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13-02-2014

USES OF TANKER BODY


Used to transport goods like,
detergent,
varnish,
edible oil,
resins,
fat,
sugar in solution,
liquid gaseous,
fuel, oil, milk and water in bulk.

TANKER BODY

Classification
- Construction
-

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WATER TANK BODY

CLASSIFICATION OF TANKER BODY

According to the type of liquid carrying:


a.
water tank body
b.
Fuel tank body
c.
Chemical liquids tank body
According to the shape of the tanker body:
a.
Circular (round) cross section
b.
Elliptical cross section
According to bulkheads:
a.
Baffled tanks
b.
Un baffled tanks (smooth bore tanks)
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The rear sprinkler, and side spraying of a water tank


body are made possible with the tank's fire hose
coupling, working platform, and self-discharge valve.
A rotatable water cannon is installed on the working
platform to create various spraying functions and
adjustments to create mist, drizzle, moderate rain, or
heavy rain depending on the different purposes and
environment.

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It is mainly composed of the truck chassis, water inlet,


outlet system and the water tank body.
It is a cylindrical, horizontal tank mounted into the truck
chassis
A water tank truck is mostly used for storing water and
transporting the same to some places where there is an
urgent need for water.
A sprinkler water tank truck is used for making the city
environment clean and beautiful by cleaning and watering
the streets, plants, and grass.
Water tank trucks have different volume capacity.
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It is made of various materials such as stainless steel,


carbon steel, aluminum, and fibreglass-reinforced plastic.

The rigid steel body is further sprayed with superiorquality special paint to allow it to be more solid and safe.

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FUEL TANKS

It is constructed in such a way to safely carry different


kinds of fuel to and from its destination.
Some fuel tank body are used to transport different
grades of fuel to and from the gasoline station can be
- insulated or non-insulated,
- pressurized or non-pressurized,
- single or multiple compartments.

Some of the materials used to build these fuel tanks include


aluminum, fibreglass reinforced plastic or FRP, stainless
steel, and carbon steel.

Insulated tank is used to Minimise fuel temperature


increases inside the tank, reducing fuel loss due to
evaporation.

The fuel tank body that carries these flammable gases


is often pressurized and can carry around 1,000 to
3,000 gallons of this fuel at one time.

Some fuel tanks can be compartmentalized to carry 2,


3, 4, or 5
different kinds of fuel at one time in one
cylindrical containment unit.

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CHEMICAL LIQUIDS TANK BODY

chemical liquid tank truck is designed to carry


corrosive, hazardous chemical liquids .
It is mainly composed of a chassis, tank body,
discharge system, as well as some protective
devices.
The tank can be constructed of carbon steel,
stainless steel, aluminum alloy, or other materials,
according to the specific properties of the
transporting medium.

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circular cross section is readily adaptable to frameless


construction.
when a circular tank is inclined towards the rear the
center of gravity can be equal to that of an elliptical
tank.

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ELLIPTICAL SECTION

CIRCULAR CROSS SECTION

Some tank trucks can carry a variety of products


at once due to their internal divisions in their tank,
allowing for an increased number of delivery
options

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Used for a wide range of purposes, Elliptical tanks are a


popular form for tanks that hold large volumes of liquids.

Low Center of Gravity


Capacity

A tank made in an elliptical shape provides a low


center of gravity when it is placed on its side.

For holding large loads of liquids, that distribution of a


tank's contents is particularly effective at providing
stability.

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BULKHEADS

The low center of gravity also allows tanks located on


truck trailers to sit lower to the ground, providing better
sight lines for truck drivers.
An elliptical tank has significantly greater capacity than
a round tank with the same diameter

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BAFFLED TANKS

Some large tanks are divided into several


smaller tanks by bulkheads.
Bulkheads
are liquid-tight separators
between compartments inside the tank

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UNBAFFLED TANKS

Some tanks have compartments in them that have


holes.
If the compartment walls have holes in them, they are
called baffles.
Baffles let the liquid flow through and help control the
forward and backward liquid surge when the
vehicle is travelling, especially at higher speeds.
However, side to side surge can still occur which can
cause a rollover.
It is used in fuel transporters to ensure safe handling

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Also known as Smooth bore tanks.


They have nothing inside to slow down the flow of the
liquid. Therefore, forward and back surge is very
strong.
Smooth bore tanks are usually transport

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food products
Sanitation
Corrosive liquids

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DESIGN CONSIDERATIONS

The security of the discharge hoses


Provide ample drain holes to enable the liquid to
drain away rather than to remain inside the container
Selection of material for the right tank
a.
When corrosive liquids are to be carried, the
material must resist their corrosive action and
stainless steel be used
b.
To provide a none reactive surface to the load
and for cleanness', metals such as zinc,
aluminum, cadmium and copper be used.

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Aluminum has long been used for fabricating tankers


to carry liquids such as petrol and fuel oils.

largely on account of its weight/strength relationship


which makes possible an uplift of between 5% and
8% carrying capacity when compared with a similar
construction in steel.

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Fuel tank track

Water tank sprinkler

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Chemical carrying tanker body track

Corrosive liquid carrying Tanker body vehicle

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Elliptical Tank

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Fuel tank

Water tank

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Thank you

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