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Job Site

Safety Talks

I The Foremi1n's
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Sajety Meeting Script

RESPIRATORS

Respirator Safety Basics


For those of you who use respirators, your
knowledge of the principles of respiratory protection is very important. Some of the elements that have a direct impact on you
include a knowledge of selection criteria, medical evaluations, procedures for proper use, fit
testing and maintenance.
Selecting the appropriate respirator is up to
us. In some cases, users will have to be fit
tested. Tight-fitting respirators must fit correctly to ensure that they will provide adequate protection. In addition, respirator users
will have to undergo medical evaluations to
determine whether they are fit to wear a respirator without suffering any adverse health
effects. Finally, training on the procedures for
proper use and maintenance will help wearers
use and take care of their respirators safely.
On most sites, there's not a lot of danger
of inhaling a harmful gas or fume, but we
will run into situations where respirators
are necessary.
(Discuss situations where respirators may
be required. Also discuss the reasons why respirators are necessary in those areas, including the types of hazards they are protecting
employees against.)

A Look At Various Types Of Respirators


Today I'd like to give you a general
overview of the different kinds of respirators
that are available. Each type is designed to
protect against a specific kind of substance.
It is important for us to select the right one.
You can help us by familiarizing yourself
with the various types of respirators.
Air-purifying or fJJ.teringrespirators are the
first category. These respirators are designed
for areas that have enough oxygen but also
have dangerous levels of air contaminants.
These contaminants are removed as they pass
through the respirator's canister or cartridge.
Air-purifying respirators can be divided into
two types. Some fJJ.terout dusts, fibers, fumes
and mists, and others remove a specific contaminant by absorbing it or by chemical reaction. This category includes gas masks.
In addition to air-purifying respirators, there
are also air-supplying respirators. This type of

respirator provides air from a tank or compressor through a hose and is used in areas
that don't have enough oxygen. There are two
types of air supplying respirators.
The first is a self-contained breathing apparatus or SCBA.This kind of respirator allows
the u~er to move around because the oxygen
tank is portable. However, the amount of air
in the tank is limited.
The alternative is a full-face mask that is
attached by a hose to a large tank of compressed air. This kind of respirator basically
eliminates air-supply concerns, but the hoses
can be cumbersome.
After you've selected and used a respirator,
you need to make sure you clean and maintain it properly.
(Discuss whether you have instituted an
employee-responsibility program for respirator inspection or whether supervisors perform this function.)

Guidelines For Inspecting Your Respirator


You also need to inspect your respirator
before using it. Inspections should be done
with certain guidelines in mind.
First, all respirators should be inspected:
./ Before each use
./ After each use
./ After cleaning.
Emergency use respirators should be
inspected:
./ Before and after each use
./ Monthly if not used regularly.
Some things to look for include:
./ Holes, cracks or other damage
./ Signs of wear on the headband, the facepiece seal, valves, tubes, canisters, etc.
./ Loose connections
./ Air cylinders that are not fully charged
./ Damage to fJJ.ters,canisters or cartridges.
Respirators will only protect you if you follow all safety procedures. Make sure you have
the right respirator for the job and that you
have been properly fitted and trained.
Thanks for your attention.
Have a safe day.

FGO-255-12i8

Meeting Date: __

/__

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Safety "alks
How We Can All Plan For A
Safe Demolition Job
Whether it's a matter of breaking concrete
for streets and highways, wrecking buildings
or dismantling steel tanks, demolition work is
in a class by itself. There are plenty of hazards and safety procedures specific to this
kind of work and failing to pay attention to
them puts lives at risk.
Before undertaking any demolitionjob, there
are a number of steps we take to safeguard
your health and safety at the job site. In fact,
as far as we're concerned, planning is just as
important as actually doing the work.

Step One: The Engineering Survey


To begin with, OSHArequires that an engineering survey be conducted by a competent
person. The purpose of this survey is to check
the condition of the framing, floors and walls
so we can take measures to prevent anything
from collapsing unexpectedly. The survey also
gives us a chance to evaluate the job in its
entirety. We plan the follOwing:
How we are going to wreck the structure
What kinds of equipment we'll need
Our manpower requirements
How we're going to protect the public.
In reality, many of the safety procedures
related to demolition work are things that we
do before a job begins. However, there are
plenty of safety issues we all need to keep in
mind during the entire process. Let's review a
few of the basics:
1. If you are required to use personal protective equipment, such as respirators,
lifelines, warning signs, safety nets, special face and eye protection, hearing protection, etc., use it.
2. During some demolitionjObs we need to
maintain utilities. When we do, the lines
are temporarily relocated or protected.
We also locate all overhead power
sources. You need to know the location of
any existing or relocated utility service.
3. Know what to do in the event that a
worker is injured. Make sure you know
where the first-aid kit is kept.

The Foreman's Safety Meeting Script

DEMOLITION
SAFETY

4. Know your role in our fire plan, including evacuation procedures.


5. If you are using equipment that is powered by an internal combustion engine,
set it up so that the exhaust discharges
away from combustible materials and
co-workers.
6. Use only approved containers and
portable tanks to store and handle flammable and combustible liquids.
7. Set up heating devices so that they
won't overturn and install them in
accordance with their listing.
8. Do not smoke in the vicinity of hazardous operations or materials.
9. If you are working near explosives, do
not carry matches, lighters or other
sources of sparks or flame.
10. When hand demolition work is required
on something like a chimney, you must
work from a platform and wear a hard
hat, long-sleeved shirt, eye and face
protection, respirator and safety belt, as
required.
11. Do not allow debris to accumulate in
the immediate work area. Dispose of it
according to appropriate procedures .
12. If you come into contact with a confined
space during a demolition jOb, do not
enter it unless you have been properly
trained and appropriate precautions
have been taken.
13. Never leave a vehicle that is being used
to transport explosives unattended.
14. Follow proper disposal procedures for
explosives, blasting agents and blasting
supplies.
15. If you are uncertain about any safety
or health issue, ask before proceeding.
Another point I would like to mention concerns radio frequency (RF) signals from
two-way radios. Electrical detonators can be
inadvertently triggered by stray RF signals.
Therefore, RF signal sources are restricted
on or near the demolition site when we are
using these detonators.
Thanks for your attention.
Have a safe day.

FOG- 255-1283

Meeting Date: __

'Demolition -Safety
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The Foreman's Safety Meeting Script

Talks
Handling Hazardollls Waste Is
Up To All Of Us
Properly storing and disposing of materials
and hazardous waste from a construction site
goes a long way toward preventing pollution.
It also helps to keep all of us safe and
healthy. However,managing hazardous waste
requires knowledge and diligence on our part.

A Loolt At Some Different Kinds Of


Hazardous Waste
Some typical hazardous waste that can be
found on a construction site includes:
o Spills or leaks of construction materials
such as concrete curing compounds, ,
asphalt products, paints, etc.
) Petroleum products from equipment
operation and maintenance
e Septic wastes
e Pesticides and herbicides
G Any material OSHAdeems
hazardous waste.
Managing this waste requires that:
(1) All employees be properly trained in
managing hazardous waste.
o Construction materials that are potentially hazardous be stored under watertight conditions, while still making them
readily available for use.
e Hazardous waste collected from the project must be stored and disposed of in a
way that is appropriate for that particular type of waste.
o We need to be prepared to respond to
spills or leaks that occur anywhere on
the project site.
This is a lot to think about. But not paying
attention to hazardous waste can cause some
serious problems. Let's talk about some
things all of us can do to prevent hazardous
waste accidents.

How To Prevent Hazardous Waste Accidents


1. We need to make sure that hazardous
waste is stored in sealed containers that are
constructed of suitable material with labels
that clearly identify the contents and the
accumulation date. Then we need to store

waste containers in areas that are covered


and secured during non-working hours.
2. If a leak or spill occurs, we need to clean
it up immediately - before the next rainfall.

It is. important to maintain spill cleanup kits


on-~:te at storage locations. This helps to
faCIlItate and expedite cleanup. If a spill
involving hazardous waste or materials
occurs, any affected soil or water should also
be stored as hazardous waste and disposed
of properly.
3. Any drums and containers that are used
during a cleanup operation must meet
Department of Transportation, OSHA and
Environmental Protection Agency regulations
for the wastes they contain. When it is practi-

cal, OSHAalso requires us to inspect drums


and containers and ensure their integrity
"?eforethey are moved. If they can't be
Inspected before being moved, they must be
m<:>ved
to an accessible location and inspected
prIOr to further handling.
4. We must always assume that any unlabeled drums and containers contain hazardous substances and then handle them
accordingly until the contents are positively
identified and labeled.
5. Before moving drums or containers
every individual who may be exposed
the
transfer operation should be warned of the
potential hazards associated with the contents of the containers.
6. Drums and containers that cannot be
moved without rupturing, leaking or spilling
have to be emptied into a sound container
using a device that is classified for the material that is being transferred.

td

Be Diligent
Hazardous waste is called "hazardous" for
a reason. Failing to store, handle and dispose
of it properly can affect not only our health
and safety, but the health and safety of the
community and the environment. It is a serious responsibility and one that we all share.
If you have any questions about the hazardous waste that we deal with, let us know.
In the meantime, do your part by being diligent about hazardous waste safety.
Thanks for your attention.
Have a safe day.
fG0~255-1237

Meeting Date: __

./__

./__

Job Site:

Job Number:

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the above date on the subject indicated. I understand that this is part of an ongoing
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Meeting Date: __

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Job Site: ---------Job Number:


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'alks
Lead Exposure In The
Construction Industry
Exposure to lead is a serious hazard on
many construction sites, including ours. For
instance, if we are demolishing or salvaging
a building, we can be exposed to lead if any
of the materials removed from the building
contain lead. When we transport or dispose
of those materials, we can be exposed to the
lead they contain. When we are involved in
new construction, exposure can occur if we
use materials that contain lead or we perform certain plumbing or welding activities.
And, we're not the only ones who are at
risk. If we bring lead home from work on
our clothes or hands, we can contaminate
our homes and cars. Family members, especially children, can develop lead-related illness from this kind of exposure.
I want to take a few minutes to talk about
the potential adverse health effects of lead
exposure. When absorbed into your body in
certain doses, lead is a toxic substance. The
object of OSHA'sLead Standard is to prevent
absorption of harmful quantities of lead. The
standard is intended to protect you not only
from the immediate toxic effects of lead, but
also from the serious toxic effects that may
not become apparent until years of exposure
have passed.

How Lead Enters The Body


Lead (except for certain organic lead compounds not covered by the standard, such
as tetraethyl lead) is not absorbed through
your skin. However, when lead is scattered
in the air as a dust, fume or mist, it can be
inhaled and absorbed through your lungs
and upper respiratory tract. Inhalation of
airborne lead is generally the most common
source of occupational lead absorption.
You can also absorb lead through your
digestive system if lead gets into your
mouth and is swallowed. Handling food, cigarettes, chewing tobacco or makeup that has
been contaminated with lead, or handling
them when your hands are contaminated
with lead, could contribute to ingestion.
A significant portion of the lead that you

I The Foreman's
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inhale or ingest gets into your blood stream.


Once it is in your blood stream, lead is circulated throughout your body and stored
in various organs and tissues. Some of this
lead is quickly filtered out of your body and
excreted, but some remains in the blood and
other tissues. As exposure to lead continues,
the amount stored in your body will increase
if you are absorbing more lead than your
body can excrete. Even though you may
not be aware of any immediate symptoms
of disease, the lead stored in your tissues
can slowly cause irreversible damage, first
to individual cells, then to your organs and
whole body systems.

Symptoms Of Lead Poisoning


Long-term (chronic) exposure to lead can
result in severe damage to a person's bloodforming, central nervous, urinary and reproductive systems. Symptoms of chronic lead
overexposure can include: loss of appetite,
metallic taste in the mouth, anxiety, constipation, nausea, pallor, weakness, insomnia,
headache, nervous irritability, muscle and
joint pain, fine tremors, numbness, dizziness, hyperactivity and colic.
Additionally, a condition affecting the
brain called acute encephalopathy can
quickly arise and may result in seizures,
coma and death from cardiorespiratory
arrest. Short-term lead overexposure can
cause acute encephalopathy, although shortterm exposures of this magnitude, while
possible, are highly unusual. It should
be noted, however, that similar forms of
encephalopathy can arise from extended,
chronic exposure to lower doses of lead.
Our goal is to keep all of you safe and
healthy. To that end, we have instituted procedures to help ensure that no one in our
workplace is exposed to hazardous levels of
lead. For instance, the permissible exposure
limit set by OSHAis 50 micrograms of lead
per cubic meter of air , averaged over an
eight-hour workday. This is something we
monitor. We also take a number of steps to
monitor the levels of lead in your blood to
make sure that you are not overexposed to
this potentially dangerous substance.
Thanks for your attention.
Have a safe day.

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Meeting Date: -_./

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. Job Site: ---------Job Number: --------igning below indicates that I attended a safety meeting presented by my employer
on the above date on the subject indicated. I understand that this is part of an ongoing training effort and I was given the opportunity to ask questions to ensure my
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Job Site

I The Foreman's Safety Meeting Script I

Safety'alks
Asbestos Awareness
On The Job
Asbestos is the generic term for a group
of naturally occurring, fibrous minerals with
high tensile strength, flexibility and resistance to heat, chemicals and electricity.
In the construction industry, asbestos is
found in installed products, such as sprayedon fireproofing, pipe insulation, floor tiles,
cement pipe and sheet, roofing felts and
shingles, ceiling tiles, fire-resistant drywall,
drywall joint compounds and acoustical products. Because very few asbestos-containing
products are being installed today, most
worker exposures occur during the removal
of asbestos, and the renovation and maintenance of buildings and structures that contain asbestos.

Asbestos Exposure: Potentially


Life Threatening
Asbestos fibers enter the body when a
person inhales or ingests airborne particles.
These fibers can become embedded in the
tissues of the respiratory or digestive systems. Exposure to asbestos can cause disabling or fatal diseases, such as asbestosis,
an emphysema-like condition; lung cancer;
and mesothelioma, a cancerous tumor that
can spread rapidly through the membranes
that cover the lungs and other body organs.
The symptoms of these diseases generally do
not appear for 15 or more years after initial
exposure.

Classification System For Construction Work


The OSHAstandard on asbestos for construction classifies the hazards of asbestos
work activities and prescribes particular
requirements for each classification. The
classifications are:
Class I: This is the most potentially
hazardous class of asbestos jobs and
involves the removal of asbestos-containing thermal system insulation and
sprayed-on surfacing materials that

Asbestos
I

contain or are presumed to contain


asbestos.
Class II: This includes the removal of
other types of asbestos-containing materials that are not thermal system insulation, such as roofing materials that
contain asbestos.
Class III: This class focuses on repair
and maintenance operations where
asbestos-containing or presumed asbestos-containing materials are disturbed.
Class IV: This class pertains to custodial
activities where workers clean up asbestos-containing waste and debris.

Protective Equipment May Be Required


We will always try to limit your exposure
to asbestos through engineering controls.
However, if these controls do not keep your
exposure below the permissible exposure
limit, we will provide you with respirators.
Generally, the level of exposure and the
nature of the work will determine the type
of respirator you will need to use. We may
also require you to use protective clothing,
such as coveralls, head coverings, gloves
and foot coverings. Eye protection, including vented goggles or face shields, will be
provided whenever there is the possibility of
eye irritation due to asbestos exposure. We
will also establish decontamination areas if
you are exposed to asbestos above the permissible limit.
Finally, training will be provided on the
class of asbestos you are exposed to on the
job and will include an explanation of the
potential hazards, as well as the safe work
practices you can use to help limit your
exposure. We ask that you use and maintain any protective equipment we provide
and attend all training sessions. If you have
questions concerning the protective equipment we provide or the safe practices you
should use to limit exposure to asbestos, ask
your supervisor.
Thanks for your attention.
Have a safe day.

Meeting Date: __

Asbestos

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/__

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Job Site:

Job Number:

igning below Indicates that I attended a safety meeting presented by my employer on


the above date on the subject indicated. I understand that this is part of an ongoing
training effort and I was given the opportunity to ask questions to ensure my full
understanding of what was addressed.

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Trainer's Signature

Meeting Date:

Asbestos
Safety Meetiri~<'Atte~danceSheet

/__ /_-

Job Site:

Job Number:

igning below indicates that I attended a safety meeting presented by my employer on


the above date on the subject indicated. I understand that this is part of an ongoing
training effort and I was given the opportunity to ask questions to ensure my full
understanding of what was addressed.

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Trainer's Signature

Job Site

Safel, "'alks
How To Stay Safe When
Using Aerial Lifts
For those of you who have worked from
an aerial lift, you know how helpful they
can be. Aerial lifts allow us to reach aboveground work areas, often making our jobs
easier. However, if improperly used or set
up, aerial lifts can be dangerous. In fact,
OSHAnotes that each year, many workers
are injured or killed on aerial lifts; most of
these fatalities are caused by worker falls,
objects falling off lifts, tip-overs or collapses
of lifts, and contact with overhead objects or
energized power lines.
Today, I'd like to talk about some of the
things we will do to ensure your safety and
the measures you can take to help us.

Worker Training Is Essential


If you are asked to operate an aerial
lift, you must first be trained on how to
safely use the equipment. We will provide
this training to you. You will be trained on
the vehicle and lift components, and how
to inspect these components before work
begins. You will also be trained on how to
inspect the work site to ensure that the aerial lift is placed on stable, reasonably level
ground, so that there is no potential for tipover.
In addition, operator training will include
instruction on how to operate the elevated
work platform so that workers on the platform can safely perform their jobs, as well
as the kind of weather conditions, such as
high winds, that could make operating an
aerial lift dangerous.
Those of you who work atop aerial lifts
will receive training on hazards involved
with the lifts. For instance, falls are one
of the dangers associated with aerial lifts.
That's why, if you work from an aerial lift,
we will provide you with a body harness or
a restraining belt and training on how to use
this equipment properly.

I The

Foreman's Safety Meeting Script

Aerial Lifts

You will also be trained on safe work practices that you should use when working from
an aerial lift. For example, it is essential
that you make sure access gates or openings
are closed and that you stand firmly on the
floor of the bucket or the lift platform. Under
no circumstances are you allowed to climb
on or lean over guardrails or handrails.

Use Extra Caution Near Overhead


Power Lines
Overhead power lines are a danger to anyone operating or working from an aerial lift.
Anytime our work brings us near overhead
power lines, we will contact the utility company and ask that the lines be de-energized.
For aerial lift operators, even if you think
the line has been de-energized, it's best,
from a safety point of view to treat the
line as if it is still energized, and keep the
aerial lift at least IO feet from any overhead
power line.
Those of you working atop the aerial lift
should also keep your distance from overhead lines. If you feel the aerial lift is too
close to an overhead line, making it difficult for you to keep your distance and still
get your work done, be sure to inform your
supervisor.

Share Your Questions And Concerns


Accidents involving aerial lifts are often
very serious. We hope we never have to
deal with the aftermath of an accident on
our site. Therefore, we ask that you attend
all training sessions and ask questions to
clarify anything that you don't understand.
Remember, you're not the only one who
learns from your questions. Your co-workers
learn too.
We also ask that you keep safety as your
first priority whenever work involves aerial
lifts. If you think a work condition is unsafe,
talk to your supervisor. You might just be
protecting yourself and your co-workers
from an accident that's waiting to happen.
Thanks for your attention.
Have a safe day.

Meeting Date: __

Aeria.1 Lifts

/__

/__

Job Site:

Safety Meeting'lttendance Sheet

Job Number: ---------

igning below indicates that I attended a safety meeting presented by my employer on


the above date on the subject indicated. I understand that this is part of an ongoing
training effort and I was given the opportunity to ask questions to ensure my full
understanding of what was addressed.
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Meeting Date: __

Aerial Lifts

/__

/__

Job Site:

Safety Meeting Attendance Sheet

Job Number: --------igning below indicates that I attended a safety meeting presented by my employer on
the above date on the subject indicated. I understand that this is part of an ongoing
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Job Site

Safety "'alks
Use Caution When Working
With Portland Cement
Portland cement is an ingredient found
in a number of materials on construction
sites - from concrete, mortar and plaster to
grout, stucco and terrazzo. Due to its widespread use, many of you have worked with
materials containing portland cement. And
many of you know that contact with wet
portland cement can be tough on your skin.
Today, I'd like to take a few minutes to
talk about portland cement, how it can harm
your skin and how you can protect yourself.
If your skin comes into contact with wet
portland cement, you are at risk of developing a cement-related skin condition. Portland
cement is caustic and can cause burns.
Unfortunately, many workers who develop
cement burns are not aware of the problem
until after serious skin damage has occurred.
These burns often result in blisters, as well
as dead, hardened and/or discolored skin. In
severe cases, damage from the burns may
extend to the bone.
Another potential skin condition that could
develop from contact with wet portland
cement is dermatitis, an inflammation of the
skin. Additionally, portland cement often
contains small amounts of hexavalent chromium. Contact with hexavalent chromium
can cause a condition known as allergic contact dermatitis in some workers. These workers can have severe inflammatory reactions
whenever they come into contact with the
hexavalent chromium in portland cement.

Proper PPE Is Essential


Any time we use materials containing portland cement, it's important that you use the
appropriate personal protective equipment
(PPE). In addition to proper eye protection,
gloves are essential. We will provide you
with appropriate gloves, most likely made
of butyl or nitrile, which are usually recommended when working with caustic materials
such as portland cement.

The Foreman's Safety Meeting Script I

Portland Cement

There are a few things that you should


do to make sure the gloves we provide will
properly protect your skin:
Make sure that the gloves fit your
hands. Do not use loose-fitting gloves.
Wash and dry your hands before putting
on your gloves.
Wear a long-sleeve shirt andif, duct tape
the sleeves to your gloves ttl prevent
wet cement from getting inside gloves.
Clean the outside of gloves before removing them by rinsing or wiping off any
wet cement. Follow the manufacturer's
instructions for cleaning your gloves.
Keep the inside of the gloves clean and
dry, and throw out contaminated or
worn-out gloves.
Do not use barrier creams or "invisible
gloves." These products are not effective
in protecting skin from portland cement.
At times, it may be necessary for you to
wear waterproof boots to prevent wet cement
from coming into contact with your legs and
feet. As an added safety measure, it's a good
idea to tuck your pant legs inside the boots
and wrap duct tape around the top of the
boots. Also, when leaving work for the day,
change out of contaminated work clothes,
and keep the contaminated clothing separate
from your street clothes.

Skin Care Is Important


Skin that has come into contact with wet
portland cement should be washed with a
pH-neutral or slightly acidic soap. It's important that you do not wash with abrasives
or waterless hand cleaners, such as alcoholbased gels. It's also important that you do
not use lanolin, petroleum jelly or other skin
softening products because these products
can seal cement residue to the skin, which
can cause further irritation.
Remember, it's for your protection that we
ask you to properly use the PPE we provide
and always follow safe work practices.
Thanks for your attention.
Have a safe day.

Meeting Date: _~/_~/

Portland: Cement
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_
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Job Site
Safety Talks
What You Should Know
About Welding Fumes
If you have ever been involved in welding operations, you probably know firsthand
about the potential danger of the work, such
as fire and exposure to ultraviolet radiation.
You're probably also aware of the fumes created during welding. But do you know how
dangerous these can be?
Today, I'd like to take a few minutes to
talk about the hazards that you face from
exposure to welding fumes, as well as the
steps you can take to stay safe.

The Hazards Associated With Welding Fumes


Depending on the type of material being
welded, the fumes that are created can be
toxic. For instance, if you weld or cut metals
that have been coated with lead-based paint,
lead oxide fumes can result. Inhaling these
fumes can cause lead poisoning, which can
result in damage to the brain, central nervous system, circulatory system, reproductive system, kidneys and muscles.
Exposure to mercury is another possible
hazard. Mercury compounds are sometimes
used to coat metals to prevent rust. During
welding, mercury vapors are produced.
Exposure to the vapors can cause stomach
pain, diarrhea, kidney damage or respiratory
failure. Long-term exposure can cause tremors, emotional instability and hearing loss.
Some other toxic metals that are sometimes found in welding fumes include cadmium, beryllium and zinc. Overexposure to
any of these metals can result in illness and
long-term health problems.
Another welding-related hazard is the possibility that the fumes, along with the gases
created during welding activities, could displace the oxygen in the air. If this happens,
workers are at risk of asphyxiation.

PPE To Protect You From Hazardous Fumes


Obviously, we will take the necessary steps
to adequately ventilate any area where

[TM Foreman's Safety Meeting Scrip,


Welding

welding operations are being performed. You


don't need to worry about that. However,
there will be times when ventilation will not
provide adequate protection. When this is the
case, OSHArequires the use of appropriate
respirators. We expect you to wear the respirators when required, and to attend training
sessions on respirator maintenance and use.
Depending on the particular welding fumes,
OSHAmay require other personal protective equipment (PPE). For instance, protective clothing - including gloves, sleeves and
encapsulating suits - may be necessary to
prevent skin contact with fumes. We will
periodically evaluate the chemical-resistant
clothing we provide to ensure its continued
effectiveness against fumes. It's important
that you keep protective clothing in good
condition, free of oil and grease. You should
also note that protective clothing may make
it difficult for your bOdy to cool off, especially during hot weather. If you find that
you are uncomfortably hot in the protective
clothing we provide, bring the concern to
your supervisor.
Not only is your skin vulnerable to contact with welding fumes, but so are your
eyes. Therefore, splash-proof chemical safety
goggles or face shields are required in all
operations where a solvent, caustic or other
toxic substance could splash into your eyes.
Eyewash facilities will be available near the
welding operation in case of emergency.
Remember, depending on the material
being welded, fumes can contain toxic metal
particles. Inhaling these particles can result
in long-term serious and debilitating illnesses. It can also result in death. There are
many steps we will take to ensure your protection from these fumes, including providing adequate and proper ventilation. We ask
that you do your part by following safe work
practices and wearing the protective equipment that we provide to you. As with all
operations on our site, if you have questions
or concerns, please talk to your supervisor.
Thanks for your attention.
Have a safe day.

.' ..

Meeting Date:

Weldin,g

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Job Site
Safet, "alks
Use Caution When Working
With Exp_lo_si_v_es
_
Today, I'd like to take a few minutes to
review some of the OSHA-recommended
safety measures you should follow to make
sure you and your co-workers stay safe
when using explosives at a work site.
Perhaps the biggest danger when working with explosives is the risk of an ignition source unexpectedly setting off the
explosives. Therefore, it's essential that you
do not smoke or use firearms, open flame
lamps or heat-producing devices near stored
explosives or while handling, transporting or
using the explosives.
In addition, weather conditions should
be considered if electric blasting caps are
being used at the job site. These caps can be
unexpectedly detonated by certain fields of
electrical energy, including electrical storms.
Therefore, if we experience such a storm, we
will stop the blasting operations and move
you to a safe location.
For those of you who will physically handle the explosives, there are several safety
measures you should follow. For instance,
you should never use sparking metal tools
to open wooden cases of explosives. You
can use metallic slitters for opening fiberboard cases, but make sure that the slitter
does not come into contact with the metallic
fasteners of the case. Any empty boxes or
packing materials that previously contained
explosives may not be used again for any
purpose and should be burned at a safe location. Also, damaged explosives can be very
dangerous. Therefore, if you feel the explosives are damaged, do not use them. Instead,
bring the concern to your foreman.

Safety Measures For The Blaster


If you are the blaster, you are responsible
for the safety of your co-workers on the site.
You must have the necessary knowledge and
experience in transporting, storing, handling
and using explosives, as well as a working

I The Foreman's Safety Meeting

Script

Explosives

knowledge of the state and local regulations


that pertain to explosives. You must also
have a system in place to warn your coworkers of danger, which can include visual
and audible warning signals, flags or barricades. Everyone on the job site must understand and follow the warning signals you
use.

What To Do If An Explosive Misfires


Misfires can be especially dangerous. While
we hope we never have to deal with an
explosive that misfires, we all need to know
what to do if this situation occurs. The first
step the blaster will take in the event of a
misfire is to suspend all work and remove
unauthorized employees from the danger
zone.
If the misfire occurs in a hole, it's important that the explosive is not pulled out of
the hole. Instead, a new primer should be
placed in the hole and the explosive should
be re-fired. If re-firing presents a hazard,
then the explosive may be removed by washing it out with water. If a misfire occurs
while using a cap and fuse, everyone should
stay away from the charge for at least an
hour. Then, all wires should be carefully
traced and a search should be made for the
unexploded charges.
Because it's essential that an accurate
record be kept of all explosives used on
the job, under no circumstances should any
explosives or blasting agents be abandoned
at the site, including those explosives that
misfire.
Remember, if explosives are used during demolition work, the risk of accidents,
worker injuries and even deaths increases.
To ensure your safety, as well as the safety
of your co-workers, we ask that each of you
exercises extreme caution when transporting, handling or using explosives. And if
you are ever unsure of the safest way to
approach the work, ask your foreman.
Thanks for your attention.
Have a safe day.

.'

Meeting Date: __

Exnlosives

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Meeting Date: __

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Job Site

Safety Talks
Protecting Yourself From
Work Site Hazards
Keeping you safe from work site hazards
is our main goal. However, determining
exactly what hazards each of you face can
sometimes be difficult. According to OSHA,
one of the best ways to identify potential
hazards is through a job hazard analysis.
A job hazard analysis helps us identify
hazards before they occur by focusing on
the relationship between each of you and the
tasks you perform, the tools you use and the
environment you work in. In other words,
it helps us see all the things that could go
wrong while you are performing your job,
as well as the kind of injuries and accidents
that could occur if something does go wrong.

How You Can Help


Each of you knows through hands-on
experience what your job entails, including
the hazards you face. Therefore, to aid us
in our job hazard analysis, we may ask for
your help. For instance, since almost all jobs
can be broken down into job tasks or steps,
we may ask you to discuss each step you
take to complete your work. By discussing
each step of your job, we will be able to see
exactly what your job involves, what tools
you must use and under what conditions you
work.
We may also ask you to participate in a
preliminary job review. This allows you to
discuss with us any hazards that you feel
exist at your workstation and the surrounding area. It also gives you the opportunity to
suggest ways to control or eliminate any of
those hazards.
It's also important that we review with
each of you any injuries or illnesses that
you have experienced on the job, as well as
any near misses. This discussion can be very
helpful in letting us know whether our current hazard control methods are working
properly to protect you.

I The Foreman's Safety Meeting

Script

Job Hazard
Analysis

How To Control Hazards


Once we determine the kinds of hazards
you face on the job, we will consider various
control methods for eliminating or reducing
those hazards. According to OSHA,the most
effective means of controlling a hazard is the
use of engineering controls. Engineering controls involve physically changing a machine
or work environment to prevent your exposure to a hazard. For example, if you are
cutting wood, we will ensure that proper
machine guards are in place to prevent you
from coming into contact with the blade of
the machine.
Sometimes engineering controls are not
possible or do not effectively control the
hazard. If this is the case, we will consider
using administrative controls, which involve
changing the way in which you perform
your work. For example, if you work in an
area of high noise, we may use a job-rotation
schedule to limit the time you spend in the
noisy environment.
Safe work practices, which are procedures
you can use to limit your exposure to hazardous conditions, are essential no matter
what kind of work you perform. In fact,
even when engineering controls work to
reduce or eliminate exposure to a hazard,
you should still use safe work practices.
Therefore, you will be trained on the safe
work practices that will help protect you
from the job hazards you face. We expect
you to use these practices any time you're
on the job, no matter what other safety measures are in place.
If we cannot control the hazards through
engineering or administrative controls, we
will provide you with appropriate personal
protective equipment to ensure your safety.
We will also train you on the equipment,
including how to properly use and maintain
it. We expect you to attend the training sessions and to use the equipment whenever
necessary to ensure your safety.
Thanks for your attention.
Have a safe day.

Meeting Date: __

/__

/__

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the above date on the subject indicated. I understand that this is part of an ongoing
training effort and I was given the opportunity to ask questions to ensure my full
understanding of what was addressed.

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Trainer's Signature

-_./__ /_-

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the above date on the subject indicated. I understand that this is part of an ongoing
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understanding of what was addressed.

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Trainer's Signature

Job Site

Safety "'alks
Vehicle Safety:

It's Up To All Of Us
One of the most common causes of worker
injury on construction sites is being struck
by an object, and oftentimes, that object is a
motor vehicle or other piece of heavy equipment. Serious injuries, and even deaths,
have resulted from workers being pinned
between construction vehicles and walls,
struck by swinging backhoes and other similar accidents.
Today, I'd like to take a few minutes to
talk about the safety measures, as outlined by the Road Construction Industry
Consortium Awareness Program, that you
can take to protect yourself and your coworkers from being injured by the motor
vehicles and heavy equipment that operate
on our sites.

If You Are An Equipment Operator


If you operate heavy equipment or motor
vehicles on a construction site, you have a
great deal of responsibility on your shoulders. You must be familiar with the work
zone and your position in it, as well as the
internal traffic control plan. It's also essential that you are aware of the equipment's
blind spots and when applicable, the equipment's swing radius.
It's also important that you make sure the
equipment is safe to use. Therefore, before
starting the equipment, you should do a
walk-around inspection to look for defects.
You should also test the back-up alarm and
other safety devices; locate and test controls; and wipe up any grease or fluid on the
equipment's walking/working surfaces to
prevent slipping accidents.
While operating the equipment, you should
know the location of people working near
you and be aware of other moving vehicles
and equipment on-site. We will set up a system, such as hand signals, for communicating with co-workers and we expect you to
use the system that we establish.

The Foreman's Safety Meeting Script

Vehicle Safety

If You Work Near Vehicles Or Equipment


If you work near moving vehicles or equipment, there are many safe practices that
you can use to make sure you stay injuryfree. For instance, we will train you on the
communication signals that vehicle operators
will use. It's essential that you understand
and use these signals. In fact, you should
never approach a vehicle until you have
communicated with the operator and he
or she signals back to you. It's also important that you stay outside a "safety circle"
around the vehicle or equipment. Remember,
if you can't see the operator, then he or she
can't see you.
Other safety tips you should follow include:
Remain alert at all times.
Check your surroundings often.
Listen for warning signals.
Keep a safe distance from moving
vehicles and heavy equipment .
Stay behind barriers where possible.
Warn co-workers of any dangers that
you become aware of.
Whether you operate vehicles and heavy
equipment or work nearby, there are a few
safety measures you should always take.
For example, we will provide each of you
with the proper protective equipment, such
as high-visibility clothing and headgear. We
expect you to use this equipment whenever
required. We also expect you to follow our
safety rules and to avoid all reckless behavior that could contribute to an accident.
Also, it's important that you do not use cell
phones, AM/FM radios and CDplayers that
could distract you from your work.
Each of you must also attend all training
sessions. We encourage you to share your
knowledge and experience, point out any
work site conditions that you feel might be
hazardous to worker safety and ask questions if there is any safety rule that you do
not understand.
Thanks for your attention.
Have a safe day.

Meeting Date: __

Vehicle Safety

/__

/__

Job Site: ---------Job Number:


_

Safety Meeting Attendance Sheet

igning below indicates that I attended a safety meeting presented by my employer on


the above date on the subject indicated. I understand that this is part of an ongoing
training effort and I was given the opportunity to ask questions to ensure my full
understanding of what was addressed.

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Vehicle Safety
,

_.'

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Safety Meeting' Attendance Sheet

Meeting Date: __

/__

/__

Job Site: ---------Job Number:


_

igningbelow indicates that I attended a safety meeting presented by my employer on


the above date on the subject indicated. I understand that this is part of an ongoing
training effort and I was given the opportunity to ask questions to ensure my full
understanding of what was addressed.

Job Site

Safety Talks
Be Aware Of Caught-In And
Caught-Between Hazards
Today, I'd like to take a few minutes to
talk about the caught-in and caught-between
hazards that you may face during your work
activities and the steps you can take to protect yourself from these hazards.
While many people think that struck-by
and caught-between or caught-in hazards
are the same thing, there is actually a difference. OSHAnotes that if the impact alone
creates the injury, then the hazard is considered to be a struck-by hazard. However,
if the injury is created more as a result of
crushing injuries between objects, then the
hazard is considered to be a caught-in or
caught-between hazard.
There are many working conditions that
can contribute to a caught-in or caughtbetween hazard, including:
Machinery that has moving parts
Working with or near moving equipment
Working with walls or scaffolding that
could collapse during construction activities.

Protecting You From Hazards


If you are working with machinery that
has moving parts, you could be seriously
injured if a part of your body, such as a
hand, is pulled into the equipment. This is
why we will ensure that all machinery with
moving parts is equipped with appropriate
guards and proper safety switches.
Workers have also been fatally injured
when repairing or maintaining equipment
with moving parts. This is especially true
if the equipment unexpectedly starts up,
which is why we have established a lockout/
tagout program. Our lockout/tagout program
ensures that the equipment cannot unexpectedly start up while you are repairing, cleaning or servicing the equipment.
Working with or near moving equipment
is another source of potential caught-in or
caught-between hazards. Workers have been

Cau!lht-In
Accidents

injured and killed when caught between a


solid object, such as a wall or stacked materials, and moving equipment. To protect you
from this hazard, we will arrange safe travel
paths for loading and unloading, and stacking and storing materials. Equipment operators should always keep the equipment at
a safe distance from their co-workers. They
should also wear seat belts to prevent being
thrown from the equipment and possibly
crushed if the equipment should tip over.
When working from scaffolding, there is
always the risk that the scaffolding could
collapse, especially if it is erected on an
unstable foundation or if the scaffolding
components are weak. OSHArequires us to
ensure that any scaffolding we use on our
sites has been set up under the supervision
of a competent person who is capable of
identifying all existing and potential hazards
at the site and who knows how to protect
you from those hazards.

Additional Steps You Can Take


There are many ways you can protect
yourself from caught-in and caught-between
hazards on a construction site, including:
Be aware at all times of the equipment
around you and maintain a safe distance
from the equipment.
Never place yourself between moving
materials and an immovable structure, vehicle or stacked materials.
Make sure that all loads carried by
equipment are stable and secure.
Remember, caught-in and caught-between
hazards can cause serious and fatal injuries
on construction sites. While we will do our
best to keep you safe from these hazards,
you should do your part by staying alert
to the possible dangers and using any safe
work practices that we train you on. And.
if you ever encounter a work situation that
you feel puts you at danger of injury, please
bring the concern to your foreman.
Thanks for your attention.
Have a safe day.

Meeting Date: __

O@Qght-ln Accidents
.--'~:~<':~'\~'::i,~/~~J:-_(
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Job Site: ---------Job Number:


_

SafetYl,Meeting Attendance Sheet

igning below indicates that I attended a safety meeting presented by my employer on


the above date on the subject indicated. I understand that this is part of an ongoing
training effort and I was given the opportunity to ask questions to ensure my full
understanding of what was addressed.

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Trainer's Signature

Meeting Date: __

C~ught.lnAccidents

./__

/__

Job Site:._---------

Saf~t~"MeeihlgAttend.ance Sheet

Job Number:

igningbelow indicates that I attended a safety meeting presented by my employer on


the above date on the subject indicated. I understand that this is part of an ongoing
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Job Site

Safety 'alks
How To Handle The
Hazards Of Power
Transmission Work
Today, we're going to talk about working
with transmission and distribution systems.
Those of us who are involved in this kind of
work face serious risks, including electrocution, falls and other major hazards.
According to OSHAstatistics, individuals who perform the construction of these
systems have a risk of 17 to 23 deaths per
1,000 workers over a working lifetime. This
is part of the reason why there are so many
rules pertaining to protecting workers who
are involved in erecting new electric transmission and distribution lines and equipment, as well as those who alter, convert or
improve existing lines and equipment.
Let's review some of the specifics.

Start With An Inspection


To begin with, before any job, we must
conduct an initial inspection. We need to take
a look at existing conditions, including: energized lines and equipment; the condition of
poles; and the location of circuits and equipment, including power and communication
lines, CATVand fire alarm circuits. During
this process, we'll figure out the operating
voltage of equipment and the lines. However,
to keep us all safe, all electrical equipment
and lines should be treated as if they are
energized until we determine that they are
not.

Inadequate Clearance Costs Lives


Assuming that the inspection goes well and
conditions are safe, there are other hazards
to think about. One of the most common and deadly - is inadequate clearance.
This is why no employee is allowed to
approach exposed energized parts any closer
than is allowed by OSHA.Exactly what this
distance is depends on the voltage we're
dealing with. If there is ever a situation in

I The Foreman's

Safety Meeting Script

Power
Transmission

which you are unsure, ask.


Clearly, the best - and sometimes the
only - way to be safe is to de-energize lines
and equipment. When we are dealing with
more than 600 volts, and the means of disconnecting from electric energy is not visibly
open or locked out, there are certain things
we have to do.

De-Energize Safely
The section of line or equipment that
we're going to de-energize must be clearly
identified and isolated from all sources of
voltage.
A designated employee will be notified
and assured that all switches and disconnectors through which electric energy may be
supplied to the particular section of line or
equipment to be worked on have been deenergized.
All switches and disconnectors will be
tagged to indicate that people are at work.
When possible, switches and disconnectors
will be rendered inoperable.
After all designated switches and disconnectors have been opened, rendered inoperable and tagged, we'll inspect them to make
sure they have been de-energized.
Protective grounds will be put on the disconnected lines or equipment.
Guards or barriers will be erected as
necessary to adjacent energized lines.
When more than one independent crew
needs to de-energize the same line or equipment, a tag for each crew will be placed
on the line or equipment by the designated
employee in charge.
When work is completed, each designated employee in charge must make sure
that all crew members are clear and that
protective guards installed by the crew have
been removed. These designated employees
in charge must also report to the designated
authority that all tags protecting the crew
may be removed.
Thanks for your attention.
Have a safe day.

Power Transmission
'Saf~e'tJ:.MeetingAttend,ance Sheet

Meeting Date: __

/__

./__

Job Site: ---------Job Number: ---------

igningbelow indicates that I attended a safety meeting presented by my employer on


the above date on the subject indicated. I understand that this is part of an ongoing
training effort and I was given the opportunity to ask questions to ensure my full
understanding of what was addressed.

Meeting Date: __

Power Transmission
.$ai'6t~;rM~etingiA,ttendanceSheet

/__

/__

Job Site:

Job Number:

igning below indicates that I attended a safety meeting presented by my employer on


the above date on the subject indicated. I understand that this is part of an ongoing
training effort and I was given the opportunity to ask questions to ensure my full
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Job Site

Safety 'alks
Some Important Words
About Respirators
Millions of American workers are required
to wear respirators on the job. While most
of these employees fall outside of the construction industry, there are occasions when
respirators are necessary on a construction
site.
Respirators are designed to protect us
against insufficient oxygen environments,
and harmful dusts, gases, vapors and
sprays. These hazards can be linked to cancer, lung impairment and other diseases, so
when respirators are required, it is for good
reason.

A Medical Evaluation Is Necessary


Workers assigned to tasks that require
respirator use must be physically able to
perform the work while using the respirator. A local physician or licensed health
care professional (LHCP)will determine an
employee's eligibility by performing a medical evaluation. This evaluation must be done
before the employee is fit tested and uses the
respirator in the workplace. The employer
must obtain a written recommendation from
the physician or LHCPfor each employee's
ability to wear a respirator. Additional
medical evaluations must be provided whenever health care professionals deem them
appropriate.

Choosing The Right Respirator


Once we know what type of hazard we're
dealing with and an employee has been
given the OKby a physician or LHCP,we
can select the appropriate type of respirator.
There are several kinds:
Air-purifying respirators are designed to
remove specific contaminants from the
air. They work by having the air pass
through a filter, cartridge or canister.
Atmosphere-supplying respirators provide clean air from a separate source.
Sometimes the user is carrying that
source. If so, this is referred to as

The Foreman's Safety Meeting Script I

Respirators

a self-contained breathing apparatus


(SCBA).If you are not carrying the air
source yourself, you are using a supplied air respirator.
When an employee is required to wear a
respirator, he or she will be carefully fitted
prior to beginning any work. This will help
ensure that the respirator does its job and
effectively protects the employee from any
contaminants in the work environment.

Oxygen-Deficient Environments
When there is not enough oxygen in a
particular work area, it is said to be oxygen
deficient. An oxygen-deficient work area is
one that is considered immediately dangerous to life or health, or IDLH.Obviously,
these areas require special attention and
extra care. When you are in an IDLHsituation, not only must you wear the right respirator, but you are also required to stay in
visual, voice or signal contact with at least
one employee outside that atmosphere. That
person will be equipped with a positive pressure SCBAand will have been trained to perform an emergency rescue.
Emergency rescues and/ or firefighting in
IDLHsituations are extremely dangerous
activities. At least two trained employees
must enter the IDLHarea to perform either
of these tasks. They must wear SCBAsand
stay in constant voice or visual contact with
each other.
Finally, at least two other employees both equipped with SCBAs- must be stationed outside the IDLHspace.
There are more safety precautions and
procedures surrounding respirators than we
have time to discuss today. The important
thing to remember is that respirators are
used only in very hazardous environments.
Using them requires special training and
extensive fit testing. It is not a matter of
just grabbing a respirator and throwing it on
when you think you need one.
Thanks for your attention.
Have a safe day.

Meeting Date: __

Respirators

/__

/__

Job Site: ---------Job Number: ---------

Safety Meeting Attendance Sheet

igning below indicates that I attended a safety meeting presented by my employer on


the above date on the subject indicated. I understand that this is part of an ongoing
training effort and I was given the opportunity to ask questions to ensure my full
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Meeting Date: __

Respirators
Safety Meeting Attendance Sheet

/__

/__

Job Site:

Job Number:

igning below indicates that 1attended a safety meeting presented by my employer on


the above date on the subject indicated. I understand that this is part of an ongoing
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Safety 'alks

I The Foreman's Safety Meeting

Script

Safe Work
Practices

Safe Work Practices


On-Site: Important Points
To Keep In Mind

7. Horseplay will not be tolerated. We deal


with a lot of hazardous equipment, tools,
electricity and sharp objects that could
become deadly if we don't pay attention.
Fooling around with this kind of stuff is a
bad idea.

You have probably heard the phrase "safe


work practices" a million times. Obviously,
what this means varies from job to job and
site to site. We do our best to keep you up
to speed about the hazards that are unique
to each site, but we can't review every safe
work practice every time. This is why we
count on you to keep some of the more universal safety rules in mind regardless of the
job or site. Let's talk about some of these
general safety rules:

8. Never try to lift, move or carry something that is too heavy. Instead, ask for help

1. One of the most important rules is to


report every injury and illness to your foreman. Even injuries that seem small can

become significant if we don't deal with them


right away.
2. Running on a construction site flies in the
face of safety. Slips, trips and falls can lead

to disabling injuries, especially in a construction environment.


3. Follow good housekeeping rules. You
might think that housekeeping has little
place on a construction site. However, leaving tools, nails or other equipment lying
around is a major safety hazard.
4. Something we rarely discuss is the fact
that weapons have no place near or on any
work site. Guns, knives and other weapons

are not permitted on-site parking area.

including in the

s. This is a drug-free workplace. Coming


to work under the influence of alcohol or
drugs puts you and your co-workers at risk.
Failing to follow this rule is enough to get
you fired.
6. Think about fire safety at all times. Be

sure to dispose of trash properly, especially


oily or chemical-soaked rags that could easily ignite. Make sure you know what to do
in the event of a fire and what your specific
role should be.

or use a dolly or forklift. The tendency is to


grab the whole load yourself to save time. In
the long run, this could cost you.
9. If you notice anyone on the site who is
falling to follow safety rules, report it to your
foreman. Don't feel like you're telling on

someone or getting the person into trouble.


The truth is, you are helping to prevent an
accident that could injure that individual or
other co-workers.
10. Be sure you are aware of the rules
related to lockout/tagout. Even if you are

not directly involved, it is important that


you respect the locks and tags of others.
Lockout/tagout accidents can be especially
serious.
11. Never attempt to :fixa tool or piece of
equipment, clear ajam or push something
through while a device or vehicle is operating.

In some cases, the device should be locked


out before any type of service, adjustment or
repair. In other cases, simply turning off the
engine is enough. Failing to follow this rule
could result in an amputation - or worse.
12. Regardless of your job, know what type
of personal protective equipment is required
and use it every time.
13. If you ever have a question about safety
rules and procedures, ask.

A Final Word
Obviously, there are specific requirements
we must follow for specific safety hazards
on a site. However, by keeping these general
rules in mind, we will all be contributing to a
safer work environment despite the hazards
that are present.
Thanks for your attention.
Have a safe day.

Meeting Date: __

Safe Work Practices

./__

/__

Job Site: ---------Job Number:


_

Safety Meeting Attendance Sheet

igningbelow indicates that I attended a safety meeting presented by my employer on


the above date on the subject indicated. I understand that this is part of an ongoing
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Traina's Signature

Meeting Date: __

Safe Work Practices

./__

/__

Job Site: ---------Job Number: ---------

Safety Meeting Attendance Sheet

igningbelow indicates that I attended a safety meeting presented by my employer on


the above date on the subject indicated. I understand that this is part of an ongoing
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Trainer's Signatw'e

Job ile
~)j Safet, Talks

I The

Foreman's Sajety Meeting Script

t!\

What We Should All Know


About Fire Protection
A fire on our site could be devastating. It
could destroy property or, worse, it could
take lives. Unfortunately, fires are fairly
common on construction sites. Some are the
result of arson activities, while others occur
unexpectedly during the course of everyday
activities. To help protect each of you, OSHA
requires us to develop a thorough fire protection program. We must also provide firefighting equipment and ensure that it is easily
accessible at all times.

Fire Prevention Tips


There are many different ways a fire
can break out on a construction site, from
poor housekeeping to simple carelessness.
However, keeping the following tips in mind
will help prevent a fire from starting on one
of our sites:
o Never allow trash, litter or other flammable materials to accumulate.
) Keep your work area organized and
clean.
) Make sure you are clear on our fire
a1arJnprocedures. If you're not sure,
ask.
o Find out where t'"lreextinguishers are
located and, if necessary, learn how to
use them.
CD There are several different types of fire
extinguishers and some are safe on only
specific types of fires. If you are expected to use a fire extinguisher, make sure
you are familiar with the different types
and how and when to use them.
) Do not smoke at or near operations
where fire hazards exist. Smoke only
where permitted.
o At times, we have hazardous materials
on the site. Always make sure they are
stored properly and in designated areas.
o Do your part to keep all exits free of
obstructions.

Make sure there are good connections


and effective grounds in all wiring. This
is something you should be doing every
time you use a power tool.
G Do not allow dust or grease to accumulate on tools or equipment.
> Know the proper exits and procedures
in case of an emergency.

('!)

A Word About Combustibles And Flammables


From time to time, we may use and store
combustible and flammable materials on our
site. When this is the case, the risk of fire
increases. To reduce the risk, follow these
rules:
() Dispose of combustible waste in covered,
airtight, metal containers.
o Use and store flammable materials in
well-ventilated areas away from potential ignition sources.
o Remember that combustibles and flammables may not be stored where the risk
of an underground fire exists.
o If combustibles and flammables are
stored outside, they should be kept at
least 10 feet away from any building or
structure.
If we work together to store combustible and flammable materials properly,
the chances of fire are greatly reduced.
Remember, even a leaking drum of lacquer
thinner can be a fire hazard if the right precautions are not taken.

A Final Word
Although we hope never to experience a
fire on one of our sites, we all need to be
prepared for the possibility. Therefore, in
the event that a fire does occur, don't panic.
Instead, do your best to keep calm and follow
instructions. Also, if you spot a fire hazard,
report it. Your actions might just prevent a
devastating fire from developing on our site.
Thanks for your attention.
Have a safe day.

FGO 1327

igning belowindicates that I attended a safety meeting presented by my employer on the above date on the subject indicated. I understand that this is part
of an ongoingtraining effort and I was given the opportunity to ask questions
about what was addressed.

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....

Meeting Date: __

/__

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Job Site: ----------Job Number:


_

.S

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of an ongoing training effort and I was given the opportunity to ask questions
about what was addressed.
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Job Site
Safety "'alks
Important Crane And
Derrick Safetu!p_s

There are a lot of potential hazards that


can be found on a construction site. Many of
them are pretty familiar because we deal with
them every day. Others are not so familiar
and we need to use extra caution when they
do affect us.
Personnel platforms on cranes and derricks
present some of these hazards. OSHAregulations prohibit the use of a crane or derrick
to hoist employees on a personnel platform,
unless there is no safe alternative. This
means that hoisting operations can often be
performed without cranes and derricks.
However, there are plenty of occasions
when cranes and derricks are necessary.
For example, steel erection operations do
not always allow for conventional means of
access. Therefore, personnel platforms on
cranes and derricks are common in these
operations. Cranes and derricks are also used
in other types of work. This is why we need
to know a little bit about how to stay safe.
There are a lot of things we do to ensure
safety during these operations that do not
even involve any of you. Before a crane or
derrick can be operated or used to hoist personnel, there are a number of things that
we check and double-check to make sure we
don't have an accident or injury. We're even
required to perform a trial lift to make sure
everything is working before we actually raise
any of our workers.

How Workers Can Boost Safety Efforts


However, we can't be responsible for everything. There are also a number of ways that
employees can contribute to safe personnel hoisting operations and help reduce the
number of associated accidents and injuries.
Let's talk about a few of the basic safe work
practices that apply to anyone working in the
vicinity of this kind of operation:
1. Use tag lines unless their use creates
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I The Foreman's Safety Meeting ScriPt


Cranes And
Derricks

an unsafe condition. If you are not sure, ask


your foreman before proceeding.
2. If you are actually on the personnel
platform, make sure you keep all body parts
inside the platform while it is being raised,
lowered and positioned. This can help prevent
a major injury.
3. Make sure the platform is adequately
secured to the structure where the work is
to be performed before entering or exiting it,
unless securing it would create an unsafe condition.
4. Except over water, wear a body belt!
harness system. Remember that the lanyard
must be attached to the lower load block or
overhaul ball, or to an appropriate structural
member within the personnel platform. Make
sure you understand how to properly attach
the lanyard.
If the hoisting operation is performed over
water, there are additional requirements. If
you don't know what they are and you have
not been properly trained, see your foreman
before proceeding.
5. Always stay in view of or in direct communication with the operator or the signal
person. If there is any kind of problem, notify
this person immediately.

Rules For Operators


Those of you who are actually operating
the crane or derrick have additional safety
concerns and added responsibility. Let's talk
about a few things our operators can do to
help keep all of us safe during hoisting operations:
1. Crane and derrick operators should
never leave the controls when the engine is
running or when the platform is occupied.
2. Operators should stop all hoisting operations if there are any indications of danger,
including adverse weather conditions.
3. Operators should not conduct any lifts on
another of the crane's or derrick's load lines
while personnel are suspended on a platform.
Thanks for your attention.
Have a safe day.
"1" 111

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FGO 1328

Meeting Date: __

/__

/__

Job Site: ---------Job Number: ---------

igning below indicates that I attended a safety meeting presented by my employer on the above date on the subject indicated. I understand that this is part
of an ongoing training effort and I was given the opportunity to ask questions
about what was addressed.

Meeting Date: __

/__

/__

Job Site: ----------Job Number: ---------

igning below indicates that I attended a safety meeting presented by my employer on the above date on the subject indicated. I understand that this is part
of an ongoing training effort and I was given the opportunity to ask questions
about what was addressed.

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Trainer's Signature

Job Site

Safety "alks
Hard Hats Save Lives
By now, I think all of you are familiar
with the OccupationalSafety and Health
Administration, or OSHA.OSHAis the agency
that sets up the safety and health rules and
regulations for workplaces across the country - including those involved in construction. Usually, when we think about OSHA
rules, we're concerned with the "big" things,
like scaffold safety and trenching and shoring. However, there are regulations on almost
everything, including some of the things we
might consider minor.
One of OSHA'sstandards deals with head
protection. This might be one of those things
we consider minor. The reality is, though,
that head protection on a construction site is
an absolute must. The consequences of not
wearing a hard hat can be lifelong - and
sometimes deadly.

An Example Of What Can Happen


For example, one of the cases OSHAinvestigated involved two employees who were
using a wire rope to winch a wooden tool
shed onto a flat bed trailer. The wire rope
broke, snapped back and struck one of the
employees in the top of the head, killing him.
The employee was not wearing a hard hat.
While this might be an unusual situation,
there are thousands of other examples of
potential hazards to the head.
OSHA'shead protection standard basically requires employees to wear hard hats
to eliminate or minimize the effects of being
struck by an object, accidentally striking the
head against an object or making contact
with an energized electrical line.
These types of accidents are common to
almost all construction operations and are
not predictable. In addition, almost all construction work sites involve the potential for
falling and flying objects. So you can see why
it is essential to wear head protection on the
job.
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Foreman's Safety Meeting Script

Hard Hats

Most hard hats are designed to protect you


from blows to the head. They act as shock
absorbers. The hard hat's outer shell is
designed to take the blow and then the inner
lining is designed as a cushion to absorb the
shock. The hard hat's headband keeps the
outer shell away from your head to ensure
your head does not take the blow.
OSHA'sstandard is intended not only for
those of you who may be directly involved
in on-site activities, but also for those of you
who work in the vicinity of an operation that
could present hazards.

There Are Several Classes Of Hard Hats


Often, hard hats used in construction are
Class C hard hats. They are designed to
protect against impact. However, they don't
offer any voltage resistance, so they should
not be used in areas where there are electrical hazards. Those who work .near highvoltage electricity should wear Class B hard
hats, which offer the highest protection
against electrical hazards.
Once you have selected the correct hard
hat, make sure it fits. Hard hats have adjustable headbands. The headband should fit
snugly to keep the outer shell away from
your head. Also, never wear a hard hat over
another hat; it could affect the fit and put
you at risk. If it is cold outside, there are
special winter liners that are specifically
designed for use with hard hats.

Bumps And Scrapes Indicate Problems


To keep your hard hat in optimal condition, you need to take care of it. Don't throw
it around. Bumps and scrapes will affect a
hard hat's ability to protect you. Also, you
should never store a hard hat in a hot area,
like on the back ledge of your car. The heat
can cause deterioration to your hard hat.
In spite of the fact that you take care of
your hard hat, it is also important to check
it before using it. If you notice any cracks
or holes, don't use it. Also, if you know the
hard hat has taken a heavy blow - even if
there is no visible damage - don't use it.
Thanks for your attention.
Have a safe day.

Meeting Date: __

Hard Hats

/__

/__

Job Site:

SafetylVleeting Attendance Sheet

Job Number: ---------

igning below indicates that I attended a safety meeting presented by my employer on the above date on the subject indicated. I understand that this is part
of an ongoing training effort and I was given the opportunity to ask questions
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Meeting Date: __

Hard Hats

I .

~/ __

Job Site: ---------Job Number: ---------

Safety Meeling Attendance Sheet

igning below indicates that I attended a safety meeting presented by my employer on the above date on the subject indicated. I understand that this is part
of an ongoing training effort and I was given the opportunity to ask questions
about what was addressed.

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Job Site
Safety Talks
How To Prevent Falls
Through Roof Openings
Falls are all too common in the construction industry. Due to the nature of the work,
including the need to work at heights, people
performing roofing work are at particular
risk for falls.
In an attempt to protect employees who
are performing roofing work, OSHArequires
that every employee who is on a walking/
working surface must be protected from falling through holes (including skylights) that
are more than 6 feet above lower levels. This
protection can come in the form of a personal fall arrest system (PFAS), covers or a
guardrail system erected around such holes.

Workers Must Take Responsibility


We take safety seriously on our sites. If
you are working near skylights or roof openings, we will provide the appropriate fall protection systems and training that will help
keep you safe. But remember, you have a
certain degree of responsibility too. We count
on you to be responsible enough to adhere to
the safe work practices and procedures that
we have established. Some of the things you
can do are pretty simple - not much more
than common sense. Others might be a little
more complicated, but should be things that
you come to remember automatically.

Ten Safety Tips


Here are some tips from the National
Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
to help prevent falls through skylights, roof
openings and even floor openings:
1. Never sit on, lean against or step on
a skylight or any covering placed over
a hole in a roof or floor. The material
used for the cover may not support
your weight.
2. Guard or securely cover all holes you
have created or uncovered before you
leave the work area. Other workers may
not notice an uncovered hole and could

I The

Foreman's Safety Meeting Script I

Fall Protection

accidentally fall through it.


3. Ask your foreman for the safety procedures to follow when covering or guarding a hole.
4. Get fall protection information from
your foreman.
5. Always use a personal fall arrest system (PFAS) when working over an
unguarded or uncovered opening that is
more than 6 feet above a lower level.
(An example would be if you are installing a skylight in an opening that cannot
be guarded or covered because of the
nature of the work.)
6. If you use a PFAS, inspect it every day
and report any damage or deficiencies to
your foreman. Tie off only to anchorage
points that have been checked and identified as being safe.
7. Immediately report to your foreman any
unguarded skylight or roof opening (or
floor opening) or other fall hazards in
the work area.
8. Participate in all safety and health
training programs.
9. Follow the safe work practices that have
been established for your job.
10. If you have any questions about how to
perform your job safely, ask your foreman for instructions.

A Final Word
Keep in mind that every year falls account
for the greatest number of fatalities in the
construction industry. Studies show that
guardrails, personal fall arrest systems and
covers can prevent many deaths and injuries
from falls. However, they can't help protect
you if you do not use them when required.
We ask that you use the fall protection we
have put in place and attend all training sessions that we provide. And if you are ever
unsure of how to safely use the protective
equipment or if you become aware of an
unsafe condition, see your foreman.
Thanks for your attention.
Have a safe day.
fGO

1330

Meeting Date: _~/

Fall Protection

__

.I__

Job Site:

Safety Meeting Attendance Sheet

Job Number: --------igning below indicates that I attended a safety meeting presented by my employer on the above date on the subject indicated. I understand that this is part
of an ongoing training effort and I was given the opportunity to ask questions
about what was addressed.

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Trainer's Signature

Meeting Date: __

Fall Protection

/__

/__

Job Site:

Safety Meeting Attendance Sheet

Job Number:

igning below indicates that I attended a safety meeting presented by my employer on the above date on the subject indicated. I understand that this is part
of an ongoing training effort and I was given the opportunity to ask questions
about what was addressed.
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