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TOY CANNONS

PELLET GUN
RUBBERBAND GUNS
NERF GUNS
AIR GUNS
BALL GUNS
PAINT BALL GUNS
CAP GUNS

United States Patent [191

[11]
[451

Traweek
[54] LASSO GUN
[76]

Inventor:

Lowell E. Traweek, 8392 Snowbird '

Dr., Huntington Beach, Calif. 92646

[21] Appl. No.: 847,705


[22]

Filed:

. Nov. 2, 1977

[51]
[52]

Int. Cl.2 .............................................. .. F4113 7/00


US. Cl. ...................................... .. 124/27; 124/36;

[58]

Field of Search ............. .. 124/1, 16, 35, 36, 41K;

124/41 A; 119/153

4,155,342
May 22, 1979

a target is described. The lasso gun has a barrel. Com


municating along the longitudinal axis of the barrel is a
piston which has a front lasso holder attached. The
barrel is provided with a spring. When the piston is slid
from the discharge end of the barrel towards the other
end, the spring is put under tension and when released
.the piston is forcibly slid back towards the discharge
end of the barrel. An arm is pivotally mounted on the
underside of the barrel. The arm has a rear lasso holder
attached to its free end. The loop of a lasso is placed

Grablc et al. ..

124/16 X

3,160,977 12/1964

Kickliter

l24/36X

around both the front and rear lasso holders, the piston
pushes away from the discharge end of the barrel tens
ing the spring and the arm is swung back away from the
discharge end of the barrel. When released or fired, the
piston is propelled forward and the forward motion
transferred to the lasso loop. This causes the rear end of
the loop to pull the arm and the bottom end of the loop

3,949,514

Ramsey .......................... .. 119/153 X

attached to it forward in an arc. After the piston reaches

'

[56]

43/8; 119/153

References Cited
U.S. PATENT DOCUMENTS

2,732,647

l/ 1956

2,891,342

6/1959
4/1976

Byars .............. ....................... .. 43/8

Primary Examiner-Richard C. Pinkham


Assistant ExaminerWilliam R. Browne
Attorney, Agent, or Firm-K. H. Boswell

[57,]

the end of its slide and abruptly stops, the lasso is pro
pelled off of the front and rear lasso holders towards a

target.

ABSTRACT

A lasso gun used in accurately propelling a lasso toward

10 Claims, 7 Drawing Figures

77121111111115

US. Patent

May 22, 1979

Sheet 1 of2

.Nleu?lh

mA mm

Qm.umNWNR

4,155,342

US. Patent

May 22, 1979

Sheet 2 of2

4,155,342

TEPZZZ8959B_T

(19)

(11)

EP 2 208 959 B1

EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(12)

(45) Date of publication and mention

(51) Int Cl.:

F41B 11/646 (2013.01)

of the grant of the patent:


13.03.2013 Bulletin 2013/11

F41B 11/89 (2013.01)

(21) Application number: 10150722.6


(22) Date of filing: 14.01.2010
(54) Paper bullet firing pistol toy
Papiergeschosse abfeuernde Spielzeugpistole
Jouet de pistolet tirant des balles de papier
(72) Inventor: Funaki, Shotaro

(84) Designated Contracting States:


AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR
HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL
PT RO SE SI SK SM TR

(30) Priority: 20.01.2009 JP 2009009584


(43) Date of publication of application:

Tokyo (JP)

(74) Representative: Skone James, Robert Edmund


Gill Jennings & Every LLP
The Broadgate Tower
20 Primrose Street
London EC2A 2ES (GB)

21.07.2010 Bulletin 2010/29

(56) References cited:


(73) Proprietor: Agatsuma Co., Ltd.

EP 2 208 959 B1

Tokyo (JP)

FR-A- 918 278


US-A- 2 490 991

FR-A- 991 950


US-B2- 6 669 530

Note: Within nine months of the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent in the European Patent
Bulletin, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to that patent, in accordance with the
Implementing Regulations. Notice of opposition shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been
paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).
Printed by Jouve, 75001 PARIS (FR)

EP 2 208 959 B1

16

EP 2 208 959 B1

17

EP 2 208 959 B1

18

EP 2 208 959 B1

19

EP 2 208 959 B1

20

EP 2 208 959 B1

21

EP 2 208 959 B1

22

EP 2 208 959 B1

23

EP 2 208 959 B1

24

Aug. 25, 1953


I

c. L. PARRIS
-

'

PISTOL

2,649,849

CONSTRUCTION

Fild July 17,1950

@cz/L Farris"

Dec. 3, 1957

s. M HALL
l

2,815,212

PUNCH GUN

Filed March 6, 1956

INVENTOR.

ATTE RN EYB

Feb. 27, 1962

E. BENKOE

3,022,779

TOY GUNS

Filed June 14, 1960

2 Sheets-Sheet 1

Ea.1.

Z5

Q
Q
Q

[Q

g
{Q

E
\.

INVENTOR

ERWIN

@w

BENKOE

BY

AMA/Mil
3w
ATTORNEY S

Feb. 27', 1962

E. BEN KOE

, 3,022,779

TOY GUNS

Filed June 14, 1960

2 Sheets-Sheet 2

127/4

III/IIIII'II'"

INVENTOR

ERWW .BENKDE
BY

QTGZgONEYS

Aug. 10, 1948.

M. M. FUJIWARA

2,446,698

TOY CAP GUN

Filed Dec. 18, 1946

4 Sheets-Sheet 1

I11 renter

M. Fujiwara

Aug- 10, 1948-

2,446,698

M. M. FUJIWARA
TOY CAP GUN

4 Sheets-Sheet 2

Filed Dec. 18, 1946

1:3

41

1-0

Inventor

ack

. Fujiwara

Aug. 10, 1948.

M. M. FUJIWARA

2,446,698

TOY CAP GUN

Filed Dec. 18, 1946

4 Sheets-Sheet 4

45
/

I0.Fig.

lulu/im

Mack M. Fujiwara

May 12, 1953

'

Filed Dec. 12,v 1949

H. L. LANGOS

2,637,941

PAPER BURSTER GUN

2 Sheets-Sheet l

1N VEN TOR.

May l2, 1953

H. L. LANGOS

2,637.941

PAPER BURSTER GUN

Filed Deo. l2, 1949

2 Sheets-Sheet 2

. 7

Nov. 17, 1953

R. D. PARRY

2,659,172

FIRING MECHANISM FOR PIsToLs

Filed July 14, 195o

log. j
BY

IN VEN TOR

?Zaber Parr]

April 12, 1955

A. R. MILLS

2,706,067

Toy PIsToLs

Filed Dec. l, 195o

HH

s sheets-sheet 1

Apri] 12, 1955

A. R. MILLS

2,706,067

TOY PIsToLs
Filed Dec. l, 1950

3 Sheets-Sheet 2

// |l 619
@5
6% a@

April 12, 1955

A. R. MILLS

2,706,067

TOY PISTOLS

Filed Dec. l, 1950

5 shets-sheet 3

ump'

W.

Jan. 3, 1956

K. w. FRYE

2,729,011

AUTOMATIC CAP GUN MECHANISM

Filed Sept. 27. 1954

5 Sheets-Sheet 1

KENNETH W. FRYE,
INVENTOR

H UEBNER, BEEHLER,
WORREL 9 HERZIG,
ATTORNEYS.

Jan. 3, 1956

2,729,011

K. w. FRYE '
AUTOMATIC CAP GUN MECHANISM

Filed Sept. 27, 1954

I5 Sheets-Sheet 2

51

QKRcN._%m ;
W0

____,__
_H
BM
N___
EvEL
. TR1
_Il4a. | _L

HWK
BY

Q
BEN
3..
l
m
8._..

[{0EHJWUNVEEMm\m HaRH E,R6,

YRwus.

Jan. 3, 1956

2,729,01 1

K. W. FRYE
AUTOMATIC CAP GUN MECHANISM

Filed Sept. 27, 1954

3 Sheets-Sheet 3

60

KENNETH INVENTOR
W. FRYE,
HUEBNER, BEEHLER,
WORREL 9 HERZIG,
ATTORNEYS.
Y

WM

Aug. 18, 1959 '

K. J. sTALLER

2,899,765

TOY CAP GUN WITH LONGITUDINALLY MOVABLE ACTUATOR


Filed Nov. 5, 1956

3 Sheets-Sheet 1

.n.

\ulY

on

`\

Nm

Aug. 18, 1959

K. J. sTALLER

I '

2,899,766

TOY CAP GUN WITH LONGITUDINALLY MOVABLE ACTUATOR

Filed Nov. 5, 19564

5 Sheecs-Sheet~2A

Oct. 2, 1923.
'

G.

USTYNIK'

TOY GUN

Filed April V17, 1923

Z?
1% I

'

1,469,610

Feb. 9 , 1926;

1,572,350

F. c. EcKER
JREPEATING GUN FOR SHOOTING ELASTIC BANDS

Filed Oct. 30, 1925

wJ
.

INVENTOR.

__BY

~ Aug. 6, 1929.

1,723,554

B. F. M ALOTT

Filed Nov. 22, 1927

(5..

i794

/2~

//

wrmess:

ATTO R N EY

Oct. 1, 1929.

T. E. WEBB

1,729,917

TOY PISTOL

Filed Sept. 17, 1928

am

>

'

IN VEN TOR.

/ 7X

24 GD

T/mmas E. Web 5.
O

25

BY
/

v.

4'

A TTORNE Y.

June 9, 1931.

.1. R. MCFARLAND

1,809,203

_ REPEATING GUN FOR SHOOTING ELASTIC BANDS

Filed March 17, 1930

2" Sheets-Sheet l

A?

Inventor

f1? </_%C ar/amd

$5

' 1392mm
A ttomcy

June 9, 1931.

J. R. MGFARLAND

1,309,208 .

' REPEATING GUN FOR SHOOTING ELASTIC BANDS

Filed March 1'7, 1930

2 Sheets-Sheet 2

Inventor

Attorney

Sept. 1, 1931.

1,821,381

B` B. JGERKEN
TOY GUN

Filed Aug. _23. 1930

.-

INVENTOR
A

5.5. Gerkfn

MGM?? _ 9.13m

ATTORN EY

Feb, 9, M32.

s. c. MOUNTJOY ET AL
TOY PISTOL

Filed Dec. 22, 1928

L8449l73

May 23, 1933-v

P. w. BEAUCHAMP ET AL
REPEATING RUBBER BAND RIFLE

1,909,927
_

Filed Aug. 27, 19,52

-|
ATTORNEYS. '.

uy B6, 1935.

M. A. REED
TOY GUN

Filed DSC. 16, 1953

008,595

Nov. 19, 1935.

F. HAGEN

2,021,776

TOY GUN

Filed Feb. 28, 1935

$2,

Nov._2, 1937.

2,098,001

L. GAGNON ET AL
RUBBER BAND GUN

Filed Nov. 17, 1936

16

1'5 0

/ _/v 17

on?w pobvos0.

00

___._ ___ _

INVENTORS

laws GAGA/0M a? ?/vm/A/f 6mm

April! 25, 1950

A. E. STONE
TOY RUBBER BAND PROJECTING GUN

Filed 'June 27, 1945

7 2,505,591

May 1, 1951

E. |_. SIDERS

2,550,873

Toy REPEATING RUBBER BAND PISTOL


Filed Jan. 26, 1948

'
2 Sheets-Sheet l

9-4115

.,

INVENTOR.

ELLIS L, EIDERS
_BY

ATTURAZE

May 1, 1951

E. 1.. SIDERS

2,550,873

TOY REPEATING RUBBER BAND PISTOL


Filed Jan. 26, 1948

2 Sheets-Sheet 2'

INVENTOR.

ELLIS L, 515E515

BYQMQ/
ATTURNE:

'

Oct. 30, 1951

'

A_ G_ HERR|NG

2,573,142

REPEATING RUBBER BAND TOY_ GUN


Filed June 16, 1947

?vllur G, lqerrr'irlg
INVENTOR.

ATTORN EY

NOV. 27,

|___ D_ wRlgHT. ETAL

2,576,248

REPEATING RUBBER BAND TOY GUN I

Filed April 7, 1947

'

"

Lox/1s p, WEIGHT ,

Jan. 13, 1953

F. T. EAGLESON, JR

2,625,147

REPEATING TYPE ELASTIC BAND PROJECTOR

Filed April 7, 1951

INVENTOR

lfizemazz T ZQyZesan Jr
Q

BY. rid %W
ATTORNEY

April 27, 1954

a. B. MOORE

2,676,581

RUBBER BAND GUN

Filed Aug. 10, 1951

g. A

INVENTOR

3/2. 4 IE 15. Moo/PE


BY

,y/s ATTORNEY

sept. 21, 1954

_ R. E. SEALER ETAL

2,689,558

REPEATING RUBBER BAND PISTOL

Filed sept. 15. l1952

/f,l1rIf;45,A

INVENToRs
~

ff Sfmt-R

a/mzp ? 50077
Arran/vir

Jan. 10, 1956

' R. E. HICKS

2,730,094

REPEATING TOY GUN


Filed Oct. 11, 1952

INVENTOR.

370V 5 f/lC/RS

(Quill. TL/MAJ
AWOENEYG.

April 10, 1956

J. s. ARNOLD

2,741,238

TOY GUN

Filed May 26, 1954

2 Sheets-Sheet 1

Joseph .5. Arnold


IN VEN TOR.

BY MM yjmaifghm

April 10, 1956

2,741,238

J. s. ARNOLD
TOY GUN

Filed May 26, 1954

2 Sheets-Sheet 2

28

60
H;

t
52

24

Joseph 5. Arnold
11W EN TOR.

May 28, 1957

E. H. KOELLER
'

Filed Oct. 13, 1953

2,793,635

TOY sun

2 ShgetaSheet 1

May 23, 1957

EH. KOELLER

2,793,635

TDY cuu

Filed on. 13, 1953

2 Sheets-Sheet 2

March __4, 1958


'

s. 'r. BURLE'Y, JR, ET AL


REPEATING TOY GUN

Filed July 23, 1954

2,825,322
l

'1'.

.. M
1/

30

Samuel T. Bur/e], J1:


Coy V. Payton
INVENTORS

B; 24mm

#WFM, -

March 24, 1959

A. L. kucH

2,878,802

RUBBER BAND GUN

Filed Aug. 29, 1957

2 Sheets-Sheet l

Fig.5 '

Allan L. Kuch
INVEN TOR.

40m

March 24, 1959

'

A. |_. KUCH

2,878,802

RUBBER BAND GUN


Filed Aug. 29, 1957

2 Sheets-Sheet 2

44

F1'92
20

Allan L. Kuch
INVENTOR.
BY

'

Dec. 15, 1959

R. L. HENDERSON

2,91 7,037

REPEATING RUBBER BAND GUN

Filed April 19, 1957

2 Sheets-Sheet 1

M
u
h

l.iz
KWJMm

(Q1

,, INVENOR.

J pKUZ%,/w%

Dec. 15, 1959

R. |_. HENDERSON

2,917,037

REPEATING RUBBER BAND GUN

Filed April 19, 1957

2 Sheets-Sheet 2

/ QjgIiJVENTOR. /

Jan. 28, 1964

H. J. ASHLEY

3,119,385

REPEATING GUN FOR SHOOTING ELASTIC BANDS

Filed March 19, 1962

3 Sheets-Sheet 1

FIGURE

14

:5

Jib/Z
341

2
4

4\EE
33

'

<_A '

r?

'

15

__/

9a

-+J_A_
1/

FIGURE

\___J
FIGURE 3

3,
12

12

15

I,

sllli
d :

10
7

nkMAA/l

5
9

11

5/

1p

FIGURE 5

9a
9

FIGURE 4

Howard J As/z/gy
INVEN TOR.

BY jg 5M

01 [011mg]

Jan. 28, 1964

H. J. ASHLEY

3,119.,385

REPEATING GUN FOR SHOOTING ELASTIC BANDS

Filed March 19, 1962

3 Sheets-Sheet 2

FIGURE

\\ \\\\\\\\

FIGURE

20

Howard J. Ask/6y
IN VEN TOR.

BY 95 $3M

Jan. 28, 1964

H. J. ASHLEY

3,119,385

REPEATING GUN FOR SHOOTING ELASTIC BANDS

Filed March 19, 1962


*WB

22/E5
Q];
FIGURES

3 Sheets-Sheet 3
>

W2
FIGURE 10

16
22
FIGURE 11

Howard J. Ashley
ziffarznkgy

Nov. 5, 1968

o. J. LILLEOREN, JR., ET AL

3,408,996

RUBBER BAND _GUN

Filed May~ 5, 1965

2 Sheets-Sheet l

AGENT

Nov. 5, 1968

o. J. LILLEOREN, JR., ET AL

3,408,995

RUBBER EAND _GUN

Filed May E, 1965

2 Sheets-Sheet 2

30I

OLE J. LILLEOREN, JR.


CHRIS G. PAZEOTOPOULOS
ROBERT J. SHIDEK
INVENTORS
lli

BY
E

AGENT

Feb. 10, 1970

E. G R! FFITHS

3,494,345

REPEATING SELF-PROJECTING ELASTIC BAND TYPE GUN

Filed April 22, 1968

June 2, 1970

L. 5. HOUSE
TOY GUN FOR DISCHARGING ELASTIC BANDS
Filed - July 26, 1.968

3,515,387

United States Patent


[72] Inventor

l11l3,53.6,055 -

1,887,520

Mitsuo Endo
1012 Barnisdale Road, Birmingham,
Alabama 35232

124/18

263,685

12/1949

Switzerland ................ ..

124/18

Primary Examiner Richard C. Pinkham


Assistant Examinerwilliam R. Browne

Oct. 27, 1970

Attorney-Clarence A. OBrien and Harvey B. Jacobson

[54] RUBBER BAND GUN


7 Claims, 4 Drawing Figs.
[52]

Saxton ........................ ..

FOREIGN PATENTS

[21] Appl. No. 723,439


[22] Filed
April 23, 1968
[45] Patented

11/1932

ABSTRACT: An elongated resilient member is slidingly


; mounted between its ends in a passage provided in the grip of
124/18,

I a toy-type rubber band gun. The laterally bent forward end of

124/45, 124/35

U.S.Cl ............. ... ...................................... ..

[51]

lnt.Cl ....................................................... ..

F4lb 7/02

3 said member is anchored in the barrel and provides a normally


cocked trigger. The terminal rearward end provides a band

[50]

Field ofSearch .......................................... .. 124/18, 19,

i retaining but releasable catch while the speci?cally bowed

16, 35. 41

median portion is fashioned into a loop which holds a reserve


supply of ready-to-use extra bands. This gun is adapted for use
i by the youngster who is intrigued by a pistol" or the like that

.,~

v[56]
1,751,488

References Cited
UNITED STATES PATENTS
3/1930

Meyer ........................ ..

shoots rubber bands and carries a reserve supply for instant re


124/18

loading.

Patented Oct. 27, 1970

3,536,055

' Mifsuo

Endo

INVENTOR.

BY wmwg'ti?gw

United States Patent


Vodinh

- [54]
I [72]

[151
3,693,609
[451 Sept. 26, 1972

REP-EATING TYPE RUBBER BAND,

PROJECTING PISTOL
Inventor: Hien Vodinh, 6418 Covington Road,
. Fort Wayne, lnd. 46804

124/35

[51] I Int. Cl ........................................ ..... ..F4lb 7/02

[58]

Field ofSear'ch ............... ..l24/l9_,-l8,35,41,48

[56]

References Cited
UNITED STATES PATENTS

1,868,312

7/1932

Ross ............ .; ............ ..124/19

Primary Examiner-Anton O. Oechsle


Assistant ExaminerWilliam R. Browne

[57]

U.S. Cl. .................. ..'...'.l24/l9,'l24/48, 124/41,


,

5/1935

Attorney-Woodard, Weikart, Emhardt & Naughton

[22] Filed:
June17, 1971
[21] Appl.No.: 154,022
[52]

2,001,267

Coventry ............... .;....l24/l8

ABSTRACT

A repeating toy pistol for shooting rubber bands. The


pistol has a cylinder structure which is rotationally in
. dexed with each trigger pull. Both the tripper-pull mo
tion and the trigger-retum motion are utilized to pro

vide the indexing motion of the barrel thereby provid


ing a positive, relatively lengthened indexing motion
of the barrel with a limited, relatively short trigger mo
tion. The pull of the trigger causes a slide to engage
and lift a rubber band off of a ridge on the cylinder. ,

8 Claims, 9 Drawing Figures

United States Patent

{111 3,757,760
[451 Sept. 11, 1973

[191

Darnell
[54] TOY GUN WITH ROTATING MAGAZINE
FOR DISCHARGING ELASTIC BANDS

[76] Inventor: Wayne Lee Darnell, Rt. 6, Hwy. 79,


Clarksville, Tenn. 37040
June 14, 1971
[221 Filed:
[21] Appl. No.: 152,544
[52]
[51]
[581

Primary ExaminerRichard C. Pinkham


Assistant Examiner-William R. Browne

Attorney-Harrington A. Lackey
[57]

ABSTRACT

A toy gun having a handle member and an elongated

US. Cl ....................... .. 124/19, 124/48, 124/35


Int. Cl. ......................... .. F4lb 7/02, F4lb 7/09

spindle rotatably mounted upon the handle member.


The spindle is provided with equally spaced front radial
projections and equally spaced aligned rear radial pro
jections for receiving thereover stretched rubber

Field 01' Search ................. .. 124/18, 48, 19, 41,

bands. A trigger member on the handle member is pro

124/16

vided with a cam rod biased forward into operative en


gagement with a cam surface on each rear radial pro

[56]
2,001,267

References Cited
UNITED STATES PATENTS
5/1935

Ross .................................... .. 124/19

jection for simultaneous rotation of the spindle and re


moval of the elastic band from the rear projection.
Upon de-actuation of the trigger means, the cam rod
moves into operative engagement with the next succes~
sive rear projection.

5 Claims, 7 Drawing Figures

PAIENIEUSEH 1 I975

3.757. 760

INVENTOR :

Way/v 55 Dam/44
BY

ORNEY

Unite

States

atent r191

[111

Skillern

3,812,833

[451 May 28, 1974

1541 ELASTIC BAND GUN


[76] Inventor: John A. Skillern, 132_State St.,
Framingham, Mass. 01701
[22] Filed:
Jan. 31, 1972

[21] Appl. No.: 221,960

[57 ]

ABSTRACT

An elastic band gun having a plurality of pivotally


mounted releasers which are serially located from
front to back on the stock. Each relcaser is adapted to
support the rear end of a stretched elastic band and
upon actuation to release the band at a level above

that of the tops of any forwardly located releasers A


[52]
[51]
[58]

spring action powered, manually cocked, escapement

US. Cl. .............. .. 124/19, 124/35 R, 124/30 R


Int. Cl. ........................................
F41b 7/02
Field of Search ....... ..124/19,17,18, 35 R, 41,

type sequencing system responsive to actuation of the

124/31, 1; 33/265, 244; 89/36 E

automatically to free the releasers to discharge the


bands. In another form, the bands are retained in

References Cited

notches, and scrapers controlled by the sequencing

UNITED STATES PATENTS

system free the bands from the notches to discharge

[56]
2,289,490
2,550,873

trigger works either semi-automatically 'or fully

7/1942

Fisher ................................. .. 1-24/19

5/1951

Siders

.........

. . . . ..

124/19

McElveenunr.

. . . . ..

124/19

them. A combination safety shield and sighting device


is designed to capture rearwardly discharged elastic
bands.

2,697,425

12/1954

3,119,385

l/l964

'

'

>

Ashley ................................ 1. 124/19

Primary Examiner~Richard C. Pinkham


Assistant ExaminerWilliarn R. Browne

Attorney, Agent, or ~Firm--Wolf, Green?eld & Sacks

15 Claims, 17 Drawing Figures

>

United States Patent

[11]

[19]

McAlister
[54]

[45] Nov. 18, 1975

REPEA'HNG SELF PROJECTING BAND

2,697,425

12/1954

McElveen ........................... .. 124/19

TYPE APPARATUS

3,812,833

5/1974

Skillern ............................... .. 124/19

[76] Inventor: Edgar O. McAlister, 9810 E.


Broadway, Tucson, Ariz. 85710
[22]

3,919,996

Filed: _

May 22, 1974

[21] Appl. No.: 472,129

Primary Examiner-Richard C. Pinkham


Assistant Etaminer-William R. Browne
Attorney, Agent, or Firm-H. Gordon Shields

[57]

ABSTRACT

Rubber gun apparatus is disclosed which shoots a plu


[52]

US. Cl ......... .. 124/19; 273/D1G. 16; 124/30 R;

rality of rubber bands, or the like, from consecutive >

124/35

pulls of a trigger using a sliding bolt movable by trig

[51]

Int. Cl.2 .......................................... .. F41B 7/02

ger movement to release pivoting studs to which the

[58]

Field of Search ....

rubber. bands are af?xed. The sliding bolt is unbiased


and is manually movable to the rear of the apparatus.
This movement causes the sliding bolt to disengage

124/19, 26, 27, 30 R, 28,

124/29, 35, 34, 41; 2_73/D1G. 9


[56]

References Cited

the studs and cause them to pivot downwardly to a

UNITED STATES PATENTS


2,573,142

10/1951

Herring ............................... .. 124/19

30

rubber band releasing position.


11 Claims, 5 Drawing Figures

United States Patent [191

[11]

4,223,658

Sundstrom

[45]

Sep. 23, 1980

[54] ELASTIC BAND PROJECTING TOY GUN

[76] Inventor:

Paul Sundstrom, 53 Barney St.,

Assistant Examiner-William R. Browne


Attorney, Agent, or FirmHer1ry M. Bissell

Gladstone, Queensland, 4680,

[57]

Australia

A toy gun which is capable of ?ring a plurality of elasti


cized bands, either singularly'or in rapid succession, and

[21] Appl. No.: 924,190

ABSTRACT

which is operative so that each one of a plurality of


elasticized bands is stretched under the tension of its

[22] Filed:
Jul. 13, 1978
[30]
Foreign Application Priority Data

own elasticity along a projectile path longitudinal with

[51]
[52]

Int. (:1.3 .............................................. .. F41B 7/02


U.S. Cl. ............................ .. 124/19; 124/80

the gun between a point of anchorage at the forward


end of the gun and a rotatable escapement wheel at the
rearward end of the gun so that, when the escapement
wheel is permitted to rotate under the in?uence of a

[58]

Field of Search ................. .. 124/19, 18, 17, 35 R,

rotational bias provided by the force of the previously

124/41 R, 48

loaded elasticized bands upon the release of a trigger


mechanism, the elasticized bands are consecutively

Jul. 18, 1977 [AU]

[56]

Australia ............................ .. PDO883

References Cited

released from engagement with the escapement wheel

U.S. PATENT DOCUMENTS


1,724,271

8/1929

to be propelled along the projectile path and forwardly

Fisher .................................. .. 124/19

of the gun. The wheel includes a plurality of spaced

.. 124/19

apart radially extending sections that have successively

124/19

increasing radii over substantially the entire outer-most


periphery of all of the sections.

1,826,053

10/1931

Carpenter

1,935,287

11/1933

Damico

1,944,377
2,741,238

l/l934
4/1956

Taylor .... ..
124/18
Arnold ................................. .. 124/19

Primary Examiner-Richard C. Pinkham

8 Claims, 5 Drawing Figures

United States Patent [19]

[11]

4,308,850

Hunter

[45]

Jan. 5, 1982

[54] MULTIPLE ELASTIC BAND PROJECTOR


[76] Inventor: James P. Hunter, Rte. 7, BOX 255E,

[21]
1
Appl. No.: 42,519
Denham Sprmgs, La- 70726
-

124/19

2,021,776
2,008,595 11/1935
7/1935 Hagen
Reed
2,576,248 11/1951 Wright et a1_

l 2 4 AA 9

Primary
3,119,385
ExaminerRichard
1/1964 Ashley J. Apley

124/19

Assistant Examiner-William R. Browne

[22] Flled'

May 25 1979

Attorney, Agent, or Firm-R0y, Kiesel, Patterson &


F41B 7/02

[52] us. c1.

.. 124/19; 124/35 R;

[58] Field of Search

124/19, 18, 35 R, 40,

124/41 R
124/41 R

.1561 l

9/1931 Gerken

ABSTRACT

one elastic band without stopping to reload the elastic

References Cited

bands on the projector.

us. PATENT DOCUMENTS


1,821,381

[57]

An elastic band projector is disclosed having a loading


and ?ring mechanism for sequentially ?ring more than

.. 124/19

5 Claims, 1 Drawing Figure

v,

LoBiondo
United States Patent [191 '

[111
[45]

[54] RUBBER BAND


.

Apr. 12, 1 83

Primary Examiner-Richard C. Pinkham


.

Assistant ExaminerWilliam R. Browne

[76] Inventor' gllclgklitytll?gugdr{281373 19th Ave"

Attorney, Agent, or Firm-Robert D. Farkas

[21] Appl. No.: 245,425

[57]

[22] Filed:

A rubber band ri?e for shooting one or a plurality of


rubber band members generally includes a body having

Mar. 19, 1981

3
'''''''''''''

_. .

''''"

a forward barrel

. ............................................. ..

C d/ 9

e erences

'te

U.S. PATENT DOCUMENTS


1,909,927 5/1933
2,098,001 11/1937

portion and a rear shoulder portion

having a plurality of horizontal grooves disposed

h .............. ..l241,18,41R,35R

Fla d o seal-CR f

ABSTRACT

Beauchamp et al. ............... .. 124/19


Gagnon et a1. ..... ..
124/19

therein, one end of each of the rubber band members


being disposed in one of the horizontal grooves in the
forward end wall, a slide mechanism being movably
disposed on the forward barrel portion, the slide mecha

nism including atop and a,pair of downwardly extend

2,576,248 11/1951 Wright et al.

124/19

ing walls, an upper surface of the top of the slide mecha

2,625,147

1/1953

Eagleson ................. ..

124/19

2,878,802

3/1959

Kuch ....... ..

124/19

nism having a plurality-of notches therein, the other


ends of the rubber bands being disposed in the notches,

124/19

and a mechanism for locking the slide mechanism in a

2,917,037 12/1959 Henderson


3,494,345

2/1970

Griffiths .............................. .. 124/19

?xed position upon the barrel portion of the body.

FOREIGN PATENT DOCUMENTS


1159349

7/1969

United Kingdom ................ .. 124/ 19

3 Claims, 3 Drawing Figures

United States Patent [191

[11]

Patent Number:

' 4,554,904

Endo

[45]

Date of Patent:

Nov. 26, 1985

[54]

TRIGGER ASSEMBLY FOR RUBBER BAND

GUN
[76] Inventor:

Mitsuo Endo, 1120 S. State,


Clear?eld, Utah 84015
[21] Appl' No: 692070
[22]

Filed;

Jam 15, 1935


_

C1Cl4 iiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiii u
[58] F. l'd
""" """""""
1e

care """"""""" "

4A8 19 35 R 37

124/45 27

[56]

References Cited
U.S. PATENT DOCUMENTS
212,826

3/1879

Weaver ............................... .. 124/27

1,024,374 4/1912 Stambaugh .


1,234,163
2,594,527

7/1917
4/1952

3,536,055

10/1970

4,033,313

7/1977

Henderson ..
Wechsler
Endo

. ... . .... . .

124/35 R UX
.. 124/35 R UX
........ .. 124/37 X
. . . . . . . . ..

124/18

Ryan ........................ .. 124/35 R X

FOREIGN PATENT DOCUMENTS


877421

8/1971 vCanada ................................ .. 124/27

66

819013

8/1959 United Kingdom ................ .. 124/27

Primary ExaminerPaul E. Shapiro


Attorney, Agent, or FirmHarvejy B. Jacobson
[57]
ABSTRACT
A toy rubber band gun having a gun body de?ning an
imitation barrel, a stock at the back of the barrel, and a
handle depending from the stock. A trigger element in
the form of a resilient wire has a forward end pivotally
mounted on a pin in the stock, a trigger portion extend~
ing out through a slot on the bottom of the stock, an

elongate portion extending from the trigger portion


upwardly through the handle, and a loop portion ex
tending from the elongate portion upwardly behind the
handle, the loop portion terminating in a hooked tip
biased against the back of the stock to form a retainer
for a rubber band stretched along the length of the stock
and barrel so that pulling back on the trigger portion

draws the hooked tip away from the stock and releases
the band. The trigger element is characteristically bent
to enable its tension to be adjusted.

10 Claims, 4 Drawing Figures

United States Patent [19]


Miller
[54] REPEATING RUBBER BAND PISTOL
[76] Inventor: Tony Miller, 1303 E. Kenwood Ave.,
Anaheim, Calif. 92806

[211 App]. No.: 906,886


[22] Filed:
Sep.15,1986
[51]
[52]

Int. cm .............................................. .. F41B 7/02


US. Cl. ............................. .. 124/19; 124/48

[58]

Field of Search .............. .. 124/48, 35 R, 19, 41

Patent Number:
Date of Patent:

4,676,219
Jun. 30, 1987

pair of support arms extending upwardly from the


frame, the support arms having a pair of complemen
tary holes therein, a hand crank with a rotary spindle

thereon adapted to be mounted in the pair of support


arms through the pair of holes therein and adapted to be
freely movable therein, a cylindrical magazine with a

plurality of radially-extending elongated arms disposed


circumferentially about a centrally-arranged spindle
member having a central aperture therein for mounting

References Cited

a plurality of stretched rubber bands thereon to hold in


readiness for shooting said rubber bands, and a solid

U.S. PATENT DOCUMENTS

wardly of the handle and the support arms and adapted

[56]
2,001,267

5/1935

3,556,072

cylindrically shaped spindle mounted on the frame for

Ross .................................... .. 124/48

3,549,148 12/1970 Schloss

124/35 R

1/1971

Levin

.... ...

3,693,609

9/1972

Vodinh

3,757,760

9/1973

Darnell ........................... .. l24/35R

.. ... .. .

. . . ..

124/35 R

. . . ..

124/35 R

Primary Examiner-Richard C. Pinkham


Assistant ExaminerT. Brown

Attorney, Agent, or Firm-Ben E. Lofstedt

[57]

[11]
[45]

to freely receive the apertured magazine thereon,


whereby when a string is anchorably secured to the
spindle of the hand crank and the string is secured medi
ately about the body of one of the stretched rubber
bands and the hand crank operated, the string lifts the
rubber band from its mounting causing it to be shot
from the gun.

ABSTRACT

A repeating rubber band pistol for shooting elastic band


and the like, including a pistol frame with handle and a

3 Claims, 7 Drawing Figures

United States Patent 1191

[11]
[45]

Small
[54] REPEATING RUBBER BAND PROJECI'ING
GUN

[76] Inventor:

Steve E. Small, 5811 E. Waverly,


Tucson, Ariz. 85712

Int. 01.4 .............................................. .. F41B 7/02

[52]

us. 0. ................................. .. 124/19; 124/35 R;

[58]

Field of Search ................. .. 124/18, 19, 35, 41 R,

124/48

124/48; 74/142
References Cited
U.S. PATENT DOCUMENTS
2,550,873

5/1951

Siders .................................. .. 124/ 19

2,741,238

4/1956

Arnold

. . . ..

2,917,037 12/ 1959 Henderson


3,515,387

6/1970

House ......... ..

3,693,609 9/1972 Vodinh


3,757,760 9/ 1973 Darnell
4,676,219

6/1987

Miller . . . . . . .

Jan. 31, 1989

includes a rotating cylinder onto which the rubber


bands initially are loaded one-by-one. Rotation of the
cylinder to effectuate initial loading of the rubber bands
stretches an elastic cord which later rotates the cylinder

succession. A plurality of pivotal hooks disposed on the


rear portion of the rotating cylinder each engage the

[51]

.........

4,800,864

in the opposite direction as rubber bands are tired in

[21] Appl. No.: 100,207


[22] Filed:
Sep. 23, 1987

[56]

Patent Number:
Date of Patent:

. . . ..

rear end of a stretched rubber band, the forward end of

which is retained by a corresponding hook disposed on


the front portion of the cylinder. An actuator/stop
element responsive to a trigger operates to depress or
pivot the hook and rubber band aligned with the ac
tuator/stop element, shooting that rubber band. The
depressed or pivoted hook is retained so that when the
trigger is released, the actuator/stop element moves
away from a rotation limiting stop connected to the

124/19

depressed or pivoted book. The pre-tensioned elastic

124/19

cord rotates the cylinder to align the next rubber band

273/101

with the actuator/stop element. A rotation limiting stop

124/19
124/19

connected to the next hook abuts the actuator/stop

124/19

to tire the next rubber band.

element, at which time the trigger is to be pulled again

Primary Examiner-Randolph A. Reese


Assistant Examiner-John A. Ricci

[57]

ABSTRACT

A toy gun for shooting rubber bands in rapid succession

9 Claims, 2 Drawing Sheets

United States Patent [191

[11] Patent Number:

Vandermeide

[45]

[54] TOY GUN


[76]

Inventor:

21

Benjamin Vandermeide, 3904


Hallmark Dr., Salt Lake City, Utah

Assistant Examiner-John Ricci


Attorney, Agent, or Firm-B. Deon Criddle

May 31, 1988

[57]

[51] Int. cu .......................... .. F418 7/02; F41F 7/00


[52]

[58]
[56]

ABSTRACI

A multiple ?ring elastic shooter toy including a handle,

US. Cl. ...................................... .. 124/19; 124/18;

9 rod which may take the form of a barrel and having a

124/35 R
Field of Search .............. .. 124/18, 19, 35 R, 41 R
'
References Cited
U S PATENT DOCUMENTS

notched end to receive lengths of elastic members and a


receiver section interconnecting the handle and the rod.
The receiver section is of generally U-shaped cross-sec
tion and has a web at one side of the shooter and top and
bottom legs. Spaced apart slots are formed in the web

' '
I

430799 6/1935 United Kingdom ................ .. 124/19


458660 12/ 1936 United Kingdom ................ .. 124/ 19

Primary Examiner-Randolph A. Reese

L N z 200 238
pp
0

[22] Fll?dl

May 9, 1989

FOREIGN PATENT DOCUMENTS

84119
[ ]

Date of Patent:

4,827,892

'
Iliad? -------------------------------- ~

and partially into the legs of the receiver to accept other

ams """""""""""" "

from the shooter toy at the side opposite the web and

1909927 5/1933 Beauchamp et a1


2,021,776

11/1935

Hagen

..... .. ... ... ... ..

124/19
. . . ..

2,065,580 l2/l936 Grawunder __


3,437,084

4/1969

3,536,055

10/1970

4,379,445

lengths of the elastic members. A snubber post projects


124/19

serves as a 'sa ety against inadvertant release of


Stretched elastw members

Hyter . . . . . . .

1 . . ..

124/19

Endo

. . . ..

124/18

... .. . ..

forwardly of the slots in the direction of the rod and

124/19

4/1983 Lobiondo ............................ .. 124/ 19

7 Claims, 1 Drawing Sheet

Umted States Patent [19]

[11] Patent Number:

Mims

[45]

[54]

4,223,658 9/ 1930 Sundstrom .......................... .. 124/19

REPEATING RUBBER BAND PISTOL

[76] Inventor:
I

[21]

Aug. 21, 1990

Donald B. Mims, 5665 Banks Rd.,

FOREIGN PATENT DOCUMENTS

Fm wcnh' Te" 76140

73436

APPL No_; 436,440

[22] Filed;

Date of Patent:

4,949,494

6/1917 Austria .................................. .. 42/54

439978 12/1935 United Kingdom ................ .. 124/19

No 14 1989

Primary Examiner-Charles T. Jordan

Assistant Examiner-Richard W. Wendtland

ClCi ---------------------- n---------------

124/351
[58] Field of Search ............... .. 42/ 54; 124/17, 18, 19,
124/31 35 R

[56]

U S PATENT DOCUMENTS

stretched between a barrel notch and engagement


points on the rotary magazine. A trigger element is

Brown ................................... ..

mounted

133109 """ "

movement of the rotary magazine to selectively release

19559o0 4/1934 Bil-1::


5/1951 Siders ...... ..
9/1954 Sealer et al. ..

42/54
124/19
124/19

2,917,037 12/1959 Henderson .......................... .. 124/19

21
\

a frame having a barrel and a handle. A handle recess

houses a rotary magazine. A plurality of bands can be

2,550,s73
2,689,558

gr

ABSTRACT D.

References Cited
' '

chi

[57]

A repeating rubber band pistol is shown which includes

(-23
1

the frame recess and allows Controlled

rubber bands in single ?re fashion with successive trig


g9r Pulls

3 Claims, 2 Drawing Sheets

lllllllllllllllllIllllIIIIIIllllIllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllll
Umted States Patent 1191

[11] Patent Number:

Vosloh

[45]

[54]

4,379,445

RUBBER BAND REPEATING GUN

[76] Inventor:

Bradley L. Vosloh, 5369

Date of Patent:

5,170,770
Dec. 15, 1992

4/1983 LoBiondo ........................... .. 124/19

FOREIGN PATENT DOCUMENTS

xlqgnclamn New Orleans La-

1159349 7/1969 United Kingdom ................ .. 124/19

Primary Examiner-Randolph A. Reese

[21] App]. No.. 664,159

Assistant Examiner-Jeffrey L. Thompson

[22] Filed:

Attorney, Agent, or Firm-Keaty & Keaty

Mar. 4, 1991

[51]

Im. c1.5 ...................................... ........ .. F41B 7/00

[57]

[52]

U..Sl. Cl. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

The invention relates to a toy gun for projecting elastic

. . . . . . . . .. 1241/19; l24/20.l

Fle d of Search .................. ..

[56]

bands- The gun is provided


a handle portion, 3
barrel portion and a trigger assembly. A launching as

References Cited

sembly is mounted on the rearwardly extending part of

Us PATENT DOCUMENTS

the handle portion and is ?xedly attached thereto. A

gum gt 3L --,

17,
H02 3 1 _

ABSTRACT

eauc

lateral extension of the tr1gger assembly slldes along the


upper face of the rearwardly extending part and fric

------------------ -

amp et a .

2,462,723
2,529,047 11/1950
2/1949 Crnich
P1111 ......................
..
..

124/19

3,437,084 4/1969 Hyter

124/19

3,494,345 2/1970 Grif?ths

124/19

4,308,850

'

'

ythgfells?gzhlzgndzgtvggg
g
.

launching assembly at an angle to vertlcal.

1/1982 Hunter ................................ .. 124/19

17 Claims, 2 Drawing Sheets

amt

64
I

,5

'

'

USOO5205266A

Umted States Patent [191

[11] Patent Number:

Kilby, Jr.

[45]

[54] RUBBER BAND PROJECI'ILE TOY GUN

Assistant Examiner-John Ricci

.
Attorney, Agent, or Firm-Robert K. Rhea

[21] Appl. No.: 884,825


[22] Filed:
May 18, 1992
51

Apr. 27, 1993

Primary Examiner-Randolph A. Reese

.
A. Harold Krlby,
Jr., Rte. 3, Box
PM, Tut?e, Okla 73089

[76] Inventor:

Date of Patent:

5,205,266

[57]
ABSTRACT
A repeating rubber projectile ?ring toy gun is formed
by a hollow
handle and frame .portion integrally con
.

.5 .............................................. ..

{52} $5001 ........................ ..

Willi/732?

reeree wrrr r rrr errrel rerrrer- A rrreeker wheel

[58] Field of swell ................... .. 124/18, 19, 35.1, 31

magazine J'wmaned by ppsing side walls the frame

[56]

section projects above the gun frame for receiving one

References cued

end portion of a rubber band, having its other end por

U.S. PATENT DOCUMENTS


1 724 70s

tion engaged over a notch at the forward end of the gun

8/1929 Harris ........................ . .

2:550:81, 5/1951 Siders

'

124/19

' If: 124/19

t f engagement with he spmcke wheel t Permit

124/19

angular rotation thereof and release at least one of the

2,689,553 9/1954 Sealer et al .


2,741,238

4/1956

Arnold . . . . . . . . .

. . . .. 124/19

2,917,037 12/1959 Henderson

1;;
,

projectiles while a second pawl on the trigger mecha

. 124/19

riFAhslel'

barrel A nigger mechanism biases a spring urged paw]

nism interrupts the sprocket wheel rotation after the

- 1:22:

release of only one rubber band projectile or a succes

lmS ..................................... ..

sion of rubber

projectiles

repeated trigger puns

FOREIGN PATENT DOCUMENTS


339544 12/1930 United Kingdom ................ .. l24/l9

20

4 Claims, 2 Drawing Sheets

44
I8

._.

_-

3;

.e

l"

_; 5gb ___

64

||

72

ll|
7 ll'

III 11.
T

-5

'
7'

re

'_

53

||

68

/2
__

26

"x "
:a

I'
"

"

" .

00

|"

II

ea

75

lIIIIIIIIIIIIIIllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllIIIIIIIIIIIIIHIII
US005222472A

United States Patent [191

[11]
[45]

Landingham
[54] MULTIPLE-SHOT RUBBER GUN WITH
PRELOADED CYLINDERS
[76] Inventor: Elmer L. Landingham, 1980 Hughes
Way, Juneau, Ak. 99821

[21] Appl. No.: 644,108


[22] Filed:

Jan. 22, 1991

[51]

Int. Cl.5 ...... ..; ..................................... .. F41B 7/02

[52]

U.S. C1. ....................................... .. 124/19; 124/48

[58]

Field of Search ............... .. 124/18, 19, 35.1, 41.1,

124/48, 17

[56]

References Cited
U.S. PATENT DOCUMENTS
3,515,387

6/1970 House ..

124/19 X

3,693,609 9/1972 Vodinh


3,757,760 9/1973 Darnell

124/19
124/19

4,676,219

6/1987

Miller . . . . . .

. . . ..

124/19

4,800,864

l/l989

Small ................................... .. 124/19

Primary Examiner-Randolph A. Reese


Assistant Examiner-John Ricci

[5?]

ABSTRACT

A toy gun for repeatedly ?ring stretched rubber bands


from projections upon removable rotating hollow cylin
ders. All mechanisms are themselves powered by rub
ber bands. While unattached to the gun, cylinders are

Patent Number:
Date of Patent:

5,222,472
Jun. 29, 1993

wound up by separating a front locking pin and turning


front and body in opposite directions, thus winding the
rubber band affixed inside. Inserting the cylinder onto
the gun frame forces the cylinder to contact a projec

tion which again separates the front locking pin from


the cylinder body. The cylinder has on its exterior
raised lengthwise projections, called slats. Each slat
but one has near the rearward end of the gun a notch. A

cylinder is loaded by stretching a rubber band over each

notched slat. Aligned with slat notches is a holding pin


affixed to the gun. The holding pin contact either a
rubber band or the unnotched slat, preventing un

wanted cylinder rotation. Pulling the trigger engages a


slip hammer that pushes the rearward part of the rub
ber band above the slat. The rubber band ?res, thus

freeing the cylinder, powered by the cylinders internal


rubber band, to rotate to the next position as the slats

notch, now freed of its rubber band, turns past the hold

ing pin. Other rubber bands re-cock the trigger, making


the gun ready to ?re again. A cylinder exhausted of
rubber bands comes to a stop when the unnotched slat

contacts the holding pin. An exhausted cylinder can be


repidly replaced with a loaded one, permitting extended

?ring.
2 Claims, 1 Drawing Sheet

l||||l|||l|l|l|||IIIIIllllll||||llllllllllll|l|Illlllllllllllllllllllllllll
USOO5460150A
United States Patent [191

[11] Patent Number:

Joppe

[45]

[54] REPEATING ELASTIC BAND SHOOTING


GUN

[76]

In

idnoAnam 0%wr2. LcmKMNh.w0.b0Mn

P n.m
.

1 mm

vemor 12333)? 29758???

6 Rd

.,

[22] Filed:

Sep. 30,

5 1281] .mULFSMC-dL10 ."S"e" 3"r " 1 m ?m 0 m 2m o a"1m 4Fun, 49, ? WMRW41max.


1
n

O0
.

[56]

References Cited
U.S. PATENT D OCUMENTS
2,001,267

5/1935 ROSS

HvD0
6
9
/
1
9
7
0
2
3
7
345,610 957360,728061794

em.l.l..
MBum.

1/1989 Small ..

1 Mn 9

Attorney, Agent, or FmnCarter & Schnedler


ABSTRACT

There is provided a gun for shooting a plurality of elastic


bands in a repeating fashion. The gun includes a frame and

1994

C .f6

.n

Assistant ExaminerHarry
C. Kim
,

[57]

[21] Appl.No.: 315,978

Date of Patent:

5,460,150
Oct. 24, 1995

a grip. A magazine which holds a plurality of stretched


elastic bands is rotatably mounted on an elongated spindle
which extends from the frame. The magazine includes a

plurality of upwardly-extending lands which are proximal to


the frame and a plurality of corresponding outwardly-ex
tending posts which are distal to the frame. Each land and its
corresponding post receive an elastic band in its stretched

condition. A rotatable string containing a spool is connected


to the frame. Portions of the string extending from the spool
are received between each of the lands and the elastic bands
so that the elastic bands are released by the upward move

ment of the string as the string is retrieved onto the spool.


10 Claims, 3 Drawing Sheets

United States Patent [191

[11] Patent Number:

Sta nero

[45]

[54]

ELASTIC RING PROJECTING GUN

[76]

Inventor:

Date of Patent:

5 9 505 9 186
A r. 9 a 1996

3,757,760

9/1973 Darnell .................................... .. 124/19

Michael Stagnero, 29 Armamino Ct.,

4,223,658
4,303,850

9/
1/1982
1980 Sundstrom ............... ..

Oakland, Calif. 94618

4,800,864
4,949,494
5,205,266

1/1989
8/1990
4/1993

[21] Appl. No.: 187,642


[22] Filed:
Jan. 27, 1994

5,215,069
5,222,472

[51] Int C16

F41B 7/02

6/1993
993

Primary ExaminerAnthony Knight

[52]

US. Cl. ................................ .. 124/19; 124/18; 124/48

[57]

[58]

Field Of Search ................................ .. 124/19, 18, 17,


124/16 20 - 2 45 25 351
'

A toy gun is provided for ejecting a plurality of high tension

56

elastic bands in rapid succession. The gun includes a frame

R f
Ct d
e erences l e

[ l

having a barrel and a handle. A longitudinal recession in the


barrel rotatably supports a spring loaded cylindrical band

U_S_ PATENT DOCUMENTS

holding magazine which supports a plurality of high tension

bands in a fully stretched condition. A trigger element is

1,779,507 10/1930 White ...................................... .. 124/18

2289490

gfgpemer '
7/1942 13:11:; '

2408984 10/1946
2:550:33 5/1951

ABSTRACT

"""""""""""""""""""

124,19
124,17
124/19

included in the handle of the gun for positioning the high


tension bands on the magazine in a condition of maximum

2,689,558

9/1954

.. 124/19

3,670,7l1
3,693,609

6/1972
9/1972

124/25
.. 124/19
14 15

(77/8 9 war [f

mount?d within the frame and permits controlled movement

of the cylindrical magazine to eject the high tension bands


with successive pulls of the trigger. A lever device is
elongation

15 Claims, 3 Drawing Sheets

17\ (1a [19

' /

20

l
l

,1.

A/

42

'
1
yzvlllllll
4 41

45

II 36
,1

43

IIIIIIIZV/IIII""
37

a9

38

llllllllllllllIllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllll
US005595165A
United States Patent [19]

1111 Patent Number:

Conte

[45]

[54]

SINGLE-SHOT RUBBERBAND GUN AND


SNAP-TOY

[76]

Inventor:

5,595,165

Date of Patent:

Jan. 21, 1997

Primary ExaminerJohn A. Ricci

[57]
Agostino B. Conte, 2900 Wilkinson

ABSTRACT

Ave Bronx, N_Y_ 10461

A simulated ?rearm for deploying an elastic loop member


herem de?ned by a barrel portion, a stock or handle portion,
body or mid section, and a cocking apparatus. The Operator

[21] Appl' No" 349076

manually works the cocking apparatus which automatically

[22]

Filed:

[51]

Int. Cl. ............................... .. F41B 7/02; F4113 7/08;


A63H 5/04

resets a hammer or sear and a trigger located within the


body. At the end of stroke of the cocking apparatus, reset of
the ?rearm is indicated by a Soft but crisp reverberation of
sound similar to a click! as the trigger and hammer

Dec. 2, 1994

6
US. Cl- .......................... u

[58]

interlock and the trigger makes Contact

a st0p_pin_ An

446/473

elastic loop member is then stretched between the frontal

Field Of Search ................................ .. l24/l7, l8, l9,

nose of the barrel, and the hammer located at the rear. By

124/31; 446/401, 405, 406, 407, 473

manual operation of the trigger, the elastic loop member is

[56]

automatically deployed. Simultaneous with the deployment

References Clted

of the elastic loop member, a high pitched reverberation of

Us PATENT DO UMENTS

sound similar to a snap! is heard as the hammer or sear

c
876,088

makes hard and abrupt contact with the stop-pin. In the

1/1908 Pfeil .................................. .. 446/401 X

preferred embodiment, the ?rearm could ?nd utility as a

1,660,175

2/1928

1,779,507

10/1930

Peal? - - - - -

- - - -- 446/401 X

simulated

Wl'nte . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . ..

124/18

o?ice_toy or conversational piece for adults_ In an altel;

124,18 X

nate embodiment, all portions of the simulated ?rearm that


enable loading of an elastic member are made maccessrble.

1838243 12/1931 Wlsmer "" "


2 255 563 9/1941 H .
1,839,700

l/1932

Pmo

. . ... .. . .. .

emmger

2,793,635

5/1957

2,898,903

3/1959 Hovermale

4,436,077

3/1984

4,554,904

11/1985

4,827,892

5/1989

4,961,718

Koeller . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . ..

124/18

..... ..

124/18

. . . . . . . .. 124/2

. . . . . .. 124/18

Endo

. . . . . ..

. .. ... . . . .. . . .. ...

Vandermeide . . . . .

and

enjoyed

gsg

is however retained in that the parts as mdlcated (less the


elastic member), operation of the parts, and sounds devel

124/18

oped by them remain the same. This alternate embodiment

. . . . . .. 124/19

provides a simulated weapon to be enjoyed primarily as 21

10/1990 Wu ........................................ .. 446/406

snaptoy for small children

United Kingdom ................. .. 446/401

13 Claims, 14 Drawing Sheets

65

94

6A

"

"(0A07120

771%
1211-

<.\-\ 5

74

11

as

98A

98

55

77A
f

an

FOREIGN PATENT DOCUMENTS


885052 12/1961

as

The SPlm of the, mveFmon Wlthm the alternate embodlmem

124/18 X

Smith . . . . . . . . . . . . .

weapon for adolescents,

2_o

"

'

.64

~65

54

7 '

E).

y/

54A

\\

1 \,

441g"! \\

5A 5e

_\_
\

/
Q

\\\

\\\

_,

I?

US005692489A

United States Patent [191

[11]

Patent Number:

5,692,489

Swanson et al.

[45]

Date of Patent:

Dec. 2, 1997

[54] METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR A


MOTORIZED REPEATING TOY GUN

Primary Examiner-John A. Ricci


Attorney; Agent, or Finn-Fenwick & West LLP

[75] Inventors: Matthew D. Swanson. 878 Holfman


Tern. Los Altos. Calif. 95024; David N.
Powers. Los Altos. Calif.

[57]

ABSTRACT

A system and method for a motorized repeating toy gun. The


toy gun includes a base having a ?rst end and a second end

[73] Assignee: Matthew D. Swanson. Los Altos. Calif.

upon which elastic rings are stretched and mounted. The toy
gun also includes a motor and a spool. The spool has a

[21] Appl. No.: 566,001

wrapping portion. is rotatably mounted on the base and is


rotatably responsive to the motor. Additionally. the toy gun
includes a string. A ?rst portion of the string is positioned
around the wrapping portion. A second portion of the string
is interwovenly positioned between the second end and each
of the elastic rings. The string forcibly wrapped around the

[22] Filed:
[51]

Dec. 1, 1995

Int. cl.6 ...................................................... .. F41B 7/02

[52] U.S. Cl.


[58]

124/19

Field of Search ........................................ .. 124/18. 19

[56]
D. 247,986
D. 305,252

1,909,927

References Cited

spool in response to the operation of the motor. causing the


elastic rings to dismount from the second end. Elastic rings.

U.S. PATENT DOCUMENTS

e.g.. rubber bands, are loaded onto a base. e.g.. a magazine.


by stretching each rubber band over the extremities of the

5/1978 Clyde ............................... .. D34l15 PT


12/1989 Nidson et a1. ...................... .. D2l/l47

base with the string interwovenly placed between the base


and the rubber band, such that when the string is pulled

5/1933 Beauchamp et al. .

124/19

toward the spool the rubber band is moved over one of the
base extremities and is discharged. The user activates a
nigger mechanism that employs a motor to automatically
rotate a spool. One end of the string is securely attached to

. 124/19
. 124/18

the spool. When the spool rotates. the string is pulled toward.
and wraps around. the spool. As the string is pulled toward

2,021,776

11/1935 Hagen ..................................... .. 124/19

2,576,248

ll/l95l Wright et a1. .

124/19

2,625,147

1/1953 Eagleson, Jr. .

.. 124/19

2,878,802

2,917,037
3,536,055

3,745,986
3,919,996

3/1959

Kueh

.. . ... . ... . ..

12/1959 Henderson
10/1970 Endo

7/1973 Crowson
11/1975 McAlister .

. . . ..

124/17

the spool. the previously loaded rubber bands are sequen

124/19

tially pulled over one of the restricting extremities. resulting


in the discharge of the rubber band. The speed of the
discharged rubber band is a function of the energy previ
ously stored when the rubber band was stretched. The rubber

4,308,850

l/1982 Hunter .... ..

124/19

4,379,445

4/1983 LoBiondo .

124/19

4,554,904 11/1985 Endo

124/18

4,676,219

6/1987 Miller ..

124/19

4,800,864

1/1989 Small ...... ..

124/19

4,827,892

5/1989 Vandermeide

124/19

5,170,770

12/1992 Vosloh ........ ..

124/19

5,205,266

4/1993 Ki1by,Jr.

5,222,472

6/1993 Landingham

5,460,150

124/19
.. 124/19

lO/1995 Joppe ...................................... .. 124/19

104

bands continue discharging until all rubber bands are


discharged. the trigger mechanism is deactivated. or a pre
determined number of rubber bands are discharged.

16 Claims, 4 Drawing Sheets

US007640922B2

(12) Umted States Patent

(10) Patent N0.2

Siebelink

(45) Date of Patent:

(54)

FOAM DART GUN

(76)

Inventor:

(*)

Notice:

US 7,640,922 B2

3,014,308 A
3,119,385 A

Jan. 5, 2010

12/1961 Parris
1/1964 Ashley

Thomas Siebelink, 3605 WentWorth

3,757,760 A *

9/1973 Darnell ...................... .. 124/19

SW., Wyoming, Ml (US) 49519

4,050,438 A

9/1977 Pfotenhauer

Subject to any disclaimer, the term ofthis


patent is extended or adjusted under 35

U-S-C- 154(1)) by 229 days-

4,800,864 A

1/1989 Small

4,802,677 A
5,232,453 A

2/19g9 Homan
2/1994 Chia

5,460,150 A

'

10/1995 Joppe

5,595,166 A

1/1997 Schmidt, III et al.

(21) Appl' No" 11/683,499

6,079,398 A

6/2000 Grimm

(22) Filed:

6,247,990 B1

Mar- 8, 2007

6,500,042 B1

(65)

6/2001 Moor-house
12/2002 LaPolnte

Prior Publication Data


US 2007/0209646 A1

Sep. 13, 2007

* Cited by examiner

Related U-s- Application Data

Primary Examinerilohn Ricci

(60) Provisional application No. 60/780,303, ?led on Mar.


8 2006'

(51) Int. Cl.


F41B 7/00
(52)

(74) {mm

Agent! 0' Firmipnca Heneve1d> COOPer>

DeW1tt & L1tton, LLP

(57)

ABSTRACT

(2006.01)

U..S. Cl. ...... .... ...... ... ..................................... .. 124/17

The present invention includes a foam dart gun having a

Fleld 0f _ClaSSl?CatlOIl
_
Search .................
124091
.. 203 48

ofhooks disposed
Shaped
at a ?rst endhollow
ofthe barrel.
barrel Inneraand outer

See apphcanon ?le for Complete Search hlstory'

elastic bands engaged With one another to form an elasto

References Cited

meric band assembly, Which is typically engaged to the barrel

(56)

at least proximate the end of the barrel opposite a trigger.


U.S. PATENT DOCUMENTS

2,825,322 A

3/1958 Burley, Jr. et a1.

4 Claims, 13 Drawing Sheets

36a

31 I/ 353

3!.

32a

39\ 3

16
/

//?

15

"

76*;

30

1,, 113
// 91

1 _[ y

36

"5

11

/ /

13

12
1

r10
1|;

20

US007690371B2

(12) Ulllted States Patent

(10) Patent N0.:

Slaven
(54)

(75)

(45) Date of Patent:

Apr. 6, 2010

TOY GUN

2,535,891 A *

Inventor:

2,642,057 A * 6/1953 Watkins


2,692,593 A * 10/ 1954 Flores, Jr~

Michael Howard Slaven, Buena Park,


CA (Us)

(
Notice:

12/1950 BoZaIth ..................... .. 124/18

2,730,094 A *

l/l956 Hicks ........................ .. 124/19

3/1984 Smith
11/1985

4,827,892 A

Subject to any disclaimer, the term of this

U'S'C' 154(1)) by 351 days


(21) Appl. N0.: 11/s39,547

Endo

5/l989 Vandermeide

5,595,165 A

patent is extended or adjusted under 35

124/17
-- - 124/18

4,436,077 A
4,554,904 A

(73) Asslgnee. 151g Oldt1mer, LLC, Buena Park, CA


(*)

US 7,690,371 B2

l/l997 Conte

OTHER PUBLICATIONS
TU
Rubb er b and
1 e

guns

n from W_k_
d_
1 lpe 13.

We

page

(http Z //en.

Wikipedia.org/Wiki/Rubberbandfgun), date unknown, author


111mm; three (3)1ageS'
* cited by examiner

(22) Filed:

Aug. 16, 2007

(65)

Prior Publication Data


US 2008/0087261 A1

Apr. 17, 2008

Related US. Application Data


(60) Provisional application No. 60/829,062, ?led on Oct.
1 1 2006'

(51)

(52)
(58)

(56)

Primary Examinerilohn Ricci


(74) Attorney, Agent, or FirmiHeidi L. Eisenhut; LoZa &
L

0Z2"

57

LLP
ABSTRACT

( )
t0y gun for laullching Projectiles is Provided The gun
1ncludes a stock hav1ng a ?rst end and a second end, Where the
?rst end is secured to an elongated barrel; and a trigger
mechanism is secured on the stock adjacent to the elongated

Int_ CL

F413 7/02

(200601)

F413 7/08

(200601)

includes a release mechanism having a loWer leg connected to

us. Cl. ......................................... .. 124/18; 124/19


Field of Classi?cation Search ................. .. 124/18

the Stock and an upper leg Connected to the bottom leg by a


Spring and he PPQr leg is moveable between a ?rst Position

124/19
See application ?le for Complete Search history'

and a secondposition. The trigger mechanism also includes at


least one retaining member extends upwardly through a lon
gitudinal slits in the upper leg. As the release mechanism is
moved from the ?rst position to the second position, the
projectile attached to the trigger mechanism is launched.

References Cited
U S PATENT DOCUMENTS
1,729,917 A *

10/1929 Webb ........................ .. 124/18

barrel for launching the projectiles. The trigger mechanism

19 Claims, 7 Drawing Sheets

100

120

l
1 20s

US008091539B2

(12) Ulllted States Patent

(10) Patent N0.:

Siebelink
(54)

(45) Date of Patent:

FOAM DART GUN


.

(76) Inventor.

Thomas Siebelink, Wyoming, MI (US)

( * ) Notice:

US 8,091,539 B2
Jan. 10, 2012

3,757,760 A *

9/1973 Darnell ......................... .. 124/19

4,050,438 A

9/1977 Pfotenhauer

4,800,864 A

2/1989 Homan

4,802,677 A

1/1989

Small

Subject' to any disclaimer,~ the term of this

patent is extended or adjusted under 35

5,595,166 A

l/l997 Schmidt, III et a1.

g3;

U.S.C. 154(b) by 54 days.

6,079,393 A
6,247,990 B1

6/2000 Grimm
6/2001 Moorhouse

* cited by examiner

(22) Filed:

Nov. 18, 2009


Primary Examiner * John Ricci

(65)

Prior Publication Data

US 2010/0059031A1

(63)

Mar. 11,2010

(57)

Related U-s- Application Data


Continuation of application NO 11/683,499, ?led on
Mar' 8, 2007, now pat No_ 7,640,922'
_ _

1_

?l d

(60) Era/$160112 app lcanon NO 60 780303

ABSTRACT

A dart gun having a plurality of darts removably connected


about a circumferential area of a cylindrical barrel. A spring
biased gear assembly includes an engagement member that is
rotatably aligned With the circumferential area of the cylin

e on Mar

'

drical barrel. The spring-biased gear assembly further


includes ?rst and second rotary gears having offset teeth. A

(51) Int Cl
F41B 7/00
52

(74) Attorney, Agent, or Firm * Price Heneveld LLP

trigger bar is operable betWeen a ?rst position in abutting


contact Wit t e teet o t e rst rot
__ _'i1 i1_
h f h _?
al'y gear and a second

(2006.01)

US. Cl. ....................................................... .. 124/17

E58; Field of Classi?cation Search

124/17
iiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiii ii

gear. A trigger is operably connected to the trigger bar. The

124/201, 20.3, 48
See application ?le for Complete Search history'

(56)

References Cited
U.S. PATENT DOCUMENTS
3/1958 Burley, Jr. et a1.

2,825,322 A
3,014,308 A

3,119,385 A

posmon m abumng Contact Wlth the teeth Ofthe Second rotary


tri

er includes a forWard osition that locates the tri

drical barrel.

12/1961 Parris

1/1964 Ashley

er bar

gg
P
gg
in the ?rst position and a rearWard position that locates the
trigger bar in the second position. Operation of the trigger
causes the spring-biased gear assembly to intermittently
rotate, thereby causing the lever to disconnect one of the
plurality of darts from the circumferential area of the cylin

19 Claims, 13 Drawing Sheets

US008607771B1

(12) United States Patent


Marsh

(56)

(54) AUTOMATICALLY-REPEATING,
RAPID-FIRING RUBBER BAND GUN WITH
AN AMMUNITION-POWERED OPERATING
SYSTEM

(76) Inventor: Julian Lyndon Marsh, Anchorage, AK


(Us)
Notice:

Filed:

Dec. 17, 2013

References Cited
U.S. PATENT DOCUMENTS
3,515,387 A *
3,693,609 A *

3,757,760
4,800,864
5,222,472
5,460,150

A
A
A
A

*
*
*
*

6/1970
9/1972

House ......................... .. 273/362


'

9/1973
1/1989
6/1993
10/1995

Subject to any disclaimer, the term of this


patent is extended or adjusted under 35

* cited by examiner

U.S.C. 154(b) by 273 days.

Primary Examiner * John Ricci

(57)
ABSTRACT
An automatically-repeating, rapid-?ring rubber band gun
With an ammunition powered operating system. The gun
includes a mechanism for retaining, releasing and projecting

(21) App1.No.: 13/317,116


(22)

US 8,607,771 B1

(10) Patent N0.:


(45) Date of Patent:

Oct. 11, 2011

a plurality of stretched rubber bands, With the release of the


rubber bands occurring in such a manner as to alloW the

Related US. Application Data

(60)

harnessing of a portion of the elastic potential energy present

Provisional application No. 61/455,647, ?led on Oct.

25, 2010.

(51)
(52)

Int. Cl.
F413 7/02
US. Cl.
USPC

(58)

(2006.01)

.......................................................... ..

124/19

Field of Classi?cation Search


USPC .................................................... .. 124/18, 19

See application ?le for complete search history.

in the rubber bands to perform Work upon the mechanism.


Work performed upon the mechanism results in the mecha
nism moving relative to a static structure Within the gun, and
this relative movement affects a temporal sequencing of the

release of the rubber bands. A trigger system provides for


control of rubber band discharge by Way of alternately inhib
iting or alloWing rubber band release. A structural frame
supports the operating system and provides for the gun to be

manually operated.
20 Claims, 6 Drawing Sheets

US 20130340734A1

(19) United States


(12) Patent Application Publication (10) Pub. No.: US 2013/0340734 A1
Coulston
(54)

(43) Pub. Date:

ELASTIC BAND PROJECTILE TOY GUN AND

(52)

METHOD OF ASSEMBLY

Dec. 26, 2013

US. Cl.
CPC .................................... .. F41B 7/025 (2013.01)
USPC

............................................. .. 124/19; 29/428

(71) Applicant: Robert M. Coulston, Kansas City, MO


(72)

Inventor'

(Us)

(57)

Robert M' Coulston Kansas Clty MO

A toy gun comprising a plurality of pre-cut thin layer mem


bers along W1th a plurality of pin members, wherein the toy
gun is adapted to store a number of elastic bands and to shoot
the stored elastic bands in rapid succession. A barrel top notch
is adapted to receive front end of a stretched elastic band that
Will be ?red by the toy gun. The stock comprises a series of

(US)

(21)

App1_ NO; 13/925,524

(22)

Filed:

(60)

Related U-s- Application Data


Provisional application NO 61/663,529 ?led on Jun
22 2012'

Jun. 24, 2013

Publication Classi?cation
(51)

recesses each of Which is adapted to accommodate the rear


end of a stretched elastic band. The fore-end member is mov
able and includes a series of secondary recesses along its back
end, staggered in relation to the stock recesses, Wherein any

particular secondary recess is slightly beloW the correspond


ing stock recess and functions as means to transfer each
elastic band from its stock recesses to an adjacent stock recess

Int. Cl.

F413 7/02

ABSTRACT

(2006.01)

in the upWard direction, toWard the ?ring recess.

4s

k,

No. 707,000.

Patented Aug. I2, I902.

'

W. H. PEASE.
SPRING GUN.
(Application ?led Feb 10, 190

(No Model.)

2 Sheets-Sheet I.

//V VEN TOR

?/illz'aizz 17f. Pea we

8y %
Arro
rs

No. 707,000.
r

Patented Aug. I2, 1902.


w. H. PEASE.

SPRING GUN.
(Application ?le'd Feb. 10, 1802.)

(No Model.)

2 Sheets-Sheet 2.

97
d7
/

7/ / / / AE_
W/ TNESSE8 :

/N VEN TOR

i?llz'am J22. Pawn"


BY

A 77

THE NORRIS prrzas cc. wcmurnnov, WASHINGTON, n. c.

_ (No Model.)

J. A. CRANDALL.`
TOY GUN.v

N0.267,679.

Patented Nov. 21, 1882.

United States Patent 1191

[1711 3,745,986

Crowson

145] July 17, 1973

[54]

ELASTIC BAND TYPE GUN

[76] Inventor: Ray E. Crowson, Rte. 11, Box 522,


Texarkana, Tex. 75501

Primary Examiner--Richard C. Pinkham


Assistant Examiner-William R. Browne
Att0rney~William T. Wofford et a1.

[22] Filed:
July7, 1971
[211 Appl.N0.: 160,337

A sling shot gun having a stock and barrel and a hous~

[57]

ABSTRACT

ing. Pivotally supported by the housing is an L-shaped


[52]

US. Cl ...................... .. 124/17, 124/41, 124/35,

[51]

Int. CL... ......................................... .. F4lb 7/00

[58]

Field of Search ................. .. 124/35, 41, 17, 26,

124/ 18

'

124/27

[56]

UNITED STATES PATENTS


- 3/1924
6/1953

1,469,610

10/1923

Ustynik . . . . . . .

1,941,082

12/1933

Giese .... ..

housing and to pivot between holding and release posi~


tions for holding and releasing the end of a resilient

sling and a projectile. A biasing member is provided


for biasing the holding and release member to its

holding position. A trigger is supported by the housing

References Cited

1,486,403
2,642,057 1

member including a holding and release member and


a horizontal portion supported to extend from the

Watkins .......................... .. 124/35 X


Watkins .... ..
124/35 X
. . . . . ..

124/35 X

124/35 UX

2,500,509

3/1950

Bailey . . . . .

. . . . . ..

2,842,114

7/1958

Duncan...

..... .. 124/35 X

124/35 X

3,509,863

5/1970

Barkerm. ..................... .. 124/35 UX

to pivot between holding and release positions. The


trigger is normally biased against the L-shaped mem
ber for retaining the holding and-release member in
its holding position. Movement of the trigger toward
its release position releases the holding and release
member to release the sling and the projectile. The
holding and release member is positioned on top of
the top portion that covers the open space at the rear
end of the gun.

3 Claims, 5 Drawing Figures

"

25

-1;

I [21A

51

US007168424B1

(12)

United States Patent

(10) Patent N0.:


US 7,168,424 B1
(45) Date of Patent:
Jan. 30, 2007

Wing
(54)

SLING-SHOT RIFLE
Inventor:

Woolley
Stan Wing,
WA (Us) 98284
La Sedro

(>3)

Notice:

4,050,438 A

9/1977 Pfotenhauer

4,278,065 A *

7/1981

4,784,106
4,852,543 A *

ll/l988
8/1989

Kees
Mosser. . . .....
. . ..

5,431,145 A *

7/1995

Strait et al. .

12/1996

Wales ...................... .. 124/20.1

Subject. to any disclaimer. the tenn ofthis

5,579,749

patent is extended or adjusted under 35

5 , 619 , 978 A

4/l997 F1 Ournoy

U-S-C- 154(b) by 31 days-

6,564,787 B1

5/2003 Barry

. . . . .. 124/20.1

124/17

Wilkinson
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..

(21) Appl. N0.: 11/099,898

* Cited by examiner

(22) Filed:

Primary Examinerilohn A. Ricci


(74) Attorney, Agent, or FirmiMichael P. Hughes; Hughes
LaW Firm, PLLC

Apr. 5, 2005

(51)

Int. Cl.
F41B 3/02

(52)

us. Cl. .................................... ..

(58)

Field of Classi?cation Search ............. ..

(2006.01)
124/20.1
l24/20.l,

124/202, 203, 25
See application ?le for Complete Search history

(56)

References Cited
U.S. PATENT DOCUMENTS

437,605 A

9/1890 Kelley

440,538 A
675,534 A

11/1890 Wilkins
6/1901 Bruton

1,188,027 A

6/1916 Widdup

1,606,609 A
2,638,885 A

11/1926 Wheeler
5/1953 Keadle

3,857,379 A

12/1974 Burghardt

3,949,729 A

4/1976 Pfotenhauer

y-j;
g...

(57)

ABSTRACT
_

Aprojectlle launching device having at least ?rst and second


elastic members that are attached to a projectile pocket
Where a tong member is adapted to grasp the projectile

pocket With the projectile therein and reposition the projec


tile pocket rearWardly to store energy Within the ?rst and
second elastic members. The tong member is adapted to be
mounted to the base frame of the projectile launching device
Where the projectile is positioned in a substantially consis
tent manner from shot to shot and active involvement is

required by the shooter to maintain the projectile launching


device in a stored energy state.

18 Claims, 7 Drawing Sheets

U.S. Patent

Jan. 30, 2007

Sheet 1 0f 7

US 7,168,424 B1

78

2
FIG.

m1
'

U.S. Patent

Jan. 30, 2007

Sheet 2 0f 7

US 7,168,424 B1

130

H110

86

100

W W/VJ

U.S. Patent

Jan. 30, 2007

Sheet 3 0f 7

US 7,168,424 B1

U.S. Patent

Jan. 30, 2007

w.OE

Sheet 4 0f 7

US 7,168,424 B1

U.S. Patent

Jan. 30, 2007

141

Sheet 5 0r 7

Il

US 7,168,424 B1

U.S. Patent

Jan. 30, 2007

Sheet 6 0f 7

US 7,168,424 B1

U.S. Patent

Jan. 30, 2007

Sheet 7 0r 7

US 7,168,424 B1

O
F

3
FIG.12

313

United States Patent [191

[11]

4,386,598

Blaser

[45]

Jun. 7, 1983

[54] SLING SHOT APPARATUS


[76]

Invento?

FOREIGN PATENT DOCUMENTS

Anton J- B18881, 700 E- Mason, Santa


Barbara, Calif. 93103

'

. 2

5/1951 United Kingdom ........... .. 124/20 R


_

Primary ExaminerR1chard C. Pinkham


Assistant ExaminerWilliam R. Browne
Attorney, Agent, or FirmRalph B. Pastoriza

[2'1] Appl. No.: 280,079


.22 F1 d
J l
981

_[ 1

653458
,

[57]

ABSTRACT

[51]
[52]

Int. 01.3 .............................................. .. F41B 7/00


US. Cl. ..................................... .. 124/21; 124/ 83;
_

124/41 B

The Slingshot apparatus includes a handle with lateral


arms to which an elastic cord is attached to form a Sling
A projectile holding member is connected to this sling

[58]

F161! 01' Search ..................... .. 124/17, 21, 22, 26,

and also a guide Structure provided for guiding the

124/27 41 R 41 B 83 20 R 20 B

movement of the projectile holding member along a

[56]

rectilinear path when the elastic cord is stretched and

References cued
US. PATENT DOCUMENTS
3,51s,113

released. Sighting members can be provided on the


guide structure so that much greater accuracy is possi

6/1970 Lawrence ....................... .. 124/25 x

3,913,554 10/1975

Pitcher ............ ..

ble "111 the slmg'sht~

124/41 B X

3,949,729 4/1976 Piotenhauer .................... .. 124/20 B

6 Claims, 4 Drawing Figures

US. Patent

Jun. 7, 1983

4,386,598

2o

5MTME
I
I

United States Patent [19]

[11]

4,050,438

Pfotenhauer

[45]

Sept. 27, 1977

[54] SPRING TYPE PROJECIING DEVICE

[57]

[76] Inventor:

A slingshot comprises a stoclg having front and rear

James M. Pfotenhauer, 1302 N. 19th


St., Escanaba, Mich. 49829

[21] Appl. No.: 705,008


[22] Filed:

July 14, 1976

[51]
[52]

Int. Cl.2 .............................................. .. F41B 7/00


U.S. Cl. ............................... .. 124/20 R; 124/80

[58]

Field of Search ................ .. 124/20 R, 20 B, 27,

124/26, 41 R, 41 A, 22, 86, 17, 80; 42/72, 94, I


L

[56]
l/1885
2/1951

2,825,323

3/1958

3,609,902

10/1971

3,783,852

l/l974

3,918,427

11/1975

3,949,729

4/ 1976

Bradley ................................ .. 124/21


Sylvester
...... .. 124/21

Huszar
Casull

124/20 R
. .. ..

Shepherd
Turner

. .. .. .. . . . .

ends. A manual gripping handle is disposed at the rear


end of the stock. A pair of sheaves are rotatably
mounted adjacent the front end and rear end of the
stock on opposite sides of the fore~to-aft longitudinal
axis of the stock. These sheaves are rotatable about
generally upright parallel axes of rotation. An elastic
band is provided having outer free ends anchored at
points disposed adjacent the rear end of the stock on
opposite sides of the fore-to-aft longitudinal stock axis.
The elastic band extends forwardly from these anchor

ing points and is wrapped around the rotatable sheaves.


The elastic band includes a pouch capable of carrying
an object to be propelled. Upon displacement, the band

References Cited
U.S. PATENT DOCUMENTS

310,873
2,540,303

ABSTRACT

. . . ..

42/94 X

...... .. 124/22
. . . . . . ..

124/20 B

Pfotenhauer ................ .. 124/20 R X

Primary Examiner-Richard C. Pinkham


Assistant Examiner-William R. Browne
Attorney, Agent, or Firm-Burns, Doane, Swecker &
Mathis

is stretched in an energy-storing fashion so as to propel

the object forwardly upon release. This arrangement


provides an inordinately long length of elastic band,
thereby increasing the ability of the band to stretch and

maximizing its energy-storing capacity. As a result, the


velocity of ?red projectiles can be signi?cantly in
creased without appreciably increasing the force re
quired to extend the band, or the length of the stock.

7 Claims, 5 Drawing Figures

US. Patent

Sept. 27, 1977

4,050,438

United States Patent 1191

[11]

Pfotenhauer

1451 June 15, 1976

I54l

[76]
[22]

MANUALLY COCKING SPRING-POWERED


PROJECTILE LAUNCHER

Inventor: James M. Pfotenhauer, 1302 N.


19th St., Escanaba, Mich. 49829
Filed:
Jan. 6, 1975

3,963,017

leasably secured longitudinal sections. The housing


de?nes a bore extending fore-to-aft and including a

spring-carrying compartment and a projectile dis


charge channel. A spring tube is anchored adjacent
the forward end of the bore and extends rearwardly
within the bore over a reaction guide pulley. A

plunger is slidably disposed within the bore and in

[21] Appl. No.: 538,801

cludes a projectile impact portion slidably disposed


within the projectile discharge channel. A cord is fas

US. Cl. .................................. .. 124/21; 124/80;

tened at one end to the spring tube and at its other

273/1065 C; 124/22; 124/40; 124/41 R

end to the plunger. A cocking aperture is provided in

[51]

Int. Cl.2 .......................................... .. F4113 7/00

the plunger and is operable to receive a removable

[58]

Field 01 Search .............. .. 124/22, 21, 37, 41 R,

cocking bar. Rearward movement of the cocking bar


when disposed within the cocking aperture causes the
plunger to expand the spring in an energy-storing

[52]

124/27, 30 R
[56]

References Cited
UNITED STATES PATENTS

manner. A trigger mechanism is provided at the rear

of the housing to retain the plunger and the spring

310,873

l/1885

Bradley ............................... .. 124/21

408,062

7/1889

Adams ...... ..

124/22

1,571,643

2/1926

ReniCk....

124/21

2,053,152

9/1936

Kiescl

2,760,480
3,415,239
3,476,100

8/1956
12/1968
11/1969

. . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . ..

124/27

Carroll....
............. .. 124/22
Swett .............................. .. 124/22 X
Carbonneau ................ .. 124/41 R X

FOREIGN PATENTS OR APPLICATIONS


13,263

1890

United Kingdom ................. .. 124/21

Primary ExaminerRichard C. Pinkham


Assistant ExaminerWilliam R. Browne
Attorney, Agent, or FirmBurns, Doane, Swecker &

tube in a cocked position. Activation of the trigger en~

ables the spring tube to propel the plunger forwardly


within the bore to advance and discharge a projectile

located in the projectile discharge channel ahead of

the plunger. The reaction pulley is disposed intermedi


ate the ends of the spring tube and is arranged to con
tract when the trigger mechanism releases the plunger

from a cocked position to propel the plunger for


wardly, together with a projectile located ahead of the
plunger and is also arranged to bend around the reac

tion guide pulley during forward travel of the plunger


to exert rearward forces on the plunger to gradually

brake the speed of the plunger.

Mathis

[57]

ABSTRACT

A projectile launcher includes a housing formed of re

5 Claims, 7 Drawing Figures

Q US. Patent

June 15, 1976

Sheet10f2

3,963,017

US. Patent

June 15, 1976

Sheet20f2

3,963,017

United States Patent [191

[11]

Pfotenhauer

[451 Apr. 13, 1976

[54] ELASTIC BAND GUIDED ARTICLE


PROJECTING DEVICE

[76] Inventor: James M. Pfotenhauer, 1302 N.


19th St., Escanaba, Mich. 49829
[22] Filed:
Jan. 6, 1975

[21] Appl. No.: 538,802

3,949,729

Primary ExaminerRichard C. Pinkham


Assistant Examiner~William R. Browne

Attorney, Agent, or FirmBu'rns, Doane, Swecker &


Mathis

[57]
ABSTRACT
A slingshot includes a housing formed of releasably
separable longitudinal sections. The sections de?ne an

[52]

US. Cl. .... .. 124/20 B; 124/20 R; 273/106.5 R;

124/22; 124/30 R

upwardly open slot extending fore-to-aft along the


housing. A pair of arms project laterally outwardly

[51]

Int. Cl.2 .......................................... .. F41B 7/00

froma front part of the housing to de?ne anchor

[58]

Field of Search ........... .. 124/22, 25, 26, 27, 21,

points located laterally outwardly and above the slot.

124/35 A, 35 R, 41 R, 41 A, 20 R, 20 B;
273/106 R, 106.5 R, 106.5 C, 106.5 B
[56]

References Cited

An elastic spring has forward ends thereof coupled to

the anchor points and converging rearwardly there


from and above the slot. An plunger is slidably dis
posed within the slot. A cord is connected between
the elastic spring and the plunger so that release of the

UNITED STATES PATENTS


3,126,880

3/1964

Loe ........................ .. 273/1065 R X

elastic spring from a tensioned condition causes the

3,496,671
3,515,113

2/1970
6/1970

Korona .................... .. 124/26 UX


Lawrence .................... .. 124/25 X

plunger to be propelled forwardly within the slot and


eject a projectile located thereahead. An underarm

3,572,311

3/1971

Baer ..........................

butt may be provided at the rear of the housing to pro

124/41 A X

vide stabilization for the slingshot during actuation.

8 Claims, 7 Drawing Figures

US. Patent

Apn'l13, 1976

I [24

*0 Wm...

SheetlofZ

3,949,729

US. Patent

April 13, 1976

Sheet20f2

3,949,72

F/G 4
FIG 5.

10142342
/

l6\

{1

June 16, 1953

w. J. wAIKms
TOY GUN

Filed Aug.- 20, 1951

2,642,057

March 11 , 1924.

W. J. WATKINS

HASGAQB

SLING GUN

Filed May 7, 1925

Ngr

mi k

W'I Warm/m

H'.. COLE ETAI.v


TOY'

- Filed Jan. 22, 1945

\.
./
,n
./ Y .Y
,_

yl?NN..m
.n._
mf. f.lurn , .

5z-wx1-

WN.

Nov. 17, 1931

1,832,740

F. J. RIPPL ET A_L
MECHANICAL TOY

Filed Deo. 19, 1928

IINl|I.lv

Mafia

F. HESS.
TOY GUN AND PROJECTILE.
APPLICATION FILED vm3. 26, 1921.

1,381,639.

Patented June 14, 1921.


2 SHEETS-SHEET 1.
d.

l2?!

__

............. ..

........................
>

a.

.......
\.

8* ,5

I,

(A

wan .m :

am.

F. HESS.
TOY GUN AND PROJECTILE.
APPLICATION FILED FEB. 25, 1921.v

1,381,639.

Patented Jun 14, 1921.


2 _SHEETSSHEET 2

F1397. '

119

1?. REISS.
TOY AEROPLANB.
APPLICATION FILED MAR. 27, 1014.

1 , 1 1 6, 1 22.

Patented Nov. 3, 1914.


2 SHEETS-SHEET 1.

WITNESSES

Mil

l/VVEA/TOR

ATTORNEYS

P. REISS.
TOY AEROPLANE.
APPLICATION FILED MAR. 27, 1014.

1 , l 1 6, 1 22.

M.

Dun

4. 0N

.& NH

W8 w

n Dnm

MyMD2 an 0V

ET: E

NAla .S ,3

UW. V_

5%R 3H

WITNESSES

?gWK/BM

>(No Moal.)

W. FREDRIGKS &

BROWN.

TOY REVOLVER.

'

Patented May 22" 1883.

WITNESSES:

d. %4%%

INVENTOR

m M?

ATTORN

US 20120279483A1

(19) United States


(12) Patent Application Publication (10) Pub. No.: US 2012/0279483 A1
Hase et al.
(54)

(43) Pub. Date:

T-SHIRT CANNON
_

(75) Inventors:

NOV. 8, 2012

Publication Classi?cation
_

(51)

Tristan James Hase, Milnor, ND


(US); Reid Dale AIIdGISOIl, Fargo,
ND (US); Orrin Christian
Hans, Oakes, ND (Us);

Int. Cl.

F41B 11/02
B231) 11/00
F41B 11/32
(52)

(200601)
(200601)
(2006.01)

us. Cl. ......................... .. 124/77; 124/56; 29/890.09

Brandon Lee Steinhauer, Thief

River Falls, MN (US)


_

(57)
_

ABSTRACT

A system and method for launching promotional material is

(73) Asslgneer

Wrath Systems LLC, Mllnor, ND


(US)

(21) App1_ NO;

13/464,683

ing the promotional items to be launched. A promotional item

May 4, 2012

is loaded into each tube, Wherein loading includes loading a


?rst promotional item in a ?rst one of the plurality of tubes

(22)

Filed:

described. A gas-powered cannon having an actuation system


and a magazine attached to the actuation system is provided.
The magazine includes a plurality of tubes capable of receiv

and loading a second promotional item into a different one of

Related US. Application Data

the plurality of tubes. The ?rst promotional item is launched


and then the magazine is rotated around the actuation system

(60) Provisional application No. 61/482,444, ?led on May

under gas poWer to line up the second promotional item. The


second promotional item is then launched.

4, 2011.

15

Nov. 24, 1942.

c. F. LEFE'VER

2,302,963

TOY GUN

Filed Dec. 6, 1939

INVENTOR.
_

CHARLES
BY

F.

LEFEYER"

'ATTORNEYs

June 24, 1952

J. K. POPE

2,601,555

REPEATING TOY GUN


F .l l e d Am. .l l l 8, l 9.49

2 SHEETS-_SHEET l

INVENTOR.
JAMES K.POPE

ATTORNE SA

June 24, 1952

J. K. POPE
REPEATING TOY GUN

Filed April 1s, 1949

2 SHEETS-_SHEET 2

infx),

l
N

INVENToR.

JAMES KPOPE
BY

www ,
v

ATTO NEYS

March 3, >1953

l.. L. WHITE

2,630,108

REPEATING AIR PRESSURE GUN

Filed July l, 1949

MN,

.1l .l

IN VEN TOR.

26E/v7 f

Sept. 22, 1953

2,652,822

G. l. GRIFFITH
TOY PISTOL

Filed May 28, 1949

@ieui'Zr:

67191; I aw

Sept. 29, 1953

2,653,593

E. E. FOSTER
REPBATING AIR GUN

Filed Oct. 10, 1952

.l5`4
'

IN VEN TOR.-

Egal/@6.43m
`j M
A TTR/VEYS.

Jan. 3, 1956

2,729,207

E. E. FOSTER
REPEATER AIR GUN

Filed April 17, 1950

7 Sheets-Sheet 1

INVENTOR

Edm'rzEFosfer
BY

Qua 3:2
ATTORNEKS

June l2, 1956

E. E. FOSTER

2,749,902

REPEATING AIR GUN

Filed Feb. l0, 1955

f'gj

ATTORNEYS.

Sept. 11, 1956

E. E. FOSTER

2,762,356

REPEATING AIR GUN


Filed March 25, 1953

INVENTOR.

dzmif?m

MINRN.N
MNmN

ATTORNEYS.

United States Patent [191

[111

Scott

[451 Dec. 18, 1973

1541 SPRING TYPE PROJECTING DEVICE


[75] Inventor: Walter T. Scott, Huntingdon Valley,
Pa.

3,779,227

Primary Examiner-Richard C. Pinkham


Assistant Examiner-W. R. Browne

Attorney-Thomas M. Ferrill, Jr. et al.

[73] Assignees: Duncan Pollitt, Titusville, N.J.;


Roger Coe, Paoli, Pa.
[22]

Filed:

Dec. 22, 1971

[57]

[21] Appl. No.: 210,920

ABSTRACT

Apparatus is disclosed for propelling game balls or


like objects sequentially in a desired trajectory. A r0
tating elongated leaf spring, being bent over its entire
length by the combined action of a trip lever and a ful
crum, is used to propel the objects. The trip lever,

[52]

U.S. Cl .................. .. 124/16, 273/26 D, 124/50,

[51]

Int. Cl. ............................................ .. F41b 7/00

[58]

Field of Search ............. .. 124/16, 17, 36, 30 A,

when engaged by the elongated leaf spring, pivots to

124/41, 50; 273/26 D, 29 A

separate the object to be propelled from the ?ow of


objects from a magazine and to retain the elongated

124/30 R, 273/29 A

[56]
1,834,395
2,652,822

References Cited

leaf spring in a stressed and cocked condition. The ap

UNITED STATES PATENTS

paratus prevents overloading of the leaf spring and


also prevents extended vibration of the leaf spring by
the use of leaf springs and snubbing spring.

12/1931
9/1953

Gavlak ................................ .. 124/16


Grif?th ........................... .. l24/49X

FOREIGN PATENTS OR APPLICATIONS


23.100

10/1930

7 Claims, 8 Drawing Figures

Australia ............................. .. 124/16

"5a....

United States Patent [191


DAndrade
[54] TOY AUTOMATIC PISTOL FOR PING PONG

11/ 1968

4,227,508

[45]

Oct. 14, 1980

DeRuymbecke et a1. ........... .. 124/27

Primary ExaminerRichard C. Pinkham

BALLS

[75] Inventor:

Bruce M. DAndrade, Flemington,


NJ.

[73} Assignee:

Arco Industries Ltd., Hong Kong,


Hong Kong

Assistant Examiner-William R. Browne


Attorney, Agent, or FirmC. Hercus Just

[57]

ABSTRACT

A toy pistol for shooting ping pong balls having a frame


with a barrel portion at the forward end and a handle
extending downward from the rearward end, a maga
zine extending upward and rearward therefrom, a ram

[21] Appl. No.: 972,247


[22] Filed:

3,408,997

[11]

Dec. 22, 1978

[51]
[52]

Int. Cl.3 .............................................. .. F418 7/08


US. Cl. ...................................... .. 124/16; 124/37;

[58]

Field of Search ................. .. 124/16, 27, 37, 41 R,

[56]

124/50, 49, 21, 25, 28, 29; 273/26 D


References Cited

124/49; 124/41 C

U.S. PATENT DOCUMENTS


71,162
473,808
1,183,133
1,206,865
1,240,987

11/1867
4/1892
5/1916
12/1916
9/1917

Hall .
Arno .
Sperry .
Lefever .
Lefever .

2,053,152

9/1936

Kiesel .

2,652,822
2,737,942

9/1953
3/1956

Griffith ................................ ..' 124/27


Horowitz et a1. .

2,814,285

11/1957

Yamauchi ............................ .. 124/27

2,830,569
2,830,570

4/1958

Sakuta
Horowitz
et a1.
et a1. ............... .. 124/37 X

movable along longitudinal guide member in the frame


rearward from said barrel portion, a compression spring
to tire the ram forward, and a T-shaped combination
trigger and sear having a head with a sear movable

generally parallel to and below said guide members, the


stern of said T-shaped member being movable into the
forward portion of said handle and said head having
pins on the opposite end movable in forward and rear- a

ward guide slots in the frame, the rearward slot extend


ing rearward and downward, whereby near the end of
rearward movement of said T-shaped member the rear
end of said head is moved downward to disengage the
sear on said head from said ram which is ?red forwardly

by said compression spring and a tension spring-auto


matically restores the T-shaped member forwardly to

starting position.
3 Claims, 9 Drawing Figures

United States Patent [19]

[11]

4,241,716

Tsui

[45]

Dec. 30, 1980

[54] AUTOMATIC TOY GUN FOR PING PONG


BALLS

[75] Inventor:

Kwok W. Tsui, Hong Kong, Hong

Kong

[73] Assignee: Arco Industries Ltd., Hong Kong,

Hong Kong

Attorney, Agent, or Firm-C. Hercus Just

[57]

ABSTRACT

A toy gun simulating an automatic ri?e adapted to


shoot ping pong balls and comprising a pair of comple
mentary molded hollow shells which are connectable

along a central plane to form an elongated frame having


a shoulder stock at the rear end, a short cylindrical

[21] Appl. No.: 11,220


[22] Filed:
Feb. 12, 1979

barrel at the forward end, a stationary supporting han


dle extending downward from said frame intermedi

[51]

Int. Cl.3 .............................................. .. F41B 7/00

ately of the ends thereof, a magazine extending upward

[52]

US. Cl. ...................................... .. 124/27; 124/49;

124/39
[58]

Field of Search ..................... .. 124/27, 28, 29, 37,

[56]

124/38, 39, 41 R, 50, 49; 273/260


References Cited
U.S. PATENT DOCUMENTS

511,069

12/1893

Brown ............................. .. 124/39x

902,771

11/1908

Stange ............... ..

.. 124/39 x

1,927,424

9/1933

Trubenbach et a1.

124/39 X

2,371,249

3/1945

Majewski

2,830,569

4/1958

Sakuta et a1.

2,836,167

5/1958

Saito

3,470,859
3,476,100

10/1969
11/1969

.. ... .. . .. ..

... .. .. . . ...

. . . . . ..

124/27

124/37 UX
. . . . . . . . . ..

124/27.

Ponza ..... ..
124/50 X
Carbonneau ..................... .. 124/37 X

Primary Examiner-Richard C. Pinkham


Assistant Examiner-William R. Browne

and rearward from said barrel to hold a limited number

of ping pong balls for discharge into said barrel, a ?ring


ram supported by guide device for reciprocation within
the interior of the frame and having a ball-engaging
member on the forward end and a head on the rearward

end provided with a slot perpendicular to the path of


movement of the ram, a crank rotatably supported by
one side of said frame and connected to a support rotat

able therewith. The support has a crank pin positioned


for movement in said slot, and a compression spring
within the frame operable upon the ?ring ram to project
the same forwardly to ?re a ball from said barrel inci

dent to the crank pin moving from the upper end of said
slot in the head of the ?ring ram prior to the pin reach
ing its zenith of movement'

3 Claims, 9 Drawing Figures

28

lllllllllllllllllllllllllllIlllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllll
USOO5611321A
United States Patent [19]

[11] Patent Number:

Hoeting et al.

[45]

[54]

BALL LAUNCHING DEVICE

Date of Patent:

4,080,950
4,705,014

Inventors: Michael G. Hoeting; Sean T.

5,417,196

Mullaney7 both of Cincinnati,

5,611,321
Mar. 18, 1997

3/1978 Paulson m1. ........................... .. 124/1


11/1987

Kahelin ........... ..

.124/6X

5/1995 Morrison CI 2.1. .

124/6

5,471,967 12/1995 Matsuzaki 61 a1. ....................... .. 124/6

FOREIGN PATENT D

[73] Assignee: Bang Zoom Design, Inc., Cincinnati,


Ohio

4021282

10/1991

OCU

MENT

Germany ................................. .. 124/6

Primary Examiner.lohn A. Ricci

[21] Appl' No" 464004

Attorney, Agent, or Firm-Kurt R. Benson

[22] Filed:

[57]

[51]
[52]

May 18, 1995


6

Int. Cl. ...................................................... .. F41B 4/00


US. Cl. ................. ..
124/6; 124/79
of Search ............................... ..

6, 78,

[56]

References Clted

Us. PATENT DOCUMENTS

ABSTRACT

A device for launching Soft foam balls includes a launcher


body, a launching wheel having a Circumferential gripping
Sui-face thereon and a restriction in the launcher

for

urging a soft foam ball into compressed engagement with the

launching wheel. The device further includes a manually

operable rack gear assembly for rapidly rotating the launch


ing wheel and a feed assembly for individually releasing

1,211,738
2,477,308
2,989,045
3,548,801

1/1917 Marty ........................................ .. 124/6


7/1949 Malkan ................................... .. 124/79

foai'n
so that they Contact the launching whsel for
launching them from the launcher body in rapid Succession

6/1961 Hodge et a1. .


12/1970

Lohr .......................................... .. 124/6

3,995,859 12/1976 Goldfarb et a1. .

9 Claims, 6 Drawing Sheets

US. Patent

Mar. 18, 1997

Sheet 1 0f 6

5,611,321

US. Patent

Mar. 18, 1997

Sheet 2 of 6

5,611,321

US. Patent

Mar. 18, 1997

Sheet 3 of 6

5,611,321

US. Patent

Mar. 18,1997

Sheet 4 of6

5,611,321

mum. (2
I

_____
~_ ___:

m0N

1:

.Ql 3.

a
Ea

~N%
g'wiA.@
a
E
WW;
@_
aZ
wMar:mw3o_ m1%

US. Patent

Mar. 18, 1997

Sheet 5 0f 6

60
H
]||"'

70

2K

58'

76

5,611,321

lllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllll
US005267549A

United States Patent [19]

[11] Patent Number:

Webber

45

[54]

AIR-POWERED TOY GUN

Date of Patent:

l?vcmoh

Dec. 7 9 1993

3,022,779 2/1962 Bcnkoe ........................... .. 124/64X


3,726,266

[75]

5,267,549

David A- Webber, Amelia, Ohio

4/1973

Pal

4,848,307 7/1989

. . .. .

. . . . . . . ..

124/59

.................................. .. 124/59

[73] Assignee: Tonka Corporation, Pawtucket, RI.

priman, Exammer__Rando1ph A_ Reese

[2]] App]. N05 898,305

Assistant Examiner-John Ricci

[22] F1 d

Attorney, Agent, or Finn-Salter, Michaelson 8e Benson

[51] 11:6 5
11

[52]

15 1992

............................................ ..

F41B 11/12

us. 01. ............................. .. 124/65- 124/59

[58] Field of Search ..................... .. 124/56, 59, 63, 64,

124/65, 72 83

[56]

References Clted
US. PATENT DOCUMENTS
2,601,555 6/1952 Pope .
2,630,108 3/1953 White .
2,653,593 9/1953 Foster .
2,749,902 6/ 1956 Foster .
2,762,356. 9/1956 Foster .

[57]

ABS

Cr

An air Pwered my 8" mdudes ?rs and 5mm bar

e15 an? a WWW Pr.ab1'= pism'anfi'cyliflder me!

bly which includes a cylinder, and a piston 1n the cylin


der. The piston is movable in a ?rst direction in the

cylinder for applying pressurized air to the ?rst barrel in


order to launch a ?rst projectile therefrom, and it is
movable in an opposite second direction for applying
pressurized air to the second barrel in order to launch a

second projectile therefrom.


7 Claims, 3 Drawing Sheets

W. R. B'EARCE & R. J. JONES.


TOY FIREARM.
APPLICATION FILED SEPT-15,1915.

A1 , 1 84,41.

>

Patented May 23; 71916. '

)Y/LdO/Y It. ISM/ace


E556 <J. Jon/E 5.

Mrcfl, 1953 _

M. M. BAUDERER ET AL
PARACHUTE GUN

Filed April 5, 1951

_2,633,119

Unlted States Patent [19]

[11] Patent Number:

Smith

[45]

[54]

[76]

SPRING TYPE BALL PROJECIING DEVICE

Inventor:

Samuel c. Smith, 210 Hartman Road,

Newmn Centre, Mass 02159


[21] Appl No. 428 250
.

.1

[22] Filed:

Jan. 21, 1986

2,458,828

l/ 1949 Boese .................................. .. 124/27

4,133,452

1 1979

W']

' "out

......................... ..

mm X

Primary Examiner-Richard J. Apley


Assistant Examiner-Wi1liam R. Browne

57

Sep. 29, 1982

AB T

[ 1 .
s .RACT
.
A spring-actuated plunger in an elongated tube imparts

Int. CL .............................................. .. F41B 7/00

_
[53]

Date of Patent:

4,565,183

a directional force to a spongy projectile. A gravity

release pin for cocking the plunger permits rapid ?ring.

Field of Search ..................... .. 124/ 16, 17, 27, 37,

A loading magazine with a releasable spring-loaded ball

124/40, 41 R, 51 R, 82, 50; 273/413

perrrits eithetrlgravtity or rlnanulal loading. Dyel-tijnLpreg

56

References C-t d

na e

[ 1

le
U.S. PATENT DOCUMENTS
262,644

2,437,727

8/1882

proJec 1 es s un rat er t an injure wou

- e at

tackers and leave an imprint not visible to the naked


eye

Connelly ............................. .. 124/27

3/1948 Drumheller ......................... .. 124/27

36
30

8 Claims, 3 Drawing Figures

28
/ 32

B x

/4
/2)

40

ll

US. Patent

4,565,183

Jan. 21,1986

/ />/<

/ A,

MN%

US005337726A

United States Patent [191

[11]
[45]

Wood

Patent Number:
Date of Patent

5,337,726
Aug. 16, 1994

[54] HAND HELD PNEUMATIC POWERED


BALL THROWER

[76] Inventor:

FOREIGN PATENT DOCUMENTS


519777 5/1953 Belgium
124/56
124/73
941917 V1949 France

Michael
Irvine, Calif.
J. Wood,
9272022 Columbus,

5244-47

.8
.f

1. 1"1"2/14w,
a ,0:F/4Q61 ,4B

5.
I-

[57]

ABSTRACT
A pneumatic driven ball thrower employing a pressur
ized gas to move a piston and connecting rod against a
ball at rapid velocity to move the ball a pre-determined
velocity. The pressurized gas ram at a pre-determined
amount of pressurized gas in a very brief period of time

217M4Oylm.n v

1.2! 11/

[56]

,2 5

to rapidly accelerate the piston and rod. The device


employs a pressurized gas reservoir in proximity to the

References Cited
US. PATENT DOCUMENTS
2,818,056
3,233,601
4,086,902
3,308,803
4,280,248

12/1957
2/1966
3/1967
5/1978
7/1981

Martin
Walther
Walther
Reynolds
Herubel

124/61

124/61

Asszlttant Examiner-John Ricci


Attorney, Agent, or Firm-Harness, Dickey & Pierce

_ Oct. 8, 1992

[.l 555um.m. .mUE S.Mma0 S.N mn" h

.. ..

Primary
2118443
Examiner-Randolph
11/1983 United Kingdom
A. Reese

[21] App1.No.: 958,227


[22] Filed:

4/1955 Italy

pressurized gas ram employing a valve with a large gas

passage which opens rapidly permitting rapid passage


124/72
124/73
X
124/70 X
124/61
124/61 X

of the pressurized gas from the gas reservoir to the


pressurized gas ram.

9 Claims, 5 Drawing Sheets

B
.\ t

llrill/llIIIIIIll/IllllIlI/llllllllI/l/ll) viz/Ila,(III)

.w
ulw
5
Q
ole
mmH
mm
Imm
Q
._i_.z
Ma.Wlk
IIIIIIIIIIIIIIw1

US005343849A

United States Patent [191

[11] Patent Number:

Steer

[45]

[54] RAPID FIRE BALL GUN

4,833,330
7/19s9 llzlliagayoshi
.......................... .. 124/26
,s , 1 1/1990
66mm
24 5

[76]

4,951,644 8/1990 B011 ......

Inventor:

Michael Steer, 416 W- Huron, Ann


Arbor, Mich. 48103

[21]

APP1-N-= 930,634

[22] Filed:

5,343,849

Date of Patent:

Sep. 6, 1994

124/75

5,063,90511/1991 Farrell ..... ..

124/72

5,113,842 5/1992 Moormann.

124/65

5,115,794 5/1992 Moormann .......................... .. 124/65

Aug- 17 1992

Primary Examiner-Randolph A. Reese

[51] 1111. c1.5 ...................... .. F41B 11/26;F41B11/32


[52] US. 01. ....................................... .. 124/72; 124/69

Assistant Examl'1erhn Rm
Attorney, Agent affirm-ROY A- Ekstrand

[58]

[57]

Field of Search ............................ .. 124/56, 63-67,

124/69 74 83 45
[56]

References Cited

UDS. PATENT DOCUMENTS


2,601,555

6/1952

2,630,108

3/1953

Pope . . . . . . . . .

. . . . ..

124/65

'

A rapid ?re ball gun includes a hollow body supporting


at pressurizable air vessel and an air pump coupled

thereto through a check valve. An elongated cylindri


cal barrel is supported by the body and de?nes a cylin
drical ball chamber having a plurality of spaced inter
mediate ?elds forming ball spaces therebetween and a

2,653,593 9/1953
2,725,868 12/1955

?nal seal at the extending end of the cylindrical barrel.


A plurality of compressible foam balls are received
within the ball spaces between the intermediate seals
with the outermost ball being received in a ball spaced
de?ned between the ?nal seal and the most forward
intermediate seal. The cylindrical barrel is coupled to
the pressurizable air vessel by a trigger valve mecha

2,725,869 12/1955
2,729,207 1/ 1956
2,749,902 6/1956
2,762,356 9/1956
2,762,357 9/ 1956

3,342,171
3,633,560
3,765,396
3,783,737
4,086,902
4,159,705
4,163,439
4,819,609

ABSTRACT

9/1967
l/l972
10/1973
1/ 1974
5/1978
7/1979
8/1979
4/1989

nism which responds to trigger pressure by coupling the


pressurized air within the air vessel to the barrel thereby
expelling one or more of the compressible foam balls
from the barrel.

10 Claims, 1 Drawing Sheet

7/

72

1i\

anal}
I
26

3?

//

a?'l,
__

5 23 Z] 22

50

~-'- --

5/ 24
20

564:1,

.521.

23

7324742575

86

76

90
I/

)1

.94

(No Model.)

ZSheets-Sheet 1.

F. BURNS.
TOY ARM

No. 560,570.

Patented May '19, 1896.

2M M.

YPHOTO-UTHQWASNI NGrON. u C

(No Model.)

2 Sheets__-Sheet 2.

F. BURNS.
TOY ARM.

Patented May 19, 1896.

No. 560,570.

Il/16m.

ANDREW B GRAHAM,PHOTO'LITHQWASHINGTON DP

wad/4,15

llllllllll
US005660160A

United States Patent [191

[11]

Patent Number:

Prescott, Jr.

[45]

Date of Patent:

[5 4] PNEUMATIC LAUNCHER
[75] Inventor: Melvin Eulan Prescott, Jn. Houston.
Tex.

[73] Assignee: Melvin Eulan Prescott, Houston, Tex.

[21] Appl. No.: 476,073


[22] Filed:
[51]
[52]
[58]

Jun. 7, 1995

Int. Cl.6 ............................ .. F4113 11/00; F41B 11/32


U.S. Cl. ................................ .. 124/75; 124/70; 124/73
Field of Search ................................ .. 124/56. 70. 71.

124/73, 75. 81

[56]

References Cited
U.S. PATENT DOCUMENTS
352,110
1,266,764

11/1886 Bartlett .................................... .. 124/75


5/1918 Blair ........... ..
124/81

2,304,841

1211942 Mikkelsen

2,526,018

10/1950

Foster et a1. . . . . .

2,581,758

1/1952 Galliano et al. .

2,703,944

3/1955 Molyneux

3,400,703

9/1968

4,774,928

10/1988

5,337,726

5,660,160
Aug. 26, 1997

airborne delivery of soft promotional items to persons in an


arena or stadium environment. It is manually operable by
one person. Receiving its power from a tank of compressed
inert gas (usually nitrogen) ?tted with a regulator and a three
Way manifold with two air lines and a relief valve. the unit
has two hoses attached to its rear housing plate. One line ?lls
the accumulator tank while the auxiliary line insures the

pneumatic trigger always has gas pressure to complete the


?ring cycle. A ball valve of 11/2 or larger releases the volume
of gas from the accumulator tank quickly and completely.
much more so than solenoid operated valves by virtue of the
pneumatic air ram mechanism attached to the valve stem by
a balanced cam type T shaped handle assembly. The
released gas is channeled through a 180 curved tube into an
expansion chamber that uses thin metal vanes to spin the gas

as it approaches the barrel. thus allowing the lightest of


objects to overcome air drag as best possible upon exiting
the barrel. The loading and ?ring movements of the Pneu

124/73

matic Launcher can be performed with one hand while the


other. with the use of a shoulder strap. supports and balances
the unit. As the handle on the sliding breach cover is moved

....... .. 124/75

forward, the barrel is tilted down for safety during loading.

124/73 X

and as the handle is pulled back the barrel tilts up into


normal ruing position. As the operators hand moves to the
?ring button. the opening in the housing allows for a ?rm

124/70 X
. . . ..

Rhodes

.. . . . . . ..

. . . ..

124/75

Kholin

. .. . .

. . . ..

124/75

8/1994 Wood .................................. .. 124/75 X

grip in a central balanced position on the unit so that ?nal

Primary Examiner-John A. Ricci

[57]

aiming can be quickly achieved. The Pneumatic Launcher


can put a beverage insulator in a 12" circle at 50 feet or a soft

ABSTRACT

ball in a 36" circle at 250 feet under normal circumstances.

This invention, the Pneumatic Launcher. is an improved.

compressed inert gas powered. launching system for the

e i

10 Claims, 6 Drawing Sheets

No. 7|5,547.

Patented Dec. 23, i902.


E. J. HWARD.

TOY GUN.
(Application Bled June 12, 1902.)

if.l

i
f

US007882829B2

(12) Ulllted States Patent

(10) Patent N0.:

Witzigreuter
(54)

US 7,882,829 B2

(45) Date of Patent:

SMALL PROJECTILE LAUNCHING AIR GUN

5,924,413 A

Feb. 8, 2011

7/1999 Johnson

7,156,085 B2

1/2007 Lewis

7,287,526 B1
7,316,565 B2

10/2007 Bligh
1/2008 L139

(76)

Inventor:

John D. Witzigreuter, 3221 S. Cherokee


La., Woodstock, GA (Us) 30188

(*)

Notice:

Subject to any disclaimer, the term of this


patent 15 extended or adjusted under 35

2007/005 1353 Al

7/2008 Henrlcks
523mm et a1 """"""" " 124/63
3/2007 Nygarrd

U50 1540) by 94 days-

2007/0204841 A1

9/2007 Liao

(21) Appl. No.: 12/480,479


-

Primary ExamineriTroy Chambers

Jun 8 2009

(65)

(74) Attorney, Agent, or FirmiQuickPatents, 1nc.; Kevin

Prior Publication Data

US 2010/0307472 A1

(52)
(58)

* 1

* Cited by examiner

(22) Flled'

(51)

7,404,398 B2

Int C]_
F41B 11/00

Pnnce

Dec. 9, 2010

(57)

ABSTRACT

(200601)

The present device is a launcher for a projectile, comprising


an enclosure that is adapted to be held by a human hand. The

us. Cl. ............................ .. 124/65- 124/69- 124/70


Field of Classi?cation Search ................. .. 124/65

enclosure Comprises a barrel ape/urea a Pump ape/urea and a


trigger aPermre~ The launcher further Comprises a Pump

1 2 4 /69 70

assembly that comprises a pump piston traversing the pump

See application ?le for Complete Search history'


56

References Cited

U.S. PATENT DOCUMENTS


1,818,810 A *

8/1931

Miller ....................... ..

aperture. The pump piston is con?gured to be actuated by a


user and can be reciprocated in and out of a pump cylinder.
The launcher comP rises a comP ression chamber in ?uid com

124/69

munication With the piston cylinder through a check valve


that only alloWs air to pass from Within the piston cylinder
into the compression chamber. The launcher comprises a
trigger that opens the compression chamber and sends com

2,293,957 A * 8/1942 Wells


2,301,653 A * 11/1942 Wells

124/69
124/73

2,566,181 A *

8/1951

124/69

3,394,694 A

7/1968 Leclerc

a user. The barrel is in ?uid communication With the com

4,212,285 A

7/1980 Cagan

pression chamber through a trigger valve. The compact


design alloWs for direct ?uid communication betWeen the
pump assembly, the compression chamber, and the barrel.

4,843,751
5,363,834
5,429,108
5,592,931

A
A
A
A

5,690,091 A *

Fitch ......................... ..

7/1989
11/1994
7/1995
1/1997

Ferri
Stuchlik
Hsieh
Johnson et a1.

124/69

11/1997

Bissonnette ................ ..

124/80

pressed air into a barrel that can have a projectile stored

therein. The trigger is con?gured to be manually operated by

10 Claims, 3 Drawing Sheets

US008393299B1

(12) Ulllted States Patent

(10) Patent N0.:

Bernat
(54)

(45) Date of Patent:

TOY GUN

3,219,022 A *
3,897,061 A *

(76)

US 8,393,299 B1

Inventor.

'

4,241,716

Jeffrey Bernat, M1nneapol1s, MN (US)

D328l20 S *

Mar. 12, 2013

11/1965 Hagemeyer ................... .. 124/61


7/1975
12/1980

Grattan ..... ..
Tsui

473/511

... ... ..

. . . ..

7/1992 Aigner

124/27

D22/l04

(>1) Notice:

subject to any disclaimer, the/term 001115

253231;? 2 >1 12%??? 5511311511; ,,,,,,,,,,, ,jjj 133/21}

patent is extended or adjusted under 35

5,769,064 A

U.S.C. 154(b) by 135 days.

5,979,424 A * 11/1999 Alvarez et al. ................ .. 124/16

(21) Appl' NO" 12/949750

6,223,941 Bl*

5/2001

6,755,716 B2

6/2004 Agostini et al.

7,213,724 B1

(22)

7,448,371 B2*

Flledi

NOV-18,2010

7,537,001 B2*

Related US. Application Data


(60)

(52)
(58)

18 2009

'

ll/2008

Sapir ............................. .. 124/16

5/2009 Ma ................................ .. 124/69

http?/ l l l ~SWOrdWOrkS~Org/m1OmiHg/OMgUPhUm~

http://WWW.cramster.c0m/ansWers-n0v-08/phys1cs/fun-spnng-gun
spring-l0aded-toygun-sh00t-ball-mass-strai388349. aspX.

Int. Cl.
A10K 15/02

(2006.01)

US. Cl. ..................................... .. 119/702; 40/70.11


Field of Classi?cation Search ................ .. 119/702;
_

Nealey .......................... .. 222/82

5/2007 Langeret al.

OTHER PUBLICATIONS

Provisional application No. 61/262,388, ?led on Nov.

(51)

6/1998 Lu et a1.

42/7011

See appl1cat1on ?le for complete search h1story.

~t db
C1 e y exammer

Primary Examiner i 15am Alsomiri


Assistant Examiner i Justin Benedik
(74) Attorney, Agent, or Firm * Underwood & Associates,

LLC

References
U.S. PATENT DOCUMENTS
403,096 A

899,448 A *

5/1889

Egler

............................ ..

9/1908 Grobl

124/21

124/27

1,580,854 A *
1,615,266 A :

4/1926 Piessens
V1927 French ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ ~

l927424 A
2,600,883 A *

?rst, pre-?r1ng con?guratlon to a second, rest1ng con?gura

124/26
~ 473/511

t1on. The barrel compr1sesataperedport1on capable of hold


ing balls of variable siZe substantially Withinthe barrel, anda

9/1933 Tmbenbmh et a1

124/26

portion of the ?ring ram is capable of contacting a ball held

6/1952 Klng .................. ..

124/63

2,633,119 A *

3/1953 Baudereretal

124/27

2,636,738 A *
2,962,837 A *

4/1953 Abagoff ......... ..


12/1960 Lemelson

.. 473/511
.. 446/193

3,166,321 A *

A toy gun is described. The toy gun includes a ?ring rarn


con?gured in
a toy gun barrel
to be capable of shifting
from a
_
_
_

.thi th t

W1

11

rt.

e.apere po 1onW en

th ? .

. . th

e nngram1s1n

Con?guranon

1/1965 Fleishman .................... .. 124/27

17 Claims, 9 Drawing Sheets

1,
O 77/

lb0
i

\ I 'l |

/////// //////////////
_

__

T__

[30

-1

Hf

Hz)

1&0
nr

\IZ;

t.

eres1ng

E. S. ROE.
COMBINED AIR RIFLE, RUBBER BALL, AND POP GUN.
APPLIUATION FILED DEC. 22, 1908.

977,549.

Patented Dec.6,1910._ .

74/2 {-22 ass es

152 renter

THE NORRIS PETERS 50., WASHINGTON. 1:. c.

US005398665A

United States Patent [19]

[11] Patent Number:

Carlson

[45]

[54] BALL LAUNCHING


DEVICE
_ _
[76]

Invcntcn

Date of Patent:

[51]
[52]

5,154,522 10/19
10/19gg gay-ifs
............................. .. 124/291.1
eac ey .
124 7

5,249,5

5,257,615 11/1993 Jones ............ ..

124/56

Ct, W1lkesboro, N.C. 28691

5,303,695 4/1994 Shopsowitz

124/17

OTHER PUBLICATIONS

Allg- 9, 1993

Sports Tutor, Inc., Sports Tutor, 1992, all pages.

Int. (:1.6 .............................................. .. F41B 3/02


US. Cl. ................................... .. 124/17;
.

'

[58]

Jugs, Inc-1 JUGS, 1993 cover Page


Primary Examiner__Randolph A_ Reese
Assistant ExaminerHarry C. Kim

Z2:
248/ 163.1

[56]

References Cited

Us. PATENT DOCUMENTS

Attorney, Agent, or FirmW. Thad Adams, III


[57]
ABSTRACT
A ball launching device includes a tripod, an elastic

cord connilcted to the griplolil,e tripo


and (ailtlaallfholder
con
as irst and sec

nected to t e e astic cor .

gzg?gslllen """"""""""" " 124/17 X


2:357:165 8/1944 Brady
2,828,097

Mar. 21, 1995

P1111111 B- Carlson, 2163 Crabapple

[21] App1~ No-= 104,328

[22] Filed!

5,398,665

0nd downwardly diverging front legs and a back leg.

............................ .. 248/194

The ?rst and second front legs de?ne a ball launching

3/1958 Faunce .............................. .. 248/106

passage therebetween- The elastic cord is connected to

3,018,769 1/1962 Parsoneault

..... .. 124/11

the ?rst and second front legs for launching the ball

124/201

through the passage. The ball holder is connected to the

3,277,373 10/1966 PaPk-aa ------ ~

iggggi

gigs); a1 '

elastic cord for releasably holding the ball therein.

510121790

5/1991

5,123,643

6/1992 Heilhecker et a1. ................ .. 273/26

Bates ........................... .. 124/81

11 Claims, 12 Drawing Sheets

/20
26}?

f\
12

52

26a

55

25
25

\'4

22a

.-\L|
-\Q~O
,

l _

?
22b

21

United States Patent [,9]

[11]

4,016,854

Lehman

[45]

Apr. 12, 1977

[54] SPRING TYPE BOTTLE CAP PISTOL


[76]

Inventor: James A. Lehman, 1312 - 12th Ave.,

San Diego, Calif. 92101


Sept. 22, 1975

[22] Filed:

[57]
ABSTRACT
A pistol to propel and spin ring-like projectiles such as

[21] Appl. No.: 615,567


[52]

US. Cl. ........................... .. 124/27; 273/106 B;

124/42; 124/37; 124/81


[51]

Int. Cl.2 ....................................... .. F41B 15/00

[58]

Field of Search ................ .. 124/27, 42, 28, 29,

124/37, _47, 41 R, 36, 2; 273/101, 106 R


[56]

References Cited

'

UNITED STATES PATENTS


325,042

8/1885

1,240,987

9/1917

2,182,369

12/1939

2,742,889

4/1956

3,487,824
3,515,114
3,859,977

1/1970
6/1970
l/1975

I02
\

Primary Examiner-Richard C. Pinkham


Assistant Examiner--William R. Browne

Benjamin ...... ..

124/49 X

Lefever .... ..

. 124/27

Barron ........................... .. 124/81

bottle caps. An impeller is released by a trigger and an


off-center mounted hammer strikes and propels the
bottle caps with a spin. As the bottle cap exits from the
barrel of the gun, a wall mounted rib imparts an addi

tional spinning force to the bottle cap. The trigger of


the pistol has a portion for engaging and holding an
inside surface of the peripheral wall of the projectile in
the ?ring chamber. When the trigger is actuated the

portion engaging the projectile will pivot away and


permit the spring biased plunger to engage and propel
the projectile.

Clauss .................. ..

9 Claims, 6 Drawing Figures

68

96

"I

United States Patent [19]

[11]

4,059,089

Lehman

[45]

Nov. 22, 1977

[54] FLYING SAUCER LAUNCHING PIISTOL

[57]

[75] Inventor;

The invention is a pistol designed to ?re inverted con

James A, Lehman, El CajQn, Calif,

[73] Asslgnee:

ABSTRACT

cave disks which are smaller in size but similar in princi

wafne'l'Le'lma Corporanon E1

plc to the flying saucers popularized under the trade

ca-lon Cahf'
[21] Appl, NO_; 722,707

mark, Frisbee. The pistol is characterized by a generally


rectangular ?ring chamber into which the disks are

_
[22] Flled:

individually loaded, there being a spring loaded plunger


which is trigger operated to strike the disks off center to

Sept 13 1976

[51]

Int. Cl.2 .............................................. .. F41B 7/00

impart a spinning as well as translational movement to

[52]

US. Cl. ...................................... .. 124/27; 124/83;


124/41_R; 42/76 R
Field of Search ..................... .. 124/27, 28, 29, 37,

them, and a rib at. the exit end of the ?ring chamber
retards one side of the existing disk to accelerate the
spin- The rear end of the ?ring chamber beneath the

124/41 R, 42, 49, 83, 21, 46, 47; 42/76 R, 78,


54, 55

loading opening is provided in its lower side edges with


a pair of doubly inclined ramps which de?ne centering

surfaces so that the loaded disk will automatically settle

[58]

[56]

References C'ted

into a laterally central position, and an upright post

U.S. PATENT DOCUMENTS

connected to the trigger projects into the hollowed area

1 845 703

2/1932

Feild ...................................... .. 42/55

f the disk fmm beneath to restrain Same in ?ring Posi'

3:2O4:627

9/1965

Yam _____ __

124/37 X

tion, the post moving clear of the disk simultaneously

3,734,075

5/1973

staples

124/49 X

with the ?ring action initiated by drawing the trigger

3,859,977

1/1975

Lange ...........................

mm x

rearwardly

Primary ExaminerRichard C. Pinkham


Assistant Examiner~William R. Browne

Attorney, Agent, or FirmFrank D. Gilliam

7 Claims, 8 Drawing Figures

US. Patent

Nov. 22, 1977

Sheet 2 of2

4,059,089

US 20120073554A1

(19) United States


(12) Patent Application Publication (10) Pub. No.: US 2012/0073554 A1
(43) Pub. Date:

Victor et al.
(54)

TOY PROJECTILE LAUNCHER APPARATUS

(76) Inventors:

Robert James Victor, Sunnyside,


NY (U S); Brian Jablonski,

Mar. 29, 2012

projectile receptacle connected to the cocking slide, release


levers mounted to the housing, a guide Wall mounted to the
loWer panel, a positioning Wheel also mounted to the loWer

Providence, RI (U S)

panel, and a trigger mounted to the housing. The loWer panel


includes a slot positioned parallel to the guide Wall but off

(21) Appl. No.:

12/890,689

center relative to a center point of a load projectile. Beneath


the loWer panel is a rotatable launch arm connected to a

(22) Filed:

Sep. 26, 2010

torsion spring and a catch structure. The upper and loWer


panels are parallel to one another and spaced to receive a

Publication Classi?cation

projectile. The projectile is loaded into the projectile recep


tacle When the receptacle is exposed during the time the

(51)

(52)

(57)

Int. Cl.
F413 7/00
B23P 11/02

(2006.01)
(2006.01)

US. Cl. ........................................... .. 124/16; 29/446

ABSTRACT

A toy launcher apparatus for discharging circular projectiles,


the apparatus having a housing, loWer and upper panels
mounted to the housing, supports mounted to the housing, a
cocking slide and a slide spring connected to the supports, a

12?

launch arm and torsion spring are cocked by a user pulling

rearward on the cocking slide. The launch arm is captured by


the catch structure, and the cocking slide and the receptacle
are also captured. After loading the projectile, the one of the
release levers is activated to snap the cocking slide, the car
riage and the loaded projectile to a predetermined launch
position. When a user pulls the trigger the launch arm is

rapidly rotated by the torsion spring through the slot Where


the launch arm impacts the loaded and correctly positioned
projectile and causes the projectile to be discharge With a spin.

US005933892A

Ulllted States Patent [19]

[11] Patent Number:

Tramontano

[45]

[54]

MULTIPURPOSE BOTTLE CAP LAUNCHER

[76]

Inventor:

Steve Tramontano, 102 FlaXWood Dr.,


Holbrook LI, N_Y_ 11741

[21]

Appl' NO" 09/073897

[22] Filed:
[51]

May 6, 1998

US Cl

[58]

Fleld of Search """""""""

7/1989 Bryant et al. .


2/1994 Chamberland .

5,537,985
5,621,936

7/1996 Kohl 4/1997 Penaligon .

h
aunc er

(14)

_ _
comprising a

facility (30) in the body member (16) is for holding at least


7/151

locks

Cook ..................................... .. 7/151 X

21 Claims, 8 Drawing Sheets

14

///

///

0 y

one key (32) thereon, to prevent loss of the at least one key
(32), so that it can be used by the person (28) to unlock

......................................... ..

83

b d

be held and manipulated by a hand (26) of a person (28). A

6/1984 Roberts .

83

1
e cap

for removing a bottle cap (20) from a bottle (24), Which can

4/1977 Lehman .

20

target practice. A structure (22) in the body member (16) is

U.S. PATENT DOCUMENTS


2621 550 12/1952 B h
11/1983

mu ipurpose

for shooting a bottle cap (20) therefrom for recreational

ac

b m

References Clted
,

ABSTRACT
If

member (16). An assembly (18) in the body member (16) is

[56]

""" " 7/151 124/262172;/;127

4,455,894

4,846,024
5,282,634

[57]

[52]

4,412,464

Aug. 10, 1999

Primary ExaminerJames G. Smith

Date of Patent:

Attorney, Agent, or FirmMichael I. Kroll

Int. Cl.6 ...................................................... .. B25F 1/00

4,016,854

5,933,892

Jan. 1 1, 1949.

2,458,828

A. H. BOESE
TOY GUN
'

Filed Aug. 16, 1943

2 Sheets-Sheet 1

_-.,/ a

M.
J
_,H 2

17 74/119

&

gwuvrvbow
ART/lbw H. 50555

Jan. 11, 1949.

A,

B0555

2,458,828

TOY GUN

Filed Aug. 1641943

2 Sheets-Sheet 2

awhm'
'

ARTHUR H- BOESE

H. R. GILSON.
TOY CANNON.
APPLICATION FILED 0012s, 1912.

1,083,361 .

Patented Jan. 6,1914.

in
is

W/TA/ESSES:

/P. &

'

Wm/m

I?WWy-ZID. 6255072, I

J. D. KILGORE.
TOY CANNON.
APPLICATION FILED APR. 1, 1913.

1,076,125.

1E

On .

2%mLu?l a
m
w

M?a

iK 3..M6s

dmJ.
eW

IHm F

MWWMWm:
J

J. D. KILGORE.
TOY CANNON.
APPLIGATION FILED APR. 1, 1913.

1,076,125.

Patented 0013. 21, 1913.


2 SHBETSASHEET 2.

awuawkva

GLvi/Huzomw

wasp/u ? 122570115

Dec. 22, 1931.

<w. 1.. KAEHNT'ETAL


ELECTRIGAL CANNON

Filed March 10, 1930

5 ,2.

1,837,550

F.' S. JONES.
TOY RAPID FIRE GUN.
APPLICATION FILED Dic. s, 1918.

1,360,410,

T. G. STOUGH.
MACHINE GUN TOY.

1,356,664;

APPLICATION FILED FEB. 8,1919.

Patented Oct; 26,1920.


2 SHEETSSHEET l

.WI."VIHHHIHIHWILWHHHHM _

W1" 6M6[WWW
Q,
FIG. 3.

-_____,._

Ci
50

1''

J70

T. G. STOUGH.
MACHINE GUN TOY.

1,356,664.

APPLICATION FILED FEB. a. 1919.

Patented 001;. 26, 1920.


2 SHEETS~SHEET 2.

@~@/

m;Lmw

0I..|: lIL
|II.n
N
__
u

_.[I
_I
Q\
w
nn
J

mo
2
UJ
m
a,
4.

.m1/7

a.
n

77 6? fjouyi/

w.~1. CARTER.
v

Toy.

APPLICATION FILED APR. 26.1915.A

1,151,663. =

Patented A_ug. >31, 1915.

e. c. LASARES,

''

TOY CANNON.

APPLICATION FILED SEPT-28, I915

1,1,74,508. '

Patented Mar. 7,1916;

-~\\

5'_

5%

INVENTOR.

wzye flwaw . .

BY

/ZW
A TTORNE-YS.

C. B. OSBORN.
TOY CANNON.
APPLICATION rlLgo'luuszs. 1915.

Patented Mar. 14, 1916.

1,175,803.

3 SHEETSSHEET 2.

"HIid.
gvwewtm'y
WZQR 011-507.

THE COLUMBIA PWOGRAPH 10-, WASHINGTON, n. c. -

C. B. OSBORN.
' TOY CANNON.

APPUCATION FILED JUNE 23.4915.

1,175,303.

I Patented Mar. 14, 1


3 SHEETS-SHEET

J. C. DETTRA.
TOY OR THE LIKE.
APPLICATION FILED OCT. 6,1915.

1L 2.] O 5 6 W01.

PM

1%

1..

6
d
s
62
O
T
mH
mwm
mt
m
j Nm

60

1.

INVENTOR

WITNESS

ATTORNEYS

J. C. DETTRA
TOY OR THE LIKE.
APPLICATION FILED OCT. 6. 1915.

1 20)v 0

Patented Nov. 21, 1916.

w
6.

E
5Q
1,

2 SHEETSSHEET 2.

1/

_..Q

a.

I
Q, E

w
a

INVENTOR

WITNESS

@%

ATTORNEYS

J. L. TROUBHIDGE.
TOY MACHINE GUN.
APPLICATION FILED APR.5.1916.

Patented Dec. 5,1916.


2 SHEETS-~SHEET I.

lW/ma/

J. L TROUBRIDGE.
TOY MACHINE GUN.
APPLICATION FILED APR.5, I916.

Patented Dec. 5, 1916.


2 SHEETS-SHEET 2.

7% Wig-53176

R. A. PEAcoK.
SPRING GUN.
`APPL|CAT10N man MAY15.1915

11,229,129.

yPutened June 5, 1917.


2 SHEETSSHEET l

a wifi/lll Il 1

w,

ff
3v van to@

WHA/wm

@55.4.4

VR. A. PEACOCK.
SPRING GUN.
`

APPLICATKON

1,22931129.

'

FILED

MAY 15. 1915:

'

Patented June 5, 191?.


` 2 SHEETS--SHEET 2.

H. H. KEMPF.
TOY GUN.

1 1L

APPLICATION FILED MAR. 16. I916

Patented Dec. 4, 1917.


2 SHEETS-SHEET I.

H- H- KEMPF.
_ TOY euw.

9,11,.

APPLICATIQN FILED MAN. [8. l9l6.

Patented Dec. 4, 191?.


2 SHEETS~SHEET 2.

y? ?

7/,

l. D. KILGORE.
TOY CANNON.
APPLICATION FILED MM5. 191e.

1,258,018

59

Patented Mar. 5,1918.

1. H. >BURGHEHl
TOY CANNON.
APPLlC-ATION FILED SEPT. I. |917-

Patented Mzu. 26, 1918.


2 SHEETS-SHEET I.

1. H. BURGHER.

1,260,633..

' TOY CANNON.

Y. T. AHERN.
TY.
APPLICATION mso APH. 1. 1911.

Patented May14,1918.

T. R. ARDEN. '

TOY CANNON.
APPLICATION FILED MAY23. 19!].

1,270,764.

Patented July 2,1918.

$0\

11/1/72. "
24 A? as 2? "
Z6

,0 I? .
.

1|

I]! w lI"w N1

*3:

NM;

M" and,
3 mnwtoz

A. C. GILBERT.
TOY GUN.
APPLICATION FILED MAR. 25. 1918.

1,810,613.-

'

Patented July 22, 1919.


4 SHEETS~SHEET l

jgwwzibz

Jiforw

A. C. GILBERT.
TOY GUN.
APPLICATION FILED MAR-25,1918.

1,3 1 0.6 1 3 .

Patented July 22, 1919


4 SHEETSSHEET 2.

32

_ _ . .

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ .l

A. C. GILBERT.
TOY GUN,
>

1,8 1 0,61 3.

APPLICATION FILED MAR-25, 1918-.

Emma July 22, 1919.


4 SHEETS-SHEET 3

37-5

$21M
V

94

'

E. M.

?fomeg/

A. C. GILBERT.
TOY GUN.
APPLICATION FILED MAR-Z5. I918.

1 ,3 1 0,6 1 3

Patented July 22, 1919.


4 SHEETSSHEET 4

/
64

""""""""""""""

_________________________ n

-ZQW 6. mm

JZZZTW

C. J. EMERSON.
TOY CANNON.
APPLICATION FILED APR.20, 1918.

1,332,490,

Patented Mar.

1920.

Imvmnm on

CYRUS \lEMEREEIN

BY

WWW
AT T EIRNBY

W. S. GARDNER.
'

10v CANNON.

APPLICATION FILED NOV. 97 1918.

'1,333,,405.

Patented Mar. 9,1920.

I.

I1

,1

1%
-

1g

I.

III!

II"

T. HALLINAN.
ELECTRICAL TOY GUN.
APPLICATION FILED MAR. 3. 1919.

1 ,343, 1 27,,

WITIVESS'ES

Patented June 8, 1920.

w. L. NICOLS.
TOY CAN-NON.
APPLICATION-FILED AUG.29, I919.

1,352,681

Patented Sept. 14, 1920.

if

u
.71,
4D
Y i
,J

.(Ika
.6

/.
4.

\
Iq
n,

'4

//

' 1/,

mm

I.(ZH_ l

1%
/7

INVENTOR
4/7! . Mac 1- .s.

8%
'

'ATToRNEY

E. E. STURK.
TOY CANNON.
APPLICATION man um. 22. |920.

1,358,125.

Patented Nov. 9, 1920.

AN A

'rif/:w56 ses

F.' S. JONES.
TOY RAPID FIRE GUN.
APPLICATION FILED Dic. s, 1918.

1,360,410,

C. W. MINNICH.
TOY CANNON.
APPLICATION FILED $EPT.20, 1919.

1436211 7 1 .

Patented D60. 14, 1920.

M. E. JOHNSON.
TOY CANNON.

1,364,765.

APPLICATION FILED on. 15, 1920.

Patented Jan. 4, 1921.


_3 SHEETS-SHEET l.

11511777222503,

1,364,765.

\
Im%N

APPLICATION FILED OCT- 15. 1920

M. E. JOHNSON.
TOY CANNON.

1,364,765.

APPLICATION F|LED_0CT. 15, I920.

I,

gwvemlroz

MEL/072725022;

P. PETERSON.
TOY CANNON.
APPLICATION FILED JAN-6.1921.

1 ,414,827.

Patented May 2,1922.

I?

-.

/0

'

1i

2 % W42

Dec. _11 ,

1923.

P. GADECKI
MECHANICAL TOY

Filed Jan. 6. 1923.


15

FIG.2

km

'4.

1,477,341

Aug. 12, 1924.


`

1,504,819
-

C.'

H.

HANWELL

TOY CANNON, PISTOL, GUN, AND THE LIKE


Filed Jan. 29. 1923

@y

. y
-

,my

Dec. 30, 1924.

1,521,510
'

E. s. DOUGHTY

TOY CANNON

Filed Aug. 29, 1924

'

IHHHHIIIIIHHHI
I INVENTOR.

34'

3,5

25.$021 Z5?

June 19, '1928.

1,673,945

A. S. LITTLEFIELD

TOY CANNON

Filed July 11, 1927

Ik

May 20, 1930.

L. MARX

TOY REPEATING GUN

1,759,128

Filved Oct. 11. 1928

INVENTOR

Louis Marx

BYC i

(vigil/HM
ATTO R N EYS

June 24, 1930.

c_ Q BLACKMQRE TOY

CANNON

Filed 'Jan 1e.v 1929

1,765,561
'

2 Sheets-Sheet 1

CHARLES c. BLACKMORE,_
WW

June 24, 1930.

1,765,561 I

C. C, BLACKMORE

TOY CANNON

Filed Jan. 16, 1929

2 Sheets-Sheet 2

9.

-M.
?n?
._.
/.

h
I.(/\\
.\\
a.
x.
\4
\\\
I
., /,
\
a
n
____
.
x5
, 3

wi_8l._-//+\\
.m.\__
.3,

/, ,~, ,

3swam
aQM
NR
NW
mm

3
m5
P.. W
mm

\
mm
Q.
B
2. 1_
3

W
/QN

ah:.B.*

vm
Q
c 1m 2

J
\\h
L

ME,
WM

APril 7,, 1931.

P. J. HEMMER ET AL

1,800,069

TOY CANNON

Filed Dec. 13. 1929

INVENTORS

T55 5 -

Peier Jfj'emm _

BY

.lfenly WEI/"9c

1%.
ATTORNEYS

Nov. 17, 1931.

1,832,177

s. 1. BERGER
TOY CANNON
Filed July 3. 1930

'

IN VEN TOR.

/\

Jm/J. @

g \l // - 13V:
ATTORNEY.

Dec. 1, 1931.

J. G. GAVLAK

1,834,395

TOY CANNON

Filed March 10' 19.30

%M @- {1M

June 14, 1932.

J. w. MaCDQNALD

1,863,062

TOY CANNON
Filed Dec. 13, 1930

2 Sheets-Sheet

NVENTOR

WWW

June 14, 1932.

J. w. MaCDONALD
'

1,863,062

TOY CANNON

Fild Dec. 13, 1950

2 Sheets-Sheet

INVENTOR

' July 7, 193B.

G_ E, WADE

2,046,663

MINIATURE CANNON

Filed suept. 111., 1955

24

@v ~
\

3'2

'

w;

/4

26

_ \

26

>

20

L_Ul-J '

32

E
-3

/2
~

/4

g
g

'

l6

I L??? 42////J///%//
8

34
INVENTOR

George -E. Wade,


BY

ffffwzw,

ATTO RN EY.

Feb- 24, 1942.

P. M. STEPHENS

2,274,009

TOY CANNON OR HOWITZER

Filed Sept. 13, 1940

T
/

,| my ml 19"

2 Sheets-Sheet l

J2

ATTOEN EY

Feb. 24, 19421.

2,274,009

P. M. STEPHENS
TOY CANNON OR HOWITZER

Filed Sept. 13, 1940

2 Sheets-Sheet 2

ATTORNEX

Oct. 13, 1942.

E. o. BONEWITZ
FIRE-CRACKER CANNON

Filed June 21>. 1940

2,298,609

July 20, 1943-

A. 4. MANNIGEL

2,324,860

TOY F'mgpam
Filed "April 13, 1940

? 4/
lgllllllll-ll

,- y

2 Sheets-Sheet l

A/erf I. Manhe/
and W

.vumuo
Attorneys

July 20, 1943.


'

A. L. MANNIGEL
'

TOY

FIREARM

2,324,860

Filed April :3. 194a

1/9
6+ C
.

'

2 Sheets-Sheet 2

9A4?

JQ\

- '-.

{I O I

6
_

Inventor I

i/l/5er7 L. Marmge/

16'

By
Attorneys 1

Dec. 7, 1943.
I

w. J. BURCHETT

2,336,391

TOY SPAHKING CANNON OR THE LIKE.

Fild Dec. 6, 1941

2 Sheets-?nest 1'

lll

INVENTQR
BY

W/MQM
ATTORNEYS

> Dec. 7, 1943.

W. J. BURCHETT '
TOY SPARKING CANNON >0R' THE LIKE
'Filed Dec. 6, 1941 '

imzmu

mi

m. U.
. wQ,J5....51
NW1
W
_.l.

2,336,391
2 Sheets-Sheet 2

March 6, 1945.,

1-_ RMENDLES

2,371,059

TOY GUN

Filed May 29, 1943

3 Sheets-Sheet l

24

I'l
O
I ul'cutor

3mm I

March 6, 1945.

'

T_ R MENDLES
TOY

GUN

2,371,059
'

Filed May 29, 1943

3 Sheets-Sheet 2

$42

30174
1

$5.

.+

'

lm'wlmr

72m E/WendZes

WWW

March 6, 1945.

' T_ R MENDLES

2,371,059

TOY GUN

Filed May 29, 1943

3 SheetsSheet 3

/9

44

'J

'47

aw"

> W, %
71,9040)??? M rad/es
45'

By

I ,;..

M55104} gM35518]:

Feb. 1, 1949.

2,460,770

c. H. sHlRl-:Y
ARTILLERY WAR GAME

3 Sheets-Sheet l

Filed April '7, 1948 '

.mfk
.N.mu
NY

. .,

E
`

ws @46m

` Feb. 1, 1.949.

'

c. H. sHlREY

2,460,770

ARTILLERY wAR GAME

Filed April 7, 1948

s shets-sheet 2

Feb. l, 1949.

C. H. SHIREY

2,460,770

ARTILLERY WAR GAME

Filed April 7,4 1948

3 Sheets-Shea?l 5

June 21, 1949.

Q; JONES

2,474,054

ELECTRIC RELEASE FOR TOY GUNS

Filed May 1, 1944

INVENTOR.

Clzrzzazz Jrzas
_

BY'

ATTORNEY

Jan. 3, 1950

B, wAGMAN

2,493,429

TOY CANNON

Filed March 18, 1946

'7
N

07/6/2170?

Bar/MM! "441mm!

Oct- 24, 1950

J. l. WHITE ET AL

2,527,284

TOY CANNON
Filed April 12, 1946

2 Sheets-Sheet 1

24

34

Z;

. 26

z' , Z

Z6
z;

f
'36

29:

30 Z

INVENTOR.
JOHN I.WHITE av-ni

37/

ROBERT BMOSSMAN

WP #CLM
ATTORNEY

J. I. WHITE ETAL

Oct. 24, 1950

2,527,284

TOY CANNON

Filed April 12, 1946

2 Sheets-Sheet 2

33
32

7/

35
26

34 3]

30

Z1

J]

Z3

IN VEN TOR.
BY 4 . ROBERT
JOHN1B.MOS5MAN
I. wm'rz
,.
4%

A'T'TORNEY

u_.v4

March 4, 1952

F_ C, BEYERS

2,587,687

TOY GUN

Filed Dec. 17, 1946

2 SHEETS--SHEET l

38

2.FIGA,.

25309%46275/
Fred C- B2 Yew'l

,March 4, 1952

F. c. BEYERs

2,587,687

TOY GUN

Filed Dec. 17, 1946

2 SHEETS--SHEET 2

FIG. 3.

gri/Umm
Fred C eyers,

2,587,687
ing into the rear bore
2t, and a second nut 5@
rod portion #l5 secures
nent contact with the
bore 28.

in said barrel produces the eiect of a barrel of a


real anti-aircraft gun recoiling in consequence of

2S of the gun breech


on said threaded piston
said washer in perma~
front wall oil the rear
'

being discharged.

The outside- diarneter oi the gun barrel 31 is

such that the barrel nts slldably in the front


bore 2l of the gun breech 2t. The helical spring
lid urges the barrel rearwardly into Contact with

vFigure d illustrates a gun barrel i8 oi the type


described mounted on the stoel; li of a pistol'.
The construction ci the gun barrel is exactly the
same as described above, with exception that

the stop pin 5l in the path ci the gun barrel

isy retracted by means of a trigger 'il instead of


10 a lanyard.
Figure '7 shows a rifle stock 'J8 equipped with a
To cool: the gun the barrel 3l is pulled out
gun barrel di? and having a trigger l@ for re
wardly in relation to the breech 21%, A stop pin
tracting the stop pin el in the path ci said
iii extends through a guide tube E52 inserted in
barrel.
the wall of the gun breech
The stop pin 5i
Having described my invention I claim as new
has an eye 53 on its lower end, and the end 5tV
desire to secure by Letters Patent:
o a crank lever 55 engages this eye. rThe crank
A toy pop gun comprising a holder having a
lever is pivot-ally mounted at
on abracket 5l
barrel portion with a central bore and a support
"astened tc the underside o' the gun breech 2li.
extending downwardly from the barrel portieri
,e
of the cranl: lever o is provided
with an eye 5, to which a lanyard
is attached 20 intermediate the length thereof, a. trigger piv
oted on the holder forwardly of the support,
and trained
'. on a second bracket
said holder having an opening in its barrel poru2 on the underside ci the breech "il A coil

the shock pad di.

tion through" which the 'gger ina-y be extended,


spring 53s surrounding the pivot pin 5 urges the
second barrel slidable within the> central bore
crank lever
to raise the stop pin 5i into the
gun breech and into the path of the barrel 3l, 25 oi the barrel portion ci the h '.der, a rod ex~
through the
barrel and connected
so that the barrel isssecured in cocked position.
to the rear end oi the barrel portion of the
l
on the outer end oi the rod,
holder,
_c_unger
an operating spring surrounding the rod and ex
between the plunger
the rear end of
W hen the barrel El is in cocked position a cor * 30 ten
the second barrel to urge the rearw rd move
or any other suitable plug or wad is forced
inent thereof, the forward
or" the second
into the muzzle end of the barrel 3l'. The gun
barrel being adapted to receive a charge o ina~
is aimed by training it by means of the ilrst
terial, said trigger being adapted when extending
mentioned worm 2li and sector worm gear i,
through the opening
the holder to engage the
and by elevating the breech ill by means of the
. rear end ci the second barrel to normally retain
second
35i and sector worm gear
rthe
stop pin iii is pulled downwardly
actuating
in the extended position,
rod be
ing threaded on its rear end, an adjustable lock
the crank lever 5:5 through the lanyard Sil, per
n'iitting the gun barrel 3l to slide rearwardly
nut on the threaded end of the rod to retain the
into the gun breech. The air being compressed Li() _rod against rearward displacement and to allow
for the proper adjustment oi the. rod within the
in the barrel 3l between the piston tl and the
second barrel, a cushioning means surrounding
cork
expels the latter from the barrel muz
zie with a loud bang. The distance, to which the
the rod and adapted to react against the rear
cork is projected, can be regulated by the tension
end of the second barrer to lcushion and resist
of the spring dll in the barrel.
the rearward movement thereof at the end of its
To protect the gun breech 2t against excessive
rearward stroke and upon the second barrel
wear by the sliding of the barrel
a metal lin
being released from the trigger, and a nut se
ing 65 may be provided in the forward end of
cured to the threaded end oi the rod tor retaining
the `front bore El in the gun breech.
the saine on the holder against forward displace
Figures a and 2i illustrate a modification of 50 nient therefrom.

FRED C. EEYERS.
the plugged front end et the gun barrel. In this
modification the muzzle end of a gun barrel @l is

The rear opening of the rear bore 253 of the


breech 26 is closed by means of a plug
or in
any other conventional and desired manner.

@FEED
provided with a plurality of blade springs 68
securely fastened onto the outer surface of the
The following references are of record in the
barrel, and having bent, forward portions Sil ex 55 ille of this patent:
tending into the bore of the barrel through lon
NETE@ STATES PATENTS
gitudinal slots iii in the barrel El, the foremost
Number
Name
Date
ends li of the bent spring portions il@ being
295,271
Mole ____________ __ Mar. 18, 1884
shaped to extend outwardly through said slots.
304,654
King ____________ __ Sept. 2, 18S-i
A stop pin 'le extends diametrically through the
barrel at a distance rearwardly of the slots l@ 60
and is secured in the circumferential wall of the

381,695

Vavasseur _______ __ Apr. 10, 1888

barrel. A plug lf3, having a disk-like gasketfid

971,549*

Roe _______________ ,_ Dec. e, 191)

fastened to its rear end fits slidably into the


barrel El and has a semi-globular iront end l5.
.he length or" this plug projectile riii is such that
it engages the spring portions td inside the barrel
tl' with its front end, when the gasket 'le is

1,114,615

Hough __________ __ Get. 2li, 19111

1,204,803
1,237,928
1,248,507

McCullough ______ __ Nov. 1a, 1916


MacLean ________ __ Aug. 21, 191'!
Leiever ___________ __ Dec. 4, 1917

1,482,424
2,371,059

Zimmerman _____ -_
5, 1924
Mendles __________ __ Mar. 6, 1945

arranged in contact with the stop pin l2. rllhe


gasket lil and the springs SSB increase the eni
ciency of the gun by producing a greater resist 70
v ance against the displacement of the projectile
"it from the barrel, so that a greater air pressure

is needed to discharge the gun.


The rearward movement of the floating gun
barrel under the pressure of the helical spring 75

3fi4,353

Dannn __________ __ June 29, 1885

FGREGN PATENTS

Number
1,181

Country
Great Britain

Date
_____ _

_ _ _ __

1354

4,078

Britain ________ __1____ 1915

419,936

France _______ _____- Nov. 9, 1910

Nov. 17, 1953~

E. s. LEACH

2,659,356

TOY CANNON

Filed May 18, 1951

2 Sheets-Sheet 1

Nov. 17, 1953

2,659,356

E. S. LEACH
TOY CANNON

Filed May 18 , 1951

2 Sheets-Sheet 2

E
l.
\
l

9%;

Fig.
7

J
n

W
//

Edward 5. Leach
.

BY

INVENTOR.

May 25, 1954 .I

A, Q GRAHAM

2,679,242

TOY CANNON

Filed Oct. 18, 1952

155-2.
l8

.JI 4%

'

gzz////////Lg)///////2/ 20' 22% "


,

_
_

l4

I_"'s

/8

i__

,9

27/

23

I6

'///
I

I]
-

.3722
*

>

"[223,
.u

19

29

__/7

'

2/0

'

'

INVENTOR.

ALLEN 0. GRAHAM

"Wm
' QTTOR/VEY

June 8, 1954

2,680,619

0. w. REITER

REMOTE CONTROL BOMBI-NGPGAMEMPPARATUS


Filed May 22, 1950

I5 Sheets-Sheet 1

Orva W- Reifer
,

IN VEN TOR.

BY 1%mfg

ay 13, 1958

J. M. GUTHRIE

2,834,332

TOY GUN

Filed July 18, 1955

5 Sheets-Sheet 1

JOHN M. GUTHR/E',
INI/ENTOR

HUEBNER, BEEHLER,
WORREL 9 HERZ] G,
TTORNEYS.

May 13, 1958

2,834,332

J. M. GUTHRIE
TOY GUN

5 Sheets-Sheet 2

Filed July 18, 1955

55 5456575651

53

49 47"
I
Inn

86

` JOHN M. GUTHR/E,

INVENTQR
H UEBNER, BEEHLER,
WORREL d HERZIG,
lfTToRNEl/s.

May 13, 1958

J. M.`GUTHR1E
TOY GUN

2,834,332
'

Filed July 18, 1955

5 sheets-sheet s

103

JOHN M. GU THR/E',
' INI/ENTORk

HUEBNER, BEEHLER,
WORREL 9 HERZIG,
TTORNEYS.
BY

sept. 3o, 195s


`

y A. w. HALEY
TOY

CANNON

2,853,990
`

Filed Jan. lO, 1956

2? g3 35

37v

l5 26 2.9

/6

IN VEN TOR.
,

BY

> ATTORNEY

Dec. 15, 1959

T. J. HANDLEY "

TOY GUNS
Filed Feb. 3, 195a

' 2,91 7,038

Feb. 27, 1962

R. A. RUCKER, -

3,022,597

ELECTRIC TOY CANNON


2 Sheets-Sheet 1

Filed Feb. 18, 1959

L...

T0 GROUND
'

'24

Richard A. Rucker

INVENTOR.

Feb. 27,, 1962

3,022,597

R. A. RUCKER
ELECTRIC TOY CANNON

Filed Feb. 18, 1959

2 Sheets~$heet 2

1.i-"~l
Richard A. Ruc/rer
INVENTOR.

mg.

ZMwmm

Sept. 5, 1967

M. l. GLASS ET AL

3,339,536

TOY CANNON WITH SEPARABLE FRONT AND REAR BARREL. SECTIONS

Filed April 16, 1965

2 Sheets-Sheet l

Sept. 5, 1967

M_ |, GLASS ET AL

'

3,339,536

TOY CANNON WITH ,SEFARABLE FRONT AND REAR BARREL SECTIONS

(ab

.34 @W%

Oct. 1, 1968

3,403,669

D. L. CROSMAN
TOY CANNON WITH BARREL RECOIL MECHANISM

Filed Aug. 11, 1966

3 Sheets-Sheet 1

INVENTOR
FJAQL 4 l. CIQOJMHA/

TTORNEYS

Oct. 1, 1968

3,403,669

D. L. CROSMAN
TOY CANNON WITH BARREL RECOIL MECHANISM

Filed Aug. 11, 1966

NNNW

3 Sheets-Sheet 2

(No Model-)_

T' Hl BROWN.
TOY PISTOL.

J. J.>LOUD.
TOY CANNON.

Patented Dec. 27,1887.


0

United States Patent 1191

1111

Boyd

1451 Nov. 27, 1973

'

3,774,585

[54] ELASTIC BAND PROJECTILE PROJECTING


DEVICE

['57]

ABSTRACT

[76] Inventor: Robert A. Boyd, 1974 Seward St.,

A projectile projecting gun having a gear arrangement

Detroit, Mich.

for changing the elevation of the gun barrel. Below the

[22] Filed:

barrel of the gun there are two slidable structures that


ride on a track. The forwardmost structure is the unit

Apr. 6, 1972

that receives and propels a projectile. The rearmost

[21] Appl. No.: 241,500

structure pulls the forwardmost structure to a projec

tile receiving position, where, after receiving a projec


tile, a pivoted portion of the rearmost structure is piv

[52]

US. Cl ...................... .. 124/21, 124/50, 124/41,

[51]

Int. Cl. ............................................ .. F4lb 7/00

[58]

Field of Search ................. .. 124/41, 29, 40, 35,

most structure is pulled along forwardly with the for~

124/34, 21, 50, 17, 31; 74/530, 527, 528

wardmost structure by a common elastic band, the

124/37, 124/29, 273/106 E

[56]

References Cited

oted so as to release the forwardmost structure so that

the latter stucture may propel the projectile. The rear

band furnishing the force necessary to project an ob


ject, The rearward movement of the forwardmost
structure causes an arm to be cammed away so that

UNITED STATES PATENTS


1,310,613
2,860,731

7/1919
11/1958

Gilbert ................................ .. 124/29


Hause ................... ..
74/530 X

2,264,399

12/1941

Oppenheim et al.

3,572,311

3/1971

..... .. 124/21

Baer ................................ .. 124/41 X

one projectile may be positioned in the barrel for ?r


ing. The barrel of the gun may be locked in a desired
position. After the barrel has been locked in a desired
position a separate safety lock may be used to releas
ably hold the above mentioned lock for the barrel.

Primary Examiner-Richard C. Pinkham


Assistant ExaminerWilliam R. Browne

Att0rney~Charles Krassov

1 Claim, 8 Drawing Figures

United States Patent [191

v[11]

Torgow
[54]

3,811,675

[451 May 21, 1974

PROJECTOR, FIELD, AND TARGETS

[57]

ABSTRACT

A game combining strategy and skill has a game play


ing surface with two ends, the surface being marked

[76] lnventor: Abraham M. Torgow, 185 E. 206th


St., Bronx, NY. 10458
[22] Filed:
Apr. 6, 1972

off from each end in an assembly zone, numbered ad


vance zones, and an option zone. Movable playing

[211

App]. No.: 241,696 '

pieces are two sets of target symbols, usually repre

[52]

US. Cl. ................................. .. 273/101, 124/26

[51]

Int. Cl ............ ................ ..; .......... .. A63b 71/02

senting soldiers, and shielding blocks. Each player has

[58] Field of Search... 273/95 R, l0l, 127 R, 85 R;


'

124/26, 37, 40, 29; 46/22, 15, 115

[56] '

disposed about the rod, a compression spring urging

References Cited

UNITED STATES PATENTS


2/1970

a shooting means operated from his end of the game


surface with which he may knock down shielding
blocks or soldiers of the other player. The shooting
means is preferrably a spring operated cannon having
a barrel, an axial rod in the barrel, an impulse plunger

' 3,495,828
2,460,770

2/1949

Kymla ................................. .. 124/29


Shirey ...... ..
..

3,375,008

3/1968

Atkinson...

3,495,828
2,607,591

2/1970
8/1952

Kymla ..... ..
Tilley ...... ..

2,563,969

8/195]

Skinner.....

2,735,221

2/1956

Fields .........................

the plunger towards the muzzle of the barrel, means


locking and releasing the plunger in a rear position,
and a projectile containing an axial bore disposed
about the rod and ejected on release of the plunger.
Emplacements at each end of the game surface or
board have end walls through which the cannon

project. Side nets extending between the emplace


...... .. l24/37

ments contain projectiles on the playing surface.

1 Claim, 6 Drawing Figures

Primary Examiner-Richard C. Pinkham


Assistant Examiner-Marvin Siskind
Attorney, Agent, or Firm-William Anthony Drucker

(Model.)

J. JQLOUD..
PIRE GRACKER CANNON.

N. 385,127.

Patented June 26, 1888.

W/ T/VESSES
myx a GM/ _

//\/ VEA/TOR.
-

N. PErERg Fnnwlmmgnpher, washington. 0.-?,

ML

United States Patent ' [191

[11]

Ditto et al.

[45] Feb. 17, 1976

3,938,272

i541 TOY CANNON


[76] Inventors: Donald R. Ditto; Kenneth H. Hare,
both of 3129 Maple Leaf Lane,
Dallas, Tex. 75233
[22] Filed:
Mar. 28, 1974

Primary ExaminerCharles T. Jordan


Attorney, Agent, or Firm-Howard E. Moore; Gerald

[2l] Appl. N0.: 455,854

G. Crutsinger

[52]
[51]
[58]

U.S. Cl .......................................... .. 42/55; 89/7


Int. Cl.2 ........................................... .. F41F H00
Field of Search .............................. .. 42/55; 89/7

2,754,607

7/1956

Wily ...................................... .. 42/55

3,247,611

4/1966

Wilson . . . . . . . . .

3,745,691

7/1973'

Brown, Jr. ............................ .. 42/55

[57]

. . . . ..

42/51

ABSTRACT

A toy cannon for ?ring a resilient projectile when a

References Cited

compressed fuel-air mixture is ignited. Air is com


pressed-into a chamber containing fuel as the resilient
projectile is forced into the barrel of the cannon. An

UNITED STATES PATENTS

ignitor in the chamber is actuated from a shielded po

[5 6]
1,352,715

9/1920

Wily 1 . . . . . .

. . . ..

42/55

1,998,023

4/1935

Peake . . . . . . .

. . . ..

42/55

1,999,357

4/1935

Driggs, .lr..

2,000,607

5/1935

Peuke ................................... .. 42/55

42/55

17/

20/

Tim
i

sition externally of the chamber to ignite the fuel-air


mixture.

4 Claims, 3 Drawing Figures

US. Patent

Feb 17, 1976

3,938,272

1_ IIIIIIIIIAIIIIIIlV/llI y

'

1 I

United States Patent [19]

[11]

4,036,203

Chapman

[45]

July 19, 1977

ELASTIC BAND TYPE TOY CANNON

Primary Examiner-Richard C. Pinkharn

[76] Inventor: Clyde H. Chapman, 9535 Yorkwood,

Assistant Examiner-William R. Browne


Attorney, Agent, or Firm-Donald Gunn

[54]

Houston, Tex. 77016

[57]

[21] Appl. No.: 638,181


[22] Filed:
[51]
[52]

Dec. 5, 1975

gate cylindrical barrel. A projectile is hurled by the

Int. (31.2 .............................................. .. F41B 7/00


11.5.01. ...................................... .. 124/21; 124/37;
~

124/29

[58]

Field of Search ................. .. 124/29, .27, 35 R, 41,

[56]

124/21, 2, 22, 37, 31; 42/55; 89/37 R; 273/101


References Cited
U.S. PATENT DOCUMENTS
159,003
706,399

1/1875
8/1902

1,151,663

8/1915

1,360,410
3,108,583

11/1920
10/1963

ABSTRACT

A toy cannon is disclosed which incorporates an elon

Wiedemann et a1. ................ .. 124/21


Fifer ...................... ..
124/29
Carter ........... ..

.. 124/29

Jones ......... ..
Andis ........ ..

124/29
.. 124/22

cannon by inserting it at the mouth of the barrel. Inside


the barrel, a plunger travels at the urging of rubber
bands which are mounted on the exterior and parallel to

the barrel. The barrel is preferably split so that the


plunger has a pair of supporting and extending hooks
which are located on the exterior. The hooks'engage
the rubber band to enable the toy cannon to ?re. The
toy cannon incorporates a latch at the rear of the barrel
to hold the plunger at a caught position. A cowling is ,
provided on the outer surface of the barrel to house the
rubber bands that act on the plunger.

4 Claims, 7 Drawing Figures

U.S. Patent

July 19, 1977

Sheet 1 of2

4,036,203

M.DE

US. Patent

July 19, 1977

m6E

Sheet 2 of2

4,036,203

(No Model.)

G. W. NASH.

TOY CANNON.

No. 410,433.

Wr'r?sssas:

Patented Sept. 3, 1889.

INVENTU-H:

N. PEIERS. Phawmnugnpher. wllhi nnnnnnn c.

(No Model.) '

2 sneei-Qsneet 1.
.

O. M. VAN BUREN.

TOY CANNON.

No. 524,772;

Patented A

A!

[76.7.

. 21, 1894.

21%

I12 VPIZZOP" .
' WIZMSSPS :

ymggfw

(No Model.)

'

- 2 Sheets-Sheet 2.

O. M. VAN BURBN.
TOY CANNON.

No. 524,772.

Wiliwsses:

%//M @w/ZW

TUTWWQ

Patented Aug. 21, 1894.

\v\/

6 w/M
]

rZLM/

J6 '

'

(No Model.)

No. 535,124.

S._S'PARLING.
VTOY CANNON.
Patented Mar. 5, 1895..

l
1
I

2%;
WWMCWJ:

20%27571
M

MM

(No Model.)
J

HANNAN

TOY CANNON AND TARGET.

No. 669,282.

EIn|

Patented Oct. 13, 1896.

in. 632,005.

Patent'e'd Aug. 29, I899.


E.

J.

BOWEN.

'

TOY CANNON.
'

(Application ?led Apr. 15, 1899.)

Wu Model.)

WITNESSES:

/%5Z/% '

W 91. @WM

01,54,647
'

INVENTOR

Jam-678g

m: NORRIS Prrzns ca, nomad-mo

w-snmcnm. n \:

- .
ATTORNEY

"

so. emga.

` ` 1 Patented kur. 18, |633.


A. G. JACOBS.
T0Y CANN0N L
(Application led July 27, 1898.)

(No Model.)

. WTNESSES

/NI/ENTOR

US006644294B2

(12) United States Patent

(16) Patent N65

Christensen

(45) Date of Patent:

(54) AIR CANNON

5,343,849 A

Inventor:

Robert N. Christensen, 1300 AlA S.


Oceancrest #502, Jupiter, FL (Us)

2/1997

5,613,678 A
5,681,043 A

33477
.

5,727,538 A

5,850,826

3/1998

11 er 3

124/31
2/2000 Sanders et a1. ............. .. 124/78
3/2000 Smith et a1.

6,065,460 A

5/2000 Lotuaco
5/2001 Scott

6,276,353 B1 *

8/2001 Briggs et a1. ............... .. 124/71

6,279,259 B1

8/2001

Us 2003/0089361 A1 May 15 2003

Otteman ....... ..

42/122

6,295,754 B1 * 10/2001 Otteman et a1.

42/124

6,349,711 B1 *

124/73

2/2002 Perry et a1. .... ..

6,481,429 B2 * 11/2002 Nishio et a1. ........ ..

Int. Cl.7 ............................................... .. F4113 11/00

(52)

U..S. Cl. .......................................... .. 124/77; 124/32

(58)

Field of Search ...................... .. 124/6377; 42/113,

124/29

2002/0170551 A1 * 11/2002 Kotsiopoulos et a1. ...... .. 124/54

* Cited by examiner

42/114

Primary ExaminerMichael J. Carone

Assistant ExaminerSusan L Piascik

References Clted
U.S. PATENT DOCUMENTS
3 469 842 A

4/1999 Morin

6,233,928 B1
PYIOF Publlcatlon Data

(56)

Guthrie

5,890,479 A *
6,026,798 A *
6,035,843 A

(51)

12/1998

Patent 15 exten e

NOV. 9, 2001

(65)

5,857,451 A * 1/1999 Ciluffo et a1. ............... .. 124/6

(21) APPL No; 10/035,430


Filed:

E1115 .......................... .. 124/77

6/1998 Schneider

sublecito any 3531mm; the fiermfthlg


or a 111ste
U-S-C- 154(b) by 0 days~

(22)

Mesiano .................... .. 434/19

3/1997 McKee 6t a1~


10/1997 Winblad et al.

5,769,066 A

(Hi) Nome:

Nov. 11, 2003

9/1994 Steer

5,599,187 A

(76)

US 6,644,294 B2

(74) Attorney, Agent, or FirmMcHale & Slavin, P.A.


(57)
ABSTRACT

9 1969 W lb

375827079 A

6;1971 Breeslgifn

Agolf ball projecting air cannon capable of propelling a golf

3:807:379 A *

4/1974 Vodinh ...................... .. 124/26

ball or Similar Projectile With high Pressure to reach dis

3,843,125 A

10/1974 Loose et a1,

tances beyond 100 yards. The device employs an electronic

3,938,272 A

2/1976 Ditto et a1.

circuit providing safety, ?ring, and reloading controls. The

4,021,037 A
47086902 A

5/ 1977 Torbet
5/1978 Reynolds

timer and motor provide for the timed activation of a series


of microsWitches and solenoids to distribute air to various

?/

3pc

ports at a designated position Within the device to force

00p

4,223,472 A

appropriate movements.

9/1980 Fekete et 211.

4,703,869 A

11/1987 Rooy

4,770,153 A

9/1988 Edelman .................... .. 124/72

12 Claims, 4 Drawing Sheets

30
21

42

I1&1llllllllllllllllllllllll

\'

28 t

,7

/////////////V

@QQ

I // 7

35

W2

///////////A/

20

31

4O
46

44

34

'

__

48

24

27

15

32

22

No. 7|4,770.

Patented. Dec. 2, |902.


~

ZELCH

'

'

TOY TARGET AND GUN APPARATUS.


- (Application medlsepc, 1.6% 1902.)
.(No Model.)

`l

2 sheets-Sheet 2.y

afg@
BY

[NVNTOR '

TOY CANNON.

MAN 15 1901; RNNEWEU

9 0, 3

7...
1,

W. H. GORNPORD.
TOY CANNON.
APPLICATION FILED fm. zo; 1909.

938,982.

Patented Nov. 2, 1909.

Sept. 25, 1945.

D_ (3, LA BARRE N

142,427

TOY CANNON

Filed July 5, 1945

u'
,1
1 .' v.

INVENTOR.

?ouans C LAB/422E;
w/kww _ a

US005370571A

Umted States Patent [19]

[11] Patent Number:

Bosch

[45]

[54]

TOY PROJECIILE LAUNCHING DEVICES


Inventon
'

3,469,846

Warren E- Bvsch, Bu?mgton, NJ

APPL No_; 4,377


_

[51]

Filed:

Jan. 14, 1993

I
_

[58]

Clo

Lippert .................... .. 273/129 W X

3,572,715

3/1971

Ramirez .

3,691,675

9/1972 Rodgers .

3,709,495

1/ 1973 Krombein .

3,715,121

2/1973

Renn et a1. .

3,739,764 6/ 1973 Allport .

Int. Cl's ..................... " A63H 29/24; F41B 15/00


UQS.

9/ 1969

3,596,400 8/1971 cheng .

e'

[22]

Dec. 6, 1994

3,481,605 12/1969 Giraurd et a1_ ............... .. 446/309 X

[73] Assrgnee. gyclo Investment Corp., W1lm1ngton,


[21]

Date of Patent:

3,466,792 9/1969 Goldfarb .

[75]

5,370,571

3,892,405

7/1975 Trevlno ............................ .. 273/872

4,246,719

1/1981

Kulesza et a1. .

I u u a a 0 I o a n 6 I e e - e e e I e e l I - e 6 u n a n a - I u on

IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII "

124/79; 124/35.1; 124/29; 124/36; 273/128 R;


273/129 W; 273/129 V; 273/428
Field of Search ............. .. 446/429, 430, 435, 308,

4,504,242 3/1985 Grain et a]. _____ "


"
4,564,197 l/ 1986 Lambert et a1. .............. .. 446/430 X
4,575,348 3/1986 Wiggs et a1. .

446/309, 247, 266, 268, 450, 473, 486; 273/128

4,661,080 4/1987 Goldstein et a1. ............ .. 446/429 X

R, 128 A, 129 T, 129 W, 129 V, 428, 87.2, 87 D,


7 R 145 B 12

[56]

gubois 6t ala-l

, 54 351, 26 5, 6,

9 P 124/1 79

37 29

References Cited

615302

1/1870 Splitdorf .
X

1,062,129 5/ 1913 Sweeney .

Attorney Agent, or

schwarze Jacobs &

6/1913 Jones .
8/1924

[57]

Hauwell

Projectile launching toys include a surface suitably


con?gured to support and guide a projectile, a lever

16;
,

ABSTRACT
_

1,649,045 11/1926 Tickel .


1,721,704 7/1929 Madaschi _
,

7/1935 Germany ...................... 1. 273/129 V

Nadel

1,089,229 3/1914 Klein .


1,504,819

124/79 X

. ................. ..

Primary Examiner-Danton D. DeMille

BOWCI'S ........................... ..
1,063,803

rosson et

FOREIGN PATENT DOCUMENTS

U_S_ PATENT DOCUMENTS

99,023

5,069,451 12/1991 Martens et a1. ................. .. 124/79 X

pivotally mounted so as to traverse a portion of the


m,

2,274,009 2/1942 Stephens I


2 279 857 4/1942 Bodnar

surface in the dlrection the projectlle 18 being gulded, a


.

124/1 X

2:303:652 12/1942 McGaug'g'j """"""""""""" "


2,600,116 6/1952 Kopf _

manual actuator coupled to the lever to manually move

2,853,644 11/1953 Derham -

the lever from an initial position to a second, pivoted


position to launch the projectile and a return member
coupled with the lever to automatically return the lever
to its original position after being manually moved and

3,084,680

released

2,680,934 6/ 1954 Gowland .


4/1963

3,108,395 10/1963

Goldfarb et a1. ............... .. 124/36 X


Goldfarb .

'

3,403,669 10/1968 Crosman .

3,462,153 8/1969 Giraud et a1. .

9 Claims, 9 Drawing Sheets

US. Patent

Dec. 6, 1994

Sheet 1 of 9

5,370,571

US. Patent

Dec.6, 1994

Sheet 2 of 9

5,370,571

US. Patent

Dec. 6, 1994

Sheet 3 of9

5,370,571

I2

I6

ml! .

3O

4632 W

11535 '
l

25 w

35k

24

.-

36

W4 -34
\

47

m
hI

n44
l

IIn

46 '

26

45 l
I

-l in

{:IH

::'L

__.

I5

50'.

4 E [I

US. Patent

Dec. 6, 1994

Sheet 4 of 9

5,370,571

U.S. Patent

Dec. 6, 1994

Sheet 6 of 9

US. Patent

Dec. 6, 1994

Sheet 7 of 9

..

1-235 (230

al !

\
\

Ii

_ .\

FIG. 8A

5,370,571

US. Patent

Dec. 6, 1994

Sheet 8 of 9

5,370,571

US. Patent

Dec. 6, 1994

Sheet 9 of 9

5,370,571

US006192612B1

(12) United States Patent

(10) Patent N0.:

Maier et al.

US 6,192,612 B1

(45) Date of Patent:

Feb. 27, 2001

(54)

PROPULSION DEVICE

3,472,218 * 10/1969 Mers ...................................... .. 42/54


3,648,395 *

3/1972

(75)

Inventors: Timothy J. Maier, Arlington, VA (US);

3,710,675

1/1973 Asikainen

-~ 89/41

Gregory J_ Maier, Potomac, MD (Us)

3,745,691
3,745,879

7/1973 Brown, Jr. ..... ..


7/1973 Aslkalnen et 211.

. 42/55
89/37

Assigneez Neustadt
Oblon, Spivak,
PC Arhn
Mcclelland
ton VAMaier
(Us) &

3,774,585

'

"

( * ) Notlce:

g
.

SIlbJGCI' to any dlsclalmer, the term of this

11/1973 Boyd
LaSplsa....................................
618.1. ............................ 124/21

3,782,243

1/1974

Ziegler

3,938,272

2/1976

Ditto et a1.

470597820
4,222,307

9/1980 Roettges et a1. .

U.S.C. 154(b) by 0 clays~

4,369,592

1/1983

4,869,151 *

App1_NO_:09/235340

(22)

Filed:

4,941,390
4,967,638
5,079,987
5,149,907

Jan. 22, 1999

Provisional
Related
application
U-SI Application
NO_ 60/076,672
Data
?led on Man 2

42/55

Perry

340/155
89/87

............

. . . . .. 42/54

9/1989 Chahin ..

89/14.4

* 7/1990 Bulman .
* 11/1990 Bulman
* 1/1992 Pate et al. .
* 9/1992 Thiesen

5,531,150

89/7
.89/7

89/7
.89/7

7/1996 Gegareglan 618.1.


..... .. .................. .. 89/15

1998'

OTHER PUBLICATIONS
7

(52)

.. 89/87

11/1977 Turpening

Pawnt 1S mended 0r adlllsted under 35

(21)

(51)

Nathanson ............................. .. 42/54

Int. Cl.

............................... .. F41C 3/06, F41F 1/00,

BTCKYTRD BTLLIS ICS, Backyard Ballistics Home Page,

F41A 21/00

pp. 14 http://WWW2.csn.net/%7Ebsimon/backyard.html,

US. Cl. ....................... .. 42/55; 42/54; 89/7; 89/14.6;

89/14'4

(58) Fleld 0f Search ......................... .. 42/54, 559j3/1;.64,

(56)

'

References Cited

PO T O BTZOOKT, Hair Spray Spud Gun, Home Page, pp.

1_3 httpI//WWW2~CSH~net%7Ebsimon/hspray'htm, Sep' 9,


1998.

* cited by examiner

U,S, PATENT DOCUMENTS

Primary ExaminerCharles T. Jordan

Assistant ExaminerGlenda L. Sanchez

1352715

9/1920 Wlly '

1,504,819 *

8/1924 HanWell

45/55

1,624,086

4/1927

42/54

Sep 9 1998

Wily ..... ..

(74) Attorney, Agent, or FirmOblon, Spivak, McClelland,


aler

t dt PC
eus a

'

'

4/1935 Peake ....... ..

1,999,357
2,000,607

4/1935 Driggs, Jr. .


42/55
5/1935 Peake ..................................... .. 42/55

A propulsion device including a fuel chamber and barrel

2,046,663 : 7/1936 Wade ..................................... .. 42/55

Constructed With off_the_shelf parts for propelling biode_

271297042

9/1938 Amh_ny

42/54

gradable objects. The fuel chamber includes a fuel noZZle

2324860 *

7/1943 Manmgel

42/55

actuator for receiving fuel from a pressurized gaseous con

2,754,607

7/1956

42/55

3,022,597 *

2/1962 Rucker ................................... .. 42/55

......... ..

(57)

& N

1,998,023

Wily

42/55

M .

ABSTRACT

. .

men The fuelchamberalsomcludes anlgmtolforlgnmng

3,049,828 * 8/1962 Mills ...................................... .. 42/54

th? 916119916 1191 ChaIPbeR The_ barrel may be lnterchanged

3,050,893 *

8/1962 Maddux

With one mcludmg nolse reducmg holes.

3,400,661 *

9/1968 Coon et al.

42/55
. 89/14.6

3,412,497 * 11/1968 Denton et al. ......................... .. 42/54

33 Claims, 5 Drawing Sheets

24

US007721722B1

(12) Unlted States Patent

(10) Patent N0.:

Tulkis
(54)

(45) Date of Patent:

WATER-POWERED TOY GUNS AND

5,242,323 A

METHOD

5,267,549 A
5,343,850 A

(76) Inventor: Peter Tulkis, 266 Central Ave., Paramus,

NJ (Us) 07652
.

(*)

Nome

Filed:

(51)

Int. Cl.

1%;

JDElndmde
0

son

5,553,598 A

9/1996 Johnson et a1.

5,653,215

8/1997

Chung et a1.

U-S-C- 154(1)) by 18 days-

6,192,612 B1

2/2001 Maier et a1.

6,527,518 B2*

3/2003

6,904,901 B2

6/2005 Mitchell

Oct. 26, 2007

(2006.01)

US. Cl. ............................ .. 124/73; 124/65; 124/69


Field of Classi?cation Search ................. .. 124/69,

124/70, 75, 56, 63; 417/40


See application ?le for complete search history.

(56)

1/1916

Hill ........................... ..

5/1916

Hill ........................... ..

124/56
124/75

12/1919

Goodyear .................. ..

124/75

5/1935
6/1952
9/1956
2/1962
6/1973
2/1976
3/1983
12/1987
8/1989
1/1990
1/1990

Peake

Rucker

Allport
Ditto et a1.
Curtis
Curtis
Shindo
Moormann

Fertig et a1.

1/2007 Brown et a1.


1/2005 Nadel ........................ .. 124/56

2005/0183711 A1*

8/2005

2007/0012305 A1

1/2007 Williams

Eichner et a1. .............. .. 124/73

.
.
clted
by examlner

Primary ExamineriMichael Carone

Assistant ExamineriReginald Tillman, Jr.


ABSTRACT

A toy gun is operated by Water under pres sure, supplied from

F0 ster

7,163,009 B2
2005/0016514 A1*

(57)

US. PATENT DOCUMENTS

Pope

OstroWski .................. .. 417/40

(74) A1101"6y! Agenll 01 FirmiAl'thul Jacob

References Cited
1,167,178 A
1,183,644 A
1,324,772 A
2,000,607
2,601,555
2,762,356
3,022,597
3,739,764
3,938,272
4,376,327
4,712,274
4,854,480
4,892,081
4,897,065

9/ 1993 Rappaport
12/1993 Webber
9/1994 Steer

5,653,216 A * 8/1997 Johnson ..................... .. 124/69


5 819 717 A
10/1998 Johnson et a1

F41B 11/28

(52)
(58)

May 25, 2010

sublectto any dlsclalmeritheterm Ofthls


patent 15 extended or adjusted under 35

(21) Appl. No.: 11/924,732


(22)

US 7,721,722 B1

a conveniently available source of Water under pressure, such


as a garden hose connected to a municipal Water supply, a
household Water supply, or a similar source of Water under
pressure, to launch a projectile, such as a Water-?lled balloon,

along, and preferably through, the barrel of the gun. The


projectile is coupled With a ?ring chamber, preferably by
being placed in the ?ring chamber, adjacent the barrel, and
Water under pressure is admitted to an actuator for actuating

an air compressor Which, in turn, creates compressed air that


is accumulated in an air chamber and then selectively released
to the ?ring chamber to launch the projectile from the barrel.

20 Claims, 13 Drawing Sheets

J. DITTRICK'.
TOY CANNON.
'APPLICATION FILED OCT. 8. i917.

1,282,549a

J. D'iTTRICK.
I

TOY CANNON.

APPLICATION FILED OCT- 8. 1917.

Patented Oct. 22, 1918'.

1,282,5%9...

2 SHEETSSHEET 2.

7/47

55

,7

l2

l5

1. B. BLACKSHEAR.
TOY`AUTOMOB|LE AND RAPID FIRE GUN.

APPLICATION

F|LED1AN.4.191B.

_ Patented Dec. 31, 1918.

1
________

llllI-pllllllllllll.

________ _____no

__'_--

____ __,---

M //
WwW/111,111,111,...

_____ *6,

r _

April 14, 1942.

R. N. CARVER
PROJECTILE SHOOTING TOY

p,

Filed Sept. 15, .1941

2,279,386
2- Sheets-Shed 1 _

I02

'

"slur I" % ~

INVENTOR
PlcHARD- N. CARVER
.

'

'

ATTORNEYS

April 14, 1942.

R. N. CARVER
2,279,386

I PROJECTILE SHOOTING TOY I

Filed Sept. 15, 1941'

'2 Sheets-Sheet 2

Iil..

INVENTOR

RICHARD N. CARVER
ATTORNEYS

. '

Mayl, 1951

H. FORNARY

2,551,109

TOY MILITARY TANK

Filed 00%- 27, 1947

"

2 Sheets-Sheet 1

Inventor

Harry Fornary
l2

x7

By

'

WWW

M5): 1, 1951

H. FORNARY
'

2,551,109

TOY MILITARY TANK

Filed Oct. 27, 1947

2 Sheets-Sheet 2

Inventor

l8

'

Harry Fomary

72 B)

WWW 8mm

United States Patent [191

[111

Heberlein

[45] Mar. 11, 1975

[54] TOY TANK


[76]
1

Inventor: Harold V. Heberlein, PO. Box 269,


.

[22]

[57]

A toy tank is disclosed which is intended as a source

of recreation for children. The tank consists of a body

May 30 1974

wheels secured thereto for allowing forward and re

mounted upon a moveable chassis having a plurality of

1211 Appl. No.: 474,384


[52]

ABSTRACT

Riverton, Wyo. 82501


_

Fned

3,869,825

verse motion. A pair of rachet mechanisms convert

US. Cl ....................... .. 415/219, 124/11, 124/19

[51]

Int. Cl ........................................... .. A63h 17/04

[58]

Field of Search ........... .. 46/219, 244 R; 124/11,

124/29

[56]

the rotary motion of the wheels into linear motion


which is used for cocking a projectile ?ring mecha
nism. A sear is provided for detaining the projectile

?ring mechanism in the cocked position. The projec


tile ?ring mechanism includes a spring~loaded air pis~
ton disposed inside of a piston housing. The spring is

compressed when the projectile firing mechanism is


cocked. A trigger mechanism, which is mechanically

References Cited
UNITED STATES PATENTS

coupled to the sear, permits the selective activation of

2,279,386

4/1942

Carver ................................ .. 46/219

2,551,109

5/1951

Fornary . . . . . . . . . . . .

3,065,569

11/1962

Nielsen et a1. . t . .

3,774,586

11/1973

Siato ................................... .. 46/219

. . . ..

46/219

. . . . . . . .. 46/219

Primary E.raminerLouis G. Mancene


Assista nt Examiner-Robert F. Cutting

the projectile ?ring mechanism by the tanks operator.


Pulling of the trigger mechanism releases the spring
loaded air piston which produces a blast of air that
forces a projectile from the ?ring mechanism. Each
tank is provided with a plurality of targets which disin~
tegrate when hit by a projectile.

10 Claims, 14 Drawing Figures

WENTEDRARI H975

3,869,825
SHLEI 1 [1f 7

6E
~

mgmgnumr 1 19.75

' 3869,8325

sum 2 or 7

NQE

3,869,825

FMENTEB KARI I LQFS


SHEET 3 BF 7

IIIW

PATENTEDHARI 1 I975

3,869,825
SHEET 5 [If Y

PATENTEUWI 975

3 869 825

FIG. 14

United States Patent [191

[11]
[45]

Grogg, Sr.
[54] AMUSEMENT VEHICLE
[76] Inventor: Charles J. Grogg, Sr., 2964
Sun?ower St., Thousand Oaks, Calif.
91360

Jul. 22, 1980

Primary Examiner-Louis G. Mancene


Assistant ExaminerMickey Yu
[5?]
ABSTRACT
A toy tank is disclosed having tracks and a cannon
supported on a turret. The tracks consist of multi-ele

[21] App]. No.: 883,210


[22] Filed:

4,213,269

ment, hingeable links forming a chain type loop sup


ported by tensioned rollers and idlers such that the

Mar. 3, 1978

[51]
[52]

Int. Cl.2 ........................................... .. A63H 17/04


U.S. Cl. ................................ .. 46/219; 124/82

tracks are articulated realistically in accordance with


the contours of the surface on which the tank travels.

[58]

Field of Search ....................... .. 46/202, 219, l E;

The turret carries a cannon for dispensing bullet-like


projectiles in a realistic fashion. Atop the turret is a

124/49, 50, 82

[56]

References Cited
U.S. PATENT DOCUMENTS

2,652,822 9/1953
2,921,573 l/l960
3,065,569 1l/l962
3,869,825

3/1975

projectile containing and feeding mechanism which


automatically loads the breech of the cannon when the
cannon ram rod or plunger is fully withdrawn there
from in order that same is cocked for the next ?ring
sequence.

Heberlein ............................. .. 46/219

'

10 Claims, 9 Drawing Figures

US Patent

Jul. 22, 1980

Sheet 1 of4

4,213,269

U.S. Patent

Jul. 22, 1980

Sheet 2 of 4

4,213,269

U.S. Patent

FIG. 5

Jul. 22, 1980

cm 40
,-,1

Sheet 3 of4

I111

"WI 1

4,213,269

U.S. Patent

Jul. 22, 1980

Sheet 4 of 4

4,213,269

Nov. 27, 1962

3,065,569

E. A. Nu-:Lsr-:N ETAL
SELF-PROPELLED TOY TANK

Filed Jan. 25. 1961


5 Sheets-Sheet 1

MN AIY

NNYN.

f.

'

-,

,l

'

11k"

l 5;.;

'

ll,

""

L?
:
7,41 ,',\ _

INVENTORS
'ow//v 4 /V/Lsf/v
BY A44 ffm/v 4% 622 :A vo

Nov. 27, 1962

E. A. NIELSEN ETAL

3,065,569

SELF-PROPELLED TOY TANK


Filed Jan. 25, 1961
5 Sheets-Sheet 2

NN.

.l|I IL.

_
.

IL|

Nov. 27, 1962

E. A. NIELSEN ETAL

3,065,569

SELF-PROPELLED TOY TANK


Filed Jan. 25; 1961

5 Sheets-Sheet 5

FIGB
ff
ff

25

if

al 90

-Iy

INVENTORS
, 60W/1v ,4A//fas5/v

Am@

Nov. 27, 1962

E. A. NIELSEN ETAL

3,065,569

SELF-PROPELLED TOY TANK


Filed Jan. 25, 1961

5 .Sheets-Sheet 4

fa, 4M
/

FIG. I4

/55 752

Amt/Ji@

Nov. 27, 1962

E. A. NlELsl-:N ETAL

3,065,569

SELF-PROPELLED TOY TANK

Filed Jan. 25, 1961

5 sheets-sheets

Umd@

E. A. CLOONAN.
TO'Y TANK.
APPLICATION FILED SEPT.3, I918.

13%,2370
Y

Patented Feb. 11, 19191


'

-l

in .31. Elm EJ113111,

I? 1"

a. P. BREESE.
TOY TANK CAR.
APPLICATION FILED FEB. Hr. 1918.

1,373,649.

Patented Apr. 5|, 1921.


2 SHEETS-SHEET I.

f/m.

_mmf
.x.

A TTORNEY

R. P. BREESE.
TOY TANK CAR..
APPLlcATloN FILED rE.14. 191s.

1,373,649. `

' Patented Apr. 5, 1921.`


_2 SHEETS-SHEET 2

~ July 14,1931.

1,813,985

C. C. BLACKMORE
TOY

Filed Oct. 11, 1928

5 Sheets-Sheet

@IINVEZTOR

BYM'W 4- W
A TTORNE Y

July 14. 1931.

c. c. BLACKMORETOY

Filed on. 11, 1928

1,813,985

s Sheets-Sheet s

Sept. 15, 1964

3,148,478

M. G- MILLER
MISSILE LAUNCHER TOY

Filed NOV. 6, 1961

3 Sheets-Sheet 1

22

34

INVENTOR.

BYi

g ;
AIV'O/PA/L'V'

Sept. 15, 1964

M. G. MILLER

3,148,478

MISSILE LAUNCHER TOY

Filed NOV. 6, 1961

3 Sheets-Sheet 2

@
INVENTOR.

BY

ATTORNEY

Sept. 15, 1964

M. G. MILLER

3,143,478

MISSILE LAUNCHER TOY


Filed Nov. 6, 1961

5 Sheets-Sheet3

Me/wn G. gig/15243?

w
3

/ y

my
nrramvm/

Feb. 21, 1956

E. FIELDS

2,735,221

TOY WEAPON CARRIER

Filed NOV. 10, 1954

2 Sheets-Sheet l

INVENTOR.
ERNEST FIELDS

BY M431. Hm},
ATTORNEY

Feb. 21, 1956

E; FlELDs

2,735,221

TOY WEAPON CARRIER

Filed NOV. 10, 1954

2 Sheets-Sheet 2

INVENTOR.
ERNEST FIELDS
BY

ATTORNEY

Dec. 13, 1960

S. NOBLE

2,964,032

MISSILE LAUNCHER TOY


Filed Jan. 22, 1959

3 Sheets-Sheet 1

II

INVENTOR

12

SID NOBLE

BYMMMU
ATTORNEYS .

Dec. 13, 1960

s. NOBLE

2,964,032

MISSILE LAUNCHER TOY

Filed Jan. 22, 1959

5 Sheets-Sheet 2

INVENTOR

SID NOBLE
BY

ATTORNEYS.

ec. 13, 1960

S. NOBLE

2,964,032

MISSILE LAUNCHER TOY

Filed Jan. 22, 1959


3 Sheets-Sheet I5
74

63
64

42 as 35

44

671

23\, 7

30 \/

INVENTOR
SID NOBLE
BY

ATTORNEYS,

March 20, 1962

3,025,846

D. |_. CROSMAN
TOY PROJECTILE LAUNCHER

Filed April 29, 1960

4 Sheets-Sheet 1

INVENTOR

DUEL/7ND Z. U/PosMm/
BY

WM 74%
#17M
ATTO R NEYS

March 20, 1962

D, |_. CROSMAN

3,025,846

TOY PROJECTILE LAUNCHER

Filed April 29, 1960

4 Sheets-Sheet 2

_Nmu
mvwP11w7/A
9N

B
_,

N\

QM

a 7

&

MME00MN
RW
MT
V/w ma
m
T

oE

March 20, 1962

D. |_. CROSMAN

3,025,846

TOY PROJECTILE LAUNCHER

Filed April 29, 1960

4 Sheets-Sheet 3
I

ATTORNEY5

March 20, 1962

D. 1.. CROSMAN

3,025,846

TOY PROJECTILE LAUNCHER

Filed April 29, 1960

4 Sheets-Sheet 4

INVENTOR

.Do/a/wvo LCAvos/wm/

C. A. LEWIS AND H. E .

SMOCK.

AUTOMATIC SELF PROPELLED TOY TANK.


APPLICATION FILED MAR. 15. I919.

1,343,834.

Patented June 15, 1920.

INVENTORJ
Wl TM88E8

CH/IELES A. Lw/5
H,4e0L0 5. 50406
BY

United States Patent [191

[111

Saito

[45] Nov. 27, 1973

SPRING TYPE PROJECTING DEVICE WITH

[5 ] REVOLVABLE MAGAZINE
[75] Inventor: Shigeru Saito, Tokyo, Japan
[7 3] Assignee: Masudaya Toy Co., Ltd., Tokyo,
Japan
[22] Filed:

Foreign Application Priority Data


Oct. 12, 1971

ABSTRACT

' A toy successive missile launcher having a launching

device and a transmission device. The launching de

vice has a hollow complex cylindrical body having plu


ral launching tubes, a circular disk, and supports for a
plurality of launching levers and a rotatable shaft' The
transmission device has a frame provided with a mem
ber, a reduction gearing, a changing lever and a mo

July 7, 1972

[21] AppL. No.: 269,564

[30]

[5 7 ]

3,774,586

Japan .............................. .. 46/93877

[52]

US. Cl ...................... .. 124/29, 124/41, 124/48,

[51]

Int. Cl. ............................................ .. F41b 7/00

[58]

Field of Search ................. .. 124/29, 27, 26, 37,

124/31, 46/219
124/41, 48, 34, 31; 273/106 R

tor. The launching device is connected with the trans


mission device by the rotatable shaft which is mounted
on said frame. The cylindrical body is attached to the
circumference of said disk and contains said lever sup
port and said launching levers inside it. The transmis
sion device is caused to operate by a motor. The trans
mission device causes the launching device, with the
in place missiles, to rotate. As the launching levers ro
tate they engage the ?xed cam on the frame and are

caused to pivot out of engagement with the in place

missiles. A compressed spring in each launching tube


will project a missile once the_ launching lever has

_ [56]

References Cited

UNITED STATES PATENTS


2,888,004

5/1959

2,964,032

12/1960

Noble . . . . . .

Steiner .............. ................ .. 124/27

3,010,718

11/1961

Pearson...

3,035,564

5/1962

. . . . . . ..

124/26

.. 124/29 UX

Hellman .......................... .. 124/31 X

,been pivoted from engagement with the missile. A


new missile may be positioned for ?ring by placing it
in the launching tube while compressing the compres
sion springv An elastic band is used to bias each
launching lever so that once the missile is in place in

the launching tube the forward end of the launching


lever will engage a ring on the missile and hold the

Primary Examiner-Richard C. Pinkham


Assistant ExaminerWilliarn R. Browne

missile until the launching lever is pivoted out of en


gagement with the missile.

Attorney-Michael S. Striker

4 Claims, 7 Drawing Figures

Patented Nov. 27, 1973


4 Sheets-Sheet l

F/G./

3,774,586

Patented Nov. 27, 1973


4 Sheets-Sheet 2

F/G.2

3.774,586

Patented Nov._ 27, 1973


4 Sheets-Sheet :5

3.774586

Patented Nov. 27, 1973


4 Sheets-Sheet 4

F/G.7
22

3,774,586

US006527619B1

(12) Umted States Patent


Agostini et al.

(10) Patent N0.2


(45) Date of Patent:

(54)

PROJECTILE FIRING TOY VEHICLE

(75)

Inventors: Matthew F. Agostini, Philadelphia, PA


_

3/1975 Heberlein

{gag 6: a11

ic

a.

Rlverton NJ W5) Wllham F_ M


Dougherty, Oakford, PA (US), Jeremy

4,708,683 A * 11/1987 Lehmann et al. ........... .. 446/75


4 , 813 , 907 A * 3/1989 Rissman
.
et al. .......... .. 446/175

S. R0b0tham, Mt. Laurel, NJ (US)

5 125 668 A

@1992 Welte

5,335,917 A

8/1994 Kuna

(73) Asslgneei Mattel, Inc-31598119910, CA(US)


Notice:

4213269 A * 7/1980 Grogg, SI

(US); Mary Ellen G. Fosbenner,


-

Mar. 4, 2003

3,774,586 A * 11/1973 Saito


3,869,825 A

(*)

US 6,527,619 B1

5,389,031 A

2/1995 Sharpe, IIIetal.

5,759,083 A

6/1998 Polumbaum et al.

Subject to any disclaimer, the term of this

5,766,056 A

patent is extended or adjusted under 35

6,033,285 A

U.S.C. 154(b) by 0 days,

6,106,356 A

(21) Appl. No.: 10/143,387

6/1998 Tsai
*

3/2000 Fine et al. ................ .. 446/465

8/2000 Trageser

* cited by examiner

Primary ExaminerDerris N. Banks

(22) Filed:

May 10 2002

Related US. Application Data


(60)

74 All

(57)
7

Int. Cl. .............................................. .. A63H 17/00


U..S. C]. ...................... .. 446/435; 446/438; 446/270
Fleld 0f Search ............................... .. 446/435, 438,

446/93, 94, 95, 96, 269, 431, 434

ghger 851E152 L i6; Or

Provisional application No. 60/339,876, ?led on Oct. 31,

2001.
(51)
(52)
(58)

Assistant ExaminerAli AbdelWahed


~

F'

Wm

Al(~

In

ump

St

muss

~ ~

ABSTRACT

Atoy Vehicle has a Vehicle body, a ?ring apparatus rotatably


mounted on the Vehicle body and a ram mounted Within the
?ring apparatus Asprjng is Operably coupled to the ram and

a ?ring lever is rotatably coupled to the ?ring apparatus and


the ram. Rotation of the ?ring lever retracts the ram against

(56)

References Cited

the spring and abruptly releases the ram to strike a projectile

Us PATENT DOCUMENTS

Within the ?ring apparatus to ?re the projectile from the

1,282,549 A * 10/1918 Dimick


12897621 A * 12/1918 Blackshear
2,279,386 A
4/1942 Carver
2,551,109 A *

5/1951 Fornary

2,652,822 A * 9/1953 Gri?ith


3,065,569 A * 11/1962 Nielsen et al.

3,264,782 A

8/1966 Glass et al.

?ring apparatus. A pair of foot rests are pivotally mounted


and releasably latched to the vehicle body and released by a
button mounted on the rear of the vehicle body. The toy

vehicle further includes circuitry having sWitches for oper


ating light and/or sound effects on the toy vehicle.
11 Claims, 6 Drawing Sheets

U.S. Patent

Mar. 4, 2003

Sheet 1 6f 6

US 6,527,619 B1

U.S. Patent

Mar. 4, 2003

44

Sheet 2 6f 6

f'o'

US 6,527,619 B1

U.S. Patent

Mar. 4, 2003

Sheet 3 6f 6

US 6,527,619 B1

U.S. Patent

Mar. 4, 2003

Sheet 4 6f 6

US 6,527,619 B1

U.S. Patent

Mar. 4, 2003

I4

I03

Sheet 5 6f 6

US 6,527,619 B1

IQ

2O

46

36

' 38

U.S. Patent

Mar. 4, 2003

Sheet 6 6f 6

US 6,527,619 B1

lm w R Y A N m A L

3,41 7,507

PROJECTILE-FIRING TOY

Filed Feb. 10, 1966

11 Sheets-Sheetvv l

fNaD.A.
_
-w
uw

SNwNMwws/XwwwQGEN

*www
w w 92

Wr/Q7

Dec- 24, 1968

.1.w. RYAN ETAL

3,417,507--`

PROJECTILE-FIRING TOY

Filed Feb. l0, 1966

l1 Sheets-Sheet 2

if

De.z4,196s

J,W_RYAN ETAL

'

3,417,507

PROJECTILE-FIRING TOY
Filed Feb. 10, 1966

11 SheetS-Sheel, 5

#76:75

Za02//// 40///

rra/FMH;

Dec. 24, 1968

.|.w. RYAN ETAL

3,417,507

PROJECTILE-FIRING TOY

Filed Feb. l0. 1966

l1 Sheets-Sheet 4

Dec. 24, 1968

3,41 7,507

J. w, RYAN ETAL
PRoJEcTILE-FIRING TOY

11 Sheets-Sheet 5

Filed Feb. l0, 1966

MMfM

Dec. 24, 1968A

J. w. RYAN ETAL

3,417,507

PROJECTILE-FIRING TOY

Filed Feb. 10. 1966

11 Sheets-Sheet 6

n.

fz 32

F75

-n

n.

g.

(
433

646

@W27

fMMJe . My,f armei5,4%i#

Dec. 24, 1968

3,417,507

J. w. RYAN ET AL
PROJECTILE-FIRING TOY

Filed Feb. 10, 1966

l1 Sheets-Sheet 7

ehm. ,

Dec. 24, 1968

_1.w. RYAN ETAL

3,417,507

PROJECTILE~FIRING TOY

Filed Feb. 10, 1966

11 Sheets-Shee'cl 8

'

.lith.

"IM`'ln"Irfl.dr
l?.

Dec. 24, 1968

J. w. RYAN ETAL

3,41 7,507

PROJECTILE--FIRING TOY

Filed Feb. l0. 1966

l1 Sheets-Sheetl 9

M,

QMQ

\wh.

Nrn

,. //<^/f/ / / .

.I,l!.I6il

@y

vDec. 24, 1968

J. w. RYAN ETAL
PRoJEcTlLE-FIRING Toy

Filed Feb. 1o, 1966

3,417,507

11 Asheets-sheet 1o

41X

frwfewsr;

Dec. 24, 1968

J. w. RYAN ET AL

3,417,507

PROJECTILE-FIR ING TOY

Filled Feb. l0, 1966

11 SheebS--Shee'tI ll

Aug.V v28, A'1923.

C. F. LEFEVER

POPGUN
Filed May 10 . 1922

W. lw l
wwwo

1,466,131

May 2 195@

. R. E. BARNES

2,506,190

BALL PROJECTOR
Filed Jan. 19, 1948

u_uwi_

INVENTOR .

Ray E_Earnas,
ATTORNEY

Nov. 1, 1955

2,722,21 1

G- A. EISELE
MECHANICAL PROJECTORS

Filed Aug. 4, 1952

3 Sheets-Sheet 1

1'9. 4

M
.

F.
Am
i...
4.
_I.
.

,1
w

a
L
a,

\
Uwx%/imTIwuTF4.8tCaiL2
9
..

4a
..(P..31
a..

In,4

/0

52

v.

Gustav A. Eise/e
INVENTOR.

BY 2mm
Fwy

Mm

NOV. 1, 1955

G_ A, E|$ELE

2,722,211

MECHANICAL PROJECTORS

Gusfav A. Eise/e
IN VEN TOR.

' 42g0 BY QWWHMW

Nov. 1, 1955

G. A. EIISELE

2,722,211

MECHANICAL PROJECTORS

Filed Aug. 4, 1952

5 Sheets-Sheet I5

/25

Fig. /0

//5

27
/7.90

I1

-.

/29

Fig. /4

$ /03

H/
'

mil:-

/
Fig. /3

95 f
Gustav A. Eise/e
INVENTOR.
BY

M406.

ova/Wavy 3%w

B. B. BENNETT.

1,52,123

AIR GUN.
APPLICATION FILED JAN.27, 1911.

Patented Feb. 4, 1913.

jaw/aw
@corfaw/ @ - @zwneii"

W. E. HAWTHORNE.
SPRING GUN.
APPLICATION FILED MAY 31 ,

1913.

Patented Oct. 20, 1914.


2 SHEETS-SHEET 1.

@n

lI.'

17u/md5

WMM/L. www

IHE NORRl PETERS CO., PHorcrLlrr-io., wAsHlNcraN

u r

W. E. HAWTHORNE.
SPRING GUN.
APPLICATION FILED MAY 31,1913.

Patented Oct. 20, 1914

1,1 14,610.

2 SHEETSMSHEBT 2.

l I UNITI/"f4

ma M

@X/f '

In Nuls/els PHERS Co.PH01Ui!rn1

H. M. QUACKENBUSHI
Improvement in Toy Guns and Pistols.
' No. 115,638.

Wtmm;

Patented June 6,1871.

R. S. AVELSGARD.
TOY PISTOL.
APPLICATION FILED NOV-10,1915.

1,179,887,

Patented Apr. 18,1916.

Mai/,9; .5. Amman/a0

/P 7708/75 Y6

H. B. SPERRY.
MAGAZINE SPRING GUN 0R PISTOL.
APPLICATION FILED OCT-14,1914.

1,183,133.

Patented May 16, 1916.


2 SHEETS-SHEET I

M
'

llby
.

_____ __

306

19

194

|
l
J
4

A9!

[9!

Zaz'h 6.56 63;

?/I. v '1 v
v

"4734, m/?' ,

JAM/s.

H. B. SPERRY.
MAGAZINE SPRING GUN 07B PISTOL.
APPLICATION FILED OCT. I4. 191-4.

1 , 1 83, 1 33 .

'

Patented May 16, 1916.


2 SHEETS-SHEET 2

Ma
I

' i

J. R. SANDAGE.
TOY RIFLE.

1,226,016.

APPLICATION FILED MAY 5. I916.

Patented May15, 1917. '

MNR.

m: NORRIS reruns m. r'nomlmnm. wumm: mu. m c,

J. B. ALEY.

'

TOY Gum.

APPLICATION FILED SEPT- 5. I916:

Patented July 3,1917;

Jzao5 BA'Zey I INVENTOR.

A TTORNE Y?

C. F. LEFEVER,
SPRING GUN.
APPLICATION FILED APR- 7. 1916

1,240,987_.

PatntedSept. 25,1917.

'

am,

0/; a 7664 g7, 91?

US006564788B1

(12) United States Patent

(10) Patent N0.:


US 6,564,788 B1
(45) Date of Patent:
May 20, 2003

Hu

(54)

(76)

MOTORIZED TOY GUN

Inventor:

5,261,384 A

* 11/1993 Hu ............................ .. 124/66

5,323,755 A

6/1994

Hsieh ........................ ..

Shih-Che Hu, 58, Ma Yuan West St.,

5531210 A * 7/1996 Meisef et a1~

Taichung

5,611,321 A *

NoticeZ

Subject to any disclaimer, the term of this

Primary ExaminerPeter M. Poon

Ap p1 N O _ 10/012 153
.

..

124/31

* Cited by examiner

U.S.C. 154(b) by 0 days.

(22) Filed:

124/6

Juan .......... ..

2002/0166551 A1 * 11/2002 Lee ........................... .. 124/78

patent is extended or adjusted under 35


(21)

124/66

3/1997 Hoeting et al. ..

6,302,092 B1 * 10/2001

(*)

124/66

Assistant ExaminerSusan L. Piascik

Nov. 29, 2001

(57)

ABSTRACT

(51)

Int. Cl. 7 ............................................... .. F41B 11/00

Th e P resent lnventlon
'
_'

(52)
(58)

U S C]
124/66, 124/31
Field 0
"""""""""""""""" " 12 M63169 31
124/32 41
446/399_401

lng a bullet feeding device, a power set, and a trigger


operation set. The poWer set includes a motor, a ?rst drive
gear, a second drive gear, and a force output gear. The trigger

'

'

'

406 473

to

Y gu n lnc
' _1u d -

ment of the piston cylinder may be accelerated by the


restoring force of the piston spring and by a poWer provided
by the force output gear and the rack, thereby increasing the
pressure in the cylinder, so that the BB bullet may be ejected

5:112:15 """""""""""" " 124/67


2/1968 Hills et al ......... ..

Outward qulckly

3,951,038 A *

4/1976 Van Langenhoven

4,114,311 A

9/1978 Chow ....................... .. 446/406

01

a locking member, and a microsWitch. Thus, forWard move

US. PATENT DOCUMENTS

2 i

'

a trigger arm, a lift member, a connecting arm, a sWitch arm,

References Cited

3,370,581 A

1 _

operation set includes a trigger, a connecting arm push plate,

(56)

re ates to a motorlZe

8 Claims, 10 Drawing Sheets

16

103 104 10? 1016 l


l

'

17

162 121

,.

_\~_._..._-, " V

107

T76), 15

18

10I

f 1171 1713 1'75 174/ 11763 (1162 176 1761\

152
\

U.S. Patent

May 20, 2003

Sheet 2 0f 10

US 6,564,788 B1

61

U.S. Patent

May 20, 2003

r
5
NQ

mvuoiw l,

mm
/
v
mm?

_
,

Sheet 3 0f 10

US 6,564,788 B1

U.S. Patent

May 20, 2003

Sheet 4 0f 10

US 6,564,788 B1

Fl (5.2-1

U.S. Patent

May 20, 2003

Sheet 5 0f 10

US 6,564,788 B1

U.S. Patent

May 20, 2003

Sheet 6 6f 10

US 6,564,788 B1

U.S. Patent

May 20, 2003

.m

5
_
-

X41

Sheet 7 0f 10

US 6,564,788 B1

U.S. Patent

May 20, 2003

Sheet 8 0f 10

US 6,564,788 B1

U.S. Patent

Flo

May 20, 2003

Sheet 9 0f 10

US 6,564,788 B1

U.S. Patent

May 20, 2003

Sheet 10 0f 10

.....,
C
1...
..r.,r.,. .1...1..x.

?aw?

.. ,

US 6,564,788 B1

United States Patent [19]

[11]
[45]

Gegere
[54]

PELLET-FIRING TOY GATLING GUN

[75]

Inventor:

Michael A. Gegere, 1020 Bartlett Dr.,

Vistay calm 92034


'

Patent Number:
Date of Patent:

4,834,058
May 30, 1989

3,726,266

4/1973 Palmer ................................ .. 124/48

3,729,853

5/1973

Critcher .............................. .. 124/48

Primary ExaminerR1chard C. Pinkham


_

[731 Asslgnees John 0' Beckwth EnPmltas;


Michael A. Gegere, Vlsta, both of
Calif.

Assistant ExaminerT. Brown

Attorney, Agent, or FirmBaker, Maxham, Jester &


Meador

[57]

ABSTRACT

[21]

Appl. No.: 933,240

[22l
[51]
[52]

Flledi
NOV- 21, 1986
Int. C19 ............................................ .. F41C 17/00
us. 01. ...................................... .. 124/29; 124/39;

124/48; 124/41 C

tlme during each rotation of the barrel assembly, A

[58]

Field of Search ..................... .. 273/29, 39, 48, 83,

?rmg mechamsm Posmons a spherlcal pellet at the ?r

273/59 45 27, 31, 26; 124/29, 39, 43, 83, 27

ing position and propels the pellet through a barrel in

[56]

References Cted
U.S. PATENT DOCUMENTS
36,836 11/1862
1,328,929 1/1920
1,353,696 9/1920
1,360,410 ll/l920
2,837,078 6/1958

A pellet-?rlng toy gatlmg gun includes a rotatable mul

Gatling ................................. .. 89/12


McDaniel ........ ..
124/39
Abramowitz .... ..
124/39
Jones ............ ..
124/39
Daniel ................................. .. 124/48

tiple barrel assembly with a number of barrels arranged


in a Substantially Circular array [hat is [mated $11911 that
each bwel Passes a Pfdetermmed ?ung Posmon one

response to a cooking and ?ring actuation sequence. An

actuating mechanism acts between the rotatable barrel


assembly and the ?ring mechanism in response to rota
tion of the barrel assembly by effecting the cocking and
?ring actuation sequence in synchronism with rotation
of the barrel assembly.

9 Claims, 3 Drawing Sheets

US. Patent

May 30,1989

Sheet 1 of3

4,834,058

US. Patent

May 30,1989

Sheet 2 of3

4,834,058

US. Patent

May 30,1989

Sheet 3 of3

K
'2

FIG. l3

690

56

5 x

4,834,058

C. F. LEFEVER.
POP GUN.
APPLICATION FILED OCT. 25, I916.

Patented Dec 4, 1917.

R. N. COX.
MAGAZINE PISTOL.

1,369,401.

APPLICATION FILED IuNI-:24, 1920.

Patented Feb. _22, 192.1.


2 SHEETS-SHEET I

H. N. COX.
MAGAZINE PISTOL.
APPLICATION FILED JUNE 24, 1920.

1,369,401 .

PatentedI Feb. 22,1921. _


2 SHEETS-SHEET 2

fmwlNIm.
El.:,
oz.
` l' ATTORNEY.

J. H. PARSONS.
CENTRIFUGAL GUN.
APPLICATLON FILED OCT. 16, 1918.

1,408, 137,

Patented Feb. 28,1922.

3 SHEETS-SHEET l.

v1

11

15

27
J8

10

16
21

4]

26
I

u;

22

anwwboz
Witmwom
4418!;

f ".1

(Jbiiii ? fardopns

' L H. PARSONS.

CENTRIFUGAL GUN
APPLICATION EILED 0,cT.16,19|a.

Ahmed Feb. 28, 1922.

1,408,187

28

3 SHEETS-SHEET 2.

_,

(John E Pal/raw

witmwow I $119 '5:


i

\.

A. X M.

ammgz

mm

April 13 , 1926.
H.

PIESSENS

1,580,854
I

TOY GUN

Filed Dec. 26, 1925

ZZ

mm1/rafa:
/wnr Hesse/vs,
m

Feb. 21, 1928.

1,660,127
.

A. c. JONASSEN

AUTOMATIC REPEATING TOY PISTOL


Filed Oct. 5, 1925

2 Sheets-Sheet 1

.Zkaeraic?!

A - C. J'an app'aeu

Yaw/1%

Feb. 21, 1928.

A. c. JONASSEN

1,660,127

AUTOMATIC REPEATING TOY PISTOL

Filed Oct. 3, 1925

--

g p/
u

(I.

2 Sheets-Sheet 2

May 29, 192s.


W. R. PAXSON

TOY SHOTGUN
Filed Sept. 26, 1925

2 Sheets-Sheet

ATTORN EY

May 29, 1928.

" - l

La7-i541

w. R. PAxsoN
TOY SHOTGUN

' Filed sept. 26, 1925

fgfw ` afg. t9.

2 sheets-sheet

ATTORNEY

Aug. 4, 1931.

v. H. FoRsMYAN ET AL

1,817,745

REPEATING AIR GUN


Filed Dec. l0,4 1928

2 Sheets-Sheet

Aug. 4, 193'1.

.1,817,745

v. H. FORSMAN ET AL

-REPEAT11~IG AIR GUN


Filed Dec. 10, 1928

2a

2921/'33 454? 2/

2 Sheets-Sheet 2

E414

May 3, 1932-

c. F` |_E FEVER

1,856,235

GUN '

Filed Oct. 14, 1929

IS Sheets-Sheet

ATTORNEYS

May 3, 1932.

c. F. LE FEVER

1,856,285

GUN~
Filed-OCT.. 14, 1929

3 SheetsSheet

INVENTOR

k/Zesfrer

ATTORNEY/3

May 3, 1932

c. F. LE FEVER

1,355,285

GUN

Filed Oct. 14, 1929

3 Sheets-Sheet

INVENTOR

ATTORNEYS

Oct. 30, 1934.

c. F. LEFEVER

1,978,799

GUN

Original Filed Sept. 12, 1932

i X C/mriasfiezgerer

5 V

'

MW.

MM #MM

WWW
'

Gum/M1156

US 20120240911A1

(19) United States


(12) Patent Application Publication (10) Pub. No.: US 2012/0240911 A1
(43) Pub. Date:

Hu
(54)

ELECTRIC TOY GUN WITH AN ATTACHED


CARTRIDGE CARRIER

(52)

Sep. 27, 2012

US. Cl. ..................................................... .. 124/411

(76) Inventor:

Shih-Che Hu, Tainan City (TW)

(21) App1.No.:

13/155,397

(57)

(22) Filed:

Jun. 8, 2011

An electric toy gun includes a gun body carrying a piston set


and a gear set having a ?rst gearWheel provided With a side pin
and rotatable to move the piston of the piston set, and an
attached cartridge carrier, Which includes a propelling mem

(30)

Foreign Application Priority Data

Mar. 21, 2011

(TW) ............................... .. 100109571

Publication Classi?cation

(51)

Int. Cl.
F41A 9/61
F41F 1/00

(2006.01)
(2006.01)

ABSTRACT

ber movable back and forth by the pin of the ?rst gearWheel,
a sWivel hook member tumable back and forth by the propel
ling member, a cartridge rack hung on the sWivel hook mem
ber and movable back and forth With the sWivel hook member
to simulate the cartridge feeding operation of a real gun and a

return spring for returning the propelling member.

323

US 20130192577A1

(19) United States


(12) Patent Application Publication (10) Pub. No.: US 2013/0192577 A1
Maeda
(43) Pub. Date:
Aug. 1, 2013
(54)

TOY GUN AND ATTACHMENT DEVICE

(52)

US. Cl.
USPC

(75) Inventor:

Tetsuo Maeda, Tokyo (JP)

.......................................................... ..

(57)

124/74

ABSTRACT

It is made possible to use a toy gun that ?res bullets by

(73) AssigneeZ Maruzen Company Limited Tokyo

compressed gasWithoutthereplacement of a gas cartridge for

(JP)

a long time and the portablhty of the gas cartr1dge 1s


enhanced. The air chamber body placed in the toy gun forms
an air chamber. Compressed gas in the air chamber body
passes through a gas discharge portion and shoots a bullet
held by a bullet holding portion out of a muZZle. A Valve

(21) Appl_ No. 13/358,655

establishes or breaks communication between the air cham

(22) Filed:

Jam 26, 2012

her body and the gas discharge portion according to operation


With an operation portion. The toy gun includes multiple gas
cartridge attachment portions. A gas bomb is attached to each

of the gas cartridge attachment portions. Each gas cartridge


attachment portion is provided With a ?rst Valve portion.

Publication Classi?cation

Compressed gas in the gas bomb attached to each gas car

(51) Int. Cl.

tridge attachment portion is guided into the air chamber by

F413 11/06

(2006.01)

Way of a gas introduction portion.

101
1 29 1 23d

122
126
111

122c

l 21 ' l 21 B

132b 121 Y h

123

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lllb

l 31

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105

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133

nJun-e 9,1936.

2,043,677

S. SALOMON
GAME

Filed April 18, 1934

2 Sheets-Sheet 1

.
.

Ih.

\\\\\\\

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SIGMUND

INVENTOR:

SALOMON

'

M
ATTORNEY.

~June 9, 1936.v

s. sALo/MON
~

2,043,677

GAME

ATTORNEY

Sep@o l, 15.93@

B. F. KIESEL
TOY GUN

Filed June 27, 1954

INVENTOR.

emham F /I//ee/
BY

ATTORNEYS.

1 Jan. 31, 1939.

R. E. REARDON
PLAY GUN

Filed Aug. 18, 1937

2,145,277

Sept. 10, 1940.

H. A. DOUGLAS

2,214,224

MISSILE PROJECTING DEVICE

Filed Jan. 7, 1937

2 Sheets-Sheet 1'

30

29

23

27

9 as 5
1

11

if)

a7

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24

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79
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Jyamy A. 00259105

[JUVEIJITORI
M

@iwww WW

Sept. 10, 1940.

H, A_ DOUGLAS

2,214,224

MISSILE PROJECTING DEVICE


Filed Jan. 7, 1957

6_a
!m

.r
M

2 Sheets-Sheer.

8
.j

l
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/ _ ,wulhw u w lyh?v
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April 8,

R J_ LQHR ETAL

REPEATING CORK-SHOOTING TOY

a; rag.
ATTORNEY

Nov. 24, 1942.

c. F. LEFE'VER

2,302,963

TOY GUN

Filed Dec. 6, 1939

INVENTOR.
_

CHARLES
BY

F.

LEFEYER"

'ATTORNEYs

Dec. 29, 1942.

G. M. STEVENS

2,306,668

PLUNGER TYPE AIR PISTOL

Filed April 8, 1941

1w

,(1

2)

------ --:-J:------ ---------J

4)

2
_

21

2,)
16

INVENTOR

"

WWZSW

(No Model.)

40.237,357.

_l WITNBssEs:

Y. _

`Parlor Rifle.
'

. Patented

vFe 1,1881.

1N

NTO

ATTORNEY y

(Mmm

J. ZNDORPF.
PARLOR RIFLE.

No. 269,152.

Patented Deo. 12, 1882;

wwwm
n|l.

'

WITNESSBS:

21d. ?m

W
Z

Ry/
m

um

March 16, 1948.

5.1.. DRUMHELLER

2,437,727

TOY GUN

Filed June 4, 1946

2 Sheets-Sheet l

| N V E N TO R

fpwneo 'Deum/suse,
BY

ATTO R N EY

2,437,727

E. L. DRUMHELLER

March 16, 1948.

TOY GUN

Filed June 4, 1946

2 Sheets-Sheet 2

[VM

i/

@a 9.
IZ

if' .4.

I N V E NTO R

awt/pp Deum/uf@
ATTO R N EY

July 27, 1948.

|. D. wALLAcH

2,445,812

TOY GUN ASSEMBLY


.

Filed Nov, 1o, 1945

NN

INVENTOR

l frz/111g , Wllaf/L

-BY
ATTORNEYS

. `June 14, 1949.

w. o. BLAK'E

2,473,272

TOY MACHINE GUN

Filed Nov. 18, 1944

2 Sheets-Sheet 1

/\u g

3.5' .a

a6

June 14, 1949.

W. O. BLAKE

2,473,212

TOY MACHINE GUN

Filed Nov. 1e, 1944

`2 Sheets-Sheet 2

12m my

Inventor

Hmm

Feb. 14, 1950

2,497,723

H. GiLGoFF
CONTINUOUS FIRNG TOY GUN

3 Shets-Sheet l

Filed March 21, 194:7Y

e:U1

wwwwNmwwMwQm

mwmw
QQQn,MQwm,QQ

N.mmf
INVENTOR
___T
__v Affe/Mw
6160;;
BY

_@ me ATTORNEY

Feb. 14, 1950

H. GlLGor-'F

2,497,723

CONTINUOUS FIRINO TOY GUN


Filed March 21, 1947

3 Sheets-Sheet 2

70 //0 72

7@ 54 905442 2 a
_

may O

/06

.1

75J a,

/a 72

.da

C, i 3545.55

22

-5

95

"

MM

/1' 9

34W

/00 /02

5%

INVENTOR

HIS ATTORNEY

Feb. 14, 1950

H, GlLGor-F

2,497,723

CONTINUOUS FIRINO TOY GUN

Filed March 21, 1947

3 Sheets-Sheet 3

Oct. 24, 1950

2,527,254

s. E. J. HJELM
TOY AUTOMATIC SPRING PISTOL
Filed Nov. 29, 1949

I4

20

22

34

lg
I ,.

'

INVENTOR.

STURE E.J. HJELM

ZQMWC M
AT TORNEY4

Nov. 7, 1950

2,528,723

G. HANE
ARROW PROJECTIKNG ToY GUN

Filed June 29, 1946

2 Sheets-Sheet 1

S
\gw

INVENTQR.
Gus J-a n e
BY

Mimi;
14 TTYS

NOV. 7, 1950

G, HANE

2,528,723

ARROW PROJECTING TOY GUN

Filed June 29, 1946

2 sheets-sheet 2

MLM

Feb. 20, 1951


`

B. C. LOEW
_

PELLET PROJECTING TOY GUN

Filed April l22, 194e

2,542,777

April 17, 1951

F. A. LENNBERG, JR

2,548,984

TOY GUN

Filed Feb. 15, 1947

wirw.

a@
I|liI. l(

lnkWk

NVENTOR.

Ffm/w( @
BY

.Smn

May l, 1951

w. A. TRATSCH

2,550,887

ELECTRIC PELLET PRoJEcTTNG PIsToL

Filed OCb. 28, 1947

2 Sheets-Sheet l

Nv

mm.uw um ,mv

mm wm

INVENTOR.

May H, i953

W. A. TRATscH

2,550,887

ELECTRIC PELLET PRoJEcTING PIsToL

Filed Oct. 28, 1947

2 Sheets-Sheet 2

July 24, 1951

H. J. cRlNER

2,561,563

TOY PERCUSSION GUN


,Filed Dec. 28, 1946

*Alww
2E@2

paw!
`

INVENTOR.

M f7@
Hfs /forney

Jan- 1, 1952

2,580,734

H. J. CRINER
TOY SPRING GUN
Filed April 22, 1946 .

V?

~ - >

LVVENTOR.

Dec. 2, 1952

c A ROCK
SPRING OPERATED RAPID -FIRE

2,619,949
TOY GUN

Filed Aug. 15, 1950


I

'

2 SHEETS-SHEET 1

INVENTOR;

Ware/me v9. 120


-- BY

Dec. 2, 1952

c. A. ROCK

2,619,949

SPRING OPERATED RAPID-FIRE_ TOY GUN


Filed Aug. 15, 1950
2 SHEETS~SHEET 2

i.
INVENTOR.

CY/aramre M7 220 OK
BY
/

f//

Arman/5y

June 14, 1955

E. HEILMAN
TOY GUN

Filed June 29, 1953

l.Wr.aN/Aw

2,710,607

March 13, 1956

H. HOROWITZ ETAL

2,737,942

TOY GUNS
2 Sheets-Sheet 1

Filed May 11, 1955

\N.

iwknMw\.muaWwxg
MAM\

March 13, 1956-

2,737,942

H. HOROWITZ ET AL
TOY GUNS

Filed May 11, 1953

2 Sheets-Sheet 2

&

Il;

April 22, 1958

R. 1. DANIEL

2,831,475

POPGUN CONSTRUCTION
Filed May 8, 1956

/ '7

** lei/:44,

FAIL 71/5:

May 26, 1959

Z. SWANSON

2,888,003

PEA-SHOOTERS

Filed March 9, 1956

Ziegner Swanson

Oct. 16, 1962

3,058,456

|_. ELLIS, JR
COMBINED ARROW AND PELLET-SHCOTING CANE

3 Sheets-Sheet 1

Filed Aug. 25, 1959

hMwushaL

!QuaMNM

IWmR/iQ

mu

INVENTOR

lee Ellis Jr.


BY

214.42
ATTORNEY

Oct. 16, 1962

L. ELLIS, JR

3,058,456

COMBINED ARROW AND PELLET-SHOOTING CANE

Filed Aug. 25, 1959

3 Sheets-Sheet 3

4,6
OFF

0"

@ImIuIElIlllll-H

$7

59

I '

1'7

15$; {berg/5 " L if?


'//////

5914M

/,

A544 45

-_ 1L _

421 E8 @_.4,__ _I_ __

@212 Z .916

//////////(

'\\ \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\ \\\\\\\\\ NVENTOR.

'9

lee E'ZZz's Jr:

a? QQMQ
ATTORNEY

Dec.- 4, 1962

H. D. JONES ETAL

3,066,666-

BEAN-SHOOTING PISTOL
Filed oct. 17, 1960

2 SheStS-Sheet l

28

FIG.3

/4

FIG. 2
HERL D. JONES

PAUL E- was@

BY M QB. ym@

Dec. 4, 1962

H, D, JoNEs ETAL

3,066,666

BEAN-SHOOTING PISTOL
Filed Oct. 17, 1960

2 Sheets-Sheet 2

HEARL n. .ToNfs

F l G. .7

PAUL f. smog/2
INVENTOR.

BY Mag/mw

June '16, 1964

R. 0. DE AR'BUN

3,137,287

REPEATING BLOW-GUN
Filed May 24, 1962

2p 23

INVENTOR.

RuFo D. DEA 25u~

ATTORNEYS

United States Patent


172] lnventor

[111 3,550,574

Norman C. Lee

[56]

Rocky Mount, N.C.


[21 l Appl. No. 780,430
Dec. 2, 1968
122] Filed

[45] Patented

[731 Assignee

References Cited
UNITED STATES PATENTS

2,856,912
3,476,100

Dec. 29, 1970

Carolina Enterprises, Inc.

10/1958
1 H1969

Erickson .................... ..
Carbonneau ............... ..

Primary Examiner-George J. Marlo

Tarboro, N.C.

Assistant Examiner-William R. Browne

a corporatin of North Carolina

Attorney-Kirschstein, Kirschstein, Ottinger & Frank


ABSTRACT: A pump action toy ri?e ?res soft pellets stored
in a chamber above a barrel and gravity fed into ?ring position

[54] SPRING PROPELLED TOY PELIIJET GUN

in front of a spring propelled ?ring plunger. The ?ring plunger

6 Claims, 15 Drawing Figs.


{52]

[1.8. CI ...................................................... ..

[51]
[50]

Int. Cl ....................................................... ..

124/27
124/27

124/27,

124/37, 124/41, 124/50


F41b 7/08

Field of Search .......................................... .. 124/27, 29,

26,37, 38, 49, 50,41

is moved to cocked position by a loading rod and there held by


a trigger. A retainer tip is urged by a spring part way into the
barrel forwardly of the pellet in its ready-to-?re position.

When pulling the trigger releases the ?ring plunger the im~
pelled pellet is forced over the retainer tip which pinches the
pellet as it passes, thereby adding forward impetus to the pel
let.

United States Patent [19]

[11]

4,083,349

Clifford

[45]

Apr. 11, 1978

[54] RAPID-FIRE, FLUID ACI'UATED B.B. GUN

[76] Inventor:

Eugene Russett Clifford, 753


Minorca, Coral Gables, Fla. 33134

FOREIGN PATENT DOCUMENTS


1,203,207
1,085,636

7/1959
7/1954

France .... ..' ........................... .. 124/56


France ................................. .. 124/56

Primary ExaminerRichard C. Pinkham


Assistant ExaminerT. Brown

[21] Appl. No.: 704,836


[22] Filed:

Jul. 13, 1976

[51]

Int. Cl.2

[52]

US. Cl. ...................................... .. 124/72; 124/45;

....

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..

F41B

11/02

[58]

Field of Search ................. .. 124/72, 51 A, 74, 83,

124/83; 124/51 A; 124/71; 124/74

124/84, 85, 56, 57, 58, 59, 60, 53,45, 71, 73-74;
89/160, 191, 193

[56]

References Cited

from a source of gas propellant preferably a canister of

lique?eld gas, has a trigger-operated valve releasing


propellant gas from the source to a pellet containing

magazine for projecting the pellets in rapid succession


through a barrel passageway to be ejected from the gun
at high speed at a target to which the gun is pointed.
The pellets underlie and surround a sleeve in the maga
zine acting as a cofferdam to maintain a local level of

the pellets below the gas inlet and the gas outlet so that

U.S. PATENT DOCUMENTS


679,670

7/ 1901

Hamilton ............................. .. 124/85

2,238,384

4/1941

Feltman

2,357,951

9/1944

Hale

3,204,625

9/1965

Shepherd ..

3,227,148

1/ 1966

Spack ................................... .. 124/74

.. .. ..... .

Attorney, Agent, or Firm-Hill, Gross, Simpson, Van


Santen, Steadman, Chiara & Simpson
[57]
ABSTRACT
A rapid-?re B.B. pellet-type machine gun operated

........... .. 124/72
. . . . . . . ..

124/72

the gas will impinge against and actuate the pellets


causing them to be successively swept into the gas out
let for discharge through the barrel.

124/74

19 Claims, 5 Drawing Figures

US. Patent

April 11, 1978

4,083,349

Unlted States Patent [191

[111

4,086,902

Reynolds

[45]

May 2, 1978

[54]

TOY PROJECIILE LAUNCHING


APPARATUSES

[75]

Inventon

[73]

Assigneez

John Dudley Reynolds, New Malden,


England
Lesney Products & Co Limited

London, England
.

..

1,673,945
3,219,022
3,388,696
3,662,729

6/1928
11/1965
6/1968
5/1972

Neats .................................... .. 124/65


Beachy ..... ..
124/65

Llttle?eld
Hagemeyer ....... ..
Hoverath et a1.
Henderson ........................... ..

124/26
124/61
124/62
124/73

Attorney, Agent, or Firm-Browdy and Neimark

Apr. 11, 1977


'

[30]

3/1918
4/1918

Primary Examiner-Richard T. Stouffer

[21] Appl NO _ 786 619

[22] Filed:

1,260,013
1,262,004

[57]

Forelgn Applicant, Pnonty Data


Apr. 13, 1976

ABSTRACT

An apparatus for use in launching toy projectiles which

comprises a piston or bellows having one side pneumati

United Kingdom ............. .. 15148/76

cally connected to an operating mechanism and its op

[51]
[52]

Int. c1.2 .............................................. .. F41F 1/04


US. Cl. ...................................... .. 124/61; 124/49

[58]

Field Of Search ..................... .. 124/26, 27, 29, 61,

exhibiting a chamber WhOSe Size can be Suddenly

124/64 65 70 71 72, 73, 74 75, 76, 77 50 79

changed by squeezing, or a manual blow, or the release

49

of a stressed Spring, to alter the pneumatic pressure


applied to the piston or bellows and displace it launch
ingly towards a projectile, the initial volume of the

124%;

[56]

References C'ted
US. PATENT DOCUMENTS

Pm. side arranged 8 as t be capable f launching a


Pmlectile {mm the apparatus when med Wards that

projectile at a sufficient speed, the operating mechanism

chamber preferably being rapidly restored to suck the

174 628

3/1876

Hicks ................................... .. 124/61

Piston or bellows back t Substantially its initial Position

565:423

8/1896

Beck et a1. .

124/62

after each launching Operation

632,838

9/1899

Jacobs ...... ..

124/62

706,399

8/1902

Fifer ..................................... .. 124/29

15 Claims, 4 Drawing Figures

US. Patent

May 2, 1978

Sheet 1 of2

4,086,902

U.S. Patent

May 2, 1978

Sheet 2 of2

4,086,902

United States Patent [19]


Hung

[11] Patent Number:


[45] Date of Patent:

[54]

2,437,728 3/1948 Drumlllleller ......................... .. 124/48

TOY GUNS FOR FIRING PELLETS

2,550,887

[75] lnvenw?

Lam H- Hung, Hong Kong, Hong

[73]

Assigneei

[21]

Appl. NO.: 768,797

[22] Filed:

Kong

2,836,167

124/27

Longreen Limited, Hong Kong

4,422,433 12/1983 Mllllman ......................... .. 124/48 x

"""""""""""" " F4113

124/27 29 39 31

4/32 37_3 4543;

?ring

mechanism

which

reciprocates

hammer

through a ?ring point in the gun barrel to sequentially

discharge pellets therefrom. The mechanism is operated


means of a cam and follower mechanism. This mecha

U S PATENT DOCUMENTS

nism successively withdraws and releases the hammer

' "

which is continuously biased in a firing mode by a

124/48 X

32,619 6/1361 CPU F1 31- 8/1877

ABSTRACT

by an electric motor which reciprocates the hammer by

References Cited

194,690

[57]

A toy gun for ?ring pellets wherein a trigger operates a

[56]

2/1929 United Kingdom ................ .. 124/29

35:51:01, 5grgvaden' Ewkenmh"

United Kingdom ............... .. 8519051

""""""""""

Saito ..... ..

Primary Examiner-Paul E. Shapiro

. ...................................... .. 124/36. 124/49,

[58] Field of Search

5/1958

FOREIGN PATENT DOCUMENTS


306516

Aug. 23, 1985

Jul. 29, 1985 [GB]

. .

124/54

124/45

Foreign Application Priority Data


4

..... ..

2,713,859 7/1955 Brad?eld

Hong Kong

[30]

5/1951 'Tratsc

4,694,815
Sep. 22, 1987

spring. Also disclosed is a pellet delivery system in

Klrkbnde - - ' ' ' ~

~ - ' " :2:/

which a magazine is slidably mounted on the gun body

ipetlrgrig'' ' ' ' '

enabling one of a plurality of pellet sources in the maga

433; X

123l833 7/1917 Aggy

l24/39 X

zine to be in communication with the barrel and ?ring

1,830,763 11/1931

124/52 x

mechamsm

1,860,611
2,170,221

Loomis ........... ..

5/1932 De Minno et al.


124/49 X
8/1939 Stanley ................................ .. 124/29

12 Claims, 4 Drawing Figures

17- 4B

46;: a

~\ J
I 746

United States Patent [19]

[11] Patent Number:


[45] Date of Patent:

Hung
[54]

TOY GUNS FOR FIRING PELLETS

2,437,728 3/1948 Drumlllleller ......................... .. 124/48


2,550,887

[75] lnvenw?

124/45

2,836,167

124/27

Longreen Limited, Hong Kong

4,422,433 12/1983 Mllllman ......................... .. 124/48 x

Appl. NO.: 768,797

Hong Kong

Aug. 23, 1985

Jul. 29, 1985 [GB]

"""""""""""" " F4113

[57]

ABSTRACT

A toy gun for ?ring pellets wherein a trigger operates a

124/27 29 39 31

4/32 37_3 4543;

[56]

2/1929 United Kingdom ................ .. 124/29

35:51:01, 5grgvaden' Ewkenmh"

United Kingdom ............... .. 8519051

""""""""""

Saito ..... ..

Primary Examiner-Paul E. Shapiro

. ...................................... .. 124/36. 124/49,

[58] Field of Search

5/1958

FOREIGN PATENT DOCUMENTS


306516

Foreign Application Priority Data


. .

124/54

Kong

[21]

..... ..

2,713,859 7/1955 Brad?eld

Assigneei

[30]

5/1951 'Tratsc

Lam H- Hung, Hong Kong, Hong

[73]

[22] Filed:

4,694,815
Sep. 22, 1987

?ring

mechanism

which

reciprocates

hammer

through a ?ring point in the gun barrel to sequentially

discharge pellets therefrom. The mechanism is operated


by an electric motor which reciprocates the hammer by

References Cited

means of a cam and follower mechanism. This mecha

U S PATENT DOCUMENTS

nism successively withdraws and releases the hammer

' "

which is continuously biased in a firing mode by a

124/48 X

32,619 6/1361 CPU F1 31- 194,690

8/1877

spring. Also disclosed is a pellet delivery system in

Klrkbnde - - ' ' ' ~

~ - ' " :2:/

which a magazine is slidably mounted on the gun body

ipetlrgrig'' ' ' ' '

enabling one of a plurality of pellet sources in the maga

433; X

123l833 7/1917 Aggy

l24/39 X

zine to be in communication with the barrel and ?ring

1,830,763 11/1931

124/52 x

mechamsm

1,860,611
2,170,221

Loomis ........... ..

5/1932 De Minno et al.


124/49 X
8/1939 Stanley ................................ .. 124/29

12 Claims, 4 Drawing Figures

17- 4B

46;: a

~\ J
I 746

(No Mode1.)"

0.V H. ARNO;
MAGAZINE SPRING GUN.

No. 473,30@1

@@@IL J Q
@@lll 'Gv
A A

lill/Ill1111111111111111.11rlrxllrllllllu".'n

e
//////////////////

@L a

(m

f
,

United States Patent [19]

[11]
[45]

Gegere
[54]

PELLET-FIRING TOY GATLING GUN

[75]

Inventor:

Michael A. Gegere, 1020 Bartlett Dr.,

Vistay calm 92034


'

Patent Number:
Date of Patent:

4,834,058
May 30, 1989

3,726,266

4/1973 Palmer ................................ .. 124/48

3,729,853

5/1973

Critcher .............................. .. 124/48

Primary ExaminerR1chard C. Pinkham


_

[731 Asslgnees John 0' Beckwth EnPmltas;


Michael A. Gegere, Vlsta, both of
Calif.

Assistant ExaminerT. Brown

Attorney, Agent, or FirmBaker, Maxham, Jester &


Meador

[57]

ABSTRACT

[21]

Appl. No.: 933,240

[22l
[51]
[52]

Flledi
NOV- 21, 1986
Int. C19 ............................................ .. F41C 17/00
us. 01. ...................................... .. 124/29; 124/39;

124/48; 124/41 C

tlme during each rotation of the barrel assembly, A

[58]

Field of Search ..................... .. 273/29, 39, 48, 83,

?rmg mechamsm Posmons a spherlcal pellet at the ?r

273/59 45 27, 31, 26; 124/29, 39, 43, 83, 27

ing position and propels the pellet through a barrel in

[56]

References Cted
U.S. PATENT DOCUMENTS
36,836 11/1862
1,328,929 1/1920
1,353,696 9/1920
1,360,410 ll/l920
2,837,078 6/1958

A pellet-?rlng toy gatlmg gun includes a rotatable mul

Gatling ................................. .. 89/12


McDaniel ........ ..
124/39
Abramowitz .... ..
124/39
Jones ............ ..
124/39
Daniel ................................. .. 124/48

tiple barrel assembly with a number of barrels arranged


in a Substantially Circular array [hat is [mated $11911 that
each bwel Passes a Pfdetermmed ?ung Posmon one

response to a cooking and ?ring actuation sequence. An

actuating mechanism acts between the rotatable barrel


assembly and the ?ring mechanism in response to rota
tion of the barrel assembly by effecting the cocking and
?ring actuation sequence in synchronism with rotation
of the barrel assembly.

9 Claims, 3 Drawing Sheets

US. Patent

May 30,1989

Sheet 1 of3

4,834,058

US. Patent

May 30,1989

Sheet 2 of3

4,834,058

US. Patent

May 30,1989

Sheet 3 of3

K
'2

FIG. l3

690

56

5 x

4,834,058

US005666937A

United States Patent 1191


Mendoza-Orozco

[11] Patent Number:


[45] Date of Patent:

[54] REPEAT-FIRE PELLET RIFLE AND

1,862,697

IMPROVED PELLETS

1,886,704

2,713,338

[76] Inventor: Hector Mendoza-Orozco, Fuego 986,


colonia Jardines del Pedregal, 01900
Alvaro Obregon, Federal District,

5,666,937
Sep. 16, 1997

6/1932 Mihalyi ............................... ..124/s3x


11/1932 Loomis ..

FOREIGN PATENT DOCUMENTS

Mexico

519142
568929

11/1957

3/1955

Italy ....................................... .. 124/67


Italy ..
..

978502

1211964

United Kingdom . . . . . . .

[21] Appl. No.: 532,146


[22] Filed:
Sep. 22, 1995

Primary Examiner-John A. Ricci


Attorney Agent, or Fimt-Hanison & Egbert

[30]

[57]

Foreign Application Priority Data

Mar. 13, 1995 [MX]

Mexico .................................. .. 951316

[51]

Int. Cl.6 .................................................... .. F41B 11/14

[52]
[58]

US. Cl. ............................. .. 124/67; 124/51.1; 124/53


Field of Search ............................. .. 124/51.1, 52, 53,

124/66, 67, 82
[56]

References Cited
U.S. PATENT DOCUMENTS
906,309

12/1908 Schobbert ............................... .. 124/67

1,660,127

2/1928 Jonassen

1,793,625

2/1931

1,859,816

5/1932 Decker ................................ .. 124/53 X

Lafever

124/53 X

124/52

7/1955 Abagotf .............................. ..124/s2x

. . . . ..

124/67

ABSTRACT

A repeat-?re pellet ri?e for sport shooting including a ?rst


and second rectangular, slightly curved plate which coin
cides with the curve of the barrel of the gun. One of the
curved plates is located on the upper section and having a
central hole which can be used to ?x it on the gun barrel. The

second curved plate has a central hole which allows it to be


?xed on a lower part of the gun barrel. A rectangular plate
is located vertically at the side of the ear and compression
chamber of the gun. A pellet loader, in the form of a groove,
includes a window through which a pellet can be fed. A

puller is provided to feed the pellet to the loading chamber.

...... .. 124/52

5 Claims, 5 Drawing Sheets

USOO5819715A

United States Patent [19]

[11] Patent Number:

Haneda et al.

[45]

[54]

[75]

5,819,715

Date of Patent:

BULLET SHOOTING APPARATUS, BULLET


SUPPLY APPARATUS, AND BULLET

1,408,137
1,662,629

SHOOTING SYSTEM COMPRISING THESE


APPARATUSES

2,684,062
4,632,086

Inventors: Hisatsugu Haneda, 25 W. Highland Dr.

Oct. 13, 1998

2/1922 Parsons ..................................... .. 124/6


3/1928 Baden-Powell
.. 124/6
7/1954 Rose .......... ..
12/1986 Rutten .

124/6
124/6

FOREIGN PATENT DOCUMENTS

#33, Seattle, Wash. 98119; Hiroyuki


Kata, Tokyo; Masaru Suzuki,

Nerimaku both of Japan

[73]

Assignee: Hisatsugu Haneda, Seattle, Wash.

794349

2/1936

87964

1/1896

France ..................................... .. 124/6

Germany

.. 124/6

329550

9/1935

Italy .................... ..

.. 124/6

Unlted Qngdom "" "

" 124/6

20363 of 1914
526908

9/1940

United Kingdom ..................... .. 124/6

[21] Appl. No.:

537,662

[22]

PCT Filed?

APr- 8! 1994

Primary ExaminerJohn A. Ricci

[86]

PCT NO _

PCT/1P9 4/00591

Attorney, Agent, or FirmSeed and Berry LLP

371 Date:

Oct. 5, 1995

[57]

102(6) Date: Oct 5 1995

ABSTRACT

[87]

PCT Pub- NO-I W094/24509

The apparatus according to the invention comprises an


acceleration barrel (29); a bullet supply apparatus (42) for
supplying bullets (46) to the acceleration barrel (29); and a

rotor (30) for shooting a bullet (46) in the acceleration barrel

[51]

PCT Pub' Date' Oct 27 1994


Int. Cl.6 ...................................................... .. F41B 3/04

(29) from a bore placed at the end of the shooting barrel (18)
by directly pushing the bullet (46). Therefore, the present

[ 52 ]

US. Cl. ................................................................. .. 124/ 6

'
'
'
lnventlon
PTOVl'd 65 a b 11 ll 6t 5 h ootlng
apparatus, a b 11 ll 6t

[58]

Field of Search .................................................. .. 124/6

Supply apparatus> and a bullet Shooting System Comprising


these apparatuses, Wherein bullets can be shot consecutively
ata h'h
1g spee d ,an d ata h'h"'lh'
1g 1n1t1a s ooting spee d ,Wit'hout

[]
56

References Cited

using compressed gas, and Without causing energy loss.


U.S. PATENT DOCUMENTS
1,201,626 10/1916 Reynolds .................................. .. 124/6

22 20
\

VI

13 Claims, 21 Drawing Sheets

/34

I8

52 4e

y
Z A

*1

, 1

---~

42

1.

1---

\
44

\\

| Q

-.

W
E!

'

' __

"4

a
E "aI
.

I
I 4

<

26 ,7

29
28

41

40

__ _ - _ f,

- if

g/ 36

54
50

60
_ _ - -

38

2O

i
-

_ J

US006152125A

United States Patent [19]

[11]

Patent Number:

Piper

[45]

Date 0f Patent:

6,152,125
Nov. 28, 2000

[54]

MULTI-BARRELED RAPID FIRE BB GUN

[57]

[76]

Inventor: Paul A Piper, PO. Box 95, Lamposas,

A multi-barreled rapid ?re gun and method of use for ?ring


a plurality of projectiles contained Within a container releas

Tex. 76550

ABSTRACT

ably connected to the gun. The gun includes at least one

barrel for receiving the projectiles from the supply. Asupply

[21] Appl. No.1 09/221,440

of gas is connected to the at least one barrel and a device for

providing gas from the supply to the at least one barrel is

[22]

Filed:

Dec. 28, 1998

[51]
[52]
[58]

Int. Cl.7 ............................ .. F41B 11/06; F41B 11/02


US. Cl. ................................ .. 124/59; 124/72; 124/82
Field of Search ................................. .. 124/59, 72, 82

connected therebetWeen. A gas regulator is provided for

[56]

References Cited
U.S. PATENT DOCUMENTS
4,073,280

2/1978 Koehn et a1. ........................... .. 124/72

4,083,349

4/1978

4,108,272

8/1978 Paitson et a1.

4,137,893

2/1979

5,054,464

10/1991

Clifford

. ... ... ... ..

Beauchamp

......

124/72

181/120
. . . . ..

124/72

Young ...................... .. 124/72

5,282,455

2/1994 Adamson et a1.

5,596,978

1/1997

5,699,781

. . . . ..

Johnson

... ... ... .... ..

124/59
. . . . ..

rotating the plurality of barrels Wherein each barrel receives


a projectile to be ejected therefrom from the supply of
projectiles upon each revolution. The barrels are fed the

projectiles through a feedWay extending around the barrel


housing from Which the plurality of barrels extend. The

124/72

12/1997 Johnson et a1. ..................... .. 124/72 X

Primary ExaminerRobert P. SWiatek


Attorney, Agent, or FirmMichael I. Kroll

regulating a pressure of the gas supplied to the at least one


barrel Wherein activation of the device for providing causes
the gas to be supplied to tie at least one barrel to be received
at a desired pressure causing the projectile to be ejected from
the at least one barrel, a velocity at Which the projectile is
ejected and a distance at Which the projectile travels being
dependent upon the pressure at Which the gas is provided to
the at least one barrel. The multi-barreled rapid ?re gun may
include a plurality of barrels and a rotational motor for

projectiles are draWn into each barrel by a bolt having a

magnetic tip for attracting the projectiles Which is caused to


extend into the barrel prior to ejection of the projectile.

17 Claims, 9 Drawing Sheets

" " \\\\\\\\\WE

14

(No Modal.)

/7

Q
\

WITJVESSES.

W@

my LN ENTOR,
'n

Mw`
Attorneys.
ma Nonfus PETERS co, mmourwo.. wAsHlNamu, n c.

No. 683,431.

'

'

Patented Oct. I, 19m.

F. r. BENNETT &. w. J. BURRUW.


AIR GUN.
I

(No Modal.)

(Application ?led Jan. 23, 1901.)

'

No. 723,227.

M. ANTHONY, DEO'D.

PATENTEDMAR. 24.1903.

M. o. ANTHONY, ADMINISTRATRIX.

TOY GUN.
APPLIoATIoN FILED JUNE 1

N0 MODEL.

54
.
A Tron/v' s.

US007377274B2

(12)

(54)

(75)

United States Patent

(10) Patent N0.:

Morikawa et a].

(45) Date of Patent:

RAPID-FIRING TOY GUN

US 7,377,274 B2
May 27, 2008

6,181,032 B1*

1/2001 Marshall et a1. .......... .. 307/150

6,276,353 B1*

8/2001

Briggs et a1. ............... .. 124/71

Inventors: Evan Takashi MorikaWa, Rancho


Santa Fe, CA (US); Patrick James

Moore, San Diego, CA (US)


_

(73) Ass1gnee: High Tech High Foundation, San

(Continued)

Diego, CA (US)

FOREIGN PATENT DOCUMENTS

(*)

Notice:

Subject to any disclaimer, the term of this


patent is extended or adjusted under 35

EP

0 772 022 A1

5/1997

USC 154(b) by 112 days.


(21) Appl. No.: 10/845,058

Primary ExamineriMichael J. Carone

Assistant ExamineriSteWart T Knox

(22) Flled?

May 121 2004

(74) Attorney, Agent, or Firm4Cooley GodWard Kronish


LLP

(65)

Prior Publication Data


Us 2005/0252500 A1

Nov. 17, 2005

(57)

ABSTRACT

(51)

Int. Cl.
F41B 11/02

(2006.01)

An automatic, rapid-?ring toy gun is powered by a fast

(52)

US. Cl. .......................... .. 124/71; 124/72; 124/49;


124/63
Field of Classi?cation Search ................ .. 15/334;

moving air stream- The toy gun is simple in design and does
not require a lot of effort and time to ?re the projectiles or
to lead the Projectiles between ?ring- The my gun includes

(58)

124/72 56, 63, 411 49 60, 67, 82


56)
(

See application ?le for complete search history.


R f
C d
e erences ite
US. PATENT DOCUMENTS
1,673,945 A *

6/1928

Little?eld .................. ..

3,388,696 A *

6/1968

Hoverath et a1. ........... .. 124/62

3,731,421 A

5/1973 Frattolillo et a1.

3,911,888 A *

124/56

inner passage of the barrel one at a time. The trigger is

5/1978 Reynolds ................... .. 124/61


2/1984 Vincent ....................... .. 42/50

electrically connected to the fan. Pulling the trigger causes


the fan to drive a large volume of air through the gun barrel

4,461,055 A *

7/1984

4,586,482 A

5/1986 Di Pietro
12/1989
10/1993

Horvath ..................... ..

plurality of projectiles and the opening is sized and shaped


to sequentially release the plurality of projectiles into the

4,086,902 A *
4,430,821 A *

4,884,314 A *
5,251,906 A *

10/1975

124/26

a barrel, a fan, a loading chamber, and a trigger. The barrel


has a forward end, a rear end, and an inner Passage between
the tWo ends. The fan is arranged With respect to the barrel
to direct an air stream through the inner passage from the
rear end to the forward end. The loading chamber is mounted
on the barrel and has an opening directed into the inner
passage. The loading chamber is sized and shaped to hold a

Zerrer et a1. ................ .. 15/344

and the air stream to accelerate as it travels through a narroW

passage of the gun barrel. Projectiles sequentially fall into

Miner et a1. ................ .. 15/344


Heller et a1. .............. .. 273/397

5,323,755 A
5,429,108 A

6/1994 Hsieh
7/1995 Hsieh

5,507,271 A *

4/1996

Actor ........................ ..

5,887,578 A *

3/1999

Backeris et a1. ............ .. 124/49

10

Opening for

the air stream one at a time and are quickly released from the

gun as the air stream accelerates through the gun barrel and
exits the gun barrel.

124/56

11 Claims, 6 Drawing Sheets

No. 798,471.

PATENTED AUG. 29, 1905.


J. H. WIESMAN.
TOY GUN 0R PISTOL.
APPLIOATION FILED DEO.14, 1904.

WWW
I / ,

1 I

{1/

Inventor]
~

/ '_.~

mmiw, a mum! co PNOTO-LITNOGRAPNERS wnsummou. o z.

// I

Attorneys

11

mum 01, US00567528A

Umted States Patent [191

[11] P1116111 Number:

Hadley

[45] Date of Patent:

[54]

Bow WITH BARREL ARRANGEMENT


Inventor;

Claude Hadley,

4,696,281

Bream St Mob?c,

A1a_36502

.124/241x

4,829,974

5/1989 Anderson . . . . . .

. . . .. l24/24.1

4,957,093

9/1990 1111111160

Jun. 7, 1995

[51]

Int. c1.6 ...................................................... .. F41B 7/00

US. Cl. ........................ ..124/2s;124/24.1;124/25.5;

[58]

Field ofSearch ............................. .. 124/24.1, 65, 66,

124/27

124/25, 25.5, 25.6, 25.7, 26, 27

Attorney, Agent, or FirmGregory Friedlander


[57]
ABSTRACT
A projectile launcher having a barrel for holding projectiles
traveling through an aligning opening in or connected to a

rigid support. Two bow arms extend from the rigid support.
A bow string travels between the ends of the two bow arms

References Cited

and behind the aligning opening. The rigid support may

U.S. PATENT DOCUMENTS

include a brace which extends from the rigid support to the


forearm of the user. A piston within the barrel or the barrel

2,214,224

9/1940 Douglas ........................... .. 12404.1 X

2,313,803

3/1943 Ca?son

2,757,657

9/1956 Lohme'yer

2,995,128

9/1961

.... .. 12405

3,561,418

2/1971 Fredrickson
2/1971 Cucuzza, Sr.

3,572,311

3/1971 Baer .......... ..

7/1975 Kellogg

when used. This bow may have an arm brace characteristic


of a wrist slingshot or other bow designs. Pulleys or cams of

12404.1

novel design having curved lips are attached to either bow

....... .. 12405

arm to decrease wear on the bow strings. A novel pulley

12404.1 X

arrangement is disclosed which limits the number of strings


passing behind the rigid support. 'lubing or elastic bands
may run between the rigid support and bowslring to (1) give
additional power to the bow and (2) to keep the bow string
travel in line in conjunction with the tubular aligning open

..... .. 124/24.1

11/1975 Marshall .

124/41.1 X

4,146,009

3/1979 Adams ...... ..

4,291,664

9/1981

4,385,618

5/1983 Nishioka

12404.1

4,446,844

5/1984 Nishioka .

124/44.5

4,662,345
4,688,539

5/1987 Stephens .
. 12405
8/1987 Lawrence ............................ .. 124/37 X

Nishioka

. ... .

itself is propelled by the string. The piston moves relative to


the rigid support which remains substantially motionless

. . . . .. 12402 X

12404.1 X

Hornbostel . . . . . .

3,561,419

3,895,621

124/241

12/1990 Je?rey ..................................... .. 124/25

Assistant ExaminerTh0mas A. Beach

[52]

3,916,867

9/1987 191511161111 ................................. .. 124/25

Primary Examiner-Randolph A. Reese

[21] Appl. No.: 474,702

[56]

Oct. 21, 1997

4,708,341 11/1987 Paraskevakos


4,976,250

[22] F1166:

5,678,528

124/44.1 X
. . . . . ..

124/445

ing in the rigid support.

5 Claims, 11 Drawing Sheets

Aug. 25A, 1942.

2,293,951

w. s. wELLs
AIR PISTOL

Filed March 13, 1939

2 Sheets-Sheet 1

I m\|-l l.
I:l,._NNN
- ww -

_ bww
Dw.NEE.mw.kw.m

WM,EVRM.mm,M\NY\h.MWXM,

_Q\___
HNN,mw
.n1. Ihw

Il '.,H1, 7

L
\N\\..W
my,_ _

Wn_va.i a
@d
_ .

wkiwbm

MW

am

M
_

n
m
_

l
E
Tm.
J
_m

Aug. 25', 1941

w. s. wELLs

2,293,957

Am rrsor.

Filed man 15. 1939

2 Sheets~Sheet 2

Nov. 10, 1.942.

2,301 ,653

w. s. WELLS
AIR PISTOL

Filed Deo. 19, 1959

V/.
"`\E

d?Nhbl

82

PL
mw

INVENToR.

-W/LL/AM WEL/.s

a(

#kw
'

TroRNEx/s.

July 2.2, 1952

W. S. WELLS

2,604,088

AIR GUN

Filed Jan. l2, 1949

2 Sl-IEETS--SEIEET l

fami/Kyi

July 22, 1952

w. s. WELLS

2,604,088 `

AIR GUN
z SHEETS-_SHEET 2

Filed Jan. 12, 1949

LL
i

3A.S5Q3

H. W

wwwQJMN
E=.

INVENTOR.

v/f//f'dm 6T w/e/Zf.
BY

/77

@HWK/'

Sept. 3, 1963

w. s. WELLS ETAL

3,102,527

TOY PISTOL

Filed March 10, 1961


4 Sheets-Sheet 1

>3.?=?(

0%WW.H%My.

r.
0M
mmil.
I
,

rwe

3.24,

Sept. 3, 1963

w. s. WELLS ETAL

3,102,527

TOY PISTOL
Filed March 10, 1961

4 Sheets-Sheet 2

June 8,_ 1943.

J. J. GORA EFAL.

2,321,076

PUMP TYPE DART GUN

Filed March 25, 1940

2 Sheets-Sheet l

\ %\

INVENTOR?
9 4m.

ATTORNEYS

Jdne 8, 1943

J. J. 'GORA EI'AL

2,321,076,

PUMP TYPE DART GUN


Filed March 25, 1940

2 Sheets-Sheet 2

.H.Mm.QH.

ym
3%
M?

m
.
_.

May 8, 1945-

R. |_. WULFERT

2,375,607

TOY ROCKET PROJECTING GUN

Filed Jan. 18, 1944

2 Sheets-Sheet l

Inventor

P00: y L /l(/; F5? 7.

May 8, 1945.

R. L; WULFER-T

2,375,607

TOY ROCKET PROJECTING GUN

Filed Jan. 18, 1944

2 Sheets-Sheet 2

Inventor

' Pom/EVA. Wane-er

a?

Agtqrneys

Aug. 14, 1951(

2,563,969

L. A. sKlNNl-:R
TOY SPRING ROCKET LAUNCHER

Filed March l5, 1947

_,

mw/
~.

/%\
@TmE
.v.

\
, \.

INVENTO'R
Leslie L5/mzlwf'

n,

BY
>

TORNEYS

Feb. 3, 1953

H.'.ZlMMERMAN

2,627,260

MAGNETIC DART-PROJECTING TOY

Filed April 20, 1950

'23

' In

17/

'%h N/

"
.

3i

6/9? "TE-.2
1
4/ l
I

Bnnemtor:
HARRY ZIMMERMAN

Clttorneg

Oct. 8, 1957

A.

2,808,820

HALEY
TOY PISTOL

Filed April 20, 1956

/owm.uP\UIMH"

0M.
,.

.13%.
.\|H..|.I.L.W|.,I
IL"
V"

wmwmg
.
\

A.

TTURNEY _

United States Patent 1191

1111

Lange

1451 Jan. 14,1975

[54] TOY GUN APPARATUS WITH BAFFLE IN


BORE THEREOF AND PROJECTILE
THEREFOR CONFIGURED T0 EXTEND
THROUGH THE BAFFLE

3,859,977

Primary ExaminerGeorge J. Marlo


Assistant ExaminerR. T. Stouffer
Attorney, Agent, or Firm-Bain, Gil?llan & Rhodes

[76] Inventor: Arthur A. Lange, Oak Tree Ln.,


Rumson, NJ. 07760
[22] Filed:
Nov. 15, 1973

[57]

ABSTRACT

In toy gun apparatus provided with a bore having an

open end for receiving a projectile and including a

[21] Appl' No" 416167

spring operated plunger movable into the bore to

[52]
[51]

out of the open end of the bore, the toy gun apparatus
bore capable of receiving a certain shape of projectile
to be placed in direct mechanical engagement with the

compress air and propel a projectile received therein


U.S. Cl .............. .. 124/14, 124/27, 273/1065 A
Int. Cl. .......................................... .. F4lb 11/00
Field of Search .......... .. 124/11 R, 12, 13 A, 14,

124/15,27,28,29; 273/106 R, 106 E, 106 F,


106.5 R, 106.5 A, 106.5 B, 106.5 C
[56]
786 426

References Cited
UNITED STATES PATENTS
4/1905 Daniels

1,0s0i170

12/1913

1,199,074
2,649,849

9/1916
8/1953

2,808,820

10/1957

2,333,004

5/1959

24/14

plunger and to be propelled thereby and by com


pressed air out of the open end of the bore, the'ini
provement characterized by a baf?e mounted interme
diate the bore between the plunger and the open end
of the bore for preventing direct mechanical engage~
ment between most foreign objects and the plunger

Roe...._.:::::::::::::::: """"""" '11:: 124/14

P0n the foreign bjects being received Within the

I-Ieyman et al ....... _.
Parris ................... ..

124/14
124/14

bore and the Plunger being moved into the bore


whereby the plunger will not propel most foreign ob

Haley . . . . . .

. . . I . . ..

124/27

jects out of the bore. On the other hand, there are

Steiner ------------- u

l24/27

projectiles which are designed to be propelled out of

iaulglah
------ 1
,
ya a ---------------------------------- ~~
3,368,815 2/1968 Alabastro ...................... .. 273/106 F
FOREIGN PATENTS OR APPLICATIONS

the bore, each projectile of which includes a portion

589,939

3/1959

Italy ................. ..

870,409

6/1961

Great Britain.....' ................. .. 124/27

thereon which will ?t through openings in the baf?e,

and thus is capable of coming into direct mechanical


> engagement with the plunger.

273/1065 R

1 Clam" 4 D'awmg Flgures

IO
,8

60

>
t 2'!

4O

.90

/_;a /
1

'

/56

'

T139, .
w

I)

i Jl I1

I ' ""I'

52

8
1\

llllllllllllllIlllllllIllllllllllllllIlllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllll
.

US005156137A

UIlltBd States Patent [19]

[11] Patent Number:

Clayton

[45]

5,156,137

Date of Patent:

Oct. 20, 1992

[54] PROJECTILE LAUNCHER

[57]

[76] Inventor;

Richard A, Clayton, 10200 l-?llview

A projectile launching device is disclosed herein hav-

ABSTRACT

Ave, Chatsworth, Calif, 91311

ing, in its simplest form, a single elongated launching


tube or barrel, onto the rearward end of which is pivot

[21] Appl' No: 663563

ally mounted-a lever assembly having a latch member

[22] Filed;

and a release member coupled to one another about the


pivot. The release member extends across the rearward
end of the barrel and the latch member extends for

Mar, 4, 1991

Related US Application Data


,

[63]
[51]
[52]

[58]

wardly along the barrel. The barrel is open at its for

iomnuatcm'm'pm of set N'408283 sep' 18' 1989

ward end to receive a shaftlike projectile. A hook is

a an one

carried at the forward end of the latch member to pro

Int. Cl.5 .............................................. .. F41B 7/00


US. Cl. ...................................... .. 124/27; 124/37;
124/48
Field of Search ..................... .. 124/27, 26, 48, 83,

trude through a slot radially into the barrel for engage


ment with a tab on the projectile shaft. A spring, housed
inside the barrel, rests against the release member of the
lever assembly such that when a projectile is inserted

124/37, 31, 39

into the barrel it compresses the spring against the re


lease member and pivots the lever assembly to force the

56

R f
C, d
e ?ames e

hook into the barrel and into engagement with the pro

U.S. PATENT DOCUMENTS

jectile tab, thereby preventing the spring from ejecting

[ 1
2 625 927
2:888:004
2,977,950
3,009,453
3,465,744

1/1953
5/1959
4/1961
11/1961
9/1969

Rosenbloom ................ .. 124/48 x


Steiner
.... '
'
124/27
Ryan _______ _
124/27
Ayala
, 124/27
Nielsen ..
124/27

the Pmjectile fmm the barrel- A trigger "Pam'sd ham


m. as might be found in a convemmal ?rearm is Piv
otally coupled to a barrel supporting frame to allow the

hammers striking surface to strike the release member


at the rearward end of the barrel to pivot the lever

3,757,760 9/1973 Darnell

124/48 X

assembly to a releasing position which disengages the

' lslqinero

:2 i

hook from the tab on the projectile, allowing the spring

a1

....... ..

3,916,867 11/1975 Marshall ......................... .. 124/37 x

Primary ExaminerPeter M. Cuomo

'

to launch the molecule from the barrel

'

8 Claims, 1 Drawing Sheet


l

3 ~1 44

31

, 1s 24

4O

1s

30

2e

43

23

[a1

re)

_'

,/ 1f

YJJJJ

/ 20

1 .n,,,,,, U

'
__...

,,

\39 34

I/IIjI/IIIIII/Il

-._

'

"9
Ill/[Ill

'7

42

"

4|
<7

,1?

g
.

28

33
\

:
/--2s

I;
_,__

aka?!
.

Oct. 8, 1957

A.

2,808,820

HALEY
TOY PISTOL

Filed April 20, 1956

/owm.uP\UIMH"

0M.
,.

.13%.
.\|H..|.I.L.W|.,I
IL"
V"

wmwmg
.
\

A.

TTURNEY _

USO05355866A

United States Patent [19]

[11] Patent Number:

Hunter

[45]

[54]

3,949,729 4/1976 Pfotenhauer ..................... .. 124/20.3

POWER DART LAUNCHER

[76] Inventor:

Date of Patent:

Oct. 18, 1994

Gary R. Hunter, 2530 Oak Grove,

Primary Examiner-Randolph A. Reese

Toledo, Ohio 43613

Assistant Examiner-John A. Ricci

[21] App1.No.: 124,335


[22] Filed:

5,355,866

[57]

Sep. 21 1993

ABSTRACT

A hand-held launcher for a dart comprises a pistol


shaped frame with a stock and handle. A channel is

[51] Int. C1.5 .......................... .. F4113 7/00; F4113 7/08


[52] U..S. Cl. ....................................... .. 124/26; 124/16
[58] Fleld 0f Search ............... ..
16, 17, 20.1, 20.3,

provided in the stock to receive a Slidable launcher


block The dart is received in the launcher block The
launcher block is spring biased forward and retained

124/26 27

from moving beyond a predetermined position by a stop

[56]

References Cited

bllockhin thei chainnlel. lSlots ire lglovilsled on eacl; side 1(15f

U'S' PATENT DOCUMENTS

channel by a cross pin which extends through the

t e c anne an

267,679 11/1882 Crandall .............................. .. 124/ 17

1,287,401
1,827,023
2,017,778
2,106,400
2,663,291

12/1918
10/1931
10/1935
l/1938
12/1953

3,114,362

12/1963

3,496,671
3,509,863

t e aunc er

launcher block in the rearward cocked position. When


the lever is pivoted, the launcher block is released and
Hellman . . . . . .

b /j

. . . ..

7
5

m t e

two upper catches to engage the cross pin and retain the

124/27

pushed forward by the spring until it contacts the stop


block, whereupon the dart is released.

2/1970 Korona ..... ..


124/26 X
5/1970 Barker ................................. .. 124/16

1s retame

launcher block and into the slots. A release lever has

2 Claims, 4 Drawing Sheets

00

//'l 5

20

I.

lo

llllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllll

USOOD361 lOSS

Unlted States Patent [19]

[11] Patent Number: Des. 361,105

Grif?n

[45]

[54]

4,569,666

REPEAT FIRING TOY PROJECIILE

LAUNCHER

[75] Inventor:
[73] Assignee:
**

[ 1

arm

Date of Patent: ,1... Aug. 8, 1995


2/ 1986 Wolf .................................. .. 446/473

OTHER PUBLICATIONS

David R. Griffin, Morning View, Ky.


Tonka Corporation, Pawtucket, RI.
14 Y

Hong Kong Toys, 2/91 p 348 Dart Gun #531_


Primary Examiner-Terry A. Wallace
Assistant Examiner-R. Barkai

ears

Attorney, Agent, or Firm-Kurt R. Benson

[21] Appl. No.: 22,261

[57]

[22] Filed:

The ornamental design for a repeat ?ring toy projectile

May 2, 1994

{52]

US. Cl. ................................................. .. D21/147

[58]

Field of Search .......... .. D2l/3, 13, 127, 145~147;

launcher, as shown and described.

132mm, 103, 113; D23/223-227; D14/116;

DESCRIPTION

446/28, 175, 267, 473; 222/78, 79; 239/211,


329, 332, 337, 373; 127/21, 27, 56, 65-67

FIG- 1 is a Perspective View Of a repeat ?ring toy Pro


jectile launcher embodying my new design;

[56]

CLAIM

References CIted
U.S. PATENT DOCUMENTS

D. 286,900
D. 346,837
2,871,617
2,888,004
3,026,864
3,919,799
4,016,854

11/1986 Barthropp ........................ .. D2l/ 147


D2l/l47
5/1994 Sun ....... ..
_
446/267
2/1959 West
D2l/147
5/1959 Steiner
3/1962 Gray ................................... .. 124/27
11/1975 Austin et a1. .................... .. D2l/l46
4/1977 Lehman .............................. .. 124/27

FIG. 2 is a right side elevational view thereof;

FIG. 3 is a left side elevational view thereof;


FIG. 4 is a top plan view thereof;
FIG. 5 is a bottom plan view thereof;
FIG. 6 is a front elevational view thereof;
FIG. 7 is a rear elevational view thereof;

FIG. 8 is a perspective view thereof in a collapsed posi

tion; and,
FIG. 9 is a perspective view thereof in a loaded and

cocked position.

US005901693A

United States Patent 119]

[11]

Patent Number:

Smith

[45]

Date of Patent:

[54] TOY GUN HAVING AN OFFSET


PROJECTILE LAUNCH AND TRANSPARENT
VIEWFINDING PLUNGER

5,267 ,549 12/1993


5,323,755 6/1994
5,343,850 9/1994
5,373,832 12/1994
5,375,847 1211994
5,377 ,655 1/ 1995
5,535,729 7/ 1996

[75] Inventor: Joseph J. Smith. Cincinnati. Ohio

[73] Assignee: Hasbro, Inc.. Pawtucket. R.I.

5 .605, 140

Oct. 22, 1997

[51]
[52]

Int. Cl.6 .................................................... .. F41B 11/14


US. Cl. ............................................... .. 124/66; 124/67

[58]

Field of Search ................................. .. 124/65. 66. 67

2/1997

Primary Examiner-J. Woodrow Eldred


Attorney, Agent, or FirmMarsha1l. OToole. Gerstein.
Murray & Borun

[57]
[56]

May 11, 1999

5,701,878 1211997
5,711,285 1/ 1998
5,715,802 2/1998

[21] Appl. No.: 08/956,173


[22] Filed:

5,901,693

ABSTRACT

References Cited
U.S. PATENT DOCUMENTS

D. 295,058

4/1988 Turner, Jr. ............................ .. D21/146

D. 306,304
D, 337,796

2/1990 Tichy
7/1993 Sutyak

2,145,277

D16/130
D2l/145

8/1939 Rtmrdon . .

46/195

A toy gun for launching a foam projectile from a launch


station that is oifset from the axis of the launcher. The gun
includes a pneumatic launcher having a retractable plunger
that reciprocates in a cylinder to de?ne a compression
chamber. One or more air ports are provided to communicate

air from the compression chamber to the launch station in

2,214,224

9/1940 Douglas .

124/15

order to eject a projectile therefrom. The plunger incorpo

3,262,440

7/1966 Kuhn .... ..

124/15

rates a hollow shaft having transparent ends which are

3,267,600

8/1966 Ryan .... ..

46/175

3,397,484

8/1968 Ryan et a1.

461175

3,441,270

4/1969

3,869,825

3/1975 Heberlein

46/219

4,294,445

10/1981 Crosbie ..

272/8 M

Nielsen

.. . . . .

4,625,706 12/1986 Turner, Jr. ..


5,242,323

. . . . ..

272/8

aligned with the transparent compression chamber. thus


providing a continuous line of sight through said shaft and
the compression chamber for aiming the gun toward an
intended target.

124/67

9/1993 Rappaport ............................. .. 446/180

19 Claims, 6 Drawing Sheets

United States Patent [19]

[11]

4,289,109

DAndrade

[45]

Sep. 15, 1981

[54]

TOY AIR PISTOL WITH HOLLOW BREECH


SLIDE

' Primary ExaminerRichard T. Stouffer


Attorney, Agent, or FirmC. Hercus Just

[75] Inventor: lggltcignMlzlgAndrade, whitehouse

[57]

[73] Assignee: Arco


Industries Ltd., Hong Kong,
Hong Kong

A}p astic
to}, plstol
folrmeg by moldlng frog] Flam/$13, g1:
materia an comprising a o ow e ongate

frame portion having a handle dependmg from one end,

[21] Appl. No.: 143,849

[22] Filed:

ABSTRACT

a composite tubular barrel and coaxial cylinder rear

Apr. 25, 1980

ward thereof and of larger diameter than said barrel and

supported within the frame, a piston slidable 1n the

[51]

Int. Cl.3 ...... ., .................................... .. F41B 11/00

cylinder and having a rearwardly extending piston rod

[52]

U.S. Cl. ........... .; .

Surrounded by a Compression Spring and having a trans_

. . . . . . .. 124/67; 273/344

Fleld of Search ..................... ..

66, 67,

Verse Shoulder member adjacent but Spaced from the

273/344; 46/1 E
[56]

piston, a trigger pivotally mounted adjacent the handle

References Cited

and having a scar engageable with the shoulder member

Us PATENT DOCUMENTS

when the piston is in rearward-cocked position and the

spring 1s compressed, and a simulated hollow breech

439,246v 10/1890 10811111 ................................... ..


786426

4/1905

Dame 5 ' ' ' ' ' ' ' '

''"

1,199,074 9/1916 Heyman et al.

Slide Slidable longitudinally upon the upper rearward


/

124/66

part of the frame portion above the handle and operable

d1

Lewis . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . .. 124/67

f 6 move

1,868,292

Roe . . . . . . .

. . . .. 124/67

Plston t0 cocked Posltlon to compress the Sprmg and

2,132,173 10/1938 Lefever .

124/67

permit the sear to engage the transverse shoulder as

124/67

aforesaid

2,306,668

7/1932

12/ 1942

Stevens

. . . . . . . .. . . .

. . . ..

3,818,887 6/1974 Akiyama et a].


Lange

.. .. . .. . . . .. . . .

rearwar, _Y to retractt e Plsm To

1,692,555 11/1928

124/67

3,859,977

l/1975

. . . ..

4,212,285

7/1980 Cagan et a1. ........................ .. 124/67

124/66

5 Claims, 8 Drawing Figures

an

United tates

atent [191

Cagan et a1.
1046235 7/1953
418 of 1718

[54] DAR! GUN AND DART THEREFOR

[75] Inventors: Bernard J. Cagan, Los Angeles;


Kenneth L. McQuary, Hermosa
Beach, both of Calif.

[73] Assignee: Place Products Company, Torrance,


Calif.

[51]

rm. cu ............................................ .. F4113 11/00

US. CL ....................... .. 124/67; 273/344

[58]

Field of Search ..................... .. 124/65, 66, 67, 27,

[56]

124/83, 41 R, 41 C, 62, 22; 46/1 E; 273/ 1065


R, 106.5 A, 106 F, 106.5 C; 102/38 NC, 92.1
References Cited
U.S. PATENT DOCUMENTS

4/1974

3,859,977

1/1975

J1111. 15, 1930

France ............................ .. 273/ 106.5 A


United Kingdom .,..
........ .. 102/921

Primary Examiner-Richard T. Stoui'fer


Attorney, Agent. or FirmHarris, Kern, Wallen &

Tinsley
ABSTRACT

suction cup at its forward end and an integral, air actu

[52]

3,801,102

[45]

A one-piece dart comprising a shaft having an integral

Jan. 31, 1978

786,426 4/1905
1,704,810 8/1953
3/ 1929
2,649,849
2,888,004 5/ 1959
3,104,588 9/1963
3,388,696 6/1968
3,472,218 10/1969

4,212,285

7/ 1964 United Kingdom ........... .. 273/ 106.5 R

[57]

[21] Appl. No.: 874,032


[22] Filed:

963384

[11]

Daniels ................................ .. 124/66

Lange ................................... .. 124/66

barrel having a non-circular cross section uniform

throughout the length of the barrel, the propelling ele


ment on the dart being complementary to the dart bar
rel so that the propelling element makes a substantially
air tight seal with the dart barrel. A dart barrel and a

dart propelling element which are substantially square.


An air operated dart gun having a barrier for positively
preventing physical contact between an air displacing
piston and the dart, and for making physical contact
between the piston and a foreign object in the dart
barrel virtually impossible. A piston provided with a 1
central conical element facing the dart barrel. A dart
gun having an air cylinder and a dart barrel which are

separate pieces capable of being joined directly to


gether, or in spaced relation by a connecting air pas

FOREIGN PATENT DOCUMENTS


145220

4/1936

Austria ..................................... .. 124/27

195806

2/1958

Austria . . . . . .

1043352

6/ 1953

France ............................ .. 273/ 10615 A

. . . . . . . ..

able, propelling element at its rearward end, the dart


being molded from a soft, ?exible plastic material. A
spring activated air operated dart gun including a dart

sage.

124/27

20

, 9 Drawing Figures

US. Patent

Jul. 15, 1980

Sheet 1 Of?!

26 /IU
24

44

54

4,212,285

22

! I? a

US. Patent

Jul. 15, 1980

Qmm

S.\
i
3E\.,

I!

QM;NWwvNM.8wma,
WH
\ .. .
ov

Sheet 2 of 3

4,212,285

U.S. Patent

I. .JB.V/

Jul. 15, 1980

Eg

Sheet 3 of 3

4,212,285

Qm9

\2
AL\
6%\LIUM3?
\Y\\VE__$W15/_1I
%mtub\

r\~\\
R,Q(mE\mmi(a,mkK\.\\W
ma\\\
,, \
\/\Y\\.Q\vX\M/V\

/I!3
{xv
. .n
h - .,

.\wi\ly; \w
8wm

URN
\
((9.QEk

United States Patent 1191

1111

Lange

1451 Jan. 14,1975

[54] TOY GUN APPARATUS WITH BAFFLE IN


BORE THEREOF AND PROJECTILE
THEREFOR CONFIGURED T0 EXTEND
THROUGH THE BAFFLE

3,859,977

Primary ExaminerGeorge J. Marlo


Assistant ExaminerR. T. Stouffer
Attorney, Agent, or Firm-Bain, Gil?llan & Rhodes

[76] Inventor: Arthur A. Lange, Oak Tree Ln.,


Rumson, NJ. 07760
[22] Filed:
Nov. 15, 1973

[57]

ABSTRACT

In toy gun apparatus provided with a bore having an

open end for receiving a projectile and including a

[21] Appl' No" 416167

spring operated plunger movable into the bore to


compress air and propel a projectile received therein

[52]
[51]

U.S. Cl .............. .. 124/14, 124/27, 273/1065 A


Int. Cl. .......................................... .. F4lb 11/00
Field of Search .......... .. 124/11 R, 12, 13 A, 14,

124/15,27,28,29; 273/106 R, 106 E, 106 F,


106.5 R, 106.5 A, 106.5 B, 106.5 C
[56]
786 426

References Cited
UNITED STATES PATENTS
4/1905 Daniels

1,0s0i170

12/1913

1,199,074
2,649,849

9/1916
8/1953

2,808,820

10/1957

2,333,004

5/1959

24/14

out of the open end of the bore, the toy gun apparatus
bore capable of receiving a certain shape of projectile
to be placed in direct mechanical engagement with the

plunger and to be propelled thereby and by com


pressed air out of the open end of the bore, the'ini
provement characterized by a baf?e mounted interme
diate the bore between the plunger and the open end
of the bore for preventing direct mechanical engage~
ment between most foreign objects and the plunger

Roe...._.:::::::::::::::: """"""" '11:: 124/14

P0n the foreign bjects being received Within the

I-Ieyman et al ....... _.
Parris ................... ..

124/14
124/14

bore and the Plunger being moved into the bore


whereby the plunger will not propel most foreign ob

Haley . . . . . .

. . . I . . ..

124/27

jects out of the bore. On the other hand, there are

Steiner ------------- u

l24/27

projectiles which are designed to be propelled out of

iaulglah
------ 1
,
ya a ---------------------------------- ~~
3,368,815 2/1968 Alabastro ...................... .. 273/106 F
FOREIGN PATENTS OR APPLICATIONS

the bore, each projectile of which includes a portion

589,939

3/1959

Italy ................. ..

870,409

6/1961

Great Britain.....' ................. .. 124/27

thereon which will ?t through openings in the baf?e,

and thus is capable of coming into direct mechanical


> engagement with the plunger.

273/1065 R

1 Clam" 4 D'awmg Flgures

IO
,8

60

>
t 2'!

4O

.90

/_;a /
1

'

'

/56
T139, .
w

I)

i Jl I1

I ' ""I'

52

8
1\

Dec. '10, 1968

w. H. WHITE

3,415,420

TOY GUN

Filed Feb. 20, 1967

2 Sheets-Sheet l

FIG. 2
I

I6

/'f

III

,7

,;

13

"'23

29

*1 _.

"1-

__

"

24

_-__=

2?

1/

I8

"

2a"
33

22 26

57'

I4

'

I9

{;

II

FIG. I

<1
.

(1

IO

='\

]~2
FIG. 4
LL]

1/71,

38]
I

\35

III/

[37

I4

INVENTOR

WILLARD HENRY WHITE

ATTORNEY

Dec. 10, 1968

3,415,420

W. H. WHITE
TOY GUN

Filed Feb. 20, 1967

2 Sheets-Sheet 2

FIG. 6

FIG. 5

WILLARD HENRY WHITE

544,44 6. Wm
ATTORNEY

May 7, 1963

R. MQICROSBY ETAL

3,088,451

TRICK snow GUN

Filed Feb. 1, 1961

2 Sheets-Sheet 1

//d

lll I-l
I!

INVEN TORJI
1641p 44. cease)

sd.

May 7, 1963

R. M. CROSBY ETAL
TRICK SHOT GUN

Filed Feb. 1, 1961

3,088,451

May 26, 1959

A. M. STEINER
TOY DART GUN

Filed'MarOh 16. 1956

2,888,004
I

2 Sheets-Sheet 1.

Arran/sys. '

May 26, 1959

A. M. STEINER

2,888,004

TOY DART GUN

Filed Marchv 1s, 195s

2 Sheets-Sheet 2

"Am

INUHCWT

INVENT R.

BY

)y

USO05355866A

United States Patent [19]

[11] Patent Number:

Hunter

[45]

[54]

3,949,729 4/1976 Pfotenhauer ..................... .. 124/20.3

POWER DART LAUNCHER

[76] Inventor:

Date of Patent:

Oct. 18, 1994

Gary R. Hunter, 2530 Oak Grove,

Primary Examiner-Randolph A. Reese

Toledo, Ohio 43613

Assistant Examiner-John A. Ricci

[21] App1.No.: 124,335


[22] Filed:

5,355,866

[57]

Sep. 21 1993

ABSTRACT

A hand-held launcher for a dart comprises a pistol


shaped frame with a stock and handle. A channel is

[51] Int. C1.5 .......................... .. F4113 7/00; F4113 7/08


[52] U..S. Cl. ....................................... .. 124/26; 124/16
[58] Fleld 0f Search ............... ..
16, 17, 20.1, 20.3,

provided in the stock to receive a Slidable launcher


block The dart is received in the launcher block The
launcher block is spring biased forward and retained

124/26 27

from moving beyond a predetermined position by a stop

[56]

References Cited

bllockhin thei chainnlel. lSlots ire lglovilsled on eacl; side 1(15f

U'S' PATENT DOCUMENTS

channel by a cross pin which extends through the

t e c anne an

267,679 11/1882 Crandall .............................. .. 124/ 17

1,287,401
1,827,023
2,017,778
2,106,400
2,663,291

12/1918
10/1931
10/1935
l/1938
12/1953

3,114,362

12/1963

3,496,671
3,509,863

t e aunc er

launcher block in the rearward cocked position. When


the lever is pivoted, the launcher block is released and
Hellman . . . . . .

b /j

. . . ..

7
5

m t e

two upper catches to engage the cross pin and retain the

124/27

pushed forward by the spring until it contacts the stop


block, whereupon the dart is released.

2/1970 Korona ..... ..


124/26 X
5/1970 Barker ................................. .. 124/16

1s retame

launcher block and into the slots. A release lever has

2 Claims, 4 Drawing Sheets

00

//'l 5

20

I.

lo

USO0RE37616E

(19) United States


(12) Reissued Patent
Schumacher
(54)

(76)

(45) Date of Reissued Patent:

PROJECTILE DISCHARGE APPARATUS

Inventor:

Dean Patrick Schumacher, 4922


Stamford Dr W_ Bloom?eld, MI (Us)

APPI- NO-I 08/778,059

R _

Flled:
f

*
*

NOV-1 1996
Related [15- Patent Documents

Apr. 2, 2002

9/1988 Dean et a1. .................. .. 2/160


10/1988

Beverlin

......

4/1989 Tippmifnn
4/1989 Spraggms

. . . ..

2/161.5

~~~~ ~~ 124/66
.... .. 446/26

4,848,307 A

7/1989

5,123,674 A

6/1992 Bagneres et a1. ......... .. 2/160 X

5,158,208 A

* 10/1992

5,186,156 A *

(22)

4,768,681 A
4,777,666

4,819,609 A *
4,820,229 A *

48323

(21)

US RE37,616 E

(10) Patent Number:

Tsao .......................... .. 124/66


Wilson ........................ .. 2/160

2/1993 Clayton

5,261,299 A

* 11/1993

5,316,514 A

.... .. 124/66

Kondos ........ ..

2/160X

5/1994 Ellman e161. ..

..... .. 446/26

5,359,985 A

* 11/1994

5,414,868 A

Schumacher

.... ..

124/66

5/1995 Crawford ..................... .. 2/160

eissue 0 :

(64) Patent No.:

5,359,985

Issued:

OTHER PUBLICATIONS

Nov. 1 1994

APPL N0:

08/027:623

Rapid Fire Clip Ifoad Dart Gun Set Advertisement, impe

F?ed:

Man 8 1993

rial Toy Corporation, Los Angeles, CA 90021, 1991.

(51)

Int. c1.7 ........................... .. F41B 7/00; F41B 11/00

(52)

US. Cl. ............................. .. 124/66; 124/1; 124/64;

* cited by examiner
_

rzmar

(58) Field Of Search ............................ .. 124/66, 72, 22,

a We

(57)

References Cited

_
on

234% igm?ey Agent 0 F"m_Baker Donelson Bearman

124/1, 65, 64; 2/160, 162, 161.5, 163; 446/26

(56)

xamzner

ABSTRACT

Aprojectile discharge apparatus 10 having a ?rst generally


planar ribbed portion 12 and opposed side portions 14 Which

U'S' PATENT DOCUMENTS


1,374,242 A

4/1921 Sekula ...................... .. 124/22

form a hand reception recess- Apparatus 10 includes 4

2,006,741 A

7/1935

Lefever _ _ _ _ _

_ _ _ __ 124/66

plurality of chambers 24, 26, 28, 30, and 32 Which are

2,423,448 A

7/1947

Haight

. . . . . .. 124/1

adapted to movably receive a dart 34. Apparatus 10 further

2,888,004 A

5/1959 Steiner ------- --

-- 124/16 X

includes a ?rst member 56 Which is movably deployed

124/66

Within each of the chambers 32 and Which is movable from

......

29227412 A :

1/1960 Hfsbacha Jr- -

3,018,578 A

1/1962

Hill . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . .. 42/111

3,060,625 A * 10/1962 Glass et al.

446/26

3,119,385 A

1/1964

3,453,774 A

7/1969 Breneman et a1.

Ashley ...................... ..

124/22

4,504,980 A

3/1985 Butcher ....................... .. 2/160

a ?rst position to

a Second dart dispensing position by a

downward movement of member 66


'

. 446/26 X

23 Claims, 2 Drawing Sheets

TEPZZZ8959B_T

(19)

(11)

EP 2 208 959 B1

EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(12)

(45) Date of publication and mention

(51) Int Cl.:

F41B 11/646 (2013.01)

of the grant of the patent:


13.03.2013 Bulletin 2013/11

F41B 11/89 (2013.01)

(21) Application number: 10150722.6


(22) Date of filing: 14.01.2010
(54) Paper bullet firing pistol toy
Papiergeschosse abfeuernde Spielzeugpistole
Jouet de pistolet tirant des balles de papier
(72) Inventor: Funaki, Shotaro

(84) Designated Contracting States:


AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR
HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL
PT RO SE SI SK SM TR

(30) Priority: 20.01.2009 JP 2009009584


(43) Date of publication of application:

Tokyo (JP)

(74) Representative: Skone James, Robert Edmund


Gill Jennings & Every LLP
The Broadgate Tower
20 Primrose Street
London EC2A 2ES (GB)

21.07.2010 Bulletin 2010/29

(56) References cited:


(73) Proprietor: Agatsuma Co., Ltd.

EP 2 208 959 B1

Tokyo (JP)

FR-A- 918 278


US-A- 2 490 991

FR-A- 991 950


US-B2- 6 669 530

Note: Within nine months of the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent in the European Patent
Bulletin, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to that patent, in accordance with the
Implementing Regulations. Notice of opposition shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been
paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).
Printed by Jouve, 75001 PARIS (FR)

EP 2 208 959 B1

16

EP 2 208 959 B1

17

EP 2 208 959 B1

18

EP 2 208 959 B1

19

EP 2 208 959 B1

20

EP 2 208 959 B1

21

EP 2 208 959 B1

22

EP 2 208 959 B1

23

EP 2 208 959 B1

24

US006904901B2

(12)

United States Patent

(10) Patent N0.:

Mitchell

(45) Date of Patent:

(54) AIR-POWERED PROJECTILE LAUNCHER

5,735,256 A
6,067,975 A

(76)
(*)

Inventor:
Notice:

US 6,904,901 B2
Jun. 14, 2005

4/1998 Monk
*

5/2000

Ginn ......................... .. 124/59

Je?'rey R. Mitchell, 7764 Bass Ridge

6,250,294 B1

6/2001 Lim

Trail, Tallahassee, FL (Us) 32312

6,408,837 B1

6/2002 Johnson et a1.

Subject to any disclaimer, the term of this

* cued by exammer

patent is extended or adjusted under 35

U_S_C_ 154(k)) by 106 days_

(21) Appl' NO: 10/601,967

Primary ExaminerM1chael J. Carone


Assistant ExaminerTroy Chambers
(74) Attorney, Agent, or FirmJohn Wiley Horton

(22) Filed:
(65)

(57)
ABSTRACT
An air-powered projectile launcher. A double-acting piston

Jun. 23, 2003


Prior Publication Data

Within a pump tube is employed. A separate magazine tube


US 2004/0255921 A1 DeC- 23, 2004
7

is used to hold a plurality of projectiles. One end of the


magazine tube feeds into a barrel assembly. The opposite

B1
_' '

(58)

' """"""" "

Fleld of Search "

is closed by a muzzle valve. When the piston is pulled

"" " 124/65 70

through a back stroke, an air manifold directs the How to


induce a vacuum in the end of the ma azine tube roXimate

(56)

end is closed by a one-Way valve. The muzzle of the barrel

References Clted

the barrel. The vacuum closes the mfzzle valve End opens

U_S_ PATENT DOCUMENTS

the one-Way valve on the opposite end of the magazine tube.


The vacuum then pulls the ?rst projectile into the barrel.
When the piston is pushed through a forWard stroke, pres

9317553 A

8/1909 Allen

2 *

girlrlrslan Jr

124/69

2:375j607 A

5/1945 wulferj """""""""""" "

2,505,428 A

4/1950 Pope ......................... .. 124/65

2,528,462 A 4 10/1950 Wells

sure is directed behind the ?rst projectile and in front of the


second projectile. The second projectile is forced back into
the magazine hlhe The Pressure Whhih the magazine hlhe

124/61

closes the one-Way valve, effectively making the second

2,594,240 A *

4/1952 Wells

_ 124/76

projectile the base of a closed ?ring chamber. As the piston

2,601,555 A

6/1952 Pope

continues through its forWard stroke, the ?rst projectile is

2,749,902 A *
2,762,356 A *

9/1956 FOSICI ....................... .. 124/65


9/1956 Foster ....................... .. 124/65

forced through the barreL The muzzle Valve ?ies Open and
the ?rst projectile Shoots out at Substantial Velocity The

ggggg

5,377,655 A
5,377,656 A
5,381,928 A

fiifber
*
*
*

1/1995 Arad ......................... .. 124/65


1/1995 Lewinski et a1.
124/65
1/1995 Lee et a1. ................... .. 222/79

piston is then ready for a neW back stroke, Which repeats the
Cycle

7 Claims, 14 Drawing Sheets

U.S. Patent

Jun. 14,2005

Sheet 1 0f 14

US 6,904,901 B2

U.S. Patent

Jun. 14,2005

Sheet 2 0f 14

US 6,904,901 B2

U.S. Patent

Jun. 14,2005

Sheet 5 0f 14

US 6,904,901 B2

U.S. Patent

Jun. 14,2005

Sheet 6 0f 14

US 6,904,901 B2

U.S. Patent

Jun. 14,2005

Sheet 7 0f 14

US 6,904,901 B2

U.S. Patent

Jun. 14 2005

Sheet 8 0f 14

8
FIG.

U.S. Patent

Jun. 14,2005

Sheet 9 0f 14

US 6,904,901 B2

9
FIG.

U.S. Patent

Jun. 14,2005

Sheet 11 0f 14

US 6,904,901 B2

U.S. Patent

Jun. 14,2005

Sheet 12 0f 14

US 6,904,901 B2

U.S. Patent

Jun. 14,2005

Sheet 13 0f 14

13H6.

US 6,904,901 B2

U.S. Patent

Jun. 14 2005

Sheet 14 0f 14

Europaisches Patentamt
J

European Patent Office

EUROPEAN

0 618

Oy Publication number:

Office europeen des brevets

PATENT

Application number: 93104874.8


() Date of filing: 24.03.93

@ Date of publication of application:


05.10.94 Bulletin 94/40
@ Designated Contracting States:
AT BE CH DE DK ES FR GB GR IE IT LI LU MC
NL PT SE

421

A1

APPLICATION
int. CIA F41B 7/00, F42B 1 2 / 5 4 ,
F41G 1/35, F41G 1 / 0 2

Applicant: Kan, Chun-Chien


No. 3, Alley 2, Lane 332,
Row Yang Street
Taidong City (TW)
Inventor: Kan, Chun-Chien
No. 3, Alley 2, Lane 332,
Row Yang Street
Taidong City (TW)
Representative: Strehl Schubel-Hopf Groening
& Partner
Maximilianstrasse 54
D-80538 Munchen (DE)

Revolver type spring gun.


@ A multi-cartridge shooting gun device includes a
magazine (12) with a central hole (16) engaging a
supporting shaft (18) extending from a gun housing
(11). The magazine has a plurality of magazine holds
(17) disposed around the axis, each for receiving a
cartridge (14). A spring (15) is disposed in each

cartridge hole (17) for being compressed between


the magazine (12) and the respective cartridge (14).
When a cartridge (14) is actuated by a trigger (41)
the resilience of the spring (15) will assist shooting
the cartridge (1 4) towards the target.

55

CM

00
CO
FIG.2

Rank Xerox (UK) Business Services


(3.10/3.09/3.3.4)

EP 0 618 421 A1

CM

EP 0 618 421 A1

CO

L_

CT\

ON

EP 0 618 421 A1

ir>
j

cm
a
LO

s5

EP 0 618 421 A1

LO
O
UL

EP 0 618 421 A1

CD
O
Ul

U z F - *

10

EP 0 618 421 A1

11

European Patent
Office

Application Number
EP 93 10 4874

EUROPEAN SEARCH REPORT

DOCUMENTS CONSIDERED TO BE RELEVANT


Relevant
Citation of document with indication, where appropriate,
/-.._,
Category
to claim
of relevant passages
1,3-5

US-A-2 962 017 (H. HOROWITZ)


* column 2, line 27 - column 3,
figures 1-5 *

US-A-2 509 552 (J. WOLF)


* column 1; figures 4-6 *

US-A-3 296 729 (F. STEVENS)


* column 3, line 15 - line 25; figures
*

CH-A-29 708 (E. CAILLEZ)


* the whole document *

US-A-4 934 086 (W. HOUDE-WALTER)


* claim 1; figures 1-3 *

US-A-3 584 582 (C. MULLER)


* column 1, line 27 - line 49; figures
*

US-A-1 338 239 (J.


* figures 1,2 *

MATYS)

US-A-3 502 025 (P.

PAYNE)

US-A-3 219 023 (J. RYAN)


* column 2, line 16 - line

US-A-2 625 927 (I.

US-A-3 369 534 (D. CROSMAN)

US-A-2 977 950 (J.

US-A-3 009 453 (C. AYALA)

line

53;

1,3-5

34; figure

1,2

1-3

4 *

CLASSIFICATION OF THE
APPLICATION (Int.CL5)
F41B7/00
F42B12/54
F41G1/35
F41G1/02

TECHNICAL FIELDS
SEARCHED * "
F41B
F42B
F41G
F41C
A01K

ROSENBLOOM)

RYAN)

The present search report has been drawn up for all claims
Dateof completion ofIke uaxk
Place of icnk
11 February 1994
THE HAGUE
CATEGORY OF CITED DOCUMENTS
X: particularly relevant if taken alone
V: particularly relevant if combined with another
document of the same category
A: technological background
O : non-written disclosure
P : intermediate document

Exeniaer
Van der PI as,

T : theory or principle underlying the invention


E : earlier patent document, but published on, or
after the filing date
D : document cited in the application
L : document cited for other reasons
&: member of the same patent family, corresponding
document

US005373832A

United States Patent [19]

[11] Patent Number:

DAndrade

[45]

[54]

MUL'I'I-SHOT SOFI PROJECIILE

Date of Patent:

5,242,323

PRESSURIZED TOY GUN


[76] Inventor: Bruce M. DAndrade, 3 Ten Eyck
Rd., Whitehouse Station, NJ. 08889

5,373,832
Dec. 20, 1994

9/1993 Rappaport ...................... .. 124/66 X

Primary ExaminerRandolph A. Reese


ASSllWant ExaminerJOhn A. Ricci
Attorney, Agent, or FirmKenneth P- Glynn

[2]] Appl. No.: 89,835

[57]

[22] Filed;

The present invention is a multiple projectile-shooting

Jul, 12, 1993

ABSTRACT

air gun. It includes a main housing having a barrel


5 ........................................
. .

adapted for receiving a projectile, a handle and a trig

. ...................................... ..

, 124/73;

gar, as well as a high pressure, in?atable bladder com

[58] Field of Search ..................... .. 124/56, 59, 69-74,

nected to the mam mime he bladde. .havmg a PM

124/76 66

and an outlet. There 1s also a pressurizmg mechanism


for providing air pressure to the bladder to in?ate it.

[56]

References cued
US, PATENT DOCUMENTS

The pressurizing mechanism is physically connected to


the housing and functionally connected to the bladder

1,026,303 5/1912 Dickey ................................ ..


1,214,398 V1917 welsh
1,309,321 7/1919 Fail-weather _
1,404,689 1/1922 Fairweather ........................ ..
1,438,995 4/1924 Mccqllom -

124/69
124/69
124/69
124/69

met The S a bladder de?atlc? valve 111mg an up


stream side and a downstream side, and it is connected
to the bladder outlet at the valves upstream side, and is
connected to the trigger for opening and closing
thereof, and is connected to a projectile launch port at
the valves downstream side for launching a projectile
upon de?ation of at least a portion of the bladder when

1,575,644 3/1926 sehmldt 2421;! """"""""""""""""""" " 124/69

2237678 4/1941 Lghr 6%

it has been in?ated. The launch port is located in the

2:733:699 2/1958 Krinsky ............................... .. 124/69


2,784,712, 3/1957 Cassidy ............................... .. 124/69
2,818,056 12/1957 Martin .

barrel of the main housing and connected to the dQWH


stream side of the bladder de?ation valve, and is func
tionally connected to a launch tube adapted for receiv

Jacoby ............................ ..
X
genie et a1" """""""""" " 124/70 X

and shooting a projectile. The launch tube is one of


a plurality of launch tubes which are located on a rotat

4735239 4/1988 821130; et a1

ing magazine. The magazine advances after each shot to

4:848:307 7/1989 Tsao .......... Q... ..................... .. 124/59

PSitin the next launch tube with Projectile fr ?ring

4,854,480

8/1989

Shindo .

4,892,081

1/1990 Moormann .

11 Claims, 3 Drawing Sheets

13'

91. 91 _
\\

l / f /

\l
M

\ 17

/ /:

,,

Q ._ s9
\ \_

SS

93 97 27 212319 f] 13 \

95

63

14377\85139 6511
111 x

15

/
103

87\\ \
-

__

57

"

51
61

137

107/ 141
j

m/

105

83

/
81

7s

41

9 39

67

\49
I

-_Q\

1 /

,1

59

53

'

37

35

47

3'

U.S. Patent

Dec. 20, 1994

I.mg

m@

mm9:

Sheet 1 of 3

5,373,832

US. Patent

Dec. 20, 1994

Sheet 2 of 3

207

207

FIG. 5

201

//77777l/l/l/l7I7I/7////////

205

FIG. 4

201

777i/l/l/l//77///////7/////]

207

5,373,832

201
203

US006523535B2

(12) United States Patent


Rehkemper et al.

(10) Patent N0.2

US 6,523,535 B2

(45) Date 0f Patent:

(54)

TOY PROJECTILE LAUNCHER

(75)

Inventors: Steven Rehkemper, Chicago, IL (US);

5,471,967 A
5,611,321 A

Feb. 25, 2003

12/1995 Matsuzaki et al.


3/1997 Hoeling et a1.

5,711,285 A

1/1998 Stewart et a1.

Jeffrey Rehkemper, Chicago, IL (Us);

5,782,228 A *

7/1998 Wu ............................. .. 124/6

Todd Hann0n, Burlington, WI (US);


Ryan Kratz, Chicago, IL (Us)

5,791,326 A
5,988,152 A
5,996,564 A

(73)

Assignee; Rehco, LLC, Chicago, IL (Us)

(*)

Notice:

Subject to any disclaimer, the term of this


patent is extended or adjusted under 35

8/1998 Brown et o1~


11/1999 Halter et 211.
* 12/1999

Kotowski .................... .. 124/6

6,116,229 A *

9/2000 Wu ............................. .. 124/6

6,119,671 A

9/2000 Smith et a1.

* cited by examiner

U.S.C. 154(b) by 0 days.


(21) App1_ No_; 09/813,675

Primary ExaminerJohn A. Ricci

(22) Filed:

Mar. 21, 2001

(57)

(65)

Prior Publication Data

This invention is a toy projectile launcher that launches


projectiles. The launcher includes a housing having an

US 2002 0134366 A1 S

ep

. 26

2002

ABSTRACT

entrance and an exit in communication therewith to de?ne a

(51)

Int. Cl.7 ................................................. .. F41B 4/00

channel, a pair of ?ywheels supported by the housing and

(52)
(58)

US. Cl. ....................................................... .. 124/78


Field Of Search ...................................... .. 124/6, 78

positioned about and in Communication With the Channel,


and a Pump handle for rotating the ?ywheels such that a

(56)

References Cited

projectile entering the channel may be engaged by the


rotating ?ywheels and impelled through the channel and out
through the eXit.

U.S. PATENT DOCUMENTS


4,325,351 A

4/1982 Yuasa ........................ .. 124/78

17 Claims, 10 Drawing Sheets

U.S. Patent

Feb. 25,2003

Sheet 1 0f 10

US 6,523,535 B2

U.S. Patent

Feb. 25,2003

Sheet 2 0f 10

US 6,523,535 B2

U.S. Patent

Feb. 25,2003

Sheet 3 0f 10

FIG. 3A

US 6,523,535 B2

U.S. Patent

Feb. 25,2003

Sheet 4 0f 10

US 6,523,535 B2

38

FIG. 3B

(
///////V/\////lZ7I[i//////

FIG. 3C

14

U.S. Patent

Feb. 25,2003

Sheet 5 0f 10

US 6,523,535 B2

U.S. Patent

Feb. 25,2003

Sheet 6 0f 10

US 6,523,535 B2

U.S. Patent

Feb. 25,2003

Sheet 7 0f 10

US 6,523,535 B2

FIG.5A

'

63E

ST

62

J62
E
5

65

1 (/k////// /)1/~/12

/ :cpimgm

k/(//\\//jA//\//}/>l//////gf)/t
2

68

66

I
69 69

FIG. 5B

68

U.S. Patent

Feb. 25,2003

Sheet 8 0f 10

FIG. 6

US 6,523,535 B2

U.S. Patent

Feb. 25,2003

Sheet 9 0f 10

US 6,523,535 B2

96a
96b

95

86

97

86
O

72

FIG. 7A

96b
86

@ 96a
'

86

72

FIG. 7B

U.S. Patent

Feb. 25,2003

Sheet 10 0f 10

US 6,523,535 B2

US007458371B2

(12) Ulllted States Patent

(10) Patent N0.:

Ong et a].
(54)

US 7,458,371 B2

(45) Date of Patent:

TOY SOFT DART LAUNCHER

2,834,332 A *

(75) Inventors: Kenlip Ong, Singapore (SG); KWok Fai


Tam, HOng Kong (HK); Tai T0 Lee,
Kowloon (HK)
_

Dec. 2, 2008

5/1958 Guthrie ..................... .. 124/65

2,962,017 A

11/1960 Horowitz et a1.

2,964,032 A
3,009,453 A

12/1960 Noble
11/1961 Ayala

3,065,569 A

11/1962 Nielsen et a1.

3,148,478 A

9/1964 Miller

(73) Ass1gnee. Mattel, Inc., El Segundo, CA (US)

3,339,536 A

9/l967 Glass et a1

(*)

Notice:

Subject to any disclaimer, the term of this

3392484 A

patent is extended or adjusted under 35

3774586 A

7/1968 Ry_an et 31'

IJ'S'C~ 154(1)) by 31 days'

3,869,825 A

3/1975 Heberleln

4,213,269 A

7/1980 Grogg, Sr.

11/1973 Sam)

(21) App1.No.: 11/540,926


(22) Filed:

Sep. 30, 2006

(Continued)
(65)

Prior Publication Data


US 2007/0101982 A1
May 10, 2007

FOREIGN PATENT DOCUMENTS


EP

0700703 A2

3/1996

Related US. Application Data

(60) Provisional application No. 60/722,930, ?led on Sep.

30, 2005, provisional application No. 60/733,551,


?led on Nov. 4, 2005, provisional application No.
60/846124> ?led on Sep' 20 2006'

OTHER PUBLICATIONS
Tippman 98 CustomTM Parts Lists, Tippman Sports LLC, Buffalo
Grove, IL, 1 sheet; Jun. 13, 2005.

(51)

Int. C] .

F41B 11/00

(2006.01)

(Continued)

(52)

US. Cl. ......................................... ..


_
_
_

124/65; 124/59

(58)

Fleld of Classl?catlon Search """"""""" " 1122445695

Assistant Examiner4Gabriel J Klein

See a

(74)AZZ0rney,Agenl, orFirmiPanitch SchWarze Belisario &


Nadel LLP

lication ?le for Com lete Search histo


PP
P
"Y

(56)

References Cited

.
.
Primary ExammeriTroy Chambers

(57)

ABSTRACT

U.S. PATENT DOCUMENTS


1,184,410 A

5/1916

l.

1,282,549 A
l 289 621 A

10/1918 Difke a
0/1918 Blackshear

A toy launcher for launch1ng soft darts 1ncludes a housmg; a


motor in the housing; adart magazine subassembly supported

230973749 A

1 H1937 Wade

by the housing; a dart magazine rotation subassembly sup

2 279 386 A

4/ 1942 N618 O n

234743054 A

@1949 Jones

ported by the housing and operated by the motor; and a dart

launcher assembly supported by the housing and operated by

2,551,109 A
2,674,989 A
2,735,221 A

5/1951 Fornay
4/1954 Morsch
2/1956 Fields

the motor'

4 Claims, 14 Drawing Sheets

US 7,458,371 B2
Page 2
US. PATENT DOCUMENTS

4,834,058
4,848,307
5,069,649
5,256,100
5,267,549
5,343,849
5,373,832
5,415,151
5,474,486

A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A

5/1989
7/1989
12/1991
10/1993
12/1993
9/1994
12/1994
5/1995
12/1995

Gegere
T899
Wu
Wang
Webber
Steer
DAndrade
Fusiet a1.
Chilton et 211.

6,067,975 A
6,076,513 A
6,119,671 A

5/2000 Ginn
6/2000 Dohertyetal.
9/2000 Smith @1111.

6,220,237
6,264,528
6,276,353
6,280,286
6,364,162
6,408,837
6,428,384
6,439,216

4/2001
7/2001
8/2001
8/2001
4/2002
6/2002
8/2002
8/2002

B1
B1
B1
B1
B1
B1
B1
B1

Johnson @1111.
Doan @1111.
Briggs et a1.
Andrews
Johnson @1111.
Johnson @1111.
Su
Johnson et 31

5,529,050 A

6/1996 DAIlclracle

6,527,619 B1

3/2003 Agostini et a1.

5,535,729 A

7/1996 Grlf?n eta1~

6,663,463 B1

12/2003 Dougherty @1111.

5,564,964 A
5,592,931 A

10/1996 Chin-Chien
V1997 Johnson et 91-

6,807,959 Bl*
6,832,604 Bl*

10/2004 Murdock 61111. ............ .. 124/61


12/2004 Thompson ................. .. 124/75

5,596,978
5,699,781
5,709,199
51724955
5,787,869
5,791,326
5,791,967
57971385

V1997
12/1997
1/1998
3/1998
8/1998
8/1998
8/1998
8/1998

Johnson eta1~
Johnson et a1.
Johnson eta1~
Johnson et 91Johnson eta1~
Brown eta1~
Yeh_
Thal

12/1998

Niimura 61111. ........... .. 446/435

A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A

5,842,907 A *

5,878,735 A

590L693 A
5,924,413 A

3/1999 Johnson

5/1999 Smith
Johnson et a1.
_
7/1999 L1u

7/1999

5,924,910 A
5,975,068 A

11/1999 1111116161111.

5,988,152 A *

ll/l999 Halter et a1. ................ .. 124/65

6,857,422
6,857,930
7,018,264
7,121,917
2002/0074343
2005/0074277
2005/0183708
2006/0003666

B2
B1
B2
B2
A1
A1
A1
A1

2/2005
2/2005
3/2006
10/2006
6/2002
4/2005
8/2005
1/2006

Pedicini @1111.
LawleYJr
Foster et al.
Hardouin @1111.
Johnson @1111.
Brown @1111.
Eddins et a1.
Hardouin @1111.

OTHER PUBLICATIONS

Air Zone Rapid Fire Shooter, Just Toys, Inc.; NeWYork, NY; Four
(4) sheets (photos of box and disassembled
gun),, 1995 (see photo of
back ofbox)
* cited by examiner

US. Patent

Dec. 2, 2008

Sheet 1 0f 14

US 7,458,371 B2

10 \
16

9O

Z1
22a22
~.

"n:
I 13

FIG. 2

US. Patent

Dec. 2, 2008

Sheet 2 0f 14

1" \

US 7,458,371 B2

6 7
98 96 99 36 92 92a 94% 2O 90 95

16
24

25

44

38 91a

28
24

22

42

6O 62
8

FIG. 4

14

US. Patent

Dec. 2, 2008

Sheet 3 0f 14

US 7,458,371 B2

TO\
76
28

s4
78

24

12

44

24

32

36

26

FIG. 5

FIG. 6

38

US. Patent

Dec. 2 2008

Sheet 5 or 14

US. Patent

Dec. 2, 2008

US 7,458,371 B2

Sheet 6 0f 14

.5_'|

m"3.1L.
mm2L."_.

m
I. $2

m
m
m
m

_m{NS2$2a M_"22

m
d

(KQS

m
"3"1?2.\Lm. E. m
1%;
u
w
m
.m,
. 11

n
h
B
"
u

m32.

.UI3

m
.E
M
L
on
m
M.
1
4.

QB:"_1.

US. Patent

Dec. 2 2008

Sheet 7 or 14

US. Patent

Dec. 2, 2008

Sheet 8 0f 14

FIG. 12

US 7,458,371 B2

US. Patent

Dec. 2, 2008

Sheet 9 0f 14

FIG. 1 6

US 7,458,371 B2

US. Patent

Dec. 2, 2008

Sheet 11 0f 14

US 7,458,371 B2

.DE
h
m,

US. Patent

Dec. 2, 2008

Sheet 12 0f 14

5 O 08

FIG. 17

US 7,458,371 B2

US. Patent

Dec. 2, 2008

Sheet 13 0f 14

US 7,458,371 B2

502

5 0

500a

50Gb

FIG. 18

50Gb

US008453633B2

(12) Ulllted States Patent

(10) Patent N0.:

Tsai
(54)

(45) Date of Patent:

SPRING-PISTON AIRSOFT GUN

7,963,281 B2 *
8,297,269

(76)

(*)

US 8,453,633 B2

Inventor:

Notice:

6/2011 Pong ............................. .. 124/67

B2 *

10/2012

......

. . . ..

124/67

8,375,930 B2 *

2/2013

Gore . . . . . . . . . .

. . . ..

124/66

2012/0216786 A1*

8/2012

Hadley et a1. ................. .. 124/66

Ching-Li Tsai, Chiayi (TW)

Subject to any disclaimer, the term of this


patent is extended or adjusted under 35

Jun. 4, 2013

Hu

* Cited b examiner
y

U.S.C. 154(b) by 211 days.


(21)

P '

Appl. NO: 13/167,510

rzmary

'

xammer

i J. W

(22) Filed:

Eld

re

'

t .
F'zrm * B anner &W1tco ff, Ld

0r

Jun. 23, 2011

(65)

Prior Publication Data


Us 2011/0315134 A1
_

(30)

oo roW

,
enl,
(74)A [Zorn eyAg

(57)

1336- 29, 2011

A spring-piston airsoft gun includes a cylinder-and-piston

assembly disposed in a barrel to force air through a muZZle

Forelgn Apphcatlon Pnonty Data

Jun. 25, 2010

ABSTRACT

end to make a shooting action, and a coil spring disposed to

(TW) ........................... .. 099212110 U

exen ?b1asmg acnon 0 dnve a Plston head Ofthe Cyhnder'

and-piston assembly When changed from a compressed state


(51)

Int CL

to a released state. Front and rear anchor shanks are disposed

F41B 11/00
(52) us CL
(58)

(200601)

for respectively mounting front and rear coil segments of the


coil spring. A major shell and a minor ring are sleeved on the

USPC ................................ .. 124/66; 124/67; 124/68

rear anchor Shank to permit the C011 SPn'ng to be Sleeved

Field
of Classi?cation
Search

thereon. The minor ring is in frictional contact With and

USPC ........................................ .. 124/66, 65, 67, 68

angularly moveable relativewthe majorshell suchthanwhen

'
'
'
See appl1cat1on
?le for complete search history.

the coil spring is released to expand to the released state, the

References Cited

move thereWith so as to minimiZe the frictional force therebe

rear coil segment is tensed to drag the minor ring to angularly


(56)

tWeen.

U.S. PATENT DOCUMENTS


5,655,509 A *

8/1997

7,946,283 B2 *

5/2011 Lee et a1. ...................... .. 124/67

Casas Salva .................. .. 124/66

9 Claims, 5 Drawing Sheets

5 5332b 32

4 31 302 30 62 6132201

42 (
32211512,
@011 \
y

'I.\|\

_ _

(3% 1 7
/ ) ,41,\H4/,/,/

,'

,Q/WJ/ I /

'

'

\\\

._

I\I\||

iii 110111113\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/11ml
1

i"

321

3! SW? NV N'n "

f
.6
ll!

|I

5W? \
O

53

331
332

323

US. Patent

Jun. 4, 2013

Sheet 1 of5

FIG. 1
PRIOR ART

US 8,453,633 B2

US. Patent

Jun. 4, 2013

Sheet 2 of5

141

FIG. 2 PRIOR ART

FIG. 3 PRIOR ART

US 8,453,633 B2

US. Patent

Jun. 4, 2013

Sheet 3 of5

FIG. 4

US 8,453,633 B2

US. Patent

Jun. 4, 2013

FIG.5

Sheet 4 of5

US 8,453,633 B2

US. Patent

Jun. 4, 2013

Sheet 5 of5

FIG. 6

US 8,453,633 B2

US008678877B2

(12) United States Patent


Corlett et a].

(54)

MARKER TAG DARTS, DART GUNS


THEREFOR, AND METHODS

(71)

Applicant: Shoot the Moon Products II, LLC,

US 8,678,877 B2

(10) Patent N0.:


(45) Date of Patent:
(56)

Mar. 25,2014

References Cited
U.S. PATENT DOCUMENTS
3,190,654 A

Pleasanton, CA (US)

(72)

Inventors: Richard Jonathan Corlett, Woodland

Hills, CA (US); David B. Small,


Pleasanton, CA (US); Paul S. Rago,

Danville, CA (US)

(73) Assignee: Shoot the Moon Products II, LLC,


Notice:

5/1967

3,330,561 A

7/1967 Kandel

Houghton ..................... .. 124/67

3,399,485 A *

9/1968

Cashavelly et al. ........... .. 446/15

3,415,420 A *

12/1968

White ........................... .. 222/79

3,457,921
3,528,662
3,565,435
3,701,533

7/1969
9/1970
2/1971
10/1972

Waldeisen
Merchant et al.
Bear
Palmer

A
A
A
A

Pleasanton, CA (US)

3,823,847 A *

7/1974

3,893,866 A

7/1975 Hollingsworth

4,214,674 A *

7/1980

Subject to any disclaimer, the term of this


patent is extended or adjusted under 35

4,257,188 A

3/1981 Barker

4,726,584 A

2/1988 Bishop

USC 154(b) by 0 days.

4,733,799 A *

3/1988

4,735,612 A

4/1988 Chevalier

4,743,030 A *
4,807,586 A *

5/1988
2/1989

(21) Appl. N0.: 14/013,242


(22) Filed:

6/1965 Ross

3,320,941 A *

Wiskur ......................... .. 222/79

Auer et al. .................. .. 273/349


Kao .............................. .. 124/73

Primary Examiner * Gene Kim

Prior Publication Data

US 2014/0004769 A1

Jones et al. ................... .. 222/79

(Continued)

Aug. 29, 2013

(65)

Ware ............................. .. 222/79

Assistant Examiner * Alexander Niconovich

Jan. 2, 2014

(74) Attorney, Agent, or Firm * Blakely Sokoloff Taylor &


Zafman LLP

Related US. Application Data

(62)

Division of application No. 13/035,564, ?led on Feb.


25, 2011, noW Pat. No. 8,529,384.

(51)

Int. Cl.

a toy gun to receive a marker tag dart, to put Water in the

A63H 33/30
F41B 11/00
A63B 65/02

forward tip of the dart and to shoot the dart. The marker tag

(52)

(2006.01)
(2013.01)
(2006.01)

dart itself has slits in the Wall of a small chamber at the front
of the dart so that on impact With a target, the inertia of the
Water causes deformation of the tip and opening of the slits to

US. Cl.
USPC ............... .. 446/473; 124/56; 124/59; 124/69;

124/71; 124/73; 222/79; 473/581

(58)

(57)
ABSTRACT
Marker tag darts, dart guns therefor, and methods Which alloW

Field of Classi?cation Search


USPC .................. .. 473/581; 124/56, 59, 69, 71, 73;

eject Water for marking the location of the marker tag dart hit.
The dart guns are spring chocked, and propel the dart With a
blast of air from an air pump powered by the spring. Various
embodiments and modes of operation are disclosed.

446/473; 222/79
See application ?le for complete search history.

water int-11w

7 Claims, 7 Drawing Sheets

US 8,678,877 B2
Page 2
(56)

References Cited

6,203,397 B1 *

6,241,634 B1
U,S_ PATENT DOCUMENTS

4,863,428
4,881,743
5,074,437
5,123,657

A
A
A *
A

9/1989
11/19g9
12/1991
6/1992

Chevalier
Fiorenzo
DAndrade et a1.
Colt et 31,

...... .. 222/79

Johnson et a1. ............... .. 222/79

6,247,995
6,279,562
6,364,162
6,439,216
6,450,905
6,474,507

3/2001 Applewhite et a1. ........ .. 446/475

6/2001 Armer, Jr.

B1 *
B1*
B1*
B1*
B1
B1*

6/2001
8/2001
4/2002
8/2002
9/2002
11/2002

Bryan ......................... .. 446/473


Clayton ........................ .. 124/59
Johnson et a1. ............... .. 222/61
Johnson et a1. ............... .. 124/70
Edlund
Hornsby et a1. .............. .. 222/79

5,150,819 A *

9/1992

6,540,108 Bl*

4/2003

~~ ZZZ/79

5,202,533 A

4/1993 Vandersteen

6,698,414 131*

3/2004

~~ 124/69

5,238,149 A *

8/1993 Johnson et a1. ............... .. 222/79

6,802,756 B2*

10/2004

5241944 A *

9/1993 Rappaport

124/67

6,892,902 B2*

5284274 A *
5,373,832 A *

2/1994 Lee et a1,


12/1994 D>Andrade ,

222/79
124/69

7,097,073 B2*
7,131,557 B2*

5,373,833 A *

12/1994

DAndmde ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, H 124/69

446/176

5/2005 Hornsby et a1.

8/2006 Zlmmerman ................. .. 222/79


11/2006 Zimmerman et a1. ........ .. 222/79

7,185,787 B2*

3/2007

5,377,656 A

1/1995 Lewinskiet 31

7,219,817 B2*

5/2007 Panzarella

5381928 A *
5,415,151 A *

1/1995
5/1995

7,267,118 B2*
RE39,947 E *

Lee et a1 222/79
Fusi et a1.
124/56

5,433,646 A *

7/1995 Tarng ..... ..

5,448,984 A *

9/1995 Brovelli

5,531,627 A *

7/1996

9/2007
12/2007

Brown etal.

.446/473

7,488,267 B2

2/2009 Hun?

124/69

7,601,084 B2

10/2009 Mamn

,446/473

7,641,668 B2*

1/2010

RE35,412 E * 12/1996 Johnson et a1

222/79

7,658,302 132*

2/2010 Berman

. 273/349
222/1
222/79

7731612 B2
7,798,364 Bl*
8,074,838 B1*

5/1997 Sanders ........... ..


3/199g MoAllister et a1,
9/1998 Crawford

5,826,750 A *

10/1998 Johnson

5,826,879 A *

10/199g

5,836,842 A
5,850,941 A *

5,876,995 A *
5,878,914 A >1<

6/2010
9/2010
12/2011

~~ ZZZ/79

Martln
Eddlns et a1. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ ~ 222/79
Tate ....... ..
.. 222/79

222/79

8,490,830 132*

7/2013 Magers

~~ ZZZ/79

2004/0040551 A1*

3/2004

.. 124/71

11/199g McLeamn

2005/0072412 A1*

4/2005 Cuisinier

12/199g

2005/0183708 A1*

8/2005

Eddins et a1. ................. .. 124/59

2007/0012720 A1
2009/0064919 A1

1/2007
23/2009

Rosenblum
Greenwald

Johnson et a1, ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, H 222/79

3/1999 Bryan 435/189


3/1999 Johnson
222/79

Menowetal.

124/69

2009/0127789 A1

5/2009 Andersen

12/1999 Johnson et a1. ............... .. 124/69


90000 B ry an 424/49

2009/0140493 A1
2010/0031945 A1

6/2009
2/2010

6146292 A

110000 Yamanaka

2010/0320228 A1

6,149,488 A *

11/2000 Stark ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ ~~ 446/220

6,152,358 A

11/2000

6,174,251 B1

222/386

spector 273/349

6,000,386 A * 12/1999 Johnson et a1.

.. 222/79

Perryet a1. .................. .. 606/192

6,003,503 A *
6113
886 A *
,
,

..... ..

Eddins et a1.
.. 124/63
Johnson ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ ~~ ZZZ/79

Deal ,,,,,,,,, n

5,626,343 A *
5,730,321 A *
5,799,828 A *

.. 222/79

Bryan

1/2001 Lemote

Andersen
Shafferet a1.

12/2010 C_arrol1 .......................... .. 222/79

2012/0153036 A1

6/2012

2012/0178338 A1*

7/2012 Mowbray

...................... .. 229/87.19

124/1

Plerce et 31.

446/473
"""""""""" "

* cited by examiner

US. Patent

Mar. 25, 2014

Sheet 1 of7

US 8,678,877 B2

US. Patent

Mar. 25, 2014

Sheet 2 of7

US 8,678,877 B2

niejdicets diwantreo sthrotugh

US. Patent

Mar. 25, 2014

Sheet 3 of7

US 8,678,877 B2

mam

mmv328%?

US. Patent

Mar. 25, 2014

Sheet 4 of7

US 8,678,877 B2

6%Emu

22%3m?23m; 652,s

AEQ SV

33
i.
./ ?

v23EL3. 5

US. Patent

Mar. 25, 2014

Sheet 6 of7

3%?rsxx335v5;tQ5aE%mM.,)

Aa93gnyin$;?"

gtMm5m1hn?a65mnw.,a

US 8,678,877 B2

EM3@.m?5mm3iEa5nm?3;g
MiE:Wm3.w3sEamt5rmw,ca?

dad

83%

Q.
E

US. Patent

Mar. 25,2014

Sheet 7 of7

US 8,678,877 B2

QRRRRMDN..,
M

w.
M

1%
w
am
w:

w2%m3wacg xN32,;).

.8
5
x.
A
v.
a,

53%2? 53

ExaE8m3%,

US 20100147277A1

(19) United States


(12) Patent Application Publication (10) Pub. No.: US 2010/0147277 A1
(43) Pub. Date:

Zimmerman et al.

(54)

TOY GUN

(76)

Inventors:

Jun. 17, 2010

Publication Classi?cation

Jeffrey C. Zimmerman, Kowloon

(51)

(CN); Chor-Ming Ma, Kowloon

(CN)
(52)

Int. Cl.
F41B 11/00
F41F 1/00

(2006.01)
(2006.01)

U.S. Cl. ........................................ .. 124/56; 124/41.1

Correspondence Address:
ALIX YALE & RISTAS LLP
750 MAIN STREET, SUITE 1400

HARTFORD, CT 06103 (US)

(21) Appl. No.:


(22)

Filed:

12/37 8,680
Feb. 18, 2009

Foreign Application Priority Data

(30)

Dec. 17, 2008

(HK) ............................... .. 081137186

(57)

ABSTRACT

A toy gun for individually shooting soft projectiles has a body


and a magazine attached to the body for housing an array of

soft projectiles and delivering them individually to a ?ring


position Within the body. A ?ring mechanism in the body ?res
a ?rst projectile from the ?ring position. A projectile separa
tor acts upon a second projectile adjacent to the ?rst projectile
to at least reduce frictional interaction between the ?rst and

second projectiles during ?ring and to smooth the projectile


loading process.

10

13

1138
13A

18

Patent Application Publication

Jun. 17, 2010 Sheet 1 0f 4

US 2010/0147277 A1

10

/
13

13B

17

13A

18
20 19

Fig. 1

13

Mn

13A

Patent Application Publication

Jun. 17, 2010 Sheet 2 0f 4

US 2010/0147277 A1

10

20

Fig 3

Patent Application Publication

Jun. 17, 2010 Sheet 3 0f 4

US 2010/0147277 A1

Patent Application Publication

Jun. 17, 2010 Sheet 4 0f 4

US 2010/0147277 A1

US005787869A
United States Patent [191

5,787,869

Patent Number:
[45] Date of Patent:
[11]

Johnson et a1.

Aug. 4, 1998

[54] COMPRESSED AIR TOY GUN

3,397,476

8/1968 Weber

3,859,977

1/1975 Lange

124/83 X

[75] Inventors: Lonnie G. Johnson. Smyrna; John T.


Applewhite. Atlanta; Shane Matthews,

3,962,818

6/1976 Pippin

........ .. 46/74

4,073,280

2/1978 Koehn

.. 124/72

4,083,349

4/1978 Cli?ord .

.. 124/72

Marietta. all of Ga.

4,159,705
4,223,472
4,411,249
4,559,737
4,890,767
4,897,065

[73] Assignee: Johnson Research & Development


Corp., Inc.. Atlanta. Ga.

[21] Appl. No.: 799,702


Feb. 11, 1997
[22] Filed:
Related US. Application Data

[63]

7/1979
9/1980
10/1983
12/1985
1/1990
1/1990

.......................... .. 43/6

Jacoby .... ..
Feket et a1.
Fogartyetal.
Washington .... ..
Burlison ...... ..
Fertigetal. ..

124/63
.... .. 46/44

...... .. 124/64
124/83 X
222/78
.. 446163

5,090,708

2/1992 Gerlitz et al. .

273/310

5,188,557

2/1993 Brown ............. ..

446/212

5,228,427

7/1993 Gargner, Jr, ..

5,280,917

l/1994 Ortiz ....... ..

124/81
273/318

5,343,849

9/1994

Steer

. ....

. . . ..

124/72

Continuation-impart of Ser. No. 730,619, Oct. 21, 1996, Pat,

5,343,850

9/1994

Steer

. .. . .

. . . ..

124/64

No. 5,709,199, which is a continuation-in-part of Ser. No.

5,370,278

1211994 Raynie .... ..

699,431, Aug. 19, 1996, Pat. No. 5,699,781, which is a


continuation-in-part of Ser. No. 494,407, Jun. 26, 1995, Pat.
No. 5,592,931, which is a continuation-in-part of Ser. No.

5,373,832

12/1994 DAndrade ...... ..

124/69

5,415,152

5/1995 Adamson et al.

124/59

5,640,945

6/1997 Slonaker et al. ........................ .. 124/56

222/175

441,229, May 15, 1995, Pat No. 5,596,978.

[51]
[52]
[53]

rm. (:1.6 .............................. .. F4113 11/00; F41B 9100


US. Cl. ................................ .. 124/69; 124/83; 124/85
Field of Search ................................ .. 124/69. 63. 72.

124/53.5. 48. 59. 81. 82. 83. 84. 85; 42J77.


76.01

References Cited

[56]
2,147,003

2/1939 Von Kozuiik

124/11

2,312,244
2,357,951

2/1943 Feltman .... ..


9/1944 Hale ...... ..

124/11
124/11

2,654,973 10/1953 Lemelson


2,733,699 2/1956 Krinsky

46/56
124/13

2,927,398

6/1960 Kaye et a1. .

3,025,633

6/1962

3,121,292

2/1964 Butler et al.

. 46/74

3,139,692

7/1964 Sellers et a1.

124/83 X

3,262,440

7/1966 Kuhn ................................... .. 124/83 X

. . . ..

258791l-A1

10/1985

46f/4
. . . ..

46fl4

France.

Primary Examiner-John A. Ricci


Assistant Examiner-Thomas A. Beach

Attorney, Agent, or FirmKennedy. Davis & Kennedy

[57]

U.S. PATENT DOCUMENTS

Kayeet al.

FOREIGN PATENT DOCUMENTS

ABSTRACT

An air compressed gun (10) is provided having a stock (11).


a barrel (12). a trigger (13) and a manual air pump (14). The
gun also has a mounting tube (201) con?gured to be received
within the tail bore (203) of a projectile (P) and a barrel

(200) in which the projectile is positioned for launching. The


mounting tube has a tapered air exit end (210) and a safety
bar (211). The barrel has an lelongated slot (217) for venting

compressed air.
15 Claims, 9 Drawing Sheets

US. Patent

Aug. 4, 1998

Sheet 1 of 9

5,787,869

US. Patent

O
v

Aug. 4, 1998

Sheet 2 0f 9

5,787,869

16

FIG2
15

64

US. Patent

Aug. 4, 1998

Sheet 4 of 9

5,787,869

US. Patent

Aug. 4, 1998

Sheet 5 0f 9

5,787,869

10\
FIG 7
732

136

739

76

141 151 \

128

129

B0

133

139

US. Patent

Aug. 4, 1998

Sheet 6 0f 9

FIG 9

5,787,869

US. Patent

Aug. 4, 1998

Sheet 7 0f 9

5,787,869

<__

g_/,
mil
E:i. tn %i.

mm:

N1iNa
\I\\\T.N

<8.
mm:
m2
.-1: H
a
.
/

___
___\l\\\,

21
x
p9
@E
m:

QIEIE/
N_\ \\
\ht
\

3..

myl\\\.Ks\

f
\

y
x\
\T
\ l.

3:?zz

US. Patent

Aug. 4, 1998

Sheet 8 of 9

5,787,869

W!Qhi
/

%/

\ 1////////
/
/

US007731061B1

(12) United States Patent

(10) Patent N0.:


(45) Date of Patent:

W00dh0use et al.
(54)

US 7,731,061 B1
Jun. 8, 2010

WEARABLE TOY WITH ROTATABLE

5,088,624 A *

2/1992

DISCHARGE PODS FOR FIRING


PROJECTILES AND METHODS

5,316,514 A
5,538,457 A

5/1994 Ellman et 31.


7/1996 Deal

Hackett et a1. .............. .. 222/78

5,673,436 A *

10/1997

Piper ....... ..

5,678,730

10/1997

Fabek et a1.

5,724,955 A *

3/1998

6,203,397 B1

3/2001 Applewhite et a1.

2/160
.......

(75) Inventors: Hampton RWoodhouse, Hope, RI


(US); Alric J Lam, Attleboro, MA (US)

(73) Assignee: Hasbro, Inc., PaWtucket, RI (US)

6,279,562 B1

8/2001 Clayton

RE37,616 E

4/2002 Schumacher

(*)

6,802,435 B1*

10/2004

6,814,260 B2

11/2004 Caffrey

6,824,442 B2

11/2004 Andrews et a1.

Notice:

Subject to any disclaimer, the term of this


patent is extended or adjusted under 35

U.S.C. 154(b) by 658 days.

............. .. 124/72

Brawner, Jr. ............... .. 222/79

* cited by examiner

(21) Appl.No.: 11/744,272


(22) Filed:

Johnson et a1.

. . . .. 222/78

Primary ExamineriTroy Chambers


(74) Attorney, Agent, or FirmiPerry Hoffman

May 4, 2007

(57)

ABSTRACT

(51)

Int. Cl.
B67D 99/00

(52)

US. Cl. ......................... .. 222/175; 222/78; 222/79;

around a Wearable component With more than one pod at the

124/56; 446/26; 446/473; 446/483

outer housing each able to receive a contained discharge


element. The pods are engaged by an actuator assembly

(58)

(2010.01)

Field of Classi?cation Search ................. ..

A Wearable toy having an outer housing capable of rotating


124/56;

222/78, 79, 175, 333; 239/152, 153, 154;


446/26, 27, 28, 473, 475, 483; 2/160, 163;
42/54

See application ?le for complete search history.


(56)

References Cited
U.S. PATENT DOCUMENTS
2,423,448 A *
3,018,578 A *

actuator assembly includes a ?rst actuator coupled to the


Wearable component for manipulation by a user and a second

actuator capable of engaging the ?rst actuator projecting the


contained discharge element of each of the plurality of pods.
The canister may include a second actuator coupled and
capable of engagement With the ?rst actuator as the outer

7/1947
1/1962

3,453,774 A *

7/1969

4,756,703 A

7/1988 Kennedy et a1.

Gruber et a1. ............. .. 446/353

4,768,681 A *

9/1988

4,820,229 A

4/1989 Spraggins

5,072,856 A

Which operates to project the contained discharge element of


each pod. The pods at the outer housing may receive, e.g., a
removable canister containing the discharge elements. The

Dean et a1. .................. .. 222/79

12/1991 Kimble

housing member is rotated to alloW alignment of ?rst and


second actuators for projecting the contained discharge ele
ment.

20 Claims, 10 Drawing Sheets

US. Patent

Jun. 8, 2010

Sheet 1 0110

US 7,731,061 B1

US. Patent

Jun. 8, 2010

Sheet 2 0110

US 7,731,061 B1

US. Patent

Jun. 8, 2010

Sheet 3 0110

US 7,731,061 B1

US. Patent

Jun. 8, 2010

Sheet 4 0110

US 7,731,061 B1

US. Patent

Jun. 8, 2010

Sheet 5 0110

US 7,731,061 B1

US. Patent

Jun. 8, 2010

Sheet 6 0110

US 7,731,061 B1

US. Patent

Jun. 8, 2010

Sheet 7 0110

US 7,731,061 B1

US. Patent

28

Jun. 8, 2010

Sheet 8 0110

US 7,731,061 B1

74

US. Patent

Jun. 8, 2010

Sheet 9 0110

US 7,731,061 B1

US. Patent

0mm .

Jun. 8, 2010

Sheet 10 0110

US 7,731,061 B1

Unlted States Patent [191

[11] Patent Number:

Johnson et a].

[45]

[54]

[75]

Date of Patent:

3,397,476

8/1968 Weber ......................................... .. 43/6

GUN

3,962,818

6/1976 Pippin

4,073,280

2/1978

aco

4,411,249

10/1983 Fogarty et a1.

4,890,767

. . . ..

..... .. 46/44
124/64

1/1990 Burlison . . . . . . . .

. . . .. 222r/8

4,897,065

1/1990 Fenig e181. ..

446/63

5,090,708

2/1992 Geditz et a1. .

..... .. 273/310

5,188,557

Jan. 27, 1997

124/72

-------------- -

5,158,212 10/1992 Sirhan ..... ..

Related US. Application Data

2/1993

222/192 X

Brown

5,280,917

1/1994 Ortiz

5,343,849

9/1994 Steer

5,343,850

9/1994

..... .. 446/212

273/318
124/72

Steer . . . . . . . . .

. . . .. 124/64

Continuation-impart of Ser. No. 730,619, Oct. 21, 1996,

5,359,576 10/1994 Bunner et a1.


5,370,278 1211994 Raynie ........ ..

whichisacontinuation-in-part ofSer.No.699,431,Aug. 19,

5,373,832 12/1994 DAndrade

124/69

1996, which is a continuation-impart of Ser. No. 494,407,

5,415,152

5/1995 Adamson et a1.

124/59

1191-267 1995,1919 NO- 515921931, which is a cominua?on-

5,535,729

7/1996 Gri?in et a1. ....................... .. 124/48 X

in-part of Ser. No. 441,229, May 15, 1995, Pat. No. 5,596,
978.
Int. Cl.6 .............................. .. F41B 11/00; F41A 9/61

[52] us. 61. .......... ..

124/72; 124/48; 124/53 .5

124/34X
2221175

FOREIGN PATENT DOCUMENTS


2587911-A1

10/1985

France,

Primary Emmi-MET), Lea Menus

Fleld of Search ................................ .. 1.24/67, 69, 72,

Assistant Examiner_Thomas A B?ach

124/70, 48, 53.5. 32. 59; 446/27, 475; 273/DIG. 17;


222/175, 192

Attomey Agent, or FiWKemdyq Davis & Kennedy

[56]

References Cited

,244

2,357,951

2/1943

[57]

ABSTRACT

An air compressed gun (10) is provided having a stock (11),

US. PATENT DOCUMENTS


.
gill-3,003 2/1939 Von Kozunk ........................... .. 124/11
,

. . . ..

. ... ..

01m Relffarch 8 Devehpment

[51]

9/1980 Feket et a1.

App1.No.: 788,225

[63]

4,223,472

empany

[22] Fll?di

. .. ... .

Applewhte Atlanta both of Ga


_

Asslgnee'

46/74

Koehn

gm?grd -

[21]

Mar. 10, 1998

VOICE ACTIVATED COMPRESSED AIR TOY

Inventors: Lonnie G. Johnson. Smyrna; John T.

[73]

5,724,955

Feltman

a barrel (12), a trigger (13) and a manual air pump (14). The
gun also has a magazine (18) having a series of barrels (26)
for holding Sevara1 projcc?les
An actuator (50) indexas
.

9/1944 Hale ......... ..

124/11

the legume Wlth eaeh she? the gun-61118891118 of the

2,654,973 10,1953 Lemelson


2,733,699 2/1956 Kn'nsky ,,,, __
2,927,398 3/1960 Kaye et a1.

__ 46/56
124/13
.. 46/74

gun is controlled by a vo1ce actlvated tnggenng system


(215) which includes a microphone (216), a control circuit
(220) and a control valve (219).

3,025,633

3/1962 Kaye et a1.

3,121,292

2/1964 Butler et a1. ....................... .l ..... .. 46/74

nn

..

5:

12 Claims, 12 Drawing Sheets

US. Patent

Mar. 10, 1998

Sheet 1 0f 12

5,724,955

US. Patent

Mar. 10, 1998

Sheet 2 0f 12

5,724,955

16

FIG2
-_____

64

US. Patent

Mar. 10, 1998

Sheet 3 0f 12

5,724,955

US. Patent

Mar. 10, 1998

Sheet 4 0f 12

5,724,955

US. Patent

Mar. 10, 1998

Sheet 5 0f 12

5,724,955

US. Patent

Mar. 10,1998

Sheet 6 0f 12

FIG 9

5,724,955

US. Patent

I59

Mar. 10, 1998

10FIG

Sheet 7 0f 12

5,724,955

US. Patent

Mar. 10,1998

Sheet 3 0f 12

5,724,955

US. Patent

Mar. 10, 1998

Sheet 9 0f 12

5,724,955

13FIG
ZIO

US. Patent

Mar. 10, 1998

\M.
_IE

@NNmmif

no.

Sheet 10 of 12

g
W
nwjf
@w\
NEE
8

ms
ww

5,724,955

US. Patent

Mar. 10, 1998

Sheet 11 0f 12

5,7 24,955

US. Patent

Mar. 10, 1998

Sheet 12 of 12

5,724,955

US008453633B2

(12) Ulllted States Patent

(10) Patent N0.:

Tsai
(54)

(45) Date of Patent:

SPRING-PISTON AIRSOFT GUN

7,963,281 B2 *
8,297,269

(76)

(*)

US 8,453,633 B2

Inventor:

Notice:

6/2011 Pong ............................. .. 124/67

B2 *

10/2012

......

. . . ..

124/67

8,375,930 B2 *

2/2013

Gore . . . . . . . . . .

. . . ..

124/66

2012/0216786 A1*

8/2012

Hadley et a1. ................. .. 124/66

Ching-Li Tsai, Chiayi (TW)

Subject to any disclaimer, the term of this


patent is extended or adjusted under 35

Jun. 4, 2013

Hu

* Cited b examiner
y

U.S.C. 154(b) by 211 days.


(21)

P '

Appl. NO: 13/167,510

rzmary

'

xammer

i J. W

(22) Filed:

Eld

re

'

t .
F'zrm * B anner &W1tco ff, Ld

0r

Jun. 23, 2011

(65)

Prior Publication Data


Us 2011/0315134 A1
_

(30)

oo roW

,
enl,
(74)A [Zorn eyAg

(57)

1336- 29, 2011

A spring-piston airsoft gun includes a cylinder-and-piston

assembly disposed in a barrel to force air through a muZZle

Forelgn Apphcatlon Pnonty Data

Jun. 25, 2010

ABSTRACT

end to make a shooting action, and a coil spring disposed to

(TW) ........................... .. 099212110 U

exen ?b1asmg acnon 0 dnve a Plston head Ofthe Cyhnder'

and-piston assembly When changed from a compressed state


(51)

Int CL

to a released state. Front and rear anchor shanks are disposed

F41B 11/00
(52) us CL
(58)

(200601)

for respectively mounting front and rear coil segments of the


coil spring. A major shell and a minor ring are sleeved on the

USPC ................................ .. 124/66; 124/67; 124/68

rear anchor Shank to permit the C011 SPn'ng to be Sleeved

Field
of Classi?cation
Search

thereon. The minor ring is in frictional contact With and

USPC ........................................ .. 124/66, 65, 67, 68

angularly moveable relativewthe majorshell suchthanwhen

'
'
'
See appl1cat1on
?le for complete search history.

the coil spring is released to expand to the released state, the

References Cited

move thereWith so as to minimiZe the frictional force therebe

rear coil segment is tensed to drag the minor ring to angularly


(56)

tWeen.

U.S. PATENT DOCUMENTS


5,655,509 A *

8/1997

7,946,283 B2 *

5/2011 Lee et a1. ...................... .. 124/67

Casas Salva .................. .. 124/66

9 Claims, 5 Drawing Sheets

5 5332b 32

4 31 302 30 62 6132201

42 (
32211512,
@011 \
y

'I.\|\

_ _

(3% 1 7
/ ) ,41,\H4/,/,/

,'

,Q/WJ/ I /

'

'

\\\

._

I\I\||

iii 110111113\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/11ml
1

i"

321

3! SW? NV N'n "

f
.6
ll!

|I

5W? \
O

53

331
332

323

US. Patent

Jun. 4, 2013

Sheet 1 of5

FIG. 1
PRIOR ART

US 8,453,633 B2

US. Patent

Jun. 4, 2013

Sheet 2 of5

141

FIG. 2 PRIOR ART

FIG. 3 PRIOR ART

US 8,453,633 B2

US. Patent

Jun. 4, 2013

Sheet 3 of5

FIG. 4

US 8,453,633 B2

US. Patent

Jun. 4, 2013

FIG.5

Sheet 4 of5

US 8,453,633 B2

US. Patent

Jun. 4, 2013

Sheet 5 of5

FIG. 6

US 8,453,633 B2

US 20070261689A1

(19) United States


(12) Patent Application Publication (10) Pub. No.: US 2007/0261689 A1
(43) Pub. Date:

Tai et al.
(54)

BULLET-LOADING STRUCTURE OF TOY

(22) Filed:

NOV. 15, 2007

May 10, 2006

GUN
Publication Classi?cation

(75) Inventors: Chiao-Chih Tai, Taoyuan Hsien (TW);

Szu-Ming Huang, Taoyuan Hsien


(TW); Chia-Chen Wang, Taoyuan
Hsien (TW); Chih-Ming Tien, Taoyuan
Hsien (TW)
Correspondence Address:
TROXELL LAW OFFICE PLLC
Suite 1404

5205 Leesburg Pike


Falls Church, VA 22041 (US)

(51)

Int. Cl.
F41B 11/00

(52)

Us. or.

(57)

(2006.01)

.............................................................. .. 124/67

ABSTRACT

In a toy gun With a bullet-loading structure, a cylinder, a


piston, a ?nal gear, and a pull rod are mounted in a gun body.

The piston and the pull rod are driven by the rotation of the
?nal gear. An actuation time of the pull rod is later than that
of the piston to enable the piston to suck a lot amount of gas

(73) Assignee: Enlight Corporation

before the loading of the bullet, thereby preventing a gun


tunnel from being blocked by the raised bullet and providing

(21) Appl. No.:

the shooting performance of the toy gun.

the simulated recoil effect of real shooting so as to promote

11/430,835

Patent Application Publication Nov. 15, 2007 Sheet 1 0f 11

US 2007/0261689 A1

Patent Application Publication Nov. 15, 2007 Sheet 2 0f 11

US 2007/0261689 A1

Fig.2

Patent Application Publication Nov. 15, 2007 Sheet 3 0f 11

US 2007/0261689 A1

K /
Ii/ r

N\
q_
\u\k!\

/_

\?-l\
\

max;

Patent Application Publication Nov. 15, 2007 Sheet 4 0f 11

US 2007/0261689 A1

K/

\/\

I,
o/
Q.
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an
~

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mm

wE

Patent Application Publication Nov. 15, 2007 Sheet 5 0f 11

US 2007/0261689 A1

_N
i

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b\m/ Il/.A
\

/
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\\|\
N

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K
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,//(/1,
,
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I4

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m

Patent Application Publication Nov. 15, 2007 Sheet 6 0f 11

\nN\

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K
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Pm

US 2007/0261689 A1

Patent Application Publication Nov. 15, 2007 Sheet 7 0f 11

ii

/ w / / ~_

US 2007/0261689 Al

.wE
N

w\N\

/
\-\\\\

10/
Bi

mm

..

mm

Patent Application Publication Nov. 15, 2007 Sheet 8 0f 11

N\\_\n\

/L

US 2007/0261689 A1

Patent Application Publication Nov. 15, 2007 Sheet 9 0f 11

US 2007/0261689 A1

Ow

\~

a~\
\
N

/ %/_

0/L

2/
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5T5U12

Patent Application Publication Nov. 15, 2007 Sheet 10 0f 11

US 2007/0261689 A1

\2
I1V/J!
N.
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////p

.\\\

\\u
-a\
\

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3.mE pUo1C2m

Patent Application Publication Nov. 15, 2007 Sheet 11 0f 11

Fig. 11
Prior Art

US 2007/0261689 A1

US008402958B2

(12) United States Patent

(10) Patent No.:

Victor et a].
(54)

US 8,402,958 B2

(45) Date of Patent:

TOY DART MAGAZINE APPARATUS


.

4,834,059 A
.

(75) Inventors gobert Sign su?lqnysgdi; Nialgstxm


(Us);
aymm
Robertam
L- Brown,
ea NOnh
aw C e

Mapleville,
Kingstown, R1
RI (US); Meredith
Fred D. Eddins,
Brooks,
.

'

Mar. 26, 2013

5/ 1989 Moorhouse et al.

4,879,828 A *

11/1989

Dieringer et al. ............... .. 42/50

4,888,899 A

12/1989

Chesnut et a1.

5,156,137
5,099,595 A *

10/1992
3/1992 Clayton
Chesnut et.......
a1. ..

4,986,251 A * 1/1991 Lilley ............................ .. 124/67


5,285,766 2
A *
,

2/1994 Milliman ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ ~~ 124/ 59

Attleboro, MA (US), Douglas C. Weller,

5,553,598 A

9/l996 Johnson et a1

Bndgewater, MA (Us)

5,596,978 A *
5,634,564 A

1/1997 Johnson et a1. ............... .. 124/72


6/1997 Spamer et al.

(73)

Ass1gnee: Hasbro, Inc., Pawtucket, RI (US)

5,709,199 A *

1/1998 Johnson et a1. ............... .. 124/69

(*)

Notice:

5,724,955 2
A *

3/1998 ghnsontetlal
Johnson et a1. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ ~~ 124/69

Subject to any disclaimer, the term ofthis


-

patent 1s extended or adjusted under 35

U.S.C. 154(b) by 750 days.


(21)

Appl. No.: 12/545,305

roWn e

5,913,304 A *

a .

619% Johnson tttttttttttttttttttt 124/59

(Contmued)
_
Primary Examiner * Gene K1m

(22)

Filed:

(65)

Prior Publication Data


Us 2011/0041823 A1
Feb. 24, 2011

(51)

Aug. 21, 2009

Int- ClF41A 9/61

(2006-01)

(52)

US. Cl. ........... .. 124/45; 124/48; 124/51.1; 124/52;


89/3302; 89/3317

(58)

Field of Classi?cation Search .................. .. 124/45,


124/48, 51 _1, 52; 89/3302, 33_ 17

Assistant Examiner * Alexander Niconovich


(74) Attorney, Agent, or Firm * Perry Hoffman

(57)
ABSTRACT
The Wheel also includes an opening in the third portion lead
ing to a chamber in a holloW support of the Wheel. A spring
biased knob is mounted on a shaft that also mounts the Wheel.

Both the knob and the Wheel have axially align protrusions
that may engage each other to alloW the Wheel to be rotation
ally adjusted I0 Correct any
Or misalignment Of the darts
stored on the Wheel. A ?exible arm and a pusher structure are

See application ?le for complete Search history,

also included With the magazine apparatus and are connected

References Cited

to a constant force spring, Where the ?exible arm and a portion


of the constant force s Pring are lod8 ed in the chamber of the

US. PATENT DOCUMENTS

holloW support during a dart loading process of the Wheel, and


the constant force spring uncoils When the Wheel is rotated
during the loading process. The constant force spring biases

56

1,328,929 A *

1/1920

2,777,235 A

1/1957 Hopkins

McDaniel ..................... .. 124/29

2,962,017 A *
3,009,453 A *

11/1960
11/1961

Horowitz et a1. ............. .. 124/27


Ayala ............. ..
124/27

4,127,954 A *

12/1978

Hausmann ...................... .. 42/50

4,289,109 A
4,384,508 A *
4,776,122 A *

9/1981 DAndrade
5/1983
10/1988

Sullivan et a1. ............ .. 89/33.02


Dieringer et al. ............... .. 42/50

the Wheel to feed the darts from both the drum and the clip to

a ?ring position at the end of the clip located in the launcher,


but the constant force spring is insuf?cient to discharge the
darts When the magazine is not connected to the launcher.

20 Claims, 8 Drawing Sheets

US 8,402,958 B2
Page 2
US. PATENT DOCUMENTS

7,357,130 B2*

4/2008 Broersma .................. .. 124/51.1

6,109,252 A *
6,327,953 B1*

6,408,837 131*

8/2000 Stevens ...................... .. 124/51.1


12/2001

Andresen

60002 Johnson et a1,

6,488,019
6,439,216 B2*
B1* 12/2002
8/2002 Kotsiopoulos
Johnson et a1. .

. 89/33.17

$232225 5%,, 135831; 811% 6131'


*

1245M

8,061,342 132*

124/51.1
124/70

2006/0042613
8,091,541 132*
A1*

6,752,137 B2*

6/2004 Brunette et a1.

124/74

2006/0180134 A1*

6,796,300 B2*

9/2004 Petrosyan et a1. .

124/48

2009/0145412 A1*

7,222,617 132*

5/2007 Andresen ..... ..

7,234,456 132*

6/2007 Andresen

7,267,118 132

9/2007 Eddins et :11.

7,287,526 B1 *

124/51.1

2009/0211562 Al*

. 124/51.1

2009/0314272 A1*

10/2007 Bligh et a1. ................... .. 124/63

* cited by examiner

*TIPO

"""""""""""""""" "

12 4/511
'

11/2011 Chnstopheretal. ...... .. 124/51.1

US. Patent

Mar. 26, 2013

Sheet 1 of8

US 8,402,958 B2

US. Patent

Mar. 26, 2013

Sheet 2 of8

US 8,402,958 B2

US. Patent

Mar. 26, 2013

Sheet 3 of8

US 8,402,958 B2

US. Patent

Mar. 26, 2013

Sheet 4 of8

US 8,402,958 B2

.UEw

US. Patent

Mar. 26, 2013

Sheet 5 0f 8

.....

I .
x

FIG. 11

..

US 8,402,958 B2

US. Patent

Mar. 26, 2013

US 8,402,958 B2

Sheet 6 0f 8

Forming a housing

Forming an alignment
and storage structure
v

Rotatably mounting the


alignment and
storage structure

\ 204

Mounting a spring to bias


the alignment and
storage structure

Forming a knob

Mounting the knob to


enable manual rotation of

the alignment and


storage struotu re

H6. 12

\ 20a

US. Patent

Mar. 26, 2013

Sheet 7 of8

US 8,402,958 B2

US. Patent

Mar. 26, 2013

Sheet 8 of8

FIG. 16

US 8,402,958 B2

Feb. 7, 1956

B. KRINSKY

2,733,699

ROCKET TOY

Filed Nov. 6, 1952'

0O

. 3

32

_
1
x
B

1/8

B
n

'..5 4Lu
L

A.

53

SM

554.1G_/ m10

3u

23

_/4\all44

Ox in?

w
\M
//

A:

56%.

?vm
w_z
1,2

W
41

Ju 1%

A1 0<.

.mm/w45O
W]m
N
T

United States Patent [191

[11]

4,223,472

Fekete et a1.

[45]

Sep. 23, 1980

[54]

TOY PROJECIILE LAUNCHING DEVICE


,

[75]

Inventors:

Ferenc Fekete, Huntington Beach;

3,121,292

2/ 1964

Butler et al. ........................... .. 46/74

3,191,342

6/1965

Chambers

3,368,301

2/1963

Kinberg _ _ _ I _ _

. 46/74
_ _ _ _ __ 46/74

Wayne R. Halford, Manhattan

3,739,764

6/1973

Allport

Beach, both of Calif.; Michael 0.

4,149,338

4/1979

Wolf ....................................... .. 46/44

. 46/74 B

H'rtle E tA ror , N.Y.


_

as

'

Primary Examiner-Robert Peshock

[73] Assignee: _ Mattel, Inc., Hawthorne, Calif.


21

1. NW 899 374

[ 1
Pp
[22] Filed:
[51]

Assistant Examiner_Mickey Yu
*

Attorney, Agent, or FirmJohn G. Mesaros; Max B.

Apr. 24, 1978

Shirk; Ronald M. Goldman


57
ABSTRACT

Int. Cl.3 . . . . .

. . . . . . .. A63H 29/16

.
_

[52] US. Cl. ...................................... .. 46/44; 46/74 B;

A tolprolefflitllg 1311116111118 devlce hills/111g a mam tubular

124/70

mem er in ui communication wit an air pump, an air

[58]

Field of Search ........... .. 46/74, 74 A, 74 B, 74 C,

Storage tank and a projectile launching housing rotat

[56]

46/76 A, 44; 124/70, 71, 73, 76, 69; 272/4


References Cited

ably coupled to the main tubular member. A valve


member manually operable within the main tubular
member, and with the valve member in a ?rst position
air from the air pump passes into the air storage tank; in

U-s- PATENT DOCUMENTS


1,260,013

3/1918

Neats ................................. .. 46/44 x

a second position of the valve member, the pressurized

2,675,642
2,733,699

4/1954
2/1956

Coleman et a1. . . . . .
Kl'insky ---------- -

air within the tank is released to propel a projectile

gig:

. . . . . .. 46/86A

46/74 X

'''

3ioosj49o 10/1961

Deterding e;

3,025,633

3/1962

Kaye ct a1.

3,046,694

7/ 1962

Holderer

within the housing. A third position of the valve mem~

''''"

ber permits air from the air tank to be released in minute

46/74

quantities to actuate an air-operated sounding device.

46/74 B

46/74

14 Claims, 5 Drawing Figures

I56
64

I46
I44

i
'4

||4
62

i
H

60

23
98

96
2O _

22
\
, =

"a

24

I6

5,
50

1
I

54

92

4e

94

75 56

46
52

66

43

I25

88

I00

I016

I20

84

I06

[I0 I08 I09 I07 I02 74

I8 70

8\O

l0

72

H6

H2

US. Patent

Sep. 23, 1980

m9

Sheet 1 of2

4,223,472

'

US. Patent

Sep.23, 1980

Sheet20f2

4,223,472

United States Patent

1111

1191

Fogelgren

3,921,614

1451 Nov. 25, 1975


Primary Examiner-Richard C. Pinkham
Assistant Examiner-R. T. Stouffer

i541 COMPRESSED GAS OPERATED GUN


HAVING VARIABLE UPPER AND LOWER
PRESSURE LIMITS OF OPERATION

Attorney, Agent, or Firm-Cushman, Darby and


Cushman

[75]

Inventor:

[73}

Assignee: Haybro C0. Moorestown, NJ.

{57]

Filed:

A compressed gas operated hand gun includes an an


nular ?ring chamber de?ned between the sides of a
main piston and the wall of a bore, the forward end of
the piston cooperating with an annular valve seat
which communicates with a projectileh0lding cham

[221

John E. Fogelgren, Annapolis, Md.


Mar. 24, 1969

[211 Appl.No1:809,920
[52]

[51]
[58]

[1.8. CI .................. .. 124/30 R; 102/38; 102/90;

ber. In a cocked position the piston is held in sealing


engagement with the valve seat by a trigger assembly
and is biased in an opposite direction by the gas pres
sure in the firing chamber. Upon actuation of the trig

102/927; 124/11 R; 273/106 E


lnt.C|.?1 F41B 11/06; F425 5/02; F42B 11/18I
F4213 11/22
Field of Search
124/1 1, l3, 13 A, 30,13 R,

ger assembly the piston moves away from the valve

124/30 R

[56]

ABSTRACT

seat and releases the charge of gas against the projec


tile. A fresh charge of gas is introduced into the firing
chamber automatically from a high pressure gas cham

References Cited
UNITED STATES PATENTS

ber by a piston valve assembly concentrically disposed

3,000,371

9/1961

Hyde ................................... .. 124/11

3.240100

3/1966

Jones r . . . . 1 t . . i

3,428,037

2/1969

Capriolo ............................. .1 124/11

, . . . ..

in the main piston and operated in response to gas


pressure in the high pressure chamber.

124/11

9 Claims, 13 Drawing Figures

26

3a 353/ 3? 444040455444
6656 62.
a
50 5,1
//8 29

i
702

Z3

24

41

E
\//a

93

98
Mo

94
,

25 i 0/
l
.96

i
|

70

94

US. Patent

Nov. 25, 1975

Sheet 2 of4

3,921,614

Nu

3
Nww

N36
w?v%a,MW
wA,w.

mvmon

cfa/swg F5662 area/v


BY

ATTORNEYS

U.S. Patent

Nov. 25, 1975

Sheet 3 of4

3,921,614

@ rfo/m/z.

INVENTOR

5662 9/75

Bwwaw/Q

US. Patent

Nov. 25, 1975

Sheet4 0f4

3,921,614

S\\\\\\\\\\\\

' J0. zg/Lzy/e.

@ 264 g"
Z66

Z66

INVENTOR

day/Y5 5am

MMZM ,JMQ%MQM
ATTORNEYS

US005383442A

Ulllt?d States Patent [19]

[11] Patent Number:

Tippmann

[45]

5,383,442

Date of Patent:

Jan. 24, 1995

[54] PUlVIP ACTION MARKING PELLET GUN

Attorney, Agent, or Firm-Roger M. Rickert

[76] Inventor:

[57]

Dennis J. Tippmann, 12708 Parent

Rd" Fort Wayne Ind 46809


[21] App]. No.: 896,575
.

A compressed powered gun has a receiver with a com


pressed gas source fastened to one end thereof and an

elongated barrel through which projectiles may be

[22] Filed
[51]
[52]

ABSTRACT

Jun 10 1992

sequentially discharged fastened to the other end

Int. Cl.6 ...................... .. F41B 11/06; F41B ll/32


US. Cl. ...................................... .. 124/76; 124/73;

thereof, A'clamp is formed as an integral portion of the


receiver and adapted to encircle and be tightened about

124/74

the barrel near one barrel end to connect the barrel to

[58] Field of Search ..................... .. 124/56, 70, 71, 73,

the receiver, A projectile supply hopper containing a

124/74, 76

plurality of projectiles supplies projectiles sequentially

[56]

to the receiver by way of a feed tube which is formed as

References Cited
11.8. PATENT DOCUMENTS
433,674
2,307,015
2,574,408
2,791,944

an integral portion of the receiver, A clamp formed as


an integral portion of the feed tube is arranged to encir

8/1890 DArcy~lrvine ............... .. mm X


l/ 1943
1 l/ 1951

dc and be tightened about a P1'tin 0f the Pmjectile

supply hopper thereby securing the projectile supply


hopper to the feed tube portion of the receiver. The gun

5/1957
3,612,026 10/1971
4,531,503 7/1985
4,819,609 4/1989

along the barrel in the direction of elongation thereof to

4,936,282 6/1990 Dobbins et al. ................ .. l24/73 X

from. There is a from sight Supported on and movable

is has a pump action with a forestock manually movable

position a projectile from the feed tube in a location

within the gun to be subsequently discharged there

FOREIGN PATENT DOCUMENTS


_

1377593

fwith thekniovable forestock and a pockgt ftgimecll in the

9/1964 France ................................ .. 124/76

rg?stoc

r recewmg and swung 3

ex 6 eanmg

Primary ExaminerDennis L. Taylor


Assistant Examiner-John Ricci

19 Claims, 4 Drawing Sheets

4
49
55

I09

5 - 05

37

\\!7n\\\\\\"

' '

'

\.\_\;'_;'=-'=-:-.

\E S

\\\\\\\\\\\\\ ;

l/IlV/l'
l \

__ 1? _ _

"

,1

I"

35

'III

Awe-ll
s: 11
,I

(I
W/ / o
l

'9 1'

[\(Ila,
'
I
,

US. Patent

Jan. 24, 1995

Sheet 1 of 4

hm

5,383,442

US. Patent

Jan. 24, 1995

Sheet 3 of 4

5,383,442 '

73

83

r1111:

77

as);

65

73

' 77 lb 7_

I
s"In",
/

.\\\\\\\\\\\\\\

87 g
I: I G - 6C

/\\\
Q ,

-/ 0,4,

mg

(1,
"6 "I
4.
4

'14

73

/ 35

USOO5769066A

Ulllted States Patent [19]

[11] Patent Number:

Schneider

[45]

[54]

GAS POWERED BALL GUN

[75] Inventor: Larrie Schneider, Nokomis, Fla.


[73]

Date of Patent:

5,769,066
Jun. 23, 1998

5,285,765

2/1994 Lee .......................................... .. 124/50

5,333,594

8/1994 Robinson

2,343,822
9/1992
SW6; ------- ~
,377,6
1/199
Ara ............ ..

Assignee: Ronald Fowler, Bradenton, Fla.

[22]
[21]

APPIFiled: NO-I Apt


831,107
1 1997

[51]

Int. Cl.

[52]

US. Cl. .............................................................. .. 124/75

[58]

Field Of Search ................................ .. 124/63, 71, 73,

573777656

1/1995 Lewinski et 1

5,396,877

3/1995

5,494,024
5,448,984
5,431,410

2/1996
9/1995
7/1995 Scott
Brovelli
Hampton
....................................... .. 124/73

Amron ........ ..

FOREIGN PATENT DOCUMENTS

............................ .. F41B 11/00; F41B 11/32

124/75, 77

[56]

References Cited

77504

1/1949

Attorney, Agent, or FirmCharles J. Prescott

[57]

U_S_ PATENT DOCUMENTS

Czechoslovakia --------------------- -- 124/75

Primary Examiner]ohn A, Ricci

ABSTRACT

Apressurized gas powered rapid ?re hall gun for propelling


ball pro]ectiles automatically or semi-automatically. An air

2,327,653

8/1943 Lisle .................................... .. 124/73 X

Chamber formed in a housing which Slidably Supports an air

3465742

9/1969 Hen

124/77

control spool for longitudinal translation, stores a pressur

3572309

3/1971 DeFreltas

124/56

iZed

3,868,113

2/1975 Glass et a1. .

471127911

9/1978 Petrick

273/357

as char e Within an internal air reservoir Which


g

b Hg

a.

f1

1 .

1t

124/56

en ances

pro]ec 1'6 propu sion W en simu aneousy

combined With pressurized gas from a separate source and

478197609

4/1989 Tippmann ____ __

124/72

4,936,282

6/1990 Dobbins et al_

124/74

fed into a ?ring chamber adjacent the elongated cylindrical

5,063,905
5,161,516

11/1991 Farrell .......... ..


11/1992 Ekstrom ..

124/72
124/73

barrel at each ?ring.

5,267,549 12/1993 Webber ................................... .. 124/65

3 Claims, 5 Drawing Sheets

14

36")
H8 _

\ePRESSURE

BYPASS

r9 CYLINDER
122 J

104

U.S. Patent

Jun. 23, 1998

., 0

"l,

Sheet 1 of5

9 -m-|||@|| IIIEIII
36

FIG. 1

g4

86

5,769,066

30

24

22

18
/

88
92
/

U.S. Patent

Jun. 23, 1998

Sheet 2 of5

5,769,066

26E

U.S. Patent

Jun. 23, 1998

FIG. 17
60

FIG. 19
62

FIG. 18

Sheet 3 of5

a) FIG. 16

5,769,066

U.S. Patent

22

Jun. 23, 1998

Sheet 4 of5

FIG. 24

5,769,066

U.S. Patent

Jun. 23, 1998

Sheet 5 of5

FIG. 26

5,769,066

US007478632B2

(12) United States Patent

(10) Patent No.:

Halmone

US 7,478,632 B2

(45) Date of Patent:

(54)

COMPACT PAINTBALL MARKER

(75)

Inventor:

(56)

Jan. 20, 2009

References Cited
U.S. PATENT DOCUMENTS

Fabrice N. V. Halmone, Ville la Grand


2001/0042543 A1

(FR)
(73) Assignee: Kingman International Corporation,
Baldwin Park, CA (U S)
(*)

Notice:

Subject to any disclaimer, the term of this


patent is extended or adjusted under 35

U.S.C. 154(b) by 212 days.

11/2001 Perrone

OTHER PUBLICATIONS
PCT International Search Report, dated Jun. 8, 2008, mailed Jul. 17,
2008, International Application No. PCT/US07/19346, International
Filing Date Sep. 5, 2007, 7 pgs.

Primary ExamineriTroy Chambers


(74) Attorney, Agent, or FirmiBlakely, Sokoloff, Taylor &
Zafman, LLP

(21) Appl.No.: 11/520,916

(57)
(22) Filed:

ABSTRACT

Sep. 13, 2006


A compact paintball marker having an internal paintball hold

(65)

US 2008/0060630 A1

(51)

ing mechanism, internal compressed gas holding mechanism

Prior Publication Data

Int. Cl.
F41B 11/00

and distributed striker mechanism. The strike mechanism is


divided between tWo compartments With the striker in a

Mar 13 2008

(2006.01)
124/74

(58)

Field of Classi?cation Search

proximal compartment and a biasing mechanism in the distal


compartment. The striker is coupled to the biasing mecha
nism by a striker shaft that may be disposed at least partially
external to the housing of the marker.

l24/7li77

See application ?le for complete search history.

15 Claims, 8 Drawing Sheets

US. Patent

Jan. 20, 2009

Sheet 1 of8

US 7,478,632 B2

US. Patent

Jan. 20, 2009

Sheet 2 of8

US 7,478,632 B2

US. Patent

Jan. 20, 2009

Sheet 3 of8

FIG. 3A

US 7,478,632 B2

US. Patent

Jan. 20, 2009

Sheet 4 0f 8

US 7,478,632 B2

US. Patent

Jan. 20, 2009

Sheet 5 of8

US 7,478,632 B2

3CFIG.

US. Patent

Jan. 20, 2009

FIG. 4

Sheet 6 of8

US 7,478,632 B2

US. Patent

Jan. 20, 2009

FIG. 5

Sheet 7 of8

US 7,478,632 B2

US. Patent

Jan. 20, 2009

Sheet 8 0f 8

ASSEMBLE HOUSING

I
ASSEMBLE STRIKER
MECHANISM

I
ASSEM BLE TRIGGER
M ECHANISM

I
ATTACH COOKING BLOCK

60_7

I
CON FIGURE ELECTRONICS

I
ASSEM BLE GAS CONTAINER
COM PON ENTS

I
INSERT BALL CHARGER

FIG. 6

US 7,478,632 B2

US007975683B1

(12) United States Patent


Williams et al.

(54)

SPRING ACTION PAINTBALL MARKER

(10) Patent N0.:


(45) Date of Patent:
(56)

U.S. PATENT DOCUMENTS

Krebs, Tega Cay, SC (US); Ho Bun

3,766,903 A *

Choi, Hong Kong (CN)

3,908,626 A

(*)

Subject to any disclaimer, the term of this


patent is extended or adjusted under 35

U.S.C. 154(b) by 0 days.

Filed:

Dec. 29, 2009

Related US. Application Data

(60)

Provisional application No. 61/203,755, ?led on Dec.

29, 2008.

(51)

Int. Cl.

F41B 11/00

(52)
(58)

US. Cl.

10/1973
9/1975

Fischer ......................... .. 124/67


Hammond ........... ..

4/1976 Van Langenhoven .

4,002,156 A *

1/1977

Fischer ................ ..

1/1983

Resuggan

4,367,723

4,771,758 A *
A

......

. 124/67

89/7
124/67
. . . ..

9/1988 Tayloret a1.


11/1989

Wackrow

. ... ...

124/67

124/68
. . . ..

124/67

. . . ..

124/76

5,133,331 A *

7/1992 Hutchinson

5,349,939

9/1994

Perrone

5,775,312 A

7/1998

Wilkinson et a1. ............ .. 124/67

. . . . . . . . . . . . . .

124/68

* cited by examiner
Primary Examiner * Troy Chambers

(21) Appl. No.: 12/655,359


(22)

3,951,038 A *

4,883,042

Notice:

Jul. 12, 2011

References Cited

(75) Inventors: Steve Williams, Lowell, AR (US); Cole

(73) Assignee: Kee Action Sports, LLC, SeWell, NJ


(Us)

US 7,975,683 B1

(2006.01)

....................................................... .. 124/67

Field of Classi?cation Search ............. .. 124/ 65*68

See application ?le for complete search history.

(74) Attorney, Agent, or Firm *Keisling & Pieper PLC;


David B. Pieper
(57)
ABSTRACT
A paintball marker using a piston and compression spring
mounted in an air focus tube for generating compressed air for
launching a paintball doWn a barrel. A trigger and sear are

used to catch the compression spring When it is compressed to


control the launching of the paintball. Exterior pull handles
mounted behind the marker, and slideably mounted on the
barrel are described for compressing the spring. Also, a piv
otally mounted barrel is provided as another embodiment for

compressing the spring.


3 Claims, 4 Drawing Sheets

US. Patent

Jul. 12, 2011

Sheet 1 014

US 7,975,683 B1

US. Patent

Jul. 12, 2011

Sheet 2 014

US 7,975,683 B1

US. Patent

Jul. 12, 2011

Sheet 3 of4

US 7,975,683 B1

US. Patent

gmzoavc

Jul. 12, 2011

Sheet 4 of4

US 7,975,683 B1

gmzoicu

US006371099B1

(12) United States Patent

(10) Patent N0.:

Lee

(45) Date of Patent:

(54) PAINT BALL GUN

Taipei
_
City

Notice:

(22) Filed;

(56)

ABSTRACT

patent is eXtended 0r adjusted under 35

A paint ball gun includes a gun barrel mounted on a gun

U-S-C- 154(k)) by 0 days-

handle. The gun barrel is formed With parallel propelling and


recuperator chambers for respectively receiving a propelling
member and a recuperating unit. Aconnecting rod intercon

Jam 10, 2001

nects the propelling member and a recuperator member such

(58)

(57)

SubJect to any disclaimer, the term of this

(21) APPL N05 09/758,571


(51)
(52)

Apr. 16, 2002

Primary ExaminerCharles T. Jordan


Assistant ExaminerStephen A HolZen
(74) Attorney, Agent, or FirmBrinks Hofer Gilson &
Lione

(76) Inventor: Yi'Hsin Lee> 4E NO~ 4> Alley 9> Lane


123, Sec. 3, Jen-Ai Rd., Ta-An Dist,
(*)

US 6,371,099 B1

Int. Cl. ............................................... .. F41B 11/00


US. Cl. ........................... .. 124/66; 124/58; 124/59;

that the propelling member is movable together With the


recuperator member_ A manually Operable pull unit is
mounted in the propelling chamber posteriorly of the pro

124/60; 124/61; 124/63; 124/64; 124/65;


124/67; 124/68; 124/69; 124/70

pelling member, and includes a pull rod With a front rod


portion formed With an elongated slot and a rear rod portion

Field of Search .................................... .. 124/6070

_
References Clted
US. PATENT DOCUMENTS
1,052,123 A *
2,580,356 A

ing rod extends through and is slidable along the elongated


slot. The pull unit further has a biasing spring for biasing the
pull rod forWard. An operating knob provided on the rear rod

2/1913 Bennett ..................... .. 124/66

* 12/1951

124/66

enable the connecting rod to pull the propelling member

6/1997 Perrone .................. .. 124/76


7/1998 Wilkinson et a1_
124/67

rearward1y> thereby resulting in Corresponding rearward


movement of the recuperator member for engaging a latch

5,924,413 A

7/1999 Johnson et al. ......... .. 124/72

member on the gun handle.

* cited by examiner

6/2001

~_____

___n

porno 1S Operable .to pull the pun rod rearwaldly so as to

5,634,456 A *
5,775,312 A *
6,250,294 B1 *

Martin

Which extends out of the propelling chamber. The connect

Lim .......................... .. 124/66

3 Claims, 8 Drawing Sheets

U.S. Patent

Apr. 16, 2002

Sheet 1 0f 8

US 6,371,099 B1

U.S. Patent

Apr. 16, 2002

Sheet 2 0f 8

US 6,371,099 B1

Nr5E3<5

U.S. Patent

Apr. 16, 2002

Sheet 3 0f 8

US 6,371,099 B1

LO
r-i

O3

FIG.
3

PARIOTR

U.S. Patent

Apr. 16, 2002

Sheet 4 0f 8

US 6,371,099 B1

5cm

.w;
w

N,653?5

U.S. Patent

Apr. 16, 2002

Sheet 5 0f 8

US 6,371,099 B1

U.S. Patent

Apr. 16, 2002

Sheet 6 6f 8

US 6,371,099 B1

U.S. Patent

Apr. 16, 2002

Sheet 7 0f 8

US 6,371,099 B1

U.S. Patent

Apr. 16, 2002

2T3?

Sheet 8 0f 8

US 6,371,099 B1

5m53m5
mm

mNS

Sm

d;
w

US008430085B2

(12) Ulllted States Patent

(10) Patent N0.:

Tippmann, Sr. et al.


(54)

(45) Date of Patent:

AIR POWERED BELT-FED GUN


.

2,312,244 A

(75) Inventors ?ns; fI'lglppnlla?l sr'lpNevlHavenfN


(

6V1 -

0, on

ayne

( * ) Notice:

(21)

(22)

Koci et a1.

10/1972 Filippi et a1.


4/1989 Tippmann

4,834,058 A

5/1989 Gegere

5,383,442 A
5,592,931 A
5,596,978 A

1/1995 Tippmann
l/ 1997 Johnson et 81.
l/l997 Johnson et a1.

5,660,159 A

8/1997 Clayton

patent 1s extended or adjusted under 35

5,873,734 A

3/1999 Johnson et a1,

U.S.C. 154(b) by 360 days.

6,003,503 A
6,152,125 A

12/1999 Johnson et 211.


11/2000 Piper

6,364,162 B1

4/2002 Johnson et a1.

6,739,323 B2

5/2004

6,772,746 B2

8/2004 Gabrel

6,439,216 B1

F11ed~

8/1957 Feltman
6/1958

Subject' to any disclaimer, the term of this

Appl' NO" 13/008145


.

2/1943 Feltman

2,837,076 A

4,819,609 A

Assignee: Tippmann Industrial Products, Inc,


Fort Wayne IN (Us)

Apr. 30, 2013

2,801,624 A

3,695,246 A

(Us)
(73)

US 8,430,085 B2

Jan-181 2011

(65)

Prior Publication Data

US 2011/0186026 A1

gigging

et al'

8/2002 Johnson et a1.


Tippmann, Jr.

7,882,830 B1

2/2011 Gabrel

2008/0078369 A1

4/2008 Yeung

Aug. 4, 2011
Primary Examiner * Michael Carone

Related US. Application Data

(60)

Provisional application No. 61/391,268, ?led on Oct.

Assistant Examiner * Reginald Tillman, Jr.

(74) Attorney Agent or Firm * Barnes & Thomburg LLP

8, 2010, provisional application No. 61/296,150, ?led


on Jan. 19, 2010.
(51)

Int- Cl-

F413 11/02
(52) U-S- Cl(58)

(56)

(57)

ABSTRACT

A less-than-lethal P ellet gunis P rovided. The 81111 includes a

(2006-01)

plurality of links each holding a pellet. A feed cylinder is


con?gured to advance the links to a ?ring position and eject

USPC ............................................. .. 124/73; 124/48


Field of Classi?cation Search ..
......... .. 124/48,

each link after its pellet has been ?red, The feed cylinder
includes a slot portion and a gear portion. The slot portion

124/45, 72, 73, 74, 76


See application ?le for complete search history.

includes a ?rst slot region, a second slot region, a ?rst angled


slot region, and a second angled slot region. A linkage arm is
con?gured to engage the slot portion of the feed cylinder such
that linear movement of the linkage arm rotates the feed
cylinder to move the pellet to a ?ring position.

References Cited
U.S. PATENT DOCUMENTS
399,882 A
3/1889 Graydon
4/1941 Feltman
2,238,384 A

22 Claims, 34 Drawing Sheets

US. Patent

Apr. 30, 2013

Sheet 1 0f 34

US 8,430,085 B2

US. Patent

Apr. 30, 2013

Sheet 2 0f 34

US 8,430,085 B2

US. Patent

Apr. 30, 2013

Sheet 3 0f 34

US 8,430,085 B2

US. Patent

Apr. 30, 2013

Sheet 4 0f 34

FIG. 5

US 8,430,085 B2

US. Patent

Apr. 30, 2013

Sheet 5 0f 34

US 8,430,085 B2

6R
a

US. Patent

Apr. 30, 2013

Sheet 6 0f 34

US 8,430,085 B2

26E

Si
a

US. Patent

Apr. 30, 2013

Sheet 7 0f 34

FIG. 11

US 8,430,085 B2

US. Patent

Apr. 30, 2013

Sheet 8 0f 34

FIG. 12

US 8,430,085 B2

US. Patent

Apr. 30, 2013

Sheet 9 0f 34

US 8,430,085 B2

US. Patent

Apr. 30, 2013

Sheet 10 0f 34

US 8,430,085 B2

FIG.15

FIG.14

US. Patent

Apr. 30, 2013

Sheet 11 0134

US 8,430,085 B2

US. Patent

Apr. 30, 2013

Sheet 12 0f 34

US 8,430,085 B2

US. Patent

Apr. 30, 2013

Sheet 13 0f 34

FIG. 18

US 8,430,085 B2

US. Patent

Apr. 30, 2013

Sheet 14 0f 34

FIG. 20

US 8,430,085 B2

US. Patent

Apr. 30, 2013

Sheet 15 0f 34

US 8,430,085 B2

mm6E

US. Patent

Apr. 30, 2013

g 302

Sheet 16 0f 34

US 8,430,085 B2

K12
119~ \>

~lA
FIG. 24

306 308

FIG. 25

US. Patent

Apr. 30, 2013

Sheet 17 0f 34

US 8,430,085 B2

US. Patent

Apr. 30, 2013

Sheet 18 0f 34

US 8,430,085 B2

MN6E

US. Patent

Apr. 30, 2013

Sheet 19 0f 34

US 8,430,085 B2

6Emm

g1

(Paw

US 20110083654A1

(19) United States


(12) Patent Application Publication (10) Pub. No.: US 2011/0083654 A1
(43) Pub. Date:

Galinson
(54)

PAINTBALL LOADER AND PAINTBALL


GALTING GUN

(76)

Inventor:

Publication Classi?cation

(51)

Int. Cl.
F41B 11/02

Richard David Galinson, Toluca

(52)

us. c1. ........................... ..124/59;124/71;124/51.1

Lake, CA (U S)

(57)

(21) Appl. No.:

12/583,902

(22) Filed:

Aug. 27, 2009

(2006.01)

ABSTRACT

A gatling gun style projectile launcher comprising an assem


bly of rotating, pressurized-air driven guns. A loader assem
bly mounted on the gun assembly rotates synchronously
through mating of drive gears With the assembly of guns. The
loader applies centrifugal force to the paintballs Within, urg
ing them into loader tubes positioned in the Wall of the loader.

Provisional application No. 61/270,096, ?led on Jul. 2,

Synchronous timing gears align the rotating loader tubes With


cognate breech openings in the guns, thereby transferring
paintballs into the ?ring positions from Which the paintballs

2009.

are launched.

Related US. Application Data

(60)

Apr. 14, 2011

Patent Application Publication

Apr. 14, 2011 Sheet 1 0f 26

US 2011/0083654 A1

Patent Application Publication

Apr. 14, 2011 Sheet 2 0f 26

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msvia

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Patent Application Publication

Apr. 14, 2011 Sheet 3 0f 26

US 2011/0083654 A1

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Patent Application Publication

Apr. 14, 2011 Sheet 4 0f 26

US 2011/0083654 A1

7/1

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Patent Application Publication

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Apr. 14, 2011 Sheet 5 0f 26

US 2011/0083654 A1

Patent Application Publication

Apr. 14, 2011 Sheet 6 0f 26

US 2011/0083654 A1

Patent Application Publication

Apr. 14, 2011 Sheet 7 0f 26

US 2011/0083654 A1

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Apr. 14, 2011 Sheet 8 0f 26

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Patent Application Publication

Apr. 14, 2011 Sheet 10 0f 26

US 2011/0083654 A1

Patent Application Publication

Apr. 14, 2011 Sheet 11 0f 26

US 2011/0083654 A1

Patent Application Publication

Apr. 14, 2011 Sheet 12 0f 26

US 2011/0083654 A1

Patent Application Publication

Apr. 14, 2011 Sheet 13 0f 26

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US 2011/0083654 A1

Patent Application Publication

Apr. 14, 2011 Sheet 14 0f 26

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Patent Application Publication

Apr. 14, 2011 Sheet 15 0f 26

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US 2011/0083654 A1

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Apr. 14, 2011 Sheet 16 0f 26

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US 2011/0083654 A1

Patent Application Publication

Apr. 14, 2011 Sheet 17 0f 26

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US 2011/0083654 A1

Patent Application Publication

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US 2011/0083654 A1

Patent Application Publication

.e.

Apr. 14, 2011 Sheet 19 0f 26

US 2011/0083654 A1

United States Patent [191

[11] Patent Number:

Kimble

[45]

[54]

Toy wEB.sHooT1N(; GLOVE


_

[761 lnvemon

Stephen E-K1mbl,2607 N- WIISOH

Date of Patent:

5,072,856
Dec. 17, 1991

4,214,674

7/1980 Jones et a1. ......................... .. 222/79

4,286,407

9/1981

Adickes, Jr. 61 al.

222/21sx

4,768,681 9/1988 Dean 6131. .....

Ave, Tucson, Anz- 85719

4,848,246

7/1989

4,890,767

1/1990 Burlison

Rosen . . . . . . .

222/175 x
. . . . . . . .. 109/25

[21]

APPI' NC

528,419

4,903,864

2/1990

Sirhan . . . . . . .

[22]

Filed;

M83125, 1990

4,997,110

3/1991

Swenson ...... ..~. ................

[51]. 1m. (:1.5 ............................................. .. B67D 5/64


[52] U5. Cl. .................................... .. 222/78; 222/ 175;

ZZZ/402.25; 2/ 160; 239/529; 446/475


[58]

Field of Search ......... .. 2/l59, 160, 161 R, 161 A,

2/16; 42/1.11, 54; 109/29, 32; 239/211, 289,


375, 529; 272/27 W, 27 N; 273/349; 446/26,
475, 473, 483; 222/192, 175, 78, 79, 74, 75, 635,
394, 402.23, 402.25, 405

[561

U.S. PATENT DOCUMENTS


3/1916
4/ 1925

Hopkins ............................ .. 239/529


Gibson ...... ._
239/529 X

1,885,180 11/1932 Cameron

222/175

2,192,082

2/1940

Hunicke .... ..

3,445,046

5/1969

Wilson .......... ..

.. 224/26

222/175
. . . .. 239/154

3,523,645

8/1970

Beauchamp . . . . .

3,945,571
4,037,790

3/1976
7/ 1977

Rash .............. ..
239/152
Reiser et al. ...................... .. 239/529

20

222/175

Primary Examiner-Kevin P- Shaver


Assistant Examiner-Kenneth DcRosa

Attorney, Agent, or Firm-Antonio R. Durando; Harry


M- Weiss

[57]

ABSTRACT

The combination of known components to produce a

new toy shooting apparatus. A toy that makes it possi


ble for a player to act like a spider person by shooting
webs from the palm of his or her hand. The webbing
material consists of string foam delivered from a hidden

>7 References Cited

1,177,412
1,534,208

222/78
. . . .. 222/78

pressurized container through a valve incorporated into


a glove worn by the player. A trigger mechanism ena
bles the player to activate the valve at will by the exer

cise of pressure with the ?ngers of the hand wearing the


glove.

20 Claims, 1 Drawing Sheet

US. Patent

Dec. 17, 1991'

5,072,856

June 12, 1962

L. ALTSHELER

3,038,483

COMBINATION UMBRELLA AND WATER PISTOL


Filed May 18. 1960

FIG. I.
28

-.
1%

BZ ,. A . , . H-,

/wM

/7V% A/

/f/7/ /25.:5

P
J/
P
/_
Z
/

v
.v

2i
w%

T.a
. ._._
WIN
w

aM,

INVENTOR:

LEONARD ALTSHELER

8* Maw/4: W
ATTYS.

sPL 5, 1938.

s. G. ANTHONY . FIRECRACKER PISTOL

Filed may 1v, 1937

2,129,042

NOV- 26, 1968

R. M. DENTON ETAL

3,412,497

FIRECRACKER SHOOTER

Filed July 11, 1967

RoBERT

Gsoma

MR

J
mmE.054MT.WmaE

RAY WILSON
B

T
o

Y.

'

US005415152A

United States Patent [19]

[11] Patent Number:

- Adamson et al.

[45]

Date of Patent:

5,415,152
May 16, 1995

[54] METHOD OF LAUNCHING MULTIPLE

Assistant Examiner-John A. Ricci

FIREWORKS PROJECIILES
[76] Inventors: William G. Adamson, 12850 Louvre
St., Pacoima, Calif. 91331; Donald

Attorney, Agent, or Firm-Pretty, Schroeder,


Bheggemahh 8 Clark
[57]
ABSTRACT

gglggzlehga?ngggzmucket Dr"

'

[21] Appl. No.: 152,223


[22]

Filed_

into an aerial pyrotechnic display. The projectiles are

Nov 12 1993

'

'

A method of successively launching a plurality of pro


jectiles, such as ?reworks projectiles, which explode

launched from a launcher having a pressure tank con

taining a compressed gas and a plurality of launching

. .
Related U's' Apphcatlon Data

tubes for holding the projectiles. The launching tubes


are constructed to form a magazine to enable successive

[62]

Division of Ser. No. 897,306, Jun. 11, 1992, Pat. No.


5282455-

launching of ?reworks projectiles by appropriate index


ing of the magazine which brings the launching tubes

[51]

Int. 01.6 ..................... .. F41B 11/00; F41B 11/02;

ihte regishehm with the eutpht Prt f e valve The

F41]; 11/32
[52] US. Cl. ...................................... .. 124/59; 124/48;
124/77
[58] Field of Search ..................... .. 124/48, 59, 71, 72,

valve introduces compressed gas into one of the launch


ing tubes to launch a Projectile into the air- Indexing of

124/73, 77, 82, 56; 39/1304, L312, 1313


_

[56]

the launching tubes when the pressure tank is pressur


ized Prior to launch is prevented by a Stop mechanism.

The stop mechanism also prevents inadvertent or acci


dental detonation of the projectile in the launching tube.

References cued
US. PATENT DOCUMENTS

The method further includes the step of aiming the


projectiles, preferably with an aiming apparatus com

278,005

5/1883 Fredricks et al. .............. .. 124/48 x

prising actuators that supp the launcher ahd which

399,882

3/1889

. . . . .. 124/59

are adjustable to mange the launching angle of the

124/56

launcher with respect to the ground each time a new

Graydon . . . . . . . . . .

502,759 3/1393 Rapieff


1,478,597 12/1923

Bebler . . . . . .

. . . . .. 124/59

3,397,476 8/1968 Weber .... ..

124/72 X

adjustment of these actuators is controlled by pneu

3827360 8/1974 Geimer


4,040,334 8/1977 Smethers

124/82 X
89/ 1.804

matic switches that are operated during indexing of the


launching tubes_

5,339,741

8/1994

launching tube is indexed to a launching position. The

Craven et al. .................... 1. 102/361

Primary ExaminerRandolph A. Reese

18 Claims, 7 Drawing Sheets

US. Patent

86

May 16, 1995

Sheet 1 of 7

5,415,152

US. Patent

May 16, 1995

Sheet 2 of 7

5,415,152

US. Patent

May 16, 1995

Sheet 4 0f 7

34
16

5,415,152

46
_

/O I 0 l/o
\

as

/78
I

W
s,

Fig.6
OI 72

US. Patent

II
II
I

May 16, 1995

Sheet 6 0f 7

5,415,152

I ,

"I

III,I
II

EX \
92
IN

EXT
50

EX

F:';Y______
20

IN EX\

xk/sz
EX

91 Fig.10c

EX

91 Fig.1O D

US. Patent

May 16,1995

Sheet 7 of 7 v

5,415,152

Fig.1 1
112

84

11o\

/
1

l'

111/9a,1oo,10214
l

86\
l

.\

34/ 104,106,108 1 _

_ /

F|g.12

72

US 20110303208A1

(19) United States


(12) Patent Application Publication (10) Pub. No.: US 2011/0303208 A1
Taylor
(54)

(43) Pub. Date:

APPARATUS FOR PROJECTING AN OBJECT

Publication Classi?cation
51

(75) Inventor:

Graeme John Taylor,


Wolverhampton (GB)

(73) Assignee:

China Industries Limited,

Dec. 15, 2011

Int. Cl.

( ) A63B 69/40
A01K 15/02
(52)

Wolverhampton (GB)

(200601)
(2006.01)

US. Cl. ......................................... .. 124/54; 119/707

(57)

ABSTRACT

Apparatus for projecting an object such as a ball is described.

(21) Appl, No.1

13/147,348

(22)

PCT Filed:

Feb 1, 2010

(86)

PCT No.:

PCT/GB2010/050155

The apparatus comprises a support for the object to be pro


jected, an impeller assembly con?gured to transfer energy to
the object to project it aWay from the apparatus; and an
actuating mechanism operable by a user interaction With the
apparatus. The impeller assembly may be driven mechani

cally by the actuating mechanism by transfer of energy input


by the user interaction. The apparatus may be used for an

371 (0)0)

animal and in particular a dog. The described apparatus

(2) (4) Date:

(30)

Aug 23 2011

removes the need for a further poWer supply and so avoids

Foreign Application Priority Data

unnecessary energy consumption and provides advantages in


relation to Cost, reliability, and longevity. Embodiments of the
invention are modular in nature Which greatly assists in train

Jan. 31, 2009

(GB) ................................. .. 09017062

ing the animal to use the apparatus.

110

118

122

150152

120
132

12

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'

142'

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126

124

116

\114

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Patent Application Publication

Dec. 15, 2011 Sheet 1 0f 5

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12

14
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20

48
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44

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32

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38

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Dec. 15, 2011 Sheet 2 0f 5

US 2011/0303208 A1

Patent Application Publication

Dec. 15, 2011 Sheet 3 0f 5

US 2011/0303208 A1

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118

12

122

150

152 /-).
154

12

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142

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128

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152

Dec. 15, 2011 Sheet 4 0f 5

154

148

122

US 2011/0303208 A1

110

150

118
124

12

HA. 5(a)
152 ,154

110

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122

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US 2011/0303208 A1