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2tz n th enemy

1n
%ritiah 53$ Infantry iviothe
dtvi-fons,

Ziver.

Canadian forces are not

the

eraeo of

trated in the atack

were cn

was assumed.

attack

front

the

Corps

fligh

the % '.1

area Itlor,

in the attack.

-ear .-:emo

road

through

Luettwits

, anid severa

water rrcventd the tosibility

of

Ffay tanks succeeded in

bold by Army Group E.

reaching Ginve and the

the Retebawld.

Thirteen ersy

tank

was to be assigned to this sector where

parme xwte troo sa w-re now prtly

plcred.

Preparations for t aw enemy attack crntinued


t-rmy Group T~.

The Thar overflowed its bTan

back as far as

Jtalich. Again

lbthis area the enemy

along the front held

ad forced the enem positions

main effort was directed against


'aes

the

Pruem, whc habd already bc--en ent


zittad.

ndthre

fori,

two arncread divt.sio-'s, two .infanty divfis

armored brinaes

were disabled.

rcp tor~ine

as foliow:7The

cdv

Guards arow

armored

d~

rerovrtd

sttion

,,l The 9th

Panner Tivision was cone*

nemployed tour divisions.

to oed fighting continued in the Army

Croup C area. The Tiaraonau

Forit ws blocked by the construction of. otstals,


for th rehabilitation of three divisio

issued.

Aocrer wes

which bad forely

been employed

inAlsace.

ane
snder

he

iider in Cief

in Chief West that twentw

of

the Navy informed

boats loaded with 9,00

the

tons of oal

adten empty boats andi tboats, eli belongig to th Ilv, were bafted
in the

attok

area at Cl*e.

The

tion.

it van stated by tel

hone

A.

asked to help

that the lol

with their snow-

headquarters

had

already

-.136-

at the boat s p~er th

ruins for the reoxu3

ma

or of the Chief

J~ r

of

protecti on

with rerird to the enemy's rerxets tion

C'roup

chief

the Webreaht Qrrtion Sta'he

LVI Carp;
Ly

of staff of the Condner b2Chief to tsutzitted a report

wuhet, where a

of art.ilowry

of bunkers at

of

the Wotwall

northeast of

.nndsheidbad boon

captured on

4 January Tb. report called attention to the emhusted condition and


the lack of coo bt experience of the bunker garrisons (the 326th Yolks
greneier Vi'ytion), the lack of reseres

In sOdition, the Coarier in Chief west pointed out that the

defense.

average

an the iraadeqizto antitank

in thi area asounted

daily losses

nbened only 200)

me.

the

?orr
On12o

sw

A counterattack

waas launched

?Pamn

of

Clove. The

Some houses were lost at

by the XXXXII Panzer Corps eimploy-

iug two batteries of the 116th !flhw IDivision


Paanerga

part

captured the north

situation in the Neiohsw ld wan not clear.

three

men, motly

ile the daily replacements including returning convalescents

infantry,

Gennep.

to about 3,000

after 1200 hoar, the 15th

a.t,

The flooding caused the Ru flyer to widn by


the 24 83
anl created stamps In the Seeiel

ler Dhlalocn.

hundred atrs
fitsla

recaptured '?rusm and sweeded in restoring the situation

along that etiro sector

of the front. Tenay

enlarge the brd ehed at Dllinja and


tootise

ho wvr, w"ale

to

chternach.

fihting continued in the An Group 0 area.

front blge at the Pian, fighting took place aeaur

he the

ttenofn.

-137.-

204~

a~n

12 F'ebruary

the

Cou~nder in Chief

situation of Firm~ :osips

B and

offensive against the ihive

ii

with

regard to the

nten~ sng ensm

eitphalian industrial area.

the

ast subitted a report or

fIn part, this

offensi~ve was already In progress.


Of 29 divisions as~signed to ^r.y Group B, 7 were fully ready for.

co nto

.t,

including 2 motorise diviions, 17 were capable of limitsd

defensiv, action, and 5 were

battle-weary

and not

fully

able to

fight.

?Total losses since 16 December amounted to 832, 234 men; replacements for
the same period numibered 29,7O$

full battalions or 6b

men.

Infantry strength amounted to 45

full divisions.

On the other hand, the enemy was so strong that-in the sector held

by the
sectors

Fifteenth Prm

held

by

one

battalion

the %ventb Army

faced oeenemy

and the Fifth

face. two-thurd8 of an enem division.

division, and in

Panzer Army one

the

battalion

In the Fifteenth. Army sector,

115 tanks and assault guns facd 1, 000 enemy tanks.

In

the Fifth

Army sector, 185 tanks and assault guns faced 400 enemy tanks.

Panser

In the

Smieth Army sector, 114 tanks end assault guns :faced 800 enemy tanks.
Reere

being shifted to relieve the particularly unfavorable situation

of the Fifteenth Army did not move as fast as enemy forces being concentrated.
in the general vicinity of Mshen.

The position of Bey Qroup H was slightlymr

favorble.

Nine 'divi..

alons were availabl t, of which only four parachute divisions and the 15th
Pansergrendier Division were

not fully capablee

of

combat. IWith the

exwep-.~

tior of the 7th ?'amohutte Division and some of the cadres, the parachute

Mt -.020

el ,

rzaicx~t
dv~icn

and prrobably
on tho 7

1C

wroez~Q~eat

tffteenth Anmy front wereA

dVi,

r94arZ-rOd

r"s

The oroprton ot forcs

utnc a half
on the A

now to be two

tho nuoesaul doe no

~ryn

oposn

aoroe

infantry

tios Carmored Prig ls

an a

favorable than

The ezn

exPerinoM'

it9.: cot

dtviiorzo ht'

times leiss
Moree

are.
rhe

over, the strong artiliory- support wich had in'de t hat suceeso possible
would novwb

due to

lackin

at had

the Comwaner in. Chief

order was

issued by the

the allotment

Front
045

of lisght

drawn attention

fact

ry

after an

field howitzer ammunition on, the entire estrn


he-avy field howitzers to

,sues and for

basic iasses)

front would protect

on

!~ only. until
8

7ebruary

The time raptint.o& before the

butilized for tranferrtg further


not ao pesm

viev of#the decisiv


to gives aclearr ot

meare

fully

oocted

nsture of the

start
foge

the, C
coin

of the eituations

16

the area heldb

flooded sections

therefore decreased.

Army, Croup

granted bythe F"4hner

dams,

anid

ehsnnes for a sucessful defense of Aechen

the paehtte. divisions ha

"ta

to thin

On 10 Yea

Chief Zpsly' on 7ditnstratior Officer limiting

to 1.1 baste

for Vebruary

The

been

the shortage of aunition.

r.

Fer

rft "T e ey

the aenw offenive Vag

and other

to

to the Fifteenth ?&rm area.

ridr

in

Wtfle,

Chief 11at, 'blat in

I consider it-

IZaeit.

Both

dt

officers-am

aware of their respoeibltties.'#

Once aaib the Comander in Chief Vest repeated his request for
rapid shipnnt

the

had

Periss ion

to onen the iuw and


of

of

of

reerves

supplies.

arnd

for an Encreaseod

amount,

the

of . f"uel, swmantion,

.a

?43

e139s2

wanH

A direettvD

Gran

fleve area. taiio


On

issued

jerm

in ose of an enemy brek- through from. the


r-mesres.

co

the Vuehrer

Coz
theO

a pramorad : ir wtie to

issue

rwrtng of IC rbrw r7 to cover the

mender in 014a2 West dionatoed o the

case of' an Allied broet-tbrowjh from the i~ichewal' or across the 1Roer
the d rection of the Rhine.

Rtver in

Chief pasat was to defend th

In s aa an event, the

Atnem and Dorm, including the

flhie beteo

prepare bridgeheads on the. western bak.


be submtted in

advance but no

ordinate e smaniers or troops.

those forces detendins th~c

A proposed defense plan wee t


wore

directive

Co -rder in

Firm contact

to be

issued

was to be

to

the sub-

ma Ltaine

bt

en

at W- l and thoe holding th~ Thtno, at least

between Nuee adthe ?srgheia. - Roer pocition near Olutran.

To strengthe.

the !ttne defenses, the construction of a fortification system along the


eastern

bank

from ifmmerioh to Itarlaruhe

tight were endangered at thm; sn


the Oc ander in Chief

ante

at

tim Oprtions

On

rr the

'2
eb

was

ordered.

la

est was to be sent all ams:Lablo forces from the


Staff

orth Eost.

Luftwaffe Uigh :osmnd

received directives for the


-

Venlo - Sehieldan, Where

had already begun on the enev'e loft wing.

Th. weaken-*

of the air force in the Wet in fayo of the Est, together with the

low sn ply offuel, ade necessary a clear

The

the 3elgolau

time a~i an enemy treet-rouxgh occurred,

eoitaont of the air fore in the area 'Nijmegen


defeus lye fightin

'Unless

in effort

of the objectives.

was to be directed a~eInst the section of the f ro

rijmogen and Ichiciden.


and at night.

Ulttion

between

Plombing was to becarried out both during the day

k' t~Q20

-140..
N

Cm
3 'bsr
tons loss tA

150,000

r ships at Antwotn amiountd to

of the lack of fuel.

Irds TS4StA!

bc!a s

111a zir rail3s waye no , ftopc


1~ere.

last

wetI

Zne.' attacs in the Vlove ares, were rust bystrong

ar tilery ire,

The Qerwm

a short

into the ;;sichawald, but the oea ruhed, thead east of

:dtance

as fa

Clove

as Eaaselt.

to the south, high floo

UTIrn3f&Lb

Ground wan also lost

at Xronufeld the Cera line bold..


but the eneWy made no gains.

Panzer

Coras

In the Arm
be coatta

was
roup

against

dit ion aruo

to

on

the

left wing.

Frther

fighting contine,

ighttn

emloyd

while

also canined at Zohtcrraoh

an onerstiona staff.

area it appeared 'that the %S

west

At

Enthe Aachen area the headqszatere o the

the lint 1fl7.

bo

ODG$'Om ThBC3Vn

aters continued to effect the si tation.

?rnthe en~had again :ented th tow

LVIII

of

'rh

Colirr

location of

was not

lX Ccrps was t

the three armored

clear.

As priotwly anunced, the Gsawier in Chief West n'dbittr

report on 13 ?ebrtwry concerning that shortage of rumnition and its vroatble

effect on the fighting along the entire Wstorn Wrot.

The preet supply

of Ight and heavy field howitzer asunition wa carclted to last


only on. week of heavy defonsiwe fightinj.

for

While the clculation a only

theoretical, it could be applied to the most serious circmtaossw which

mgt occm=.

The

C sumder in Chef W .tasked

asmat of additional eanitn

for a raptA deciio

onth

that could be ezpected in Febrry.

At 2000 hours onflekM= a study was sutaitted bythe


in Chief West regarding teproibibe intentions of the enemy.

or.

The attack

tr

t>

Yt'o; '

wau to

would
the

be

te hb th

attackd tr~ tiwl

thcm, !
ttac er 1

.a

froztal attack

Re end.
tetvei Wv3lo ar4O

not fimuesst4 t

tWCologn

and fttr

Pwner,

if

divisin vere

at.

Postin
flP n

(I s~

Ztea

a.

the mouth

*mui. A is

o1 the

bfo

plie

aseed. A nswsf
was

was to be wlt

ot

falt, weud

r0n

d the

to

tbea

pasoae

the WSSER

ot g4ving uptortveten

nava

it

t Rieran

the vrtlen ar rtatth

ae

se

id ab

W' the ebre.

otake nob a 4.velcmst uder

possible en

lsrg..ai

to

motor bits, midget n

of sbc owisaq

:htu t

of Eatser-w

atit

Tvertyttfth Ar

trna) Ths

aze

the

tr p la in .

as rai as the ab aninent or

wp P Ad so tar not be

Bieht, it

front

of

tet

(the ampiqwzt of

sines) at

land

broken, t1e

aMd th 72 ba,

E'wtioa

Anr

b.W..t th

onatact

batg

.by wey

in a ao malte 'dvun

tdthdrsv volutamr

Rhne

oo

a d southu. #. Tt enU ..to th


eb

u ia t n rm art
Os tendtvar ko vordero to
.h ld
ra ck
i theTe
* t rieu

amn

eni
t'1C

not
1 ah a

into th raatte

attnst a bmrathroues

#flew4

$ roup vould attempt

l2th A

4.
*

ER tn eerrrnin s , waou~ ld se
h vadb to atti

Anyq vued

gnrddede

IT this Wire su aeatful, the

rear.

rtmhrouh inthe directio

phase otf

Virt

airborne

brintg about

air lanins o4cmlr been


operation on

the

the ooflp of

coat ofitla

the Wetr Front.

!4S

42
-,142-

0-0d.20

pre .ad

A rthor e'itim&to of the sitestiara in th -_, nth Army sector

th

out the. possibility

pointed

West

Tortifioactiona at the Ours

teline, fuel, an

posed

to

rc

of

Subiit ted
an

enimy

t o ~o tdo

by

it

C pie

the Wstvll

thrust az int

In oso sutficient resre

ur positomni.

(two to three diviionzs, roplsoee.nts for the troops on

could not be sent

drawn stepa

of Army (Orur

tion ), it wa s uggstedl thait the front be with.

a w

by step tothe

moveu oe

shorter true ipioition.

VO hsstu

tion and for the fortifid town

as

division each;

In addition,

reserves

it ws pro-

for the

Eyll posi-

This ruqs~t was refused by the

of Trier.

Co mnder in Chief Wst b enure it constituted a delaying action and, among


other. reasons,

With

Ditvision,

toamaderof

because of

the vit hdrawl to

regard to the eployment of

PArmy Group B was referred to 'a

mander in Chief West had no authority to

the north

of the

U.S.

6th

Armored

two Volkestur d ivisions, the


simn

Sint,,

.eter

the

Ca03w

m~ake assignments from the zone of

the pntrior.
On U

b~rCanadian treop

effort ws stil

an

ito
five

by

~orinferemes we being receive

OnCleve.

nowe

wee reportedly taking part in the attack

The !. . 99th

saoentra ted at Vano.

the Vrvlers

area, while the whebuts of

armored divisions

which in

rehbiltaed)wenet

flir.

Tb. Geram dfse.

on bot

the eantime

si4es of

lin

The level of the Rur ?fiver

had risen

in

whose

lnfattriiion

the fr1 infnr

wre prsmdto have

vas

eounts bthrxst Into the 1W*bsvald we begn


contire.

the on~,

still .s

s""

am a.

~ssur at Gonep
tnn

and the Rr

been

iake, as a

M2

443a

result ot

at

mlting snow, bid risen

the d&:.

aim!e
were

at*
nrssueonu

-'trony

through

at bring

lost

b'1 izo in the. flank,

the

was

the

no

had becm more

switch position.

Pnoum

to

again abl,

onelig

i hos

Severl grPof

The

77ohternoh

At

in

line of

the situation

acute.

the Army, Grop B sector

In

the

evdetl
Z
ariC Thnrah,

rut

?ren, the enemy received rin oroatints.

at

resistance

ters despite

anothe two

vehicl

support 25-tc

near Cologne was


Bridge
l

the flohcusollnr

loads and: the

doable

tnt*

railroad

bridge wes argan ins.


Ithe AryGroup 0 sectr the whereabouts of

Divis ion

we

ad Igua
Pide.

not

s artiller y

detent. .~

arose.

contipue

?ightin

wes

the .S.

10th Armored.

reinforce in the r orbach

at 'ther bulge of

the

front ontin

Inthis area the en .reported theaptur of 150 sea which

ob 2 .i
Vletm of our teeing
corresu ponmds'hn. to t he number

Vokasurswasto
fline
theTh ppe

which

three Als.atia n division

rairtilery

ch
fire
botied

omnw
n

e oganuafy asor.'!into the

were being norgaaised at

the front

along

the Bhin.,

on It Fe bnarr the Cousdri

Lhih f
Army in

the

ma n

the 1th S83


to

the 24

asn

area In
d

as orered to denine

reinforce tien southern flatk


ease it vas,

Diviio.

nt posible

of

Sevent

to bring

fown'd

First consideration weto begige

Division.

on15'mc
shifted

to

ea vel nfale.

Chief Waet

t was learn

that on Arioan

fromColar tothe Mochen area.

division 1.4

At %chtermcbh the

been

enemy had

){1

C-0230

..

L 4h..

comwmitted the 15th, 80th, and. eleen s of ths 76th !nt nr Pivisicns.

The

ware held inthe

The 101st

r.n'

near iguenau, nreanbly

repote

sere col zitt

irtxrno ri inioL

6th, 17th, aM+2A

at- the front or

Airborne Uivis ion, which

was badly wekene

was last

anid had

been with-i

from the lin.

draw

Nothing

further- was

reportaed

about

an apparently aiuior enemy landin

on houwt bland,
On the Western Front there were no hanges of any iportance.

with the sin

near Cit were +ontinued,

rnemy

Most of the attacks were relsed.

considered likel to
fighting near rrs

enemy effort inthe

sector.

attacks along the roaxd were,

1eenmil vMage

coantinue.

left

Attacks

were lost,

The

adin the ohterbaet area was contiued.

Ithe Any Group C area it appeared that vrnchb armored forces would
aginst the

beccntte

An order of the

Ston

to Army Grou
.1
i

North

fTebrer on 15 rebntary assigned the Uth snser Pin..

E in the area northwest of Colon.

u"talk

pert In dissecutiug

sions

ported concerning posible ladings on the.

we

Sea coast and in the

nae.

Army

ist

tis

northern areae.

intonmation, it

diploatia mirlee played


ma7 have been only. deceptive

?iaoe

Ro eccnrtion of shipping wsrepoted.

?wcftoa r divi-

wre said to bestill in Zaglaud, three of which were ksrlcn;

ofthee were expece


expet any
ing might

to beat

to rnc.

all

While, the Luft'affe did not

eneWlanding, there was son possibility


ordered.
sde. Peconniamrnewa
m

that as taetical land-.

~1

0-'45-

CU~b

The !Wsrse of' the

naoed

division is

wath'r
wa

four additionali

The

division, and two armored brigde.

and was

into the Rchternaoh area.

transferred to the Clove area.

At the

The

p1amut 7froning Army.

of the

replantd by fres

a report in person

wwere

area

t ividion wis withdrawn under the momentary

the 4th Paach

tis,

proection of t

ig

in tht

rport&

tvision was moved forward

Psnzer

sons

:so

divioions, one

infantry

4th

confirmead.

ts

love

ions arodun

.nfnrry rvts

3to

15th an

rtibh

Follow-

)odel, the ?ixehrer ordered tin transfer

by Cnl

of the flth 'Panser fivision into the Cologne area in oppositio to the
evr,-ressed

opinion

of the Cie

nder

in Chief Jest.

organization of Korpsoppen9 on the Western Front

T)1

as considered.

The Fuebror was opposed to the plan, since

the rtention of divisions would

tend

tin:,

and , at the

to deceiv e the

sear

allow

our o w

to

kvno exactly what strength was available.


The attack againat showon was repsned*

heavy losses were inflicted.

were

usccesfual and

dead.

The Coa trop

fought well.

agiont a thrust

eumy

s reulsed.

wald resin

Plue,

In th, opinion of Fi6

ntfl 20 lebwwy

e sally
e
A
a taotial
assembled Ito
corPaps staff (Editor).

There were 560 enemy

of a

River formed a strong natwral

aoording

whl
rhatl

at

tornob the

Mdel the high water

to ether repors, the high water

would last for an additional ter to fourteen days.


9.

at Clove

t the east.

ativity we reported near

ittle

attase

here scented to be no dangr

reakathough between araie, sine, the Ri


obstae

rnmmy

The Rhino 'River was

oomm'ied two or three nderstrength divisions


a corps onandor, with an inrOrised
unit under

-146-

exracted to
tr the

rea ci on oien for two weelw


-

rmy

rotw

G1 atre

the

V lht

Irhad

nrt}en

ouat

canter of' First

umtts

fCa c ilities

Vie heavy glider wore reportedly in use andn air-.

.r. In Thig~nd there were etil

bad been brought for

twmpotfacilities aind equtyamt but force were 1ackin,.


em'rittsh

in

inth greater 1ttrie area,. evidently only to augment

the supy serie.


born

th

rAny.

On 17 _ ebunry the Lftnrte report? that air trvasort


hdbeen inoroase

P-t

In. a surnrise attack, the en.eiy saceeded

Oreholt switeb position.

teretnrti ng

renewed

air

Sine only

amd on. Maricani airborne division had been renorted in

Zngleand a najor airbore oprta on va not thought to b.likely.


Te
gross

amloynent

of siget subsruno

register tons is

of similar wise was

sunk

off

continued.

One steamer of 6,000

*d

the Degima cast

Ca".nel,

lne.Inthe

1,230

a second stoer

tone

were suk and,

7,000 ton wrn daaged; this was considered an erordinary suces.


total of 24,00 tans wi

A.

suk or dew-e.

lb.octuent of the '7.S 11th Armored Division at Cloe ws not yet


sonfire.

Tb 1 TT89h
*h
Dliviston istransferred from Colmar to the. are

vest of liege

At Cloy th en

ontinud to

attace

with stron

b strong ertir

direetion of Calar, supr

formes in

the

tfre and 150 tanks.

Germn psitions were pulle

task a short distance but, on th. whol, th

day assed

attacks south of the tteioheld wore

favoraly.

'

orn

The

rewulse d.

C-020

..

of Ofanthnr" tovns . was

One battalion~

moved utto the I. use front


ry Group Garea.

Paeier L &:rDivision w es shifted to the


attacks forced a snort

the Army (Group G area

Army irnt.

The

withdrawal of

righting

2d 1ountain Di ris ion

forward

localized

continued

re

the

at

nn line

fightin~

yeracht Operations

4'taff

Army Groiap B (First P~arachute Army)

teenth Arm)

from

the

17th S3

.vyjsion,

the area west

of

Army

and

had

nature, the area to be attacked


the attack, tanks were

loal

was

sutbjected

employed

t o heavy,;

by

8lW

r, tanks weud then

artillery fire.

lees for the break-through than

The

objecti.ve of

a single village, wes first screened, off

captured villa

same method-

usually strictly limited in

nests of resistance.

then wes oepied

to the

been observed since the start of the invasion.

After the determination of an objective,

an

B (rife..

C~olon.'" It seeod certaira, according to the report,

io al combat methods that

usually

Group

onthe Westen~ Front," he said,, "was the holding of

that the enemy, particularly the !1ritish,would hold

destroy

submitted a report on

10 to 16 February, the contents of which were as5 f olow s

in importance

"Second

fir,

Thhternach.

of the Alsace bridgehead and it

his visit to

for

Strong ernei

elements were commtted in an attack.


jo r Priedel of the

Dhrin

the

occurred on the First

in the sector hold by

was moved out

and3

J4
147..

by

the

a cirty~ of artilley

wrvig tankS and infantry,

strike

attack,

out to break

up

rc

the

other setion

of the wdn ine of resis'tane.


it was the opinion of the units that in most
not beprevented

from

oeaptw'tng these limited

daily

ox the enem could


objectives.

Under

v,s

0- 023~!
the fighting would

favorable ctrowmatanoos,
or 1es

Smor

defense hd

een

10

battalion

in the artllery

cover position,, and the

battalion, the engineer battalion, and the field

in the second position.

in depth, with

replacement

The artillery wns likewise echelons!

only the foremost batteries in the artillery cover position.

principle was applied to the antitank artiflery.

Tb sae

three das

on lipne

of a lar-

attack with nly the divisio

a le en

After that, the cgr t

sideed necess

possible to hold out during the

era thought it

Generally, the
first

only forty bat-

on the wdn defense line, one regi

etlve (sic) battalions

Tuesflir

which provided for

zranised

t Streiigth
method of

Pased on the eny's

ucbside.

talions (sic) of eah divion


with

me
tIns

wide strin of ground, while at t'.

of the attack wou l d gradly


attak,

remlt only in the loss of

taetof

large reserve formtions was con-

.r

or inChief West and Army Group B were for attempting to

The C r

defend every individual village and bunker in accordance with the exiting
orders of the tueer, and for attempting to nall dov"

rten

B
e.dwo

the sam time, the tit

ng every village t.

M re

vt sl

hind on
10

min

defesa

, allowing the ew

of

4.i.

be a base or strog point.

rartiuarly th divisin

urged the adoption of a more aasth


i

the

At
cs

enatia Of.

vidlage before artillery bombardment bad betm sad letting be'.


a weak rear guard.

Thisrcdre

Infantry or remoaisseance battalion,

would

rresere the streth

of'

i4u149..
..

-020

KX--

the

inf'.nttry over a longer tine.

r'qui.re

combat

llowever, this meth of

well-trained infantry, kept: rfimly pner control.

case of' exhausted or poorly trained troops, there was great

in the
danger' that

the tactically correct e&lasticity of this method of' corbat would lead

only to a series of' delaying aotions, and that no. position would ever

be

held.

With

regard to the use of tanks in defense againzst a major attack,

the cow

er proposed not to attempt

initial successes .could- only

come

to a

counterattacks, vhich a~fter


complete stop, but

to employ.

parser unite only to intercept or force bak enemy penetrations.


Assault guns and tanm destroyers had proved to bethe only effective
defense against

tanks.* Tb.

heavy traotoudawrn antitank gun warn not

considered efficient.

Major
tion.
out

$'rie del'st

The o

report also covered the

tinder in Chief West belie ved it

4th existing-stocks of' ammunition

beginning of a major enemy offensive.

ammunition and fuel situawould

be possible to hold

only for seven days after the

e leek of fuel would not only

hider the forwwrd movement of the Yolks artillery 4orps, Volk projector
brigades, and other large formations, but would also affect the ability
of the defense to shift tactically.
Insufi it

Tanks and assault guns,, already

its nusber, could not be empoyd to their full. advantage

because of th. lack of fuel.

The matter of replace~nt s was also considered.

At that tie, the

7f'ifteenth ArmIy was receiving no replacements since those available were

d'5{'d.

to

7'f:nhA5i

1,rin~ th.

male

r~i~~

er~ie

7jv,
ot nf

Thatly dealt wIts the oonntr ci'

errot

by

3Ariwro.nts

akcayr tthn >nr

sztpo
>vnt
to th" 3oyr

front rznd the Fthtne "fiver

On 2Z &~

waro

cmeider& useless.

the CornLa~nde

ir

in Chief

Wvest ws orderd to aseemble

the ran, antiaircraft briraee still a-signed tohim insuch

to beable to
in

intervene quickl

22d Pivtido

of the

in the

nconclusions
thsh

from: the lie,

could

Westwfl, which

ws

held iap

aned

be Crwny

were sdthdnwn

units

since they

from the

were to be- abIlitated,

badly

oonetruoteed

in

d to subsde in the sector of

rgs

sea

conerning a tr jar enemy action.

twrds Qnch adapproached the norter


we

was

sector

were only tmufled kc

that area.

Clove

win of

The enm
Oay.

addao

The.

Army Group 3. An attack wes

totiued against the left wing of the Fifth PanzerAny


furthe enm

&aa the

In the Cleve

but reservs were tobe available onthe foflowln

arte

opra tiom9

!rigde were reorted to have

Roenr, these

rmy.

daarply

Airborne units

attack.

the

water. bad

and the "eanadian lt

rrt

rtea
distnc

a shots

airborne

Hi.

Thbe mnth off the Emtor <ite wo me

taken part

enry

a aixer as

another freighter was rer ored ernt by a midge sub..

A
On I" rrn

tttish

possible

agait
and

the sectors oi' Army Gros

rinsue.

rtiethte

frtifficttione
post ot thtn nurow o

civilia lare

fi

dciep a oomterttae

At

oetuah

was lamhl

It the sector of kryGopCfighting continued southeast of


Saarbrueoken.

The

enemy a ttac eod

with

six

to

seven bttalion,

probably

from two

divisions, bu1-t

in

off aifter th arrival of resere

bster

e,

the chief of staff of iXr' Group P. i.sue) d~roctiws~s for the conduct of'

hine Rivers. The groeatest

bttle between the Mosefle and


from

the iiagtena

ares.

2y

lvtng

outpost area at the '=oDene gap as

the

to the situation in

industrial area aron

Uath

far

wtch peition, the

rchl

a0 Trier

:ad

tt

greater then these signed to

Ioalise attaccs weecarried


ft r~ebrZ
1

let crored
fight-ing

Pflivis ion was

stronger inthe Cletean

forces were regrouped.

wasn

out againt the COrehols

being transferred" to Oeveler,

Gle+ was hold, the stuatio

rivisio

Grop 73.
Gn

the area south of Snisrtrueoken. Apj rently the W-ronch

and

became

also be lost. Owving

it waveof great imnortane tot to lose th


Sarruetken. The strength of the wilts asigred

to Any Group C was mc

switch poitio

danrer wss

eoted

ob

around Gech becats

areas.

After noon

While the

more serious.

line at

The

DOnn

B~y the foll.owin night the bulk of the Panser Lehr


"he attack against 3eveth fAn continued
to arriv'.
it

from the north aced south, but as no arc ored divtiin were emd,

could

not be aoed

ae oobined-.rm

dier attack .

?wvilages were lost in the northern sector.


resiosnc
left

wes moved buak two to three ki Los ters.

in pootio,

the soth.

except for the

A number

ohtenzoh are.

The ads lin, of

Resrvfrcsor

2d Panzer _Divison vbic. as shifted to,

of fortifications were

captured by the

on.

in the

a152e

..152_

0-020

z-nne

attae

in the f ry

witoh no attion

The Groolt

-run 0 ares had beer unider

rlry iiorning and a nwm"rno no,

of Saarbrueoken tt

were

;eratttor

ot h

,ade.

zituation bad beer ata dlizeti and! an u nterrtedi

main ine of reslst%nce was estabitshed.

was

The 708th 71olkagreadier Th'iv.i io, erpoye an t

aper Rhino,

reorganized into the 106th nfnty --1virdon.

From the 32d wavs

bein

divisions were

(age-+lass 19"), four

Rhine. from

Derrk,

Wldfleoken, holln,
two di~vision

wnn

division

3,0 rone

At

newly

division

and Slovaki.

activated onthe w~er

eaoh was.

reort

Clove the radians

the enm

the Scheldt

betwe

played

In holstein, one naval

Two Paehrer briLa-a wore to be

to benewly activated,
divisios,
into

register tons

being activated in

One division in Holstein and

in r"enmrk wore tobe rehab iltated.

ar
f a sibarin

Onfl

one

the same agoeclss,

being

and

larger rart

ovessels over
a p~lsreorganised
Tae

.ive.

in the fighting, nrobr~bl

sustained. It had not yet been d ee

due tothe haiy losses

already

whether the enery woul

stare an airborns attack.

Eiehoww had reportedly transferred hid headquarters tothe iteia


fethel

.area.

This wes tken

to

mean

Heavy fighting cotinudna


Cosh,

Cln

along a

line

would begin

betsee

C ear

soon,
and

The Ceman forces wee forced back to the road betwe thee two

towns btit
gnuwi

that the otfoasivo

the Panzer

Hard fihtg

the overafl situntion

Loe'

Diviion suceeed in retaking part ofthe. lost

o' both ade of Coch resuted in heavy loses btt

wasoe onidordt be stabilized. Additional reserves

-153-

were

locat&d at ' bi14z.

would

ont th

ber

to the Ari

The

had

ed into

t"tt

:rt cha:ts : tvis ion

11th

P area a s a r sorve;.

YGrow

The bulk

cp~srMZ

7phtft+

wus

ed

ofl

9th =an er

2 lvi-

the

'c

infantry
Th.it or to the Koathp the %4th

atom had alra dy arrive '.


dion

day. Th

f~oflow .. iz

'

of

:3,or
tranz

petition.

7%jyj

also received the 104th

-'rmy Group

Panze ride

The

still

the north an

continued in

and ainbl

south

ennth Army sector fighting

Inthe

high.

-.=nket

continued to be lost

These bunkers were mostly designed as urergun

every day.
were in

level was

water

the main unoccupied besa

the shortage

of

quarters

of roersornol.

sear

Igohterneth the eny-praased to the northeast.


probls switch position the

At the

lin,

and

captured four villages.

line

was

re .stablinhed

amos

wac

being

not

considernd tene.

Army. The
inntr
OnB92
arwz

tn
16th

Division

Infantry

Divisi on,

ka

bad

tivisio,

now

arrived in

The situation
the

whih was to be

was moved forwrm


the C

line of

Bn
aden

rear

the

resist.

between

Eouth of 5iarlautern, was lost

enq now approached the Spceren feights.

n the.

forces

A.new, thin main

te

The 11

gape

Orhoisi switch position was pierce

Auerba o,

terleuten.

adancd through

Contact betwee Grm

by counterattack.

rebuilt. The

and

?ettirrn

enemy

at

and
still

of the First

umited with the 905th


.emn.

ne r in Chie West and each of the three

grup were inf'ored of the Vuehrer's i pression that Seventh'

nlanned withdrawal to the ?rueut

position

(see

13

Army's

February),, which the

C-012 04

A-'

d~boed

?ushrer had forbidden,

Fuehror ordered the

of

to the Chief

the situation

20

the Oainder

rbruy

enem armoro

situation in that secto

shift -the 3d

'The

boundtary.

ruOPi ntion," he,.


zeramtheir

the

with

through along

switch .position would

lbonaybetwsn

avn

arid

to

we the

twent-fifth An

defense

(Bllet)

and brvely,

the

particularly

a break-through

An unusaly la.rge
area

was

at

the

mrtde to

A attetpt was

area

The

reported.

west of Cologes.

the southern part of

be co-ordinated

4,

44oselle Cap.

the

The

Zitel

rightin

with

the

in

fronts 414 not

in the sector

to the north.

strengthened after

First Arm right

strong,

openations

Mreetepi was to beprotected

of th liaguenau

they were fresh ad

istwsston of

for the rr- fining sqcttors of the Crelicils

h First

bad, permitted. vith.nwal of


eonos

A'che

T':.his point inthe front was

alcirctmstanoes.

general

co'noera.

Pansrergnaior tvision ito

of' 3rrebourg,

(Chief Vest trsnsAltte

Parachute Army.

bend, which would react onthe situation

west

in

ilatedangeo

ti

units in

wa flawe

threatened to break

Whr

Staft: his

the vtrnciet 0fltion

on t he Wet ern ?tont.

conentrtion of

for

4ostwaI

the uit

themnso

seen in the sector of the Tirst

the area

the trcn;

!moeth

At 2130 hours on

enemy

the

to hOld

sevoth 'r-

be effaBedeCoz

sbtordts.

was

hautf'ul e ffect or. ths

eeasier from the so-cali,

idea that defense wol


said, 'tnw t

hirvs

Lr~ee =re, thU: tit e ir

Arm's conduct of b ttle .

the

to

Forest.

wing.
te

seem to be in

the troops

of ArM

under

theCW

A farher cause
tipper Rhine atd
date

dner.'

continued to fight bard


roup B.

flovover, the

efficIency of -i ny unit-i
Th r

itlng *

eaerc

hrs2

gretl

be

rec

of th

the ritrain

rcwp
~ cx

oZ~
at pi*r

ruon

by

cs

w~rl

searious problea .

The

Corra.ndr

had

beinring h
to

arov

reats

in

Chief

es t

informed

the

7aehrer that Cfoa

the

f ught again:t the danger of "s!now &alflrg t;y ret asitg


towithdraw the front Itne.

~owuld make su.ch

requests to the Lhrer only if itt were cearly a matter of saving a


valuable unit.
O21 1'eruarr the thef of the CW informd the Co

or in Chief

Wlest that the TPuherr bad agreed as to the proms ale areas (Rtoora
Dweron) where the

ain enemy effort would be concentrated.

Aga-in the

Wiorer repeated the iirtanoo of clingng teenacusly to eah foot of

G"rman

son,

to each bunk-.r, etc., ina order to zzevent an ever fastor

retreat to the Phine.


evmoution af

The $?uerer reserved the right to sanction the

individual

units

in the Wetwlt, a move whic

would b

made only when it wa necesar to bolster the infantry strength or a new

msin

line of real tance.

the Wtwfl ad

In
assure

his

A directive for organizino

already b

rerzly it 1600

assued on 10 Fbr:,ary.

hours on

22 February-v

the flmhrer tint nobh of the a ny

4wy

the

Widor

in Chief j est

groups had been ordered

strmest terms to defend evr foot, of ground.

plflned

the front line within

The C

er

in

the

the x-

metin snotions of the front, prticulrlyr those with strong

bunker lines, had been lost in en astonishingly short time. Chiefly, the
difficulties

had been the slow arrival of replace

fite, their lck of

S~

f.02-0~l6
stamina, eamI the lack. of

training an

all of the bk~rr.

hcpa

siufficient

Ths.,
ile the bunker's

nirhers of troops to

w r

ueul In poteotimn

'

end quartering reserves in the do-nth of the reair area, they were easily

artillery an~'

damd by direct

frontal embroues.

lack of mutual flank protec ion


'+he decisi.ve factor, however, was

strength to occupy afl of

sufficient niumerical

to

pass

control

the

bunkers

the

mrss.

in-between

and to rnut them

OnZ hanr
of which succeeded

twenty-.one
in breaking

out of

bad

actio

of

area had

now lasted two. wmks,

They

the enemy

mmritte d

from

by-m

to

the rear.

Fighting

was not clla.

during vhich

Th

the Clern area,

tie the enemy

nemy tarks wore moved forward

finth ;ryfronts.

of

tbroug'h.

the three major British uit

ters.

lack

the exdsting fortification

were maoved into

lotion

and

This

the

bnlkers

motor torpedo boats were in action, part

S\rher enemy rifroeens

twenty kloo

in zany

T~he

ws also pointed out,

nd

eticularly whn aimed at the

tank fire,

behind

had

in this

gained

the TT.S.

First

come only from the strategic

could bhv

resevs,

Until

this tUm

(leurlly,

the enemyv

the fighting near Car

gaied omeground.
defensive atu~re

prisoners wer

of

ws conta ined,.

while

Only

was

at Caiar

this battle,

taken.

TeI

28

disabled

Corps had be

defense*

to the

the heatest.

e hr Divisim t

enemy tanswr

to effect a unified, vell.a-ordihate

was being withdrawn.

the Pan s

had been

thw line withdrawn.

'xaht

L!X'1 Corps ws in action, while

Oceb

an

had ee

Despite

and

the

142

netdi

re

On the aeura front

the

south the

8th

;!arachue Division

942

slV
147-

the

?o

north

attck cc

enn

Zthe 3vnth Afrmysstr

tinu&

oma had reehe d th line - rou'eld -St

the

Fie ebfeld. The %astmfl bad been pilerced fler. bat


further to
off

The
bulge

To

the west.

Gersm

tank and. assut

fores, including

situation at the

Or ohls sawitch

sition

had been reduce, the anew

nnar Tottinrein

.lhioh

of

ordered

hio! West

in

forv.rd inthis area.

the

secuity of

The

crital.

suoaedd

in

wes

into $arbnueekan

were still

stwnes.

lost,

that

fth

sic

the

if neesay

Win

fuetbrer

the lose

of whicn
report

by

was

in

. The

to

be pevente

Scd

Caa "

be moved

obsrvnation

outpost

ares.

of holin

tdew al circue.

to whtmesaea

in Chief Wot ws instructed

the ?4on12 gap were

shoud beoccpied

weakening the

hostile

the importance

the eveiga

of 23. ?emy7 the

the

the

held.

again s tresso

fortiication. at

entire Weeall,

After

would seriously

sarebour

the heights which permitte

Any op Cwas to
mnteeein

eingmoe

Ha fighting continnsd south of ssbruecka.

Althouh Snihern

the Spiohen heghts,

cutting

breaking

replaceent training batalis to

loss of

tswf.

the

vest,

were

through to a new defense line vhtch bad not yet been ecne
oader

,-

bunkers were

gm,

was

- &tnschoid

uabeing diotendod

toaed oft' to the

the south the enemy

Ak
s only haf were ocpied, a ta>

one negimnt.

eapture.

aainnt the flanks.

among

th. strongest in

by the etrongeet peuilble

force,

-as4-

1-I Bc.'
Cn ;2

It van

! *ri tr

so far r otl, neonntrrr~ ar ~rer

put to

wa

There'

tea.

to

ete

thae errt

-chit:cmah

planned

that

inceraseed evdene

the

ite

7 ti

probctbly the 4th Arues


being

rty Mdget iubsarines also

rt.

air orme foration

enes

readin sjn.

were beizy ha tllr

At

t-ats

the w-oto r tiree

t't

repnrte

wera

The

be onentrating thn.

tvisicn

attak was

strati
t

:m. cmenr,

sines thore

in that area,

6th Anware

no North r lare units

pressure at

heavy

the

Orchals

switch position wes aprlahwlf by the eowmrdtmeft of an additioa

Arertnar& division.

had

thttn

at Galar anid Goch.

died dw

fofl.nin

up

To

tro
orn,

ennicyad only

blc had

the Osnen

witbirava

to the

several prachute

artifllry

south the seex

seetor eontinued

vithdrs-als.
In

the

and then l.t

the Grms wer


south

contact with

again.

Weak

The n5th

Infantry livisiae
figbtire

arrbourg.

Gs

The Psaser 1.1w

bosa

In the Seventh

ajustzent fire.

the north

foned

th

reve.

and south

resulted

in ftmer

to isproin.

'79th Isfntry

ore

tb

wer vithdnawn frt the trout to neuf


stb pstition *oo
?&gt iung at th (hos
itt

Infantry

Division

were famed back


brdwore

.er Snertg

foes

The 238th lnfantr7 Djvje


wemre ontheir way to the front. Further

pressure free

the netr wi tch positis.


timned.

uits

repulsed.

&t

resed

owa

the northeast

ware alse

flivisi r was;vwtsMwa srin to fow


alec and

The avm

eneey

zents of the 11th ?anstr Disn

and the right fitS of the 416th

behind the
lot

Suer

River.

nd the *fevQ

f ris reabd the

'Star

After
ov
ivtr.

heady

into

Those *l-

which bad not yet been vitraw were

ms

9 r20O

~555r-

thrown into a counterattack.


the heights between

bunkers

Enem y

cn cnd the
hrbch

To the east,

Volkingen.

entered Irora ch and occupied

zSieherr hoights,

were
The Co

able

several

oar-turi

ack at ".r:choenbach, but at

e
retsa

the enemy was

ents
two points his ac anoed ole
.arbe oken ant

forces

to look over

the

valey

at

in Chief zest ordered the

ner

o-nat tnnt of the 5C9th Infantry Ditsior together with the assault gnms
of the 17th 3

Panzer

ivision.

On 22 ?ebiarr9' the Coinnder in Cief Wst rported that the forces


brought forward south of

Trier for roinforenent of the Watwall (on,

Uight field howitzer battalion of the 212th Xolkgrenadter Divison, the


519th Antitank Battalion,

-Ing er Briade, one mxed anti-

the 47th Volks

aircraft artillery battalion, and other urits), the 212th 'olkredier


Division, and

nints from the south trier sector, woul4 be tobined to form


B reported that the garrison

O23 February Army tr

Group Serfuss.

of the 4ose11'g

strength of the fortifiottions on both a idea


$79 men.

These figures

ap uwabered

would increase after the oomttmnt of the 7*1ocm

engineer brigade.

on 22 V1ri
AryGrou

ry).

nder in Chief West tranemitted an order to

Oat the ase day, the

Feb

lf

er rplod

ed that

ofa the

psition in vinew of en
asrm

f
of the south

to secure the I rues position, prvi


in the

large force (Csee

fantry fvtsion) at the P

at the

suns

Wi

B to establish a suffioiently

79th aM 276th

Ves
x

c the

front (see

13

an 20

that it was permissible

it would sue. no wenig

spirit of those troops stifl fighting in the forward area.

ecurity

s C-O20
force

the

the ocow atone f the re

for

-.i'TSevett h

.1knks

eorted that ranewa

forced

rad.

.Pctto&!

nzition wnre rot.

oruarr

to- b tC'ke

theCntre

Qn 23

eney

neetntions inL the flnsat,

idth rrwnl1 to e. iri

rt

frr

in

Chief ~i

the

io

end

Neuorburg

3itsoi.:

o1liendor '.

on
that

X1 Fo

two days

=anr'

the dnage

while

haw

m~otor

returnet

be p'xm.

torpado bots
;other

rOde was light.

although in the Irish

success1,

s hins

Giern

offensive weiz

stsnrs * li

sank sein

on the

in the Sohedt sliver

any

eneimy

earlier twentyetwo

and erobably

convoy

the rjor

it

iaevs reportod

encontere

stemr

All of

thek

were damaged,
e

The nidget sub arines Th ite

=e one

an enm

oomitte

to retort

loir er-rnge sumrineo sank two

daniged two others.

och the enem's

At

main

point of

effort was

it

reinforced by the co

mot of the British 15th Inftantry rLivision.

As

wn ox octod, the

xr

Thepretene
o th TV
At Eagunau the

confirmed.

the

where
?rnoh
was

Corps took over cor and .


Z'h Ifanry rivision near .onsohauwa

4,2d Infantry

45th infantry t3ivinio

19th

not Yet

Infantry rivision

was shifted to

riviston

the

west

had ben withdrwn to form a roesv.

arrived

in

Aleac.

from E:rittany,, alt lug i

Th.

it

fully or aised.

Fighting at Cocl had abta

te nmy pene

dton

were mt b~Gea

counterattacks.
At. X45 hours on 23 Vemegry
in the
attnck..

eeotor

of

Ar y Group f.

the

mruete

4rtillery

T1e right wing ins.q less effeote4

enemy offensive was bog~un

boi

becau's

raot ha

a'

nreceded

t~:Ainundate

the
grodnd.

-I461-

C4220

eneny effort

the mai

Tn the beszfnr

where water COnyhtics we're

more

wran

near tinnich,

rentrnate
ocn.

favor t1q to ear

avac,

ThnkS

apmred

there. An enemy bridgehead measuring- 2 kiomtere wide by 2 kilomasters


deep was

formed.

of local_

Tridzeheitde

In the

Jzalieh and- tltenbrg.

2ator

importne were also establishe

xxav

bold by the

brI4,heads were estatlishd on both sidos of Dueron.

was

the 353d Infantry Division which

direoted against

position on the lett

bombing,

r'ianzer Corps

A further attack
still occupied a

ecause of th. heavy smoke and the saatwaton

bank.

still

it was

at

not poss ible to 'determine the enot point of min

effort.
The tnser
restv

Lehr Division

oner

the

a th ?araehut

Those -units were both supplied

bG the Comaner in Chief Wt.

with trucks and fuel for rapid

position in

full

strength,

the dVclks A rtillery


Heavy fighting

mvmt. The

while

9th Panzer Pivision

the lO6th ?anser

Corps had not

Brigade a!

was in

elements of

yet arrived.

ameewed on the northern and southern flanks of the

Seventh Army, resulting in the loss of ground.


strength to

ivrision wore held in

several uaits were out off.

Th. infanty lost further

floments of the 5th raraehute

tion vows appt'isching.


Southvest of Trier in the Army Ortp Csector, the enmy ma headway

at Okfen,

At Srrieb and Ham the snow' joined

advamedto the Sear heights.

from

the rear.

several bridgeheds and

One 'lebrkret battalion was bein socdvu

uwlo
-462_

) e#-02
Nar Saarbrueeken ened forces apture

Spichoren heitghts

only the

reconnaisuance

recapturing

Division suoceeded in

The

moved

around to

battMalion of the

.the heights themselves.

s e hope that the situation could be

afterno.

stabilised

Aontein Division vas withran

the

northwest.

*AE)M
ight ofthe fourte

two or

thre mechant

ships

least

on

altog

te

2d t

Launtir

was

There

until

at Pirmasen

idget sbam

ho without hamin encountered the enui,


destrzyer and

at

2d

On

bunkers

several

the
and

rturned

the sinking of cue

or transports

bad been

obs erved

Asuccessful attack bythree flotillas totaling twentyon motor torpedo

boats asreported to have been carried cut despite poor


rovin the feasibility of such operttosi.
The British were
lot all

regruin and attacked vdth

of tte Amria
to

widene! its eatr

uis

rc tiIt
flankU~x

two divisins

U. S. Ninth A rq

the south in preartion for a driv, t owards

axd Cologne..

tha~seldort

The

were identified.

only

visibility,

Mcooringly, the U.S. First Arvq' provided

appared m ely

that

At Gosh the British stueee ingin

the

three a irborne mits

frthe gou:. to hek

this advance th Gten epplared the Pse labs flvise the 1t


Ins

)Is
o
8$ Corp.

Dis,

ar

two battalions of th

olgthe enem was

At the

corps

botindary,

hover,

:I

rahe

the seco of thi


LaU~e
enem forces advanced

as tar

C-0020

10

w163el

was growing

zillio

dam

was blown up for

the 353d Infartry Division,

in the. -seor off

aseon tira, oaiwirg

The Poer

the

release &oftour

o the flth Paer Division and the entire 9th

Pader Diwtsicc, at the corps boundax,

w~r novel toward, while the


Other rainforc eots were

34Pasergresadter Division wa wtnrwn.


unable to ucrf torwad fros

opeo4fl of

the

rear because of daVto

the

Army

sectr

Prs poition. New .n

heavy fighu bad again

ain

lad wile the nao was carrencot


12ba had to be abwanoned
soutlwent corer

tthe

railroads.

air attacks.

the offenive was aopanied by stron

In ,th Seventh
the

River was

cubic satan a water within sit days.


''

The

Raer

head gained a brtdehead at t rauthauso.

although the s

vual

Weker

the

at tihnich , Juelich, end Dtwr a,

crossed at uever places, iolitn


ighg

orp,

sector held iqthe L! y

Inthe

as Bal.

broke ot is

had led to the dedsioa to withdraw,

uoeesfufly, two eairled


!nUm

attack sotipta

against

positic.

In the Arm Group 0 area the Amrens atu t


brldhas atthe Boer Rive.

alm

Snt

tne and gained two


i

be alrnlernd

hoped that th gains c.ud be locald.


tl
river WIt it wAM
the

the

entwis to the 24Muti iialce

it

thai

was hoped

After

situto

lspnn.o
woul
Ilk
12

twls

a1remt

si4DS

tOn

attar

o*

esettum duagwntsea!ooueig

It

of ini

sta

aa

X;w

0-020
o the Spichern hight with alternating

contine

tip

Pi.

era

ale

certain bunker

Larces occupied the hegtwhile

ouccess.

weyre hel

by

the *e7
a~ 3

anport

the

gMac finer and


and the

Cols

The
of th

and Itineo

the IHnae

north v

chief conert o

hnver, the enha

metseven

mmnn.

the C

er

In Chief

situation an either aide of the Mo

w was not stronm

First

Sas River.

n.ns

vit

West was the

a River.

devolr eat

Ifthe

Mvl to the 41U

This udght neeitate the abac

weud becoma eesar.

rse

Th rain thrust towards

tens..

not bethrown back across th Prmec a

The

eiate break-*

eiqmd *acording to the

Rivers was

Al ser

the Fifteenth

report.I

srmntom'Westvwasnrem.e

Optrationa Staff. tiN i

bthe Chief of the Xaenet


truhbetween

the0C

evWcould
position

prer.

aof

to fore the eateq back acros the

nc.

brmak-hroub al.ng the Thsek highroad was

likely.

The

of the Oair

repr

ttbnw

aove frt

Rsefl Itv

13

ws not posaib

either

of toe

Cmmne in Chief
"prt

Litratio

wrup 3 an
,

o*

ihnth

o.It

in the area soubh at

. Mimnent attack agait the

&wabitq

relte

a the upoua

contact betwee nW

ofaauinit
to

in CMie West poite

the

Wisenbcurg

sctor of rW Group

0.

ft" feo aw d ireetivs

the situation for


(Auho).

25 February

is

issingfo

the

the

-1,4

4i 0-20e15

On
1 :jkMat
teletyp

1635 hours the Csomdr in Chief ieet received a

signed by

letter

The Anerican

the Fuebr.r

attacks onboth

aides of the )oelle gap were described a being only in the nature of
Accordin

hdig attacks

bats sufficient
he

ferr, the

to the

forces to eXploit a beAlc~troug

enoq's main

to th

m attack

in

Me.

to th

to

Cief

.in

rk.a are
scold not be

of

the Fif

t ase r

A withdraa of, thesh


(toe below).

Vbhj

it

a.e

ven if grat

fna of nq Grop

the

teefe g

risk

3 wa

the

. ifteenth Aqfot

that the Keuse Riv.r, on

be ocpie by tne
tit.a

forces.

In

than

ceeo

wire to be suemtte

to the

Ny

the seeth

AnyW

in

the

with his direcie

front Is

Pram area,

fronta

oition, ti Puerwould

Banter, fis eattat with the tamer tot

lnteins,

were

reserw

penetration into

too early to wthdraw


snte

"y

break-

dire.tve of is Nt uary.

asstill

alo ent
of 10 Febru

on

tes

cotS

iah

both ses o th

Seifel

oaO

atmn

tkchth

in svscw

The

eqmatod for bythe tact

sq oter rear po
OS ISV

an attcmpt

West a A

Ift ecsar,

out of the question, despite the eag

*unl

alley.

issued the

tor frot, the Fsr

through war to bprve te at al css.


vone iuvlv

the )4osel

thear.

the Oower

be taken ire the . ntet

did not

Thre was no doubt that a lsgoeo

fin.

lwas

f ollwing direetiv

to

into

effort was concentrated onthe lRoer front in

to break through
With regard

Third Arq

U.S.

aMd e

th. Eaus

in

the

ier wevve to

.t

et~pe

CEO

be secured.

further eztintet

A
Trier,

of the

itatin

on, 27 r'ebrusry ttdicated that

eve if encircled, could ause Sthe utmost difficulty for the

*sip d hould therefore. not be abadoned.


nulargement
e

in

to attack

en

f the

bridge-ead, the

diffiult

the

south of Trier

fofifiawto

atd Milbh on t

other bt.

Based on these oas ideratin

as er

Co
hele

it hdrawal would

Sarrborg

ara

s, a

Oprtic

uedia

Us
Webnacht

ight.

of this divisio

oocveiatt@4

171

sueor

In the
M

wold4

Cnai,

that

loand

asable in the hilfdl4

taff, the ohio f staff of the

the Spi

Staff

f the

with the DepaV Chief


GUd

in Chi

U&led tthelmss of alb


em

. t

which b.4 not so far be


1ib

to the

the Mias front was to be

hrmoaaht Operation

theewbeiehhA
Vestrepoted

the details o

ediati

further directive was set

be ade yet to the

the folleuig day, the

7.Uwi~ a*tlx

of bunkers

was to be elIa

bridgewhd

The 6th S.S Mountain Divsion was to be brought fore

last co bat elemt.

W
net

with those at liersig

the euow was to be contained by forces .the

Moutain Division,
ward.

After the arrival of the reinfoCed

Chief West othbe see

in

have

keep close contact with the

the one band,

Division5 the eq

6th8tai

wuld

Division

nta

south of the ton.f It was. essential

train

of the frost should

that this sncsO

an

In order to pren

jmitom (see 21 ?en


hwn

to the (W4h

ctw),

*0 # 0e020

467l67

Also on27

the 1 Puenr agreed

th

the

Febrar,

to the

Chief

Comnnder in

>est was it omd that

of thde 346th Infantry DIvision from

w tdrawi

tone, provided that the section ofthe front from which this

arv

division

wa

taken

woulsl stl

be defended.

the Febrer had declined a request bi

Cti2

West to wthdaw the riohtwing ofthe II S Cirs adthe left

is Cef

to the Xiedr-Kues

win
of~'rOrop

the DevuV Chief of the Webm l

After a briefigr

area.

pratis rStaff Lt. Colonel D

ei

usthe critica sitmatio in the rrkelws area, the C


est

or

the C

on 27 Februry reed

AMw Grop
south of

H'

his request to witdnvw

tm, the C

At th.se

wing of

e to the, area

to a lin running from Keseleonetb+e

iadr~ek

the left

he

evdr in Chief' Ilst

would tvr to sh iftth 1'lth Divisio into the resultiug gap, thnt
lestablishing

area.

msat

with

the Poser

The neqnest was spo

isite in the Rheindablea

Lebr

ted7 the Dpw Chief of the Weho

ht

Operations Staff, and was subsequent2y osnctiaad bar the Fuebrear .1-o

thoq

'with a beary
.r~

Virt*

as rered by the D putr hief, Lt. Colo el

The chit of .tttf of th C

aeeerdlagl

IrV

bs

the

p
so
n tas

letter tthe

Puobers

itws in his

that al

Ch aneet

powr to

diffiet

reported

t wed

do e@. Anocrdlug to th

Ommar inChief West, the main task was to

Frost intact, in order

was iufom

- w SLIW
the Caster

At =1 ban
btelr

eitaa La Chift

to protect for as

keep

the entir Wester

long as possible the imprtant

-.168m
-168-

E # 0e020

indatrial. areas of the

Rtuhr and

In view of the vaiu

""er.

bilities which might lead to a strategic en

which were already a


admones

towards

Colope,

Sanebourg ),#the r~r

bra--thro,

the yU pvtio, and th.

by the

sis

of

pentrtion at J"irelea; and eneq


area .. st

of

greater freedom of

er in Cyief West asked for

action than that prmitte

an

(ai

ri

mont-

secret dfrective Cive

to

his peronaly

15 February. A decision would have to be tad as to whether the los

of taottcll

s
tvfforti
isprtat tow 9 suet as Trier, or theaVM

asjustified in order to save uite fighting ther e r more

tioatios

imaportant later an

eats.

A new diretive on

thi question was re-

quested.
Again th opiio wa repet

that it was moeimportant to maizeo

taes the c ontti'tyo the front then to elagr a unified lineof


reistane by clintg to cerain area.* The C

o*Mr in Chief West

begged for permissio to order the necessary tacticalyea hImelf,


mewating for decisions. ?tuf
since valuabe time was oite lost
ach measur taken wud begive to the 1W.
Ine
ittn his repor, the Cosaer in Chie Veit age's

rep

ort

the Ntitt9 "bytmu

imq pbe il

e dou topprv

Wee

the

with

traval@ the front Use t. the Rhb iver.'


1i

Ce

te evenin of U8 Febraury, the Pser asrd

Weto his efiesa

aM,

referin

oh

of

directiv

prMein dq, urged th. rapid withdrwal ofte left

larniri

the C

of

the

Arq

-69

-269.0

C.02

(Inthe

sane day, the

of

rew estiwate

on

issued

the

bad

.ne

Cimader

in Chief

Ves~t sent

the eituato with referreroe

altenoon of 27 Febrary,

broken through the

front

in

to

area

of the lilt

that two snmort divisions had slreadyr advanced


The

are

Lelir

Panser

Divisin

at Rhidahln. Tere was


Frst ?arstte

gleenta
attack

pla

there

agast

heavel

bettered Sevent

theretv ekelyepsn

addition" al upr of the

to stabilee
attac

against

It

unavoidble.

the a

the sit"ti

the Drft

vas no

the W^aJdspiesB

Ar~bdbe

ane press r t
ade the loss

position had

to transfe

longer posible

At the Koefle

d of

the Gene

of the

246th Volkereair

the left

front.

nEt

oSsr

the poition of Rineteauth

of resistance

to

be sufficient

rou

the

The 6th

the teina od arabfore,

for Is AolrLN
ChefWet hadthe beesadordered to
=0

for imrvn

wing,

That the

not bessonstu.

from

Th

forces.

Division would

doubtful.
"
apered

gap, the nwmy

onrated on

other sections

OSKutaa Division uld ntarie

held by the

to the north because of stron

right ving.

b the Ud homctal Piiic

Osa

as

and

&4Corps

imcrasig danger that the front

more tha aamer plin

nived

far

the

egd nhenvy defensive fighting

was

the Fifth PaserAr

of

as

ould coapse" as a result of

Strong attacks

the south.

of vrowd

'w

flehrer'e direetive

painted out that

It yas

the

the

to the ?uehrer

osmne

po-.sibIlitte

Any b avcin the vai

the line Eehlettstatt - Narkireb

Col du Z

na

line

cm0047.
C

1$R

-1370

ountain

og'ing te 6th S$
. Vltin aid by emp

to

The

report of the

&M

@8

the

fighting t2

Ani

the ?irst

onort.

as impossible the withdranwal at this division

dscried

enetrey drive against

from First Any in view of the i plg

gap

and the Sars

was not

line at resistance

Probably th. 2
It was

offensive antiso.

front

by

stre~igtheng

to

rnw Group 0t

Jtdged

eat
o,

of

mai

an additiona

sore important to stabilzts

A
the bridgehead hold by Nineteenth
or
'th.

German soil.

ig
their reach

the

, the adva

feasible: without the support

the existing

rq.

in Chief West transmitted the fofliang


bridgehead mast

Aas.

in order to tie up the

ci ramtns

needed to effect

Division vas no longer capable of


Untain
t

the C
order

the Moelle

inst the Wissabourg

At the same ti

susidered.

also

ion y

division.

booms, of the time whioh wold b

The possibility of an attack

the transfer.
dopren

and

submitted at 21.05 hours

inChief rest,

sr

than assigned

-Piion,

bheld trier all

forces there and to prevent

As support is not available


be taken

the neessay fore.f atsut

fram

fta

other

the Mntain tract as

rapdly as pmusible.*

on
reprt
e5W

it 2330 hou"r

in Chief Vest submitted a

the Costr

describing the tense situaio at the Atles.


VS

Dreish

reported ta b
bridge,

only eight

'ilnegdterit

The

bridgehead.

the

the

site of

hile the greatest idth of the bridgehead va

'01

35

kflm ten. Under these conditios,

the question asasked whether it

vawise. in the lon

holding the bridgehead,

ras

to contiu

the Nineteenth Ares was not still

in

danger

of being cut off.

and

wther

4fg ClYl-

-1711M

tf n~ n

the trsner

in Chif

First Ar~ front thore were no


vtthdrvalof the 10% SF
W4, the Corander in

the

t east

ponted out that on the

Contray to the piion

anser fivision.

of the

oros switch position, against

which only a weak.r


Oeran fore was available.
area along the

No solution could be fond

An

-Saar River wasnot

tihrus

towars

considered i mnet.

by attmapting to shift the sector boundaries

withn the First Army ara.*

to

The forces necessary

Arm front culd only be taken fr

First

of

hief We.t mnentarly epected an attack

against the Vosoetle front 1P way

the indutrial

fsr the

svailablc to eomperate

orpe~

the

stn.g

Alsare.* Thi

aised the

question as to whether or not Alsace should beabandoned.


wol oertainly release enw forces at th

ae

siderad that they would be available for i

Wile this

tine, it was

ot coca-

ate emitent.

Upon receiving the report from the Chief of the fl concerning the
situation ab the upper

tine,

the

ubrer resed

allow the

vacu-

of the Vosge. bridehead, and at the same time requested a d es

atin

oriptim of the overall defense of the


b lat ~
fored

2310 hus,

tne

1 5

the Comner in Chit? Weist was in-

aooordizg]y that the upper Rie

bridgehead

Vthim the brdgehead the bulk of the de fendg

attacks
>ant

eamitted

rn

a note

ato

be held.

forest were t

in the Cozar atSanheia

while the frost bordering the Vosges listass

15

to

was

beo

fulose arems,

to be secured oly

ade by the Chief of the tehraoht O

tiperaton

Saff.

-1720

)Z#C0O
Ia thin defense Lime

To

obtain

a more aoiwate

picture

of the

situ-.

off the

atton, the Yuerer- dmed a statemet off the actual ~tren

Nineteenth Arq ad a map sheto the disposition of secrity fos


alog the astern ban

o the !hn south of IMsatt.

OnZg==at 1325 hours the C

ar in Chief West anwer

that in the long run th defeat of the Zineteet

Without the Ncineteenth

able,

Axq teres

wcudb

Arny would be inevit~no

tbuid upa stron an lasting 4sfeone othe upper

forces with which

Itmne. Aleady

the frot bordering on the Voegs KMowtais bad been weakened so tarda
to resemble oly

a fBarni pition. ?2tbing ould now prevent the

.new trai crusting this line.

2 Tebrzqith

(ii

Ifie of staff ofdAt

Grop 0 submitted

an

satiate

to the Cht.!ef the Webfct


Oeratio ataf (throg the Deputy ctiat). At th point of attae
near Coie rl, a thin .ermax line faced three enem inantz r divisions,
of the situatio

at

Nwnteent A

two French snored divisions, erA possibly eleents of the Algerian 3

eqbrak.4rough at this
Ano

Ztvnsion.
A fauhr

v"ekin o th aetai

fratt

nt.
RhZOInei favor of the Coluare
bler the ObiW of the

Aw

was in

At 1300 hr

no loner possible

ehaeht Ortion Staff

estimate ofthe aituain hep

tnth

point was ccasidered ikely.


ad the rigtbank o the

'te

wped

with tie

out that the cit" task of Nine0

w sa to istrengthen

the probbl point of brett-'

on2 etran' a telephone anuse

vs received fm

# e.02047.
11-10
(oener

-173-

lsutnn~t Westphal (Chief of Staff

to

the

Coma~er in Chief West)

stating that end. troops had entered Coi.uar, that the line of r'etirement
as189,

and that

the 16th frantry

)iviaion

was

General

endangered.

that this further report be given to the ?tohrer.

~etplal ashe

earin Chief. =est and the proposal

In view of the report bythe.

of the Chief of the liehrnacht Operations Staffa the uefirer decided


the Motain fiot should be
corner

ardor that n

in

further veakened

units would beout

in favor of the

*ff.

line could be

held until aUl of the re

Co~man

This involved a with-

drawal to a bridgeha at the rear of the Riuae44arns Canal

that

ng Germ

from where

forces had crossed

th Vine

A
state

of

Rhine

the

the

defenses at

bridgeh.~4 vas

that

the bridgehead were

of evacuatin

At

evacuation of

Cmlete

2250 hours

to be coningent

includili

in pert

to

be used for other missions.3 '

an 2 February General WIestphal again telephoned to re-

V~hmoht

the

the.

tie.. Forces released as a relt

quest an iunediate decision on the evacuation of the bridgehead.


Chief of the

on

Opratloas Staff pointed out

art llewy

v re already

being

that as

itdam fro

The

all forces
the mutai

frt, am isuavtion bad actual7 'bedu, axv that an i idiate decisio


was not n ees auv.hd Nwv
a he, he added
ovn.dthat
y a definite decision

At 2105 hours n
2

oe

ud y

F
Feb ruary Genea . estera repotedi

the Chief of

the Vebraht

gyrations

wouldbybera

on the general;

Staff.

(Author).

53 G+,4220

-174-

brl4geh sad =4x on the

outlxtsof tLe reduced

troop which would 'he re:

divisionu

would be

sent

to First

anzd

three

AruWy

Later on the sea dat the

upper R~hine front

to the

of

(those with thc 1ower-t

F~our divisions

med.

aessigned

cwnbt a trcDgth) would

intended enploament

er

in

Chief reeeived p riaion to

evacuate the Alsace bdehead.

Follow

onv ration with

the Chief of the

.zacht OratioM

General Westpha told~ the Depu~ty Chief that he udrstood the


moros, of fit1.r'a intention to pin dow as many of the en s' forces
as possible forvard of the VIia.. hexplainaed by the D~eputy Chief of
the Wehrmacht Operation Staff, the flanks should be reinforced at the
Staff1

The

outposts should

an attack that would mean

their d~strucetio

of the

-zpee

of

At a

sal4ent.

mttution

conference

inpor'tsaef not losin ai

The
and

an

be vithdravn cu2y in cae

the ?ehrex'

5 Fabrr,

enphasised the

artilleryT ian the "rid ebea4 was evacv ted.

would first have to be w thdravn behind the fIinemfhone canal


tbiea late across the IRhine Rivers. An order to this effect was to

mrilles

bismeto the C
bs

dlaat

the bridges

agains

Loig

seo

Wont.
l

At
tb. t

the
t

same tium, he should

lueir Klotz end

the

the possibility ofa surprise attek

Isish the0a erief


at the Aime brdgehea
and fee

artillery fre".

eaw

in hit

lpite

vised atthe

Iaisrtu

dr

Vst e
were exposed to

td

that

strog

Te inantry forces were no longr able to contain the

delays in the withdraval

threatened

to break up the

infantry

C-.020

?;/

In riv

forams.*
Aliae,

it

quickly

ae

Coweander

morningU

to a'ivanos

possible into the


in Chi

1/0 rew.ar

of

the

statable

enetv

Theretore, tlit

the fls'ee

wte rrer va

bridgehead

ds,p Tfoavin

Icege large

hor

tie

enosht

at

of

teItnd
ton cm
a

ofpf,

th. oit
upper

the 159th, 189th,

Division vould rmain

16th, 1

MIni
t

tfrot

+.Aa
nd

on thefrl.ft

198th, 70th,

to flretmnth Army. The

mhe atcuzttu

to terear ofthe
nantr D.tvii

lof wing

and the

At 202 biurs tb C
habl tm the

wane to be tnfaed

of Fi rat A

in afle

905th lDvision is
ow
r is

708 M. 76th Vo

Mhef

gr

this ertr

ofthe

front

of

with

Diviia

soot as possible

as

to replace the

559t

the Toge.

West mesed an oder to r.o


eD

tutsiec

Infany Divsin near the front in Webulcret V 1le

enemy opposite

of

nit

pers

9h, ea 18h Thtntry Divisions.


ierio

of

uwing

716th Inantry

aw

were to bewre

and ti 33t Infantry

the

71 th Infatry Division

the 189h, 708th ,

the

end

assigned

hblz

the Gwawerin Chief Wext reported

PintAny aMtheintndrioomtset o foces.Apat fwz


thn Ill

up as

ith regrd to reorgsisig the chadn of ead,

Mis intention

the.

and inf2.uned

Stea if

Arder to this offet was issued

fore.

the

by

aiven feitl.

the rsrueht Cperatiems

the bridgehead was no

r~~ as

Un.+defntL

the nqu ew t onthe rollcmin

at 05

distriltto
tt

of thc

depr asion.

to evaeu te

a to

unless

Chief of

feet that

r es

Wist~bou

e iit desired

?uebror granted

proposa
the

apparent witfrlraval. of eelr o~et fryt northern

of the

as mpowtnnt

of

The

tr

spy
e74

shoyl

n
ist).

the

189th
'.

be gins the Iaprssia

-476

? '.C020

that these thre divsions

The

_ ie

upper

were

being held Ir. retnev by

netsenh Art.

de3 egger wers e to be furer. stregthbedb

comuitsaent of Volk stw

the

for the quatericg and training of

battahon,

which the eourltios onthe upper Rhino wor

favoreble.

Additional

Volkasturu battalions were to be activated in the Nineteenh Aw sector

in accordance with the request of


ZOn

ho

the

C ander in Chief West.

or in Chef West was directed to instrat

the

the Nieeeth Arqr of the ?nhifrs

regarding the lkeihood

opinion

@f an ean7 attempt to cross the Rhine in the sector Bisohveiler

The rehabilitated

Stnsbourg

divisicms were

to be eaployed

agant ash

a possibility..
28 Ferar
2n

an order ras gives to

transfer the 190th Infar

Divisio

fre the upr Itan fiot to the

division

would breplaced bythe

was bein

ieb

area. The

553d Volkigeir Division,

rehabilitated in that area.

which

tazpt in the case of an tasty

attack, the infantry adengineer elements were to be held in the nearj


the entire division vas to be

if

the er

attepe

vir

to be

tr

onrd
ly

to

cssthupetie

The defenses

of

the uppe Rhite front

steghndby al available inn.,

Reisas.

was to be eari

out arme the river.

the,

Oesar in Chef West orderu Aw Group B to spoy its loca tOrces


to stop the

enety drive west

of Clove aM to retain this city47

as a

F4it C"020

7'

point. All

pivot

prepswmtlos vwe to be ade for a partial

aesu

withdrawa). Of the lef't wirng of ?wevtyfifth Ary.

re*main oonentrate d onboth tides of V.nUlo

should

A~ Grioup

thbC
-dtWrev the

sndy,

~th

H to

Clor. deprossiona
aid

die sion).

Vhile the ?ubwr bad


hbad refusad

at 1i esr,

the

'n
'nattalion

shift
-

if"h

for

switoh

position-

to be hel

with the

l~~iion

the vithdwtval of

to plideo the

WA

akened by th

teen

ie

against

D~utch

salient

of

left flank

naval base

ship trafi, n

front

of

to

the

*. atteoks I

et

This request was wetued in v


the

the

of th

aet asked fo w uthoit


e

iBehren Iusad 4. the iula

fr

the pr'teotiom o

of midget sh

alloved

maer in Chief

Anw, whisk

the Clove area.


sne.

avs

The pwsnt lin

Qannop.

"fuedarequestb

to th Lim Bab*

front

effort

&~r ad.

.st

hiefX

arin

mafr

elemts of the 7th ?aaot Division (abmlt tvo-hizii

of

?fven

The

of the ism eds imp4


and for tb.-ei

t et

the Soh.3t River.

At 3230 hoom a 10 1'.bruzs* the eaadar LaChief Wet dispateod

"
to Awi QOp

a uss

of an min

bik-thr

Mo34i" Clov

at al

draving
t

a.

to

Ateatios t

Nerious eftuw~a

thes Pbnaw stressing t he


Contest

Witt

tbho

ismrts~e

weaytthAu

e to h

aer a13 eirsutanes.

ainte

kaWWeW!d
1a a with zWak mad

aai

the Vuthre

0V
Fn auwmwy the attuiioso the

'oserm

vas

the

drawn

to te

possibility

darlt

Com~

the situatiofn
in Chie West

of an enmy aiern landing

in

the

Ki# Cw.020

Arbsm

-171

in Chitf? West
so

far

conjunction

area in

vas

'nth the attac against Cloe .

The

Cnander

easures that had

instructed to examine the defensive

bee ntskene the possibity of transferring additioal replacement


units and rehabilitated parachute units, and such other naures

taining

The transfer of the 245th Infantry

feasible.

which might b. still

Division to Tioand was to proeed as rapidly as possible.


at 2045

bors the

hief

of

staff of the Co

Chief W.t tranmitted an order assigng the 33ath

Infanter

in

ndr

Division to

Anya Group H in the Gden area.

Urabr

issued

an .nher was

was desired to

ant beanie it

of

aocup

to

West, an order

as pat

the eect of
As ore
reabilita"t

northeastern tfln,

of te

'as neq

Prachute Division

an3

ith a

February direoted

be roe tivated souh of


.

The diisionm

to be

an was to be ewltted onfl

In

airborne l ag,
directed thit the division would be

cc

near

es

9th

In acordanoc

that th1 361t Volkegrenadter Divso wovo

rtainm

"Weak paracute units in

and the

this ordr.

hef

the Counter in

UtVeett ratt her tha n

This

tefo n! in grater fom.

Divisons

is Geawur wre not stnct


requst

the

t.

favonble billeting ,oowiticss

ue of the situation oaferenees.

Italy (let and 4th Parchut

the frot

entire

by the Chief of the Wemracht Operations

order reslted trona ssion


Staff dxin

the

the

to Holismd

the parachute a

replacement training orgnination

Wst ia ordor to tae admatage

transferrin

but that infautzy ant engineer

elements

Z45# C0
0 02
were

r57C79
-179

to he used only for recocnaisanoe sad cmbat


t 25 Pebrunzy the resons for shifting th

patrols.

361st Voflrsgresdier

Division nearer to the frnt, were explained to the Ctender of the


ltQ1AadI;I~flt

Training A

eserves would have

to

, who ad asked that the order be ohansed.


be shifted

ftc.

quiet sector

in order

anpwer for defensive. fihticg elsewhere onthe

provide

fronat; there-

tore it was necessary to emloay mashift measures of evr


1

oac

the

sectors ot

O019

an order was Issued direting the 265th Infantry

east

rather than in northern Ballet as


10 febuary).

Utfl

had

rhine

along

the Rhine.

beee asa

A rus

Parachte Duieteion trS

division stfs,
of this division

y the C

W?

stare
a

fle,

$67

a.

of

security

or in Chif West

to

the 5th
.

Parachute

Dfv

tsi n

th.e.abt strength of the 7h

of

XerIteh,

For details osenrsimg the withdral

see pape 167.

for

of the division was declined sie,

For details concerning the withdrawal

b"up K to the lb#ao

sigfa

crr
ad~e.

mM
2 7e
be b
nepptheas oa tb t

V'as reported to number

the Boolt area

bean previously ordered (sue

aitank wit

use the infantry and engineer uits

they
llwou~d

in

tnw replasaents, the Coaas

the arriv

battalions, artillery, ad

theyw

the

of

I st was permittd to agoy th

issions

sot to

fract.

Division to be rehabilitated

in Chit

to

the left wing os ir


sepeg. 167.0

oi

the 346t

Inantry D.vision,

#C0a0

the P'ushrr

(b
P

ismue

directive oonendn

eploymet of deeeptive moasures to cove the

the ?atytft

A.

into

tviioute

"deceptiv

ithrawa of .force fryn


were to he constituted

Uit. frcm all branc.


6i3d, 21

ivision
w :s. anTheo naw um
nitp s deisiggn tio
t ne

the

249ths 34th en 7Q3d Thart

aw ere
a

orto
P b Car
e d in all

cc ef
am'es,

the admiistrative difficulties that woed eour.


Two Nfrther directive fr the ierwre transmitted to the

takin into ashon

o m er
launehing
portau

tratios
ss

the area

sfe,

tado

to the
stron
east of

were

relieving

fones

instructed to increase
in

Sarrebmr were to

b hld

in Is-m

their vigilance.

at all cost saw

which the Ameans

in

the 346th

the area of tb. earn


64

points ofresistance

obstinacy

f aain

the rutm iti

east ofThe Hage would gin

Therefore, the

emes.

Ina ntry Division

The

an 28 Februry. Owing to

is Chief West

had displ

ad

ez

with the

.t taste

in order to create favorable onditions for th counterattack of the 6th


88 Matls Division.

4.
to sift

antiaircraft witsro th

certai

West to

the

n
Frot,

the Vhruaoht

rO tntms Stafft, which eeet4 a enw attack twtvesa

Vole and L.

iQh

atter

S-arantft
ate

Pea c

attack betws

a sinew sen

~wafter 10 February,

requsted an 30

Jau

that the comimet of antiaircraft arftillry in the aboweumetieum

eras adat the

Mane

Arosinga

emi unchale

in

order

to

reduce the

)W#

Wlaaw

Qe0l

of

infleee

euesi tir

191 antiaircraft batteries from the

of tattle.

Thereupon,

Staff proposed on I TFerary to

the Chief of the 'Jizuaeht Opations


re

pve

supiPority on the

ost

Frot

am!

th. son

This proposal was agreed to by the

of intrioar for tranfer to the Fat.

Febrr
31

#tvlio.

"Ml=

ve

the

to be

could 1

wo

An order to that effect

ove d to the Fastefront.


or in Chref Wet.

as s at to the C

inCef"t4

Fuebrer further ordered that the 21st PuiAer

asked to eenine

At the sane time the CaEnoder

Sheher the

to the An

nent
released for assig

10th SS

Punier Division

Te division

Gnral Staff.

was then casitted on the First Any front.


the Contender in Chief Ve p

as Informed that the

evaonatin of the 21st Vrner Division made it uaeoessary to trans!fe


the Venter Letir Division to the fltst.

The 10h

detfiaitey to be shifted to the. Fast.

Bath of those division, the 21st

Panser Division first, were to b

5 Peaser Division was

given priority of movement,

rdeer direted the Cmnier in Cief West to .transfer the

Corps aong with the 2ftt


it

to be pld

A further
U

WierPaer

The U!?!? lesser Corp. we

aser Dion.

th. dipoal of tt* Ay General Staff

wroaitwat

in

the East.lr
ow104m

Cowaster i
r
nis

a telephone oevesttos
lC"! Wst,

on SeYebrr
r

te

moonig

Cef

of

iht

obietf

te lhnht

the delay at Anrar

intended for transfer to the Fast.

the

stf.

Operatio

mp B

in

3t

t
e

It was pointed out that snow at

#LC-O2O
ta,

enemy fighterbomber activity, and intnrruptioms in the supply of

fuel (air

had oyrail

attacks

zovenet to a bait in some instane)

bad contributed to the delay.

made it

which were sattered over a wide area.

carrying 5$ uite,

sudden transfer of the Co

on supply that

er in Chief tad so depleted his

rigtnally

desigate d 401St

Vtgks

of the 40th
Aray Geel

ate!d

lery Cops,

Vlks rtillery

antitank

of the

Corp and the 6th battalion

Artillery Corps were laced at the

taff for ausigawt on the Ptasten Fot.

of

of fuel at that tine.

was due to the shorage

the 404th VoUka

a factor in

defensiv

niela

Th. late

operations along the trout bad suffered.


units in the Ujpaenau ara

vas

isite designated for transfer, the

to the

In aelloctig fl

the delay.

The

or of the Sixth Eaaser Any, who should

eup rflsed the loeisg operatisj also

have praly

had

in the ease of

to locate stalled trainf, pticular

diffioit

trin

e serie

in telephon

Intrptions

asposal of the
TheOcanmder

is Chi!West was to receive the 6th battalion of the 40tkhofls

Artleryo

.aiw.

S acerase with asorder of 24 Februar, the Csaater ix Chief

West

as to transfer the 24th Fortrss

and

between

the

5.

imp e

Elba

fficer for neew e

Fortiftatos
erv

a h

fn~

euew ofemive in
petrsonttl

is

the defese*sowe

ive..

between the

three

In viIn

Vecrs

th West, teC

30 Jamary reqnested imnediate atio


butten of

Stff to the Chief

to

or

theernt,
of'itation

is Chief Jest a

remedy the asteful distri

branches.

the ame

forces.

IC s20

01830

Large numbeors of

the

Min

rfe

th uft

ort

ploe4 in the rsar areas at a time bahu additional m~nower

were being

The Graner in

wsneeded at the froet.

to wae a deeeicon ts
Cmanting
ass

assigned to

soldier

on the

Chief vWest

asked

fnrer

.the

fundmzetal problem.

condition of his

forces,

the Cranier

in

Chief

on I rebroary stated that certain nits engqe& in defnive

fighting

wonI4

=euavoidably

lost

the supply of

:mu

Wenorenti

The orgaizton of cadre regiments for


newly activated waits bad proven vauable; herer, thesereint
aol4b retuied to their wi division. The traimngo reiforoaets
coflinued to be inanttiient. It was not posibl, for each division to
toed oficrs. 'Recent figures indicated that
em
train itsow
8$ percent of .1 lodes were ft's the tnfaatl.

vere mediatel

Otthe
s that th.
Group G nmb'ered

increased.

the

Comrin Chief"Wst reptd

aveag strength ofthe

whbile

200 mon 9

batlon nweaered

osly

Catder in Chef

West sa

o.

34

in 4wM

to the blef

irtfantzy battalion

Group Bthe

aerage

in fl
inifanty

Based on thest statistis, the

that 'it

isso diffitat to nszlu

ta

ecabao
t engtb of teinfantr will be dtrcqe4 it no

the r

plasamats fail to
declare that

arri

the C

Th. Chifo th Welunokt igh

or iChef"Wst aft

bataion of repiseements ta eah diviuio


*ifl battalion
.b

of r Iplaeem ts, me Ss
the

Cauder

in

r ene or t
orattl

of

mtV to.

ing eomvats,

Chief West

fckowledge

receipt at

4 84..

MS4 COO4
t.etjp. e

Chief

ege frw the

urgenty for

sh

he hd rinot

.the

late

declared

The

Uwou24 be ailadle.

aditios repine

pointed out that

of the Ct

that no

C iander In Cidef Vest

evn reetvod curreut

rep.acoaints and aeked

aisnet of

ten bttaltza

at least

of

replaowsnt tros

.On m

the fayW Oenl Staff , and the Zys~

ePsoem .Treiting Mvw received word tbat

a"ILSMa

the

ade

wor, to be

to beaniltl

of

iothsC
Cif Whest of fifty bttalion

the C
'
normed

personnel stil ast

of
th

ae

Tr ain

to be

ar in Chief

dby drail

ready by 0 teruary

eat Trinn

er of the Reli

nml Febrar for

" wo
thasemarine

fi

tow fift batlons of. rplsomts coul

sot be fulile W' the OsC

"et

p.

to the tiy as d :mtdte. Fo

t were

e brerisw dem

order was lasht

armrd tr

by 23 February,

tee battalion of rala


As
t

of ifantry

avaiable between 10 awd IS February an the halane

that the nassar plaoeate woul be prc

heaviy ro

the

and thre battalions of anczoed troop

i.fantr

Ct5 February the Chief .t the


Vest

ot

Fuerer had ordered the

rep ea#aand ten battalions of repleents for the

Fifteen battalio

the $nadmate assWA

wr

te

v,

an

toth

bing taine in Dtmat

Amadin.
fit

fin thouasa d main

ware tob tranfer Et to the Vest o 2 Febrar z


Inme

with a

order oftA Februry the

the Western Front were to bewithdrawn


organiat on

following- units em

for rehabilitation at re-

The 24th laantry Division (Is

two bttalions), the

l 5
-185-

CeZ

edre
Araw

of the

85th, 7th and to

(to be used

in

train

other divisions

of

Infantry

? nteenth

the dtvis ion staff

newly. aetivatd- units),

adsignal battaflon of the 4Mt


ae

of' the

Division, ad the reginter

to units

the 3dVlkagrenasdier Ulvision (for aneigieut

for rehabilitation).

designte

one

Ct

reglst t

full-strength battalion

the 36th Volageado

ocebat epat

by

the

Division

was ade

rhabilitation

available

for

pers

ae

comlete.

btta lion of replcm ents for the 58th

dams, te

ligda tattalion, about 450

the

The buk ofthe regiment was also

divisio.

tbe avalable after the rehabilitation of

Within the next ten

from

=mn

was

to

be assigned to the

Co ear in

Chief West.

Aoorim to a rport of 3 Februar received on8 February lossesm


ofthe )atoeth
1,769 vom4 a
On
to

'eb

the Cmenter

(61e)'

bglaat
(ss*),
508t,

AM

.frog

2,310

20

the faoleig GM
in Chief West

units were designated for

th, Y3lth,

1,250 officer an rose's

biae

3fl6th Fortress Batters

(505th

wo.tits
omdr

offieer

*U,

17h

"ompaias (for

redueM4 productiom eawitr,1

teset

tho seof

ther C

oa

adfiv fortresis antitank

as saorS troop).

oil

ansigawn

durig Februarys The 31334 Fortress

the 115tb ll

Sflb, an 5lt)

bra

dead,

missing.

ala light antiaircrat artiller

feigaet

were 527

January to 3 February

wee

epeted t

be

delaed.

Chieof Werst wa
WMin
inorm ed flat only
apnplits sould be assigned to the

#CamO

Februay,

;'eetrn P mt during
In

to

to the .p

aseig

159th and 19dInfantry

use

aotivatin

Z*h 11 !Mbru

ordering te

Tfantrz'
Was

to

onrinally pr ad.

aco dane wi th exoder of 10 Februiary the Co~andr in Chief

weswa

for

insted of the 1,80

e eent

the adrea of the

the 16th Voikogrenaier Di.sion

.i in

Train~~ Army

reabilitation re jixvent
diri~ttvy

fiset

were sent to the Cosaedr in Chiaf West

possible reorguaization o the 189th. anti 726th


and the 70 th Voksereadir

Diiios

b. arried out

wer to be detadhed

in

an area zmr the

for this

Divisionk.

frot.

Two

1Rerpnusatiam

strong Coares

purpose.

The Co new in Chief east was asked to prohibit the drafting of


personnel bythe troe
earned out in*

uits theilves,

s ese,

as it won3

tios

vbih bad heen

disturb the established spsts

of jwiidig rplaoesets
1 ?bwurithe ea
C~

tier of the replaaeat traimn

oth

uits

thparaohute divisions was inforsed that 10, 750 men wouild be requmr
for the six

di iios# in ordar,to avo1& a total doplstioa of t

the Geawander

the 27hAssault Gu ~gds,a


the flplao

Ia. ?obruewy

ais
3,m0

ng

weir

iAeL' WeJst was ordered to traiser.

ap

lnunt vithx trzucks,

to

for aperiod of wrgenisti.a

wep1.. us wer allocated to the Cmane

This ube diA not inelud 16,0 atm laborers n


RsiRan prinorfers of v'ar who were also asesped to the 4.ste ?nt.

Chief blast

JI'

J.! # Ce2

-l8"74

The panohut. diviions hd

askced for 12,750 rplacement troops. I

16 Yebruary thrynumbcr of replacesents fuonised durnj' theaL

totalet

r in Chief beest

but not foreig

fpso

whi ch was

*uxlise#

or cotwale

oenta.

i ,e

'

route

-the total,

by the ?uebre, 30,407 men had

than t hat d

higher

This nw itr i

55,250.

ht

alrea4 ben assigned orwere under orders.

The

CaGer in

Mehit

West

na solel resporiible for the distribution ofal replaceents, i-

designated tow the penehut dirisiozis.

eluini~g those

Sine, the faces

of

the

7O0hM

n1th

Division

Volka edier

er in CiI* rest had


the 19t TfnyDivision, tihih the C
designated as ceadr for swl organised uits, were no4 sufficient for
were
4eby th ?hrer, additional ces
the usber of nit. d
ordered to bewihdvn fra uits aong theo upqt ine frit.

ofthis additional strength

Th. los

was to be aspstad for bythe inease d

ositent of Volkaszturn uits in the sane area.


Camnde isChief Wort reporeo

the str njtb

Coa 21 Februr

of the

res vbdoh had

bee relesed.

0b 22 Tebrna the Gmaier is Chie 'est was t


deniuet.

the Ep

diwisi o

th Wester Trou.

CO.MMA"de

roae

in Chief West akite

distributios .t the Febrary rsp


31,34 se would be assige

In

order

the assigm

a rport

a at.

to Arq

of further

ai4-that
iaaut

a hisixe

Ieudo foreign auiires

Grraup B.

t tak ful advantage of ever;

defensive poscibility,

te

- e

MS #0-020
Cnsclr in Chiof

a11 forces

of

'

of Wehrkretse

or ina

the C

West rerqueeted on23 !ebmery the tumedite

an! XII.*

VI,

this requst,

In justifyin

pointed ott that tm af lon

Cief W.t

asiignnont

Of the

range plan

(SW withi regard tothe orgardzation of new units, traainhng, and rehbilitatio

can

only

be carried out if an eney bre akhroug

to,'"

vented

The %-ehmsht Opention $taff pointwd ou


in addition to the
Chief

pr"-

is

assigned

repleoutints

Wnstbhabe

able

f'rontior Vehrk ib.

so

24

month,

cte17

that8

2Febrtor

to seenre replsoert personnel f'ro

Hoe ver, still3 eaiting

or

in

the Cetno
the

reactivated replacn t

i
training toruztion wotald be shifted tothe area of the Coffr
t of personzael trm th. aboveChef W..t. The requested asne

maimd
field

would Eager the entire

a~hrrin
onr

replacement system ofthe

27

Who three Werkreiae fiarnisbe

awent personnl or th. entire

eich.

The re fore the

Cwmaler

let was referred to the order already issuiedb theb


which b e we
area.

bad

boon

Coauer is Chief We suthority

of edoanht, Aslti
te Wbhrhaet with i is
toe

from th

three

s8$ u

0414'bo mao.

Ckd$f
to

accordin

ka

personnel

to soplq
i, and

area.

-for de fensiv

a3.

use

organtatloa

The rues

f'rontier Mebztrois. was red.

was reeted cc26 Febrr,


deetatot

in

within bin a
issued on7 e ptember 1.944 to give the

give broad authorit to us.

This ardor

replan-m

percent of the

the Fbror ansered that

asig

f fre

not

Pert of

en

t the

When the reques


no change itthe

MS # C-020

fiveO

To offer ied4.ate relief, the C

ner

infntry

17 d XII Zr

~ the

r p~acients

fz'm

four

bat ziion~

to

c~oikis~e

'r

additiona3.

an

1iea

aeoigtId

'or

the

departure

the "?ebriiachiL

1+r

of the rmining
ration

off

ordr Issued bHiltler's =1ehrmacht cihief p rsonne

of

activation

Vistula.

It

one

division in

argud that

of the Rewnnt Trining

A~ and

sslgoland bitbt.

two

prom~ised to

the Cizwaner

on 27 Zec

ru

use

eazres vwr

16,800

men.

protested against o

of.icer

further weaken the

for the rapid

api

position on the

'rs this aea had been

in Chief 1pest.
it

Chief Wet issu 4

en

order releasing

of specil weapons in pa zr aid, puisergrenadlor

divisions for employment as ini'antry troops in


sine theme was

12,.000

sever y strain the tailn

d ivisio

the~Co zdez'

spa tr ined in the

to

eknkr, is X, to be osigne4 to Asr Qoi

this would

1oreo er,

the

Special

Rninoiw nz prachute troops were in transit.

expedite

In addition

p er

already arrived, an edditionsl 28OOW

February repl1 eeens which ha

to be t ken to

em p1m nt as

.1-pa2t f

?ebruarZ7.

was assigned

thbuand somie= wit

five

hese try

eight ieeks of twain.

repIC ont8 aLroady

in Chief fleet

their respecstive

no Icnger sufficient an~ition axe equipment

their se. The divisions, Including

thoe

divisions

to

jute4

of the Waffn $ , ver. to

reogvaud so as to coneentrate the greatest ocmbat

bhe

strength in the

paunepeaiei divisions.
'B

seat

suse the

battalions,

smooth am~ply of reacement peraoan al,such as

was

eozetial to the

def ense

replac.

of the Western Front, the

# 0-020P'-190..

issued

foflovig directives were

2.

receiving

R~lceme

were to

intende route

charge

ar in Chief West was iwediately to desitpate the

and the

destintid

uartars in

erenttt:

of movig prsonel r

1. The C

to the eannd hem&

of

division of each imt of replceents.

be tmaved out

transport was not open

at

ladtely even though the

the bqinning of the move-

sent.

The

3.

onder of the Replaemet Training Ary was to take

Samdiate zeo
the

event

was to

for the reroutg

or detrueking of repl~eaorxts is

of interruptions intransportation.

prod

i nece~essry, movemen

cco foot.

lOnSe

er in Chief West reported that the @adrn

tbe C

had been withdrawn from the re hilitation regisents of the #9t


Division

=a from

th

9th, 3th,

Remaining elsents of the

23

560h Volkgrenedi r

ArM

Paner

now masered

ivision.

149

ead

eiles.r

6. Th
lowtS

Sixth

and

inantry

twt

mteVtr

aeil$tto

er Rattowas assigned to teC

Assault Nr Ii

2 Febu

the
is

Chief' Wtf
A oe~iq to a repefl of SFebu ry, a total of 633 tasks, assut
gums, sat tn 4sstw
126, *1

von avalale in th Wet (Awry Onup Ha

*
OnaW 3s 281*J Am GrupQ

amo repairs en

420

required n

jar

397)o -Of flaeg~ 269 flQUIZ'5


Veir".

in aoor .eae with an

ll

t$ CC4J

of 6

order

revbruay,

tadcs

thc

aointc

of

the hattalton

wes tWb

A repozt oa Lll. tW~a~

was

rest! for eor vtmcnt by

cn the

L.rr-m?I

$in .

eighty tanks iateAzyrp


*sp~re
beaur

va

td

nat being
mmtly
r

the rtts.bilitetien of the let

Division , The

tw
othero

so antitet unit

of the 79th, 212th, er


i

Arsy for

Mooriq to a report of 10 Thbruar,


ant

2,000 noins

To

inette

poseJ

3,000 pistl, 1,000

divisions worn

nat

of weapons

n pu,

prodwuc

sugant the projeetar amwzm tion in th

ier

reorgani tis.

the sssig

Sa.. Issiprenat wa based on

wer

Vokg
V63

.otnes
if tbne

ati c

tnansferned to teTpaeosot fang

the Westons

sanis

Front vhlch sr L'ar had no antitank

Thre. of six obthe divisions whch h


CdOcepanios

tf
ewaForres
of Penser

snttte* eopeniea as

or 10 Fcbrus ry to ucis

to tree dvisions on the T4kter

for ineorporatia into

, th
mnpotor Genral

The
t
rn
pWo Lohr Di iion.
the Panzer

the

or

ofthe ka-k sr fuel

Iattal iou, 13%th iner i~giuft (rafeweh)

assige

rot

to jne1n h

diretc

&rcvs thot vr'e

An oriAcr of 9 Fibrinry dire

i st.

ttrn

no furthcr taus nrfld b~e aeetrtt to 'the C

ins Chiaf West inth near t tno

recqvstc

4We

to the m: e4 .1a, t&v 3Id vnc, (1pnrnttlnS "Staff on

suittte

7 F.eay.

. tront. The

t
z r thrsI'rr

Tr 'ymrst

ct

1st Capa

31 "Jnti; rw
'
a14"dth
,t!tdt"

rr

51 ..

at

eapaity.

Wet, additional suppis

1~S

were to

192-

e020

es.

grops arid

be assigned to the aa

Because of the low rate of produetion and the situation onth


!nter

only a smaell number of tanks were asp gne to the

Wiot,

Chief West, whereas eight hunded tanks together with their

CoGaeer I

respeotive unit pononel had teen transferred from the West to the East.

The

in Chief West had been

Cosande

type 38

ofthe 130t

inter

dest ry

o whimh 32

tma

the 512th

promised

Antitank

the assigxet

the lot

ttalion, and

20 -tank

of

Battalion

Regiet. The 653d Antitauk Battalion (41 'Jagtigt


ere

ready

for

cusitment)

was alred

avaiable.

yas expected that the 1st Cowp of the 512th Antitas battdlion

ready for oanituet

be

at Dolersheiu

ty 22

It

woud

Feb rar.

t23 Teraythe Ccmsader in Chief '4est recivwrd that ha

tank (twa ne prodotican) for the


654th Atitan Dattalica (QM), twenty "agdpuise tanks, type 383,

woud heassesgned .*J Jgp

tet

tanks

begining cc 15 February, anrd another

twenty

the

moth.

reserves would have to be taken

ftw

the large

Further ueesnza

steak tf taks

armoe
that

iealgthe eigtystvo tank ai

dt
S Pser
the twae

'were not

toward teedo

cccii
yet ready foro

assut gusleft 'behind

w
*Ja psnses'

wrer readyr for ummat

cci

an aditoal!twenty tanks were exetdto be naty b


I

mde avalabl

t~ th

x
that
ebruar
afr

durin the

toteD
ore tankft
wo

enew

t~i of the month.

ebruaryp

3 March..

wodb
stinte
produflias
Chm
hi attention we

1Z

G-re2O

agin drawn to the tanks left binfd tr the Sixth Paser Axwy.
was also

made on

blockizg of aunitiz

25 Thbruery to the

* hd
oouodon the Westn Front the days

stoks

wichb

Erler.

o
that A' .3Group B bals
hedfniefgtn
ito wai neporte4

n28
oktPo
Nebrtiz

Rf emer

* e 100 guns

n prjecors
te dfeniveftgbingup o. 6 Fbns.
and 5 rcke

puaitad

04.4

e
naEM11laJa

"a+

7.

to

f 4t M

*sfolhmtUe

Ll sjetw

ftedriebshfef)

on th uerlin

1e

Cb

laboers

to be eamtrueted a

eepldthere

zone in

staff

apeie

based
b

of

has acot yet

to the

had aready

th

beat

reached

CnaMer in Chief West

the

gane

Copie*o the
On JL4flWX the apW

dose,

the

surin

as the ain line

of

depressics.

that ordere
haiaread

submtted.

vn

ot

ep4n tine.'

wato bmstrmt.

tht

the

A deey
agm

the

uoh to Karnh, with the river


resistace. Zehid this live va to bean
from

the tine

a bstacle

VJetwfl at

riat heaquatens sere ler

fortiflat.

ba

rplia

fi xtig trout

openw

NWi er bad urdewi the ostket

eSas

the Ta e14* of the Wa twall (so far a

eert

syse t

were

the deptht of the

saq point) with the strongest section in thea Win.sw


chief

ine

.eriChif Westwvsord vr .dto ree

the extent that it

was possible oiieriug


Th.

f'rot.

mesures take so tar to crate aobtacle

ae was

rido wa

RJ"

giulfli4

since the fl,O0

thC

defense sstem. To

5 ebrur

?E5

-00

9
4-19400
up to thirty kflaeten i

obstacle so.
line

awl

far

btveen !norich and Koenigainter.

as the

the pro-

etward fr

The strongeat part ofthe line

teotion ofthe industrial area.

be Iithe sector

depth extoning as

was

to

All coastructiom

work was to becarried out by the Gauleiter, wit nilitary tontrol

in Chief West. COcztrwction

exercised bythe Cander

of fortifi.cations

eat ofthe Rhine vas to be stopped.

mnslam~am~a.
U

S.
eS

of 83 Obern
at
l

deter ied by the CP i

VaR

rocket

accordance with directive frm the Puebrer.

projeciles

new be hadled byr the

was

an oder

W b Rain
s er.l e The
d V2targets
o e a were
ith
still to be

an order direce d
V.I and

OQa
31 JanuazY

that

all

nattens relating

the

to

in the Webnaoht Oprations Staff

would

peratios Branch of the Army instead of the

Operations Branho the Lufwafe.


After 17 Februar the 317t Atiaircr ft Artillery $attalion, a
statie unit

splqwl to proet 7. firin

postion, ws no lnge

sbodisated to the Comner In CMef West.

9. M"~

cl.m n

)mster Speer tvo rea

aw .t the Commndr in Ce
Zview

Q 30 January at the request of blobs

of Org

iatio

Todt wre, "aged from the

West to guard the Rhin bri

de

t th seios ee of ligh fil howitser ss th Wste

frost, the Orgaiaion Pbrac ot the Army Cement St.! Va rqete


031

31 Jenn

to a saig thirt-six ligh fieldhwtzers to the new

W 0020

remit

atiler

on Jte31

of the

Division.

Infan

2e!st reiported onthe atrength

.the CGeaner in Chief

of the 361st

an! am.asxet

84th

Volarnder

Division,

the opetom staff of the Voia stur

requested tewithdrawal of all


kstu wits on the Wston rotsi tWesiyumex battalons, nine of

that the
Vo

was infonmed

or In Chief Wes ha

whch hdfive independen compoa

the artillery ngent of theL 8th Irfaty flhii

lest

wlhhdn

all of its hore, ws

This latter Wilt was to be. roorgantud

Brige,
Division

and transferred to the ' ast

regient

Ar

assigned

van

r r

anether artfllez

#tt

scortee

the 1nhnr

Escort

To replace the artier

teRa

the Westeon front the C

to assig

to the

rm

(honseadnvn) to th. area

rgaat

of the flat_ 2"asat. Any'.


'e'

ar

fthe C
or E"ast Hvollwan was dissolved,
resibiltyr
for military interests

the staff

nthereby
restoring full

in the

Jietherland to the Militay0


Qvno

supply of casvt
all gnot time frtiftle te

would ot

Sithe

-o

Zkunt

t.0ose

iertat

fu

the destrastion

wa

thes CChe tt

wh
thee fertificatioaVU

et
r h&*ly'

ery Rttalta
Artille

an order
it

unt, rthe than as

s as ldpsat

n*ter

pert of the artillery

d orpawi uorise
reglent .f the10t

at,

Wred

t th e'

Caiba

(ow)

astr a);

perit

-9.
""196-

1$ G.20
Infantry Diin,
It was

as

had

been

reported on 2fr.
egiet bythe C

Artillery

the comt sitation but

to

flghtim btween

the Va

previously

wa

that the withdnwal of the 184th

er in Chief vest va

and Pinc ivers

comittd on the Westorn

flying

on the

a ss

Western

training battalions from Webkris

taporrily

V to

Those battalions had previously

relieve

been

the ?nt line.

ca *6eb~

an

mor was given

for the constrtrtio

of fortit-

1i 7

On 11
requests

tv the

that addtion

rot to pMoet supply routes against attak

Pae hute Diviion.

emidttedo

caatio.

had partialy subsided..

A flurthrote grate perninsiom to

plaes .

e poy eight repaleesmnt


Ml

the defensive

three (WQ light antiaircraft atillery briade wowse

iar
,,

the

postdble owirg

not

db carried out aftr

was reported
eb ''it
J&
ront had been merised.

1o o

cared

the Contnder in Chief Jest var iulontd that

for meging
of

enter

the ?nebrr

diviin

Arq Group S, naut

who desire

divwa oberacter
U Fe bra

into'>n

in

that the

th.es

the

"

be eomided

divisoms -shouIt wet

ena

ilkuafyV

l... their in..

t th

%th8 Pwse rpac

Dttalic assigned to the

6th 88 Waat Division 'Nndo' was ordered tob wihrawst


17flwther datia .a

not

.given. (wtor).

the

4979a

.#C..320

front for assigmt to the Rei bfnehrer M'$*

Th

er in Chief

ensq press ara

his

dio reported.

ustial p QP#aSda

On
2
C

the

'bM

v ineChief Wst

V in Get Eadn

wd the

known an

it

that the

1...

that the Uern= eoldie

criticisum of

esiona

groiwd,

f or the

West na

braveby stood

defense wee

th

voad*

o b'

pbz;O58.

easrte

vas

baurada27 of

the

ares

oo

the

of

Ppt of W~heis
?fioen tat, Bab,
t(stWii.

to iaoude that

ezed

distreti o Ca,

adTuttliugei In (2n Mettberg.


Reaing
in the

the

Vst, the
that

22. ?erMsr
the red

and

gree

apprra

with

te

zone

va

danerv

quatering

ecasnd

civiliant poff:sti

headqueaers were if#*md on


evacutio

the population

of

not intendd, since thoe involved

and bardship and no oti.er ae

evacees.

lcl

evacuation

vere not

#woae
kiled

We
raded

to

v~za .mode

-,th Vey1ist~
~

not

albd

were to be

23~.biuzthe

w.

trit

vould

vm

Constmoer

Wiens refsting to b

Al a 3*.bo&d

bean drafte

and

into the Vabrssh

aated is all oaen.

Ins etr

that the Adolf Bitter Bridge

Tron~wope

+eei
of

at Colgn.

bad bean 4.etw~ed

eore
"~a drc

hb
it!

1g

fro

were p+essble

the conment ofthe Gauleitor or the XNational 1)eee

if fighting at the frn raeit n@sai.

the

vaa tion of

fiwtber qsbeatio

onb besujected to
available for

nd

di pera

reimes al ta

of the

7Qt

V ogrwdier

#cQ0O

ikZ

Division (later the

withi

106th

ofthe 406th Tlnfantr7 Division.

the feork

Ct

the

or in

C~a

Pinetnth :Anq mtil 31

of the 716th Infa ntry Division was


Chief Vast for ooctit nt t'ithil

staf

than divisio

to beassigned to

Division) vax orlered to bead

I nflatn

ahe.

On fl. am pnnision was given to merge the 62.d Vo3kas


Divisio n and the 09th
'nantry'
Diviio into Zorpegrappe !ati.
soo assp

neutral
Ut.1

aoaons vw. trained the two

28, r.
press

w1M

IN

the toner

C namer

Kessering, tplae. 71e4 Mantel vo

in

Goeraberst

arpe eseste

Chitf Sothwat, 11*34

btstedt

Genrl t ieetpba remuinsd as chief

The upper

Rhino

If to

i t.

es

he

of thed First Paahte Any.

w9 Orcup teat 'vwearns


front vu aide

as C

Tbral

of staff.

(b
Ccmnster

and

the cantwe

coneerning the recent fighting.

Ct

,Armaes

As

wer asjain to be

a g4ven on, o~ent in

a remr

fltCCWTX (V

West.

units

odir

of th.

71nt asa

Siat

imeiately subtwdiate to

the

Vat.

the wihraa of mU peait

Sin, the t . s
prtal, the folloin
'Sitwaat ioa.'

s of D
ot

mit

mtaomtalab
i rtten nl
f

fra

the low Paso 9

into nation athi


etIin
th

iWml9w

C0020

that sector

whch were orgad

held bypoice,

instrtor wits,

he tatr

For the puse of

the enew,

dcoeivinz

"AnecabteflunZ !efL'el'

oranised ard acaignsd to the Twentynfit A ~A.

vas

O eer alo'berst flaskwvi tsz wa

After

April

the

bad besa stuk off


Until

area

at

to the lack

thre

rtcetio of hre
ReSDOe h

the

fightin

Wing to hea vy losses vai

West

not be fully nantained


The fact that the enq

co'41

of their Eat .zgio

dithto

matntaim4
euew had

of the troops ha! dininlehed.

of repisesent personne.
airbon

been

althouah the

sbfltt

in Chief

teo res, with the

atvd tw !Yzsttlsh tormtioe,#whose

l erifiod

otbe rent

The cnsa

line hssd

different poiatsl

to employ ali

boon force

n.

reorted that 25)#0O groes ?efiste ton

the Omisder

The forces of

Ar.

coast of !n lart.

the

p1 teal ezhssttcn#

yas to be regaia

as a runes",

ha cusedd in brntzg through at


!flelen a Wi

pereads reache the

An- a '
egad~l

to as 'otrn

coure ofthe Vneten iot,

attacked infaes

hd

refrrd

19

of the tve nty.Citt

eoarman

tr

R7~e
Foarr a continuous defence

alngthe etire

ving

via

was

,.It

~b 1

etc.,

Ratern, un.mer the ccmuazv of

into "Eopp

oic

Wetherlard

was

the frn

of

a corp.

Ahin

Rier

at

eaus.i

is*ei.noMe

Cmer

aorps

pntrated Iato friar

with a corps-type staff

J~#C-020

20
a

ne eeitatin

tht the

gap at

further wthdrawal ofthe parachute azv. It was

Trier

not be inaesed1

would

to

asinin stntegio

of

signiene. Until 28 Februr it was posibe to rpma


scale dsesive

aoration.'

Since then,

unnatisfactory torn, in spits of

the

hoped

taken

fighting had

the prformaeo

a "large

the troop

an

and the

@-tope operations wrere eapcted along the Dutch coast.

346th Infantr' Division was to beshifted to, the 0mb

main effort

vman contrated

againat the left

a coneted fromt was

nm q artillery fr.,

l.M

flank. In

The

spite

reestabished by

oer's

of heavy
do eotr-

FUocdg this# the Fuebrer pertitted the main line of

attack

resistance t.

be wthdr"awn,

The .sm'y via repote

Arq7 was
empeted.
U.&, XI

.saar.

to breruing

being

appa nl

Strong prlure vw

Corp prssed to

nFigtinm

ra.pidlyr, end anthe

exerted at

the corp boundary where

the north and the U3.5. XflU

wt in th

sdvvenes am ye

the

Corps attacked

Vnlo are,2 feetsf

.f th Pastie

flepit .;efo

Jqdt

British

eapioyed in the arers, new surprives voe

III orp"ealso atume to the west though Me

the U3..

hen~ah

awl

Mviato
va
seal off the

reaching th. railroad statinat

th 1th Psier Ditiia wee able to edgaony to the. ra.

mess,

nwahiwg
sealed

ares whre the

and ! !!e

eaw contiued to attack against I~rib

The

tft lve, whon eneu brideheds wer


oft. Th LVII Fiagr Corp a in a critica poitio. Weak
..oni.o

al.er t.

VZ#Ci.02

w424073
23le

f os attaeked

ene='

fr

artilnyex

the right wing of the Tftb Per

The left

continued.

of
oin

fifteenth Panzer

the

dssending pert of the Wtwli, suffered only loa

Arq released forces for comm tn


the estaabhRiset

of

a n

Che of the brlldgs

The
in
toward
into

The Seventh

l lses.

t in the Trier area, naldug possible

Perosy

' line between

ruhlbflrz.

ai

the

at Cologee

The nn

an

Trier

pexnetrated

southern bridge had already

the o

sataineadg
sts
ie

triigf general

a vibdrnaval vcld also insve

The Qenmn line wase no longer cotinuots

doubtfrl

admeed

The enaW division leading the spearhead radioed that

the advazce to contine,

se *

It was considered

that the 6th SS Mountain Division could rtore the sitiastica

a surit

Nothing

f imprtae

Ixthe
Aries,

outskirts of

Th.

southern part of the ton.

heavy losses wore

order

area.

of tbe rb

Ar Group 0 area two ene r arnored divisionS

the norh, reashed the eastern

the

h
fat

amapsed.

press hted th. brae defens

British

bee destroydS4.

Ca

Akw,

were moved by trcak.

frcs

an

Strong

Arny.

Arr

The pp
er Is Chief

coud
occre

be established in tim on the Ece

of the ft.*

on the southern setit

Group C assume+ commend of the frtad

River.

eventh

Rhin e treat was ante me diate y subordint, to the.


Vest.

The reort

r
on the eneq atuations

Srittsh 11th Anutad ivision bad bees l

tfitelld

wVdently made its apaerace for ther purpose o

Vb

sle&. that the


,8 wher

it bed

attackng southvard

to

N4 C-320

apLw

tioe est of the

destroy thos Gemn


bee

achieved,

to follo.

expece

emmiq then planne

to the niort Gren p

area

bttelion,

,l,

after the snaw

Aeordtng to reportS

to uxlvanoa north of the

orossing the Rhine with the

ai~ tof

Vallq

four dtvtsioas resetin


oouoentrate its sein

~th

nsilnt

effort oath

at Lbbeck had bee

w tnks advanced

to

southwest of 8on

the ID5.

Eighth

ArqW would

Alog the Rhie, fen Trash

near Yale

les

vuto

seaed .ff

ados

ocupies ia ~

Sds

but a

Pot

firej

South cot

e.

ithin three kil

the

artillery

ttaot

(lenin cu

where the psetration vw

To the south the e~

thrst.

W the

eonuidared likel.

subjected to stron
a

ms

that

not

attack

of the

widesfot.

oever, t)h advnc was htedb

USwr

A decisiv

va

right.

emitted north

hine tb. ew attacked in the Gch area after

iwer

station

dam

more probable

distributed ona

were

,. Don area.

south ot the

tp be

It was tgt

Any

the ES. tint

ar in the Colges

divisios"

pacrachute

Nlish paracute bricade.

slth.

Eight

ati

elden,

Tierieb was

of the IBrittab 6th Airores Division, two Ca aian

sumf

Urf

betwee 'ee1 a

reliable atees, the

industrial

and

the Rh-ine at Woeel

uld e tinly take place

This

bad o cpied the road

from

ars

sAntac

After this had

Rhins.

the area
kr a
Sa&tna

e established a

fthold at Irefeld
Ithe Anq' Group) se to te

The

an

bad roportedly

fightingo

s tised ona lre

enter eKurhaGlad bh

Couterattack

meals

.2m

30 if C.O2

the

Lair Division uresed

mazr

torward snuriV flue at Neon was :breen. fla

batk agais

at Qrenbrieh,

ffihtotng took place fir

the

io Kyf.

advace

throa

ttontinued

f ti tg

?ieedrath twas reisptutredbu

?anzer Army, Zuelpleh

fro

dueesfly attacin

and

uag lort

bunkers at Orsost, bear )ettsrnieh te


North of Trier e ewr

eiroleaut. The

thrUgh the Gema

wrre

!trp, am ixi refletn were lost.

t leob,

In the sector of the ?t

farees

at Weienfe ld the

ainin g the advantage.

without either side

Qymerieh,

il,

The

Soblieflefln.

the nmq Wok at

the

res penetrated

apture frkr

esg

nor

east.

Tthe Anmy Growp 0 area the fighting vest of Pm wa of a

detain nature.

th Brittsk

* It was observed that

=b 2

their

employe

tortes ofly for a few days at a tin., Whether they Veore aseblIng for

an

assa lt

diretio

of

the

inst

of mai effort

vas

th
is

The
point

In anither

paitio

brake throan
tor,.
w he
losser possibl.

falcute Arm had deteriorated,

Anrhern

the souhr sect


orternto te
The brtehe

bryge over th Ma
to the tr

clear.

froet.

Evm

of

The

though attacks

eok a withinvsl became ceessary after n

eotU be o

leted.

tot
na

fytoes

the trot. A transfer

of

soAhern scion ot the fiot wan


was Nill of

Ga"troop.-

e wunear artiflery fire sdhd

at Ema.0flsttn cotai
River A brigehead had bu'n

beet oere

A'v

vira

tone. at Cologne.

The

TFifteent

C~mO2O

of the Fifteenth

positio

snw'

Arm had4

advaed across the 1Xyf

River.

the

Yettemioh

At Trer the stationx was tn-

of

It was ?tport.d that onthe evening

along

were rtiU. held

Ith

At

deteri rt.4.

en ,y famees were not strong.

;edthe

oh

sot

the

4op

iawj

thirythee forte

~twaI.

G astor

the )Xyll River. Figting

the

11th lanser Divis cm was csplcye4 at

continued at ?ozrbah in the face of strong

pressre
irehL4.
_5

concntr~ated

the Grimsby area although

to, be p1 ~.a.

not

In

S.iand

of

Situation

It

t7 24 kB+

was to bedo

actio

amant

rwmand

the

The -Kaier '

of a ppo ig

o fratic

C d
t;

or4 for feeder

trftio at the uut~ of th


eosregister'

t=n vas snk

of C#000, tor was sun

b~y

one of

operated

fro~ cave y, were very

to

the )eair

onthe ocosaton

of

eonferee

Tbe 345th infatry

isleatls

was

crot '.e :cam

two t r"*d oss.

eta.e was torepsr

General
the

ship

These new veaasels

carried onl~y

th1.s

steewer of 7#0OO

Another

unglau4.

the new suwrines.


facs, but

at Chertarg.

off the coast

a large4"ecale

It was possible that

Submarinns repoteI beat' night

traffia.

land1ing

that 3O0

An agent raporta

Division

vas

to have been

'y7 tre$$'io was orossing

whether the

Wavy

or

vlran fron
the byld(

at Ni a e..

the Lutaffe could

take

bz'idpo

Cologne vo. stt.ll intat andi capabl@


vehicles. All of the hridge at Dese orf

i1heI a Bdge at

;xeen~

25
4*2

)45

CnM00

wer,

destroed oc3c

C5..

ib

first; the rain bridle

the

at Pauci ctr

artillery, fire

cL1

destrye

edt of Exam
ovr

the' attc

zce

Ar still heold a

staf f of leare

Corgs

vere sen~t

hodfrg out anA their yoeitio

was

ptwbn~ toward the

fighting.

vest

Lztroyed.

at

'

lI2

p'o

vent of the fainc,

bridlohea

the

.d tie south.

'dlit

2&ti

out 4w

The German bridgheds further to tom so~uth

corps were Interrtted.


Vere still

Wrt J

w'nrr ~ue-erthfy dsztr t

althouh the eney e ttaokod str ngly fro

ttn

tic two tridgee

the atrcet-ca~t:t
ba do trad
brttze AS 411 utle Wk t

The First Ptaacute

Special

utl

wts

while the ,rahlrm


acin
brille

was not

tv

bidge vaz, blown up

At Krefeld the foarln

reaincd t-} w ane.

T-he

"'II 3S

try'Group twas cadinheav

south.

t Coon an endm penetnation

was stalc4

At

off.

Woarringen, hoever, aneny rpetrhaeed tuioe cdI splitting up the


Viftotert; flm.

terrain

ws

lost

Cot: rattseks w "r-irade fry:.the aorth., en tl

near (olhtt

Ithe sector held L7 the

although ?askirotan was


S+eventh

Arw sec tor.

pints . A gabtf

enemy

the

Fifth

lest. More bunkers

It frost

ad

The lh$. 1Oth imore

to

be

of

tQed.

et-'ace :

Pern Ary
mare

enemy vas

thcs

amatnc4

was

Cton the dvnee

closed att the armry g

Division advnei

etne0

stopped,

I the

.Ae&iis:

at aot

t bow ,n7.

eastv-ark aaron

the 411

lin to Trier, prbably cro"ssg over the souther bridge whileh could
not beblows
In

pp,

te Ar

GCroup G sectr the

xacy at t!he Tkmwe flgvet atterte

to

-Q206eo
ob-

W#R

eonolidsto their

the

attack by

bunkes
tthe

ehnads an

to

The

forei others.

Voiks

6th &S ~uutai Division, sported ty a

lost in the Stating k+ernIl are

wer

mast weve wit

localized

rtIll ery

have

in

an

arrived fi

Eglan.

landing at the atern Ports.

.nae

sppli

other points on

ifatxy divisions

NTo snr

"

reportsdt

o1 an

At

raan.

while ea
the line

*l

two

outposts

the"e was only

fihtn.

11di."

of

brd

wa to begin in the evening _in the direction of Oberv

corp,

Von

astabl shd

diviic

n. acre

;Theewsstill no nSidene

Odang to an increase

in

the Canadian seoar during Jamaaq sad ?.bruazyl, the

additiona

aemmed.

and

This

three

infasntry divisions adtwo armored division

of

wade a total

)(onovw 9 four

British

arrival

ws

sight British an Chamdn division..

infautr .M three acored division

weerlad

the attack area. T or with the 7th AmedDivision,


ae total of eight aidditional
which liW not yet beenaemloyed, this
Elements of the V S. Ninth Arq wone also released. The
diviio.
tv narrowing

Oceaderis Chief West expected a British attac

ehelond in depth

ar fore at frier ha still ntbeen reisfmed.


After the tw

figing the bridgehead poitica of

tyithdyf

the First

Aaaht
bad Wa
Js

when

was st bulatet

a Csse unt

Uiio
It, the O th and h
igae 9 a!
destroyed

ertica, p

hTf
Div aa

n%
t. th

=mntion

suppli

to the. soit

Divisi
a r vo, sthe
o *16th
t e 1AVM
C a ea

would beat least prtiall


was critical. The severit of the

two assault gu battalio


The

aiwly

'27

-- 0Cs2

fighting
four

i2 ieat&d by the

va

days * The

All Germ brdgads on the

Gru 13 sector -the corad staffso the

or in Chief
held4

nflt@

an

Vest,

A decision van

The

a b~.

at the Thetaw's hndqwarbrt

the

at

the

situatio

to md~erteke

A twnet

to

Bi.

Wastitted bythe cowier ofArm Oroti

be mwde coceaig the

to

fthM Pine

chief of etaf

Geneal Vetpu, was preset

operation

air l abi

Rhine was un usfnl..

bank of the Whte had been destroy-

western

MnW and the Fifteenth Army wer


C

destroye within

ver

the

attept to ero

eney 's fint

In the Arm

that 302 tanks

fact

milleatio

of

foni

Wehreis V.

The

North at

the spi into two pr.


pieweed

norh

there wee no ifteatr.

Corps

the

ftw north of San

&ithe

anuthemn flak ndat the

ute p

to the southwest.

gainm

fighting owthe fllevin


for lsbakens.

th

'bouaro

The tract now

rgt wing of the Ffteent Arq. the a


there wats f

t ofCelagae enem tor

situation beeoritiesi.

meesatth

togethe

th cate at the city where

the Coan l nes. ai a

V Nrahute

was piemd

northwest of C

brdbMheld

sa

ot

c or
d.

-te

ra

as tin
kio

At a~
into 411,

~'vtroop pentate

This saunesea
to catrtt4s a prviw
tam t inwhiek
the athsu
ie the 'bridgehea itil hel q the Pint
Mmy.kbcetrfres
weston bn of the tine.

npetedl
(1sttr).

refer

*4e

HS

C..00eZa

-of

while eat of th Mv tor

tanics pnsh;ng to the north werr sealed ofrfb

alert tmits.

still

Thert< was

hoe that the eap could te closet

oftOf;
km

request by (lnera loberst Iausser to ithdrew to a chord position was

refused bythe C

er An Chief Whest in order to

s~itain a connection

with the Westwall.


The attack

of

at 2300 hours e,

the

6th S" Motan

advaning by way

of

Division btgan according to plan


Z

sen,

eontiw~ed to ak. good.

ares spite stubomar iuatanoe.

Il the

0area

AnGroup

resistanc, was established

The

Osnttion

and

alleviate the situation,

oaf

The situation at Spiohoren was unchanged.

fuel supply

the

and a emaiulineeo

Porbaoh was lost

re

r1*t of

even

more serioes.

To help

the MW

released 500

cubic mters

fuel, leaving a balance of only 500 cubic meter in

Z-bmU

til now the reaining

rsese.

of the First Para-.

,els

chte Anmy had been stationed in northern Eolland.


order vets given

the CAW

During t he nighta

to occupy. the area around the ljssel and

to

forvam'

units Trm Web'reies VI, slate a tactinil airborne leaing was eeted

as

the easter

sid of the tiner.

wouU be drpped either in the


terrtori order to eable th

It was
rich _--

expeco

that

airborne trop

oel are or in the

seq to 'begin

a strate

fbr

attaok

bar ral traffic had iomsed durfag th last fear days.


P reparations t
expeted at arqime.
Se,

the 82d

ar

Si

crossing

were unerwqar and an attapt was

The U.S 101S


Mt Mrborne

Airborne

Division

Division

was at Stesoane, while

was located at
the- wherebouts

W ( C0 020

et the 17th Airbornw D-ivisio

further relued, desrpit e

by

rvft knin.

Ot!11

F
..3rcsup?tihc

t r of hr

Int

was

thA

ati oke

was reportsd to be laying

vaS

The front

aounttesra ttao.

WS

<si

only

now held

In the anten sector the e

of idividual strng points.

& series

sA t

br

rjr

The

rn~1cown purpose.

screens for an

bridgehead was stifl connected with the eastern bank of the Rhine by the
main bridge and the

railroad

earW thirty toe vehicles.

both of which bend beeS

bridge,

transferd to the Cologne area as or iialy


Division was held in reserve

further to

hed

continued

to be fouht in the area around

lost ,aost

into the city

* fa' etrongpoiats still

crushed nra t

of

Cole

was

frn

held out,

dsetro

piessed back to

The Atones sbift.4 thir


te

uth and sotheast.

Deep

balready

largeasale

oer vas

tbattle

Th. anew bad

reached the river.

taner

r1r

aser

IBoth of these

Cologne.

The 9th

Division

killed

Ony

had bees

is action.

The

$ and the ini Ine of reitasoe sOth"


the highay,

flare v

usia effrt and

tsrust

M
were

Same of the German stry


areh"6t.
V,

vest arid had

the

of the city enl the e

bridge was
MlobAsMole

north.

all of their taom.

division

penetrated

Instead of being

intended, the

the

to

er Division was beMin

The 15th asergtna

erioh area as a reserve.

ooogetrated in t

.repaired

bea surrouded.

At

stepped by the lett wing of Fifteenth

re

w attackig

mbi.
tovaa

ae tvwarde, Prahr nda

to, f&ic

the

fiht

yllin

ver

amprise

the do

the aance vet

Arq.

In the Anqy Group 0 area the situation at the any group bouary was

-2z
10

)H$# C-020

Weak

dangerous.

tanks

Thirty

but

active

3524

Infantry Division.

Was attacking Ntoobn on

M~ountain Division vas


South of

the

Mosal

at

The 179th

enew

cosit

counterattacked,

of the 6th Z!S

Along

Rowe Rivet

the

6th

28

Mloimtuiu

that bad boen gained.

and between the

and

Fuar

Rive.

According to enm press reprts,

with

destroying the Fieenth

next objective was to

the

Lauterbach

at

it north ofthe teonl

gtveuaphal"f- of thegon

Localized fighting continued at Forbach


Blie

attack

Division was presed bak,' The

fone to

outheaot.

the

Division

Infantry

iver, The

the I osel

torxa

uatterihach ,

No reports were received from

Pst'forst.

stopped in order to

the

th. 256th Tatantq

Division was

)a

trc
were -rerrtedfly, a vanelwrr

Another penetration vas =mde


the

forces were stoppezI et

eneg

achievd.

action, tant

IM

uie Mitert

and the First Parachute

reach the Rhne.

of the scarcity

The latter

attack

of ocean shipping

Army, while

objective

a ce.

Churchill was isthe West, visitin

*T

that

enemy effort vat conoernat

hd

beat

Other press reports described the renealo V-1 ativity,

ofair

si rbo"e

Army

the nin

to

aftvt. rpted that

fir ikely.

puroe had cot

yet

it

On

Aachen

4
ant

also easidaete

oceetration ,of trasprt planes- for

bees obsrd,

althouh prp

tioss

could be

m~co shot ntie.o

The Fuerer deanded


of :t

that

the, traaining units

of all three

branches

Wehmcht, so far as teohnioally possible, be withdrawn wel

)$ 4

the front,

bahin

artillery.
A

I~ilJ1~

e11.e
vith the exction or th taoary

However, the reserve

'units

to rtamain

wore

order to that effeot was to be issued.

antiairoraf't
where they were.

The parachute

yene

its

arriving.
The ?uebrer expected an

the

British would do was not

the uituation rmed

quiet

to

conca the

area wre meant

500

enemy unetaking in

ith

Arben area.

yet

ich and W.ese1

clear.

1Btween

Perhips the .seq sk e screens in that


arrival of supplies.

Position' was still in the process


in depth.

Barbul

wire

of

Heavy weaos

sector.

It was necessary to

.ntanglaeuts were
babess

had

been

ery

eoonomise on

fire ooxti uu.

0lgne andDnka.
bad e
oswedl

Qa

thre*

was Rot

yet

at yet strung.
stailised -after

4"el

ersric
h

thirteenth day., Boy

*ethe remaider of the

North of

a few r ai

at

enaionse btweenc

ware no

its

BflSistJflb

still helrd at

arun the outskirts

Brigade was available for ctent.

Arq the snee

The,

uitton.

uessfully vithtran.

had befawnd

er

sooessfully withdrawn across the linse.

Th. herd fighting arund Cologne was is its

ha a

a flstae

withdrew part of their foresa, perhaps to the

the aEn

Disof

construction

The situation at the 'WesI bridgehead

arti

iitms of

mnition continued to be in short s p2.

of twenty kiloleters.

echelosed

Serit7

were distributei

seneach and seven Volkusturs nits

'fine

What

of

9th hae

is Cologne bat
south of th

our..

on* The 10th Assult

In the sector at the Fifteenth

bad reached the Rhine on both fanks salband

errun

the

fl?

-02

LIII

Corps

coifn.

hesdiquartrirs *

Lremy fores ret,,he

re' mzerg

apparently was crowe withirefu

alt

bank was secured.

in the mornig.. The n1th

Panzer

not

pestration

5lit

ccuie Koal

bee

be

of
In

an
wa

was move up

triae

llsee

advaned

ton

ra

Muit, the

directed ent1

left wing

the Arqy Grouzp 0


W,.

weeon oocentratin

but the

trationo the line. Frtbar

to within fie

Other attacks

shifted.

J,

A counteattack was launche

The sea

upthe Geran fones o n the lett win.

Thus, the attack

bed

nl

at i~azen, which

th2& bridge

Onthe western section ofthe Fifteeth

suffiolent.

-T front there wen

any unitfied

The bridge was crosser ad a

ce.

bridgehead onthe easter

fuel aupp]7 wa

no longrr

There wa probably

kilo eters west ofColns.

aginst the cors boundary, which

woe ma near Heerfrt

held aut

still

spite

the

at the Msel fiver.

secter thre was

deyloaied

fihing.

Radio intelligence made it clear that the British

six to

seven divisions,.

They were faced br the

Pader Corp (84th .M 245th Inantry Divisions) with the 15th Paze.
erDvisio held is

The Com

.resetv.

be ukoed for.a stateimt of his intenss

te Lutaff &Mthe Nv

'were to report whether


tt suchu devicesupe
st aSointin

nwq

effort voulA he mue,

ainst
9t

toan,

At Rmg

nfaty anl 9th Artored

Oppola

thene was

&Pgrppe

sine ea

stryge tores were

al.thou

the. 78

er inChief West wes tS

Mnt

.visionsi

von. Kortsflelseh.

being

+mle

M elemens atthe

dui

wre*tnv

beemiq

into

the bridgehead.

Xi C4-2

-2C30

Tebreasa-throxtgh ifl the sector of the

byv

tn; o

the. U.s . 1th Artor&h.s

.y .ftu

ty

!ftfteenth

throug:- a

nfllr

aocomplishei

was

narrow

grap.

Mdditionol enety re:inforcements were moved np to the corps boury.

The 45th fantry Division remained in

of

tratio

foames in

the

.those

A concen-

Eountins.

ose.

W4iszembourg depression was considered a

possflhlitq', meaning that the ene~

annihilate

the

Germe forces

would attapt

-still holing. out

a pincer attack

to
Tie

vest .of the Rhine.

n.th

Infanty

to the eastern ba of the river.


Division van being vithdnwn from the Dtch-

Sat

eemonts

had

offensive would then be carried


The

iesla

*.

which was still


Dili

held

by

already

The Wea l bridgehead,

been moved.

Division and

the 3dParachute

on~ws further redced in area

:by

strog eary pressare.

the ;etera heights had been reached, the ezwq coid


Oens

positios.

take over the


to

Unit *onand staffs

the so ther

via.

German tonces crosed to the easten


crted

at

were being

defense enboth sides ofthe

'be espled on

It

Bones.

was

still

.betk.

atin ha been Isernpated sice 0200


over to the estr bank
was able to ew
the artheastt

At R

ae

to

order

to

Division Hbur?
Colorne

Stron

pressure

was

'how., after

tanks ha

h attacking 11th
a

the

was

the

tiof

blowupth bridge.

a vlas, bat the nzaq .u

Afer

look down ups the

wthdrwn in

ie.

South of

possble

the 116th Pmnser

being
C

"-

oe

ser Divisica.
bridgehedt

REQ troops ,were brought fcwsal.

The Fifeent Anyr was in a serious situation, although. on the


heights south of the Abr river the enety was still contained. Cwung t

IOZ

deep

C-.020

enes

continued

forces

the

to advance in

! osci acrd

Corps was m~oved up Prot Wiseernbonx'g.

being

on the western section


lUse efresistance to
retreated to

The IX

The 6th S~ 1-ontain Division was

8 March

.th Army

was

quiet but

strong

of the front had forced a withdrawal of


the*Sal sector. At Lsmapa.en the Gernms

attacks

the lain
forces

the southwest.

10 iakiib1945.

The Scheldt River was mined again. During the night

elevgy boats

against the port of

ton

areas *

Coloeriz

concentrated.
The northern front ofthe Sev

of

Enem

penetrations, there was no longer a six le c ar.

were stik 9

,one

five prisoners were

made

surprise

randvif.e.

attack from the chanel isla,

?ive ships totaling

4#80O gross

register

large steamer was captured and brought back, .fitt~y

taken and- sibt

A lighthouse

persons were killed.

was damaged.

Intercepted radio messages between London

and 'France

made it sewm

more likely that an airborne operation was imminent.


It

appeared that the. 7h

inU~ the tmgen brSfehead,


34ioz

eiasue

~v Division v as being moved foward

here ntil now

of. the 9t

rfjt7

nl

the 7$tli IsTri

and 9th

Wirared

Diviuionsh4

bee plq ed.


Nothing bad -so ,far indiated what the eneq intended doing with
i
o

ar..fldli

the 1.S. V Corp) which were, tot

=II Corps had now been c mitted opposite the Yirst

then

Tmoyed.

Anw and

3d Infantry Division was assigned to the Wissembourg sector.

fios

?h

the..fritish

-22$No pentration

were wade

both later contadnrA-.

foswrse

reported that 100 prisoner5

ad forty-two tanks wer disabled.

I-urins the night the Cierp

in

the bridgeeis

at U-ese

were wituirawn, exp for rear guards whic were to


rairoad
andttoot~.tThe
bridg wore to hedeted;

folo

tt

thqer
were

malen

fos

by on7

the other two

bridges had

already bee bow up. The ferries wre ready to operate.

By abadonin

the ensiy 6t srI


tis hoverr, good

the bidgeehead,

were released.

At the

troop were

fores behind the Germ

for aplopient as seoiit

fighting along the !.in

9th Infantry Divisions

front.

The

fightng at

Bia

made avtaI

there vam o
had stopped. The

nes*..

ant, Gene rvo Botimer, was a e oed bya cotrbaattal to

losse.r is rak &atfive years imprisoe Wnt, whruo h. shot himse.


Reme the en r tried to e"lrg the bria
*
attacks were mde bythe U1th Pter Diison. Reseofte
At

oue
hatd.

sector heM by th. LXII Corp the ees pessed further


to then sot, fortin a bridgehead aiencircolig Aernch. h buk
of the Fiftent A bad now been eeie
vest of ak. Leash.
Ith.

attept

vold bemd to break out to the sth.N

veto give,.

The C

to resAte )tel

orIIU,
of the 131Co

to the

There vant ese

detailed evdes

, Geeal Iaht

wa rcr

the norther section of tefret.

Ne

souh

pntrtion of the western sectio

of

the front fore a withofwa

2# C-20

the left wih thoa

the win line of resitzze.

nrecesaary the

maki

othe

2*

Apparently

7i4 )4nal von ftuna t

Field Mrhu

west.

of Otaff 3, Gene
of the irst

a ohor3-

Th.cre

pa~wtitr

the

enemy had

was reo

forted

replace

as

tano

.,i.hting

esselring

Chif

ri

or in Chief 0tbs

now worked awan with his

e estpbl.. Gene aoberot !1rpe wa

Parace

rw, the

te

Xesfflrin, who had been C

74Mral
Fiel

West

ot

front.

southern
,"

ocunatlon

wara r1teod,

tttic'

fogner cif

appointed c

Arq

E reinforcements were moved into the Clovea~aler area, ira-

rich.*

dicatan intention to attack towards


engs

was

the
tohel

attnacting
drive

Elust th.

Mie

'At

the

south, rather

then

eutire Aaeriean

was no d iced toward the

a mget, te

any.

eastward.

The
-

that had

bridgehea

been

held by the First Parachte

omlet*C esatad ad bot btgee were destrye.

beginin .t the ar battle Ar


sa

ake %O prsan

nto imporan atic ee


tafaratt fowns
bttai flm,
thee

st and

ipBb4

takin plan. The Gern

4 tasowpntwg T

t ftr
otet .s ,

str

side

was

Sines the

destroyed 700ene

flin was heat' aog

kilw

An

take

the Rhia.

bt

wev lackn is

natws =its sad eowlrW

h babe incrsed but *78* diuted.

Three
Mv dmiflitat
h
bridges thad

n i
alred
be ni thrw
e

Cc.920

across tiw

2le

kt cc trrs.

rovtd agfrtonr

nd the

troops r4 the

bridgehsa

was caroe;

iviies

forwd to wi t*.raw two

twre Y r

r .tnfterty

r*

&zsatlt (kn Drh d r


?anwr

was

?or l4onner thc encry

rIver,

mc

while

orricer

mrd

'I*"

and

th'

7It~106th

11

candidate setool

wer

notsttd.

The G-ztan

psntted by .the Piwhrr. Andormaeb was


reports

from thew

the nnnxmn

alone wth

other

all

bridges

advaned s1onq a wid fnt

and .tanks

front on

beek

the vest

"Thene vere noother

lost.

vas rstvcly ea la. The brid~ vew Uwn

was moved

across the Iose1.

had arvady mnvah4

to the Mloel

Pdver,

?4osol front the LIZX Corp hnquartorc avurmed

fl rsh 12l. The


tepidly

been

Any.

Sevnt

The Coblecz

had already

its evacua.tiQE

best of

rehab litated

the p ahute

up in

EnAMY orefl

Kookiei.

The

On the l0Ier

cortaM

to

divertons were

dee~sion or, the enuitent of

th 10th

ansr Dision hdnot yet been made..


(hs son airboree M iio

Th

w ap

encetnttien

was trasterrd Tro* Ewaee

eda

to beeamt.

The

ofte )ritish eairborne dvisies was in JilamI,

that the -Polish brigae aM two


*3. in Holla,
=atn a totlo
The
U..

32

irae

iii

Olt te U65. 101st Arborn


location o f t he

Cnia

vs

ia tbe

Dtflsion ws

17 th Airbornme ig tqe

let Airborne Brigad

There nwevidence

battalions two

about sne

Meehrrs

not

~SlaMme wer.

and ace-half dtuC

in the

vas

to Franc..

are,; oebrigad

Ziseonampea

known.

the

as-

&e '

At

clear

enemq continual to move torwzH.

Reiwsgn the

in which

irectiorn

the
be

point at =ain effort tight


or

against

of

4liel

directe

for

as

airborne

The

United States.,

divisions

their airborne

area of the

Amricans would
Army.

Twelfth

of area wase not

although

attack,

north of Trier.

from the

ceran whether the

crowded baildigs the )eael

target

tuim.

either agant the Vioel River

to the south or inthe

thq

:ouid

Divinion had arrived

bitt it wa not

inthe Perich ara

drop limediatol

4
Thir! Dtison
i

'Britisb would lan

clar that the

It wv

n enar coraeeatration .was reported

Coblena
z

the 65th Intatrr7

Apparontl

1.

yet

It wat not

considered

of Bon

the area

an

frakftirt mght beconsidered.

The- Patch islands

were oaupie d by

uder the deceptive designtion o the

The Jtzeber had

permitted -the

naval

units jprouped

"11th Naval

Division.'

Division Haburg

separate units ; the reorgnastion was elpeted

together

to bebroken up ito

to be completedb

15 Naeb.
South of Duseldorf the

cae
arried

the Shine The situation at

Magng+

gandfurthrgod to the. noth an


4stra

en

thuhth.-M
Corne tmntz7

after

eiu

eSat.

the

zr

out an anssat ra
?iv,

w wa,

arns

the .n

me taurlswe
Oly

totm

onl tote

nC4 tb situaton be mpoved.


Claz4poitions wee

mopid it. the Mosel -set,'or ao

riv'er. Ot ewse, there w


~ Theauthor
vas in the TVoges.

Ulttl,

mea 3dftom
"
(Edtor).

ttt

oft the

activity.

South of Voelkiimgean

Division.

The

3d Inf'antr Division,

-219

CO

bunkrers

could ?vt 1:e ocunial tyhe rear nr

ic

Tt;af
1JrAj95.Th
re

The ?ueh rr still

ened arberc attack.


in

Roll nd. On

the

main

up.

h xJs bo1a

xtor Iatni emteirper1iig

exprtd the attacks to be nade-

points the 'Jehrmacht Qpsrations Vtaff

and

the

and

9h

Cwaner in Zhiet West were in agreet.

At

Armored

t he ttengen

bridgehead

Division and the

9th,

24tafantry Division was still


rear the V

Corps waie

the ensueq

hay:

ittd

1 th, ad99th Infantr

the

7th

Divisiozis.

The

bfnk, while further to t he

etthe weste

ed in mopping-up peretioza.

in the lake Leach area where the 5th Parachute


fighting. Regrouping continued in the )soul sector.

Tighting continued
Division was still
Aordig
te

to the oning's reports the

)4osol, although the uiae

event,

rwi crisis

appeare4

of

the

fo

to be i.

eneq had

not yet

was

wa
clear.

The entire

enst..

roscsed

At ae

6th 8, Xoutaa

Division an the 559th Livision Were being move forward, vhfle the 198th

as

Inantry Diio
to bued man

to arriv.
ti

being traneferre

aw group

reserv.

All of thea

from the upps Rhne

to

Singen

asault gunbattalio as

Anotne

* however 9 woe exet

totkesn

,
2Z00eptat

Aodg

lat

au

a tbenverreeabat atorof

reporb,

tks

bad

already

towards

S61Q wie nos

auteporss

twe

reached the autobaba

the no.

The

G rnn attak

Were nc~ effectin.

At tac, along

the

entir front

between

the )4oeel and

the Sear

ivns

e22$m

II c-o

iu

the Gerxtan

serionaly threatene

Thci 56'i 4Tnmhr-tr; Div1Stn;

wa qiet.

frt

poition., The s'ithcrn part

wac b:ing iutovr

of the

up to

Simnern.

1aA5Z1 2La2
relationsd~p

sideso

betwreen Bradi

possible

sdeast.

A Router 'a report

The

that

anl hontgomery

the Ertish

pres

emsw

concerning a' chage In the ocrnsa

stated

V&E

retracted.

It wa con

nort

would bqbi a thnt

towsxdc the

that Rewagen was not

veil located

ad.

drs report
no-Grybest
nyhave
difticultia rmb
ha arisen.
rie The opuwposeucof the
that
opeethp

sinae the iesw strateuy seemed to aim at annihilating the German force

are wondering wheth.er then


1poaver, a te landing vcul

befor crossing the Rine. Eflita circles

rq
ami

re

forces 3SZ

in lfa.

since the flooded

areas offered

stfl German wits stationed ao

the coast,

*tm. hars ben diffiotit for the enmo'

protection and there were

Ithe sector hld trAm Group Sactivity

Two regents ofthe 346th

norsnt of troop.

noeaite.

va limited to
Infantry Divisio

were

The Division Bmibirg had bena split up and divided .be-

tweet the 17' Vo~ksvntiar Diilon an the =1E'lm

Infants7

.e~ss

Vclksgrfaaie Dvisio wa withdrawn. 'Attacks at !n~

The 9t
o t u md

bm
e -r

adac{w
WE

th

cekatr

,ut'
thea

lout was

t ows
s v4 t s eano
dr

et

checked

as

sai dg otr the vast,


* w th ft le o mon-ot

nh th

also made acs progr s

etoni

bfe th

ofte teb
ad z a n

theo

RPort on =nit strength arrived; three division

ismilIllEt

-221w
21

M5 9 C--O2O
to

wer

be

dissolve

and

their o

staffs ewl.ayed as oponatioxs

staffs.
1the

Anzy

There

of the front.

enear

bridge

Group 0 sector there were attacks along the entire length

was

was fighting

thrown

across

crossed

the

The 19th

the river at Waen.

Divisions were etif en route to


again at Nnaste.

around. toppard on the NoselS*2 An

The eneq had

lighting continued inthe soh.

oadl, nea Trier).

(souh o the

Near Srbrueoe the situation .nquiet. Cotainig

bein nde on

both sideo the '4estwafl.

Zoast

itt

penetrated to

wh

the

weaened by

r4.ef.

Chnaian

oftelve kfoete~

the witdraal of

itill not

reached

The situation was nov ade

n'oh

The S$ccn Arq was ccsutted onthe


First Ja

o the left wing.

oncerned with th ftto twin.i


but nrq pree
bsot
erb not extended t

The

mhsis.

their ittoa

Sarbrue en the

line

eneV'

s taorarf47
for

schdue

the Wotafl.

clear

with regard

to

the

right wing and the

if

the Third

together ino

is

Arqy
r

to attak

U.8. Nith Arq (the 3d AxswrDii

the U.S. Seventh Away onthe soern


never thereafter stopped. (Eitor).

-by

were

British air neoca~naae

sat eole

eeter9 it it

attack

were

defending uits that

Hower the. eye' ha


16

British,

dewt

559th

EnaWq forces wee repulsed

the front.

Sohwarawaeler Rochwald

anI

frot

an the 9th Inftry

in Rine.

and which 'rat

15#

ate..

0.00-2.

Division) van

The U.S. Tint

ready to at tok.

as maintainingS

Aflwy

nadte etlsee, which also insdented attak ncntions .

?repratioz

nwv effort againf the Pinpt Anr vast of 1~t he w a tns


Hag'uenan the iits remn~ha
efon. tne no r ech dit io

for a
At

ecmittted then it wa possIble that they ir ealed to push aroa

vae

the

.e.o

ine.

Wiper

So far

it vas sa

o that the

First krqV wore Wae only for the rstpo

aia

attark

e ctaimsit

t~h

and were not

itteed to be strateo

In order

Rolnd

of

the

Qoerso force

on

water th e a

rosptngo

Me eabetnn fleffel vas foned i

t. deeiv.e the enne ,

the

The noeessa7y

AW.

t .tb

evn

the Itiu wa no ocplota.

re-

flghtig

*otiso4 at basges where th bridgeba8 va vtdeon4 to the nortA c

The Dr

els+

Ko~nlgawister,

where

ast.

To

autoa.

hadt beu apr


the e

uq
a

d b

only

activity. T
Ta he
l'v

tat ps

ti

In the south thene wa orly aime

wo

Mndr
et

T)YSO

Pwtsergnier

Pivioac

rou 0antea

sitmwtiec o t

t.

b
wat
Vat

ea

p.

ovn

rigtwigM

na

Rotils throe ba seaed the Macel ad had ma deep


.

hsee

ofKoks

assthas

raert fros the

thrncd
ee kiln:tern an! captured

Eiesoetdt. Vettelsohoe .vow held.

nnserious

a towad

the eat the nlwer

continued at

fihtn

the

fightig .t

ear

Man Snn'

All T rca to the vest of


i

flU
125 Crps.

the IUhf Crs.


knon.,

St.

fr eq

The ect
forces

the

rc

$.eaim t

non faced

the

a ef

thretesed

to the nust

Uofh
6th. 0.
iSoonvwa

arm

Wv
$oati

ad tb.

vs

~'

broken through to the vest

aerA hd

erw

Btn

there bros fightIng

wher

In the Sehwarzwaelder Hehwld.

At

poition vas ocu;I

char

Th C

;>rti~
Sin the I oer Vogs
t'h

or in Cbier ~et rep-etcd th~

I!plaeaent Training

Army

the rdtuntior. A

ficant Chage tr

we ti

itehe the

reinase forces trw

er ofthe

rtra

V7 ehrrwt

TX 'a XII.

Saat the face of the TXCorps were srare4 units am! those ot the
XI

Corps vows met2

fli1arhL1241.
Beoon

were

left botndry at

Th. locatiot of the

Army was asertaimed. '


the tareao the attaek.

n th. area

eb

would launh

that

the

reaetton

latter

its oaattak tova

possib~lty wan

to

the Prokttsh

the sout

of

the tritish e4Aw


The Fuobror tiwM

the nort.

the ,"st

the

likely. At

aq

:vt,

the

of the front betweean Wesel anid the point where the Rhine divlden

into three

branebe

eanduottu

neonnaisssne

Is the

was ecnsidcrd to b
in

kNae

the

Gera

The Tritieb were

e tteed.

rear.

assault vat

the smit.

neitars

1.8, 4th Arme4 Ditetoa a tb. 15th aMd 90th tfat

being em,10r1d en

the soer

12hnut 14th Trfat?

24

hethr

It wae etili not devries

Canatan flnt Anr voit prtitnt the fltn


or

tn,A

stationed in the wrut

rwa

Vebereie.

sors t

wentter

(Mditr).

en
i)vi

of the front. The otion at the

Diviios *abo knw

the sm

The

mroideguto

as its bn

C-2

.224_
.224

in the Ariuy Group S. sector vat limt to patrol activity.


At hictrg a rin shat 'ner the i Thire was tloted.
Actten

Further crazy retn ret


'whe aditional ground vat

wtere mtoved

lost tc the northeart. Xonigsinter was

succeeded in

lo~t bzt &on famces

bridjehead

intQ tha Rage

recptuting QeGlberg.

Fighting

continued at Aegidienburg where the enn7 proesed ahead to the autobahn,

A ocunerattak wa la nhed by th 3d Pnergrenadie


gnaer Ditision.
The aituatiot n

the southern setor of thermt


.
was not clea.

Ithe WBel sector the eneivy pshed across the hahe !tver west of
reanech.

The

town

ftiLl

was

UEV Corp was wi

"r

Division

359th lntntry

for an

was ea rtt

attack towards the ...

to the

cotinued in the Sechvrsvaldn Eaehwal er

trit,

ree

Vugas jl

atbs

f ore

were wt M

?a

*8*2*

brought to

Fightig

pnetrations wer made at

One

ann

adjuttw their fit.

reoiteden

bad been strenth ned

Division advancd

halt..

tat

the lester

reported' in editem t. the artiflw7 fin0

that the lne

aerrnair

At all other pelts

Ct the bitch. are m

Tesw
arn The na

isdicatin

Soom"d.

t, whilea tbe

attacks were mae agatet the southern sector of the

&ttong flet

tint

The bulk of the

forces h ad been repulsed.

alcmg the $os,1 f rout the ene

Intsatv

(n th. extra right,.

wthdran across the Ihn.

the UnIX. Cor was bein

&III

in Gern hands.

village

towards

At Rmwfa

-the 3

the southwesxt but was the

vas recapture.

-O5

YS~ 002

"225-

Furtbsr

aslost onthe southern sector of the front.

ground

were being rncve

blanc.s of the 1&th ad 16?t Volkcgrena&Ie Dilenso

up from

the south.

Group

In the Mace. sector the righ wing of 1ru

The

craned

the

Infantqy Diviion wa

7mw force*

had

Wake

River

wih

entered

AGrma

Boppi.

'First Arq

bad eco. to a

attacks

ivision was fightinrI the

most votor

part

Ilckng

te

line vas

Sthe souther
latem

peltts

The

forn.

fast.

l;flt1h

were held,

held es 2y
fecor

of

the

was now

assigned

heavy

to the,

fighting art the

forces advanced as

but since infnr


series

being

The 559th That7

staadtifl.

Ther. was

fliar

bridgehea

far

as BlI*Was

strength was

of stroupoinb.

hnq
ad wade a gap of 700

front the

in the mter Wntvaf.


9 ah

%.

In the Dueaelhcrt

bad ecimtteed mlV three flvist+on


V Corps waited

tone We

to tres te riv.

44At
Both Genes

Cologn

sector the tuericmfl

a vide frot. At Reaga the E.S.


avr

In the s

sectr mUl ew

n idntfi.

There was 11v2l tmeto

were

Ct~orp

Soocal.

of the fros.

The eropin

weak

held

G stil

sig moved upto the front.


The fit

German

onl

e stablshed arond Binges.

1.1.

The

s th0 sct

of Away 0ro: R.

a th ew gained AMditioni

4s.n

lee

oaidaable.

to te

nort

ad north-

Onl a few pemtnt

ade wht, tho front bad been puse furhet to the

.xt. Wak

4C02
were reprten

attark

to a

fn

British

Gera

the sother

report the

Oir atta.

seotsr

at Rrsgr

bridges

n Coblenss,

vhic

of the

Wiot.

bad collapsed as a rilt

was

being

held

fir

A ne

two

Pmsa

lne
k

at

vasn

*w

being

vaX
being
* Aestablished
G a b dby e~the Il t X
f ~Corps
u an!rt~
eth1b

a s

hh
. vat a wee a

battaon,

tn

of

dended by2#OOO

al
rsstance bad reportedly ca ed, The Pins bidgh*
evacuated.

Acoding

"issebourg,
v

wher e *at section 2of


foe atw rd
V~ are

held, the 1sVia,~l van being occupie

at all points

.c
vem
r , dwRi
.
h r igh t w o f th

'

The

ac unit.

the
,i

" lstill
w
m uopt
1

The 47h

VTe

fo te

to eater the Palatinte.

tamq

the upper

activity inreasd

II Tar. s4ip wee o


ti

Uton

esl tet
S
tag l7
A

ftin VA 8t
thshn

(ae
Tt

tr

*~n The

Ynmh

ae

ntifhu ws
a srong takt,

sue

Anther

ritih water.

eat pmb.f atow4 f

IWnel seat thu

Geran right

9.

Via.

readto cre

fw

TidE"

ttc
apoit

h
h

thes upper Zine.

c-W0

#1

-'-f

The luf

Staff reported as tefon

afe Oporation

enues airborne

The

1ainsa

Airborne Division

U.S . 9t

(area of Nijitegen

was noted near

Veno

Eindhovem).

m operations wer

reparationsove presumab2itscopete

at Rhein. That the 1.01strbre Division


tO
wisted1MA,4

Vi
enral Fisewr was regarded as evider:
also

ready for

Air

bacto.

Itentio of th e
Wstpbli,

asreviwed

that that din

iea~m
ta..te

ion wras

the presence

trop carryig gldr .t Reins.

transport pinsn
tas

emoeted to

M. at 10st Aiborne Division were

Thes 17th,

bgin at eqtts.

the lxper~ig

on

ed.it. forer position was occupied by

to the British I Airboye Cos

th

Corps

British It Airborne

shown by et

satvt

huaire, at Euarg, attacks agans

Erum

brides ad viaduots, ni4ght

Mail

ome attek ocetral Germ,

end tbe sealing of .f the rea area. The Iaclones wer expnte
attc in the Rhie

intentio

to

etire picture of the euw"

Kain ae.m

was clear.

Reo ts fo aget o

aa that

*1peve
M

tions
n
t wer
t e being
mut

the AM Grou I

Ther
wer no siiime.ttoseotdl

Ithe nsto!
.1

Aw Grasp S thee
$t

the

made
o hin-is

attace

northad frn th

a..m was bet by theUnser'.

greaisr Dvisio and little grow S as

t.

C CS2O
..

uable enem
Cn the sowhen sector of the front trog attackr
tan

to rea.ch

Karl gn

The

area

the
5

hrwdatel

fired

rounds.

!on.e~

Army Grp C) as enaged

north ofAndern ach.

in

heavy defensive fighting, with

A nil

cneq attacking towa'ds the southeast against the right wing.

fore in Coblens
dat

" mo

ws still holdin out.

tins vas

pe.

The

Semeth

beaingbak.

Aw held

On the

right

a line ramming

at

right flat
vest fuWorn and t

a swith poitio

th the

wing of the fleventb Army the situation was

The XII and LXXI Corps were withdawin.

net clear.

and the

ftiye was attacke

Nurther roued. Enw fores appeared

ocuie

ais. The L=X Cop

the

' elmets

advaned towards ZasIAb1 ,


Cthe sothern part of the front the Vntwafl wa no etirey
0-ed,

According to an agets rer,

b~bj*

enem

airburn units bad been under restriction since, 9

tat

bad

loade.

areef be

diviioae

ttc

u=its il

rhehthee Morto'

six

be

vaRl "attc

ot kns

togete Insate
nsat

int[rn

t.atatcaaitbls.A

fatarea.Te.41eq
n
renege ntrepted 1v ?vnt

intended to launc

to

t*ooiiis

hihfuradith

ftee

arh. tight

repm ad oferoano

Th.

aied know^ to be is Frae Mbgaz., it wS stil


whether al

peone of

the

lt AsW indiated that %t*y

a attac.

A56l3evs heavy howiter, also known as WThorI (?dtor).

29
-zz"3-

C~
-020
attion in

There vat no imorat

the

enem Corees succeeded nI

Dinsen to the north and northeat and

reaching the

rotul

moutain

There was fighting at

olts.

To the norhest the c tutios

to Slegburg.

of

been gained byr iits

afteron h

LI

Corps

fl ghting

stanstill,

va

s r,

reporte

Ith Ar Group G s er
threatening the position of

stopped.

Worm. and

visaged
th

Aq

tFit

*r

=XI Corp

slater.

teir

Attark

ntwn

the

southerna

vas

brough to a

the soh, approaching

o b at

r of

sndr t he a

inthe
rpoted
ga

flhta

itls4tbir

ocimterew

At Thmerstein a

ant wore approsoig Pains. The

.dntasa

at tie

th

sistmaa at Coblnsha

azboit Worms

headquarters ofthe

butt,.th

soth

A bridgehead whih ha

ste

tenq

the

had doveloped noily

1885
U bad arrivdfo thEC or flU

ofTnt

The

in adma.., was

iiionad

d.latolsdorf,

the situii

south.

47th Inantr Dhli.

re
th

tint

Division turne off towards

area to the

the

To

Gsenrl lit sed,

troopi entered Binge

1U43, 4th Arord

waus stabillze

the 364Infant

to the east there vas Only lcisdfitting.


situation at Az4eruaeh took einfavrafle.a
attack led b the

and 4lon

Bee

that sectio of the front furthst

ogr Diviaio..(

the 34

of Aty Group B.

sctor attaeks continued. all alone the ine


n3

In the Py Group
from

the metor

Corm .

area.

th rimt vt

ther"aruadXtwe~tftf

LEII

Corpwa

onsidered last.

estwa

rdas Kaiser-

btbe lnk of fuel.

section of. the fron were

rimuled.

IC 9 0.020

ai2jOsw
.0230M

22 ~arh
~)I5STbe Consis 5th flivi4in
os~d
t

It

be

sent tothe

up Trm Stily.

tbnt other Cnm3ia divi.sionns there u also.

lc;y
e

Rwmove

atton front

. thee units ha
ol

sine

so far

baei

employe togeher.
Ithe Axn'

Group

0 seotmr the enw 247

The

wone eup.oyeA along the ZAdn frot.


Sth Zaatry

12th

Dtviians sdthe 89t

The

Lth

10th

Infantry Diiio

Armo re

rear the 46th and

while in the

van repDusd.

Group B ma

Division

a o

At R"mfight

bir
omtswih
uh to a hat

1u$hel4

te

The

the

U,, . flth and

fihing in tin

was oomdttad as

sheq

Artw$.ler,

thrus agfaist, Daldr

eostinud a th. north aM northtaeq tone" pshe ahead to U


in

tfronteea
of Sisr.

36X I3a1r Divisionft,

cnider
ao
eaai.

41

vo

Division t

Infatry Divisions wen bald in

'nth

a.stern edgesro the bigea,

River
ee200Abut

Arod

wee splayed aant Won,

iion

Pfaeserwsld.

4th

tDiiions

, end I9G

hieb thw C

of ofei.ntion

ifantrya we omot lmost etinry t

hIn ztt
the

bon.

is

Steg

*w
Cbie

Wes

the division

strained stOiM

or mademb

at the Volhsstums.
Petatosrt
sectio
autoza

of

t. khseter it doph were ad a

th fro ba the eqa

th Atben

stepped beo recingthe

To the south further attacks were

not otizuwd.

Kta guppe

)CS0

zlv
or-

C3

teayerlein wee dissolved; Generl fhrlei

der

Cors, the former c


In the Amy7 Group

of

the

couwr

of

the LIII

of whih had been taken priaornr.

G sector

Gertan bridgeheads

asvn

the ennry was active at Worts where all

bad now

been

fimlete''

Fighting was reported at ?eutadt.

withdrawn.

The situation in the wooded

area was not cle ar. Th. flU, LXIII aid LIMX S$ Corps had to be

The LXXX Carp was

oonsded ovar.

The 17th S3 Pser Division wsalso fightin

through to the et.


wy bakto th

Germn lines.

flier force.
was de

fro

Armored D

the softh.

An e sn

in

was being held

24th

in reediuiess.
had arie

the Rhin enw tonesftWer

Wimred Dvision

a a coxrtenttae k

ored resere probabl the

*The T4S Firs"t Ar


At the bend

its

Nde was to be supped.

breached the We twal near Anelr

ivison

its

attempting toforme

d in the

ed to the

Pa

are.

south, The 1t

arn two infeatry regiments were pushing .crthwsrd in two

searate sperheds.

It could not

be determined how the.e

to dispose of those troops that bad bee

eleacad

planned

fwa oouitsaf

sot

ofth eetal

Then VMs 40 ispotan action

i h secter of 42w Grup N.

les

Imge the aw turned eastward south ofthe Slog Ryve.

Fighing

as rpor

irrei.

Ch&the

e wM teet

rigt vwin of t

eawavanedthree kilseter.
forces were being

ovdforward,

The sitation there scold be.


Un.S. -tvsyit

L.azw (tie) the

the 15th lamaer Divison a


Advueos wer made aross the

other
Wid Rive.

Cumt2O022

-232-

Gexran forces

and the

on the to er 'lec were Dressd hac

entered

oney

Tellie.
The

AMix Group G sector

Coblens and t4aint,

Resistance had ceased

was qidiet.

was

A critical situation

men with tank sueeedd

in crossing the river at

The

frog the 4th Awi, red

permanent
German

Division*

from

were being

moved

the idneteentb

hundred
they

smoke and r'tillery

other units,

proba3y

Renaisanoa was umade possible b

A Eoton

fighter protection.

fores

regiment

reinforced by

attaek force was then

two

Opemibeim,. vhere

protection of

advanced .as far as COroaa.Ooraii uder the


fire.

created then

between

bridge was

already half coampleted.

forward. .These Inc~luded a

Army

partly

and local antiaircraft forces

motorised

from

Fvankftrt.

The

bad fuwther deteriorated in

situation

Army,

although the switch psition to the

out.

The 17th

from the

IS

the sector of the First

northeast

was still

Nnsr Division vas firghing south of landau.

Attacks

The fate of

of

south were wisucessfu..

Boreen division,

which at least elements presuably still eisted, was

ThC

holding

er in Chief West

eas

otclear.

suficiest .qui et.

for

Marshal lesseiriug

4tke

fire

divisions.

learmed tOat 71.3

Tnom intelies

oveommea Of the

24,

2d

Gum a29,00uin the Vest,

The V .3. Pit Lmy was ready to attam. The 1IJA.


Infantry Division vat also moved u~te the Reage bridgehead. (

the wester

rob

side

of the

river the

V Corp with

three divisions was still

VSCaO2O42

-23

Opotf:ttc Aram Srouzp GI, ertem ing

waiting.

as

there was,

far as LsAin;,

a &atact ivity. The 5th Infantry Division en2 the 4th anI 5th

li ttle

Armored, Divisions were still waitin

to cross the river, indicating that

General Pattontis next tactical rovemeati had to be taken into account.


The 12th a rd 94th tntantry Divisions were near Ludwipehaf en and the
11th Armored Division was to th north. What other forc

to

the enory

could not .be

The larpecale

e tre available

learued.

enwd attempt to cross the Rhine

was begun

toereac
f
hed

as expected, in conjunction with amt arborn attack. Sa

the

eastern

bank

of the River

at flees

and the area

German counterattacks were not snoeesetul.

hour.

to

at Weel,:

the .vest at

At 001 hour

2200
ensaq'

tornes attacked south of' W...i, eaptur.n several villaes ant entering

the town from

the norhest.

reported flying over Thaktk.

south

of'

ooholt.

At

1.90 bot trop-crrig gides 'tore

A landin was affected .t 1020 hours

At 1125 hours word was received that thirty tryo-

carryig gliders had been shot down arid that Regiment Kanst, in ifoxe.

territory the landing wasiad, had ulrnflag*


Apa

7nlthe attackin
Thre were no

force was th

British lit

prtant etints reported alg

+ebndgeheat the

*nasw

Wade little prges against

psh$W forwm

enem made noattem$ to*take Siebur

Tr
Fa

Afror
this Rhin

Diviuica
fl'on tbm-

south ofthi Stey itav

the Gearya ounterattacks. . Theose Leh

DivisIon san! the 11th Panze Diiuion wer

Katenwengere.

in pcombat.

thse

tti

held in-a'rsse .Th

but advanced

elements crone the lower_

fro

euied to

e1. River and advanced

wor? boirn

rovd oiorsad.

In Lic IArT &roup C secotor ~Vxth


The arm~

azA Vtnz.

attitet laurched
were

barity he.d at Zpnhc it 'ens en] arged..

houns was sutcesful 'but Trehur va

at 230

X1lI SS

A counter-

aln4orf

divioa*) rnppeand, so that the wene

Corps (fire

about of only nice diisim


Vnew
repoted.

wa n u nan

forces entered Lwigahfea


fltre were

reported the

Inth

Patish

it

(nw

eTsn dtlio

Cae

toes*

flid et

Smt4h

ntw (C the Csxia

th# U.S. Nitnth

f tooholt trny

Amed

kw.y

ftns. north
4th

ivo

The US. 9h

The

at Worse.

bo

firstAyth

DisioTvere
12visio vanr

Arzos

:Il30th Infantry

te
and

bttwn the UJ.S. Thrd axt


Th. latter *.ry inwltiue the ,6th
edry'

at

ic

u1fowa

to be

Vctwe the

26th Inantr

tone3s lad

identia

ivislon an

n
idautflt4 an the lef

hi the Oppenbla b

idaaifiad.

Aitrborn. Dliiica

6th

Aral Division Was

tW (rpasd South of Mias

Palatinate.

The ef

bh Infantry Difltns wxto th

probably the 6th Amenrd Diia


weeso

The

49U

the Trit.ich

Divisti wont

of kwiod.

d*dan

BritIeh

the rttiah 7th

had definitely beer identifie.

8h
t Caada
C

tn.

was rtfll in QWsihns.


rm

Arzorod Dvisiton erA the


aw

fI bti

er

opntio of
I1

where I ttomue

70,0O0 civilians isth

iltl

The bridge at Gt.nrrshek

U. .

l~oot again.
The

ebtec;Cur

thitc

XMt It atry

Division) end
fr+

the Sat

Seventh Artes
and

42d

Infantry

is # C-~o

-3

T~711~$arithe 10th s414th irterod Di.vis iore.3


fry~rog !

rrtc

artillery

Itror

cane

uto
te Ylrt ?aaehuts Air

landsd at

z7 tackr

rdrra-dn

south of

rb

The JA ftwatfe

rg.

airtonte troop

were

Tmhnrz the ntzht atta ck

fore',

Rees

touar

Arerican l.auftog
Part *fth

fratr

the ew'wy, whbile

On.eran hands *

kilomten

pushed rm tbrcagh ftins1~ItYn


f

by

tws at~fin

dvenee

4Trplane loads

UHlmsa ,en fort

59 out of

wr re nde tron the Rec., area towards north

Speldrop was belrhidefendred arid

Tr

that

reported

A second

rere; aptured

ofthe Ltst'o Canal the eneea


fway
of 7'riorchsfsl&.,

had
the

arrtih t"4

ri~rsr d

anid xortl)East.

wiry.,

presaczd

wade in the rear ofthe S4th Thtantry Pirisiom.

attaek n

if

cornt'rattack

zi &rs we're shot down.

11troc arztz
was

tn

ord that about 1,.20O nn

A >rm

z
lirrrtnlt..

fire on,

rs

to

to the east b'

lea el.

joie

South

South of

the erey pen..

ttrtxg 'roi the y1e t.

On 24 ?4Aroh

?*enty-thres enem

wnr* shiot dow .

In

the

sixty troop-carying gitlers end thi.rty'-eight plane

east

Fifteenth

Arty sector.

of Traef.

In the Lny Group


Goirohu rn.

and southest.

ere destrced.

Group P area thn rmow attacked stronly tters

La

northeast

tt.

trang

A naber of vfllas

t.

were lost in the

ares the Rhine van croned betwen Braaseh

The Djpcnheis b ridgehead was widere

Themyuforces

captured

to the nrtbh

Ateiez, Cret-r, end GrosQerau and

C-. 20
entered Mederanstacit

and Rehnlein.

The, bridgehead at tdwgehafen was evacuiated.

Zarisruhe bridgehead was attacked vtrconlly fran


ineq forcs

There

reached the

ba

was

no

The1D wan. lost.Th

the north and south.

outskirts atWoerth.

ignlfioant activity n

the

sector of

the Nineteenth

*rq.

Z6 .srsL941.

Two enem sttaen totaling 10000 tote

sunk.

the Soeldt River. fThippig aacity sufficient

tar

mines at the mouth

to

transport one to two diioas.

of

were

being

assaxbld

the with

at

of

the El bcr River. The U1S. 17th a nd the British 6th Airborne Div iio
were reported in the tievel-e:ee ares. The 79t Arored Division was also
c area. The U#S. , 9h Inantry Dhvisica, which had
.rupredin the
rettly arrived fro the Unite States,wa reported south of Coblens.
iviesios, the U.S .
Uder flat protection of the 5th and 9t iAmre
wa lead ing the thrust to

4th Aitored Divisio

was

divisio

ove

from

ainet

the

the Vai

Western Alp

A .'rench

River.

ax4 van

repiacad b

n4w2r' arrived units.


?h ire attacked ftmRses t. the north, f'

h
aMwt
nn almeho

ta

capture.-

rjjjrm

..

~pf

eh

o cbat woes a

CQean farce

atte p.
esibl

edterpsto

onl

-to the noteat


aa to the east. Tht*
al

W the
nte(1

is
'a

ts..
ie

1.

The
teoe behaddc
bulk oC the

Inmthe Arxz

wid, front.

4th?t rfantry
Group

In thet

area

.lviott

mm t

northeas t

the C.v, ?irst Arny begat to atta.ck on a

center of the ttack

area, the German forces Were

A new

pressed bak kour to six ki.lometers.

a line of' resitnee was

of

being built upwith its stronest point in the sector

Division aMd the hnrl r combat units.


critical northeast of Coblenz where
To

the souzth

point

of this

the

enesV

the

The

Webtrei

VII ware

up7

Th 3

the Labn River,

by only 2CC) men, was

destiwed.

the railroad
t

of

bridge-*
Units

area had been

forces were pressed back to the forest

Ger

at ianau was only partialt

blov

especIally

had been able to establish

sector the .aews ashaut

Damzstadt, whIch was being held

Achafenbure'where

was

reporte to be approaching.

Ithe AylGroup 0
ooueidenably widened,

situation

anzer teh

the

advrnce had reached Grenshausen.

heads. A switch position war occupied youth

fn

of'

il elkgr

position ruing southest fr

captured.

eavy righting

var'

and

A bridge

reported at

bridge (over the Vain) had. not yet been

dier

Division was organising

,Asbaffeabar.

a switch

Tmforces attacked

b
Spey.r. Dridgeheeds weae tobe
a v14 fmt betwee Tdwidghf
eon2s two maa S s eq forces gained te road along the river beak.
an

27 the Gon4i

17orp ltr

not suectedi destrqyin this brld.y. The U.


-it over, andused it for motor vehicles.
(aitor).

plaed

VSz WtaC2

At Speyer, however, etnen attaeks were repulsed.


now

been plecroed

Off

alonz a ditance

There vas no

isi

R~hine arnt

had

thirty to forty k11omter.

f ro

nfia nt actionm on

The

'the southern

ection of

the

front.

enemy can entratedi front of the ZEouth Oironle fortress.


According to ne pross reorte, fi ttn vas still goinj on
within the, Wettal.
The

Churohill witnessed

area of

The eomrar4
Two hundred tanks

thousad i'e

the ifigbting at
the

Conune In Chief W}est wras

were shifted to

of the

extned.
Five

raisdn~ Erigade assigned to the

~$ Rlaplacezent

re.placetent training

aain

est from the Vistula Itver.

the

Filnt Parachute Arwv wore transf erred

other

~et

brigao

to

te is7

Z Diviaifm.

were rovd iforward brtrunk

Two
at

0530. hamr.
All forcs
tthe Fuewer,

the zone

of interior, according

to n order

were now thrown into the front (movces rTTZ1 a

The Reioheb

Ontp Vistial,

in

rtitnng

rer 3$, after having: rdiquishd

aofM

aw eonondhiul again iu.ith civil atain.

Aorder was given toftae strong steps against pens ahowin


fit, flag or
A

34 NamIl

Division

re

Mantiank

Divisio

was beir

otta

au.t

6nted$
eossaqat

was expected to remain in the luecksdt

Propgna

wa tak-1.

shot down Ttsian

advatage

fighter planes ovr

of

the

2d huti

area.

the fact that the Mciriea


aocian

twirt.z .

-23as9-

PS
4
_____________

btwecn

the

erpleyed

tht

bclona cd

to

A'

an1

1 sttk

ih

'

#^

+"

.ra nt'y7--

the 31 Artored fition,

thre. eneq

The

location

Three ?rnh

of

east with the

here

and

26th

the north,

enem foren

hlo

proably

yeksnow, wher

xtstot

Ithe ?renkuf

"he 1

th Armord t.visio

ivicsion toflowtng in

the

175

the rar

knowriS

S$trasboarg area.

ha jugp4 hostile elaent*

opposed iycounterattacks launhd by a

The 3tuation war cadet


Divisio

.s

Group I!sector the enery only witr local gains at WoEsel.

The enemy was Etopped

Kast.

zltrrienS

in the sotthen reeotor was not yet

four diiiers

Bohlt, near

penetrated to

the

were empoyed.

4!1viions wer kowt to t it

Ink the JAi

Pr=m

It

adr

nord Divisio

U.t. 3d

divisions attacked rk 'tbLr-s .

towards the

tuheo

.i

The

the three Wtvigonh of the US. V %rps


area

th .s? nint

t:dshed

in the lezy

now i~Aer tti

,.teb

ro.Ao=

triewlcanr. At

79th

am

n-

at the iippe branch


at

canal.

3roup tura.

the 9

Division vwere

the 1920th Volkeeir

The

'P
arachufte

still avaflable as

reseres.

smrcan

force

sesedl in 1wnij

The JZI Corps was overua


Countenattacks
Vo

ver

adn~

hnched t r

sares

the Piner

out of the. Rmsgenbigeha.


reached the Ltxhurg a
Lehr tviaio an

were
d erD
brought
vs oforwa
. Td efrom
. the se outh.
i i tsi istan
ns t was
e6hDivision
sttett

comprised the_ U.S. Seventh Arey which Va


cross the Rhie. (Editor).

28

the 2

These

them preparing to

-02

a .+c th

li

Uf1l1

.loht=.

Thre vi littler eriay

Group
To

3area. A

the

t c i ai

'er

ai, :schaifenburg ar!at %605

to fifty

spe-arh eced hy th rty

ccT>

in the

tarW. rra h&4 Loh

ot 2,700

irs, still

quiet.

remian

The on+

wais attempting to

false stateaents
T'r cmnWr

eonnectin

on

alarm the

population by broadcsting

the tactio.

ery, srncedi

the

easttrd to

the

Pc's traws,, tie

arr! pushe bai the

Darmstadt an Eeiddlberg,

The bridges at Eeiddlberg

at Xanaeis.

gr

an far

wltob was defeivled by a arrion

fnu,

itiz.

ere thrownt

r staf Yw~~t

east the ent.w pe roe

hour a Toroo

in the wrthcrrs cart of the ArVty

activilty

owt-uddcier Division
a r v wasnt being uiovod
up

vere

from the south

detenden

Gecnan

The 36th

blown up.

but

it

road

Volkee

doubtfrl

20. 1arch 1LThe GYI=wvtent iaz ndrter. Task ?orce


TU5hfl'

dakr
eparted! for they

tleave Ztittgart withi

reufl for movemet


Ca4

7fe

Three

?aner Task Three flAK

est,

"us.11
ase heduled

two days an P'anzer Task ?ore UFTFIMAfl was

Col oe ?rier

of

the Arj

lspcoet Training

of t

quarersof

Otneral Staff

Antdeparted

ari htA.

for the hed'

the Caoer in Chie West .t contrl

the movement..

ivisions were beiha activate froui th

cadre

labor

seie

Pere

of

-ant thn further duvsos were to b* toned

ttahe to

dispatched, twelve

of

the

service

which had

schools

Tortyethre

already arrived at

the. Eie
out

of

tryin wer

the Wester

Front.

1*

and 94000 trainees were being rove

est

the othr forces,


were

available

by foot

trainees (without tanks) were moving

additiou, 72,30

on

yet

the

T of tber with

to the Eat.

this made a total of 20,

No particulars

00 won.

activation of the Rfobert 14y Volunteer Corps.

would

General ?isenhowor announced that norther llollod

it was

attacked sine

Vel operations would

to the

The lerman

not conside-red a strategi# objctive.

imediat

if the

y stop

be

not

lines of ecmmnaication were

ut.

was

Itore ground

gaine in the

north and northwet wore oontinued*

and

able to stop the ,dvance. With the


the

,livision, arid

95th Infantry

rakfonb.
Aaq

units

German forces into two

was made

attempt

Tj

sets

t.

betwe

were agail

of the 12th Voltke.rendier

other units, the 5th

aser

of the riftecath

Ary,

parts with the lager force to the

hold a ne

line Siege

OigGi.ss

hrtur

the lab andt, the Mim Riven

was assiged

0.
Gmap
So

The sw

fuel

Eneiq troops

tfone.
serve as a security

HEvy attacks omntied in the atort

spittigthe

the

reached the western edge

withdrawal

Division could now do nothing more tha

An

attacks to

The autobaba was crossed and, no reserve toes

of Oadeok.

nomt,.

en=q

Diktea was lost.

advacd to the wooded area to the east

Division,

area where

Wjesel

Vetsar

of

the 12th Puesr Ztvisioa was hapered tV lak


held but Ltinburg was already

wa beig

a dvanced along the

stationed.

In the P.

autob

as

area the flUXT

far

asptured.

as Aseb where alert

of

tn

units

were

Corps was attacked f'rm the roar.

mt242

Ithe

anmy Oroup Garea heavy uttckz Cutnrxd In tbt Vtankturt

Aschi.f a~acna:r , .ae tr- rt' -n g rt

far as

We ~rn

Hi

na t Lil t

'

-%:rt

ur1

but

eot iitd

Zwetz o tb
ThZlY r

ge7a2ycz0Mnd
thae on

z9

c'F.rsd.
tc:D .rd4d9c;
lri,

the eneVa

GeC'rry :n*c~eed!

in

forcing

to wlthIraw trra JAtc ttrvr;. th tank colta which had

broken ti nuo

twaz nx cut

to the east

oft .

flsnolburg vnt- uder attuok.

it was posible toevamate nost of the 6,000 prisoners

Thin ota

te.

as

,e-onttrsf t

raaanior beix

forced "bc to the

zwito

ostabl~if
Srt t

9 fitty ene~ tar

:oro

et.

ot

var 2.eae

r oe destroye,

the

For the preeent, the nev2ye

,oettoni wa holdin g out.

in bit

ew front Vuse b

ierman iutoh post ion vs. peerated.


G

Dnrtadt th

the 1trnk Miltenberg

uap alo;r

Ebrbh

Ktekar - ?mnheisw.
flJ rot 1',.
cha r.

The .U..

Thiseta

wth regtard to the British was no

t int Army pushed twards the north and norstht with

the 3dand 7th DUitnstrnn


tag to the rear. 4parexl

ad ad the 99th Oirtuton fofloves

zirh

two other flvit

vern bcng tnugt up.

The U.?& hird AnyT1 uder Qenenl Pattn, likwie Gisoottnud its
drive townl the east en turned nrth. The
the Germ deteio
boetr

vaU snt

*eport

at the tn

be.

atens

flwubl

sattyko

the southern eorfl

ot Asehatfezburg.

teate d that th

ta

ir

was -beighodI
lviuten
in

Thtl1axA for am airborne lauig at ?des. Ashmultaeu


came by sea.

-uIIIEmEhIIII

attf

waso

n243e
-243-W

I~5 A' 0-020

beaka through was made ithe

Another

Conetn
push

was lost

i oeoltY

Army.

to

between

our

east.

Tho

the

and,

Ccfrcew now t eei.

enray

units

wase

troops crossed the

fathorn. It as
asser Arm.

was

little aetivt

A switch position

towaras

railroad and pi shed

enemy

the

gap

was established onthe

at 1025 hours.

T''he
*~md

Rot yet

There

to tt34ko.

was

towards

and

titer. The

lieg

thbe Panzer Lebr Division were


at Sieges. Hostile forces. pushed north fran

reaching Eattanb~rg

riohA.

took Gladbeok

3d Puergremndisr Division and


to close

Twax

2d Pnrachut Division ouldbe


on the left wing of the P tt

not clear where th.

There

employed.

ott'

Lk rater was tor~t in

iterrupted.

Sout h of the tippe branoh canal the

Oesfeo.

the flrct Thraohute

.eco

of

The r ocupatioc

artere of the UXVI

shifte4
Marbesg,

rkenberg

Corps

was

transferred

was

report onthe lction of teLllOw

headquarters.
In

the Ay rop0area (six

like up4in this


fl~tin

its
aes-

of th tint

eneq

crossing at

dvanced northwards as far as

ppenein) the i.S. 4th AWired Div is


Rtdda-44aesenbrg.

the

days after

and Third

dnes

after advancing by wa o

'fitlr.

had alreay
Sownd

of

cold .be head sear Laitnbaeho

At hasa the Gerom deftees were forced to withrw from the

altier bu cotc w t heold brigehead


no furter entic

at Asehuffenbrzg., At:I

a retained,
r

hr.a

eromantroops

eWtanks, the crew of whih were drunk. In the


Odetald the euae pushed on to the southwest, penetrating -a obstacle

destroyed

three

0-020

tt$

.240

s24

line that had been established there.


~%~aIU'.Two mldget sub rin',s Feznetrate3 the
at Dunkizk.

A third

Mrbor defene

one was follhwit .

It was now known where the

British

employed the bulk of their

infantry strength but the disposition of their armored divisions Was still
not clear.

The Amricas concentrated

Qladbeok.'Duisburg
8t

1'robubW two of these

abrn area.

Armored Divisions.

Leadine

three iniantry divisions in the

the

Armored Divisions under the ca nd

advancing
of,

III

forces

were the

were

5th an

the 3d and

7th

Corps.

Wile the bulk of the .enem forces was advancing efatward, the
75th ntantry Division pashe
it was

learned

that

towards the north. From varicas rerorts

strong enem

forces wore stifl.

pinne

down in

the

rear areas to opup continuing German resistance.

The

U.S.

3d Infantry

Division turned agoa

to the east towards Pulda

and XEasel.
Ithe Wel area the enemy advanced towards the north and northeast.
Cesfeld ad IUb

witc

position.

wrn lot en

elem ts reacted the Jaerich

Four bttalvzas were being

flmldng attack towards te


th

hostyl

southwst.

are northeast oW aster.

assembled

to

arry out a

Zaew avanced elmets rache4-

A switch

position wa

occio

"south

otasel
Th

eb

of Arq- Group

Goaloberst Slaskeits ordered

that the First Parachute Arm and the Twntyefifth Army should attempt
to make contact

farthor to

the north instead of onthe Ithine.

It

was

#P

CsC2O

25
-2/4540

AXSdecided to defend western

Infantry

49t

old

D~ivision an

as an

the entiairart t

were to take uppositions alIon the

betwee
:boundary

to

the north.

fortre ss.

canal.

4&t

and the rifteenth

being

path

of advac1.

Paderbon~, turned offC

east of

h.

fome oouterattaokd.
othe Yoelsberg vest of

advanced
Marte

was

Ji

Any. Group 0area

ida.

also reported

towards the northeast

only

The

Lil!

den.

but

south

and

fighting was reported


in Frankfut had.

lost. From Rban

could becontained.

a minor withdrawal was neessary.

area

to Hobur

Germ resistc

to b.

the

Corps

antiaircraft artillery.

Germn tans and

inthe

to

through Srillo

towards the northeast

then proceeded eastward again,

stope.

the latter

ttrm

Auorder was given to nfl off the Edr

assembled.

The eneqfs

the

At

The. Any headquartens was tempore

wrily out of but yato attempt to push its way thre


van

The

Whe tuhr ara

:rom

sore

oetud

the ?ifth P aer Lxw.

was forced. to with:raw

indetr~enet

the en

Southeast of

At Asohffenbug

the 30th

Volksgruadier Division advanced eastward against the eneq Widrhead

bt van lreujt

to a staudstfll.

Th new main

berg.

forrns no cling
thei enoW
prais
apeae

ves

Itn

of resistanos. was

to the line

on 't

held bask by th 17h

Iridg equpmet.
that

oca fighting wats

ensqw

forcs were to

at l .ltan-

partially pnlled bk.

Necar .River. Sot

aotivi4r

Con"a

of )as~

Th .nq the+re we

ivis.

T orsd

reported

we

obsre

and it

be moved ut'wd to thenrhat

Movements were also observed around Strasbourg.


fl Yarh 1945.

The

situation

in thelritisb

ports

remained

unchanged.

S4 0-020

'4

2bE-

'

Only

wnre assembleci.

fifty-four lending arct

sunk off
It.

the

outhern coset,

was confirued thst

Second Army were

on the rigbt ving of the Canadian

forees

aged in the fighting.

the

gards Division and

11th

5th Armored Divisions

of Arq

separated from the First

p behind the :3d and 7th Armored

Parachute Arw.

Little

Aerians south of the ippe. branch


satiate ot the

situation, the

brea-tdhr

east ant

from

now
into

m*

could b. reached either

ground was gained by the

canal.

According to the srvq' group's

had. nearly comleted their

fritis

force

afloin

Arq rou B.& One, poit at

whic

b ae

ains efor was at Sedge~r


s east of the. town.

the hequarters of the Fif


tth

cut their way through to the Geman


moved

advanced from

forward bqy tuk.

wsel

the northeast to join hands and encircle

bad aready apturgd several villag

being

Sinc, the easy advabce

Arty Oroup H

with difficulty or not at ali.

was

left vial had advanced to

The 6th Parachute Diisal was

eioh.

was now too far extended.

known tethr

ensq

Group H the

of ftenter and southwest of Rheie,# theran

the area nrhwet

the

One

to the east.

hF
the western outskirteof

to

The

th
were on the left wing of the UIt. RMbr'.

Divisions', which pushed on

strategic

that the
assumed
ae

The 8th and probably the

identified.

division each was being brought

On the sector

was to

It

Armored Division were ccwzitted.

British 7th Armored Division was

front

Two ships were reported

lines,

vhere tfheaeq
It une not yet

Ar# hd attemted t
The

176th lfantry Division

south of Paderborn the $5 Brigade

talen disabled eightnen tanks.

d1ianom.

group.

the arm

flc

The. bri ade

new lirve

bei .:

Wlt

boundary' to

Ituem fol'ces. advanoed along the corps

to

ad

been placoed

bilt ur feer :(arael.

Ursteld , while a

smler force adv

ad southward

south of tessel.

Only local fighting was reported at linau.

hein.

Kar

round had ben lost &tAsohaftenbtsr g,

although

the

at

been

A gap had

to the

created

Little

Snuth the eneqa

had advanced as tar as Wrtheis.


East of the Olenwald the eneW -advace
nothast and

to

the southeast.

been concentrated

since

The 17Ith S5Phuser

28 Earorh, was
South of

non.

Hleidelberg

had

Divisiona which

not yet engaged.

coHoratio of 4,000 sn from Amb rg, the divisio


1200to 3,00

the

tough Nohen towards

After the in-

had a, strength of

th enemy

gained

further

ground.
if.

U ORSS 0?
ThC

EVh

DIfl#

.10h

Th

tw9L.
o ships totalin

.:mi

1-18 ARI

14,00

gos register tons were

ask went of Englad

U~t tn*loeds
tran lofs

of tr*4s, six tral

with fue two disptce

to erne eastwar,
retd

in, tnste

from

of

to)lsdb

i tta,

eaIrlnesting

whe An

Group

Lotus

Sad tw

test trnsor.

nqdn 40 toH of fuel

letrs blS

Teofa

ad

sad 60

fihtgwa

.hd,
withdaw.

Enar

r?

c-ozo

M4$

. .2 4-

acdvanoed towards ltzstr

A brakthonh wa&s ntaze in tUe

Clank ot army Orouxp H.


the Bi

rttiahi Careen

!a~ericsn an$

teld area.. The

southent

advanced zas ar

enemy advateed along the tutobahn from Soent

Ltppstadt, thereby completing the encirclement of Army Group B.


Hian

an artored column of

as

about 150

tn nk turned

to

From

Gum

towards the south.

pivo :at- Htern still held out.

Fightin in the south cotinud with gret losses. The

wast assigned

the FIft

to

'First Anuy the

Penner

Army. Ct teleft wing

th Armred Division advanced northzwards

the 3d rore

Division advaced through Warbug to

of ? aderboru

(Thu,

enw tanks
heading

arrived

the enemy

haA

the area southeast

Division vas

for ?ifhr-oh, maing it necessary to withdraw

German

kdditionfl

reported.

from

fons

ohne.

ArM Group D ad0

of

a6.

i sdiates~ went of iisenaeh

mdteh

position

was

being organsb

and GelnhaauesI were alread lent

chtned.

the

advanced to

s tdll inmen hande.

on the fla

The situaition

wiug#

although

on. the

tmyTons crse d the Rhi at. Fnunbur.

lost4 but this adjacet

badl

Wyof
wy

taken the rouedbot way.)

in Knel. The 6th Wrmred

Tanks from the boundary

twe

of the LbS.

After having reconnoitered to the east on the previous day,

lirilon.

the

'LXXIT Corpis

siU held

nfata
e Weckar*River.

been shited

to

the

northwards and had torw

north.

two

out. Petatiods

pr"

ty th

neu'

althoueh

A
Seblits

left wing wa a-I


rtheitwans
wre' ier. bee.

ai& efft

The Wiench were moving their


bridgeheads,

the area

forces

neither one

had

been

XIS ~ C420

e2t9As

The

eanded,

by enemy armor.

ta contained

It

alert wilts.

was

reported

Ten heavy

batteries wn

If eessnz7

Chief Waest and to

population was taking

that the

anincreased

joined in the C.htiug at Schweinhiin.

wer, to be sent

the ay

The

heyAing

being snt to tkieraburg.

orders

2SariLI945.

rssmorted

The !?Iaok Yorest was being, hold b7

W4oinn bad

in the detaense.

ele :tnts wtre:

:n

to ?rtuchsai.

from Scahwetzingen

part

C Pan ergrencir Division wa now cn.r.rtted but

17th

direetly

to

ri

the

grois.

Division t

lot Atirborne

nTgland

was ready

for

cormttment as of I pril. The let, 24, And 3d Inantry Divisions and

Divisions

the 4th and. 5th Armored

It appeared

Ut Corp.

Armored Quard

Division

were

of

the 11th

Armored Division and

)uenster.

TMe

to

belong

fItJS sed

the British

iwnter, cad

the

6th

6th A ra rd Brigade,

Airbore Division

buary between the British and

ieta

in ti

Ay apparently

A
of i3

tiotn

for

west of

the Americans run from


Strong uit of'

9th and EOt

ofea

IX

ofth

an attnokt southeast otfThwute.*

ie.t.1d,
I U1 while tem *3d ArumS
y
f Lp
Division
e vS.
tt'am

wbon

Division was brought up to Rrilon.


nd the

were

A~ vere being sent uap behind te rigt wig

the
ato~bh S. oItt

Canadian

7th Airborne

Division and the 14.

Dontem to a point six kflnmsters south of fluonster.


the. US. Ninath

to the

that the British 7th Armored Division was at

the e, the British

north

assumed

wer,

tippstdt. Th 10t

Southwest

Divisions
'nantry

of 7Kassel

In

m-"

tq

the 9th Armored

were probably heading towrds

VS

rt

X0On2c

identif ied the

At $iegen reports

ettinren.

Yivisions, the latter oC whic wstrviousl

the

Cn-t the left vine of

th In tryt

let an

nt orn.
rrive

~S. Third /ry reint'oreements hind

towards the northwest aantMlug

for anassault

Iaddition to the 1Oth Arooreod Division, which had advanoed to


Ifruobeal, the 24

Inantry Division

oroca

reported betwee truehnil

Division were

the

Ithe sector of

During

Gronav.

11

Parachute

the 3d

Corps

the night the florund

the enemy

Vt

Infantry

There nos

at Locen was unse.

captured mae

canal ws crossed
essu e

Attacks sothwest of Dielef eld vere repulsed.


a

Algerian

and Gormershis.

The bridehnd

IFalderon.

strong ertiflery fine .t

and

was

at

Grow.

exerted

Law troops passed though itokl~ngbausen.

Iii.

Tthe 'Ar mrup Rarea the situation

long the luine

Figtig we reported wet of Siogen and within the town

was

.itself.

unchanged.
H

and Knseel were attacked.

Ithe area of AM Group C the encey pushed further to the east 9

with fighting at OGeser.


Nd Orb. wa lest.

AP~d

Ws nWot of

Divisiue,
-ad

*o

*nemyheaded

at !shluechtern btt

Ochenfrt. Oroffi va lost


dRhekarisehfhes

while

report noth of

fgting w
I

besy forces

be. The

north of bo

dfdesheld out
dThe

The bundary bewe

mter. 4'o t.

south vone

the Srt tand

the

U..

thes

2dand, 5th Arond.

while the 6th Armored %ivsion was now rportedly

Melsagen.

north of

Te 11th Armed Division *nd the 6th and 71st Inant

eZ25l0

245 # 0-020
Divisions were at the Werrs di'yr.

were n

Divisions

Oeney

Tpoyed to the n

Thq French

threatened.

Join their other three


Futer ese

Dutch

the way

Opniu

to

the

Blielefeld

dirivc into centrai

brigig

up the 9th Colonial Division to

divisions.

were mats towars the 'vest nnd north at the


Nod ar appers tobe been entered,. th.ereby

ttacks

Teutobur r Forest

at

were

Geea- bonder.

rheAt lsr

24, and 3d nart

the ttimc bing 5cnthorn Uenx.any was less

so that 0 for

1st,

The:1..

Uinen

and

ene

and

Other 'eneq fores reached the

mren.

approached O

nreck.

After a

break-throg

' read ferford.

Ithe Arq Oroup B sector the northern sector of the


tightbv no"e was assigne

to

led toan error in

whmnd4en Asi

ttain

'to

was forced
The
mied

dvaet

rq Group Hf for reasos

the east.

After

four kfloters the

Ryie front nequiet ic!the rdtustim

eters away.

wlig.

as Ifon

ta

enter Fald.
ehanged.
to

division

on the

2.;s

front

ties of ar

Frm Bed Or the

blow upthe bridge.

Gene

ets

anow pushed

env

th

!isennh was only two kilo

U Wa
fitte von Gaine

4Pse tW'm fernes

in he

Tie sitta

re-

tones entered Kasel an d attacked

Two k'dgahnds weave thg'cwa annme. the upper Thd

sttf in Genes Wais.

the

This

supply.

to a standtill.

the. es

.was

ot

Group B ordered the 116 tanner

s"itch position running to thbe southeast.

Shal

of

waled

Suart )oatai
on ttor,

n.Uk0

bed

was stA

where

swipme

forces avenoed on Waersbrg.

n3oM

wone

Southes

n2 524.

# 0-020

already been captured, one battalion

of. Ashatfenburg, whih had

l
of

mgttnt

conl.tte

forceo

ernthein vas still being

the area.

split upthe

Grmrin

held.

The

otd that roads


at Limburg

ini the

ct~rgo

3$I corps was in

mney thrust to the south,

indicated that foreigpens, who

rear vw

attacked

by Prtis s.

tb. taba, ' was there talk

on

b the populetion.

oneq being vold

Xl

?ighteg was reported near Nek rulm anid

forces.

in one instance,

at' itty Vttke.

the Odenwald a'

of

'Southwest

Itoter's. re

Only

nning

was

-of the

Qetn. reports or such aes

liberated, wore apt to welome the

felt

advancing enem.

6th 3 Mountai

The encirle

we ordered to reain in

Divie

the enemy rear, rather then to attempt to ant th rcig the limes

been

had

originflly ordred.
The ane now

wbiqh was

the ehief

The Comando

threatened the area


center

in Chief

for mszutacttzrta

West

A44
4.kcordih
ofthe Srttis

va

.4irctiam. fli

thA

*6

Division

followed br The

,.. aptured -n

for

the

wet a dea sprtmbewn

An~y.

divisions.

th

Navy.

frot Obrdruf to
s themi objecat ve

Thw 11th Snore Division noted

to the Nfinth

:infantry

torpedoes

his headquarters
don

Axericas Tores~ easel t ht. tieby


Airbore

of' S&felt -tuolstadt,

ta

in

itshat

assignment of the U.S%.

The armored division

'nth

were being,

1$

the flctthoflt.
fltere wa no

The Prench

in tho

Th Gitnation

forcess

advanoe I1 beyo

Student wn ordered

nWante4r

fhmabrseek

e~nn.

A new

two

(steg)

unite,1

he

%m to

for the ?uobte

was figtn

at rfeynasn

ant U egn. 7o

eUtfltionS bat e brnk-trogh

and

lost.. Qnervtohbet

on the

'ever.

.tfl quiet.

The

front vet stllben hold slthcuit the enemy had mjae

minor p nertir

The tXVI

not 'chunged. hemyq

hqd

sector the !' in front woe ts

In the AM~ Croup

southern

There

bon built

line was

vas

voutd be

'forces

Three battalions that

not to attack.

receive were thvw -into the jgp.


7orest.

other released

of 417 group 11

sector

'ZhrnhetS.
i: n{en

tensnrd

te

of vhae

'inication

tivcnwsTlw

re
In thc4 Yi~pjenaeh !the~hifir

L VII Cop

but heavy weapons

the

east there

were deeper

wes prevented by Task Thre

esyerlein.

stablished a neline byemployig kmprovike


wore looking.

Y!ighting took lse at Ressiaeha

Uohtenau.

the

Tnerine

th

?Ft

Cotha haad been lost after. te:

ea ~twed, Yah

eurwt..

through
6t

Ftbtgv

the Thneringen

oti
tt

boundar of Arq

Ou

ant

M Sohuakl
eorted

rotp

along the

were let

0 vwased

atehn. Thrn

mdMlW

at Sl.AtQhrthtt

ForestAd avnce tmrd s the

iviaton failed to receive the order to

the

sta

eouthws.
rain

tek

fTh

fighting

e~5/e

?4S 7C-020

enee

ina the

T here
inr tant

rear

and

The tineeteenth

ReckMsih

v est of

been aigned

The

14.

5Arl

d of
in the dieto

the front ln

Maktrit

to An

osigshfen

of new units -we being

Activatio

the Ortender

Karletadt

lleilbrn

Karleruhe.

-.

attack towards the northeas t

csry to bod back

It would soon be n

o a narrow front Lfa peparatio

were organice

the sney Unth Aty4 Onate

Ynre nre

and. U t

taking

oeof t

an

rn

Itoe teetr of Ar

ncr advanced Irwyof ineto


was

already being laid

several

eeta

point. Furth

out.

being

Group B front. The


t

ane. , folloCtel

advrncig

visions spesrese

Anwe+

thbe l~rlr

known which uits

effort was

btt
w

r iit

Inan

sM 90t

Te12th

Arq's atttaeis

a.

eredt.

4h6tand fib

rJnep.

front

exeroieod aganst ?ask Force Dayerlein on the Ax

25th, 26

ChieI'

huoahtef

the northeast. It wsnot yet

for anattack towards

Wthe

The

Grop G.

in

uierZe and to begin the defense of 'fortress

to the

available t

nned to

ene.

Ijsul.

HlisM.. The British


were

end Heflbronn.

generally along the Wase 8*

now ntesde

itwa

ball boar-ins.

trtctnra

Arq was assign ed directly to

after having until now

uesbug

vhieh

retain the laset lecylt

F'itting continued at

West

li1nes.t

s~rgting in the Werzhurg and Ochsaenflxrh areaps.

'to

wan now returning to the Srer

agant
the Seve

the sth
ea
'oto

th

setors from thir avaLing alles.,

fighting ooaiae in Holland.


te

no.

nteast. At Rhein an airfield

The, Weormaal 'had beau

edwy ws wade

crossed at

btino: Osnseeaandfite.

g C-20

The

Weser

still heldi

"ront

Th9

^ut.

Th" th-n ArY %ctp Ptotor } tit-,o,-. wre, nfi


auto bahn.

1$ep

rnomy forer o

the Rhino

Two Nrhor airfields

ra

front

south.

wre

2t :0rt- and.

crmin.:ed.

Group

o t ini the kri

captured.

continued outh ot

At Versbr

the

vaB

flseaeh

c
oths vTe enemy asdv ned

(frman fore

:at.

of Crruf to Arn

? sector.

The

of

there was no activity to

tDgnalza wa stifl In Gorman hn .

?i htin

fire.

northes

he

Z'u t

tEtt2

of th nevlyaeostublihed front south

th, Wser River. Theihusn wee

the

'were -lard

commnd

afssumed

rlwenth A

re

~0etrat nni

lc.~sh

enety probed thodt

still held the

vter
wsw

oeeart Mounta.

enem suceeded Sn crossing the M1tin River.

7It~tixtg

at Ohnnturt contifned with o.teting swon.

A totel of fortyeeit tans


Heflbron.

TerarUrte

ia lest but there was stil

The Corgrnder in rhef


in wih in

phaslsed the

bordh..im a re.

$isd . The
twelft
ind

Th.

t.

R* ite

"edently.

wGroup

Aerican

sent In 'oter

'iest

esat

df emd by

ilin

ar

gvn
foces

ftghtim

ato

arou d the

co

the situat4.o
an th

of holding Sebfrt

ar

Aq ws pied wider the

Aw Orup tere

ectatie at

Ti hting

the east.

Freneb forces advaedt

city.

vas dines.l..

Oruppmfentuh

dotth

#.

the Drit isa

were

aea

with thrusts twards the

with the
eust.

eelaent o

The 9t Agrned

Diis

-25*S

)W.l t~ G-i J2O


amd tx r v to

the Army Gro'p F eotor

icreased In intV nntty.

Dnd

against t Mortrees

Matak

The eney

the LXtVIUI Corps

betw

i 1toh wouM soor.b

='.
enth :-.

bing sent to the 77. S.*


it

3x~h r

the

dIvioun

fror-Urtc

the

*Iclleazr bed not,

aned norrthwards at then bot4ar


..T

?aratrts Cors

but tngen was

flps in the Win at tMim en and !4enbur. placed th prirachate

retakes.

Yoar bridgeheads had been thrown across

anzy in a critical posttion.

er titor ant hoati s Torooe had push past inden in the

the

diction of Brueckeburg.

The nrttern

sector was eananded

by Task foree

Lwtt ts; the

soxtthoro sector vut oosnded by the 5th ?asr tlivinion;

of

the front further to the east

ae of these

Arom.

Panzer

Lehr

sector; hard

and that pert

was wide the ocire.d offfenth


been ansinecl one mbfle

nit. Tb.

Ziiato was held as a centnal 'reserve.

Tere va no signifiat

ain -in the flevntb ,

sector.

proess at Mue~hausen aMd


Lagenalza . ?br were futer a tts b in the 'Trtae Fent,
*ee ieflr against ias a. The inea speatead was batd fe
tppa nty the ennr had mad to muthr

pss*in soirth of Cotta .1am the .'autobsh


ZDn7 tns

the rou

aedvace by
headint towards

Thwere was little activity

the directioofrrt-

os p with
ware not able tol
Arnrtdt was stfl in German hands.
fut.
of the front.
reported en the southern 'segto
of. Vi*. twt

a'57

oa

MAS

Amky Grouip C suggenited that the everth Arr p, prating around

Jena,

shoud move the First MrW o-it of the ~rb-rg area,$and that trhe tetr

sot or Sohwabieh Hail should b. ritn over bythe !aneteent

It vas pointed .out that cinect consind over

a a',;in
salient

Chief

E#t

was net

held bySeneth

feasible.

inte

the southern

The

s~u
Snart

sector tr

part

forwr

tray.e

of'

the

the

tftmtaias vas cut off b

tesnq
The situation

*urktbneit ws lWst, although the enmy had not

Ettlingo and

ettn

able to for

French forces were moving south !of

pockt as was prtnbl intended.


Karluto.

been

a.

lra

wore itt the ?4aanhlm and

had

were

lout andti th 16th

Volkegrnadir

Division wes onerrw.


a

saauition en

xnr
-2

were

being

taken

t* improe the

of

suppl

fuel.
On Total

measues were taken against rebelling

Isla

Itus1s0ians who wer .being supporeted by the civilian poultion. The nwq
weo at Noth

lint

Yr

ni.4rt

of AqbwpIadne

i
b
nte of VhteisIand U awop
t

2. Na

fr. Lingo and Sies voe repul.


29

lea
Snta

f.

iwroised

held

pnvausl

while the atr

Stdet (withuat thZVUCro

orea

the sector

Arq now toke

.Paraibt

am under an

In

?4htlgtk
Any Cm

try

Division.

ple
adr wth

the

Attacks

at Smacs
nlarvi

KS K
and

28

X-20

in

the

-258

bridgehead atc tlsenn on the

eoor.

the

A.rsteerrurpe Ctudent atacked Bueokotmg~ and

mae agakagt the

mector.

flenenth Azw

aeoen.
was

Weser -W erra

the enem

sscor

nin
fnthedinectio
frt

of

0outhz

bridgehead In the

Imen was lost ad ond fores .reaed

Ithe flyGroup

towards

aren

arv Group tB.

No reports had arrived from


Attacka wre

4M

nmy

of Iagpslalsa.

There

was fighting

captured Zisenach.

forces pushed ahead

for Vriedriolaros

and Wildtfeoken were

taincen, Gerafeld,

Attark

with alternating

lost

and

issinpa

threatened.
-to

itsia

thePit ~warea

was lot

and fighting was reported

atleilbrona and south of Ir ttem.

LJ2AI#...,.

Three

of $Icmove, r,

GroupD

flivisn wich bad Just


wich atlnor

tacic

wes

divisions

reinforced,

fr

rd

fivlio.ne

probably y

t Unte

the

20th

States sad by

Armored

a divtsin

hdaparntly been at Qrleans.


bflted, .fldnt4r o

Swtvat"a
eusqyge

th iatry

wore blievd to besouth

to cat

upwth th

*pn

then.

woting fther bed

conidered ossib that

advancing on Nuenbrg.

eelopd

the

nired divi

c.

th 5weth .r

nmyintended

The 67t lanty


seater.

It

to tae Sowintrt bfor

um~259n

CeS2O

Arevolt had broken

weze

out on Texel Island.

retclltnig'

Th

risonene

but the cadre pcnvonl were killed.

tcsd

In spite of strcrug artillery- swn ort

tro

was

hapdway

i1ttle

mae in the south.


Terrorist activity wa

The

enemy advan;ced to

reported to beincreasing.

the

northeast by ay o Lireyn and passed

Fighting was reported south of Jrau ad at

Eheine.

forces crused

the

Verden.

Enem

W'eser River between tolp. adPtershaer an

advanced twenty kilcemetens to reach Vhmtor and ?eutat in the


direction of fannover.
the towm.

Gesaralobenst Ztudent was asswatng eouwaui of the sector.


a force of1(X tanks advanced beyond Eame inLuth.

During th normin,
direction .f

ski

A switch position was being constructed west of

enigsn.

The

lertran

were forced

back to the stern out-w

of flfldeshein.
The enemy reached the !4oelme valley in the sector of Arna' Group B.

To the southwet the advance was cheked *


anttitio

for only

two weeks * An attempt

There was sufficient


vas

to be made to ros

production in thoe areas whih bad not yet ben occ upied..
Lnageeln ws ac' occupied.

the Thuerisgen Fewest.


aussn was lost.
M

Reqw

Thre was lns activity reporte

The exqadvanced west fi

direction

trt.

Re iestadt was attaced. Sehvinturt

fonce peetrated into Mergethea.

Dikelseh and

Cntilbsa awns

ochwasehe

Hal.

.where

flhl4bnrgeP

stil

Figtig wasreprte

the enm

Close comubat

advace veyred

antitank

In

held

atut.

in the

in the

units wor bein

-26a

.M#, am

employed heo.,
occurred

on

the

The enemy enter d

rebelling rusians on Toi ere

Th
.fe

part of the

penetration at tDoventer
Fnerstenau inthe
Bassia

othing ofihtQrtanee

oei.

upjper fhino.

tfls fl .
the northern

sector

Syk.,

Zltx in ad tbolten were

islan.

of the paret

rMy.

and seeral neighboring localities wrn lost.


Veryo.

attacked on both sides ofthe Steinhudor iake i

the

.n, Dueoksbrc,

grp. Student.' Stad

an

Weerier

further grond ws

Th* enm

sector of

-s

Rintela wore cupioei.

From Rfldsheiathe eqavnednorthwrds an

The

The

lost.

Attack were repulsed at

was extided.

Armored spearheads advanced as far as Lhrte a

Saisgiter.

sealed off o

southeast towards

intws crossed at I txt..

lost in the Arm Orop

wen established .t Dermg

in the

sector of

B sector.

A bridgea

the ?lovnth Ary. F'rm

Veckerhagen enem forces advacdb way ofQettingon to Landolfahausen

and from Vitsaaimsaen


river

at

to fihengdr.,.

crossed

the

ta wy of Ueiltestradt..

the eney

floods

Airborne troops

is the sector of Arm Group C0 a GOrusa hedeho positionwa


.itsbflhed at ?r

Attack

"iaerd.

lat

eat.as

were mae

from &*1 towad the

from Arabs tt..k werae

se crse
,At Volkactz thea
n
diretion of
orcslttt
Craia b wa IsGnshas ea f1
off. The

Jaget

was forcd bak.

front was still

holding out.

in*theU

th.azRvr
tw4sae

At Pfonzheim the eem

HI4

0-20-21

261.'

flAnit2A
obscure. ltenofls

in Italy had
Ward, whil

not
the

The eny uituatic

regarding

lssd as

Zwlle.

The *

pre~sure was

urea.

assue

been

still

ep1hyd

still advanced

orth

comaar of *?ortres $ofln.*

Qenn tene were withdrawingfr

being .tt.*.d.

at lMep"*n

continued to advance northwards


the

left wing

of the- II

ada~das

There was little

At Terdens the .n

?gbtat wa

URwa

dseto.am*
Americans did not proe eonsistently inthe

e tdo

stdp.

The Britis

yet been conirmed.

15th Paurgrensttier lflvieion

forwd to

Grouzp

division which had formerly

eneraloberat BUiakwts
Tl

opposite Army

Cefle. The cetral

are

Phachute Corps. The


Syke, where it was

Ias

aibt activity

report

from th

cuidthe vsterbako

at Seharmtedt.

Vepre

iU

the

elemets advanced

cvr was puer artfllery fir.

of I

Strong

river.

towirs
The

ars)omtds.9 Fro U1de hai. ttack


oft his new
ere ad e nstward. QeaOVNltbSZ'Zt Student assue

enemy advanced as far as the i

bth tw

Grasp

C isothnt secton.
atLemekn
stera settsst

area strgg attaks co.ined is


Soost

v" eqtund* An

a peetd

AryIro

Both Gndesi

weo so siiicant

to cress te

rime

actions @n th

tome frot.
fihigw
eorted at

?110"Rt

'hxe

attempt

the sttm

atseend

flul1dedeei the .nty

aaced to the Saisgitter area.

ndtiaeck were lost. Mpid progress was mae east

of

462

i'S ;.
Goettirigen where rery

forooea

avanc ed

fry:

Eeiigenstat to Duers talt.

The road between Antat and ILrenau wtw reached.


being assemble

FEnemy forea were

vest of Eisenach.-

An advane wa tbnatee trou Koenigahofen towards


ground wa lost north of $ohweintw't.
as possible.
resistanc

at

Gonan

ener

Thoe cits thatwere, pocketed at luerehofen


their wa bek to German Lines. ftghting was in
The greater peat

progess vest of )'ferzheim.

The

The tow was to be held as 1o1

Wuers~bug bdstopped. Eat of thenfurt the

suceeded in fightin

out.

eNor

The ball bearing plants wee not to be destroyed. All

continued to advatce.

holdin

:aberg.

fores made scm

right win of

the

the city was ntfll

progress at Nekanvula.
Any was again in. an saute position.

25tnth

Defending tortes at Damffberad to fight off the UT.8. 14th Arired


Diviion ad two infantry divisions.
There were o

Surher

reports fro

adperhaps spit up into sal

The situation there

was serios.

the 6th S.S )4outain Division, which

groups sxa bedu operations behind the

asewa being
t
tet'tPotadm division
ae The
accdance with ores.
owr in oflta
new" lines
Tweltth

Arw hes~ arte vas t* bo

trasferred to Mneug

cv
British pamplet, the 'flips.,'0 togther with the arps

nas

was eaptrd. The pamphlt dulIt with the adainistrationmoat Gerga


after the .apitAulatio43

30

Berlin was to bean enclave

This probably refn to pian LCL1fl.

(Eitor).

ithin the boalsn

j?

0-20

sj3a

thehre occupygjtrs Th
Zone ad was to be partitioned between
to be give an enclave Ameri
onanthe
were4:o
Wlz Rivrrnwhich
p we
wass t T e
Xntalt

Wilhaaven.

J~ra2A1.Three

atonaers totaling 22,000 w'ra

frop Dunkrk sad Lrient

were sunk off the coast of ?Azland. Atta


wore

rogistcr ton

aose

1t~thAmyGroup U sector the ene

pepare

aifields aM lction

frair, drw*'. Thrten cargo airpl a were identfif ed during the night
,frThe U.S. 34 Division reached Dntor, 1 t hie
the 4th Armred
9

Division

continud

was at the lin-er


at ftanor.

to row

eatward.

The Dritish 531Ifantry 1ivioai

The 6th Airre tv iio joibe the metns

virr.

Apparenty the 24

Armed

Division were comitted agaist

Dltvisioz and the 30 Infantry

Brwsiok.

down twenty infatrt

divisions or

strength. (fl-tenth

of

the

one-third

AryGroup 3 was tring


of

the ene's

*s armored divisions

ftoa

werecc

infanr

ittdi

towithdraw divisions from


this sectr. Moreovr# it h4d b eesnry
ote sectors offth front for comtteut against Awe Goup 3.Tire
aencdivfsicn. ba
Zviesw

the

foiet

pparenty asssled smith

wes to

be

trpaepe4

t tesuthasttowcts owtra
Prsuewe

st

st)

in

a 64w twards

Ilpsig and

of 0*1*a

itgn

reus
ieto

retd at Terdes.

obabl

3d Armoed

of the Thsis let

ivision. -(ditor).

fi 0-%

-264-264-

The iaraohute army s uffered fizn

Fighting continued in Holland.


the lack of artillery.

Since

the last canal through north west Hollani was threatened

and

it was not possible to reroute water transport to the Zuider Zon, the
supplying of 'Fortress

an

made no progress

being built

At Deventer the tner

1'exel Island.

'breached

defenses had been

outskirts

of the ton.

vas

still

and

armored reoonnaiesance forces were reperted

were

Amred

of

circle

The Ijssl

Caal

points had advaned to the Orange Canal

at

Graningn.

Terrorists

actiVe west of the Ems eRver.

The eney made some proress An. the


Parachute
of

position was

A nestch

by terrorists.

up on the western

being held.

The ene

Holland" was not expected to continue.

sector held by tb. First

Arm but was pressed back again.

uerstenaa

The bridge in Bremen was

nd south of ?3rsmen.

A conterattack b

Wade no hndwsy.

Eney torces at

Wut did not enter the toi.


beuttel ares.

under

the 15th ?anzergrenadier Division

artillery fire.

ta. enmy advanced to the north a

There was fighting northeast

uoaihols
deat

Several

were repulsed,

as far as Uchte4afllb

villages were

Salgttc was attacked.

from Pine

tnty-tor

-lost in the. Wolten


eemy tanks

vanM_

reprtdly.. +destroyd.

Local lowst are reportod onthe nrtheasters frnt.of th As'


aMp
t rtmun

sector.

Seris

and !ssen.

penetration were made I

the Au area btvase

There was houetohoun fighting in Eehvu

situation on the southern -ection

of the front bad

not

The

chaged exezpt

-265at

the

southeastern corner slone the army boundry where a deep pene-

This ws

tration was roade near Olpe.

regarded as serious because the

front there was wakly held.


nr Mountains and occupied Goslar and

The enemy advanced into the


Bad Rnburg.

changing

was

back

were. fored

Hueh
ta

position.

area.

Nordhaia n

Co
bug

fennth Arm did not sed a complete report because it


ualhun

the enemy advaneed, into the

?ighting began in the Thueringeen. Forest.

whoe they mreba


d the area north of the

atit,

A German line still

Locaizeed fighting wa

Crasheim
len#

we

reported

and

to be commtted in a

to

and

then

advanced

formed an arc around Solweins-

b
east and south of Wers

rg.

The 2d Mountain Division, the

recaptured by the Germ


as.

Tiplaesent Division

Germ

The enmy concentrated their effort at

to Eiokfeld.

south and northwest.

The

the 19th Vokgrenadier Division

counterattack

were

againstt the eney armored forces

in

th. penetration ara.


At lisilbronn in the Wineteenth ArM sector there was only localized

fighting. The
had

ben

upper Rhine

withdrawn to

ri

at Wadebtrg.

thene to fmt

The

, tf

ensw -rt1a

adved

at

routh .f

The

96th Inantry mDiiio

reserve.

d and 5th Arnd Divisions were fightng

.S.

Nrth of the T uflg

to the e

Vere rer t d

front as qidet.

orst, the 11.5. Tid


T

the T

riaga

to the sout~hest.
Oorg and the

13t

against the southwestern corner of

Arred

the Arq

ret

tf)

Ar;
A

other elements

adnuod
of the

sa:- 14th Armoed aivialcas

Division

was conitted

Group B front.

-264,i-

MS "0C-020-2
Genmn forces on texel Island made nore progrers.

acro; p the Ijssel liver.

threv a small tridhetl

the eney

Sotb of Deventer
Tast of'

Zwolle the ene;y was repulsed but (itrna n forces loot further ground in
north-eastern Itiland.
fleavy fighting continued on the right wing in the area of the Sixth
Parachute ry,

forces were contained. 3 2

where enem

resistance forward

of

the

Geran lines.

Fighting vas reported at

ram there was little combat activity.

ruek.

South of

fighting

at Sohwrmtadt with alterating sUcess.


the fler

formed acro

There was atifl

'River.

ua oene

there was

A bridgehead .was

Cello. was lost during the morning.

Bnmiok was being attacked bone armored and one infantry divisin.

The

auleiter 's report

Enemy

incorrect.
Gardelae n

.two

and

vedel

frcs

rn

bee lost.- Oernx

The eney ar eare -at Ztohosnebeok


rm.

s ctor there ~was boitinued~ ressuI~re) from the~

fuord
forcs

l ee andc Witten
uey were

~set be:eni sa~Ptrad.

Iaennebtdt was

32

At

of Cifhorn.

the i dustrial distriet,


jart ofserlargest

the

whic
! a

way

The Magdoburg sector was assigned to the parachute

x*

Rhine.

adanced. northwards by

hundred vehicles trned north in the direction of Sals-

In the rmy Graop)

th

Drunawick had been captured was evidently

duvand as far as Calve.

on the Elbe.

that

mosidered

soon be

the

erio

e.

ftnce

last areas in r t

enem
Th aradvg~~Panee~r

including
to

tXuebheiu,

vithdrsv ,fro

industrial

r *nb

fsrm Qlb twards~

Couterttacks wvre launched

The< tthor probably refers to the fst


Paraohute .Army.
no record of a Sixth Parachute Arsy. (!4tor).

There is

the Panzer bohr

ivision.

Army

Growp

each ecmtpriaed

divisions, but since

B still om:,.tle seventeen

only about 3,0CC> mzen there were in

reality, only the equivalent of :fWO to six divisions.


Mountai.ns the enemy ture

-towards

NortLy of' the liars

Blankenbrg and alvanced in the direction.

of D4Rssau.

leventh Army sector but no significent

There was pressure inthe

chimge took plece.

enmn force withdrew

The

Nordhaunen

situation around

Mountains the Germ

.positions

lost during the wrning.

not

was

was Little action.

Zrfurt and "W-eiaarwere

After the Sal flivnir

floeer,

& new

wi

crossed

at Ksnaenberg,

Zuemy forces stood before Jen.

Forest ass. u

the Thurige

the northwest cornr.


outh' of the liars.

clear.

were threatened.

the entry advanced towrds Iaubuing.

Th. stu ationi

from

hanged.. At Ooburg then

danger was produced by a penetration

from the north which reached a point eight kiloseters from Bamberg,
stain threatening the Zighteonth Ary from the rear. "Further grouud waMs
lost in the Cra lshela area.

ajor attack was imnent ha not yet beers coninae,

Vest that a
-it

The assumption of the Cownner in Chief


although

was eviet that the sneur intended to advance towards the south
spne
Strong . ssaulta were mae9

tVi sw

uraborg Sout

.of there

was stope.

After the 24 Thftxsi


Widgeeabd

frbr 'and

&tat)fislbrom

DivIsion. was vithdnvft,1 the

Tanks: pushed abs*ad

oait of Paden

.uar
enem

the

0AS

The 17th 35 Division was shifted to Nuremberng and the 19th )iviaios
to Regensburg.

Both of these divisions were part of )Uet entz Arn.

Mws 0-020r
ivison wato replace the 17th Von toer Division at

The 98th Infantry


the roit.

An order was 4von toticid the

isvspd

to the E eVnth

officer

Army by

ater: $ontais.

rt4er

A ccnttrary

the Reichseterr 33 and dolivered by an

was not clear.

weltth nuy was being led W General

The

Aw

the Operations Brach of' the

:enek,

forter

ohist af

The Reiohsfuehrer 55,

General Staff.

In his capacity as Ltdcbh Minster of the Interior, stated that

sio

'opn

citiet*would be declared.
l1

Aril 194. In

eastern Thgend there ware no preptratiou.n in

proess for an immediate major landing.


The aupply senioe of Amy Grop B was apparently

Strn pressr. was


was expected that

The

a short time.

hold.

fore*

Ealberstadt

ar as

he pushed

back

Proisnn
was

There

iome

was

north of
dadvanced

Th. enemy
west of

Wring the night a small torc crossed the UWb

fagdebtwg and Se
The a

being

unchanged.

& acmb t cc

and appeared near Tanranende.

It

Student.

aa still

regiment ha4 taken up psitiee

still holding out.

now.

to the coast within

tftnbsrge where the bidge had been destroyed.

Sterse8l

wret begd.

one

was

V~gdebparg wecaptured.

betwee

would

wing of Anieegruppe

line between Cloppenurg and

free C.11. weno

the tow.

entered

this

the right

The situation in the yreen - Cello aea

pressure

on

exerted

i order

eriossbeo,

or of th

Mageburg under his authority.

whereuon efforts to bridge the rive'


t.elfth Army placed the
erm force

ea

of

were eommitted againft the

KS

-21 *;920

-020-29

attempt to

sass's

bridge

thQ

iv*r.

uwa aa 1able Cron Dtvislo

ot which vere

nez.rly ready' ror

coiit'npt..inthe barz sector tile eoe y advance4d

to W1ttatadt mnd

Soharnhoret. and Division

Huttoen,

ZSu'pport

both

south of the mountains to Sctdatstadt near Parseburg. The "Uaventh


It

in tbe Lans 1ounteine was ner enveloped on three 44de0.

fra

not yet

W Issofsl

known whether

very reported in

wee - ocoup .ed.

'Woak enem

forces

the Leipzig area.

The rnqW continue d

tabr;. iiostile tones

to advance towards

and broke th-rough to

attaokd Solieinfurt

cretiting wtat

the high read,

wass lmoot a hedgehog position around fchwetnf"urt.

Schweinfurt and flothenburg.

activity btween

was

The

waso

Threc

no combat

situation at Crails--

shot had developed well


b. Cnadian let Division, f'orerly employed i

it .aril 19LS,

wras now

Italy,
524

and

nqr

53d l Thf..try Ilivisions

was eerting

m exected.
Firt

were

About sixty tank

th. ines

The 4th
0

therore,

were

ow nned its opratios

DtvieSa advanod to

is Jpoint eft

concentrated

strong proscarn.

'No infantry divnision wero attack

ratsig.

The 7th Amored Division and the

reported at )venter.

Lipsig, so

that

in

at
an

Vcrdon

whra the

attack against famburg

tin $tendal area. The U.S.

to south of the iRen )Iuntalns.


n thee ountains.
te

The 69th Wntst

arq boundary nOW rDa south o

Armored Division wem comitted against Ssxony, perhap

with the

4th (nfantry Pvision.

s objective was iof.

separated to rove arod both

91

In the

Kuisbach ae

For that reason, forcs which had been


sides of

the

Thuringm Forest

were again

20

w R -020

--

,joined together.

There was no eimane in the situation on Texel 1stbrnd.

Cor unication

Gi'oonmgn wag already under artillery

with Holland becam more difficult.


fire.

'The enemy still continued to attack in the sector o'the parach ute

army.

Cloppenburg was l4n t, while to the north reeinrnta of the Divisiou

O~-.'.sutSchkIW

A bridgehead we

wer

still

forme

holdiing out. Th

across

continued at Seharaatedt.

the

.ginf

Afl er iver at

sector was quiet.

Fighting

Ottsnse.

A ermm attack had been planned

further to

the east but the lotion of the 230th Antitank Battalion, which was to
participate, was not know.
repulsed.

The

Attacks against the Gemi~a bridgehead wore

Thirty enm tanks wee reported at Seehansen.

Ary Group D.sector. The

situation had deteriorated in the

n)zetratioe areas around Luedeneebeidt and southeast of Hlagen had

widened.

been

Begwen the Ea'~st and the Woet there was only a lane 'twelve

kilometers in width.

Axmuition and

uantil 14

with

or

16 Ari,r~,

fuel stocks vire expected to last

food supp~lies

acetd to lust longer.

it

wedoubtful whether contact with the prod ction a ea c could be matain d.

Several thrusts were made into the He*r


th* forces on the
e'woe

untains.

gburg

mast aide of the river were attacked but the dee

was not yet kuow*. En~ forces also crossed the river at Deby

ithe 41x"eto of Zrbet but were pressed bait again.


we
Ai'uy

South of

be te

The Twlfth

it onl wee forces along th $afle River.

elements cotinued to advance to the southest towcar~ fe.

Enos
It was

ossible that the Division Sohsrnhorat had arrived during the day.

The

WI, t4
situation around !.sipntg was tvnehrngod exei~t 'or tko ritht swing of iiri

the env'had apture

Group 03 where

Gera

ars.

and

dhitz end advanced into the Chwzits

of uich

On th

a stron

force

southern sector of the

front the

Lbo htenberg,

sritustirx had further

kiomters

newt concrning the eocitmt

wes still no

at

being oonctntzte.

was

twelve

forces were

!ezq

deteriorated.

14 ' e bend fur'ther nttaocs

the

ighting was reported

were Tade towards the northwest,


to the souith

At

Wida wre ocouded.

from

Thire

Bayruth.

the 189th Infantry

$3 Division. There was no report on the situation


area where the First Army had advanced as far a

Division and the 17th


in

the !hwin

rt

fillbronn.

Ta the Nineteenth lrt sector there was

fighting.

esistanae continued in the norther

only

Black

localized

Forest.

There

wnno important changn o the Rhin front.

It ws

Canadian 5th

Armored Division were to

?"ortnese
Uelsmn.

In

lland.'
this

the bgnig,

the attack.

:ars the

ermane

Sine, the

addtional

part in

DivIsion

were

the

and the

attack against

wa ?i ,kting

at

able to advance ten klm eters

erm had

not

used

all of their

strengt

yoes wer still aailable to throw into

It wsnot fleer tore the eayhad oml yd tb 6th

Amored Division
Armrd iflision

turned

take

The U.S. 11th Armored

without opposition.

at

3..t Armored Division

that the Polis

learne

The 4th moe d Division vst in BAzozy and the

was

at ?

to the northeast.

were employed at

the front

Th

Since a.l1 three


opposite

Any

'142.Third

American

th

had sua

airborne

divisions

Group B, only the airbon

units

PC

-7ze

;1

still

aailable for an air landing.

!nland wore

in

snpported

by 120

the

A194 repudiating
Ater

IS Ai

armistie

agremnt, the French,

American boTwboras attacked the north and sOuth Gironde


the Germans

The French declared that any destruction b

fortresses.

resulting from th.

would be regarded as nbotage, since the

fighting

cute

come of the war was a foregone cncluaion.

The iua ton

on ton Iserand nob not yet

iremedaied.

There was no

captured Arahem and advanced to the north and; norteat.


Mahge in the situation at the Deventer

ede of teal

territs

the eyar

briwslgehead but

the enesy

Fores were being concentrated at

receiving reinfrcepente.

wterst

The tener

wes still in Gran

Isad

ent

ronizesa.

hands;.

Twenty enem

WVi

towards

A part. of the advancing fore turned eastward

titer,

Fighting was reported at Friseuthe and Cloppenr g.

and

A now

bridgehead

the bridgehead at $chwar

twaety tanks
hrbos ad

net

'tzouped.

te

was

ed at Veluen.

aru

Zvolle.

the aid of

the
At

Ema
reas

was thrown aross the Alter River


enlarged.

arme

orce of

The Corman attack began at 0500

with resistnce at Vettenkap, after vhioh the frnrcs

Saa

de

The sitation is the

The

tanks wen dis-

abled.

tere was no change.

was

were

Aredye were lest.

Am

Qrotq S sector had eonuiddenb dbter rated.

ties cosmptin was higher then had


8am

bees

calculated.

The eupp2ly

as

tr.ais lacked wayne.

rther ground wes lost.

hard' prssed in the Ea

l&ars tain by attacks frmi the soth and west.

Vighting

was

rorted at Stolberg.

An attack v

The tlevnth ry

lauc ahed from Rlnkenburg

Ms

47 0-020

tewards the youth.

ith the Tsct.

longer any c~onnrect#

had been 2tsblibd.

the rit

vd.

the sttuntion t'-ere 1i-

vefl r,

The

Thc're

we

no

Tlfthb Arv-y 1s position on

South o? Y debnrrg ttw

was narrowed down end the bridg~e was destrryed.

enay

brid ehea

Whethe brid ehead a-t

Darby was enlarred, no brid~e wan as yet avrdl.e ?nd, therefore, n

had

t ak

reached the easter n

ivision Schsrnborsot we're comittod.

four battalions fro

Button was to be npioyed at the ?f!ulde River. fletuenWal


there war no ohstge.

Cersan faoes retired wreat

after the bridge was destroyd.


Goran hais.

actIvity

ruevy forces advanced through DitterFeld tDessau

reported at frnburg.

whore

bnnk. There wams no nignttioat

,Asection of

1nstn was lost.

o?

"flvisioa

and Leipzig

the Sanale River

Menseburg was still3 in

cmrmiation

with Leipzig bad

not

yet been out of.

in the Army Groop C sector th esituatio


Leipzig where the enemy
northeast.

lot

from

to the

Hfb

Clsuohsu

There were no enter gains onthe northern Stale

a thrst vas directed tows Hirscbeg.

Rqnutb weg

South of fliberg the enemy advanced to Riltroun where the attack

On

stopped.
to

,advanced from Cheaiitz towards 0Cfldita

Tanks were reported in the waitern part of' Ch& its.

was being attacked,


Liver

had detsriorted south o

twenty

the Rhine plain the Gemans were foroed

withdraw

fifee

kfl.oetera to the soat.

ltuf13. The
American

tAo

boutbrs.

At

the

Girodo fortresses were

same time,

assaulted by goud troops.

rrom

again attackd by 1#200

the main Usne of resistance wes

the sea, the .fortresses were shelle

efl74e

navanl forces.

rd

sent

At

$ieahofle,
iral
-aizdr~Roanr

hours th

2~3

eemy r ror had broken through *nv. that the

by r 1io tirt

fighting had reached hit' eorcn

The. ?Ftai btttle had begun.

ott.

French troops vers erployd.


or

Thern was ttill ti ting f

Mollsnd' and northwst

tj.esge

A major conentratin of forces at Seahansen ws observed. flu

Germany.

eneer bridohed south of Mgdbwg was emoved.

adva

tel 7 ne.t of Zerbst.

ieiflty

reached the

was exerted ajainat the

Strog

prensufl

bridghed in the Derubergw

still large~e'

Pessau-littorf old area.

Sout of Dery the

'ains.

Co nterattaeka rert!ted in local

hlls the enemy advanced as tar as the cathedral, whil to the south o

The northeri par of

there the br~head vae further enlarged.

kMerneburg ans till in


area but ene

There

n hbnds.

was no

Forces advanced through Grtm

action

in

the taPSIS

to ?4tsschen.

the est and

The enemy Continud to attack the !!i Mntains fro


the south.

The situationi

Gorau forcs

were

Fifteeth AnqP
Panser AM vas

the AyGroup E area was rapidly bai

split vp. To th et

fighting

i a lgr

Un the Am Group 0 a

lest, The

a emil poket cotaining the

was- being attooked fron the svifth sn east. Tb. Fit


poket to thevest where the aq

also attce from the sout an est

was

g onrn.

brideed

The ftiia front was still quit

thVe enm advnce en W aeg. Fonbach

at Refltram was

armor penetrated deeper towards

the south.

enlage.

(~thwpeRie

Rear tahr th

flak Forest

MS I

or?,-

CeO2O

border position was occuied.

Marhl von 14alnen and

tat.

capture

Prinoo

August Wi.hel.

the cawue ofr

Field

Ct the previous day

of Axbaesador von Papen had been reported.

fl42xrUJ4.
where

The ueem reported

a sewon

lin

fortrese

'ighting cotinued at theGGironde-ortt

of dees had

fighting at Giroatp-3oth.

been

organised.

There was also

Ground attacks received air and naval support.

Fors ware releaed from f1plend for emnloyment against the German

posonsO

along th

South of Bremnen, t

River.

The ritish viII corps

the assault at Usea.

ld

hid Salted.

The 83d Inantry

armored division were c omitted at Patty. It was not

Dtvision and one

clear what imits were being eme

was

whethr the en

other

rdane

sectors .1'

in the northern

bringing up forces

the front. Two armored

onrs fontainsan

which had been released from


divisions were reported

to b

Hlle wLeipzig area. A American divisio requested saps of the


sar K
u hrlab
a dad s setcto
e r. . T? A
este
cU.S
r . i Sgc
even th eAruM
s r co
p nrtinu
s ed nto
A eadvance
l
tow ard s

in the

hi established radio contest ith the . ed Arsyr

dat

is

advaned

th notwest
to

the

the en'

enlarged

road leading to 4pltoorn.

ersaus attaske towars th sothwst


A arma bridg ed

?4ting

cn~

the

wats
at

stil

bridgehead

ast of the Zuider 'Zon the

in order to hold

held en tat.

at Arehem and

eastern .ita

th Gebbs

of th*e mandike.

Oroninges. At teLsriver furher

ade towads the noth.

Enmy

libe.

progress ws

fees ware r eaused again at

rizuide.

South of' Bm the eney tpassed. oltan and advanced to Schnverdingoa.

M.310..020-76

at waslas
everted
and Imediately to
not known bow far the advance ba

Further; progress

the west.

reace in the ares

was reportby Division Clausevita.

It

of ldee rg.

south

There were no
The reports

reports from Sahwvedel or the area isadiately to the south.

have been ilstaken.

econcentration at Seehausen would ;set

of an e

s-Pressure

In the Ay Group t4 sector the final decisive battle ba bedu..

There

fSge f frotthe Fifteenth

wrln 110

reported two

deep pontretione.

Several =nits ba

reserve forem.

ase'~

already

group

_101 ,-

been overrun.

The corner of the front near fessele

Guns and amanmition were lacking.


dof was being held.

'The

rMy.

The staff of the arygroup comander sered as a

A deiad to

surrender had been

reusd. Radio contact

was still maintained.


The situatio in the Hars Muntains was liewsewre aut.
Penetrations

nea~r feaunla

w're made south of the


and k~rnigero.e.

rocke.

There

was

Fighting was in progrss


to

racnaasa

the east.

Despite heavy artillery fir wnd air attacksa the defendera at

B~oth

hgdelsarg refused a demnd tosure ar.


Bab.

was

Aditiona nm reinforcesants arrive.

to narrow down thenes7s position.

closed main lie

nrh

continued

losses .at

Division Soarnorst

There we

ofittorf'eld.

esail forcs were holding out bravel.


o

suffered

no action at

erarge

resistanee was to beestab'lishted at Desist

tten warn fghtg

Division

sides

with Itipsig fro

to advance eastr.

At flli

sad flrseburg

It ws still posuible to

the noarth and the northest. The enemy

47

-2O

MSI

Ithe Arqw Qrvnp 0 area &oonoentration

iner

emnts.

near

130

souith of flt.e.

wards against a

The population
At

towards

hitdorf

enm~ continued to

The soo' was

.ae
d.ffktfties.

hours

0300

a ooufortrust

atie

asreported it the Mude

was oapturedt Other advancing


g.

fones moed no--

tgrpp Orafenoh bega

Gra forces made sor prgrss ait

the vest.

trationsd five to

ten kilometers deep

Figting cont id

tthlack

m west of

POP

rg

vae twa the ?irst A' y secto.

wre

corest and

at Oflbwg. A bridgehead

WAS still being held at Kabi

18

Ait

141. The

foflowed upbg the

U.S. 5th A&rrerd Division was at Arton 1

U7
4S. tfnth

Arq. The 8th In entr Division, thougt

wasno reported ,t

to be at

vv

the 35th Wa tr Divisioe asn

The

1rs

en

eeausen

main effort was oonetnttd between Sohoenebe en

advanced

merte

the Ruhr area

annon to Koehe.

through

Sonth

Dttterfeld, aimed obviously at Derlin.


Division

Fret

towards the loude Rdver.

for a ates agist

Mssng amm
7th Inftr

ime

Division

taipst

doet

wait

"$' at

Pine

for

of taipsig the

Fo cs were still being con-o

while in the Ottt

rathe

the iunfntry divisions. the

IThe 145.S 14th

Divs

ongn

euW

vas at

thi 2d Marie Dvia

tart north

9th. Arored

the3 4 lriai Diilas me at ?tiuzshalu.

'tm gdur'trtees eOnf the


ot
frot the ent ed ln.

14th
UsTh

oi

wee attacked by 60 pis


Sehfortresses vere

Atll

Division. attacin Gens

a r outo

as eme

fi

hling out.

at

doarf.

(Kdttor).

MS G.2O"mn
(bi To:i

pibility

of

n~

flooding

th.

was

the

front

at

mroingen

reported on th.

to protoot

the land

tide
te omAof the First
of

lower

still being held.

German fort uw'

five

the forts

A-rm

Paraoe

Era. An

nerj

'was coueidcrod.

eadqarter,

was stil being defended.

bridge

Little
was

orner

th

activity

trown arOus

ut. canal.

Southwst o f eebawg

the

thet rood to Sltan.

Uolsen could still bereached from the nrthest. Under the


the fUX

Corps,

Panser

an attack

was

launhdb

the

attack plinei

of Faflereleben

directio

cadof

Division Cleusetes

buit was stopped by maaroed force of fifty American tans.


bee

The

A new

had apparenty wit yet

arrisd out. An order was given to dstenns whether the 160th

and 194th Infantr


It

Pivisions could bedote

at Lne~burg.

was learnd tht enem reinforoenents had definitely arrived In

the Seusen area. Wittenberg and the bridzehads .irediately to the

The Eleventh ArW was new being

south, were wder artillery fine.

supiced byair bat no rort


Any Group S bad
units cotinue

re

mae reive.
resiste - ,17

h a~y

*&1
oipl chermnt

arm.

1mal

to fight

The euW- mde futhe

ror

is the direction of Nagisbug.

the

par of the totu on th west beak of, the Elbe bad to be considerdlost.

sattac fo

the direotio

of:aBes

was empeted.

Slase it was sot

Vosaible to desro

the bridgehead, an order was given to narro it

dow byml-cl

attaeks.

MS I

"Mm9

c.ao
Presue

was bad.

contiue wet of tDsssau.

South

of the population

of )esau contact was to hrmstablished

Thttn which had formd a bragiad

held out south of 111.


the trest

The tia

but not

The

0 the )enld,
on

vieka were lost.

Rvr.

aexjeotedly

attacked Leipzig

?rcseure was exerte

Near Chemits,

there was quiet.

cntiziwd on

ihre

where fighting was rep=rtd.

Ksmptgruppe Grai'enw

were no cntion

furher headwa ine the sea ter northeast, of


onyby th US. l4th Anoned

swath.

The

Dlivisica. Thes

Division Nib1elgen werseoed

17t

the

other localities.

eas

The
ith Anstach
to ake

was oovrd

S~ Psrgnnaadier

up to this area

.garrison at 4roab~rg was to make sorties.

continued at

east

to n.

r was able
{urberg

ft's.

?lauz asid

the outskirts ofthe

convention hell scaght fire..

still

at Zilenber

Deep penetnatione were asd. &t Mambagv

of tdort whene fightn

Piviuics and

Division

at IttterfsIA. Oenan fores


u

yet from the east.

with

from the

Pighing

outlets of the $laok oreat, at )orb, a d in

0102

.20
qm2sow

TMl
DZELORW
M

I.

IN

in

1. Chanjem

SwTr?

JAEART AND
,

BlRIAT?

At the beginningrofa Ja

oo

Ksseirig again sensed cosa


othest ). H. bI

of An Qer
roup C

altol

no

accident in which hi mtorcar had


oberet

von fletinghoft (tailed vn

of the two unait

oand

of th

o ner
en

in

Chief' Southwest

-s objet .f staff of theacs


.
Beinu in

Poall#ee

with a

in

Chiat

gun.

Since Geeral-

School ), who bad served as hsdeputy,

masoe
Frot,

onthe

van 1VietInhoft

and remained in

During a11 of

-er

arhl

the effets of an

ral Ues. Wheo

West on 1March,

of the vat.

and

ry 7i1.34

(C

fram

collided

omd

beenW
giv en a e

bad taprrl

these cangs,

t he

command

esseiigtokoe

suceeeded hism as

that poition until the

General ficttiger reseired

p'p
194x ta

as mbaseor assite

by $

Csute IWde.

I I4 this area th ttrsts

of bends
an cai

sonerial for eithuho)

ttos of Awy mp Southwst,


.:
Regoiti t toare seprt eap
whieb tore b u .in Jama, .4y
-known to th Wehnoh Qpnto
Staff aftertn l
bad takes plan, anwo thrfe 'a
t un"tise is
the dosiret an are not ntferra t he
bre. (Ahor).
2

SiMsina

2.

the calm period

awm lecalised fighting,

the Apennines and th Alps

1944, in

enemy vas .eoted to

as

in

continued

at

at

and

t riel

th*eand

195o. hIovevr,

had

the

of

the

Asthe enemy

anyt n.

Germ forces onthe eastern foothills of

far

With the excptionoft

which stagto

reame the offensive

was far superior in nmiters ari

the

of Ta.

>eea
~eiRiRh

already outflanked
~oa

Apenin.

to bempeted of a new major


tendeny had been to ithdrav the armored

as the Senio Itivers, the worst was

attack #

Therefore,

division s

and

the

the

to wove

paraechte divisions

to the

east

where

the

danger way lratest.

The, snowfall
inpobble an

the Geman
net

Ape nica Whil, this was an


fram the fact that the northern Italian

operation

suffered

in the

te P bridges

as well en

900 major interruptioar

T.

were constantly

routes

so that all of ths suppl

up byI Januar.

revented anattack inthe Alps

in Jaurya

expfsed to air

were not aways open.

and wade
a dvazta #
railroad
attacks,

There were

in weber, 51)of which were styl

not

cleared

Grmsn air forces in this area were cmpletely

for reluoreoManto would have brought about no *ajar change is the situatio, thu
replamet shifmets were reoeived
were always dm1nad. (~yrein
inadeute, cad siime the repeated and

:tsiian

by

requests

issions wers assigned.

DuringfDeambre tbir.eig.t
metl

urgent

antialsraft artillery,

reconnaisrsance) were lest.

ny

ad

airsrf

vera

de strc de4

thirteen German planes (mostly

Mhs

-Zn
i~k~

1~ 0-02
n spite of th."

lntic

the

of

conservation saire.

weasem, which had stood the teat in Italy,

Tese ss
possible

to riorOus

moor truffle ash

introduced

the
to

supply o

the

Amt and

had

th. result.

ROath

theater selfstrained

and other
as

ancases there was no opportunity

Since in

purchased

gobIs, an effort

the

off ices

cerd

ier

War Miistries

per

not to

been the ease in Onto., where inflation had teen

the

the C ,

the

The prie level

gevermzat agencies apeared as buyers.


as

supplies

was to further decrease the alreay

,osine

eangeWred,

of

This 1.4 to attempts at sking

The reslt

sufficient.

r a

ere as

W"stern frt.

lip to the begining of the year 30.000 ton


were sent to Italy.

org-

due to goo

the begtinig of the year, larglg

nt

critcal

leulties, the supply siuation had notbee.

4ff

was

a.eording

to

in Chief $rnthwest.

to forward

ade to coordinate the demads of

their

uec,

giing priority to

Operations

The chief ofthe s eractt

Staff pLae4 the Fieid Faconcies Office in carg. of these transactios.


ecause railroad traffic could be na 1stsind only in isolated

&an,

chief of

crantly appointd

the

.Grppestuebnr reehter

2mltary

requested that Germa

assigned

to Itia

Saed

for other enldention,

administration.

rimil

admnitratioc, St
rprusetativa be
Ti

propoal0,else

was supporfted by the Rfiehstuhrer

SI and tq the W ermaht Qpertisus Staff.


Regisniug a Januay incrstred amiet vas, aused
off.

GA

21 _J

t2 C

r in

Chief Southwest

y the
va.

lack of

iformed that

MOMM

$3102n23

ftur Es vault have

in the

to aet

an

alnost oocplate

tf

stoppage

suppes trm era..


(9lam

~ritto *

3.

the

n~appoared to have

rutas hd bee
about the same
fortdon 23 Deember. 14* chang was expected in the9 strength .t
while from six to eight
ene forces in the western lieiterr aes

aailabl.e ' 26 113divisions, or

faor

units

yern

aused to bein the eastern Mediterranea.

According to en estimate

two Amriean divisions were empl1 0 4


It was sot knn wht

9 Janmr.

previously
bass

reported thene.

sent to Pgance, it

em

at l ae.

navia

right

Sine

w" autatd

was

en

,,

,an estimate set an

directed against the

Thes

con

sede

eePrise4

of prisoners adthe. reet

Tis is

an

.rwin.

It

was also posible,

rerves at five rather

Ca

the

DivIis

(EdSite).

follown

ha

than

division a14

British awiste

hrw fighting strength of the

segljiible.

4thU

identified

pannd a axeial oprtion against aSpesia.

Italia diviims.

the VA8. 30th)an


3

perhaps

had

were beid

The US. 85th Division hdbeen

the

divisions.

B~ologna an

other -divisions

that these division

baratnt serxed to support this theory.

four

front. south of

there was nondication that they

?Areovor, the interrogation

however that

save

wing.

the

Chief Southwest, only

had becom ot the

assembled for a ewlargeesoale attack,


weak Gems

in

by the Caner

Itals

dirisis

dqr it was determined that


nearo

the fruit.

oni

Ms

three

and

infantry

identified on

t o

that the ~ritish had

only1 Itu.tasaunits

the eastern wi g, so attack was expected

4' division

jq
;only

available

a noewpon
h o bee
fores
and security

with which to

two armored division

Sinc

is effort.

of

it was o

forte

from that area.

were believed to. be spicyod,

thereb indicating that' nine divisions were being held in reserve.

sti in ?Xrth

unit

10th (ioutia)

The VA..
The new

Italion

vwr

Africa

The

not considered available for emlomet.

)ivbisa hod recently mrived

was

Division "Crea=om

identid as

from

Aerica.

part of tht

!rit

)Uinth Airy
Noe
b

morxtent chane occurred until the en

fFebruary.,

2 2/3 divie tons were assue to b at or behndth

diviions wer being

aOvfn

held

in

remev,

two of

hih wae

frost.
Italia.

division
middle of February it was confirmed that all ttts
with the neptio of the 6th. Armored Divisios, (i.e. the hth, 56th,
an 78th 1sf ntry Ptfleion) tad been withdraw from the front.
By the

The
Italian

traffi

oast

at EOiratar was norma arid reedcaias*


at Nice, in

pert

usie

idget sumrines,

along the
offere no

sugest ions as to the enemy 'ani mowsVi.


atar

the iritish hal .ttas

'torpedo boats ed4aag


Csaml is Chin! f

the

trdo

Pelt anal

Traste, destroying

boat had

the wharves,

two

the

Navy pointe out on 21 Nbn ary that the*


to wo ke, under observato won
,
a
i,.

nmWr.

ti

closely,

flowerer risky an operation miht be, it would beof great

ti

MS #C-O~O

.fl5e

value to theea

Sothat arid
S

to

gain .a foothold

that
until then asswn to be inAretat bad

signiiant

the $ritish 24 Airborne Brigul.,

the Italia

comprised

three brigaes.

against those Italian

the supplies of

The

had rehabilitated two further divisions,

or in Chief was to report on whether he weu24 be able to

an operation

This

appeared near Rtome.

now

thn 5th Airborne Division now

adition,
an

the

in

ouzthwst.

It was onsidere

ant that

Genmn fores

behind the

cordutao

=Iits on itted onthe front with

.tion eurrentl

requested

at had. Cx

be

VaS

intoneod

that the ?ehrer

opposing

Italian divisions in order tower their sorule and to ,force

ssplq

the anlto

AMoriton

or inChief Solozvst

stronger sesures against the

or British

replied

diuisiocs

that the

in

their stead, Th

operation

canted out beoause of insufficient amition.

Te

could not

be

decioio was

;accepted by the *u rr.

4..

Th Inta

S5tedeStuation.

say to reinfrc the 1.ft vw of the Tenth Aw in

it bees..

prepmrtioc for the, exete


4M Infantr
the bul

the lae

.qtrut

Diiiota v replaced bth

twara lc. Conehio.

o the au sad available wasrns


The 4

16th 138
tile th.

At the begiging of the yar

1t

Inaty

yoreo

The

ivision and
itte4 sath of

Infantr Diviion too over the sector between the


din

Division and the southern tip of the lak,

Intntrz

Diviion amed

resonibility for the

shzore ea the land between the lake and the sea.

sea

eZ0

CS

thechieotstafftto
declardb

crinClefothw..

telephone -that wie he- conidere

en attac k tobe the best

the

ifimpoving

*707
V$

the0C

sitution, it

-was not feas ible be ause

sucoss

prmsed conly in b*4 weather, edunder such eonittons,

d41
be unable

maintain

ajakat La

force* in oae the

uneq

tanks
to

conuted en opeation

Spes ia.

roe

than 1,000

and 200 bwming

wore Lime

At times

the sncq one*


etwee 100

in daylight attacks.

fighttr plane

ission

The

night attacks.

em

5.~~~~~~ Tharans
nJnar
poyad

Mooer, it was neesar

to cross the cans .

a reserve

the

per day,

to

in additi

avernge numbr of mission

flown

per

the usual

day atbered

sever hudred.

of January when

In the beins

Conoobto, it could

not

bano

fame

ofthe

36h Pader

that

for

A si aS

the

the frnt,

cqutimet.

availbl

or whether the

The naval unit

attach

tow proteottag the shore.

Diviio

vs

preet th trait

u were

e4

up to Lk

eald still

lake could b
to thecrs

to th nrthern

rnferred

es

se,

he enitsed4 fiul belm.

t e L e Mtoata
Cthe
r Gi n d

f eders.

4 A regimet etratedduin oprtin en


an. (itor).

equtpmnat twos variou

be igroed whether th lake was inpas able,

meannj a stregtwang of

crossed bymsera

the encq bad

*misting of se

h
a

WIa

f Cm ml
the

dates, of
.d

ar

the trot

Th. front
.west

northern shore.

aas

with a lUnbaed on the Soul*

foflowed a line almost

a oint just

at

south

its righ, the Ut? Pazer Corps

oni

due souh, the trnd towards the

of t~lg.a

the Wehrmoht Oprations Stat!f hearl a

?k

an officer Pust rered from th northern

riatic Coast was

oeeupy the Daltatla

and fro

Itlmns

possibility that

othe continent, where


A thrut through

the

the

was

there

en

not oonsidered

danger that te

The
thrned

eamq sight

there jump to Yluw.,

night

ro-Port tw'

Adriatic Sea areas

operational son along the


at the prsent time, althoug
also

Diver.

There w

attaek the southeastern flank

untfl now nofortif ications

(lu of Treats5 h weer9

was

had

been constructed.

not expcted.

secause offavorable lending posibfli.tiel, the report said, the


western coastal sector

Lately

etween tZalvore er

had

the oendn'se corned

northern

Daltian

noth

the fere
tp

bed been

Zontm
v.

asked

not

th

to tasfar additioal

alrd veil prtecte

Defense

arailable.

an on3 t o deed

withot ensq prssur

eanoern since its

the_ defense of

or. Sa Chief Soft

ecessary force were

to spl it

discussed

Islans * The Navyes reuet to fortify

had been refused by the C


that the

Cittsnov was endangered.

land

these

islans

onthe grounds

It was his intention not

eomet. The avy Ci 111il


nav a oes

was not to be com

se.

to the islets.
The area

ies., The defense of. Pots caed general

sad sn defee

ratlon

aust

the

alob

were still ink.

the oast had not

been upto ezpnetatiwon.

MI

et

.280-

peutiio

to ooustnet

waiters,

aree emadr ba

tn

inoltding sen from Crgntntic

.120,000

explqd

Th Chibeeoden line

tot.

ws. to be eostpleted

about 15 rbuay

divisions. The fl.ig

Position to the southeast was still. bin

a~ difficrulties

reconnoitered.

troops

foreign

+eployedin

Cosaks, Chetnik,

The

formation).s

Serbs,

Vote

n would hold roughly two

cased

'by the

These

the oprational sone.

and the 10h 1.A.5.

nerly 35,+(X

(an Italian

report conoluded with the observation

the artillery' batteries


On

were

naval

that the

bulk

of

only infield positions.


er in

the C

inelwd

Chief Sotlrestv'as informed that

he Van not to withdraw major sections of the front line. Ps! replid
on

jfr!IMgZ

int, while he did not it'en

tomoavebaokosertwnsetorvhih
strong

neqattack.

Lugo and south and

H. referred

alterd

wudbebadly epsed
skeitioafly

east of take Ccmaohio.

was grated, so log as

doig so, be did desire

it was evident

Ci

to

in case Of'a

eectos eoath o

2s.w

thise pundssio

before the fPront .Line was

that a larpceeleenm attaok bad alrady begu.


How
he C
derin Chief Sowthvt viened his position

at the

alefl of the month can be see frmn a memrandm he prepared for a

possibl, reot to
to tr#om

strateg

th Nttr a

t. break

theog

. at

six or

byusing

U'aff

as fores

on

to the to

plain.

17Vsapc9
Thrs wan assemble a

tern division, which could bereinforced

clos divisio
the line v4d

e~~

(ni.., tl ian,

by eovirg zp

and ooh

duter divisions.

tnoop)

(Mls to

thbe

MS # ~O2O

w
289w
489e
it was not

ofn ee m
s,

reserve

adamant the enthena tract,

wotil be
coatal

It was possible that

to bemre.

xa

flanks. The piet'w.

was

a strategi

attack

aimd at the weaker hel

rot yet clear, bt new nigniievce

.Wran
situatios

was ade b

th

the weather;

the reins, oX' battleatstd wauits; the increa

th

cangmi

the

y et detemieho

th

ipreonto
izg

gravity

ofthe nppy vn4 trssaport s ituation; ant the derease inmbil.ity.


Grines a m; the civilian population reutntb r

toad showtgs and

tn'epleywiet wen ezmted to onue further dirficulties. Mtrtz

units

could only be

roved 250

kiloitetro, thereby

ncenaitatIMg the

use of horse-draw unite as strategic reserves.* Te tine factorta

to

be closel

conzi4 rd

in all, opertiod oleulatir* and

it

was

necssary that decisions be wae early,

rosifl

Ltiartn coast, enemy operation


ti aain t the caton wing of the ary roup, with

kartfl ro
we, also efet

attacks on the

armphibious 1nfriings twa


strategicall

the

ave and Iren Riven *

effet the Visas portito.

diwisien

whih cold eybe tae

00314 . a

beo cde tp

eastr

At least two hbrearawn

from Taoth A y, wld tat

to b

nsate
h t 4tow
O byTalteri
eaoly gq thet cotut
ve k n ot
n bettle
f o t a t tha

wing oft the soutern fret. the attack whieb valt tov a

landing was

to be worn

the

latest at

develop,

the enec

at

This would

doma

by stubsor

the Gghs WM* lie..

atefs

and

ht-to a bait

it this sttuation. fi'edt

vould have to take into

aut

thosw diviion h.$d

14 1 0-020

in

s1ing th

resre

as tha resulting if this

wone

not don. The

west asked the chief of the Wehneoht


for

an

as

Couder lzChif

dpotin

to wheother he deired

So.

Staf for his opinion

a persoal

rernt bythe

sr in Chief Sthwest or byhisobiefotamsf.

Ci

Th
of'

reply

losing

Southern Front was not as gret

Iu to the

time tbroitgh returing the

diadvantageo
db

m.o

coastal

rit

the

rAeh

situation

but

did
ienmteouh
not conider the

o f t h at coast at the oense of the soer

to the Viem

ars, for which

both lacking, ys mowoer

ftones and
i

danger
Jse

wit theesimate

of a lendin
t

front.

htutePeeea

A brewaetrou

transpor facilities wart

cels for pliwa

could no

ease, sch an obique thet


southern front.

nerally

Op4Mration taff conurd

It any

reasows

bring about the collapse of the

Therf eTh, it was colsdered suficent t*take

defensive resures that

woed

not weaken the s outhern front.

suggested thtthe f1lOhWnantariivao

it wa

be clydbetween the

Pane i4hosead toshift a diilmc te the area northest


Comceic
risk,.n

A redaction of fa

*Ma

the Adratic

of

Lake

wa s JvUaibl

teshore of the lake wol be aalae

a diioalg

aresewve for the atha

front eaelsoemwid be movedi

t to t

as
he-

AErite ent

Th. objectv

of an enW laudin

collapse .f the. stern

robably

frn,

attrfr

would w to bring about the


th. atak

mae between the eas line of resistance at

would m~

the. P efstua.

)Z I 0n33

.491er
91*.

it the loft

This dmner woud be irased

the Tenth r

not be ecoafiered an effective

Mreover, the lake col

won withdran

wing of

oLsteCle so that fonces from that area could not be released to rein-*

the &drtatio cast.

t o

the ew~prob lewso

$aes
of'

the

it

would

on

the

Wdohot Iigh

deci ive i

were tobe

made

yrt ae
in

If

all de&i

advance, HWever~

to give authorization now for a delaying atiom

be, neaS~a~

M
asenwing ofthe Tnt f.

danded cononting the occupation ofthe Aeriatic coat


riestea and the iain line of rests tamce in oflr to obtain a

ata was
between

decisin from the Fotrer.

CAn2

a directive

was reevet according

t@ which

the

eotbat xalsk assiiued on15 Decstber was still vaid s "A forces
reserve strerth was low, the defenre should he

and

had tee vea ine

in crier to s trengthen

ortn ad in gnestor depth

towar

defe

stra

to

dral

the

to

a delay

fac.

bject to a planed with

of a luagesne attc,

action,

bhche

Wut

f.It wotd

troops' jnm3~

an & t
the fooig
to t

in the

poitio

neve coen

hevoul
toatr

The Febre would

lti .

the postion of' the

a the chief 4C tbe W eaht Opattion Staf nut


rApy to the Ci

latter's

stinat.

large-scale attack
tenth tiny was

orin C?4i.f Southwest with refers

of th eit'atio

direct

against

datd

15 hbrazye7

the center &adleft

A nnwd

wing of

the

ezpete at t egging ofspring. $trog chiefly

ML #+CaO 2Q

I'll

drawn. While landings


Rirs,

it

and the

at

have to be

foflowin

Poseible bt~s

the

Pine*and Isonie
opetirton

autsembled
Th.

a'

point betwee

the tatin flne of raistae

tn~ause at tefr united iaoblity, resn'%t would

Po eary.

bewee.

were

was ooasildsre4 more likely that anamphibio

dirted
de

would

ilesos thy were previo sl with..

woulvmd be epee,

Brttff nres

the would mo probbl

at those points Were

chie! of the Webrmneht Qprattoc s$taff onsfdred the

distrIbution adquto s The 710h

Wianry Divisio

awl one

preohato division (wrhich na to benewly aotivate4) between Vealee

ad

the Ise=so River; o

Est of Fers;.

rmbile

infmntry

and ott

division (29th P
division or

the

Division .south ast ofBoil . tispoitic with


,

27
i Fu tbu
o ry ola

tirisoz) sout'.

93t1

Panzergreadier

regr t@

the vitm.

order
. was
* l given
te.'eOnto occupy nfisi 4lia in

atmt,&sso ot a p edble lanling on

the

Clank.

Le

Jaury
ctt~h lasses were

3hnec4Cza

6.

ssr

reported a

follosa

Sikn
Piting Jansry only 3,00 ao were receive

47 22 Jasuary

th

35t

IUfanr

Di~

as

Pass; four trafr~oads per tvety or

bad apsrtet- fow

flugry in aeeofann with an orer of 14 Jnuar


Ennt

pom

(miut.

bans).*

trvisio0

14;5

03 U
64",

OX"42

at the

of

ed

Nevement
7,h

bfegan
n ";
fr

to Ihagary.

repaced

~ras

Ysbnzery, e

n V
r erona
J mi

on 25 s i'

W4vent hegan

or

trntferred tothe som

Th 715th Thetry lliso

b'
:br
a.

Diviion

Infatr

27Mt

th

nnry

interior

r ,4

to

bydr't

on '7 rebrary but in dlyri

tue railroad sstem.


S3vera1

Ey 3

Januaryz th fl71OW
ohte

evral pa
the

the te 4.ins

Dtvision.

th

gRonrLM

Italia lt
Alpine

earct to nplae

tne

grn u
are

wasz

to aeYtamtc tir

esehrr

to

r<e

i fl Janiuary te

Krc tite to

ts

oC ~ruwry stt

withdrawn fro

the nooMr hal

tthe mast in orer trolese

26 7cbrty.
:,

V Ivizion

4t

r~t

sa&

the

in "'attack prao9

of

Januar

Thsc

the

l1t

latter

a jnzer diio

Res er

liv iot ro

unit had been trsnrnd,


for the reserve.

Inantry Tvieton was insertdin the line, to f14aclitat

remova o-f

rae}m

10th

troSnit;'"r

~aaer

157th

ztrctpthe

for rhabflitation.

plac the 4th Parachute Division.

98th

ivisio.

Infantry Division were

front

IiThzring

'

from

.w

This S~asre wMs Qrdhrd by tn.e

cr5 z ik=Pq~roL

7.

4th Parachute )ivlsione ci

the let n

ardived fre !ra*

Intantr Dlvlzdon kwA


were tra

batt c

departed 16th Panrfr


Mtcr

tho'et

wxontain opnies were transterrrd

otar 'w tt Tor

rcia tttioa.

The

the

The 710t Ilimraft7 Uvii

by, the

as reltrod

diatto coast,
Th

Z7St

All trsxse
"n

wnWn

by thin cry of Jauery,~

were ccxspae

tz

tnr D.1viuL n n~

to r4.icv a div ion for coni .tnt at


Melt.xi

tranferel to t,he

natr Division t.

12ltt

the

fnt,
.piae

the

Duce urg1

ravnr "n
t

btr.

;.

ebt

front,*

Iu

169th

Th'

antiettov
vs

thefn

thoi &vtor.bh

of

brought forv'ard.
? 4hsuar
Lour off iiie

the ccwtmet of Itsfr

tad been activa te *

dvivsos

2iscver, no change

irero ratt r Ines

Italiana 4th toutain Divisio an


teeints of the Italia n 2d nfantz7
tilviaion 1web6 alead cein cwlvc along quiet sectr: of the rozt
IAhe

and wcr e nct cuited for eombat


on 25 January to
%

in

with O6n

isa

Thn'

rdcrn

accordingIy.

i'h Ai
Itai~

V~~nt4he~

. ~tomta,
'aS

info

The. Foreign Group6 was

s0140.

lct ZDiv in

at~aade aiddfeati

whiot ha!

It

th

hec tved forvard

acil
Velley.

an orIor was jgiven to alternat-e 1ralian dtision

diviica on the ine.* Fixperiowo durin g the past fe

woks tad prove4 their low cosbat value.


b-*

the tlo'n

Italian front (li order zfro

dtvii

tob smp:ed

ti

riht to ieit).

In

h m 169th tfvitr
Jawuy. Perhaps

46

Am-up of the C,4,, ire1wini

dos

ware

not sets

to have been

ative ina this ae

the 1624 Thfatry Division, whoe penSowel wa


Im4r aby tr o 7ozctu, I; heart. ThIs is I on vts in the area. (dltor).
t. %1rarto, for } :litar

ttaches.

Italia lEt Diiio


Italian 4th LDiisios
148th Infantry Division (t
ofthe two abov, twits
22

9&th

Infantry
Infantry

.157th

Division (boundary)
Division

Ronntaiu

redes igte

65th

305th

the nx)

(after 27 February

iv in

t.ht~ tain Die i on )

the

Infantry Division

Infantry Divisika

1st Parahte flivtsion


334th Infantry ivisio

Infantry flivis ion (repl1aced by the


278th Infantry Diris ion)
90th ?anse rgrenedir Division
4th Panochute Diiio
26th ?ennr Division
98th Infantry Division
715th

3624 Infantry Divisio


42 Ig~ht Infantry Dirtsn

169th (Turkestan) Igantry i.vision


~
LI.~~
rr}GrsThKM
1.

St

were estimate

to

Infantry

%A~ AP&IL

total

Dirion e au

divisions.

ftherry

oe rstnfr

orps ha

by

apkla

dete rm

for the
been

theoater of

Italian

it was

(i

rndueed

had been

had been ninfornd

of the New Zaan


5th

forces

of the

responsibility

ofthe Pois

v!it

46th, and 76th

were no longer ooxwtredol probabU .

iCflvmly the enemy's sir

The tiny

4th,

thelt

reserves

Riepots

wltlra~ig izits bati sqtiil niot bee ~ofre.

L'nat the Iritish wee

ara

aroredI

of Wroh Jritish

be tnniw

five divisitons:a

+.bpae
Itffy ap anst th

deerne.ed

At the

*i

fruit

shifted

that

as far as
to thb

24

.2vistac,which hMi

Infantry D1iiio,

cii of the Canadia

anprprt .on

to the

?a.

t)'a three Italian


the Eritish tad

the coat.

northeast.

nov

Theb

The loatio

been relieved bythe trttish


5th If

Apry Division was

'7

not knwn
w ttnv

Thu U.S~

the are of

to

'Utxf
4ed

con

8th Irtfan

z~yflvisio

the 11..

was

asume

corp*=s stationed near Anmomna

that thet

increasing evidence izvfleae

ty Italinot

of eoa

imnortant..

of lo

d1iviin

vim

By tts Ma da.

1i O !,

'whic hi

arhad a a rriv
1 eed wre cd
e nnt ty

Lallandings

There

waad tus mande partly

etnee 2 ') F

uw r

tt

=zthe

for poltial

ut

txo Tdien

tht

a it

more eve ";a


ssels
,

nritish

and th

U.S"h 1

t 1#ut

U
wn itedn 1S : t tu , ws,n2
o

weeted along the Adrtatto

still

verx

fri

1c

of Febr

L6th Infsntxy 'Edvision had been moved to Gr ee


.f

Er iab

ed three It0alian

already been tranferred tothe it

Div iiohd

lt

*=bat

Polish division,

erg~

Tt

divisioy hadi been vitbinwri and replaced at the. frozt


divisions, one ratili.tatd

been

to hiave

and

purpose

had
'Ee =been
" o c

t ak

cwat.

vomid not

tsber vn i

involve

d sep rttn en
g

than ariving. Thirty -more lading craft had ajived.


The
wv

Italia

Divisio

laced uc A r the am&

aasption that the U.S


coat was in rrect.
The Britis

tr"afrred to
italia

on the wester part of the front

'riui
of

the P os corps

5th infantry

Uth fvlvuin had been wita


Orecee.

This further confirmed

theater wat considered

of seonary i

viiin
a

pparntl

on

the

the

estera

since ?Febrtuuy and


the opinion

that the

otane; a view, hcAeflr9

35C4047

4497M

ske

which yar cot


A fobrt

tV

the CoUmmande

1A

Chie SethvOt

division wa aw SntifiSd at tefrt.i

Itla

4 ~ *Wt
deo'the

it bee.. ewient that the Drtih

itrava.
f
The british

tbIntantqy Division bad also been

let

fIat' Division teA bee idntltiSd at Cairo an the Bri t


Infantry Diviin ve

idrn both the 8t


i o
Sut Mate

et

rn

to be

&Nre.

nfanty

h Arioa bavith

Dtvisicms.

byteGeeO

en

in

inprix

4t

Claro
Iar

offensive in Itely.

Fil

a erica

blnk
and

Btitish

activities nported thin thery

At

the

April

the attotn

was 4ireete towards the

Sct-

rise

begirmfrg of

to Su~nio.a
tib the en y l*4

wing,

43.*9lst 0ivisiort tookth

ad5ent to

an

'The lo

Th

ad in Chief

V.3-S. lst

of t}3 34th

pin

attitude etthe Italians

4oien or thxe liewere the 1thIznd


diif,

ot

which gave

iv*izn

Infantry )ivioion.

tsn tvc

In ttC

th,
Me
tai=

the Polsh unitsf


2ox2.
1c

efpotd lbgeeale attack began

Dy

the

April it wa definitey nf'ine th th U.S. 7th Diisio


of the
adbeen traneredt the litern Frt . The ltian
idle!

Caad~as 5th Inat

D~iin

wa not clear.

Ck

L~

a speech t1r

Gealm Alexader ecuwfined that this wats to be*the f1a.l t'easive.


Aleast

six snord brigades ha nowbe idemtifted btven the Via

Lia ssd

the sea.

Sm ICeU
* 2.

Attacks began

senter of

ti..8

dlu (60u)

pntats,

lth
is

'lb. 29 t mnrpenadier Divisioc

Ditvision.

up to set oft h
three kflt o t s.tein tepth.

at Xcctn n
whe

Py hL mamn l t ne fau*
r

edbeen mad up to
i -a

been stopped byn

oatflo 15*., eat cc the tolwag da the 'niw

to te

ware

eenltanbl

rue

d.

Whfl e the rtero

the

r*latlv~ citft a flow assaults were mae in the area

gains

nwth wa
of

the Great

(r. L4
amlra
l styroa attacks
lf
woeotffOgvrui
mad,
LeC agait the stms Cc
ised

their

egdcuflr

way beok

fught their

Zyevnfrg the encired unite baA

stafms.

thro 4 thc rv cviteb psition.

d ontheo

Lire ceoicnn
attak.. lttfr
~
lost on

Oi J,

t the Gtnrns lieos.

On

ltgu an ca

n thtr r3at

',

te

ey broke

Atit 10$flhour strong artill.ery

but was

a local

tollodcmyb

wits v alsdo local, altho~s=ana

j.Cwct ativit cowd

Lake Ceaoblo did not inase

ntfl2sa
Cm jgflstrong artiler tir preodd th lng npetsd major
attack

Wa!

At.

there wa

an ingress nparts

activity

sabotage.
Vii

iaf

ti. same time

the .neq pressd beak the

g vswa de at
ra

tones

orhof tb.

* Taw Otak. C aoch ooR vArt vthat tii


r
eaTelandi
the att

t .

dc

NB fC.O~O
stow bad a

wjAth of

tl nt v.

sity

k)zoow

EM
2~.E~headquarters stiff did
r 4.y V
tttpt1g a b rbwouh
By

The Visitbility of an Xtaliaw


ehswio of

fuxwdshing

the

part in

follwig

The 2d Nov

the astks

and

tv Dlvi tn;

better,

time

ctWity made

the )'olish wavts.

it dificult to defen

Ton* but jgaizid

of Inola ir

the

60h

Tc

110

d reeLion of Eae'ass

Indian

of the Drtish

56th

situation looke4 s3Igbti$

ost ME
C

Carr ra.

4w~e alon

C~3Arf the a

Identified as taking

re

wo aa'; .1at

attacks spainst the U~gurisn

approac ~d St.

Oriey

to" e

tft.

a3

Dvisi~os; the
Mfa~
0

)v ion; the Italian Di 1aia


Irza

OM

Thee vas no

vs t *os~a d wd.

with fuel, forus, or

*1

via

tie dov Gfwuss to..

tot

4otet

ether, the .

,bted.Part

the left

sn

wing the

major s cos.

th

Sala

,sue.&.

River

south

a3

L= o2a tas lost on

the

toll~ing dad.

In aFditi
the

offensive
the Via

been

was

still

beltg

to the

a 2e spy~dt

Eil$

Was

lost

wn~apoebe

It vas u~

attack on the rzt

the

wing, 1by

Salaopa area.

and the le.

b$4tin

-5 krri1
c= iiUmed

Genrally, a oeted front

W&Stae15i0

2..k1 eewy
Groun

atror;

of Carrara.
the
i4.gna. (a the Via !.ia

fosoa admoed to at point north

southvaat

ate, south of

ad aterd Argeta.
t"~iu
a idsr

matter of 4qsa if

not hamr,

before the

510.49

000

RIte alLl .t Spl the Fresh Is the mes


soli~tetree aiateO

SAO as ,

Lordiag to astint.

twiweu aM tour

Jti

Oa

Lh4, th esqal&

e haLsbees game aglst th 41t

lbwmr

vieg. West etEoloa

oe

ableow to filter through tb. lies


south

of

At Argesta

the fact

spite of

that

the

Iif

of the

eagy two kilnters


the

Is

eeq.

Field Marha essanlring


at the Ntehrer's hadqurers,

Getrslobet von

4..

position.

ti

Ctthe fofloia

tover

right eM

d by the 2324 Inatity

abt
stood

tth

the tett

XDivlslm as-bal wet


aw=h

Ay

e.of

begnlz of P
the

Group 1outhwnt.
ot the

secto

cetnal

4iiin

svldaa

after

.JiktefkbIfnr

VUSi

Lfa

Yt

after

th 14th Ugt

234laryDvson
battl.

day,.

ewt of the Weten Frot,

put in o
pa
asied a

A th

pi

Iantry flvlo

hain

made ha the
t
fot

contained setuth

60,00 shellbs Vote tire by

raking a personal reort, he

-were

lma. vttMr~v

3.

arrivod

uras Ve.

Division d~tnguise

Enem tones

byol~ngthe are intact.

e~e kg

Penetnatoas men

BDooa bnst the 65th Inatr

Via bsills.

2,00

ea bebiad lae

eay isal ns

S'.

Spsla e-6

nat

oe.

D iin

vas

plaVth

Italian let Divii

Sttth midl a th0

onfth ppea

Ma

ie

to

theOOn

er

ICf*
93~
Chief' s

va

-lsde

4
wqst teo dlsb t the 362 (7zta

eou16 he

but the

then oouat. wmn e.

Daisg
rplae.

Mylisme

the second balt of Naeh

the 29M Paws wgztnal

Divisis

its

.mlq

wee n

l4th Irt4
334th

fi

Divisii
try Divisiop

94th i fAntwy Iiai

8I hi~tai* Di io
65th Itnfa

Oivtion

305th TI'faJt17 D~ivisioin

1sthPatra
4t

Faate.

26th

334th Xutaatrg 1iytica

In Od.r that the Uatz~

sorth of )obuha

blittat

The towiwt

th.

Paree

364Ztn

Divisia,
Di

ii

Divioloui

Divisia

(twsm tight toleft).s