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Republic of the Philippines

LAGUNA STATE POLYTECHNIC UNIVERSITY


San Pablo City Campus
Brgy. Del Remedio, San Pablo City
COLLEGE OF TEACHER EDUCATION
Lesson Plan In Trigonometry
Prepared by: Aldwin T. Manzanero/ BSED 4T- Mathematics

I.

OBJECTIVES
At the end of the lesson, the students should be able to:
1. identify and differentiate angle of elevation and angle of depression;
2. solve different word problems related to angle of elevation and angle of
depression;
3. apply it in real life situation; and
4. participate actively with the group activity and the discussion of the
lesson.

II.

REFERENCES
TOPIC: Angle of Elevation and Angle of depression
REFERENCE MATERIAL: Learners Material for Mathematics Grade 9.DepEd
MATERIALS: Visual Aids

III.

PROCEDURE
Teachers activity
Students activity
A. PREPARATORY ACTIVITY
1.
GREETINGS
Good morning sir.
Good morning class.
2.
PRAYER
The student will lead the prayer.
_____, please lead the prayer.
3.
CHECKING OF
ATTENDANCE
The student will report the attendance
Class monitor, is there any absent for for the day.
the day?

B. REVIEW OF THE PAST LESSON


Last time we discussed about the basic
trigonometric ratios, who among you
can still remember the basic
trigonometric ratios?
Yes, mr./ms.____________
sin =

opposite
hypotenuse

cos =

adjacent
hypotenuse

Very good!

tan =

opposite
adjacent

C. MOTIVATIONAL ACTIVITY
I will present different pictures and
the students will identify based on their prior
knowledge if the picture being presented is
under an example of angle of elevation or
angle of depression.

Angle of Elevation

Angle of Elevation

Angle of Depression

Angle of Elevation

Angle of Depression

Angle of Depression

Angle of Elevation

Angle of Depression

D. LESSON PROPER
Now, do you have any idea on what are
Yes sir, angle of elevation and angle
we going to discuss today?
of depression.
Very good!!
Today, were going to discuss on how
does angles of elevation differ from
angles of depression, we will also
discuss on how to solve the real life
application of the topic by means of
word problems using the basic
trigonometric ratios.
Lets start discussing angles of elevation
by identifying if your answers are
correct.
Mr./Ms.______, how can you come up
with this answer? What is your basis to
say that this is an example of angles of
elevation?
How can you describe angle of
elevation?

Sir because ________________

Very good!
Let us first know the mathematical
definition of angles of elevation.
Please read____________.

The Angle of Elevation is the


angle from the horizontal to the
line of sight of the observer to
the object above.
Line of Sight is an imaginary
line that connects the eye of an
observer to the object being
observed.

Very good!
Next will be solving word problems
related to this topic, for example.
Try to solve this example,
Example 1:
At a point on the ground 18 feet from
the foot of the flagpole, the angle of
elevation to the top of the pole is 48.
Find the height of the flagpole.

tan =

opposite
adjacent

tan 48=
Answer on the board.

x
18 feet

x=( tan 48 ) (18 feet )


x=19.99 feet

None sir.
Is there any questions?

How about angle of depression?

Next would be the angles of depression.


Lets define angles of depression.
Please read_______.

The Angle of Depression is the


angle from the horizontal to the
line of sight of the observer to the
object below.

Very Good!

There are also word problems related to


the angles of depression, lets try this one.
Example 2.
The angle of depression from the top of a
tower to the boat on the sea is 38. If the
tower is 25m high, how far from the base
of the tower is the boat on the sea?

38

25

tan 38 =

38

x=

25
tan 38

x=32 m

E. APPLICATION
Since, we are already done in discussing
our topic for the day, we will have an
activity. This is group activity, I will give
each group a manila paper and they are

25
x

going to solve each problem written on it.


Each group only has 10 minutes to solve
each problem.

Problems:
1. A ladder 8 meters long lean against the
wall of the building. If the foot of the
ladder makes an angle of 68 degrees, how
far is he base of the ladder from the wall?

2. Adrian is flying a kite. He is holding


the end of the string at a distance of 1.5 m
above the ground. If the string is 20 m
long and makes an angle of 40 degrees
with the horizontal, how high is the kite
above the ground?
3. A man, 1.5m tall, is on top of a
building. He observes a car on the road at
an angle of 75 degrees. If the building is
30 m high, hoe far is the car from the
building?

cos 68 =

x=( cos 68 ) ( 8 )
x=3 m

sin 40 =

5. An airplane took off from an airport


and travelled at a constant rate and angle
of elevation. When the airplane reached
an altitude of 500 m, its horizontal
distance from the airport was found to be
235 m. what was the angle when the
airplane rose from the ground?

x
20

x=( sin 40 ) ( 20 )
x=12.86 m

12.86 m+1.5 m=14.36 m

30 m+1.5 m=31.5m

tan 75 =
4. A four-meter ladder leans against a
wall. If the foot of the ladder makes an
angle of 80 degrees with the ground, how
high up the wall does the ladder reach?

x
8

31.5 m
x

x=

25
tan 38

x=8.44 m

sin 80 =

x
4

x=( sin 80 )( 4 )
x=3.94 m

tan A=

500 m
235 m

tan A=2.1276
1

A=tan 2.1276
A=64.83

IV.

EVALUATION
A. Solve the following problems.
1. A 12 meter high post casts a 19 meter shadow. Find the angle of elevation to the
sun.
2. The angle of elevation from a boat to the top of a 92 meter hill is 12 degrees.
How far is the boat from the base of the hill?
3. From the top of the control tower 250 m tall, a rock is sighted on the ground
below. If the rock is 170 m from the base of the tower, find the angle of
depression of the rock from the top of the control tower.

V.

ASSIGNMENT
A. Answer these problems.
1. A plane is flying at an altitude of 14,500 ft. The angle of depression from the
plane to a control tower is 15. What is the horizontal distance from the plane to
the tower? Round to the nearest foot.
2. A woman is standing 12 ft from a sculpture. The angle of elevation from her
eye to the top of the sculpture is 30, and the angle of depression to its base is 22.
How tall is the sculpture to the nearest foot?