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Test 3

Question 1: Five particles charged with the same charge +q move with the same speed v in a magnetic field B, as shown above. Which particle experiences the highest magnetic force?

A

B

C

D

E

Question 2:

Two wires of circular cross-sectional areas have resistances R 1 and R 2 . If ρ 1 =2ρ 2 ,l 1 = 2l 2 and r 1 = 2r 2 , what is the ratio R 1 /R 2 ? ρ 1 2 are the resistivities of the two wires, l 1 ,l 2 are the lengths of the two wires, r 1 ,r 2 are the radii of the two wires.

1

1/2

1/4

2

4 Question 3:  Two wires carry identical currents I, as shown above. At which point is the magnetic field the strongest?

A

B

C

D

E

Question 4: Two metallic bars slide along metallic rails at speeds v 1 = .1m/s and v 2 = .2m/s as shown above. The bar and the rails are situated in a magnetic field of 4T. What is the induced voltage in the bar and rails?

20mV

30mV

40mV

120mV

150mV Question 5:

A police car with its siren on travels at a speed v 1 toward a person. The frequency of the siren is f 1 and the person hears the sound at a frequency f 2 . If v s is the speed of sound, v 1 =

v s f 2 /f 1 v s (1 - f 2 /f 1 ) v s (f 1 /f 2 - 1) v s (1 - f 1 /f 2 ) v s (f 2 /f 1 - 1)

Question 6:

Violet light has a wavelength of 400nm. What is its frequency, if the speed of light is 3·10 8 ?

5·10 14

7.5·10 14

10 15

2·10

5·10

15

15

Question 7:

The activity of a radioactive sample at time t = 0s is A 0 and the activity of the same radioactive sample at time t 1 is A 1 . What is the decay constant of the sample?

 [ln(A 1 /A 0 )]/t 1 [ln(A 0 /A 1 )]/t 1

[ln(A 1 -A 2 )]/t 1

[ln(A 1 /A 0 )]t 1

e (A 1 /A 0 )t 1

Question 1:  Five particles charged with the same charge +q move with the same speed v in a magnetic field B, as shown above. Which particle experiences the highest magnetic force?

Solution: The magnetic force experienced by a moving particle is given by the formula F = q(v x B). We can maximize F by ensuring that the speed and the magnetic field are perpendicular to one another. Particule A is the correct answer.

Question 2:

Two wires of circular cross-sectional areas have resistances R 1 and R 2 .

If ρ 1 =2ρ 2 ,l 1 = 2l 2 and r 1 = 2r 2 , what is the ratio R 1 /R 2 ?

ρ 1 2 are the resistivities of the two wires,

l 1 ,l 2 are the lengths of the two wires, r 1 ,r 2 are the radii of the of the cross-sectional areas of the two wires.

Solution:

 R 1 =ρ l 1 1 /A 1 =ρ 1 l 1 /(¶r 1 2 ) R 2 =ρ 2 l 2 /(¶r 2 2 )=(ρ 1 /2)(l 1 /2)/(¶r 1 2 /4) = ρ 1 l 1 /(¶r 1 2 ) R 1 /R 2 = 1.

Question 3:  Two wires carry identical currents I, as shown above. At which point is the magnetic field the strongest?

Solution:

Points D and B are situated at equal distance from the two wires and the magnetic field is 0 at these points. As the magnetic fields created by the two currents have opposite directions at points A, C and E, the strongest magnetic field will be at point A, because the component generated by the "horizontal" current is much lower than the one created by the "vertical" one.

Question 4: Two metallic bars slide along metallic rails at speeds v 1 = .1m/s and v 2 = .2m/s as shown above. The bar and the rails are situated in a magnetic field of 4T. What is the induced voltage in the bar and rails?

Solution:

e = -dΦ/dt = -B·dA/dt dA/dt = l(dx/dt) = l(v 1 +v 2 ) The induced voltage in the bar is B·l·(v 1 +v 2 ) = 120mV.

Question 5: A police car with its siren on travels at a speed v 1 toward a person. The frequency of the siren is f 1

and the person hears the sound at a frequency f 2 . If v s is the speed of sound, v 1 =

Solution:

The frequency heard by the person is given by the formula:

f 2 = [v s /(v s -v 1 )]f 1 f 2 v s -f 2 v 1 =f 1 v s

v 1 =v s (f 1 /f 2 - 1)

Question 6:

Violet light has a wavelength of 400nm. What is its frequency, if the speed of light is 3·10 8 ?

Solution:

f = c/λ = 3·10 8 /400·10 -9 = 7.5

Question 7:

The activity of a radioactive sample at time t = 0s is A 0 and the activity of the same radioactive sample

at time t 1 is A 1 . What is the decay constant of the sample?

Solution:

A 1 =A 0 e λt 1

A 1 /A 0 =e λt 1

λ = [ln(A 1 /A 0 )]/t 1