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ANALGESICS/ANTI-PYRETICS

DRUGS
DOSE
PARACETAMOL
10-20 mkdose q4 PO,
IV
Seizure: 15mkd

PREPARATIONS
Drops: 60mg/0.6ml (TEMPRA)
100mg/ml (CALPOL)
Syrup: 120mg/5ml
AFEBRIN, CALPOL, TEMPRA
250mg/5ml
AFEBRIN, CALPOL 6 PLUS, TEMPRA
FORTE

IBUPROFEN

5-10mkdose q6-8
2-6 yrs: 5-10 ml
7-12 yrs: 10 ml

Syrup: 100mg/5ml (DOLAN FP)

MEFENAMIC ACID

6.5mkdose q6-8 PO

Syrup: 50mg/5ml
Tab: 250mg, 500mg

AMINOPENICILLINS
DRUGS
DOSE
AMOXICILLIN
30-50mkDay q8 PO

AMPICILLIN

50-100mkDay q6 PO
Meningitic dose: 200400 mkDay q4-6 IV

CEPHALOSPORINS
DRUGS

DOSE

PREPARATIONS
Drops: 100mg/ml, 125mg/1.25ml
Syrup: 125mg/5ml, 250mg/5ml
(AMOXIL, GLAMOX, HIMOX,
SUMOXIL)
Syrup: 125mg/5ml, 250mg/5ml
Cap: 250mg, 500mg
Vial: 100, 125 500mg/vial
(AMPICIN, AMPEDIA, PENSYN)

PREPARATIONS

1 GENERATION
CEPHALEXIN

25-50mkDay q6 PO

Drops: 100mg/ml
Syrup: 125mg/5ml, 250mg/5ml
(KEFLEX, CEPOREX)

CEPHALOTHIN

80-160mkDay q6 IV

Vial: 1mg vial (KEFLIN)

20-40mkDay q12 PO
75-150mkDay q8 IV,
IM

Susp: 125mg/5ml (ZINACEF, ZINNAT)


250mg/5ml (ZINNAT)
250mg, 750mg, 1.5mg/vial
Tab: 125mg, 250mg, 500mg

CEFACLOR

40mkDay q8 PO

Susp:
125mg/5ml,
(CECLOR)

CEFOXITIN

20-40mkDay q6-12 IV

Vial: 1g/vial (MEFOXIN)

50-100mkDay q12-24
IV
Typhoid:75-80mkDay
x7d

Vial:
250mg,
(ROCEPHIN)

500mg,

1g/vial

CEFOTAXIME

100-200mkDay
IV

Vial:
250mg,
(CLAFORAN)

500mg,

1g/vial

CEFTAZIDIME

90-150mkDay q8 IV

CEFIXIME

1.5-3mkdose q12 PO

ST

2ND GENERATION
CEFUROXIME

3 GENERATION
CEFTRIAXONE

250mg/5ml

RD

q6-8

BETA LACTAMASE INHIBITORS


DRUGS
DOSE
AMPICILLIN50-100mkDay q6 IV,
SULBACTAM
IM
(based on Ampicillin)
AMOXICILLINCLAVULANIC
ACID
or
COAMOXICLAV

Vial:
250mg,
500mg,
1g/vial
(FORTUM)
Drops: 20mg/ml
Susp: 100mg/5ml
Cap: 100mg, 200mg (TERGECEF)

PREPARATIONS
Vial: 375mg/vial (250mg Ampicillin)
750mg/vial (500mg Ampicillin)

30-50 mkDay q8 IV,


PO
(based
on
Amoxicillin)

Syrup: 156mg/5ml (125mg Amox)


312mg/5ml (250mg Amox)
Cap: 375mg tab (250mg Amox)
625mg tab (500mg Amox)
Vial: 300mg/vial (250mg Amox)
600mg/vial (500mg Amox)
1.2g/vial (1g Amox)

DOSE
50,000-100,000
UkDay q6
High dose: 150,000200,000 UkDay q6
PO

PREPARATIONS
Susp: 125mg/5ml = 200,000 U/5ml
250mg/5ml = 400,000 U/5ml
(PENTACILLIN, SUMAPEN)

50,000-100,000
UkDay q6
Meningitic
dose:
200,000-400,000
UkDay q6 IV

Vial: 1,000,000 U/vial


5,000,000 U/vial

PENICILLINS
DRUGS
Penicillin V
Phenoxymethylpenicillin

Aqueous Pen G
Benzylpenicillin

PENICILLINASE RESISTANT PENICILLINS - skin infxn (10 days duration of tx)


DRUGS
DOSE
PREPARATIONS
CLOXACILLIN
75-100mkDay q6 PO
Syrup: 125mg/5ml
Tab: 250mg, 500mg tab
OXACILLIN
AMINOGLYCOSIDES

75-100 mkDay q6 IV

Vial: 250mg, 500mg/vial

DRUGS
AMIKACIN
GENTAMICIN
TOBRAMYCIN
NETILMICIN

DOSE
15-22.5 mkDay q8
IV, IM
5-8 mkDay q8 IV, IM

PREPARATIONS
Vial: 100, 250, 500mg/2ml vial

6-7.5 mkDay q8 IV,


IM
2.5 mkdose q8 IV, IM

Vial: 80mg/2ml vial (NEBCIN)

Vial: 80mg/2ml vial (GARAMYCIN)

Vial: 100mg/2ml vial (NETROMYCIN)

MACROLIDES
DRUGS
ERYTHROMYCIN

DOSE
30-50 mkDay q6 PO

PREPARATIONS
ERYCIN, ERYTHROMYCIN:
Drops: 100mg/2.5ml
Syrup: 200mg/5ml (+ MACROCIN)
ILOSONE:
Drops: 100mg/ml
Syrup: 125mg/5ml, 250mg/5ml
ERY-MAX:
Susp: 40mg,5ml
Tab: 250mg, 500mg

CLARITHROMYCIN

7.5mkdose q12 PO

Susp: 125mg/5ml (KLARICID)

AZITHROMYCIN

10mkDay x3days PO

Susp: 200mg/5ml (ZITHROMAX)

COTRIMOXAZOLE
*** dont give for
<6mos if w/G6PD
due to risk of
bleeding

5-8 mkDay q12 PO


(based on TMP mg)

Syrup: 40mg/200mg/5ml
(SEPTRIN, BACTRIM, TRIMOCON)
Syrup: 80mg/400mg/5ml
(SEPTRIN, TRIZOLE, BACTILLE TS)
Susp:
45
mg/205mg/5ml
(TRIGLOBE)
Cap: 160mg/800mg, 80mg/400mg

CHLORAMPHENIC
OL

50-100 mkDay q6 IV,


PO

TMP mg/SMXmg/ml

ANTI-HISTAMINES
DRUGS
DOSE
HYDROXYZINE
1-2 mkDay q12 PO

Syrup: 125mg/5ml
Cap: 250mg, 500mg
Vial: 1g/vial

PREPARATIONS
Syrup: 2mg/ml
Tab: 10mg, 25mg (ITERAX)

DIPHENHYDRAMI
NE

5 mkDay q6 PO, IV
Anaphylaxis:
1-2
mkdose IM, IV

Tab: 25mg
Cap: 50 mg cap
Vial: 50mg/ml (BENADRYL)

CETIRIZINE

2-6yrs:
5mg
or
10gtts OD
6->12yrs: 1tab OD,
10mg
or 20gtts
OD

Oral drops: 10mg/ml


Tab: 10 mg (VIRLIX, ZYRTEC)

CLEMASTINE

<1yr: 1-2.5ml BID


1-3yrs: - 1tsp BID
6-12yrs: - 1tab or
1 tsp BID
>12yrs: 1tab or 2tsp
BID

Syrup: 0.5mg/5ml
Tab: 1mg (TAVEGYL)

LORATIDINE

2-12yrs: <30kg: 1tsp


OD
>30kg:
2tsp OD
>12yrs: 1tab OD

Syrup: 5mg/5ml
Tab: 10mg (CLARITIN, ALLERTA)

CORTICOSTEROID
DRUGS
BETHAMETHASONE
DEXCHLORPHENAMI
NE MALEATE

ANTACIDS
DRUGS
Al(OH)3,
Mg(OH)3,
SIMETHICONE

AlMg(OH)3
(MAALOX)
AlMg(OH)3,
dimethicone
(MAALOX PLUS)

DOSE
2-6yrs: 1/4tsp TID
6-12yrs: 1/2tab
or tsp
TID
>12yrs: 1-2tab QID
after meals

DOSE
Pedia: 1tsp, taken
1hr & 3hrs after
meals & HS
Peptic ulcer: 2tabs q4
Hyperacidity: 1-2tabs
after meals
2-4tabs
20min-1hr
after meals & HS
2-4tsp
QID;
Max:
16tsp
2-4tab or tsp susp
QID after meals & HS

DOSE
1-30mo: 1/4ml QID
4-6mo: 1/2ml QID
7-12mo: 3/4ml QID
1-2yrs: 1ml QID
2-6yrs: 1/2tsp QID
7-12yrs: 1tsp QID

NaCL

PREPARATIONS
Chewable tab: (KREMIL-S)

Chewable tab: 200mg/200mg


Susp: 200mg/225mg/5ml
Chewable tab: 200mg/200mg/25mg
Susp: 200mg/225mg/25mg/5ml

PREPARATIONS
Drops: 6.25mg/ml
Syrup: 12.5mg/ml (DISUDRIN)

0.1mkdose TID-QID
2-4yrs: tsp
4-12yrs: 1tsp
>12yrs: 1-2tsp

Drops
Pedia syrup
Syrup (DIMETAPP)

1-6yrs: 1tsp
6-12yrs: 2tsp
>12yrs: 1cap
or 1tbsp
BID
2-4gtts/nostril TIDQID
Spray
enough
amount in each
nostril

Syrup: 1.3mg/16.6mg/5ml
Cap: 4mg/20mg (RHINOPRONT)

ANTI-CONVULSANTS
DRUGS
DOSE
PHENOBARBITAL
LD: 10-20mg/kg IV
MD: 5-8mkDay
q12 PO, IV
Max: 1-2g

Pedia nasal drops: 0.65%


Spray: 0.65% (SALINASE)

PREPARATIONS
Grain 1 tab = 65mg
Tab: 15, 30, 60, 90mg PhilUSA
Vial: 130mg/ml vial

PHENYTOIN

LD: 10-20mg/kg IV
MD: 5-8mkDay
q12 PO, IV
Max: 1g

Susp: 30mg/5ml, 125mg/5ml


Vial: 100mg/2ml
Cap: 30mg, 100mg (DILANTIN)

DIAZEPAM

0.2-0.5mkdose IV
0.3mkdose RECTAL
Max: <5yrs: 5mg
>5yrs: 10mg

Tab: 2mg, 5mg, 10mg


Vial: 10mg/2ml (VALIUM)

MUCOKINETICS/EXPECTORANTS
DRUGS
DOSE
AMBROXOL
1.2-1.6mkDay
Pedia Syrup or syrup:
1-2yrs: 1/2tsp BID
2-6yrs: 1/2tsp TID
6-12yrs: 1tsp BID-TID
>12yrs: 1tab/ 1-2tsp
TID

PREPARATIONS
Infant drops: 7.5mg/ml
>6mo: 0.5ml BID
7-12mo: 0.75ml BID
13-14mo: 1ml BID
Pedia syrup: 15mg/5ml
Syrup: 30mg/5ml (AMBROLEX)

BROMHEXINE

<2yrs: 1.25ml TID


2-6yrs: 2.5ml BID
or 4mg tab
6-12yrs: 5ml TID
or 4mg tab
>12yrs: 10ml TID
or 8mg tab

Elixir syrup: 4mg/5ml


Tab: 8mg
(BISOLVON)

CARBOCISTEINE

1-3mo: 0.5ml TID


3-6mo: 0.75ml
6-12mo: 1ml
2-3yrs: 1/2tsp TID
4-7yrs: 1tsp TID
8-12yrs: 1 tsp TID
>12yrs: 1 cap TID
or 1-2tsp
TID

Drops: 40mg/ml
Syrup: 200mg/5ml
Forte susp: 500mg/5ml
Cap: 500mg
(SOLMUX)

SALBUTAMOL,
CARBOCISTEINE

2-6yrs: 1/2tsp TID


7-12yrs: -1tsp TID
>12yrs: 1cap or 12tsp

Susp: 2mg/500mg/5ml
Cap: 2mg/500ml
(SOLMUX BRONCHO)

SALBUTAMOL,
GUAIFENESIN

<2-6yrs: 1tsp BID-TID


6-12yrs: 2tsp
or 1cap BIDTID
>12yrs: 2tsp or
1-2 cap BIDTID

Syrup: 50mg/1mg
Cap: 100mg/2mg
(VENTOLIN EXPECTORANT)

PENTOXYVERINE

Syrup: 1ml TID


4-6tab/day

Syrup: 7.5mg/5ml
Tab: 25mg

ANTI-KOCHs
DRUGS
ISONIAZID

DOSE
5-10mkDay OD PO

PREPARATIONS
TRISOVIT: 50mg/5ml
NICETAL: 100mg/5ml
ODINAH: 150mg/5ml
COMPRILEX: 200mg/5ml

RIFAMPICIN

10-15mkDay OD PO

RIFAMAX DROPS: 100mg/5ml


RIMACTANE,
RESIMIN,
RIFASIN:
100mg/5ml
RIFAMAX,
RESIMIN,
RIFACIN,
RIMACTANE FORTE: 200mg/5ml

PYRAZINAMIDE

15-30mkDay OD PO

250mg/5ml; 500mg tab (PZA-CIBA)

STREPTOMYCIN

20-30mkDay OD IM

1g/vial

ETHAMBUTOL

15-25mkDay OD

Cap: 200mg, 400mg

ANTI-ASTHMA
DRUGS
SALBUTAMOL

DOSE
0.15-0.30mkdose q6

PREPARATIONS
Syrup: 2mg/5ml

PREPARATIONS
Syrup: 0.25mg/2mg/5ml
Tab: 0.25mg/2mg (CELESTAMINE)

ANTI-SPASMODIC caution for children <6yrs, NOT used often


DRUGS
DOSE
PREPARATIONS
DICYCLOVERINE
Infants: 1/2tsp TID
Syrup: 10mg/5ml
Pedia: 1tsp TID
Tab: 10mg
Tab: 2-12yrs: 1-2tabs
or tab 15 min
before feeding TIDQID
HYOSCINE
Pedia: 5mg TID IV
Vial: 20mg/ml (BUSCOPAN)
N-BUTYLBROMIDE
DECONGESTANTS
DRUGS
PHENYLPROPANOLAMI
NE

BROMPHENIRAMINE
MALEATE
+
PHENYLEPHRINE
+
PHENYLPROPANOLAMI
NE
CARBINOXAMINE
RESINATE,
PHENYLPROPANOLAMI
NE

PO

Tab: 2mg
Nebule: 2.5mg/2.5ml, 5mg/2.5ml

TERBUTALINE

0.075mkdose q6 PO

HYDROCORTISON
E

LD: 10-20mg/kg IV
MD: 5-8mkdose q6 IV

Syrup: 1.5mg/5ml
Nebule: 5mg/2ml (BRICANYL)
Vial: 100mg/vial
***give H2 blocker

PREDNISONE

0.5-2mkDay PO x 3
days

Tab: 5mg, 20mg


***give H2 blocker
***taper dose!

EMPIRICAL DOSAGES
<6mos
6mos 2yrs
2 6yrs
6 9yrs
9 12yrs

1/4tsp TID QID


1/2tsp
1tsp
1 tsp
2 tsp

ELEMENTAL IRON:

therapeutically given for 1 month: TD: 6mkDay OD


Maintenance given for 2 months: MD: 3mkDay OD

FLUID LIMITATION:

BSA x (400-600) x urine output

ALLOWABLE BLOOD LOSS:

WT x 80 (blood volume) x 0.10

ANC:

NV: 2,000 6,000


>6,000: bacterial
<2,000: viral
<500: immunocompetent

WBC x SEG + STAB

FOR CANDIDIASIS:

Econazole NO3 (PEVARYL) cream 10mg/g


Econazole NO3 + Zn Oxide (PEVARYL HP) 10mg/100mg
BID x 14-21 days for candidiasis

DOSE (ml) = Wt (kg) x TD x Preparation (inverse)


Frequency
THERAPEUTIC DOSE = Dose x Preparation x Frequency
Wt (kg)
*** frequency is not included in the computation of drugs w/ TD of mkdose such
as Paracetamol
*** for IV meds, preparation is not included in the computation. IV MEDS = mg