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VCE Physics Unit 3 Motion

Inclined Places:

Graphs:

Type
Displacement
Time
Velocity Time

Area Under
-

Gradient
Velocity

Displacement

Acceleration Time
Force Distance

Change in velocity
Change in energy work
done
Increase in Ek as object

Accelerati
on
-

Weight force ( F g ): acts


from center of mass
Normal force ( F N )
m g cos : acts
perpendicularly from surface
Friction ( F f ): acts parallel
to surface

acceleration down plane F N


g sin Newtons
F g Laws: Satellites:
resultant
force.
F is the
1. Inertia: an
object
F - Must convert km to m
F=m g sin
in motion stays in -

FN < FW
motion and an
Banked
corners:object at rest stays
-

Only gravitational
weight
at rest
unless
force and normal
force
acted upon by an
Dont label the centripetal
unbalanced force
force
2.
F=m a
No sideways frictional force
3. For every action when travelling at design
force there is an
speed
equal and opposite
force
reaction
F
design speed , v =Actionreaction
g Frg tan N
F=F g tan pairs act on

Geostationary: period matches


central body rotation period

a=g=

G M 4 2 R v 2
=
=
R
R2
T2

gravitational field strength =


gravitational acceleration

G M m 4 2 R m m v 2
=
=
=m g
R
R2
T2
2 R
G M
v=
=
T
R
Work,
energy
(J),
power
(W):
F
>
F

F
N
W
W =F x cos
Horizontal circular motion:
U g =m g h
1
2
k x
F=k x
m v2 4 2 R m - 2 Um
e= v
2
F=m a=
=
=
2
R
T 1
T
Ek = m v 2
2
v 2 4 2 R 2 v - Elastic collision: E
kinitial =Ekfinal
acentripetal = =
=
R
T
T2
- During an elastic collision, some kinetic energy is changed
Vertical circular motion:
F=FW + F N
-

Assign positive and negative

Projectile motion:
-

Only force acting on


projectile is F g
Air resistance acts in
opposite direction of motion

u sin
time top=
Impulse (changegin
momentum):

In the same scenario,


impulse remains constant.
Since impulse is given by
F t , an increase in
time results in a smaller
average force felt

p=F t=m v

In an isolated system,

F external =0

into elastic potential energy and back into kinetic energy


In an inelastic collision, kinetic energy is transformed into
other forms of energy like sound and heat

Power=Force velocity
Theory:
U g=U
Ek
e =
-- Anobject
will
experience
apparent weightlessness when falling

F=

with an acceleration equal to the gravitational fiend strength


(free fall towards Earth)
- Feel weightless
F N , which gives experience of our own weight, is equal
to 0
- Gravitational weight force is force by Earth on you
- Reaction force is force by surface on you
m gN =m a
- True weightlessness when g=0 N kg1
Banking reduces/eliminates the need for sideways frictional
forces and allows cars to travel faster without skidding out of
the circular path; centripetal force (component of F N ) is
increased
In circular orbit, no work is done as Ek and U g remain
constant
An isolated system is where the collision involves only internal
forces (gravity and friction are outside forces)
Momentum is always conserved before, after and during a
collision