324.27
338.61
360.95
373.08
362.86
339.18
296.32
258.07
223.15
208.17
260.08
273.62
295.79
383.78
371.83
384.69

4.14
5.21
6.54
10.43
12.98
16.53
10.50
5.30
5.11
1.92
0.98
1.48
1.33
2.74
15.03
17.45
15.04
22.28
14.02
7.78
6.86
7.46
3.68
3.30
2.36
3.67
10.24
18.45
24.47
18.32
13.25
18.90
8.17
4.38
2.01
1.12
2.95
12.41
14.60
17.58
23.24
26.90
23.78
17.71
9.96
5.60
3.08
2.32
5.78
7.14
9.89
30.53
26.50
30.86

18.61
12.80
12.65
22.87
24.57
35.63
14.18
8.03
23.46
4.89
5.40
10.22
4.71
9.35
48.32
31.73
19.60
53.16
19.71
14.50
29.18
39.99
15.40
16.02
6.07
10.61
29.19
43.70
51.59
23.04
22.83
72.36
17.56
16.57
8.68
4.54
14.89
44.05
27.47
32.95
48.53
57.53
54.89
48.87
30.25
21.56
14.61
10.77
26.19
17.03
20.63
88.41
40.27
68.84

35.29
32.04
30.65
40.32
45.59
58.36
40.49
29.11
40.28
25.90
20.84
23.29
18.97
21.49
61.72
58.87
46.03
76.02
49.96
38.54
49.58
63.91
43.06
37.94
26.27
26.21
44.77
66.17
79.77
54.02
48.00
95.82
51.26
40.98
29.92
21.69
28.39
60.57
54.33
58.20
74.79
87.53
87.25
81.18
61.49
48.64
38.26
31.08
43.81
39.20
41.27
109.75
75.96
99.08

-6.97
-6.33
-6.05
-7.96
-9.00
-11.52
-7.99
-5.75
-7.95
-5.11
-4.11
-4.60
-3.74
-4.24
-12.19
-11.62
-9.09
-15.01
-9.86
-7.61
-9.79
-12.62
-8.50
-7.49
-5.19
-5.18
-8.84
-13.07
-15.75
-10.67
-9.48
-18.92
-10.12
-8.09
-5.91
-4.28
-5.60
-11.96
-10.73
-11.49
-14.77
-17.28
-17.23
-16.03
-12.14
-9.60
-7.56
-6.14
-8.65
-7.74
-8.15
-21.67
-15.00
-19.56

28.32
25.71
24.60
32.36
36.59
46.84
32.49
23.36
32.32
20.78
16.72
18.69
15.22
17.25
49.53
47.24
36.94
61.01
40.09
30.93
39.79
51.29
34.56
30.45
21.08
21.04
35.93
53.11
64.02
43.35
38.52
76.90
41.14
32.88
24.01
17.41
22.78
48.61
43.60
46.71
60.02
70.25
70.02
65.15
49.35
39.04
30.71
24.94
35.16
31.46
33.12
88.08
60.96
79.51

379.12
351.31
313.53
254.82
280.22
244.02
256.61
310.91
377.26
395.57
411.97
398.90
421.33
394.80
325.24
266.92
273.57
253.66
287.65
322.75
358.62
377.70

356.99
334.61
302.64
249.92
273.13
239.87
251.57
300.36
355.52
369.73
382.05
372.27
388.91
369.14
312.73
261.05
267.11
248.84
279.81
310.60
340.58
355.87

22.13
16.71
10.89
4.91
7.09
4.14
5.04
10.55
21.74
25.84
29.92
26.64
32.42
25.66
12.51
5.87
6.46
4.82
7.84
12.15
18.03
21.83

41.60
46.26
37.49
15.13
45.50
14.38
18.18
32.05
56.51
50.78
60.19
46.30
95.38
78.22
32.94
18.80
38.99
19.95
30.57
32.69
40.19
42.25

75.80
76.47
67.83
43.68
67.63
42.87
40.05
52.98
81.39
82.05
91.58
79.33
126.27
115.91
69.41
47.68
62.36
47.24
53.80
57.80
66.35
70.46

-14.97
-15.10
-13.39
-8.62
-13.35
-8.47
-7.91
-10.46
-16.07
-16.20
-18.08
-15.66
-24.93
-22.89
-13.71
-9.42
-12.31
-9.33
-10.62
-11.41
-13.10
-13.91

60.83
61.37
54.44
35.05
54.28
34.41
32.14
42.52
65.32
65.85
73.50
63.66
101.34
93.02
55.71
38.27
50.04
37.91
43.18
46.39
53.25
56.54

R
27.24
32.41
24.97
25.03
20.37
21.91
17.19
15.17
13.82
17.81
21.75
27.60
29.34
25.89

Dbit simul
22.66
38.09
17.80
17.92
10.47
12.60
6.91
5.13
4.14
7.52
12.37
23.51
28.08
19.65

Calcul du critre
Qobs
VQobs
ln(Qobs+M/4 Qcal
9.070
3.012
2.251
19.990
4.471
3.016
16.290
4.036
2.816
7.370
2.715
2.054
6.640
2.577
1.955
5.620
2.371
1.800
6.950
2.636
1.998
5.590
2.364
1.795
6.180
2.486
1.888
8.240
2.871
2.160
17.630
4.199
2.894
19.440
4.409
2.989
46.360
6.809
3.846
13.900
3.728
2.662

22.660
38.090
17.802
17.925
10.474
12.599
6.907
5.135
4.136
7.519
12.370
23.510
28.081
19.646

26.34
23.54
17.65
18.64
16.69
13.01
13.61
13.71
19.31
21.60
19.01
21.33
24.94
22.67
20.31
19.43
17.55
17.58
15.03
18.95
27.49
27.19
30.00
24.86
20.46
24.54
23.31
22.18
19.59
14.56
20.82
24.86
21.61
33.50
35.66
34.52
31.54
30.87
28.59
24.69
21.80
18.83
21.09
21.00
21.81
27.70
36.13
35.72
36.29
32.93
29.75
21.96
19.92
16.68

20.61
15.21
7.35
8.40
6.43
3.60
4.00
4.06
9.16
12.15
8.82
11.77
17.74
13.76
10.40
9.31
7.26
7.29
5.02
8.74
23.25
22.54
29.99
17.59
10.58
16.99
14.80
13.01
9.49
4.67
11.06
17.60
12.17
42.35
52.25
46.78
34.94
32.72
26.02
17.25
12.44
8.61
11.43
11.31
12.45
23.75
54.70
52.55
55.55
40.05
29.26
12.68
9.90
6.42

18.700
9.980
7.200
5.910
5.920
5.550
5.130
7.420
12.130
12.660
8.900
9.980
11.980
15.960
6.710
6.170
6.280
5.520
6.810
9.010
25.860
31.770
21.300
15.610
8.620
9.110
7.930
6.960
7.100
5.430
9.190
25.950
13.730
32.740
66.930
45.490
32.510
34.810
17.330
14.720
9.310
9.490
13.440
13.280
15.140
17.820
48.420
55.790
53.720
37.250
34.840
15.060
10.460
8.300

4.324
3.159
2.683
2.431
2.433
2.356
2.265
2.724
3.483
3.558
2.983
3.159
3.461
3.995
2.590
2.484
2.506
2.349
2.610
3.002
5.085
5.636
4.615
3.951
2.936
3.018
2.816
2.638
2.665
2.330
3.032
5.094
3.705
5.722
8.181
6.745
5.702
5.900
4.163
3.837
3.051
3.081
3.666
3.644
3.891
4.221
6.958
7.469
7.329
6.103
5.903
3.881
3.234
2.881

2.951
2.342
2.032
1.846
1.848
1.788
1.715
2.060
2.530
2.572
2.233
2.342
2.518
2.796
1.965
1.887
1.903
1.783
1.979
2.245
3.269
3.472
3.079
2.775
2.202
2.255
2.123
2.000
2.018
1.768
2.264
3.272
2.650
3.502
4.210
3.827
3.495
3.562
2.877
2.718
2.276
2.294
2.630
2.618
2.745
2.904
3.889
4.029
3.992
3.629
3.563
2.740
2.388
2.166

20.611
15.207
7.353
8.398
6.430
3.605
3.995
4.057
9.159
12.154
8.820
11.769
17.741
13.763
10.396
9.311
7.255
7.291
5.024
8.743
23.247
22.543
29.992
17.590
10.583
16.988
14.804
13.012
9.493
4.665
11.061
17.597
12.166
42.345
52.248
46.780
34.941
32.723
26.016
17.255
12.440
8.607
11.431
11.309
12.452
23.748
54.701
52.548
55.549
40.050
29.261
12.676
9.896
6.420

19.24
18.00
17.44
21.02
22.73
26.30
21.08
16.82
21.01
15.44
13.08
14.25
12.14
13.40
27.13
26.43
22.86
30.25
24.03
20.41
23.93
27.65
21.93
20.20
15.60
15.58
22.47
28.17
30.97
25.17
23.46
33.70
24.41
21.24
17.15
13.49
16.51
26.85
25.25
26.26
30.01
32.36
32.31
31.24
27.08
23.65
20.31
17.62
22.17
20.64
21.34
35.69
30.24
34.20

9.08
7.71
7.15
11.34
13.86
20.53
11.41
6.55
11.32
5.35
3.65
4.44
3.08
3.85
22.40
20.81
14.08
30.76
16.06
10.52
15.87
23.64
12.63
10.25
5.48
5.46
13.45
24.94
33.04
18.18
15.06
43.19
16.73
11.64
6.86
3.91
6.27
21.75
18.35
20.45
30.02
37.89
37.71
33.92
22.27
15.39
10.40
7.32
12.99
10.82
11.78
52.39
30.72
45.32

10.620
13.280
10.690
12.300
16.910
20.130
14.650
8.110
7.670
6.030
5.550
5.880
5.650
7.200
21.150
36.560
14.070
19.250
28.360
9.160
9.630
7.650
12.370
9.010
9.600
9.110
14.370
29.380
37.840
14.780
12.050
33.060
28.300
8.560
6.460
5.550
7.650
12.900
27.380
22.820
27.970
40.500
58.540
30.920
17.670
9.840
9.180
7.710
8.140
14.730
11.370
41.290
48.410
42.630

3.259
3.644
3.270
3.507
4.112
4.487
3.828
2.848
2.769
2.456
2.356
2.425
2.377
2.683
4.599
6.046
3.751
4.387
5.325
3.027
3.103
2.766
3.517
3.002
3.098
3.018
3.791
5.420
6.151
3.844
3.471
5.750
5.320
2.926
2.542
2.356
2.766
3.592
5.233
4.777
5.289
6.364
7.651
5.561
4.204
3.137
3.030
2.777
2.853
3.838
3.372
6.426
6.958
6.529

2.402
2.618
2.408
2.544
2.853
3.023
2.713
2.144
2.091
1.865
1.788
1.842
1.805
2.032
3.072
3.611
2.674
2.979
3.360
2.260
2.308
2.089
2.549
2.245
2.305
2.255
2.694
3.395
3.645
2.722
2.524
3.511
3.358
2.196
1.930
1.788
2.089
2.590
3.325
3.146
3.346
3.712
4.077
3.445
2.896
2.329
2.262
2.096
2.148
2.718
2.468
3.731
3.888
3.763

9.080
7.714
7.151
11.336
13.862
20.535
11.415
6.547
11.317
5.346
3.645
4.441
3.080
3.851
22.399
20.811
14.077
30.761
16.059
10.519
15.868
23.640
12.628
10.252
5.482
5.461
13.455
24.936
33.045
18.183
15.062
43.195
16.733
11.642
6.864
3.914
6.269
21.754
18.348
20.446
30.017
37.888
37.708
33.919
22.270
15.387
10.396
7.324
12.988
10.822
11.778
52.388
30.722
45.317

30.21
30.34
28.54
22.13
28.50
21.87
20.93
24.88
31.27
31.39
33.03
30.89
37.69
36.47
28.89
23.37
27.29
23.23
25.11
26.16
28.21
29.11

30.62
31.03
25.90
12.93
25.78
12.54
11.21
17.63
34.05
34.46
40.46
32.78
63.65
56.55
26.82
14.90
22.76
14.68
18.07
20.23
25.04
27.43

35.460
23.960
16.930
13.030
17.050
16.700
12.750
21.110
34.660
38.500
37.950
33.380
60.050
60.300
48.960
14.450
17.700
13.530
16.270
24.920
19.550
31.610

5.955
4.895
4.115
3.610
4.129
4.087
3.571
4.595
5.887
6.205
6.160
5.778
7.749
7.765
6.997
3.801
4.207
3.678
4.034
4.992
4.422
5.622

3.580
3.194
2.854
2.599
2.861
2.841
2.578
3.070
3.558
3.662
3.647
3.521
4.102
4.106
3.900
2.700
2.897
2.636
2.815
3.233
2.995
3.467

30.625
31.031
25.897
12.926
25.779
12.540
11.213
17.634
34.047
34.456
40.465
32.776
63.653
56.550
26.820
14.902
22.758
14.679
18.068
20.226
25.036
27.434

VQcal
4.760
6.172
4.219
4.234
3.236
3.550
2.628
2.266
2.034
2.742
3.517
4.849
5.299
4.432

ln(Qcal+M/40Delta(Q)
Delta(VQ)
3.139
184.701
3.651
327.628
2.903
2.285
2.910
111.406
2.389
14.698
2.567
48.711
1.993
0.002
1.716
0.207
1.518
4.177
2.073
0.519
2.549
27.670
3.175
16.568
3.350
334.123
2.999
33.012

3.058
2.892
0.034
2.307
0.435
1.390
0.000
0.010
0.204
0.016
0.465
0.193
2.279
0.496

Delta(ln(Q+M/Delta2(Q)
0.789
64.147
0.403
8.473
0.007
0.623
0.733
94.269
0.188
108.977
0.589
131.313
0.000
102.601
0.006
132.002
0.137
118.793
0.008
78.131
0.119
0.303
0.035
5.573
0.245
857.365
0.114
10.107

4.540
3.900
2.712
2.898
2.536
1.899
1.999
2.014
3.026
3.486
2.970
3.431
4.212
3.710
3.224
3.051
2.694
2.700
2.242
2.957
4.821
4.748
5.477
4.194
3.253
4.122
3.848
3.607
3.081
2.160
3.326
4.195
3.488
6.507
7.228
6.840
5.911
5.720
5.101
4.154
3.527
2.934
3.381
3.363
3.529
4.873
7.396
7.249
7.453
6.329
5.409
3.560
3.146
2.534

3.046
2.749
2.052
2.178
1.925
1.394
1.487
1.501
2.260
2.532
2.224
2.501
2.900
2.653
2.382
2.276
2.039
2.044
1.696
2.216
3.164
3.134
3.415
2.891
2.399
2.857
2.723
2.598
2.295
1.628
2.441
2.892
2.533
3.756
3.964
3.855
3.566
3.501
3.275
2.873
2.555
2.201
2.473
2.463
2.556
3.185
4.010
3.970
4.025
3.701
3.391
2.573
2.334
1.924

3.651
27.320
0.023
6.189
0.260
3.784
1.287
11.308
8.825
0.256
0.006
3.200
33.194
4.827
13.584
9.865
0.951
3.135
3.189
0.071
6.830
85.137
75.552
3.919
3.855
62.064
47.245
36.629
5.728
0.585
3.502
69.775
2.445
92.261
215.572
1.664
5.911
4.357
75.451
6.426
9.794
0.779
4.034
3.886
7.224
35.144
39.450
10.509
3.343
7.842
31.124
5.684
0.318
3.534

0.046
0.548
0.001
0.218
0.011
0.209
0.071
0.504
0.208
0.005
0.000
0.074
0.564
0.081
0.402
0.322
0.035
0.123
0.135
0.002
0.070
0.789
0.742
0.059
0.101
1.217
1.064
0.939
0.174
0.029
0.087
0.809
0.047
0.617
0.908
0.009
0.044
0.032
0.879
0.101
0.226
0.022
0.081
0.079
0.131
0.425
0.191
0.049
0.015
0.051
0.243
0.103
0.008
0.121

0.009
0.166
0.000
0.110
0.006
0.155
0.052
0.313
0.073
0.002
0.000
0.025
0.145
0.021
0.173
0.152
0.018
0.068
0.080
0.001
0.011
0.114
0.113
0.014
0.039
0.363
0.360
0.358
0.076
0.020
0.032
0.145
0.014
0.065
0.060
0.001
0.005
0.004
0.159
0.024
0.078
0.009
0.024
0.024
0.036
0.079
0.015
0.004
0.001
0.005
0.030
0.028
0.003
0.059

2.627
50.399
97.599
124.751
124.528
132.922
142.783
93.300
24.495
19.529
66.899
50.399
26.002
1.253
107.520
119.011
116.623
133.615
105.456
65.112
77.102
215.820
17.815
2.159
71.558
63.508
83.708
102.398
99.584
135.704
62.239
78.691
11.217
245.261
2485.102
807.174
238.110
314.381
0.063
5.566
60.360
57.596
13.244
14.434
3.760
0.549
982.246
1498.526
1342.548
406.861
315.446
4.077
43.814
77.074

3.013
2.777
2.674
3.367
3.723
4.532
3.379
2.559
3.364
2.312
1.909
2.107
1.755
1.962
4.733
4.562
3.752
5.546
4.007
3.243
3.984
4.862
3.554
3.202
2.341
2.337
3.668
4.994
5.748
4.264
3.881
6.572
4.091
3.412
2.620
1.978
2.504
4.664
4.283
4.522
5.479
6.155
6.141
5.824
4.719
3.923
3.224
2.706
3.604
3.290
3.432
7.238
5.543
6.732

2.252
2.097
2.025
2.465
2.659
3.043
2.472
1.942
2.463
1.753
1.404
1.583
1.255
1.454
3.128
3.056
2.674
3.440
2.803
2.393
2.791
3.181
2.569
2.368
1.776
1.773
2.631
3.233
3.511
2.924
2.740
3.776
2.843
2.491
1.987
1.468
1.902
3.099
2.933
3.038
3.416
3.646
3.641
3.536
3.122
2.761
2.382
2.048
2.596
2.420
2.502
3.967
3.439
3.823

2.370
30.975
12.523
0.929
9.292
0.164
10.466
2.442
13.302
0.467
3.628
2.070
6.604
11.215
1.561
248.034
0.000
132.501
151.318
1.848
38.919
255.669
0.067
1.543
16.958
13.315
0.837
19.747
22.996
11.581
9.070
102.710
133.787
9.502
0.163
2.677
1.907
78.394
81.578
5.637
4.190
6.820
433.967
8.991
21.164
30.764
1.478
0.149
23.507
15.271
0.167
123.170
312.865
7.221

0.060
0.751
0.354
0.020
0.151
0.002
0.202
0.084
0.354
0.021
0.199
0.101
0.387
0.520
0.018
2.204
0.000
1.343
1.737
0.047
0.775
4.394
0.001
0.040
0.573
0.464
0.015
0.182
0.162
0.176
0.168
0.676
1.511
0.237
0.006
0.143
0.069
1.150
0.901
0.065
0.036
0.044
2.281
0.069
0.266
0.617
0.038
0.005
0.564
0.301
0.004
0.660
2.002
0.041

0.023
0.271
0.147
0.006
0.037
0.000
0.058
0.041
0.138
0.013
0.147
0.067
0.302
0.334
0.003
0.308
0.000
0.212
0.311
0.018
0.233
1.192
0.000
0.015
0.280
0.233
0.004
0.026
0.018
0.041
0.047
0.070
0.265
0.087
0.003
0.102
0.035
0.260
0.154
0.012
0.005
0.004
0.190
0.008
0.051
0.187
0.014
0.002
0.201
0.089
0.001
0.056
0.202
0.004

41.721
14.434
40.822
22.841
0.029
9.307
5.901
80.447
88.533
122.085
132.922
125.422
130.627
97.599
16.571
379.502
9.055
4.712
127.256
62.714
55.491
88.910
22.177
65.112
55.938
63.508
7.340
151.310
431.011
5.286
25.293
255.386
125.906
72.577
112.767
132.922
88.910
17.466
106.106
32.957
118.610
548.534
1718.998
191.568
0.349
52.406
62.397
87.782
79.909
5.519
32.595
586.163
981.619
652.843

5.534
5.571
5.089
3.595
5.077
3.541
3.349
4.199
5.835
5.870
6.361
5.725
7.978
7.520
5.179
3.860
4.771
3.831
4.251
4.497
5.004
5.238

3.436
3.449
3.270
2.592
3.266
2.562
2.454
2.894
3.540
3.552
3.711
3.503
4.160
4.043
3.305
2.730
3.143
2.715
2.917
3.028
3.237
3.327

23.378
50.002
80.407
0.011
76.201
17.306
2.362
12.082
0.376
16.351
6.324
0.365
12.984
14.064
490.197
0.205
25.580
1.320
3.231
22.032
30.093
17.438

0.177
0.457
0.949
0.000
0.899
0.297
0.049
0.156
0.003
0.112
0.040
0.003
0.052
0.060
3.306
0.003
0.317
0.023
0.047
0.245
0.339
0.148

0.021
0.065
0.173
0.000
0.164
0.077
0.015
0.031
0.000
0.012
0.004
0.000
0.003
0.004
0.354
0.001
0.061
0.006
0.010
0.042
0.059
0.020

337.854
47.345
0.022
16.396
0.001
0.144
18.742
16.247
309.085
458.851
435.590
265.716
1846.490
1868.038
1016.385
6.913
0.385
12.597
0.655
61.478
6.105
211.144

Delta2(VQ)
0.715
0.377
0.032
1.305
1.639
2.209
1.490
2.228
1.880
0.973
0.117
0.305
8.714
0.017

Delta2(ln(Q+ Pobs
ETPobs
0.130
52.790
10.440
0.164
106.520
18.420
0.042
16.670
44.050
0.311
60.440
72.970
0.430
34.250
100.410
0.659
90.440
114.860
0.376
38.610
125.190
0.667
54.990
103.160
0.523
50.850
67.370
0.204
94.710
31.800
0.080
77.960
13.070
0.143
93.350
9.420
1.523
70.020
10.440
0.003
28.170
18.420

0.218
0.487
1.377
2.033
2.027
2.253
2.534
1.284
0.140
0.089
0.763
0.487
0.157
0.019
1.604
1.885
1.825
2.272
1.556
0.731
1.509
3.167
0.575
0.009
0.848
0.703
1.083
1.485
1.422
2.331
0.681
1.531
0.023
3.478
18.698
8.339
3.403
4.174
0.094
0.000
0.649
0.603
0.036
0.045
0.001
0.133
9.619
13.049
12.058
5.046
4.185
0.001
0.388
0.952

0.115
0.072
0.336
0.585
0.583
0.678
0.803
0.304
0.007
0.002
0.143
0.072
0.009
0.034
0.417
0.525
0.502
0.686
0.400
0.134
0.433
0.741
0.218
0.027
0.167
0.127
0.238
0.374
0.351
0.712
0.121
0.437
0.002
0.793
2.556
1.477
0.780
0.904
0.070
0.011
0.112
0.101
0.000
0.000
0.018
0.086
1.632
2.010
1.905
1.036
0.906
0.017
0.050
0.198

54.960
43.160
16.800
75.270
57.190
29.060
72.960
50.200
89.780
55.230
13.740
46.300
73.180
46.400
48.990
67.160
62.050
82.350
42.610
94.970
125.260
54.950
74.970
15.900
10.360
80.820
66.730
76.120
64.870
24.970
141.040
104.610
28.200
151.970
106.530
78.770
60.370
82.650
81.590
67.840
70.190
60.560
102.270
64.310
54.590
92.020
145.160
93.990
109.480
83.680
81.830
33.150
65.780
48.780

44.050
72.970
100.410
114.860
125.190
103.160
67.370
31.800
13.070
9.420
10.440
19.400
44.050
72.970
100.410
114.860
125.190
103.160
67.370
31.800
13.070
9.420
10.440
18.420
44.050
72.970
100.410
114.860
125.190
103.160
67.370
31.800
13.070
9.420
10.440
18.420
44.050
72.970
100.410
114.860
125.190
103.160
67.370
31.800
13.070
9.420
10.440
18.420
44.050
72.970
100.410
114.860
125.190
103.160

0.358
0.045
0.345
0.122
0.065
0.397
0.001
1.018
1.183
1.964
2.253
2.051
2.190
1.377
0.551
4.794
0.011
0.281
2.156
0.690
0.568
1.190
0.115
0.731
0.575
0.703
0.004
2.444
5.265
0.000
0.149
3.583
2.140
0.867
1.730
2.253
1.190
0.070
1.892
0.847
2.050
6.285
14.396
2.902
0.120
0.518
0.684
1.167
1.008
0.000
0.235
6.599
9.615
7.141

0.044
0.000
0.041
0.005
0.058
0.170
0.010
0.218
0.270
0.557
0.678
0.592
0.651
0.336
0.212
0.999
0.004
0.136
0.560
0.123
0.092
0.273
0.004
0.134
0.094
0.127
0.007
0.614
1.068
0.012
0.008
0.810
0.557
0.173
0.465
0.678
0.273
0.000
0.510
0.286
0.540
1.211
2.148
0.695
0.081
0.080
0.122
0.265
0.215
0.011
0.021
1.253
1.631
1.325

100.700
47.470
35.790
61.350
48.430
69.420
13.590
12.440
90.880
18.560
39.900
85.390
34.930
63.050
168.220
50.770
16.300
99.540
18.180
25.970
94.150
131.610
55.530
76.200
27.510
54.020
104.120
95.380
83.240
14.600
32.470
161.190
31.440
55.540
41.480
31.270
102.840
159.770
49.750
54.830
79.620
85.510
82.440
86.120
65.420
65.300
60.790
57.870
124.590
52.690
52.290
184.620
37.240
98.750

67.370
31.800
13.070
9.420
10.440
19.400
44.050
72.970
100.410
114.860
125.190
103.160
67.370
31.800
13.070
9.420
10.440
18.420
44.050
72.970
100.410
114.860
125.190
103.160
67.370
31.800
13.070
9.420
10.440
18.420
44.050
72.970
100.410
114.860
125.190
103.160
67.370
31.800
13.070
9.420
10.440
18.420
44.050
72.970
100.410
114.860
125.190
103.160
67.370
31.800
13.070
9.420
10.440
19.400

4.401
1.077
0.066
0.061
0.074
0.053
0.082
0.544
4.122
5.513
5.306
3.689
15.150
15.275
9.861
0.003
0.123
0.032
0.031
1.288
0.319
3.116

0.939
0.340
0.059
0.000
0.062
0.053
0.001
0.210
0.896
1.103
1.074
0.827
2.223
2.235
1.660
0.008
0.082
0.001
0.042
0.386
0.147
0.732

51.270
84.270
84.680
42.530
162.440
50.250
75.220
104.560
122.520
73.000
81.600
52.340
151.490
122.700
57.420
49.770
137.340
72.710
110.600
87.780
80.700
65.340

44.050
72.970
100.410
114.860
125.190
103.160
67.370
31.800
13.070
9.420
10.440
18.420
44.050
72.970
100.410
114.860
125.190
103.160
67.370
31.800
13.070
9.420

450.00

400.00

Niveau S du rservoir de production

350.00

300.00

250.00

200.00

150.00

100.00

50.00

0.00
Dec-88

May-90

Sep-91

Jan-93

Jun-94

Oct-95

Mar-97

Jul-98

Dec-99

Apr-01

Sep-02

60.00

Niveau R du rservoir de routage

50.00

40.00

30.00

20.00

10.00

0.00
Dec-88

May-90

Sep-91

Jan-93

Jun-94

Oct-95

Mar-97

Jul-98

Dec-99

Apr-01

Sep-02

Dbit (mm/mois)

180

50

160

100

140

150

120
100

Pluie (mm/mois)

200

Dbit observ
Dbit simul
Pluie

200
250

80

300

60

350

40

400

20

450

0
Jan-90

500
Jan-92

Jan-94

Jan-96

Jan-98

Jan-00

Db it sim ul (m m /m ois)

80.00
70.00
60.00
50.00
40.00
30.00
20.00
10.00
0.00

10

20
30
40
50
60
70
Dbit observ (mm/mois)

80