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A Study on health and safety measures in Neycer India Ltd

2015

Chapter I
INTRODUCTION

Due to rapid industrialization, industrial workers are exposed to several types of


hazards and accidents. Every year lakhs of workers are injured due to mechanical, chemical,
electrical and radiation hazards and it leads to partial or total disablement. So in recent years,
greater attention is given to health and safety due to pressure from government, trade unions,
labour laws and awareness of employers.

The efficiency of workers depends to a great extends on the environment in which the
work. Work environment consists of all the factors, which act and react on the body and mind
of an employee. The primary aim is to create an environment, which ensures the greatest ease
of work and removes all causes of worries.

Occupational health and safety is a discipline with a broad scope involving many
specialized fields. In its broadest sense, it should aim at:

a)

The promotion and maintenance of the highest degree of physical, mental and social
well-being of workers in all occupations.

b)

The prevention among workers of adverse effects on health caused by their working
conditions.

c)

The protection of workers in their employment from risks resulting from factors
adverse to health.

d)

The placing and maintenance of workers in an occupational environment adapted to


physical and mental needs.

e)

The adaptation of work to humans.

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A Study on health and safety measures in Neycer India Ltd

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Successful occupational health and safety practice requires the collaboration and
participation of both employers and workers in health and safety programmes, and involves
the consideration of issues relating to occupational medicine, industrial hygiene, toxicology,
education, engineering safety, ergonomics, psychology, etc.

Occupational health issues

are

often

given

less

attention

than

occupational safety issues because the former are generally more difficult to confront.
However, when health is addressed, so is safety, because a healthy workplace is by definition
also a safe workplace. The converse, though, may not be true - a so-called safe workplace is
not necessarily also a healthy workplace. The important point is that issues of both health and
safety must be addressed in every workplace.

Work plays a central role in people's lives, since most workers spend at least eight
hours a day in the workplace, whether it is on a plantation, in an office, factory, etc.
Therefore, work environments should be safe and healthy. Unfortunately some employers
assume little responsibility for the protection of workers' health and safety. In fact, some
employers do not even know that they have the moral and often legal responsibility to protect
workers.
Health of the workers:
Health is a state of complete physical, mental and social wellbeing and not merely the
absence of diseases. Its a positive and dynamic concept which means something more than
the absence of illness.
Safety of the workers:
Safety is a measures or techniques implemented to reduce the risk of injury, loss and
danger to persons, property or the environment in any facility or place involving the
manufacturing, producing and processing of goods or merchandise.

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1.1 About the project


The survey has been conducted from employees in order to find out satisfactory level
of the employees towards health and safety of Neycer India Limited at Vadalur.

The area selected for this study is Neycer India Limited; the sample size chosen for the study
was 100 employees.

The important factors considered for the analysis are health and safety measure in the
Transport, Canteen performance, welfare facilities, working condition and safety
programmes.

The collect data were poled out and analyzed by applying suitable statistical tools.

The findings and suggestions are given for further development and maintain health and
safety of the organization.

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1.2 PROFILE OF THE COMPANY:

Neycer India limited is formally known as Neyveli Ceramics & Refractorys Limited, was
promoted by South Madras. Industrial Development Company Private Limited. An affiliate
of Seshasyee brothers (Pvt) Limited. The company was incorporated on 12th may1960.The
project was established with a licensed capacity to manufacture 1800tonnes of sanitary ware
per annum.The technical collaboration for his venture was provided by M/s Elemental
Baykeramik vestries GMBH (KERAMAG) OF West Germany. The project was completed
and the commercial production commenced in October 1965.
The production plant was steadily increased and the rated capacity of 1800 tones per annum
was reached in 1967.
GROWTH AND EXPANSION:
The company after availing the technical services from M/s Bombay Potteries
and Tiles Limited, Bombay, increased its installed capacity from 1800 tonnes to 3000
tonnes. In the year 1974-75, the installed was further increased from 3000 tonnes to 4200
tonnes per annum at a further outlay. In april 1977,the agreement with M/s Bombay
potteries and tiles limited was terminated has the company had acquired the required skill and
experience from running the plant on their own strength.
In April 1979, the company further increase the capacity from 4200 tonnes per
annum to 4800 tonnes involving the extension of casting shop introduction of the humidity
control system in one of the casting, shops, installation of a twin tunnel ories, construction of
the new work building was provided.
In 1987,the plant had increased the capacity from 7500 tonnes to 9000 tonnes.
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NEYCER BRAND NAME:


Due to the long existence of the company and manufacturing and marketing the
product with consistent quality, the NEYCER brand name has become to hold name in our
country.
NEW DESIGN:
Neycer has the capability to develop new patterns, products as per the exclusive
requirement of customers and has skilled man power developed over a period of more than 4
decades. Neycer products

are famous for the range of patterns and glossy colours with

different sizes in each under regular manufacture. It has been continuously updating its
manufacturing techniques to product of superior quality. Some of the recently developed
products won prized in exhibitions conducted in eighties.
NEYECR TILES:
With the setting up of Neycer Ceramic Tiles plat at Pondicherry in 1986, the customer
has got the advantage of getting both Neycer Sanitary ware and tiles from one source of their
according to choice.
SPARTEK TAKE OVER:
During 1988, the Neycer management came under Spartek Group, the pioneers in
ceramic tiles manufacturing in India .After this, the company has made headway in:
1.Reduction of excess man power.
2.Elimination of wasteful and unwanted practices in operations.
3.Modernizing the plant and machinery.
4.Developing new designs and colours.

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5.Improving the process methods and technology up gradation.


There are various ambitious programmes contemplated to modernize the plant to achieve
better productivity and the best quality to meet the market requirements.
In 1989 1998, the Neycer further make improvements in their products, and also improve
the market at large. By producing the capacity of the product up to 12000 tonnes to 14500
tonnes.
In 1999 2002 the capacity of the Neycer had increased the installed capacity up to 15000
tonnes to 25000 tonnes per annum.
From 2003 2005 the capacity was further from 25000 tonnes to 30000 tonnes per
annum,Due to the more in improvements of the marketing activities.
From 2006 2009 the market has become very large then the capacity was further increased
from 30000 tonnes to 45000 tonnes per annum.
ABOUT THE PRODUCT
The Neycer is making a wide range of sanitary ware in 20 colours, The product range
include various types of wash closets, urinals, pans and toilet accessories.
The plant has got the production capacity if 12000 M.T.per annum.
We are having 2 Tunnels Kilns, one Push Bat Kiln and Shuttle Kiln.
The various production stages are briefly explained below.

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1. RAW MATERIALS:
S.NO

RAW MATERIALS

1.

Ball Clay

2.

China Clay

3.

Feldspar

4.

Quartz

5.

Wollastonitc

6.

Calcitc

7.

Zircon

8.

Zinc Oxide

9.

CMC

10.

Chemicals

11.

Colour Staains

DRY GRINDING PLANT:


Feldspar , Quartz and Pitcher which we are getting in lumps from are being ground in
the dry grinding plant. the fire powder from DG plant will pass through a magnetic drum
from removal of iron contamination and finally enter the storage silo. From the silo the
powder is collected, packed in gunny bags and sent to the production department for body
glaze preparation.
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SLIP HOUSE-BODY PREPRATION:


In slip house, separate storage bins are available for keeping all the raw materials.
From the storage bins, the raw materials are transported to high speed bungers, where the ball
clay, china clay, feldspar powder, green ware rejects and pre-ground silica sand slurry are
mixed with water and electrolytes. Then the study is sieved and pumped to the mixing tank.
From the ;mixing tank, the slip is pumped to the second stage sieving arrangement through
magnets and the final slip, it is supplied from the storage tanks to the Casting Department by
pumps through pipe lines.
GLAZE PREPARATION:
The glazes raw materials are loaded in porcelain lined Ball Mill with water and are
ground to form a fine glaze slip. The grinding media is dressed flint pebbles. The ground
glaze slips sieved and passed through powerful magnets for complete cllamination o9f iron
contamination.The processed glaze is stored in underground tanks with mixing arrangements.
After confirming the quality standards, the glaze is supplied to glazing department for
spraying operation. They are a number of Ball Mills for making different type of color glazes
as per production programme.
MOULDING:
Here the moulds required for casting department is made Moulds are made of Plaster
of Paris and water. First the model will be developed according to the requirement. Then the
mother mould will be taken from the model. From the mother mould, then Block and case
will be taken and from Block Case, working moulds will be made and sent for casting
department after drying.

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MOULD MADING PROCESS:


After arranging the block and case with liquid soap application, plaster of Paris and
water are mixed in a stirrer to form slurry. Then the slurry is poured into the block and case
and allowed to set and released from the block and case. The released mould finished for
removal of soap and sent for drying in the; mould drying chamber for a maximum period of
one week. After drying, the moulds are finished with fine sand papers and checked for
quality aspects. After quality confirmation, the moulds are supplied to the casting debarment
for casting.
Apart from plaster of Paris block and cases, we are making resin block and case
moulds-an improved technology of block making.
CASTING DEPARTMENT:
Here the moulds are arranged in the wooden benches according to the production
programmers. First the moulds are cleaned and steatite powder, Slurry water is applied on the
moulds, where ever necessary.
Then the body slip coming through the pipe lines from the Slip House storage tank is
filled in the moulds. After getting the required thickness, the excess slip is drained out and
sent to slip house for re-cycling. After sufficient drying, de-molding is done and the ware is
taken out from the mould and kept in the storage rack for two days for air drying. Then the
dried wares are finished, inspected and sent for further drying in drying chamber.
DRYING CHAMBER:
From the Casting Shop the wares are coming out with high moisture content. In the
chamber dryer, the wares are allowed to stand for 16 to 20 hours. Waste heat coming out
from the Tunnel Kiln issued for drying wares. Then the dried wares are glazing.
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NEW CDS DRYER:


On 2000, we have installed and commissioned one modern dryer of ceramic drying
systems UK. Here, the wares are dried.
GLAZING:
There are number of spray booths with conveyer arrangement. First the inspected
ware is subjected to perfect air blow for dust removal and the same is thoroughly water
sponged. Then the glaze is applied on the ware with the help of spray gun. Then the trade
name stamp, ISI
Stamp, date stamp and sprayers inspectors, spongers and loaders code numbers are put on the
war in respective places with screen and rubber stamp. Then the glaze at the unwanted
portion is removed and the wares are sent for loading department.
SHUTTLE KILN:
This is new advanced type open firing kiln. This is imported from UK. Fuel is gas.
It is used normally for the re-firing. This can also be used for first firing.
LOADING:
Here the cars are kept with refractory setters according to the production pattern. A
thin coating of alumina wash is given on the setters to avoid sticking of wares on the setters.
Thermo Cole pieces are used for cushioning effect. The wars are loaded on the setters and
after inspection and air blowing the car with wares are pushed inside the Tunnels Kiln for
firing.

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TUNNEL KILNS 1&2:


It is a continuous type of kiln. Fuel is natural gas. The ears loaded with the wars are
pushed into the kiln as per scheduled time with the help of hydraulic pushing machine and
fired around at 1200 approximately during the firing cycle. Centralized panel board is
available for controlling the temperature and draught. After completion of the firing and
cooling, the cars are taken out from the exit of the kiln and sent to the unloading and sorting
department.
PUSH BAT KILN:
This is also converted in to gas firing. Here mainly Indian pan and Orissa pan are
fired.
UNLOADING & SORTING DEPARTMENT:
The wares coming out from the kiln is unloaded here and classified as follows
according to Neycer specification which is more stringent than ISI norms.
Standard

A Class

Commercial

B Class

Faulty

Refire class-which is
Refired in Shuttle Kiln

After classification, suitable markings are given on the wares and sent to the packing
yard for sales. A flush testing room is provided with all fitting facilities to check up the
flushing performance of the daily products.

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1.3 OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY

To know the satisfactory level of employees health & safety.

To study the employee awareness about the health and safety provisions.

To study the effectiveness of the health and safety measures provides by the company.

To study the employees towards various health and safety measures.

To find the satisfactory level of employees with regard to welfare provisions that
binds the health and safety.

To know the medical availability in the company.

To know the ambulance and other emergency facilities available in the company.

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1.4 SCOPE OF THE STUDY

To-day employee welfare programmers are become important because


it is spent as good investment by the Employers.

From the investment, employer is benefited by increased production


or better quality of work. Study of welfare measures.

1.

It help to win over employees loyalty and increase their


morale.

2.

This will help to build-up stable force to reduce labour


turnover and absenteeism.

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1.5 IMPORTANCE OF THE STUDY

If there is no safety and Health measure, there is no organization. The importance of this
study is as follows,
Employee safety and Health measures are the important factors of an organization
to maintain quality of work life of the employee.

It develops both efficiency and productivity among the workers.

This study will helpful to create a good relationship between employees as well as
the employer.

This study is help to the organization while analyze the problems facing by an
employees regarding this measures. And take necessary steps for the purpose of satisfy
the needs of an employee etc..,

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1.6 NEED OF THE STUDY


Safety and health measure are the important factor for an organization to maintain
quality of work life of the employee.
Safety and health facilities may patronage the employee to work better and it will lead
to increase in output.
In every organization, an employees safety and welfare measure plays a vital role.
Hence I conducted research on this topic
To identify the employees response among various benefits regarding safety and
health measures in Neycer India Limited,Abathanapuram,Vadalur , Cuddalore District
To provide some suggestions for the purpose of improving the employees safety and health
measures in in Neycer India Limited

It helps to improve employees productivity or efficiency by increasing their physical


and mental health.

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CHAPTER - II
REVIEW OF LITERATURE
Workplace health and safety is protecting the safety, health and overall welfare of
employees at a particular company or institution. The goal of most workplace health and
safety programs is to promote a safer work environment for employees.

Health and safety

According to the International Labour Organization (ILO) and the World Health
Organization (WHO), health and safety at work is aimed at the promotion and maintenance
of the highest degree of physical, mental and social well-being of workers in all occupations;
the prevention among workers of leaving work due to health problems caused by their
working conditions; the protection of workers in their employment from risks resulting from
factors adverse to health; the placing and maintenance of the worker in an occupational
environment adapted to his or her physiological and psychological capabilities; and, to
summarise, the adaptation of work to the person and of each person to their job.

Occupational safety and health (OSH) is a cross-disciplinary area concerned with


protecting the safety, health and welfare of people engaged in work or employment. The
goals of occupational safety and health programs include to foster a safe and healthy work
environments may also protect co-workers, family members, employers, customers, and
many others who might be affected by the workplace environment.

Occupational safety and health can be important for moral, legal, and financial reasons. All
organizations have a duty of care to ensure that employees and any other person who may be
affected by the companies undertaking remain safe at all times.
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Moral obligations would involve the protection of employee's lives and health. Legal reasons
for OSH practices relate to the preventative, punitive and compensatory effects of laws that
protect worker's safety and health. OSH can also reduce employee injury and illness related
costs, including medical care, sick leave and disability benefit costs. OSH may involve
interactions among many subject areas, including occupational medicine, occupational
hygiene, public health, safety engineering, industrial engineering, chemistry, health physics,
ergonomics and occupational health psychology.

Health of the workers:


Health is a state of complete physical, mental and social wellbeing and not merely the
absence of diseases. Its a positive and dynamic concept which means something more than
the absence of illness.

Statutory provisions:
According to factories Act, 1948, the statutory provisions regarding the health of the
workers are stated in the sections 11 to 20. They are
Cleanliness (sec 11):
Every factory shall be kept clean by daily sweeping or washing the floors and
workrooms and by using disinfectants where every necessary. Walls, doors and windows
shall be repainted or varnished at least once in every 5 years.
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Disposal of wastes and effluents (sec 12):


The waste materials produced from the manufacturing process must be effectively
disposed of wastes.

Ventilation and temperature (sec 13):


There must be provision for adequate ventilation for the circulation of fresh air. The
temperature must be kept at a comfortable level. Hot parts of machines must be separated and
insulated. The State Government may make rules for the keeping of thermometers in
specified places and the adoption of methods which will keep the temperature low.

Removal of Dust and fumes (sec 14):


If the manufacturing process used gives off injurious or offensive dust and steps must
be taken so that they are not inhaled or accumulated. The exhaust fumes of internal
combustion engines must be conducted outside the factory.

Artificial humidification (sec 15):


The water used for this purpose must be pure. The State Government can frame rules
regarding the process of humidification etc. The water used for humidification shall be taken
from a public supply or other source of drinking water and must be effectively purified before
use.
Overcrowding (sec 16):
There must be no overcrowding in a factory. In factories existing before the
commencement of the Act there must be at least 9.9 cubic meters of space per worker. For
factories built afterwards, there must be at least 4.2 cubic meters of space. The chief inspector
of factories can also prescribe the maximum number of workers who can work in each work
room.
Lighting (sec 17):
Factories must be well lighted. Effective measures must be adopted to prevent glare or
formation of shadows which might cause eye strain.

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Drinking water (sec 18):


Arrangements must be made to provide a sufficient supply of wholesome drinking
water. All supply points of such water must be marked drinking water.
No such points shall be within 20 ft. (or 7.5 meters) of any latrine, washing place etc.
Factories employing more than 250 workers must cool the water during the hot weather.

Toilet facilities (sec 19):


Every factory must provide sufficient number of latrines and urinals. There must be
separate provisions for male and female workers.
Latrines and urinals must be kept in a clean and sanitary condition. In factories
employing more than 250 workers, they shall be of prescribed sanitary types.

Spittoons (sec 20):


A sufficient number of spittoons must be provided at convenient places, in a clean and
hygienic condition. The State Government may take rules regarding their number, location
and maintenance.
Safety of the workers:
Safety is a measures or techniques implemented to reduce the risk of injury, loss and
danger to persons, property or the environment in any facility or place involving the
manufacturing, producing and processing of goods or merchandise.

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Statutory provisions:
According to factories Act, 1948, the statutory provisions regarding the safety of the
workers are stated in the sections 21 to 41. They are

Fencing of machinery (Sec 21):


In every factory, every dangerous part of any machinery, every moving part of a
prime mover and every flywheel connected to prime mover the head-race and tail-race of
every water wheel and water turbine, and every part of an electric generator, motor or rotary
converter, every part of transmission machinery, must be securely fenced by safeguards of
substantial construction.

Work on or near machinery in motion (Sec 22):


It is necessary to examine any part of the machinery while it is motion. The
examination and lubrication of the machinery, while in motion, should be carried out only by
a specially-trained adult worker wearing tight-fitting clothing.

Employment of young persons on Dangerous machines (Sec 23):


A young person should not be allowed to work at dangerous machines unless, has
been sufficiently instructed and received sufficient training.

Striking gear and devices for cutting off power (Sec 24):
In every factory, suitable striking gear or other efficient mechanical appliance has to
be provided, maintained and used to move driving belts.

Self-acting machines (Sec 25):


No travelling part of a self-acting machine in any factory and no material carried
thereon shall be allowed to run on its outward or inward traverse within a distance of 18
inches from any fixed structure which is not a part of the machine, if a person is liable to pass
over the space over which it runs.

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Casing of new machinery (Sec 26):


All machinery driven by power, every set-screw, bolt or key or any revolving shaft,
spindle, wheel or pinion, spur, worm and other toothed or friction-gearing has to be properly
encased or guarded in order to prevent danger to the workmen.

Prohibition of employment of women and children near cotton openers (Sec 27):
Women and child workers are prohibited to be employed in any part of a factory for
pressing cotton in which a cotton opener is at work.

Hoists, lifts, lifting machines (Sec 28&29):


Lifting machines, chains, ropes and lifting tackles must be of good mechanical
construction, sound material and adequate strength and free from defects. They are to be
properly maintained and thoroughly examined by a competent person at least once in every 6
months.

Revolving machinery (Sec 30):


The maximum safe working peripheral speed of every grindstone or abrasive wheel
shall be permanently affixed. Safe working peripheral speed of every revolving vessel, cage,
basket, flywheel, pulley or disc has also to be ensured.

Pressure plant (Sec 31):


In any factory operation is carried on at a pressure above the atmospheric pressure,
effective arrangements shall be taken to ensure that the safe working pressure is not
exceeded.

Floors, stairs and means of access (Sec 32):


In every factory all floors, steps, stairs, passages and gangways shall be of sound
construction and properly kept and maintained.

Pits, sumps, openings in floors (Sec 33):


Every fixed vessel, sump, tank, pit or opening in the ground or in a floor, which may
be a source of danger shall be either securely covered or securely fenced.

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Excessive weights (Sec 34):


No person is to be employed in any factory to lift, carry or move any load so heavy as
is likely to cause him injury.

Protection of eyes (Sec 35):


The state government may require the provision of effective screens or suitable
goggles if the risk of injury to the eyes is caused from particles or fragments thrown off in the
manufacturing process or from exposure to excessive light.

Precautions against dangerous fumes (Sec 36):


In any factory, no person shall be allowed to enter any chamber, tank, vat, pipe, flue
or other confined space in which dangerous fumes are likely to be present to an extent
involving risks to persons.

Explosive or inflammable dust, gas (Sec 37):


All practicable measures have to be taken to prevent explosion by, effective enclosure
of plant and machinery, removal or prevention of the accumulation of dust, gas etc and
exclusion or effective enclosure of all possible sources of ignition.

Precaution in case of fire (Sec 38):


Every factory has to be provided with adequate means of escape in case of fire.
Effective and clearly audible means of giving warning in the case of fire have to be provided.
A free passage-way giving access to each means of escape in case of fire has to be
maintained.

Power to require specifications of defective parts or tests of stability (Sec 39):


The factory inspector to serve on the manager of a factory to furnish specifications of
defective parts or he may order the manager to carry out tests as he may specify and to inform
him of the results.

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Safety of buildings and machinery (Sec 40):


Every factory should adopt the measures to ensure the safety of the buildings and
machinery. The factory must employ the required safety officers according to the number of
workers working in the factory.
Power to make rules (Sec 41):
The state government has the power to make rules to supplement the provisions
relating to safety contained in the act.
Occupational accidents/disease:

Work-related accidents or diseases are very costly and can have many serious direct and
indirect effects on the lives of workers and their families. For workers some of the direct
costs of an injury or illness are:
a)

the pain and suffering of the injury or illness;

b)

the loss of income;

c)

the possible loss of a job;

d)

Health-care costs.

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It has been estimated that the indirect costs of an accident or illness can be four to ten
times greater than the direct costs, or even more. An occupational illness or accident can have
so many indirect costs to workers that it is often difficult to measure them. One of the most
obvious indirect costs is the human suffering caused to workers' families, which cannot be
compensated with money.
Identifying hazards in the workplace:

Use a
variety of
sources for
information
about
potential or
existing
hazards in
your
workplace

Some occupational diseases have been recognized for many years, and affect workers in
different ways depending on the nature of the hazard, the route of exposure, the dose, etc.
Some well-known occupational diseases include:

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a)

2015

Asbestosis (caused by asbestos, which is common in insulation, automobile brake


linings, etc.)

b)

Silicosis (caused by silica, which is common in mining, sandblasting, etc.)

c)

Lead poisoning (caused by lead, which is common in battery plants, paint factories,
etc.)

d)

Noise-induced hearing loss (caused by noise, which is common in many workplaces,


including airports, and workplaces where noisy machines, such as presses or drills,
etc.)

Importance of management commitment on health and safety:

A successful
health and
safety
programme
requires
strong
management
commitment
and worker
participation

In order to develop a successful health and safety programme, it is essential that there
be strong management commitment and strong worker participation in the effort to create and
maintain a safe and healthy workplace. An effective management addresses all work-related
hazards, not only those covered by government standards.
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All levels of management must make health and safety a priority. They must
communicate this by going out into the worksite to talk with workers about their concerns
and to observe work procedures and equipment. In each workplace, the lines of responsibility
from top to bottom need to be clear, and workers should know who is responsible for
different health and safety issues.

Importance of training:

Effective
training is
a key
component
of any
health and
safety
programme

Workers often experience work-related health problems and do not realize that the
problems are related to their work, particularly when an occupational disease, for example, is
in the early stages. Besides the other more obvious benefits of training, such as skills
development, hazard recognition, etc., a comprehensive training programme in each
workplace will help workers to:

a)

Recognize early signs/symptoms of any potential occupational diseases before they


become permanent conditions.

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b)

Assess their work environment.

c)

Insist that management make changes before hazardous conditions can develop.

Health and safety programmes:

Effective workplace health and safety programmes can help to save the lives of workers
by reducing hazards and their consequences. Health and safety programmes also have
positive effects on both worker morale and productivity, which are important benefits.
At the same time, effective programmes can save employers a great deal of money. For
all of the reasons given below, it is crucial that employers, workers and unions are committed
to health and safety.

a)

Workplace hazards are controlled - at the source whenever possible.

b)

Records of any exposure are maintained for many years.

c)

Both workers and employers are informed about health and safety risks in the
workplace.

d)

There is an active and effective health and safety committee that includes both
workers and management.

e)

Worker health and safety efforts are ongoing.

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REVIEW OF LITERATURE FROM JOURNAL AND ARTICLES:


1) Johannson B; Rask K; Stenberg M (2010)1, this study was to carry out a broad survey
and analysis of relevant research articles about piece rate wages and their effects on
health and safety. A total of 75 research articles were examined extensively and 31 of
these were found relevant and had sufficient quality to serve the purpose of this study.
The findings of these relevant articles are summarized and analysed in the survey. More
recent research shows a clear interest for health, musculoskeletal injuries, physical
workload, pains and occupational injuries. The fact that 27 of the 31 studied articles
found negative effects of piece rates on different aspects of health and safety does not
prove causality, but together they give very strong support that in most situations piece
rates have negative effects on health and safety.
2) Tompa, Emile PhD; Dolinschi, Roman MA; de Oliveira (2009)2, we reviewed the
occupational health and safety intervention literature to synthesize evidence on financial
merits of such interventions. A literature search included journal databases, existing
systematic reviews, and studies identified by content experts. We found strong evidence
that ergonomic and other musculoskeletal injury prevention intervention in manufacturing
and warehousing are worth undertaking in terms of their financial merits. The economic
evaluation of interventions in this literature warrants further expansion. The review also
provided insights into how the methodological quality of economic evaluations in this
literature could be improved.
3) Conor CO Reynolds; M Anne Harris; Peter A Cripton; Meghan Winters (2009)3,
Bicycling has the potential to improve fitness. Understanding ways of making bicycling
safer is important to improving population health. We reviewed studies of the impact of
transportation infrastructure on bicyclist safety. To assess safety, studies examining the
following outcomes were included: injuries; injury severity; and crashes. Results to date
suggest that sidewalks and multi-use trails pose the highest risk, major roads are more
hazardous than minor roads, and the presence of bicycle facilities (e.g. on-road bike
routes, on-road marked bike lanes, and off-road bike paths) was associated with the
lowest risk. Street lighting, paved surfaces, and low-angled grades are additional factors
that appear to improve cyclist safety.
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4) Lucia Artazcoz; Imma Cortes; Vincenta Escriba-aguir; Lorena Cascant (2009)4, the
objectives of this study was to identify family and job characteristics associated with long
work hours. The sample was composed of all salaried workers aged 1664 years (3950
men and 3153 women) interviewed in the 2006 Catalonian Health Survey. Factors
associated with long working hours differed by gender. In men, working 5160 h a week
was consistently associated with poor mental health status, self-reported hypertension, job
dissatisfaction, smoking, shortage of sleep. Among women it was only related to smoking
and to shortage of sleep. The association of overtime with different health indicators
among men and women could be explained by their role as the family breadwinner.
5) Dee W. Edington; Alyssa B. Schultz (2008)5, The aim was to present the literature
which provides evidence of the association between health risks and the workplace
economic measures of time away from work, reduced productivity at work, health care
costs and pharmaceutical costs. A search of PubMed was conducted and high quality
studies were selected and combined with studies known to the authors. A strong body of
evidence exists which shows that health risks of workers are associated with health care
costs and pharmaceutical costs. A growing body of literature also confirms that health
risks are associated with the productivity measures. The paper shows that measures of
success will continue to be important as the field of worksite health management moves
forward.
6) David E. Cantor (2008)6, The purpose of this paper was to review the literature and call
for additional research into the human, operational, and regulatory issues that contribute
to workplace safety in the supply chain. This paper identifies several potential research
opportunities that can increase awareness of the importance of improving a firm's
workplace safety practices. This paper identifies 108 articles which informs, how the
logistics and transportation safety has evolved. The paper identifies 14 future research
opportunities within the workplace safety in the supply chain, that have been identified
can have a positive effect on practitioners confronted with safety issues.
7) Lucia Artazcoz; Imma Cortes; Vincenta Escriba-aguir; Lorena Cascant (2007)7, To
provide a framework for epidemiological research on work and health that combines
classic occupational epidemiology and the consideration of work in a structural
perspective focused on gender inequalities in health. Gaps and limitations in classic
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occupational epidemiology, when considered from a gender perspective, are described.


Classic occupational epidemiology has paid less attention to womens problems than
mens. Research into work related gender inequalities in health has rarely considered
either social class or the impact of family demands on mens health. The analysis of work
and health from a gender perspective should take into account the complex interactions
between gender, family roles, employment status and social class.
8) Shouji Nagashima; Yasushi Suwazono; Yasushi Okubo; Mirei Uetani (2007)8, The
aim was to clarify the influence of working hours on both mental and physical symptoms
of fatigue and use the data obtained to determine permissible working hours. The survey
of day-shift male workers, using the Self-Rating Depression Scale (SDS) and Cumulative
Fatigue Symptoms Index (CFSI). A total of 715 workers participated. In the group
working 260279 h/month, the odds ratios for SDS and irritability and chronic
tiredness of the CFSI were increased. In the group working 280 h/month, the odds ratios
on CFSI for general fatigue, physical disorders, anxiety and chronic tiredness were
likewise increased. The research clarified that working hours should be <260 h/month in
order to minimize fatigue symptoms in male day workers.
9) L Ala-Mursula; J Vahtera; A Kouvonen; A Vaananen; A Linna (2006)9, The
associations of working hours (paid, domestic, commuting, and total) with sickness,
absence, and to examine whether these associations vary according to the level of
employee control over daily working hours. The study among 25,703 full-time public
sector workers in 10 towns in Finland. Long domestic and total working hours were
associated with higher rates of medically certified sickness absences among both genders.
Low control over daily working hours predicted medically certified sickness absences for
both the women and men. In combinations, high control over working hours reduced the
adverse associations of long domestic and total working hours with medically certified
absences. Employee control over daily working hours may protect health and help
workers successfully combine a full-time job with the demands of domestic work.

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10) A Baker; K Heiler; S A Ferguson (2002)10, The occupational health and safety
implications associated with compressed and extended work periods have not been fully
explored in the mining sector. Absenteeism and incident frequency rate data were
collected over a 33 month period that covered three different roster schedules. The only
significant change in absenteeism rates was an increase in the maintenance sector in the
third data collection period. The current study did not find significant negative effects of a
12-hour pattern, when compared to an 8-hour system. However, when unregulated and
excessive overtime was introduced as part of the 12-hour/5-day roster, absenteeism rates
were increased in the maintenance sector.
11) N Nakanishia; H Yoshidaa; K Naganoa; H Kawashimob; K Nakamurac (2001)11, to
evaluate the association of long working hours with the risk of hyper-tension. The work
site is in Osaka, Japan. 941 hypertension free Japanese male white collar workers aged
3554 years were prospectively examined by serial annual health examinations. 424 men
developed hypertension above the borderline level. After controlling for potential
predictors of hypertension, the relative risk for hypertension above the borderline level,
compared with those who worked < 8.0 hours per day was 0.48, for those who worked
10.010.9 hours per day was 0.63. These results indicate that long working hours are
negatively associated with the risk for hypertension in Japanese male white collar
workers.
12) N. Haworth; C. Tingvall & N. Kowadlo (2000)12, In response to an increasing
awareness of the role of work-related driving in crashes and the related costs, many
private and government organisations have developed programs to improve fleet safety.
The purpose of this project is to investigate the potential to introduce road safety based
initiatives in the corporate environment. From the review, that the fleet safety initiatives
which have potential to be effective are, Selecting safer vehicles, Some particular driver
training and education programs, Incentives, Company safety programs. It is assumed that
the degree of influence is likely to decrease as the type of vehicle moves from the fleet
towards the private end of the continuum.

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13) Graves carol gevecker; Matanoski genevieve m; Tardiff robert g (2000)13, Carbonless
copy paper (CCP), introduced in 1954. Its safety to workers who handle large amounts of
CCP has been addressed in numerous studies and reports. This review encompasses the
world's literature on CCP and provides a weight-of-evidence analysis of the safety of
CCP to workers in the United States. Since 1987, has produced neither primary skin
irritation nor skin sensitization under normal conditions of manufacture and use. Finally,
very few published complaints have come from the manufacturing sector where the
closest and most voluminous contact occurs. Based on the weight of the evidence,
NIOSH is anticipated to conclude that CCP is not a hazard to workers and has only a
small possibility of producing mild and transient skin irritation.
14) Karen J.M. Niven (2000)14, A literature review was described which aimed to evaluate
economic evaluations of health and safety interventions in healthcare. Problems were
identified with valuing benefits in health and safety because they frequently take many
years to emerge and are difficult to measure. Understanding of economic techniques
within the health and safety professions was limited, resulting in wide-ranging
assumptions being made as to the positive economic impact of health and safety
interventions. Healthcare managers, health economists, and health and safety
professionals have not traditionally worked together and have inherent misunderstandings
of each other roles. The review concludes that the aim of future research should be to
assist the National Health Service (NHS) to make valid decisions about health and safety
investment and risk control methods.
15) A Spurgeon; J M Harrington; C L Cooper (1997)15, The European Community
Directive on Working Time, which should have been implemented in member states of
the European Community by November 1996. This paper reviews the current evidence
relating to the potential effects on health and performance of extensions to the normal
working day. Research to date has been restricted to a limited range of health outcomes-namely, mental health and cardiovascular disorders. Other potential effects which are
normally associated with stress--for example, gastrointestinal disorders, musculoskeletal
disorders, and problems associated with depression of the immune system, have received
little attention. It is concluded that there is currently sufficient evidence to raise concerns
about the risks to health and safety of long working hours.
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16) Simon Chapple and Tracy Mears (1996)16, Most OECD countries rely on a mixture of
market forces, tort liability, compulsory insurance and government regulation to deal with
workplace safety and health issues. There are also other non-efficiency reasons for
government involvement in workplace safety and health. However, while markets may
not be efficient, government intervention can fail to make any improvement and/or not
satisfy cost-benefit criteria. While the empirical evidence is not clear cut, the balance of
the evidence suggests that wages may include some consideration for health and safety
risks. Evidence also suggests that workers compensation systems increase the frequency
and duration of claims for non-fatal injuries, but may decrease the number of fatal
injuries.
17) Peter Hasle and Hans Jorgen Limborg (1995)17, The scientific literature regarding
preventive occupational Health and Safety Activities in Small Enterprises has been
reviewed in order to identify effective preventive approaches and to develop a future
research strategy. There is a lack of evaluation of intervention studies, both in terms of
effect and practical applicability. However, there is sufficiently strong evidence to
conclude that workers of small enterprises are subject to higher risks than the larger ones,
and that small enterprises have difficulties in controlling risk. The most effective
preventive approaches seem to be simple and low cost solutions, disseminated through
personal contact. It is important to develop future intervention research strategies, which
study the complete intervention system of the small enterprises.
18) International Council on Nanotechnology, Rice University18, The report, "Current
Knowledge and Practices regarding Environmental Health and Safety in the
Nanotechnology Workplace", offers a review and analysis of existing efforts to develop
"best practices." This report finds that efforts to catalogue workplace practices have not
systematically documented current environment, health and safety practices in a variety
of workplace settings and geographies. Moreover, it finds that some existing documents
are not publicly available.

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19) Maynard, Andrew D19, Article from newsletter by Andrew Maynard summarizing the
current level of development and government investment in nanotechnology research and
development, how nanotechnology presents a potential challenge to conventional
approaches to understanding health hazards in the workplace, and how the United States
National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health is working to address current and
potential adverse health impacts in the workplace from nanotechnology.
20) Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment, and Health20, This article seeks to
address a number of important questions concerning the potential health and workplace
safety risks raised by the manufacturing, handling, and distributing of engineered
nanoparticles. The article addresses the following questions; (1) the hazards classification
of engineered nanoparticles, (2) exposure metrics, (3) the actual exposures workers may
have to different engineered nanoparticles in the workplace, (4) the limits of engineering
controls and personal protective equipment in protecting workers in regard to engineered
nanoparticles, (5) the kind of surveillance programs that should be put in place to protect
workers, (6) whether exposure registers should be established, and (7) if engineered
nanoparticles should be treated as new substances and evaluated for safety and hazards.

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CHAPTER III

RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
RESEARCH

Research is a process in which the researcher wishes to find out the end result for a
given problem and thus the solution helps in future course of action. The research has been
defined as A careful investigation or enquiry especially through search for new fact in any
branch of knowledge.

RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

The procedure using, which researchers go about their work of describing, explaining
and predicting phenomena, is called Methodology. Methods compromise the procedures used
for generating, collecting, and evaluating data. Methods are the ways of obtaining
information useful for assessing explanation.

TYPES OF RESEARCH

The type of research used in this project is descriptive in nature. Descriptive research
is essentially a fact finding related largely to the present, abstracting generations by cross
sectional study of the current situation .The descriptive methods are extensively used in the
physical and natural science, for instance when physics measures, biology classifies, zoology
dissects and geology studies the rock. But its use in social science is more common, as in
socio economic surveys and job and activity analysis.

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DESCRIPTIVE RESEARCH AIMS AT

To portray the characteristics of a particular individual situation or group(with or


without specific initial hypothesis about the nature of this characteristics).

To determine the frequency with which something occurs or with which it is


associated with something else( usually , but not always ,with a specific initial
hypothesis).

The descriptive method has certain limitation; one is that the research may make description
itself an end itself.

Research is essentially creative and demands the discovery of facts on order to lead a
solution of the problem. A second limitation is associated whether the statistical techniques
dominate. The desire to over emphasis central tendencies and to fact in terms of Average,
Correlation, Means and dispersion may not always be either welcome.
This limitation arises because statistics which is partly a descriptive tool of analysis can aid
but not always explain casual relation.
DESIGN OF DESCRIPTIVE STUDIES:
Descriptive studies aim at portraying accurately the characteristics of a particular
group or solution. One may under take a descriptive study about the work in the factory,
health and welfare. A descriptive study may be concerned with the right to strike, capital
punishment, prohibition etc.
A descriptive study involves the following steps:
1. Formulating the objectives of the study .
2. Defining the population and selecting the sample .
3. Designing the method of data collection .
4. Analysis of the data .
5. Conclusion and recommendation for further improvement in the practices.

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RESEARCH DESIGN
Research design is the specification of the method and procedure for acquiring the
information needed to solve the problem.
The research design followed for this research study is descriptive research design where we
find a solution to an existing problem. The problem of this study is to find the effectiveness
of Employees Safety & Health at Neycer India Limited.

UNIVERSE AND SAMPLING:


This study was restricted to the blue collar employees. Out of the universe of 69 blue
collars, a sample of 100 respondents was selected by simple random sampling method. All
the opinions expressed herein are the contribution by the respondents only.

DATA COLLECTION METHOD


Survey method is considered the best method for data collection and the tool used for
data collection are Questionnaire. Private individuals, research workers, private and public
organizations and even government are adopting it. In this method a questionnaire is
collected through personal interview. A questionnaire consists of a number of question
involves both specific and general question related to Employees Safety & Health.
SOURCES OF DATA
The two sources of data collection are namely primary & secondary.

Primary data
Primary data are fresh data collected through survey from the employees using

questionnaire.

Secondary data
Secondary data are collected from books, internet and various journals, magazines

etc.
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STATISTICAL TOOLS USED

PERCENTAGE METHOD
In this project percentage method test and used. The following are the formula

Percentage of Respondent =

No. of Respondent

x 100

Total no. of Respondent

CHI - SQUARE Analysis

In this project chi- square test was used. This test is used to test significance of
association between two attributes. Chi- square, symbolically written as

(pronounce as

Ki- square), is a statistical measure used in the context of sampling analysis for
comparing a variance to a theoretical variance. Formula for finding chi square is
2

= (O-E)2/ E

In this study chi-square is to find the association between respondents


gender and respondents accident proneness, respondents accident proneness and enough
training for the employees & employees work load and the approach of the organization .

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CHAPTER - IV
DATA ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION
TABLE 1
AGE WISE CLASSIFICATION

S.No

Age Group

No.of.Respondents

percentage

Between 21 - 30 Years

20

20%

Between 31 - 40 Years

21

21%

Between 41 - 50 Years

08

08%

Above 50 Years

51

51%

Total

100

100%

INTERPRETATION:

The above table shows that 51% the respondents are in Above 51 age group and 21% of
the respondents are in between 31 to 40 age groups, 20% of the respondents are in between
21 30 age group, and remaining 8% of the respondents are in between 41 to 50 years.

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CHART 1
AGE WISE CLASSIFICATION

60%
50%

Percentage

40%
30%
20%
10%
0%
Between 21 - 30
Years

Between 31 - 40
Years

Between 41 - 50
Years

Above 50 Years

Age group of the responddnts

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TABLE 2
GENDER WISE CLASSIFICATION

S.No

Gender

No.of.Respondents

percentage

Male

94

94%

Female

06

6%

100

100%

Total

INTERPRETATION:
From the above table it is inferred that the 94% of the respondents are
Male and 6% of respondent are in female.

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CHART 2
GENDER WISE CLASSIFICATION

Female, 6%

Male, 94%

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TABLE 3
EDUCATIONAL QUALIFICATION

S.No

Educational Qualification

No.of.Respondents

percentage

SSLC and Below

69

69%

HSc

15

15%

Diploma

07

7%

UG

06

6%

PG

03

3%

Total

100

100%

INTERPRETATION:
From the above table it is inferred that 69% of the respondents were SSLC and
below,15% of the respondents were having HSc, and 7% of the respondents were having
diploma, 6% of the respondents were having UG and remaining 3% of respondents were PG
qualification.

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CHART 3
EDUCATIONAL QUALIFICATION

70%
60%

Percentage

50%
40%
30%
20%
10%
0%
SSLC and
Below

HSc

Diploma

UG

PG

Educational Qualification

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TABLE 4
CLASSIFICATION BASED ON THE MARITAL STATUS OF
THE RESPONDENTS

S.No

Marital Status

No.of.Respondents

percentage

Married

82

82%

Un Married

18

18%

100

100%

Total

INTERPRETATION:

From the above table it is inferred that the 82 % of the respondents are married and 18%
of the respondents are in UN married.

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CHART 4
CLASSIFICATION BASED ON THE MARITAL STATUS OF
THE RESPONDENTS

90%

80%

Percentage

70%
60%
50%
40%
30%
20%
10%
0%
Married

Un Married
Marital status

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TABLE 5
CLASSIFICATION BASED ON THE YEAR OF EXPERIENCE

S.No

Year of Experience

No.of.Respondents

Percentage

5 Years and Below

18

18%

6-10 Years

13

13%

11- 15 Years

03

03%

Above 15 Years

66

66%

100

100%

Total

INTERPRETATION:

From the above table it is inferred that 66% the respondents are having above 15 years
of experience, 18% of the respondents are having 5 years and below of experience, 13% of
the respondents are having 6 10 years of experience and remaining 03% of the respondents
having 11 15 years of experience.

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CHART 5
CLASSIFICATION BASED ON THE YEAR OF EXPERIENCE

5 Years and Below

6-10 Years

Above 15 Years

11- 15 Years

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TABLE 6
HEALTH & SAFETY POLICY

S.No

Health and safety policy

No.of.Respondents

Percentage

Yes

85

85%

No

15

15%

50

100%

1.

2.

Total

INTERPRETATION:
From the above table it is inferred that the 85% of the respondents are agreed
and remaining 15% of the respondents are disagreed that they have health and safety policy
in our company.

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CHART 6
HEALTH & SAFETY POLICY

90%

85%

80%
70%
Axis Title

60%
50%
40%
30%
20%
15%

10%
0%
Yes

No
Opinion about health safety policy

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TABLE 7
FACTORY SAFETY COMMITTEE

S.No

Safety committee

No.of.Respondents

Percentage

1.

Yes

87

87%

2.

No

13

13%

100

100%

Total

INTERPRETATION:
The above table shows that 87% of the respondents are agreed and remaining 13% of
the respondents are disagreed the safety committee is working in our company properly.

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CHART 7
FACTORY SAFETY COMMITTEE

90%
80%
70%
Percentage

60%
50%
40%
30%
20%
10%
0%
Yes

No
Factory safety committee

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TABLE 8
PROVIDING SPECIAL TRAINING ON SAFETY

S.No

Special training on
safety

No.of.Respondents

Percentage

1.

Yes

63

63%

2.

No

37

37%

100

100%

Total

INTERPRETATION:
The above table shows that 63% of the respondents are agreed and remaining 37% of
the respondents are disagreed the special training provide by the organization.

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CHART 8
PROVIDING SPECIAL TRAINING ON SAFETY

70%
60%

Percentage

50%
40%

30%
20%
10%
0%
Yes
No
Special training provide on safety

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TABLE 9
SAFETY COMMITTEE MEETING CONDUCTED

S.No

Safety committee meeting


conducted

No.of.Respondents

Percentage

1.

Weekly

13

13%

2.

Two Week once

7%

3.

Monthly

43

43%

4.

Yearly once

37

37%

100

100%

Total
INTERPRETATION:

The above table shows that 43% of the respondents are opinion that Monthly and
37 of the respondents are opinion that Yearly once, 13% of the respondents are opinion that
weekly and remaining 7% of the respondents are opinion that Two weeks one with safety
committee is being conducted in a year.

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CHART 9
SAFETY COMMITTEE MEETING CONDUCTED

50%
45%

43%

40%
37%

Percentage

35%
30%
25%
20%
15%

13%

10%
7%

5%
0%
Weekly

Two Week once

Monthly

Yearly once

Safety committee meeting conducted

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TABLE 10
MAJOR REASON FOR WORK RELATED ACCIDENT THAT OCCUR
IN THE ORGANIZATION

S.No

Major Reason for accident occur

No.of.Respondents

Percentage

1.

Improper lighting

36

36%

2.

Polluted work place

04

4%

3.

Improper ventilation

15

15%

4.

Inadequate safety devices

12

12%

5.

Unsafe and careless house keeping

23

23%

100

100%

Total

INTERPRETATION:
From the above table it is inferred that 36% of the respondents are opinion that
improper lighting, 23% of the respondents are opinion that unsafe and careless housekeeping
and 15% of the respondents are opinion that improper ventilation,12% of the respondents are
opinion that inadequate safety device and remaining 4% of the respondents are opinion that
polluted work place is a major reason for work related accident that occur in the organization.

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CHART 10
MAJOR REASON FOR WORK RELATED ACCIDENT THAT OCCUR
IN THE ORGANIZATION

40%
35%

Percentage

30%
25%
20%
15%
10%
5%
0%
Improper lighting

Polluted work
place

Improper
ventilation

Inadequate safety Unsafe and


devices
careless house
keeping

Major Reason for accident occur

DEPARTMENT OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION

Page 58

A Study on health and safety measures in Neycer India Ltd

2015

TABLE 11
WORKER BASED CAUSES FOR THE ACCIDENT THAT OCCUR
IN THE ORGANIZATION

Worker based causes for the


accident that occur

No.of.Respondents

Percentage

Lack of adequate skill

30

30%

2.

Disturbed mental condition

24

24%

3.

Neglecting safety devices

25

25%

4.

Unsafe speed

7%

5.

Unsafe material handling

7%

6.

Others

7%

100

100%

S.No

1.

Total

INTERPRETATION:
From the above table it is inferred that the 30% of the respondents are opinion
that lack of adequate skill, 25% of the respondents are opinion that neglecting safety devices
and 24% of the respondents are opinion that disturbed mental condition and remaining 7% of
the respondents are opinion that unsafe speed, unsafe material handling are the worker based
causes for accident occur in the organization.

DEPARTMENT OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION

Page 59

A Study on health and safety measures in Neycer India Ltd

2015

CHART 11
WORKER BASED CAUSES FOR THE ACCIDENT THAT OCCUR

Worker based causes for the accident that occur

IN THE ORGANIZATION

Others

Unsafe material handling

Unsafe speed

Neglecting safety devices

Disturbed mental condition

Lack of adequate skill


0%

5%

10%

15%

20%

25%

30%

Percentage

DEPARTMENT OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION

Page 60

A Study on health and safety measures in Neycer India Ltd

2015

TABLE 12
MAINTENANCE OF FIRE FIGHTING EQUIPMENTS

S.No

Maintenance of firefighting
equipment

No.of.Respondents

Percentage

1.

Highly Satisfied

65

65%

2.

Satisfied

15

15%

3.

Moderate

10

10%

4.

Dis-Satisfied

10

10%

100

100%

Total

INTERPRETATION:
From the above table it is inferred that 65% the respondents are highly satisfied about
maintenance of firefighting equipment, 15% of the respondents are satisfied and both the10%
of the respondents are moderate and Dis-satisfied about maintenance of firefighting
equipment respectively.

DEPARTMENT OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION

Page 61

A Study on health and safety measures in Neycer India Ltd

2015

CHART 12
MAINTENANCE OF FIRE FIGHTING EQUIPMENTS

Maintenance of firefighting equipment

70%
65%
60%
50%
40%
30%
20%
15%
10%

10%

0%

0
Highly
Satisfied

10%

0
Satisfied

Moderate

Dis-Satisfied

Percentage

DEPARTMENT OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION

Page 62

A Study on health and safety measures in Neycer India Ltd

2015

TABLE 13
SAFTY TRAINING PROGRAMME TO THE NEW WORKMAN

S.No

Safety induction training


to new workman

No.of.Respondents

Percentage

1.

Yes

78

78%

2.

No

22

22%

100

100%

Total

INTERPRETATION:
The above table shows that 78% of the respondents are say that yes and
remaining 30% of the respondents are say that no in company gives the safety induction to
the new workman in the plant.

DEPARTMENT OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION

Page 63

A Study on health and safety measures in Neycer India Ltd

2015

TABLE 13
SAFTY TRAINING PROGRAMME TO THE NEW WORKMAN

80%
70%

Percentage

60%
50%
40%
30%
20%
10%

0%
Yes

No

Safety induction training to new workman

DEPARTMENT OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION

Page 64

A Study on health and safety measures in Neycer India Ltd

2015

TABLE 14
SAFTY TRAINING PROGRAMME ATTENDED IN LAST ONE YEAR

S.No

Safety training
programme attended

No.of.Respondents

Percentage

1.

Yes

90

90%

2.

No

10

10%

100

100%

Total

INTERPRETATION:
The above table shows that 90% of the respondents are say that yes and
remaining 10% of the respondents are say that no in safety training programme attended in
last one year.

DEPARTMENT OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION

Page 65

A Study on health and safety measures in Neycer India Ltd

2015

CHART 14
SAFTY TRAINING PROGRAMME ATTENDED IN LAST ONE YEAR

100%
Safety training programme attended

90%
80%

70%
60%
50%
40%
30%
20%
10%
0%
Yes

No
Percentage

DEPARTMENT OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION

Page 66

A Study on health and safety measures in Neycer India Ltd

2015

TABLE 15
ATTEND SAFETY TRAINNING PROGRAMME IN LAST ONE YEAR

S.No

Safety training programme


attended

No.of.Respondents

Percentage

1.

One time

39

39%

2.

Two time

35

35%

3.

More than two time

26

26%

100

100%

Total

INTERPRETATION:
The above table shows that 39% the respondents are attending safety training
programme at one time, 35% of the respondents are attending safety training programme at
Two times and remaining 26% of the respondents are attending more than two times in safety
training programme attended in last year.

DEPARTMENT OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION

Page 67

A Study on health and safety measures in Neycer India Ltd

2015

CHART 15
ATTEND SAFETY TRAINNING PROGRAMME IN LAST ONE YEAR

Safety training programme attended

40%
35%
30%
25%
20%
15%
10%
5%
0%

One time

Two time

More than two time

Percentage

DEPARTMENT OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION

Page 68

A Study on health and safety measures in Neycer India Ltd

2015

TABLE 16
AT THE TIME OF JOINING AWARENESS LEVEL OF HEALTH AND SAFETY

S.No

Awareness level at the time of


joining

1.

Very high

2.

High

3.

Low

4.

Very low

5.

None
Total

No.of.Respondents

Percentage

57

57%

08
09

8%
9%

12

12%

14

14%

100

100%

INTERPRETATION:
From the above table it is inferred that 57% of the respondents are very high and 14%
of the respondents are none, 12% of the respondents are very low and 9% of the respondents
are low, 8% of the respondents are high with at the time of joining awareness level of health
and safety.

DEPARTMENT OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION

Page 69

A Study on health and safety measures in Neycer India Ltd

2015

CHART 16
AT THE TIME OF JOINING AWARENESS LEVEL OF HEALTH AND SAFETY

60%
50%

Percentage

40%
30%
20%
10%
0%
Very high

High

Low

Very low

None

Awareness level at the time of joining

DEPARTMENT OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION

Page 70

A Study on health and safety measures in Neycer India Ltd

2015

TABLE 17
AT PRESENT AWARE ABOUT EMPLOYEE HEALTH AND SAFETY

S.No

Awareness level at
present

No.of.Respondents

Percentage

1.

Yes

91

91%

2.

No

09

9%

100

100%

Total

INTERPRETATION:
From the above table it is inferred that the 91% of the respondents are says that
yes and remaining 9% of the respondents are says that no in at present aware about employee
health and safety.

DEPARTMENT OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION

Page 71

A Study on health and safety measures in Neycer India Ltd

2015

CHART 17
AT PRESENT AWARE ABOUT EMPLOYEE HEALTH AND SAFETY

100%

90%
80%

Percentage

70%
60%
50%
40%
30%
20%
10%
0%
Yes

No
Awareness level at present

DEPARTMENT OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION

Page 72

A Study on health and safety measures in Neycer India Ltd

2015

TABLE 18
HEALTH AND SAFETY AWARENESS THROUGH WHICH

S.No

Awareness Through

No.of.Respondents

Percentage

1.

Motion pictures

38

38%

2.

Written broaches

6%

3.

Colleagues

36

36%

4.

Manger in person

3%

5.

Others

17

17%

100

100%

Total

INTERPRETATION:
From the above table it is inferred that 38% of the respondents acquired the
knowledge through motion pictures, 36% of the respondents through colleagues and 17% of
the respondents through others and 6% of the respondents through written broachers, and the
3% of the respondents through colleagues.

DEPARTMENT OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION

Page 73

A Study on health and safety measures in Neycer India Ltd

2015

CHART 18
HEALTH AND SAFETY AWARENESS THROUGH WHICH

40%
35%

Percentage

30%
25%
20%
15%
10%
5%
0%
Motion
pictures

Written
broaches

Colleagues

Manger in
person

Others

Awareness Through

DEPARTMENT OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION

Page 74

A Study on health and safety measures in Neycer India Ltd

2015

TABLE 19
PERSONAL PRODUCTIVE EQUIPMENTS USED DURING THE
WORKING HOURS

S.No

Personal protective
equipment used

No.of.Respondents

Percentage

1.

Yes

92

92%

2.

No

08

8%

50

100%

Total

INTERPRETATION:
From the above table it is inferred that the 92% of the respondents are agreed
and 8% of the respondents are disagreed that personal protective equipments are used during
the working hours.

DEPARTMENT OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION

Page 75

A Study on health and safety measures in Neycer India Ltd

2015

CHART 19
PERSONAL PRODUCTIVE EQUIPMENTS USED DURING THE
WORKING HOURS

100%
90%
80%

Percentage

70%
60%
50%
40%
30%
20%
10%
0%
Yes

No

Personal protective equipment used

DEPARTMENT OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION

Page 76

A Study on health and safety measures in Neycer India Ltd

2015

TABLE 20
COMPANY PROVIDE ADEQUATE PERSONAL PROTECTING EQUIPMENT

S.No

Provide personal
protective equipment

No.of.Respondents

Percentage

1.

Yes

88

88%

2.

No

12

12%

100

100%

Total

INTERPRETATION:
From the above table it is inferred that the 88 % of the respondents are agreed and
remaining 12% of the respondents are disagreed that adequate personal protective equipment
to be provided by organization.
.

DEPARTMENT OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION

Page 77

A Study on health and safety measures in Neycer India Ltd

2015

CHART 20
COMPANY PROVIDE ADEQUATE PERSONAL PROTECTING EQUIPMENT

90%
80%
70%

Percentage

60%
50%
40%
30%

20%
10%
0%
Yes

No

Provide personal protective equipment

DEPARTMENT OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION

Page 78

A Study on health and safety measures in Neycer India Ltd

2015

TABLE 21
COMPANY ARRANGE FOR MEDICAL CHECK-UP

S.No

Medical check up

No.of.Respondents

Percentage

1.

Yes

89

1
89%

2.

No

11

11%

100

100%

Total

INTERPRETATION:
From the above table it is inferred that the 89% of the respondents agreed and
remaining 11% of the respondents are dis agreed that the company arranged medical
Checkup regularly.

DEPARTMENT OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION

Page 79

A Study on health and safety measures in Neycer India Ltd

2015

CHART 21
COMPANY ARRANGE FOR MEDICAL CHECK-UP

90%
80%
70%
Percentage

60%
50%
40%
30%
20%

10%
0%
Yes

No
Medical check up

DEPARTMENT OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION

Page 80

A Study on health and safety measures in Neycer India Ltd

2015

TABLE 22
MEDICAL CHECK UP ATTENDED LAST YEAR

S.No

Frequency of medical
check up

No.of.Respondents

Percentage

1.

One time

45

45%

2.

Two time

22

22%

3.

More than two time

33

33%

100

100%

Total

INTERPRETATION:
From the above table it inferred that 45% the respondents are attending medical
checkup one time in yearly, 33% of the respondents are attending more than two time of year
and remaining 22%, of the respondents are attending more than two times of year.

DEPARTMENT OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION

Page 81

A Study on health and safety measures in Neycer India Ltd

2015

CHART 22
MEDICAL CHECK UP ATTENDED LAST YEAR

45%
40%
35%

Percentage

30%
25%
20%
15%
10%
5%
0%
One time

Two time

More than two time

Medical check up

DEPARTMENT OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION

Page 82

A Study on health and safety measures in Neycer India Ltd

2015

TABLE 23
ORGANIZATION CAREFULLY CONDUCTING PRE AND POST-EMPLOYMENT
MEDICAL CHECK UP

S.No

Medical check up

No.of.Respondents

Percentage

1.

Yes

91

91%

2.

No

9%

100

100%

Total

INTERPRETATION:
The above table shows that 91% of the respondents are says that yeas and
remaining 9% of the respondents are says that no in organization carefully conducting preemployment and post-employment medical checkup.

DEPARTMENT OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION

Page 83

A Study on health and safety measures in Neycer India Ltd

2015

CHART 23
ORGANIZATION CAREFULLY CONDUCTING PRE AND POST-EMPLOYMENT
MEDICAL CHECK UP

100%
90%
80%

Percentage

70%
60%
50%
40%
30%
20%
10%
0%
Yes

No
Medical check up

DEPARTMENT OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION

Page 84

A Study on health and safety measures in Neycer India Ltd

2015

TABLE 24
EMPLOYEE EXPECTED SOME MORE SAFETY TOOLS

S.No

Expected some more safety


tools

No.of.Respondents

Percentage

1.

Yes

79

79%

2.

No

21

21%

50

100%

Total

INTERPRETATION:
The above table shows that 79% of the employees expected some more safety
tools for and remaining 21% of the employees do not expected some more safety tools.

DEPARTMENT OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION

Page 85

A Study on health and safety measures in Neycer India Ltd

2015

CHART 24
EMPLOYEE EXPECTED SOME MORE SAFETY TOOLS

90%
80%
70%

Percentage

60%
50%
40%
30%
20%
10%
0%
Yes

No
Expected some more safety tools

DEPARTMENT OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION

Page 86

A Study on health and safety measures in Neycer India Ltd

2015

TABLE 25
AVAILABILITY OF HEALTH INSURANCE

S.No

Availability of
Health insurance

No.of.Respondents

Percentage

1.

Yes

97

97%

2.

No

03

3%

100

100%

Total

INTERPRETATION:
The above table a show that 97% of the respondents are says that Yes and
remaining 3% of the respondents are says that No in avail insurance scheme to secure health
and life.

DEPARTMENT OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION

Page 87

A Study on health and safety measures in Neycer India Ltd

2015

CHART 25
AVAILABILITY OF HEALTH INSURANCE

100%
90%
80%
Percentage

70%
60%
50%
40%

30%
20%
10%
0%
Yes

No
Availability of Health insurance

DEPARTMENT OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION

Page 88

A Study on health and safety measures in Neycer India Ltd

2015

TABLE 26
ACCIDENT AT WORK PLACE

S.No

1.
2.
3.
4.

Accident

No.of.Respondents

Percentage

Personal injury

37

37%

Unexpected events

43

43%

Method of operation

11

11%

Old machines

9%

100

100%

Total

INTERPRETATION:
The above table shows that 43% of the respondents are opinion that unexpected
events and 37% of the respondents are opinion that personal injuries, 11% of the respondents
are opinion that method of operation and remaining 9% of the respondents are opinion that
old machines with understanding of accidents at work place.

DEPARTMENT OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION

Page 89

A Study on health and safety measures in Neycer India Ltd

2015

CHART 26
ACCIDENT AT WORK PLACE

45%

40%
35%

Percentage

30%
25%
20%
15%
10%
5%
0%
Personal injury

Unexpected
events

Method of
operation

Old machines

Accident

DEPARTMENT OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION

Page 90

A Study on health and safety measures in Neycer India Ltd

2015

TABLE 27
PART OF BODY EXPOSED TO ACCIDENT

S.No

Parts of body

No.of.Respondents

Percentage

Head

05

5%

Eye

07

7%

Hands

30

30%

Legs

06

6%

04

4%

48

48%

100

100%

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Other part of the body


None

6.
Total
INTERPRETATION:

The above table shows that 48% of the respondents are opinion that None,
30% of the respondents are opinions that Hands, 7% of the respondents are opinion that Eye,
and 6% of the respondents are opinion that opinion that legs and 5% of the respondents are
opinion that head and remaining 4% of the respondents are opinion that other parts of the
body with exposed to accident.

DEPARTMENT OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION

Page 91

A Study on health and safety measures in Neycer India Ltd

2015

CHART 27
PART OF BODY EXPOSED TO ACCIDENT

50%
45%
40%
Percentage

35%
30%
25%
20%
15%
10%

5%
0%
Head

Eye

Hands

Legs

Other part
of the
body

None

Parts of body

DEPARTMENT OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION

Page 92

A Study on health and safety measures in Neycer India Ltd

2015

TABLE 28
ACCIDENT OCCURRED IN THE COMPANY

S.No

Accident occurred

No.of.Respondents

Percentage

Daily

07

7%

Weekly

05

5%

Monthly

03

3%

Rarely

19

19%

Never

66

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Total

100

66%
100%

INTERPRETATION:
The above table shows that 66% of the respondents are opinions that never,
19% of the respondents are opinion that rarely, and 7% of the respondents are opinion that
Daily, 5% of the respondents are opinion that weekly and remaining 3% of the respondents
are opinion that monthly in accident occurred in the company.

DEPARTMENT OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION

Page 93

A Study on health and safety measures in Neycer India Ltd

2015

CHART 28
ACCIDENT OCCURRED IN THE COMPANY

70%

60%

Percentage

50%

40%

30%

20%

10%

0%

Daily

Weekly

Monthly

Rarely

Never

Accident occurred

DEPARTMENT OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION

Page 94

A Study on health and safety measures in Neycer India Ltd

2015

TABLE 29
WORKERS USE SAFETY BELTS WHILE WORKING AT HEIGHT

S.No

Safety belts use while


working height

No.of.Respondents

Percentage

Yes

79

79%

No

21

21%

100

100%

1.
2.
Total

INTERPRETATION:
The above table shows that 79% of the respondents are agreed and 21% of
the respondents are disagreed with wearing the safety belts while working at height.

DEPARTMENT OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION

Page 95

A Study on health and safety measures in Neycer India Ltd

2015

CHART 29
WORKERS USE SAFETY BELTS WHILE WORKING AT HEIGHT

80%
70%
60%

Percentage

50%
40%
30%
20%
10%
0%
Safety belts use while working heightNo
Yes

DEPARTMENT OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION

Page 96

A Study on health and safety measures in Neycer India Ltd

2015

TABLE 30
INJURIES RECORDED AND DISCUSSED IN SAFETY COMMITTEE MEETING

S.No

Injuries recorded and


discussed in safety committee

No.of.Respondents

Percentage

Yes

78

78%

No

22

22%

50

100%

1.
2.
Total

INTERPRETATION:
The above table shows that 78% of the respondents are agreed and remaining
22% of the respondents are disagreed with injuries recorded and discussed in safety
committee meeting from time to time.

DEPARTMENT OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION

Page 97

A Study on health and safety measures in Neycer India Ltd

2015

TABLE 30
INJURIES RECORDED AND DISCUSSED IN SAFETY COMMITTEE MEETING

90%
80%
70%

Percentage

60%
50%

40%
30%
20%
10%
0%
Yes

No

Injuries recorded and discussed in safety committee

DEPARTMENT OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION

Page 98

A Study on health and safety measures in Neycer India Ltd

2015

TABLE 31
PUBLISHED HEALTH AND SAFETY MANUAL

S.No

Health and safety manual


published

No.of.Respondents

Percentage

Yes

90

90%

No

10

10%

100

100%

1.
2.
Total

INTERPRETATION:
The above table shows that 90% of the respondents are say that yes and
remaining 10% of the respondents are say that no in health and safety manuals published by
company.

DEPARTMENT OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION

Page 99

A Study on health and safety measures in Neycer India Ltd

2015

CHART 31
PUBLISHED HEALTH AND SAFETY MANUAL

90%
80%
70%

Percentage

60%
50%
40%
30%
20%
10%
0%
Yes

No

Health and safety manual published

DEPARTMENT OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION

Page 100

A Study on health and safety measures in Neycer India Ltd

2015

CHAPTER V

FINDINGS
The 51% of respondents were belonging to the age group of Above 51 Years.
The 94% of respondents were male.
About 69% of respondents were educationally qualified with SSLC and below.
82% of respondents were married.
The 66% of respondents were having above 15 years experience.
The 85% of respondents are opinion that organization having a health & safety policy.
The 87% of respondents are opinion that factory safety committee is working in our
company.
The 63% of the respondents are agreed that special training provide by the organization.
The 43% of respondents are opinion that monthly once safety committee meeting
conducted by the company.
The 36% of the respondents are opinion that improper lighting is a major reason for
work related accident that occurs in the organization.
The 30% of the respondents are opinion that lacks of inadequate skill are worker
based causes for accident occurs in the organization.
The 65% of respondents were highly satisfied with the maintenance of firefighting
equipment.
The 78% of the respondents are opinion that safety induction training to new
workman is provided.
The 90% of the respondents are agreed that safety training programme attended in last
one year.
About 39% of the respondents are opinion that attending one time in safety training
programme attended in last year.

DEPARTMENT OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION

Page 101

A Study on health and safety measures in Neycer India Ltd

2015

The 57% of the respondents are opinion that at time of joining awareness level of
health and safety is very high.
91% of the respondents are agreed that at present aware about employee health and
safety.
The 38% of the respondents are opinion that health and safety awareness through
motion pictures.
About 92% of the respondents are agreed that personal protective equipments are
used during the working hours.
The 88% of the respondents are agreed that company provide adequate personal
protective equipment to be provided by organization.
About 89% of the respondents are agreed that the company arranged medical checkup
regularly.
The 45% of the respondents are attending medical checkup one time in yearly.
About 91% of the respondents are agreed that organization carefully conducting preemployment and post-employment medical checkup.
The 79% of the respondents are expected some more safety tools.
About 97% of the respondents are agreed that avail insurance scheme to secure health
and life.
The 43% of the respondents are opinion that unexpected events of accident at work
place.
The 48% of the respondents are opinion that none of the parts of body with exposed to
accident.
The 66% of the respondents are opinion that never accident occurred in the company.
About 79% of the respondents are agreed that wearing the safety belts while working
at height.
The 90% of the respondents are agreed that health and safety manuals published by
company.

DEPARTMENT OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION

Page 102

A Study on health and safety measures in Neycer India Ltd

2015

CHAPTER - VI
SUGGESTION AND RECOMMENDATION

o The company has to create the awareness for the workers regarding health and safety.
o They have to provide effective arrangements to the workers for communicating their
health and safety matters.
o It is better to provide frequent health and safety training, at least twice in a year.
o The management has to take necessary steps to reduce the stress level of the workers.
o Orientation programmes can be conducted to make the workers to feel that their work
environment is safe to work.
o The maintenance department has to maintain the machines properly to reduce leadtime.
o Proper training has to be given to the workers to avoid frequent accidents.
o Meditation practices can be given to avoid electric shocks, finger injuries etc. due to
lack of concentration.
o Safety committee has to be formed to monitor the health and safety issues.
o The company has to conduct the regular inspections to ensure higher level of safety in
the workplace.
o Cordial relationship has to be maintained between the management and the workers to
implement the health and safety policies and measures in a smooth manner.
o Fresh air facilities to be improved in the company, so the companies try to concentrate
proper ventilation facilities in working places of employees.
o The company strictly to provide spittoons of the working places of the employees and
also improving Wastage disposal system properly.
o More modernized device should be implemented to minimize dust.
DEPARTMENT OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION

Page 103

A Study on health and safety measures in Neycer India Ltd

2015

CHAPTER - VII
CONCLUSION

The management of Neycer India Limited, vadalur its implemented all possible
steps to achieve Full Safety and Health measure at workplace.
Neycer India Limited provides regular health checkup for workers. It also provides
all needed safety training to the workers for the safety awareness so that there is no
accident.
For better and good safety environment the management do the safety audit
weekly to identify and rectify the near miss cases also there is a monthly safety review
meeting is held.
Neycer India Limited is doing the entire possible thing to maintain the safety in
the plant also by keeping the worker happy.
Through this study, we got some findings and also we have to give some
suggestion based on the findings. We hope that my suggestion will help to improve the
health and safety in future development of our esteemed organization.

DEPARTMENT OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION

Page 104

A Study on health and safety measures in Neycer India Ltd

2015

CHAPTER - VIII
A STUDY ON EMPLOYEE HEALTH AND SAFETY IN NEYCER INDIA
LIMITED AT VADALUR
QUESTIONNAIRE

1. Name

2. Age

21-30Years

31-40 Years

41-50 Years

Above 50Years

3. Gender

Male

Female

4. Qualification

SSLC and Below

HSC

Diploma

PG

5. Marital Status

UG

Married

Unmarried

6. Work Experience
5 Years and Below

6 10 Years

11 -15 Years

above 15 Years

7. Does the Organization have a Health and Safety policy?


Yes

No

8. Does the factory have safety committee?


Yes

No

9. Does the Neycer India limited provide any special training on


safety?
Yes

No

10. How frequently he safety committee meeting is conducted?


Weekly once

Once in two weeks

Monthly once

Yearly Once

11. The major reasons for Work related accident that occur in the
Organization
Improper lighting
Improper Ventilation

polluted work place


Inadequate Safety devices

Unsafe & careless housekeeping


DEPARTMENT OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION

If other mention ____


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12. What is your opinion about maintenance of Firefighting


equipment?
Highly Satisfied

Satisfied

Moderate

Dis-Satisfied

13. What are the worker based causes for the accident that occur
in the organization
Lack of adequate skill

Disturbed mental condition

Neglecting safety devices

unsafe speed

Unsafe material handling

if others specify ____________________

14. Does the company give the safety induction training to the
new workman in the plant?
0 Yes

No

15. Did you have attended any safety training programme in last
one year?
Yes

No

16. If yes how many times did you attend safety training
programme per year?
One time

Two time

More than two time

17. At the time of joining, your awareness level of Employees


safety & health measures?
Very High

High

Low

Very Low

None

18. At present, do you aware of Employees Safety & Health


measures?
Yes

No

19. If yes, through Which


Motion pictures
Manger in person

written broachers

Colleagues

Others

20. Are using all personal protective equipment during the


working hours?
Yes

No

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21. Company provides adequate personal protective equipment


like safety shoes and safety helmet?
Yes

No

22. Does the Company arrange for Medical Check - up?


Yes

No

23. If yes how many times have you undergone the medical
checkup within year?
One time

Two time

More than two time

24. Is your organization carefully conducting pre employment


and post employment medical checkup?
0 Yes

No

25. Does you expect the company should provide some more
safety tools?
Yes

No

26. Do you avail insurance schemes to secure your health and


life?
Yes

No

27. What is your understanding about an accident at work place?


Personal Injury

Unexpected Event

Method of Operation

Old Machines

28. Which part of your body exposed to accident?


Head
Legs

Eye

Hands

Other part of the body

none

29. How often the accident occurred in your Company?


Daily

Weekly
Rarely

Monthly

Never

30. Do workers use safety belts while working at height?


Yes

DEPARTMENT OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION

No

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31. Are the injuries recorded and discussed in safety committee


meeting from time to time?
0

Yes

No

32. Does the company have any published health and safety
manual?
Yes

No

33. Any other information


_________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________

DEPARTMENT OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION

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CHAPTER - IX
BIBLIOGRAPHY

Books:
1) Arun monappa (1994), Industrial relations, 8th edition.
2) Ajay garg (1995), Labour laws, 8 th revised edition.
3) C.B.Mamoria, Satish mamoria, Gankar (2009), Dynamics of industrial relations,
19th edition.
4) C.B.Guptha (2000), Human Resource management".
5) C.R.Kothari (1997), Research methodology- methods and techniques, 2nd
edition.
6) Joseph M Putti (1980), The management of securing and maintaining the
workforce, S Chand & Co Ltd. Ram Nagar, New Delhi.
7) O.R.Krishnaswami, M.Ranganatham, Methodology of research in social sciences,
Himalaya publishing house.
8) P.N.Arora, S.Arora, "Statistics for management" Himalaya publishing house.
9) Richard I. Levin, David S. Rubin (2002), Statistics for Management, 7th edition.
10) Sewa singh chauhan (1993), Labour welfare administration in India, 1st edition.

Websites:
1) www.hr.com
2) www.humanresources.about.com
3) www.ilo.com
4) www.britannica.com
5) www.definition-info.com

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References:
1) http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20106469
2) http://journals.lww.com/joem/Abstract/2009/09000/A_Systematic_Review_of_Occup

ational_Health_and.6.aspx
3) http://www.ehjournal.net/content/8/1/47

4) http://jech.bmj.com/content/63/7/521.abstract
5) http://www.emeraldinsight.com/Insight/viewContentItem.do;jsessionid=9F2CDBC6B
5111CA6756D2D26B9121610?contentType=Article&contentId=1718276
6) http://www.emeraldinsight.com/Insight/viewContentItem.do?contentType=Article&c
ontentId=1728145
7) http://jech.bmj.com/content/61/Suppl_2/ii39.abstract
8) http://occmed.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/content/abstract/57/6/449
9) http://oem.bmj.com/content/63/9/608.abstract
10) http://oem.bmj.com/content/60/1/43.abstract
11) http://jech.bmj.com/content/55/5/316.abstract
12) http://www.monash.edu.au/muarc/reports/muarc166.html
13) http://cat.inist.fr/?aModele=afficheN&cpsidt=1519328
14) http://ethics.iit.edu/NanoEthicsBank/popular_search.php?cmd=search&words=workpl
ace+safety&mode=normal
15) http://oem.bmj.com/content/54/6/367.abstract
16) http://www.dol.govt.nz/publication-view.asp?ID=53
17) http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/docs/2007-123/pdfs/2007-123.pdf
18) http://cohesion.rice.edu/CentersAndInst/ICON/emplibrary/Phase%20I%20Report_UC

SBICON%20Final.pdf
19) http://www.icohweb.org/newsletter/icoh_newsletter_2004_04.pdf

20) http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pu bmed/19030766?dopt=Abstract

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