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24/02/2015

GmailEvernote:HowtoLearnWingChun

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24defevereirode201523:51

HowtoLearnWingChun
FiveParts:

LearningWingChunPrinciples

UnderstandingSiuNimTao

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DecidingHowtoStudyWingChun

UnderstandingChumKiu

LearningMoreAdvancedFormsofWingChun

WingChunisastyleofkungfuthatemphasizesclosequartercombat,quickpunchesand
tightdefensetoovercomeopponents.ThistraditionalChinesemartialartdestabilizes
opponentswithquickfootwork,defenseandoffensehappeningsimultaneously,and
redirectingopponentsenergytoyouradvantage.Thisisacomplexkungfumethodthat
requiresyearsofpracticetomaster,butbeginnerscaneasilystartlearningWingChunby
understandingitsprinciples,theoriesandbasicskills.

Part1of5:LearningWingChunPrinciples

Learnthecenterlinetheory.AfoundationofWingChunistheprotectionof
yourbodyscenterline.Imaginealinethatstartsatthemiddletopofyourhead

andtravelsalongthemiddleofyourchesttothelowerbody.Thisisthecenterline
ofyourbodyanditisthemostvulnerable.Itshouldprotectedatalltimes.[1]
Accordingtothecenterlinetheory,youshouldalwaysattackdownthe
centerlineandperformyourdefensivemovesagainstyouropponents
centerline.
ThebasicopenstanceinWingChunisbasedonthetheoryofthecenter
line.Intheopenstance,standfacingforwardwithyourkneesbentandyour
feetpointingslightlyoutward.Byfacingyouropponentheadon,youare
abletoattackwiththemostbalancedforce.
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Bewiseandeconomicalwithenergy.AkeyWingChunprincipleisthat,
duringfighting,energyshouldbeusedconservativelyandeconomically.Use

youropponentsenergybydeflectingorredirectingblows.[2]
Usemotioneconomicallyandwisely.Theideahereisthatyourbodyshould
traveltheshortestdistanceinaminimumamountoftimetoconnectwithan
opponent.Thisalsohelpsconserveyourownenergy.

Stayrelaxed.Atensebodywilluseenergyunnecessarily.Keepyourbody
relaxedandyouwillbemoreatease.[3]
Ifyouhaveexperienceinothermartialarts,(especially"hardstyles"),you
willhaveto"emptyyourcup"orunlearnbadhabits.WingChunisasoft
stylewithmanyneutralizingtechniquesthatrequireyoutobe"soft"and
relaxed.Reconditioningyourmusclememoryandbuildingrelaxedhabits
canbefrustratingandtakestime,butitwillbeworthitinthelongrun.

Honeyourreflexes.InWingChun,thefighterwillreacttoafightusingquick

Alteryourfightingstrategyaccordingtoyouropponentandenvironment.

reflexestointerruptanattackandchangethefighttobeonyourterms.[4]

Youropponentmightbetallorshort,bigorsmall,maleorfemale,andsoon.

Similarly,theenvironmentinwhichyoufightcanbedifferentoutside,inside,rainy,
hot,cold,andsoon.Bereadytoadjustyourfightingtosuittheconditions.[5]

LearnWingChunsforms.ThepracticeofWingChunisbrokenintoa
successionofsixdifferentforms,eachofwhichbuildsonthepreviousform.In

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eachform,youwilllearnproperstance,bodypositioning,handandfootmovements,
andbalance.Theseformsare:
SiuNimTao
ChumKiu
BiuGee
MukYanChong
LukDimBoonKwun
BaatJaamDao

Part2of5:DecidingHowtoStudyWingChun

FindaWingChunacademy.Martialartsschoolsoftenfocusononestyleof
martialarts,especiallyforseriousstudents.WingChunacademiesorclubs

maybeaffiliatedwithamartialartsassociation.Searchonlineorinaphonebookfor
localWingChunschools.
CheckwithyourlocalmartialartsacademiestoseeiftheyteachWing
Chun.Theymayonlyteachthebasics,andifyouareseriousaboutlearning
advancedWingChun,youmayneedtogotoanareathathasmore
advancedclasses.
Meetwiththesifu(instructor)andaskabouttheirbackground.Howmany
yearsofexperiencedotheyhave?HowdidtheylearnWingChun?
SitinonaWingChunclass.Getafeelforhowthesifuconductstheclass
andhowtheotherstudentsrespond.
LearningWingChuninpersonisthemostpreferredmethod.

LearnWingChunonlineoronDVDs.Manywebsiteshavelessonsforself
teachingWingChun.Theseusuallyprovidevideosandlevelsofinstruction

andhavetieredsubscriptionpricingbasedonyourexpertiselevel(beginner,
intermediate,advanced,etc.)andaccesstomaterial.Thesecanbeusefulifyoudo
nothavequalifiedinstructorsoraWingChunschoolinyourarea.Theycanalso
enhanceyourinpersontrainingifyoudocurrentlyattendaWingChunschool.
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ChooseaDVDsetoronlinecoursethatistaughtbyaWingChunGrandmasteror
Master.
Someonlinestudycoursesalsoofferinstructorcertificationforadvanced
studentswhowouldliketoteachtheirownstudents.
Someonlinecoursesmayofferoneononeinstructionviawebcamwitha
Grandmaster.
ThereareappsavailableforassistinginyourstudyofWingChun,available
forAppleorAndroidphones.
ExamplesincludetheWingChunOnlineCourse,releasedandendorsed
bytheInternationalIpManWingChunMartialArtAssociation,[6]andthe
WingChunKungFuLongDistanceLearningcourse.[7]

Makeadedicatedspaceforpracticing.Findanareainyourhousewhere
youcanpracticeWingChun.Makesurethereisenoughroomforyoutomove

yourbodyaroundinalldirections.Checkbyswingingyourarmsandlegsaround.
Youdonotwantyourmovestobehamperedbyfurnitureintheroom.
Ideally,thisspacewillhaveamirrorsothatyoucanseehowyoumove.

Findapartnertopracticewith.Learningthemovementsonyourownwill
onlytakeyousofar.Eventually,youllneedtostartlearninghowyour

movementsconnectwithanopponent.Havingapartnerwillgiveyougoodpractice
inhowtoreacttoanotherpersonsmovements.Thispersoncanalsohelp
encourageyouandgiveyoufeedbackonyourform.

Part3of5:UnderstandingSiuNimTao

LearnaboutSiuNimTao.SiuNim(orLim)Tao,orLittleIdea,isthebasis
formanymovesinWingChun.SiuNimTaoisthefirstforminWingChun,and

itisherethatyouwilllearnproperstance,holdingyourbody,relaxation,andbasic
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handmovements.
EachsectionofSiuNimTaoshouldbemasteredbeforeadvancingtothe
nextsection,andbeforelearningothertechniques.[8]

UnderstandingGongLik:GongLikisthefirstsectionofSiuNimTaoand
focusesongoodstructureandrelaxation.Youwilllearntheopenstance,

whichfacesyouheadontoyouropponent.Workonkeepingyourbodyrelaxed.
PracticetheGeeKimYeungMastance,ortheopenstance.Inthisstance,
standfacingforward.Pointyourfeetoutwardslightly.Keepyourkneesbent.
Yourweightwilldistributeevenlyoverbothfeet.Youwillfocusonyour
positioningofyourarmsandelbowsinpreparationforlearninghandand
armmovements.Thisfrontonstancewillgiveyouthemostadvantageina
fight,suchasallowingyourarmsandlegstoprotectyourcenterline.Both
sidesofyourbodycanbeusedequally,ratherthanfavoringonesideofthe
bodyovertheother.[9]

UnderstandingFajing:FajingisthesecondsectionofSiuNimTao.Fajing
developsthereleaseofpower.Here,youlearnhowtousestrengthandhowto

preservestrengthandenergy.Focusonstayingrelaxeduntilthemomentwhenyour
handsarereadytostrike.
OneofthecommonmovementsinFajingisthepalmstrike(yanjeung)in
whichyourlefthandopens,rotatestofacedownward,andmoves
downwardtostrikeyouropponent.[10]

UnderstandingBasicSkills:ThethirdsectionofSiuNimTaoislearning
basicskillsofhandmovementsandblockingthatwillprovidethefoundationfor

learningotherWingChuntechniques.
SomeofthesebasicskillsarePakSauorHuenSau(strike),TanSau(palm
upblock),GanSau(splittinghand),andBongSau(wingarm).Muchofthe
SiuNimTaopracticeinthissectioninvolvesacombinationofthese
movements.Onceyoulearntheseskills,youwillpracticethemfirstonthe
lefthandsideandthenontherighthandside.[11]

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Part4of5:UnderstandingChumKiu

LearnaboutChumKiu.ChumKiu,orbridgeseeking,introducesthe
movementoftheentirebodytosupplementwhathasbeenlearnedinthebasic

formofSiuNimTau.InChumKiu,youwillfocusonhowtoturnyourbodycorrectly
andefficiently,payingattentiontoweightdistributionandbalance.Footmovements
liketurningandkickingareintroducedhere.[12]
EachsectionofChumKiushouldbemasteredbeforeadvancingtothenext
section,andbeforelearningothertechniques.

UnderstandChumKiusFirstSection.Thefirstsection,Juun,focuseson
turning,balance,andstructure.InJuun,youalsostartpayingattentiontoyour

surroundings,evenbehindyou,inordertofighteffectively.Italsointroduces
intermediatearmmovements,suchasJipSau(armbreak)andFutSau(eyerake).

UnderstandChumKiusSecondSection.Thesecondsection,orSer,of
ChumKiuemphasizesdeflectingyouropponentsattackandredirectingthat

energybackatthem.Youwilllearntomoveyourhandsandfeetasoneunit,and
thenyoucanlearnhowtomovethesepartsindependentlyofeachother.

UnderstandChumKiusThirdSection.ThethirdsectionofChumKiu
focusesonusingforceintandemwithhandandfootmovements.Italsousesa

combinationoftensearmmovementsandrelaxedbodymovementsto
accommodateavarietyoffightingscenarios.Youalsoworkonturningyourbodyto
therightandleftinordertoworkonyourbalanceandfindingyourcenterlinewhile
fighting.

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Part5of5:LearningMoreAdvancedFormsofWingChun

UnderstandBiuGee.BiuGee,orDartingorThrustingFingers,focuseson
usingpowerinveryshortdistances.Studentsalsolearnemergency

techniques,suchashowtorecoverthecenterlinewhensustainingafallorbeing
trapped.[13]IneachofthethreesectionsofBiuGee,youwillusecombinationsof
handandfootmovementsofthefirsttwoformstorecoverfromadisadvantaged
position.Thiswillthenputyouinanoffensivepositionwhereyoucanuseshort
rangepowertodisableyouropponent.

UnderstandMukYanChong.MukYanChong,orWoodenDummy,isan
advancedforminwhichyoupracticewithastationaryopponent(thewooden

dummy).Thishelpsyouidentifyandlearnhowyourhandandfootmovementscome
incontactwithyouropponent.[14]

UnderstandLukDimBoonKwun.Thisform,alsoknownas6.5PointPole
Form,incorporatesapoleasaweaponthatyouusewhenattackingyour

opponent.Fightingwithapolecanenhanceyourskillsinbalancinganddefense.[15]

UnderstandBaatJaamDao.BaatJaamDao,orEightCuttingSwordsor
ButterflyKnives,isthemostadvancedformwhereyouuseshortswordsas

weapons.Itisnottaughttoeveryonewhomightreachthislevelonlyachosenfew
gettolearnBaatJaamDao.Theformfocusesprimarilyonprecision,techniqueand
position.Footandhandmovementsarealteredsomewhatfromotherformsbecause
oftheknives.[16]
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Wecouldreallyuseyourhelp!
Canyoutellus

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about

about

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trappinglarge
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cats?

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Tips

ManybooksgiveinstructiononWingChunprinciplesandtechniques.Books,
however,maynotbeashelpfulasinpersonclasses,oronlineorDVD
instruction.Althoughtheywillincludepicturesofstances,techniquesandstyles,
theycannotdemonstratethepropermovements,whichcanrestrictyourabilityto
learnthemcorrectly.

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Ad

Warnings

Consultadoctorbeforestartinganyfitnessprogram.
YoumaysustainminorbumpsandbruiseswhilepracticingorsparringinWing
Chun.Youshouldnot,however,betimidinyourpracticeforfearofgetting
injured.ProperWingChuntrainingshouldnotinjureyoumorethanminorbruises.

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SourcesandCitations

1. http://www.wingchuninteractive.com/learnwingchun.php
2. http://www.wingchuninteractive.com/learnwingchun.php
3. http://www.wingchuninteractive.com/learnwingchun.php
4. http://www.wingchunconcepts.com/about.php
5. http://www.kwokwingchun.com/trainingtips/kungfutheory/principlesvs
techniques/
6. http://www.chanskungfu.com/wingchunmartialarts.com/onlinecourse.html
7. http://kwokwingchun.com/aboutwingchun/aboutsamkwok/longdistance
learning/
8. http://www.kungfuonline.com/form1_siu_nim_tao.php
9. https://www.wingchun.edu.au/wingchun/coreconcepts
10. http://www.wingchuninteractive.com/learnwingchun.php
11. http://www.wingchuninteractive.com/learnwingchun.php
12. http://www.progressivewingchunmk.co.uk/aboutwingchun/wingchun
forms/chumkiu/
13. http://www.kwokwingchun.com/aboutwingchun/thewingchunforms/biugee/
14. http://www.progressivewingchunmk.co.uk/aboutwingchun/wingchun
forms/mukyanchong/
15. http://www.progressivewingchunmk.co.uk/aboutwingchun/wingchun
forms/lukdimboonkwun/
16. http://www.londonwingchun.co.uk/baatjaamdoform

OEvernoteajudavocaselembrardetudoeaseorganizarsemesforo.BaixeoEvernote.

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